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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246062, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339355

ABSTRACT

Abstract A group of inherited blood defects is known as Thalassemia is among the world's most prevalent hemoglobinopathies. Thalassemias are of two types such as Alpha and Beta Thalassemia. The cause of these defects is gene mutations leading to low levels and/or malfunctioning α and β globin proteins, respectively. In some cases, one of these proteins may be completely absent. α and β globin chains form a globin fold or pocket for heme (Fe++) attachment to carry oxygen. Genes for alpha and beta-globin proteins are present in the form of a cluster on chromosome 16 and 11, respectively. Different globin genes are used at different stages in the life course. During embryonic and fetal developmental stages, γ globin proteins partner with α globin and are later replaced by β globin protein. Globin chain imbalances result in hemolysis and impede erythropoiesis. Individuals showing mild symptoms include carriers of alpha thalassemia or the people bearing alpha or beta-thalassemia trait. Alpha thalassemia causes conditions like hemolytic anemia or fatal hydrops fetalis depending upon the severity of the disease. Beta thalassemia major results in hemolytic anemia, growth retardation, and skeletal aberrations in early childhood. Children affected by this disorder need regular blood transfusions throughout their lives. Patients that depend on blood transfusion usually develop iron overload that causes other complications in the body systems like renal or hepatic impairment therefore, thalassemias are now categorized as a syndrome. The only cure for Thalassemias would be a bone marrow transplant, or gene therapy with currently no significant success rate. A thorough understanding of the molecular basis of this syndrome may provide novel insights and ideas for its treatment, as scientists have still been unable to find a permanent cure for this deadly disease after more than 87 years since it is first described in 1925.


Resumo Um grupo de defeitos sanguíneos hereditários é conhecido como talassemia e está entre as hemoglobinopatias mais prevalentes do mundo. As talassemias são de dois tipos, como talassemia alfa e beta. As causas desses defeitos são as mutações genéticas que levam a níveis baixos e/ou proteínas de globina com mau funcionamento, respectivamente. Em alguns casos, uma dessas proteínas pode estar completamente ausente. As cadeias de globina α e β formam uma dobra ou bolsa de globina para a fixação de heme (Fe ++) para transportar oxigênio. Os genes das proteínas alfa e beta globina estão presentes na forma de um cluster nos cromossomos 16 e 11, respectivamente. Diferentes genes de globina são usados ​​em diferentes estágios do curso de vida. Durante os estágios de desenvolvimento embrionário e fetal, as proteínas γ globina se associam à α globina e, posteriormente, são substituídas pela proteína β globina. Os desequilíbrios da cadeia de globina resultam em hemólise e impedem a eritropoiese. Indivíduos que apresentam sintomas leves incluem portadores de talassemia alfa ou as pessoas com traços de talassemia alfa ou beta. A talassemia alfa causa condições como anemia hemolítica ou hidropsia fetal fatal, dependendo da gravidade da doença. A beta talassemia principal resulta em anemia hemolítica, retardo de crescimento e aberrações esqueléticas na primeira infância. As crianças afetadas por esse distúrbio precisam de transfusões de sangue regulares ao longo da vida. Os pacientes que dependem de transfusão de sangue geralmente desenvolvem sobrecarga de ferro que causa outras complicações nos sistemas do corpo, como insuficiência renal ou hepática, portanto as talassemias agora são classificadas como uma síndrome. A única cura para as talassemias seria um transplante de medula óssea ou terapia genética sem atualmente uma taxa de sucesso significativa. Uma compreensão completa da base molecular dessa síndrome pode fornecer novos insights e ideias para seu tratamento, já que os cientistas ainda não conseguiram encontrar uma cura permanente para essa doença mortal depois de mais de 87 anos desde que foi descrita pela primeira vez em 1925.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics , Hemoglobins
2.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e210, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278303

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la nutrición durante el embarazo impacta en la salud del recién nacido, con efectos a nivel epigenético determinando consecuencias neurológicas a largo plazo. Las necesidades de hierro durante el embarazo se estiman en 27 mg/día. El hierro hemo que se absorbe mejor se encuentra en la carne. La determinación de ferritina en sangre de cordón umbilical permite evaluar los depósitos de hierro alcanzados durante la etapa fetal. Sus niveles se asociaron con efectos a largo plazo sobre el desarrollo infantil. Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio de carácter exploratorio es determinar la relación entre el consumo de carnes rojas durante el tercer trimestre de gestación y el nivel de ferritina en el cordón umbilical. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo con datos recolectados prospectivamente durante un año en el Departamento de Neonatología del Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR) en Montevideo, Uruguay. Un total de 188 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se extrajo sangre del cordón umbilical después de un pinzamiento estricto del cordón pasado un minuto de vida. La ferritina se midió utilizando el método de quimioinmunofluorescencia. Se aplicó una encuesta nutricional materna (cualitativo-cuantitativa) que midió la frecuencia de consumo de alimentos con fuente de hierro y las cantidades aproximadas consumidas durante el último trimestre del embarazo. Esta encuesta se centró en el consumo materno de carne vacuna como principal fuente de hierro hemínico en Uruguay. Se analizó la relación entre estas variables. Resultados: el déficit latente de hierro (ferritina en el cordón umbilical <100 ng/ml) se asoció con un menor consumo de carne vacuna durante el embarazo. Valor p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC del 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusiones: este estudio considera adecuada la evidencia que relaciona que los niveles bajos de consumo total de hierro y de carne vacuna durante el tercer trimestre de gestación determinarán un mayor riesgo de déficit latente de hierro y de ferritina medido en el cordón umbilical. Los niveles descendidos de ferritina en cordón umbilical se asocian con un mayor riesgo de efectos adversos a largo plazo sobre la mielinización y el desarrollo neurocognitivo.


Background: nutrition during pregnancy impacts the foetus and the newborn health, it has consequences at the epigenetic level and determines long-term neurological consequences. Iron requirements during pregnancy are estimated at 27 mg/day. Iron is blood absorption from is most efficient from beef. Umbilical cord blood ferritin levels can be used to assess iron deposits reached during the foetal stage. Ferritin levels are linked to the child's long-term development. Objective: this exploratory study's objective is to determine the relationship between beef consumption during the first quarter of pregnancy and ferritin levels in the umbilical cord. Methods: we carried out a descriptive, observational study with prospectively collected data for one-year at the Neonatology Department of the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (CHPR) in Montevideo, Uruguay. A total of 188 patients met the inclusion criteria. We extracted umbilical cord blood after a strict cord clamping after one minute of life. Ferritin was measured using the chemoimmunofluorescence method. We carried out a maternal nutritional survey using a qualitative-quantitative method and measured the frequency and approximate quantity of iron source food consumption during the last quarter of pregnancy. This survey was focused on maternal beef consumption as the major heme iron source in Uruguay. We analyzed the relationship between these variables. Results: latent iron deficiency (ferritin in the umbilical cord <100 ng / ml) was associated with lower beef consumption during pregnancy. Fisher p-value: 0.0133, OR: 3.71, 95% CI (1.25 - 11.05). Conclusions: this study agrees with the evidence that shows that low levels of total iron and beef consumption during pregnancy determine an increased risk of latent iron deficiency and lower levels of ferritin in newborns, and therefore, greater risk of long-term adverse effects on myelination and neurocognitive development.


Contexto: a nutrição durante a gravidez tem impacto sobre a saúde do recém-nascido, com efeitos no nível epigenético, determinando consequências neurológicas a longo prazo. As necessidades de ferro durante a gravidez são estimadas em 27 mg / dia. O ferro heme de melhor absorção e aquele encontrado na carne vacuna. A determinação da ferritina no sangue do cordão umbilical permite avaliar os depósitos de ferro atingidos na fase fetal. Seus níveis foram associados a efeitos de longo prazo no desenvolvimento das crianças. Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo exploratório é determinar a relação entre o consumo de carne vermelha durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação e o nível de ferritina no cordão umbilical. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo observacional descritivo com dados coletados prospectivamente durante um ano no Departamento de Neonatologia do Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell (CHPR) em Montevidéu, Uruguai. Um total de 188 pacientes cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. O sangue do cordão umbilical foi coletado após clampeamento estrito do cordão após um minuto de vida da criança. A ferritina foi medida pelo método de quimioimunofluorescência. Aplicamos um inquérito nutricional materno (qualitativo-quantitativo) que mediu a frequência de consumo de alimentos com fonte de ferro e as quantidades aproximadas consumidas durante o último trimestre da gravidez. Esta pesquisa enfocou o consumo materno de carne bovina como principal fonte de ferro heme no Uruguai. A relação entre essas variáveis foi analisada. Resultados: a deficiência latente de ferro (ferritina no cordão umbilical <100 mg / ml) foi associada ao menor consumo de carne bovina durante a gestação. Valor de p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusões: este estudo concorda com as evidências que relacionam que os baixos níveis de ferro total e consumo de carne bovina durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação determinam um maior risco de déficit de ferro latente e ferritina mensurado no cordão umbilical. A redução dos níveis de ferritina no cordão umbilical está associada a um risco aumentado de efeitos adversos de longo prazo na mielinização e no desenvolvimento neurocognitivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Hemoglobins/analysis , Parenteral Nutrition , Ferritins/blood , Fetal Blood , Red Meat , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Uruguay , Iron Deficiency/complications , Child Development/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 460-465, dez 20, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354349

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os transtornos por uso de álcool afetam milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo e podem comprometer vários órgãos e sistemas, em muitos casos devido à deficiência de micronutrientes. O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a frequência e caracterizar a anemia e os biomarcadores metabólicos e hepáticos em pacientes alcoolistas. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal, no qual foram incluídos 65 pacientes alcoolistas, do sexo masculino, internados no Centro de Acolhimento e Tratamento de Alcoolistas, das Obras Sociais Irmã Dulce. Resultados: a maioria dos indivíduos avaliados apresentou contagem de hemácias, teor de hemoglobina e hematócrito abaixo dos valores de referência, com uma frequência de 61,5% (40/65) para todos os parâmetros e uma média de 4,1x106/uL, 13,0 g/dL e 38,6%, respectivamente. Entre os 40 indivíduos que apresentaram anemia, prevaleceu um padrão normocítico (25/40) e normocrômico (32/40) e uma frequência de anisocitose de 35,0% (14/40). Observou-se elevada frequência de indivíduos com altos níveis de AST e GGT, 64,6 (42/65) e 76,9% (50/61), respectivamente, enquanto apenas 13,8 (9/65) e 3,1% (2/63) apresentaram alterações na concentração plasmática de albumina e no tempo de protrombina, respectivamente. Conclusão: neste trabalho, foi possível observar uma elevada frequência de anemia normocítica e normocrômica, bem como altos níveis de AST e GGT, enquanto os biomarcadores da função hepática estavam dentro do valor de referência. Estes resultados contribuem para o entendimento da saúde do indivíduo alcoolista, podendo auxiliar na elaboração de medidas públicas que atuem na prevenção e promoção da saúde desses pacientes.


Introduction: alcohol use disorders affect millions of people around the world and can compromise many organs and systems. The aim of the essay is to evaluate frequency and characterize anemia and metabolic and hepatic biomarkers in alcoholic patients. Methods: it is a cross-sectional study in which 65 male alcoholic patients admitted to treatment at Center for Reception and Treatment for Alcoholics at Sister Dulce Social Works. Results: most evaluated individuals had red blood cell count, hemoglobin content and hematocrit below reference values, with frequency of 61.5% (40/65) for all parameters and a mean of 4.1x106/uL, 13.0 g/dL and 38.6%, respectively. Among 40 individuals who presented anemia, a normocytic (25/40) and normochromic (32/40) pattern prevailed, and anisocytosis frequency of 35.0% (14/40). A high frequency of individuals with increased AST and GGT levels was observed, 64.6 (42/65) and 76.9% (50/61), respectively, while only 13.8 (9/65) and 3.1% (2/63) presented alterations in albumin levels and prothrombin time, respectively. Conclusion: study shows that it was possible to observe a high frequency of normocytic and normochromic anemia, as well as high levels of AST and GGT, while liver function biomarkers were within reference value. Results contribute to the understanding of alcoholic individuals' health, and may help with elaboration of public measures to prevention and promotion of health for these patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Biomarkers , Alcoholics , Anemia , Hemoglobins , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hematocrit
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 278-281, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288578

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Regular physical activity helps improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular skills. How to evaluate the nervous tension of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular vessels through sports is a hot topic. Objective The paper discusses the influence of regular participation in sports on people's cardiovascular function and blood-related indicators. Methods We select 30 healthy older adults who regularly participate in sports, record their ECG changes, blood pressure, heart rate and other related cardiovascular function indicators, and analyze the blood function of the elderly. Detection of blood cell count (RBC), red blood cell volume (MCV) and hemoglobin (Hb), serum creatinine (Cr), blood glucose (BGS), triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-Density lipoprotein (HDL) is measured. Results Older adults who persist in exercise for a long time have better indicators than those who do not exercise. Conclusions Appropriate aerobic exercise can reduce the stiffness of blood vessels in the elderly. Exercise can help the elderly increase heart rate variability and improve the heart's autonomic nerve function's blood indicators, and body mass. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A atividade física regular ajuda a melhorar as habilidades cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares. Como avaliar a tensão nervosa dos vasos cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares por meio de esportes é um assunto quente. Objetivo o artigo discute a influência da participação regular em esportes sobre a função cardiovascular das pessoas e indicadores relacionados ao sangue. Métodos Selecionamos 30 idosos saudáveis que participam regularmente de esportes, registramos suas alterações no ECG, pressão arterial, frequência cardíaca e outros indicadores relacionados à função cardiovascular e analisamos a função sanguínea dos idosos. Detecção de contagem de células sanguíneas (RBC), volume de glóbulos vermelhos (MCV) e hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glicose no sangue (BGS), triglicerídeos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL ) e a lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL) é medida. Resultados Idosos que persistem por muito tempo nos exercícios têm melhores indicadores do que aqueles que não praticam. Conclusão O exercício aeróbio adequado pode reduzir a rigidez dos vasos sanguíneos em idosos. O exercício pode ajudar os idosos a aumentar a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca e melhorar os indicadores sanguíneos da função nervosa autonômica do coração e a massa corporal. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La actividad física regular ayuda a mejorar las habilidades cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares. Cómo evaluar la tensión nerviosa de los vasos cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares a través del deporte es un tema candente. Objetivo El artículo analiza la influencia de la participación regular en deportes sobre la función cardiovascular de las personas y los indicadores relacionados con la sangre. Métodos Seleccionamos a 30 adultos mayores sanos que participan regularmente en deportes, registramos sus cambios en el ECG, presión arterial, frecuencia cardíaca y otros indicadores relacionados con la función cardiovascular, y analizamos la función sanguínea de los ancianos. Detección del recuento de glóbulos rojos (RBC), volumen de glóbulos rojos (MCV) y hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glucosa en sangre (BGS), triglicéridos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL) ) y se mide la lipoproteína de alta densidad (HDL). Resultados Los adultos mayores que persisten en el ejercicio durante mucho tiempo tienen mejores indicadores que los que no lo hacen. Conclusión El ejercicio aeróbico adecuado puede reducir la rigidez de los vasos sanguíneos en los ancianos. El ejercicio puede ayudar a los ancianos a aumentar la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca y mejorar los indicadores sanguíneos y la masa corporal de la función nerviosa autónoma del corazón. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sports/physiology , Blood Cell Count , Blood Pressure/physiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Lipids/blood
5.
Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) ; 54(1)jul, 2021. fig.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353725

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Modelo do estudo: Trata-se de um estudo experimental in vitro com abordagem computacional. Objetivo: Ana-lisar a existência de interação entre as drogas hidrofóbicas bezafibrato e hidroclorotiazida com a hemoglobina a fim de prever alterações na biodisponibilidade das drogas, bem como na função proteica. Metodologia: Testes de interação in vitro entre a hemoglobina bovina e bezafibrato ou hidroclorotiazida foram realizados por espectrofo-tometria; análises dos sítios de interação e extrapolações para a hemoglobina humana foram feitas por técnicas de bioinformática. Resultados: Os testes in vitro demonstraram diminuição de absorbância (k) em 405 nm igual a 8,75 x 10-4 min-1 para o bezafibrato e 6,25 x 10-4 min--1 para a hidroclorotiazida. A diminuição sugere interação das drogas com a hemoglobina, sendo que o bezafibrato parece interagir com afinidade ligeiramente maior. As análises in silico mostraram que as drogas se ligam à porção proteica da hemoglobina. A constante de afinidade de ligação obtida por ancoragem molecular para o bezafibrato com a hemoglobina bovina (-8,3 kcal/mol) corrobora com o valor experimental de k e com o maior número de interações observadas, em relação à hidroclorotiazida (-6,6 kcal/mol). O mesmo padrão é observado para a interação do bezafibrato (-7,6 kcal/mol) e da hidroclorotiazida (-6,7 kcal/mol) com a hemoglobina humana. Conclusão: As técnicas de espectrofotometria e bioinformática utilizadas sugerem a possibilidade de interação da hemoglobina com drogas de natureza hidrofóbica, como bezafibrato e hi-droclorotiazida, sendo que essa interação pode afetar a função normal da hemoglobina e alterar a farmacodinâmica e farmacocinética das drogas prejudicando sua eficiência terapêutica. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Study model: It is an in vitro experimental study with a computational approach. Objective: Analyze the presence of interaction between hydrophobic drugs bezafibrate and hydrochlorothiazide and hemoglobin to predict bioavailability changes as well as in the protein function. Metodology: The in vitro tests to evaluate the interaction between the bovine hemoglobin and bezafibrate and hydrochlorothiazide were perfomed by spectrophotometry; bioinformatic tools made interaction analysis and extrapolation for human hemoglobin. Results: The in vitro tests showed a decrease in the absorbance (k) at 405 nm equal to 8.75 x 10-4 min-1 for bezafibrate and 6.25 x 10-4 min-1 for hydrochlorothiazide. The decrease suggests an interaction between the drugs and hemoglobin, for bezafibrate this interaction seems to be stronger than hydrochlorothiazide. The in silico analysis showed that the drugs bind to the protein portion of the hemoglobin. The binding affinity constant obtained by molecular docking from bezafibrate and bovine hemoglobin (-8.3 Kcal/mol) sustain the experimental value of k and the greater number of interactions observed in relation to hydrochlorothiazide (-6.6 kcal/mol). The same pattern was observed for interaction of bezafibrate (-7.6 kcal/mol) and hydrochlorothiazide (-6.7 kcal/mol) with human hemoglobin. Conclusion: The spectrophotometry and bioinformatic methods suggested the possibility of hemoglobin interaction with hydrophobic drugs such as bezafibrate and hydrochlorothiazide; this interaction could affect the normal function of hemoglobin and change the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of drugs impairing their therapeutic efficiency. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometry , Hemoglobins , Computational Biology , Molecular Docking Simulation
6.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(1): 187-195, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250691

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to determine the relationship between maternal hemoglobin (HbM) per gestational trimester and birthweight (BW). Methods: this was an analytical, cross-sectional observational study that included the prenatal records of494 pregnant women who delivered live newborns in the Department of Antioquia. The maternal health data collected included HbM and BW, and gynecological and obstetric, anthropometric, and maternal health-related data. The Mann-Whitney U test was applied, supplemented by effect size (ES) to compare the study groups. Results: HbMin the third trimester was significantly associated with BW (p=0.029).It showed a significant effect size on BW as follows: first trimester: ES=0.44 (CI95%= 0.183-0.697); second trimester: ES=0.49 (CI95%= 0.187-0.79); and third trimester: ES=0.43 (CI95% = 0.202-0.658). Maternal anemia was 4.2%>, 11.2%, and 21.4%> in the first, second, and third trimester, respectively. Conclusions: as it is an inexpensive indicator and easy to determine, the timely monitoring and assessment of HbM is required owing to its importance in maternal and neonatal health, quality of life, and human capital development.


Resumen Objetivos: determinar la relación entre hemoglobina materna (HbM) por trimestre de gestación y peso al nacer (PN). Métodos: estudio observacional analítico, transversal, en 494 historias prenatales de gestantes con recién nacido vivo del departamento de Antioquia. Se tomaron datos de HbMy PN, ginecobstétricos, antropométricos y de salud materna. Para comparar los grupos de estudio, se aplicó la prueba U-Mann Whitney, complementada con el tamaño de efecto (ES). Resultados: la HbM de tercer trimestre se asoció significativamente con el PN (p=0,029); la HbM mostró un tamaño de efecto importante sobre el PN, así: primer trimestre: ES=0,44 (IC95%= 0,183 a 0,697); segundo trimestre: ES=0,49 (IC95%= 0,187 a 0,79); tercer trimestre: ES=0,43 (IC95%o= 0,202 a 0,658). La anemia materna fue 4,2°%, 11,2%o y 21,4°% en el primero, segundo y tercer trimestre, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Se necesita seguimiento y evaluación oportuna de la HbM, indicador de bajo costo y fácil determinación, por su importancia en la salud materna y neonatal, en la calidad de vida y desarrollo del capital humano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Trimesters , Birth Weight , Hemoglobins/analysis , Risk Factors , Anemia/blood , Socioeconomic Factors , Nutritional Status , Colombia
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880158

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe and compare the therapeutic effects of hydroxypropyl chitosan ferrous ion complex solution and ferrous sulfate solution in iron deficiency anemia rats and their effects on gastric mucosa.@*METHODS@#Seven rats were randomly selected from thirty five SPF grade SD rats as control group, and were fed with normal diet, distilled water (E). The rest of SD rats were fed with low iron feed and distilled water plus continuous tail vein bloodletting to establish the iron deficiency anemia model. After the model was established successfully, the rats were randomly divided into four groups: blank control group (A), iron deficiency anemia control group (B), ferrous sulfate group (C), hydroxypropyl chitosan ferrous ion complex (HPCTS-Fe@*RESULTS@#After modeling, except the normal control group, the hair color of the rats in the four groups showed dark yellow and the belly of the toes became white gradually. HGB, HCT, Ret%, MCV, MCH, MCHC and SF decreased significantly (P < 0.05). After treatment, the rats with dark yellow hair in group C and D were improved, and the toe abdomen turned pink gradually. RBC, HGB, HCT, Ret%, MCV, MCH, MCHC and SF in rats in group C and D increased, which were higher than those in group B (P < 0.05). The HGB of the rats in group D was higher than that of group C in day 28th during treatment and the Ret% was higher than that in group C at day 10th (P<0.05).After treatment, the liver and spleen of the rats in group C and D were lighter than those in group B (P<0.05).The gastric mucosa in group A, B, D and E was not damaged obviously, while it was slightly irritated and damaged in group C.@*CONCLUSION@#Hydroxypropyl chitosan ferrous complex solution can improve the hemoglobin level of SD rats with iron deficiency anemia, which is stronger than ferrous sulfate solution and shows no damage to gastric mucosa.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/drug therapy , Animals , Chitosan , Ferrous Compounds , Hemoglobins , Iron , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921832

ABSTRACT

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is currently the mainstream technology for detecting hemoglobin. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a gold indicator for diagnosing diabetes, however, the accuracy of HbA1c test is affected by thalassemia factor hemoglobin F (HbF)/hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) and variant hemoglobin during HPLC analysis. In this study, a new anti-interference hemoglobin analysis system of HPLC is proposed. In this system, the high-pressure three-gradient elution method was improved, and the particle size and sieve plate aperture in the high-pressure chromatography column and the structure of the double-plunger reciprocating series high-pressure pump were optimized. The system could diagnose both HbA1c and thalassemia factor HbF/HbA2 and variant hemoglobin, and the performance of the system was anti-interference and stable. It is expected to achieve industrialization. In this study, the HbA1c and thalassemia factor HbF/HbA2 detection performance was compared between this system and the world's first-line brand products such as Tosoh G8, Bio-Rad Ⅶ and D10 glycosylated hemoglobin analysis system. The results showed that the linear correlation between this system and the world-class system was good. The system is the first domestic hemoglobin analysis system by HPLC for screening of HbA1c and thalassemia factor HbF/HbA2 rapidly and accurately.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fetal Hemoglobin/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Hemoglobins
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 917-925, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921296

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to observe the characteristics of sublingual microcirculation and the changes of humoral factors in healthy people of three different high altitude populations. Three groups of healthy subjects in Guoluo area of Qinghai province (4 100 m) were included: Tibetan group: 30 Tibetans, (45.62 ± 10.15) years old; Han group: 22 two-generation of Han immigrants, (46.23 ± 8.59) years old; migrant group: 23 migrants living at high altitude for 2-5 years, (43.45 ± 8.31) years old. Blood routine test was performed to determine white blood cell (WBC) count, red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), platelet (PLT) count, and neutrophil (NEUT) count. The changes of serum humoral factors including endothelin-1 (ET-1), CD31, CD34, CD105, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), nitric oxide (NO) and noradrenaline (NE) were detected by ELISA. Continuous noninvasive hemodynamics monitor was used to continuously measure the changes of systemic circulation indexes: cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), pulse pressure variation (PPV), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), and mean arterial pressure (MAP). Blood oxygen was measured by pulse oximeter. Sublingual microcirculation indexes including total vascular density (TVD), perfused vessel density (PVD), proportion of perfused vessels (PPV), and microvascular flow index (MFI) were determined by sidestream dark field imaging. The results showed that there were no difference in systemic circulation among the 3 groups. Compared with Tibetan group, TVD and PVD of microcirculation in Han group and migrant group were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with Tibetan group and Han group, WBC, RBC, HGB and HCT of migrant group were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with Han group and Migrant group, PLT of Tibetan group was significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with the Tibetan group, the levels of serum humoral factors CD105 and VEGF were significantly higher in the migrant group (P < 0.05), while compared with Han and migration groups, NO in Tibetan group was significantly increased (P < 0.05). It is suggested that there were significant differences in microcirculation (TVD, PVD), blood routine (WBC, RBC, HGB, HCT) and humoral factors (CD105, VEGF) among different populations in high altitude area. Importantly, the increased microcirculation, erythrocytosis and increased pro-angiogenic factors due to hypoxic environment were observed in long-term residents and migrants, except for permanent residents. These physiological changes have clinical significance in the treatment of septic shock and chronic altitude sickness for different plateau populations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Altitude , China , Hemoglobins , Humans , Hypoxia , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Tibet , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1335-1344, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are the most widely used non-invasive tests in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, evidence about the direct comparison of the test performance of the self-administered qualitative a laboratory-based quantitative FITs in a CRC screening setting is sparse.@*METHODS@#Based on a CRC screening trial (TARGET-C), we included 3144 pre-colonoscopy fecal samples, including 24 CRCs, 230 advanced adenomas, 622 non-advanced adenomas, and 2268 participants without significant findings at colonoscopy. Three self-administered qualitative FITs (Pupu tube) with positivity thresholds of 8.0, 14.4, or 20.8 μg hemoglobin (Hb)/g preset by the manufacturer and one laboratory-based quantitative FIT (OC-Sensor) with a positivity threshold of 20 μg Hb/g recommended by the manufacturer were tested by trained staff in the central laboratory. The diagnostic performance of the FITs for detecting colorectal neoplasms was compared in the different scenarios using the preset and adjusted thresholds (for the quantitative FIT).@*RESULTS@#At the thresholds preset by the manufacturers, apart from the qualitative FIT-3, significantly higher sensitivities for detecting advanced adenoma were observed for the qualitative FIT-1 (33.9% [95% CI: 28.7-39.4%]) and qualitative FIT-2 (22.2% [95% CI: 17.7-27.2%]) compared to the quantitative FIT (11.7% [95% CI: 8.4-15.8%]), while at a cost of significantly lower specificities. However, such difference was not observed for detecting CRC. For scenarios of adjusting the positivity thresholds of the quantitative FIT to yield comparable specificity or comparable positivity rate to the three qualitative FITs accordingly, there were no significant differences in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive values and positive/negative likelihood ratios for detecting CRC or advanced adenoma between the two types of FITs, which was further evidenced in ROC analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the self-administered qualitative and the laboratory-based quantitative FITs had varied test performance at the positivity thresholds preset by the manufacturer, such heterogeneity could be overcome by adjusting thresholds to yield comparable specificities or positivity rates. Future CRC screening programs should select appropriate types of FITs and define the thresholds based on the targeted specificities and manageable positivity rates.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Feces , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Laboratories , Occult Blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(9): e00122520, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339552

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar a evolução da prevalência de anemia em crianças quilombolas de Alagoas, Brasil. Trata-se de uma análise descritiva comparando resultados de dois inquéritos domiciliares (2008; n = 950 e 2018; n = 426), envolvendo amostra das crianças de 6 a 59 meses. A anemia foi diagnosticada com hemoglobina < 110g/L (HemoCue). As prevalências entre os dois inquéritos foram descritas percentualmente e pela razão de prevalência (RP) e intervalo de 95% de confiança (IC95%), calculados por regressão de Poisson. As prevalências de anemia em 2008 e 2018 foram, respectivamente, 53% (IC95%: 49,8-56,1) e 38% (IC95%: 33,4-42,6), configurando um declínio de 28,3% (RP = 0,72; IC95%: 0,63-0,82). Crianças de 6 a 24 meses foram mais acometidas do que aquelas de 25 a 59 meses, tanto em 2008 (72% vs. 44%) como em 2018 (54,8% vs. 28,3%). Houve redução de prevalência em ambas as faixas etárias (23,9% e 35,7%, respectivamente). Essa redução mais pronunciada nas crianças mais velhas fez que as mais jovens passassem a ter quase o dobro da prevalência vista nas de maior idade (RP = 1,94; IC95%: 1,53-2,46). Conclui-se que houve declínio expressivo da prevalência de anemia durante o período avaliado, persistindo, porém, como relevante problema de saúde pública, sobretudo entre as crianças de 6 a 24 meses. As crianças avaliadas sobrevivem em grande vulnerabilidade social, evidenciando-se que, para promover a saúde dessa população, não são suficientes ações no âmbito da saúde pública. Gestores e profissionais de saúde devem estar atentos aos dados aqui apresentados, visando à implementação de medidas para enfrentamento das iniquidades sociais e de saúde que contribuem para maior vulnerabilidade desse grupo étnico-racial.


The study aimed to assess trends in the prevalence of anemia in children from quilombos (maroon communities) in Alagoas State, Brazil. This was a descriptive study comparing the results of two household surveys (2008; n = 950 and 2018; n = 426), involving a sample of children from 6 to 59 months of age. Anemia was diagnosed as hemoglobin < 110g/L (HemoCue). Prevalence rates between the two surveys were described by percentage and by prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI), calculated by Poisson regression. Prevalence rates for anemia in 2008 and 2018 were 53% (95%CI: 49.8-56.1) and 38% (95%CI: 33.4-42.6), respectively, or a decrease of 28.3% (RP = 0.72; 95%CI: 0.63-0.82). Children 6 to 24 months of age had higher anemia rates than those 25 to 59 months of age, both in 2008 (72% vs. 44%) and in 2018 (54.8% vs. 28.3%). There was a reduction in prevalence in both age brackets (23.9% and 35.7%, respectively). This sharper decline in older children meant that younger children had nearly double the prevalence rate compared to older children (PR = 1.94; 95%CI: 1.53-2.46). In conclusion, there was a major decline in prevalence of anemia during the period studied, but anemia persisted as a relevant public health problem, especially in children 6 to 24 months of age. The children in the sample are exposed to harsh social vulnerabilities, evidencing that health promotion for this population requires more than actions in the public health sphere itself. Healthcare workers and administrators should be alert to the data presented here, aimed at implementation of measures to confront the social and health iniquities that contribute to greater vulnerability in this ethnic-racial group.


El objetivo fue evaluar la evolución de la prevalencia de anemia en niños quilombolas de Alagoas, Brasil. Se trata de un análisis descriptivo, comparando resultados de dos encuestas domiciliarias (2008; n = 950 y 2018; n = 426), implicando en la muestra a niños de 6 a 59 meses. La anemia se diagnosticó con hemoglobina < 110g/L (HemoCue). Las prevalencias entre los dos cuestionarios fueron descritas porcentualmente y por la razón de prevalencia (RP) e intervalo de 95% de confianza (IC95%), calculados por regresión de Poisson. Las prevalencias de anemia en 2008 y 2018 fueron, respectivamente, 53% (IC95%: 49,8-56,1) y 38% (IC95%: 33,4-42,6), configurando un declive de un 28,3% (RP = 0,72; IC95%: 0,63-0,82). Los niños de 6 a 24 meses estuvieron más afectados que aquellos de 25 a 59 meses, tanto en 2008 (72% vs. 44%), como en 2018 (54,8% vs. 28,3%). Hubo una reducción de prevalencia en ambas franjas etarias (23,9% y 35,7%, respectivamente). Esta reducción más pronunciada en niños mayores provocó que los más jóvenes pasasen a tener casi el doble de la prevalencia, vista en aquellos de mayor edad (RP = 1,94; IC95%: 1,53-2,46). Se concluye que hubo un declive expresivo de la prevalencia de anemia durante el período evaluado, persistiendo, no obstante, como un relevante problema de salud pública, sobre todo entre los niños de 6 a 24 meses. Los niños evaluados sobreviven bajo una gran vulnerabilidad social, evidenciándose que para la promoción de la salud de esa población no son suficientes acciones en el ámbito de la salud pública. Gestores y profesionales de salud deben estar atentos a los datos aquí presentados, con el fin de implementar medidas para enfrentar las inequidades sociales y de salud que contribuyen a una mayor vulnerabilidad de ese grupo étnico-racial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Anemia/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Hemoglobins , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1618-1622, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134488

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The use of hematological counts for the prevention, diagnosis and follow-up of hematological diseases has increased. Indeed, the correct operation of a clinical laboratory is essential to producing comparable results. However, there is a paucity of validation and reproducibility studies among the different existing methods for clinical analysis. Therefore, our aim was to assess the commutability of the results provided by analyzers with different measuring systems. Sixty venous blood samples were obtained from patients, without discriminating for age or sex. Then, an automated hematological analysis was performed using the Cell-Dyn Ruby and HumaCount 5L instruments. The variables measured were: RBC, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH and MCHC. The data were compared by a one-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Statistical significance was fixed at p < 0.05. There were no statistically significant differences for RBC, HCT, MCH or MCHC. In addition, with the exception of MCHC, all the analytes showed a good correlation coefficient between the two instruments. There is a variety of automated systems for the clinical laboratory and it is essential for the clinician to know the different methodologies used in hematological analyzers as well as their sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, our results are useful for demonstrating the importance of practical knowledge of the analyzers mentioned.


RESUMEN: El uso de recuentos de células sanguíneas para la prevención, diagnóstico y monitoreo de enfermedades hematológicas ha ido en aumento. Por ello, el funcionamiento correcto de un laboratorio clínico es indispensable para producir resultados comparables. Sin embargo, existen pocos estudios de validación y reproducibilidad de los diferentes métodos de análisis clínico existentes. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la intercambiabilidad de los resultados entregados por los analizadores que utilizan diferentes sistemas de medición. Se obtuvieron sesenta muestras de sangre venosa de pacientes, sin discriminar por edad o sexo. Los eritrogramas fueron obtenidos utilizando los analizadores automatizados Cell-Dyn Ruby y HumaCount 5L. Las variables medidas fueron: RBC, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH y MCHC. Los datos fueron comparados por ANOVA a una vía y la correlación de Pearson. La significación estadística se estableció en el nivel estándar p<0,05. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente sig- nificativas para RBC, HCT, MCH y MCHC. Con la excepción de la MCHC, todos los analitos presentaron un buen coeficiente de correlación entre los dos analizadores comparados. Existen varios sistemas de automatización para su uso en laboratorios clínicos. Por lo tanto, es primordial para el clínico estar familiarizado con las diferentes metodologías utilizadas en los analizadores de sangre, así como su sensibilidad y especificidad. Nuestros resultados son útiles para mostrar la importancia del conocimiento práctico de los diferentes sistemas de medidas comparados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematologic Diseases/diagnosis , Hematologic Tests/methods , Blood Cell Count/methods , Blood Cells , Hemoglobins , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Erythrocyte Indices , Flow Cytometry , Hematocrit
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): 411-417, dic 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146074

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La anemia por deficiencia de hierro en hemodiálisis es frecuente. Para su detección se utiliza la ferritina sérica y la saturación de transferrina (ST). El equivalente de hemoglobina reticulocitaria (RET-He) es un análisis que no se modifica en estados inflamatorios y refleja directamente el hierro disponible en médula ósea.Objetivo. Explorar la capacidad diagnóstica de deficiencia absoluta de hierro del RET-He y evaluar su correlación con marcadores tradicionales de ferropenia.Población y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo que comparó RET-He con ferritina y ST en niños en hemodiálisis atendidos en el Hospital Garrahan entre julio de 2016 y julio de 2019. Resultados. En 164 observaciones realizadas en 40 niños, se encontró correlación positiva débil entre hemoglobina y RET-He (r 0,35, p < 0,001), positiva significativa entre ST y RET-He (r 0,52, p < 0,001), negativa baja entre hemoglobina y ferritina (r -0,19, p 0,02) y ausencia de correlación entre hemoglobina y ST (r 0,05, p 0,5). El 50 % presentaba anemia; la ferropénica fue por marcadores tradicionales en el 13 % y por RET-He en el 44 %. El RET-He mostró sensibilidad del 90,9 % (IC 95: 57,1-99,5 %), especificidad del 74,5 % (IC 95: 66,7-81 %), valor predictivo negativo del 99,1 % (IC 95: 94,5-99,9 %) y positivo del 20,4 % (IC 95: 10,7-34,7 %) para detectar anemia ferropénica con valor de corte de 29 picogramos.Conclusiones. Pese a su capacidad limitada, el RET-He como biomarcador de deficiencia de hierro aumenta la detección de anemia ferropénica en niños en hemodiálisis


Introduction. Iron-deficiency anemia is common in hemodialysis patients. Serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TS) are used for its detection. The reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He) is a marker that is not altered by inflammatory conditions and directly reflects iron availability in the bone marrow.Objective. To explore the diagnostic capability of RET-He to detect absolute iron deficiency and assess its correlation with traditional markers of iron deficiency.Population and methods. Retrospective study comparing RET-He with ferritin and TS in children on hemodialysis seen at Hospital Garrahan between July 2016 and July 2019.Results. In 164 observations carried out in 40 children, a weak positive correlation was found between hemoglobin and RET-He (r = 0.35, p < 0.001), a significant positive correlation between TS and RET-He (r = 0.52, p < 0.001), a low negative correlation between hemoglobin and ferritin (r = -0.19, p = 0.02), and a lack of correlation between hemoglobin and TS (r = 0.05, p = 0.5). Anemia was observed in 50 %; iron-deficiency anemia was detected by traditional markers in 13 % and by RET-He in 44 %. RET-He showed a sensitivity of 90.9 % (95 % CI: 57.1-99.5 %), a specificity of 74.5 % (95 % CI: 66.7-81 %), a negative predictive value of 99.1 % (95 % CI: 94.5-99.9 %), and a positive predictive value of 20.4 % (95 % CI: 10.7-34.7 %) to detect iron-deficiency anemia with a cut-off value of 29 pg.Conclusions. Despite its limited capability, the use of RET-He as a biomarker of iron deficiency increases the detection of iron-deficiency anemia in children on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Iron Deficiency , Renal Dialysis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Reticulocytes/chemistry , Hemoglobins/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Ferritins/blood
14.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e51034, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1118073

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: verificar se a redução da taxa de hemoglobina no pós-operatório de revascularização do miocárdio interfere na função renal dos pacientes. Método: estudo observacional e prospectivo, desenvolvido entre fevereiro e junho de 2016, com 51 pacientes que realizaram cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio em um hospital especializado em cardiologia do Distrito Federal. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um instrumento estruturado. O teste exato de Fisher, Qui-quadrado e Kruskal Wallis foram empregados para análise estatística. Considerou-se significativo resultados com p≤0,05. Projeto de pesquisa aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética, protocolo 44999215.9.0000.0026. Resultados: entre os pacientes, 45 (78,9%) evoluíram com lesão renal aguda após revascularização do miocárdio. Idade mais elevada (64±9 anos, p=0,05), tempo de circulação extracorpórea (p=0,05), índice de massa corporal (p=0,02), uso de antibióticos (p=0,03) e redução da taxa de hemoglobina (p=0,04), contribuíram para lesão renal aguda. Conclusão: a redução da taxa de hemoglobina foi associada estatisticamente à lesão renal aguda após revascularização do miocárdio.


Objective: to determine whether decreased hemoglobin rate after myocardial revascularization surgery interferes with patients' renal function. Method: this prospective, observational study was conducted between February and June 2016 with 51 patients who underwent myocardial revascularization surgery at a specialist cardiology hospital specializing in the Federal District. Data were collected using a structured instrument. The Fisher's exact, Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for statistical analysis. Results were considered significant at p ≤ 0.05. The research project was approved by the research ethics committee (Protocol 44999215.9.0000.0026). Results: it was observed that 45 patients (78.9%) developed acute kidney injury after myocardial revascularization. Oldest age (64 ± 9 years, p = 0.05), cardiopulmonary bypass time (p = 0.05), body mass index (p = 0.02), use of antibiotics (p = 0.03), and decreased hemoglobin rate (p = 0.04) contributed to acute kidney injury. Conclusion: decreased hemoglobin rate was statistically associated with acute kidney injury following myocardial revascularization.


Objetivo: verificar si la reduciendo la tasa de hemoglobina en el postoperatorio de revascularización miocárdica interfiere con la función renal de los pacientes. Método: estudio observacional prospectivo realizado entre febrero y junio de 2016 con 51 pacientes que se sometieron a una cirugía de revascularización miocárdica en un hospital especializado en cardiología en el Distrito Federal. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando un instrumento estructurado. La prueba exacta de Fisher, Chicuadrado y Kruskal-Wallis se utilizaron para el análisis estadístico. Los resultados se consideraron significativos con p≤0.05. Proyecto de investigación aprobado por el Comité de Ética, protocolo 44999215.9.0000.0026. Resultados: se observó que 45 (78,9%) pacientes desarrollaron lesión renal aguda después de la revascularización miocárdica. Edad avanzada (64 ± 9 años, p = 0.05), tiempo de circulación corporal extra (p = 0.05), índice de masa corporal (p = 0.02), uso de antibióticos (p = 0.03) y tasa de hemoglobina reducida (p = 0.04), contribuyó a lesión renal aguda. Conclusión: reduciendo la tasa de hemoglobina contribuyó a lesión renal aguda después de la revascularización miocárdica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Hemoglobins , Acute Kidney Injury , Myocardial Revascularization , Postoperative Care , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Creatinine/blood , Observational Study , Nursing Care
15.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(3): e3442, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280274

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anemia infantil es un problema de salud pública que afecta el desarrollo fisiológico e intelectual del niño. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la ingesta de galletas fortificadas con sangre bovina en los niveles de hemoglobina de niños anémicos. Métodos: Estudio cuasi experimental, con grupo experimental y control, en la zona rural del distrito de San Andrés de Tupicocha de Huarochiri de Lima, Perú, desde agosto hasta diciembre de 2018. La población fue de 46 niños de 3 a 5 años de edad, de la que participaron 32 (consentimiento de los padres), de ellos 15 niños tuvieron hemoglobina < 11 g/dl, quienes conformaron el grupo experimental; mientras que 17 niños con hemoglobina > 11 g/dl, conformaron el grupo control. Se utilizó la prueba estadística T de Student (p < 0,05). Resultados: En el grupo experimental, después de 12 semanas de ingesta de galletas fortificadas con sangre bovina, se observó un incremento de hemoglobina en sangre de 10,4 g/dl a 11,6 g/dl (p < 0,001); mientras que el grupo control, también registró un incremento de 11,7 g/dl a 12,1 g/dl (p = 0,007). Al comparar el incremento de hemoglobina de ambos grupos, se observa que en el grupo control la hemoglobina solo ascendió en 0,5 g/dl, mientras que en el grupo experimental ascendió en 1,2 g/dl, siendo así el incremento mayor en el grupo experimental que consumió las galletas fortificadas (p = 0,003). Conclusión: La ingesta de galletas fortificadas con sangre bovina incrementó los niveles de hemoglobina en niños de una zona rural, reduciendo así los casos de anemia infantil(UA)


Introduction: Childhood anemia is a public health concern that affects the physiological and intellectual development of the child. Objective: To evaluate the effect of ingesting cookies fortified with bovine blood on the hemoglobin levels of anemic children. Methods: Quasiexperimental study carried out with experimental and control groups, in the rural area of San Andrés de Tupicocha de Huarochiri district of Lima, Peru, from August to December 2018. The study population consisted of 46 children aged 3-5 years, of which 32 participated under parental consent and 15 had hemoglobin lower than 11 g/dL. These made up the experimental group. On the other hand, 17 children had hemoglobin higher than 11 g/dL. These made up the control group. The Student's t-test was used (P< 0.05). Results: In the experimental group, 12 weeks after ingestion of cookies fortified with bovine blood, an increase in hemoglobin in the blood was observed, from 10.4 g/dL to 11.6 g/dL (P< 0.001); while the control group also registered an increase, from 11.7 g/dL to 12.1 g/dL (P=0.007). When comparing the increase in hemoglobin between both groups, it is observed that, in the control group, hemoglobin only rose by 0.5 g/dL, while, in the experimental group, it rose by 1.2 g/dL. Thus, the highest increase appeared in the experimental group that consumed the fortified cookies (P = 0.003). Conclusion: The ingestion of cookies fortified with bovine blood increased hemoglobin levels in children in a rural area, thus reducing the cases of childhood anemia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Hemoglobins/adverse effects , Cattle/blood , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/therapy , Cookies , Parental Consent , Eating
16.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 318-324, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137199

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Tranexamic Acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic that inhibits the fibrinolytic activity of plasmin is used to decrease perioperative blood loss and transfusion requirements in orthopedic surgery. The aim of our study was to compare postoperative bleeding in two intra-articular doses (1 g and 2 g) of tranexamic acid in adult patients undergoing unilateral total knee replacement. Method: We conducted a single-operator, randomized, and controlled, double-blind study in two groups. The G1 group received 1 g of intra-articular TXA and the G2 group 2 g of intra-articular TXA. Both groups received 15 mg kg-1 IV before the surgical incision (TXA induction dose) and then 10 mg kg-1, orally, 6 and 12 hours after the induction dose of TXA.The primary endpoint was bleeding measured by blood loss in postoperative drainage. Secondary outcomes were change in hemoglobin and hematocrit levels on the first and third postoperative days, and the need for transfusion during hospitalization. Results: In total, 100 patients were randomized, and 100 were included in the analysis. Blood loss in postoperative drainage was similar in both groups (200 ± 50 vs. 250 ± 50 mL, G1 and G2 groups respectively). Change in hematocrit and hemoglobin values (% of change) between preoperative and day 3 were not statically significant between groups G1 and G2 (18 ± 5 vs. 21 ± 4; 21 ± 7 vs. 22 ± 5 respectively). No patients received blood transfusion. Conclusions: Our study did not show superiority of 2 g of intra-articular tranexamic acid compared to 1 g.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT04085575


Resumo Introdução: O Ácido Tranexâmico (TXA), agente antifibrinolítico que inibe a atividade fibrinolítica da plasmina, é usado para reduzir a perda sanguínea perioperatória e a necessidade de transfusão em cirurgia ortopédica. O objetivo do estudo foi comparar o efeito de duas doses intra-articulares (1 g e 2 g) de ácido tranexâmico no sangramento pós-operatório de pacientes adultos submetidos a prótese total unilateral de joelho. Método: Realizamos estudo com operador único, randomizado, controlado e duplo-cego em dois grupos. O grupo G1 recebeu 1 g de TXA intra-articular e o grupo G2, 2 g de TXA intra-articular. Os dois grupos receberam 15 mg.kg-1 IV antes da incisão cirúrgica (dose de indução de TXA) e 10 mg.kg-1 por via oral, 6 e 12 horas após a dose de indução de TXA. O desfecho primário foi o sangramento medido pela perda sanguínea na drenagem pós-operatória. Os desfechos secundários foram alteração nos níveis de hemoglobina e hematócrito no primeiro e terceiro dias de pós-operatório e necessidade de transfusão durante a hospitalização. Resultados: Cem pacientes foram randomizados e 100 foram incluídos na análise. A perda sanguínea pela drenagem pós-operatória foi semelhante nos dois grupos (200 ± 50 mL vs. 250 ± 50 mL, grupos G1 e G2, respectivamente). A variação nos valores de hematócrito e hemoglobina (% de variação) entre o pré-operatório e o dia 3 não foi estatisticamente significante entre os grupos G1 e G2 (18 ± 5 vs. 21 ± 4; 21 ± 7 vs. 22 ± 5, respectivamente). Nenhum paciente recebeu transfusão de sangue. Conclusões: O estudo não mostrou superioridade na dose de 2 g de ácido tranexâmico intra-articular em comparação à dose de 1 g. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT04085575.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Tranexamic Acid/administration & dosage , Postoperative Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Antifibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Hemoglobins/metabolism , Double-Blind Method , Hematocrit , Injections, Intra-Articular
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 388-397, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137193

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: The measurement of hemoglobin concentration (Hb) by co-oximetry is an innovative technique that offers efficiency and agility in the processing of information regarding the measurement of Hb obtained through continuous, non-invasive and rapid monitoring. Because of this attribute, it avoids unnecessary exposures of the patient to invasive procedures by allowing a reduction in the number of blood samples for evaluation and other unnecessary therapies. It also helps to make decisions about the need for transfusion and how to handle it. The objective of this study is to compare the performance offered to obtain Hb values between the Masimo Corporation (Irvine, CA, USA) instrument and the standard gold tool (laboratory examination). Contents: The study corresponds to a systematic review followed by meta-analysis, which included fully registered full-text clinical trials published from 1990 to 2018. PubMed, Cochrane, Medline, Embase and Web of Science databases were investigated. The mean overall difference found between the non-invasive and invasive methods of hemoglobin monitoring was 0.23 (95% CI -0.16, 0.62), that is, it did not present statistical significance (p = 0.250). The results of the analysis of heterogeneity within and between the studies indicated high levels of inconsistency (Q = 461.63, p < 0.0001, I2 = 98%), method for Hb values. Conclusions: Although the mean difference between noninvasive measurements of Hb and the gold standard method is small, the co-oximeter can be used as a non-invasive "trend" monitor in detecting unexpected responses at Hb levels.


Resumo Justificativa: A medida da concentração de hemoglobina (Hb)por co-oximetria é uma técnica inovadora que oferece eficiência e agilidade no processamento das informações referentes à medida da concentração de hemoglobina obtida por meio de monitorização contínua, não-invasiva e rápida. Por conta desse atributo, evita exposições desnecessárias do paciente a procedimentos invasivos ao possibilitar redução da quantidade de amostras sanguíneas para avaliação e de outras terapêuticas desnecessárias. Além disso, auxilia a tomada de decisões quanto à necessidade de transfusão e quanto ao manejo da mesma. Objetivo: Comparar o desempenho oferecido para a obtenção dos valores de concentração de hemoglobina entre medida não invasiva da Hb e a ferramenta padrão ouro (exame laboratorial). Conteúdo: O estudo corresponde a uma revisão sistemática seguida de metanálise que incluiu ensaios clínicos devidamente registrados com texto completo, publicados a partir de 1990 até 2018. Foram investigadas as bases de dados PubMed, Cochrane, Medline, Embase e Web Of Science. A diferença média global encontrada entre os métodos não invasivo e invasivo de monitorização da hemoglobina foi de 0,23 (95% IC -0,16; 0,62), ou seja, não apresentou significância estatística (p = 0,250). Os resultados da análise de heterogeneidade dentro e entre os estudos, apontou níveis elevados de inconsistência (Q = 461,63, p< 0,0001, I2 = 98%). Conclusão: Embora a diferença média entre as medidas não invasivas da Hb e o método padrão ouro sejam pequenas, o co-oxímetro pode ser utilizado como um monitor não invasivo de "tendência" na detecção de alterações inesperadas nos níveis de Hb.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemoglobins/analysis , Oximetry/methods , Monitoring, Physiologic/methods , Research Design , Blood Transfusion , Clinical Trials as Topic/methods
18.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 123-128, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127621

ABSTRACT

A obesidade pode influenciar no baixo desempenho da aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APCR), bem como colaborar com alterações nos níveis de indicadores hematológicos. Objetivo: Verificar se existe associação entre indicadores antropométricos, APCR e perfil hematológico de adolescentes no sul do Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 1 6 98 ado lescentes (742 do sexo masculino) com idade entre 10 e 17 anos, de escolas da rede pública e particular de Santa Cruz do Sul-RS. A avaliação antropométrica foi realizada, utilizando-se os seguintes parâmetros: IMC e circunferência da cintura (CC). Para o teste de APCR, foi utilizado o test e de co rrida/cam inha do s 6 minutos. Para reconhecimento do perfil hematológico, foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: leucócitos (WBC), eritrócitos (RBC), hemoglobina (HBC), hematócrito (HCT) e amplitude de distribuição dos glóbulos vermelhos (RDW). A associação entre as variáveis contínuas foi testada por meio da correlação de Pearson. Foram considerados significativos os valores de p<0,05. Resultados: Nos meninos, identificou-se relação fraca entre IMC com RBC (r=0,293; p<0,001) e com HCT (r=0,271; p <0,001 ). A CC também demonstrou associação fraca com estas duas variáveis hematológicas (RBC: r=0,311; p<0,001; HCT: r=0,291; p<0,001). Os níveis de APCR estiveram associados, também de fo rma fraca e direta, com HBC (r=0,224; p<0,001) e HCT (r=0,258; p<0,001). Para o sexo feminino, os níveis de W BC associaram-se, de forma fraca, com IMC (r=0,208; p<0,001) e com CC (r=0,185; <0,001). Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos no presente estudo evidenciam correlação positiva, porém fraca, entre o perfil hematológico dos adolescentes com as variáveis antropométricas e APCR...(AU)


Obesity might cause cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to underperform, as well as collaborate with changes in hematological parameters. Aim: To investigate the asso ciation between anthropometric indicators, CRF, and the hematological profiles of adolescents in Southern Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study of 1,698 adolescents (742 boys, 956 girls), aged between 10 and 17 from p ublic and private schools of Santa Cruz do Sul, State of Rio Grande do Sul, was conducted. Furt h ermore, an anthropometric evaluation of the following parameters was performed: body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). CRF was evaluated using the 6-minute run/walk test. Hematolo gical p rofile was evaluated based on the following parameters: leucocytes (WBC), erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), and red cell distribution width (RDW). The association of continuo us v ariables was tested through Pearson's correlation; p values lower than 0.05 were considered significant. Result s: The boys' BMI presented a weak correlation with RBC (r = 0.293; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.271; p < 0.001). Their WC also presented a weak correlation with both hematological variables (RBC: r = 0.311; p < 0.001; HCT: r = 0.291; p < 0.001). Their CRF levels exhibited a direct but weak asso ciatio n wit h HGB (r = 0.224; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.258; p < 0.001). The WBC levels of girls were fo un d t o be weak ly associated with BMI (r = 0.208; p < 0.001) and WC (r = 0.185; p < 0 .0 01 ). Co nclusio n: Th e result s highlight a positively weak correlation of the hematological profile of adolescents with an throp ometric variables and CRF...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Hemoglobins , Body Mass Index , Erythrocytes , Walk Test , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Hematocrit , Leukocytes , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Indices , Reference Parameters , Waist Circumference , Indicators and Reagents
20.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(1): 27-34, jan-abr. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095822

ABSTRACT

O modelo de obesidade em ratos por meio de uma dieta hiperlipídica têm se consolidado, sendo relevante compreender os componentes da hereditariedade nesta enfermidade. Por meio do hemograma é possível avaliar os elementos sanguíneos e as células responsáveis pela defesa do organismo, incluindo sua morfologia, bem como interpretando-as. Compreender esses fatores em ratos descendentes de mães obesas poderia contribuir na compreensão dos mecanismos imuno-hematológicos envolvidos na obesidade e na hereditariedade. Com isso, o objetivo deste estudo é avaliar os parâmetros hematológicos e leucocitários de ratos alimentados com dieta hiperlipídica descendentes de mães obesas. Foram utilizadas 20 ratas Wistar (peso inicial 200g) alimentadas com dieta padrão (CT) ou com dieta hiperlipídica (HL). Posteriormente, alocou-se 3 fêmeas com 1 macho por 4 dias, certificando o cruzamento. Após 23 dias do nascimento da ninhada, foi feita a separação da prole em 4 grupos com 5 animais cada, e submetidos à dieta HL ou CT. Ficando então os grupos CT, CT+ HL, HL, HL + CT. Após 20 semanas de dieta, os animais foram anestesiados e tiveram peritônio exposto para coleta de sangue, que serviu para a realização e análise do hemograma, por diferenciação celular. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados de acordo com as diretrizes da utilização de animais para fins científicos (Lei 11.794/08), e protocolada no CEUA sob o n° 9062310117. As ratas HL tiveram um ganho de peso significativamente maior a partir da 10ª semana, comparando as ratas CT. Já em relação à prole, após 13 semanas, o grupo HL obteve um ganho de peso maior em relação aos demais grupos: CT: 144,8 ± 12,15 g; CT+HL (ratos descendentes de mães CT alimentados com ração HL): 138,6 ± 5,34 g; HL+CT (ratos descendentes de mães HL alimentados com ração CT): 152,2 ± 5,23 g; HL 161 ± 10,75 g. Nos parâmetros hematológicos da prole, foi observada diferença entre o grupo CT e experimental, os monócitos apresentaram uma redução significativa de 1,6± 0,89, hemoglobina 13,8 ± 1,07, hematócrito 37,9 ± 5,51 nos grupos que receberam dieta CT comparado à CT+HL, VCM apresentou aumento de 50,4 ± 0,55 no grupo CT e 53,5 ± 0,58 na dieta HL. Dentro das condições experimentais deste trabalho e com base nos resultados obtidos, conclui-se que a dieta hiperlipídica é capaz de induzir a obesidade, com capacidade de influenciar a proliferação e a diferenciação hematopoiética, porém a prole alimentada com ração padrão (CT) consegue adaptar a dieta independente do fator hereditário em relação à obesidade.


The obesity model in rats maintained by a hyper-lipidic diet is well known, and thus, there is a need to understand the components of heredity in this disease. Using HEM, it is possible to study the blood elements and cells involved in the defense of the organism, including cell morphology and its interpretation. Understanding these factors in rats descending from obese mothers may contribute to the comprehension of the immunity and hematologic mechanisms involved in both obesity and heredity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the hematologic and leukocyte parameters of rats fed with a hyper-lipidic diet descending from obese mothers. A total of twenty Wistar female rats (initial weight 200g) fed standard diet (SD) or hyperlipidic diet (HD) were used. Subsequently, 3 females were housed with a male for 4 days in order to get inseminated. Twenty-three days after born, the animals were separated into 4 groups, with 5 animals in each group. The groups were organized as follows: SD, SD+HD, HD, SD+HD. The animals were kept on a diet for 20 weeks. In the end of that period, animals were anesthetized and had their peritoneum exposed for the collection of blood, which was used for performing the erythrogram and leukogram analysis via cellular differentiation. All procedures were performed according the animal welfare guidelines (Law No. 11.794/08) and approved by CEUA (number 9062310117). After 10 weeks, HL mothers presented an increased body weight when compared with SD mothers. In relation to the offspring, after 13 weeks, the HD group presented greater weight gain when compared to the other groups, as follows: SD: 144.8 ± 12.15 g; SD+HD (rats from SD mothers fed with HD feed): 138.6 ± 5.34 g; HD + SD (offspring from HL mothers fed with SD feed): 152.2 ± 5.23 g; HD 161 ± 10.75 g. The offspring hematological parameters presented differences between the SD and the experimental group, where the monocytes presented a significant reduction (1.6 ± 0.89), hemoglobin (13.8 ± 1.07), hematocrit (37.9 ± 5.51) in the groups that received a SD diet compared with the SD + HD; the MCV presented an increase of 50.4 ± 0.55 in the SD group and 53.5 ± 0.58 in the group on HD diet. Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be concluded that a hyper-lipidic diet is capable of inducing obesity and may also influence hematopoietic proliferation and differentiation. However, the offspring fed with standard diet (SD) is able to adapt the diet regardless of the hereditary factor in relation to obesity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Hematologic Tests , Mothers/statistics & numerical data , Obesity , Body Weight , Hemoglobins , Weight Gain , Heredity , Diet, High-Fat , Hematocrit
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