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1.
Recife; s.n; 2015. 86 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-983377

ABSTRACT

O exame parasitológico por Kato-Katz ainda é considerado o padrão ouro no diagnóstico da esquistossomose mansônica, entretanto, este apresenta baixa sensibilidade para utilização em inquéritos epidemiológicos. Além disso, as técnicas de diagnóstico imunológico, apresentam reações cruzadas com outros helmintos, protozoários e até bactérias como ocorre com a utilização dos extratos brutos do parasita. Nesse sentido, salientamos que Abath et al. identificaram um peptídeo de 15kDa denominado Sm15, que apresentou uma boa reatividade com soros de animais infectados pelo verme e, portanto, possui potencial para abordagens imunoprofiláticas e para testes diagnósticos. Neste estudo obtivemos o polipeptídio recombinante Sm15 em Escherichia coli e verificamos seu potencial para realização do diagnóstico a partir de amostras de soros de pacientes com diferentes manifestações clínicas da esquistossomose. Através de ELISA constatamos que o Sm15 apresentou maior reatividade frente a soros de pacientes esquistossomóticos, quando comparado ao extrato bruto SEA (P=0.0043). O Sm15 ainda demonstrou melhor desempenho ao apresentar maiores valores de sensibilidade, especificidade e área abaixo da curva ROC (P=0.0030). Além disso, o Sm15 foi capaz de diferenciar pacientes esquistossomóticos quanto à forma clínica, aguda ou crônica (P=0.0007). Os resultados obtidos neste estudo indicam, além de ratificar o potencial diagnóstico apresentado pelo polipeptídeo Sm15, que o mesmo poderá ser capaz de gerar uma alternativa de imunodiagnóstico de elevada acurácia, suprindo assim as lacunas existentes com relação aos testes parasitológicos e sorológicos atualmente disponíveis. Além disso, possibilitará o diagnostico precoce da esquistossomose, realização de inquéritos epidemiológicos em áreas de baixa endemicidade, impedindo assim a evolução da doença para formas clínicas de maior gravidade.


The parasitological examination by Kato-Katz still considered the gold standard in the diagnosis of schistosomiasis, however, it has low sensitivity for use in epidemiological surveys. Moreover, the techniques of immunological diagnosis, have cross-reactivity with other helminth, protozoa and even bacteria as occur with the use of crude parasite extracts. In this regard, we note that Abath and colleagues identified a 15kDa peptide termed SM15, which showed good reactivity with sera from animals infected by the worm, and therefore has potential immunoprophylactic and diagnostic testing approaches. In this study we obtained the recombinant polypeptide in Escherichia coli SM15 and check its potential for making the diagnosis from samples of patient sera with different clinical manifestations of schistosomiasis. By ELISA we found that the SM15 showed higher reactivity towards sera from schistosomiasis patients, when compared to the crude extract SEA (P = 0.0043). The SM15 also demonstrated better performance by presenting higher sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (P = 0.0030). In addition, the SM15 was able to differentiate schistosomiasis patients about the clinical presentation, acute or chronic (P = 0.0007). The results of this study indicate not only ratifies the diagnostic potential presented by the SM15 polypeptide, that it may be able to generate an immunodiagnostic alternative high accuracy, thereby supplying the gaps in the parasitological and serological tests currently available. Also, it enables the early diagnosis of schistosomiasis, carrying out epidemiological surveys in low endemicity areas, thereby preventing disease progression to more severe clinical forms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Immunologic Tests/classification , Immunologic Tests/methods , Recombinant Proteins , Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification , Schistosomiasis , Antigens, Helminth/genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Helminth Proteins/genetics , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Schistosoma mansoni/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121886

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to characterize the properties of a 100 kDa somatic antigen from Metagonimus yokogawai. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against this 100 kDa antigen, and their immunoreactivity was assessed by western blot analysis with patients' sera. The mAbs against the 100 kDa antigen commonly reacted with various kinds of trematode antigens, including intestinal (Gymnophalloides seoi), lung (Paragonimus westermani), and liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis and Fasciola hepatica). However, this mAb showed no cross-reactions with other helminth parasites, including nematodes and cestodes. To determine the topographic distribution of the 100 kDa antigen in worm sections, indirect immunoperoxidase staining was performed. A strong positive reaction was observed in the tegumental and subtegumental layers of adult M. yokogawai and C. sinensis. The results showed that the 100 kDa somatic protein of M. yokogawai is a common antigen which recognizes a target epitope present over the tegumental layer of different trematode species.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Clonorchis sinensis/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Fasciola hepatica/immunology , Female , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Heterophyidae/immunology , Immunologic Tests , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Paragonimus westermani/immunology , Trematode Infections/diagnosis
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(4): 408-413, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-678281

ABSTRACT

In this study, we designed an experiment to predict a potential immunodominant T-cell epitope and evaluate the protectivity of this antigen in immunised mice. The T-cell epitopes of the candidate proteins (EgGST, EgA31, Eg95, EgTrp and P14-3-3) were detected using available web-based databases. The synthesised DNA was subcloned into the pET41a+ vector and expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion to glutathione-S-transferase protein (GST). The resulting chimeric protein was then purified by affinity chromatography. Twenty female C57BL/6 mice were immunised with the antigen emulsified in Freund's adjuvant. Mouse splenocytes were then cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium in the presence of the antigen. The production of interferon-γ was significantly higher in the immunised mice than in the control mice (> 1,300 pg/mL), but interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-4 production was not statistically different between the two groups. In a challenge study in which mice were infected with 500 live protoscolices, a high protectivity level (99.6%) was demonstrated in immunised BALB/C mice compared to the findings in the control groups [GST and adjuvant (Adj) ]. These results demonstrate the successful application of the predicted T-cell epitope in designing a vaccine against Echinococcus granulosus in a mouse model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Echinococcosis/prevention & control , Echinococcus granulosus/immunology , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/immunology , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Disease Models, Animal , Echinococcosis/immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C
4.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 31(1): 81-87, ene. 2012.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-618472

ABSTRACT

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is one of the most prevalent zoonoses in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, and Uruguay. Control programs in South America were originally modeled after programs developed in insular territories, such as Tasmania and New Zealand. The advent and proven effectiveness of praziquantel, plus the experience of insular models, produced high expectations for rapid advances; however, after 30 years of praziquantel use, no endemic area in South America has obtained eradication. In fact, only modest gains in CE control have been made and impact on prevalence among humans has been slight. A major impediment has been the infrastructure needed to administer praziquantel to dogs in rural areas 8 times per year over numerous years, a requirement for rapid attack stage 1. Such an infrastructure has not been financially or politically sustainable in endemic areas, which tend to be the poorest. On the other hand, certain areas in Argentina have had success with simple and economically viable alternatives. Based primarily on continuous field work supported by the local community, these strategies have significantly decreased transmission to humans, the health sector's main objective. In addition, new possibilities and tools, such as the EG95 vaccine, are being evaluated; as are early detection and treatment of asymptomatic carriers.


La equinococosis quística (EQ) es una de las zoonosis más prevalentes en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Perú y Uruguay. Los programas de control en América del Sur fueron originalmente hechos a imitación de los programas desarrollados en territorios insulares, como Tasmania y Nueva Zelandia. El advenimiento y la eficacia comprobada del prazicuantel, sumados a la experiencia de los modelos insulares, dieron lugar a altas expectativas de adelantos rápidos; sin embargo, después de 30 años de uso del prazicuantel, ninguna zona endémica en América del Sur ha logrado la erradicación de la enfermedad. De hecho, solo se han obtenido avances moderados en el control de la EQ, y su repercusión sobre la prevalencia en seres humanos ha sido leve. Un impedimento mayor ha sido la infraestructura necesaria para administrar el prazicuantel a los perros en zonas rurales 8 veces por año durante varios años, un requisito para el estadio 1 de ataque rápido. Tal infraestructura no ha sido sostenible desde el punto de vista económico o político en las zonas endémicas, que tienden a ser las más pobres. Por otro lado, ciertas áreas de la Argentina han tenido éxito con opciones sencillas y económicamente viables. Basadas principalmente en el trabajo continuo en el terreno apoyado por la comunidad local, estas estrategias han reducido significativamente la transmisión a los seres humanos, que es el objetivo principal del sector de la salud. Además, se están evaluando nuevas posibilidades y herramientas, como la vacuna EG95, al igual que la detección temprana y el tratamiento de los portadores asintomáticos.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Animals , Child , Dogs , Humans , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Dog Diseases/prevention & control , Echinococcosis/prevention & control , Echinococcosis/veterinary , Infection Control/organization & administration , Praziquantel/therapeutic use , Sheep Diseases/prevention & control , Asymptomatic Diseases , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Carrier State/diagnosis , Carrier State/drug therapy , Drug Utilization , Dog Diseases/drug therapy , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/drug therapy , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/transmission , Forecasting , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Incidence , Population Surveillance , Program Evaluation , Preventive Health Services/organization & administration , Preventive Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Rural Health , Sheep , Sheep Diseases/epidemiology , South America/epidemiology , Vaccines , Vaccination/veterinary , Zoonoses
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78169

ABSTRACT

We have reported that a 24 kDa protein (22U homologous; As22U) of Anisakis simplex larvae could elicit several Th2-related chemokine gene expressions in the intestinal epithelial cell line which means that As22U may play a role as an allergen. In order to determine the contribution of As22U to allergic reactions, we treated mice with 6 times intra-nasal application of recombinant As22U (rAs22U). In the group challenged with rAs22U and ovalbumin (OVA), the number of eosinophils in the bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was significantly increased, as compared to the group receiving only OVA. In addition, mice treated with rAs22U and OVA showed significantly increased airway hyperresponsiveness. Thus, severe inflammation around the airway and immune cell recruitment was observed in mice treated with rAs22U plus OVA. The levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 cytokines in the BALF increased significantly after treatment with rAs22U and OVA. Similarly, the levels of anti-OVA specific IgE and IgG1 increased in mice treated with rAs22U and OVA, compared to those treated only with OVA. The Gro-alpha (CXCL1) gene expression in mouse lung epithelial cells increased instantly after treatment with rAs22U, and allergy-specific chemokines eotaxin (CCL11) and thymus-and-activation-regulated-chemokine (CCL17) gene expressions significantly increased at 6 hr after treatment. In conclusion, rAs22U may induce airway allergic inflammation, as the result of enhanced Th2 and Th17 responses.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intranasal , Animals , Anisakiasis/immunology , Anisakis/immunology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemokines/metabolism , Cytokines/analysis , Eosinophils/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation/immunology , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Hypersensitivity/immunology , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Larva/immunology , Lung/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Recombinant Proteins/immunology , Th17 Cells/metabolism , Th2 Cells/metabolism
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 105(5): 698-705, Aug. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-557233

ABSTRACT

Protection against Fasciola hepatica in goats immunized with a synthetic recombinant antigen from Schistosoma mansoni fatty acid-binding protein 14 (rSm14) was investigated by assessing worm burdens, serum levels of hepatic enzymes, faecal egg count and hepatic damage, which was evaluated using gross and microscopic morphometric observation. The nature of the local immune response was assessed by examining the distribution of CD2+, CD4+, CD8+ and γ´+ T lymphocytes along with IgG+, IL-4+ and IFN-γ+ cells in the liver and hepatic lymph nodes (HLN). The goats used consisted of group 1 (unimmunized and uninfected), group 2 [infected control - immunized with Quillaia A (Quil A)] and group 3 (immunized with rSm14 in Quil A and infected), each containing seven animals. Immunization with rSm14 in Quil A adjuvant induced a reduction in gross hepatic lesions of 56.6 percent (p < 0.001) and reduced hepatic and HLN infiltration of CD2+, CD4+, CD8+ and γ´+ T lymphocytes as well as IL-4+ and IFN-γ+ cells (p < 0.05). This is the first report of caprine immunization against F. hepatica using a complete rSm14 molecule derived from S. mansoni. Immunization reduced hepatic damage and local inflammatory infiltration into the liver and HLN. However, considering that Quil A is not the preferential/first choice adjuvant for Sm14 immunization, further studies will be undertaken using the monophosphoryl lipid A-based family of adjuvants during clinical trials to facilitate anti-Fasciolavaccine development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Fasciola hepatica/immunology , Fascioliasis/immunology , Fatty Acid Transport Proteins/immunology , Goat Diseases , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Fascioliasis , Fatty Acid Transport Proteins , Goats , Goat Diseases/immunology , Helminth Proteins , Liver/immunology , Liver , Lymph Nodes/immunology , Lymph Nodes , Vaccines/immunology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188651

ABSTRACT

Eosinophil degranulation plays a crucial role in tissue inflammatory reactions associated with helminth parasitic nfections and allergic diseases. Paragonimus westermani, a lung fluke causing human paragonimiasis, secretes a large amount of cysteine proteases, which are involved in nutrient uptake, tissue invasion, and modulation of hos's immune responses. There is, however, limited information about the response of eosinophils to direct stimulation by cysteine proteases (CP) secreted by P. westermani. In the present study, we tested whether degranulation and superoxide production from human eosinophils can be induced by stimulation of the 2 CP (27 kDa and 28 kDa) purified from excretory-secretory products (ESP) of P. westermani newly excysted metacercariae (PwNEM). A large quantity of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) was detected in the culture supernatant when human eosinophils isolated from the peripheral blood were incubated with the purified 27 kDa CP. Furthermore, the 27 kDa CP induced superoxide anion production by eosinophils in time- and dose-dependent manners. In contrast, the purified 28 kDa CP did not induce superoxide production and degranulation. These findings suggest that the 27 kDa CP secreted by PwNEM induces superoxide production and degranulation of human eosinophils, which may be involved in eosinophil-mediated tissue inflammatory responses during the larval migration in human paragonimiasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astacoidea/parasitology , Cell Degranulation , Cysteine Endopeptidases/immunology , Eosinophils/immunology , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Humans , Paragonimiasis/immunology , Paragonimus westermani/enzymology , Superoxides/immunology
8.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 49(1): 31-35, Jan.-Feb. 2007. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-444574

ABSTRACT

Fascioliasis is an emerging/re-emerging vector-borne disease with the widest known distribution. Approximately 17 million people are infected around the world, being the Andean region the most affected area. There is an important necessity to develop sensitive and specific diagnostic tools to treat patients early and to avoid complications. In this paper we evaluated the immune response of infected humans against two antigenic preparations: the total soluble extract (FhTSE) and the adult worm vomit (FhAWV) in order to identify antigenic fractions specific for Fasciola hepatica. Both preparations were processed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot with human sera with fascioliasis (F), other parasitosis and healthy individuals. In the immunoblot of FhTSE, sera F recognised 16 bands with MW between eight and 110 kDa, from which those of 8, 9, 10, 38, 45 and 57 kDa were specific. In the preparation FhAWV, sera F recognised nine bands with MW from eight to 85 kDa, from which those of 8, 12, 15 and 24 kDa were specific. Some bands of cross-reaction were evident with sera from patients with other parasitoses, more frequent with the FhTSE. Bands within the MW mentioned, particularly that of eight kDa, have been shown to be specific by others, and deserve additional characterisation for their potential use in immunodiagnosis.


Fasciolíase é uma doença emergente/re-emergente transmitida por vetores com a distribuição sabidamente mais ampla. Existem aproximadamente 17 milhões de pessoas infectadas em todo mundo, sendo a região andina a área mais afetada. Há uma necessidade importante para desenvolver ferramentas diagnósticas sensíveis e específicas para tratar cedo os pacientes e para evitar complicações. Neste trabalho avaliamos a resposta imune de seres humanos infectados comparando a duas preparações antigênicas: o extrato solúvel total (FhTSE) e o vômito (FhAWV) do verme adulto a fim de identificar as frações antigênicas específicas para Fasciola hepatica. Ambas as preparações foram processadas por SDS-PAGE e Western blot com os soros humanos de portadores de fasciolíase (F), outras parasitoses e indivíduos saudáveis. No immunoblot de FhTSE, os soros F reconheceram 16 faixas com PM entre 8 e 110 kDa, das quais as de 8, 9, 10, 38, 45 e 57 kDa foram específicas. Na preparação de FhAWV, os soros F reconheceram 9 faixas com PM entre 8 e 85 kDa, das quais as de 8, 12, 15 e 24 kDa foram específicas. Algumas faixas com reação cruzada foram evidentes com os soros dos pacientes com outras parasitoses, mais freqüentes com o FhTSE. As faixas dentro do PM mencionado, particularmente aquela de 8 kDa, mostraram ser específicas por outros autores, e merecem a caracterização adicional para seu uso potencial no diagnóstico imunológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Antigens, Helminth , Fasciola hepatica/immunology , Fascioliasis/diagnosis , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Blotting, Western , Case-Control Studies , Cross Reactions , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 100(8): 861-867, Dec. 2005. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-419952

ABSTRACT

Hydatid cyst fluid (HCF), somatic antigens (S-Ag) and excretory-secretory products (ES-Ag) of Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces are used as the main antigenic sources for immunodiagnosis of human and dog echinococcosis. In order to determine their non-shared as well as their shared antigenic components, these extracts were studied by ELISA-inhibition and immunoblot-inhibition. Assays were carried out using homologous rabbit polyclonal antisera, human sera from individuals with surgically confirmed hydatidosis, and sera from dogs naturally infected with E. granulosus. High levels of cross-reactivity were observed for all antigenic extracts, but especially for ES-Ag and S-Ag. Canine antibodies evidenced lesser avidity for their specific antigens than antibodies from human origin. The major antigenic components shared by HCF, S-Ag, and ES-Ag have apparent molecular masses of 4-6, 20-24, 52, 80, and 100-104 kDa, including doublets of 41/45, 54/57, and 65/68 kDa. Non-shared polypeptides of each antigenic extract of E. granulosus were identified, having apparent masses of 108 and 78 kDa for HCF, of 124, 94, 83, and 75 kDa for S-Ag, and of 89, 66, 42, 39, 37, and 35 kDa for ES-Ag.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Rabbits , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Echinococcosis, Hepatic/immunology , Echinococcus granulosus/immunology , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Antigens, Helminth , Cross Reactions , Cyst Fluid/chemistry , Cyst Fluid/immunology , Dog Diseases/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Echinococcosis/immunology , Echinococcosis/veterinary , Immunoblotting , Sheep
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 38(1): 27-32, jan.-fev. 2005. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-420210

ABSTRACT

A caracterização protéica dos extratos de larvas infectantes (L3) de Wuchereria bancrofti foi realizada por eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida, em presença de dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS-PAGE) e o reconhecimento antigênico das proteínas por Western-blot. O maior número de bandas protéicas reconhecidas foi evidenciado nos extratos AgSE (105, 100, 76, 55, 49, 39 e 32 kDa) e AgS (100, 76, 55, e 49 kDa) na presença de soros de indivíduos endêmicos normais. As bandas de 49 e 55 kDa foram reconhecidas pelos soros dos microfilarêmicos, endêmicos normais (residentes de área endêmica livres de infecção filarial) e portadores da forma crônica da doença. As larvas infectantes foram obtidas pela dissecção de mosquitos Culex quinquefasciatus infectados com sangue microfilarêmico de voluntários portadores de microfilaremia, residentes do Município de Olinda-PE. Nos 792 indivíduos investigados pela técnica da gota espessa mensurada (60æl de sangue) 87 foram positivos (11 por cento). A diferenca da positividade entre homens e mulheres não foi significativa e a faixa etária de 11 a 19 anos foi a de maior prevalência.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Elephantiasis, Filarial/immunology , Helminth Proteins/analysis , Blotting, Western , Brazil , Chronic Disease , Culex/parasitology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Elephantiasis, Filarial/diagnosis , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Larva/chemistry , Larva/immunology , Wuchereria bancrofti/chemistry , Wuchereria bancrofti/immunology
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215322

ABSTRACT

After collecting calcareous corpuscles from plerocercoid of Spirometra mansoni (sparganum), we evaluated the antigenic values of calcareous corpuscles binding proteins obtained from the cyst fluid of Taenia solium metacestodes. Immunoblot analysis revealed that cysticercosis patient sera strongly recognized 10 and 95 kDa calcareous corpuscles binding proteins. This result demonstrated that calcareous corpuscles are bound with major secretory antigenic proteins, which is possibly involved in the secretory pathways of the 10 and 95 kDa proteins presenting in the cyst fluid of T. solium metacestodes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Helminth/analysis , Carrier Proteins/immunology , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Humans , Immunoblotting/methods , Molecular Weight , Serologic Tests , Sparganum , Taenia solium/chemistry
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-30888

ABSTRACT

A 23 kDa membrane protein DNA vaccine for Schistosoma japonicum Chinese strain was developed and tested for its protective efficacy and immune responses in infected C57BL/6 mice. The cDNA encoding SjC23 amplified from pUC19-SjC23 were subcloned into an eukaryotic expression vector (pcDNA3.1). Forty-eight female C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups. Each mouse of group A (control group) was immunized intramuscularly (i.m.) with 100 microg of pcDNA3.1; of group B (SjC23 group) was immunized (i.m.) with 100 microg of pcDNA3.1-SjC23; of group C (SjC23+IL-12) was immunized (i.m.) with a mixture of 100 microg of pcDNA3.1-SjC23, 100 microg of pcDNA3.1-p35 and 100 microg of pcDNA-p40. These were followed by two boosts of the same DNA once every two weeks. All mice were challenged with 45 cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum Chinese strain at week 8, and were killed and perfused at week 14. The numbers of recovered worms and hepatic eggs were counted. The expression of SjC23 and p35, p40 in muscle tissue was determined by immunohistochemical method. By culture of spleen cells, the production of IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-gamma with the stimulation of specific antigen of the recombinant hydrophilic domain of SjC23 (rSjC23-HD) was determined after the last immunization (before challenge). Sera were collected from each group before immunization and two weeks before and after challenge. Anti-SjC23 antibodies were tested by Western blot. The results showed that SjC23 and p35, p40 of mouse IL-12 were expressed on the membrane and in the plasma of the muscle cells of immunized C57BL/6 mice. A rise of IL-2 and IFN-gamma in the SjC23 group and SjC23+IL-12 group was observed; No changes were found in IL-4 and IL-10. Detection of anti-SjC23 antibody with Western blot showed that after the third immunization (before challenge) all the serum samples from the control group were negative; 8 of 10 sera from the SjC23 group and 9 of 10 sera from the SjC23+IL-12 group were positive. The worm reduction rates in the SjC23 group and SjC23+IL-12 group were 26.9% and 35.4% respectively; the liver eggs reduction rates were 22.2% and 28.4%, respectively in comparison to the control group. This indicates that the pcDNA3.1-SjC23 DNA vaccine can induce partial protection against Schistosoma japonicum infection in C57BL/6 mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Cytokines/metabolism , Female , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Membrane Proteins/immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Schistosoma japonicum/immunology , Schistosomiasis japonica/immunology , Spleen/metabolism , Vaccines, DNA/immunology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95664

ABSTRACT

The 8 kDa antigenic protein of Clonorchis sinensis was partially purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and subsequently by a column chromatographic steps. The purified protein was separated into 7 and 8 kDa protein bands through SDS-tricine gel electrophoresis, while the protein was found to migrate to a 8 kDa band in 7.5-15% SDS-PAGE. The molecular weight of the antigen was estimated to be 110 kDa by Superose 6 HR 10/30 gel filtration. The purified antigen strongly reacted with the human sera of clonorchiasis. The hyperimmune sera of BALB/c mice immunized against the 8 kDa protein were reacted with both the crude extract and the excretory-secretory product of adult worms, but not with the metacercarial extract. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that the protein was distributed to the tegument and subtegumental cells and also to the seminal receptacle. The present findings suggest that the 8 kDa protein is a partition of the multicomplex protein originating from various organs of adult C. sinensis, and that it is composed of several 7 and 8 kDa proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Clonorchiasis/immunology , Clonorchis sinensis/anatomy & histology , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Molecular Weight
14.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 96(suppl): 79-83, Sept. 2001. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-295890

ABSTRACT

In previous studies it was shown that the recombinant molecule, r-Sm14, induces high levels of protection against Schistosoma mansoni infection in two outbred animal models and immune crossprotection against infection by Fasciola hepatica in Swiss outbred mice. r-Sm14 was derived from a living worm extract, called SE, and is being developed as the molecular basis of an anti-helminth bivalent vaccine against the two parasites, for medical and veterinary application. Present data refer to SDS-PAGE and Western Blotting analysis of four different preparations of S. mansoni adult worms focusing Sm14 identification. The extracts correspond to the initial fraction of the SE extraction process, containing products released by living worms (SEi); SE2, reextraction of adult worms in PBS; and SE of separated male and female adult worms. In all extracts it was possible to detect the component of 14 kDa, that was recognized by specific anti-rSm14 antibody raised in rabbits


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Helminth Proteins/analysis , Schistosoma mansoni/chemistry , Schistosomiasis mansoni/immunology , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Blotting, Western , Carrier Proteins , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fatty Acids , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Vaccines/immunology
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 34(8): 1033-1036, Aug. 2001. ilus
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-290152

ABSTRACT

Ascaris suum allergenic components (PIII) separated by gel filtration chromatography of an adult worm extract were used to immunize BALB/c mice. Popliteal lymph node cells taken from the immunized animals were fused with SP2/O myeloma cells using polyethylene glycol (MW 1450) as fusogen. The hybridomas were cultured in HAT-containing medium and cloned at limiting dilutions. Supernatants from the growing hybrids were screened by ELISA using plates coated with PIII or the A. suum crude extract. The monoclonal antibody obtained, named MAC-3 (mouse anti-A. suum allergenic component), is an IgG1 kappa mouse immunoglobulin that specifically recognizes a 29,000 molecular weight protein (called allergenic protein) with an affinity constant of 1.7 x 10(9) M-1. The A. suum components recognized by MAC-3 induce specific IgE antibody production in immunized BALB/c mice. Ascitic fluid induced in Swiss mice by injecting ip the hybridoma cells and incomplete Freund's adjuvant was purified by affinity chromatography using a protein A-Sepharose column. The purified monoclonal antibody was then coupled to activated Sepharose beads in order to isolate the A. suum allergenic component from the whole extract by affinity chromatography


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antibodies, Helminth/biosynthesis , Allergens/immunology , Ascaris suum/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/biosynthesis , Immunoglobulin E/biosynthesis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Allergens/isolation & purification , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Chromatography, Affinity , Mice, Inbred BALB C
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36210

ABSTRACT

Three serological tests (ELISA NOVUM, ELISA PU and ToxocaraCHEK) were compared using excretory-secretory (ES) antigen of second stage larvae of Toxocara canis on two sets of sera from patients aged 1-15 years, living in town and in the country, suspected of having larval toxocarosis. Of 60 serum samples examined for the presence of anti-Toxocara IgM and IgG antibodies 35 (58.3%) were positive with ELISA NOVUM, 30 (50.0%) with ELISA PU and 37 (61.6%) with ToxocaraCHEK. A significantly higher seropositivity with all the tests was detected in group of patients from the village (test chi2, p < 0.005) when compared with patients from the town. The highest sensitivity (100%) was detected for a rapid qualitative ToxocaraCHEK. Compared with this screening test, both ELISA sets showed higher specificity but a lower sensitivity. Consistent findings (+;-) with ELISA NOVUM and ELISA PU were 88.3%; ELISA NOVUM and ToxocaraCHEK 96.7% and ELISA PU and ToxocaraCHEK 86.7%. This comparison indicates the suitability of ToxocaraCHEK set for screening for its simplicity and rapidity in detecting anti-Toxocara antibodies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Animals , Antibodies, Helminth/blood , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , Cross Reactions , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Infant , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Sensitivity and Specificity , Toxocara/immunology , Toxocara canis/immunology , Toxocariasis/diagnosis
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-33880

ABSTRACT

Urine was concentrated 20-fold for assay for CAg of Schistosoma japonicum. mAb-RIHA and mAb-DotELISA were positive in 78, 31% and 65.06% of cases respectively, of 83 patients with acute schistosomiasis. The false positive rates in 101 healthy controls were 14.85% and 0%, respectively. Cross-reactions (using mAb-RIHA) were seen in 16.36% and 14.28% of patients with clonorchiasis, 49 patients with ankylostomiasis, respectively. Corresponding figures for mAb-DotELISA were 0% and 0%.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Antibodies, Monoclonal/diagnosis , Antigens, Helminth , Case-Control Studies , Clonorchiasis/immunology , Cross Reactions , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , False Positive Reactions , Glycoproteins/immunology , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Hookworm Infections/immunology , Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Schistosomiasis japonica/drug therapy , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 1996 Jan; 34(1): 32-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-58299

ABSTRACT

The hatching associated materials generally called the excretory-secretory material (ES) released from the filarial parasite S. digitata along with the microfilariae (mf) under in vitro conditions showed immunosuppression. However the protein from lysate of embryo zone, from which ES materials were released along with the mf showed immunopotentiation in BALB/C mice. The histological analysis of spleen of immunized BALB/C mice showed changes confirming the in vitro findings. The main changes observed in the suppressed spleen were decrease in size and number of lymph follicles and increase in number of reticuloendothelial (RE) cells and cosinophil cells, whereas the main change in the potentiated spleen was an increase in the number of lymph follicles as compared to control spleen. These results clearly indicate that there are two types of ES materials in S. digitata, the native material present in the mature embryo causes immunopotentiation, and the materials released during the hatching process into the hostile environment along with mf causes immunosuppression. The difference in the biological effect between the materials released by lysis and hatching of the embryo opens up fresh understanding about the survival strategies of filarial parasites.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Immunization , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Setaria Nematode/physiology , Spleen/parasitology
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 90(2): 289-292, Mar.-Apr. 1995.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-321755

ABSTRACT

The interaction of Schistosoma mansoni with its host's immune system is largely affected by multiple specific and non-specific evasion mechanisms employed by the parasite to reduce the host's immune reactivity. Only little is known about these mechanisms on the molecular level. The four molecules described below are intrinsic parasitic proteins recently identified and studied in our laboratory. 1. m28--A 28kDa membrane serine protease. m28 cleaves iC3b and can thus restrict attack by effector cells utilizing complement receptors (especially CR3). Treatment with protease inhibitors potentiates killing of schistosomula by complement plus neutrophils. 2. Smpi56--A 56kDa serine protease inhibitor. Smpi56 binds covalently to m28 and to neutrophil's elastase and blocks their proteolytic activity. 3. P70--A 70kDa C3b binding protein. The postulated activity of P70 includes binding to C3b and blocking of complement activation of the C3 step. 4. SCIP-1--A 94kDa schistosome complement inhibitor. SCIP-1 shows antigenic and functional similarities to the human 18kDa complement inhibitor CD59. Like CD59, SCIP-1 binds to C8 and C9 and blocks formation of the complement membrane attack complex. Antibodies directed to human CD59 bind to schistosomula and potentiate their killing by complement. The structure and function of these four proteins as well as their capacity to induce protection from infection with S. mansoni are under investigation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Complement C3b , Complement Membrane Attack Complex , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Schistosoma mansoni , Serine Endopeptidases , Serine Proteinase Inhibitors , Guinea Pigs , Rabbits , Host-Parasite Interactions/immunology
20.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 1992 May; 30(5): 362-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-56111

ABSTRACT

The surface antigens of S. digitata were isolated by treatment with Triton X-100. In non SDS-PAGE the surface antigen preparation resolved into more than 6 protein bands. Electroelution of gel slices corresponding to the protein bands with relative mobilities 0.09, 0.32, 0.41, 0.53, 0.61 and 0.76 gave 6 purified surface antigen fractions (SAF). Analysis of SAFs by SDS-PAGE showed that the proteins with molecular weights 17, 29 and 36 KD were the three major polypeptides and different combination of these gave rise to the 6 native surface proteins. The 29 KD protein existed as a monomer and as cross-linked with the 17 and 36 KD proteins. All surface antigen fractions showed antigenicity, where as 29 KD protein remained as a high avidity surface antigen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Antigens, Surface/immunology , Cattle/parasitology , Cattle Diseases/parasitology , Cross Reactions , Helminth Proteins/immunology , Molecular Weight , Setaria Nematode/immunology , Setariasis/parasitology
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