Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.676
Filter
1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 353-358, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Prex2 protein is a member of the Rac family proteins that belongs to small G proteins with a critical role in cell migration, cell proliferation, and apoptosis through its effects on PI3K cell signaling pathway and phosphatase activity of PTEN protein. The effect of PREX2 gene expression has been shown in some cancer cells. A survey of PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastric cancer patients with Helicobacter pylori various genotypes infection can conduct to better understanding H. pylori infection's carcinogenesis. METHODS: In a case-control study, PREX2 gene expression was evaluated in gastric antral biopsy samples on four groups of patients referred to Sanandaj hospitals, including gastritis with (n=23) and without (n=27) H. pylori infection and gastric cancer with (n=21) and without (n=32) H. pylori infection. Each gastric biopsy sample's total RNA was extracted and cDNA synthesized by using Kits (Takara Company). The PREX2 gene expression was measured using the relative quantitative real-time RT-PCR method and ΔΔCt formula. RESULTS: The PREX2 gene expression increased in gastric antral biopsy samples of gastritis and gastric cancer patients with H. pylori infection (case groups) than patients without H. pylori infection (control groups) 2.38 and 2.27 times, respectively. The patients with H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes infection showed a significant increase of PREX2 gene expression in gastric cancer antral epithelial cells. CONCLUSION: H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes have the positive correlations with PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastritis and gastric cancer patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A proteína Prex2 é membro das proteínas da família Rac que pertencem a pequenas proteínas G com um papel crítico na migração celular, na proliferação celular e na apoptose através de seus efeitos na via de sinalização celular PI3K e atividade fosfatase da proteína PTEN. O efeito da expressão genética PREX2 tem sido mostrada em algumas células cancerosas. Um levantamento da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes infectados com vários genótipos de Helicobacter pylori pode conduzir a um melhor entendimento da carcinogênese da infecção por H. pylori. MÉTODOS: Em estudo de caso-controle, a expressão genética PREX2 foi avaliada em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica em quatro grupos de pacientes encaminhados aos hospitais de Sanandaj, incluindo gastrite com (n=23) e sem (n=27) infecção por H. pylori e de câncer gástrico com (n=21) e sem (n=32) infecção por H. pylori. O RNA total de cada amostra de biópsia gástrica foi extraído e cDNA sintetizado por meio de kits (Takara Company). A expressão genética PREX2 foi medida utilizando-se o método RT-PCR em tempo real quantitativo relativo e a fórmula ΔΔCt. RESULTADOS: A expressão genética PREX2 aumentou em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica de pacientes com gastrite e câncer gástrico com infecção por H. pylori (grupos de casos) em relação aos sem infecção por H. pylori (grupos de controle) 2,38 e 2,27 vezes, respectivamente. Os pacientes com infecção por genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB apresentaram um aumento significativo da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais de câncer gástrico. CONCLUSÃO: Os genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB têm correlações positivas com a expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes com câncer gástrico e gastrites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter Infections , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Gastritis/genetics , Gastritis/microbiology , Case-Control Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa
2.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3495, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289650

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La infección por Helicobacter pylori es cada vez más frecuente en los jóvenes peruanos e incrementa su riesgo de padecer neoplasias gástricas. Objetivo: Determinar los hábitos alimentarios y de higiene asociados a la seroprevalencia de infección por Helicobacter pylori en estudiantes universitarios del departamento de Cajamarca, Perú, durante los meses de septiembre a octubre de 2019. Método: Estudio observacional, transversal, prospectivo con un diseño no experimental. La población estuvo conformada por 367 estudiantes de la carrera profesional de Tecnología Médica. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 188 estudiantes de ambos géneros. Se detectaron anticuerpos IgG frente a Helicobacter pylori en suero, mediante el método de inmunocromatografía. Los hábitos alimentarios y de higiene se recopilaron utilizando una encuesta estructurada. Resultados: El 51,1 % de estudiantes presentó anticuerpos IgG frente a Helicobacter pylori. El 31,38 % de los estudiantes que consumía "a veces" alimentos elaborados en la calle resultaron seropositivos a Helicobacter pylori. Aquellos estudiantes que manifestaron lavarse las manos "a veces" (29,79 %) y "siempre" (21,28 %) antes de ingerir los alimentos presentaron anticuerpos IgG contra la bacteria. Además, los estudiantes seropositivos frente a Helicobacter pylori lavaban sus frutas y verduras con el agua del grifo (43,62 %) y consumían agua de grifo no tratada (29,79 %). Conclusión: El consumo de alimentos preparados en la calle, lavado de manos antes de consumir alimentos, tipo de agua para consumo y lavado de frutas y verduras antes de ingerirlas son hábitos alimentarios y de higiene asociados a la seroprevalencia de Helicobacter pylori.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Helicobacter pylori infection is becoming more frequent in the young population of Peru and at the same time increases the risk of gastric neoplasms. Objective: To identify the dietary and higiene habits associated with the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in university students at the Cajamarca Department. Assesed period from September throughout October 2019. Method: An observational, cross-sectional, prospective study with a non-experimental design was carried out. A population of 367 students on Medical technology career were involved and 188 of them, in both sex, were selected as trial. It was detected, using the immunochromatography method in serum assay, IgG antibodies against Helicobacter pylori. Dietary and hygiene habits were collected using a well-structed enquiry. Results: It was identified IgG antibodies against Helicobacter pylori infection in 51.1% of students. The 31.38% of those who, not frequently, had consumed food prepared outdoors were seropositive for Helicobacter pylori. Those students who revealed wash their hands, not frequently (29.79%) and frequently (21.28%) before eating, produced antibodies against this bacterial infection. In addition, Helicobacter pylori seropositive students washed their fruits and vegetables with obtained water from the tap (43.62%) and consumed untreated water fom the tap too (29.79%). Conclusions: Food intake outdoors, wash of hands, fruits and vegetables before eating, and the quality of water to be consumption are dietary and hygiene habits associated with the Helicobacter pylori seroprevalence.


RESUMO Introdução: A infecção por Helicobacter pylori é cada vez mais comum em jovens peruanos e aumenta o risco de neoplasias gástricas. Objetivo: Determinar os hábitos alimentares e de higiene associados à soroprevalência da infecção por Helicobacter pylori em universitários do departamento de Cajamarca, Peru, durante os meses de setembro a outubro de 2019. Método: Estudo observacional, transversal, prospectivo com um não experimental. A população foi composta por 367 alunos da carreira de Tecnologia Médica. O tamanho da amostra foi de 188 alunos de ambos os sexos. Os anticorpos IgG contra Helicobacter pylori foram detectados no soro pelo método de imunocromatografia. Os hábitos alimentares e de higiene foram coletados por meio de questionário estruturado. Resultados: 51,1% dos alunos apresentaram anticorpos IgG contra Helicobacter pylori. 31,38% dos alunos que comeram "às vezes" alimentos preparados na rua eram soropositivos para Helicobacter pylori. Os alunos que relataram lavar as mãos "às vezes" (29,79%) e "sempre" (21,28%) antes de comer apresentaram anticorpos IgG contra a bactéria. Além disso, os alunos soropositivos para Helicobacter pylori lavavam frutas e vegetais com água da torneira (43,62%) e consumiam água da torneira não tratada (29,79%). Conclusão: O consumo de alimentos preparados na rua, a lavagem das mãos antes de consumir os alimentos, o tipo de água para consumo e a lavagem de frutas e verduras antes de ingeri-los são hábitos alimentares e de higiene associados à soroprevalência do Helicobacter pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Food Hygiene , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Feeding Behavior , Peru , Students , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Biomedical Technology/education , Observational Study
3.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250348

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer gástrico ocupa el quinto lugar en incidencia de todos los tipos de neoplasias malignas y la segunda causa de muerte por cáncer en el mundo, pues la mayoría de los pacientes presentan más de 60 años de edad al ser diagnosticados. Objetivo: Caracterizar a ancianos con cáncer gástrico según variables de interés. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo, de serie de casos, de 56 pacientes mayores de 60 años con diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico de cáncer gástrico, quienes fueron ingresados en el Hospital Provincial Clínico-Quirúrgico Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, en el período 2016-2019. Resultados: En la serie predominaron los ancianos de 60-69 años de edad (46,4 %), principalmente del sexo masculino (67,8 %), y los síntomas más frecuentes fueron la epigastralgia (82,1 %) y la saciedad precoz (67,8 %). Entre las características más relevantes de las lesiones tumorales figuraron la localización antropilórica (55,3 %), la forma ulcerada en la endoscopia (51,7 %) y la variedad hística adenocarcinoma moderadamente diferenciado (43,4 %); asimismo, se determinó la existencia de Helicobacter pylori en 52,5 % de los resultados anatomopatológicos de las biopsias. Conclusiones: Resulta importante considerar la presencia de un adenocarcinoma gástrico en los pacientes mayores de 60 años que refieran síntomas digestivos, sobre todos si son hombres y padecen epigastralgia, más aún si al realizarle la esofagogastroduodenoscopia se observa una lesión ulcerada de localización antropilórica.


Introduction: Gastric cancer occupies the fifth place in incidence among all types of malignancies and is the second cause of death in the world, as most of the patients are more than 60 years when being diagnosed. Objective: To characterize aged patients according to variables of interests. Methods: An observational, descriptive and series of cases study was carried out in 56 patients older than 60 years with endoscopic and histologic diagnosis of gastric cancer, who were admitted in Saturnino Lora Teaching Provincial Clinical-Surgical Hospital, during 2016-2019. Results: Elderly in the age group 60-69 years predominated (46.4 %), mainly of the male sex (67.8 %), and the most frequent symptoms were epigastralgia (82.1 %) and the early fullness sensation (67.8 %). Among the most relevant characteristics of the tumoral lesions there were the antropiloric location (55.3 %), the ulcerated presentation in the endoscopy (51.7 %), and the histic variety mildly differentiated adenocarcinoma (43.4 %), likewise, the existence of Helicobacter pylori was confirmed in 52,5 % of the pathological biopsy results. Conclusions: It is interesting to consider the presence of a gastric adenocarcinoma in patients older than 60 years expressing gastric symptoms, mainly if they are men or suffer from epigastralgia, even more if when carrying out the esophagogastroduodenoscopy, an ulcerated lesion of antropiloric location is observed.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 114-119, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248992

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Helicobacter pylori is the main etiological agent of all malignant tumors caused by an infectious disease. It is a major, at times dominant, factor in the pathogenesis of a large spectrum of diseases such as acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastric carcinoma, and lymphoma. Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that H. pylori chronic infection may be related to different extragastric diseases, including colorectal neoplasms. This concise review aims to explore the association of H. pylori infection with colorectal cancer and adenoma, including the recent epidemiological findings, the diagnostic methods employed to detect H. pylori and virulent factors, and the potentially involved mechanisms. Furthermore, is attempted to establish the current data integration for causal inference using the Bradford-Hill causality criteria. The weak, although global, strength of the epidemiological positive association between H. pylori infection and colonic neoplasms associated to new mechanisms postulated to explain this interaction, including intestinal dysbiosis, should stimulate future studies. Prospective confirmatory studies to establish the role of H. pylori eradication in the process of carcinogenic transformation of the colonic epithelium may define its eventual role in the treatment and prevention of colonic neoplasms.


RESUMO Helicobacter pylori é o principal agente etiológico dos tumores malignos causados por doenças infecciosas. Constitui fator importante, às vezes dominante, na patogênese de um amplo espectro de doenças como gastrite aguda e crônica, úlceras gástricas e duodenais, carcinoma gástrico e linfoma. Estudos epidemiológicos e experimentais sugerem que a infecção crônica por H. pylori pode estar relacionada a diferentes doenças extragástricas, incluindo neoplasias colorretais. Esta concisa revisão tem como objetivo explorar a associação da infecção por H. pylori com câncer colorretal e adenoma, incluindo os recentes achados epidemiológicos, os métodos de diagnóstico empregados para detectar H. pylori e seus fatores de virulência com os mecanismos potencialmente envolvidos nesta relação. Além disso, procura-se estabelecer a integração dos dados atuais na busca de inferência causal com o emprego dos critérios de causalidade de Bradford-Hill. A associação epidemiológica positiva entre infecção por H. pylori e neoplasias do cólon embora classificada como fraca - porém global - do ponto de vista epidemiológico, quando associada a mecanismos recentemente postulados para explicar essa interação, incluindo disbiose intestinal, deverá estimular a realização de investigações futuras. Estudos prospectivos confirmatórios para estabelecer o papel da erradicação do H. pylori no processo de transformação carcinogênica do epitélio do cólon são aguardados para definir seu eventual papel no tratamento e prevenção de neoplasias do cólon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/etiology , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/etiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Gastritis , Prospective Studies
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 39-47, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248990

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: H. pylori chronic atrophic gastritis is a premalignant lesion, and its staging, according to OLGA and OLGIM systems aims to identify patients at increased risk of developing gastric cancer and optimize their follow-up. GastroPanel®, serum biomarkers panel including pepsinogen I (PGI), pepsinogen II (PGII), Gastrin 17 (G17) and anti- H. pylori antibodies is a noninvasive test for adenocarcinoma risk assessment in chronic H. pylori gastritis patients. OBJECTIVE: Prospective study to evaluate the concordance between OLGA and OLGIM grading systems, as well as to evaluate GastroPanel´s performance in patients with premalignant lesions secondary to H. pylori chronic gastritis in Brazil. METHODS: Patients with H. pylori chronic gastritis with premalignant lesions confirmed by histology were recruited from the gastrointestinal clinic of a University Hospital. All participants underwent endoscopic examination with biopsies which were reported according to updated Sydney system and premalignant lesions grading systems (OLGA and OLGIM). Blood samples were collected for biomarkers serological analysis (GastroPanel®, Biohit, Helsinki, Finland). The cut off values used to define high risk patients were those recommended by the manufacturer: PGI ≤30 µm/L and PGI/PGII ≤3. RESULTS: 41 patients were recruited: 28 women, 13 men, mean age 67.3 (47-89, SD: 9.6) years. By OLGA system, were obtained: OLGA 0 (n=1), OLGA I (n=7), OLGA II (n=17), OLGA III (n=9), and OLGA IV (n=7). By OLGIM system, were obtained: OLGIM 0 (n=14), OLGIM I (n=5), OLGIM II (n=10), OLGIM III (n=10), and OLGIM IV (n=2). Regarding histological staging among patients staged as low risk (OLGA/OLGIM 0, I and II) and high risk (OLGA/OLGIM III and IV) for gastric cancer development, the concordance rate found between both classifications was 85.4%. Considering high risk patients, those patients thus included in at least one of the systems the final distribution of our sample considered 24 low-risk and 17 high-risk patients for the development of gastric cancer. To determine by GastroPanel® whether the patient would be at low or high risk of developing gastric cancer, PGI showed a sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 0.47 (95%CI: 0.26-0.69), 0.67 (95%CI: 0.47-0.82), and 0.58 (95%CI: 0.43-0.72), respectively, while PGI/PGII showed sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 0.06 (95%CI: 0.01-0.27), 0.83 (95%CI: 0.64-0.93) and 0.51 (95%CI: 0.36-0.66), respectively. CONCLUSION: The histological classifications OLGA and OLGIM presented a substantial concordance rate among themselves. Simultaneous use of both histological classification systems increased the identification's rate of high-risk patients. Biomarker analysis was not effective to distinguish low to high risk patients in the studied population. Further studies are needed to validate its use in clinical practice in Brazil.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Gastrite atrófica crônica por H. pylori constitui lesão pré-maligna e seu estadiamento de acordo com os sistemas OLGA e OLGIM, visa identificar pacientes com maior risco de desenvolver câncer gástrico e otimizar seu acompanhamento. GastroPanel® é um teste não invasivo composto por painel de biomarcadores séricos incluindo pepsinogênio I (PGI), pepsinogênio II (PGII), gastrina 17 (G17) e anticorpos anti- H. pylori para avaliação de risco de adenocarcinoma gástrico em pacientes com gastrite crônica por H. pylori. OBJETIVO: Estudo prospectivo para avaliar a concordância entre os sistemas de classificação OLGA e OLGIM, bem como avaliar o desempenho do GastroPanel® em pacientes com lesões pré-malignas secundárias à gastrite crônica por H. pylori no Brasil. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com gastrite crônica por H. pylori portadores de lesões pré-malignas confirmadas por histologia (gastrite atrófica e metaplasia intestinal) foram recrutados no ambulatório de gastroenterologia de um hospital universitário. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a exame endoscópico com biópsias de antro e corpo gástricos analisadas de acordo com o Sistema Sydney atualizado e estadiadas pelos Sistemas OLGA e OLGIM de classificação das gastrites. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para análise sorológica de biomarcadores (GastroPanel®, Biohit, Helsinki, Finlândia). Os valores de corte utilizados para definir pacientes de alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico foram os recomendados pelo fabricante: PGI ≤30 µm e PGI/PGII ≤3. RESULTADOS: Foram recrutados 41 pacientes: 28 mulheres, 13 homens, idade média 67,3 (47-89, DP: 9,6) anos. Pelo sistema OLGA, foram obtidos: OLGA 0 (n=1), OLGA I (n=7), OLGA II (n=17), OLGA III (n=9) e OLGA IV (n=7). Pelo sistema OLGIM, foram obtidos: OLGIM 0 (n=14), OLGIM I (n=5), OLGIM II (n=10), OLGIM III (n=10) e OLGIM IV (n=2). Em relação ao estadiamento histológico entre os pacientes de baixo risco (OLGA/OLGIM 0, I e II) e alto risco (OLGA/OLGIM III e IV) para o desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico, a taxa de concordância encontrada entre as duas classificações foi de 85,4%, com valor kappa=0,678 (IC95%: 0,440-0,916). Considerando como pacientes de alto risco, aqueles assim estadiados em pelo menos um dos sistemas, a distribuição final de nossa amostra encontrou 24 pacientes de baixo risco e 17 de alto risco para o desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico. Na determinação pelo GastroPanel® para classificação do paciente como de baixo ou alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico, PGI mostrou sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia de 0,47 (IC95%: 0,26-0,69), 0,67 (IC95%: 0,47-0,82) e 0,58 (IC95%: 0,43-0,72), respectivamente, enquanto a razão PGI/PGII mostrou sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia de 0,06 (IC95%: 0,01-0,27), 0,83 (IC95%: 0,64-0,93) e 0,51 (IC95%: 0,36-0,66), respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: As classificações histológicas OLGA e OLGIM apresentaram taxa de concordância substancial entre si. O uso simultâneo de ambos os sistemas de classificação histológica aumentou a taxa de identificação de pacientes de alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico. Os resultados do GastroPanel® não foram eficazes para distinguir pacientes de baixo e alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico na população estudada. Mais estudos são necessários para validar seu uso na prática clínica no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections , Gastritis , Brazil , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Metaplasia
6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 18-23, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251517

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas e histopatológicas en pacientes con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma gástrico en la Clínica Oncológica Aurora, durante el período 2014-2017 en la ciudad de Pasto, Colombia. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo en una cohorte de 54 pacientes con diagnóstico de cáncer gástrico sometidos a gastrectomía durante los años 2014 a 2017. La información sociodemográfica se obtuvo a través de la historia clínica. El sistema de Sydney y la clasificación de Lauren se usaron para determinar las características histopatológicas. Resultados: la mayoría de los tumores se presentó en hombres mayores de 50 años (relación hombre mujer de 2,6:1). La ubicación predominante fue la región antropilórica. El histotipo tumoral más frecuente fue el intestinal (80%). La prevalencia de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes fue del 24,07% y fue mayor en el histotipo intestinal. La metaplasia intestinal fue la lesión premaligna más prevalente en todos los histotipos tumorales. Conclusiones: en el presente estudio se encontró que la edad mayor a 50 años y el sexo masculino son condiciones asociadas con el cáncer gástrico; hallazgo ya demostrado en estudios previos. Es perentorio avanzar en el mejoramiento de las condiciones de salud pública, control de la infección por H. pylori y tamizaje temprano de lesiones premalignas, pues son factores determinantes en la carcinogénesis de pacientes con carcinomas no cardiales e histotipos intestinales ubicados en la región antrocorporal. Aunque no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los histotipos tumorales, el adenocarcinoma de tipo intestinal ubicado en la región antropilórica fue el diagnóstico más frecuente.


Abstract Objective: To describe the sociodemographic and histopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma at the Clínica Oncológica Aurora between 2014 and 2017 in the city of Pasto, Colombia. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out in a cohort of 54 patients diagnosed with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between 2014 and 2017. Sociodemographic information was taken from the medical records of the patients. The Sydney system and Lauren classification were used to determine histopathological characteristics. Results: Most tumors were found in men older than 50 years (with a male:female ratio of 2.6:1). The predominant location was the antropyloric region. The most frequent tumor histotype was intestinal (80%). The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in patients was 24.07 % and it was most commonly found in the intestinal histotype. Intestinal metaplasia was the most prevalent premalignant lesion in all tumor histotypes. Conclusions: The present study found that the age of 50 and the male sex are conditions associated with gastric cancer. This finding has already been demonstrated in previous studies. Progress in improving public health conditions, controlling H. pylori infection, and early screening of premalignant lesions is imperative, as they are determining factors of carcinogenesis in patients with non-cardia carcinomas and intestinal histotypes located in the anthrocorporal region. Although no significant differences were found among tumor histotypes, intestinal adenocarcinoma in the antropyloric region was the most frequent diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Medical Records , Prevalence , Helicobacter pylori , Diagnosis , Information , Gastrectomy
7.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 89(1): 10-16, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282992

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Las recomendaciones de esquemas para erradicar Helicobacter pylori se encuentran ampliamente dis- ponibles. Este es un patógeno de alta prioridad para búsqueda y desarrollo de nuevos y efectivos tratamientos. Objetivo: Descri- bir la respuesta terapéutica con terapia de rescate para infección por H. pylori, Hospital Escuela, Tegucigalpa, diciembre 2016-abril 2017. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo longitudinal retrospectivo en pacientes consecutivos con sintomatología gastrointestinal e in- fección conirmada por H. pylori. Mediante el registro del Servi- cio de Gastroenterología, Departamento de Medicina Interna, se identiicaron pacientes positivos por H. pylori. Se registraron datos sociodemográicos, clínicos y diagnósticos. El tratamiento de res- cate brindado fue, vía oral por 10 días: levoloxacina 500 mg/día, esomeprazol 40 mg dos veces/día, amoxicilina 1 gr dos veces/ día. La conirmación de la erradicación fue realizada 4-8 semanas postratamiento. Se registró información sobre la adherencia al tra- tamiento y los efectos secundarios. Resultados: Se analizaron 30 casos; 56.7% (17) pacientes nuevos y 43.3% (13) pacientes con al menos un fracaso. En el 16.0% (5) no hubo conirmación de erra- dicación; se obtuvo una tasa de erradicación del 72.0% (18/25), IC95% 50.6-87.9; siendo 78.5% (11/14) en pacientes nuevos ver- sus 63.6% (7/11) en fracasos previos, IC95% -9.6-54.0, p=0.318. Discusión: La tasa de erradicación en este grupo de pacientes no fue satisfactoria. Actualmente el tratamiento con levoloxacina es recomendado como terapia de segunda línea o de rescate en regiones con baja o alta resistencia a la claritromicina, aunque la resistencia a quinolonas ha aumentado en los últimos años en va- rios países...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Gastrointestinal Diseases/complications , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10687, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249315

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induces an intense inflammatory response, mediated by proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6 and its membrane receptor (IL-6R), which activates important signaling pathways in the development of gastric disease and cancer. We investigated the gene and protein expression of IL-6 and IL-6R and the influence of polymorphisms rs1800795, rs1800796, and rs1800797 on its gene expression together with H. pylori infection. Furthermore, an in-silico analysis was performed to support our results. Gastric biopsies were obtained from patients with gastric symptoms and patients with gastric cancer (GC) and were divided into groups (Control, Gastritis, and Cancer). H. pylori was detected by PCR. Real-time-qPCR was employed to determine gene expression, and western blot assay was used to analyze protein expression levels. PCR-RFLP was used to characterize IL-6 polymorphisms. Bioinformatics analyses were performed using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and GEO2R to screen out differentially expressed genes (DEGs). H. pylori was detected in 43.3% of the samples. Statistically significant differences were found for IL-6 (P=0.0001) and IL-6R (P=0.0005) genes among the three groups, regardless of the presence of H. pylori. Among patients with H. pylori infection, the IL-6 and IL-6R gene and protein expressions were significantly increased, highlighting IL-6 gene overexpression in patients with GC. No statistically significant differences were found for the rs1800795, rs1800796, and rs1800797 polymorphisms compared to IL-6 gene expression. The results indicated that the IL-6 polymorphisms do not influence its expression, but IL-6 and IL-6R expression seems to be altered by the presence of H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Gastritis/genetics , Interleukin-8 , Gastric Mucosa
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10889, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249311

ABSTRACT

Utilization of plant resources for treatment of Helicobacter pylori infections is one of the appealing approaches as rapid emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains is occurring throughout the world. Ethanol extract and its fractions from Hibiscus rosa-sinensis red flower were assessed for antibacterial and urease inhibitory activities towards forty-three clinical strains and two reference strains of H. pylori. The ethyl acetate fraction exhibited the most potent bacteriostatic activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.2-0.25 mg/mL and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of 1.25-1.5 mg/mL against all test strains, including forty-three strains resistant to one to four antibiotics, azithromycin (MICs, 8-256 µg/mL), erythromycin (MICs, 8-128 µg/mL), levofloxacin (MICs, 8-256 µg/mL), and/or metronidazole (MICs, 8-256 µg/mL). The fraction had similar antibacterial activities toward these test strains suggesting the preparation and the antibiotics do not have a common mechanism of anti-H. pylori activity. The fraction also had stronger effects on biofilm formation, morphological conversion, and urease activity of H. pylori than the other fractions and the ethanol extract. These flower preparations were non-toxic to three human cell lines, and nine compounds were also isolated and identified from the ethyl acetate fraction. In vivo research needs to be conducted to confirm the potential usefulness of H. rosa-sinensis flower and its constituents for effective prevention and treatment of H. pylori disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Rosa , Hibiscus , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Flowers , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
10.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1): 82-92, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1352960

ABSTRACT

Se determinó la respuesta inmunológica a proteínas recombinantes de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes dis-pépticos (adultos y niños), pacientes con cáncer gástrico y sus familiares asintomáticos adultos viviendo con ellos. Se utilizó la prueba recomLine® Helicobacter IgG e IgA, y con base en el reconocimiento de los factores de virulencia VacA y CagA se determinó si la cepa de H. pylori era de tipo I o II. El análisis de los datos fue descriptivo y analítico y se estimaron los intervalos de confianza de 95%, con un nivel de error de 0.05 y Odds ratio. El 58.7% (121/206) de los pacientes presentó la bacteria en tinción histológica de biopsia, positividad que disminuyó con la edad y daño histológico. La frecuencia de la respuesta a los anticuerpos IgG fue mayor que IgA, en ambos casos ésta fue menor en los niños. Las proteínas del H. pylori más reconocidas tanto por IgA como IgG fueron VacA y CagA, y la respuesta a las otras proteínas investigadas fue mayor al aumentar el daño histológi-co. La cepa tipo I fue la que predominó en la población en estudio con 66% (136/206). Se deben continuar con los estudios de prevalencia de la cepa tipo I del H. pylori y del reconocimiento de sus antígenos en la población guatemalteca a fin de determinar su utilidad en el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la infección.


The immune response to recombinant Helicobacter pylori proteins was determined in dyspeptic patients (adults and children), patients with gastric cancer and their asymptomatic adults' relatives living with them. The recomLine® Helicobacter IgG and IgA test was used and based on the recognition of the virulence factors VacA and CagA, it was determined whether the H. pylori strain was type I or II. The data analysis was descriptive and analytic, and 95% confidence intervals were estimated, with an error level of 0.05, and Odds ratio. The patients that presented the bacterium in histological biopsy were 58.7% (121/206), positivity that decreased with age and histological damage. The frecuency of response to IgG antibodies was higher than IgA, in both cases it was lower in children. VacA and CagA were the H. pylori proteins most recognized by both IgA and IgG and it was observed that the number of recognized proteins was greater with increasing histological damage. The type I strain was the one that predominated in the study population 66% (136/206). Prevalence studies of the type I strain of H. pylori ant the recognition of its antigens in the Guatemalan population should continue in order to determine its usefulness in the diagnosis and prognosis of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunoglobulin A/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Recombinant Proteins/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Diagnosis , Dyspepsia/complications , Guatemala/epidemiology , Antibodies , Antigens
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879015

ABSTRACT

The volatile oil from Mastiche and Olibanum medicinal materials was extracted by steam distillation, and the chemical components of the volatile oil were analyzed by GC-MS technology. The differences of the volatile oil components were compared and study on the Helicobacter pylori in vitro antimicrobial activitiy was conducted. The results showed that the yields of the volatile oil from Mastiche and Olibanum were 11.93% and 2.40%, respectively. A total of 46 compounds(91.31%) were identified from the volatile oil from Mastiche annd 35 compounds(92.49%) from Olibanum. The classification and comparison study of the components showed that the content of monoterpenes in the volatile oil from Mastiche was the highest(40.69%), followed by alcohols(28.48%); while the content of alcohols in the volatile oil from Olibanum was the highest(35.81%), followed by esters(24.92%). There were significant differences in the components of volatile oil from Mastiche and Olibanum, which might be one of the reasons for the difference in efficacy and application. In vitro bacteriostatic experiments showed that the minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) of the volatile oil from Mastiche against H. pylori was 1 mg·mL~(-1), and the MIC of the volatile oil from Olibanum against H. pylori was more than 1 mg·mL~(-1). In combination with the results of the oil yield experiment, Mastiche had the advantage of inhibiting H. pylori activity. The research results provide scientific basis for the rational application of Mastiche and Olibanum.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Frankincense , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Helicobacter pylori , Monoterpenes/analysis , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878950

ABSTRACT

The network pharmacology and molecular docking methods were used to explore the mechanism of Jinweitai Capsules in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. The chemical components of herbs in Jinweitai Capsules were collected through TCMSP, CNKI and PubMed. Target prediction was performed through PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases; genes relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, chronic colitis were collected from OMIM database; potential targets of Jinweitai Capsules for relevant gastrointestinal diseases were obtained by Venny analysis; DAVID database was used to perform GO and KEGG enrichment analysis; protein interactions were obtained by STRING database and visua-lized by Cytoscape; AutoDockVina was used for molecular docking of AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse-selected chemical components. Potential mechanisms of Jinweitai Capsules in treating relevant gastrointestinal diseases were clarified according to the results of the docking. The results showed 86 potential active ingredients of Jinweitai Capsules and 268 potential targets for treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 20 pathways relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis mainly involved calcium signaling pathway and chemokine signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed a good binding activity between AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse screening chemical components. Jinweitai Capsules may exert an effect in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis by acting on AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and other targets in 15 signal pathways relating to cell inflammation and immunity, cell proliferation and apoptosis, Helicobacter pylori infection, and gastrointestinal tract.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Diseases/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Medicine , Molecular Docking Simulation
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1422-1430, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878188

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional dyspepsia (FD) has rarely been investigated in areas with a high prevalence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study aims to reveal the epidemiological and clinical features of FD and organic dyspepsia (OD) in such a population.@*METHODS@#A middle-aged and elderly population-based study was conducted in a region with a high incidence of ESCC. All participants completed the Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire and Functional Gastrointestinal Disease Rome III Diagnostic Questionnaire, and they underwent gastroscopy. After exclusion of gastroesophageal reflux disease, uninvestigated dyspepsia (UID) was divided into OD and FD for further analyses.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2916 participants were enrolled from July 2013 to March 2014 in China. We detected 166 UID cases with questionnaires, in which 17 patients with OD and 149 with FD were diagnosed via gastroscopy. OD cases presented as reflux esophagitis (RE), ESCC, and duodenal ulcer. Heartburn (52.94%) and reflux (29.41%) were common in OD, but no symptomatic differences were found between FD and OD. Male sex, low education level, and liquid food were the risk factors for OD, while frequent fresh vegetable consumption was a protective factor. FD included 56 (37.58%) cases of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS), 52 (34.89%) of epigastric pain syndrome (EPS), nine (6.04%) of PDS + EPS, and 32 (21.48%) of FD + functional esophageal disorders. The Helicobacter pylori infection rate in FD patients was not higher than that in the control group (34.23% vs. 42.26%, P = 0.240). Frequent spicy food consumption was associated with PDS (odds ratio [OR]: 2.088, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.028-4.243), while consumption of deep well water was protective for PDS (OR: 0.431, 95% CI: 0.251-0.741).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of FD was 5.11% in the studied population. Gastroscopy should be prescribed for dyspepsia patients in case that ESCC and RE would be missed in UID cases diagnosed solely by the Rome III questionnaire.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01688908; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01688908.


Subject(s)
Aged , China/epidemiology , Dyspepsia/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 381-398, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142348

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Over the last years, there is growing evidence that microorganisms are involved in the maintenance of our health and are related to various diseases, both intestinal and extraintestinal. Changes in the gut microbiota appears to be a key element in the pathogenesis of hepatic and gastrointestinal disorders, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic liver disease, liver cirrhosis, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and Clostridium difficile - associated diarrhea. In 2019, the Brazilian Society of Hepatology (SBH) in cooperation with the Brazilian Nucleus for the Study of Helicobacter Pylori and Microbiota (NBEHPM), and Brazilian Federation of Gastroenterology (FBG) sponsored a joint meeting on gut microbiota and the use of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics in gastrointestinal and liver diseases. This paper summarizes the proceedings of the aforementioned meeting. It is intended to provide practical information about this topic, addressing the latest discoveries and indicating areas for future studies.


RESUMO Nos últimos anos, um volume crescente de evidências indica que os microrganismos estão envolvidos na manutenção da saúde humana e também estão relacionados a várias doenças, tanto intestinais quanto extraintestinais. Alterações na microbiota intestinal parecem ser um elemento chave na patogênese de doenças hepáticas e gastrointestinais, incluindo doença hepática gordurosa não-alcoólica, doença hepática alcoólica, cirrose hepática, doenças inflamatórias intestinais, síndrome do intestino irritável e diarreia associada ao Clostridium difficile. Em 2019, a Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia (SBH) em colaboração com o Núcleo Brasileiro para Estudo do Helicobacter pylori e Microbiota (NBEHPM) e a Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia (FBG) realizaram um encontro exclusivamente voltado para a discussão sobre microbiota e uso de prebióticos, probióticos e simbióticos em doenças hepáticas e gastrointestinais. Este texto resume os principais pontos discutidos durante o evento, e tem a intenção de fornecer informações práticas sobre o assunto, abordando as descobertas mais recentes e indicando áreas para estudos futuros.


Subject(s)
Helicobacter pylori , Probiotics , Digestive System Diseases , Synbiotics , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gastroenterology , Brazil , Congresses as Topic , Prebiotics
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 366-374, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142336

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: During the Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, the infiltration of the leukocytes into stomach mucosa is directed by locally produced chemokines that play a decisive role in infection outcome. The CagA is the most potent virulence factor of HP, so that the infection with CagA + strains is associated with more severe complications than infection with CagA - HP. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the expression of chemokines CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 and CCL22, and their receptors by CagA + HP- and CagA - HP-derived crude extract (HP-CE)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from peptic ulcer (PU) patients. METHODS: The serum and the PBMCs were collected from 20 HP-infected PU patients, 20 HP-infected asymptomatic subjects (HIA) and 20 non-infected healthy subjects (NHS). The PBMCs were cultured in absence of stimulator or with 10 µg CagA + HP crude extract (CagA + CE), 10 µg CagA - HP crude extract (CagA - CE). Chemokines and receptors were measured by ELISA and real time-PCR respectively. RESULTS: In PU patients, the production of chemokines CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 and CCL22, and the expression of chemokine receptors CXCR3, CCR4 and CCR6 by CagA + CE-induced PBMCs were significantly higher than non-stimulated and CagA - CE stimulated cultures. The CXCL10 production by CagA + CE stimulated PBMCs from HIA subjects was significantly higher than the equal cultures from PU and NHS groups. The CCL17 and the CCL20 production by non-stimulated, CagA + CE stimulated, and CagA - CE stimulated PBMCs from PU subjects were significantly higher than the equal cultures from NHS and HIA groups. The CCL22 production by non-stimulated, CagA + CE stimulated and CagA - CE stimulated PBMCs from NHS group were significantly higher than the equal cultures from HIA and PU groups. The CagA + CE stimulated PBMCs from HIA subjects expressed lower amounts of CCR6 in comparison with CagA + CE stimulated PBMCs from NHS and PU groups. The serum levels CXCL10 and CCL20 in PU and HIA groups were significantly higher than NHS subjects. NHS and HIA groups displayed higher serum levels of CCL22 in comparison with PU patients. CONCLUSION: Results indicated that the CagA status of bacterium influence the expression of chemokines and receptors by HP-CE stimulated PBMCs from PU patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Durante a infecção por Helicobacter pylori (HP), a infiltração dos leucócitos na mucosa estomacal é dirigida por quimiocinas produzidas localmente que desempenham um papel decisivo no resultado da infecção. O CagA é o fator de virulência mais potente do HP, de modo que a infecção com cepas CagA + está associada a complicações mais graves do que a infecção com CagA - HP. OBJETIVO: O objetivo foi determinar a expressão das quimiocinas CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 e CCL22, e seus receptores por CagA + HP- e CagA - extrato bruto (EB) derivado de HP (HP-EB) de células mononucleares do sangue periférico (CMSP) de pacientes com úlcera péptica (UP). MÉTODOS: O soro e as CMSP foram coletados de 20 pacientes com UP infectados pelo HP, 20 indivíduos assintomáticos infectados pelo HP (AI-HP) e 20 indivíduos saudáveis não infectados pelo HP (NI-HP). As CMSP foram cultivadas na ausência de estimulador ou com extrato bruto CagA + HP de 10 μg (CagA + EB), 10 μg CagA - extrato bruto HP (CagA - EB). Quimiocinas e receptores foram medidos por ELISA e PCR em tempo real, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Em pacientes com UP a produção de quimiocinas CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 e CCL22, e a expressão dos receptores de quimiocina CXCR3, CCR4 e CCR6 por CagA + CMSP induzidos pelo EB foram significativamente maiores do que as culturas não estimuladas e CagA - EB estimulados. A produção de CXCL10 por CagA + EB estimulou as CMSP de sujeitos AI-HP em proporção significativamente maior do que as culturas iguais dos grupos UP e NI-HP. A produção de CCL17 e CCL20 por grupos não estimulados, CagA + EB estimulado, e CagA - EB estimulou CMSP de sujeitos com UP e foram significativamente superiores às culturas iguais dos grupos NI-HP e AI-HP. A produção de CCL22 por grupos não estimulados, CagA + EB estimulado e CagA - EB estimulado pelo grupo NI-HP foram significativamente maiores do que as culturas iguais dos grupos AI-HP e PU. O CagA + EB estimulou as CMSP dos sujeitos do AI-HP, expressando menores quantidades de CCR6 em comparação com as CMSP estimuladas pelo CagA + EB de grupos NI-HP e UP. Os níveis sanguíneos de CXCL10 e CCL20 nos grupos UP e AI-HP foram significativamente superiores aos dos sujeitos do NI-HP. Os grupos NI-HP e AI-HP apresentaram níveis sanguíneos mais elevados de CCL22 em comparação com pacientes com UP. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados indicaram que o estado CagA da bactéria influencia a expressão de quimiocinas e receptores por HP-EB estimulados CMSP de pacientes com UP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peptic Ulcer , Helicobacter pylori , Bacterial Proteins , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Helicobacter Infections , Virulence Factors , Chemokine CCL17 , Chemokine CCL20 , Chemokine CCL22 , Leukocytes , Antigens, Bacterial
16.
Vive (El Alto) ; 3(9): 139-149, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252333

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: uno de los principales factores que influyen en el tratamiento para la erradicación de Helicobacter pylori es la resistencia a antibióticos, la cual difiere entre países e incluso regiones de un país. Entre los antibióticos más usados para el tratamiento de la infección se encuentra la claritromicina, se ha demostrado que el gen 23S ARNr está involucrado en la resistencia a este antibiótico, como resultado de mutaciones puntuales. OBJETIVO: detectar las mutaciones presentes en el gen 23S ARNr que codifican la resistencia a la claritromicina en Helicobacter pylori a través de un método no invasivo y rápido. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: a partir de muestras de heces de 76 pacientes con síntomas gastrointestinales asociados a la bacteria, se aisló y purificó el ADN bacteriano, se identificó el gen 23S ARNr mediante seminested PCR. Para la detección de mutaciones puntuales en el gen se realizó la RFLP, utilizando las enzimas HhaI que detecta la mutación T2717C y MboII que identifica la mutación A2142C/G. RESULTADOS: un total de 45 pacientes resultaron positivos a Helicobacter pylori lo cual corresponde al 59,2%. La mutación T2717C analizada con la enzima HhaI se presentó en el 2,2% de la muestra de estudio, no se obtuvo resultados positivos para la enzima MboII. CONCLUSIONES: a través de la Seminested PCR se identificó al gen 23S ARNr de Helicobacter pylori, PCR-RFLP es un método fiable para detectar la presencia de mutaciones causantes de resistencias a antibióticos, útil antes de elegir el tratamiento erradicador contra las infecciones por Helicobacter pylori.


INTRODUCTION: one of the main factors that influence the treatment for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori is resistance to antibiotics, which differs between countries and even regions of a country. Clarithromycin is among the most widely used antibiotics for the treatment of infection. The 23S rRNA gene has been shown to be involved in resistance to this antibiotic, as a result of point mutations. OBJECTIVE: to detect the mutations present in the 23S rRNA gene that encode resistance to clarithromycin in Helicobacter pylori through a non-invasive and rapid method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: from stool samples of 76 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms associated with the bacteria, bacterial DNA was isolated and purified, the 23S rRNA gene was identified by seminested PCR. For the detection of point mutations in the gene, RFLP was performed, using the enzymes HhaI that detects the T2717C mutation and MboII that identifies the A2142C / G mutation. RESULTS: a total of 45 patients were positive for Helicobacter pylori, which corresponds to 59.2%. The T2717C mutation analyzed with the HhaI enzyme was present in 2.2% of the study sample, no positive results were obtained for the MboII enzyme. CONCLUSIONS: the 23S rRNA gene of Helicobacter pylori was identified through Seminested PCR, PCR-RFLP is a reliable method to detect the presence of mutations causing resistance to antibiotics, useful before choosing the eradication treatment against Helicobacter pylori infections.


INTRODUÇÃO: um dos principais fatores que influenciam no tratamento para erradicação do Helicobacter pylori é a resistência aos antibióticos, que difere entre países e até mesmo regiões de um país. A claritromicina está entre os antibióticos mais amplamente utilizados para o tratamento de infecções.O gene 23S rRNA demonstrou estar envolvido na resistência a esse antibiótico, como resultado de mutações pontuais. OBJETIVO: detectar as mutações presentes no gene 23S rRNA que codificam resistência à claritromicina no Helicobacter pylori, por meio de um método não invasivo e rápido. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: a partir de amostras de fezes de 76 pacientes com sintomas gastrointestinais associados à bactéria, o DNA bacteriano foi isolado e purificado, o gene 23S rRNA foi identificado por PCR seminestado. Para a detecção de mutações pontuais no gene, foi realizado RFLP, utilizando as enzimas HhaI que detecta a mutação T2717C e MboII que identifica a mutação A2142C / G. RESULTADOS: um total de 45 pacientes foram positivos para Helicobacter pylori, o que corresponde a 59,2%. A mutação T2717C analisada com a enzima HhaI estava presente em 2,2% da amostra do estudo, nenhum resultado positivo foi obtido para a enzima MboII. CONCLUSÕES: por meio da PCR seminestada, foi identificado o gene rRNA 23S do Helicobacter pylori, o PCR-RFLP é um método confiável para detectar a presença de mutações que causam resistência a antibióticos, útil antes de escolher o tratamento de erradicação contra infecções por Helicobacter pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Helicobacter pylori , Clarithromycin , Mutation , Patients , Enzymes , Feces
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1509-1514, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143632

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Nearly 73% of the Chilean population is infected with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a factor predisposing for gastric cancer. Recent studies have demonstrated the presence of this pathogen within yeasts, suggesting that this fact can directly influence the failure of a treatment, transmission, and reinfection. AIM: To detect the presence of H. pylori inside oral yeasts isolated from students of the University of Concepción (Chile). METHODS: 72 samples, obtained from the oral cavity using cotton swabs were incubated in YPD broth for 48h at 37°C and posteriorly seeded in Sabouraud Dextrose agar plus chloramphenicol at the same temperature and for the same time. Yeasts isolated were observed microscopically (wet mounting and Gram-stained) and identified using microbiological techniques. Intracellular H. pylori detection was performed by the amplification of 16S rDNA by PCR. RESULTS: Oral yeasts were detected in 24 samples (33.3%), being C. albicans (79.2%) the most frequent species, followed by C. dubliniensis (12.4%), C. krusei (4.2%), and C. tropicalis (4.2%). When analyzed by PCR, 15 of the 24 oral yeasts 62.5 % were positive for H. pylori 16S rDNA. From the 15 individuals positive for yeast harboring H. pylori, 81% of them reported stomach discomfort, and the presence of the bacteria was diagnosed at some moment in 20% of them. CONCLUSION: The intracellular presence of the H. pylori in oral yeasts suggests an endosymbiotic relationship of these microorganisms, which could favor H. pylori transmission and reinfection in the gastrointestinal tract.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Quase 73% da população chilena estão infectadas pelo Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), fator predisponente ao câncer gástrico. Estudos recentes demonstraram a presença desse patógeno em leveduras, sugerindo que esse fato pode influenciar diretamente a falha de um tratamento, transmissão e reinfecção. OBJETIVO: Detectar a presença de H. pylori em leveduras orais isoladas de estudantes da Universidade de Concepción (Chile). MÉTODOS: 72 amostras, obtidas da cavidade oral utilizando cotonetes, foram incubadas em caldo YPD por 48h a 37°C e posteriormente sementes em ágar Sabouraud Dextrose mais cloranfenicol na mesma temperatura e ao mesmo tempo. Leveduras isoladas foram observadas microscopicamente (montagem úmida e corada por Gram) e identificadas utilizando técnicas microbiológicas. A detecção intracelular de H. pylori foi realizada pela amplificação do 16S rDNA por PCR. RESULTADOS: Leveduras orais foram detectadas em 24 amostras (33,3%), sendo C. albicans (79,2%), a espécie mais frequente seguida por C. dubliniensis (12,4%), C. krusei (4,2%) e C. tropicalis (4,2 %) Quando analisadas por PCR, 15 das 24 leveduras orais 62,5% foram positivas para o H. pylori 16S rDNA. Dos 15 indivíduos positivos para leveduras que abrigam H. pylori, 81% deles relataram desconforto estomacal e a presença da bactéria foi diagnosticada em algum momento em 20% deles. CONCLUSÃO: A presença intracelular do H. pylori em leveduras orais sugere uma relação endossimbiótica desses microrganismos, o que poderia favorecer a transmissão e a reinfecção do H. pylori no trato gastrointestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections , Students , Universities , DNA, Bacterial , Chile/epidemiology
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2301-2313, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144735

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la infección por Helicobacter pylori es una de las más prevalentes en el planeta. Supone una carga significativa para los sistemas sanitarios, debido a la elevada resistencia a antibióticos que presenta para su erradicación. Objetivo: determinar las características clínico epidemiológicas de infección por Helicobacter pylori de pacientes atendidos en Consulta Provincial de Gastroenterología. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo. El universo estuvo conformado por los 167 pacientes con determinación de Helicobacter pylori positivo, por test de ureasa. Las variables a considerar fueron: la edad, el sexo, diagnóstico histológico, síntomas clínicos y la evolución clínica posterior al tratamiento específico para Helicobacter pylori. Se utilizó la técnica estadística de análisis de distribución de frecuencias. Resultados: un 59,6 % de los pacientes resultó con Helicobacter pylori positivo con predominio del sexo masculino. Fue la gastritis crónica la alteración gástrica que más se asoció a la infección. La epigastralgia y distensión abdominal resultaron los síntomas más frecuentes. Evolucionaron de forma satisfactoria el 49 % de los casos y solo un 17 % presentaron una mala respuesta al tratamiento. Conclusiones: se obtuvo un alto porcentaje de infección por Helicobacter pylori y una buena respuesta al tratamiento utilizado (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the infection for Helicobacter pylori is one of the more prevalent in the world; it supposes a significant burden for the sanitary systems, due to the high resistance to antibiotics that it presents for its eradication. Objective: to determine the clinical epidemiological characteristics of the infection due to Helicobacter pylori in patients treated in the provincial consultation of Gastroenterología. Materials and methods: an observational, descriptive study was carried out in a universe formed by 167 patients with positive Helicobacter pylori determined by urease test. The variables to consider were age, sex, histologic diagnosis, clinical symptoms and clinical evolution after the specific treatment for Helicobacter pylori. The statistical technique of analysis of frequencies distribution was used. Results: 59, 6% of the patients was Helicobacter pylori positive with prevalence of the male sex; chronic gastritis was the gastric alteration more associated to the infection. Epigastralgia and abdominal distension were the most frequent symptoms. 49% of the cases evolved in a satisfactory way and only 17% answered bad to the treatment. Conclusions: a high percent of infection by Helicobacter pylori was found and also a good answer to the used treatment (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Gastroenterology/methods , Patients , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Gastritis/complications , Infections/complications , Infections/parasitology , Anti-Bacterial Agents
19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 351-361, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138793

ABSTRACT

Resumen Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) es un bacilo gramnegativo microaerófilo, capaz de colonizar la mucosa gástrica. Este microorganismo infecta a más de la mitad de la población mundial, por lo que se ha convertido en la infección bacteriana más común. La prevalencia de la infección y de las enfermedades asociadas a ella es alta, sobre todo en países en vías de desarrollo. El tratamiento recomendado para la erradicación es la triple terapia; sin embargo, su eficacia ha disminuido por el desconocimiento del patrón de susceptibilidad bacteriano por parte del personal médico y dada la aparición de cepas resistentes. La resistencia en H. pylori se asocia con la capacidad de adaptación de la bacteria a ambientes hostiles y al uso de los antibióticos. En Colombia, existen reportes acerca de que H. pylori presenta resistencia a amoxicilina, metronidazol, claritromicina, furazolidona, levofloxacina y tetraciclina. Los estudios del patrón de susceptibilidad determinaron que la frecuencia de resistencia de H. pylori es variable y demuestran la falta de datos en la mayoría del territorio del país. Sobre la base de lo anterior, el objetivo de esta revisión es describir los porcentajes de resistencia de H. pylori a los antibióticos amoxicilina, metronidazol, claritromicina, furazolidona, levofloxacina y tetraciclina, usados en el tratamiento de la infección en los estudios realizados en Colombia.


Abstract Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a microaerophilic gram-negative bacillus that colonizes the gastric mucosa. It infects more than half the world's population, making it the most common bacterial infection. The prevalence of infection and associated diseases is high in developing countries. The recommended treatment for its eradication is triple therapy; however, its efficacy has decreased due to the lack of knowledge of the bacterial susceptibility pattern among the medical staff and the emergence of resistant strains. H. pylori susceptibility is associated with the bacteria's ability to adapt to hostile environments and the use of antibiotics. In Colombia, it has been reported that H. pylori is resistant to amoxicillin, metronidazole, clarithromycin, furazolidone, levofloxacin, and tetracycline. Studies on the susceptibility pattern have determined that the frequency of H. pylori susceptibility is variable and demonstrate the lack of data in most of the Colombian territory. With this in mind, the objective of this review is to describe the percentage of resistance to amoxicillin, metronidazole, clarithromycin, furazolidone, levofloxacin and tetracycline, which are used for the treatment of H. pylori infection, according to studies conducted in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tetracycline , Efficacy , Helicobacter pylori , Clarithromycin , Levofloxacin , Furazolidone , Amoxicillin , Metronidazole , Prevalence , Disease Susceptibility , Disease Eradication
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 154-160, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131649

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the combination of gastrin-17 (G-17), pepsinogens I and II (PGI and PGII), and anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibodies (GastroPanel®, BIOHIT HealthCare, Helsinki, Finland) could serve as biomarkers of atrophic gastritis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to ensure the diagnostic accuracy of GastroPanel® and evaluate the effect of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on these biomarkers. METHODS: Dyspeptic patients who underwent gastrointestinal endoscopy were enrolled in the present study. Histological findings, which were the gold standard to stratify groups, were as follows: no atrophy (controls); antrum atrophy; corpus atrophy; multifocal atrophy; and neoplasia. G-17, PGI, PGII, and anti-H. pylori immunoglobulin (Ig)G antibodies were assayed using commercially available kits. The ratio of PGI/PGII was calculated. RESULTS: Among 308 patients, 159 (51.6%) were PPI users. The overall prevalence of atrophy was 43.8% (n=135). Ninety-two (29.9%) patients were H. pylori positive according to anti-H. pylori IgG levels. G-17 levels were not low in those with antrum atrophy but were high in those with corpus and multifocal atrophies. PGI levels were significantly lower in those with corpus and multifocal atrophies. The sensitivity of PGI <30 µg/L to detect corpus atrophy was 50% (95% CI 27.8-72.1%), with a specificity of 93.2% (95% CI 84.3-97.5%), a positive likelihood ratio of 7.4 (95% CI 2.9-19.2), and a negative likelihood ratio of 0.5 (95% CI 0.3-0.8). A small number of subjects (n=6) exhibited moderate to intense atrophy (4%), among whom 66.7% exhibited decreased PGI levels. PPI significantly increased the levels of G-17 and PGI, except in those with corpus and multifocal atrophies, in whom PGI levels were not increased by PPIs. CONCLUSION: GastroPanel® (Gastrin-17, PGI, and PGI/PGII ratio) did not demonstrate high sensitivity for detecting gastric atrophy.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Foi proposto que a combinação de gastrina 17 (G-17), pepsinogênios I e II (PGI e PGII), e anticorpos anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) (GastroPanel®, BIOHIT HealthCare), poderiam indicar gastrite atrófica. OBJETIVO: Portanto, o objetivo foi averiguar a acurácia diagnóstica do painel gástrico e avaliar o efeito dos inibidores de bomba de prótons (IBP) nesses marcadores. MÉTODOS: Pacientes dispépticos que se submeteram à endoscopia gastrointestinal entraram no estudo. Os achados histológicos foram o padrão ouro para estratificar os grupos: sem atrofia (controles), atrofia de antro, atrofia de corpo, atrofia multifocal e neoplasia. G-17, PGI, PGII, e anticorpos IgG anti-H. pylori foram determinados por kits comerciais. A razão PGI/PGII foi calculada. RESULTADOS: Entre 308 pacientes que foram incluídos, 159 estavam usando IBP (51,6%). A prevalência de atrofia foi de 43,8% (135 pacientes). H. pylori foi positivo em 92 (29,9%) pacientes por IgG anti-H. pylori. G-17 não estava diminuída na atrofia do antro, mas estava elevada nas atrofias do corpo e multifocal. PGI estava significantemente menor nas atrofias de corpo e multifocal. A sensibilidade da PGI <30 µg/L de indicar atrofia do corpo foi 50% (95%IC 27,8-72,1%) com especificidade de 93,2% (95%IC 84,3-97,5%), razão de verossimilhança positiva de 7,4 (95%IC 2,9-19,2) e razão de verossimilhança negativa de 0,5 (95%IC 0,3-0,8). O número de indivíduos com atrofia moderada para intensa foi pequeno (n=6;4%), dos quais 66,7% tinham diminuição dos níveis de PGI. IBP significantemente aumentou os níveis de G-17 e PGI, exceto nas atrofias de corpo e multifocal que não apresentaram aumento de PGI. CONCLUSÃO: O painel gástrico não teve alta sensibilidade de indicar gastrite atrófica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Gastritis, Atrophic/diagnosis , Brazil , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections , Antibodies, Bacterial
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL