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1.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e345, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357334

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas con pérdida de cobertura cutánea de la región del tobillo y pie, constituyen un gran reto para el cirujano ortopédico por la exposición y destrucción de tejidos nobles, difíciles de solucionar por ser una zona que presenta escaso tejido adiposo, múltiples tendones, poco volumen muscular, varias prominencias óseas y piel poco elástica. Objetivo: Presentar el colgajo sural de flujo reverso como una buena alternativa para tratar la fractura conminuta cerrada de tibia con pérdida masiva de la piel del tobillo y calcáneo en toda su circunferencia, incluida la almohadilla adiposa de la cara plantar. Presentación del caso: Se presenta paciente de 24 años que sufrió accidente de tránsito con fractura conminuta y cerrada de tibia derecha, además de una herida tipo colgajo que dejó expuesto el calcáneo y la región del tobillo. Luego de colocar fijador externo RALCA para fijar la fractura, se realizó colgajo sural en isla de flujo reverso para cubrir el defecto en la cara plantar y posterior del calcáneo, más injerto libre de piel tomado de la cara antero externa del muslo ipsilateral. Estos procedimientos fueron realizados en dos tiempos quirúrgicos. Conclusiones: El colgajo sural de flujo reverso demostró ser una de las mejores alternativas para la cobertura de lesiones desde el tercio medio de la pierna hasta el pie, por lo que debería ser conocido no solo por cirujanos plásticos, sino también por cirujanos ortopédicos y traumatólogos que lo incorporen a su arsenal terapéutico para su realización(AU)


Introduction: Traumatic injuries with loss of skin coverage of the ankle and foot region constitute great challenge for the orthopedic surgeon due to the exposure and destruction of noble tissues, difficult to solve because this area has little adipose tissue, multiple tendons , little muscle volume, several bony prominences and not very elastic skin. Objective: To establish that the reverse flow sural flap is a good alternative to treat closed comminuted fracture of the tibia with massive skin loss of the entire circumference of the ankle and calcaneus, including the plantar face fat pad. Case report: We report the case of a 24-year-old patient who suffered a traffic accident with a comminuted and closed fracture of the right tibia, as well as a flap-type wound that exposed the calcaneus and the ankle region. After placing RALCA external fixator to fix the fracture, a reverse flow island sural flap was made to cover the defect on the plantar and posterior aspect of the calcaneus, and a free skin graft taken from the anterior external aspect of the ipsilateral thigh. These procedures were performed in two surgical stages. Conclusions: The reverse flow sural flap proved to be one of the best alternatives for the coverage of injuries from the middle third of the leg to the foot, which is why it should be known not only by plastic surgeons, but also by orthopedic surgeons and traumatologists and to incorporate this alternative into their therapeutic arsenal(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Calcaneus/injuries , Heel/injuries , Fractures, Comminuted
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of minimally invasive locking plate and anatomic locking plate in treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures via sinus tarsi approach.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted of 48 patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated with surgery via sinus tarsi approach from July 2016 to June 2017. According to differernt methods of internal fixation, the patients were divided into minimally invasive locking plate group and anatomic locking plate group. In minimally invasive locking plate group, there were 14 males and 10 females, aged from 27 to 46 years old with an average age of (38.70±5.58) years old, 18 patients were typeⅡand 6 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. In anatomic locking plate group, there were 17 males and 7 females, aged from 26 to 46 years old with an average age of (37.10±6.44) years old, 16 patients were typeⅡ and 8 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. Operative time, visual analogue scale (VAS), postoperative complications between two groups were compared, and Böhler angle, Gissane angal, calcaneal width and height were recorded and compared between two groups at 1 week after operation and final follow up. The functional effect was assessed according to Maryland foot function score at final follow up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for (14.10±1.94) months (ranged 12 to 18 months). All patients were obtained bone union from 8 to 16 weeks with an average of (10.60±2.25) weeks. Operation time, VAS score and complication rate in minimally invasive locking plate group were (69.50±7.51) min, (2.80±1.07) and 2 cases respectively, and (77.50±7.15) min, (3.80±1.09) and 8 cases in anatomic locking plate group respectively, there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compare with anatomic locking plate, minimally invasive locking plate via sinus tarsi approach for Sanders typeⅡ and Ⅲ intra-articular calcaneal fractures could obtain similar reliable fixation and functional recovery with more simple operation, shorter operative time, lighter postoperative pain and less complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Calcaneus/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Heel , Humans , Intra-Articular Fractures/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200155, 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1250253

ABSTRACT

Infection with vector-borne pathogens starts with the inoculation of these pathogens during blood feeding. In endemic regions, the population is regularly bitten by naive vectors, implicating a permanent stimulation of the immune system by the vector saliva itself (pre-immune context). Comparatively, the number of bites received by exposed individuals from non-infected vectors is much higher than the bites from infected ones. Therefore, vector saliva and the immunological response in the skin may play an important role, so far underestimated, in the establishment of anti-pathogen immunity in endemic areas. Hence, the parasite biology and the disease pathogenesis in "saliva-primed" and "saliva-unprimed" individuals must be different. This integrated view on how the pathogen evolves within the host together with vector salivary components, which are known to be endowed with a variety of pharmacological and immunological properties, must remain the focus of any investigational study dealing with vector-borne diseases. Considering this three-way partnership, the host skin (immune system), the pathogen, and the vector saliva, the approach that consists in the validation of vector saliva as a source of molecular entities with anti-disease vaccine potential has been recently a subject of active and fruitful investigation. As an example, the vaccination with maxadilan, a potent vasodilator peptide extracted from the saliva of the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis, was able to protect against infection with various leishmanial parasites. More interestingly, a universal mosquito saliva vaccine that may potentially protect against a range of mosquito-borne infections including malaria, dengue, Zika, chikungunya and yellow fever. In this review, we highlight the key role played by the immunobiology of vector saliva in shaping the outcome of vector-borne diseases and discuss the value of studying diseases in the light of intimate cross talk among the pathogen, the vector saliva, and the host immune mechanisms.(AU)


Subject(s)
Parasites , Heel , Vaccination , Inflammation/immunology , Immunity
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(1): 23-30, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125534

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir los factores asociados con niveles de dolor mas severo en una cohorte de pacientes con fascitis plantar. El objetivo secundario fue analizar cuales de estos factores estaban asociados con niveles mas altos de mejoria clinica luego del tratamiento conservador. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluo a una cohorte prospectiva de pacientes con diagnostico de fascitis plantar. Cada participante completo una escala ordinal visual de dolor (del 1 al 10) para dolor del primer paso y dolor al final del dia y encuestas FFI-R (Foot Function Index-Revised). Tambien se realizo una evaluacion demografica. La dorsiflexion de la articulacion del tobillo, el rango de movilidad de la primera articulacion metatarsofalangica, la rigidez del gastrocnemio y el angulo popliteo tambien se evaluaron de manera estandar. Resultados: Se incluyo a 214 pacientes. El 64% eran hombres (118 pacientes), la media de la edad era de 49.67 anos (DE 13.16) y el indice de masa corporal promedio, de 28,53 (DE 5,18). En el analisis multivariado, se observo que el riesgo de un puntaje ≥8 en la escala de dolor aumento cuando el paciente refirio estar de pie por mas de 6 h (OR 1,17; p = 0,03; IC95% 1,02-1,35). El riesgo de un puntaje >8 fue mayor cuando el grado de dorsiflexion del tobillo fue <0° (OR 1,20; p = 0,03; IC95% 1,02-1,41). Conclusión: Nuestros hallazgos apoyan indirectamente la hipotesis de que la dorsiflexion limitada del tobillo juega un papel como factor de riesgo asociado a un puntaje ≥8 en la escala de dolor, en los casos de fascitis plantar. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: The main purpose of our study was to describe the factors associated with more severe pain levels in a cohort of patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). The secondary purpose of this study was to determine which of these factors were associated with higher levels of clinical improvement after conservative therapy. Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective study in a cohort of patients with PF. Each participant completed an ordinal pain scale (1-10) for first-step pain and end-of-day pain, and Foot Function Index-Revised (FFI-R) surveys at enrollment. Also, patient demographics were evaluated. The ankle joint dorsiflexion, the range of motion (ROM) for the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ), the gastrocnemius tightness, and the popliteal angle were evaluated through standard tests. Results: Our study included 214 participants, of which 64% (118 patients) were males, the average age was 49.67 years (SD 13.16) and the average BMI was 28.53 (SD 5.18). The multivariate analysis showed that the risk of having a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score ≥8 increased when the patient reported standing for more than 6 hours (OR=1.17; P=0.03; CI95%: 1.02-1.359). The risk of a >8-VAS score was higher when the level of ankle dorsiflexion was <0 (OR=1.20; P=0.03; CI95%: 1.02-1.41). Conclusion: Our findings indirectly support the hypothesis that limited ankle dorsiflexion ROM plays a role as a risk factor associated with VAS scores ≥8 in PF patients. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Pain , Heel/pathology , Fasciitis, Plantar , Foot Diseases
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811182

ABSTRACT

In terms of management of Paget's disease of bone (PDB), early diagnosis and proper management achieving remission is essential with lifelong specialist follow-up. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman with PDB affecting mainly the distal extremities (ankle and wrist). The patient visited our hospital in 2012 with heel pain. Plain radiography revealed osteoporosis, and a bone scan revealed hot uptake. Initial laboratory investigations showed normal serum calcium, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone levels; however, osteocalcin, C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, and bone alkaline phosphatase levels were elevated. A bone mineral density scan showed T- and Z-scores of −2.5 and −2.7, respectively, and bisphosphonate treatment was initiated. Biopsy performed on the calcaneal lateral wall revealed inconclusive findings. Follow-up biopsy on the left distal radius was performed 7 years later to investigate wrist pain, and this examination led to a final diagnosis as PDB. We suggest inconclusive biopsy result during the early phase of PDB and highly recommend follow-up evaluation in osteoporosis with atypical behavior.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alkaline Phosphatase , Biopsy , Bone Density , Calcium , Collagen Type I , Diagnosis , Diphosphonates , Early Diagnosis , Extremities , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heel , Humans , Osteitis Deformans , Osteocalcin , Osteoporosis , Parathyroid Hormone , Radiography , Radius , Specialization , Wrist
6.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 21(3): e116, sept.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093840

ABSTRACT

La talalgia se define como la percepción de dolor localizado en el talón que anatómicamente corresponde al hueso calcáneo y a las partes blandas colaterales, constituye la causa más frecuente de consulta a los especialistas en pie y tobillo, identificando dos zonas de aparición del dolor, el dolor plantar y el dolor posterior, los que están directamente relacionados con la inervación de esa zona del pie, realizamos un análisis general para evaluar las opciones iniciales de tratamiento y las indicaciones fisioterapéuticas exponiendo nuestra opinión y experiencias(AU)


Talalgia is defined as the perception of localized pain in the heel that anatomically corresponds to the calcaneus bone and collateral soft tissue, is the most frequent cause of consultation with foot and ankle specialists, identifying two areas of pain appearance, pain plantar and subsequent pain, which are directly related to the innervation of that area of the foot, we perform a general analysis to evaluate the initial treatment options and physiotherapeutic indications exposing our opinion and experiences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcaneus/physiopathology , Heel/physiopathology
7.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 336-341, dic. 2019. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057058

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fascitis plantar, descrita, por primera vez, por Plettner, es la causa más común de dolor en el talón. Su etiología continúa en estudio, participan factores anatómicos, como el acortamiento de la flexión plantar, y relacionados con el aumento de peso. Si bien no se ha publicado cuál es el mejor tratamiento para este cuadro, se recomienda el tratamiento conservador temprano. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar tres métodos de tratamiento de la fascitis plantar. Materiales y Métodos: Entre marzo de 2016 y marzo de 2017, se trató a 90 pacientes con fascitis plantar, quienes fueron divididos en tres grupos, según el tratamiento recibido: grupo A o de control, ejercicios de elongación de la fascia plantar; grupo B, infiltración corticoanestésica y ejercicios de elongación de la fascia plantar, y grupo C, infiltración con solución salina y ejercicios de elongación de la fascia plantar. Resultados: Se mencionan los resultados comparativos sobre la base de la edad, el lado afectado, las enfermedades previas, la forma del pie, las cirugías previas del pie, el dolor posinfiltración, la escala analógica visual: grupo A: 0,73; grupo B: 1,03, grupo C: 2,7 y el tiempo hasta el retorno a la actividad previa: grupo A: 19.1 días, grupo B: 12.63 días, grupo C: 15.12 días. Conclusiones: Nuestro estudio demuestra que los tres tratamientos para la fascitis plantar son eficaces. La recuperación fue más rápida en los pacientes tratados con infiltración corticoanestésica, con un bajo número de complicaciones, pero sin diferencias a largo plazo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: Plantar fasciitis, first described by Plettner, is the most common cause of heel pain. The pathophysiology of this condition is still being studied, but it involves both anatomical factors-such as shortening of plantar flexion-and factors related to weight gain. Although literature is not conclusive on the best treatment strategy, early conservative management is recommended. The objective of this study was to compare three treatment regimens for plantar fasciitis. Materials and Methods: Ninety patients with plantar fasciitis were treated between March 2016 and March 2017. They were divided into 3 groups based on the treatment received. Group A (the control group) was managed with plantar fasciitis stretches; Group B was managed with steroid injections and plantar fasciitis stretches; and Group C was managed with saline injections and plantar fasciitis stretches. Results: Results of the comparative study were as follows (reported based on age, affected side, underlying conditions, foot shape, previous foot surgeries, post-injection pain, and visual analog scale scoring): Group A - 0.73, Group B - 1.03, Group C - 2.7. Regarding the time elapsed until patients were able to resume previous activities, results were as follows: Group A - 19.1 days, Group B - 12.63 days, Group C - 15.12 days. Conclusions: Our study showed the effectiveness of the three treatment regimens used. A shorter time to recovery and a lower complication rate were observed in patients treated with steroid injections, but no long-term differences were detected. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Heel/pathology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Fasciitis, Plantar/therapy , Exercise , Treatment Outcome , Saline Solution/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(2): 186-192, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013762

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as características do teste do pezinho dos neonatos atendidos na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital universitário, bem como verificar se existiam condições maternas e fetais que pudessem interferir no resultado desse exame. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo longitudinal de abordagem quantitativa que avaliou 240 prontuários médicos. Os dados coletados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva. Resultados: Houve predomínio de gestantes com idades entre 20 a 34 anos, com Ensino Médio completo e que realizaram mais de seis consultas pré-natais. As intercorrências ou patologias maternas ocorreram em 60% das mães, e a maioria (67,5%) não apresentou nenhuma condição que pudesse interferir no resultado do teste do pezinho. A maioria dos neonatos era prematura e exibiu baixo peso ao nascimento. Cerca de 90% dos neonatos exibiram condições que poderiam influenciar no exame, principalmente prematuridade, nutrição parenteral e transfusão sanguínea. Dos 240 neonatos, 25% apresentaram resultado alterado no teste do pezinho, sobretudo para fibrose cística e hiperplasia adrenal congênita. Conclusão: Existem condições maternas e neonatais que podem interferir no teste do pezinho e, nesse sentido, sua investigação é imprescindível, visando direcionar ações que promovam a saúde materno-infantil e consolidem a triagem neonatal nessa população.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the characteristics of the heel prick test in newborns admitted to the intensive care unit of a university hospital as well as to determine whether maternal and fetal conditions could have affected the results of this test. Methods: Retrospective longitudinal study with a quantitative approach that evaluated 240 medical records. The data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis. Results: There was a predominance of pregnant women aged 20 to 34 years who had a complete secondary education and who had more than six prenatal care visits. Maternal complications or pathologies occurred in 60% of the mothers, and most (67.5%) did not present any condition that could have affected the heel prick test results. Most newborns were premature and exhibited low birth weight. Approximately 90% of newborns exhibited conditions that could have influenced the test, especially prematurity, parenteral nutrition and blood transfusion. Of the 240 newborns, 25% had abnormal heel prick test results, especially for cystic fibrosis and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Conclusion: There are maternal and neonatal conditions that can affect heel prick test results, and therefore, their investigation is essential, aiming to guide measures that promote mother and child health and consolidate neonatal screening in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Neonatal Screening/methods , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/diagnosis , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Heel , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/epidemiology
9.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 102-106, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811486

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis in the foot progresses gradually; thus, diagnosis is usually delayed, and early treatment is rarely provided. If osteomyelitis occurs due to delayed diagnosis and treatment, surgical treatment should be considered. We report the case of a 46-year-old man with osteomyelitis of the calcaneus who was diagnosed with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis and he was treated with anti-tuberculosis drugs. Bilateral adrenal masses, abscess of both testes and a small wound in the left plantar heel were observed. Both adrenal masses and abscess were regarded as paradoxical reaction of anti-tuberculosis treatment. After 1 month, he developed a pain in the left plantar heel that was compatible with calcaneal osteomyelitis in radiological features. He underwent right orchiectomy for right scrotal abscess aggravation and surgical treatment for left calcaneal osteomyelitis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. The patient was immobilized by cast for 8 weeks and the heel pain gradually improved.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Calcaneus , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnosis , Foot , Heel , Humans , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Orchiectomy , Osteomyelitis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Testis , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Wounds and Injuries
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between location of the rotator cuff tear and shape of the subacromial spur. METHODS: Totally, 80 consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic repair for partial thickness rotator cuff tear were enrolled for the study. Bigliani's type of the acromion, type of subacromial spur, and location of partial thickness tear of the rotator cuff were evaluated using plain X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging. We then compared the groups of no spur with spur, and heel with traction spur. RESULTS: Of the 80 cases, 25 cases comprised the no spur group, and 55 cases comprised the spur group. There was a significant difference in type of tear (p=0.0004) between these two groups. Bursal side tears were significantly greater (odds ratio=6.000, p=0.0007) in the spur group. Subjects belonging to the spur group were further divided into heel (38 cases) and traction spur (17 cases). Comparing these two groups revealed significant differences only in the type of tear (p=0.0001). Furthermore, the heel spur had significantly greater bursal side tear (odds ratio=29.521, p=0.0005) as compared to traction spur. CONCLUSIONS: The heel spur is more associated to bursal side tear than the traction spur, whereas the traction spur associates greater to the articular side tear.


Subject(s)
Acromion , Heel , Heel Spur , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Osteophyte , Rotator Cuff , Tears , Traction
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762824

ABSTRACT

Cross-leg flaps are a useful reconstructive option for complex lower limb defects when free flaps cannot be performed owing to vessel damage. We describe the use of the extended distally based sural artery flap in a cross-leg fashion for lower extremity coverage in three patients. To maximise the viability of these extended flaps, a delay was performed by raising them in a bipedicled fashion before gradual division of the tip over 5 to 7 days for cross-leg transfer. Rigid coupling of the lower limbs with external fixators was critical in preventing flap avulsion and to promote neovascular takeover. The pedicle was gradually divided over the ensuing 7 to 14 days before full flap inset and removal of the external fixators. In all three patients, the flaps survived with no complications and successful coverage of the critical defect was achieved. One patient developed a grade 2 pressure injury on his heel that resolved with conservative dressings. The donor sites and external fixator pin wounds healed well, with no functional morbidity. The cross-leg extended distally based sural artery flap is a reliable reconstructive option in challenging scenarios. Adequate flap delay, manoeuvres to reduce congestion, and postoperative rigid immobilization are key to a successful outcome.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Bandages , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , External Fixators , Free Tissue Flaps , Heel , Humans , Immobilization , Leg Injuries , Lower Extremity , Perforator Flap , Sural Nerve , Surgical Flaps , Tissue Donors , Wounds and Injuries
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765444

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the short term effects of ASEJ (ankle strengthening with emphasis on jumping) for 3weeks on strength, mechanical properties, and balance and to compare the balance with and without HH(high-heel) condition. METHODS: ASEJ (a combined exercise of squat, heel raise up, and jumping) were performed for the subjects in 11 female ankle instability young females (21.7±2.0 yrs Cumberland ankle instability score 19±6.5). To investigate the effect of ASEJ, investigator used dynamometer for measuring strength, MyotonPRO for measuring mechanical properties(tone, stiffness, and elasticity of the muscles), I-Balance test for static balance, and Y-balance test for dynamic balance between the condition with and without HH condition. All data were normally distributed and analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 statistical program. Comparing pre- and post-intervention and the condition with and without HH conditions data were examined using the paired t-test. The level of significance was chosen as 0.05 for all the analyses. RESULTS: 3wks of ASEJ would strengthen leg muscles and increasing muscle tone and stiffness in most muscles however there was decreasing muscle elasticity of gastrocnemious. In addition, the ASEJ improves the static balance for ankle instability young females and increases the dynamic balance when wearing the heels especially. CONCLUSION: the ASEJ could recommend to improve the strength and balance for ankle instability young females. Also, measuring the balance with HH conditions well represents the risk of ankle damage in female.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Elasticity , Female , Heel , Humans , Leg , Muscles , Research Personnel
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766580

ABSTRACT

Skin diseases associated with athletic activities can be classified as skin infections, inflammatory reactions, trauma, and abnormal proliferation, depending on the cause of the condition. Athlete's nodule is a generic term for reactive nodules that occur in athletes. It is particularly common in the foot due to tight sneakers, repetitive pressure or friction, and inappropriate choice of shoes or other sports equipment. The diagnosis of black heel (calcaneal petechiae) should be considered when numerous black spots occur on the soles in patients who frequently engage in abrupt movements, such as starts, stops, or leaps. Palmoplantar eccrine hidradenitis may occur in athletes who play baseball, dance, and climb, activities in which repetitive and strong stimuli are applied to the floor of the hands and feet. Painful fat herniation should be suspected in cases of painful skin-colored firm nodules on the feet of athletes who place a large amount of weight on their feet when moving. Itching, urticaria, angioedema, chest tightness, and syncope occurring within 5 minutes after starting exercise should be suspected to be exercise-induced angioedema/anaphylaxis. Excessive force can cause deformation of nails, as in tennis toe and jogger's toenail. For the diagnosis and treatment of sports-related skin diseases, it is essential to pay attention to patients' hobbies and exercise habits, including sports, and to consider the relationship of those habits with the presumed mechanisms of the skin disease. In addition, thorough pre-exercise warm-ups, increasing strength gradually, and wearing proper equipment will help prevent the occurrence of sports-related skin diseases.


Subject(s)
Angioedema , Athletes , Baseball , Dancing , Diagnosis , Foot , Friction , Hand , Heel , Hidradenitis , Hobbies , Humans , Nails , Pruritus , Shoes , Skin Diseases , Skin , Sports , Sports Equipment , Syncope , Tennis , Thorax , Toes , Urticaria
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study compared foot arch height, plantar fascia thickness, a range of motion assessments of the ankle joint, strength of the ankle joint, plantar pressure, and balance between obese and normal weight young adults. METHODS: Fifty-two participants were required for the present study design to achieve 80% power, 0.8 effect size (η2), and an alpha level of 0.05. The participants were categorized to normal weight or obese groups based on BMI (≤ 24 kg/m2 and ≥ 25 kg/m2, respectively). The foot and ankle disability index and Sport survey were completed by the participants before the measurements. Foot arch height was measured using the navicular drop test, and plantar fascia thickness was measured using ultrasound. Plantar pressure and balance tests were also conducted, followed by ankle joint range of motion and strength tests. RESULTS: Foot arch height and plantar fascia thickness was significantly higher in the obese group compared with the normal weight group (p < 0.01). There were significant differences in eversion of ankle strength, plantar pressure in the big toe and heel and anterior-posterior balance between normal and obese weight groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Obese young adults had more abnormalities in the medial longitudinal arch, plantar fascia, and plantar pressure as well as weakened ankle eversion strength and balance problems compared with the normal weight group.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Ankle Joint , Body Mass Index , Fascia , Foot , Hallux , Heel , Humans , Obesity , Range of Motion, Articular , Sports , Ultrasonography , Young Adult
16.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 31-35, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785683

ABSTRACT

Plantar heel pain is a common clinical problem in foot and ankle clinics. Typically, several conditions such as plantar fasciitis, fat pad atrophy, and calcaneal fracture may lead to plantar heel pain. However, subcalcaneal bursitis occurred between plantar fascia and plantar fat pad has rarely been described as a cause of plantar heel pain. To our knowledge, subcalcaneal bursitis has been reported only once, but there was no mention of preceding factors. We firstly present a case of subcalcaneal bursitis occurred after excessive walking exercise known as “Nordic walking” and successfully managed with conservative treatments that relieve impact on plantar heel.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Ankle , Atrophy , Bursitis , Fascia , Fasciitis, Plantar , Foot , Heel , Walking
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739774

ABSTRACT

Biliary-tract complications, such as biliary strictures, anastomotic leaks, choledocholithiasis, and biliary casts, can occur after liver transplantation (LT). Of these complications, biliary strictures are regarded as an Achilles' heel. Recently, treatment of anastomotic biliary stricture (ABS) has transitioned from conventional surgical revision to a nonsurgical treatment modality. Endoscopic serial balloon dilatation and/or multiple plastic stent replacements are highly effective and are now regarded as the first-line treatments. However, if the patient has undergone anastomosis by means of a hepaticojejunostomy, percutaneous treatment is performed. With recent technological advances and the rendezvous method, the clinical success rates of endoscopic and percutaneous ABS treatments have increased, but these methods fail in some patients who have total obstruction of anastomotic stricture. For these patients, magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) has been suggested as an alternative method. Animal and human studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of MCA, and advancements in these nonsurgical methods have increased the clinical success rate of ABS. This review focuses on ABSs that develop after LT and discusses the clinical results of various nonsurgical methods and future directions.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak , Animals , Choledocholithiasis , Cholestasis , Constriction, Pathologic , Dilatation , Heel , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Methods , Plastics , Reoperation , Stents
18.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 349-355, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739251

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Comparative cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: We measured the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) of the hip, knee, and ankle joints during normal gait in normal patients, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients with a Cobb angle 0.05). In addition, no significant difference was found in the vGRF measurements of all the joints among the three groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A Cobb angle < 40° and spinal fusion did not significantly create imbalance or alter vGRF of the lower limb joints in AIS patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Ankle Joint , Ankle , Arthritis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gait , Heel , Hip , Humans , Joints , Knee , Lower Extremity , Scoliosis , Spinal Fusion , Strikes, Employee
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715012

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the clinical outcomes of open repair, percutaneous repair, and minimal incision repair by Achillon in ruptured Achilles tendon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The outcomes of 12 patients with open repair (group 1), 8 patients with percutaneous repair (group 2), and 10 patients with minimal incision repair by Achillon (group 3) from February 2013 to March 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The postoperative clinical evaluations were done by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Arner-Linholm scale, mid-calf circumference difference, one-leg heel raise difference, visual analogue scale (VAS) for postoperative scarring, time to return to work, and complications. RESULTS: No significant difference in the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, Arner-Linholm scale, and time to return to work was observed among three groups (p=0.968, 0.509, and 0.585). The mean differences in the mid-calf circumference in groups 1, 2, and 3 were 1.09, 0.73, and 0.58, respectively; groups 2 and 3 were significantly higher than group 1 (p=0.002). In addition, the mean VAS scores for postoperative scarring in groups 1, 2, and 3 were 7.0, 9.1, and 9.1, respectively; groups 2 and 3 were significantly higher than group 1 (p=0.001). The mean differences in one-leg heel raising in groups 1, 2, and 3 were 2.03, 1.91, and 1.33, respectively; group 3 was significantly higher than groups 1 and 2 (p=0.010). The complications encountered were one case of deep infection in group 1 and one case of sural nerve hypoesthesia in group 2. CONCLUSION: Minimal incision repair by Achillon is recommended as an effective surgical treatment for Achilles tendon rupture because it minimizes the risk of complications, leads to an improved tendon strength and healing, and achieves cosmetic satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon , Ankle , Cicatrix , Foot , Heel , Humans , Hypesthesia , Retrospective Studies , Return to Work , Rupture , Sural Nerve , Tendons
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715011

ABSTRACT

Calcaneal apophysitis is a relatively common disease in young athletes. On the other hand, if not treated properly, it can lead to apophyseal avulsion fracture in rare cases. In the case of apophyseal avulsion fractures, it is often necessary to remove or preserve the bone fragment, which often requires a suture of the Achilles tendon. A 10-year-old badminton athlete visited the outpatients' clinic with pain in both heels from 10 months ago without any trauma history. After conservative therapy, the pain in the left heel was relived but the right heel pain persisted. After 10 months of conservative therapy, the patient visited the outpatients' clinic showing a calcaneal apophyseal avulsion fracture with a total rupture of the Achilles tendon. In the operation room, a bone fragment needed to be removed because of its poor viability and the fragment was too thin for fixation. After removing the bone fragment, the ruptured Achilles tendon was fixed with an anchor system.


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon , Athletes , Child , Hand , Heel , Humans , Racquet Sports , Rupture , Sutures
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