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1.
Medisan ; 26(3)jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405805

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de esófago es una de las neoplasias más invasivas y significa una menor supervivencia, pues generalmente se diagnostica de manera tardía, sobre todo en personas de más de 60 años. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los ancianos con cáncer esofágico según variables clinicoepidemiológicas, endoscópicas e histológicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de serie de casos, de 58 ancianos con cáncer de esófago atendidos en el Servicio de Endoscopia del Hospital Provincial Docente Clínico-Quirúrgico Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, durante el trienio 2015-2017. Resultados: En la serie predominaron los pacientes de 70-79 años de edad (43,1 %), fundamentalmente del sexo masculino (81,0 %), mientras que la localización más frecuente de las lesiones malignas fue el tercio distal (67,2 %) y el síntoma más relevante, la disfagia (86,2 %). En cuanto al análisis histológico, el adenocarcinoma resultó ser la forma más representativa (52,0 %). Conclusiones: A pesar de la vigilancia de los factores de riesgo asociados a la aparición del cáncer de esófago en Cuba, aún es detectado en etapas avanzadas, por lo que se debe enfatizar en la aplicación del método clínico con vistas a establecer un diagnóstico más precoz.


Introduction: The esophagus cancer is one of the most invasive neoplasms and it means a less survival, because it is generally diagnosed in a late way, mainly in people over 60 years. Objective: To characterize the elderly with esophagus cancer according to clinical epidemiological, endoscopic and histologic variables. Methods: An observational, descriptive, serial cases study, of 58 elderly with esophagus cancer was carried out; they were assisted in the Endoscopic Service of Saturnino Lora Teaching Clinical-Surgical Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, during the triennium 2015-2017. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of 70-79 years patients (43.1 %), fundamentally of the male sex (81.0 %), while the most frequent localization of the malignant lesions was the distal third (67.2 %) and the most outstanding symptom, the dysphagia (86.2 %). As for the histologic analysis, the adenocarcinoma was the most representative form (52.0 %). Conclusions: In spite of the surveillance of risk factors associated with the emergence of esophagus cancer in Cuba, it is still detected in advanced stages, reason why it should be emphasized in the application of the clinical method aimed at establishing an earlier diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori , Aged
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 505-510, junio 14, 2022. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378847

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La úlcera duodenal perforada es una entidad de etiología no clara que rara vez ocurre en la población pediátrica. Generalmente se diagnostica de manera intraoperatoria y el tratamiento ideal incluye el uso del parche de epiplón o de ser necesario, la resección quirúrgica. Caso clínico. Se presenta un paciente de 12 años con abdomen agudo y diagnóstico tomográfico prequirúrgico de úlcera duodenal perforada, tratado por vía laparoscópica con drenaje de peritonitis y parche de Graham. La evolución y el seguimiento posterior fueron adecuados. Discusión. La úlcera duodenal perforada es una entidad multifactorial, en la que se ha implicado el Helicobacter pylori. El diagnóstico preoperatorio es un reto y el tratamiento debe ser quirúrgico. Conclusiones. Cuando se logra establecer el diagnóstico preoperatorio, se puede realizar un abordaje laparoscópico y el uso del parche de Graham cuando las úlceras son menores de dos centímetros.


Introduction. Perforated duodenal ulcer is an entity of unclear etiology that rarely occurs in the pediatric population. It is usually diagnosed intraoperatively and the ideal treatment includes the use of the omentum patch or, if necessary, surgical resection. Clinical case. A 12-year-old patient with acute abdomen and preoperative tomographic diagnosis of perforated duodenal ulcer, treated laparoscopically with peritonitis drainage and Graham patch is presented. The evolution and subsequent follow-up were adequate. Discussion. Perforated duodenal ulcer is a multifactorial entity, in which Helicobacter pylori has been implicated. Preoperative diagnosis is challenging and treatment must be surgical. Conclusions. When the preoperative diagnosis is established, a laparoscopic approach and the use of the Graham patch can be performed when the ulcers are less than two centimeters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Duodenal Ulcer , Intestinal Perforation , Omentum , Helicobacter pylori , Laparoscopy
3.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 19(2)jun. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386956

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this work is to describe and analyze the association of PGI/PGII ratio (indicator of gastric atrophy) with H. pylori-CagA and life style factors such as caloric intake, obesity, and harmful habits amongst H. pylori-positive elderly people infected in Costa Rica using an exploratory multigroup structural equations model (SEM). Using a sample of 1748 H. pylori-positive elderly people from CRELES first wave study, a SEM was employed analyze if the relationships between PGI/PGII ratio with levels of H. pylori-CagA, caloric intake, obesity, and harmful habits, differs by sex, age and risk areas subgroups. The proposed SEMs exhibited a good fit in males (RMSEA = 0.039), females (RMSEA = 0.000), low-risk area (RMSEA = 0.038), middle-risk area (RMSEA = 0.042), individuals under 80 years (RMSEA = 0.038) and individuals aged 80 and over (RMSEA = 0.042), while an acceptable fit was observed for the high-risk area (RMSEA = 0.061). Fitted SEMs showed that CagA predicted PG-ratio as expected, with effects increasing with the risk area, but similar between sex and age groups. All indicators measuring obesity (BMI, arms, and waist) showed significant standardized coefficients, with similar effects between sex, age and risk area groups. No other significant effects or differences between groups were identified. We propose a good-fitted SEM model for the possible relationships between CagA and PG ratio and the geographical risk area level for elderly people. No differences were observed on measured parameters between male and female population, or between under 80 years and older individuals.


Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo es describir y analizar la asociación entre PGI/PGII (indicador de atrofia gástrica con H. pylori-CagA y factores asociados a estilo de vida como ingesta calórica, obesidad y hábitos nocivos entre adultos mayores positivos por H. pylori en Costa Rica utilizando modelos de ecuaciones estructurales multigrupo (SEM). Con una muestra de 1748 adultos mayores del estudio CRELES, se utilizó un SEM para analizar las relaciones entre PGI/PGII, CagA, ingesta calórica, obesidad y hábitos nocivos difieren por sexo, edad y áreas de riesgo. Los SEMs propuestos exhibieron un buen ajuste en hombres (RMSEA = 0.039), mujeres (RMSEA = 0.000), área de bajo riesgo (RMSEA = 0.038), áreas de riesgo medio (RMSEA = 0.042), individuos menores de 80 años (RMSEA = 0.038) e individuos de 80 años o más (RMSEA = 0.042), mientras que hubo un ajuste aceptable en áreas de alto riesgo (RMSEA = 0.061). Los SEMs ajustados mostraron que CagA predice la relación PGI/II en la dirección esperada con efectos proporcionales al área de riesgo, pero no por sexo y edad. Todos los indicadores medibles de obesidad (IMC, brazos y cintura) mostraron coeficientes estandarizados significativos con efectos similares entre los grupos por sexo, edad y área de riesgo. No se encontraron otros efectos o diferencias significativas. Proponemos un modelo SEM bien ajustado para las posibles relaciones entre CagA y PGI/II y el nivel de riesgo del área geográfica en adultos mayores. No se encontraron diferencias en las variables analizadas entre hombres y mujeres ni entre los grupos de edad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Helicobacter pylori , Energy Intake , Gastritis, Atrophic , Obesity
4.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 19(2)jun. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386941

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Costa Rica has among the highest mortality rates from gastric cancer in the world, largely due to late detection. It is therefore important that economically and logistically sustainable screening is implemented in order to detect risk of developing cancer. We have previously shown that low pepsinogen (PG) values and infection with Helicobacter pylori-CagA+ are associated with risk of gastric atrophy and cancer in Costa Rican populations. OBJECTIVES: To determine how markers for gastric cancer risk are distributed in an elderly population representative of Costa Rica in order to design a screening strategy. METHODS: The population studied consists of 2,652 participants in a nationally representative survey of ageing. Information concerning epidemiologic, demographic, nutritional and life style factors is available. Serum PG concentrations as well as H. pylori and CagA status were determined by serology. Possible associations were determined by regression analyses. RESULTS: Antibodies to H. pylori were present in 72% of the population and of those, 58% were CagA positive. Infection with H. pylori was associated with higher PGI concentrations (p=0.000) and infection with H. pylori-CagA. with lower PGI concentrations (p=0.025). Both showed association with lower PGI/PGII (p=0.006 and p=0.000). Higher age was associated with lower prevalence of H. pylori infection (OR=0.98; p=0.000) and CagA. (OR=0.98; p=0.000) but not with PG values. Regions with high risk of gastric cancer showed lower PGI (p=0.004) and PGI/PGII values (p=0.021) as well as higher prevalence of H. pylori infection (OR=1.39; p=0.013) but not CagA.. Using cut-off values of PGI<100 µg/L and PGI/PGII<2.0, 2.5 and 3.0, 7-15% of the population would be considered at risk. CONCLUSIONS: H. pylorialone is not a useful marker for risk of gastric cancer. Screening using serum pepsinogen concentrations and infection with H. pylori-CagA. is feasible in the general elderly population of Costa Rica but appropriate cut-off values have to be determined based on more clinical data and follow up capacity.


Resumen Introducción: Costa Rica tiene una de las tasas de mortalidad por cáncer gástrico más altas del mundo, en gran parte debido a la detección tardía. Por lo tanto, es importante que se implemente un tamizaje económico y logísticamente sostenible para detectar el riesgo de desarrollar cáncer. En estudios anteriores demostramos, que valores bajos de pepsinógeno (PG) y la infección por Helicobacter pylori-CagA+ están asociados con el riesgo de atrofia gástrica y cáncer en poblaciones costarricenses. OBJETIVO: Determinar cómo se distribuyen los marcadores de riesgo de cáncer gástrico en una población representativa de adultos de Costa Rica para diseñar una estrategia de tamizaje. MÉTODOS: Se estudió una población representativa a nivel nacional de 2.652 adultos, que formaron parte de un estudio longitudinal sobre envejecimiento. Se dispone de información sobre factores epidemiológicos, demográficos, nutricionales y de estilo de vida. Las concentraciones séricas de PG, así como el estado de H. pylori y CagA se determinaron mediante serología. Las posibles asociaciones se determinaron mediante modelos de regresión (logística y lineal múltiple). RESULTADOS: El 72% de la población presenta anticuerpos contra H. pylori, de ellos, el 58% fueron positivos para CagA. La infección por H. pylori se asoció con altas concentraciones de PGI (p = 0,000) y la infección por H. pylori-CagA+ con bajas concentraciones de PGI (p = 0,025). Ambas pruebas mostraron asociación con una baja razón PGI/PGII (p = 0,006 y p = 0,000). El rango de mayor edad se asoció con una menor prevalencia de la infección por H. pylori (OR = 0,98; p = 0,000) y de CagA+ (OR = 0,98; p = 0,000) pero no se asoció con los valores de PG. Las regiones con alto riesgo de CG mostraron valores bajos de PGI (p = 0,004) y de PGI/PGII (p = 0,021) así como una alta prevalencia de la infección por H. pylori (OR = 1,39; p = 0,013), no así con CagA+. Utilizando valores de corte de PGI<100 µg/L y de PGI/PGII <2,0, 2,5 y 3,0, se consideraría en riesgo de cáncer entre 7-15% de la población. CONCLUSIONES: La infección por H. pylori, por sí sola, no es un marcador de riesgo de CG útil. Es factible realizar el tamizaje de adultos de la población general de Costa Rica, utilizando como marcadores las concentraciones séricas de pepsinógenos y la infección por H. pylori-CagA+, sin embargo, los valores de corte apropiados deben determinarse con base en una mayor cantidad de datos clínicos y la capacidad de seguimiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms , Helicobacter pylori , Costa Rica , Gastritis, Atrophic
5.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 51-60, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362696

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori es un carcinógeno tipo I resistente a múltiples antibióticos y con alta prioridad en salud pública. La infección por este microorganismo está influenciada por una interacción compleja entre la genética del huésped, el entorno y múltiples factores de virulencia de la cepa infectante. Afecta al 50 % de la población mundial, provocando afecciones gastroduodenales graves, la mayoría de forma asintomática. El 20 % de los individuos con H. pylori pueden desarrollar a través del tiempo lesiones gástricas preneoplásicas y el 2 % de ellos un cáncer gástrico. Las manifestaciones clínicas gastrointestinales y extragastrointestinales están asociadas a su virulencia y a la respuesta del sistema inmunológico con la liberación de citosinas proinflamatorias, tales como TNF-alfa, IL-6, IL-10 e IL-8, causantes de inflamación aguda y crónica. Múltiples factores de virulencia han sido estudiados como el gen A asociado a la citotoxina (CagA) y la citotoxina vacuolante (VacA), los cuales juegan un rol importante en la aparición del cáncer gástrico. Dada la resistencia cada vez mayor a los antibióticos utilizados, las líneas de estudio en el futuro inmediato deben estar encaminadas en establecer la utilidad de los nuevos antibióticos y la determinación de profagos colombianos en todo el país. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo hacer una puesta al día sobre las características del H. pylori, los mecanismos patogénicos, genes de virulencia, su asociación con el mayor riesgo de cáncer gástrico, farmacorresistencia microbiana y su erradicación.


Helicobacter pylori is recognized as a class I carcinogen resistant to multiple antibiotics and with high priority in public health. The infection caused by this microorganism is influenced by a complex interaction between host genetics, environment, and multiple virulence factors of the infecting strain. It affects 50% of the world population, causing severe gastroduodenal conditions, most of them asymptomatic. Through time, 20% of individuals with H. pylori may develop preneoplastic gastric lesions and 2% of them develop gastric cancer. The gastrointestinal and extra-gastrointestinal clinical manifestations are associated with its virulence and the response of the immune system with the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-8, which cause acute and chronic inflammation. Multiple virulence factors have been studied, such as cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) and vacuolating cytotoxin A (VacA), which play an important role in the development of gastric cancer. Due to the increasing antibiotics resistance, the research in the immediate future should be aimed at establishing the usefulness of the new antibiotics and the determination of Colombian prophages throughout the country. This paper aims to update the characteristics of H. pylori, its pathogenic mechanisms, virulence genes, its association with the increased risk of gastric cancer, microbial drug resistance, and eradication.


Helicobacter pylorié um carcinógeno tipo I resistente a múltiplos antibióticos e com alta prioridade na saúde pública. A infecção por este microrganismo está influenciada por uma interação complexa entre a genética do hospede, o entorno e múltiplos fatores de virulência da cepa infectante. Afeta a 50% da população mundial, provocando afeções gastroduodenais graves, a maioria de forma assintomática. 20% dos indivíduos com H. pylori podem desenvolver através do tempo lesões gástricas pré-neoplásicas e 2% deles um câncer gástrico. As manifestações clínicas gastrointestinais e extragastrointestinais estão associadas à sua virulência e à resposta do sistema imunológico com a liberação de citocinas pró-inflamatórias, tais como TNF-alfa, IL-6, IL-10 e IL-8, causantes de inflamação aguda e crónica. Múltiplos fatores de virulência hão sido estudados como o gene. A associado à citotoxina (CagA) e a citotoxina vacuolante (VacA), os quais jogam um papel importante no aparecimento do câncer gástrico. Dada a resistência cada vez maior aos antibióticos utilizados, as linhas de estudo no futuro imediato devem estar encaminhadas em estabelecer a utilidade dos novos antibióticos e a determinaçãode profagos colombianos em todo o país. Esta revisão tem como objetivo fazer uma atualização sobre as características do H. pylori, os mecanismos patogénicos, genes de virulência, sua associação com o maior risco de câncer gástrico, farmacorresistência microbiana e sua erradicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Drug Resistance , Carcinogens , Virulence Factors , Disease Eradication , Immune System , Anti-Bacterial Agents
6.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 67-74, mar. 2022. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362702

ABSTRACT

La hemorragia del tracto digestivo superior (HTDS) es el sangrado originado por encima del ángulo de Treitz. A pesar del aumento en las estrategias de prevención, del incremento en los tratamientos con Inhibidor de bomba de protones (IBP) y de la intervención endoscópica temprana, esta patología sigue siendo una causa frecuente de consulta a urgencias, con una morbimortalidad no despreciable y alta carga para el sistema de salud. Esta revisión se enfoca en la HTDS de causa diferente a las varices. La principal causante de esta entidad es la enfermedad ácido-péptica, que es consecuencia del gran consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) y de la infección por Helicobacter Pylori. Otras causas son el síndrome de Mallory Weiss, la esofagitis erosiva, las malformaciones arteriovenosas y la malignidad.


Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) refers to any bleeding originating above the angle of Treitz. Despite an increase in prevention strategies, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and early endoscopic intervention, this pathology continues to be an important cause of admission to the emergency department for gastrointestinal causes, having a pretty high morbidity and mortality in addition to a high burden on the health system. This review focuses on non-variceal UGIB. The main cause of this entity being peptic acid disease, due to great consumption of NSAIDs and Helicobacter Pylori infection. Other causes are Mallory Weiss syndrome, erosive esophagitis, arteriovenous malformations, and malignancy.


A hemorragia do trato digestivo superior (HTDS) é o sangrado originado acima do ângulo de Treitz. Apesar do aumento nas estratégias de prevenção, do incremento nos tratamentos com Inibidor da bomba de prótons (IBP) e da intervenção endoscópica precoce, esta patologia segue sendo uma causa frequente de consulta a urgências, com uma morbimortalidade não depreciável e alta carga para o sistema de saúde. Esta revisão se enfoca na HTDS de causa diferente às varizes. A principal causante desta entidade é a doença ácido-péptica, que é consequência do grande consumo de anti-inflamatórios não esteróideos (AINES) e da infecção por HelicobacterPylori. Outras causas são a síndrome de Mallory Weiss, a esofagites erosiva, as malformações arteriovenosas e a malignidade. Palavras-chave: hemorragia gastrointestinal; úlcera péptica; endoscopia gastrointestinal; inibidores da bomba de prótons; medicina geral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Peptic Ulcer , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori , Gastrointestinal Tract , Emergency Service, Hospital , Esophagitis , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Mallory-Weiss Syndrome , Neoplasms
7.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 16(1): 18-28, 20220111.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352923

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori es un microrganismo que se considera que afecta al 50% de la población. Se realizó un estudio con diseño no experimental, correlacional y transversal, con el objetivo de determinar la asociación de los resultados de pruebas diagnósticas de infección por H. pylori a través de biopsia obtenida por endoscopía superior y prueba de antígeno de la superficie en mues-tras de heces en 100 pacientes atendidos en el Servicio de Gastroenterología del Centro Clínico Quirúrgico Ambulatorio (Hospital del Día) Efrén Jurado López del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social (IESS), en la ciudad de Guayaquil, Ecuador, durante 2019. La media de la edad en la muestra de estudio fue 37,5 años, con un predominio del género femenino (78%). El 65% de las pruebas de antígeno para la detección de H. pylori en heces resultaron negativas. Los repor-tes de las pruebas de antígeno en heces e histopatología permitieron apreciar diferencias entre estos, pero con predominio de las coincidencias en los diagnósticos positivos. Existió una asocia-ción estadísticamente significativa entre las lesiones inflamatorias de la mucosa gástrica producto de la gastritis crónica atrófica y la infección por H. pylori. Los resultados de las dos pruebas diag-nósticas tuvieron una correlación lineal positiva y débil con significación estadística.


Helicobacter pylori is a microorganism that affects 50% of the population worldwide. A study with a non-experimental, correlational, and cross-sectional design was carried out in order to determine the association of the results of diagnostic tests for H. pylori infection through biopsy obtained by upper endoscopy and surface antigen test in samples of feces in 100 patients. These ones were treated at the Gastroenterology Service of the Ambulatory Surgical Clinic Center (Hospital del Día) Efrén Jurado López of the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security (IESS), in the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador, during 2019. The mean age in the study sample was 37.5 years old, with a predominance of the female gender (78%). 65% of stool antigen tests for H. pyloriwere negative. The reports of the stool antigen test and histopathology allowed to appreciate differences between them, but with a predominance of the coincidences in the positive diagno-ses. There was a statistically significant association between the inflammatory lesions of the gastric mucosa because of chronic atrophic gastritis and the infection by H. pylori. The results of the two diagnostic tests had a positive and weak linear correlation with statistical significance


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Gastric Mucosa , Gastritis, Atrophic , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Gastritis , Infections
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928616

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical manifestations and gastroscopic characteristics of upper gastrointestinal ulcer in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the children who underwent gastroscopy and were found to have upper gastrointestinal ulcer for the first time at the Endoscopy Center of Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, from January 2011 to May 2021. According to the cause of the disease, they were divided into primary ulcer group (primary group; n=148) and secondary ulcer group (secondary group; n=25). The clinical data were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 173 children with upper gastrointestinal ulcer were enrolled, with a male/female ratio of 3.9:1. Compared with girls, boys had significantly higher proportions of duodenal ulcer and primary ulcer (P<0.05). Compared with the children aged below 6 years, the children aged 6-14 years had higher proportions of duodenal ulcer and primary ulcer and lower proportions of giant ulcer and multiple ulcers. Of the 148 children in the primary group, 95 (64.2%) had Helicobacter pylori infection. Abdominal pain was the most common clinical symptom and was observed in 101 children (68.2%). Duodenal ulcer was common and was observed in 115 children (77.7%), followed by gastric ulcer in 25 children (16.9%) and esophageal ulcer in 7 children (4.7%). Multiple ulcers were observed in 32 children (21.6%). Seventy children (47.3%) experienced complications, among which bleeding was the most common complication and was observed in 63 children (43.6%). Of the 25 children in the secondary group, abdominal pain was the most common clinical symptom and was observed in 9 children (36.0%), with a significantly lower incidence rate than the primary group (P<0.05); foreign body in the digestive tract was the most common cause of ulcer and was observed in 17 children (68%), followed by abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura in 5 children (20.0%) and Crohn's disease in 3 children (12.0%). The secondary group had a significantly higher proportion of multiple ulcer or giant ulcer than the primary group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Upper gastrointestinal ulcer is more common in boys than girls, and duodenal ulcer and primary ulcer are more common in boys. Children aged 6-14 years often have duodenal ulcer and primary ulcer, and giant ulcer and multiple ulcers are relatively uncommon. Primary ulcer in children has a variety of clinical manifestations, mainly abdominal pain, and duodenal ulcer is relatively common, with bleeding as the main complication. The clinical symptoms and endoscopic manifestations of secondary ulcer are closely associated with the primary causes, and it is more likely to induce huge ulcers and multiple ulcers.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Child , Duodenal Ulcer/epidemiology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/adverse effects , Female , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Ulcer
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928243

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the gastric microbiome in patients with chronic superficial gastritis (CSG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) and investigate the influence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) on the gastric microbiome. Methods Gastric mucosa tissue samples were collected from 54 patients with CSG and IM, and the patients were classified into the following four groups based on the state of H. pylori infection and histology: H. pylori-negative CSG (n=24), H. pylori-positive CSG (n=14), H. pylori-negative IM (n=11), and H. pylori-positive IM (n=5). The gastric microbiome was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Results H. pylori strongly influenced the bacterial abundance and diversity regardless of CSG and IM. In H. pylori-positive subjects, the bacterial abundance and diversity were significantly lower than in H. pylori-negative subjects. The H. pylori-negative groups had similar bacterial composition and bacterial abundance. The H. pylori-positive groups also had similar bacterial composition but different bacterial relative abundance. The relative abundance of Neisseria, Streptococcus, Rothia, and Veillonella were richer in the I-HP group than in G-HP group, especially Neisseria (t=175.1, P<0.001). Conclusions The gastric microbial abundance and diversity are lower in H. pylori- infected patients regardless of CSG and IM. Compared to H. pylori-positive CSG group and H. pylori-positive IM, the relative abundance of Neisseria, Streptococcus, Rothia, and Veillonella is higher in H. pylori-positive patients with IM than in H. pylori-positive patients with CSG, especially Neisseria.


Subject(s)
Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastritis, Atrophic/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Humans , Metaplasia , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927878

ABSTRACT

Mucins,a family of heavily glycosylated proteins,present mainly in epithelial cells.They function as essential barriers for epithelium and play important roles in cellular physiological processes.Aberrant expression and glycosylation of mucins in gastric epithelium occur at pathological conditions,such as Helicobacter pylori infection,chronic atrophic gastritis,intestinal metastasis,dysplasia,and gastric cancer.This review addresses the major roles played by mucins and associated O-glycan structures in normal gastric epithelium.Further,we expound the alterations of expression patterns and glycan signatures of mucins at those pathological conditions.


Subject(s)
Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Glycosylation , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/metabolism , Humans , Mucins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 634-638, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927551

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a non-specific inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract that is generally accepted to be closely related to intestinal dysbiosis in the host. GI infections contribute a key role in the pathogenesis of IBD; however, although the results of recent clinical studies have revealed an inverse correlation between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and IBD, the exact mechanism underlying the development of IBD remains unclear. H. pylori, as a star microorganism, has been a focus for decades, and recent preclinical and real-world studies have demonstrated that H. pylori not only affects the changes in the gastric microbiota and microenvironment but also influences the intestinal microbiota, indicating a potential correlation with IBD. Detailed analysis revealed that H. pylori infection increased the diversity of the intestinal microbiota, reduced the abundance of Bacteroidetes, augmented the abundance of Firmicutes, and produced short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria such as Akkermansia. All these factors may decrease vulnerability to IBD. Further studies investigating the H. pylori-intestinal microbiota metabolite axis should be performed to understand the mechanism underlying the development of IBD.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Dysbiosis/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/microbiology , Microbiota
12.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(2): 176-185, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391647

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori, uma bactéria gram-negativa, desde 1984 vem sendo associada às doenças gástricas. A partir da década de 1990, surgiram crescentes relatos indicando a relação da infecção com manifestações extragástricas. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi investigar, através de uma revisão integrativa, as evidências relacionadas à H. pylori e a presença de doenças hematológicas, focando na anemia por deficiência de ferro (ADF) e na púrpura trombocitopênica idiopática (PTI). Bases de dados foram consultadas com as palavras-chave e descritores Helicobacter pylori, Doenças extragástricas, Doenças hematológicas, Anemia ferropriva e Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol, combinados com o operador booleano "AND". Após a leitura de 1.964 títulos, 85 artigos atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Com a exclusão dos artigos duplicados e pela análise dos resumos, 62 trabalhos foram selecionados e lidos na íntegra. Por fim, 27 estudos foram incluídos: 13 relacionados à ADF e 77% deles encontraram associação com H. pylori, e 14 relacionados à PTI, nos quais a relação com a bactéria foi encontrada em 93%. As evidências que associam essas doenças hematológicas com H. pylori são expressivas, portanto, mais estudos são necessários para elucidar os mecanismos relacionados e contribuir para prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento mais eficazes.


Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative bacterium that has been associated with gastric diseases since 1984. Since the 1990s, there have been increasing reports indicating that the infection may also be associated with extragastric manifestations. This integrative review aimed to investigate the evidence on the relationship between H. pylori and hematological diseases, specifically iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Databases were searched for the keywords "Helicobacter pylori," "extragastric diseases," "hematologic diseases," "iron deficiency anemia," and "idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura" in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, combined with the boolean operator "AND." The search yielded 1,964 studies. After reading the titles, only 85 met the inclusion criteria. Sixty-two studies were selected for full-text reading after exclusion of duplicates and abstract analysis. Finally, 27 studies were included in this review. Thirteen studies addressed IDA, among which 77% found an association with H. pylori; whereas 14 studies addressed ITP, among which 93% found a relationship with H. pylori. There is strong evidence supporting the association between hematologic diseases and H. pylori. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanisms involved in this relationship, contributing to more effective prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/virology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/virology
13.
Afr. health sci. (Online) ; 22(2): 125-134, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400236

ABSTRACT

Background: Various international guidelines have been developed regarding Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) management, as it is infecting more than half of the world's population. Sudan's health system lacks guidelines regarding H. pylori management, leading to a discrepancy in practice. Investigating the current approach could be a step forward in the formulation of a national consensus in the management of H. pylori. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical doctors currently working in Khartoum, Sudan. Participants were enrolled from platforms of medical associations through an online questionnaire. The questionnaire was scored out of 25 points, and scoring 13 or above considered a good approach. Data analysis was carried out using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results: A total of 358 medical doctors participated in the study. The mean (±SD) score was 12.9(±4.5). Those who were using textbooks, campaigns, symposiums or general medical information to their primary Source of knowledge significantly scored higher. The most selected indication for both diagnosis (76.8%) and treatment (67.6%) was an active peptic ulcer. Stool antigen test (SAT) was the most preferred test (70.7%). The majority of respondents selected triple therapy (82.1%) as a first-line regimen. Only 37.7% confirmed the eradication after four weeks of stopping the treatment. They ensure eradication mainly through SAT (29%). Conclusion: A suboptimal approach was noted among medical doctors of Khartoum, Sudan, regarding H. pylori management. Efforts should be invested in forming national guidelines and the implementation of continuous medical education programs.


Subject(s)
Peptic Ulcer , Therapeutics , Health Systems , Cross-Sectional Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Antigens , Diagnosis
14.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 23(3): 238-247, 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1377772

ABSTRACT

Background: Helicobacter pylori, which is a causative agent of chronic gastritis, duodenal ulcer and gastric cancer, presently affects approximately one half of the world population. This study was conducted to assess the epidemiology and risk factors for acquisition of H. pylori among individuals with and without peptic ulcer symptoms in Owerri, Nigeria, in order to provide baseline data and create awareness for effective management and prevention of infection caused by this pathogen. Methodology: A total of 384 participants, symptomatic and asymptomatic for peptic ulcer, were recruited from the three Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. The symptomatic participants were randomly recruited among patients attending outpatient clinics with symptoms of peptic ulcer disease at the Federal Medical Center Owerri, general hospitals and primary healthcare centers across Owerri LGAs, while asymptomatic patients were recruited from the community. Information on socio-demographic characteristics of each participant and potential risk factors were collected with a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Blood samples were collected for detection of antibodies (IgG) using a one-step H. pylori test device while faecal samples were collected for detection of occult blood (from peptic ulceration) using faecal occult blood (FOB) test. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.0 and association of risk factors with H. pylori sero-prevalence was determined by the Chi-square or Fisher Exact test (with Odds ratio). P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: The sero-prevalence of H. pylori infection among the study participants was 72.4% (285/384) while the prevalence of ulcer by FOB test was 71.1% (273/384). A total of 78.4% (214/273) of those with ulcers were seropositive for H. pylori while 64.0% (71/111) of those without ulcers were sero-positive for H. pylori (p=0.0045).Factors significantly associated with high sero-prevalence of H. pyloriwere age groups 41-50 (100%), 21-30 (78.4%) and 31-40 (67.6%) years (X 2=66.964, p<0.0001), illiteracy (OR=6.888, p<0.0001), unemployment (OR=2.427, p<0.0001), low social class status (X2=28.423, p=0.0003), drinking of unclean water (OR=5.702, p<0.0001), living in crowded rooms (OR=2.720, p<0.0001), eating food bought from food vendors (OR=3.563, p<0.0001), family history of ulcer (OR=12.623, p<0.0001), habits of eating raw vegetables and unwashed fruits (OR=6.272, p<0.0001), non-regular hand washing practices before meal (OR=2.666, p<0.0001) and presence of ulcer (OR=2.043, p=0.0045). However, smoking (OR=0.7581, p=0.2449) and gender (OR=0.6538, p=0.0796) were not significantly associated with sero-prevalence of H. pylori. Conclusion: There is need for comprehensive strategy including public health education campaign to create awareness on H. pylori, improve personal hygiene and environmental sanitation, provision of safe drinking water by the government to the populace, and discourage indiscriminate and open defecation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Peptic Ulcer , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Quality of Life , Public Health , Risk Factors
15.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(3): 472-478, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1396002

ABSTRACT

Determinar la relación entre la infección por Helicobacter pylori y hemorragia digestiva alta (HDA) y su frecuencia fue el objetivo de la investigación, siendo ésta de tipo descriptivo correlacional con 50 pacientes con hemorragia digestiva, que acudieron al Servicio de Gastroenterología del Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza de Perú, durante los meses de julio a octubre del 2021. Se elaboró un instrumento de recolección de información para las variables; edad, género, procedencia, ocupación y grado de instrucción. Se determinó la presencia de H. pylori a través de la realización de biopsia gástrica (identificación histopatológica). Para determinar la correspondencia entre las variables de la investigación, se utilizó la correlación de Pearson. Al evaluar el riesgo entre las patologías gastrointestinales y sufrir HDA se encontró para enfermedad ulcero péptica un (OR=7,1 IC: 1,394-35,987), gastritis (OR=13,7 IC: 1,068-174,81), y litiasis vesicular (OR=1,2 IC: 1,056-1,352). Dentro de los hábitos de los pacientes con HDA, 1 de cada 4 reportó consumir bebidas alcohólicas, 1 de cada 8 manifestó tabaquismo, y 1 de 2 reportó hábito cafeico. Se encontró una correlación positiva entre las variables hemorragia digestiva alta e infección por H. Pylori, ya que el coeficiente reportado es igual a 0,685. Se determinó una correlación positiva entre las variables hemorragia digestiva alta e infección por H. pylori en pacientes valorados por el servicio de gastroenterología del hospital. La infección por H. Pylori es de prevalencia elevada en la población general, sin embargo, el estudio muestra que no se manifiesta frecuentemente con sintomatología sangrante alta(AU)


Determining the relationship between infection by Helicobacter pylori and upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGH) and its frequency was the objective of the investigation, this being descriptive correlational with 50 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, who attended the Gastroenterology Service of the Arzobispo Loayza National Hospital. from Peru, during the months of July to October 2021. An information recollection instrument was developed for the variables; age, gender, origin, occupation and level of education. The presence of H. pylori was determined by performing a gastric biopsy (histopathological identification). To determine the correspondence between the research variables, the Pearson correlation was used. When evaluating the risk between gastrointestinal pathologies and suffering from UGIB, peptic ulcer disease (OR=7.1 CI: 1.394-35.987), gastritis (OR=13.7 CI: 1.068-174.81), and gallstones were found. (OR=1.2 CI:1.056-1.352). Among the habits of patients with HDA, 1 out of 4 reported consuming alcoholic beverages, 1 out of 8 reported smoking, and 1 out of 2 reported a coffee habit. A positive correlation was found between the variables upper gastrointestinal bleeding and H. Pylori infection, since the reported coefficient is equal to 0.685. A positive correlation was found between the variables upper gastrointestinal bleeding and H. pylori infection in patients assessed by the gastroenterology service of the hospital. H. Pylori infection is highly prevalent in the general population, however, the study shows that it does not manifest frequently with high bleeding symptoms(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Helicobacter pylori , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Infections , Biopsy , Prevalence , Gastritis , Gastroenterology
16.
NOVA publ. cient ; 19(37): 121-134, jul.-dic. 2021. gráficos, mapas, tablas e ilustraciones
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim. In vitro antimicrobial activities of seven wines (5 reds and 2 whites) from the Douro region (Iberian Peninsule) against eleven clinical strains of Helicobacter pylori were evaluated. Methods. The disk diffusion method, using Columbia Agar supplemented with horse blood (CAB), were used to determine the antimicrobial properties of some wine components against H. pylori strains. Potential interactions of antioxidants contained in the wines and two antimicrobials (amoxicillin and metronidazole) were studied by the disk diffusion method. Results. All the tested strains showed growth in CAB supplemented with 9% of the tested wines but none of them grew in media supplemented with 45% and 67.5% of wine. Similarly, all the tested strains grew in media with the concentration of proanthocyanidins present in the different types of the studied wines. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) values of the wine antioxidant components tested (benzoic acid, catechin, quercetin, and resveratrol) indicate that resveratrol was the most powerful inhibitory substance against H. pylori. An effect of potentiation between amoxicillin and metronidazole and the antioxidants tested was also established. The interaction of amoxicillin and resveratrol or metronidazole and catechin increased the antimicrobial activity against H. pylori. Conclusions. The results obtained suggested a potential role of resveratrol as a chemopreventive agent for H. pylori infection.


Resumen Objetivo. Se evaluó las actividades antimicrobianas in vitro de siete vinos (5 tintos y 2 blancos) de la región del Duero (Peninsula Ibérica) frente a once cepas de Helicobacter pylori de origen clínico. Métodos. Para determinar las propiedades antimicrobianas de algunos componentes del vino sobre las cepas de H. pylori se utilizaron las técnicas de difusión en disco en placas de agar Columbia suplementado con sangre de caballo (CAB). La potential interacción entre las sustancias antioxidantes presentes en los vinos y dos antimicrobianos (amoxicilina y metronidazol) se determinó usando la técnica de difusión en disco. Resultados. Todas las cepas ensayadas mostraron crecimiento en CAB suplementado con el 9% de los vinos analizados, pero no se obtuvo crecimiento de ninguna de las cepas en medios suplementados con el 45% y el 67,5% de vino. Asimismo, todas las cepas ensayadas crecieron en medios con la concentración de proantocianidinas presentes en los diferentes tipos de vinos estudiados. Los valores de concentración mínima inhibitoria (CMI) de los componentes antioxidantes de los vinos ensayados (ácido benzoico, catequina, quercetina y resveratrol) indican que el resveratrol fue la sustancia más potente en la inhibición del crecimiento de H. pylori. También se estableció un efecto de potenciación entre amoxicilina y metronidazol y los antioxidantes ensayados. Las interacciones amoxicilina + resveratrol y metronidazol + catequina aumentaron la actividad antimicrobiana contra H. pylori. Conclusiones. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren un papel potencial del resveratrol como agente quimiopreventivo de la infección por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , In Vitro Techniques , Proanthocyanidins , Infections
17.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 61(4): 693-699, dic. 2021. tab., ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1397265

ABSTRACT

La estomatitis aftosa recurrente (EAR) es un trastorno ulcerativo doloroso cíclico que comúnmente afecta la mucosa oral. Factores locales y sistémicos como trauma, sensibilidad alimentaria, deficiencias nutricionales, condiciones sistémicas y desórdenes inmunológicos están asociados con el desarrollo de la enfermedad. Debido a las similitudes en las características de las úlceras pépticas y las úlceras aftosas orales, parece razonable suponer que Helicobacter pylori podría desempeñar un papel en el desarrollo de la EAR. Las especies de Piper son plantas aromáticas que se utilizan como especias en la cocina, pero sus metabolitos secundarios también han mostrado efectos biológicos sobre la salud humana. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la relación entre H. pylori y EAR y el efecto cicatrizante del extracto Matico sobre las ulceras bucales. Se reclutó a cuarenta sujetos con EAR. Los participantes fueron asignados al azar al grupo de prueba o al grupo de control. El tamaño y número de las úlceras se registraron el día 1 (valor inicial) y el día 30 (valor final). El tamaño de la ulceras, presencia de pseudomembranas y halos eritematosos fueron estadisticamente significativas en relación a la positividad de H. pylori (p <0,05). No hubo diferencias significativas entre la morfología, número y localización de las aftas (p> 0,05). El grupo que recibió el extracto tuvo un porcentaje de mejoría en la reducción del número de aftas del 65% el día final de evaluación en comparación de sólo un 25% del grupo que no recibió el extracto Matico(AU)


Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a cyclic painful ulcerative disorder that commonly affects the oral mucosa. Local and systemic factors such as trauma, food sensitivity, nutritional deficiencies, systemic conditions, immunological disorders and genetic polymorphisms are associated with the development of the disease. Because of similarities in the characteristics of peptic ulcers and oral aphthous ulcers, it seems reasonable to hypothesize that Helicobacter pylori could play a role in the development of RAS. Piper species are aromatic plants used as spices in the kitchen, but their secondary metabolites have also shown biological effects on human health. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between H. pylori and RAS and the healing effect of Matico extract on mouth ulcers. Fuorty subjects with RAS were recruited. The participants were randomly allocated to the test group or the control group. The size and number of ulcers were recorded on day 1 (initial value) and day 30 (final value). The size of the ulcers, the presence of pseudomembranes and erythematous halos were statistically significant in relation to the positivity of H. pylori (p <0.05). There were no significant differences between the morphology, number and location of the canker sores (p> 0.05). The group that received the extract had a percentage improvement in the reduction of the number of canker sores of 65% on the final day of evaluation compared to only 25% of the group that did not receive the Matico extract(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Peptic Ulcer , Stomatitis, Aphthous , Matico/therapeutic use , Helicobacter pylori , Piper , Plants , Students , Biological Products , Control Groups , Dentists
18.
Más Vita ; 3(4): 33-40, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355015

ABSTRACT

La gastritis es una enfermedad con una alta morbilidad a nivel mundial, el principal factor de riesgo es la infección por Helicobacter pylori. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, histopatológica y endoscópicas en una población con gastritis crónica. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo, retrospectivo, se incluyeron 49 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta externa del área de gastroenterología, de 18 a 65 años, a quienes se realizó el estudio histopatológico y endoscópico en el Servicio de Gastroenterología en el Hospital General Quevedo, de Los Ríos-Ecuador, durante septiembre 2017 ­ septiembre 2018. Resultados: Se observó predominio del género masculino (65%); en mayores de 40 años (55%), la epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal, 39% y 35% respectivamente, fueron los síntomas más frecuentes, La positividad para Helicobacter pylori, alcanzó el 86%, y la lesión no erosiva un 73%, existió mayor presencia de la forma no atrófica (84%) sobre la atrófica. Conclusiones: La gastritis crónica predominó en el grupo etario mayor a 40 años y de género masculino, siendo los factores de riesgo de mayor prevalencia la infección por Helicobacter pylori y los asociados al consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, mala alimentación, alcohol y tabaco, los síntomas como epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal fueron los más frecuentes. El hallazgo endoscópico fue mayor para las formas no erosivas, y de acuerdo a la histopatología la gastritis no atrófica antral moderada fue la más frecuente(AU)


Gastritis is a disease with high morbidity worldwide, the main risk factor is Helicobacter pylori infection. Objective: To describe the clinical, histopathological and endoscopic characteristics in a population with chronic gastritis. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective study was carried out, including 49 patients who attended the outpatient consultation of the gastroenterology area, aged 18 to 65 years, who underwent a histopathological and endoscopic study in the Gastroenterology Service at the Quevedo General Hospital, Los Ríos-Ecuador, during September 2017 - September 2018. Results: A predominance of the male gender was observed (65%); In people over 40 years of age (55%), epigastralgia and the sensation of heartburn, 39% and 35% spectively, were the most frequent symptoms, the positivity for Helicobacter pylori, reached 86%, and the non-erosive lesion 73 %, there was a greater presence of the non-atrophic form (84%) over the atrophic one. Conclusions: Chronic gastritis predominated in the age group over 40 years of age and male, the most prevalent risk factors being Helicobacter pylori infection and those associated with the consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, poor diet, alcohol and tobacco. symptoms such as epigastric pain and the sensation of heartburn were the most frequent. The endoscopic finding was greater for non-erosive forms, and according to histopathology, moderate antral non-atrophic gastritis was the most frequent(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Dyspepsia/etiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/physiopathology , Peptic Ulcer , Signs and Symptoms , Biopsy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Acidity , Gastroenterology
19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 525-528, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360979

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los linfomas primarios del tracto gastrointestinal son infrecuentes; sin embargo, son la presentación extranodal más común de los linfomas no Hodgkin. El 30 % de los linfomas no Hodgkin corresponde a linfomas foliculares y, a su vez, cerca del 10 % de los linfomas foliculares se origina en el tracto gastrointestinal. Se han descrito factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de linfomas gastrointestinales como infección por Helicobacter pylori, inmunosupresión posterior a trasplante de órganos sólidos, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal e infección por virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). El linfoma duodenal folicular se reconoció como una variante del linfoma folicular en 2016 según la clasificación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), al considerar que se trata de una condición con características biológicas y clínicas particulares. Su diagnóstico suele ser incidental o se pueden presentar síntomas leves e inespecíficos. El grado histológico suele ser bajo y el curso clínico, benigno; por lo que en gran parte de los casos se ha adoptado el manejo expectante como una opción. Otras terapias con similar efectividad son la radioterapia, el uso de rituximab y la inmunoquimioterapia. No existe a la fecha suficiente evidencia para generar un protocolo único de manejo para esta patología.


Abstract Primary gastric lymphomas are rare diseases; however, they are the most common extranodal presentation of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. 30% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas correspond to follicular lymphomas and at the same time, nearly 10% of follicular lymphomas are produced in the gastrointestinal tract. Risk factors for gastric lymphomas such as Helicobacter pylori infection, immunosuppression after solid organ transplantation, inflammatory bowel disease, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were described. Follicular duodenal lymphoma was recognized as a variant of follicular lymphoma in 2016 according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, considering that it is a condition with special biological and clinical characteristics. Its diagnosis is usually incidental or mild and nonspecific symptoms may occur. The histological grade is usually low, and the clinical course is benign; Therefore, in most cases, expectant treatment has been adopted as an option. Other therapies with similar effectiveness are radiotherapy, the use of rituximab, and immunochemotherapy. There is not enough evidence to date to generate a single management protocol for this pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoma, Follicular , Gastrointestinal Tract , Lymphoma , Therapeutics , Helicobacter pylori , HIV , Immunosuppression Therapy , Rituximab
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 637-638, Oct. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345227
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