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Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1516, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408444


Introducción: Los síndromes mielodisplásicos constituyen un grupo heterogéneo de alteraciones de la célula progenitora hematopoyética. Estos se caracterizan por presentar una médula ósea hipercelular, una hematopoyesis inefectiva, displasia y citopenia periférica y la posibilidad de evolución a leucemia mieloide aguda. Objetivo: Describir las alteraciones citogenéticas y moleculares más frecuentes de los síndromes mielodisplásicos. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura en los idiomas inglés y español, a través del sitio web PubMed y el motor de búsqueda Google académico, de artículos publicados en los últimos cinco años. Se realizó análisis y resumen de la bibliografía. Análisis y síntesis de la información: En los síndromes mielodisplásicos están presentes alteraciones citogenéticas frecuentes como la deleción de los cromosomas 5q, 7q y 20q, la monosomía del cromosoma 7, la trisomía del cromosoma 8 y la presencia de cariotipos complejos, que, unido a mutaciones somáticas en diferentes genes, intervienen en la patogénesis de la enfermedad y su conocimiento permite la estratificación pronóstica de los pacientes. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico a través de los estudios citogenéticos convencionales, la hibridación in situ por fluorescencia y la secuenciación génica permite una mayor comprensión de la biología de la enfermedad, la estratificación del riesgo y la toma de decisiones terapéuticas(AU)

Introduction: Myelodysplastic syndromes constitute a heterogeneous group of alterations of the hematopoietic progenitor cell, characterized by hypercellular bone marrow, ineffective hematopoietic, dysplasia and peripheral cytopenia; and the possibility of progressing to acute myeloid leukemia. Objective: To describe the most frequent cytogenetic and molecular alterations of myelodysplastic syndromes. Methods: A review of the literature in English and in Spanish was carried out, in the PubMed website and using the search engine Google, for articles published in the last five years. We performed analysis and summary of the reviewed bibliography. Analysis and synthesis of information: In myelodysplastic syndromes, frequent cytogenetic alterations are present such as deletion of chromosomes 5q, 7q and 20q, as well as the monosomy of chromosome 7, trisomy of chromosome 8 and the presence of complex karyotypes, which together with somatic mutations in different genes intervene in the pathogenesis of the disease and allow prognostic stratification of patients. Conclusions: Diagnosis through conventional cytogenetic studies, fluorescence in situ hybridization and gene sequencing allow a better understanding of the biology of the disease, risk stratification and therapeutic decision making(AU)

Humans , Bone Marrow , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , In Situ Hybridization , Cytogenetics , Decision Making
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 13-16, Jan.-Mar. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364907


Abstract Introduction Soon after the onset of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, viral screening by nasopharyngeal swab became mandatory for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) donor eligibility. Methods We described our monocenter experience with allogeneic HSC donors from February 1 to the October 31, 2020 to verify whether the introduction of SARS-CoV-2 screening altered the donor eligibility and/or entailed a prolongation of the evaluation process. Results A total of 21 allogeneic HSC donors were screened during the above-mentioned period upon request by the local transplant physicians or by the Italian Bone Marrow Donor Registry; among the HSC donors (n = 17) who completed the eligibility process and further received the nasopharyngeal swab, all but one were negative for the presence of SARS-CoV-2. The positive donor remained asymptomatic for the whole duration of the infection, which lasted six weeks. However, he was temporarily excluded from donation. The median duration of the evaluation process was not significantly different, compared to the same period of 2019 (p-value = 0.11). Conclusion The mandatory SARS-CoV-2 screening in allogeneic HSC donors allowed for the detection of 6% positivity in this monocenter series over a 9-month period. Despite the inconvenience of this unexpected non-eligibility, the exclusion of a SARS-CoV-2 positive donor represented an important safety measure for the donor, with respect to a new and still partially unknown virus. The screening did not alter the length of the donor evaluation and thus, did not cause a delay in the eligibility process.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , SARS-CoV-2 , Tissue Donors , Mass Screening
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 49-55, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364889


Abstract Background This study aims to validate the single-platform method for enumeration of CD34+ cells, by comparing the performance of two different commercial kits, as well as to evaluate the efficiency of the AccuriTM C6 cytometer in providing direct counts of absolute cell numbers. Method We evaluated 20 samples from umbilical cord blood (UCB), comparing the two different methodologies for enumeration of CD34+ cells: single and dual-platform. For the assessment of the single-platform, Procount and SCE kits were used, both of which use fluorescent beads as a counting reference to obtain absolute CD34+ cells numbers. Moreover, after the acquisition of samples in flow cytometer AccuriTM C6, following the protocol established for each kit, the number of CD34+ cells was recalculated, considering the cell count provided by the AccuriTM C6. Main Results In our analysis, the results showed a strong correlation between the number of CD34+ cells/μL (r2 = 0.77) when comparing the SCE kit and the current dual-platform method. On the other hand, the comparison between Procount kit and dual-platform results showed a moderate correlation for the number of CD34+/μL cells (r2 = 0.64). Conclusion Our results showed that the AccuriTM C6 flow cytometer can be used safely, applying both the dual and single platform analysis strategy. Considering the ISHAGE protocol-based single-platform approach, as the most appropriate methodology for CD34+ cells enumeration, our results demonstrated that the SCE kit has great potential for national standardization of UCB samples analysis methodology.

Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Antigens, CD34 , Fetal Blood , Transplantation, Homologous , Guidelines as Topic , Flow Cytometry
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20089, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403760


Abstract Regeneration of damaged kidney cells using stem cells is the current research approach in the treatment of chronic renal failure (CRF). In the present study, the histopathological and biochemical techniques were used to evaluate stem cells' (SCs) role in treatment of CRF. Sixty-four rats were divided into eight groups. Group I (GI): rats were injected with doxorubicin (15 mg/kg) to initiate CRF. GII-GVII: rats were injected with doxorubicin and treated with SCs (1x106 MSCs or/and 2x104 HSCs/rat) with/without growth factors extract (200 µL/rat) and/or immunosuppressor (cyclosporine A, 5 mg/kg/day). GVIII: rats treated with PBS (100 µL/kg/day). Levels of creatinine, urea and uric acid were increased in rats sera after injection with doxorubicin, while blood electrolyte levels of Na, K, P and Mg were decreased. Also, histopathological abnormalities such as hyalinized blood vessels, degenerated hyalinized glomerulus tubules and cell debris in the lumen and degeneration of renal tissues were observed in these rats. After treatment with SCs, all these parameters restore their normal values with regeneration of the damaged cells as demonstrated in histopathology of the treated groups. It can be concluded that, the use of SCs in treatment of kidney diseases is a promising approach and needs more efforts.

Animals , Male , Rats , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/pathology , Regeneration , Urea , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/physiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/pathology
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3569, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376959


Resumo Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados ao insucesso do Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoiéticas (TCTH) em pacientes submetidos ao retransplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoiéticas (RCTH). Método: estudo quantitativo do tipo caso-controle para avaliar pacientes submetidos ao RCTH. Para tanto, utilizou-se amostra pareada de dois controles para cada caso (2:1). O grupo caso foi constituído pelos prontuários de saúde com todos os pacientes que foram submetidos ao RCTH (28) e o grupo controle (56) incluiu pacientes que receberam apenas um transplante. Três variáveis nortearam o pareamento: sexo, diagnóstico e tipo de transplante. Resultados: vinte e quatro (85,71%) pacientes do grupo caso receberam retransplante devido a recidiva da doença e quatro (14.29%) devido a falha do enxerto. Uma diferença estatística foi encontrada na análise entre os pacientes que não usaram o ácido ursodesoxicólico, analgésicos opioides ou imunossupressores. A necessidade de um RCTH entre aqueles que usaram estes medicamentos de forma inapropriada foi 16,12, 12,79 e 4,5 vezes maior, respectivamente, do que entre os que as usaram corretamente. Conclusão: houve uma diferença relacionada ao motivo que levou ao retransplante e os indivíduos analisados. A conclusão é que a razão preditiva para retransplante nesta amostra foi a recidiva da doença.

Abstract Objective: to analyze the factors associated with the failure of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) in patients undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Retransplantation (HSCR). Method: this study implemented a quantitative approach and was a case-control type which addressed patients undergoing HSCR. To do so, a paired sample of two controls was used for each case (2:1). The case group consisted of the medical records of all patients who underwent HSCR (28) and the control group (56) of those who underwent only one transplant. Three variables guided the pairing: gender, diagnosis and type of transplant. Results: a total of 24 (85.71%) patients in the case group were re-transplanted due to disease relapse and four (14.29%) due to graft failure. There was a statistical difference in the analysis between patients who did not use ursodeoxycholic acid, opioid analgesics and immunosuppressants. The need for HSCR among those who used these medications inappropriately was 16.12, 12.79 and 4.5 times more likely, respectively, than those who used them correctly. Conclusion: there was a difference regarding the reasons which led to the retransplantation and the analyzed subjects, and this study concluded that the predictive reason for retransplantation in the studied sample was disease relapse.

Resumen Objetivo: analizar los factores asociados con el fracaso del Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas (TCMH) en pacientes sometidos al Retrasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas (RCMH). Método: estudio cuantitativo de tipo caso-control que abordó pacientes sometidos al RCMH. Para esto, se utilizó una muestra pareada de dos controles para cada caso (2:1). El grupo caso estuvo formado por los registros médicos de todos los pacientes que fueron sometidos al RCMH (28) y el grupo control (56) por los que fueron sometidos a un solo trasplante. Tres variables guiaron el emparejamiento: género, diagnóstico y tipo de trasplante. Resultados: un total de 24 (85.71%) pacientes en el grupo caso fueron retransplantados debido a la recaída de la enfermedad y 4 (14.29%) por el fracaso del injerto. Hubo una diferencia estadística en el análisis entre los pacientes que no usaron ácido ursodesoxicólico, analgésicos opioides e inmunosupresores. La necesidad de RCMH entre los que usaron estos medicamentos de manera inapropiada se encontraba 16,12 - 12,79 y 4,5 veces más probable, respectivamente, que aquellos que los usaron correctamente. Conclusión: hubo diferencia en cuanto a las razones que llevaron al retrasplante de los sujetos analizados. Este estudio concluyó que la razón predictiva del retrasplante, en la muestra estudiada, fue la recidiva de la enfermedad.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Reoperation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928761


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect and mechanism of DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3a) in hydroquinone-induced hematopoietic stem cell toxicity.@*METHODS@#Cells (HSPC-1) were divided into 4 groups, that is A: normal HSPC-1; B: HQ-intervented HSPC-1; C: group B + pcDNA3 empty vector; D: group B + pcDNA3- DNMT3a. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of DNMT3a and PARP-1 mRNA and protein, respectively. Cell morphology was observe; Cell viability and apoptosis rate of HSPC-1 were detected by MTT and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein in HSPC-1 of group B were decreased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were increased (P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the above indexes between group C and group B; compared with group B, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein showed increased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were decreased significantly in cells of group D transfected with DNMT3a (P<0.05). Cells in each group were transfected with DNMT3a and cultured for 24 h, HSPC-1 in group A showed high density growth and mononuclear fusion growth, while the number of HSPC-1 in group B and C decreased and grew slowly. Compared with group B and C, the cell growth rate of group D was accelerated. The MTT analysis showed that cell viability of HSPC-1 in group B were lower than that of group A at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05); after transfected with DNMT3a, the cell viability of HSPC-1 in group D were higher than that of group B at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of cells in group B was significantly higher than that of group A (P<0.001), while the apoptosis rate in group D was lower than that of group B (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#DNMT3a may be involved in the damage of hematopoietic stem cells induced by hydroquinone, which may be related to the regulation of PARP-1 activity by hydroquinone-inhibited DNMT3a.

Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , DNA Methyltransferase 3A , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/drug effects , Humans , Hydroquinones/toxicity , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928707


OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and safety of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor on the mobilization of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from healthy related donors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#It was analyzed retrospectively that the data of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from 33 (observation group) related donors mobilized by G-CSF plus Plerixafor in Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from April 2019 to April 2021. Bone marrow and peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBSCs) of these donors were respectively collected on the fourth and fifth day of G-CSF-induced mobilization. Following the administration of Plerixafor on the night of the fifth day, PBSCs were collected on the sixth day once again. 46 donors using "G-CSF only" mobilization method in the same period were randomly selected as the control and respectively analyzed the differences of CD34+ cell counts on the fifth and the sixth day in two groups. And the donors' adverse reaction to Plerixafor in the form of questionnaire was also observed. Then it was compared that the patients who underwent allo-HSCT in "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation.@*RESULTS@#CD34+ cells count (M±Q) among PBSCs collected on the fifth and the sixth day in the observation group were (1.71±1.02)×106/kg and (4.23±2.33)×106/kg, respectively. CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly higher than that of the fifth day (P<0.001); While the counterparts in the control group were (2.47±1.60)×106/kg and (1.87±1.37)×106/kg, respectively. By statistical analysis, CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly less than that of the fifth day (P<0.001). The adverse reaction to Plerixafor for the donors in the study were all grade 1 or 2 (mild or moderate) according to CTCAE 5.0 and disappeared in a short time. The patients who underwent allo-HSCT in the "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group were not statistically significant in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation (P>0.1).@*CONCLUSION@#The cell mobilization program of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor is safe and effective for being applied to allo-HSCT. The addition of Plerixafor can significantly increase the number of CD34 postive cells in the PBSC collection. Key words  ; ;

Antigens, CD34 , Benzylamines , Cyclams , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Heterocyclic Compounds , Humans , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 25(4): 210-221, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388944


Resumen La Hematopoyesis Clonal de Potencial Indeterminado (HCPI), más conocida como CHIP por sus siglas en inglés, se define como la expansión clonal de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas (CMHs) que albergan una o más mutaciones somáticas (en la mayoría de los casos una sola mutación) sin un cáncer hematológico subyacente ni evidencia morfológica definitiva de displasia, con una frecuencia alélica mayor al 2%. Los individuos con HCPI progresan a malignidad a una tasa de cerca del 0.5% a 1% por año, convirtiéndose así en un modelo de campo de cancerización. Sin embargo, sus implicaciones van más allá debido a que se ha encontrado asociación con enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas, como enfermedad cardiovascular ateroesclerótica, diabetes y enfermedades autoinmunes. Además, es considerado un factor predictivo en pacientes con cáncer hematolológico y no hematológico que reciben quimioterapia y radioterapia.

Abstract Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is the expansion of hematopoietic stem cells harboring one or more somatic mutations. These patients do not have underlying hematologic neoplasia, myelodysplasia, or dysplasia, but can progress to a malignant state at a rate of 0.5 to 1% per year. CHIP could be used as a model of field cancerization, since it has been associated with chronic inflammatory diseases, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, and autoimmune conditions. CHIP is also considered a predictive factor in hematological and non-hematological cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Clonal Hematopoiesis , Autoimmune Diseases , Drug Therapy , Mutation , Neoplasms
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(2): 156-164, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286679


ABSTRACT Introduction Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a monogenic disease and it is estimated that 300,000 infants are born annually with it. Most treatments available are only palliative, whereas the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation offers the only potential cure for SCD. Objective Generation of human autologous cells, when coupled with induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology, is a promising approach for developing study models. In this study, we provide a simple and efficient model for generating hematopoietic cells using iPSCs derived from a sickle cell anemia patient and an inexpensive in-house-prepared medium. Method This study used iPSCs previously generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from a patient with sickle cell anemia (iPSC_scd). Hematopoietic and erythroid differentiation was performed in two steps. Firstly, with the induction of hematopoietic differentiation through embryoid body formation, we evaluated the efficiency of two serum-free media; and secondly, the induction of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells to erythroid progenitor cells was performed. Results The patient-specific cell line generated CD34+/CD45+ and CD45+/CD43+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells and erythroid progenitors, comprising CD36+, CD71+ and CD235a+ populations, as well as the formation of hematopoietic colonies, including erythroid colonies, in culture in a semi-solid medium. Conclusion In conjunction, our results described a simple serum-free platform to differentiate human the iPSCs into hematopoietic progenitor cells. This platform is an emerging application of iPSCs in vitro disease modeling, which can significantly improve the search for new pharmacological drugs for sickle cell disease.

Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Anemia, Sickle Cell/therapy , Erythroid Precursor Cells
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 30-36, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279070


Resumen Introducción: Se requiere analizar diversos parámetros para el control de calidad adecuado de las unidades de sangre de cordón umbilical (USCU) cuando se utilizan con fines terapéuticos. Objetivo: Optimizar las unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) de cultivos clonogénicos y detectar el genoma del virus del papiloma humano (VPH) en USCU. Métodos: Se incluyeron 141 muestras de sangre de cordón umbilical (SCU), de segmento y de UFC de cultivos clonogénicos de USCU. Se realizó extracción de ADN, cuantificación y amplificación por PCR del gen endógeno GAPDH. Se detectó el gen L1 del VPH con los oligonucleótidos MY09/MY11 y GP5/GP6+; los productos de PCR se migraron en electroforesis de agarosa. El ADN purificado de las UFC se analizó mediante electroforesis de agarosa y algunos ADN, con la técnica sequence specific priming. Resultados: La concentración de ADN extraído de UFC fue superior comparada con la de SCU (p = 0.0041) y la de segmento (p < 0.0001); así como la de SCU comparada con la de segmento (p < 0.0001). Todas las muestras fueron positivas para la amplificación de GAPDH y negativas para MY09/MY11 y GP5/GP6+. Conclusiones: Las USCU criopreservadas fueron VPH netativas; además, es factible obtener ADN en altas concentraciones y con alta pureza a partir de UFC de los cultivos clonogénicos.

Abstract Introduction: Analysis of several markers is required for adequate quality control in umbilical cord blood units (UCBU) when are used for therapeutic purposes. Objective: To optimize colony-forming units (CFU) from clonogenic cultures and to detect the human papillomavirus (HPV) genome in UCBU. Methods: One hundred and forty-one umbilical cord blood (UCB), segment or CFU samples from UCBU clonogenic cultures were included. DNA extraction, quantification and endogenous GAPDH gene PCR amplification were carried out. Subsequently, HPV L1 gene was detected using the MY09/MY11 and GP5/GP6+ oligonucleotides. PCR products were analyzed with electrophoresis in agarose gel. CFU-extracted purified DNA was analyzed by electrophoresis in agarose gel, as well as some DNAs, using the SSP technique. Results: CFU-extracted DNA concentration was higher in comparison with that of UCB (p = 0.0041) and that of the segment (p < 0.0001), as well as that of UCB in comparison with that of the segment (p < 0.0001). All samples were positive for GAPDH amplification and negative for MY09/MY11 and GP5/GP6+. Conclusions: Cryopreserved UCBUs were HPV-negative. Obtaining CFU DNA from clonogenic cultures with high concentrations and purity is feasible.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification , DNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/virology , Genome, Viral , Fetal Blood/virology , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Histocompatibility Testing , HeLa Cells , Cryopreservation , Cell Line , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (Phosphorylating) , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Fetal Blood/cytology
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200266, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351567


ABSTRACT Objective Describe the dietary intake of children and adolescents submitted to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods Data from 0 to 19-year-old patients' medical records who were submitted to the procedure from January 2012 to September 2017 were used. These medical records provided anthropometric, food intake control and symptoms data for three moments: three days before infusion (M1), the infusion day (M2), and 25 days after the cell infusion (M3). This study was approved by the Ethics in Research Committee (17-0267). Results The patients presented weight loss (p>0.001) and a decrease in body mass index (p>0.001) in M1 versus M2 and M3. The means of calorie intake (p=0.031), protein (p=0.006), lipid (p=0.017), dietary fiber (p=0.035), calcium (p=0.005), iron (p=0.012), and sodium (p=0.022) had a reduction from M1 to M2 and an increase from M2 to M3. There was a decrease in mean intake of carbohydrates and calories per kilo from M1 to M2 and an increase from M2 to M3. The nutritional status was related to temperature above 37ºC (p<0.001) and to mucositis (p=0.001), in M1 and M2. There was a correlation of dietary intake with the presence of temperature above 37ºC (p=0.019) in M2 and M3. Conclusion Reduced intake and worsening of the patients' previous nutritional status appear to interfere with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and its complications, such as the presence of temperature above 37ºC and mucositis.

RESUMO Objetivo Descrever a ingestão de alimentos de crianças e adolescentes submetidos ao transplante alogênico de células-tronco hematopoiéticas. Métodos Foram utilizados dados de prontuários de pacientes de 0 a 19 anos submetidos ao procedimento no período de janeiro de 2012 a setembro de 2017. Esses prontuários forneceram dados antropométricos, de ingestão alimentar e de sintomas durante três momentos: três dias antes da infusão (M1), no dia da infusão (M2) e 25 dias após a infusão celular (M3). Este estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (17-0267). Resultados Os pacientes apresentaram perda de peso (p>0,001) e diminuição do índice de massa corporal (p>0,001) no M1 versus M2 e M3. As médias de ingestão calórica (p=0,031), de proteínas (p=0,006), de lipídios (p=0,017), de fibra alimentar (p=0,035), de cálcio (p=0,005), de ferro (p=0,012) e de sódio (p=0,022) tiveram redução de M1 para M2 e aumento de M2 para M3. Houve diminuição na ingestão média de carboidratos e calorias por quilo de M1 para M2 e um aumento de M2 para M3. O estado nutricional foi relacionado à temperatura acima de 37ºC (p<0,001) e à mucosite (p=0,001), em M1 e M2. Houve correlação da ingestão alimentar com a presença de temperatura acima de 37ºC (p=0,019) em M2 e M3. Conclusão A redução na ingestão e a piora do quadro nutricional prévio dos pacientes parece interferir no transplante alogênico de células tronco hematopoiéticas e em suas complicações, como temperatura corporal acima de 37°C e mucosite.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Child , Nutritional Status , Adolescent , Stem Cell Transplantation , Eating
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878706


The self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells(HSCs)are highly regulated by epigenetic modification,in which histone acetylation can activate or silence gene transcription.Histone deacetylase inhibitors(HDACIs)can inhibit the activity of histone deacetylase in HSCs to increase histone acetylation.A variety of HDACIs,such as trichostatin A and valproic acid,are used to expand HSCs in vitro,especially cord blood HSCs,combined with cytokines in serum-free culture to obtain more long-term repopulating cells.HDACIs promote the transcription of pluripotent genes related to stem cell self-renewal and inhibit the expression of genes related to differentiation,so as to promote the expansion and inhibit differentiation of HSCs.The expansion of cord blood HSCs by small molecular HDACIs in vitro is expected to improve the quantity of cord blood HSCs.The further research will focus on high-throughput screening for the most powerful HDACIs and the highly selective HDACIs,exploring the combination of epigenetic modifiers of different pathways.

Epigenesis, Genetic , Fetal Blood , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Valproic Acid/pharmacology
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1690-1694, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922319


Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside at the top of the hierarchy and have the ability to differentiate to variety of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) or mature hematopoietic cells in each system. At present, the procress of HSC and HPC differentiating to the complete hematopoietic system under physiological and stressed conditions is poorly understood. In vivo lineage tracing is a powerful technique that can mark the individual cells and identify the differentiation pathways of their daughter cells, it takes as a strong technical system to research HSC. Traditional lineage tracing studies mainly rely on imaging techniques with fluorescent dyes and nucleic acid analogs. Recently, newly cell tracing technologies have been invented, and the combination of clonal tracing and DNAsequencing technologies have provided a new perspective on cell state, cell fate, and lineage commitment at the single cell level. In this review, these new tracing methods were introduce and discuss, and their advantages over traditional methods in the study of hematopoiesis were summarized briefly.

Cell Differentiation , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1623-1630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922306


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lysosomal-associated protein transmembrane-4 Beta(Laptm4b) deletion on hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) homeostasis in mice.@*METHODS@#The hematopoietic system specific Laptm4b-deficient mice were constructed. The number and proportion of HSPCs (LSK, LT, ST, MPP, etc) in Laptm4b-deficient mice were analyzed by flow cytometry. Single SLAM-HSC cell was sorted by flow sorter and cultured in vitro to measure the effect of Laptm4b deletion on the colony forming ability of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). The effect of Laptm4b-deficient on the reconstitution ability of HSCs in mice was detected by competitive transplantation experiment of SLAM-HSC cells.@*RESULTS@#Laptm4b deficiency could moderately upregulate the proportion of T cells in the peripheral blood of the mice, but showed no significant effect on the proportion and number of HSPCs. Laptm4b deletion showed no effect on the reconstruction ability of HSCs after competitive transplantation, but it could inhibit the colony formation of HSCs in vitro.@*CONCLUSION@#LAPTM4B may play a role in HSCs under the proliferation stress. Laptm4b-deficient in mice hematopoietic system showed no significant effect on the HSPCs homeostasis maintenance and reconstruction ability.

Animals , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Homeostasis , Mice , Transcription Factors
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1610-1616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922304


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the incidence and clinical characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MS) within one year after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in order to screen the risk factors for HSCT-MS, provide early intervention and improve the long-term quality of survival of patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical follow-up data of 64 HSCT patients (survival time > 1 year) who received HSCT in our center from January 2007 to August 2018 were collected. Among them, 50 cases were allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and 14 cases were autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT). The changes of MS-related indexes and clinical characteristics before and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after HSCT were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#In allo-HSCT group, 14 cases were diagnosed as MS before operation, including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (hypo-HDL-C)> hyper triglycerides(hyper-TG)> hyper fasting glucose(hyper-FBG)> abdominal obesity (AO) > hypertension. The preoperative diagnosis of MS in the auto-HSCT group was 5 cases, in the order of hyper-FBG> hyper-TG> AO> hypo-HDL-C> hypertension. Incidence of MS at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after transplantation: 19, 26, 24 and 20 cases in the allo-HSCT group, respectively; auto-HSCT group were 7, 7, 6 and 6 cases, respectively. Hyper-TG and hypo-HDL-C were prominent in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of HSCT-MS is significantly higher within 1 year after HSCT. Regardless of allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT, the prevention and control of HSCT-MS is emphasized as an important guarantee to improve the long-term survival quality of HSCT patients.

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Metabolic Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3945-3960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921478


The thymus is a pivotal immune organ of the human body, and it is the place where T cells differentiate and mature. The damage of thymus would easily induce autoimmune diseases and even malignant tumors. For years, researchers have been exploring the process of T cell development and revealing the mechanism of thymic injury and regeneration generally through the monolayer culture system of T cells in vitro. However, the classic monolayer culture system could neither reproduce the unique three-dimensional epithelial reticular structure of the thymus, nor provide the cytokines and growth factors required for the directed differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells into T cells. Thymic organoid technology utilizes cells with stem cell potential to simulate the anatomical structure of the thymus and the signaling pathway mediated by thymic epithelial cells in vitro through three-dimensional culture, which is particularly close to the microenvironment of the thymus in vivo. Thymic organoids show great potential in the study of T cell differentiation and development, thymus-related diseases, reconstruction of immune function, and cell therapy. This paper summarizes the methods for culturing thymic organoids, followed by comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the scaffolds used for culturing. The applications of thymic organoids in the disease model, tumor-targeting therapy, regenerative medicine, and organ transplantation were also discussed, with possible future research directions prospected.

Cell Differentiation , Epithelial Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Organoids , Regenerative Medicine , Thymus Gland
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880170


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the dynamic molecular expression characteristics of single cell RNA binding proteins (RBPs) in the development of mouse embryonic hematopoitic stem cells (HSCs), and obtain the functional research target RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1, to clarify the function of Mbnl1 involved in regulating mouse embryonic HSC development.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics was used to analyze the single-cell transcriptome data of mouse embryos during HSC development, and the single-cell RBP dynamic molecular expression maps in HSC development was obtained. Mbnl1 was obtained by combining differential analysis and literature research screening. The Mbnl1-knockout mouse model was constructed by the CRISPER/Cas9 technology. Aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) and yolk sac (YS) tissue in two genotype embryos of Mbnl1@*RESULTS@#The in vitro CFU-C experiment of hematopoietic cells preliminarily indicated that there was no significant difference in the number of cell colonies in AGM region and YS transformed by the two genotypes of Mbnl1@*CONCLUSION@#Through functional experiments in vivo and in vitro, it has been confirmed that knockout of the RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1 does not affect the development of HSPC in AGM region of mouse embryo.

Animals , DNA-Binding Proteins , Gonads , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesonephros , Mice , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Yolk Sac
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880072


The normal hematopoiesis of the body are depends on the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC), as well as the mesenchymal stem/stromal cell (MSC) that support the growth and development of hematopoietic microenvironment of bone marrow (BM). At present, the commonly used MSC for promoting hematopoiesis are mainly derived from BM, however, the acquisition of MSC from BM is limited by the number, sampling, isolation and purification. Compared with BM, adipose tissue has many advantages, including widely distributed, abundant in source, simple and easy to obtain, and contains more pluripotent stem cell, such as adipose tissue-derived stem cell (ADSC), in which Perivascular cell/pericyte (PC) are considered as the precursor cell of MSC, also is the main components of vascular microenvironment, and plays an important role in the proliferation and differentiation of HSPC. PC is especially abundant in adipose tissue, and with the advantages of easy acquisition, small damage, fast cell proliferation and low immunogenicity. Therefore, the sustaining hematopoiess of human adipose derived-perivascular stem cell (AD-PC) to HSPC requires further research and exploration. In this review, the possible supporting effects and PC subgroup of ADSC as stromal cell on HSPC are summarized briefly.

Adipose Tissue , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879807


OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of different maternal and infant factors with the number of total nucleated cells and CD34@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed for the umbilical cord blood samples of 130 neonates who were born in Dalian Women and Children's Medical Center from June 2019 to January 2020, with a male/female ratio of 1:1. Related perinatal information was collected, including maternal age and blood type, presence or absence of gestational diabetes or gestational hypertension, pregnancy method, mode of delivery, singleton pregnancy/twin pregnancy, body weight and sex of neonates, Apgar score after birth, and the conditions of placenta, amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord.@*RESULTS@#The neonates were grouped according to maternal blood type, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, pregnancy method, mode of delivery, singleton pregnancy/ twin pregnancy, sex of neonates, Apgar score after birth, placental morphology, meconium staining of amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord around the neck. The comparison between groups showed no significant differences in the numbers of total nucleated cells and CD34@*CONCLUSIONS@#The number of CD34

Antigens, CD34 , Female , Fetal Blood , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 9, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152744


Abstract Background: In the past 20 years, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been investigated as treatment for systemic sclerosis (SSc). The goal of HSCT is to eradicate the autoreactive immune system, which is replaced by a new immune repertoire with long-lasting regulation and tolerance to autoantigens. Here, we describe the clinical outcomes of severe and refractory SSc patients that underwent HSCT at a single Brazilian center. Patients and methods: This is a longitudinal and retrospective study, including 70 adult SSc patients, with an established diagnosis of SSc, and who underwent autologous HSCT from 2009 to 2016. The procedure included harvesting and cryopreservation of autologous hematopoietic progenitor cells, followed by administration of an immunoablative regimen and subsequent infusion of the previously collected cells. Patients were evaluated immediately before transplantation, at 6 months and then yearly until at least 5-years of post-transplantation follow-up. At each evaluation time point, patients underwent clinical examination, including modified Rodnan's skin score (mRSS) assessment, echocardiography, high-resolution computed tomography of the lungs and pulmonary function. Results: Median (range) age was 35.9 (19-59), with 57 (81.4%) female and median (range) non-Raynaud's disease duration of 2 (1-7) years. Before transplantation, 96% of the patients had diffuse skin involvement, 84.2%, interstitial lung disease and 67%, positive anti-topoisomerase I antibodies. Skin involvement significantly improved, with a decline in mRSS at all post-transplantation time points until at least 5-years of follow-up. When patients with pre-HSCT interstitial lung disease were analyzed, there was an improvement in pulmonary function (forced vital capacity and diffusing capacity of lung for carbon monoxide) over the 5-year follow-up. Overall survival was 81% and progression-free survival was 70.5% at 8-years after HSCT. Three patients died due to transplant-related toxicity, 9 patients died over follow-up due to disease reactivation and one patient died due to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Conclusions: Autologous hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation improves skin and interstitial lung involvement. These results are in line with the international experience and support HSCT as a viable therapeutic alternative for patients with severe and progressive systemic sclerosis.(AU)

Humans , Adult , Scleroderma, Systemic/surgery , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cryopreservation/instrumentation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/instrumentation , Disease Progression , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies