Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 869
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0172, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394831

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The unregulated development in the current life pattern has strengthened obesity among adolescents, and this problem is becoming more serious. Objective: Compare the impact of two exercise methods on the physical health of obese adolescents. Methods: 24 obese adolescents (12 females; BMI>30% ± 3%; age concentrated between 10 and 16 years) were selected and divided into group I and group II for a 4-week experimental study, and changes in physical fitness and function were recorded. Results: After four weeks of aerobic exercise control (group I), waist circumference, hip circumference, skinfold thickness, and abdominal fold thickness were significantly reduced in boys (p<0.05), and girls' body shape indicators were significantly altered (p<0.05). After four weeks of aerobic exercise combined with resistance training (group II), the effects of weight, BMI, and body size were significant in boys and girls. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise can effectively improve the physical problems of obese adolescents. Under the same external conditions, the effect of aerobic exercise was shown to be more effective when combined with resistance training in the physical improvement of the analyzed group. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O desenvolvimento desregrado no padrão de vida atual fortaleceu a obesidade entre os adolescentes e esse problema está se tornando cada vez mais grave. Objetivo: Comparar o impacto entre dois métodos de exercício na saúde física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Foram selecionados 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mulheres; IMC>30% ± 3%; idade concentrada entre 10 e 16 anos) e divididos no grupo I e no grupo II para um estudo experimental de 4 semanas, sendo registradas as alterações no condicionamento e função física. Resultados: Após 4 semanas de controle de exercício aeróbico (grupo I), a circunferência da cintura, circunferência do quadril, espessura da dobra cutânea e espessura da dobra abdominal foram significativamente reduzidas em meninos (p<0,05), e os indicadores de forma corporal das meninas foram significativamente alterados (p<0,05). Após 4 semanas de exercício aeróbico combinado com treinamento de resistência (grupo II), os efeitos do peso, IMC e tamanho do corpo foram significativos em meninos e meninas. Conclusão: O exercício aeróbico pode melhorar efetivamente os problemas físicos dos adolescentes obesos. Sob as mesmas condições externas, o efeito do exercício aeróbico demonstrou-se mais eficaz quando aliado ao treinamento de resistência na melhoria física do grupo analisado. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El desarrollo desordenado en el patrón de vida actual ha potenciado la obesidad entre los adolescentes y este problema es cada vez más grave. Objetivo: Comparar el impacto de dos métodos de ejercicio en la salud física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Se seleccionaron 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mujeres; IMC>30% ± 3%; edad concentrada entre 10 y 16 años) y se dividieron en el grupo I y el grupo II para un estudio experimental de 4 semanas, y se registraron los cambios en la aptitud física y la función. Resultados: Después de 4 semanas de control de ejercicio aeróbico (grupo I), la circunferencia de la cintura, la circunferencia de la cadera, el grosor de los pliegues cutáneos y el grosor de los pliegues abdominales se redujeron significativamente en los niños (p<0,05), y los indicadores de la forma corporal de las niñas se alteraron significativamente (p<0,05). Tras 4 semanas de ejercicio aeróbico combinado con entrenamiento de resistencia (grupo II), los efectos del peso, el IMC y el tamaño corporal fueron significativos en chicos y chicas. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico puede mejorar eficazmente los problemas físicos de los adolescentes obesos. En las mismas condiciones externas, el efecto del ejercicio aeróbico se mostró más eficaz cuando se combinó con el entrenamiento de resistencia en la mejora física del grupo analizado. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Exercise Therapy/methods , Obesity/therapy , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Inspiratory Capacity , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0168, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394832

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Several programs to encourage physical activity has been encouraged to reduce the sedentary lifestyle in China. Running is among them because it has potentially positive effects on cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia, in addition to the intrinsic psychological and social benefits of outdoor sports. Objective: Explore the protective effect of running on the cardiac system by analyzing strategies for cultivating exercise health awareness. Methods: A group of ten healthy volunteers, five women aged 25-35 years, underwent a 45-minute running program, performed four times a week for three weeks. Data collected by spirometry and cardiac monitoring were collected, treated, compared, and discussed. This paper introduced the concept of subjective exercise intensity to find the best analysis and judgment of Cardiac Function. Finally, a quantitative investigation involving the analysis of 315 questionnaires explored the current status of sports health awareness in running fans. Results: Heart rate amplitude during running remained in the range of 120-160, belonging to the normal heart rate range for the surveyed audience. In most cases, women's heart rate was higher than men's (P<0.05). The exercise intensity was fixed at a frequency below the value of 16, which is a slightly strenuous stage, and the relative exercise intensity was controlled between 50% and 71.5%. Conclusion: Running has a good cardiac protective effect, and its followers are highly aware of sports health. Due to the beneficial effect of sports practice, its dissemination is recommended as a form of physical and social therapeutic activity. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Com o intuito de reduzir o índice de sedentarismo na China, diversos programas de incentivo à atividade física foram estimulados. A corrida está dentre eles pois tem potenciais efeitos positivos nas doenças cardiovasculares, hipertensão arterial, diabetes mellitus e hipercolesterolemia, além dos benefícios psicológicos e sociais intrínsecos na prática esportiva ao ar livre. Objetivo: Explorar o efeito protetor da corrida no sistema cardíaco analisando as estratégias para a cultura da consciência sanitária do exercício. Métodos: Um grupo de dez voluntários saudáveis, com cinco mulheres e idade entre 25 a 35 anos foram submetidos a um programa de corrida por 45 minutos, realizado quatro vezes por semana, durante três semanas. Dados coletados por espirometria e monitoramento cardíaco foram coletados, tratados, comparados e discutidos. Este artigo introduziu o conceito de intensidade de exercício subjetivo para encontrar a melhor análise e julgamento da Função Cardíaca. Por fim, uma investigação quantitativa envolvendo a análise de 315 questionários explorou a situação atual da conscientização em saúde esportiva em adeptos da corrida. Resultados: A amplitude de frequência cardíaca durante a corrida manteve-se na faixa de 120-160, pertencente à faixa normal de frequência cardíaca ao público pesquisado. A frequência cardíaca das mulheres foi maior do que a dos homens na maioria dos casos (P<0,05). A intensidade do exercício fixou-se numa frequência inferior ao valor de 16, que é um estágio ligeiramente extenuante, e a intensidade relativa do exercício ficou controlada entre 50% e 71,5%. Conclusão: A corrida apresenta um bom efeito protetor cardíaco, seus adeptos possuem elevada conscientização da saúde esportiva. Devido ao efeito salutar da prática esportiva, recomenda-se a sua divulgação como forma de atividade terapêutica física e social. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Con el fin de reducir el estilo de vida sedentario en China, se han estimulado varios programas para fomentar la actividad física. La carrera se encuentra entre ellos porque tiene potenciales efectos positivos sobre las enfermedades cardiovasculares, la hipertensión, la diabetes mellitus y la hipercolesterolemia, además de los beneficios psicológicos y sociales intrínsecos del deporte al aire libre. Objetivo: Explorar el efecto protector de correr sobre el sistema cardíaco analizando las estrategias para cultivar la conciencia de la salud del ejercicio. Métodos: Un grupo de diez voluntarios sanos, cinco mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre los 25 y los 35 años, fueron sometidos a un programa de carrera durante 45 minutos, realizado cuatro veces por semana durante tres semanas. Los datos recogidos por la espirometría y la monitorización cardíaca fueron recogidos, tratados, comparados y discutidos. Este trabajo introdujo el concepto de intensidad subjetiva del ejercicio para encontrar el mejor análisis y juicio de la Función Cardíaca. Por último, una investigación cuantitativa que incluyó el análisis de 315 cuestionarios exploró el estado actual de la conciencia de la salud deportiva en los aficionados a las carreras. Resultados: La amplitud de la frecuencia cardíaca durante la carrera se mantuvo en el rango de 120-160, perteneciendo al rango de frecuencia cardíaca normal para el público encuestado. La frecuencia cardíaca de las mujeres fue mayor que la de los hombres en la mayoría de los casos (P<0,05). La intensidad del ejercicio se fijó en una frecuencia inferior al valor de 16, que es una etapa ligeramente agotadora, y la intensidad relativa del ejercicio se controló entre el 50% y el 71,5%. Conclusión: La acción de correr presenta un buen efecto cardioprotector, sus adeptos poseen alta conciencia de la salud deportiva. Debido al efecto saludable de la práctica deportiva, se recomienda su difusión como forma de actividad terapéutica física y social. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypercholesterolemia/prevention & control
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0156, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394836

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Due to academic pressure, many college students feel unmotivated to exercise, leading to serious obesity problems. One of the effective resources for weight loss is high-intensity interval training, but there is no extensive research on the effect on this specific group. Objective: To explore the impact of high-intensity interval training on body fat index (BFI) in college students, analyzing the scientific basis and safety of this exercise training through heart rate indicators. Methods: Two experimental groups, MICT (moderate-intensity continuous training) and HIIT (high-intensity interval training), were compared. The HIIT group used stationary bicycles, according to the high-intensity interval training method. MICT is a moderate-intensity continuous training method, so the load was half that of the HIIT group. Results: The IGC of women after training was 22.81±2.87, the IGC was significantly reduced, and there was a very significant difference; the IGC of men after training was 22.74±2.12, the IGC was significantly reduced, and they very significant difference. This shows that the exercises have a good effect on weight loss. Conclusion: HIIT training is more effective, both in time and strength of adherence. It has a good effect on improving cardiopulmonary function, and optimizing IGC are strongly impacted. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Devido à pressão acadêmica, muitos estudantes universitários sentem-se desmotivados para o exercício, acarretando a sérios problemas de obesidade. Um dos recursos eficazes para a perda de peso é o treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade, porém não há pesquisas amplas sobre o efeito nesse grupo específico. Objetivo: Explorar o impacto do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade no índice de gordura corporal (IGC) dos estudantes universitários, analisando o embasamento científico e a segurança desse treinamento de exercício através dos indicadores de frequência cardíaca. Métodos: Dois grupos experimentais MICT (treinamento contínuo de intensidade moderada) e HIIT (treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade) foram comparados. O grupo HIIT utilizou bicicletas estacionárias, de acordo com o método de treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade. MICT é um método de treinamento contínuo de intensidade moderada, portanto a carga foi a metade do grupo HIIT. Resultados: O IGC das mulheres após o treinamento foi de 22,81±2,87, o IGC foi significativamente reduzido e houve uma diferença muito significativa, o IGC dos homens após o treinamento foi de 22,74±2,12, o IGC foi significativamente reduzido e houve uma diferença muito significativa. Isso mostra que os exercícios têm um bom efeito na perda de peso. Conclusão: O treinamento HIIT é mais eficaz, tanto em tempo quanto na resistência da adesão. Tem um bom efeito de melhora na função cardiopulmonar, sendo a otimização do IGC fortemente impactada. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Debido a la presión académica, muchos estudiantes universitarios se sienten desmotivados para hacer ejercicio, lo que conduce a graves problemas de obesidad. Uno de los recursos efectivos para la pérdida de peso es el entrenamiento de intervalos de alta intensidad, sin embargo, no hay amplias investigaciones sobre el efecto en este grupo específico. Objetivo: Explorar el impacto del entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad en el índice de grasa corporal (IGC) de estudiantes universitarios, analizando la base científica y la seguridad de este entrenamiento de ejercicio a través de indicadores de frecuencia cardíaca. Métodos: Se compararon dos grupos experimentales MICT (entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada) y HIIT (entrenamiento por intervalos de alta intensidad). El grupo HIIT utilizó bicicletas fijas, según el método de entrenamiento por intervalos de alta intensidad. El MICT es un método de entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada, por lo que la carga era la mitad que la del grupo HIIT. Resultados: El IGC de las mujeres después del entrenamiento fue de 22,81±2,87, el IGC se redujo significativamente y hubo una diferencia muy significativa, el IGC de los hombres después del entrenamiento fue de 22,74±2,12, el IGC se redujo significativamente y hubo una diferencia muy significativa. Esto demuestra que los ejercicios tienen un buen efecto en la pérdida de peso. Conclusión: El entrenamiento HIIT es más efectivo, tanto en tiempo como en resistencia a la adherencia. Tiene un buen efecto de mejora de la función cardiopulmonar, con un fuerte impacto en la optimización del IGC. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students , Body Mass Index , High-Intensity Interval Training , Heart Rate/physiology , Universities
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 488-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986880

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between short-term exposure to indoor total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) and nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) among young female adults.@*METHODS@#This panel study recruited 50 young females from one university in Beijing, China from December 2021 to April 2022. All the participants underwent two sequential visits. During each visit, real time indoor TVOC concentration was monitored using an indoor air quality detector. The real time levels of indoor temperature, relative humidity, noise, carbon dioxide and fine particulate matter were monitored using a temperature and humidity meter, a noise meter, a carbon dioxide meter and a particulate counter, respectively. HRV parameters were measured using a 12-lead Holter. Mixed-effects models were used to evaluate the association between the TVOC and HRV parameters and establish the exposure-response relationships, and two-pollutant models were applied to examine the robustness of the results.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the 50 female subjects was (22.5±2.3) years, and the mean body mass index was (20.4±1.9) kg/m2. During this study, the median (interquartile range) of indoor TVOC concentrations was 0.069 (0.046) mg/m3, the median (interquartile range) of indoor temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide concentration, noise level and fine particulate matter concentration were 24.3 (2.7) ℃, 38.5% (15.0%), 0.1% (0.1%), 52.7 (5.8) dB(A) and 10.3 (21.5) μg/m3, respectively. Short-term exposure to indoor TVOC was associated with significant changes in time-domain and frequency-domain HRV parameters, and the exposure metric for most HRV parameters with the most significant changes was 1 h-moving average. Along with a 0.01 mg/m3 increment in 1 h-moving average concentration of indoor TVOC, this study observed decreases of 1.89% (95%CI: -2.28%, -1.50%) in standard deviation of all normal to normal intervals (SDNN), 1.92% (95%CI: -2.32%, -1.51%) in standard deviation of average normal to normal intervals (SDANN), 0.64% (95%CI: -1.13%, -0.14%) in percentage of adjacent NN intervals differing by more than 50 ms (pNN50), 3.52% (95%CI: -4.30%, -2.74%) in total power (TP), 5.01% (95%CI: -6.21%, -3.79%) in very low frequency (VLF) power, and 4.36% (95%CI: -5.16%, -3.55%) in low frequency (LF) power. The exposure-response curves showed that indoor TVOC was negatively correlated with SDNN, SDANN, TP, and VLF when the concentration exceeded 0.1 mg/m3. The two-pollutant models indicated that the results were generally robust after controlling indoor noise and fine particulate matter.@*CONCLUSION@#Short-term exposure to indoor TVOC was associated with significant negative changes in nocturnal HRV of young women. This study provides an important scientific basis for relevant prevention and control measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Air Pollutants/analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis , Carbon Dioxide , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Environmental Pollutants
5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 639-642, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376770

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Research on scientific fitness exercises for the elderly has an important practical significance and can improve the physical fitness and health of the elderly. Chinese research on scientific conditioning exercises for the elderly is still lacking, especially when comparing results between different sports approaches in the elderly. Objective To study the effects of different types of exercise on the physical performance and health of the elderly. Methods 329 healthy elderly volunteers (161 men) with a mean age of 64.5 years from 6 different sports activities were selected. The following indicators of body shape and physical function were evaluated before and after training: height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, vital capacity, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure. All indicators were collected following the standardized methods of China's national fitness monitoring system. Exercise intensity was monitored with the subject's target heart rate. Physical exercises were performed for 30 to 40 minutes, 3 to 4 times a week. Results The type of physical exercise has a significant association with human performance and health. Conclusion Exercise and fitness programs positively correlate with human performance and health. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução A pesquisa sobre exercícios de aptidão científica para idosos tem um importante significado prático, podendo melhorar a aptidão física e a saúde dos idosos. Atualmente, a pesquisa chinesa sobre exercícios de condicionamento científico para idosos ainda é deficiente, principalmente ao comparar resultados entre diferentes abordagens esportivas nos idosos. Objetivo Estudar os efeitos de diferentes tipos de exercícios no desempenho físico e na saúde dos idosos. Métodos 329 idosos voluntários saudáveis (161 homens) com idade média de 64,5 anos, de 6 diferentes atividades esportivas foram selecionados. Os seguintes indicadores de forma corporal e função física foram avaliados antes e após os treinos: altura, peso, circunferência da cintura, circunferência do quadril, capacidade vital, frequência cardíaca, pressão arterial sistólica e pressão arterial diastólica. Todos os indicadores foram coletados seguindo os métodos padronizados do sistema nacional de monitoramento de condicionamento físico da China. A intensidade do exercício foi monitorada com a frequência cardíaca alvo do indivíduo. Os exercícios físicos foram executados entre 30 a 40 minutos, 3 a 4 vezes por semana. Resultados O tipo de exercício físico tem uma associação significativa com o desempenho humano e a saúde. Conclusão Os programas de exercícios e condicionamento físico têm uma correlação positiva com o desempenho humano e a saúde. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción La investigación sobre ejercicios científicos de acondicionamiento físico para ancianos tiene un significado práctico importante y puede mejorar la condición física y la salud de las personas mayores. Actualmente, aún falta investigación china sobre ejercicios de acondicionamiento científico para personas mayores, especialmente cuando se comparan los resultados entre diferentes enfoques deportivos en ancianos. Objetivo Estudiar los efectos de diferentes tipos de ejercicio sobre el rendimiento físico y la salud de los adultos mayores. Métodos Se seleccionaron 329 voluntarios adultos mayores sanos (161 hombres) con una edad media de 64,5 años, de 6 actividades deportivas diferentes. Se evaluaron los siguientes indicadores de forma corporal y función física antes y después del entrenamiento: altura, peso, circunferencia de la cintura, circunferencia de la cadera, capacidad vital, frecuencia cardíaca, presión arterial sistólica y presión arterial diastólica. Todos los indicadores se recopilaron siguiendo los métodos estandarizados del sistema nacional de seguimiento del estado físico de China. La intensidad del ejercicio se controló con la frecuencia cardíaca objetivo del sujeto. Los ejercicios físicos se realizaron durante 30 a 40 minutos, 3 a 4 veces por semana. Resultados El tipo de ejercicio físico tiene una asociación significativa con el rendimiento humano y la salud. Conclusión Los programas de ejercicio y acondicionamiento físico tienen una correlación positiva con el rendimiento y la salud humana. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise , Physical Fitness/physiology , Health of the Elderly , Blood Pressure/physiology , Vital Capacity/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 1343-1359, set-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, CONASS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1402284

ABSTRACT

The clinical consequences of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include fatigue, dyspnea and progressive impairment of exercise capacity. It also produces significant systemic consequences such as nutritional depletion, physical deconditioning, systemic inflammation, and structural and functional changes in the respiratory and locomotor muscles. Regular exercise provides improvements in the health of patients with stable COPD and can relieve the symptoms, increasing the exercise capacity and improving the quality of life, while also reducing hospitalization and, to some extent, the risk of morbidity and mortality. Training with progressive exercises is associated with metabolic and neurohumoral adaptations, heart rate variability, with adaptations in the pulmonary and skeletal muscles, as well as the inflammatory, cardiovascular and respiratory systems. This review will focus on current knowledge of the mechanisms by which physical training can provide beneficial effects in COPD patients. Results: After analyzing the titles, abstracts and content, out of 500 articles found, 489 were excluded, leaving 11 articles. Studies have shown the beneficial effect of aerobic training on COPD. Conclusion: Physical training should be considered a therapeutic option in patients with COPD, regardless of being terrestrial or aquatic, as it can have beneficial effects on the systems.


As consequências clínicas da doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) são: fadiga, dispnéia e comprometimento progressivo da capacidade do exercício, além disso, também produz consequências sistêmicas significativas como depleção nutricional, descondicionamento físico, inflamação sistêmica, mudanças estruturais e funcionais de músculos respiratórios e locomotores. O treinamento físico regular traz como beneficíos efeitos da melhoria da saúde em pacientes com DPOC estável e pode aliviar os sintomas, melhorar a capacidade de exercício e a qualidade de vida, reduzir a hospitalização e, em certa medida, o risco de morbi-mortalidade. Já o treinamento com exercícios progressivos está associado a adaptações metabólicas, neurohumorais, variabilidade da frequência cardíaca, inflamatórias, dos músculos pulmonares e esqueléticos, cardiovasculares e respiratórias. Esta revisão enfocará o conhecimento atual dos mecanismos pelos quais o treinamento físico pode ter efeitos benéficos em pacientes com DPOC. Resultados: Após análise dos títulos, resumos e conteúdo, dos 500 artigos encontrados, 489 foram excluídos, restando 11 artigos. Estudos têm demonstrado o efeito benéfico do treinamento aeróbico na DPOC. Conclusão: O treinamento físico deve ser considerado uma opção terapêutica em pacientes com DPOC, independente de ser terrestre ou aquático, pois pode ter efeitos benéficos nos sistemas.


Las consecuencias clínicas de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) incluyen fatiga, disnea y deterioro progresivo de la capacidad de ejercicio. También produce importantes consecuencias sistémicas como el agotamiento nutricional, el desacondicionamiento físico, la inflamación sistémica y los cambios estructurales y funcionales en los músculos respiratorios y locomotores. El ejercicio regular proporciona mejoras en la salud de los pacientes con EPOC estable y puede aliviar los síntomas, aumentando la capacidad de ejercicio y mejorando la calidad de vida, al tiempo que reduce la hospitalización y, en cierta medida, el riesgo de morbilidad y mortalidad. El entrenamiento con ejercicios progresivos se asocia a adaptaciones metabólicas y neurohumorales, a la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca, con adaptaciones en los músculos pulmonares y esqueléticos, así como en los sistemas inflamatorio, cardiovascular y respiratorio. Esta revisión se centrará en el conocimiento actual de los mecanismos por los que el entrenamiento físico puede proporcionar efectos beneficiosos en los pacientes con EPOC. Resultados: Tras analizar los títulos, resúmenes y contenido, de los 500 artículos encontrados se excluyeron 489, quedando 11 artículos. Los estudios han demostrado el efecto beneficioso del entrenamiento aeróbico en la EPOC. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento físico debe considerarse una opción terapéutica en pacientes con EPOC, independientemente de que sea terrestre o acuático, ya que puede tener efectos beneficiosos sobre los sistemas.


Subject(s)
Patients/statistics & numerical data , Exercise/physiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Quality of Life/psychology , Muscle Development/physiology , Dyspnea/rehabilitation , Fatigue/prevention & control , Endurance Training , Heart Rate/physiology
7.
São Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 71-80, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357462

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Although autonomic dysfunction has been shown to be associated with liver cirrhosis, the prevalence and prognostic implications are unclear. Abnormal heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of autonomic function, has not been well investigated in cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of high-risk HRV parameters in a cohort of cirrhotic patients and their association with cardiac dysfunction and mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective observational study conducted in the Federal University of São Paulo. METHOD: A cohort of 120 patients, comprising 17 healthy controls and 103 cirrhotic outpatients, was evaluated and followed for 10 months. HRV analysis was based on 24-hour Holter monitoring and defined using time-domain and frequency-domain parameters. RESULTS: The HRV parameters were statistically lower in cirrhotic patients than in healthy subjects. High-risk HRV parameters were prevalent, such that 64% had at least one high-risk parameter. Time-domain parameters correlated with Child scores (P < 0.0001). In regression models, HRV parameters were independent predictors of diastolic dysfunction and mortality. During 10 months of follow-up, there were 11 deaths, all of patients with at least one high-risk HRV parameter. Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated low survival rates among patients with standard deviation of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN) < 100. CONCLUSION: Reduced HRV is prevalent in liver cirrhosis and is related to cardiac dysfunction, severity of liver disease and mortality. Abnormal high-risk HRV parameters are prevalent among cirrhotic patients and are also predictors of mortality. Our findings highlight the need for a more careful cardiac evaluation of cirrhotic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Prospective Studies , Heart Rate/physiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
8.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e181942, fev. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363107

ABSTRACT

The project is based on a test of a thoracic vibration vest prototype, adapted to equines by the Expector® vest's company, on healthy animals. Ten (10) equines were used in the project, male or female, adults, healthy, belonging to FMVZ-USP or private owners. Each animal went through two phases: A and B. Phase A consisted of the placement of the vest without turning on the vibrators, evaluating the animal's acceptability, facility, adaptation to the animal's body, and discomfort due to the vest's use. Phase B included the placement of the vest and turning on the vibrators, evaluating the animal's acceptability, reaction to the vibrators, and, if present, to which velocity/type of vibration, and the presence of adverse effects. Both phases were done three times on separate days. The behavioral parameters: "placement facility" and "adaptation to the animal's body" were observed. In phase B, the response to the vibration was classified from 0 to 5. The answer was evaluated on low and high intensities for the four vibration types. The heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) were also evaluated at the beginning and end of each repetition. The animals' HR was kept on normal, except for one animal on one day of the test. Concerning the RR, most animals presented moments of tachypnea. On the experiment's first day, 100% of grade Great to "facility of placement" and "adaptation to the animal's body" was obtained, but on days 2 and 3 this value dropped to 90% due to alterations in one animal's responses. Regarding vibration's responses, 77.3% were evaluated as no discomfort (grade 0), 17.1% little discomfort (grade 1), 3.3% medium discomfort (grade 2), 0.4% great discomfort (grade 3), 0.21% extreme discomfort (grade 4), and 1.6% non-acceptance of the vest (grade 5). Some possible changes on the prototype were also verified to be suggested to the manufacturer, such as the change of the buckle and the use of wireless control. Vest use appears promising for equine respiratory physiotherapy, considering the acceptability was good, and its efficiency on the expectoration of diseased animals must be tested.


O projeto consistiu no teste de um protótipo de colete de vibração torácica, adaptado aos equinos pela empresa do colete Expector®, em animais saudáveis. Foram utilizados 10 equinos, machos ou fêmeas, adultos, saudáveis, pertencentes à FMVZ-USP e a proprietários particulares. Cada animal passou por duas fases: A e B. A Fase A consistiu na colocação do colete sem ligar os vibradores, avaliando-se a aceitabilidade do animal; facilidade; adaptação ao corpo do animal e incômodo do mesmo à sua presença. Já a Fase B contava com a colocação do colete e funcionamento dos vibradores, avaliando-se a aceitabilidade do animal; reação aos vibradores e, se presente, a qual velocidade/tipo de vibração; presença de reações ou efeitos adversos. As duas fases foram realizadas em triplicata em dias separados. Foram observados os parâmetros comportamentais "facilidade de colocação" e "adaptação ao corpo do animal". Na fase B, a resposta à vibração foi classificada de 0 a 5. A resposta foi avaliada nas intensidades baixa e alta para os quatro diferentes tipos de vibração. Foram avaliadas também as frequências cardíaca (FC) e respiratória (FR) no início e final de cada repetição. A FC dos animais se manteve dentro do intervalo de normalidade, com exceção de um animal em um dia de avaliação. Em relação à FR, a maioria apresentou momentos de taquipneia. No primeiro dia de experimento obteve-se 100% de avaliação Ótima para "facilidade de colocação" e "adaptação ao corpo do animal", mas nos dias 2 e 3 esse valor caiu para 90% devido à alteração na resposta de um animal. Em relação à resposta à vibração, 77,3% das respostas foram avaliadas como nenhum incômodo (nota 0), 17,1% pouco incômodo (nota 1), 3,3% médio incômodo (nota 2), 0,4% muito incômodo (nota 3), 0,21% incômodo extremo (nota 4) e 1,6% não aceitação do colete (nota 5). Foram também verificadas algumas possíveis mudanças no protótipo a serem sugeridas ao fabricante, como mudança do tipo de fivela e uso de controle sem fio. A utilização do colete parece ser muito promissora para a fisioterapia respiratória em equinos, visto que a aceitabilidade foi muito boa, devendo-se agora realizar a avaliação de sua eficácia na expectoração de animais enfermos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Adaptation, Physiological , Physical Therapy Modalities/veterinary , Equipment Design , Respiratory Rate/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Horses/physiology
9.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e1021021620, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375939

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Physiological parameters can be objectively measured for controlling and quantifying physical activity levels. Aims: This study aimed to systematically review the literature on volleyball athletes' profile regarding heart rate (HR) and HR variability (HRV). Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Embase and SportDiscus databases were searched to find studies presenting resting HR, maximal HR, mean HR and time domain HRV during training sessions and matches. Results: Volleyball athletes' profile was HRrest 66 ± 2.5 bpm (minimum 41 ± 10 bpm; maximum 82.4 ± 2.1 bpm), HRmax was 184 ± 1.3 bpm (minimum 170 ± 8.0 bpm; maximum 192 ± 3.0 bpm), HRtraining data was in average 150 ± 12 bpm (minimum 124.8 ± 6.2 bpm; maximum 171.5 ± 11.0 bpm) and mean HRmatch was 154 ± 5.5 bpm (minimum 105.3 ± 12.8 bpm; maximum 182.3 ± 5.2 bpm). The RR interval data resulting in a mean value of 1096 ± 4 ms (minimum 1027.6 ± 168.9 ms; maximum 1097.0 ± 59.5 ms) and the rMSSD index presented a mean value of 44 ± 14 ms (minimum 42.2 ± 19.8 ms; maximum 93.2 ± 65.8 ms). SDNN data were extracted, however, no meta-analysis was performed. Conclusion: Resting HR were high for the athletes' fitness level, maximal HR and RR intervals were very similar to athletes from other sports. Mean HR data do not seem to represent the real physical demand in matches and training. HRV time domain index showed low values and could be related to training loads or fatigue situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autonomic Nervous System , Volleyball/physiology , Athletes , Heart Rate/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Fatigue
10.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3322, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385995

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Physical inactivity is associated with low heart rate variability (HRV) in adolescents. However, whether the number of physical education (PE) classes impact HRV remains unclear. This cross-sectional study verified the association between the frequency of PE classes and HRV parameters in male adolescents. This study included 1152 boys (16.6 ± 1.2 years). The quantity of PE classes was assessed though questionnaire and the adolescents were stratified accordingly (no PE class; one PE class/wk; ≥2 PE classes/wk). Time- (SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50) and frequency-domains (LF, HF, sympathovagal balance) of HRV were obtained. Generalized Linear Models were used for comparing the HRV parameters according to the quantity of PE classes, adjusting for confounders. There was no difference in HRV measures of time: (SDNN, p = 0.77; RMSSD, p=0.72; PNN50, p=0.83) and frequency (LF, p=0.61; HF, p=0.61; sympathovagal balance, p=0.60) between the different frequencies of PE classes. The frequency of PE classes in not associated with HRV parameters of male adolescents.


RESUMO A inatividade física está associada à baixa variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) em adolescentes. Entretanto, não está claro se o número de aulas de Educação Física (EF) causa impacto na VFC. Este estudo transversal verificou a associação entre a frequência das aulas de EF com parâmetros de VFC em adolescentes do sexo masculino. Foram incluídos 1.152 meninos (16,6 ± 1,2 anos). A quantidade de aulas de EF foi avaliada através de questionário e os adolescentes foram estratificados de acordo (nenhuma aula de EF; uma aula de EF / sem; ≥2 aulas de EF / sem). Os domínios do tempo (SDNN, RMSSD, PNN50) e da frequência (LF, HF, balanço simpático-vagal) da VFC foram obtidos. Modelos Lineares Generalizados foram usados ​​para comparar os parâmetros da VFC de acordo com a quantidade de aulas de EF, ajustando para fatores de confusão. Não houve diferença nas medidas de VFC de tempo: (SDNN, p = 0,77; RMSSD, p = 0,72; PNN50, p = 0,83) e frequência (LF, p = 0,61; HF, p = 0,61; balanço simpatovagal, p = 0,60) entre as diferentes frequências das aulas de EF. A frequência das aulas de EF não está associada aos parâmetros de VFC de adolescentes do sexo masculino.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Physical Education and Training/methods , Heart Rate/physiology , Exercise , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Adolescent Behavior , Obesity, Abdominal/prevention & control , Hypertension/prevention & control , Men
11.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220000422, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386382

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: This study verified how much performance damage can high-intensity efforts cause to FT shooting efficiency. Methods: A sample of 13 male amateur basketball players (19.9 ± 3.2 years; 76.7 ± 8.7 kg; 182 ± 10 cm) participated in the study on three non-consecutive days. A maximum progressive exercise test determined maximum heart rate (HRMax) during the first session. On the other two days (randomly assigned), athletes performed five bouts of basketball-related exercises, intense enough to raise HR to either 65% (S65) or 90% (S90) of HRMax, followed by two FT shots (totaling 10 FT). Results: FT performance was lower in S90 than in S65 (56.9% ± 18.9% vs 73.1% ± 12.5%, respectively; p = 0.026; ES = 1.01 - "large effect size"). Magnitude-based inference analysis considered shooting at S90 moderately disadvantageous and odds ratio analysis suggest that shooting FT at higher HR values represents an 11-fold chance to worsen performance (OR = 11.1; 95% CI = 1.79 to 68.9; p = 0.01). Conclusion: Basketball FT shooting efficiency is impaired after a bout of game-related high-intensity activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basketball , Efficiency , High-Intensity Interval Training , Heart Rate/physiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 480-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935173

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the consistency on the determination of target heart rate by simple calculation method based on resting heart rate and by anaerobic threshold method in cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) for patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This study was a diagnostic test. Patients with coronary artery disease who underwent the first PCI in the Department of Cardiology of Peking University People's Hospital from October 2011 to April 2021 were enrolled. Patients were further divided into subgroups according to gender, age (<60 years group and ≥60 years group), with or without myocardial infarction history (myocardial infarction group and angina pectoris group) and whether β blockers were applied. The general clinical data of patients, resting heart rate (RHR) and anaerobic threshold heart rate in CPET were collected through the electronic medical record system. The simple target rate (RHR plus 20 or 30 bpm) and the target rate calculated by anaerobic threshold (anaerobic threshold heart rate minus 10 bpm) were both calculated in each patient. Consistency test of target heart rate derived by above the two methods was shown by intra-class correlation (ICC) and Bland-Altman plots. Results: A total of 439 patients were included, age was (56.2±8.8) years, body mass index was (25.77±2.34) kg/m2, there were 382 males (87.0%). The target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold method was (90.0±11.8)bpm, and the simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 20 bpm was (91.0±8.4)bpm. There was no significant difference on the target heart rate derived from the two calculation methods (P=0.091). The simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 30 bpm was (101.0±8.4)bpm, which was significant higher than that determined by anaerobic threshold method (P<0.001). In the following analysis, RHR plus 20 bpm was defined as the simple target heart rate. The ICC value of target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold and resting rate plus 20 bpm was 0.529(95%CI 0.458-0.593, P<0.001). Bland-Altman plots analysis showed that the ratio of the simple target heart rate and the target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold method was 1.03±0.11 and the 95% limits of agreement (LOA) were 0.812-1.245. In the subgroup of patients aged<60 years (n=247), the ICC value was 0.492, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.02±0.11 and LOA was 0.814-1.234; in the subgroup of patients aged ≥60 years (n=192), the ICC value was 0.566, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.260. In male subgroup(n=382), the ICC value was 0.540, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.813-1.246; in female subgroup(n=57), the ICC value was 0.445, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.240.In myocardial infarction subgroup (n=186), the ICC value was 0.568, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.02±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.227; in angina pectoris subgroup (n=253), the ICC value was 0.495, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.04±0.11 and LOA was 0.813-1.260. In the subgroup of patients with β blockers (n=353), the ICC value was 0.520, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.252; in the subgroup of patients without β blockers (n=86), the ICC value was 0.570, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.02±0.10 and LOA was 0.821-1.219. Conclusions: The simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 20 bpm is consistent with the target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary artery disease after PCI. But the simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 20 bpm can't replace the target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists , Anaerobic Threshold , Angina Pectoris , Coronary Artery Disease , Heart Rate/physiology , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
13.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 516-526, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939619

ABSTRACT

Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a non-invasive technique to measure heart rate at a lower cost, and it has been recently widely used in smart wearable devices. However, as PPG is easily affected by noises under high-intensity movement, the measured heart rate in sports has low precision. To tackle the problem, this paper proposed a heart rate extraction algorithm based on self-adaptive heart rate separation model. The algorithm firstly preprocessed acceleration and PPG signals, from which cadence and heart rate history were extracted respectively. A self-adaptive model was made based on the connection between the extracted information and current heart rate, and to output possible domain of the heart rate accordingly. The algorithm proposed in this article removed the interference from strong noises by narrowing the domain of real heart rate. From experimental results on the PPG dataset used in 2015 IEEE Signal Processing Cup, the average absolute error on 12 training sets was 1.12 beat per minute (bpm) (Pearson correlation coefficient: 0.996; consistency error: -0.184 bpm). The average absolute error on 10 testing sets was 3.19 bpm (Pearson correlation coefficient: 0.990; consistency error: 1.327 bpm). From experimental results, the algorithm proposed in this paper can effectively extract heart rate information under noises and has the potential to be put in usage in smart wearable devices.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Heart Rate/physiology , Photoplethysmography/methods , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Wearable Electronic Devices
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 619-622, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on the sleep quality and nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with primary insomnia.@*METHODS@#Twenty-one patients with primary insomnia were included. Using SDZ-ⅡB electric acupuncture apparatus, Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10) were stimulated with disperse-dense wave, 4 Hz/ 20 Hz in frequency, (0.2±30%) ms of pulse width and tolerable intensity. Electric stimulation was given once every morning and evening of a day, 30 min each time, for 4 weeks totally. Before and after treatment, the score of Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), objective sleep structure (total sleep time [TST], sleep latency [SL], wake after sleep onset [WASO], sleep efficiency [SE], the percentages of non-rapid eye movement period 1, 2, 3, and the percentage of rapid eye movement period to TST [N1%, N2%, N3%, REM%] ) and nocturnal HRV (high frequency [HF], low frequency [LF], the ratio of LF to HF [LF/HF], standard deviation for the normal RR intervals [SDNN], squared root of the mean sum of squares of differences between adjacent intervals RR [RMSSD], the percentage of adjacent RR intervals with differences larger than 50 ms in the entire recording [PNN50%], the mean of sinus RR intervals [NNMean] ) were compared in the patients separately.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the score of each item and the total score of PSQI and SL were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.001); SE, N3%, LF, HF, LF/HF, SDNN, NNMean and RMSSD were all increased compared with those before treatment (P<0.001, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The taVNS improves the sleep quality and objective sleep structure in patients with primary insomnia, which is probably related to the regulation of autonomic nervous functions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Rate/physiology , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Vagus Nerve , Vagus Nerve Stimulation
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 584-588, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with vestibular migraine (VM) and to explore its possible mechanism. Methods: Forty-eight patients with VM [17 males and 31 females, age (36.2±9.2) years], 44 patients with migraine [15 males and 29 females, age (34.4±9.0) years], and 30 patients with health check-ups during the same period [12 males and 18 females, age (34.6±6.5) years old] were selected as study subjects. Ambulatory ECG monitoring was performed in all subjects, and the HRV characteristics of each group were analyzed from both daytime and nighttime time phases. Time domain parameters were analyzed: standard deviation of normal to normal (SDNN), root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), and percentage of normal to normal intervals differing by more than 50 ms (pNN50). The parameters in the frequency domain were analyzed: high frequency power (HF), low frequency power (LF), and the ratio of low frequency to high frequency power (LF/HF). Statistical analysis of the data was performed using SPSS 26.0 software. Results: At night, RMSSD (F=6.694) and HF (F=9.434) were lower in the VM and migraine groups compared to the control group, while LF/HF (F=16.049) and LF (F=9.434) were elevated compared to the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while LF was significantly elevated in the VM group compared to the migraine group, with a statistically significant (P<0.05). On the daytime measurements, mainly LF was elevated in the vestibular migraine group compared with the control group, while RMSSD was decreased compared with the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). Conclusion: Autonomic dysfunction characterized by sympathetic hyperfunction and vagal hypofunction is present in VM patients and is more pronounced at night. In addition, the degree of autonomic dysfunction may be more pronounced in VM patients than in migraine patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Rate/physiology , Migraine Disorders , Vertigo
16.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 421-430, sep.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357208

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La dinámica no lineal de la regulación autonómica cardiovascular a partir de la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardiaca no ha sido previamente estudiada en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 mediante la prueba del peso sostenido como inductor de hiperreactividad cardiovascular. Objetivo: Determinar las variaciones en la dinámica no lineal de la regulación autonómica cardiovascular durante la prueba del peso sostenido en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Método: Estudio cuasiexperimental, antes-después, con grupo control, realizado en junio-agosto de 2018 en la Facultad No. 1 de Medicina de Santiago de Cuba. Se trabajó con 15 pacientes que padecían diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin otra enfermedad asociada y 15 sujetos sanos, a quienes se les aplicó la prueba del peso sostenido. Resultados: En los pacientes con diabetes mellitus, al realizar la prueba del peso sostenido se produjo un aumento significativo en la presión arterial sistólica, diastólica y media, y en la frecuencia cardiaca. En la entropía muestral, parámetro que evalúa la adaptabilidad de los sistemas, se produjo una disminución significativa (2.28 ± 0.33 vs. 1.83 ± 0.47 ms; p = 0.003143). El valor del estadístico C de la entropía muestral en estado basal quedó establecido en 0.973, siendo la variable con mayor capacidad predictiva. Conclusiones: Durante la prueba del peso sostenido en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 se produjo una disminución de la complejidad de la regulación autonómica cardiovascular; la entropía muestral basal constituyó el indicador de mayor eficacia en la identificación de alteraciones autonómicas cardiovasculares.


Abstract Introduction: The analysis of non-linear dynamics of cardiovascular autonomic regulation based on heart rate variability has not been previously studied in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using the sustained weight test as an inducer of cardiovascular hyperreactivity. Objective: To determine the variations in the non-linear dynamics of cardiovascular autonomic regulation during the sustained weight test in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method: A quasi-experimental, before-after study with a control group, from June-August 2018, at the No. 1 School of Medicine in Santiago de Cuba. We worked with 15 patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus without other associated disease and 15 healthy subjects, to whom the sustained weight test was applied. Results: In patients with diabetes mellitus, when performing the sustained weight test, there was a significant increase in the hemodynamic parameters TAS, TAD, TAM and FC. In the sample entropy, a parameter that evaluates the adaptability of the systems, there is a significant decrease (2.28 ± 0.33 vs. 1.83 ± 0.47 ms; p = 0.003143). The value of the C statistic of the sample entropy at baseline was established at 0.973, being the variable with the highest predictive capacity. Conclusions: In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus during the sustained weight test, there was a decrease in the complexity of cardiovascular autonomic regulation, the basal sample entropy was the indicator of greater efficacy in the identification of cardiovascular autonomic alterations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Heart Rate/physiology , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Body Weights and Measures , Case-Control Studies , ROC Curve , Nonlinear Dynamics , Arterial Pressure/physiology
17.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1396, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357307

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síncope vasovagal es la causa más frecuente de pérdida breve de la conciencia, en su etiopatogenia se reporta una disfunción autonómica que puede ponerse de manifiesto en la bipedestación activa inmediata. Objetivo: Comparar la dinámica de los cambios de la frecuencia cardíaca durante la bipedestación activa inmediata, de pacientes que padecen síncope vasovagal y sujetos controles. Métodos: Se evaluaron 132 sujetos supuestamente sanos (grupo A) entre 18 y 25 años y 156 pacientes con síncopes vasovagales; fueron divididos por su respuesta ante la bipedestación prolongada, negativa 111 (grupo B) y positiva 45 (grupo C). Se registró la actividad electrocardiográfica en decúbito supino y al inicio de la bipedestación activa, se obtuvo las secuencias de intervalos RR. Se comparó la frecuencia cardíaca en los 3 grupos, con 22 indicadores (posicionales, temporales, ordinales y relacionales, promedio y de la velocidad de los cambios). Resultados: No hubo diferencias en los indicadores promedio, sin embargo, algunos que evalúan la velocidad del cambio inicial, fueron significativamente menores en el grupo A comparado con B y C (p < 0,05), mientras que los que evalúan la velocidad de recuperación, fueron significativamente menores en el grupo C comparado con A y B. Conclusión: La dinámica de los cambios de frecuencia, permitió encontrar indicadores que pueden considerarse posibles predictores de una respuesta cardiovascular inadecuada en pacientes con síncope vasovagal(AU)


Introduction: Vasovagal syncope is the most frequent cause of brief loss of consciousness, in its etiopathogenesis an autonomic dysfunction is reported that can be manifested in immediate active standing. Objective: To compare the dynamics of heart rate changes during immediate active standing of patients suffering from vasovagal syncope with control subjects. Methods: 132 supposedly healthy subjects (group A) between 18 and 25 years old and 156 patients with vasovagal syncope were evaluated, which were divided by their response to prolonged standing, negative 111 (group B) and positive 45 (group C). Electrocardiographic activity was recorded in the supine position and at the beginning of active standing, the sequences of RR intervals were obtained. The heart rate was compared in the 3 groups, using 22 indicators (positional, temporal, ordinal and relational, average and of the speed of changes). Results: Differences were not found in the average indicators in the analyzed period, however, some that evaluate the speed of the initial change were significantly lower in group A compared to B and C (p < 0.05), while others that evaluate the speed recovery rates were significantly lower in group C compared to A and B. This allows to characterize, compare and differentiate the groups studied during the complex and rapid interactions that occur in the change of position. Conclusion: The dynamic of frequency changes, allowed to find indicators, which can be considered as possible predictors of an inadequate cardiovascular response in patients with vasovagal syncope(AU)


Subject(s)
Heart Rate/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Syncope, Vasovagal/prevention & control , Standing Position
18.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 278-281, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288578

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Regular physical activity helps improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular skills. How to evaluate the nervous tension of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular vessels through sports is a hot topic. Objective The paper discusses the influence of regular participation in sports on people's cardiovascular function and blood-related indicators. Methods We select 30 healthy older adults who regularly participate in sports, record their ECG changes, blood pressure, heart rate and other related cardiovascular function indicators, and analyze the blood function of the elderly. Detection of blood cell count (RBC), red blood cell volume (MCV) and hemoglobin (Hb), serum creatinine (Cr), blood glucose (BGS), triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-Density lipoprotein (HDL) is measured. Results Older adults who persist in exercise for a long time have better indicators than those who do not exercise. Conclusions Appropriate aerobic exercise can reduce the stiffness of blood vessels in the elderly. Exercise can help the elderly increase heart rate variability and improve the heart's autonomic nerve function's blood indicators, and body mass. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A atividade física regular ajuda a melhorar as habilidades cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares. Como avaliar a tensão nervosa dos vasos cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares por meio de esportes é um assunto quente. Objetivo o artigo discute a influência da participação regular em esportes sobre a função cardiovascular das pessoas e indicadores relacionados ao sangue. Métodos Selecionamos 30 idosos saudáveis que participam regularmente de esportes, registramos suas alterações no ECG, pressão arterial, frequência cardíaca e outros indicadores relacionados à função cardiovascular e analisamos a função sanguínea dos idosos. Detecção de contagem de células sanguíneas (RBC), volume de glóbulos vermelhos (MCV) e hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glicose no sangue (BGS), triglicerídeos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL ) e a lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL) é medida. Resultados Idosos que persistem por muito tempo nos exercícios têm melhores indicadores do que aqueles que não praticam. Conclusão O exercício aeróbio adequado pode reduzir a rigidez dos vasos sanguíneos em idosos. O exercício pode ajudar os idosos a aumentar a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca e melhorar os indicadores sanguíneos da função nervosa autonômica do coração e a massa corporal. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La actividad física regular ayuda a mejorar las habilidades cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares. Cómo evaluar la tensión nerviosa de los vasos cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares a través del deporte es un tema candente. Objetivo El artículo analiza la influencia de la participación regular en deportes sobre la función cardiovascular de las personas y los indicadores relacionados con la sangre. Métodos Seleccionamos a 30 adultos mayores sanos que participan regularmente en deportes, registramos sus cambios en el ECG, presión arterial, frecuencia cardíaca y otros indicadores relacionados con la función cardiovascular, y analizamos la función sanguínea de los ancianos. Detección del recuento de glóbulos rojos (RBC), volumen de glóbulos rojos (MCV) y hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glucosa en sangre (BGS), triglicéridos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL) ) y se mide la lipoproteína de alta densidad (HDL). Resultados Los adultos mayores que persisten en el ejercicio durante mucho tiempo tienen mejores indicadores que los que no lo hacen. Conclusión El ejercicio aeróbico adecuado puede reducir la rigidez de los vasos sanguíneos en los ancianos. El ejercicio puede ayudar a los ancianos a aumentar la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca y mejorar los indicadores sanguíneos y la masa corporal de la función nerviosa autónoma del corazón. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sports/physiology , Blood Cell Count , Blood Pressure/physiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Lipids/blood
19.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 481-484, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Sports dance is widely known as a competitive game, but as a leisure activity, there is little research on the efficacy of human health and fitness. Sports dance, as a popular national fitness exercise, has sound health promotion effects. At present, domestic and foreign researches mostly focus on the impact of sports dance on young men and women. Objective: This study will explore the influence of regular physical dance exercises on the body shape, function, and quality of middle-aged and older adults, provide a scientific basis for the role of physical dance in national fitness. Methods: This study recruited 20 healthy middle-aged and elderly members of a leisure sports dance club without professional dance experience for three months of dance training. The first two weeks are pre-experiments five times a week. Each exercise time is 60 minutes. The last ten weeks are formal experiments, two times a week, 90 minutes each time, and no other physical exercises are involved in everyday life. By comparing part of the body shape, physical function, and physical fitness index before and after the experiment, the impact of sports dance on middle-aged and older adults' healthy physical fitness is evaluated. Results: After three months of physical dance exercise with different dance styles, in male, BMI index, body fat percentage, waist circumference, hip circumference, and thigh circumference indicators all decreased, but there was no significant difference. In women, BMI index, body fat percentage (P<0.01), waist circumference (P<0.05), diastolic blood pressure (P<0.01), sitting body forward bending (P<0.05), and standing with one foot and closed eyes all increased. In women, the indexes of grip strength (P<0.01), forward bending in sitting position (P<0.055), and standing with eyes closed on one foot all increased. Conclusions: It is suggested that long-term moderate-intensity aerobic sport dance exercise can improve the body shape of middle-aged and older adults and help increase physical fitness; meanwhile, sports dance can effectively improve the cardiovascular function of middle-aged and elderly subjects. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A dança esportiva é amplamente conhecida como um jogo competitivo, mas como atividade de lazer, existem poucas pesquisas sobre sua eficácia na saúde e forma física humana. A dança esportiva, como exercício físico popular em âmbito nacional, tem importantes efeitos na promoção da saúde. Atualmente, a pesquisa nacional e estrangeira está focada principalmente no impacto da dança esportiva em jovens de ambos os sexos. Objetivo: Este estudo irá explorar a influência dos exercícios regulares de dança física na forma, função e qualidade do corpo de adultos mais velhos e de meia-idade, e fornecerá uma base científica para o papel da dança física no fitness nacional. Métodos: Este estudo recrutou 20 pessoas saudáveis, de meia-idade e idosos de um clube esportivo sem experiência profissional em dança durante três meses de treinamento. As primeiras duas semanas foram pré-experimentos cinco vezes por semana. Cada tempo de exercício foi de 60 minutos. As últimas dez semanas foram experimentos formais, duas vezes por semana, 90 minutos cada vez, sem nenhum outro exercício físico na vida cotidiana. Ao comparar a forma corporal, a função física e o índice de aptidão física antes e depois do experimento, o impacto da dança esportiva na aptidão física saudável de adultos mais velhos e de meia-idade é avaliado. Resultados: Após três meses de exercício físico de dança com diferentes estilos de dança, nos homens, o índice de IMC, o percentual de gordura corporal, a circunferência da cintura, a circunferência do quadril e a circunferência da coxa diminuíram, mas não houve diferença significativa. Nas mulheres, o índice de IMC, o percentual de gordura corporal (P <0,01), a circunferência da cintura (P <0,05), a pressão arterial diastólica (P <0,01), o corpo sentado inclinado para frente (P <0,05) e com um pés e olhos fechados aumentaram. Nas mulheres, os índices de força de preensão (P <0,01), de inclinação para a frente na posição sentada (P <0,055) e com um pé com os olhos fechados aumentaram. Conclusões: Sugere-se que o exercício de dança esportiva aeróbica de intensidade moderada de longa duração pode melhorar a forma corporal de adultos mais velhos e de meia idade e ajudar a aumentar a aptidão física; enquanto isso, a dança esportiva pode efetivamente melhorar a função cardiovascular de indivíduos de meia-idade e idosos. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La danza deportiva es ampliamente conocida como un juego competitivo, pero como actividad de ocio hay poca investigación sobre la eficacia en la salud y el estado físico humanos. La danza deportiva, como ejercicio físico popular a nivel nacional, tiene importantes efectos en la promoción de la salud. En la actualidad, las investigaciones nacionales y extranjeras se centran principalmente en el impacto de la danza deportiva en hombres y mujeres jóvenes. Objetivo: Este estudio explorará la influencia de los ejercicios regulares de danza física en la forma, función y calidad del cuerpo de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad, y proporcionará una base científica para el papel de la danza física en la aptitud nacional. Métodos: Este estudio reclutó a 20 miembros sanos de mediana edad y ancianos de un club deportivo sin experiencia profesional en danza durante tres meses de entrenamiento. Las dos primeras semanas eran experimentos previos cinco veces por semana. Cada tiempo de ejercicio fue de 60 minutos. Las últimas diez semanas eran experimentos formales, dos veces por semana, 90 minutos cada vez, sin otros ejercicios físicos en la vida cotidiana. Al comparar la forma del cuerpo, la función física y el índice de aptitud física antes y después del experimento, se evalúa el impacto de la danza deportiva en la aptitud física saludable de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad. Resultados: Después de tres meses de ejercicio físico de baile con diferentes estilos de baile, en los hombres, el índice de IMC, el porcentaje de grasa corporal, la circunferencia de la cintura, la circunferencia de la cadera y la circunferencia del muslo disminuyeron, pero no hubo diferencia significativa. En las mujeres, el índice de IMC, el porcentaje de grasa corporal (P <0.01), la circunferencia de la cintura (P <0.05), la presión arterial diastólica (P <0.01), el cuerpo sentado inclinado hacia adelante (P <0.05) y con un pie y ojos cerrados aumentaron. En las mujeres, aumentaron los índices de fuerza de agarre (P <0.01), de inclinación hacia adelante en posición sentada (P <0.055) y con un pie con los ojos cerrados. Conclusiones: Se sugiere que el ejercicio de danza deportiva aeróbica de intensidad moderada a largo plazo puede mejorar la forma del cuerpo de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad y ayudar a aumentar la aptitud física; mientras tanto, la danza deportiva puede mejorar eficazmente la función cardiovascular de sujetos de mediana edad y ancianos. Nivel de evidencia II;Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sports/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Body Constitution/physiology , Dancing/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 504-508, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288621

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: When athletes are performing sports training, many movements are of high intensity, and that training is repetitive, resulting in wear and tear on some injured parts. Objective: Sports athletes can damage parts of the body in high - intensity exercise. During the processing, it is necessary to identify and analyze the damaged parts in the image. However, the current relevant methods have low accuracy and different problems of efficiency and quality. Methods: In this paper, a Fish Swarm Algorithm is proposed to identify high-intensity motion damage images. According to the combination of adaptive threshold and mathematical morphology, the contour of the damaged part of the image is extracted. Results: The above-mentioned method can improve the accuracy of identifying damaged parts of sports injury images, shorten the recognition time, and has certain feasibility in determining sports injury parts. Conclusions: This method can be widely used in high-intensity sports injuries. Level of evidence II; Therapeuticstudies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Quando os atletas estão realizando treinamento esportivo, muitos movimentos são de alta intensidade, e esse treinamento é repetitivo, resultando em desgaste de algumas partes lesionadas. Objetivo: Os atletas podem danificar partes do corpo em exercícios de alta intensidade. Durante o processamento, é necessário identificar e analisar as partes danificadas da imagem. No entanto, os métodos atuais relevantes têm baixa precisão e problemas de eficiência e qualidade diferentes. Métodos: Neste artigo, um algoritmo Fish Swarm é proposto para identificar imagens danificadas por movimento de alta intensidade. Com base na combinação de limiar adaptativo e morfologia matemática, o contorno da parte danificada da imagem é extraído. Resultados: O método acima mencionado pode melhorar a precisão da identificação das partes danificadas das imagens de lesões esportivas, encurtar o tempo de reconhecimento e tem alguma viabilidade para determinar as partes das lesões esportivas. Conclusões: este método pode ser amplamente utilizado em lesões esportivas de alta intensidade. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Cuando los deportistas realizan entrenamientos deportivos, muchos movimientos son de alta intensidad, y ese entrenamiento es repetitivo, lo que genera desgaste en algunas partes lesionadas. Objetivo: Los deportistas pueden dañar partes del cuerpo en el ejercicio de alta intensidad. Durante el procesamiento, es necesario identificar y analizar las partes dañadas en la imagen. Sin embargo, los métodos relevantes actuales tienen baja precisión y diferentes problemas de eficiencia y calidad. Métodos: En este artículo, se propone un algoritmo Fish Swarm para identificar imágenes de daño por movimiento de alta intensidad. Según la combinación de umbral adaptativo y morfología matemática, se extrae el contorno de la parte dañada de la imagen. Resultados: el método mencionado anteriormente puede mejorar la precisión de la identificación de las partes dañadas de las imágenes de lesiones deportivas, acortar el tiempo de reconocimiento y tiene cierta viabilidad para determinar las partes de las lesiones deportivas. Conclusiones: este método puede ser ampliamente utilizado en lesiones deportivas de alta intensidad. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , /methods , Exercise Test/methods , Altitude , Heart Rate/physiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Models, Theoretical
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL