Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 397
Filter
1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.966-973, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353818
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 448-460, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364325

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamentos Uma metodologia para identificação de pacientes portadores de aneurisma de aorta ascendente (AAAs) sob alto risco de remodelamento aórtico não está completamente definida. Objetivo Esta pesquisa objetiva caracterizar numericamente o fluxo sanguíneo aórtico, relacionando a distribuição do estresse mecânico resultante com o crescimento de AAAs. Métodos Estudo analítico, observacional, unicêntrico, em que um protocolo de fluidodinâmica computacional (CFD - Computacional Fluid Dynamics) foi aplicado a imagens de angiotomografia computadorizada (ATC) de aorta de pacientes portadores de AAAs. Duas ATC de aorta com pelo menos um ano de intervalo foram obtidas. Dados clínicos dos pacientes foram registrados e, a partir das imagens de ATC, foram gerados modelos tridimensionais. Foram realizados estudos do campo de velocidade e estruturas coerentes (vórtices) com o objetivo de relacioná-los ao crescimento ou não do aneurisma e, posteriormente, compará-los com os dados clínicos dos pacientes. O teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov foi utilizado para avaliar a normalidade da amostra e o teste não-paramétrico Wilcoxon signed-rank foi aplicado para comparações de dados pareados entre os ângulos aórticos. A significância estatística foi fixada em 5%. Resultados Para o grupo que apresentou crescimento do aneurisma, a incidência do jato na parede aórtica gerou áreas de recirculação posterior ao jato, induzindo à formação de vórtices complexos, ocasionando um incremento na pressão média no endotélio aórtico. O grupo sem crescimento do aneurisma apresentou diminuição na pressão média. Conclusão Este estudo piloto mostrou que a CFD baseada em ATC pode, em um futuro próximo, ser uma ferramenta auxiliar na identificação dos padrões de fluxo associados ao processo de remodelamento de AAAs.


Abstract Background A methodology to identify patients with ascending aortic aneurysm (AsAA) under high risk for aortic growth is not completely defined Objetive This research seeks to numerically characterize the aortic blood flow by relating the resulting mechanical stress distribution with AsAA growth. Methods Analytical, observational, single-center study in which a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) protocol was applied to aortic computed tomography angiogram (CTA) images of patients with AsAA. Two CTA exams taken at a minimum interval of one year were obtained. From the CTA-gathered images, three-dimensional models were built, and clinical data were registered. Study of velocity field and coherent structures (vortices) was performed aiming to relate them to the presence or absence of aneurysm growth, as well as comparing them to the patients' clinical data. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to evaluate the normality of the distribution, and the non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test, for non-normal distribution, was used to compare the paired data of the aortic angles. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results The incident jet in the aortic wall generated recirculation areas in the posterior region of the jet, inducing complex vortices formation in the group with aneurysm growth, leading to an average pressure increase in the ascending aortic wall between exams. In the group without aneurysm growth, the average pressure decreased. Conclusion This pilot study showed that CFD based on CTA may in the near future be a tool to help identify flow patterns associated with AsAA remodeling process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Hydrodynamics , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Pilot Projects , Hemodynamics/physiology
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(3): e1371, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139057

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las complicaciones cardiovasculares constituyen la primera causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en el receptor de trasplante renal. Objetivo: Caracterizar la repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables hemodinámicas del corazón derecho en trasplante renal. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo, longitudinal. Se incluyeron 52 pacientes, evaluados clínica y ecocardiográficamente. Se compararon cinco variables hemodinámicas en el corazón derecho, previos y seis meses posteriores al cierre de la fístula arteriovenosa. Resultados: La edad promedio 46,02 años, 29 masculinos (55,8 por ciento). El diámetro de la aurícula derecha en las fístulas cerradas en la muñeca izquierda 8805; 6 años disminuyó (p=0,044), al igual que en el ventrículo derecho <6 años a nivel del pliegue del codo izquierdo (p=0,004). La presión sistólica de la arteria pulmonar descendió tras el cierre en el codo izquierdo lt;6 años (p=0,002), en las 8805;6 (p=0,05) y en el derecho (p=0,006). La presión media de la arteria pulmonar se redujo en las cerradas en pliegue del codo izquierdo <6 años (p=0,001) y 8805;6 años (p=0,017) al igual que en el derecho (p=0,009). La fracción de eyección del ventrículo derecho se incrementó al cierre en muñeca izquierda ;6 años (p=0,046) y en el codo derecho 8805;6 años (p=0,027). Conclusiones: La permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa en el receptor de trasplante renal contribuye a la perpetuación y progresión de la disfunción cardiovascular preexistente(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney transplant recipients. Objective: To describe the consequence of arteriovenous fistula on hemodynamic variables of the right heart in kidney transplantation. Methods: We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study. Fifty two patients were included, and they were clinically and echocardiographically assessed. Five hemodynamic variables were compared in the right heart, prior to the closure of the arteriovenous fistula and six months after. Results: The average age was 46.02 years, 29 were male (55.8 percent). The diameter decreased in the right atrium in closed fistulas in the left wrist #8805; 6 years (p = 0.044). The same occurred in the right ventricle <6 years at the level of the left elbow crease (p = 0.004). The systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery decreased after closure in the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.002), in ≥6 (p = 0.05) and in the right (p = 0.006). The mean pressure of the pulmonary artery was reduced in those closed in the crease of the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.001) and ≥6 years (p = 0.017) as well as in the right (p = 0.009). The right ventricular ejection fraction increased at closure in the left wrist <6 years (p = 0.046) and in the right elbow ≥6 years (p = 0.027). Conclusions: The permanence of arteriovenous fistula in the kidney transplant recipient contributes to the perpetuation and progression of the pre-existing cardiovascular dysfunction(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 180-186, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130838

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease. Recent studies have suggested that it is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular comorbidities. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare arterial stiffness and cardiovascular hemodynamics in patients with lichen planus and a healthy control group. Methods: Fifty-five patients with lichen planus and 42 healthy controls were enrolled. All patients underwent echocardiographic examination, and arterial stiffness was measured using applanation tonometry. Results: No statistically significant difference was determined between the patient and control groups in terms of arterial stiffness, but stiffness was markedly higher in patients with erosive lichen planus compared to the control group and other patients (p = 0.006, and p = 0.023, respectively). Moderate positive correlation was determined between duration of disease and arterial stiffness. Impairment of systolic and diastolic functions was also determined in patients with lichen planus compared to the control group (p < 0.001, and p = 0.005, respectively). Study limitations: Relatively low number of patients. Conclusion: The positive correlation observed between duration of disease and arterial stiffness in patients with lichen planus suggests that these patients should be followed-up in terms of cardiovascular risk in the presence of resistant and long-term disease, particularly in case of erosive lichen planus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Lichen Planus/physiopathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Echocardiography , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , Statistics, Nonparametric , Heart/physiopathology , Lichen Planus/complications , Manometry/methods , Middle Aged
5.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 48-55, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131005

ABSTRACT

Abstract One-third of the population in intensive care units is in a state of circulatory shock, whose rapid recognition and mechanism differentiation are of great importance. The clinical context and physical examination are of great value, but in complex situations as in cardiac care units, it is mandatory the use of advanced hemodynamic monitorization devices, both to determine the main mechanism of shock, as to decide management and guide response to treatment, these devices include pulmonary flotation catheter as the gold standard, as well as more recent techniques including echocardiography and pulmonary ultrasound, among others. This article emphasizes the different shock mechanisms observed in the cardiac care units, with a proposal for approach and treatment.


Resumen Un tercio de la población de pacientes en unidades de cuidados intensivos se encuentran en choque circulatorio, el identificarlo y determinar su mecanismo de manera rápida y eficaz es de gran importancia. El contexto clínico y el examen físico son de gran utilidad, sin embargo existen situaciones de alta complejidad en las que se requiere del uso de las distintas modalidades de monitorización hemodinámica avanzada, tanto para determinar la causa, como para decidir el manejo y guiar respuesta al tratamiento, incluyendo el catéter de flotación pulmonar como gold standard, así como técnicas más recientes incluyendo ecocardiografía y ultrasonido pulmonar, entre otros. Este artículo enfatiza los distintos mecanismos de choque observados en las unidades de cuidados cardiacos, con propuesta de abordaje y tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock/physiopathology , Coronary Care Units , Hemodynamics/physiology , Shock/therapy , Shock, Cardiogenic/physiopathology , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Echocardiography/methods , Ultrasonography/methods
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9136, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055487

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) on the cardiac function of beagle dogs after prolonged ventricular fibrillation. Twenty-four adult male beagles were randomly divided into control and EECP groups. Ventricular fibrillation was induced in the animals for 12 min, followed by 2 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. They then received EECP therapy for 4 h (EECP group) or not (control group). The hemodynamics was monitored using the PiCCO2 system. Blood gas and hemorheology were assessed at baseline and at 1, 2, and 4 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The myocardial blood flow (MBF) was quantified by 18F-flurpiridaz PET myocardial perfusion imaging at baseline and 4 h after ROSC. Survival time of the animals was recorded within 24 h. Ventricular fibrillation was successfully induced in all animals, and they achieved ROSC after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Survival time of the control group was shorter than that of the EECP group [median of 8 h (min 8 h, max 21 h) vs median of 24 h (min 16 h, max 24 h) (Kaplan Meyer plot analysis, P=0.0152). EECP improved blood gas analysis findings and increased the coronary perfusion pressure and MBF value. EECP also improved the cardiac function of Beagles after ROSC in multiple aspects, significantly increased blood flow velocity, and decreased plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation index, and hematocrit levels. EECP improved the hemodynamics of beagle dogs and increased MBF, subsequently improving cardiac function and ultimately improving the survival time of animals after ROSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Counterpulsation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Disease Models, Animal , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
7.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(6): 886-897, nov.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093914

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El espectro clínico de los Síndromes Coronarios Agudos sin elevación del segmento ST incluye tanto a pacientes asintomáticos como a los que presentan isquemia activa, inestabilidad eléctrica, hemodinámica o parada cardiaca. Objetivo: Evaluar probables factores predictivos de complicaciones intrahospitalarias no letales en pacientes con diagnóstico de Síndrome Coronario Agudo sin elevación del segmento ST. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal con un universo de 218 individuos ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Coronarios Intensivos del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico Manuel Fajardo en 2016 y 2017. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (51.4 por ciento) y la edad media fue de 68 años. Prevaleció la Hipertensión Arterial como factor de riesgo coronario. La edad mostró asociación estadística significativa con la aparición de cualquier complicación (p=0.015) y con las complicaciones hemodinámicas (p=0,014). El riesgo intermedio-alto, según el score TIMI, tuvo asociación estadísticamente muy significativa con las complicaciones hemodinámicas (p<0.01). Conclusiones: La edad tuvo asociación estadística con la aparición de complicaciones intrahospitalarias no letales. El sexo no se asoció con las complicaciones ni los antecedentes estudiados tampoco. Los pacientes con un riesgo intermedio-alto al ingreso, se asociaron con las complicaciones hemodinámicas(AU)


Introduction: The clinical spectrum of Non-ST-segment elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes includes both asymptomatic patients and those with active ischemia, electrical instability, hemodynamic or cardiac arrest. Objective: To evaluate probable predictive factors of non-lethal intra-hospital complications in patients diagnosed with Non-ST-segment elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome. Material and Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted with a universe of 218 individuals admitted into the Intensive Coronary Care Unit of Manuel Fajardo Clinical and Surgical Hospital between 2016 and 2017. Results: Male sex predominated (51.4 percent) and the mean age was 68 years. Arterial Hypertension prevailed as a coronary risk factor. The age showed significant statistical association with the appearance of any complication (p = 0.015) and with hemodynamic complications (p =0,014). The intermediate-high risk, according to the TIMI score, had a statistically significant association with hemodynamic complications (p <0.01). Conclusions: Age was statistically associated with the appearance of non-lethal intra-hospital complications. Sex was not associated with complications, nor did the background studied either. Patients with an intermediate-high risk at admission were associated with hemodynamic complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Coronary Care Units/methods , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Observational Study , Hemodynamics/physiology
8.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 631-634, nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057483

ABSTRACT

Abstract Loss of consciousness during spinal anesthesia is a rare but scary complication. This complication is generally related to severe hypotension and bradycardia, but in this case, the loss of consciousness occurred in a hemodynamically stable parturient patient. We present a 31 years-old patient who underwent an emergency cesarean section. She lost consciousness and had apnea that started 10 minutes after successful spinal anesthesia and repeated three times for a total of 25 minutes, despite the stable hemodynamics of the patient. The case was considered a subdural block, and the patient was provided with respiratory support. The subdural block is expected to start slowly (approximately 15-20 minutes), but in this case, after about 10 minutes of receiving anesthesia, the patient suddenly had a loss of consciousness. After the recovery of consciousness and return of spontaneous respiration, the level of a sensory block of the patient, who was cooperative and oriented, was T4. There were motor blocks in both lower extremities. Four hours after intrathecal injection, both the sensory and motor blocks ended, and she was discharged two days later with no complications. Hence, patients who receive spinal anesthesia should be closely observed for any such undesirable complications.


Resumo A perda de consciência durante a raquianestesia é uma complicação rara, mas assustadora. Essa complicação geralmente está relacionada à grave hipotensão e bradicardia, mas, neste caso, a perda de consciência ocorreu em uma paciente parturiente hemodinamicamente estável. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 31 anos, submetida a uma cesariana de emergência. A paciente perdeu a consciência e apresentou apneia que teve início 10 minutos após a raquianestesia bem-sucedida e repetiu o episódio três vezes por 25 minutos, a despeito de sua hemodinâmica estável. O caso foi considerado como um bloqueio subdural e a paciente recebeu suporte respiratório. Espera-se que o bloqueio subdural inicie lentamente (aproximadamente 15-20 minutos), mas, neste caso, cerca de 10 minutos após a anestesia, a paciente repentinamente perdeu a consciência. Após a recuperação da consciência e o retorno da respiração espontânea, a paciente que estava orientada e cooperativa apresentou nível de bloqueio sensorial em T4. Havia bloqueio motor em ambas as extremidades inferiores. O bloqueio sensório-motor terminou quatro horas após a injeção intratecal e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar dois dias depois, sem complicações. Considerando o exposto, os pacientes que recebem raquianestesia devem ser atentamente observados para quaisquer complicações indesejáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Unconsciousness/etiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 550-559, Out.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056604

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fluid volume and hemodynamic management in hemodialysis patients is an essential component of dialysis adequacy. Restoring salt and water homeostasis in hemodialysis patients has been a permanent quest by nephrologists summarized by the 'dry weight' probing approach. Although this clinical approach has been associated with benefits on cardiovascular outcome, it is now challenged by recent studies showing that intensity or aggressiveness to remove fluid during intermittent dialysis is associated with cardiovascular stress and potential organ damage. A more precise approach is required to improve cardiovascular outcome in this high-risk population. Fluid status assessment and monitoring rely on four components: clinical assessment, non-invasive instrumental tools (e.g., US, bioimpedance, blood volume monitoring), cardiac biomarkers (e.g. natriuretic peptides), and algorithm and sodium modeling to estimate mass transfer. Optimal management of fluid and sodium imbalance in dialysis patients consist in adjusting salt and fluid removal by dialysis (ultrafiltration, dialysate sodium) and by restricting salt intake and fluid gain between dialysis sessions. Modern technology using biosensors and feedback control tools embarked on dialysis machine, with sophisticated analytics will provide direct handling of sodium and water in a more precise and personalized way. It is envisaged in the near future that these tools will support physician decision making with high potential of improving cardiovascular outcome.


Resumo O volume de fluidos e o controle hemodinâmico em pacientes em hemodiálise é um componente essencial da adequação da diálise. A restauração da homeostase do sal e da água em pacientes em hemodiálise tem sido uma busca constante por parte dos nefrologistas, no que condiz à abordagem do "peso seco. Embora essa abordagem clínica tenha sido associada a benefícios no desfecho cardiovascular, recentemente tem sido questionada por estudos que mostram que a intensidade ou agressividade para remover fluidos durante a diálise intermitente está associada a estresse cardiovascular e dano potencial a órgãos.para remover fluidos durante a diálise intermitente está associada a estresse cardiovascular e dano potencial a órgãos. Uma abordagem mais precisa é necessária para melhorar o desfecho cardiovascular nessa população de alto risco. A avaliação e monitorização do estado hídrico baseiam-se em quatro componentes: avaliação clínica, ferramentas instrumentais não invasivas (por exemplo, US, bioimpedância, monitorização do volume sanguíneo), biomarcadores cardíacos (e.g. peptídeos natriuréticos), algoritmos e modelagem de sódio para estimar a transferência de massa. O manejo otimizado do desequilíbrio hídrico e de sódio em pacientes dialíticos consiste em ajustar a remoção de sal e líquido por diálise (ultrafiltração, dialisato de sódio), e restringir a ingestão de sal e o ganho de líquido entre as sessões de diálise. Tecnologia moderna que utiliza biosensores e ferramentas de controle de feedback, hoje parte da máquina de diálise, com análises sofisticadas, proporcionam o manejo direto sobre o sódio e a água de uma maneira mais precisa e personalizada. Prevê-se no futuro próximo que essas ferramentas poderão auxiliar na tomada de decisão do médico, com alto potencial para melhorar o resultado cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium/metabolism , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Homeostasis/physiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Algorithms , Biomarkers/metabolism , Dialysis Solutions/chemistry , Cardiovascular System/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis/standards , Treatment Outcome , Cardiovascular Deconditioning , Nephrologists/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 231-239, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019385

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Thoracic bioreactance (TB), a noninvasive method for the measurement of cardiac output (CO), shows good test-retest reliability in healthy adults examined under research and resting conditions. Objective: In this study, we evaluate the test-retest reliability of CO and cardiac power (CPO) output assessment during exercise assessed by TB in healthy adults under routine clinical conditions. Methods: 25 test persons performed a symptom-limited graded cycling test in an outpatient office on two different days separated by one week. Cardiorespiratory (power output, VO2peak) and hemodynamic parameters (heart rate, stroke volume, CO, mean arterial pressure, CPO) were measured at rest and continuously under exercise using a spiroergometric system and bioreactance cardiograph (NICOM, Cheetah Medical). Results: After 8 participants were excluded due to measurement errors (outliers), there was no systematic bias in all parameters under all conditions (effect size: 0.2-0.6). We found that all noninvasively measured CO showed acceptable test-retest-reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.59-0.98; typical error: 0.3-1.8). Moreover, peak CPO showed better reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.80-0.85; effect size: 0.9-1.1) then the TB CO, thanks only to the superior reliability of MAP (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.59-0.98; effect size: 0.3-1.8). Conclusion: Our findings preclude the clinical use of TB in healthy subject population when outliers are not identified.


Resumo Fundamento: A biorreatância torácica (BT), um método não invasivo destinado à medição do débito cardíaco (DC), mostra boa confiabilidade teste-reteste em adultos saudáveis examinados em condições de pesquisa e repouso. Objetivo: No presente estudo, avaliamos a confiabilidade teste-reteste da avaliação do DC e trabalho cardíaco (TC) durante exercício, avaliado por BT em adultos saudáveis sob condições clínicas de rotina. Métodos: 25 indivíduos realizaram teste ergométrico gradual sintoma-limitante em ambiente ambulatorial em dois dias diferentes, com intervalo de uma semana. Parâmetros cardiorrespiratórios (trabalho cardíaco, VO2máx) e hemodinâmicos (frequência cardíaca, volume sistólico, DC, pressão arterial média, TC) foram medidos em repouso e continuamente sob exercício utilizando sistema espiroergométrico e cardiógrafo de biorreatância (NICOM, Cheetah Medical). Resultados: Após 8 participantes terem sido excluídos devido a erros de medição (outliers), não houve viés sistemático em nenhum dos parâmetros em todas as condições (tamanho do efeito: 0,2-0,6). Observamos que todos os débitos cardíacos medidos de forma não invasiva apresentaram níveis aceitáveis de confiabilidade teste-reteste (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,59-0,98; erro típico: 0,3-1,8). Além disso, TC máximo apresentou melhor confiabilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,80-0,85; tamanho do efeito: 0,9-1,1), seguido do DC pela BT, graças apenas à confiabilidade superior da PAM (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,59-0,98; tamanho do efeito: 0,3-1,8). Conclusão: Nossos achados impedem o uso clínico da BT em indivíduos saudáveis quando outliers não forem identificados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiac Output/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Reference Values , Anaerobic Threshold/physiology , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Exercise Test/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology
12.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 17(6): 931-942, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991298

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Cada día resulta mayor la proporción de ancianos que asiste a los quirófanos. El manejo de estos pacientes ha ido evolucionando aparejadamente a las técnicas mínimamente invasivas, encaminadas a evitar la hospitalización, las complejas pruebas complementarias y los costosos tratamientos. Objetivo: Determinar los factores que repercuten en la hemodinamia del paciente geriátrico durante la colecistectomía laparoscópica. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal y analítico de 132 pacientes mayores de 60 años intervenidos por colecistectomía laparoscópica electiva, en el Hospital clínico-quirúrgico Julio Trigo López durante el período comprendido desde enero de 2014 hasta junio de 2016. Resultados: Predominó el grupo correspondiente a los 60 - 69 años de edad, el sexo femenino y el estado físico ASA II. El 75 por ciento de los pacientes no sufrió cambios hemodinámicos. Se presentó un 25 por ciento de variabilidades hemodinámicas predominantes en el grupo de 70-79 años de edad. La diferencia en la variabilidad hemodinámica entre los grupos etarios resultó altamente significativa. La hipertensión arterial (51,5 por ciento) y la taquicardia (27,3 por ciento) fueron las variaciones más frecuentes. Los factores determinantes en los cambios fueron dependientes del proceder quirúrgico: mayor presión intrabdominal posneumoperitoneo (22 por ciento) y Trendelenburg superior a 10 grados (93,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: Los factores determinantes en la hemodinamia fueron dependientes del acto quirúrgico. Se presentaron variaciones significativas entre los diferentes grupos etarios, sugiriendo cierta influencia del factor edad, pero la mayor longevidad no constituyó un aspecto decisivo. La colecistectomía laparoscópica es una valiosa alternativa terapéutica para los pacientes ancianos(AU)


Introduction: The number of elderly patients undergoing surgery is greater every day. The management of these patients has been evolving together with minimal invasive techniques, aimed at avoiding hospitalization, complex complementary tests, and expensive treatments. Objective: To determine the factors that have an effect on the hemodynamics of the geriatric patient during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Material and Methods: A prospective, longitudinal, and analytic study was conducted in 132 patients older than 60 years of age who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the Julio Trigo López Clinical and Surgical Hospital during the period between January 2014 to June 2016. Results: Subjects aged 60 to 69 years, the female sex, and the physical state ASA II predominated in the study. 75% of these patients did not suffer hemodynamic changes. 25 percent of predominant hemodynamic variabilities were present especially in the group aged 70 to 79 years. The difference in hemodynamic variability between the age groups was highly significant. Arterial hypertension (51,5 percent and tachycardia (27,3 percent) were the most frequent variations. The determining factors in the changes were dependent on the surgical procedure: higher intra-abdominal pressure after pneumoperitoneum (22 percent) and Trendelenburg higher than 10 degrees (93.9 percent). Conclusions: The determining factors in hemodynamics were dependent on the surgical act. There were significant variations among the different age groups, suggesting a certain influence of the age factor, but the greatest longevity didn't constitute a decisive aspect. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a valuable therapeutic alternative for elderly patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Head-Down Tilt/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(4): 460-470, out.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-977995

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Acompanhar o índice cardíaco e o índice de resistência vascular sistêmica até a ressuscitação. Métodos: Por meio de ecocardiografia junto ao leito, obteve-se um conjunto de parâmetros hemodinâmicos, inclusive débito cardíaco, volume sistólico, índice cardíaco, índice de resistência vascular sistêmica, integral velocidade-tempo, índice de desempenho miocárdico, tempo de reenchimento capilar e frequência cardíaca no momento zero após infusão de fluidos em bolo, e início e utilização de fármacos inotrópicos, com seguimento até 6 horas e 24 horas. Resultados: Incluíram-se 45 pacientes com choque séptico adquirido na comunidade. Os focos de infecção foram gastrenterite (24%), perfuração intestinal com necessidade de cirurgia emergencial (24%), pneumonia (20%), infecção do sistema nervoso central (22%) e infecção de tecidos moles (8%). Os isolados mais frequentes foram de Klebsiella e Enterobacter. Estimamos os fatores que afetaram o índice cardíaco: pressão venosa central elevada no momento zero (r = 0,33; p = 0,024) e persistência de frequência cardíaca elevada após 6 horas (r = 0,33; p = 0,03). O índice de resistência vascular sistêmica foi alto na maioria dos pacientes no momento zero e após 24 horas, e por ocasião da ressuscitação, afetando inversamente o índice cardíaco, assim como a integral velocidade-tempo (r = -0,416; -0,61; 0,55 e -0,295). O tempo de reenchimento capilar aumentado foi preditor clínico de valores baixos de integral velocidade-tempo após 24 horas (r = -0,4). O índice de mortalidade foi de 27%. Nos pacientes que não sobreviveram, observaram-se índices de resistência vascular sistêmica mais baixos e débitos cardíacos mais altos. Conclusão: O índice de resistência vascular sistêmica esteve persistentemente elevado em pacientes com choque frio, o que influenciou no índice de volume sistólico, no índice cardíaco e na integral velocidade-tempo. O uso de ecocardiografia para obtenção de mensurações hemodinâmicas é importante em pacientes pediátricos com choque séptico, para que se possam ajustar as doses de vasodilatadores e vasopressores, e obter os objetivos da ressuscitação em tempo apropriado.


ABSTRACT Objective: Follow-up of cardiac index and systemic vascular resistance index by bedside echocardiography until resuscitation. Methods: A set of hemodynamic parameters was obtained, including cardiac output, stroke volume, cardiac index, systemic vascular resistance index, velocity time integral, myocardial performance index, capillary refill time, and heart rate at 0 hours after fluid boluses before the start of inotropes, and followed up after 6 hours and 24 hours. Results: Included were 45 patients with community-acquired septic shock. Septic foci were gastroenteritis (24%), intestinal perforation requiring emergency surgery (24%), pneumonia (20%), central nervous system infection (22%) and soft tissue infection (8%). Klebsiella and Enterobacter were the most frequent isolates. We estimated the factors affecting the cardiac index: high central venous pressure at zero time (r = 0.33, p = 0.024) and persistently high heart rate at hour 6 (r = 0.33, p = 0.03). The systemic vascular resistance index was high in most patients at 0 and 24 hours and at the time of resuscitation and inversely affected the cardiac index as well as affecting the velocity time integral (r = -0.416, -0.61, 0.55 and -0.295). Prolonged capillary refill time was a clinical predictor of the low velocity time integral at 24 hours (r = -0.4). The mortality was 27%. Lower systemic vascular resistance index and higher cardiac output were observed in nonsurviving patients. Conclusion: There was a persistently high systemic vascular resistance index in cold shock patients that influenced the stroke volume index, cardiac index, and velocity time integral. The use of echocardiograms for hemodynamic measurements is important in pediatric septic shock patients to adjust dilators, and vasopressor doses and achieve resuscitation targets in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Shock, Septic/diagnosis , Vascular Resistance/physiology , Echocardiography/methods , Point-of-Care Systems , Resuscitation/methods , Shock, Septic/physiopathology , Stroke Volume/physiology , Time Factors , Vasoconstrictor Agents/administration & dosage , Cardiac Output/physiology , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Heart Rate/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(6): 772-781, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973811

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cardiac remodeling is a specific response to exercise training and time exposure. We hypothesized that athletes engaging for long periods in high-intensity strength training show heart and/or vascular damage. Objective: To compare cardiac characteristics (structure and function) and vascular function (flow-mediated dilation [FMD] and peripheral vascular resistance [PVR]) in powerlifters and long-distance runners. Methods: We evaluated 40 high-performance athletes (powerlifters [PG], n = 16; runners [RG], n = 24) and assessed heart structure and function (echocardiography), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP), FMD, PVR, maximum force (squat, bench press, and deadlift), and maximal oxygen uptake (spirometry). A Student's t Test for independent samples and Pearson's linear correlation were used (p < 0.05). Results: PG showed higher SBP/DBP (p < 0.001); greater interventricular septum thickness (p < 0.001), posterior wall thickness (p < 0.001) and LV mass (p < 0.001). After adjusting LV mass by body surface area (BSA), no difference was observed. As for diastolic function, LV diastolic volume, wave E, wave e', and E/e' ratio were similar for both groups. However, LA volume (p = 0.016) and BSA-adjusted LA volume were lower in PG (p < 0.001). Systolic function (end-systolic volume and ejection fraction), and FMD were similar in both groups. However, higher PVR in PG was observed (p = 0.014). We found a correlation between the main cardiovascular changes and total weight lifted in PG. Conclusions: Cardiovascular adaptations are dependent on training modality and the borderline structural cardiac changes are not accompanied by impaired function in powerlifters. However, a mild increase in blood pressure seems to be related to PVR rather than endothelial function.


Resumo Fundamento: Remodelamento cardíaco é uma resposta específica ao tempo e modalidade de treinamento. Nós hipotetizamos que atletas de treinamento de força de alta intensidade, por longo tempo, mostram dano à estrutura cardíaca e/ou vascular. Objetivo: Comparar as características cardíacas (estrutura e funcionalidade) e função vascular (dilatação fluxo-mediada, FMD e resistência vascular periférica, PVR) em powerlifters e corredores. Métodos: Nós avaliamos 40 atletas de alto-desempenho (powerlifters [PG], n = 16; corredores [RG], n = 24). Mensuramos estrutura e funcionalidade cardíaca (ecocardiografia), pressão arterial (SBP/DBP), FMD, PVR, força máxima (agachamento, supino e levantamento terra) e consumo máximo de oxigênio (ergoespirometria). Foi utilizado teste T de Student e correlação linear de Pearson (p < 0,05). Resultados: PG mostrou maior SBP/DBP (p < 0,001), espessura de septo interventricular (p < 0,001), parede posterior (p < 0,001) e massa do VE (p < 0,001); após ajuste pela superfície corporal (BSA), não houve diferença na massa do VE. O volume do VE, onda E, onda e', e a razão E/e' foram similares entre os grupos. O volume do AE (p = 0,016), mesmo ajustado pela BSA (p < 0,001) foi menor no PG. A função sistólica (volume sistólico final e fração de ejeção) e FMD foram similares nos grupos. Contudo, foi observada maior PVR no PG (p = 0,014). Houve uma correlação direta entre as alterações cardíacas e a carga total levantada no PG. Conclusões: As adaptações cardiovasculares são dependentes da modalidade e os valores encontrados na estrutura do coração não são acompanhados por prejuízo na funcionalidade. Entretanto, um leve aumento na pressão arterial pode estar associado com maior PVR e não com a função endotelial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Running/physiology , Endothelium, Vascular/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Athletes , Vascular Resistance/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Brachial Artery/physiology , Echocardiography , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Dilatation , Exercise Test , Heart Rate/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology
16.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(4): 409-420, out.-dez. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-970540

ABSTRACT

As doenças cardiovasculares, especialmente, o infarto agudo do miocárdio, são responsáveis pela primeira causa de óbito em nosso país. Baseando-se em sua fisiopatogenia e nos fatores de risco envolvidos, a taxa de mortalidade, em 30 dias, varia de 3-5% em centros avançados e quase 30% naqueles cujo atendimento não aplicam as diretrizes recomendadas. Tal mudança dependerá de um aprimoramento organizacional com ações educativas para o paciente, profissionais do setor de emergência e plena sintonia com os gestores do sistema de saúde público ou privado. A angioplastia primária é o tratamento padrão-ouro da reperfusão miocárdica, porém, disponível apenas em 15% dos hospitais. Em geral, o setor público carece dessa disponibilidade, sendo a estratégia fármaco-invasivo-terapia fibrinolítica seguida da transferência precoce para angioplastia ­a recomendada. O diagnóstico baseia-se em critérios eletrocardiográficos, porém, nem sempre há médicos habilitados para tal confirmação. Isso retarda o tratamento e compromete bastante os resultados. A disponibilidade da telemedicina ou teleECG permite que profissionais mesmo à distância possam corroborar com o diagnóstico, orientar o tratamento e obter métricas de qualidade e mortalidade. A rápida identificação do paciente com sinais e sintomas de infarto agudo, diagnóstico imediato no ECG e administração do fibrinolítico não devem ultrapassar 20 minutos. São minutos dependentes da prévia organização que salvam vidas! O tratamento fibrinolítico é a realidade para um país com dimensões continentais e sérias limitações logísticas de transporte. Compete aos gestores de saúde disponibilizá-lo a qualquer hora ou momento para o atendimento do paciente infartado


Cardiovascular events, especially acute myocardial infarction, are the main cause of death in our country. In addition to its physiopathogenesis and the involved risk factors, the 30-day mortality rates vary from 3% to 5% in advanced centers and 30% in those where care does not apply the recommended guidelines. Such change will depend on organizational improvement, as well as patient education, professionals in the emergency department, and harmony with agents in the public or private health system. Primary angioplasty is the gold standard treatment for myocardial reperfusion, but is only available in 15% of hospitals. If it is not available in the public sector, a pharmacoinvasive strategy ­ fibrinolytic therapy followed by patient transfer for angioplasty ­ has been recommended. Diagnosis is based on ECG criteria, but there is a shortage of physicians qualified for such confirmation. This delays the treatment and compromises the results. Telemedicine or teleECG allows distant professionals to corroborate with the diagnosis, guide the treatment, and obtain quality and mortality metrics. The rapid identification of patients with signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction, immediate diagnosis on ECG, and fibrinolytic administration should not exceed 20 min. They are life-saving minutes dependent on prior organization. Fibrinoly-tic treatment is the reality for a country with continental dimensions and transport logistic limitations. It is the responsibility of health managers to make them available to the care of patients with infarction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Thrombosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Risk Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Coronary Vessels , Drug Therapy/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Emergencies , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemodynamics/physiology
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 386-395, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886279

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the safety and clinical, hemodynamic and tissue improvement ability in mini pigs undergoing cell and gene therapy for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Methods: Thirty-two mini pigs Br1 lineage, 12 months old, undergoing induction of acute myocardial infarction by occlusion of the diagonal branch of the paraconal coronary. They were divided into 4 groups: one control group and 3 treatment groups (cell therapy and gene cell therapy). Echocardiography reviews were performed on three occasions and histopathological analysis was performed after 4 weeks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey and Wilcoxon tests, were performed. Results: Association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) with angiopoietin1 (Ang1) presented satisfactory results in the improvement of ventricular function following ischemic cardiomyopathy in mini pigs when compared to the results of the other treated groups. Conclusion: The therapy with VEGF and the combination of VEGF with Ang1, promoted recovered function of the myocardium, characterized by reduced akinetic area and induction of neovascularization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genetic Therapy/methods , Ventricular Function/physiology , Angiopoietin-1/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/therapeutic use , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/methods , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Swine , Swine, Miniature , Wound Healing , Echocardiography , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Disease Models, Animal , Hemodynamics/physiology , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Necrosis
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 314-323, Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886285

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of single intravenous administration of Dexmedetomidine (DEX) on hemodynamics in rabbits. Methods: A total of 32 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into the control group (Group C), Group D1 (2.75 μg/kg), Group D2 (5.5 μg/kg), and Group D3 (8.25 μg/kg) to compare systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-stage diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular developmental pressure (LVDP), +dp/dtmax, -dp/dtmax, and t-dp/dtmax at different time points. Results: The levels of SBP, DBP, HR, LVSP, and LVEDP in Group D1, D2, and D3 were lower than that of Group C from T1 to T5 (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference at T6 and T7 (P>0.05). Compared with T0, the levels of SBP, DBP, HR, LVSP, LVEDP, and left arterial pressure (LAP) from T1 to T7 were decreased (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the other indexes (P>0.05). Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine can decrease blood pressure and heart rate in rabbits in a dose-dependent manner, but there is no effect on the myocardial systolic and diastolic function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Hypnotics and Sedatives/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Dexmedetomidine/blood , Heart Function Tests , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Hypnotics and Sedatives/blood
19.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(supl.3): 1404-1411, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958753

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To construct a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) about the water balance, to be used by the health team in the care of children hospitalized in a pediatric nephrology unit. Method: The study was carried out in two stages: integrative review of the literature for the development of SOP and validation by specialists. The search for literature occurred in the electronic databases PUBMED, SCOPUS, LILACS, BDENF. After the bibliographic survey the construction of the SOP was performed, which was evaluated by specialists. The analysis was performed by calculating the Content Validity Index (CVI). Results: nine studies were selected as results of the integrative review. The sample of specialists was composed of nine professionals. The study was evaluated in six items, five of which presented CVI = 1 and one obtained CVI = 0.77. Conclusion: the evaluation of specialists culminated in the validation of SOP, suggesting changes that were accepted and discussed with the literature.


RESUMEN Objetivo: construir un Procedimiento Operativo Estándar (POE) sobre el balance hídrico, para ser utilizado por el equipo de salud en el cuidado al niño internado en una unidad de nefrología pediátrica. Método: el estudio fue realizado en dos etapas: revisión integradora de la literatura para la elaboración del POE y validación por especialistas. La búsqueda de la literatura ocurrió en las bases de datos electrónicos: PUBMED, SCOPUS, LILACS, BDENF. Después del levantamiento bibliográfico se dio la construcción del POE que fue evaluado por especialistas. El análisis fue realizado por medio del cálculo del Índice de Validez de Contenido (CVI). Resultados: como resultados de la revisión integradora fueron seleccionados nueve estudios. La muestra de los especialistas fue compuesta por nueve profesionales. El estudio fue evaluado en seis ítems, de los cuales cinco presentaron CVI=1 y uno obtuvo CVI=0,77. Conclusión: la evaluación de los especialistas culminó en la validación del POE, siendo sugeridas alteraciones que fueron acatadas y discutidas con la literatura.


RESUMO Objetivo: construir um Procedimento Operacional Padrão (POP) acerca do balanço hídrico, para ser utilizado pela equipe de saúde no cuidado à criança internada em uma unidade de nefrologia pediátrica. Método: o estudo foi realizado em duas etapas: revisão integrativa da literatura para elaboração do POP e validação por especialistas. A busca da literatura ocorreu nas bases de dados eletrônicas: PUBMED, SCOPUS, LILACS, BDENF. Após o levantamento bibliográfico deu-se a construção do POP que foi avaliado por especialistas. A análise foi realizada por meio do cálculo do Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (CVI). Resultados: como resultados da revisão integrativa foram selecionados nove estudos. A amostra dos especialistas foi composta por nove profissionais. O estudo foi avaliado em seis itens, os quais cinco apresentaram CVI=1 e um obteve CVI=0,77. Conclusão: a avaliação dos especialistas culminou na validação do POP, sendo sugeridas alterações que foram acatadas e discutidas com a literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pediatrics/methods , Standard of Care , Fluid Therapy/nursing , Nephrology/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fluid Therapy/standards , Hemodynamics/physiology
20.
Motriz (Online) ; 24(1): e1018132, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-895056

ABSTRACT

Aim: We aimed to evaluate the effect of low and vigorous levels of physical activity in body composition, hemodynamics and autonomic modulation in subjects with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: We evaluated 13 healthy subjects without DS (control group), 15 sedentary subjects with DS, (SED DS group), nine with DS with low intensity levels of physical activity (LIDS) and 12 with DS with vigorous levels of physical activity (VIDS). The physical activity level was measured using the IPAQ questionnaire. Body composition, hemodynamics and autonomic modulation were also evaluated. RESULTS The VIDS showed lower BMI than the control and SED DS group. Body fat (%) was lower in LIDS and VIDS than in the control and SED DS group. The systolic and diastolic arterial pressure values were similar among the groups. When normalized, the frequency domain showed higher LF/HF, higher LF (nu) and lower HF (nu) component of heart rate variability in sedentary DS than in the control group. However, LIDS and VIDS groups showed similar values in LF (nu), HF (nu) and LF/HF than the control group. The symbolic analysis showed greater 0V and lower values in 2LV in sedentary DS group when compared to the control group. However, the LIDS and VIDS did not show difference in 0V when compared to the control group. The 2LV was lower in LIDS and VIDS than in the control group, but 2UV was higher in VIDS than in the control group. CONCLUSION: We conclude that, regardless of the intensity, exercise can promote positive adaptations in the autonomic modulation of DS patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Body Composition/physiology , Down Syndrome , Exercise/physiology , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics/physiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL