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1.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1): 82-92, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1352960

ABSTRACT

Se determinó la respuesta inmunológica a proteínas recombinantes de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes dis-pépticos (adultos y niños), pacientes con cáncer gástrico y sus familiares asintomáticos adultos viviendo con ellos. Se utilizó la prueba recomLine® Helicobacter IgG e IgA, y con base en el reconocimiento de los factores de virulencia VacA y CagA se determinó si la cepa de H. pylori era de tipo I o II. El análisis de los datos fue descriptivo y analítico y se estimaron los intervalos de confianza de 95%, con un nivel de error de 0.05 y Odds ratio. El 58.7% (121/206) de los pacientes presentó la bacteria en tinción histológica de biopsia, positividad que disminuyó con la edad y daño histológico. La frecuencia de la respuesta a los anticuerpos IgG fue mayor que IgA, en ambos casos ésta fue menor en los niños. Las proteínas del H. pylori más reconocidas tanto por IgA como IgG fueron VacA y CagA, y la respuesta a las otras proteínas investigadas fue mayor al aumentar el daño histológi-co. La cepa tipo I fue la que predominó en la población en estudio con 66% (136/206). Se deben continuar con los estudios de prevalencia de la cepa tipo I del H. pylori y del reconocimiento de sus antígenos en la población guatemalteca a fin de determinar su utilidad en el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la infección.


The immune response to recombinant Helicobacter pylori proteins was determined in dyspeptic patients (adults and children), patients with gastric cancer and their asymptomatic adults' relatives living with them. The recomLine® Helicobacter IgG and IgA test was used and based on the recognition of the virulence factors VacA and CagA, it was determined whether the H. pylori strain was type I or II. The data analysis was descriptive and analytic, and 95% confidence intervals were estimated, with an error level of 0.05, and Odds ratio. The patients that presented the bacterium in histological biopsy were 58.7% (121/206), positivity that decreased with age and histological damage. The frecuency of response to IgG antibodies was higher than IgA, in both cases it was lower in children. VacA and CagA were the H. pylori proteins most recognized by both IgA and IgG and it was observed that the number of recognized proteins was greater with increasing histological damage. The type I strain was the one that predominated in the study population 66% (136/206). Prevalence studies of the type I strain of H. pylori ant the recognition of its antigens in the Guatemalan population should continue in order to determine its usefulness in the diagnosis and prognosis of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunoglobulin A/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Recombinant Proteins/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Diagnosis , Dyspepsia/complications , Guatemala/epidemiology , Antibodies , Antigens
2.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 363-370, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126173

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La inflamación asociada con la infección por Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) se relaciona con la pro gresión de las lesiones precancerosas gástricas. Las infecciones por helmintos podrían modular la respuesta proinflamatoria a la infección por H. pylori desde un perfil tipo LTCD4+ Th1 hacia una respuesta menos perjudicial tipo LTCD4+ Th2. Objetivo: Caracterizar la polarización de la respuesta inmune tipo LTCD4+ Th1/Th2 de pacientes coinfectados por H. pylori y helmintiasis procedentes de áreas de bajo riego para el desarrollo de cáncer gástrico. Pacientes y Método: Se analizaron 63 pacientes, 40 adultos y 23 niños infectados con H. pylori. La determinación de los perfiles séricos de las interleucinas asociadas con la polarización de la respuesta inmune tipo LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1Β, INF-γ y TNF-α) y tipo LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10 e IL-13) se realizó con Análisis Multiplex (xMAP). La relación entre el estado de coinfección por helmintos en pacientes infectados con H. pylori y la polarización de la respuesta inmune mediada por LTCD4+ Th1 y LTCD4+ Th2, se estudió con un modelo de regresión logístico de efectos mixtos. Resultados: La frecuencia de helmintos fue similar en adultos (15%) y niños (17%). La polarización de la respuesta inmune fue más prevalente hacia el tipo LTCD4+ Th1. Los valores séricos de las interleucinas asociadas con la polarización de la respuesta inmune tipo LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1 Β, INF-γ y TNF-α) y tipo LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10 e IL-13) fueron independientes del estado de infestación por helmintos. Conclusión: La prevalencia de infección por parasitismo intestinal fue alta y la polarización de la respuesta inmune fue predominantemente hacia un perfil tipo LTCD4 + Th1.


Abstract: Introduction: Inflammation associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is linked to the development of a gastric precancerous lesion. Helminth infections could influence the pro-inflam matory response to such infection from LTCD4+ Th1 to a less harmful LTCD4+ Th2 response. Ob jective: To characterize the polarization of the LTCD4+ Th2 immune response in co-infected pa tients with H. pylori and helminths from low-risk areas for developing gastric cancer. Patients and Method: We analyzed 63 patients infected by H. pylori (40 adults and 23 children). Through the Multiplex Analysis technology (xMAP), we determined the serum profiles of the interleukins asso ciated with the polarization of the immune response of LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1Β, INF-γ, TNF-α) as well as the LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13). The ratio between helminths co-infection status in H. pylori-infected patients and the polarization of the immune response mediated by LTCD4+ Th1 and LTCD4+ Th2 was assessed using a Mixed Effects Logistic Regression Model. Results: The frequency of helminths was similar between adults (15%) and children (17%). The polarization of the immu ne response was more prevalent in LTCD4+ Th1. Serum values of interleukins associated with the immune response polarization of LTCD4+ Th1 (IL-1Β, INF-γ, and TNF-α) and LTCD4+ Th2 (IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13) were independent of helminths infection status. Conclusion: The prevalence of in testinal parasitic infection was high and the immune response polarization was mainly LTCD4 + Th1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Th1-Th2 Balance , Coinfection/immunology , Helminthiasis/immunology , Biomarkers/blood , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Logistic Models , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Coinfection/diagnosis , Coinfection/pathology , Coinfection/blood , Helminthiasis/diagnosis , Helminthiasis/pathology , Helminthiasis/blood
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(5): 442-448, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-979386

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Serological tests are practical, with low cost, but no noninvasive tests are available for diagnosing Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in Brazil. The aim here was to develop and validate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) serological tests to detect anti-H. pylori immunoglobulin G antibodies, based on cultured strains from Brazilian patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional, diagnostic accuracy study comparing a locally developed and validated ELISA and invasive tests among dyspeptic patients at two public hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: An ELISA test was prepared using whole-cell antigen from 56 strains. After genotypic characterization, it was standardized and optical density (OD) cutoffs were determined based on the serum antibody response of 100 H. pylori-negative samples, compared with 82 H. pylori-positive samples. Validation was performed on 174 symptomatic patients. RESULTS: The optimal OD cutoffs established (for monoclonal and polyclonal tests, respectively) were 0.167 and 0.164; overall ELISA sensitivity: 84.3%, 78.9%; specificity: 88.6%, 90.6%; positive predictive value (PPV): 75.4%, 80%; negative predictive value (NPV): 93.1%, 81.8%; accuracy: 87.3%, 86.2%; child and adolescent ELISA sensitivity: 74.2%, 81.8%; specificity: 90.8%, 86.7%; PPV: 66.6%, 84.3%; NPV: 95.8%, 84.8%; accuracy: 88.5%, 84.6; adult ELISA sensitivity: 84.4%, 75%; specificity: 86.9%, 93%; PPV: 81.8%, 78.3%; NPV: 88.9%, 91.8%; accuracy: 85.9%, 88.5%. CONCLUSION: The polyclonal serological test developed using local strains presented better diagnostic performance among children and adolescents, while the monoclonal test was better among adults. The results from both tests suggest that these in-house serological tests could be used to detect anti-H. pylori antibodies in our population, for screening purposes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Serum Bactericidal Antibody Assay/standards , Reference Standards , Stomach/microbiology , Stomach/pathology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/standards , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(3): 222-227, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-962721

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Primary Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is acquired predominantly in childhood in the family setting. We aimed to investigate the presence of intrafamilial concurrent H. pylori infection. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytical study with a control group, conducted in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Fifty adult patients with gastroduodenal symptoms who underwent gastroscopy (index parents), their spouses and their children were enrolled in the study. Blood samples were collected from all of the study subjects to test for immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody response. H. pylori antigen was investigated in the stool specimens of children only. RESULTS: The participants were divided into two groups: Group 1 consisted of the 40 patients in whom H. pylori infection was demonstrated via endoscopy, their spouses and their children. Group 2 included the remaining 10 patients who underwent endoscopy revealing negative results for H. pylori, their spouses and their children. IgG antibodies were present in all of the index parents, 95% of their spouses and 93% of their children in group 1; 13 of the children (9%) were also positive for H. pylori stool antigen (HpSA). However, IgG antibodies were present in only 2 of the 10 index parents in group 2. One of their spouses and one of their children had a positive antibody response. All of their children had negative stool antigen test results. CONCLUSION: H. pylori infections exhibit intrafamilial clustering. Parental infection, age ≥ years and having three or more siblings are the major risk factors for H. pylori infection in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Family Health , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Duodenal Diseases/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Helicobacter Infections/transmission , Age Factors , Spouses , Siblings , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood
6.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 135(1): 29-33, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-846275

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a chronic infectious pathogen with high prevalence. This study investigated the interaction between environmental tobacco exposure and H. pylori infection on the incidence of chronic tonsillitis in Chinese children. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study performed in an outpatient clinic in China. METHODS: Pediatric patients with chronic tonsillitis were enrolled. H. pylori infection was determined according to the presence of H. pylori CagA IgG antibodies. Serum cotinine levels and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure were determined for all participants. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in H. pylori infection between the children with chronic tonsillitis and children free of disease, but there was a significant difference in ETS between the two groups (P = 0.011). We next studied the association between ETS and chronic tonsillitis based on H. pylori infection status. In the patients with H. pylori infection, there was a significant difference in ETS distribution between the chronic tonsillitis and control groups (P = 0.022). Taking the participants without ETS as the reference, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that those with high ETS had higher susceptibility to chronic tonsillitis (adjusted OR = 2.33; 95% CI: 1.67-3.25; adjusted P < 0.001). However, among those without H. pylori infection, ETS did not predispose towards chronic tonsillitis. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that tobacco exposure should be a putative mediator risk factor to chronic tonsillitis among children with H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) é um patógeno infeccioso crônico com alta prevalência. Este estudo investigou a interação entre exposição à fumaça ambiental do tabaco (FAT) e infecção pelo H. pylori sobre a incidência de amigdalite crônica em crianças chinesas. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal desenvolvido num ambulatório na China. MÉTODOS: Pacientes pediátricos com amigdalite crônica foram recrutados. A infecção por H. pylori foi determinada segundo a presença de anticorpos H. pylori CagA IgG. Foi determinado o nível de cotinina sérica e exposição à FAT de todos os participantes. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre crianças com amigdalite crônica na infecção por H. pylori e sem amidalite, mas existia diferença significativa na FAT entre os dois grupos (P = 0,011). Em seguida, estudamos a associação entre FAT e amigdalite crônica com base no status de infecção por H. pylori. Nos pacientes com infecção por H. pylori, houve diferença significativa na distribuição de FAT entre os grupos de amigdalite crônica e controle (P = 0,022). Tomando os participantes sem FAT como referência, a análise de regressão logística multivariada mostrou que aqueles com alta FAT tinha maior susceptibilidade à amigdalite crônica (OR ajustado IC = 2,33, 95%: 1,67-3,25, ajustado P < 0,001). No entanto, naqueles sem infecção por H. pylori, a FAT não predispôs a amigdalite crônica. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos achados sugerem que a exposição ao tabaco é um fator de risco para amigdalite crônica em crianças com infecção por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Tonsillitis/etiology , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Bacterial Proteins/blood , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Antigens, Bacterial/blood
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(4): 224-227, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794598

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background The diagnosis of H. pylori infection can be performed by non-invasive and invasive methods.The identification through a fecal antigen test is a non-invasive, simple, and relatively inexpensive test. Objective To determine the diagnostic performance of fecal antigen test in the identification of H. pylori infection. Methods H. pylori antigens were identified in the stools of dyspeptic patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. For the identification of H. pylori antigen, we use ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA with immunochromatography technique. Histopathology plus urease test were the gold standard. Results We studied 163 patients, 51% male, mean age of 56.7± 8.5years. H. pylori infection was present in 49%. Fecal test presented: sensitivity 67.5% (CI95% 60.6-72.9); specificity 85.5% (CI95% 78.9-90.7); positive predictive value 81.8% (CI95% 73.4-88.4) and negative predictive value 73,2% (CI95% 67.5-77.6); Positive likelihood ratio was 4.7 (CI95% 2.9-7.9) and Negative Likelihood Ratio 0.4 (CI95% 0.3-0.5). The prevalence odds ratio for a positive test was 12.3 (CI95% 5.7-26.3).The index kappa between FAT and histology/urease test was 0.53 (CI95% 0.39-0.64). Conclusion Immunochromatographic FAT is less expensive than the other methods and readily accepted by the patients but its diagnostic performance does not recommend its use in the primary diagnosis, when the patient may have an active infection.


RESUMO Contexto O diagnóstico da infecção por Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) pode ser realizado por métodos invasivos e não invasivos. A identificação através do teste do antígeno fecal é um método não invasivo, simples, fácil e relativamente barato. Objetivo Determinar o desempenho diagnóstico do teste fecal imunocromatográfico na identificação da infecção pelo H. pylori. Métodos A pesquisa de antígenos fecais do H. pylori foi realizada através do ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA em pacientes dispépticos submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta com coleta de biópsias para histopatologia e teste da urease, utilizados como padrão ouro. Resultados Foram estudados 163 pacientes, 51% do sexo masculino, com idade média de 56,7± 8,5 anos. A infecção por H. pylori esteve presente em 49%. O teste fecal apresentou o seguinte desempenho diagnóstico: sensibilidade 67,5% (IC95% 60,6-72,9), especificidade 85,5% (IC95% 78,9-90,7), valor preditivo positivo 81,8% (IC95% 73,4-88,4) e valor preditivo negativo 73,2% (IC95% 67,5-77,6). A razão de probabilidade positiva foi 4,7 (IC95% 2,9-7,9) e a razão de probabilidade negativa foi 0,4 (IC95% 0,3-0,5). A razão de chances de prevalência para teste fecal positivo foi 12,3 (IC95% 5,7-26,3). O índice kappa para a concordância do teste fecal com histologia/teste da urease foi 0,53 (IC95% 0,39-0,64) Conclusão O teste fecal imunocromatográfico apresenta baixo custo e é facilmente aceito pelos pacientes, no entanto seu desempenho diagnóstico não o recomenda para diagnóstico primário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Chromatography, Affinity , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Feces/microbiology , Antigens, Bacterial/analysis , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Sensitivity and Specificity , Endoscopy , Feces/chemistry , Middle Aged
9.
Clinics ; 70(3): 190-195, 03/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-747110

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality and rescuer fatigue when rescuers perform one or two minutes of continuous chest compressions. METHODS: This prospective crossover study included 148 lay rescuers who were continuously trained in a cardiopulmonary resuscitation course. The subjects underwent a 120-min training program comprising continuous chest compressions. After the course, half of the volunteers performed one minute of continuous chest compressions, and the others performed two minutes, both on a manikin model. After 30 minutes, the volunteers who had previously performed one minute now performed two minutes on the same manikin and vice versa. RESULTS: A comparison of continuous chest compressions performed for one and two minutes, respectively, showed that there were significant differences in the average rate of compressions per minute (121 vs. 124), the percentage of compressions of appropriate depth (76% vs. 54%), the average depth (53 vs. 47 mm), and the number of compressions with no errors (62 vs. 47%). No parameters were significantly different when comparing participants who performed regular physical activity with those who did not and participants who had a normal body mass index with overweight/obese participants. CONCLUSION: The quality of continuous chest compressions by lay rescuers is superior when it is performed for one minute rather than for two minutes, independent of the body mass index or regular physical activity, even if they are continuously trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is beneficial to rotate rescuers every minute when performing continuous chest compressions to provide higher quality and to achieve greater success in assisting a victim of cardiac arrest. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Colorectal Neoplasms/virology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Helicobacter pylori/immunology
10.
Saudi Medical Journal. 2014; 35 (11): 1408-1411
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-153972

ABSTRACT

To estimate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori [H. pylori] and parasites in symptomatic children examined for H. pylori antibodies, antigens, and parasites in Yemen. A record-based study was carried out at Specialized Sam Pediatric Center in Sana'a, Yemen for 3 years between 2011-2013. Out of the 43,200 patients seen for different causes through that period, 1008 [2.3%] [females: 675 [67%]; males: 333 [33%]] had gastric complaints, and were subjected to an examination of blood and stool for H. pylori and parasites. Data regarding age and gender was also collected. The age of the patients ranged from 3-15 years. The prevalence of H. pylori among children examined for H. pyloriwas 65%, 30% of them were males, and 35% were females [chi square [I[2]]=142, p<0.01]]. The prevalence in the 6-8 years age group was 83%, and it was 52% in the age group of 12-15 years. The prevalence of giardiasis was 10%, and amoebiasis was 25%. Prevalence of H. pylori infection among children was high, and was more prevalent in the age group of 6-8 years than in the other age groups. Females were more affected than males. Parasites [amoebiasis and giardiasis] infestation was less prevalent


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Parasites , Child , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Prevalence
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 131-139, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123200

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in the world. A growing body of evidence indicates that inflammation is closely associated with the initiation, progression, and metastasis of many tumors, including those of gastric cancer. In addition, approximately 60% of the world's population is colonized by Helicobacter pylori, which accounts for more than 50% of gastric cancers. While the role of inflammation in intestinal and colonic cancers is relatively well defined, its role in stomach neoplasia is still unclear because of the limited access of pathogens to the acidic environment and the technical difficulties isolating and characterizing immune cells in the stomach, especially in animal models. In this review, we will provide recent updates addressing how inflammation is involved in gastric malignancies, and what immune characteristics regulate the pathogenesis of stomach cancer. Also, we will discuss potential therapeutics that target the immune system for the efficient treatment of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Cytokines/immunology , Gastritis/immunology , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Humans , Immunity, Innate/immunology , Immunotherapy/methods , Receptors, Cytokine/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Tumor Microenvironment/immunology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45041

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Helicobacter pylori is a well known precursor to gastric cancer and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. This study was to determine whether H. pylori was associated with colorectal neoplasms in Korean subjects undergoing routine checkup. METHODS: A total of 10,082 subjects underwent routine checkups from January 2004 to April 2005. A H. pylori IgG test and stool occult blood test were included in the routine checkup program. Colonoscopy was performed if the stool occult blood test was positive or under subject request. Patients who underwent colonoscopy and had histologically confirmed cases of colorectal neoplasms were designanted as the subject group and those without as the control group. RESULTS: Of the 10,082 subjects, 597 had full colonoscopy. The results identified 9 colorectal carcinomas and 118 adenomas. H. pylori seropositivity was identified in 6 (66%) subjects with colorectal carcinoma, 81 (68.6%) with colorectal adenoma and 248 (52.8%) controls. Subjects having colorectal neoplasms had a significantly higher H. pylori seropositivity rate compared with the controls (OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.28-2.95). This remained significant after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, HbA1c and total cholesterol (OR 1.90, 95% CI 1.23-2.93). Patients with distal neoplasms also had a significantly higher H. pylori seroposivity rate (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.17-3.01) which persisted after multivariate adjustment (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.10-2.94). CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with colorectal neoplasms present an increased H. pylori seroprevalence compared with controls.


Subject(s)
Adenoma/diagnosis , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol/blood , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Female , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Male , Middle Aged , Occult Blood , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 648-654, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162815

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate whether doctors and nurses in a single hospital were at an increased risk of acquiring Helicobacter pylori infection in 2011 and to identify risk factors for H. pylori seroprevalence. METHODS: Nurses (n=362), doctors (n=110), health personnel without patient contact (medical control, n=179), and nonhospital controls (n=359) responded to a questionnaire during a health check-up, which included questions on socioeconomic status, education level, working years, and occupation in 2011. The prevalence of H. pylori was measured by serology. RESULTS: The seroprevalence rate was 29.8% (nurses), 34.5% (doctors), 30.7% (medical control), and 52.9% (nonhospital control). Among younger subjects ( or =40 years of age. The risk factors for H. pylori seroprevalence were not different for health and nonhealth personnel. A multivariate analysis indicated that seropositivity significantly increased with age, the province of residence, and a gastroscopic finding of a peptic ulcer. CONCLUSIONS: The medical occupation was not associated with H. pylori infection. The seroprevalence of H. pylori in one hospital in 2011 was found to be 38.7%, most likely due to the improvement in socioeconomic status and hospital hygiene policy in Korea.


Subject(s)
Administrative Personnel , Adult , Age Factors , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Humans , Male , Medical Staff, Hospital , Middle Aged , Nursing Staff, Hospital , Occupational Health , Peptic Ulcer/epidemiology , Personnel, Hospital , Pharmacists , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Residence Characteristics , Risk Factors , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Time Factors , Young Adult
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 45(2): 194-198, Mar.-Apr. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-625175

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In this study, we evaluated the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among chagasic and non-chagasic subjects as well as among the subgroups of chagasic patients with the indeterminate, cardiac, digestive, and cardiodigestive clinical forms. METHODS: The evaluated subjects were from the Triângulo Mineiro region, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Chagasic patients showed positive reactions to the conventional serological tests used and were classified according to the clinical form of their disease. Immunoglobulin G antibodies specific to H. pylori were measured using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. RESULTS: The overall H. pylori prevalence was 77.1% (239/310) in chagasic and 69.1% (168/243) in non-chagasic patients. This difference was statistically significant even after adjustment for age and sex (odds ratio = 1.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-2.42; p = 0.04) in multivariate analysis. The prevalence of infection increased with age in the non-chagasic group (p = 0.007, χ2 for trend), but not in the chagasic group (p = 0.15, χ2 for trend). H. pylori infection was not associated with digestive or other clinical forms of Chagas disease (p = 0.27). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that chagasic patients have a higher prevalence of H. pylori compared to non-chagasic subjects; a similar prevalence was found among the diverse clinical forms of the disease. The factors contributing to the frequent co-infection with H. pylori and Trypanosoma cruzi as well as its effects on the clinical outcome deserve further study.


INTRODUÇÃO: No presente estudo, foi comparada a soroprevalência da infecção por Helicobacter pylori entre os indivíduos chagásicos e não-chagásicos, bem como entre subgrupos de chagásicos com as formas clínicas indeterminada, cardíaca, digestiva e cardiodigestiva. MÉTODOS: Os indivíduos avaliados eram provenientes da região do Triângulo Mineiro, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram realizados testes sorológicos convencionais para diagnóstico da infecção pelo T. cruzi e os chagásicos foram classificados de acordo com a forma clínica. O diagnóstico de infecção por H. pylori foi estabelecido pela detecção de anticorpos IgG específicos utilizando-se um kit comercial de ELISA. RESULTADOS: A prevalência da infecção por H. pylorifoi 77,1% (239/310) no grupo de pacientes chagásicos e 69,1% (168/243) no grupo de não-chagásicos. Esta diferença foi estatisticamente significativa mesmo após ajuste para idade e sexo (OR = 1,57; 95% CI, 1,02-2,42; p = 0,04) na análise multivariada. A prevalência da infecção aumentou de acordo com a idade no grupo não-chagásicos (p = 0,007, χ2 for trend) mas este aumento não foi observado no grupo dos chagásicos (p = 0,15, χ2 for trend). Não houve associação da infecção por H. pylori com a forma digestiva ou com qualquer outra forma clínica da doença de Chagas (p = 0,27). CONCLUSÕES: Foi demonstrado que pacientes chagásicos apresentam maior prevalência da infecção por H. pylori quando comparados com não-chagásicos, independente da forma clínica da doença. Os fatores que contribuem para a frequente co-infecção Helicobacter pylori e Trypanosoma cruzi, bem como seus efeitos na evolução clínica das doenças associadas devem ser melhor estudados.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chagas Disease/complications , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Prevalence , Rural Population , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Urban Population
15.
Biol. Res ; 45(4): 369-374, 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-668688

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that some polymorphisms in different interleukin genes may increase the risk of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the IL-8 (rs4073) -251A/T gene polymorphism and the risk of gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on patients with noncardia gastric cancer. DNA was extracted from leukocytes and the IL-8 (rs4073) -251A/T polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-RFLP. Infection with Helicobacter pylori was investigated in the serum by ELISA. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 104 patients with GC and 196 controls. Cigarette smoking (P=0.007) and high fat intake (P=0.01) were more frequent in patients with GC. The proportion of patients infected with H. pylori was similar in the two groups (P=0.101). The frequency of the genotype A/T was higher in the cancer group (P=0.008). An increased risk of GC was found in subjects carrying the genotype A/T (OR=2.50, CI: 1.27-4.90), subjects with high fat intake (OR=1.92, CI: 1.17-3.15), and smokers (OR=2.00, CI: 1.203.31). CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with the heterozygous A/T genotype, high fat intake and smokers or ex-smokers presented an increased risk of GC. Individuals with A/A genotype may have protective effect for GC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , /genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Genotype , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33546

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been a major concern as a gastric pathogen with unique features since discovered in the end of the 20th century. Recent data on comparative genome study have revealed that H. pylori has successfully survived with its host though over 58,000 years of evolution and migration from continent to continent. To maintain the symbiotic relationship with human, H. pylori has come up with ways to induce host tolerance as well as exert harmful injuries. Studies about H. pylori have accumulated the knowledge about how the cellular and molecular interactions are controlled and regulated to decide whether the symbiotic relationship is directed to diseases or peaceful mutualism. We reviewed recent literatures and research outcomes about the H. pylori and host interaction in molecular and cellular basis.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Symbiosis , T-Lymphocytes/immunology
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 139(10): 1313-1321, oct. 2011. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-612199

ABSTRACT

Background: There is an association of interleukin (IL)1B polymorphism with gastric cancer risk. However systematic reviews of the existing evidence have shown that such association varies across populations with different genetic ancestry. Aim: To evaluate the association of IL-1B-511 and IL-1RN polymorphism and Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies CagA, with gastric cancer in two Colombian cities located in a high risk area for gastric cancer. Material and Methods: A case-control study including 46 gastric cancer cases and 99 controls with non-atrophic gastritis from a high risk zone for gastric cancer. Polymorphism genotyping was carried out by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and IgG CagA status by ELISA. Results: IgG CagA seropositive individuals had an increased gastric cancer risk (odds ratio (OR) = 11.56; 95 percent confidence intervals (CI) 2.62-50.91 in Tunja and OR = 19.66, 95 percentCI 0.98-395 in Bogotá). IL-1B-511TT carriers in Tunja had increased risk of gastric cancer (OR = 11.31; 95 percentCI 1.20-106.54)), while IL-1RN*2 alelle carriers in Bogotá showed an inverse association with gastric cancer risk (OR = 0.03; 95 percentCI 0.01-0.65). Conclusions: This study adds evidence to the positive association of Helicobacter pylori CagA positive strains with non-cardial gastric cancer etiology. There is a possible heterogeneity in the association of IL-1B gene polymorphism with cancer, in populations of similar ethnic background and settled in the same risk area.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Bacterial/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/genetics , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms , Case-Control Studies , Colombia/ethnology , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology
18.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2011 Apr-June; 29(2): 136-140
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143796

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To compare the performance of two indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) detecting Helicobacter pylori (HP)-specific IgG antibodies in serum and saliva with endoscopic observations and histologic findings of biopsies from dyspeptic patients, in an area of high HP prevalence. Materials and Methods : Sera, saliva and antral biopsies were obtained from 55 dyspeptic patients. IgG antibodies against HP were assayed in sera and saliva utilizing two indirect ELISAs. Biopsies were processed according to standard procedures in order to detect histological changes and the presence or absence of Helicobacter pylori. Laboratory data thus obtained were compared and statistically analyzed. Results: Forty-two (76.36%) biopsies were positive for HP. The organisms were detected in 4 of 16 (25%) cases with normal endoscopic findings, in all 16 cases of gastritis and in 22 of the 23 (95.6%) cases of duodenal ulcers (DU). Serum and saliva HP-specific IgG antibodies were detected in 4 normal cases with positive biopsies, in 12 and 14 cases of gastritis, respectively, and in all 22 (100%) biopsy positive cases of DU. The sensitivities of the serum and saliva tests were 90.5% and 95%, respectively, while the specificities were 84.5% and 70%, respectively. Conclusion: Due to their high sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing HP-associated DU and gastritis, serum and saliva antibody testing seems to offer a valuable alternative to invasive procedures especially in areas of high HP prevalence such as ours; saliva antibody testing is simple and practical especially in children and in difficult patients who resent venipuncture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antibodies, Bacterial/analysis , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Biopsy , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Female , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Immunoenzyme Techniques/methods , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Male , Pyloric Antrum/pathology , Saliva/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serum/immunology
19.
West Indian med. j ; 60(1): 33-36, Jan. 2011.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-672713

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to screen the use of Helicobacter pylori stool antigen (HpSA) tests for diagnosis and monitoring of H pylori in Nigeria. METHODS: Seven hundred and forty participants were enrolled after informed consent was obtained, while 83 came back for a post-eradication test. The stool samples were taken from the patients at endoscopy and tested for HpSA. RESULTS: The proportion of patients that were positive at the pretest, 520 (70.3%) was significantly higher (Fisher's exact p = 0.001) than those positive at the post-test, 44 (53%). There was a significant difference (F = 4.106, p = 0.043) between the mean age of those that came for the pretest (40.0 ± 14.5 years) and those that came for the post-test, 43.6 ± 11.6 years. More males than females had the tendency to come back for a post-eradication test. CONCLUSION: Although potential bias was introduced during this study, HpSA using monoclonal antibody could still be used for diagnosis and monitoring of H pylori in Nigeria.


OBJETIVOS: Este estudio se llevó a cabo con el propósito de examinar el uso del test de antígeno en heces (HpSA) para el diagnóstico y monitoreo de Helicobacter pylori en Nigeria MÉTODO: Tras obtener su consentimiento informado, se enrolaron ciento cuarenta participantes, mientras que 83 regresaron para un test de post-erradicación. Las muestras de heces fueron tomadas de pacientes en endoscopia e investigadas en busca de HpSA. RESULTADOS: La proporción de pacientes que resultaron positivos en el test previo, 520 (70.3%) fue significativamente mayor (Test exacto de Fisher p = 0.001) que la de los que resultaron positivos en el test posterior, 44(53%). Hubo una diferencia significativa (F = 4.106, p = 0.043) entre la edad promedio de los que vinieron al test previo (40.0 ± 14.5 años) y la de aquellos que vinieron al test posterior, 43.6 ± 11.6 años. Más varones que hembras mostraron tendencia a regresar al test de post-erradicación. CONCLUSION: Aunque un sesgo potencial fue introducido en este estudio, HpSA con anticuerpos monoclonales podría todavía usarse para el diagnóstico y monitoreo de H pylori en Nigeria.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Bacterial , Feces/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Antigens, Bacterial/immunology , Chi-Square Distribution , Endoscopy , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Nigeria/epidemiology
20.
Feyz-Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. 2011; 15 (1): 17-22
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-117434

ABSTRACT

Dyspepsia is one of the most common ailments today and Helicobacter pylori infection is known as one of the common causes of dyspepsia in adults and children. Histopathologic diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori is a standard method and biopsy samples can be obtained by invasive endoscopy method. The current study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic value of stool antigen test of Helicobacter pylori as a non-invasive method. In this study all dyspeptic patients referred to GI clinic of Kashan Shahid Beheshti Hospital from 2007 to 2008 were involved in this study. In upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, mucosal biopsy was taken from antrum and corpus; simultaneous examination of the stool antigen sample for diagnosing of Helicobacter pylori was evaluated using ELISA method [positive titer>1/1]. Data were collected and analyzed for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. Among the 100 dyspeptic patients 50 were men and the remaining 50 women with a mean age of 43.3 +/- 17.13. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value in stool antigen test were%83.3,%79.4, 88.7% and 71.7%, respectively. There was a direct correlation between the severity of Helicobacter pylori infection and stool antigen titer in biopsy samples. The stool antigen test as a noninvasive method of diagnosing Helicobacter pylori can be regarded as an affordable alternative to the invasive biopsy procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Feces/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Antigens, Bacterial
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