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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of arsenic trioxide (As@*METHODS@#Transplantation of LVG hamster hearts to Lewis rats was performed by anastomosis of vessels in the neck using end-to-end anastomosis with a non-suture cuff technique. Four groups of recipient rats (n=6 in each) were treated with normal saline (control), As@*RESULTS@#Expression of Nrf2-ARE-HO-1 signaling pathway was upregulated in heart xenografts in rats treated with As@*CONCLUSION@#Combination treatment with As


Subject(s)
Animals , Arsenic Trioxide , Cricetinae , Heart Transplantation , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Heterografts , Leflunomide , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred Lew , Signal Transduction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921810

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of methyl eugenol(ME) on hypoxia/reoxygenation(H/R)-induced injury of human renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cells and its mechanism. The viability of HK-2 cells cultured with different concentrations of ME and exposed to H/R was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. The effect of ME on the morphology of HK-2 cells was observed under an inverted microscope. The content of intracellular reactive oxygen species in different groups was detected after 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate(DCFH-DA) fluorescence staining. Cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry. Changes in mitochondrial membrane potential were monitored by JC-1 dye. The concentrations of nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2(Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphatase oxidase 4(Nox4) were measured by Western blot, followed by the assay of Nrf2 concentration changes in cytoplasm and nucleus by confocal fluorescence staining. The results showed that when the concentration of ME was 0-40 μmol·L~(-1), the activity of HK-2 cells was not affected. Compared with the model group, ME enhanced the activity of HK-2 cells and the cell morphology was normal. As revealed by further experiments, ME inhibited the release of reactive oxygen species and the decline in mitochondrial membrane potential of HK-2 cells after H/R injury, promoted Nrf2/HO-1 expression and Nrf2 translocation to the nucleus, and down-regulated the expression of Nox4, thereby significantly reducing apoptosis. This protective effect of ME could be reversed by the specific Nrf2 inhibitor ML385. These findings have preliminarily proved that ME effectively protected HK-2 cells against H/R injury, which might be related to its promotion of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and inhibition of Nox4. Such exploration on the possible mechanism of ME in the treatment of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI) and protection of organ function from the perspective of antioxidant stress has provided reference for related research on the treatment of acute kidney injury with traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Eugenol/pharmacology , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Humans , Hypoxia , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888079

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the effect of nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway in intestinal protection by Sishen Pills against ulcerative colitis(UC). After the UC model was induced by 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS), experimental animals were randomly divided into control group, model group, salazosulfapyridine(SASP) group, and low-and high-dose Sishen Pills groups. Drug intervention(ig) was performed for seven consecutive days during modeling. On the 7 th day, the mice were euthanized. The body weight and colon length were recorded, and the histopathological changes of the colon were observed by HE staining. Serum interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC), malondialdehyde(MDA), and reactive oxygen species(ROS) were detected by ELISA. The protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NADPH quinine oxidoreductase-1(NQO-1) was determined by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited reduced body weight, colon length, and T-AOC, increased IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, and ROS, and diminished protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO-1 in the colon tissues. Compared with the model group, the SASP group and high-dose Sishen Pills group showed elevated body weight, colon length, and T-AOC, lowered IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, and ROS levels, and increased protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO-1 in the colon tissues. As assessed by HE staining, Sishen Pills could improve the pathological changes of the colon. The findings suggested that Sishen Pills could protect the colon against UC induced by 3% DSS. The specific mechanism of action may be related to the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects by the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Dextran Sulfate , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 699-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878065

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Autophagy of alveolar macrophages is a crucial process in ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are multipotent cells with the potential for repairing injured sites and regulating autophagy. This study was to investigate the influence of BM-MSCs on autophagy of macrophages in the oxygen-glucose deprivation/restoration (OGD/R) microenvironment and to explore the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#We established a co-culture system of macrophages (RAW264.7) with BM-MSCs under OGD/R conditions in vitro. RAW264.7 cells were transfected with recombinant adenovirus (Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3B) and autophagic status of RAW264.7 cells was observed under a fluorescence microscope. Autophagy-related proteins light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, and p62 in RAW264.7 cells were detected by Western blotting. We used microarray expression analysis to identify the differently expressed genes between OGD/R treated macrophages and macrophages co-culture with BM-MSCs. We investigated the gene heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is downstream of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells was increased (1.27 ± 0.20 vs. 0.44 ± 0.08, t = 6.67, P  < 0.05), while the expression of p62 was decreased (0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.95 ± 0.10, t = 2.90, P  < 0.05), and PI3K (0.40 ± 0.06 vs. 0.63 ± 0.10, t = 3.42, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratio was also decreased (0.39 ± 0.02 vs. 0.58 ± 0.03, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). BM-MSCs reduced the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells (0.68 ± 0.14 vs. 1.27 ± 0.20, t = 4.12, P  < 0.05), up-regulated p62 expression (1.10 ± 0.20 vs. 0.77 ± 0.04, t = 2.80, P  < 0.05), and up-regulated PI3K (0.54 ± 0.05 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, t = 3.11, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratios (0.52 ± 0.05 vs. 0.39 ± 0.02, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). A whole-genome microarray assay screened the differentially expressed gene HO-1, which is downstream of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and the alteration of HO-1 mRNA and protein expression was consistent with the data on PI3K/Akt pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest the existence of the PI3K/Akt/HO-1 signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells under OGD/R circumstances in vitro, revealing the mechanism underlying BM-MSC-mediated regulation of autophagy and enriching the understanding of potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of ALI.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bone Marrow , Glucose , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Oxygen , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(4): e201900401, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001090

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the relations of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expressions with fetal brain injury in rats with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). Methods: Sixty rats pregnant for 15 days were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The ICP model was established in experimental group. On the 21st day, the blood biochemical test, histopathological examination of pregnant rat liver and fetal brain tissues and immunohistochemical analysis of fetal rat brain tissues were performed. Results: On the 21st day, the alanineaminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and total bile acid levels in experimental group were significantly higher than control group (P<0.01). Compared with control group, there was obvious vacuolar degeneration in pregnant rat liver tissue and fetal brain tissue in experimental group. NPY expression in fetal brain tissue was negative in control group and positive in experimental group. HO-1 expression in fetal brain tissue was strongly positive in control group and positive in experimental group. There was significant difference of immunohistochemical staining optical density between two groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: In fetal brain of ICP rats, the NPY expression is increased, and the HO-1 expression is decreased, which may be related to the fetal brain injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Pregnancy Complications/metabolism , Neuropeptide Y/metabolism , Brain Injuries/metabolism , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Pregnancy Complications/pathology , Brain Injuries/etiology , Brain Injuries/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/complications , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(3): 250-258, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886273

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of propofol pretreatment on lung morphology and heme oxygenase-1 expression in oleic acid -induced acute lung injury in rats. Methods: A total of 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300g) were randomly divided into the following four groups (n=8/group): group C, group OA, group OA+PR, and group OA+IX to compare related parameter changes. Results: PaO2, PCO2, and PaO2/FiO2 were significantly different among the four treatment groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Lung wet/dry weight ratio and HO-1 protein expression also significantly differed among the groups (P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of HO-1 in group OA+PR was stronger than those in groups OA, OA+IX, and C. Light microscopy revealed that pathological changes in lung tissues in group OA+PR were milder than those in group OA and group OA+IX. Electron microscopy showed that alveolar type II epithelial cell ultrastructure in group OA was relatively irregular with cell degeneration and disintegration and cytoplasmic lamellar bodies were vacuolized. Changes in group OA+PR were milder than those in group OA; however, they were more severe in group OA+IX than in group OA. Conclusion: Propofol significantly increases the expression of HO-1 in the lung tissueand prevents changes in lung morphology due to ALI in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Propofol/pharmacology , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Lung/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oleic Acid , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Lung/enzymology , Lung/ultrastructure
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(10): e7439, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951707

ABSTRACT

Nuclear factor erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has been implicated in several detoxifying and antioxidant defense processes. Nrf2-mediated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression was demonstrated to play a key role against oxidative stress. Gastrodin (GSTD) is a well-known active compound isolated from the roots of Rhizoma gastrodiae, a plant used in ancient Chinese traditional medicine. The aim of this work was to investigate whether GSTD could alleviate H2O2-induced oxidative stress in mouse liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). In LSECs exposed to 1 mM H2O2, treatment with GSTD (1, 10, or 50 µM) resulted in higher cell viability than the untreated control. Treated cells maintained a higher Bcl2/Bax ratio and suppressed caspase-9 expression compared with untreated cells, reducing cell apoptosis. GSTD was protective for H2O2-induced oxidative injury by reducing the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde. HO-1 and Nrf2 expressions were synergistically upregulated by GSTD. Inhibition of HO-1 by 10 µM zinc protoporphyrin resulted in less protective effects on cell viability and malondialdehyde reduction by GSTD treatment in H2O2-exposed LSECs. Additionally, phosphorylated p38 in LSECs exposed to H2O2 was elevated by GSTD. Inhibition of p38 phosphorylation by SB203580 did not induce Nrf2 and HO-1 expression after 1 or 10 µM GSTD treatment and the protective effect on cell viability and malondialdehyde reduction in H2O2-exposed LSECs was reduced. The data conclusively demonstrated that GSTD-induced HO-1 and Nrf2 expression is involved in protection of LSECs from H2O2-induced oxidative injury, which may be regulated by p38 phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Benzyl Alcohols/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Glucosides/pharmacology , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Liver/cytology , Liver/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Models, Theoretical
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(6): 422-429, 06/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749647

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate if oxymatrine pretreatment could ameliorate renal I/R injury induced in rats and explore the possible role of oxymatrine in Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. METHODS: Unilaterally nephrectomized rats were insulted by I/R in their left kidney. Twenty four rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham group, I/R + saline-treated group, I/R + OMT-treated group. Oxymatrine or vehicle solution was administered intraperitoneally injected 60 min before renal ischemia, respectively. Renal function, histology, makers of oxidative stress, cell apoptosis and Nrf2/HO-1 expressions were assessed. RESULTS: Oxymatrine pretreatment exhibited an improved renal functional recovery, alleviated histological injury and oxidative stress, inhibiting tubular apoptosis, and accompanied by upregulated the expression of Nrf2/HO-1 proteins. CONCLUSION: Oxymatrine may attenuate renal ischemia/reperfusion injury, and this renoprotective effect may be through activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Kidney/blood supply , /metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Quinolizines/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Alkaloids/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Disease Models, Animal , Heme Oxygenase-1/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Kidney/pathology , /analysis , Quinolizines/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(3): 607-619, 03/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744832

ABSTRACT

Este estudo analisa as conexões entre saúde, direitos, legislação e políticas públicas a partir da pesquisa documental realizada no âmbito federal e nos estados do Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná e São Paulo, acerca das garantias legais das mulheres e seus filhos que vivem no cárcere. Busca instrumentalizar uma atuação garantista dos agentes públicos e dar visibilidade à problemática, diante das extremas vulnerabilidades e invisibilidade jurídica e administrativa da questão. Foram identificadas 33 normas legais, com pontos de tensão, como a possibilidade de prisão domiciliar e as disparidades quanto a prazos e condições de permanência das crianças no sistema penitenciário. A garantia legal constitucional do direito à amamentação é refletida nas regulamentações identificadas. Mas constatam-se ausências de outros aspectos relativos à maternidade na prisão, que se traduzem em dupla penalidade às mulheres, arbitrariamente estendida aos seus filhos. É necessária a ampliação e efetivação da regulamentação existente para prevenir e coibir as violações de direitos apontadas.


This study analyzes the links between health, rights, legislation, and public policies based on document research on legal safeguards for women and their children residing in prison. The research was conducted at the Federal level and in four States of Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná, and São Paulo. The study aims to back measures by public agencies to guarantee such rights and to raise awareness of the problem, given the extreme vulnerability of women inmates and their children and the issue's legal and administrative invisibility. The authors identified 33 different legal provisions as points of tension, such as the possibility of house arrest and disparities in the terms and conditions for children to remain inside the prison system. Various provisions cite the Constitutional guarantee of women inmates' right to breastfeed in prison. Meanwhile, the study found gaps in other issues pertaining to motherhood in prison, expressed as dual incarceration (imprisonment arbitrarily extended to their children). It is necessary to expand and enforce the existing legislation to prevent such violations of rights.


Este estudio analiza las conexiones entre la salud, derechos humanos, legislación y políticas públicas, partiendo de una investigación documental, realizada a nivel federal y en los estados de Río Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná y São Paulo, sobre las garantías jurídicas de las mujeres presas y sus hijos. El estudio pretende instrumentalizar una actuación garantista de los agentes públicos y dar visibilidad a esta problemática, frente a la extrema vulnerabilidad e invisibilidad jurídica y administrativa existente. Se identificaron 33 normas legales, con puntos de tensión, como la posibilidad de arresto domiciliario y disparidades en cuanto a los términos y condiciones de la estancia de los niños en el sistema penitenciario. La garantía constitucional del derecho a la lactancia materna se refleja en las regulaciones identificadas. No obstante, hay ausencias de otros aspectos de la maternidad en la cárcel, que se traduce en una doble pena para las mujeres, extendida arbitrariamente a sus hijos. Es necesaria la ampliación y ejecución efectiva de las regulación existente para prevenir y frenar las violaciones de los derechos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/chemistry , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Adenoviridae/metabolism , Biomechanical Phenomena , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/chemistry , /metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Phosphorylation , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Stress, Mechanical
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(9): 735-738, 19/set. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-686579

ABSTRACT

Nitro-fatty acids are formed and detected in human plasma, cell membranes, and tissue, modulating metabolic as well as inflammatory signaling pathways. Here we discuss the mechanisms of nitro-fatty acid formation as well as their key chemical and biochemical properties. The electrophilic properties of nitro-fatty acids to activate anti-inflammatory signaling pathways are discussed in detail. A critical issue is the influence of nitroarachidonic acid on prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases, redirecting arachidonic acid metabolism and signaling. We also analyze in vivo data supporting nitro-fatty acids as promising pharmacological tools to prevent inflammatory diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/metabolism , Arachidonic Acid/metabolism , Fatty Acids/biosynthesis , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Nitro Compounds/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/chemistry , Fatty Acids/chemistry , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , NADPH Oxidases/metabolism , /metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Nitro Compounds/chemistry , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors/metabolism , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/metabolism
11.
Biol. Res ; 45(1): 51-60, 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-626747

ABSTRACT

Acute renal failure (ARF) can be caused by injuries that induce tissue hypoxia, which in turn can trigger adaptive or inflammatory responses. We previously showed the participation of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) in renal repair. Based on this, the aim of this study was to analyze the effect of FGF-2 signaling pathway manipulation at hypoxia-induced protein levels, as well as in key proteins from the vasoactive systems of the kidney. We injected rat kidneys with FGF-2 recombinant protein (r-FGF) or FGF-2 receptor antisense oligonucleotide (FGFR2-ASO) after bilateral ischemia, and evaluated the presence of iNOS, EPO and HO-1, in representation of hypoxia-induced proteins, as well as COX-2, renin, kallikrein, and B2KR, in representation of the vasoactive systems of the kidney. A reduction in iNOS, HO-1, EPO, renin, kallikrein, B2KR, and in renal damage was observed in animals treated with r-FGF. The opposite effect was found with FGF-2 receptor down-regulation. In contrast, COX-2 protein levels were higher in kidneys treated with r-FGF and lower in those that received FGFR2-ASO, as compared to saline treated kidneys. These results suggest that the protective role of FGF-2 in the pathogenesis of ARF induced by I/R is a complex process, through which a differential regulation of metabolic pathways takes place.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Cell Hypoxia/physiology , /metabolism , /pharmacology , Kidney/drug effects , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Erythropoietin/metabolism , /analysis , /metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Kallikreins/analysis , Kidney/blood supply , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , /analysis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48418

ABSTRACT

Biliverdin reductase A (BLVRA), an enzyme that converts biliverdin to bilirubin, has recently emerged as a key regulator of the cellular redox cycle. However, the role of BLVRA in the aging process remains unclear. To study the role of BLVRA in the aging process, we compared the stress responses of young and senescent human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) to the reactive oxygen species (ROS) inducer, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). H2O2 markedly induced BLVRA activity in young HDFs, but not in senescent HDFs. Additionally, depletion of BLVRA reduced the H2O2-dependent induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in young HDFs, but not in senescent cells, suggesting an aging-dependent differential modulation of responses to oxidative stress. The role of BLVRA in the regulation of cellular senescence was confirmed when lentiviral RNAitransfected stable primary HDFs with reduced BLVRA expression showed upregulation of the CDK inhibitor family members p16, p53, and p21, followed by cell cycle arrest in G0-G1 phase with high expression of senescence-associated beta-galactosidase. Taken together, these data support the notion that BLVRA contributes significantly to modulation of the aging process by adjusting the cellular oxidative status.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Blotting, Western , Cellular Senescence , Cell Cycle , Cells, Cultured , Enzyme Induction , Fibroblasts/physiology , G1 Phase , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors/metabolism , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , beta-Galactosidase/genetics
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 39(9): 1189-1196, Sept. 2006. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-435422

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia activates endothelial cells by the action of reactive oxygen species generated in part by cyclooxygenases (COX) production enhancing leukocyte transmigration. We investigated the effect of specific COX inhibition on the function of endothelial cells exposed to hypoxia. Mouse immortalized endothelial cells were subjected to 30 min of oxygen deprivation by gas exchange. Acridine orange/ethidium bromide dyes and lactate dehydrogenase activity were used to monitor cell viability. The mRNA of COX-1 and -2 was amplified and semi-quantified before and after hypoxia in cells treated or not with indomethacin, a non-selective COX inhibitor. Expression of RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) protein and the protective role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were also investigated by PCR. Gas exchange decreased partial oxygen pressure (PaO2) by 45.12 ± 5.85 percent (from 162 ± 10 to 73 ± 7.4 mmHg). Thirty minutes of hypoxia decreased cell viability and enhanced lactate dehydrogenase levels compared to control (73.1 ± 2.7 vs 91.2 ± 0.9 percent, P < 0.02; 35.96 ± 11.64 vs 22.19 ± 9.65 percent, P = 0.002, respectively). COX-2 and HO-1 mRNA were up-regulated after hypoxia. Indomethacin (300 æM) decreased COX-2, HO-1, hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha and RANTES mRNA and increased cell viability after hypoxia. We conclude that blockade of COX up-regulation can ameliorate endothelial injury, resulting in reduced production of chemokines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Hypoxia/drug effects , Cyclooxygenase 1/drug effects , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology , /drug effects , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Indomethacin/pharmacology , Cell Survival , Cyclooxygenase 1/genetics , /genetics , Endothelial Cells/physiology , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction
14.
Biol. Res ; 39(1): 195-197, 2006. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-430714

ABSTRACT

Heme oxygenase-1 is a microsomal enzyme that, when induced by stress, protects the cells from oxidative injury. Heme oxygenase-1 participates in the cleavage of the heme ring producing biliverdin, CO and ferrous Fe. The released Fe becomes part of intracellular Fe pool and can be stored in ferritin or released by an iron exporter. The mechanism by which heme enters cells is not completely understood, although it had been suggested that it might be internalized by an endocytosis process. In this study, we expressed a full-length Heme oxygenase-1 cDNA in Caco-2 cells and measured intracellular iron content, heme-iron uptake and transport and immunolocalization of heme oxygenase-1 in these cells. We found that heme oxygenase-1 expressing cells showed increased apical heme iron uptake and transepithelial transport when compared to control cells. These results suggested that heme oxygenase-1 mediates heme iron influx and efflux in intestinal cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epithelial Cells/chemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Iron/analysis , /metabolism , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Heme Oxygenase-1/genetics , Iron/metabolism , Microscopy, Confocal , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Time Factors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53151

ABSTRACT

Recently, it has been reported that curcumin, which is known as a potent antioxidant, acts as a non-stressful and non-cytotoxic inducer of the cytoprotective heme oxygenase (HO)-1. In this study, naturally occurring curcuminoids, such as pure curcumin, demethoxycurcumin (DMC) and bis-demethoxycurcumin (BDMC), were compared for their potential ability to modulate HO-1 expression and cytoprotective activity in human endothelial cells. All three curcuminoids could induce HO-1 expression and HO activity with differential levels. The rank order of HO activity was curcumin, DMC and BDMC. In comparison with endothelial protection against H2O2-induced cellular injury, cytoprotective capacity was found to be highest with curcumin, followed by DMC and BDMC. Interestingly, cytoprotective effects afforded by curcuminoids were considerably associated with their abilities to enhance HO activity. Considering that the main difference among the three curcuminoids is the number of methoxy groups (none for BDMC, one for DMC, and two for curcumin), the presence of methoxy groups in the ortho position on the aromatic ring was suggested to be essential to enhance HO-1 expression and cytoprotection in human endothelial cells. Our results may be useful in designing more efficacious HO-1 inducers which could be considered as promising pharmacological agents in the development of therapeutic approaches for the prevention or treatment of endothelial diseases caused by oxidative damages.


Subject(s)
Signal Transduction , Models, Biological , Hydrogen Peroxide/adverse effects , Humans , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , DNA Damage/drug effects , Cytoprotection/drug effects , Curcumin/analogs & derivatives
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9054

ABSTRACT

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been described as an inducible protein that is capable of cytoprotection via radical scavenging and the prevention of apoptosis. Chronic exposure to hyperglycemia can lead to cellular dysfunction that may become irreversible over time, and this process has been termed glucose toxicity. Yet little is known about the relation between glucose toxicity and HO-1 in the islets. The purposes of the present study were to determine whether prolonged exposure of pancreatic islets to a supraphysiologic glucose concentration disrupts the intracellular balance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and HO-1, and so this causes defective insulin secretion; we also wanted to evaluate a protective role for HO-1 in pancreatic islets against high glucose levels. The intracellular peroxide levels of the pancreatic islets (INS-1 cell, rat islet) were increased in the high glucose media (30 mM glucose or 50 mM ribose). The HO-1 expression was induced in the INS-1 cells by the high glucose levels. Both the HO-1 expression and glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) was decreased simultaneously in the islets by treatment of the HO-1 antisense. The HO-1 was upregulated in the INS-1 cells by hemin, an inducer of HO-1. And, HO-1 upregulation induced by hemin reversed the GSIS in the islets at a high glucose condition. These results suggest HO-1 seems to mediate the protective response of pancreatic islets against the oxidative stress that is due to high glucose conditions.


Subject(s)
Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Wistar , Rats , Peroxides/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Male , Islets of Langerhans/metabolism , Insulin/metabolism , Hemin/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Animals
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