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1.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 6: 1-8, 30-01-2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1531235

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La dispepsia no investigada es un síndrome que se caracteriza por la sensación de plenitud, molestias epigástricas, náuseas, entre otros síntomas, ya sea de forma recurrente o episodios aislados, para lo cual no se ha realizado una endoscopia para determinarla etiología. Para el diagnóstico clínico se utilizan los criterios de Roma IV. Materiales y Métodos. Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. Los alumnos del ciclo preclínico de la Universidad del Pacífico fueron sometidos al test diagnóstico OnSite H. PyloriAb Combo Rapid Test de CTK Biotech inc, que consiste en la técnica de inmunoensayo cromatográfico para detectar de forma cualitativa la presencia de anticuerpos en sangre. Los estudiantes completaron un cuestionario sobre los síntomas y factores de riesgo para adquirir dispepsia. Resultados. Se estudiaron 156 estudiantes con una edad media fue de 22,1 años, el 65% del sexo femenino, 55,1% del departamento Central. La prevalencia de dispepsia no investigada fue de 32,7%; y de anticuerpos anti H. Pylori14%. El 13% informó ser fumador de al menos 1 cigarrillo/día, el 71% refirió beber alcohol, y el 45% consumir AINES con una elevada frecuencia. Conclusión.La prevalencia de la dispepsia no investigada es elevada y seria imperativo adjudicarle una causa, o categorizarla como dispepsia funcional para poder emplear medidas terapéuticas. También es importante la identificación y control de posibles factores de riesgo para la patología. Palabras clave: dispepsia; helicobacter pylori; gastroenterología


Introduction. Uninvestigated dyspepsia is a syndrome characterized by a feeling of fullness, epigastric discomfort, nausea, among other symptoms, whether recurrent or isolated episodes, for which an endoscopy has not beenperformed to determine the etiology. For clinical diagnosis,the Rome IV criteria are used. Material and Methods.A cross-sectional descriptive observational study.Students from the preclinical cycle of the Universidad del Pacíficowere subjected to the OnSite H. PyloriAb Combo Rapid Test diagnostic test, from CTK Biotech inc, consistingin the chromatographic immunoassay technique to qualitatively detect the presence of antibodies in the blood.The students filled out a questionnaireon symptoms and risk factors to acquire dyspepsia. Results.A total of 156 students were studied with anaverage age of22.1 years, 65% female, 55,1% from the Central department. The prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia was 32,7%andof anti-H. Pyloriantibodies 14%;13% claimedto be a smoker of at least 1 cigarette/day, 71% reporteddrinking alcohol, and 45% consuming NSAIDs with a high frequency. Conclusion.The prevalence of uninvestigated Dyspepsia is high and it would be imperative to assign a cause or categorize it as functional dyspepsia in order to usetherapeutic measures. It is also important to identifyand control possible risk factors for the pathology. Key words: dyspepsia; helicobacter pylori; gastroenterology


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Dyspepsia , Helicobacter pylori , Gastroenterology
2.
Univ. salud ; 25(1): A1-A6, ene.-abr. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1424733

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El riesgo de desarrollar cáncer gástrico varía entre continentes, países y regiones. A pesar de que existe una alta prevalencia de Helicobacter pylori su rol como patógeno o mutualista define el riesgo de cáncer gástrico en las regiones de Colombia. Objetivo: Discutir el rol de Helicobacter pylori en el riesgo de cáncer gástrico en Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Revisión de literatura mediante la búsqueda, en las bases de datos LILACS, SciELO, PubMed. Resultados: La coevolución del humano y de Helicobacter pylori; la virulencia de genes cagA, vacA; el tipo de respuesta inmune inflamatoria a Helicobacter pylori (Th1) o antinflamatoria (Th2) y la susceptibilidad humana a cáncer gástrico (IL1β, IL10), junto a la dieta y factores ambientales explican el papel de Helicobacter pylori como patógeno o mutualista asociado al riesgo de cáncer gástrico en Colombia. Conclusiones: Helicobacter pylori tiene un rol mutualista principalmente en poblaciones de bajo riesgo de cáncer gástrico (costas), no obstante, en poblaciones con alto riesgo de cáncer gástrico (andes), su papel como patógeno amerita la erradicación; única estrategia para mitigar la alta incidencia de este cáncer en Colombia.


Introduction: The risk to develop gastric cancer varies between continents, countries and regions. Although there is a high prevalence of Helicobater pylori, its role as either pathogen or mutualistic bacteria defines the risk of gastric cancer in Colombian regions. Objective: To discuss the role of Helicobacter pylori in the risk of gastric cancer in Colombia. Materials and methods: A literature review based on searching LILACS, SciELO, and PubMed databases. Results: Helicobacter pylori role as either a pathogen or mutualistic microorganism associated with gastric cancer risk in Colombia can be explained by analyzing elements such as: human and Helicobacter pylori coevolution; cagA and vacA gene virulence; inflammatory (Th1) or anti-inflammatory (Th2) responses induced by Helicobacter pylori; human susceptibility to gastric cancer (IL1β, IL10); diet; and environmental factors. Conclusions: Even though Helicobacter pylori has a mutualistic role in populations at low gastric cancer risk (coastal regions), its role as a pathogen in populations at higher risk (Andean regions) justifies its eradication as a key strategy to mitigate the incidence of this cancer in Colombia.


Introdução: O risco de desenvolver câncer gástrico varia entre continentes, países e regiões. Embora haja uma alta prevalência de Helicobacter pylori, seu papel como patógeno ou mutualista define o risco de câncer gástrico nas regiões da Colômbia. Objetivo: Discutir o papel do Helicobacter pylori no risco de câncer gástrico na Colômbia. Materiais e métodos: Revisão da literatura por meio da busca, nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO e PubMed. Resultados: A coevolução de humanos e Helicobacter pylori; a virulência dos genes cagA, vacA; o tipo de resposta imune inflamatória ao Helicobacter pylori (Th1) ou anti-inflamatório (Th2) e a suscetibilidade humana ao câncer gástrico (IL1β, IL10), juntamente com a dieta e fatores ambientais explicam o papel do Helicobacter pylori como patógeno ou mutualista associado ao risco de câncer gástrico na Colômbia. Conclusões: Helicobacter pylori tem um papel mutualista principalmente em populações de baixo risco de câncer gástrico (litoral), porém, em populações com alto risco de câncer gástrico (andes), seu papel como patógeno justifica a erradicação; única estratégia para mitigar a alta incidência deste câncer na Colômbia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria , Neoplasms , Stomach Neoplasms , Carcinogens , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori
3.
Acta méd. costarric ; 65(1): 21-25, ene.-mar. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1527609

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Este estudio tiene como objetivo principal determinar la respuesta al esquema de tratamiento de primera línea con triple terapia estándar (amoxicilina, claritromicina, omeprazol), para erradicación de Helicobacter pylori en una determinada población, para determinar si este esquema propuesto en guías internacionales es aún una opción adecuada para pacientes en una determinada región de Costa Rica. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en el servicio de gastroenterología del Hospital San Francisco de Asís, Grecia, Alajuela, Costa Rica; de todos los pacientes con infección por Helicobacter pylori y que recibieron tratamiento de primera línea con triple terapia (amoxicilina, claritromicina y omeprazol) por 14 días, en el periodo comprendido entre febrero 2017 a febrero 2019, incluyendo para el análisis solamente en los que se contaba con una prueba confirmatoria posterior a tratamiento, ya fuera por antígeno fecal de H. pylori o biopsia convencional. Resultados: Se identificaron un total de 369 casos. El diagnóstico se realizó con biopsia en el 96,4% de los pacientes. La respuesta al tratamiento de primera línea se alcanzó en un 90.5% corroborada por antígeno fecal en el 92.1% de los casos. Conclusiones: Este estudio muestra que la terapia triple con amoxicilina, claritromicina e Inhibidor de bomba de protones por 14 días mantiene un adecuado nivel de eficacia. Sin embargo, hay que tomar en cuenta que estos datos son únicamente de un área de atracción determinada y puede que no reflejen la realidad de todo el país.


Abstract Aim: The main objective of this study is to determine the response to the firstline treatment regimen with triple standard therapy (amoxicillin, clarithromycin, omeprazole), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori in a certain population. The goal is to determine if the proposed regimen in international guidelines services is still a suitable option for patients in a certain region of Costa Rica. Methods: The study took place in San Francisco de Asís Hospital, Grecia, Alajuela, Costa Rica. All patients with a Helicobacter pylori infection that were given first- line treatment with triple therapy (amoxicillin, clarithromycin and omeprazole) for its eradication for 14 days, in the period between February of 2017 and February of 2019, were included in the study. Results: A total of 369 cases were identified. The diagnosis was made with biopsy in 96.4% of patients. Response to first-line treatment was achieved in 90.5% corroborated by fecal antigen in 92.1% of all cases. Conclusions: This study shows that triple therapy with amoxicillin, clarithromycin and omeprazole for 14 days maintains an adequate level of efficacy. However, it must be considered that these results are from a specific area and may not reflect the reality of the entire country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Costa Rica , Drug Resistance, Bacterial
4.
Afr. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol ; 6(1): 1-13, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512672

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is distinguished by liver injury due to metabolic stress, identified by diffuse hepatocyte macrovascular fatty lesions [1]. The prevalence of NAFLD is rising yearly, with a worldwide incidence rate between 20% and 30% [2]. Complex hereditary variables, improper lipid metabolism, and insulin resistance are the key characteristics of the etiology of NAFLD [3]. The research has revealed that aberrant lipid metabolism in the liver can result in dysbacteriosis in the intestinal flora; abnormality of the flora eventually encourages lipid deposition in the liver. Additionally, there is mounting proof that NALFD is linked to abnormalities in the gut flora, particularly Helicobacter pylori (H, pylori) [4]. Gram-negative bacillus, termed H pylori, has colonized the deep layers of the gastric mucosa. [5]. The global infection rate for H pylori is about 50% or higher [6]. According to research, H pylori causes gastric cancer, gastrointestinal lymphoma, peptic ulcers, and chronic gastritis [7]. Additionally, some researchers indicate a connection between H pylori and liver cancers, diabetes, and improper lipid metabolism [8]. Some studies have discovered that infection by H pylori is one of the elements for NAFLD to progress and that getting rid of H pylori can partially stop the evolution of NAFLD [9].


Subject(s)
Helicobacter pylori , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 292-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986851

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-negative early gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#The clinicopathological data of 30 cases of Hp-negative early gastric cancer were collected retrospectively at Pingdingshan Medical District, 989 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force, and Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, from 2009 to 2021, and the histomorphological characteristics and immunophenotype were observed, and combined with the literature to explore.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 30 patients was 58.5 years (range: 21-80 years), including 13 males and 17 females. The upper part of the stomach was 13 cases, the middle part of the sto-mach was 9 cases, and the lower part of the stomach was 8 cases. The median diameter of the tumor was 11 mm (range: 1-30 mm). According to the Paris classification, 9 cases were 0-Ⅱa, 7 cases were 0-Ⅱb, and 14 cases were 0-Ⅱc. Endoscopic examination showed that 18 cases of lesions were red, 12 cases of lesions were faded or white, and microvascular structures and microsurface structures were abnormal. In all the cases, collecting venules were regularly arranged in the gastric body and corner mucosa. There were 18 cases of well differentiated adenocarcinoma in the mucosa. The tumor presented glandular tubular-like and papillary structure, with dense glands and disordered arrangement; the cells were cuboidal or columnar, with increased nuclear chromatin and loss of nuclear polarity, and most of them expressed gastric mucin. Signet-ring cell carcinoma was found in 7 cases, all the cancer tissues were composed of signet-ring cells, and the cancer cells were mainly distributed in the middle layer to the surface layer of mucosa. Gastric oxyntic gland adenoma (gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type confined to mucosa) in 2 cases, gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type in 2 cases, and gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland mucosa type in 1 case. The tumor tissue was composed of branching tubular glands, except 1 case of mucosal surface epithelium was partially neoplastic, the other 4 cases of mucosal surface epi-thelium were all non-neoplastic; the cells were arranged in a single layer, and the nucleus was close to the basal side, and the nucleus was only slightly atypical. Pepsinogen I and H+/K+ ATPase were positive in 5 cases of gastric fundus gland type tumors, and 1 case of foveolar-type tumor cells at the surface and depth of mucosa showed MUC5AC positive. The gastric mucosa adjacent to cancer was generally normal in all cases, without atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and Hp.@*CONCLUSION@#Hp-negative early gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease group with various histological types, and tubular adenocarcinoma and signet-ring cell carcinoma are common. Tubular adenocarcinoma mostly occurs in the elderly and the upper to middle part of the stomach, while signet-ring cell carcinoma mostly occurs in young and middle-aged people and the lower part of the stomach. Gastric neoplasm of the fundic gland type is relatively rare.


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Retrospective Studies , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/pathology
6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 520-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of high-dose dual therapy compared with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy for treating Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori) infection in servicemen patients. Methods: A total of 160 H. pylori-infected, treatment-naive servicemen, including 74 men and 86 women, aged from 20 years to 74 years, with a mean (SD) age of 43 (13) years, tested in the First Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from March 2022 to May 2022 were enrolled in this open-label, randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups: the 14-day high-dose dual therapy group and the bismuth-containing quadruple therapy group. Eradication rates, adverse events, patient compliance, and drug costs were compared between the two groups. The t-test was used for continuous variables, and the Chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: No significant difference in H. pylori eradication rates were found between high-dose dual therapy and bismuth-containing quadruple therapy by ITT, mITT and PP analysis[ITT:90.0% (95%CI 81.2%-95.6%) vs. 87.5% (95%CI 78.2%-93.8%), χ2=0.25, P=0.617;mITT:93.5% (95%CI 85.5%-97.9%) vs. 93.3% (95%CI 85.1%-97.8%), χ2<0.01, P=1.000; PP: 93.5% (95%CI 85.5%-97.9%) vs. 94.5% (95%CI 86.6%-98.5%), χ2<0.01, P=1.000 ]. The dual therapy group exhibited significantly less overall side effects compared with the quadruple therapy group [21.8% (17/78) vs. 38.5% (30/78), χ2=5.15,P=0.023]. There were no significant differences in the compliance rates between the two groups [98.7%(77/78) vs. 94.9%(74/78), χ2=0.83,P=0.363]. The cost of medications in the dual therapy was 32.0% lower compared with that in the quadruple therapy (472.10 RMB vs. 693.94 RMB). Conclusions: The dual regimen has a favorable effect on the eradication of H. pylori infection in servicemen patients. Based on the ITT analysis, the eradication rate of the dual regimen is grade B (90%, good). Additionally, it exhibited a lower incidence of adverse events, better compliance and significantly reduced cost. The dual regimen is expected to be a new choice for the first-line treatment of H. pylori infection in servicemen but needs further evaluation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Bismuth , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/adverse effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Treatment Outcome , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use
7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 600-605, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985916

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) and the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication therapy in children. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted on 125 children with gastroscopy and positive rapid urease test (RUT) from September 2016 to December 2018 who presented to the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine due to gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, bloating, acid reflux, heartburn, chest pain, vomiting blood and melena. Hp culture and drug susceptibility test were carried out with gastric antrum mucosa before treatment. All the patients completed 2 weeks of standardized Hp eradication therapy and had 13C urea breath test 1 month after that, which was used to evaluate the curative effect. The DNA of gastric mucosa after RUT was analyzed and CYP2C19 gene polymorphism was detected. Children were grouped according to metabolic type. Combined with the results of Hp culture and drug susceptibility, the relationship between CYP2C19 gene polymorphism and the efficacy of Hp eradicative treatment was analyzed in children. Chi square test was used for row and column variables, and Fisher exact test was used for comparison between groups. Results: One hundred and twenty five children were enrolled in the study, of whom 76 were males and 49 females. The genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 in these children found poor metabolizer (PM) of 30.4% (38/125), intermediate metabolizer (IM) of 20.8% (26/125), normal metabolizer (NM) of 47.2% (59/125), rapid metabolizer (RM) of 1.6% (2/125), and ultrarapid metabolizer (UM) of 0. There were statistically significant in positive rate of Hp culture among these groups (χ2=124.00, P<0.001). In addition, the successful rates of Hp eradication in PM, IM, NM and RM genotypes were 84.2% (32/38), 53.8% (14/26), 67.8% (40/59), and 0, respectively, with significant differences (χ2=11.35, P=0.010); those in IM genotype was significantly lower than that in PM genotype (P=0.011). With the same standard triple Hp eradicative regimen, the successful rate of Hp eradication for IM type was 8/19, which was lower than that of PM (80.0%, 24/30) and NM type (77.3%, 34/44) (P=0.007 and 0.007, respectively). There was a significant difference in the efficacy of Hp eradication treatment among different genotypes (χ2=9.72, P=0.008). According to the clarithromycin susceptibility result, the successful rate of Hp eradication treatment for IM genotype was 4/15 in the sensitive group and 4/4 in the drug-resistant group (χ2=6.97, P=0.018). Conclusions: The genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 in children is closely related to the efficacy of Hp eradication treatment. PM has a higher successful rate of eradication treatment than the other genotypes.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19/genetics , Helicobacter pylori , Retrospective Studies , Genotype , Abdominal Pain
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 460-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985701

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological changes of early gastric cancer, especially its background mucosa, after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and to investigate the causes of underdiagnosis in preoperative biopsy pathology. Methods: Ninety cases of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication and 120 cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) specimens without H. pylori eradication and their corresponding biopsy specimens were collected from Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University during 2016-2021. The clinicopathological data of the patients were analyzed, and the histopathological characteristics and immunophenotypic results compared. Results: Compared with the early gastric cancer without H. pylori eradication history, the histopathological type of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication was differentiated adenocarcinoma, with staggered distribution of cancerous and non-cancerous epithelium in the tumor area. The morphologic characteristics of gastric mucosa in the background of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication, were distinctive, including widening of the opening of enterosylated glandular ducts, serrated change of luminal margin, eosinophilic and microvesicular cytoplasm of enterosylated epithelium. Low-grade atypia existed in gastric cancer epithelial cells after sterilization, which might lead to underdiagnosis or missed diagnosis in biopsy pathology. Conclusions: Early gastric cancer and its background mucosa after H. pylori eradication have unique morphological characteristics, which can be used as a clue for pathological diagnosis, improve the accuracy of biopsy pathology and reduce the underdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970235

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of duodenal bulbar microbiota in children with duodenal ulcer and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection. Methods: This prospective cohort study enrolled 23 children with duodenal ulcers diagnosed by gastroscopy who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine due to abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and vomiting from January 2018 to August 2018. They were divided into Hp-positive and Hp-negative groups according to the presence or absence of Hp infection. Duodenal bulbar mucosa was sampled to detect the bacterial DNA by high-throughput sequencing. The statistical difference in α diversity and β diversity, and the relative abundance in taxonomic level between the two groups were compared. Microbial functions were predicted using the software PICRUSt. T-test, Rank sum test or χ2 test were used for comparison between the two groups. Results: A total of 23 children diagnosed with duodenal ulcer were enrolled in this study, including 15 cases with Hp infection ((11.2±3.3) years of age, 11 males and 4 females) and 8 cases without Hp infection ((10.1±4.4) years of age, 6 males and 2 females). Compared with Hp-negative group, the Hp-positive group had higher Helicobacter abundance (0.551% (0.258%, 5.368%) vs. 0.143% (0.039%, 0.762%), Z=2.00, P=0.045) and lower abundance of Fusobacterium, Streptococcus and unclassified- Comamonadaceae (0.010% (0.001%, 0.031%) vs. 0.049% (0.011%, 0.310%), Z=-2.24, P=0.025; 0.031% (0.015%, 0.092%) vs. 0.118% (0.046%, 0.410%), Z=-2.10, P=0.036; 0.046% (0.036%, 0.062%) vs. 0.110% (0.045%, 0.176%), Z=-2.01, P=0.045). Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect sized showed that at the genus level, only Helicobacter was significantly enriched in Hp-positive group (LDA=4.89, P=0.045), while Streptococcus and Fusobacterium significantly enriched in Hp-negative group (LDA=3.28, 3.11;P=0.036,0.025, respectively). PICRUSt microbial function prediction showed that the expression of oxidative phosphorylation and disease-related pathways (pathways in cancer, renal cell carcinoma, amoebiasis, type 1 diabetes mellitus) in Hp-positive group were significantly higher than that in Hp-negative group (all P<0.05), while the expression of pathways such as energy metabolism and phosphotransferase system pathways were significantly lower than that in Hp-negative group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: In children with Hp-infected duodenal ulcers, the mucosal microbiota of the duodenal bulb is altered, characterized by an increased abundance of Helicobacter and a decreased abundance of Clostridium and Streptococcus, and possibly alters the biological function of the commensal microbiota through specific metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Prospective Studies , Microbiota
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 13-23, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970057

ABSTRACT

Bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (BQT) has long been recommended for Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) eradication in China. Meanwhile, in the latest national consensus in China, dual therapy (DT) comprising an acid suppressor and amoxicillin has also been recommended. In recent years, the eradication rate of H. pylori has reached >90% using DT, which has been used not only as a first-line treatment but also as a rescue treatment. Compared with BQT, DT has great potential for H. pylori eradication; however, it has some limitations. This review summarizes the development of DT and its application in H. pylori eradication. The H. pylori eradication rates of DT were comparable to or even higher than those of BQT or standard triple therapy, especially in the first-line treatment. The incidence of adverse events associated with DT was lower than that with other therapies. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in the effects of dual and quadruple therapies on gastrointestinal microecology. In the short term, H. pylori eradication causes certain fluctuations in the gastrointestinal microbiota; however, in the long term, the gastrointestinal microbiota eventually returns to its normal state. In the penicillin-naïve population, patients receiving DT have a high eradiation rate, better compliance, lower incidence of adverse reactions, and lower primary and secondary resistance to amoxicillin. These findings suggest the safety, efficacy, and potential of DT for H. pylori eradication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Helicobacter pylori , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Drug Therapy, Combination , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 564-570, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981900

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is one of most common pathogens causing gastrointestinal disorder including gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and gastric cancer, etc. It has been verified as class I carcinogen by WHO. Nowadays, combination antibiotics and proton pump inhibitor are mainly used to erase Hp in clinical application. However, with the increased resistance of Hp, the vaccine against Hp might become the best strategy to eradicate Hp. Elements including urease, virulence factor, outer membrane protein, flagella, play an important role in Hp infection, colonization and reproduction. They have become potential candidate antigens in the development of Hp vaccine, as reported in previous studies. Presently, these antigens-centric vaccines have been tested in animal models. Therefore, this article reviews the studies on Hp vaccine with urease, virulence genes, outer membrane protein and flagella as their candidate antigens, in an attempt to provide insights for research in this regard.


Subject(s)
Animals , Helicobacter pylori , Urease/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/prevention & control , Vaccines , Membrane Proteins
12.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 532-538, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981895

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify whether Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) can promote metastasis of gastric cancer cells via the high-expression of induced B cell specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (Bmi-1). Methods The gastric cancer tissue specimens from 82 patients were collected for this study. The protein and gene expression level of Bmi-1 in gastric adenocarcinoma tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry and real time quantitative PCR, respectively. And meanwhile the correlation between Bmi-1 levels and pathological features, and prognosis of gastric cancer were analyzed retrospectively. Then, the GES-1 cells were transfected with pLPCX-Bmi-1 plasmid and infected with H. pylori respectively. After the Bmi-1 overexpression in GES-1 cells, the invasion ability of the GES-1 cells was detected by Transwell assay, and the cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Results The mRNA and protein of Bmi-1 expression in gastric cancer tissues were higher than tumor-adjacent tissue, and the high expression of Bmi-1 was positively correlated with tumor invasion, TNM stage, tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and H. pylori infection. When expression of Bmi-1 was up-regulated as a result of H.pylori infection or pLPCX-Bmi-1 transfection, the GES-1 cells had higher invasiveness and lower apoptosis rate with the above treatment respectively. Conclusion H. pylori infection can inhibit the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells and promote their invasion via up-regulating expression of Bmi-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Helicobacter Infections/genetics , Helicobacter pylori , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1/genetics
13.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 36-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984324

ABSTRACT

Background@#Helicobacter pylori is acknowledged to cause chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer disease and is also implicated in gastric carcinoma and B cell mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma development. It has infected at least half of the world’s population. Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) have been the conventional antacid of choice for H. pylori eradication triple therapy, while vonoprazan is a novel drug of its class that was recently studied but is limited to an oral form which makes it less feasible in cases of acute gastrointestinal bleeding. According to several systematic reviews and meta-analyses, the vonoprazan-based triple therapy regimen for H. pylori eradication is a non-inferior treatment to traditional PPI-based treatment when given in 1 week for patients having no active gastrointestinal bleeding. Likewise, a safety profile has been established with its use, offering an alternative treatment option.@*Objectives@#The research aims to identify the H. pylori eradication rate among H. pylori-positive patients who received a vonoprazan-based triple therapy regimen as outpatients, describe their clinicodemographic profile, and identify potential side effects associated with the treatment.@*Methods@#This study utilized a cross-sectional study design in a single tertiary institution from January 2018 to December 2020. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in data analysis. Frequency and percentage were utilized to determine the success and failure rates of H. pylori eradication, describe the clinicodemographic profile of patients who underwent vonoprazan-based triple therapy, and the potential side effects with treatment. The chi-square test of independence was applied to assess the significant difference in the successful and failed eradication rates across the clinicodemographic profile. A P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant, and statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS version 20.0.@*Results@#32 (91%) had successful H. pylori eradication, with the majority of them determined by a negative 13C-UBT result (62.8%) and the rest with a negative H. pylori stool antigen test (28.6%). The majority of patients undergoing H. pylori eradication using a vonoprazan-based regimen with documented successful eradication belonged to the 19 to 39 years old group (50%), clerical support workers (40.63%), with a chief complaint of abdominal pain (46.88%), with no known co- morbid illness (75%), and with endoscopic finding limited to antral gastritis alone (46.88%). This study described only two documented side effects of treatment: diarrhea and abdominal pain (2.9%).@*Conclusion@#Vonoprazan-based triple therapy, given at 20 mg twice daily for 7 days, has shown a high H. pylori eradication rate among hemodynamically stable patients, without active bleeding, and treated on an outpatient basis. There was a significant difference in eradication success and failure across co-morbidities, with a higher success rate in those without co-morbid illness. A high success rate was also seen in patients <40 years of age, with a single chief complaint, and with antral gastritis as the sole endoscopic finding.


Subject(s)
Helicobacter pylori
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1690-1698, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980988

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the development of traditional Chinese medicine research, berberine has shown good efficacy and safety in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of triple therapy containing berberine, amoxicillin, and vonoprazan for the initial treatment of H. pylori.@*METHODS@#This study was a single-center, open-label, parallel, randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients with H. pylori infection were randomly (1:1:1) assigned to receive berberine triple therapy (berberine 500 mg, amoxicillin 1000 mg, vonoprazan 20 mg, A group), vonoprazan quadruple therapy (vonoprazan 20 mg, amoxicillin 1000 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg, colloidal bismuth tartrate 220 mg, B group), or rabeprazole quadruple therapy (rabeprazole 10 mg, amoxicillin 1000 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg, colloidal bismuth tartrate 220 mg, C group). The drugs were taken twice daily for 14 days. The main outcome was the H. pylori eradication rate. The secondary outcomes were symptom improvement rate, patient compliance, and incidence of adverse events. Furthermore, factors affecting the eradication rate of H. pylori were further analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 300 H. pylori-infected patients were included in this study, and 263 patients completed the study. An intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis showed that the eradication rates of H. pylori in berberine triple therapy, vonoprazan quadruple therapy, and rabeprazole quadruple therapy were 70.0% (70/100), 77.0% (77/100), and 69.0% (69/100), respectively. The per-protocol (PP) analysis showed that the eradication rates of H. pylori in these three groups were 81.4% (70/86), 86.5% (77/89), and 78.4% (69/88), respectively. Both ITT analysis and PP analysis showed that the H. pylori eradication rate did not significantly differ among the three groups (P >0.05). In addition, the symptom improvement rate, overall adverse reaction rate, and patient compliance were similar among the three groups (P >0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of berberine triple therapy for H. pylori initial treatment was comparable to that of vonoprazan quadruple therapy and rabeprazole quadruple therapy, and it was well tolerated. It could be used as one choice of H. pylori initial treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Helicobacter pylori , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Rabeprazole/therapeutic use , Berberine/therapeutic use , Bismuth , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Treatment Outcome , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 933-940, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980844

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Given the general unavailability, common adverse effects, and complicated administration of tetracycline, the clinical application of classic bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) is greatly limited. Whether minocycline can replace tetracycline for Helicobacter pylori ( H . pylori ) eradication is unknown. We aimed to compare the eradication rate, safety, and compliance between minocycline- and tetracycline-containing BQT as first-line regimens.@*METHODS@#This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 434 naïve patients with H . pylori infection. The participants were randomly assigned to 14-day minocycline-containing BQT group (bismuth potassium citrate 110 mg q.i.d., esomeprazole 20 mg b.i.d., metronidazole 400 mg q.i.d., and minocycline 100 mg b.i.d.) and tetracycline-containing BQT group (bismuth potassium citrate/esomeprazole/metronidazole with doses same as above and tetracycline 500 mg q.i.d.). Safety and compliance were assessed within 3 days after eradication. Urea breath test was performed at 4-8 weeks after eradication to evaluate outcome. We used a noninferiority test to compare the eradication rates of the two groups. The intergroup differences were evaluated using Pearson chi-squared or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Student's t -test for continuous variables.@*RESULTS@#As for the eradication rates of minocycline- and tetracycline-containing BQT, the results of both intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analyses showed that the difference rate of lower limit of 95% confidence interval (CI) was >-10.0% (ITT analysis: 181/217 [83.4%] vs . 180/217 [82.9%], with a rate difference of 0.5% [-6.9% to 7.9%]; PP analysis: 177/193 [91.7%] vs . 176/191 [92.1%], with a rate difference of -0.4% [-5.6% to 6.4%]). Except for dizziness more common (35/215 [16.3%] vs . 13/214 [6.1%], P = 0.001) in minocycline-containing therapy groups, the incidences of adverse events (75/215 [34.9%] vs . 88/214 [41.1%]) and compliance (195/215 [90.7%] vs . 192/214 [89.7%]) were similar between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The eradication efficacy of minocycline-containing BQT was noninferior to tetracycline-containing BQT as first-line regimen for H . pylori eradication with similar safety and compliance.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, ChiCTR 1900023646.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bismuth/therapeutic use , Metronidazole/therapeutic use , Esomeprazole/pharmacology , Minocycline/pharmacology , Helicobacter pylori , Potassium Citrate/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Tetracycline/adverse effects , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Amoxicillin
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(11): 1467-1476, nov. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442057

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The urea breath test (UBT-13C) is a non-invasive technique that allows the diagnosis and confirmation of eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. Aim: To evaluate H. pylori positivity and values of UBT-13C among infected Chilean children and adults, and to analyze its variation in relation to sex, nutritional status, and age of the patients. Material and Methods: Retrospective study of 1141 patients aged 6 to 94 years, with an indication for a UBT-13C either for diagnosis or for confirmation of eradication of H. pylori infection. 13C enrichment was measured using an infrared spectrometer calculating the delta 13C values before and after the ingestion of 13C marked urea. The clinical data of the patients were obtained at the time of the examination. Results: We included 241 children and 900 adults. Infected children obtained lower UBT-13C delta values than infected adults (16.1 ± 8.7 and 37 ± 52.9, respectively). The rates of infection were higher in males who were recruited for diagnosis. Significant differences were obtained between positivity for H. pylori in overweight and obese children but not adults. UBT-13C titers were significantly associated with the body mass index (BMI) only in adults. Conclusions: H. pylori infection rates are similar between sexes and are higher in children probably because of selection bias. In children, H. pylori positivity is associated with higher BMI and excess malnutrition although with similar UBT-13C values. In adults, H. pylori infection is not related with BMI, but a higher BMI impacts UBT-13C titers.


ANTECEDENTES: La prueba de aliento con urea (UBT-13C) es una técnica no invasiva que permite el diagnóstico y confirmación de erradicación de la infección por Helicobacter pylori. Objetivo: Evaluar los valores de UBT- 13C en niños y adultos chilenos infectados y analizar su variación en relación al sexo, diagnóstico nutricional y edad de los pacientes. Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 1.141 pacientes de 6 a 94 años. El enriquecimiento de13C se midió usando un espectrómetro de infrarrojos, calculando el delta 13C antes y después de la ingesta de urea marcada con 13C. Los datos clínicos de los pacientes se obtuvieron al momento del examen. Resultados: Incluimos 241 niños y 900 adultos con valores delta de UBT-13C de 16,1 ± 8,7 frente a 37 ± 52,9, respectivamente. Las tasas de infección fueron mayores en los hombres reclutados para el diagnóstico. Se obtuvieron diferencias significativas entre la positividad para H. pylori en niños con sobrepeso y obesidad, pero no en adultos. Los títulos de UBT-13C se asociaron significativamente con el índice de masa corporal (IMC) solo en adultos. Conclusiones: Las tasas de infección por H. pylori son similares entre los sexos y aumentan en los niños probablemente debido al sesgo de selección. En niños, la positividad para H. pylori se asocia con un IMC más alto y malnutrición por exceso, aunque con valores similares de UBT-13C. En los adultos, la infección por H. pylori no se relaciona con el IMC ni con la obesidad, pero el aumento del IMC afecta los títulos de UBT-13C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Pediatric Obesity , Urea , Breath Tests , Carbon Isotopes , Body Mass Index , Child , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 38(2): e1724, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408704

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de estómago representa la segunda causa de muerte relacionada con neoplasias en el mundo, es responsable del 8 al 10 por ciento de todas las muertes por cáncer. A pesar de un marcado descenso en su incidencia, constituye una de las principales causas de muerte por cáncer en Cuba y el mundo. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento clínico epidemiológico en los pacientes con cáncer gástrico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal de los pacientes con diagnóstico de cáncer gástrico que acudieron a consulta en el Hospital Universitario General Calixto García, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 y diciembre de 2018. El universo estuvo constituido por 146 pacientes. Los datos fueron obtenidos de las historias clínicas y procesados mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: De los pacientes estudiados, 67,6 por ciento pertenecían al sexo masculino y tenían entre 60 y 79 años; 51,7 por ciento presentó como factor de riesgo el hábito de fumar. Un total de 124 pacientes padecieron de dolor abdominal. El 100 por ciento de los exámenes complementarios realizados fueron endoscopia y biopsia. Se observó el adenocarcinoma moderadamente diferenciado en un total de 80 pacientes. Al 100 por ciento se le realizó tratamiento quirúrgico. La técnica quirúrgica más empleada fue la gastrectomía subtotal. Conclusiones: Las edades avanzadas de la vida, los antecedentes de úlcera gástrica, el tabaquismo y el alcoholismo son factores epidemiológicos característicos de la población de enfermos aquejados de cáncer gástrico. Los elementos clínicos identificados fueron los habitualmente descritos en la literatura médica. La cirugía en la actualidad es la única modalidad con potencial curativo(AU)


Introduction: Stomach cancer accounts for the second cause of death related to neoplasms worldwide; it is responsible for 8 percent to 10 percent of all cancer deaths. In spite of a marked decrease in its incidence, it constitutes one of the main causes of cancer death in Cuba and worldwide. Objective: To describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients with gastric cancer. Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with patients with a diagnosis of gastric cancer who attended consultation at Calixto García General University Hospital in the period from January 2014 to December 2018. The universe consisted of 146 patients. The data were obtained from medical records and processed by descriptive statistics. Results: Of the patients studied, 67.6 percent were male and aged 60-79 years. 51.7 percent presented smoking as a risk factor. A total of 124 patients suffered from abdominal pain. 100 percent of the complementary examinations performed were endoscopy and biopsy. Moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma was observed in a total of 80 patients. The surgical treatment was performed in 100 percent. The most commonly used surgical technique was subtotal gastrectomy. Conclusions: The research suggests that, currently, early diagnosis and surgery is the only modality with curative potential, being able to raise the quality of life, as well as to improve morbidity and mortality rates in the population(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
18.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 505-510, junio 14, 2022. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378847

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La úlcera duodenal perforada es una entidad de etiología no clara que rara vez ocurre en la población pediátrica. Generalmente se diagnostica de manera intraoperatoria y el tratamiento ideal incluye el uso del parche de epiplón o de ser necesario, la resección quirúrgica. Caso clínico. Se presenta un paciente de 12 años con abdomen agudo y diagnóstico tomográfico prequirúrgico de úlcera duodenal perforada, tratado por vía laparoscópica con drenaje de peritonitis y parche de Graham. La evolución y el seguimiento posterior fueron adecuados. Discusión. La úlcera duodenal perforada es una entidad multifactorial, en la que se ha implicado el Helicobacter pylori. El diagnóstico preoperatorio es un reto y el tratamiento debe ser quirúrgico. Conclusiones. Cuando se logra establecer el diagnóstico preoperatorio, se puede realizar un abordaje laparoscópico y el uso del parche de Graham cuando las úlceras son menores de dos centímetros.


Introduction. Perforated duodenal ulcer is an entity of unclear etiology that rarely occurs in the pediatric population. It is usually diagnosed intraoperatively and the ideal treatment includes the use of the omentum patch or, if necessary, surgical resection. Clinical case. A 12-year-old patient with acute abdomen and preoperative tomographic diagnosis of perforated duodenal ulcer, treated laparoscopically with peritonitis drainage and Graham patch is presented. The evolution and subsequent follow-up were adequate. Discussion. Perforated duodenal ulcer is a multifactorial entity, in which Helicobacter pylori has been implicated. Preoperative diagnosis is challenging and treatment must be surgical. Conclusions. When the preoperative diagnosis is established, a laparoscopic approach and the use of the Graham patch can be performed when the ulcers are less than two centimeters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Duodenal Ulcer , Intestinal Perforation , Omentum , Helicobacter pylori , Laparoscopy
19.
Medisan ; 26(3)jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405805

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de esófago es una de las neoplasias más invasivas y significa una menor supervivencia, pues generalmente se diagnostica de manera tardía, sobre todo en personas de más de 60 años. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los ancianos con cáncer esofágico según variables clinicoepidemiológicas, endoscópicas e histológicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de serie de casos, de 58 ancianos con cáncer de esófago atendidos en el Servicio de Endoscopia del Hospital Provincial Docente Clínico-Quirúrgico Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, durante el trienio 2015-2017. Resultados: En la serie predominaron los pacientes de 70-79 años de edad (43,1 %), fundamentalmente del sexo masculino (81,0 %), mientras que la localización más frecuente de las lesiones malignas fue el tercio distal (67,2 %) y el síntoma más relevante, la disfagia (86,2 %). En cuanto al análisis histológico, el adenocarcinoma resultó ser la forma más representativa (52,0 %). Conclusiones: A pesar de la vigilancia de los factores de riesgo asociados a la aparición del cáncer de esófago en Cuba, aún es detectado en etapas avanzadas, por lo que se debe enfatizar en la aplicación del método clínico con vistas a establecer un diagnóstico más precoz.


Introduction: The esophagus cancer is one of the most invasive neoplasms and it means a less survival, because it is generally diagnosed in a late way, mainly in people over 60 years. Objective: To characterize the elderly with esophagus cancer according to clinical epidemiological, endoscopic and histologic variables. Methods: An observational, descriptive, serial cases study, of 58 elderly with esophagus cancer was carried out; they were assisted in the Endoscopic Service of Saturnino Lora Teaching Clinical-Surgical Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, during the triennium 2015-2017. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of 70-79 years patients (43.1 %), fundamentally of the male sex (81.0 %), while the most frequent localization of the malignant lesions was the distal third (67.2 %) and the most outstanding symptom, the dysphagia (86.2 %). As for the histologic analysis, the adenocarcinoma was the most representative form (52.0 %). Conclusions: In spite of the surveillance of risk factors associated with the emergence of esophagus cancer in Cuba, it is still detected in advanced stages, reason why it should be emphasized in the application of the clinical method aimed at establishing an earlier diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori , Aged
20.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 19(2)jun. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386941

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Costa Rica has among the highest mortality rates from gastric cancer in the world, largely due to late detection. It is therefore important that economically and logistically sustainable screening is implemented in order to detect risk of developing cancer. We have previously shown that low pepsinogen (PG) values and infection with Helicobacter pylori-CagA+ are associated with risk of gastric atrophy and cancer in Costa Rican populations. OBJECTIVES: To determine how markers for gastric cancer risk are distributed in an elderly population representative of Costa Rica in order to design a screening strategy. METHODS: The population studied consists of 2,652 participants in a nationally representative survey of ageing. Information concerning epidemiologic, demographic, nutritional and life style factors is available. Serum PG concentrations as well as H. pylori and CagA status were determined by serology. Possible associations were determined by regression analyses. RESULTS: Antibodies to H. pylori were present in 72% of the population and of those, 58% were CagA positive. Infection with H. pylori was associated with higher PGI concentrations (p=0.000) and infection with H. pylori-CagA. with lower PGI concentrations (p=0.025). Both showed association with lower PGI/PGII (p=0.006 and p=0.000). Higher age was associated with lower prevalence of H. pylori infection (OR=0.98; p=0.000) and CagA. (OR=0.98; p=0.000) but not with PG values. Regions with high risk of gastric cancer showed lower PGI (p=0.004) and PGI/PGII values (p=0.021) as well as higher prevalence of H. pylori infection (OR=1.39; p=0.013) but not CagA.. Using cut-off values of PGI<100 µg/L and PGI/PGII<2.0, 2.5 and 3.0, 7-15% of the population would be considered at risk. CONCLUSIONS: H. pylorialone is not a useful marker for risk of gastric cancer. Screening using serum pepsinogen concentrations and infection with H. pylori-CagA. is feasible in the general elderly population of Costa Rica but appropriate cut-off values have to be determined based on more clinical data and follow up capacity.


Resumen Introducción: Costa Rica tiene una de las tasas de mortalidad por cáncer gástrico más altas del mundo, en gran parte debido a la detección tardía. Por lo tanto, es importante que se implemente un tamizaje económico y logísticamente sostenible para detectar el riesgo de desarrollar cáncer. En estudios anteriores demostramos, que valores bajos de pepsinógeno (PG) y la infección por Helicobacter pylori-CagA+ están asociados con el riesgo de atrofia gástrica y cáncer en poblaciones costarricenses. OBJETIVO: Determinar cómo se distribuyen los marcadores de riesgo de cáncer gástrico en una población representativa de adultos de Costa Rica para diseñar una estrategia de tamizaje. MÉTODOS: Se estudió una población representativa a nivel nacional de 2.652 adultos, que formaron parte de un estudio longitudinal sobre envejecimiento. Se dispone de información sobre factores epidemiológicos, demográficos, nutricionales y de estilo de vida. Las concentraciones séricas de PG, así como el estado de H. pylori y CagA se determinaron mediante serología. Las posibles asociaciones se determinaron mediante modelos de regresión (logística y lineal múltiple). RESULTADOS: El 72% de la población presenta anticuerpos contra H. pylori, de ellos, el 58% fueron positivos para CagA. La infección por H. pylori se asoció con altas concentraciones de PGI (p = 0,000) y la infección por H. pylori-CagA+ con bajas concentraciones de PGI (p = 0,025). Ambas pruebas mostraron asociación con una baja razón PGI/PGII (p = 0,006 y p = 0,000). El rango de mayor edad se asoció con una menor prevalencia de la infección por H. pylori (OR = 0,98; p = 0,000) y de CagA+ (OR = 0,98; p = 0,000) pero no se asoció con los valores de PG. Las regiones con alto riesgo de CG mostraron valores bajos de PGI (p = 0,004) y de PGI/PGII (p = 0,021) así como una alta prevalencia de la infección por H. pylori (OR = 1,39; p = 0,013), no así con CagA+. Utilizando valores de corte de PGI<100 µg/L y de PGI/PGII <2,0, 2,5 y 3,0, se consideraría en riesgo de cáncer entre 7-15% de la población. CONCLUSIONES: La infección por H. pylori, por sí sola, no es un marcador de riesgo de CG útil. Es factible realizar el tamizaje de adultos de la población general de Costa Rica, utilizando como marcadores las concentraciones séricas de pepsinógenos y la infección por H. pylori-CagA+, sin embargo, los valores de corte apropiados deben determinarse con base en una mayor cantidad de datos clínicos y la capacidad de seguimiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms , Helicobacter pylori , Costa Rica , Gastritis, Atrophic
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