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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e261-e263, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248225

ABSTRACT

Los hematomas y abscesos septales constituyen una urgencia en rinología y requieren tratamiento quirúrgico temprano debido al riesgo de complicaciones infecciosas, funcionales y estéticas. Suelen aparecer como consecuencia de un traumatismo nasal, aunque también se han descrito en relación con otros desencadenantes. La acumulación de sangre o pus entre el mucopericondrio y el cartílago septal causa lesión por necrosis avascular en el cartílago y la destrucción de este.Desde el punto de vista clínico, se presenta como insuficiencia ventilatoria nasal y dolor facial. Con menor frecuencia, el motivo de consulta es deformidad del dorso nasal, epistaxis, rinorrea purulenta y fiebre.Se presentan en este trabajo dos casos clínicos con diagnóstico de hematoma septal que requirieron cirugía.


Hematomas and septal abscesses are an emergency in rhinology and require early surgical treatment due to the risk of infectious, functional, and aesthetic complications. They generally occur as a consequence of nasal trauma, although they have also been described in relation to other triggers. Accumulation of blood or pus between the mucoperichondrium and septal cartilage, causes avascular necrosis injury to the cartilage with cartilage destruction.Clinically it presents as nasal ventilatory insufficiency and facial pain. In a lower percentage, the reason for consultation was nasal dorsal deformity, epistaxis, purulent rhinorrhea and fever.We present two clinical cases with septal hematoma. Both required surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Nasal Cartilages/injuries , Hematoma/diagnosis , Wounds and Injuries , Abscess , Hematoma/surgery
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e513-e517, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292683

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de injerto contra huésped es una complicación grave que se presenta después del trasplante de médula ósea, con morbilidad y mortalidad elevadas. El patrón de oro para evaluar su compromiso gastrointestinal es la endoscopia digestiva alta y baja con toma de biopsia. El desarrollo de hematoma duodenal intramural es una complicación poco frecuente asociada con este procedimiento .Se presentan dos casos de hematoma duodenal intramural posendoscopia en pacientes con trasplante y sospecha de enfermedad injerto contra huésped que presentaron un cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal y sangrado intestinal. El diagnóstico se realizó por tomografía y recibieron tratamiento conservador, con un resultado favorable. En ambos casos, el diagnóstico de enfermedad injerto contra huésped gastrointestinal se hizo a través de las biopsias colónicas con histología duodenal normal, lo que sugiere evitar la toma de muestras duodenales para prevenir esta grave complicación en pacientes de alto riesgo y, de este modo, disminuir la morbilidad.


Graft versus host disease is a serious complication that occurs following bone marrow transplant with significant morbidity and mortality. The gold standard to diagnose gastrointestinal graft versus host disease is upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy with histological validation. The development of intramural duodenal hematoma is a rare complication associated with this procedure. We present two cases of intramural duodenal haematoma after duodenal biopsies in bone marrow transplant patients that presented clinically with severe abdominal pain and intestinal bleeding. In both cases, CT scans confirmed the diagnosis and they were treated conservatively with favorable outcomes.Final diagnosis of gastrointestinal graft versus host disease was based on the colonic samples with normal duodenal histoarchitecture, which could lead to avoiding duodenal samples in future patients in order to prevent this serious complication and thus diminish morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child , Duodenal Diseases/diagnosis , Duodenal Diseases/etiology , Graft vs Host Disease/diagnosis , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Hematoma/diagnosis , Hematoma/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(2): 183-185, Mar,-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153116

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with the complaints of periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage that are visible, especially on the right eye. We noted that her complaints began the day after she underwent leech therapy on the glabella area for headache. On the glabella, 2 leech bites were observed close to the right side. Examination revealed ecchymosis on the bilateral eyelids and subconjunctival hemorrhage on the inferolateral and medial limbus on the right eye. No treatment was initiated, rather control measures were recommended. The follow-up after 1 month revealed that the patient's complaints had disappeared.(AU)


RESUMO Uma paciente de 62 anos procurou nosso ambulatório com queixas de equimose periorbital e hemorragia subconjuntival, visíveis principalmente no olho direito. Descobrimos que suas queixas começaram no dia seguinte a um tratamento para dor de cabeça com sanguessugas na área da glabela. Na glabela, 2 mordidas de sanguessuga foram encontradas próximas ao lado direito. Durante os exames da paciente, foram detectadas equimoses nas pálpebras bilaterais e hemorragia subconjuntival no limbo ínfero lateral e medial do olho direito. Nenhum tratamento foi iniciado, sendo recomendado apenas controle. No acompanhamento, observou-se que as queixas da paciente desapareceram em cerca de um mês.(AU)


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Eye Hemorrhage/etiology , Conjunctiva/pathology , Leeching/adverse effects , Headache/drug therapy , Orbital Diseases , Hematoma
4.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 59-62, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251548

ABSTRACT

Resumen Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 68 años, sin antecedentes de importancia, que por su cuadro clínico y resultados paraclínicos fue clasificado con riesgo intermedio para coledocolitiasis. En efecto, por medio de colangiorresonancia se realizó el diagnóstico confirmatorio. Fue llevado a colangiopancreatografía retrograda endoscópica en dos ocasiones -la primera fallida por papila intradiverticular-; en el segundo intento (exitoso con extracción del lito), el paciente presentó evolución posprocedimiento tórpida, con marcado dolor abdominal y anemización. Fue llevado a tomografía de abdomen con contraste, la cual confirmó el diagnóstico de hematoma subcapsular. Se decidió implementar el manejo conservador y se logró un control adecuado del sangrado.


Abstract This is the case of a 68-year-old female patient, with no relevant history, who was classified as intermediate risk for choledocholithiasis due to her symptoms and lab test results. The diagnosis was confirmed by means of cholangioresonance. She was taken to ERCP on two occasions; the first failed due to intradiverticular papilla, and during the second attempt (successful with the removal of the stone), the patient had a torpid post-procedure evolution, with marked abdominal pain and anemization. An abdominal tomography with contrast was performed, which confirmed the diagnosis of subcapsular hematoma. A conservative management was implemented, achieving adequate bleeding control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Hematoma , Choledocholithiasis , Hemorrhage , Methods
5.
MedUNAB ; 24(2): 255-261, 20210820.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291961

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los hematomas subgaleales son patologías poco frecuentes que suelen originarse y resolverse espontáneamente. En neonatos se asocian con distocias y en lactantes o niños mayores con historial de traumatismo, incluso trivial, que puede pasar inadvertido. Hay un pequeño grupo donde no hay antecedente de trauma ni de otros factores como discrasias sanguíneas, se conforma principalmente por lactantes. El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar una serie de casos de hematomas subgaleales espontáneos en lactantes, por su poca frecuencia, dificultad diagnóstica y diferencias de acuerdo con el tipo neonatal. Casos clínicos. Se presentan cuatro lactantes, entre 4 y 12 meses de edad, diagnosticados con hematomas subgaleales espontáneos (sin relación directa con traumatismo previo), de diferente severidad y atendidos en el servicio de urgencias. Se les realizó una evaluación diagnóstica dirigida a confirmar el hematoma y descartar trastornos de coagulación asociados. Todos los casos mostraron un curso clínico autolimitado sin complicaciones. Discusión. Los hematomas subgaleales espontáneos en lactantes suelen ser benignos, aunque es de vital importancia descartar discrasias sanguíneas. Dentro de éstas, los trastornos plaquetarios no suelen tenerse en cuenta y deben estudiarse. Su manejo es conservador y se reabsorberán solos en pocas semanas. Conclusiones. se debe establecer la causa de los hematomas subgaleales en niños pequeños y contemplar su posible aparición espontánea o por causa de discrasias sanguíneas.


Introduction. Subgaleal hematomas are rare pathologies that usually arise and resolve spontaneously. In neonates they are associated with dystocia and in infants or older children with a history of trauma, even trivial, which may go unnoticed. There is a small group where there is no background of trauma or other factors such as blood dyscrasias, it is made up mainly of infants. The objective of this article is to show a case series of spontaneous subgaleal hematomas in infants, due to their infrequency, diagnostic difficulty, and differences according to neonatal type. Clinical cases. Four infants are presented, between 4 and 12 months of age, diagnosed with spontaneous subgaleal hematomas (not directly related to previous trauma), of different severity and treated in the emergency unit. They underwent a diagnostic test aimed at confirming the hematoma and ruling out associated coagulation disorders. All cases showed a self-limited clinical course without complications. Discussion. Spontaneous subgaleal hematomas in infants are usually benign, although it is vitally important to rule out blood dyscrasias. Within these, platelet disorders are not usually taken into account and should be studied. Its management is conservative and they will be reabsorbed on their own in a few weeks.


Introdução. Os hematomas subgaleais são patologias raras que geralmente surgem e se resolvem espontaneamente. Em recém-nascidos estão associados a distocia e em bebês ou crianças mais velhas com um historial de trauma, mesmo trivial, que pode passar despercebido. Existe um pequeno grupo onde não há historial de traumas ou outros fatores como discrasias sanguíneas, é constituído principalmente por bebês. O objetivo deste artigo é mostrar uma série de casos de hematomas subgaleais espontâneos em bebês, devido à sua infrequência, dificuldade diagnóstica e diferenças de acordo com o tipo neonatal. Casos clínicos. São apresentados quatro bebês, entre 4 e 12 meses de idade, com diagnóstico de hematoma subgaleal espontâneo (não diretamente relacionado a traumas anteriores), de gravidade variável e atendidos no pronto-socorro. Eles foram submetidos a uma avaliação diagnóstica com o objetivo de confirmar o hematoma e descartar distúrbios de coagulação associados. Todos os casos apresentaram evolução clínica autolimitada e sem complicações. Discussão. Os hematomas subgaleais espontâneos em bebês geralmente são benignos, embora seja de vital importância descartar discrasias sanguíneas. Nestas, os distúrbios plaquetários geralmente não são considerados e devem ser estudados. Seu manejo é conservador e serão reabsorvidos por conta própria em algumas semanas. Conclusões. Deve ser estabelecida a causa dos hematomas subgaleais em crianças pequenas e, se considerar seu possível aparecimento espontâneo ou devido a discrasias sanguíneas.


Subject(s)
Hematoma , Remission, Spontaneous , Scalp , Case Reports , Infant
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202557, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155373

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The thyroidectomy is the most frequently executed procedure in head and neck surgery. Since its first description by Kocher, the transverse cervical incision has been the main access to the thyroid site, as it provides broad exposure of the central neck compartment. Despite the meticulous suture of the incision, the development of a scar with variable dimensions is unavoidable and, hence, some patients might not agree to the approach, due to this consequence. The transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular access (TOETVA) gains importance as an alternative to the traditional surgery, since it avoids the formation of visible scars. The objective of this study is to develop a systematic review on the currently available literature to evaluate possible complications related to the TOETVA. The systematic review was based on the databases of Medline, Cochrane library, Embase and Scielo/Lilacs, resulting in the selection of six studies, which were compared in regard of the type of study duration of the study and identified complications. Our study showed that TOETVA is related to complications similar to the ones identified in the conventional approach, such as hematoma, seroma, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, hypoparathyroidism, surgical site infection. The TOETVA was associated to a higher risk of thermic injury of the skin and mentual nerve paresthesia. Moreover, it was possible to conclude that TOETVA is a safe procedure for well selected patients, with favorable conditions and concerned about the aesthetic outcome. The risk of complications of the procedure should always be explained to those patients.


RESUMO A tireoidectomia é o procedimento cirúrgico mais frequentemente realizado na cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Desde sua descrição por Kocher, a incisão cervical transversa constitui o principal acesso à loja tireoideana e permite ampla exposição à região central do pescoço. Apesar do fechamento meticuloso da incisão, uma cicatriz de dimensões variáveis é inevitável, e certos pacientes podem discordar de tal abordagem. A tireoidectomia vestibular endoscópica transoral (TOETVA) ganha importância como alternativa à cirurgia tradicional, pois evita a formação de cicatrizes visíveis. O objetivo de estudo é realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura das possíveis complicações da TOETVA. Foi realizada revisão sistemática da literatura nas bases de dados Medline, The Cochrane Library, Embase e SciElo/Lilacs, sendo selecionados seis artigos e tabulados os dados de tipo de estudo, período do estudo e complicações apresentadas. O estudo mostra que a TOETVA apresenta complicações semelhantes à técnica convencional, como hematoma, seroma, lesão de nervo laríngeo recorrente, hipoparatireoidismo, além de infecção de sítio cirúrgico, com maior risco de lesão térmica da pele e parestesia por lesão do nervo mentual. Em adição, foi possível concluir que a TOETVA é uma técnica segura para pacientes bem selecionados, com condições favoráveis e com especial preocupação com resultados estéticos, devendo sempre ser orientados sobre possíveis complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Thyroidectomy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/adverse effects , Hypoparathyroidism/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Hematoma
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 927-934, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) and acute type A intramural hematoma (ATAIMH) are life-threatening diseases with high mortality. To better understand their clinical features in the Chinese population, we analyzed the data from the first Registry of Aortic Dissection in China (Sino-RAD) to promote the understanding and management of the diseases.@*METHODS@#All patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH enrolled in Sino-RAD from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016 were involved. The data of patients' selection, history, symptoms, management, outcomes, and postoperation complications were analyzed in the study. The continuous variables were compared using the Student's t test for normal distributions and the Mann-Whitney U test for non-normal distributions. Categorical variables were compared using the Chi-square test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1582 patients with ATAAD and 130 patients with ATAIMH were included. The mean age of all patients was 48.4 years. Patients with ATAAD were significantly younger than patients with ATAIMH (48.9 years vs. 55.6 years, P < 0.001). For the total cohort, males were dominant, but the male ratio of patients with ATAAD was significantly higher compared to those with ATAIMH (P = 0.01). The time range from the onset of symptom to hospitalization was 2.0 days. More patients of ATAIMH had hypertension than that of ATAAD (82.3% vs. 67.6%, P < 0.05). Chest and back pain were the most common clinical symptoms. Computerized tomography (CT) was the most common initial diagnostic imaging modality. 84.7% received surgical treatment and in-hospital mortality was 5.3%. Patients with ATAAD mainly received surgical treatment (89.6%), while most patients with ATAIMH received medical treatment (39.2%) or endovascular repair (35.4%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study suggests that doctors should comprehensively use clinical examination and genetic background screening for patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH and further shorten the time range from symptoms onset to intervention, achieving early diagnosis and treatment, thereby reducing the mortality rate of patients with aortic dissection in China. We should standardize the procedures of aortic dissection treatment and improve people's understanding. Meanwhile, the curing and transferring efficiency should also be improved.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnosis , China , Hematoma , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(4): 36-39, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288209

ABSTRACT

Las Vasculitis ANCA pueden causar lesiones diversas a lo largo del tracto gastrointestinal pero la afectación esofágica es infrecuente. Dentro del espectro de lesiones que pueden aparecer un hematoma esofágico no es una mención habitual en la bibliografía. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 67 años con diagnóstico de vasculitis ANCA asociada (VAA) y hematemesis. Consideramos que el hematoma esofágico es una manifestación atípica de una enfermedad infrecuente. La prevalencia real de este tipo de manifestaciones atípicas es desconocida ya sea por su carácter infrecuente o por la baja tasa de reportes, por lo que creemos es de utilidad la publicación de este tipo de manifestaciones.


ANCA associated vasculitis (AAV) can cause various injuries along the gastrointestinal tract, but esophageal involvement is rare. Within the spectrum of lesions that may occur an esophageal hematoma is not a common mention in the literature. We present the case of a 67-year-old woman diagnosed with AAV and hematemesis. We consider the esophageal hematoma to be an atypical manifestation of a rare disease. The actual prevalence of this type of atypical manifestations is unknown, either due to its infrequent nature or the low reporting rate, so we believe that the publication of this type of manifestations is useful.


Subject(s)
Vasculitis , Digestive System , Esophagus , Hematoma
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142105

ABSTRACT

La hemorragia posparto es una de las principales causas de muerte materna con una elevada morbimortalidad. El hematoma del ligamento ancho representa una entidad inusual, de difícil diagnóstico y alta sospecha clínica. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente con un hematoma del ligamento ancho espontáneo luego de un parto vaginal. Se optó por una conducta activa con laparotomía y antibioticoterapia obteniendo una buena evolución con egreso hospitalario a los 30 días. Se realiza la discusión del caso luego de revisar la bibliografía disponible.


Postpartum hemorrhage is one of the main causes of maternal death with high morbidity and mortality. The broad ligament hematoma represents an unusual entity, difficult to diagnose, in which clinical suspicion is determinant. The clinical case of a patient with a spontaneous broad ligament hematoma after a vaginal delivery is presented. An active management with laparotomy and antibiotic therapy was chosen, obtaining a satisfactory evolution with hospital discharge at 30 days. The case is discussed, after reviewing the available bibliography.


A hemorragia pós-parto é uma das principais causas de morte maternal com alta morbidade e mortalidade. O hematoma do ligamento largo representa uma entidade incomum, de difícil diagnóstico e alto suspeita clínica. A presentamos o caso clínico de uma paciente com hematoma espontâneo do ligamento largo, após parto vaginal. Foi optada por conduta ativa com laparotomía e antibioticoterapia, obtendo boa evolução com alta hospitalar após 30 dias. O caso é discutido depois de revisar a bibliografia disponível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Broad Ligament/injuries , Hematoma/surgery , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Natural Childbirth/adverse effects , Parity , Pre-Eclampsia , Risk Factors , Episiotomy/adverse effects , Hematoma/etiology , Postpartum Hemorrhage
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 396-398, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137278

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronary artery bypass grafting is a commonly performed procedure for coronary revascularization. We describe the successful management of left ventricular dissecting hematoma, caused by the tissue stabilizer, while performing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/adverse effects , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Hematoma/surgery , Hematoma/etiology , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 10: e90, 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1177099

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar as complicações vasculares em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos hemodinâmicos percutâneos e identificar fatores relacionados a sua ocorrência. Método: estudo retrospectivo em um hospital cardiológico, com pacientes que evoluíram com danos vasculares, entre janeiro de 2015 e dezembro de 2016. Os dados foram obtidos pela coleta em prontuários e analisados de forma descritiva e analítica. Resultados: foram incluídos 93 pacientes, a maioria idosos, do sexo masculino e portadores de hipertensão. A taxa de complicação vascular foi de 3%, o hematoma local foi o mais frequente (86%). O sexo feminino foi associado à ocorrência de danos vasculares mais graves como o hematoma retroperitoneal e o pseudoaneurisma (p=0,04). Conclusão: dentre as complicações vasculares, o hematoma foi o mais frequente e o sexo feminino foi fator preditor de risco, associado a injúrias mais graves. Reconhecer os fatores preditores de risco auxilia a assistência direcionada às necessidades individuais do paciente.


Objective: to investigate vascular complications in patients undergoing percutaneous hemodynamic procedures and identify factors related to their occurrence. Method: retrospective study conducted in a cardiology hospital with patients who had vascular damage between January 2015 and December 2016. Data were collected from medical records and submitted to descriptive analysis. Results: the study included 93 patients, most of them elderly, male and with hypertension. The rate of vascular complication was 3%, local hematoma was the most common complication (86%). Women were found to have more serious vascular injuries such as retroperitoneal hematoma and pseudoaneurysm than men did (p = 0.04). Conclusion: hematoma was the most frequent vascular complication, and female gender was a risk predictor associated with more serious injuries. Recognizing risk predictors contributes to the delivery of care tailored to the needs of each patient.


Objetivo: investigar las complicaciones vasculares en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos hemodinámicos percutáneos, así como identificar factores asociados a su ocurrencia. Método: estudio retrospectivo en hospital cardiológico, con pacientes que evolucionaron con lesiones vasculares, entre enero de 2015 y diciembre de 2016. Se obtuvieron los datos en prontuarios y se los analizaron de forma descriptiva y analítica. Resultados: participaron 93 pacientes, la mayor parte ancianos, del sexo masculino y portadores de hipertensión. La taja de complicación vascular fue de 3%, el hematoma local fue el más frecuente (86%). Se asoció al sexo femenino la ocurrencia de lesiones vasculares más graves como el hematoma retroperitoneal y pseudoaneurisma (p=0,04). Conclusión: entre las complicaciones vasculares, el hematoma fue el más frecuente y el sexo femenino fue factor predictor de riesgo, asociado a lesiones más graves. Reconocer los factores predictores de riesgo ayuda la asistencia a volverse a las necesidades individuales del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Factors , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Cardiovascular Nursing , Patient Care , Hematoma
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (herein, lupus) undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. There is disagreement about the effect of lupus on perioperative complication rates. We hypothesized that lupus would be associated with higher complication rates in patients who undergo elective primary THA or TKA.METHODS: Records of more than 6.2 million patients from the National Inpatient Sample who underwent elective primary THA or TKA from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Patients with lupus (n = 38,644) were compared with those without lupus (n = 6,173,826). Major complications were death, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, stroke, pneumonia, and acute renal failure. Minor complications were wound infection, seroma, deep vein thrombosis, hip dislocation, wound dehiscence, and hematoma. Patient age, sex, duration of hospital stay, and number of Elixhauser comorbidities were assessed for both groups. Multivariate logistic regression models using comorbidities, age, and sex as covariates were used to assess the association of lupus with major and minor perioperative complications. The alpha level was set to 0.001.RESULTS: Among patients who underwent THA, those with lupus were younger (mean age, 56 vs. 65 years), were more likely to be women (87% vs. 56%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 4.0 vs. 3.8 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.5 vs. 1.4) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). In patients with THA, lupus was independently associated with major complications (odds ratio [OR], 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 1.7) and minor complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0 to 1.5). Similarly, among patients who underwent TKA, those with lupus were younger (mean, 62 vs. 67 years), were more likely to be women (93% vs. 64%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 3.8 vs. 3.7 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.8 vs. 1.7) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). However, in TKA patients, lupus was not associated with greater odds of major complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.4) or minor complications (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.3).CONCLUSIONS: Lupus is an independent risk factor for major and minor perioperative complications in elective primary THA but not TKA.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Comorbidity , Female , Hematoma , Hip Dislocation , Hip , Humans , Inpatients , Knee , Length of Stay , Logistic Models , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Myocardial Infarction , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Embolism , Risk Factors , Seroma , Stroke , Venous Thrombosis , Wound Infection , Wounds and Injuries
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811106

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Unstable pelvic fracture with bleeding can be fatal, with a mortality rate of up to 40%. Therefore, early detection and treatment are important in unstable pelvic trauma. We investigated the early predictive factors for possible embolization in patients with hemodynamically unstable pelvic trauma.METHODS: From January 2011 to December 2013, 46 patients with shock arrived at a single hospital within 24 hours after injury. Of them, 44 patients underwent CT scan after initial resuscitation, except for 2 who were dead on arrival. Nine patients with other organ injuries were excluded. Seventeen patients underwent embolization. A single radiologist measured the width (longest length in axial view) and length (longest length in coronal view) of pelvic hematoma on CT scans. Demographic, clinical, and radiological data were reviewed retrospectively.RESULTS: Among 35 patients with hemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture, 22 (62.9%) were men. Width (P = 0.002) and length (P = 0.006) of hematoma on CT scans were significantly different between the embolization and nonembolization groups. The predictors of embolization were width of pelvic hematoma (odds ratio [OR], 1.07; P = 0.028) and female sex (OR, 10.83; P = 0.031). The cutoff value was 3.35 cm. More embolization was performed (OR, 12.00; P = 0.003) and higher mortality was observed in patients with hematoma width >3.35 cm (OR, 4.96; P = 0.048).CONCLUSION: Patients with hemodynamically unstable pelvic trauma have a high mortality rate. CT is useful for the initial identification of the need for embolization among these patients. The width of pelvic hematoma can predict possible embolization in patients with unstable pelvic trauma.


Subject(s)
Embolization, Therapeutic , Female , Fractures, Bone , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Humans , Male , Mortality , Resuscitation , Retrospective Studies , Shock , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(3): 5-9, dic.2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1021561

ABSTRACT

La hemorragia postparto es una de las complicaciones obstétricas más temidas por los obstetras a nivel mundial, pudiendo causar la muerte de las puérperas. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las causas de las hemorragias y las patologías asociadas a estas en las pacientes atendidas en el Hospital Gineco-Obstétrico Enrique C. Sotomayor de Guayaquil, Ecuador en el periodo 2016­2018 y que estaban en su puerperio inmediato. Las mujeres atendidas en ese periodo en dicha institución fueron 528, de las cuales 160 presentaron hemorragias en el puerperio inmediato. Las hemorragias por desgarro del suelo pélvico representaron un 48,75% y se asociaron en un 35% a hematomas en las paredes del suelo, las causadas por retención de restos placentarios, constituyeron un 26,25% y el 20% presentó acretismo placentario y finalmente las ocasionadas por atonía uterina fueron de un 25%, correspondiendo un 25% a coagulopatías. Se concluyó que las hemorragias postparto por desgarro del suelo pélvico son la causa con mayor porcentaje en contraposición con otros estudios que indican que la atonía uterina es la causa más frecuente de hemorragias postparto inmediato(AU)


Postpartum hemorrhage is one of the obstetric complications most feared by obstetricians worldwide, and may cause the death of puerperal women. The objective of this study was to determine the causes of hemorrhages and the pathologies associated with these in the patients treated at the Enrique C. Sotomayor Obstetric Hospital of Guayaquil, Ecuador in the period 2016 - 2018 and that were in their immediate puerperium. The women who attended in that period were 528 women, 160 of them presented hemorrhages in the immediate puerperium. Hemorrhages by pelvic floor tearing represented 48.75% and 35% were associated to bruises in the floor walls, those caused by retention of placental remains constituted 26.25% and 20% presented accretism and finally those caused by uterine atony were 25% while 25% corresponded to coagulopathies. We concluded that the postpartum hemorrhages by tearing of the pelvic floor are the cause with the highest percentage; in contrast to other studies, which indicate that uterine aton is the most frequent cause of immediate postpartum hemorrhage(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Postpartum Period , Postpartum Hemorrhage/etiology , Obstetric Labor Complications/etiology , Placenta Accreta , Blood Coagulation Disorders/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Hematoma/etiology
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 698-704, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sinonasal organising haematoma is a recently described, rare, benign inflammatory condition, which closely resembles malignancy in its clinical presentation. Objective: To describe the clinical features of organising haematoma and to review the evolution of surgical options successfully used. Methods: A retrospective review of charts of all patients with a histopathological diagnosis of sinonasal organising haematoma was performed. Results: Six (60%) of the 10 patients were male with a mean age of 47.4 years. All patients had unilateral disease with recurrent epistaxis as the presenting symptom. Maxillary sinus was the most commonly involved sinus. There was no history of trauma in any of the patients. Hypertension (80%) was the most commonly associated comorbidity. Contrast-enhanced CT scan of the paranasal sinuses showed heterogeneous sinus opacification with/without bone erosion. Histopathological examination was diagnostic. Complete endoscopic excision was done in all patients resulting in resolution of the disease. Conclusion: Awareness of this relatively new clinical entity and its evaluation and treatment is important for otolaryngologists, maxillofacial surgeons and pathologists alike. Despite the clinical picture of malignancy, histopathological features of benign disease can safely dispel such a diagnosis.


Resumo Introdução: Hematoma nasossinusal em organização é uma condição inflamatória benigna rara, recentemente descrita, que se assemelha a lesões malignas em sua apresentação clínica. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínicas do hematoma em organização e analisar a evolução das opções cirúrgicas usadas com sucesso. Método: Foi feita a revisão retrospectiva dos prontuários de todos os pacientes com diagnóstico histopatológico de hematoma nasossinusal em organização. Resultados: Seis (60%) dos 10 pacientes eram do sexo masculino, com média de 47,4 anos. Todos os pacientes apresentavam doença unilateral com epistaxe recorrente como sintoma de apresentação. O seio maxilar era o mais comumente afetado. Não havia histórico de trauma em qualquer dos pacientes. Hipertensão (80%) foi a comorbidade mais comumente associada. A tomografia computadorizada dos seios paranasais com contraste mostrou opacificação heterogênea do seio com/sem erosão óssea. O exame histopatológico foi diagnóstico. A excisão endoscópica completa foi feita em todos os pacientes, resultou na resolução da doença. Conclusão: A conscientização a respeito dessa entidade clínica relativamente nova e sua avaliação e tratamento são importantes para os otorrinolaringologistas, cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais e patologistas. Apesar do quadro clínico de malignidade, as características histopatológicas da doença benigna podem descartar com segurança esse diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Hematoma/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Epistaxis/diagnostic imaging , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Hematoma/surgery , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Sinus/surgery
17.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 452-457, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047899

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Abdominoplastia é um procedimento não apenas com características estéticas, mas também de reconstrução estrutural da parede abdominal. O objetivo do trabalho é mostrar a experiência dos autores em abdominoplastias, enfocando nos resultados estéticos da cicatriz e a evolução destes pacientes, aplicando as técnicas de ressecção em bloco do Professor Ronaldo Pontes (RP). Métodos: O estudo foi uma série retrospectiva de casos de 124 pacientes, entre março de 2014 a março de 2017, submetidos à abdominoplastia em bloco pela técnica RP. Resultados: Na nossa casuística, demonstrou-se uma mínima incidência de complicações encontradas com a técnica em Bloco RP, em comparação às encontradas na literatura, e, também, demonstrou um número pífio de casos de alterações na cicatrização. Conclusão: A técnica descrita e suas variantes atendem a necessidade de diversos tipos de casos e garantem cirurgias seguras e eficazes, com resultados muito satisfatórios, sendo uma técnica reprodutível.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty involves not only aesthetic characteristics but abdominal wall structural reconstruction. This study aimed to illustrate the authors' experience with abdominoplasty, focusing on the scar's aesthetic results and the evolution of application of the block resection technique of Professor Ronaldo Pontes (RP). Methods: The study included a series of retrospective cases of 124 patients treated between March 2014 and March 2017 who underwent RP block abdominoplasty. Results: In our studies, a minimal incidence of complications and a small number of healing alterations were noted with the RP block technique compared to those found in the literature. Conclusion: A técnica descrita e suas variantes atendem a necessidade de diversos tipos de casos e garantem cirurgias seguras e eficazes, com resultados muito satisfatórios, sendo uma técnica reprodutível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Seroma , Esthetics , Abdominoplasty , Hematoma , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/surgery , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/complications , Seroma/surgery , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Hematoma/surgery
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(9): 1122-1127, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058654

ABSTRACT

Background: Spontaneous dissections of visceral arteries are rare and usually secondary to other disease. There is paucity of information about their natural course. Aim: To describe the imaging, clinical characteristics and follow-up of spontaneous visceral artery dissections diagnosed at our institution. Material and Methods: We report a series of 14 patients in whom a spontaneous dissection of a visceral artery was diagnosed on abdominal angio-CT between 2010 and 2018. Clinical features and evolution were recorded. Results: Isolated lesions of the celiac axis were the most common finding. Multiple territories were involved in 14% of cases. A dissection flap was observed in four cases, a hematoma-dissection complex in seven and an aneurysmal dilatation associated with the dissection in three. Of the 10 patients who were followed at our institution, 90% had stabilization or partial regression of the imaging findings. In the remaining case, new dissection events were observed. All cases were managed conservatively, and no death was reported. Conclusions: In this series of patients, spontaneous dissection of visceral arteries had a benign, favorable course, requiring only conservative management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Celiac Artery/diagnostic imaging , Dissection , Hematoma
19.
CorSalud ; 11(2): 175-178, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089731

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Mujer de 72 años de edad, con antecedentes de angina de esfuerzo estable, a quien tras presentar un síndrome coronario agudo sin elevación del segmento ST, se le realizó angiografía coronaria convencional (invasiva), donde se evidenció enfermedad arterial coronaria multivaso con estenosis significativa del tronco coronario izquierdo y se decidió tratamiento quirúrgico. A los 70 minutos presentó dolor en el flanco izquierdo y región lumbar ipsilateral, náuseas y vómitos. Al examen físico inicial se evidenció masa palpable, dolorosa, en flanco izquierdo. La tomografía demostró la presencia de un hematoma renal subcapsular izquierdo. Al cuadro de abdomen agudo se sumó choque hipovolémico, por lo que la paciente fue intervenida quirúrgicamente, donde se comprobó el diagnóstico tomográfico y se realizó nefrectomía. Este caso tiene la curiosidad de presentar factores predisponentes para causa espontánea y traumática; sin embargo, en base a los hallazgos en el estudio anatomopatológico se concluyó como hematoma renal subcapsular de origen traumático.


ABSTRACT A 72-year-old woman, with a history of stable effort angina, who was performed, after presenting a non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome, a conventional coronary angiography (invasive) that evidenced the multivessel coronary artery disease with significant stenosis of the left main coronary artery, therefore, a surgical treatment was decided. At 70 minutes she presented pain in the left side and ipsilateral lumbar region, nausea and vomiting. The initial physical examination evidenced a palpable, painful mass in the left side. The tomography showed the presence of a left subcapsular renal hematoma. To the acute abdomen pattern was added a hypovolemic shock, thus, the patient underwent surgery, confirming the tomographic diagnosis and performing a nephrectomy. This particular case presented predisposing factors for spontaneous and traumatic cause; however, based on the findings in the anatomopathological study, the conclusion was a renal subcapsular hematoma of traumatic origin.


Subject(s)
Abdomen, Acute , Coronary Angiography , Hematoma , Kidney , Nephrectomy
20.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(2): 12-14, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026330

ABSTRACT

Se revisan la fisiopatología y los mecanismos que producen la sofocación en el hematoma cervical y se determina que el único tratamiento con posibilidades de éxito vital es el inmediato drenaje del hematoma.


In this article are reviewed the physiopathology and the mechanisms that causes suffocation in the cervical hematoma. It is determined that the only treatment with possibilities of vital success is the immediate drainage of the hematoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asphyxia/etiology , Drainage , Hematoma/physiopathology , Hematoma/therapy , Postoperative Complications , Asphyxia/physiopathology , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Neck/surgery
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