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Singapore medical journal ; : 439-443, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984209


INTRODUCTION@#Umbilical cord milking (UCM) is a method that allows for postnatal placental transfusion. The benefits of UCM have been demonstrated in some studies, but knowledge about its haemodynamic effects in term infants is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the haemodynamic effects of UCM in term infants.@*METHODS@#In this prospective, randomised controlled study, 149 healthy term infants with a birth week of ≥37 weeks were randomly assigned to either the UCM or immediate cord clamping (ICC) group. Blinded echocardiographic evaluations were performed in all the neonates in the first 2-6 h.@*RESULTS@#Superior vena cava (SVC) flow measurements were higher in the UCM group compared to the ICC group (132.47 ± 37.0 vs. 126.62 ± 34.3 mL/kg/min), but this difference was not statistically significant. Left atrial diameter (12.23 ± 1.99 vs. 11.43 ± 1.78 mm) and left atrium-to-aorta diastolic diameter ratio (1.62 ± 0.24 vs. 1.51 ± 0.22) were significantly higher in the UCM group. There were no significant differences in other echocardiographic parameters between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#We found no significant difference in the SVC flow measurements in term infants who underwent UCM versus those who underwent ICC. This lack of significant difference in SVC flow may be explained by the mature cerebral autoregulation mechanism in term neonates.

Infant, Newborn , Infant , Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Infant, Premature/physiology , Umbilical Cord Clamping , Prospective Studies , Vena Cava, Superior/diagnostic imaging , Placenta , Umbilical Cord/physiology , Constriction , Hemodynamics/physiology
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(4): 380-384, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447617


Abstract Introduction The evaluation of stroke volume (SV) is useful in research and patient care. To accomplish this, an ideal device should be noninvasive, continuous, reliable, and reproducible. The Mobil-O-Graph (MOG) is a noninvasive oscillometric matrix validated for measuring aortic and peripheral blood pressure, which through conversion algorithms can estimate hemodynamic parameters. Objectives To compare the MOG measurement of stroke volume, cardiac output, and cardiac index with the transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). Methods Healthy volunteers aged 18 years or older were included. Two-dimensional TTEs were performed by a single operator. Subsequently, the measurement of noninvasive hemodynamics with MOG was performed with the operator blind to the results of the echocardiogram. Correlation analyses between stroke volume, cardiac output, and cardiac index parameters were performed. The degree of agreement between the methods was verified using the Bland-Altman method. Results A total of 38 volunteers were enrolled with a mean age of 27.6 ± 3.8 years; 21 (55%) were male The SV by TTE was 76.8 ± 19.5 mL and 75.7 ± 19.3 mL by MOG, Rho = 0.726, p< 0.0001. The CO by TTE was 5.04 ± 0.8 mL.min-1 and 5.1 ± 0.8 mL.min-1 by MOG Rho = 0.510, p= 0.001. Bland-Altman plots showed a good concordance between the two techniques. Conclusions Our study shows that the measurement of SV and CO by noninvasive hemodynamics with the MOG device offers a good concordance with the TTE with very few values beyond the confidence limits.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Echocardiography/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Stroke Volume/physiology , Blood Pressure , Cardiac Output/physiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928875


By using Doppler sensor and pressure sensor, the cerebrovascular stroke detector can be used to measure the blood flow velocity and blood pressure of the carotid artery. In this study, a variety of signal conversion and isolation processing techniques are proposed for processing and feature extraction of the output signals from the sensors. Finally, effective signal output waveforms that can be used to evaluate the cerebrovascular hemodynamics index (CVHI) are obtained, and the sound signal outputs that can reflect the change characteristics of blood flow velocity and blood pressure signals are generated, which realizes the application functional requirements of the detector.

Humans , Blood Flow Velocity/physiology , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Stroke , Technology
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 401-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936026


Microcirculatory dysfunction is an important pathophysiological change of shock. In the last decade, many researches on the mechanism of microcirculatory dysfunction have been involved in areas such as the glycocalyx damage of vascular endothelial cells, macrocirculation- microcirculation discoupling, vascular hyporeactivity, and microcirculation monitoring. Accordingly, this paper discussed how these research findings can be applied to burn patients, with the aim of alerting the clinicians to improving microcirculation, and maintaining hemodynamic coordination during the treatment of burn shock and burn septic shock. In addition, with the development of accurate and reliable microcirculation monitoring techniques, it is necessary to carry out multi-center clinical trials to reveal the clinical significance of target-oriented shock resuscitation protocol combining macrocirculatory and microcirculatory parameters.

Humans , Burns/therapy , Endothelial Cells , Hemodynamics/physiology , Microcirculation/physiology , Resuscitation , Shock , Shock, Septic/therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928230


To explore the influence of bionic texture coronary stents on hemodynamics, a type of bioabsorbable polylactic acid coronary stents was designed, for which a finite element analysis method was used to carry out simulation analysis on blood flow field after the implantation of bionic texture stents with three different shapes (rectangle, triangle and trapezoid), thus revealing the influence of groove shape and size on hemodynamics, and identifying the optimal solution of bionic texture groove. The results showed that the influence of bionic texture grooves of different shapes and sizes on the lower wall shear stress region had a certain regularity. Specifically, the improvement effect of grooves above 0.06 mm on blood flow characteristics was poor, and the effect of grooves below 0.06 mm was good. Furthermore, the smaller the size is, the better the improvement effect is, and the 0.02 mm triangular groove had the best improvement effect. Based on the results of this study, it is expected that bionic texture stents have provided a new method for reducing in-stent restenosis.

Bionics , Computer Simulation , Coronary Vessels , Hemodynamics/physiology , Models, Cardiovascular , Stents , Stress, Mechanical
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928200


It has been found that the incidence of cardiovascular disease in patients with lower limb amputation is significantly higher than that in normal individuals, but the relationship between lower limb amputation and the episodes of cardiovascular disease has not been studied from the perspective of hemodynamics. In this paper, numerical simulation was used to study the effects of amputation on aortic hemodynamics by changing peripheral impedance and capacitance. The final results showed that after amputation, the aortic blood pressure increased, the time averaged wall shear stress of the infrarenal abdominal aorta decreased and the oscillatory shear index of the left and right sides was asymmetrically distributed, while the time averaged wall shear stress of the iliac artery decreased and the oscillatory shear index increased. The changes above were more significant with the increase of amputation level, which will result in a higher incidence of atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm. These findings preliminarily revealed the influence of lower limb amputation on the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, and provided theoretical guidance for the design of rehabilitation training and the optimization of cardiovascular diseases treatment.

Humans , Amputation, Surgical , Aorta, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Flow Velocity/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Lower Extremity , Models, Cardiovascular , Stress, Mechanical
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 35: e210266, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406922


ABSTRACT Objective This scoping review aimed to map evidence on açai supplementation combined with exercise in animal and/or human experimental studies. Methods The search considered six electronic databases and screening of relevant references. The selection process and data extraction were performed by two independent authors. The study characteristics, and AS (e.g., form, intervention time, amount ingested) and exercise (e.g., types, intensity, and duration) strategies were summarized, as well as their reported results. Results From an initial total of 342 studies identified; 11 (5 with animal and 6 with human models) were eligible. In animals, açai supplementation and exercise led to benefits in exercise tolerance and improvements in several hemodynamic parameters, as well as significant improvements in liver markers and glucose metabolism. In humans, açai supplementation indicated positive results in increasing exhaustion time to 90% of VO2max and increasing intensity at the anaerobic threshold. Conclusion We conclude that future research involving animals and humans should examine açai supplementation and exercise with (a) obesity models to test the effect of adiponectin on body composition with analysis of histological and histochemical parameters; (b) eccentric injury protocols with the incorporation of muscle quality variables to assess recovery; (c) chronic açai supplementation and strength training; (d) comparison of different forms of açai supplementation in exercise protocols.

RESUMO Objetivo Esta revisão de escopo teve como objetivo mapear evidências sobre a suplementação com açaí combinada com exercícios físicos em estudos experimentais em animais e / ou humanos. Métodos A busca considerou seis bases de dados eletrônicas além da triagem de referências relevantes. O processo de seleção e extração de dados foi realizado por dois autores independentes. As características do estudo, estratégias de suplementação de açaí (forma, tempo de intervenção, e quantidade ingerida) e exercícios (tipos, intensidade e duração), seus resultados foram resumidos. Resultados Um total de 342 estudos foram inicialmente alcançados e somente 11 foram elegíveis (5 com animais e 6 com humanos). Em animais, a suplementação de açaí e os exercícios indicaram benefícios na tolerância ao exercício e melhorias em vários parâmetros hemodinâmicos, bem como melhorias significativas nos marcadores hepáticos e no metabolismo da glicose. Em humanos, a suplementação de açaí indicou resultados positivos no aumento do tempo de exaustão para 90% do VO2máx e no aumento da intensidade correspondente ao limiar anaeróbio. Conclusão Concluiu-se que pesquisas futuras envolvendo animais e humanos devem examinar a suplementação de açaí e exercícios com (a) modelos de obesidade para testar o efeito da adiponectina na composição corporal por meio de parâmetros histológicos e histoquímicos (b) protocolos de dano muscular excêntrico com incorporação de variáveis de qualidade muscular para avaliação da recuperação; (c) suplementação crônica de açaí e treinamento de força; (d) comparação das diferentes formas de suplementação de açaí em protocolos de exercícios.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Rats , Young Adult , Exercise Test/methods , Euterpe/physiology , Oxidative Stress , Glucose/metabolism , Hemodynamics/physiology , Antioxidants/physiology
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 448-460, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364325


Resumo Fundamentos Uma metodologia para identificação de pacientes portadores de aneurisma de aorta ascendente (AAAs) sob alto risco de remodelamento aórtico não está completamente definida. Objetivo Esta pesquisa objetiva caracterizar numericamente o fluxo sanguíneo aórtico, relacionando a distribuição do estresse mecânico resultante com o crescimento de AAAs. Métodos Estudo analítico, observacional, unicêntrico, em que um protocolo de fluidodinâmica computacional (CFD - Computacional Fluid Dynamics) foi aplicado a imagens de angiotomografia computadorizada (ATC) de aorta de pacientes portadores de AAAs. Duas ATC de aorta com pelo menos um ano de intervalo foram obtidas. Dados clínicos dos pacientes foram registrados e, a partir das imagens de ATC, foram gerados modelos tridimensionais. Foram realizados estudos do campo de velocidade e estruturas coerentes (vórtices) com o objetivo de relacioná-los ao crescimento ou não do aneurisma e, posteriormente, compará-los com os dados clínicos dos pacientes. O teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov foi utilizado para avaliar a normalidade da amostra e o teste não-paramétrico Wilcoxon signed-rank foi aplicado para comparações de dados pareados entre os ângulos aórticos. A significância estatística foi fixada em 5%. Resultados Para o grupo que apresentou crescimento do aneurisma, a incidência do jato na parede aórtica gerou áreas de recirculação posterior ao jato, induzindo à formação de vórtices complexos, ocasionando um incremento na pressão média no endotélio aórtico. O grupo sem crescimento do aneurisma apresentou diminuição na pressão média. Conclusão Este estudo piloto mostrou que a CFD baseada em ATC pode, em um futuro próximo, ser uma ferramenta auxiliar na identificação dos padrões de fluxo associados ao processo de remodelamento de AAAs.

Abstract Background A methodology to identify patients with ascending aortic aneurysm (AsAA) under high risk for aortic growth is not completely defined Objetive This research seeks to numerically characterize the aortic blood flow by relating the resulting mechanical stress distribution with AsAA growth. Methods Analytical, observational, single-center study in which a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) protocol was applied to aortic computed tomography angiogram (CTA) images of patients with AsAA. Two CTA exams taken at a minimum interval of one year were obtained. From the CTA-gathered images, three-dimensional models were built, and clinical data were registered. Study of velocity field and coherent structures (vortices) was performed aiming to relate them to the presence or absence of aneurysm growth, as well as comparing them to the patients' clinical data. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to evaluate the normality of the distribution, and the non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test, for non-normal distribution, was used to compare the paired data of the aortic angles. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results The incident jet in the aortic wall generated recirculation areas in the posterior region of the jet, inducing complex vortices formation in the group with aneurysm growth, leading to an average pressure increase in the ascending aortic wall between exams. In the group without aneurysm growth, the average pressure decreased. Conclusion This pilot study showed that CFD based on CTA may in the near future be a tool to help identify flow patterns associated with AsAA remodeling process.

Humans , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Hydrodynamics , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Pilot Projects , Hemodynamics/physiology
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.966-973, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353818
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(3): e1371, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139057


Introducción: Las complicaciones cardiovasculares constituyen la primera causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en el receptor de trasplante renal. Objetivo: Caracterizar la repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables hemodinámicas del corazón derecho en trasplante renal. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo, longitudinal. Se incluyeron 52 pacientes, evaluados clínica y ecocardiográficamente. Se compararon cinco variables hemodinámicas en el corazón derecho, previos y seis meses posteriores al cierre de la fístula arteriovenosa. Resultados: La edad promedio 46,02 años, 29 masculinos (55,8 por ciento). El diámetro de la aurícula derecha en las fístulas cerradas en la muñeca izquierda 8805; 6 años disminuyó (p=0,044), al igual que en el ventrículo derecho <6 años a nivel del pliegue del codo izquierdo (p=0,004). La presión sistólica de la arteria pulmonar descendió tras el cierre en el codo izquierdo lt;6 años (p=0,002), en las 8805;6 (p=0,05) y en el derecho (p=0,006). La presión media de la arteria pulmonar se redujo en las cerradas en pliegue del codo izquierdo <6 años (p=0,001) y 8805;6 años (p=0,017) al igual que en el derecho (p=0,009). La fracción de eyección del ventrículo derecho se incrementó al cierre en muñeca izquierda ;6 años (p=0,046) y en el codo derecho 8805;6 años (p=0,027). Conclusiones: La permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa en el receptor de trasplante renal contribuye a la perpetuación y progresión de la disfunción cardiovascular preexistente(AU)

Introduction: Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney transplant recipients. Objective: To describe the consequence of arteriovenous fistula on hemodynamic variables of the right heart in kidney transplantation. Methods: We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study. Fifty two patients were included, and they were clinically and echocardiographically assessed. Five hemodynamic variables were compared in the right heart, prior to the closure of the arteriovenous fistula and six months after. Results: The average age was 46.02 years, 29 were male (55.8 percent). The diameter decreased in the right atrium in closed fistulas in the left wrist #8805; 6 years (p = 0.044). The same occurred in the right ventricle <6 years at the level of the left elbow crease (p = 0.004). The systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery decreased after closure in the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.002), in ≥6 (p = 0.05) and in the right (p = 0.006). The mean pressure of the pulmonary artery was reduced in those closed in the crease of the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.001) and ≥6 years (p = 0.017) as well as in the right (p = 0.009). The right ventricular ejection fraction increased at closure in the left wrist <6 years (p = 0.046) and in the right elbow ≥6 years (p = 0.027). Conclusions: The permanence of arteriovenous fistula in the kidney transplant recipient contributes to the perpetuation and progression of the pre-existing cardiovascular dysfunction(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 180-186, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130838


Abstract Background: Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease. Recent studies have suggested that it is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular comorbidities. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare arterial stiffness and cardiovascular hemodynamics in patients with lichen planus and a healthy control group. Methods: Fifty-five patients with lichen planus and 42 healthy controls were enrolled. All patients underwent echocardiographic examination, and arterial stiffness was measured using applanation tonometry. Results: No statistically significant difference was determined between the patient and control groups in terms of arterial stiffness, but stiffness was markedly higher in patients with erosive lichen planus compared to the control group and other patients (p = 0.006, and p = 0.023, respectively). Moderate positive correlation was determined between duration of disease and arterial stiffness. Impairment of systolic and diastolic functions was also determined in patients with lichen planus compared to the control group (p < 0.001, and p = 0.005, respectively). Study limitations: Relatively low number of patients. Conclusion: The positive correlation observed between duration of disease and arterial stiffness in patients with lichen planus suggests that these patients should be followed-up in terms of cardiovascular risk in the presence of resistant and long-term disease, particularly in case of erosive lichen planus.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Lichen Planus/physiopathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Echocardiography , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , Statistics, Nonparametric , Heart/physiopathology , Lichen Planus/complications , Manometry/methods , Middle Aged
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 48-55, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131005


Abstract One-third of the population in intensive care units is in a state of circulatory shock, whose rapid recognition and mechanism differentiation are of great importance. The clinical context and physical examination are of great value, but in complex situations as in cardiac care units, it is mandatory the use of advanced hemodynamic monitorization devices, both to determine the main mechanism of shock, as to decide management and guide response to treatment, these devices include pulmonary flotation catheter as the gold standard, as well as more recent techniques including echocardiography and pulmonary ultrasound, among others. This article emphasizes the different shock mechanisms observed in the cardiac care units, with a proposal for approach and treatment.

Resumen Un tercio de la población de pacientes en unidades de cuidados intensivos se encuentran en choque circulatorio, el identificarlo y determinar su mecanismo de manera rápida y eficaz es de gran importancia. El contexto clínico y el examen físico son de gran utilidad, sin embargo existen situaciones de alta complejidad en las que se requiere del uso de las distintas modalidades de monitorización hemodinámica avanzada, tanto para determinar la causa, como para decidir el manejo y guiar respuesta al tratamiento, incluyendo el catéter de flotación pulmonar como gold standard, así como técnicas más recientes incluyendo ecocardiografía y ultrasonido pulmonar, entre otros. Este artículo enfatiza los distintos mecanismos de choque observados en las unidades de cuidados cardiacos, con propuesta de abordaje y tratamiento.

Humans , Shock/physiopathology , Coronary Care Units , Hemodynamics/physiology , Shock/therapy , Shock, Cardiogenic/physiopathology , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Echocardiography/methods , Ultrasonography/methods
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9136, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055487


The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) on the cardiac function of beagle dogs after prolonged ventricular fibrillation. Twenty-four adult male beagles were randomly divided into control and EECP groups. Ventricular fibrillation was induced in the animals for 12 min, followed by 2 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. They then received EECP therapy for 4 h (EECP group) or not (control group). The hemodynamics was monitored using the PiCCO2 system. Blood gas and hemorheology were assessed at baseline and at 1, 2, and 4 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The myocardial blood flow (MBF) was quantified by 18F-flurpiridaz PET myocardial perfusion imaging at baseline and 4 h after ROSC. Survival time of the animals was recorded within 24 h. Ventricular fibrillation was successfully induced in all animals, and they achieved ROSC after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Survival time of the control group was shorter than that of the EECP group [median of 8 h (min 8 h, max 21 h) vs median of 24 h (min 16 h, max 24 h) (Kaplan Meyer plot analysis, P=0.0152). EECP improved blood gas analysis findings and increased the coronary perfusion pressure and MBF value. EECP also improved the cardiac function of Beagles after ROSC in multiple aspects, significantly increased blood flow velocity, and decreased plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation index, and hematocrit levels. EECP improved the hemodynamics of beagle dogs and increased MBF, subsequently improving cardiac function and ultimately improving the survival time of animals after ROSC.

Animals , Male , Dogs , Counterpulsation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Disease Models, Animal , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 550-559, Out.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056604


Abstract Fluid volume and hemodynamic management in hemodialysis patients is an essential component of dialysis adequacy. Restoring salt and water homeostasis in hemodialysis patients has been a permanent quest by nephrologists summarized by the 'dry weight' probing approach. Although this clinical approach has been associated with benefits on cardiovascular outcome, it is now challenged by recent studies showing that intensity or aggressiveness to remove fluid during intermittent dialysis is associated with cardiovascular stress and potential organ damage. A more precise approach is required to improve cardiovascular outcome in this high-risk population. Fluid status assessment and monitoring rely on four components: clinical assessment, non-invasive instrumental tools (e.g., US, bioimpedance, blood volume monitoring), cardiac biomarkers (e.g. natriuretic peptides), and algorithm and sodium modeling to estimate mass transfer. Optimal management of fluid and sodium imbalance in dialysis patients consist in adjusting salt and fluid removal by dialysis (ultrafiltration, dialysate sodium) and by restricting salt intake and fluid gain between dialysis sessions. Modern technology using biosensors and feedback control tools embarked on dialysis machine, with sophisticated analytics will provide direct handling of sodium and water in a more precise and personalized way. It is envisaged in the near future that these tools will support physician decision making with high potential of improving cardiovascular outcome.

Resumo O volume de fluidos e o controle hemodinâmico em pacientes em hemodiálise é um componente essencial da adequação da diálise. A restauração da homeostase do sal e da água em pacientes em hemodiálise tem sido uma busca constante por parte dos nefrologistas, no que condiz à abordagem do "peso seco. Embora essa abordagem clínica tenha sido associada a benefícios no desfecho cardiovascular, recentemente tem sido questionada por estudos que mostram que a intensidade ou agressividade para remover fluidos durante a diálise intermitente está associada a estresse cardiovascular e dano potencial a órgãos.para remover fluidos durante a diálise intermitente está associada a estresse cardiovascular e dano potencial a órgãos. Uma abordagem mais precisa é necessária para melhorar o desfecho cardiovascular nessa população de alto risco. A avaliação e monitorização do estado hídrico baseiam-se em quatro componentes: avaliação clínica, ferramentas instrumentais não invasivas (por exemplo, US, bioimpedância, monitorização do volume sanguíneo), biomarcadores cardíacos (e.g. peptídeos natriuréticos), algoritmos e modelagem de sódio para estimar a transferência de massa. O manejo otimizado do desequilíbrio hídrico e de sódio em pacientes dialíticos consiste em ajustar a remoção de sal e líquido por diálise (ultrafiltração, dialisato de sódio), e restringir a ingestão de sal e o ganho de líquido entre as sessões de diálise. Tecnologia moderna que utiliza biosensores e ferramentas de controle de feedback, hoje parte da máquina de diálise, com análises sofisticadas, proporcionam o manejo direto sobre o sódio e a água de uma maneira mais precisa e personalizada. Prevê-se no futuro próximo que essas ferramentas poderão auxiliar na tomada de decisão do médico, com alto potencial para melhorar o resultado cardiovascular.

Humans , Sodium/metabolism , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Homeostasis/physiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Algorithms , Biomarkers/metabolism , Dialysis Solutions/chemistry , Cardiovascular System/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis/standards , Treatment Outcome , Cardiovascular Deconditioning , Nephrologists/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 631-634, nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057483


Abstract Loss of consciousness during spinal anesthesia is a rare but scary complication. This complication is generally related to severe hypotension and bradycardia, but in this case, the loss of consciousness occurred in a hemodynamically stable parturient patient. We present a 31 years-old patient who underwent an emergency cesarean section. She lost consciousness and had apnea that started 10 minutes after successful spinal anesthesia and repeated three times for a total of 25 minutes, despite the stable hemodynamics of the patient. The case was considered a subdural block, and the patient was provided with respiratory support. The subdural block is expected to start slowly (approximately 15-20 minutes), but in this case, after about 10 minutes of receiving anesthesia, the patient suddenly had a loss of consciousness. After the recovery of consciousness and return of spontaneous respiration, the level of a sensory block of the patient, who was cooperative and oriented, was T4. There were motor blocks in both lower extremities. Four hours after intrathecal injection, both the sensory and motor blocks ended, and she was discharged two days later with no complications. Hence, patients who receive spinal anesthesia should be closely observed for any such undesirable complications.

Resumo A perda de consciência durante a raquianestesia é uma complicação rara, mas assustadora. Essa complicação geralmente está relacionada à grave hipotensão e bradicardia, mas, neste caso, a perda de consciência ocorreu em uma paciente parturiente hemodinamicamente estável. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 31 anos, submetida a uma cesariana de emergência. A paciente perdeu a consciência e apresentou apneia que teve início 10 minutos após a raquianestesia bem-sucedida e repetiu o episódio três vezes por 25 minutos, a despeito de sua hemodinâmica estável. O caso foi considerado como um bloqueio subdural e a paciente recebeu suporte respiratório. Espera-se que o bloqueio subdural inicie lentamente (aproximadamente 15-20 minutos), mas, neste caso, cerca de 10 minutos após a anestesia, a paciente repentinamente perdeu a consciência. Após a recuperação da consciência e o retorno da respiração espontânea, a paciente que estava orientada e cooperativa apresentou nível de bloqueio sensorial em T4. Havia bloqueio motor em ambas as extremidades inferiores. O bloqueio sensório-motor terminou quatro horas após a injeção intratecal e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar dois dias depois, sem complicações. Considerando o exposto, os pacientes que recebem raquianestesia devem ser atentamente observados para quaisquer complicações indesejáveis.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Unconsciousness/etiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(6): 886-897, nov.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093914


Introducción: El espectro clínico de los Síndromes Coronarios Agudos sin elevación del segmento ST incluye tanto a pacientes asintomáticos como a los que presentan isquemia activa, inestabilidad eléctrica, hemodinámica o parada cardiaca. Objetivo: Evaluar probables factores predictivos de complicaciones intrahospitalarias no letales en pacientes con diagnóstico de Síndrome Coronario Agudo sin elevación del segmento ST. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal con un universo de 218 individuos ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Coronarios Intensivos del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico Manuel Fajardo en 2016 y 2017. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (51.4 por ciento) y la edad media fue de 68 años. Prevaleció la Hipertensión Arterial como factor de riesgo coronario. La edad mostró asociación estadística significativa con la aparición de cualquier complicación (p=0.015) y con las complicaciones hemodinámicas (p=0,014). El riesgo intermedio-alto, según el score TIMI, tuvo asociación estadísticamente muy significativa con las complicaciones hemodinámicas (p<0.01). Conclusiones: La edad tuvo asociación estadística con la aparición de complicaciones intrahospitalarias no letales. El sexo no se asoció con las complicaciones ni los antecedentes estudiados tampoco. Los pacientes con un riesgo intermedio-alto al ingreso, se asociaron con las complicaciones hemodinámicas(AU)

Introduction: The clinical spectrum of Non-ST-segment elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes includes both asymptomatic patients and those with active ischemia, electrical instability, hemodynamic or cardiac arrest. Objective: To evaluate probable predictive factors of non-lethal intra-hospital complications in patients diagnosed with Non-ST-segment elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome. Material and Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted with a universe of 218 individuals admitted into the Intensive Coronary Care Unit of Manuel Fajardo Clinical and Surgical Hospital between 2016 and 2017. Results: Male sex predominated (51.4 percent) and the mean age was 68 years. Arterial Hypertension prevailed as a coronary risk factor. The age showed significant statistical association with the appearance of any complication (p = 0.015) and with hemodynamic complications (p =0,014). The intermediate-high risk, according to the TIMI score, had a statistically significant association with hemodynamic complications (p <0.01). Conclusions: Age was statistically associated with the appearance of non-lethal intra-hospital complications. Sex was not associated with complications, nor did the background studied either. Patients with an intermediate-high risk at admission were associated with hemodynamic complications(AU)

Humans , Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Coronary Care Units/methods , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Observational Study , Hemodynamics/physiology
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 231-239, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019385


Abstract Background: Thoracic bioreactance (TB), a noninvasive method for the measurement of cardiac output (CO), shows good test-retest reliability in healthy adults examined under research and resting conditions. Objective: In this study, we evaluate the test-retest reliability of CO and cardiac power (CPO) output assessment during exercise assessed by TB in healthy adults under routine clinical conditions. Methods: 25 test persons performed a symptom-limited graded cycling test in an outpatient office on two different days separated by one week. Cardiorespiratory (power output, VO2peak) and hemodynamic parameters (heart rate, stroke volume, CO, mean arterial pressure, CPO) were measured at rest and continuously under exercise using a spiroergometric system and bioreactance cardiograph (NICOM, Cheetah Medical). Results: After 8 participants were excluded due to measurement errors (outliers), there was no systematic bias in all parameters under all conditions (effect size: 0.2-0.6). We found that all noninvasively measured CO showed acceptable test-retest-reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.59-0.98; typical error: 0.3-1.8). Moreover, peak CPO showed better reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.80-0.85; effect size: 0.9-1.1) then the TB CO, thanks only to the superior reliability of MAP (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.59-0.98; effect size: 0.3-1.8). Conclusion: Our findings preclude the clinical use of TB in healthy subject population when outliers are not identified.

Resumo Fundamento: A biorreatância torácica (BT), um método não invasivo destinado à medição do débito cardíaco (DC), mostra boa confiabilidade teste-reteste em adultos saudáveis examinados em condições de pesquisa e repouso. Objetivo: No presente estudo, avaliamos a confiabilidade teste-reteste da avaliação do DC e trabalho cardíaco (TC) durante exercício, avaliado por BT em adultos saudáveis sob condições clínicas de rotina. Métodos: 25 indivíduos realizaram teste ergométrico gradual sintoma-limitante em ambiente ambulatorial em dois dias diferentes, com intervalo de uma semana. Parâmetros cardiorrespiratórios (trabalho cardíaco, VO2máx) e hemodinâmicos (frequência cardíaca, volume sistólico, DC, pressão arterial média, TC) foram medidos em repouso e continuamente sob exercício utilizando sistema espiroergométrico e cardiógrafo de biorreatância (NICOM, Cheetah Medical). Resultados: Após 8 participantes terem sido excluídos devido a erros de medição (outliers), não houve viés sistemático em nenhum dos parâmetros em todas as condições (tamanho do efeito: 0,2-0,6). Observamos que todos os débitos cardíacos medidos de forma não invasiva apresentaram níveis aceitáveis de confiabilidade teste-reteste (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,59-0,98; erro típico: 0,3-1,8). Além disso, TC máximo apresentou melhor confiabilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,80-0,85; tamanho do efeito: 0,9-1,1), seguido do DC pela BT, graças apenas à confiabilidade superior da PAM (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,59-0,98; tamanho do efeito: 0,3-1,8). Conclusão: Nossos achados impedem o uso clínico da BT em indivíduos saudáveis quando outliers não forem identificados.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiac Output/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Reference Values , Anaerobic Threshold/physiology , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Exercise Test/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(1): 53-55, jan.-mar. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026195


No Brasil, a cirrose é um problema de saúde pública, que afeta aproximadamente 2 milhões de pessoas. As causas mais comuns são a doença hepática alcoólica, as hepatites virais e a doença hepática não alcoólica. A relação entre desordens cardíacas e hepatopatias é descrita na literatura, e a mais importante delas é o prolongamento do intervalo QT. A cirrose, independente de sua causa, é uma patologia frequentemente encontrada na população brasileira. Por este motivo, elucidar dados referentes às arritmias cardíacas em pacientes cirróticos é de grande importância dentro do estudo desta subpopulação. O objetivo deste artigo é fazer uma revisão de literatura com as informações referentes a epidemiologia, fisiopatologia, fatores de risco e prognóstico para as arritmias cardíacas em portadores de cirrose. (AU)

In Brazil, cirrhosis is a public health problem affecting approximately 2 million people. The most common causes are alcoholic liver disease, viral hepatitis, and non-alcoholic liver disease. The relationship between cardiac disorders and liver diseases is described in the literature, and the most important one is the QT interval prolongation. Cirrhosis, regardless of its causes, is a pathology that is frequently found in the Brazilian population. For this reason, elucidating data regarding cardiac arrhythmias in cirrhotic patients is of great importance within the study of this subpopulation. The aim of this article is to review the literature with information on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, and prognosis for cardiac arrhythmias in patients with cirrhosis. (AU)

Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology , Prognosis , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Atrial Flutter/physiopathology , Hepatorenal Syndrome/physiopathology , Long QT Syndrome/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Hemodynamics/physiology , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/physiopathology , Liver Cirrhosis/epidemiology , Cardiomyopathies/physiopathology
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 17(6): 931-942, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991298


Introducción: Cada día resulta mayor la proporción de ancianos que asiste a los quirófanos. El manejo de estos pacientes ha ido evolucionando aparejadamente a las técnicas mínimamente invasivas, encaminadas a evitar la hospitalización, las complejas pruebas complementarias y los costosos tratamientos. Objetivo: Determinar los factores que repercuten en la hemodinamia del paciente geriátrico durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal y analítico de 132 pacientes mayores de 60 años intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica electiva, en el Hospital clínico-quirúrgico Julio Trigo López durante el período comprendido desde enero de 2014 hasta junio de 2016. Resultados: Predominó el grupo correspondiente a los 60 - 69 años de edad, el sexo femenino y el estado físico ASA II. El 75 por ciento de los pacientes no sufrió cambios hemodinámicos. Se presentó un 25 por ciento de variabilidades hemodinámicas predominantes en el grupo de 70-79 años de edad. La diferencia en la variabilidad hemodinámica entre los grupos etarios resultó altamente significativa. La hipertensión arterial (51,5 por ciento) y la taquicardia (27,3 por ciento) fueron las variaciones más frecuentes. Los factores determinantes en los cambios fueron dependientes del proceder quirúrgico: mayor presión intrabdominal posneumoperitoneo (22 por ciento) y Trendelenburg superior a 10 grados (93,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: Los factores determinantes en la hemodinamia fueron dependientes del acto quirúrgico. Se presentaron variaciones significativas entre los diferentes grupos etarios, sugiriendo cierta influencia del factor edad, pero la mayor longevidad no constituyó un aspecto decisivo. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es una valiosa alternativa terapéutica para los pacientes ancianos(AU)

Introduction: The number of elderly patients undergoing surgery is greater every day. The management of these patients has been evolving together with minimal invasive techniques, aimed at avoiding hospitalization, complex complementary tests, and expensive treatments. Objective: To determine the factors that have an effect on the hemodynamics of the geriatric patient during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Material and Methods: A prospective, longitudinal, and analytic study was conducted in 132 patients older than 60 years of age who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the Julio Trigo López Clinical and Surgical Hospital during the period between January 2014 to June 2016. Results: Subjects aged 60 to 69 years, the female sex, and the physical state ASA II predominated in the study. 75% of these patients did not suffer hemodynamic changes. 25 percent of predominant hemodynamic variabilities were present especially in the group aged 70 to 79 years. The difference in hemodynamic variability between the age groups was highly significant. Arterial hypertension (51,5 percent and tachycardia (27,3 percent) were the most frequent variations. The determining factors in the changes were dependent on the surgical procedure: higher intra-abdominal pressure after pneumoperitoneum (22 percent) and Trendelenburg higher than 10 degrees (93.9 percent). Conclusions: The determining factors in hemodynamics were dependent on the surgical act. There were significant variations among the different age groups, suggesting a certain influence of the age factor, but the greatest longevity didn't constitute a decisive aspect. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a valuable therapeutic alternative for elderly patients(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Head-Down Tilt/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies