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Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 232-240, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389628


Ejection fraction (EF) is defined by the ratio of end-systolic volume (ESV) and end-diastolic volume (EDV). The resulting fraction is a dimensionless number whose interpretation is ambiguous and most likely misleading. Despite this limitation, EF is widely accepted as a clinical marker of cardiac function. In this article we analyze the role of ESV, a fundamental variable of ventricular mechanics, compared with the popular EF. Common physiology-based mathematics can explain a simple association between EF and ESV. This concept is illustrated by a detailed analysis of the information obtained from angiocardiography, echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance studies. EF versus ESV produces a non-linear curve. For a small ESV, the EF approaches 100%, while for a large ESV, the EF gradually decreases toward zero. This elemental relationship is commonly observed in innervated natural hearts. Thus, the popularity of EF mostly derives from a fortuitous connection with the pivotal variable ESV. Alongside this finding, we unfold historical events that facilitated the emergence of EF as a result of serendipity. Our physiology-based approach denounces the circumstantial theories invoked to justify the importance of EF as an index of cardiac function, which are critically discussed. EF appears to be nothing more than a blessing in disguise. For this reason, we propose the ESV as a more logical metric for the analysis of ventricular function.

Humans , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 690-698, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345226


Resumo Fundamento A ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) é o método de escolha para avaliar as dimensões e a função do ventrículo direito (VD), e a insuficiência pulmonar (IP). Objetivos Avaliar a acurácia da ecocardiografia bidimensional (ECO 2D) em estimar a função e as dimensões do VD e o grau de IP, e comparar os resultados obtidos pela ECO 2D com os da RMC. Métodos Comparamos os relatórios de ECO e RMC de pacientes cuja indicação para RMC havia sido para avaliar VD e IP. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Incluímos 51 pacientes com cardiopatia congênita com idade mediana de 9,3 anos (7-13,3 anos). Observou-se uma baixa concordância entre ECO 2D e RMC quanto à classificação da dimensão (Kappa 0,19; IC 95% 0,05 a 0,33, p 0,004) e da função do VD (Kappa 0,16; IC 95% -0,01 a +0,34; p 0,034). O tamanho do VD foi subestimado pela ECO 2D em 43% dos casos, e a função do VD foi superestimada pela ECO 2D em 29% dos casos. O grau de concordância entre os métodos quanto à classificação da IP não foi significativo (Kappa 0,014; IC 95% -0,03 a +0,06; p 0,27). Houve uma tendência de a ECO 2D superestimar o grau da IP. Conclusões A ECO 2D mostrou baixa concordância com a RMC quanto às dimensões e função do VD, e grau de IP. Em geral, a ECO subestimou as dimensões do VD e superestimou a função do VD e o grau de IP quando comparada à RMC.

Abstract Background Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the method of choice for assessing right ventricular (RV) dimensions and function, and pulmonary insufficiency (PI). Objectives To assess the accuracy of two-dimensional echocardiography (2D ECHO) in estimating RV function and dimensions, and the degree of PI, and compare the 2D ECHO and CMR findings. Methods We compared ECHO and CMR reports of patients whose indication for CMR had been to assess RV and PI. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results We included 51 congenital heart disease patients, with a median age of 9.3 years (7-13.3 years). There was poor agreement between 2D ECHO and CMR for classification of the RV dimension (Kappa 0.19; 95% CI 0.05 to 0.33, p 0.004) and function (Kappa 0.16; 95% CI -0.01 to +0.34; p 0.034). The RV was undersized by 2D ECHO in 43% of the cases, and RV function was overestimated by ECHO in 29% of the cases. The degree of agreement between the methods in the classification of PI was not significant (Kappa 0.014; 95% CI -0.03 to +0.06, p 0.27). 2D ECHO tended to overestimate the degree of PI. Conclusions The 2D ECHO showed a low agreement with CMR regarding the RV dimensions and function, and degree of PI. In general, ECHO underestimated the dimensions of the RV and overestimated the function of the RV and the degree of PI as compared with CMR.

Humans , Child , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Heart Defects, Congenital , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Reproducibility of Results , Ventricular Function, Right , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 656-662, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351642


Abstract Introduction: This study aimed to review the surgical excision results and pathological diagnostic features of rarely observed intracardiac masses in the light of the literature. Diagnosis and treatment approaches and complications were evaluated. Methods: Forty patients (26 females, mean age 52.1±18.1 years, and 14 males, mean age 48.1±20.5 years), who had undergone surgery for intracardiac mass between January 2008 and December 2018, were included in this study. The patients' data were analyzed retrospectively from the medical records of both centers. Results: When the pathological diagnoses were examined, 85.8% of the masses (n=35) were observed to be benign (benign tumor + hydatid cyst) and 14.2% (n=5) were malignant tumors. The masses were most commonly located in the left atrium (75%, n=30), and this was followed by the right ventricle (12.5%, n=5), right atrium (7.5%, n=3), and left ventricle (5%, n=2). Of the patients, 7.5% (n=3) died during the early postoperative period, while the remaining 92.5% (n=37) were discharged with healing. In the histopathological diagnosis of the patients, in whom in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events were observed, there was malignancy in two cases. Conclusion: Intracardiac masses, which have pathological features, are severe life-threatening problems. In-hospital mortality is frequent, especially in malignant tumors.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Echinococcosis , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Heart Atria/surgery , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(3): 315-320, jul.-sep. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345170


Abstract Objective: Right ventricle (RV) function plays an important role during fetal and neonatal transitional circulation. Despite the published echocardiography guidelines in children including neonates, there is scare evidence on RV assessment using echocardiography in Mexican neonates. This study was aimed at assessing RV function and anatomical measures in healthy term newborns and defines normal values in this cohort of patients. Methods: A prospective study involving healthy term newborns in a single center were enrolled in the study to assess RV, all patients were recruited within 24-72 h after birth. The right ventricular assessment was performed as per American Society of Echocardiography's guidelines. Results: Seventy healthy term newborns with a median gestational age of 38 (38.5 ± 2.7) weeks had RV function assessment and anatomical structures measures with a predefined ten echocardiographic parameters protocol. The mean values for: tricuspid valve diameter was 13 mm ± 1.8, basal diameter of the RV 16.7 mm ± 2, RV length 27.8 mm ± 2.2, mid cavity diameter 14.3 mm ± 1.7, RV-anteroinferior basal diameter 21.5 mm ± 2.5, tricuspid regurgitation gradient 13.3 mmHg ± 5.9, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion 8.7 mm, right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) 4 chamber (%) 40.6 ± 7.5, tricuspid E/A 0.7 ± 0.5, myocardial velocities (cm/s) E´ 8 ± 2.7, A´ 9.6 ± 2.4, S´ 6.9 ± 1.2, myocardial performance index 0.5 ± 0.1, RVFAC 3 chamber (%) 37.8 ± 15.8, and pulmonary acceleration time mean value 58.8 ± 14.9. Flattening of interventricular septum was seen in 13% infants. Conclusions: This study describes echocardiographic parameters for anatomical structures and assessment of RV function in healthy term newborns during transitional circulation. We reported novel anatomical measures of the RV; this information can provide normal reference range values and be referenced while assessing RV function in normal and sick newborns during transitional circulation.

Resumen Objetivo: Realizar una valoración ecocardiográfica de parámetros anatómicos y funcionales del ventrículo derecho (VD) en recién nacidos de término (RNT) sanos durante el periodo transicional. Método: Estudio prospectivo en RNT sanos de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales del Hospital Español. Todos los pacientes fueron estudiados en las primeras 24-72 horas de vida, con base en las guías de la American Society of Echocardiography. Resultados: Se estudiaron 70 RNT sanos con una media de edad gestacional de 38 semanas de gestación (38.5 ± 2.7); en estos pacientes se obtuvieron 10 parámetros ecocardiográficos. El valor medio obtenido para la válvula tricúspide fue de 13 ± 1.8 mm, diámetro basal del VD 16.7 ± 2 mm, longitud 27.8 ± 2.2 mm, cavidad media del VD 14.3 ± 1.7 mm, diámetro basal anteroinferior 21.5 ± 2.5 mm, gradiente de insuficiencia tricuspídea 13.3 ± 5.9 mmHg, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) 8.7 mm, Fracción de acortamiento del VD (FAVD) 4 cámaras (%) 40.6 ± 7.5, E/A tricuspídeo 0.7 ± 0.5, velocidades miocárdicas (cm/s) E´ 8 ± 2.7, A´ 9.6 ± 2.4, S´ 6.9 ± 1.2, índice de rendimiento miocárdico 0.5 ± 0.1, FAVD 3 cámaras (%) 37.8 ± 15.8, tiempo de aceleración pulmonar 58.8 ± 14.9. Conclusiones: Este estudio describe parámetros anatómicos y funcionales del VD en RNT sanos durante el periodo de transición. Se reportan valores de normalidad que pueden servir como referencia.

Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Child , Echocardiography/methods , Ventricular Function, Right/physiology , Heart Ventricles/anatomy & histology , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Prospective Studies , Mexico
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 624-636, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346516


Resumen La hipertensión arterial pulmonar (HAP) requiere procesos estructurados de diagnóstico y estratificación de riesgo, siendo la función del ventrículo derecho (VD) un marcador pronóstico central. Los principales objetivos terapéuticos en la HAP son mejorar y/o intentar revertir la disfunción del VD y mantener condición de bajo riesgo. Actualmente existen múltiples fármacos con diferentes mecanismos de acción cuya combinación en doble o triple terapia ha mostrado mejores resultados que la monoterapia. Evidencia actual demuestra la importancia de incorporar tempranamente prostanoides parenterales al esquema, mejorando la funcionalidad del VD y la supervivencia. En esta revisión se refleja el papel de la función del VD en el diagnós tico, pronóstico y seguimiento de la HAP. Se recomienda la evaluación sistemática y estandarizada del VD, así como el inicio temprano de tratamiento combinado en riesgo intermedio-alto para obtener las metas de alcanzar y mantener un riesgo bajo y/o evitar la progresión de la HAP.

Abstract Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) requires structured processes of diagnosis and risk stratifica tion, being the function of the right ventricle (RV) a hallmark prognosis determinant. The main therapeutic goals in PAH are to improve and try to revert RV dysfunction and maintaining a low risk. Currently, there are multiple treatments with different mechanisms of action, the combination of which in double or triple therapy has shown improved results compared to monotherapy. Recent clinical evidence shows the importance of early incorpora tion of parenteral prostanoids to the scheme, improving RV function and survival. In this review, we discuss the role of the RV function in the diagnosis, prognosis, and follow-up of PAH. We recommend the systematic and standardised evaluation of the RV as well as the early initiation of combined treatment in cases of intermediate-high risk to try to reach and keep the patient with PAH at a low risk and / or avoid the progression of PAH.

Humans , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Ventricular Function, Right , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 806-811, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285197


Resumo Fundamento: A síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP) é a doença endócrino-metabólica mais comum em mulheres em idade reprodutiva, e ocorre em uma a cada 10 mulheres. A doença inclui irregularidade menstrual e excesso de hormônios masculinos e é a causa mais comum de infertilidade em mulheres. A dispneia é um sintoma frequente e muitas vezes acredita-se que seja decorrente da obesidade, mas não se sabe se é decorrente de disfunção cardíaca. Objetivo: Avaliar o acoplamento ventrículo-arterial (VDAP) e a rigidez arterial pulmonar em pacientes com SOP. Métodos: Foram incluídos 44 pacientes com SOP e 60 controles; amostras de sangue venoso foram coletadas para exames laboratoriais e ecocardiograma transtorácico 2-D, Modo-M e com Doppler tecidual foram realizados em todos os participantes. Um valor de p<0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Quando comparadas ao grupo controle, as pacientes com SOP apresentaram valores maiores de rigidez da artéria pulmonar (p = 0,001), que se correlacionaram positivamente com o índice HOMA-IR (r = 0,545 e p <0,001). O acoplamento VDAP também estava comprometido em 34% dos pacientes do estudo. Conclusão: A rigidez da artéria pulmonar está aumentada e o acoplamento VDAP está comprometido em pacientes com SOP. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):806-811)

Abstract Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine-metabolic disease in women in reproductive age, and occurs in one of 10 women. The disease includes menstrual irregularity and excess of male hormones and is the most common cause of female infertility. Dyspnea is a frequent symptom and is often thought to be due to obesity, and whether it is due to cardiac dysfunction is unknown. Objective: To evaluate right ventricle-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) coupling and pulmonary arterial stiffness in patients with PCOS. Methods: 44 PCOS patients and 60 controls were included; venous blood samples were taken for laboratory tests and 2-D, m-mode and tissue doppler transthoracic echocardiography were performed for all the participants. P<0,05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: When compared to the control group, PCOS patients had higher pulmonary artery stiffness values (p=0,001), which were positively correlated with HOMA-IR (r=0,545 and p<0,001). RV-PA coupling was also impaired in 34% of the study patients. Conclusion: Pulmonary artery stiffness is increased and RV-PA coupling is impaired in patients with PCOS. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(4):806-811)

Humans , Male , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Vascular Stiffness , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Obesity
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 257-260, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251102


Abstract Right ventricular (RV) myxoma that obstructs the RV outflow tract is rare. Multimodality imaging is crucial due to the curved and triangular shape of the RV anatomy. Incomplete resection by the right atrial approach in cardiac myxomas may be prevented by preoperative imaging with echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to provide detailed visualization. Right ventriculotomy may be an alternative approach to the isolated atrial approach to get complete resection of RV myxoma in suitable patients. The preferred surgical treatment is not well defined for ventricular myxomas and careful preoperative planning is essential. Surgical resection should be performed as soon as possible to avoid outflow tract obstruction, which might result in sudden death. The collaboration between cardiologist and heart surgeon and the effective use of imaging tools are essential for successful treatment. In this article, diagnosis and treatment and the heart team approach to RV myxoma are discussed with a demonstrative patient.

Humans , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Myxoma/surgery , Myxoma/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Heart Atria/surgery , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879814


This article summarizes and analyzes the clinical features and gene mutation characteristics of children with noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NVM). For the 6 children with NVM (4 boys and 2 girls), the age of onset ranged from 3 months to 12 years. Of the 6 children, 5 had arrhythmia, 3 had cardiac insufficiency, 1 had poor mental state, and 1 had chest distress and sighing. NVM-related gene mutations were detected in 4 children, among whom 2 had

Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Cardiomyopathies , Echocardiography , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Mutation , Myocardium
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 601-609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941324


Objective: To explore the clinical value of quantitatively assessment of left ventricular strain in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR)-feature tracking (CMR-FT) technique. Methods: In this retrospective and observation study, patients with single CTO, who underwent CMR examination in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from November 2014 to January 2019, were selected as case group (CTO group), and those without cardiovascular diseases defined by echocardiography, electrocardiogram (ECG) and clinical history and with normal CMR results were selected as healthy control group (control group). General clinical data including age, gender, discharge diagnosis, and the examination results of echocardiography and ECG were obtained from the electronic medical record system. Two-dimensional CMR-FT was applied to measure left ventricle (LV) global peak radial, circumferential, and longitudinal strains (GPRS, GPCS and GPLS, respectively), and the regional myocardial strain in the target vessel area of CTO was analyzed. Grayscale thresholds of 5 standard deviations (SDs) were used to quantify late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Patients with CTOs were divided into infract size>10% group and infarct size≤10% group, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≥50% group and LVEF<50% group, respectively. The differences between various groups were compared. Results: There were 52 patients in CTO group (34 males, age (54.1±11.7) years, body mass index (BMI) (26.2±2.5)kg/m2) and 30 patients in control group (14 males, age(51.6±12.3)years, BMI (25.6±3.3)kg/m2). There was no significant difference in age, gender, and BMI between the two groups (all P>0.05). LVEF, GPRS, GPCS and GPLS were significantly lower in CTO group than in control group (all P<0.05), left ventricular volume (LVEDV) was similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Among the patients with CTO, there were 26 patients with infarct size>10% and 26 patients with infarct size≤10%. GPRS, GPCS and GPLS were significantly lower (all P<0.05), while LVEF and LVEDV were similar in CTO patients with infarct size≤10% as compared to control group (both P>0.05). LVEF, GPRS, GPCS and GPLS were significantly lower (all P<0.05), while LVEDV was similar in CTO patients with infarct size>10% (P>0.05) as compared to control group. GPRS and GPCS were significantly lower (both P<0.05), while LVEF, LVEDV and GPLS were similar in CTO patients with infarct size>10% as compared to infarct size≤10% group. There were 40 subjects in LVEF≥50% group and 12 subjects in LVEF<50% group. Compared with the control group, GPCS and GPLS of CTO patients were significantly lower in LVEF≥50% group and LVEF<50% group (all P<0.01), LVEF and LVEDV was similar in CTO patients with LVEF≥50% (both P>0.05), but LVEF was lower and LVEDV was larger in LVEF<50% group (both P<0.05). The GPRS, GPCS, GPLS and LVEF of CTO patients in LVEF ≥ 50% group were higher than those in LVEF<50% group (all P<0.0l), and the myocardial infarction size was smaller than that in LVEF reduced group (P<0.0l), but there was no significant difference in LVEDV between the two groups (P=0.07). In the CTO group, there were 21 patients with left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion and 126 segments supplied by the target vessels. The peak radial strain (PRS), circumferential strain (PCS) and longitudinal strain (PLS) in the blood supply area were lower than those in the control group (all P<0 01). In 7 patients with left circumflex artery (LCX) occlusion, the number of myocardial segments supplied by the target vessels was 35, and the PRS, PCS and PLS in the target vessel supply area were lower than those in the control group (all P<0 05). In 24 patients with right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion, the number of myocardial segments supplied by the target vessels was 120, and the PRS, PCS and PLS in the target vessel supply area were lower than those in the control group (all P<0.01). Among the 126 segments in 21 patients with LAD CTO, 91 (72.2%) segments had infarct size≤25%, 17 (13.5%) segments had infarct size between 26%-50%, 11 segments (8.7%) had infarct size between 51%-75%, and 7 (5.6%) segments had infarct size between 76%-100%. Among the 35 segments in 7 patients with LCX CTO, 31 (88.6%) segments had infarct size≤25%, and 4 (11.4%) segments had infarct size between 26%-75%. Among the 120 segments in 24 patients with RCA CTO, 96 (80.0%) segments had infarct size≤25%, 11 (9.2%) segments had infarct size between 26%-50%, 8 (6.7%) segments had infarct size between 51%-75%, and 5 segments (4.2%) had infarct size between 76%-100%. Conclusions: In this study with single CTO, although the LVEF is preserved in the majority of the patients, the left ventricular global and regional strain values are significantly decreased. The larger the infarct size, the greater the impact on radial and circumferential motion, reflecting the early impairment of left ventricular function in these patients.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Contrast Media , Coronary Occlusion/diagnostic imaging , Gadolinium , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 368-373, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941288


Objective: To explore the risk factors of low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) after cardiac valvular surgery in elderly patients with valvular disease complicated with giant left ventricle. Methods: This was a retrospective study. The clinical data of patients over 60 years old with giant left ventricle who underwent cardiac valvular surgery in Henan Provincial People's Hospital (Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital) from January 2016 to January 2020 were collected in this study. Patients were divided into LCOS group and non-LCOS group. The clinical data, preoperative echocardiographic results and surgical data of all patients were collected. Taking LCOS as dependent variable and statistically significant variables in univariate analysis as independent variable, multivariate logistic regression equation was constructed to identify the risk factors of LCOS after cardiac valvular surgery in elderly patients with valvular disease complicated with giant left ventricle. On the basis of logistic regression, the risk factors of continuous variables were put into the regression model for trend test. Results: A total of 112 patients were included, among whom 76 patients were male, the mean age was (65.3±3.8) years. There were 21 cases in LCOS group and 91 cases in non LCOS group. Univariate analysis showed that age≥70 years, preoperative NYHA cardiac function class Ⅳ, preoperative renal dysfunction, preoperative cerebrovascular disease, preoperative LVEF<40%, blood loss/total blood volume>20%, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time>130 minutes and aortic cross-clamp time>90 minutes all had statistically significant differences between the two groups (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age≥70 years (OR=5.067, 95%CI 1.320-19.456, P=0.018), preoperative NYHA cardiac function class Ⅳ (OR=3.100, 95%CI 1.026-9.368, P=0.045), renal dysfunction (OR=3.627, 95%CI 1.018-12.926, P=0.047), CPB time>130 minutes (OR=4.539, 95%CI 1.483-13.887, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors of LCOS after cardiac valvular surgery in elderly patients with giant left ventricle. Risk of LCOS was significantly higher in patients aged from 65 to 70 years (OR=1.784, 95%CI 0.581-5.476) and aged 70 years and above (OR=4.400, 95%CI 1.171-16.531) than in patients aged from 60 to 65 years. The trend test results showed that the risk of LCOS increased significantly in proportion with the increase of age (P for trend=0.024). Risk of LCOS was significantly higher in patients with CPB time between 90 and 110 minutes (OR=1.917, 95%CI 0.356-10.322), 110 and 130 minutes (OR=1.437, 95%CI 0.114-18.076) and 130 minutes and above (OR=5.750, 95%CI 1.158-28.551) than in patients with CPB time ≤ 90 minutes (P for trend=0.009). Conclusions: The risk factors of LCOS after cardiac valvular surgery are age≥70 years, preoperative NYHA cardiac function class Ⅳ, renal dysfunction, CPB time>130 minutes in elderly patients with giant left ventricle.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Output, Low/etiology , China , Heart Valve Diseases , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 844-846, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137318


Abstract Submitral left ventricular aneurysm is a rare cardiac pathology with very few cases reported in the literature. These are nonischemic aneurysms mostly reported from Africa. Patients with submitral aneurysm exhibit varied clinical manifestations. We report a case of calcified submitral aneurysm and its successful surgical management through a transaneurysmal approach.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Aneurysm/surgery , Heart Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/transplantation , Calcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(2): 116-123, Apr.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131019


Abstract Background: Echocardiographic cardiac parameters in the prone position are usually obtained with an esophageal probe. The feasibility of obtaining them by means of a transthoracic approach is unknown. Objective: Estimating the feasibility to obtain parameters of the right ventricle by transthoracic echocardiography in prone position on the subject. Methods: Pilot design of consecutive case series without cardiopulmonary disease. Demographic, vital signs and echocardiographic variables were defined in the ventral initial, prone and ventral final decubitus positions. The data are shown with averages and standard deviations, and frequencies and percentages according to the variable. The differences between the positions were calculated with ANOVA of repeated samples and adjustment of Bonferroni test. Intra-subject variability was obtained by the Bland-Altman procedure and its 95% confidence interval. Results: We studied 50 subjects, 44 (88%) males, age 30 ± 6 years and body mass index 25.65 ± 2.71 kg/m2. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and S'-wave were measured 100% of the time. The vital signs and echocardiographic variables according to the position had differences in: heart rate (74 ± 9 vs. 77 ± 9 vs. 75 ± 8 beats/min), partial oxygen saturation (94.40 ± 1.70 vs. 96.64 ± 1.79 vs. 95.32 ± 1.36%) and mean systemic blood pressure (65.33 ± 5.38 vs. 67.69 ± 6.31 vs. 65.29 ± 5.62 mmHg); TAPSE (19.74 ± 3.24 vs. 21.60 ± 2.97 vs. 19.44 ± 2.84 mm), mean difference (bias) 0 (2, -2.0) and S'-wave (13.52 ± 1.87 vs. 15.02 ± 2.09 vs. 13.46 ± 1.55 cm/s), mean difference (bias) -0.46 (1.21, -2.14) respectively. Conclusions: Obtaining right ventricle parameters by transthoracic ecocardiopraphy is feasible in the prone position.

Resumen Introducción: Los parámetros cardiacos ecocardiográficos en posición de decúbito prono usualmente se obtienen con sonda esofágica. Se desconoce la factibilidad de obtenerlos mediante aproximación transtorácica. Objetivo: Estimar la factibilidad para obtener parámetros del ventrículo derecho mediante ecocardiografía transtorácica en el sujeto en posición de decúbito prono. Métodos: Diseño piloto de serie de casos consecutivos sin enfermedad cardiopulmonar. Se acotaron variables demográficas, signos vitales y ecocardiográficas en posición decúbito ventral inicial, prono y ventral final. Los datos se muestran con promedios y desviaciones estándar, y frecuencias y porcentajes de acuerdo con la variable. La diferencia entre las posiciones se calculó con ANOVA de muestras repetidas y ajuste de Bonferroni. Se obtuvo la variabilidad intrasujetos mediante el procedimiento de Bland-Altman y su intervalo de confianza al 95%. Resultados: Se estudiaron 50 sujetos, 44 (88%) masculinos, edad 30 ± 6 años e índice de masa corporal 25.65 ± 2.71 kg/m2. El TAPSE (excursión sistólica del plano del anillo tricuspídeo) y la onda S' se midieron en el 100% de las veces. Los signos vitales y variables ecocardiográficas de acuerdo con la posición tuvieron diferencias en: frecuencia cardiaca (74 ± 9 vs. 77 ± 9 vs. 75 ± 8 lpm), saturación parcial de oxígeno (94.40 ± 1.70 vs. 96.64 ± 1.79 vs. 95.32 ± 1.36%) y la presión arterial sistémica media (65.33 ± 5.38 vs. 67.69 ± 6.31 vs. 65.29 ± 5.62 mmHg); TAPSE (19.74 ± 3.24 vs. 21.60 ± 2.97 vs. 19.44 vs. 2.84 mm), diferencia media (sesgo) 0 (2, -2.0) y onda S' (13.52 ± 1.87 vs. 15.02 ± 2.09 vs. 13.46 ± 1.55 cm/s), diferencia media (sesgo) -0.46 (1.21, -2.14) respectivamente. Conclusión: En posición de decúbito prono es factible obtener parámetros del ventrículo derecho por ecocardiografía transtorácica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Echocardiography/methods , Prone Position , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Pilot Projects , Feasibility Studies
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(1): 49-54, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115450


A 20-year-old woman, without known pre-existent conditions presented with a history of dyspnea on exertion, and palpitations for 6 months. Vital signs, as well as cardiac and pulmonary examinations were normal. Routine blood tests were normal. The ECG showed nonspecific ST-T changes. The echocardiogram showed a left ventricle of normal size and function. A cystic image was shown in relation to the right ventricle, with displacement of the interventricular septum. These findings were confirmed on computed tomography. Additional cystic images on the liver or lungs were ruled out. On surgery, a cardiac hydatic cyst adhered to the pericardium next to the right ventricle was found. Puncture, drainage of the mass and surgical removal of cystic membranes were performed. The clinical course was uneventful. A four year follow up revealed no recurrence of the cyst.

Humans , Female , Young Adult , Echinococcosis/surgery , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Surgical Procedures