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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888468

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of neonates with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS), and to provide a reference for optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical and follow-up data of 16 neonates with KMS who were admitted to the Anhui Children's Hospital, Anhui Medical University, from January 2016 to December 2020.@*RESULTS@#Of the 16 neonates, there were 13 boys (81%) and 3 girls (19%), with an age of 1 hour to 10 days on admission. Among these neonates, 13 (81%) had cutaneous hemangioma (2 in the head and face, 5 in the trunk, and 6 in the extremities) and 3 (19%) had liver hemangioma. The main clinical manifestations of bleeding tendency and scattered petechiae and ecchymosis were observed in 10 neonates (62%). All the 16 neonates had varying degrees of thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorders. They all received glucocorticoid treatment after admission and 7 (44%) of them had response, among whom 4 experienced recurrence. Among the neonates with no response to glucocorticoid treatment, 3 received sirolimus treatment, among whom 1 had the tumor volume reduced by 58.8% after 4 weeks of treatment, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal, while 2 had no significant reduction in tumor volume or significant increase in platelet count and achieved a tumor volume reduced by (43.7±0.4)% after 4 weeks of combined treatment with bleomycin arterial embolization, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal. After 4 weeks of bleomycin arterial embolization alone for 4 neonates, tumor volume was reduced by (52.0±3.4)%, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. Blunt and sharp dissection was performed for 2 neonates. The tumor was removed completely during surgery in the 2 neonates, with no infection or recurrence after surgery, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. The postoperative pathological examination showed Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma in 1 out of the 2 neonates.@*CONCLUSIONS@#KMS has characteristic clinical manifestations, histopathological features, and laboratory examination results. The KMS neonates who are not sensitive to glucocorticoids can achieve a good curative effect through arterial embolization and sirolimus treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hemangioendothelioma , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/therapy , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Kaposi
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1060-1064, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124897

ABSTRACT

La linfangiomatosis es una patología benigna, de etiología desconocida, que afecta especialmente a población pediátrica, caracterizándose por desarrollo de masas subcutáneas que involucran uno o más órganos. Cuando se asocia con coagulopatía y derrames quilosos, recibe el nombre de linfangiomatosis kaposiforme (LK), cuya evidencia disponible es escasa. El objetivo de este manuscrito es reportar un caso de LK pediátrico atendido en el Instituto del Cáncer SOLCA, Cuenca, Ecuador. Paciente femenina de 1 año 7 meses, con hernia inguinal bilaterales y alteración de los tiempos de coagulación. En los estudios de imagen se evidenció una masa mediastínica asociada a presencia de líquido en espacio pleural y cavidad abdomino-pélvica. Además, se evidenció la existencia de múltiples imágenes hipogénicas en el bazo. Se practicó timectomía mínima, toma de biopsia de linfonodos mediastínicos para establecer el diagnóstico, y se instaló un dren en el tórax para tratar el derrame pleural antes señalado. Se descartaron patologías similares (linfomas, lupus, inmunológicas, etc.). Dado el continúo deterioro respiratorio, coagulopatía, lesiones hipogénicas esplénicas y drenaje abundante del quilotórax por el tubo torácico, se planteó el diagnóstico de LK. Se inició apoyo nutricional vía parenteral (sin lípidos); se indicó vincristina, y se realizó una pleurodesis con bleomicina sin buena respuesta. La paciente falleció a los 16 días de su ingreso. Se trata de un caso de mal pronóstico, con evolución rápidamente progresiva hacia un desenlace fatal.


Lymphangiomatosis is a benign pathology, of unknown etiology. Affects especially to pediatric population and is characterized by development of subcutaneous masses that involve one or more organs. When it presents with coagulopathy and chylous effusions, it is called kaposiform lymphangiomatosis (KL). The available evidence of KL is scarce. The objective of this manuscript was to report a case of pediatric KL treated at SOLCA Cancer Institute, Cuenca, Ecuador. Female patient of 1 year and 7 months age. She had a bilateral inguinal hernia and altered coagulation times. Imaging studies revealed a mediastinal mass associated with fluid in the pleural space and in the abdominalpelvic cavity. Furthermore, the existence of multiple hypogenic images in the spleen was evidenced. Minimal thymectomy, biopsy of mediastinal lymph nodes was performed to establish the diagnosis, and a drain was installed in the chest to treat the aforementioned pleural effusion. Other pathologies like lymphomas, lupus, etc. were ruled out. Given the continuous respiratory deterioration, coagulopathy, splenic hypogenic lesions and abundant drainage of the chylothorax through the chest tube, the diagnosis of KL was raised. Parenteral nutrition (lipid-free) was started; Vincristine was indicated, and a pleurodesis with bleomycin was performed without a good response. The patient died 16 days after her admission. It is a case of very bad prognosis, with a rapidly progressive evolution towards a fatal outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Sarcoma, Kaposi/diagnostic imaging , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Hemangioendothelioma/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Fatal Outcome
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 214-216, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130843

ABSTRACT

Abstract Papillary intralymphatic angioendothelioma (Dabska tumor) is a rarely metastasizing lymphatic vascular neoplasm that usually affects children and young adults. The majority of these cases occur in soft tissues of extremities, and to date less than 40 cases have been described. Despite the generally indolent evolution, can be locally invasive with the potential to metastasize. We describe a case of a young woman presenting with a plantar lesion, for 9 months and histological diagnosis of Dabska tumor. This neoplasm should be considered in the differential diagnosis of vascular dermatoses, allowing early diagnosis and treatment. Long-term follow-up should be performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphatic Vessel Tumors/pathology , Foot Diseases/pathology , Hemangioendothelioma/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Lymphatic Vessel Tumors/diagnosis , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential , Foot Diseases/diagnosis , Hemangioendothelioma/diagnosis
5.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(3): 316-320, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1013839

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El hemangioendotelioma hepático (HEH) es un tumor benigno, raro en niños, que se presenta frecuentemente en el primer año de vida. La presentación clínica es variable y su diagnóstico se realiza en base a la sospecha clínica, estudios de laboratorio y de imagen. El objetivo fue describir un caso de hemangioendotelioma hepático multifocal. CASO CLÍNICO: Niña de 3 meses que presentó hepatomegalia sin elementos de falla hepática ni cardiaca. Se realizó ecografía y tomografía de ab domen que orientaron al diagnóstico de HEH que se confirmó con la angioresonancia de abdomen. Recibió glucocorticoides a altas dosis en forma prolongada. Al año y medio de iniciado el tratamiento se evidenció remisión del tumor. Presentó efectos secundarios por el tratamiento instaurado. CONCLUSIONES: La presencia de una hepatomegalia aislada en un lactante asintomático debe hacer pensar en una probable patología tumoral, orientándonos por la clínica e imagenología al diagnóstico nosológico de la misma. Siempre se debe sospesar las posibles complicaciones con los riesgos de los tratamientos a realizar. En este caso la extensión del tumor y sus probables complicaciones justificó el uso de corticoterapia prologada a altas dosis a pesar de sus efectos adversos.


INTRODUCTION: Hepatic hemangioendothelioma is a rare benign tumor in children, which frequently occurs in the first year of life. The clinical presentation is variable and the diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, and laboratory and imaging studies. The objective was to describe a case of multifocal hepa tic hemangioendothelioma. CLINICAL REPORT: 3-month-old girl who presented hepatomegaly without elements of hepatic or heart failure. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scan were used to diagnose hepatic hemangioendothelioma, which was confirmed by CT abdominal angiography. The patient received glucocorticoid treatment at high doses for a prolonged period. A year and a half after treatment, there was evidence of tumor remission. She had side effects from the established treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In asymptomatic patients with isolated hepatomegaly, it should be considered a probable tumor patho logy, considering the clinic and imaging studies. Possible complications and treatments risks must always be assessed. In this case, the tumor extension and its probable complications justified the use of prolonged corticosteroid therapy at high doses despite its adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Hemangioendothelioma/diagnostic imaging , Hepatomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Computed Tomography Angiography , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Hemangioendothelioma/drug therapy , Hepatomegaly/etiology , Hepatomegaly/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(6): 751-754, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043157

ABSTRACT

Background: There are several types of primary malignant hepatic tumors (PMHT) other than hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CC): they are infrequent and poorly known. Imaging studies could help characterize the lesions and may guide the diagnosis. However, the definitive diagnosis of PMHT is made by pathology. Aim: To review a registry of liver biopsies performed to diagnose hepatic tumors. Patients and Methods: Review of a pathology registry of liver biopsies performed for the diagnosis of liver tumors. Among these, 25 patients aged 57 ± 17 years, 60% males, in whom a liver tumor other than a HCC or CC was diagnosed, were selected for review. The medical records of these patients were reviewed to register their clinical characteristics, imaging and the pathological diagnosis performed during surgery and/ or with the percutaneous liver biopsy. Results: Ten patients (40%) had neuroendocrine tumors, six (24%) had a lymphoma and four (16%) had hepatic hemangioendothelioma. Angiosarcoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma were diagnosed in one patient each. In 22 patients (88%), neither clinical features nor imaging studies gave the correct diagnosis. Four patients (16%) had chronic liver disease. The most frequent symptoms were weight loss in 28% and abdominal pain in 24%. Conclusions: The most common PMHT other than HCC and CC were neuroendocrine tumors and lymphomas. Imaging or clinical features were not helpful to reach the correct diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sarcoma/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Neuroendocrine Tumors/epidemiology , Hemangioendothelioma/epidemiology , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Lymphoma/epidemiology , Sarcoma/pathology , Biopsy , Carcinoma/pathology , Comorbidity , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Neuroendocrine Tumors/pathology , Hemangioendothelioma/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphoma/pathology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763503

ABSTRACT

Primary cardiac tumors are rare, with a prevalence of 0.001–0.2%. Among such tumors, cardiac hemangioendotheliomas are some of the most uncommon. In Korea, there have been no reports of hemangioendothelioma occurring in the heart of infants. We herein report a case of an infant that was admitted to our medical center and presented with cough and a runny nose. The initial diagnosis was acute bronchiolitis. Cardiomegaly was observed on chest radiography. Echocardiography revealed a tumor measuring 3.5×4.0 cm in the right atrium. The infant was transferred to a tertiary medical center for tumor excision. The excised lesion was 3.8×3×3.2 cm in size, and biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of hemangioendothelioma. In this case report, we describe our experience with a rare case involving cardiac tumor in an infant with an upper respiratory tract infection.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bronchiolitis , Cardiomegaly , Cough , Diagnosis , Echocardiography , Heart , Heart Atria , Heart Neoplasms , Hemangioendothelioma , Humans , Infant , Korea , Nose , Prevalence , Radiography , Respiratory Tract Infections , Thorax , Twins
8.
9.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 30(1): 5105-5107, 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1008296

ABSTRACT

Los hemangioendoteliomas esplénicos son neoplasias de origen vascular poco frecuentes, se presentan en pacientes entre 3 y 54 años. En edad pediátrica se han descrito pocos casos. Se caracteriza por presentar lesiones bien circunscritas, debidamente separadas del parénquima esplénico sano, moderada atipia celular, poca actividad mitótica y una apariencia histológica intermedia entre el hemangioma y el angiosarcoma.


Splenic hemangioendothelioma are rare vascular neoplasms that occur in patients between the ages of 3 and 54. Few pediatric cases have been described. It is characterized by well-circumscribed lesions, properly separated from the healthy splenic parenchyma, moderate cellular atypia, little mitotic activity, and an intermediate histological appearance between hemangioma and angiosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemangioendothelioma , Splenic Neoplasms , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718908

ABSTRACT

Hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor with involvement of the liver, brain, long bones, and lung. Among the 6 histological subtypes, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is the most aggressive. Its occurrence in the mediastinum is quite rare, and very few cases have been documented. The reported cases in the literature have described difficulties in the preoperative diagnosis due to the unusual histological appearance of the tumor. Immunohistochemistry remains the mainstay for a definitive diagnosis. Due to its low incidence, there is no standard treatment for mediastinal EHE, but curative resection is the preferred treatment option where possible, with chemotherapy used as an adjuvant treatment or in cases of widespread inoperable disease. The present case study describes an aggressive EHE occurring in an 18-year-old woman in the anterior mediastinum.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Brain , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Female , Hemangioendothelioma , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Incidence , Liver , Lung , Mediastinum , Vascular Neoplasms
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718053

ABSTRACT

Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a very rare, locally aggressive vascular neoplasm. It occurs mostly in children and is rarely observed in adults. It typically originates on the skin, later affecting the deep soft tissue of the extremities, head or neck, and retroperitoneum by infiltrative growth. It is locally aggressive, does not regress spontaneously, and tends to metastasize locally as well as to the regional lymph nodes. In this article, we report a case of adult-onset KHE with neurofibromatosis type 1. The patient presented to our department with a 2-month history of a painful ulceration in her left popliteal area. Since KHE had not previously been reported in patients with neurofibromatosis, the diagnosis was difficult due to the similarity of the skin manifestation to neurofibromatosis-associated lesions. We share our experience of diagnosing and treating this rare case of adult-onset KHE.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Diagnosis , Extremities , Head , Hemangioendothelioma , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neck , Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue , Neuralgia , Neurofibromatoses , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Skin , Skin Manifestations , Ulcer , Vascular Neoplasms
13.
Rev. ADM ; 74(6): 315-319, nov.-dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973055

ABSTRACT

La hiperplasia endotelial papilar intravascular (HEPI) es una lesiónbenigna muy poco común en la cavidad oral. Fue descrita por primera vez por Masson en 1923 como hemangioendotelioma vegetante intravascular; más adelante, se le dieron diferentes nombres como angiomatosis intravascular, seudoangiosarcoma de Masson y, por último, hiperplasia endotelial papilífera intravascular. Los hallazgos en bocason poco comunes, y cuando se presentan, generalmente es en labio.Se expone el caso clínico de un paciente de 78 años de edad con una lesión asintomática bilobular en encía, que refi ere una evolución lenta y progresiva de 10 años. Se emitió un diagnóstico clínico presuntivo degranuloma periférico de células gigantes y se procedió a realizar biopsiaescisional, así como su envío a estudio histopatológico para confirmar eldiagnóstico; se emitió el diagnóstico de HEPI y se confirmó por medio de inmunohistoquímica. Esta lesión puede ser fácilmente confundida con neoplasias malignas vasculares (angiosarcoma, sarcoma de Kaposi),tanto clínica como histopatológicamente. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir mediante un caso clínico la importancia de un correcto diagnóstico a través de una adecuada exploración clínica, así comouna observación microscópica a conciencia y la comunicación interdisciplinaria entre el cirujano maxilofacial y el patólogo bucal, para no confundir esta entidad benigna con otro tipo de patologías que requieren tratamientos más agresivos e invasivos, sin ser adecuados para la HEPI.


Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a rarebenign lesion in the oral cavity. It was fi rst described by Massonin 1923 as intravascular vegetating hemangio endothelioma, andlater received diff erent names, like «intravascular angiomatosis¼,«Masson’s pseudoangiosarcoma¼ and «intravascular papillaryendothelial hyperplasia¼; fi ndings in the mouth are rare, and when present, they are generally in the lip. The clinical case presented is a78-year-old patient with a bilobular asymptomatic lesion in gingivawith a slow and progressive 10-year evolution. A presumptive clinicaldiagnosis of peripheral giant-cell granuloma was issued, followed byan excisional biopsy and histopathology study to confi rm the diagnosis;it had been correctly diagnosed as IPEH, which was confi rmed byimmuno histochemistry. This lesion can be easily confused with vascular malignancies (angiosarcoma, Kaposi sarcoma) both clinically andhistologically. The intention of this work is, through a clinical case,to describe the importance of a correct diagnosis by a proper clinical examination, detailed microscopic observation and interdisciplinary communication between the surgeon and the pathologist, in order toavoid a misdiagnosis of this benign entity with other pathologies tha trequire more aggressive and invasive treatments, inadequate for IPEH.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Hemangioendothelioma/diagnosis , Hemangioendothelioma/pathology , Hemangioendothelioma/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Histological Techniques , Biopsy , Oral Surgical Procedures
14.
Pediátr. Panamá ; 46(2): 148-150, agosto-septiembre 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-848350

ABSTRACT

Es la presentación abreviada del cuadro clínico de un caso, junto con una foto o imagen, donde se presentan diferentes alternativas diagnósticas y la presentación de una breve revisión bibliográ ca del diagnóstico correcto (no mayor de 5 referencias).


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Hemangioendothelioma , Hemangioma , Vascular Malformations
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125184

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Soft tissue hemangioendothelioma (STHE) is a rare vascular tumor, which has a similar prognosis to borderline malignancy. The disease is poorly understood in pediatric cases because of its low incidence; therefore, we investigated treatment strategies for STHE in children. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 8 patients with STHE, who were pathologically confirmed between January 1995 and June 2015. The median duration of follow-up was 72 months. RESULTS: Five were male and the median age at the time of surgery was 1.2 years. Six patients presented with a palpable mass, and 2 patients experienced facial paralysis. The median tumor size was 4.0 cm. The following tumor locations were observed head (2 patients), neck (2 patients), chest wall (1 patient), sacrococcyx (1 patient), upper limb (1 patient), and lower limb (1 patient). The patients underwent either microscopic complete resection (R0) (3 patients), macroscopic complete resection (R1) (2 patients), or macroscopic incomplete resection (R2) (3 patients). After histopathological examination, 6 patients were diagnosed with kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (HE), one with retiform HE, and one with epithelioid HE. Postoperative sequelae occurred as gait disturbance, hearing impairment, and vocal cord palsy. Tumor recurrence or regrowth occurred in 4 patients. These patients underwent reoperation and IFN therapy; however, in the patient with epithelioid HE, metastasis to the scalp occurred after these therapies. The patient with the head tumor who underwent R2 resection, underwent resection three more times, but died 11 months after the first surgery. CONCLUSION: When treating STHE in children, R0 resection should be first considered, but recurrence and metastasis should be monitored depending on the size, pathology, and location of the lesion. When major sequelae are expected, function-preserving surgery could be considered, depending on tumor location, size, and nearby organs.


Subject(s)
Child , Facial Paralysis , Follow-Up Studies , Gait , Head , Hearing Loss , Hemangioendothelioma , Humans , Incidence , Lower Extremity , Male , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Prognosis , Recurrence , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Scalp , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Thoracic Wall , Upper Extremity , Vocal Cord Paralysis
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(6): 748-753, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837985

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma is a rare, intermediate, malignant tumor. The tumor's etiology remains unknown and there are no specific treatments. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we performed exome sequencing using DNA from a Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma patient, and found putative candidates for the responsible mutations. METHOD: The genomic DNA for exome sequencing was obtained from the tumor tissue and matched normal tissue from the same individual. Exome sequencing was performed on HiSeq2000 sequencer platform. RESULTS: Among oncogenes, germline missense single nucleotide variants were observed in the TP53 and APC genes in both the tumor and normal tissue. As tumor-specific somatic mutations, we identified 81 candidate genes, including 4 nonsense changes, 68 missense changes and 9 insertions/deletions. The mutations in ITGB2, IL-32 and DIDO1 were included in them. CONCLUSION: This is a pilot study, and future analysis with more patients is needed to clarify: the detailed pathogenesis of this tumor, the novel diagnostic methods by detecting specific mutations, and the new therapeutic strategies targeting the mutation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Mutation, Missense , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/genetics , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/pathology , Exome , Hemangioendothelioma/genetics , Hemangioendothelioma/pathology , Reference Values , DNA Mutational Analysis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Genes, p53/genetics , Genes, APC , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Genetic Association Studies , Gene Frequency
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60372

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PEH) is a rare, low-to-intermediate malignant tumor of endothelial origin. Computed tomography (CT) findings of PEH demonstrate multiple small bilateral nodules; however, to the best of our knowledge, there were no reports on PEH coexisting with other malignancies. Here, we reported on a case involving PEH in a patient with colon cancer and breast cancer which was misconceived as pulmonary meta-stasis. A 63-year-old woman who suffered from constipation for 2 weeks visited our hospital. Colonoscopy showed a large mass with obstruction on hepatic flexure. The histological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma of the ascending colon. Multiple nodules in both lungs and breast were observed on a chest CT scan. A core biopsy of a breast nodule was performed and a diagnosis of invasive ductal carcinoma of the left breast was made. Pulmonary nodules observed on the chest CT scan was considered as pulmonary metastasis from colon or breast cancer. Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy was performed. At the same time, wedge resection of the lung was performed and pathological diagnosis was PEH. Radiologic features of PEH were difficult to distinguish from lung metastasis. Therefore the author reported a rare case involving PEH in a patient with primary malignancy of colon and breast.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Constipation , Diagnosis , Female , Hemangioendothelioma , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid , Humans , Lung , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27970

ABSTRACT

Farber disease (FD) is a rare lysosomal storage disorder that shows autosomal recessive inheritance. We report the case of a 58-month-old girl with FD, who was misdiagnosed with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. The patient had undergone five surgeries for sacrococcygeal masses and three surgeries for scalp masses owing to misdiagnosis. Here, we describe this rare case of FD.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Errors , Farber Lipogranulomatosis , Female , Hemangioendothelioma , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid , Humans , Scalp , Wills
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169364

ABSTRACT

We report a case of retiform hemangioendothelioma (RH) located in the infratemporal fossa and buccal area in a 13-year-old Korean boy. The tumor originated from the sphenoid bone of the infratemporal fossa area and spread into the cavernous sinus, orbital apex, and retro-nasal area with bone destruction of the pterygoid process. Tumor resection was conducted via Le Fort I osteotomy and partial maxillectomy to approach the infratemporal fossa and retro-nasal area. The diagnosis of RH was confirmed after surgery. In the presented patient, surgical excision was incomplete, and close follow-up was performed. There was no evidence of expansion or metastasis of the residual tumor in the 8 years after surgery. In cases of residual RH with low likelihood of expansion and metastasis, even though RH is an intermediate malignancy, close follow-up can be the appropriate treatment choice over additional aggressive therapy. To date, 29 papers and 48 RH cases have been reported, including this case. This case is the second reported RH case presenting as primary bone tumor and the first case originating in the oromaxillofacial area.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cavernous Sinus , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hemangioendothelioma , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm, Residual , Orbit , Osteotomy , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Sphenoid Bone
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