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1.
Med. lab ; 27(1): 39-44, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413055

ABSTRACT

La esofagitis eosinofílica (EoE) es una enfermedad causada por una respuesta inmune frente a antígenos alimentarios en contacto con la mucosa esofágica; por su parte, la enfermedad de Von Willebrand (EVW) es el trastorno hemorrágico hereditario más común en los seres humanos. La característica central de todos los tipos de EVW, es la presencia de cantidades reducidas o de formas anormales del factor de Von Willebrand (FVW) en el torrente sanguíneo. Debido a que no se han reportado casos previos de EVW tipo 2A asociada a EoE, se describe este caso clínico con el objetivo principal de dar a conocer el hallazgo casual de estas dos patologías, la seguridad de la evaluación por endoscopia de vías digestivas altas y el pronóstico de posibles complicaciones


Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disease caused by an immune response against food antigens in contact with the esophageal mucosa; alternatively, Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in humans. The central characteristic of all types of VWD is the presence of reduced amounts or abnormal forms of VWF in the bloodstream. Since no previous cases of VWD type 2A associated to EoE have been reported, this clinical case is described with the main objective to present the coincidental finding of these two pathologies, the safety of the evaluation by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and the prognosis of possible complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Eosinophilic Esophagitis , Postoperative Complications , von Willebrand Diseases , Biopsy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagus , Hemorrhage
2.
Rev. colomb. neumol ; 34(2): 86-92, July-Dec. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412940

ABSTRACT

La leptospirosis es una enfermedad zoonótica prevalente y generalizada de la cual no existen cifras fiables de incidencia mundial. Es una enfermedad con subregistro que puede generar una cifra importante de morbimortalidad. La incidencia de afectación pulmonar en la leptospirosis varía del 20 % al 70 %, y la hemorragia alveolar que se presenta con disnea y hemoptisis es su principal manifestación pulmonar, generando una mortalidad que puede ser mayor al 50 % si no se detecta y maneja a tiempo. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 30 años de edad con sintomatología respiratoria y fiebre que hizo pensar en COVID-19 por las imágenes radiológicas y por época de pandemia, con antecedente de ser recolector de botellas, con descenso brusco de hemoglobina sin un sitio preciso de sangrado, considerándose como posibilidad hemorragia alveolar. Se le realizó serología por Leptospira siendo esta positiva y pudo ser tratado oportunamente. En conclusión, un buen interrogatorio sobre las actividades diarias junto con un buen juicio clínico e interpretación de exámenes laboratoriales nos debe hacer sospechar en hemorragia alveolar por leptospirosis.


Leptospirosis is a prevalent and generalized zoonotic disease, for which there are no reliable figures of world incidence. It is an underreported disease that can generate a significant number of morbidity and mortality. The incidence of pulmonary involvement in leptospirosis varies from 20% to 70%, and alveolar hemorrhage that presents with dyspnea and hemoptysis is the main pulmonary manifestation in leptospirosis, generating mortality that can be greater than 50% if it is not detected and drive on time. We present the case of a 30-year-old patient with respiratory symptoms and fever that suggested Covid 19 due to radiological images and due to the pandemic, with a history of being a bottle collector, who due to the sudden drop in hemoglobin without a precise site of bleeding was thought to be alveolar hemorrhage, serology was performed for leptospira, which was positive, and he could be treated in a timely manner. In conclusion, a good questioning about daily activities together with good clinical judgment and interpretation of laboratory tests should make us suspect alveolar hemorrhage due to leptospirosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Zoonoses , Leptospirosis , Mortality , Fever , Hemorrhage
3.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 360-365, sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409947

ABSTRACT

Resumen La mononucleosis infecciosa (MI) es un cuadro clínico generalmente benigno y autolimitado en la infancia y adolescencia debido a la primoinfección del virus de Epstein-Barr caracterizado por la triada de faringitis, fiebre y adenopatías. El riesgo de complicaciones aumenta con la edad y la inmunosupresión, siendo las complicaciones letales más frecuentes las asociadas a rotura esplénica, alteraciones neurológicas y obstrucción de la vía aérea por el aumento del tamaño amigdalar. Los abscesos cervicales asociados a MI son poco frecuentes, siendo mayoritariamente periamigdalinos e intraamigdalares. Presentamos dos casos quirúrgicos de abscesos cervicales profundos de gran tamaño con afectación retrofaríngea y parafaríngea en adolescentes sanos de corta edad (14 y 15 años), sin ningún tipo de inmunosupresión o factores de riesgo, uno de ellos asociado además, a una relevante hemorragia amigdalar espontanea, condición no descrita previamente en la literatura en relación a MI en un paciente tan joven.


Abstract Infectious mononucleosis (MI) is a generally benign and self-limited condition in childhood and adolescence due to the primary EBV infection characterized by the triad of pharyngitis, fever, and lymphadenopathies. The risk of complications increases with age and immunosuppression. The most frequent fatal complications are those associated with splenic rupture, neurological alterations, and airway obstruction due to increased tonsillar size. Cervical abscesses associated with MI are rare, being mostly peritonsillar and intra-tonsil. We present two surgical cases of big deep cervical abscesses with retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal involvement in healthy very young adolescents (14 and 15 years old), without any type of immunosuppression or risk factors, one of them associated with a clinically relevant spontaneous tonsillar bleeding, which had not been described in the literature associated with MI in such young patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Peritonsillar Abscess/therapy , Peritonsillar Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Infectious Mononucleosis/therapy , Infectious Mononucleosis/diagnostic imaging , Pharyngitis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Fever , Hemorrhage , Infectious Mononucleosis/complications
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 333-337, sept. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409942

ABSTRACT

Resumen Durante la cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal, la sección inadvertida y retracción hacia la órbita de la arteria etmoidal anterior (AEA) es el mecanismo habitual del hematoma orbitario (HO); éste se manifiesta con proptosis, dolor y déficit visual potencialmente irreversible. El déficit visual es secundario a isquemia del nervio óptico por aumento de la presión intraocular, siendo suficientes treinta minutos para que ocurra daño visual permanente. Por sus secuelas el tratamiento del HO debe ser rápido y agresivo. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 72 años con diagnóstico de rinosinusitis crónica con pólipos nasales refractaria a tratamiento médico que se sometió a cirugía endoscópica nasal y que desarrolló en el posoperatorio inmediato con un HO. Se manejó precozmente con cantotomía-cantolisis, descompresión orbitaria medial endoscópica y control vascular de la AEA. El paciente evoluciona favorablemente, sin déficit visual. En este artículo se discutirán el diagnóstico y manejo oportunos del hematoma orbitario iatrogénico.


Abstract During endoscopic sinonasal surgery, inadvertent section of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) with retraction into the orbit is the usual mechanism of orbital hematoma (OH), leading to proptosis, pain, and potentially irreversible visual loss. Thirty minutes is sufficient for retinal ischemia and permanent visual loss. The explanation for blindness is due to increased intraorbital pressure. The treatment of iatrogenic HO must be quick and aggressive, because if it is not managed in time, it can cause a permanent visual deficit. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with a diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps refractory to medical treatment who underwent nasal endoscopic surgery, evolving in the immediate postoperative period with an HO, requiring canthotomy - cantolysis and early surgical reintervention for endoscopic medial orbital decompression and vascular control of AEA. The patient evolves favorably, without visual deficit. This article will discuss the timely diagnosis and management of iatrogenic orbital hematoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Optic Nerve Injuries , Hematoma , Hemorrhage/etiology
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 546-556, July-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385269

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ischemic strokes secondary to occlusion of large vessels have been described in patients with COVID-19. Also, venous thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism have been related to the disease. Vascular occlusion may be associated with a prothrombotic state due to COVID-19-related coagulopathy and endotheliopathy. Intracranial hemorrhagic lesions can additionally be seen in these patients. The causative mechanism of hemorrhage could be associated with anticoagulant therapy or factors such as coagulopathy and endotheliopathy. We report on cases of ischemic, thrombotic, and hemorrhagic complications in six patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed typical SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia findings in all the cases, which were all confirmed by either serology or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Thromboembolism/complications , COVID-19/complications , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Ischemic Stroke , Hemorrhage
7.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1589, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408458

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hemofilia se caracteriza por la ocurrencia de hemorragias frecuentes y afecciones del aparato locomotor graves en los pacientes que causan daños físicos, sociales y psicológicos y afecta directamente su calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de vida de personas con hemofilia en el noreste de Brasil. Métodos: Estudio epidemiológico transversal cuantitativo realizado con 13 personas con hemofilia de un Banco de Sangre en el noreste de Brasil. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario sociodemográfico y clínico y de Haem-A-Qol, utilizado para evaluar la calidad de vida de las personas con hemofilia. Los valores brutos y medios se calcularon en general para todos los dominios y luego para cada dominio para que pudieran mostrarse. Resultados: Se obtuvo un promedio total de 30,94 en relación a los diez dominios evaluados. Los dominios con los promedios más altos fueron "salud física" con 49,23 y "afrontamiento" con 35,89 y con el promedio más bajo fue "planificación familiar". Conclusiones: Los participantes de la investigación tienen una calidad de vida insatisfactoria en relación con la salud física y el afrontamiento y, satisfactoria en relación con las relaciones y la sexualidad(AU)


Introduction: Hemophilia is characterized by the occurrence of frequent bleeding and serious musculoskeletal conditions in patients that cause physical, social and psychological damage and directly affect their health-related quality of life. Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of people with hemophilia in the northeast of Brazil. Methods: Quantitative cross-sectional epidemiological study conducted with 13 people with hemophilia from a Blood Bank in northeastern Brazil. Data collection was performed by applying a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and Haem-A-Qol, used to assess the quality of life of people with hemophilia. Raw and mean values were calculated overall for all domains and then for each domain so that they could be displayed. Results: A total average of 30,94 was obtained in relation to the ten domains evaluated. The domains with the highest averages were "physical health" with 49,23 and "coping" with 35,89 and with the lowest average was "family planning". Conclusions: The research participants have an unsatisfactory quality of life in relation to physical health and coping, and satisfactory in relation to relationships and sexuality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life/psychology , Blood Banks , Adaptation, Psychological , Hemophilia A/psychology , Hemorrhage , Brazil , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Family Planning Services/methods
8.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 105-113, jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397776

ABSTRACT

Antiplatelet therapy and percutaneous coronary intervention are two of the most important interventions in the management of coronary artery disease. In the last 20 years there has been groundbreaking advances in the pharmacotherapy and stent technology. Bleeding is the most feared complication of antiplatelet therapy, mainly due to the increase in major adverse cardiovascular events besides the bleeding itself. Different clinical decision tools have developed with the aim to define which patients have a high ischemic or bleeding risk, thus individualizing treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/trends , Stents , Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy , Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Ischemia , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 85-98, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375753

ABSTRACT

Malignant neoplasms are increasingly prevalent in the daily clinical practice. Up to 61% of patients with pelvic malignancies undergo pelvic radiotherapy in different doses, which may cause intestinal damage, and the rectum is the segment most frequently affected due to its fixed position in the pelvis. Currently, there are several strategies to minimize the effects of radiation on the tissues surrounding the neoplastic site; despite those strategies, radiotherapy can still result in serious damage to organs and structures, and these injuries accompany patients throughout their lives. One of the most common damages resulting from pelvic radiotherapy is acute proctitis.The diagnosis is confirmed by visualizing the rectal mucosa through rigid or flexible rectosigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. The objective of the present study was to review the forms of radiation-induced proctopathytherapy, and to evaluate the results of each method to propose a standardization for the treatment of this pathology. Despite the prevalence of radiation-induced proctopathy, there is no definitive standardized treatment strategy so far. The first approach can be tried with local agents, such as mesalazine and formalin. For refractory cases, control can usually be achieved with argon plasma coagulation, hyperbaric oxygen, and radiofrequency ablation therapies. Regarding the study of radiation-induced proctopathy, there is a lack of robust studies with large samples and standardized therapies to be compared. There is a lack of double-blinded, randomized controlled studies to determine a definitive standard treatment algorithm. (AU)


Subject(s)
Proctitis/etiology , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Colitis/therapy , Pelvic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Rectum , Mesalamine/therapeutic use , Formaldehyde/therapeutic use , Hemorrhage
10.
Medwave ; 22(2): e002118, mar.2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366391

ABSTRACT

Contexto La hemofilia es un trastorno hemorrágico de la coagulación que ocurre en uno de cada 5000 nacimientos masculinos. Los pacientes con hemofilia A grave no tratados tienen complicaciones hemorrágicas, incluyendo sangrados articulares y menor sobrevida. El emicizumab es un anticuerpo monoclonal aprobado por los Estados Unidos para la profilaxis rutinaria de pacientes pediátricos y adultos con hemofilia A grave con inhibidores del factor VIII de coagulación. Objetivos Realizar un estudio de costo-efectividad de la profilaxis con emicizumab para niños y adultos con hemofilia A grave, en comparación con el actual manejo de esos pacientes en el Ministerio de Salud y el Seguro Social de Salud de Perú. Metodología Se modeló la transición del paciente entre estados médicos con la metodología de Markov y se estimó a lo largo de su vida costos y efectos incrementales de emicizumab comparados con el actual manejo. Se estimó el impacto presupuestario de emicizumab proyectando costos netos anuales y su valor presente a cinco años. Resultados Emicizumab generaría ahorros en el Ministerio de Salud entre 14,6 y 16,0 por niño y 11,8 por adulto, en US$ millones actuales, y en el Seguro Social de Salud de 12,8 a 14,9 por niño y 40,1 por adulto. Además, se generan ganancias en efectividad, medidas en años de vida ajustados por calidad, de 0,36 por niño y 0,56 por adulto y de 0,25 por niño y 0,36 por adulto en esas respectivas instituciones. El impacto presupuestario sería un ahorro anual neto, en US$ millones, de 12,8 y 15,0 en esas entidades. Conclusión El actual manejo de la enfermedad es muy costoso y con resultados de salud inferiores a los posibles con emicizumab. Este fármaco produciría grandes ahorros y mejor salud. Ambas entidades debieran implementar protocolos para la profilaxis y tratamiento de la hemofilia y financiarla con presupuesto propio.


Settings Hemophilia is a coagulation disorder that occurs in one in 5000 male births. Patients with untreated severe hemophilia A have hemorrhagic complications, including joint bleeds and decreased survival. Emicizumab is a monoclonal antibody approved by the United States for routine prophylaxis of pediatric and adult patients with severe hemophilia A with factor VIII inhibitors. Objectives To perform a cost-effectiveness study of emicizumab prophylaxis for children and adults with severe hemophilia A compared with the current disease management in the Peruvian Ministry of Health and Social Security Health Insurance. Methods The patient transition between medical states was modeled with Markov methodology, and the lifetime costs and incremental effects of emicizumab compared to current management were estimated. The budgetary impact of emicizumab was estimated by projecting annual net costs and its five-year present value. Results In the Ministry of Health, emicizumab would generate savings between 14.6 and 16.0 per child and 11.8 per adult, in current US$ million. Social Security Health Insurance savings would be 12.8 to 14.9 per child and 40.1 per adult. In addition, this strategy would generate effectiveness gains, measured in quality-adjusted life-years, of 0.36 per child and 0.56 per adult and 0.25 per child, and 0.36 per adult in those respective institutions. The budgetary impact would be a net annual saving of 12.8 and 15.0 US$ million in those entities. Conclusions The current management of hemophilia A is very costly and has health outcomes inferior to those possible with emicizumab. This drug would produce significant savings and better patient health. The Ministry of Health and Social Health Insurance should implement hemophilia prophylaxis and treatment protocols and finance this drug.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adult , Hemophilia A/complications , Hemophilia A/drug therapy , Peru , Factor VIII/therapeutic use , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Antibodies, Bispecific , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Hemorrhage/etiology
11.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 33-39, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376903

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in developed countries has been estimated between 2-5 %, associated with high morbidity and mortality. Etiological identification is sometimes difficult and requires diagnostic methods, such as video capsule endoscopy (VCE). Aim: This study intends to characterize the findings of this technique in patients with unexplained iron deficiency anemia. Materials and methods: Descriptive observational retrospective study. We describe the VCE findings (PillCamSB2-SB3) in all patients seen between 2011 and 2019. The findings were interpreted according to the Saurin classification: normal (P0), uncertain potential (P1), and high bleeding potential (P2). Results: Of the 490 VCEs performed during the study period, 155 indicated iron deficiency anemia; 106 were women (68.4 %), and the mean age was 57.1 ± 16.6 years. The main comorbidities were cardiovascular in 23 (18.3 %) and arterial hypertension in 16 (12.6 %). Antiplatelets were present in 18 (15.4 %) and anticoagulants in six (5.1 %). Small bowel lesions were vascular in 44 studies (28.4 %), inflammatory in 33 (21.2 %), and neoplastic in seven (4.5 %). Angiectasias were the most frequent lesions in 33 cases (21.3 %). P2 lesions were present in 53 VCEs (34.2 %). Conclusions: VCE is helpful in the study of iron deficiency anemia and helps detect positive findings in the midgut in three out of four patients for which it is indicated. The most frequent significant P2 lesions were vascular. These findings allow providing adequate treatment.


Resumen Introducción: la prevalencia de la anemia ferropénica en países desarrollados se ha estimado entre 2 %-5 %, asociada con una alta morbimortalidad. La identificación etiológica a veces es difícil, y requiere de métodos diagnósticos, como la videocápsula endoscópica (VCE). Objetivo: el objeto del presente estudio fue caracterizar los hallazgos de esta técnica en pacientes con anemia ferropénica inexplicada. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo. Se describen los hallazgos de VCE (PillCamSB2-SB3) en todos los pacientes atendidos entre 2011 y 2019. Los hallazgos se interpretaron según la clasificación de Saurin: normal (P0), potencial incierto (P1) y alto potencial de sangrado (P2). Resultados: del total de 490 VCE realizadas durante el período del estudio, 155 se efectuaron con indicación de anemia ferropénica; 106 fueron mujeres (68,4 %) y la edad media fue de 57,1 ± 16,6 años. Las comorbilidades principales fueron cardiovasculares en 23 (18,3 %) e hipertensión arterial en 16 (12,6 %). La ingesta de antiplaquetarios se presentó en 18 (15,4 %) y anticoagulantes en 6 (5,1 %). Las lesiones en el intestino delgado fueron vasculares en 44 estudios (28,4 %), inflamatorias en 33 (21,2 %) y neoplásicas en 7 (4,5 %). Las angiectasias fueron las lesiones más frecuentes en 33 casos (21,3 %). En 53 VCE se presentaron lesiones P2 (34,2 %). Conclusiones: la VCE es útil en el estudio de la anemia ferropénica, y ayuda a detectar hallazgos positivos en el intestino medio en 3 de cada 4 pacientes en los cuales se indica su uso. Las lesiones P2 significativas más frecuentes fueron las vasculares. Estos hallazgos permiten enfocar un tratamiento adecuado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Capsule Endoscopy , Intestine, Small , Patients , Retrospective Studies , Hemorrhage , Anticoagulants
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 568-574, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359326

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o Brasil é o quarto país em casos de Hemofilia A. O tratamento é infundir o fator de coagulação ausente. Reações ao uso do fator podem incluir manifestações alérgicas, doenças virais transfusionais e aloanticorpos. Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com Hemofilia A, e as doenças associadas ao uso do fator VIII e fator VIII recombinante. Metodologia: estudo transversal descritivo e retrospectivo. A coleta de dados foi realizada nos prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de hemofilia A, preenchidos com mais de 70% das informações, na Fundação Hospitalar de Hematologia e Hemoterapia do Amazonas, Brasil. Resultados: o Ministério da Saúde identificou no Estado do Amazonas, o registro de 276 indivíduos com diagnóstico de Hemofilia A. Incluídos para análise neste estudo 164 prontuários. Características sociodemográficas: homens 99,4%, adolescentes (28%) e jovens (26,8%); de cor parda 67,1%, ensino fundamental incompleto 28,6% e, exercendo a ocupação de estudante 42,7%. Condição clínica: 36,6% classificados com hemofilia A grave. Todos os pacientes tiveram diagnóstico clínico e laboratorial. O parentesco mais comum é o de irmãos com 35,3%. Sintomas predominantes: hemartrose 45,4%; dor 31,9%; edema 24% e artropatia 8,5%. O fator VIII recombinante, administrado em 34,8% dos pacientes, enquanto o fator VIII plasmático em 28,0%. Administrados doses de 2000UI a 2999UI. As complicações: artralgia 77,4% e hemorragia 77,4%. Conclusão: cuidados qualificados dos profissionais de saúde auxiliam na prevenção de complicações sérias, resultando em qualidade de vida ao hemofílico.


Introduction: Brazil is the fourth country in cases of Hemophilia A. The treatment is to infuse the missing clotting factor. Reactions to the use of the factor can include, allergic manifestations, transfusion viral diseases and alloantibodies. Objective: analyze the epidemiological profile of patients with Hemophilia A, and the diseases associated with the use of factor VIII and recombinant factor VIII. Methodology: descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study. Data collection was carried out in the medical records of patients diagnosed with hemophilia A, filled with more than 70% of the information, at the Fundação Hospitalar de Hematologia e Hemoterapia do Amazonas, Brazil. Results: in the Ministry of Health of Brazil, it was identified, for the State from Amazonas, the registry of 276 individuals diagnosed with Hemophilia A. Included in the analysis for this study, 164 medical records. Sociodemographic characteristics: male, 99.4%, adolescents (28%) and young people (26.8%), brown skin color, 67.1%, incomplete elementary school, 28.6%, and working as a student, 42.7%. Clinical condition: 36.6% classified with severe hemophilia A. All patients had a clinical and laboratory diagnosis. The most common kinship is that of brothers, 35.3%. Predominant symptoms: hemarthrosis 45.4%, pain 31.9%, edema 24% and arthropathy 8.5%. Recombinant factor VIII, administered in 34.8% of patients, while plasma factor VIII in 28.0%. Doses of 2000 IU to 2999 IU were administered. Complications: arthralgia 77.4% and hemorrhage 77.4%. Conclusion: qualified care by health professionals helps to prevent serious complications, resulting in quality of life for the hemophiliac.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Profile , Factor VIII , Arthralgia , Edema , Hemarthrosis , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Joint Diseases , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 147-153, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic Plasma Exchange (TPE) is a procedure in which plasma and harmful macromolecules are separated from the rest of the blood components by centrifugation or filtration through membranes and are replaced with solutions with albumin and/or plasma. AIM: To communicate our experience using TPE by filtration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of records of 655 TPE sessions performed in 102 patients aged 50 ± 18 years (64% women). The requirement of renal replacement therapy (RRT) and seven days and one year mortality were recorded. RESULTS: Forty five percent of patients had hypertension or diabetes. The main indications for TPE were pulmonary-renal syndrome (PRS) (62%) and antibody mediated graft rejection (29%), followed by neurological diseases (36%). Fifteen percent of patients required RRT for one year. Mortality at seven days and one year was 20 and 30%, respectively. Out of the total of deaths associated with kidney diseases, 88% corresponded to PRS and ANCA vasculitis. The main complications were thrombocytopenia in 41%, hypocalcemia in 18%, and hypotension in 16%. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, TPE by filtration is a safe technique, with mild and preventable complications. Despite this, the reported mortality is high, which reflects the severity of the diseases that motivated the indication for TPE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Plasma Exchange/adverse effects , Plasma Exchange/methods , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Retrospective Studies , Albumins , Glomerulonephritis , Hemorrhage , Lung Diseases
14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 88-94, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are indicated for the prevention of thromboembolic events and reduction of mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation and patients with valvular prostheses. However, their use is associated with bleeding complications and hospitalizations. Predictors of hospital admission for bleeding in these patients are poorly known. Objectives To define the predictors for hospitalization of VKA users who seek emergency care due to bleeding. Methods Single-center, cross-sectional study, with retrospective analysis of electronic medical records from 03/01/2012 to 02/27/2017. Clinical and laboratory variables were compared between patients who were hospitalized and those who were not. A logistic regression model as used, in which the variables were included using the Backward stepwise method, with a p value of 0.05 as the input criterion, a removal value of 0.20 and a confidence interval of 95%. The p-value was considered statistically significant when <0.05. Results A total of 510 patients with bleeding were included, of whom 158 were hospitalized. Predictors of hospitalization were: INR at supratherapeutic levels (OR 3.45; P <0.01; 95% CI 1.58 - 7.51), gastrointestinal bleeding (OR 2.36; P <0.01; CI 95% 1.24 - 4.50), drop in hemoglobin (OR 6.93; P <0.01; 95% CI 3.67 - 13.07), heart failure (OR 1.96; P 0.01; 95% CI 1.16 - 3.30) and need for blood transfusion (OR 8.03; P <0.01; 95% CI 2.98 - 21.64). Conclusion Drop in hemoglobin, heart failure, INR at supratherapeutic levels, gastrointestinal bleeding and need for blood transfusion were associated with hospitalization. Identification of these factors in the initial evaluation would help to define which patients will demand more intensive care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vitamin K/antagonists & inhibitors , Warfarin , Hemorrhage , Hospitalization , Platelet Aggregation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prevention among real-world surgical inpatients who received panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) combined with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH).@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort study was conducted among surgical patients between January 2016 and November 2018 in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Participants received LMWH alone or PNS combined with LMWH for preventing DVT. The primary outcome was incidence of lower extremity DVT, which was screened once a week. Participants in the LMWH group were given LMWH (enoxaparin) via hypodermic injection, 4000-8000 AxalU once daily. Participants in the exposure group received PNS (Xuesaitong oral tablets, 100 mg, 3 times daily) combined with LMWH given the same as LMWH group.@*RESULTS@#Of the 325 patients screened for the study, 281 participants were included in the final analysis. The cohort was divided into PNS + LMWH group and LMWH group with 134 and 147 participants, respectively. There was a significant difference of DVT incidence between two groups (P=0.01), with 21 (15.7%) incident DVT in the PNS + LMWH group, and 41 (27.9%) incident DVT in the LMWH group. Compared with participants without DVT, the participants diagnosed with DVT were older and had higher D-dimer level. The multivariate logistic regression model showed a significant lower risk of incident DVT among participants in the PNS + LMWH group compared with the LMWH group (odds ratio 0.46, 95% confidence interval, 0.25-0.86). There were no significant differences in thromboelaslography values (including R, K, Angle, and MA) and differences in severe bleeding between two groups. No symptomatic pulmonary embolism occurred during the study.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined application of PNS and LMWH can effectively reduce the incidence of DVT among surgical inpatients compared with LMWH monotherapy, without increased risk of bleeding.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Hemorrhage , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Humans , Panax notoginseng , Prospective Studies , Saponins/therapeutic use , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939703

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A dynamic gel loaded with lyophilized platelet-rich plasma-chitosan/difunctionalized polyethylene glycol (LPRP-CP) was prepared to investigate its hemostatic antibacterial and promoting wound healing of scald wounds through in vitro and in vivo experiments.@*METHODS@#In this study, normal gauze/blank tablet (Ctrl), LPRP-CP, Chitosan HUCHUANG Powder(Chito P)and ChitoGauze XP PRO group (Chito G group) were set. The hemostatic effect and promoting healing effect of the four groups of materials were evaluated by establishing rabbit ear artery hemorrhage model and superficial Ⅱ° scalded model of skin on the back. The hemostatic time and bleeding amount were calculated and the gross and histological results of scald healing were observed. The antibacterial effect of the four groups of materials was evaluated by antibacterial test in vitro.@*RESULTS@#In the rabbit ear arterial hemorrhage model, the hemostasis of all materials was successful. The hemostatic time of Ctrl, Chito P, LPRP-CP and Chito G groups was 213.33±38.30, 118.33±24.01, 115.00±8.37 and 111.67±11.69 s, respectively. The blood loss was 1233.83±992.27, 346.67±176.00, 193.33±121.47 and 147.50±80.66 mg, respectively. Compared with Ctrl, the hemostasis time of LPRP-CP, Chito P and Chito G group was significantly shorter (P<0.001), and the amount of blood loss of LPRP-CP and Chito G group was decreased (P<0.05). Compared with LPRP-CP, there were no significant differences in hemostatic time and blood loss between Chito P and Chito G group (P>0.05). In the model of superficial Ⅱ° scalded on the back of rabbit, the wound healing rate of LPRP-CP was faster than that of the other three groups at the same time, and the healing effect was perfect. In the antibacterial test in vitro, only LPRP-CP had better anti-S. aureus effect, and all groups had no anti-E. coli effect.@*CONCLUSION@#LPRP-CP is an excellent hemostatic material for superficial wounds, and has certain antibacterial and wound healing effects, which has a wide academic value and research prospects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostatics , Humans , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between clinical features, peripheral blood cell count, coagulation function, gene mutation and hemorrhagic events and thrombotic events in essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and primary myelofibrosis(PMF) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 78 patients with ET, PV, and PMF who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between September 2019 and August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Information about sex, age, gene mutation, peripheral blood cell count, coagulation function, and hemorrhagic and thrombotic events was included, and the influence of these data on the occurrence of hemorrhagic and thrombotic events was estimated.@*RESULTS@#Among the 78 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms, there were 47 cases of ET, 15 cases of PV, and 16 cases of PMF.A total of 10 patients (12.82%) experienced hemorrhagic events and 27 (34.62%) experienced thrombotic events. Male,patients aged ≥ 60 years, and patients with a JAK2V617F mutation were more likely to experience thrombotic events (P<0.05). Patients with thrombotic events had higher platelet (PLT) counts and fibrinogen (FIB) levels than patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P<0.05).White blood cell (WBC) count, red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (HGB) level, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT) and international normalized ratio (INR) showed no statistical difference between patients with thrombotic events and patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in the above-mentioned indexes between patients with hemorrhagic events and patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P>0.05). Among JAK2V617F positive myeloproliferative neoplasm patients, male patients were more likely to have thrombotic events (P<0.05), and patients with thrombotic events had higher platelet counts than those without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in age, white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin level, PT, APTT, FIB, TT or INR between patients with thrombotic events and patients without hemorrhagic-thrombotic events (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Sex, age, JAK2V617F mutation and platelet count have a certain value for predicting thrombosis in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Hemoglobins/genetics , Hemorrhage , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Male , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Thrombosis
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 285-289, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the diagnostic value of immediate color Doppler ultrasonography on traumatic hepatic hemorrhage after tissue sampling with ultrasound-guided liver biopsy and the clinical effect of its-directed local compression hemostasis at puncture-site. Methods: 132 hospitalized patients with various liver diseases underwent ultrasound-guided hepatic puncture-biopsies, including 61 cases with diffuse parenchymal and 71 cases with focal liver lesions. Immediate postoperative color Doppler ultrasonography was performed following liver biopsy. Abnormal blood flow signal was observed at hepatic puncture biopsy site, and if there were hemorrhagic signals, ultrasound-directed local compression hemostasis was performed until the bleeding signal disappeared. F-test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Immediate color Doppler ultrasonography showed traumatic hemorrhage in 36.1% (22/61) and 40.8% (29/71) cases of diffuse liver disease and focal liver disease group, respectively. All hemorrhagic signals were eventually disappeared after ultrasound-directed local compression hemostasis. The median hemostasis time was 2 min in both groups, and there was no statistically significant difference in bleeding rate and hemostasis time between the two groups (P>0.05). There were no serious complications and deaths. Conclusion: Traumatic hepatic hemorrhage along the needle puncture tract is a common accompanying condition during liver biopsy. Immediate postoperative color Doppler ultrasonography can trace bleeding signals in timely manner and direct effective compression hemostasis, so it should be used routinely to help avoid occurrence of severe hemorrhagic complications.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemostasis/physiology , Humans , Liver/pathology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/adverse effects
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935777

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characterist ics and risk factors of hemorrhage complicated by hemoperfusion therapy in patients with acute poisoning. Methods: In January 2021, the clinical data of 196 patients with acute poisoning who received hemoperfusion therapy in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2018 to December 2020 were analyzed, and the patients were divided into bleeding group and non-bleeding group according to whether the patients were complicated with bleeding. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for hemorrhage in patients treated with hemoperfusion. Results: A total of 21 patients in the bleeding group and 175 patients in the non-bleeding group were included. There was no significant difference in general data such as gender, age, and body mass index between the two groups (P>0.05) . Organophosphorus pesticides (χ(2)= 4.56, P=0.030) , HA230 perfusion device (χ(2)=4.12, P=0.042) , platelet count (t=-2.33, P=0.009) and activated partial thromboplastin time (t=14.53, P<0.001) at 2 h of perfusion were the influencing factors of hemorrhage in patients with acute poisoning treated with hemoperfusion. Among them, organophosphorus pesticides, 2 h perfusion activated partial thromboplastin time ≥35 s and other factors were independent risk factors forcomplicated bleeding (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Patients with acute poisoning, especially organophosphorus pesticide poisoning, are at greater risk of bleeding during hemoperfusion therapy. Monitoring of changes in activated partial thromboplastin time should be strengthened and the dose of anticoagulants should be adjusted in time to reduce the risk of bleeding.


Subject(s)
Hemoperfusion , Hemorrhage/therapy , Humans , Organophosphorus Compounds , Pesticides , Poisoning/therapy , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 449-453, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935620

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical value of the bipolar tweezers-clamp for the hepatic parenchymal transection in the resection of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: From January 2020 to January 2021,63 patients with the hepatocellular carcinoma for hepatectomy at Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery,Yuebei People's Hospital Affiliated to Shantou University Medical College were analyzed retrospectively.According to the different instruments used in the hepatic parenchymal transection,the patients were divided into bipolar tweezers-clamp group and ultrasonic scalpel group.There were 32 patients in bipolar tweezers-clamp group,with age of (55.5±10.5)years(range:37 to 78 years),including 22 males and 10 females,tumor size was (6.0±3.4)cm(range:2.4 to 13.4 cm). There were 6 patients with portal vein tumor thrombus and 5 patients with portal hypertension. There were 31 patients in ultrasonic scalpel group,with aged(57.8±10.1)years(range:37 to 79 years),including 27males and 4 females,tumor size was(7.9±5.1)cm(range: 2.4 to 21.3 cm),3 patients with portal vein tumor thrombus and 2 patients with portal hypertension. The preoperative baseline data,operation time,blood loss,postoperative liver function and the complications were compared between two groups using t test,χ2 test and Fisher exact probabilityrespectively. Results: The operation was successfully completed in both groups.Compared with the ultrasonic scalpel group,the operation time was significantly shorter((219.3±76.4)minutes vs.(294.0±100.8)minutes,t=-3.322,P=0.002),the blood loss was less((250(475)ml vs. 500(1 050)ml,t=-2.307,P=0.026),the concentrate red blood cells transfusion volume was less(0.92(0.88)U vs. 2.32(4.00)U,Z=-1.987,P=0.047) in the bipolar tweezers-clamp group.The postoperative serum ALB level was higher in the bipolar tweezers-clamp group than that in the ultrasonic scalpel group((33.5±6.1)g/L vs. (29.5±4.2)g/L,t=3.226,P=0.020) on postoperative day 1;((35.7±4.5)g/L vs.(30.1±3.2)g/L,t=5.575,P<0.01) on postoperative day 3;((33.2±3.7)g/L vs. (31.0±4.4)g/L,t=3.020,P=0.004) on postoperative day 7. There was no significant difference in serum ALT,TBIL and PT level between the two groups(all P>0.05).No postoperative bile leakage occurred in both groups.The postoperative complications occurred in 8 cases(25.0%)in the bipolar tweezers-clamp group,including liver failure in one,and in 11 cases(35.5%)in the ultrasonic scalpel group,including liver failure in two(P>0.05). Conclusion: The bipolar tweezers-clamp is a safe and reliable method for the hepatic parenchymal transaction,which is quick and less bleeding during the hepatic resection.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Female , Hemorrhage , Hepatectomy/methods , Humans , Hypertension, Portal/surgery , Liver Failure , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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