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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880461

ABSTRACT

Fetal heart rate plays an essential role in maternal and fetal monitoring and fetal health detection. In this study, a method based on Poincare Plot and LSTM is proposed to realize the high performance classification of abnormal fetal heart rate. Firstly, the original fetal heart rate signal of CTU-UHB database is preprocessed via interpolation, then the sequential fetal heart rate signal is converted into Poincare Plot to obtain nonlinear characteristics of the signals, and then SquenzeNet is used to extract the features of Poincare Plot. Finally, the features extracted by SqueezeNet are classified by LSTM. And the accuracy, the true positive rate and the false positive rate are 98.00%, 100.00%, 92.30% respectively on 2 000 test set data. Compared with the traditional fetal heart rate classification method, all respects are improved. The method proposed in this study has good performance in CTU-UHB fetal monitoring database and has certain practical value in the clinical diagnosis of auxiliary fetal heart rate detection.


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Female , Fetal Monitoring , Fetus , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Pregnancy
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(4): 228-232, Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137818

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present report describes a case of complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) diagnosed at 25 weeks of gestation in a pregnant woman with Sjögren's syndrome and positive anti-Ro/SSA antibodies. Fluorinated steroids (dexamethasone and betamethasone) and terbuline were used to increase the fetal heart rate, but the fetal heart block was not reversible, and the administration of drugs was discontinued due to maternal collateral effects. Follow-up fetal echocardiograms were performed, and the fetus evolved with pericardial effusion, presence of fibroelastosis in the right ventricle, and ventricular dysfunction. Interruption of pregnancy by cesarean section was indicated at 34 weeks of gestation, and a cardiac pacemaker was implanted in the male newborn immediately after birth. Therapy for fetuses with CAVB is controversial mainly regarding the use or not of corticosteroids; however, monitoring of the atrioventricular interval by fetal echocardiography should be performed in fetuses from pregnant women with positive autoantibodies anti-Ro/SSA and/or anti-La/SSB to prevent the progression to CAVB.


Resumo Este relato descreve um caso de bloqueio atrioventricular completo (BAVC) diagnosticado com 25 semanas de gestação em uma mulher com síndrome de Sjögren e anticorpos anti-Ro/SSA positivos. Esteroides fluoretados (dexametasona e betametasona) e terbulina foram utilizados para aumentar a frequência cardíaca fetal, mas o bloqueio cardíaco fetal não foi reversível, e a administração dos medicamentos foi interrompida devido a efeitos colaterais maternos. Ecocardiogramas fetais de acompanhamento foram realizados, e o feto evoluiu com derrame pericárdico, presença de fibroelastose no ventrículo direito, e disfunção ventricular. A interrupção da gravidez por cesariana foi indicada com 34 semanas, e um marca-passo cardíaco foi implantado no recém-nascido do sexo masculino imediatamente após o nascimento. A terapia para fetos com BAVC é controversa, principalmente no que diz respeito ao uso ou não de corticosteroides; no entanto, o monitoramento do intervalo atrioventricular pela ecocardiografia fetal deve ser feito em fetos de mulheres grávidas com autoanticorpos positivos anti-Ro/SSA e/ou anti-La/SSB para impedir a progressão para o BAVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Heart Block/congenital , Prenatal Care , Autoantibodies/blood , Heart Rate, Fetal/physiology , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(9): 531-538, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042338

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine the effect of treadmill walking on maternal heart rate (MHR) and cardiotocographic parameters (basal fetal heart rate [FHR], active fetal movements [AFM], number of accelerations and decelerations, and short-term variation [STV] and long-term variation [LTV] of fetal heart rate) in pregnant women at 36 weeks. Methods A nonrandomized, open clinical trial involving 88 healthy pregnant women submitted to moderate intensity walking and computed cardiotocography in 3 20- minute periods (resting, treadmill walking, and postexercise recovery). Results The mean FHR decreased during walking (resting: 137 bpm; treadmill: 98 bpm; recovery: 140 bpm; p<0.001), with bradycardia occurring in 56% of the fetuses in the first 10minutes of exercise, and in 47% after 20minutes. Bradycardia was not detected in the other phases. The mean STV and HV were 7.9, 17.0, and 8.0 milliseconds (p<0.001) and 7.6, 10.8 and 7.6 bpm (p=0.002) in the resting, walking and recovery phases, respectively. Themean number of fetalmovements in 1 hour was 29.9, 22.2 and 45.5, respectively, in the 3 periods (p<0.001). In overweight/obese women, the mean FHR was lower (p=0.02). Following the logistic regression analysis, two variables remained significantly associated with bradycardia: maternal fitness in the 28th week of pregnancy (protective effect) and maternal weight (increased risk). Conclusion In healthy fetuses, physical exercise proved to be safe, since, although FHR and AFM decreased during treadmill walking, an increase in SVT and LTV was observed.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar o efeito da caminhada em esteira sobre a frequência cardíaca materna (FCM) e parâmetros cardiotocográficos (batimentos cardiofetais basais [BCFs], movimentos ativos fetais [MAFs], número de acelerações e desacelerações e variabilidade de curta [STV] e longa [LTV] duração da frequência cardíaca fetal) em gestantes na 36a semana. Métodos Foi realizado umensaio clínico não randomizado e aberto com 88 gestantes saudáveis submetidas a caminhada de moderada intensidade na esteira e a cardiotocografia computadoriza em 3 momentos de 20 minutos (antes, durante e após a caminhada). Resultados A média dos BCFs diminuiu durante a caminhada, retornando a níveis prévios (antes: 137 bpm; durante: 98 bpm; após: 140 bpm; p<0,001), com bradicardia ocorrendo em 56% dos fetos nos primeiros 10 minutos do exercício, e em 47% após 20 minutos. A bradicardia fetal não foi observada em outrosmomentos (antes ou depois). As médias da STV e da LTV foram 7,9, 17,0 e 8,0milissegundos (p<0,001) e 7,6, 10,7 e 7,6 bpm (p=0,002) antes, durante e após a caminhada, respectivamente. Amédia dos números dos MAFs em 1 hora foi 29,9, 22,2 e 45,5, respectivamente, nos três momentos (p<0,001). Nas mulheres com sobrepeso/obesidade, a média da FCM foi menor (p=0,02). Após a análise de regressão logística, duas variáveis permaneceram significativamente associadas a bradicardia: aptidão maternal na 28a semana de gravidez (efeito protetor) e peso materno (aumento do risco). Conclusão Em fetos saudáveis, o exercício físico mostrou-se seguro, uma vez que, embora os BCFs e osMAFs diminuam durante a caminhada na esteira, foi observado um aumento da SVT e da LTV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Safety , Heart Rate, Fetal/physiology , Pregnancy/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Fetus/physiology , Pregnancy Trimester, Third/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Cardiotocography , Walking/physiology
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(4): 286-291, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1002808

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to describe the normal values for maternal, fetal and neonatal heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) indexes in the time domain (standard deviation of beat-to-beat interval - SDNN; root mean square of successive beat-to-beat differences - RMSSD) and the frequency domain (low frequency - LF; high frequency - HF; relationship between low and high frequency - LF/HF) in 23 Holstein cows, 23 fetuses and 18 neonates during the perinatal period. HR and HRV were calculated by fetomaternal electrocardiography (ECG). Fetomaternal measurements were taken six times prepartum (between days 234 and 279 of pregnancy) and measurements were taken in neonates six times after calving (after birth and five times weekly). HR, time and frequency domain were analyzed. No significant changes in maternal, fetal beat-to-beat interval (RR interval) or HR were found. In maternal variables, SDNN decreased significantly from 38.08±2.6ms (day 14 before calving) to 23.7±2.5ms (day 1 after calving) (p<0.05), but the RMSSD did not change significantly. HR and RR interval of calf differed statistically from the day before delivery (163±7.5bpm; 381±24.2ms) to the day after calving (131±5bpm; 472±16.2ms). Time variables (SDNN and RMSSD) and the frequency-domain variables (LF and HF) were significantly different (p<0.05) between fetal and neonatal stages. Reductions in the values of SDNN and RMSSD can reflect a sympathetic dominance. After calving, the increase in HF and decrease in LF variables can indicate activation of the vagal nerve followed by heart and respiratory modulation.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os valores normais para os índices de frequência cardíaca (FC) materna, fetal e neonatal e de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) no domínio do tempo (desvio padrão do intervalo batimento a batimento, SDNN; raiz quadrada média de sucessivas diferenças de batimento a batimento, RMSSD) e do domínio da frequência (baixa frequência, LF; alta frequência, HF; relação entre baixa e alta frequência, LF/HF) em 23 vacas Holandesas, 23 fetos e 18 neonatos durante o período perinatal. A FC e a VFC foram calculadas por eletrocardiografia materno-fetal. As medidas materno-fetais foram realizadas seis vezes antes do parto (entre os dias 234 e 279 de gestação) as medidas neonatais foram realizadas seis vezes após o parto (um dia após nascimento e semanalmente, durante cinco semanas). FC, e variáveis no domínio do tempo e de frequência foram analisadas. Não foram encontradas alterações significativas na FC e no intervalo de batimento para batimento (intervalo RR) materno e fetal. Nas variáveis maternas, o SDNN diminuiu significativamente de 38,08±2,6ms (dia 14 antes do parto) para 23,7±2,5ms (dia 1 após o parto) (p<0,05), mas o RMSSD não alterou significativamente. A FC e o intervalo e RR do bezerro diferiram estatisticamente a partir de um dia antes do parto (163±7,5bpm, 381±24,2ms) até o dia seguinte ao parto (131±5bpm, 472±16,2ms). As variáveis de tempo (SDNN e RMSSD) e as variáveis de domínio de frequência (LF e HF) foram significativamente diferentes (p<0,05) entre os momentos fetal e neonatal. As reduções nos valores de SDNN e RMSSD podem refletir domínio simpático. Após o parto, o aumento da HF e a diminuição das variáveis LF podem indicar a ativação do nervo vagal seguido de modulação cardíaca e respiratória.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Cattle , Autonomic Nervous System/growth & development , Autonomic Nervous System/diagnostic imaging , Heart Rate, Fetal , Heart Rate , Electrocardiography/veterinary
5.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180419, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1043031

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Analisar a adequação da assistência pré-natal em Casa de Parto e as causas associadas com as transferências maternas e dos recém-nascidos para o hospital. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal dos atendimentos da única Casa de Parto, de 2009 a 2014, no Rio de Janeiro. As análises estatísticas foram pelo Teste χ2 e Razão de Prevalência (RP). RESULTADO A assistência pré-natal adequada predominou (42,8%) e não houve associação (p=0,55) com as transferências. A transferência materna é causada pela bolsa amniótica rota (RP= 2,09; IC 95% 1,62-2,70) e batimentos cardíacos fetais alterados (RP= 3,06; IC 95% 2,13-4,39). As transferências do recém-nascido estão associadas com a presença de mecônio no líquido amniótico (RP= 2,40; IC 95% 1,30 - 4,43); Apgar abaixo de 7 (RP= 5,33; IC 95% 2,65-10,73) e assistência ventilatória ao nascer (RP= 9,41; IC 95% 5,52-16,04). CONCLUSÃO As intercorrências na assistência intraparto são as causas associadas com as transferências.


Resumen OBJETIVO Analizar la adecuación de la asistencia prenatal en Casa de Parto y las causas asociadas con las transferencias maternas y de los recién nacidos para al hospital. MÉTODOS Investigación transversal de los atendimientos de la única Casa de Parto, de 2009 a 2014, en Río de Janeiro. Los análisis estadísticos fueron por el Test χ2 y Razón de Prevalencia (RP). RESULTADO La asistencia prenatal adecuada predominó (42,8%) y no hubo asociación (p = 0,55) con las transferencias. La transferencia materna es causada por la bolsa amniótica ruta (RP = 2,09, IC 95% 1,62-2,70) y batimientos cardíacos fetales alterados (RP = 3,06, IC 95% 2,13-4,39). Las transferencias del recién nacido se asocian con la presencia de meconio en el líquido amniótico (RP = 2,40; IC 95% 1,30 - 4,43); Apgar abajo de 7 (RP= 5,33; IC 95% 2,65-10,73) y asistencia ventilatoria al nacer (RP=9,41; IC 95% 5,52-16,04). CONCLUSIONES Las intercurrencias en la asistencia intraparto son las causas asociadas con las transferencias.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To analyze the adequacy of prenatal care in a Birth Center and the causes associated with maternal and newborn transfers to the hospital. METHODS Cross-sectional study of the care provided at the only Birth Center in Rio de Janeiro, from 2009 to 2014. Statistical analyzes were based on the χ2 test and Prevalence Ratio (PR). RESULTS Suitable prenatal care was predominant (42.8%) and there was no association (p = 0.55) with the transfers. Maternal transfer is caused by the ruptured amniotic sac (PR = 2.09, 95% CI 1.62-2.70) and altered fetal heart rates (PR = 3.06, 95% CI, 2.13-4.39). Newborn transfers are associated with the presence of meconium in the amniotic fluid (PR = 2.40, 95% CI 1.30-4.43); Apgar below 7 (PR = 5.33, 95% CI 2.65-10.73); and ventilatory assistance at birth (PR = 9.41, 95% CI 5.52-16.04). CONCLUSION Complications during intrapartum care are the causes associated with transfers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/standards , Patient Transfer , Birthing Centers , Apgar Score , Rupture, Spontaneous , Heart Rate, Fetal , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Amnion , Amniotic Fluid , Meconium , Mothers
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774171

ABSTRACT

The ultrasound Doppler fetal heart rate measurement is the gold standard of fetal heart rate counting. However, the existing fetal heart rate extraction algorithms are not designed specifically to suppress the high maternal interference during the second stage of labor, and false detection occurrences are common during labor. With this background, a method combining time-frequency frame template library optimal selecting and non-linear template matching is proposed. The method contributes a template library, and the optimal template can be selected to match the signal frame. After the short-time Fourier transform of the signal, the difference between the signal and the template is optimized by leaky rectified linear unit (LReLU) function frame by frame. The heart rate was calculated from the peak of the matching curve and the heart rate was calculated. By comparing the proposed method with the autocorrelation method, the results show that the detection accuracy of the proposed method is improved by 20% on average, and the non-linear template matching of 23% samples is at least 50% higher than the autocorrelation method. This paper designs the algorithm by analyzing the characteristics of the interference and signal mixing. We hope that this paper will provide a new idea for fetal heart rate extraction which not only focuses on the original signal.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Female , Fetal Monitoring , Fourier Analysis , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Pregnancy , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Ultrasonography, Doppler
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772537

ABSTRACT

The existing fetal monitor is prone to false detection in the case of high maternal interference in the second stage of labor. With this background, the article designs and implements a combined maternal-fetal fetal heart monitoring system. The system obtains the Doppler signal of the abdominal fetal heart and the blood oxygen signal of the mother's finger, and estimates the maternal interference degree in the fetal heart rate Doppler signal according to the maximum correlation value between the maternal finger blood oxygen signal and the abdominal fetal heart Doppler signal, and switches the fetal heart rate extraction algorithm between the autocorrelation method suitable for lower interference and improved template method suitable for higher interference according to the maternal interference degree. The accuracy of our method is 9.2% which is higher than that of the improved template matching method and 6.1% higher than that of the autocorrelation method.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Female , Fetal Monitoring , Fetus , Heart Rate , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Pregnancy , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760671

ABSTRACT

Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is characterized by fetal compromise and delayed neurological maturation. We report 3 cases of early FGR in the 26th week of gestation, based on hemodynamic Doppler monitoring, conventional cardiotocography, and non-invasive fetal electrocardiography (NI-FECG). Fetal heart rate variability (HRV), beat-to-beat variations, and fetal autonomic brain age scores (fABASs) were normal despite the absence of umbilical diastolic flow in the first case and the pregnancy continued to 30 weeks. NI-FECG helped achieve better fetal maturity. Fetal HRV and fABASs were low in the second and third cases. Fetal demise occurred soon in both cases. We conclude that NI-FECG could be a prospective method for the detection of fetal distress in early FGR.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cardiotocography , Electrocardiography , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Female , Fetal Death , Fetal Development , Fetal Distress , Fetus , Heart Rate, Fetal , Hemodynamics , Methods , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) in emergency cesarean delivery and associated factors. METHODS: A total of 431 pregnant women who were indicated for emergency cesarean delivery were included. Clinical information and timing of process after decision until delivery and pregnancy outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Mean age was 30 years, and 59.4% were nulliparous. Mean gestational age at delivery was 37.9 weeks. The decision was made during normal office hour in 33.2%. Median decision-to-operating room interval, decision-to-incision interval, and DDIs were 45, 70, and 82 minutes, respectively. Only 3.5% of patients had DDI ≤30 minutes, while 52.0% had DDI >75 minutes. During after office hours, every time interval was significantly shorter and 4.9% had DDI ≤30 minutes compared to 0.7% in normal office hours (P=0.001). Compared to other indications, time intervals were significantly shorter in those with non-reassuring fetal heart rate (FHR), and DDI ≤30 minutes was achieved in 18.8% vs. 0.8% (P < 0.001). Shortest DDI was observed among those with non-reassuring FHR during after office hours. Neonatal outcomes were comparable between different DDIs. CONCLUSION: Only 3.5% of emergency cesarean delivery had a DDI ≤30 minutes (median 82 minutes). Significant shorter time intervals were observed in those with non-reassuring FHR during after office hours.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Decision Making , Emergencies , Female , Gestational Age , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnant Women , Tertiary Healthcare , Thailand
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713608

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the effect on uterine contraction frequency (UCF), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns and psychophysical symptoms (physical discomfort, anxiety, and depression) of structured bed exercise (SBE) in hospitalized high-risk pregnant women prescribed bed rest. METHODS: Forty-five hospitalized high risk pregnant women at >24 weeks of pregnancy prescribed bed rest were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group. From January to May 2014, data were collected using electronic fetal monitoring and patient monitoring of UCF, BP, HR and FHR patterns, and psychophysical symptoms were measured using the antenatal physical discomfort scale, state-trait anxiety scale, and Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. RESULTS: UCF, BP, HR, and FHR patterns (rate, variability, acceleration, and deceleration) did not differ significantly between the experimental and control groups. The experimental group showed a significant increase in baseline FHR after SBE within the normal range, and after SBE, it reduced to the FHR before SBE. The variability, acceleration and deceleration of FHR before and after SBE did not differ significantly between two groups. Moreover, there was no statistically significant difference before and after SBE in the experimental group. Also, the experimental group showed statistically significant decreases in physical discomfort score. However, there were no significant differences in depression and anxiety score between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: SBE in hospitalized high-risk pregnant women under bed rest did not increase the risk to the fetus, and relieved physical discomfort and anxiety. Therefore, SBE should be considered as a nursing intervention in hospitalized high-risk pregnant women.


Subject(s)
Acceleration , Anxiety , Bed Rest , Blood Pressure , Cardiotocography , Deceleration , Depression , Depression, Postpartum , Female , Fetal Heart , Fetus , Heart Rate , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic , Nursing , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnant Women , Reference Values , Uterine Contraction
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prostaglandin (PG) E₂ for preterm labor induction and to investigate the predictive factors for the success of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in women (n=155) at 24+0 to 36+6 weeks of gestation who underwent induction of labor using a PGE₂ vaginal pessary (10 mg, Propess) from January 2009 to December 2015. Success rates of vaginal delivery according to gestational age at induction and incidence of intrapartum complications such as tachysystole and nonreassuring fetal heart rate were investigated. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive factors for success of labor induction. RESULTS: The vaginal delivery rate was 57% (n=89) and the rate of cesarean delivery after induction was 43% (n=66). According to gestational age, labor induction was successful in 16.7%, 50.0%, and 62.8% of patients at 24 to 31, 32 to 33, and 34 to 36 weeks, showing a stepwise increase (P=0.006). There were 18 cases (11%) of fetal distress, 9 cases (5.8%) of tachysystole, and 6 cases (3.8%) of massive postpartum bleeding (>1,000 mL). After adjusting for confounding factors, multiparity (odds ratio [OR], 8.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.10 to 23.14), younger maternal age (OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.75 to 0.94), advanced gestational age at induction (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.09), rupture of membranes (OR, 11.83; 95% CI, 3.55 to 39.40), and the Bishop score change after removal of PGE₂ (OR, 2.19; 95% CI, 1.0 to 4.8) were significant predictors of successful preterm vaginal delivery. CONCLUSION: An understanding of the principal predictive factors of successful preterm labor induction, as well as the safety of PGE₂, will provide useful information when clinicians consult with preterm pregnant women requiring premature delivery.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Dinoprostone , Female , Fetal Distress , Gestational Age , Heart Rate, Fetal , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Labor, Induced , Logistic Models , Maternal Age , Membranes , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Parity , Pessaries , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Retrospective Studies , Rupture
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 38(12): 589-592, Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843886

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: We speculate that genetic racial disparity exists in fetal life and can be detected by modern computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) . Methods: This is a retrospective study comparing the results of the cCTG of pregnant patients at 37-42 weeks according to the parental ethnicity (black versus white). A cCTG was performed to analyze the variables of fetal heart rate (FHR). The cCTG variables analyzed were: percentage of signal loss; number of contractions; basal FHR; number of accelerations; number of decelerations; length of high variation episodes; short-term variability (STV); total trace duration time; and number of fetal active movements. Non-stress test (NST) parameters in the two groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney test for continuous data, and the Chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: We found a significantly lower number of active fetal movements (p 1/4 0.007) and longer periods of low variation (p 1/4 0.047) in the cCTG of black patients when compared with white patients. Conclusions: In conclusion, identifying the factors responsible for the variance in the objective analysis of CTG results is important to improve the outcomes of patients. Our study lends further evidence as to the importance of ethnicity in clinical cCTG interpretation.


RESUMO Objetivo: Especulamos que disparidade genética racial exist ana vida do feto, e que possa ser detectada por moderna cardiotocografia computadorizada (cCTG). Métodos: Estudo retrospective comparando resultados do cCTG de gestantes entre 37-42 semanas de gestação de acordo com etnicidade dos pais (negro vs. brancos). cCTG foi usado para analisar as variáveis a frequência cardíaca do feto (FHR). As variáveis abalizadas do cCTG foram o % de perda de sinal, número de contrações, basal FHR, número de acelerações, número de desacelerações, comprimento dos episódios de alta variação, viabilidade de curto prazo, tempo total de duração do rastreamento, e número de movimentos de atividade fetal. Os parâmetros do teste de não estresse (NST) em dois grupos foram comparados usando o teste de Mann-Whitney para dados contínuos e teste qui-square para variáveis categóricas. Resultados: Encontramos números significativamente mais baixos de movimentos de atividade fetal (p 1/4 0,007) e períodos mais longos de baixa variação (p 1/4 0,047) no cCTG de pacientes negros se comparados a pacientes brancos. Conclusões: Identificar fatores responsáveis pela variação na análise objetiva dos resultados de CTG é importante em resultados de pacientes que apresentam melhora. Nosso estudo fornece evidências adicionais à importância de estudos clínicos da etnicidade interpretada pelo cCTG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , African Continental Ancestry Group , Cardiotocography/methods , Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted , European Continental Ancestry Group , Heart Rate, Fetal/physiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Fetal Movement , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265582

ABSTRACT

Changes in heart rate of fetal is function regulating performance of the circulatory system and the central nervous system, it is significant to detect heart rate of fetus in perinatal fetal. This paper puts forward the fetal heart rate detection method based on short time Fourier transform and blind source separation. First of all, the mixed ECG signal was preprocessed, and then the wavelet transform technique was used to separate the fetal ECG signal with noise from mixed ECG signal, after that, the short-time Fourier transform and the blind separation were carried on it, and then calculated the correlation coefficient of it, Finally, An independent component that it has strongest correlation with the original signal was selected to make FECG peak detection and calculated the fetal instantaneous heart rate. The experimental results show that the method can improve the detection rate of the FECG peak (R), and it has high accuracy in fixing peak(R) location in the case of low signal-noise ratio.


Subject(s)
Electrocardiography , Fetus , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50004

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-over experimental study was to examine effects of music intervention on maternal anxiety, fetal heart rate pattern and testing time during non-stress tests (NST) for antenatal fetal assessment. METHODS: Sixty pregnant women within 28 to 40 gestational weeks were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (n=30) or control group (n=30). Music intervention was provided to pregnant women in the experimental group during NST. Degree of maternal anxiety and fetal heart rate pattern were our primary outcomes. State-trait anxiety inventory, blood pressure, pulse rate, and changes in peripheral skin temperature were assessed to determine the degree of maternal anxiety. Baseline fetal heart rate, frequency of acceleration in fetal heart rate, fetal movement test and testing time for reactive NST were assessed to measure the fetal heart rate pattern. RESULTS: The experimental group showed significantly lower scores in state anxiety than the control group. There were no significant differences in systolic blood pressure and pulse rate between the two groups. Baseline fetal heart rate was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group. Frequency of acceleration in fetal heart rate was significantly increased in the experimental group compared to the control group. There were no significant differences in fetal movement and testing time for reactive NST between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Present results suggest that music intervention could be an effective nursing intervention for alel viating anxiety during non-stress test.


Subject(s)
Acceleration , Anxiety , Blood Pressure , Cardiotocography , Female , Fetal Heart , Fetal Movement , Heart Rate , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Music , Nursing , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Skin Temperature
16.
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 26(2): 162-173, 2016. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-797807

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Fetal heart rate and its variability during the course of gestation have been extensively researched. The overall reduction in heart rate and increase in fetal HRV is associated with fetal growth and the increase in neural integration. The increased complexity of the demands on the cardiovascular system leads to more variation in the temporal course of the heart rate which has been shown to be reflected in measures of complexity. The aim of this work was to investigate novel complexity measures with respect to their ability to quantify changes over gestational age in individual fetuses consistently and in a stable manner. METHODS: We examined 215 fetal magnetocardiograms (FMCG), each of 5 min duration, in 11 fetuses during the second and third trimesters (at least 10 data sets per fetus). From the FMCG we determined the fetal RR beat durations. For each 5 min time-series of RR intervals we then calculated Shannon entropy, high spectral entropy, high spectral Detrended Fluctuation Analysis, spectral Multi-Taper Method as well as the standard deviation and two commonly used complexity measures: Approximate Entropy and Sample Entropy. For each subject and HRV measure, we performed regression analysis with respect to gestational age. The coefficient of determination R² was used to estimate 'goodness-of-fit', the slope of the regression indicated the strength of the individual dependency on gestational age. RESULTS: We found that the new complexity measures do not outperform ApEn. CONCLUSION: This study has now rejected the hypothesis that the spectral complexity measures outperform those applied previously.


INTRODUÇÃO: A freqüência cardíaca fetal e da sua variabilidade durante o curso da gestação têm sido extensivamente pesquisada. A redução global da frequência cardíaca e aumento da VFC fetal está associada com o crescimento fetal e aumento da integração neural. O aumento da complexidade das exigências sobre o sistema cardiovascular conduz a uma maior variação no decurso temporal da frequência cardíaca o que foi mostrado para reflectir-se medidas de complexidade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar medidas de complexidade novos em relação à sua capacidade de quantificar as mudanças ao longo da idade gestacional em fetos individuais de forma consistente e de forma estável. MÉTODO: Foram examinados 215 magnetocardiograms fetais (FMCG), cada um dos 5 min de duração, em 11 fetos durante o segundo e terceiro trimestres (pelo menos 10 conjuntos de dados por feto). A partir do grande consumo determinamos as durações RR batimento fetais. Para cada série temporal 5 min dos intervalos RR então calculada Shannon entropia, alta entropia espectral, alta espectral Destendenciada Análise Flutuação, espectral Multi-Taper Método, bem como o desvio padrão e duas medidas de complexidade comumente utilizados: aproximado Entropia e Amostra Entropia. Para cada medida assunto e HRV, foi realizada análise de regressão em relação à idade gestacional. O coeficiente de determinação R² foi usada para estimar a "o bem-of-fit", a inclinação da regressão indicou a força do indivíduo dependência da idade gestacional. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se que as novas medidas de complexidade não superar ApEn. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo agora rejeitou a hipótese de que as medidas de complexidade espectrais superar os aplicados anteriormente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular System , Entropy , Fetal Development , Fetus , Gestational Age , Heart Rate, Fetal , Pregnancy
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158479

ABSTRACT

The monitoring of fetal heart rate (FHR) status is an important method to check well-being of the baby during labor. Since the electronic FHR monitoring was introduced 40 years ago, it has been expected to be an innovative screening test to detect fetuses who are becoming hypoxic and who may benefit from cesarean delivery or operative vaginal delivery. However, several randomized controlled trials have failed to prove that electronic FHR monitoring had any benefit of reducing the perinatal mortality and morbidity. Also it is now clear that the FHR monitoring had high intra- and interobserver disagreements and increased the rate of cesarean delivery. Despite such limitations, the FHR monitoring is still one of the most important obstetric procedures in clinical practice, and the cardiotocogram is the most-used equipment. To supplement cardiotocogram, new methods of computerized FHR analysis and electrocardiogram have been developed, and several clinical researches have been currently performed. Computerized equipment makes us to analyze beat-to-beat variability and short term heart rate patterns. Furthermore, researches about multiparameters of FHR variability will be ongoing.


Subject(s)
Cardiotocography , Electrocardiography , Female , Fetal Heart , Fetus , Heart Rate , Heart Rate, Fetal , Mass Screening , Perinatal Mortality , Pregnancy
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 37(3): 133-139, 03/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741855

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine fetal heart rate (FHR) responses to maternal resistance exercise for the upper and lower body at two different volumes, and after 25 minutes post-exercise. METHODS: Ten pregnant women (22-24 weeks gestation, 25.2±4.4 years of age, 69.8±9.5 kg, 161.6±5.2 cm tall) performed, at 22-24, 28-32 and 34-36 weeks, the following experimental sessions: Session 1 was a familiarization with the equipment and the determination of one estimated maximum repetition. For sessions 2, 3, 4 and 5,FHR was determined during the execution of resistance exercise on bilateral leg extension and pec-deck fly machines, with 1 and 3 sets of 15 repetitions; 50% of the weight load and an estimated repetition maximum. FHR was assessed with a portable digital cardiotocograph. Results were analyzed using Student's t test, ANOVA with repeated measures and Bonferroni (α=0.05; SPSS 17.0). RESULTS: FHR showed no significant differences between the exercises at 22-24 weeks (bilateral leg extension=143.8±9.4 bpm, pec-deck fly=140.2±10.2 bpm, p=0.34), 28-30 weeks (bilateral leg extension=138.4±12.2 bpm, pec-deck fly=137.6±14.0 bpm, p=0.75) and 34-36 weeks (bilateral leg extension=135.7±5.8 bpm, pec-deck fly=139.7±13.3 bpm, p=0.38), between the volumes(bilateral leg extension at 22-24 weeks: p=0.36, at 28-30 weeks: p=0.19 and at 34-36 weeks: p=0.87; pec-deck fly at 22-24 weeks: p=0.43, at 28-30 weeks: p=0.61 and at 34-36 weeks: p=0.49) and after 25 minutes post-exercise. CONCLUSION: Results of this pilot study would suggest that maternal resistance exercise is safe for the fetus. .


OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a frequência cardíaca fetal (FCF) enquanto gestantes realizavam exercícios de força para os membros superiores e inferiores, com dois volumes diferentes, e 25 minutos pós-exercício. MÉTODOS: Dez gestantes (22-24 semanas, 25,2±4,4 anos, 69,8±9,5 kg, 161,6±5,2 cm) realizaram as seguintes sessões experimentais com 22-24, 28-32 e 34-36 semanas de gestação: A Sessão 1 foi a familiarização com os equipamentos e determinação de uma repetição máxima estimada. Para as Sessões 2, 3, 4 e 5, foi determinada a FCF durante a execução do exercício de força nos equipamentos extensão de joelhos bilateral e voador, com 1 e 3 séries de 15 repetições e carga de 50% de uma repetição máxima estimada. A FCF foi avaliada com um cardiotocógrafo digital portátil. Os resultados foram analisados com teste t de Student, ANOVA com medidas repetidas e Bonferroni (α=0,05; SPSS 17.0). RESULTADOS: A FCF não demonstrou diferença significativa entre os exercícios com 22-24 semanas (extensão de joelhos bilateral=143,8±9,4 bpm, voador=140,2±10,2 bpm, p=0,34), 28-30 semanas (extensão de joelhos bilateral=138,4±12,2 bpm, voador=137,6±14,0 bpm, p=0,75) e 34-36 semanas (extensão de joelhos bilateral=135,7±5,8 bpm, voador=139,7±13,3 bpm, p=0,38), entre os volumes (extensão de joelhos bilateral com 22-24 semanas: p=0,36, 28-30 semanas: p=0,19 e 34-36 semanas: p=0,87; voador com 22-24 semanas: p=0,43, 28-30 semanas: p=0,61 e 34-36 semanas: p=0,49) e 25 minutos pós-exercícios. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo piloto podem sugerir que o exercício de força materno é seguro para o feto. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Heart Rate, Fetal/physiology , Resistance Training , Gestational Age , Pilot Projects
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309485

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>Fetal distress is a result of acute or chronic disturbances in the system of "mother-placenta-fetus" in pre-eclampsia (PE). The aim of the investigation was to compare the accuracy of antenatal fetal distress diagnostics in cases of traditional cardiotocography (CTG) waveform evaluation and analysis of morphological non-invasive electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters in anterpartum patients with PE.</p><p><b>MATERIALS AND METHODS</b>Fetal non-invasive ECG antenatal recordings of 122 pregnant patients at 34 to 40 weeks of gestation were examined. In Group I, there were 32 women with physiological gestation and normal fetal condition according to haemodynamic Doppler values. Group II involved 48 patients with mild and moderate PE whom were performed Doppler investigation. In Group III, 42 patients with severe PE were monitored with haemodynamic Doppler.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fetal autonomic tone was lower with the relative increase of low frequency (LF) branch in the patients of pre-eclamptic group. The increased value of the amplitude of mode (AMo) and stress index (SI) was associated with adrenergic overactivity. It has induced pQ and QT shortening, increased T/QRS ratio and decelerations appearance. The rate of antenatal fetal distress retrospectively was 31.1 % in PE. The traditional analysis of CTG parameters has showed sensitivity (72.7%) and specificity (87.1%). In addition to the conventional CTG analysis, evaluation of ECG parameters has contributed to better diagnostics of fetal distress. Sensitivity and specificity of non-invasive fetal ECG were absolutely equal in this study (100%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results suggest that fetal non-invasive ECG monitoring is more objective than conventional CTG.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiotocography , Methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electrocardiography , Methods , Female , Fetal Distress , Diagnosis , Fetal Monitoring , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Severity of Illness Index , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1106-1112, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357911

ABSTRACT

Fetal heart rate (FHR) baseline estimation is of significance for the computerized analysis of fetal heart rate and the assessment of fetal state. In our work, a fetal heart rate baseline correction algorithm was presented to make the existing baseline more accurate and fit to the tracings. Firstly, the deviation of the existing FHR baseline was found and corrected. And then a new baseline was obtained finally after treatment with some smoothing methods. To assess the performance of FHR baseline correction algorithm, a new FHR baseline estimation algorithm that combined baseline estimation algorithm and the baseline correction algorithm was compared with two existing FHR baseline estimation algorithms. The results showed that the new FHR baseline estimation algorithm did well in both accuracy and efficiency. And the results also proved the effectiveness of the FHR baseline correction algorithm.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Female , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Pregnancy , Reference Values
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