Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 24
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(1): 67-75, Jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973833

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Prenatal stress may increase risk of developing cardiovascular disorders in adulthood. The cardiotoxic effects of catecholamines are mediated via prolonged adrenergic receptor stimulation and increased oxidative stress upon their degradation by monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A). Objectives: We investigated long-term effects of prenatal stress on β (1, 2, 3) adrenergic receptors and MAO-A gene expression in the hearts of adult rat offspring. Methods: Pregnant rats were exposed to unpredictable mild stress during the third week of gestation. RNA was isolated from left ventricular apex and base of adult offspring. Quantitative PCR was used to measure gene expression in collected ventricular tissue samples. The level of significance was set to p < 0.05. Results: β3 adrenergic receptor mRNA was undetectable in rat left ventricle. β1 adrenergic receptor was the predominantly expressed subtype at the apical and basal left ventricular myocardium in the control females. Male offspring from unstressed mothers displayed higher apical cardiac β1 than β2 adrenergic receptor mRNA levels. However, β1 and β2 adrenergic receptor mRNAs were similarly expressed at the ventricular basal myocardium in males. Unlike males, prenatally stressed females exhibited decreased β1 adrenergic receptor mRNA expression at the apical myocardium. Prenatal stress did not affect cardiac MAO-A gene expression. Conclusions: Collectively, our results show that prenatal stress may have exerted region- and sex-specific β1 and β2 adrenergic receptor expression patterns within the left ventricle.


Resumo Fundamento: Estresse pré-natal pode aumentar os riscos de desenvolver doenças cardiovasculares na idade adulta. Os efeitos cardiotóxicos de catecolaminas são mediados pela estimulação prolongada dos receptores adrenérgicos e pelo aumento do estresse oxidativo após sua degradação pela monoamina oxidase A (MAO-A). Objetivos: Investigamos os efeitos a longo prazo de estresse pré-natal nos receptores β (1, 2, 3) adrenérgicos e na expressão do gene MAO-A nos corações da prole adulta de ratos. Método: Ratas prenhes foram expostas a estresse crônico moderado imprevisível durante a terceira semana de gestação. O RNA foi isolado do ápice e da base do ventrículo esquerdo da prole adulta. Utilizou-se PCR quantitativa em tempo real para medir a expressão gênica nas amostras de tecido ventricular coletadas. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em p < 0,05. Resultados: Foi indetectável o mRNA do receptor adrenérgico β3 no ventrículo esquerdo dos ratos. O receptor adrenérgico β1 foi o subtipo mais expresso no miocárdio ventricular esquerdo apical e basal nas fêmeas controle. A prole masculina das mães não estressadas apresentou níveis cardíacos apicais de mRNA do receptor adrenérgico β1 mais altos do que os de β2. Porém, mRNAs dos receptores adrenérgicos β1 e β2 foram expressos de forma semelhante no miocárdio basal ventricular na prole masculina em geral. Ao contrário da prole masculina, a prole feminina exposta ao estresse pré-natal exibiu uma expressão diminuída do mRNA do receptor adrenérgico β1 no miocárdio apical. O estresse pré-natal não afetou a expressão gênica de MAO-A cardíaca. Conclusões: Coletivamente, nossos resultados mostram que estresse pré-natal pode ter exercido padrões de expressão região- e sexo-específica dos receptores adrenérgicos β1 e β2 no ventrículo esquerdo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/metabolism , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Pregnancy, Animal/psychology , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta/analysis , Monoamine Oxidase/analysis , Myocardium/metabolism , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/psychology , Reference Values , Stress, Psychological/genetics , Time Factors , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases/psychology , Gene Expression , Sex Factors , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/blood , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Monoamine Oxidase/genetics , Mothers/psychology
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(3): e7033, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889046

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we successfully demonstrated for the first time the existence of cardiac proteomic differences between non-selectively bred rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacities. A proteomic approach based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry was used to study the left ventricle (LV) tissue proteome of rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacity. Low running performance (LRP) and high running performance (HRP) rats were categorized by a treadmill exercise test, according to distance run to exhaustion. The running capacity of HRPs was 3.5-fold greater than LRPs. Protein profiling revealed 29 differences between HRP and LRP rats (15 proteins were identified). We detected alterations in components involved in metabolism, antioxidant and stress response, microfibrillar and cytoskeletal proteins. Contractile proteins were upregulated in the LVs of HRP rats (α-myosin heavy chain-6, myosin light chain-1 and creatine kinase), whereas the LVs of LRP rats exhibited upregulation in proteins associated with stress response (aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, α-crystallin B chain and HSPβ-2). In addition, the cytoskeletal proteins desmin and α-actin were upregulated in LRPs. Taken together, our results suggest that the increased contractile protein levels in HRP rats partly accounted for their improved exercise capacity, and that proteins considered risk factors to the development of cardiovascular disease were expressed in higher amounts in LRP animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Running/physiology , Proteins/metabolism , Heart Function Tests/methods , Myocardium/metabolism , Organ Size , Rats, Inbred Strains , Mass Spectrometry , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Proteins/isolation & purification , Contractile Proteins/metabolism , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Proteomics , Desmin/metabolism , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(11): e7660, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951727

ABSTRACT

Lactate modulates the expression of lactate oxidation complex (LOC)-related genes and cardiac blood flow under physiological conditions, but its modulatory role remains to be elucidated regarding pathological cardiac stress. The present study evaluated the effect of lactate on LOC-related genes expression and hemodynamics of hearts submitted to myocardial infarction (MI). Four weeks after MI or sham operation, isolated hearts of male Wistar rats were perfused for 60 min with Na+-lactate (20 mM). As expected, MI reduced cardiac contractility and relaxation with no changes in perfusion. The impaired cardiac hemodynamics were associated with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels (Sham: 19.3±0.5 vs MI: 23.8±0.3 µM), NADPH oxidase (NOX) activity (Sham: 42.2±1.3 vs MI: 60.5±1.5 nmol·h−1·mg−1) and monocarboxylate transporter 1 (mct1) mRNA levels (Sham: 1.0±0.06 vs MI: 1.7±0.2 a.u.), but no changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, NADH oxidase (NADox), and xanthine oxidase activities. Lactate perfusion in MI hearts had no additional effect on ROS levels, NADox, and NOX activity, however, it partially reduced mct1 mRNA expression (MI-Lactate 1.3±0.08 a.u.). Interestingly, lactate significantly decreased SOD (MI-Lactate: 54.5±4.2 µmol·mg−1·min−1) and catalase (MI: 1.1±0.1 nmol·mg−1·min−1) activities in MI. Collectively, our data suggest that under pathological stress, lactate lacks its ability to modulate the expression of cardiac LOC-related genes and the perfused pressure in hearts submitted to chronic MI. Together, these data contribute to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of heart failure induced by MI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Lactic Acid/metabolism , Lactic Acid/pharmacology , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Perfusion , Time Factors , Catalase/analysis , Gene Expression , Rats, Wistar , Lactic Acid/analysis , Multienzyme Complexes/analysis , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/analysis
4.
Radiol. bras ; 48(2): 86-92, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-746624

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the evolution of mammographic image quality in the state of Rio de Janeiro on the basis of parameters measured and analyzed during health surveillance inspections in the period from 2006 to 2011. Materials and Methods: Descriptive study analyzing parameters connected with imaging quality of 52 mammography apparatuses inspected at least twice with a one-year interval. Results: Amongst the 16 analyzed parameters, 7 presented more than 70% of conformity, namely: compression paddle pressure intensity (85.1%), films development (72.7%), film response (72.7%), low contrast fine detail (92.2%), tumor mass visualization (76.5%), absence of image artifacts (94.1%), mammography-specific developers availability (88.2%). On the other hand, relevant parameters were below 50% conformity, namely: monthly image quality control testing (28.8%) and high contrast details with respect to microcalcifications visualization (47.1%). Conclusion: The analysis revealed critical situations in terms of compliance with the health surveillance standards. Priority should be given to those mammography apparatuses that remained non-compliant at the second inspection performed within the one-year interval. .


Objetivo: Avaliar a evolução da qualidade da imagem de mamógrafos localizados no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, de 2006 a 2011, com base em parâmetros medidos e observados durante inspeções sanitárias. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo descritivo sobre a evolução de parâmetros que condicionam a qualidade da imagem focalizou 52 mamógrafos, inspecionados no mínimo duas vezes, com intervalo de um ano. Resultados: Dos 16 parâmetros avaliados, 7 apresentaram mais de 70% de conformidade: força do dispositivo de compressão (85,1%), processamento dos filmes (72,7%), resposta do filme do serviço (72,7%), detalhes lineares de baixo contraste (92,2%), visualização de massas tumorais (76,5%), ausência de artefatos de imagem (94,1%), existência de processadoras específicas para mamografia (88,2%). Importantes parâmetros apresentaram-se abaixo de 50% de conformidade: realização de testes mensais da qualidade de imagem pelo estabelecimento (28,8%) e detalhes de alto contraste, que dizem respeito à visualização de microcalcificações (47,1%). Conclusão: A análise revelou situações críticas da atuação da vigilância sanitária, cuja prioridade deveria ser dirigida aos estacionários, ou seja, os mamógrafos que permaneceram na situação de não conformidade nas inspeções realizadas com intervalo de um ano. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Calcium Channels, L-Type/metabolism , Muscle Cells/metabolism , Amino Acid Sequence , Calcium Channel Agonists/pharmacology , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism , Calmodulin/metabolism , Cell Membrane/drug effects , Cell Membrane/metabolism , Electrophysiology , Heart Ventricles/cytology , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Ion Channel Gating/physiology , Ligands , Molecular Sequence Data , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Peptides/pharmacology
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(11): 960-965, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723901

ABSTRACT

In cardiomyocytes, calcium (Ca2+) release units comprise clusters of intracellular Ca2+ release channels located on the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and hypertension is well established as a cause of defects in calcium release unit function. Our objective was to determine whether endurance exercise training could attenuate the deleterious effects of hypertension on calcium release unit components and Ca2+ sparks in left ventricular myocytes of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Male Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rats (4 months of age) were divided into 4 groups: normotensive (NC) and hypertensive control (HC), and normotensive (NT) and hypertensive trained (HT) animals (7 rats per group). NC and HC rats were submitted to a low-intensity treadmill running protocol (5 days/week, 1 h/day, 0% grade, and 50-60% of maximal running speed) for 8 weeks. Gene expression of the ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR2) and FK506 binding protein (FKBP12.6) increased (270%) and decreased (88%), respectively, in HC compared to NC rats. Endurance exercise training reversed these changes by reducing RyR2 (230%) and normalizing FKBP12.6 gene expression (112%). Hypertension also increased the frequency of Ca2+ sparks (HC=7.61±0.26 vs NC=4.79±0.19 per 100 µm/s) and decreased its amplitude (HC=0.260±0.08 vs NC=0.324±0.10 ΔF/F0), full width at half-maximum amplitude (HC=1.05±0.08 vs NC=1.26±0.01 µm), total duration (HC=11.51±0.12 vs NC=14.97±0.24 ms), time to peak (HC=4.84±0.06 vs NC=6.31±0.14 ms), and time constant of decay (HC=8.68±0.12 vs NC=10.21±0.22 ms). These changes were partially reversed in HT rats (frequency of Ca2+ sparks=6.26±0.19 µm/s, amplitude=0.282±0.10 ΔF/F0, full width at half-maximum amplitude=1.14±0.01 µm, total duration=13.34±0.17 ms, time to peak=5.43±0.08 ms, and time constant of decay=9.43±0.15 ms). Endurance exercise training attenuated the deleterious effects of hypertension on calcium release units of left ventricular myocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Calcium/physiology , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Hypertension/therapy , Motor Activity/physiology , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Physical Conditioning, Animal/methods , Calcium Signaling/physiology , Exercise Test/methods , Heart Ventricles/cytology , Hypertension/metabolism , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Wistar , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/genetics , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/metabolism , Tacrolimus Binding Proteins/genetics , Tacrolimus Binding Proteins/metabolism
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(8): 670-678, 08/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-716270

ABSTRACT

Myoglobin acts as an oxygen store and a reactive oxygen species acceptor in muscles. We examined myoglobin mRNA in rat cardiac ventricle and skeletal muscles during the first 42 days of life and the impact of transient neonatal hypo- and hyperthyroidism on the myoglobin gene expression pattern. Cardiac ventricle and skeletal muscles of Wistar rats at 7-42 days of life were quickly removed, and myoglobin mRNA was determined by Northern blot analysis. Rats were treated with propylthiouracil (5-10 mg/100 g) and triiodothyronine (0.5-50 µg/100 g) for 5, 15, or 30 days after birth to induce hypo- and hyperthyroidism and euthanized either just after treatment or at 90 days. During postnatal (P) days 7-28, the ventricle myoglobin mRNA remained unchanged, but it gradually increased in skeletal muscle (12-fold). Triiodothyronine treatment, from days P0-P5, increased the skeletal muscle myoglobin mRNA 1.5- to 4.5-fold; a 2.5-fold increase was observed in ventricle muscle, but only when triiodothyronine treatment was extended to day P15. Conversely, hypothyroidism at P5 markedly decreased (60%) ventricular myoglobin mRNA. Moreover, transient hyperthyroidism in the neonatal period increased ventricle myoglobin mRNA (2-fold), and decreased heart rate (5%), fast muscle myoglobin mRNA (30%) and body weight (20%) in adulthood. Transient hypothyroidism in the neonatal period also permanently decreased fast muscle myoglobin mRNA (30%) and body weight (14%). These results indicated that changes in triiodothyronine supply in the neonatal period alter the myoglobin expression program in ventricle and skeletal muscle, leading to specific physiological repercussions and alterations in other parameters in adulthood.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Hyperthyroidism/metabolism , Hypothyroidism/metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Myocardium/metabolism , Myoglobin/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Animals, Newborn , Antithyroid Agents , Blood Pressure , Blotting, Northern , Gene Expression , Heart Rate , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Hyperthyroidism/chemically induced , Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Myoglobin/metabolism , Organ Size , Propylthiouracil , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reactive Oxygen Species , Triiodothyronine
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 102(2): 157-164, 03/2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-704602

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: A obesidade é um fator de risco para muitas complicações médicas; a pesquisa médica demonstrou que as alterações hemodinâmicas, morfológicas e funcionais estão correlacionadas com a duração e gravidade da obesidade. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo determinou a influência do tempo de exposição à obesidade induzida por dieta com alto teor de gordura no colágenos tipo I e III miocárdico. MÉTODOS: Ratos machos com trinta dias de idade, da raça Wistar, foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: um grupo de controle (C) alimentado com ração padrão e um grupo de ratos obesos (Ob) alternadamente alimentados com uma de quatro dietas palatáveis ricas em gordura. Cada dieta foi mudada diariamente, e os ratos foram mantidos em suas respectivas dietas por 15 (C15 e Ob15) e 30 (C30 e Ob30) semanas consecutivas. A obesidade foi determinada pelo índice de adiposidade. RESULTADOS: O grupo Ob15 foi similar ao grupo C15 em relação à expressão de colágeno miocárdico tipo I; contudo, a expressão no grupo Ob30 foi menor do que no grupo C30. O tempo de exposição à obesidade foi associado com uma redução de colágeno do tipo I no grupo Ob30, quando comparado com o Ob15. A obesidade não afetou a expressão do colágeno tipo III. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo mostrou que o tempo de exposição à obesidade por 30 semanas induzida por uma dieta rica em gordura insaturada causou uma redução na expressão do colágeno miocárdico tipo I em ratos obesos. No entanto, nenhum efeito foi observado em relação à expressão do colágeno miocárdico tipo III .


BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for many medical complications; medical research has shown that hemodynamic, morphological and functional abnormalities are correlated with the duration and severity of obesity. OBJECTIVE: Present study determined the influence of term of exposure to high-fat diet-induced obesity on myocardial collagen type I and III. METHODS: Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into two groups: a control (C) group fed a standard rat chow and an obese (Ob) group alternately fed one of four palatable high-fat diets. Each diet was changed daily, and the rats were maintained on their respective diets for 15 (C15 and Ob15) and 30 (C30 and Ob30) consecutive weeks. Obesity was determined by adiposity index. RESULTS: The Ob15 group was similar to the C15 group regarding the expression of myocardial collagen type I; however, expression in the Ob30 group was less than C30 group. The time of exposure to obesity was associated with a reduction in collagen type I in Ob30 when compared with Ob15. Obesity did not affect collagen type III expression. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the time of exposure to obesity for 30 weeks induced by unsaturated high-fat diet caused a reduction in myocardial collagen type I expression in the obese rats. However, no effect was seen on myocardial collagen type III expression. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Diet, High-Fat , Myocardium/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism , Adiposity , Blood Pressure , Blotting, Western , Body Weight , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(3): 274-280, mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-670869

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Em estudo anterior, utilizando o modelo de ratos, a exposição à fumaça do cigarro durante 5 semanas aumentou a sobrevida após IAM, apesar da idade similar e tamanho do infarto entre fumantes e não fumantes, e da ausência de reperfusão. OBJETIVO: Dessa forma, o presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar os efeitos da exposição à fumaça do cigarro sobre a intensidade, distribuição ou fosforilação da conexina 43 no coração de ratos. MÉTODOS: Ratos Wistar, pesando 100 g, foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em 2 grupos: 1) Controle (n = 25); 2) Expostos à fumaça do cigarro (ETS), n = 23. Depois de 5 semanas, foram conduzidas análise morfométrica do ventrículo esquerdo, imuno-histoquímica e Western blot para conexina 43 (Cx43). RESULTADOS: A fração do volume de colágeno, as áreas transversais e o peso ventricular não foram estatisticamente diferentes entre os grupos controle e ETS. O grupo ETS apresentou uma coloração de menor intensidade da Cx43 em discos intercalados (Controle: 2,32 ± 0,19; ETS: 1,73 ± 0,18; p = 0,04). A distribuição da Cx43 em discos intercalados não diferiu entre os grupos (Controle: 3,73 ± 0,12; ETS: 3,20 ± 0,17; p = 0,18). Os ratos do grupo ETS mostraram um nível maior de forma desfosforilada da Cx43 (Controle: 0,45 ± 0,11; ETS: 0,90 ± 0,11; p = 0,03). Por outro lado, o Cx43 total não diferiu entre os grupos de controle e ETS (Controle: 0,75 ± 0,19; ETS: 0,93 ± 0,27; p = 0,58). CONCLUSÃO: A exposição à fumaça do cigarro resultou na remodelação das junções comunicantes cardíacas, caracterizada por alterações na quantidade e fosforilação da Cx43 em corações de ratos. Essa constatação pode explicar o paradoxo dos fumantes observado em alguns estudos.


BACKGROUND: In a previous study utilizing the rat model, exposure to tobacco smoke for 5 weeks increased survival after AMI, despite similar age and infarct size between the smokers and nonsmokers, and absence of reperfusion. OBJECTIVE: Thus, this study aimed to analyze the effects of exposure to tobacco smoke on intensity, distribution or phosphorylation of connexin 43 in the rat heart. METHODS: Wistar rats weighing 100 g were randomly allocated into 2 groups: 1) Control (n = 25); 2) Exposed to tobacco smoke (ETS), n = 23. After 5 weeks, left ventricular morphometric analysis, immunohisthochemistry and western blotting for connexin 43 (Cx43) were performed. RESULTS: Collagen volume fraction, cross-sectional areas, and ventricular weight were not statistically different between control and ETS. ETS showed lower stain intensity of Cx43 at intercalated disks (Control: 2.32 ± 0.19; ETS: 1.73 ± 0.18; p = 0.04). The distribution of CX43 at intercalated disks did not differ between the groups (Control: 3.73 ± 0.12; ETS: 3.20 ± 0.17; p = 0.18). ETS rats showed higher levels of dephosphorylated form of Cx43 (Control: 0.45 ± 0.11; ETS: 0.90 ± 0.11; p = 0.03). On the other hand, total Cx43 did not differ between control and ETS groups (Control: 0.75 ± 0.19; ETS: 0.93 ± 0.27; p = 0.58). CONCLUSION: Exposure to tobacco smoke resulted in cardiac gap junction remodeling, characterized by alterations in the quantity and phosphorylation of the Cx43, in rats hearts. This finding could explain the smoker's paradox observed in some studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , /metabolism , Gap Junctions/metabolism , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Blotting, Western , Immunohistochemistry , Models, Animal , Phosphorylation , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44054

ABSTRACT

Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is one of the reliable methods for the diagnosis of various cardiac diseases. However, EMB can cause various complications. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the complication of transfemoral EMB with both fluoroscopic and two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiographic guidance. A total of 228 patients (148 men; 46.0+/-14.6 yr-old) who underwent EMB at Kyungpook National University Hospital from January 2002 to June 2012 were included. EMB was performed via the right femoral approach with the guidance of both echocardiography and fluoroscopy. Overall, EMB-related complications occurred in 21 patients (9.2%) including one case (0.4%) with cardiac tamponade requiring emergent pericardiocentesis, four cases (1.8%) with small pericardial effusion without pericardiocentesis, two cases (0.9%) with hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia (VT), one case (0.4%) with nonsustained VT, one case (0.4%) with tricuspid regurgitation, twelve cases (5.3%) with right bundle branch block. There was no occurrence of either EMB-related death or cardiac surgery. Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower (32.0+/-18.7% vs 42.0+/-19.1%, P=0.023) and left ventricular end-diastolic dimension was larger (60.0+/-10.0 mm vs 54.2+/-10.2 mm, P=0.013) in patients with EMB related complications than in those without. It is concluded that transfemoral EMB with fluoroscopic and 2-D echocardiographic guidance is a safe procedure with low complication rate.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy/adverse effects , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Echocardiography/adverse effects , Endocardium/diagnostic imaging , Female , Fluoroscopy/adverse effects , Heart Diseases/pathology , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology , Ventricular Function
10.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2013. 99 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-719624

ABSTRACT

O consumo excessivo de gorduras tem sido implicado na gênese da obesidade e de diversas comorbidades relacionadas a esta doença. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do treinamento resistido em ratos alimentados com dieta hiperlipídica nas seguintes variáveis: composição corporal, adiposidade, área de adipócitos, expressão do fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular (VEGF) e dos receptores ativados por proliferadores de peroxissomo tipo gama (PPAR-γ) no tecido adiposo retroperitoneal, níveis pressóricos e atividade da metaloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) no ventrículo esquerdo. Foram avaliados 32 ratos machos Wistar divididos em quatro grupos experimentais (n=8/cada) de acordo com o tipo de dieta e o treinamento: sedentário (SED; dieta padrão), sedentário obeso [SED-OB; dieta hiperlipídica (30% de gordura)], treinamento resistido (TR; dieta padrão) e treinamento resistido obeso (TR-OB; dieta hiperlipídica). Após o desmame (dia 21), os animais foram submetidos à dieta experimental durante 24 semanas. Doze semanas após início da dieta, os grupos TR e TR-OB iniciaram o período de 12 semanas de treinamento resistido. Este era composto por escaladas em uma escada vertical de 1.1 metros com pesos atados a cauda num total de três sessões de treinamento por semana (Segundas, Quartas e Sextas-feiras) com 4 a 9 escaladas/sessão e 8 a 12 movimentos dinâmicos a cada subida. O treinamento resistido induziu reduções significativas na massa corporal, na massa gorda, no percentual de gordura, na área de adipócitos e nos níveis pressóricos e ainda promoveu aumento de massa magra e na expressão de VEGF e PPAR-γ em ambos os grupos treinados. Além disso, foi observada uma maior atividade da MMP-2 no ventrículo esquerdo nos grupos treinados (TR e TR-OB). Nossos achados demonstram que o treinamento resistido foi capaz de promover mudanças positivas na composição corporal, na atividade da MMP-2 no ventrículo esquerdo, nos níveis pressóricos e em mediadores enzimáticos...


The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of resistance training on body composition, adiposity, adipocyte area, vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) in adipose tissue, systolic and diastolic blood pressures (BP), and activity of muscle MMP-2 in left ventricle. We evaluated 32 Wistar rats divided into four experimental groups (n=8/each) according to diet and exercise status: sedentary (SED; standard diet), sedentary obese [SED-OB; hiperlipidic diet (30% of fat)], resistance training (RT; standard diet) and resistance training RT obese (RT-OB; hiperlipidic diet). After weaning (day 21), animals were subjected to the experimental diet according to their groups during 24 weeks. A 12-week resistance-training period was used, during which the animals climbed a 1.1-m vertical ladder with weights attached to their tails. The sessions were performed three times/week (Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays), with 4–9 climbs/session and 8–12 dynamic movements/climb with two rest minutes. The RT promoted significantly reductions of body and fat masses, fat percentage, adipocytes area and systolic and diastolic BPs, associated with higher expression of VEGF and PPAR-γ in retroperitoneal adipose tissue and higher fat free mass in both trained groups. Furthermore, it was observed higher muscle MMP-2 activity of the left ventricle in trained animals. This study demonstrated that, resistance training induced positive changes in body composition, MMP-2 activity in left ventricle, systolic and diastolic BPs and adipose tissue metabolism, suggesting that it can be a useful tool to prevent the physiopathological changes induced by high-fat diet consumption...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Diet, High-Fat , Endurance Training/methods , Adipose Tissue , Body Composition , /metabolism , Obesity/etiology , PPAR gamma , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Heart Ventricles/metabolism
11.
Biol. Res ; 45(2): 193-200, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-648579

ABSTRACT

Th17 cells, a recently described subtype of CD4+ effector lymphocytes, have been linked to cell-mediated autoimmune and inflammatory diseases as well as to cardiovascular diseases. However, the participation of IL-17A in myocardial ischemic injury has not been clearly defined. We therefore conducted the present study to evaluate IL-17A and Th17-related cytokine levels in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). MI was induced in male Sprague Dawley rats by coronary artery ligation. Controls were sham-operated (Sh) or non-operated (C). Blood and samples from the left ventricle (LV) were collected at weeks 1 and 4 post-MI. At week 1, MI animals exhibited increased IL-6, IL-23 and TGF-β mRNA levels with no apparent change in IL-17 mRNA or protein levels in whole LV. Only TGF-β mRNA remained elevated at week 4 post-MI. However, further analysis revealed that IL-17A mRNA and protein levels as well as IL-6 and IL-23 mRNA were indeed increased in the infarcted region, though not in the remote non infarcted region of the LV, except for IL-23 mRNA. The increased expression of IL-17A and Th17-related cytokines in the infarcted region of LV, suggests that this proinflammatory pathway might play a role in early stages of post MI cardiac remodelling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , /metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , /metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634866

ABSTRACT

To explore the role of mechanosensitive potassium channel TREK-1, Western blot analysis was used to investigate the expression changes of TREK-1 in left ventricle in acute mechanically stretched heart. Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 8 groups (n=5 in each group), subject to single Langendorff perfusion for 0, 30, 60, 120 min and acute mechanical stretch for 0, 30, 60, 120 min respectively. With Langendorff apparatus, an acute mechanically stretched heart model was established. There was no significant difference in the expression of TREK-1 among single Langendorff perfusion groups (P>0.05). As compared to non-stretched Langendorff-perfused heart, only the expression of TREK-1 in acute mechanically stretched heart (120 min) was greatly increased (P<0.05). This result suggested that some course of mechanical stretch could up-regulate the expression of TREK-1 in left ventricle. TREK-1 might play an important role in mechanoelectric feedback, so it could reduce the occurrence of arrhythmia that was induced by extra mechanical stretch.


Subject(s)
Feedback , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Mechanotransduction, Cellular , Potassium Channels, Tandem Pore Domain/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Stress, Mechanical
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 39(7): 889-893, July 2006.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-431564

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effects of exercise and anabolic-androgenic steroids on cardiac HSP72 expression. Male Wistar rats were divided into experimental groups: nandrolone exercise (NE, N = 6), control exercise (CE, N = 6), nandrolone sedentary (NS, N = 6), and control sedentary (CS, N = 6). Animals in the NE and NS groups received a weekly intramuscular injection (6.5 mg/kg of body weight) of nandrolone decanoate, while those in the CS and CE groups received mineral oil as vehicle. Animals in the NE and CE groups were submitted to a progressive running program on a treadmill, for 8 weeks. Fragments of the left ventricle were collected at sacrifice and the relative immunoblot contents of HSP72 were determined. Heart weight to body weight ratio was higher in exercised than in sedentary animals (P < 0.05, 4.65 ± 0.38 vs 4.20 ± 0.47 mg/g, respectively), independently of nandrolone, and in nandrolone-treated than untreated animals (P < 0.05, 4.68 ± 0.47 vs 4.18 ± 0.32 mg/g, respectively), independently of exercise. Cardiac HSP72 accumulation was higher in exercised than in sedentary animals (P < 0.05, 677.16 ± 129.14 vs 246.24 ± 46.30 relative unit, respectively), independently of nandrolone, but not different between nandrolone-treated and untreated animals (P > 0.05, 560.88 ± 127.53 vs 362.52 ± 95.97 relative unit, respectively) independently of exercise. Exercise-induced HSP72 expression was not affected by nandrolone. These levels of HSP72 expression in response to nandrolone administration suggest either a low intracellular stress or a possible less protection to the myocardium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anabolic Agents/pharmacology , /analysis , Myocardium/metabolism , Nandrolone/pharmacology , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Blotting, Western , Body Weight , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , /drug effects , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Organ Size , Rats, Wistar
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36292

ABSTRACT

A change in pH can alter the intracellular concentration of electrolytes such as intracellular Ca2+ and Na+ ([Na+]i) that are important for the cardiac function. For the determination of the role of pH in the cardiac magnesium homeostasis, the intracellular Mg2+ concentration ([Mg2+]i), membrane potential and contraction in the papillary muscle of guinea pigs using ion-selective electrodes changing extracellular pH ([pH]o) or intracellular pH ([pH]i) were measured in this study. A high CO2-induced low [pH]o causes a significant increase in the [Mg2+]i and [Na+]i, which was accompanied by a decrease in the membrane potential and twitch force. The high [pH]o had the opposite effect. These effects were reversible in both the beating and quiescent muscles. The low [pH]o-induced increase in [Mg2+]i occurred in the absence of [Mg2+]o. The [Mg2+]i was increased by the low [pH]i induced by propionate. The [Mg2+]i was increased by the low [pH]i induced by NH4Cl-prepulse and decreased by the recovery of [pH]i induced by the removal of NH4Cl. These results suggest that the pH can modulate [Mg2+]i with a reverse relationship in heart, probably by affecting the intracellular Mg2+ homeostasis, but not by Mg2+ transport across the sarcolemma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cations, Divalent , Female , Guinea Pigs , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ion Transport/physiology , Ion-Selective Electrodes/veterinary , Magnesium/metabolism , Male , Membrane Potentials/physiology , Papillary Muscles/metabolism , Propionates/pharmacology , Sodium/metabolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177640

ABSTRACT

Preconditioning of the myocardium rapidly induces a number of transcription factors, which are likely to be responsible for a cascade of transcriptional changes underlying the development of delayed adaptation. Identifying these changes provides insight into the molecular pathways elicited by sub-lethal ischaemia and the mechanism leading to delayed adaptation. Genes up-regulated in rabbit myocardium in vivo by ischaemic preconditioning following reperfusion for 2 h, 4 h and 6 h posttreatment were identified by representational difference analysis of cDNA (cDNA. RDA). The area of the left ventricle rendered ischaemic by preconditioning or the equivalent area of sham-treated animals was isolated and cDNA.RDA performed. Three novel genes and six genes with known function where identified, including the TGFbeta receptor interacting protein 1, the alpha isoform of the A subunit of PP2 and the cap binding protein NCBP1. To determine whether expression of these genes correlated with preconditioning per se, expression was measured in myocardium after both ischaemic as well as heat shock induced preconditioning following 2 h, 4 h, and 6 h reperfusion. These genes were induced in rabbit myocardium in vivo by both ischaemia and heat shock, consistent with a fundamental role in the development of delayed adaptation. The well described role of PP2 in modulating the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and promoting cell survival is consistent with our previous work, which identified the reperfusion injury salvage kinase pathway in mediating the protective effects of ischaemic preconditioning. Expression of Trip1 and Ncbp1 also implicates TGFbeta signalling pathways and RNA processing and transport in delayed adaptation to stress in the myocardium.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , Male , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Rabbits , Up-Regulation
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 19(2): 136-143, abr.-jun. 2004. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-383649

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da técnica na função ventricular esquerda em cães hígidos e com cardiomiopatia dilatada induzida pela doxorrubicina. MÉTODO: De 13 cães, oito receberam doxorrubicina até que a fração de encurtamento (FE) fosse menor que 20 por cento. Destes, quatro animais e os cinco não induzidos foram submetidos à plicatura da parede livre do ventrículo esquerdo (PPLVE). Os demais cães não foram operados. Foram avaliados débito cardíaco (DC), pressão arterial, exame físico, eletrocardiografia, sistema "Holter" e ecocardiografia, por 180 dias. RESULTADOS: Houve redução do volume ventricular esquerdo. Os cães induzidos melhoraram após a operação e a fração de ejeção (FEj) retornou aos valores normais para a espécie. O DC e a FE aumentaram após a operação. Um cão foi a óbito. Nos cães não operados, a FE diminuiu e foram a óbito em torno de 40 dias após a indução; nos cães não induzidos, esta não se alterou. Houve extra-sístoles ventriculares, que se resolveram espontaneamente. CONCLUSÕES: A PPLVE sem circulação extracorpórea reduz o volume ventricular esquerdo e melhora a função cardíaca dos cães com cardiomiopatia dilatada induzida pela doxorrubicina, demonstrando baixa morbidade e mortalidade tardia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Biomarkers/blood , Catecholamines/blood , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Conduction System/metabolism , Heart Conduction System/physiopathology , Heart Conduction System/surgery , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Illinois , Pacemaker, Artificial , Recovery of Function/physiology , Sick Sinus Syndrome/blood , Sick Sinus Syndrome/physiopathology , Sick Sinus Syndrome/therapy , Stroke Volume/physiology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634122

ABSTRACT

To elucidate the mechanism of arrhythmia in healed myocardial infarction (HMI), the changes of action potential duration (APD), transient outward potassium current (Ito), delayed rectifier potassium current (IK) and inward rectifier potassium current (IK1) of left ventricular myocytes in non-infarcted zone of HMI were investigated. Rabbits were randomly assigned into two groups: HMI group, in which animals were subjected to thoracotomy and ligation of the circumflex coronary and sham-operated group, in which rabbits underwent thoracotomy but no conorary ligation. 3 months after the operation, the whole myocyte patch clamp technique was used to record APD, Ito, IK, and IK1 of ventricular myocytes in non-infarcted zone. Our results showed that the membrane capacitance was larger in HMI group than in sham-operated group. Action potential duration was significantly lengthened in HMI group and early afterdepolarization (EAD) appeared in HMI group. The densities of Ito, I(K, tail), and IK1 were reduced significantly in HMI group, from 6.72 +/- 0.42 pA/pF, 1.54 +/- 0.13 pA/pF and 25.6 +/- 2.6 pA/pF in sham-operated group to 4.03 +/- 0.33 pA/pF, 1.14 +/- 0.11 pA/pF and 17.6 +/- 2.3 pA/pF, respectively. It is concluded that the reduced densities of Ito, I(K, tail) and IK1 in ventricular myocytes of non-infarcted zone in HMI were responsible for the prolongation of APD and the presentation of EAD which played important roles in the development of malignant arrhythmia in HMI.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Myocytes, Cardiac/cytology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Potassium Channels/metabolism
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 15(2): 160-8, abr.-jun. 2000. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-267957

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: As cardioplegias sangüíneas normotérmica e hipotérmica, administradas de maneira anterógrada e intermitente, têm demonstrado serem eficientes na proteção miocárdica em cirurgias de revascularização miocárdica. Entretanto, pouco se conhece da eficiência dessas técnicas em corações hipertróficos. Dessa maneira, foram estudados seus efeitos nos substratos intracelulares miocárdicos em pacientes portadores de estenose aórtica, submetidos a cirurgia de troca valvar aórtica. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: A concentração intracelular miocárdica dos substratos (ATP, lactato, glutamato, aspartato e alanina) foi medida em biópsias de ventrículo esquerdo de 20 pacientes submetidos a troca valvar aórtica, usando, como método de proteção miocárdica, cardioplegia sangüínea normotérmica (n=10) ou hipotérmica (n=10), administradas de forma anterógrada e intermitente. As biópsias foram retiradas 5 minutos após o início da circulação extracorpórea (controle), 30 minutos após o pinçamento aórtico (isquemia) e 20 minutos após o despinçamento (reperfusão). RESULTADOS: Não houve alterações significantes na concentração intracelular dos substratos nas amostras coletadas durante o período isquêmico, em comparação ao controle. Na reperfusão, entretanto, houve significante queda nos valores de ATP e aminoácidos em ambos os grupos, em relação ao grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados sugerem que ambos os protocolos de proteção miocárdica empregados não foram eficientes na proteção miocárdica de corações hipertróficos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiomegaly/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Hypothermia, Induced , Myocardium/metabolism , Heart Arrest, Induced/methods , Aortic Valve/surgery , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Lactic Acid/analysis , Adenosine Triphosphate/analysis , Amino Acids/analysis , Amino Acids , Cardioplegic Solutions/pharmacology
20.
Acta physiol. pharmacol. ther. latinoam ; 46(2): 139-43, 1996. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-172319

ABSTRACT

Chagas'disease presents complex physiopathogenic mechanism, many of them poorly understood, that in our country generally produce cardiac lesions. The acute phase related with the presence of the parasite is usually asymptomatic. This report studies if the amount of T. cruzi that induced acute infection could modify the myocardiopathy evolution. Previous works have shown that Albino Swiss mice inoculated with 45 tripomastigotes (AcL) presented alterations in the cardiac pharmacological response to adrenergic agonist and anatogonist studied at 30 days post-infection (p.i.). Mice inoculated with 7 x 10(4) parasites/animal showed similar behaviour at 7 days p.i. We studied the involvement of the affinity and density of cardiac beta receptors in both acute groups by binding with (3)H/DHA. The AcH group presented less cardiac beta receptors number (p<0.001), but their affinity was conserved. The AcL model presented significantly less affinity (p<0.01) but desinty, was not different from non infected animals. Beta receptors'affinity of both infected groups were similar, but AcH density was significantly diminished when compared with AcL. These studies demonstrates that the amount of T. cruzi received by the host determines and acelerates the evolution of the chagasic myocardiopathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta/metabolism , Trypanosoma cruzi/pathogenicity , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Acute Disease , Dihydroalprenolol/analysis , Radioligand Assay
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL