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1.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 92-95, ene.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280498

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las malformaciones venosas son lesiones vasculares benignas infrecuentes que se presentan en el útero. Están conformadas por venas anormales, de diferentes tamaños y proporciones, con configuración espongiforme y disposición al azar. En la literatura, han sido previamente reportados algunos casos, usando el término "hemangioma cavernoso", pero según los cambios recientes en la terminología, aprobados por Sociedad Internacional para el Estudio de las Anormalidades Vasculares (ISSVA), se desaconseja el uso de este término y se sugiere el de "Malformación venosa", si se cumplen los hallazgos histopatológicos al momento de hacer el diagnóstico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 44 años, con cuadro de hemorragia vaginal anormal y diagnóstico clínico de miomatosis y mioma abortado por el orificio cervical interno, el estudio histopatológico reveló la presencia de una malformación venosa que comprometía el miometrio y endometrio, con formación subsecuente de un pólipo.


Abstract Venous malformations are benign vascular lesions that rarely appear in the uterus. They are made up of abnormal veins, of different sizes and proportions, with spongiform configuration and random disposition. In the literature, some cases have been previously reported, using the term "cavernous hemangioma", but according to recent changes in terminology, approved by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Abnormalities (ISSVA), the use of this term is discouraged, and the diagnosis of Venous malformation is suggested, if the histopathological findings are met. We present the case of a 44-year-old woman, with abnormal vaginal bleeding and a clinical diagnosis of myomatosis and myoma aborted by the internal cervical orifice, in whom the histopathological study revealed the presence of a venous malformation that compromised the myometrium and endometrium, with subsequent formation of a polyp.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterus , Vascular Malformations , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Uterus/pathology , Vascular System Injuries , Hemangioma , Morphogenesis
2.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e206, ene.-abr. 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251683

ABSTRACT

El hemangioma cavernoso es una neoplasia benigna de los vasos sanguíneos. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo presentar el caso de un hemangioma cavernoso gigante que fue tratado con propranolol. El diagnóstico se realizó mediante examen físico, dúplex y otros complementarios de interés. Para la decisión de la conducta terapéutica, especialistas de diferentes especialidades evaluaron al paciente: Oncología, Dermatología, Ortopedia, Pediatría y Angiología. Una vez establecido el tratamiento, se realizó un seguimiento durante cuatro semanas y luego mensual. El resultado, después de 22 meses, fue la desaparición del hemangioma. El propranolol en el hemangioma cavernoso gigante debe ser el tratamiento de elección precoz para una evolución satisfactoria y evitar complicaciones(AU)


Cavernous hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels. This work aimed at presenting the case of a giant cavernous hemangioma treated with propranolol. The diagnosis was made by physical examination, duplex Doppler sonography, and complementary tests of interest. For deciding the therapeutic approach, the patient was assessed by several specialists from different medical fields, such as oncology, dermatology, orthopedics, pediatrics, and angiology. Once the treatment was established, a follow-up was carried out for four weeks and then monthly. The outcome, after twenty-two months, was the hemangioma disappearance. Propranolol in giant cavernous hemangioma should be the treatment of early choice for a satisfactory evolution and to avoid complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Vessels , Hemangioma , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Neoplasms , Aftercare
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 93-97, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251527

ABSTRACT

Resumen El hemangioma cavernoso de colon es una neoplasia vascular benigna, muy poco frecuente. Se realiza una breve descripción del cuadro clínico, diagnóstico y tratamiento de un paciente joven con un hemangioma cavernoso en el sigmoides. Se trata de un paciente de 18 años de edad quien consultó al servicio de urgencias por un cuadro clínico consistente en sangrado rectal indoloro asociado con disnea, astenia y adinamia; el paciente ingresó con signos vitales estables, posteriormente, se realizaron estudios complementarios, entre ellos un hemograma, que reportó un síndrome anémico grave que lleva al estudio de su causa. Se realizó una colonoscopia que reportó una lesión a nivel del sigmoides compatible con hemangioma colónico. El paciente es llevado a cirugía (laparotomía), se realizó una hemicolectomía y se confirmó el diagnostico por estudio de patología.


Abstract Cavernous hemangioma of the colon is a very rare benign vascular neoplasm. The following is a brief description of the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of a young patient with a cavernous hemangioma of the sigmoid colon. An 18-year-old man consulted the emergency department due to painless rectal bleeding associated with dyspnea, asthenia, and adynamia. The patient was admitted with stable vital signs, and complementary studies, including a blood count, reported severe anemic syndrome leading to the study of the cause of the disease. A colonoscopy was performed, finding a sigmoid lesion compatible with colon hemangioma. The patient was taken to surgery (laparotomy), a hemicolectomy was performed, and the diagnosis was confirmed by pathology study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Colon, Sigmoid , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Colonoscopy , Laparotomy
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1018, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289380

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los hemangiomas hepáticos son lesiones no epiteliales que se observan con mucha frecuencia en piezas quirúrgicas resecadas por otras razones. Los hemangiomas que miden 10 cm o más, denominados "hemangiomas gigantes", pueden producir síntomas, como dolor y manifestaciones de un síndrome de reacción inflamatoria y coagulopatía. Los hemangiomas hepáticos son los tumores hepáticos primarios más frecuentes y están presentes en un 0,4-20 por ciento de la población general y es característico que se detecten de manera accidental durante la evaluación de síntomas abdominales inespecíficos. Objetivo: Presentar a una paciente portadora de un hemangioma gigante y características anatómicas peculiares intervenida quirúrgicamente con buenos resultados y evolución excelente. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo femenino de 24 años de edad, portadora de un Hemangioma hepático gigante en segmento lateral, con variante anatómica vascular que dificultó la embolización y facilitó la cirugía. Se realizó una lobectomía hepática izquierda con una evolución clínica satisfactoria y sin complicaciones. Conclusiones: Las resecciones quirúrgicas de hemangiomas gigantes sintomáticos son una opción terapéutica segura y muy válida ante el fracaso de la embolización(AU)


Introduction: Hepatic hemangiomas are nonepithelial lesions much frequently observed in surgical specimens resected for other reasons. Hemangiomas ten centimeters or more, called "giant hemangiomas," can cause symptoms such as pain, as well as manifestations of an inflammatory reaction syndrome and coagulopathy. Hepatic hemangiomas are the commonest primary hepatic tumors, are present in 0.4-20 percent of the general population, and are typically accidentally detected during the evaluation of nonspecific abdominal symptoms. Objective: To present the case of a patient with a giant hemangioma and unusual anatomical characteristics, who underwent surgery with good outcome and excellent evolution. Clinical case: 24-year-old female patient with a giant hepatic hemangioma in the lateral segment, with a vascular anatomical variant that made embolization difficult and facilitated surgery. A left hepatic lobectomy was performed with satisfactory and uncomplicated clinical evolution. Conclusions: Surgical resections of symptomatic giant hemangiomas are a safe and very valid therapeutic option in case of embolization failure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Hemangioma/epidemiology , Hemangioma, Cavernous/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(6): 352-356, 20200000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367043

ABSTRACT

El hemangioma de colon y recto es una entidad poco frecuente. El tipo cavernoso, es aún más raro por lo que existen pocos reportes de esta patología. Afecta mayormente al recto y al sigmoides, y el modo de presentación más común es la proctorragia indolora en el 90% de los casos. Más frecuente en adultos jóvenes. Esta entidad para su diagnóstico requiere alta sospecha y la realización de los estudios pertinentes ya que suele confundírsela con patologías más comunes. En esta revisión se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 58 años con un hemangioma cavernoso de colon transverso que se manifestó inicialmente como hematoquecia asociada a astenia. Luego de realizar estudios complementarios, se decide conducta quirúrgica. Se realizó resección de colon transverso con buena evolución postoperatoria. El resultado de anatomía patológica nos informa Hemangioma Cavernoso de colon transverso.


The hemangioma of the colon and rectum is a rare entity. The cavernous type is even more rare, so there are few reports of this pathology. It mainly affects the rectum and the sigmoid, and the most common presentation is painless proctorrhagia in 90% of cases. More frequent in young adults. This entity for its diagnosis requires high suspicion and the realization of the pertinent studies since it is usually confused with more common pathologies. In this review we present the case of a 58-year-old male patient with a cavernous hemangioma of the transverse colon that initially manifested as hematochezia associated with asthenia. After performing complementary studies, surgical behavior is decided. Transverse colon resection was performed with good postoperative evolution. The result of pathological anatomy informs us Cavernous hemangioma of transverse colon


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colectomy , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Hemangioma/pathology , Hemangioma, Cavernous/pathology
7.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(2): 65-75, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1123310

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar los resultados de tratamiento quirúrgico obtenidos en una serie de 14 casos de malformación cavernosa, situadas en diferentes localizaciones encefálicas, además de realizar una revisión bibliográfica sobre el tema. Material y métodos: En el periodo de los años 2014-2019, se diagnosticaron y protocolizaron 14 pacientes por medio de la consulta externa de neurocirugía del Hospital Juárez de México. Todos menos 2, fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Resultados: En 12 de los 14 casos que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico, se documentó mejoría neurológica posterior a la resección total en 10 pacientes, 1 paciente de cavernoma gigante temporal se hizo resección subtotal, en 1 paciente con lesión de localización protuberancial se le realizó únicamente drenaje de hematoma. El déficit preoperatorio tendió a mejorar progresivamente en las lesiones de mayor tamaño y en ningún caso se documentaron complicaciones, las crisis convulsivas se controlaron disminuyendo progresivamente la dosis de fármacos anticonvulsivantes en el periodo postquirúrgico de este grupo de pacientes. Y dos pacientes, uno con lesión mesencefálica y el otro con cavernomatosis solo se sometieron a observación. Conclusiones: La cirugía es el método de elección hoy en día para el tratamiento de las malformaciones cavernosas, siendo los mejores resultados a menor tamaño de la lesión y con localizaciones más superficiales. Los resultados quirúrgicos de nuestros pacientes son similares a lo reportado en la literatura mundial.


Objectives: To present the surgical outcomes obtained in a series of 14 cases of cavernous malformation, located in different brain locations, in addition to conducting a literature review on the subject. Method: Between the years, 2014 and 2019, 14 cases were diagnosed and protocolized in neurosurgery department of Hospital Juárez of México. All patients except two, were surgically treated. Results: In 12 of the 14 cases received surgical treatment, neurological improvement was documented after the total resection in ten patients, one patient with giant temporal cavernoma performed a subtotal resection, other case with a lesion in the pontine location a hematoma drainage was performed. All surgical patients the preoperative clinical deficit tended to improve progressively in larger lesions and no complications were documented. Seizures were controlled by gradually decreasing the dose of anticonvulsant drugs in the post-surgical period of this group of patients. And two patients, one with mesencephalic lesion and another with cavernomatosis, were only observe. Conclusion: Surgery is the method of choice today for the treatment of cavernous malformations, with the best outcome being the smallest size of the lesion and with more superficial locations. The surgical outcomes in our patients are similar to those reported in the world literature


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Congenital Abnormalities , Central Nervous System , Neurosurgery
8.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(2): 69-72, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118220

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso de presentación inusual de hemangioma arteriovenoso trombosado de rodilla, en un paciente de sexo masculino de 54 años de edad quien consulta por dolor en cara anterior e interlínea interna de rodilla izquierda, y episodios de pseudobloqueos. Sin antecedente traumático previo. Debido a la lesión meniscal interna y la sospecha diagnóstica de tumor de partes blandas de rodilla, se indicó el tratamiento quirúrgico combinado, artroscopía para la resolución de la lesión meniscal interna y, por otro abordaje, biopsia escicional con remoción del tumor de partes blandas.El estudio anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de hemangioma arteriovenoso trombosado. Tipo de estudio: Reporte de caso. Nivel de evidencia: V


We present an unusual case of thrombosed arteriovenous hemangioma of the knee. A 54-year-old male patient, with pain about de left knee, with previous blocking episodes, without prior traumatic history.Due to the internal meniscus lesion and diagnostic suspicion of soft tissue tumor of the knee. Surgical treatment was considered, both, arthroscopy and mini open surgery.Surgical treatment was performed, arthroscopy and biopsy with removal of the soft tissue tumor. Histopathological findings confirmed the diagnosis of thrombosed arteriovenous hemangioma. Type of study: Case report. Level of evidence: V


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Hemangioma, Cavernous/surgery , Hemangioma, Cavernous/diagnosis , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Joint/pathology
11.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 678-680, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762386

ABSTRACT

Orofacial granulomatosis is a rare granulomatous inflammatory disease, characterized by recurrent orofacial swelling. Infectious, genetic, and immunologic etiologies are suggested, but not fully understood. Herein, we report a case of synchronous orofacial granulomatosis with brain cavernous hemangioma in a 44-year-old female patient, which may be considered paraneoplastic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain , Female , Granulomatosis, Orofacial , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System , Humans , Paraneoplastic Syndromes
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788055

ABSTRACT

Cavernous hemangiomas are benign neoplasms of endothelial cells. Although this neoplasm has the potential to develop in all parts of the body, it rarely develops in the axilla; in fact, there are only two case reports of axillary cavernous hemangiomas in the literature. Here, we describe a third case, which occurred in a 30-year-old Korean woman. The patient presented with a palpable mass in the left axilla that was initially thought to be either a phyllodes tumor or a lymphoma based on imaging studies. However, the results of an excisional biopsy led to a diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma. Although uncommon, a cavernous hemangioma can be encountered unexpectedly, presenting as a mass in axilla. Although usually curative, surgery may be challenging not only because of the rarity of the condition, but also because of inconsistent preoperative findings and the involvement of large vessels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Axilla , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Endothelial Cells , Female , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Humans , Lymphoma , Phyllodes Tumor , Ultrasonography , Vascular Neoplasms
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775969

ABSTRACT

Extracerebral cavernous hemangioma typically occurs in cavernous sinus in middle cranial fossa,showing iso-or hypointensity on T1WI,obvious hyperintensity on T2WI,and evident enhancement after contrast administration during magnetic resonance imaging(MRI).In this article we report one case of atypical cavernous hemangioma of the trigeminal nerve,with atypical MRI findings including isotense or slight long T2 signal,dotty short T1 signal,and non-enhancement on T1WI.


Subject(s)
Cavernous Sinus , Diagnostic Imaging , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Trigeminal Nerve , Pathology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764178

ABSTRACT

Cavernous hemangioma of the gallbladder is an extremely rare benign tumor. The tumor has only a few cases being reported in literature. However, to the best of our knowledge, no reports focusing on the MRI findings of cavernous hemangioma of the gallbladder have been published. This study reports a case of gallbladder hemangioma with pathologic and radiologic reviews, including MRI findings.


Subject(s)
Gallbladder , Hemangioma , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
15.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 54(3): 39-42, jul.-ago. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-948106

ABSTRACT

Extradural lumbar spinal canal cavernous hemangiomas (or cavernomas) are rare lesions that can induce intense back pain and neurological deficit. We present a case report of a patient with a pure radicular lombar extradural cavernoma resembling a benign neurological tumor in imaging exams and a successful surgical resection.


Os hemangiomas cavernosos do canal vertebral lombar extradural (ou cavernomas) são lesões raras que podem induzir dor intensa no dorso e déficit neurológico. Apresentamos um relato de caso de um paciente com um cavernoma extradural lombar radicular puro assemelhando-se a um tumor neurológico benigno em exames de imagem e uma ressecção cirúrgica bem-sucedida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Low Back Pain/surgery , Hemangioma, Cavernous/surgery , Hemangioma, Cavernous/complications , Hemangioma, Cavernous/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Low Back Pain/etiology , Lumbosacral Region
17.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(1): 84-88, mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902819

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los hemangiomas son uno de los tumores más frecuentes en cabeza y cuello. Los hemangiomas de laringe se pueden dividir clínicamente en formas infantiles y adultas. En niños es una patología frecuente, mientras que en adultos es muy infrecuente. En adultos, tiene mayor incidencia en hombres y su ubicación más frecuente es supraglótica. Su histología más frecuente es el hemangioma cavernoso (HC), que corresponde a una malformación de origen venoso, con paredes delgadas y vasos dilatados. La presentación más habitual es con disfonía o ronquera de meses o años de evolución y se sospecha mediante la nasofaringolaringoscopía o el estudio de imágenes (TC y/o RM). Existen distintas formas de tratamiento, incluidas la observación, la corticoterapia, la radioterapia, la cirugía láser, la cirugía abierta, etc., sin existir un consenso sobre la mejor opción. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 43 años con antecedentes de tabaquismo que consultó por una historia de disfonía de un año de evolución. Se diagnosticó mediante nasofaringolaringoscopía y TC de cuello una gran masa supraglótica que se extirpó mediante un abordaje de laringofisura. La biopsia diferida informó un HC.


ABSTRACT Hemangiomas are one of the most frequent head and neck tumors. Clinically, they can be divided into childish and adult forms. In children it is a frequent pathology, whereas in adults it is very rare. In adults, it has a higher incidence in men and its more frequent location is supraglottic. Its most frequent histology is the cavernous hemangioma, which corresponds to a malformation of venous origin, with thin walls and dilated vessels. The most common presentation is with the disphony or hoarseness lasting from months to years of evolution and suspicion is made through nasofibroscopy or the imaging study (CT and / or MRI). There are different forms of treatment, including observation, corticotherapy, radiotherapy, laser surgery, open surgery, etc., without a consensus on the best option. We present the case of a 43 year old male with a history of smoking who consulted for dysphonia of a year of evolution. A large supraglottic mass was diagnosed through nasofibroscopy and CT of the neck, which is removed by a laryngopharyngeal approach. Deferred biopsy reported a cavernous hemangioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Hemangioma, Cavernous/surgery , Hemangioma, Cavernous/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dysphonia , Laryngoscopy/methods
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765618

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of pure epidural cavernous hemangioma located at the thoracolumbar spine in a 53-year-old woman that mimicked a neurogenic tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: A pure spinal epidural cavernous hemangioma without bony involvement is a very rare lesion about which limited information is available in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 53-year-old woman visited our clinic for hypoesthesia with a tingling sensation in the left anterolateral thigh that had begun a month ago. No other neurologic symptoms or signs were present upon a neurologic examination. MRI from an outside hospital showed a 2.0×0.5 cm elongated mass at the T11-12 left neural foramen. The tumor was completely removed in piecemeal fashion. RESULTS: The histopathologic examination revealed a cavernous hemangioma, which was the final diagnosis. The outcome was favorable in that only operation-related mild back pain remained, without any neurologic deficits, after a postoperative follow-up of 2 years and 3 months. No recurrence was observed on MRI at 2 years postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Pure epidural spinal cavernous hemangioma is very rare, and it is very difficult to differentiate from other epidural lesions. However, we believe that it should be included in the differential diagnosis of spinal epidural tumors due to its favorable prognosis.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidural Neoplasms , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Humans , Hypesthesia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Neurologic Examination , Neurologic Manifestations , Prognosis , Recurrence , Sensation , Spine , Thigh , Thoracic Vertebrae
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718694

ABSTRACT

A 35-year-old female complaining of a painful huge right posterior chest wall mass was admitted. Chest computed tomography showed the pleural invasion of mass and deformed ribs. Suspected diagnosis was hemangioma. Entire mass was removed carefully and pleural biopsy was performed. The operation was finished after bleeding control and chest tube insertion. The mass was diagnosed as a cavernous hemangioma histopathologically. Cavernous hemangioma of chest wall is a rare benign vascular tumor. Surgical operation of hemangioma demands meticulous bleeding control because of risk of hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Chest Tubes , Diagnosis , Female , Hemangioma , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Hemorrhage , Humans , Ribs , Thoracic Wall , Thorax
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717043

ABSTRACT

Cavernous malformations (CMs) are angiographically occult vascular lesions, and their clinical presentations vary widely according to location of the lesion. Here, we reviewed three cases of CM located at the optic apparatus. All three patients experienced visual deterioration and underwent surgical resection. One achieved complete resection of the CM, whereas the others achieved subtotal resection. Visual symptoms of the two patients who achieved subtotal resection improved, but the visual symptom of the patient who achieved complete resection remained unchanged. One patient with subtotal resection presented postoperative improvement of visual symptoms but experienced deterioration in two years after surgical resection due to rebleeding from the remnant lesion, and he required a second operation. We recommend total resection of CM when feasible and regular follow-up after subtotal resection due to the risk of rebleeding.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Hemorrhage , Humans , Optic Nerve
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