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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 544-553, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339198

ABSTRACT

Resumo Aproximadamente 300 milhões de cirurgias não cardíacas são realizadas anualmente no mundo, e eventos cardiovasculares adversos são as principais causas de morbimortalidade no período perioperatório e pós-operatório. A lesão miocárdica após cirurgia não cardíaca (MINS, do inglês myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery) é uma nova entidade clínica associada com desfechos cardiovasculares adversos. MINS é definida como uma lesão miocárdica que pode resultar em necrose secundária à isquemia, com elevação dos biomarcadores. A lesão tem importância prognóstica e ocorre em até 30 dias após a cirurgia não cardíaca. Os critérios diagnósticos para MINS são: níveis elevados de troponina durante ou em até 30 dias após a cirurgia não cardíaca, sem evidência de etiologia não isquêmica, sem que haja necessariamente sintomas isquêmicos ou achados eletrocardiográficos de isquemia. Recentemente, pacientes com maior risco para MINS têm sido identificados por variáveis clínicas e biomarcadores, bem como por protocolos de vigilância quanto ao monitoramento eletrocardiográfico e dosagem de troponina cardíaca. Pacientes idosos com doença aterosclerótica prévia necessitam medir troponina diariamente no período pós-operatório. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever este novo problema de saúde pública, seu impacto clínico e a abordagem terapêutica contemporânea.


Abstract Approximately 300 million non-cardiac surgeries are performed annually worldwide and adverse cardiovascular events are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the peri- and postoperative period. Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) is a new clinical entity associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. MINS is defined as myocardial injury that can result in necrosis due to ischemia, marked by increase in biomarker levels. It has prognostic relevance and occurs within up to 30 days after non-cardiac surgery. The diagnostic criteria for MINS are an elevated postoperative measure of troponin judged as secondary to myocardial ischemia, i.e., with no evidence of a non-ischemic etiology, during or within 30 days after non-cardiac surgery, and without the requirement of an ischemic symptom or electrocardiographic finding of ischemia. Recently, patients at higher risk for MINS have been recognized using clinical variables and biomarkers and established protocols for greater surveillance in relation to electrocardiographic monitoring and cardiac troponin dosage. Elderly patients with previous atherosclerotic disease need to measure troponin daily in the postoperative period. The aim of the present work is to describe this new public health problem, its clinical impact and contemporary therapeutic approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Heart Injuries , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Period , Troponin
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 550-556, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347152

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In high-volume trauma centers, especially in developing countries, penetrating cardiac box injuries are frequent. Although many aspects of penetrating chest injuries have been well established, video-assisted thoracoscopy is still finding its place in cardiac box trauma and algorithmic approaches are still lacking. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a streamlined recommendation for penetrating cardiac box injury in stable patients. Methods: Literature review was carried out using PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases to identify articles describing the characteristics and concepts of penetrating cardiac box trauma, including the characteristics of tamponade, cardiac ultrasound, indications and techniques of pericardial windows and, especially, the role of video-assisted thoracoscopy in stable patients. Results: Penetrating cardiac box injuries, whether by stab or gunshot wounds, require rapid surgical consultation. Unstable patients require immediate open surgery, however, determining which stable patients should be taken to thoracoscopic surgery is still controversial. Here, the classification of penetrating cardiac box injury used in Colombia is detailed, as well as the algorithmic approach to these types of trauma. Conclusion: Although open surgery is mandatory in unstable patients with penetrating cardiac box injuries, a more conservative and minimally invasive approach may be undertaken in stable patients. As rapid decision-making is critical in the trauma bay, surgeons working in high-volume trauma centers should expose themselves to thoracoscopy and always consider this possibility in the setting of penetrating cardiac box injuries in stable patients, always in the context of an experienced trauma team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Penetrating , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 427-437, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254232

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El manejo de la herida cardiaca penetrante es un reto dado que requiere un rápido manejo quirúrgico para evitar que su desenlace sea fatal. Múltiples factores pronósticos han sido descritos, sin embargo, no ha sido documentada la relación entre el tiempo de llegada a quirófano y el uso de pledgets con la mortalidad. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo de corte transversal, desde el año 2011 hasta el año 2018, en un hospital universitario de la ciudad de Medellín. Se evaluaron los registros de los pacientes con herida cardiaca penetrante confirmada y se realizó análisis univariado, bivariado y multivariado, así como curvas de supervivencia. Resultados. Los pacientes inestables o con taponamiento cardiaco que llegan al quirófano después del minuto 4 de haber ingresado a urgencias tienen cuatro veces más posibilidades de morir que los que llegan a quirófano antes (RR 4,1 IC95% 1,43­12,07). El uso de pledgets en el reparo de la herida cardiaca, corresponde a un factor protector para los pacientes, con un OR ajustado de 2,5 (IC95% 1,124-5,641). El tipo de traumatismo, la arritmia intraoperatoria y el índice de choque al ingreso también fueron factores pronósticos. Discusión. Se documenta el efecto del tiempo de llegada a quirófano sobre la mortalidad, lo cual permitirá en un futuro generar cambios en el manejo de estos pacientes en función de estos tiempos. La evidencia encontrada sugiere mejores desenlaces con el uso rutinario de pledgets


Introduction. The management of penetrating cardiac injury is challenging since it requires rapid surgical ma-nagement to avoid a fatal outcome. Multiple prognostic factors have been described, however, the relationship between the time of arrival to the operating room and the use of pledgets with mortality has not been documented.Methods. A cross-sectional retrospective observational study was conducted from 2011 to 2018 in a university hospital in the city of Medellín. Records of patients with confirmed penetrating cardiac injury were evaluated, and univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyzes were performed, as well as survival curves.Results. Unstable patients or patients with cardiac tamponade who arrive to the operating room after 4 minutes after being admitted to the emergency room are four times more likely to die than those who arrive to the operating room earlier (RR 4.1 95% CI 1.43­12.07). The use of pledgets in the repair of the cardiac wound corresponds to a protective factor for patients, with an adjusted OR of 2.5 (95% CI 1.124-5.641). The type of trauma, intraoperative arrhythmia and the shock index on admission were also prognostic factors. Discussion. The effect of the time of arrival to the operating room on mortality is documented, which will allow in the future to generate changes in the management of these patients based on these times. The evidence found suggests better outcomes with the routine use of pledgets


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Penetrating , Emergencies , Time-to-Treatment , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Mortality , Heart Injuries
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 540-544, 20210000. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254390

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Chest trauma is one of the most common causes of death corresponding to 20 to 25 % of cases. The majority of the patients (85%), can be managed with only a tube thoracostomy. Our objective by presenting this case report is to provide an example of how to manage a challenging chest tube thoracostomy in a patient with cardiac hernia diagnosed in the preoperative phase, based on signs of computed tomography. Case report. A 45-year-old male presented to our emergency department who fell from a light pole 7 meters high. He fell to the ground on his back. Physical examination revealed a huge subcutaneous emphysema on his entire anterior chest wall and presented no sensitivity or movements below the navel line. After the initial assessment and management care, the patient improved. As the patient stabilized we decided to go to CT. The scan revealed pericardial rupture with only the right pericardial circumference intact, the heart herniated into the left pleural space, bilateral pneumothorax, small right hemothorax and a relevant subcutaneous emphysema surrounding the chest. We decided to perform the blunt dissection technique to insert chest tubes bilaterally because of safety. After performed it the patient was transferred to cardiothoracic department. Discussion. There is a variety of techniques to perform tube thoracostomy but the blunt dissection remain the safer, especially when we are facing an anatomic distortion of the heart. Conclusion. We present a case report of a challenging thoracic drainage performed in a patient with traumatic cardiac hernia, which procedure was successful


Introducción. El traumatismo torácico es una de las causas más comunes de muerte y corresponde al 20 a 25 % de los casos. La mayoría de los pacientes (85 %) pueden tratarse solo con toracostomía. Nuestro objetivo al presentar este informe de caso es proporcionar un ejemplo de cómo manejar una toracostomía desafiante en un paciente con hernia cardíaca, diagnosticada en la fase preoperatoria, basada en signos de tomografía computarizada. Presentación del caso. Paciente masculino de 45 años que ingresa a nuestro departamento de emergencias luego de caída de 7 metros de altura (poste de luz), cayendo de espaldas al suelo. El examen físico reveló un enfisema subcutáneo importante en todo el tórax anterior y sin sensibilidad ni movimientos debajo de la línea del ombligo. Después de la evaluación y atención inicial el paciente mejoró y se decidió realizar una tomografía computarizada que reveló la rotura pericárdica, con solo la circunferencia pericárdica derecha intacta, el corazón herniado en el espacio pleural izquierdo, neumotórax bilateral, pequeño hemotórax en el lado derecho y enfisema subcutáneo rodeando completamente el tórax. Se escogió una técnica de disección roma para insertar el tubo torácico en ambos hemitórax, debido a su mayor seguridad. Posteriormente, el paciente fue trasladado al departamento de cirugía cardiotorácica. Discusión. Existe una variedad de técnicas para realizar una toracostomía con sonda, pero la disección roma sigue siendo la más segura, especialmente cuando enfrentamos una distorsión anatómica del corazón. Conclusión. Presentamos el caso de un drenaje torácico desafiante practicado a un paciente con hernia cardíaca traumática, con éxito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Heart Injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Thoracostomy , Chest Tubes , Myocardial Contusions
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(1): e360107, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152691

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose The present study explored the potential therapeutic role of oleuropein in sepsis-induced heart injury along with the role of GSK-3β/NF-kB signaling pathway. Methods Sepsis-induced myocardial injury was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rats. The cardiac injury was assessed by measuring the levels of cTnI and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB). Sepsis-induced inflammation was assessed by measuring interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10 and HMGB1 levels. The different doses of oleuropein (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) were given prior to CLP. Oleuropein (20 mg/kg) was administered after 6 hof CLP. The expressions of GSK-3β, p-GSK-3β (Ser9) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were measured in heart homogenates. Results Cecal ligation and puncture was associated with myocardial injury, an increase in IL-6, a decrease in IL-10 and an increase in HMGB1. Moreover, it decreased the ratio of p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β and increased the expression of p-NF-kB. Pretreatment with oleuropein attenuated CLP-induced myocardial injury and systemic inflammation in a dose-dependent manner. Administration of oleuropein after the onset of CLP also attenuated cardiac injury and inflammation. It also restored CLP-induced changes in the HMGB1 levels, the ratio of p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β and expression of p- NF-kB. Conclusions Oleuropein attenuates sepsis-induced systemic inflammation and myocardial injury by inhibiting NF-kB and GSK-3β signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/drug therapy , Heart Injuries/drug therapy , NF-kappa B , Iridoids , Iridoid Glucosides , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 245-253, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088859

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cardioinhibitory carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CICSH) is defined as ventricular asystole ≥ 3 seconds in response to 5-10 seconds of carotid sinus massage (CSM). There is a common concern that a prolonged asystole episode could lead to death directly from bradycardia or as a consequence of serious trauma, brain injury or pause-dependent ventricular arrhythmias. Objective: To describe total mortality, cardiovascular mortality and trauma-related mortality of a cohort of CICSH patients, and to compare those mortalities with those found in a non-CICSH patient cohort. Methods: In 2006, 502 patients ≥ 50 years of age were submitted to CSM. Fifty-two patients (10,4%) were identified with CICSH. Survival of this cohort was compared with that of another cohort of 408 non-CICSH patients using Kaplan-Meier curves. Cox regression was used to examine the relation between CICSH and mortality. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: After a maximum follow-up of 11.6 years, 29 of the 52 CICSH patients (55.8%) were dead. Cardiovascular mortality, trauma-related mortality and the total mortality rate of this population were not statistically different from that found in 408 patients without CICSH. (Total mortality of CICSH patients 55.8% vs. 49,3% of non-CICSH patients; p: 0.38). Conclusion: At the end of follow-up, the 52 CICSH patient cohort had total mortality, cardiovascular mortality and trauma-related mortality similar to that found in 408 patients without CICSH.


Resumo Fundamento: A resposta cardioinibitória (RCI) à massagem do seio carotídeo (MSC) caracteriza-se por assistolia ≥ 3 segundos provocada por 5 a 10 segundos de MSC. Existe uma preocupação de que pacientes com RCI e episódios prolongados de assistolia possam falecer em consequência direta de bradiarritmia, ou em decorrência de lesão cerebral, trauma grave ou arritmia ventricular pausa dependente. Objetivos: Determinar a mortalidade total, a mortalidade cardiovascular e a mortalidade relacionada ao trauma de uma coorte de pacientes com RCI à MSC e comparar essas mortalidades com as de uma coorte de pacientes sem RCI à MSC. Métodos: Em 2006, 502 pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos foram submetidos à MSC. Destes, 52 pacientes (10,4%) foram identificados com RCI. A sobrevida desta coorte foi comparada àquela observada em uma coorte de 408 pacientes sem RCI por meio de curvas de Kaplan-Meier. A regressão de Cox foi utilizada para avaliação da relação entre a RCI à MSC e a mortalidade. Variáveis com p < 0,05 foram consideradas estatisticamente significativas. Resultados: Após seguimento máximo de 11,6 anos, 29 dos 52 portadores de RCI (55,8%) faleceram. A mortalidade total, a mortalidade cardiovascular e a mortalidade relacionada ao trauma desta coorte de pacientes não foram significativamente diferentes daquelas encontradas nos 408 pacientes sem RCI (mortalidade total com RCI: 55,8% versus 49,3% sem RCI; p: 0,38). Conclusões: No fim do seguimento, a mortalidade dos 52 portadores de RCI foi semelhante à observada em uma coorte de pacientes sem RCI. A mortalidade cardiovascular e a relacionada ao trauma também foi semelhante nas duas coortes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Carotid Artery Diseases/physiopathology , Carotid Artery Diseases/mortality , Carotid Sinus/physiopathology , Heart Arrest/physiopathology , Heart Arrest/mortality , Syncope/physiopathology , Syncope/mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Electrocardiography , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Heart Injuries/physiopathology , Heart Injuries/mortality
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827953

ABSTRACT

Because coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is highly contagious and serious, it has posed a major threat to public health worldwide. The curative effects of integrated traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in the treatment of COVID-19 have been widely recognized and confirmed. However, medical workers shall pay attention to drug-induced heart injury in clinical application. Based on the guideline from the Diagnosis and Treatment Plans for COVID-19(trial seventh edition), taking the recommended drugs as examples, by Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese herbal injection and integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine, the study analyzed the basic characteristics of recommended drugs for cardiac injury by means of literature review and bioinformatics methods, and summarized cardiac adverse reactions, toxicity mechanisms, combined pharmacotherapy, special population and drug monitoring, focusing on the clinical manifestations, toxic components, targets and regulatory mechanisms of drug-induced cardiac injury. The findings suggested being vigilant to drug-induced cardiac injury during the treatment of COVID-19, playing the advantages of clinical pharmacists and clinical Chinese pharmacists, improving the knowledge reserve of pharmacovigilance, strengthening the prescription review, medication notification and medication monitoring, promoting rational drug use and paying attention to special populations and high-risk groups. The study aims to provide suggestions and reference for pharmacovigilance and pharmaceutical care for front-line doctors and pharmacists against COVID-19, in order to avoid the occurrence of drug-induced heart injury for patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Cardiotoxicity , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Injuries , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pharmacovigilance , Pneumonia, Viral
9.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 16(3): 12-20, oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046279

ABSTRACT

El trauma cardiaco constituye una entidad infrecuente en pediatría que requiere de toma de decisiones rápidas y oportunas, además de un manejo óptimo para obtener una mejor sobrevida de los pacientes. En esta revisión en base a un caso clínico, se actualiza el tema de trauma cardiaco, se describen los tipos más frecuentes, las diferentes formas clínicas de presentación y el enfrentamiento terapéutico. Palabras clave: Trauma cardiaco, penetrante cardiaca, cirugía cardiaca.


Cardiac trauma is an uncommon entity in pediatrics that requires quick and timely decision making, as well as optimal management to obtain a better survival of patients. In this review based on a case report, the issue of cardiac trauma is updated, the most frequent types, the different clinical forms of presentation and the therapeutic confrontation are described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Heart Injuries/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Emergencies , Heart Injuries/diagnosis , Heart Injuries/physiopathology , Heart Injuries/therapy
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 245-252, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058264

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El traumatismo penetrante cardiaco (TPC) por sus características y en particular por su alta mortalidad, constituye un desafío quirúrgico permanente. OBJETIVOS: Describir las características, resultados inmediatos y factores pronósticos en TPC. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal, revisión de protocolos prospectivos de traumatismo torácico, registros de pabellón y fichas clínicas. Período enero de 1990-diciembre de 2017. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes con TPC operados. Se describen y analizan diversas variables. Se realizó regresión logística con análisis univariado y multivariado para identificar variables asociadas a morbilidad, deterioro neurológico y mortalidad. RESULTADOS: 220 pacientes operados por TPC, 209 (95,0%) hombres, edad promedio 30,4 ± 13,3, mediana 27 años. Mecanismo: agresión en 202 (91,8%). El agente traumático fue en 186 (84,5%) arma blanca, en 21 (9,5%) arma de fuego. Presentaban taponamiento 169 (76,8%) pacientes, ingresaron en shock 103 (46,8%) y en paro cardiorrespiratorio 20 (9,1%). Vía de abordaje fue esternotomía en 157 (71,4%), toracotomía izquierda en 58 (26,4%). Las cavidades cardiacas lesionadas más frecuentes fueron ventrículo derecho en 110 (50,0%), ventrículo izquierdo en 72 (32,7%). Se hospitalizaron en UCI en el postoperatorio 135 (61,4%), se transfundieron 74 (33,6%), presentaron complicaciones 60 (27,3%) y se reoperaron 21 (9,5%). Mortalidad 28 (12,7%). La estadía postoperatoria tuvo una mediana de 6 días (rango 1-150). Se identificaron factores pronósticos. DISCUSIÓN: Los TPC operados son más frecuentes en hombres agredidos con arma blanca, la cavidad lesionada más frecuente es el ventrículo derecho. Nuestra morbimortalidad es comparable con series internacionales.


INTRODUCTION: Penetrating cardiac trauma (PCT) constitute a permanent surgical challenge due to it characteristics and high mortality. AIM: To describe the findings, outcomes and prognostic factors in PCT. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study, review of prospective thoracic trauma protocols and surgical registries. Period January 1990-December 2017. All patients with PCT were included. Various variables are described and analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify factors associated with morbidity, neurologic dysfunction and mortality. RESULTS: 220 patients PCT, 209 (95.0%) men, mean age 30.4 ± 13.3, median 27 years. Mechanism: Aggression in 202 (91.8%). The traumatic agent was cold steel in 186 (84.4%) and fire arm in 21 (9.5%). 169 (76.8%) patients presented with tamponade, 103 (46.8%) shock and 20 (9.1%) cardiopulmonary arrest. Approach was sternotomy in 157 (71.4%), left thoracotomy in 58 (26.4%). The most common injured areas were right ventricle in 110 (50.0%), left ventricle in 72 (32.7%). 135 (61.4%) patients needed postoperative ICU and 74 (33.6%) were transfused. Complications occurred in 60 (27.3%). Twenty-one (9.5%) were reoperated. Mortality 28 (12.7%). The postoperative median stay was 6 days (Range 1-150). Prognostic factors were identified. DISCUSSION: Operated PCT are more frequent in men with stab wound, the most common injured area is the right ventricle. The morbidity and mortality is comparable with international series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/mortality , Heart Injuries/surgery , Prognosis , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/mortality , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Heart Injuries/mortality
11.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(2): 262-265, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013780

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O traumatismo cardíaco é comum em acidentes com veículos automotores. Uma mulher com 50 anos de idade foi transportada para nosso hospital após sofrer múltiplos traumatismos em um acidente de automóvel quando dirigia em alta velocidade. Após admissão à unidade de terapia intensiva, uma ultrassonografia cardíaca revelou ruptura traumática de músculo papilar da valva tricúspide e forame oval patente, enquanto se observou, no exame físico, o sinal de Lancisi. Foi realizado tratamento cirúrgico com anuloplastia da valva e fechamento do forame oval patente; durante o ato cirúrgico, diagnosticou-se ruptura oculta do átrio direito.


ABSTRACT Cardiac trauma often occurs in motor vehicle accidents. A 50-year-old female driver was transported to our hospital with multiple trauma after a high-speed car accident. After admission to the intensive care unit, cardiac ultrasound examination revealed traumatic tricuspid valve papillary muscle rupture and patent foramen ovale, while Lancisi's sign was noted on physical examination. Surgical treatment was performed with valve annuloplasty and closure of the patent foramen ovale and a covert right atrial defect that was detected intraoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillary Muscles/injuries , Tricuspid Valve/injuries , Foramen Ovale, Patent/etiology , Heart Atria/surgery , Papillary Muscles/surgery , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Accidents, Traffic , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Foramen Ovale, Patent/diagnosis , Cardiac Valve Annuloplasty/methods , Heart Atria/injuries , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnosis , Heart Injuries/etiology , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(1): 37-45, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003636

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Atletas altamente entrenados muestran cambios cardíacos estructurales como adaptación a la sobrecarga, producto del ejercicio repetitivo y extenuante. Se han evidenciado elevación de biomarcadores de remodelado y fibrosis miocárdica posterior al ejercicio intenso en atletas. Sin embargo, el comportamiento de estos biomarcadores según el nivel de entrenamiento previo no se ha evaluado. Objetivo: Investigar biomarcadores de fibrosis y función ventricular derecha en maratonistas con distinto nivel de entrenamiento previo. Métodos: Se incluyeron 36 maratonistas hombres, sanos, que completaron 42 km en la maratón de Santiago. Se dividieron según entrenamiento previo en dos grupos, Grupo 1 (G1): ≥100 km/semana y Grupo 2 (G2): <100 km/semana. Se realizó ecocardiografía transtorácica y se evaluaron niveles plasmáticos de galectina-3 y del propéptido amino terminal del procolágeno tipo III (PIIINP) en la semana previa a la carrera e inmediatamente posterior a ésta. Resultados: Posterior a la maratón, la función sistólica del ventrículo derecho disminuyó en el grupo G2 junto con un aumento significativo de los niveles plasmáticos de PIIIPNP (61±16 a 94±24 ng/mL, p=0,01). Estos cambios no se observaron en el grupo G1 (65 ± 11 a 90±29 ng/mL, p=0,10). Los niveles plasmáticos de galectina-3 aumentaron significativamente en ambos grupos posterior al ejercicio (6,8±2,2 a 19,7±4,9 ng/mL, p 0,012 y 6,0±1,1 a 19,4 ± 5,9 ng/mL, p 0,01) en los grupos G1 y G2, respectivamente). Conclusiones: Atletas con menor grado de entrenamiento, presentan posterior a una maratón un significativo aumento de productos de degradación del colágeno (PIIIPNP) asociado a disminución de la función del ventrículo derecho. Los niveles de galectina-3 plasmática aumentan significativamente en ambos grupos post-esfuerzo independiente del entrenamiento previo.


Abstracts: Introduction: Highly trained athletes show structural cardiac changes as adaptation to overload. Rise in remodeling biomarkers and myocardial fibrosis after intense exercise in athletes has been evidenced; however, the behavior of these biomarkers according to pre-competition training level has not been evaluated. Objective: To evaluate fibrosis biomarkers levels and right ventricle function in marathon runners according to their previous training level, in the period prior to a marathon race and immediately after it. Methods: Thirty-six healthy male marathon runners were included. Subjects were grouped according to their previous training level: Group 1 (G1): ≥100 km/week and Group 2 (G2): <100 km/week. Transthoracic echocardiography along with plasmatic levels of galectin-3 and amino terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) were measured one week previous and immediately after the marathon. Results: Post-effort right ventricle systolic function decreased in G2, together with a significant elevation of PIIIPNP (61±16 to 94±24 ng/mL, p=0.01). These changes were not observed in G1 (from 65±11 to 90±29 ng/mL, p=0.10). Plasma galectin-3 increased significantly in both groups immediately post-exercise (6.8±2.2 to 19.7±4.9 ng/mL, p=0.012, and 6.0±1.1 to 19.4±5.9 ng/mL, p=0.01, in G1 and G2. respectively). Conclusion: Less trained athletes evidenced higher post marathon levels of PIIIPNP which is associated with a decreased global right ventricle function. Plasma galectin-3 levels increased significantly after intense exertion regardless of the intensity of previous training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Running/physiology , Fibrosis/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Ventricular Function, Right , Heart Injuries/blood , Peptide Fragments/blood , Fibrosis/physiopathology , Exercise/physiology , Single-Blind Method , Chile , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Procollagen/blood , Galectin 3/blood , Athletes
13.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 36(1): 62-67, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002558

ABSTRACT

Resumen El trauma cardíaco constituye una de las primeras causas de mortalidad en la población general. La gran mayoría son causados por accidentes automovilísticos. Su diagnóstico es difícil y requiere alto índice de sospecha en trauma cerrado. Posee un índice de mortalidad muy elevado, cercano al 76%. Existen varios métodos diagnósticos disponibles para facilitar su detección pero ninguno logra alcanzar una sensibilidad cercana al 100%. El trauma cardíaco contuso puede variar desde lesión cardíaca asintomática hasta ruptura cardíaca y muerte. Actualmente se utilizan marcadores bioquímicos como enzimas cardíacas, siendo la Troponina I la más específica; y electrofisiológicos como hallazgos en el electrocardiograma sugestivos de bloqueo de rama y taquicardia sinusal, siendo estos los más frecuentemente encontrados.


Abstract Heart trauma is one of the leading causes of mortality in the general population. The vast majority are caused by automobile accidents. Its diagnosis is difficult and requires a high index of suspicion in closed trauma. It has a very high mortality rate, close to 76%. There are several diagnostic methods available to facilitate its detection, but none can reach a sensitivity close to 100%. Contusive heart trauma can range from asymptomatic cardiac injury to cardiac rupture and death. Currently, biochemical markers are used as cardiac enzymes, with Troponin I being the most specific; and electrophysiological findings in the electrocardiogram suggestive of branch block and sinus tachycardia, these being the most frequently found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Commotio Cordis , Myocardial Contusions/classification , Myocardial Contusions/diagnostic imaging , Heart Injuries , Heart Rupture
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 118-118, Jan.-Feb. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985228

Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Injuries , Heart
16.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(2): 114-123, 20190000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999049

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trauma constituye la principal causa de muerte en los países desarrollados y en vía de desarrollo; la tercera causa de traumas es el cardiaco cerrado, el cual es una entidad que se subdiagnostica, y eso genera consecuencias letales por no brindar un manejo oportuno, y llevar así a altos costos y carga de morbimortalidad por esta causa. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron 92 pacientes con diagnóstico de trauma cerrado de tórax, mediante un estudio observacional, analítico y prospectivo, en el Hospital Universitario Hernando Moncaleano Perdomo, entre el 1° de enero de 2015 y el 31 diciembre de 2016. Resultados. La incidencia hallada de trauma cardiaco cerrado fue de 29 por cada 100.000 individuos con trauma cerrado de tórax por año. Se encontró un valor de referencia para la troponina I de 0,8250 µg/L, el cual es estadísticamente significativo para el diagnóstico de trauma cardiaco cerrado, aunque es mucho menor que los reportados por distintos autores, los que oscilan entre 1,05 µg/L y 1,5 µg/L. Esto se puede explicar por el método ultrasensible que se utilizó en el laboratorio. Se le practicó un electrocardiograma al 100% de la población sujeto de estudio, a raíz de lo cual se evidenciaron alteraciones electrocardiográficas en el 82,6% de los pacientes, y los hallazgos positivos en las radiografías se correlacionaron con un peor pronóstico. Conclusiones. Se encontró una sensibilidad del 78% y una especificidad del 95%, de la troponina I, y con un aumento estadísticamente significativo a las 6 horas del trauma; las arritmias letales se presentaron en un bajo porcentaje (2 %) y se encontró un aumento de la morbimortalidad de los pacientes con hallazgos radiográficos positivos. Sin embargo, se necesita un mayor número de pacientes para establecer la significancia estadística


Introduction: Trauma is the main cause of death in both developed and developing countries. Blunt cardiac trauma, an underdiagnosed pathology, is the third cause of death, causing lethal consequences because it does not provide timely management, leading to high costs and a burden of morbidity and mortality. Methods: Ninety-two patients with the diagnosis of blunt chest trauma were analysed by means of an observational, analytical and prospective study at University Hospital Hernando Moncaleano Perdomo, Neiva, Colombia, in the period between January 1st, 2015, and December 31st, 2016. Results: The incidence of blunt cardiac trauma was 29 per 100,000 individuals diagnosed with blunt chest trauma per year. A reference value statistically significant for diagnosis was found for troponin I; electrocardiogram was performed in 100 % of the population study, revealing abnormalities in 82.6 % of the patients; positive findings in the radiographs were correlated with worse prognosis. Conclusions: Accurate specificity and sensitivity was found for troponin I with a significant increase 6 hours after trauma; lethal arrhythmias were present in a low percentage of the patients, and an increase in morbidity and mortality was found in patients with positive radiographic findings. However, more patients are needed in order to establish statistical significances


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Troponin , Electrocardiography , Heart Injuries
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(3): e20192154, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013156

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: determinar se a tomografia computadorizada representa uma opção segura para triagem de lesões cardíacas penetrantes. Métodos: estudo transversal retrospectivo, que confrontou os achados tomográficos com os detectados na exploração cirúrgica em pacientes operados por suspeita de trauma cardíaco no período de janeiro de 2016 a janeiro de 2018. Resultados: setenta e dois casos foram analisados; 97,2% eram do sexo masculino e a faixa etária mais prevalente foi de 20 a 29 anos; 56,9% apresentaram ferimentos por projéteis de arma de fogo e 43,1% por arma branca. Em 20 casos, a tomografia computadorizada foi sugestiva de lesão cardíaca, confirmada em 13 casos durante a cirurgia. A sensibilidade da tomografia computadorizada foi de 56,5% e a especificidade de 85,7%. Conclusão: a tomografia computadorizada não deve ser adotada rotineiramente para triagem de ferimentos cardíacos penetrantes.


ABSTRACT Objective: to determine if computed tomography represents a safe option for penetrating heart injury screening. Methods: retrospective transversal study which confronted tomographic findings with the ones detected in surgical exploration in patients that had undergone surgery because of suspected cardiac trauma from January, 2016 to January, 2018. Results: seventy-two cases were analysed; 97.2% of them were males, and the most prevalent age range was 20 to 29 years; 56.9% of them presented injuries caused by firearm shots and 43.1% by cutting weapons. In 20 cases, computed tomography suggested heart injury, confirmed in 13 cases during surgery. Sensitivity of computed tomography was 56.5%, reaching a specificity of 85.7%. Conclusion: computed tomography must not be adopted as a routine for the screening of penetrating heart injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging , Heart Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/classification , Middle Aged
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 205-215, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777195

ABSTRACT

At present, it is generally believed that the paracrine effect of stem cells in the repair of myocardial injury is one of the important ways for stem cell therapy. Exosomes are phospholipid bilayer-enclosed nanovesicles that secreted by cells under physiological and pathological conditions. Cargo loaded into exosomes including protein, lipids and nucleic acids can be delivered to recipient cells. Therefore, exosomes are recognized as important mediators for intercellular communication. It has been suggested that exosomes from stem cells (eg. embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, cardiac progenitor cells, mesenchymal stem cells and cardiosphere-derived cells) have protective effects against heart injury. In this review, we summarized recent research progresses on stem cell-derived exosomes in myocardial injury, including the therapeutic effects and mechanism.


Subject(s)
Cell Communication , Exosomes , Physiology , Heart Injuries , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology
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