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Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1685-1689, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922318


Whether in war or peace, timely, effective and accurate hemostasis is an important measure to improve the survival rate and cure rate of the wounded. All the countries in the world are actively developing different types of hemostatic materials so as to reduce the amount of bleeding in an emergency and create favorable conditions for subsequent transport and treatment. At present, the commercialized hemostatic materials are mainly divided into natural biological, synthetic biological, mineral and coagulation components, but all these materials have their own limitations. In this article, the characteristics of chitosan and its derivatives are reviewed as the representatives of the natural organic macromolecular polysaccharide hemostasis materials. Their molecular structures, biomedical properties, domestic and foreign research and application progress as well as comparison with applications of other hemostatic materials are involved. The further research is prospected for optimization and innovation to develop composite chitosan hemostatic materials with the function of hemostasis, antibiosis, pain relief and promoting wound healing.

Blood Coagulation , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostatics , Humans
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922258


To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of self-prepared absorbable hemostatic fibrils.A kind of absorbable hemostatic fibrils were prepared by self-developed patent technique. The physical form and molecular structure of the fibrils and a marketed product Surgicel were characterized by general observation and infrared spectroscopy; the carboxyl content, pH value and relative molecular mass of fibrils were determined by potentiometric titration method, pH meter and copper ethylenediamine method, respectively. The behavior of the fibrils and Surgicel in contact with blood was observed by inverted microscope, the cytotoxicity was evaluated by agarose diffusion cell assay . The external iliac artery hemorrhage model and the back muscle infiltration model in rats were established. The hemostatic effectiveness of the fibrils was investigated by hemostasis time and blood weight, and the degradation and biosafety of fibrils were investigated by observation photography, immune organ weighing, hematology and coagulation index measuring, and histopathological examination. The fibrils and Surgicel had similar molecular structures. Compared with the raw material regenerated cellulose, the typical carboxyl stretching vibration absorption peak of -COOH appeared near in both fibrils and Surgicel. The carboxyl content of the two materials was about 20%, and the pH value was about 3. The relative molecular mass of the fibers after oxidation was 4466±79, which was close to that of Surgicel(>0.05). After contacting with blood, the volume of fibrils and Surgicel expanded, and absorbed blood of dozens of times as their own weight. The results of agar diffusion test showed that the fibrils had no cytotoxicity. The results of animal experiments showed that the hemostasis completed within and there was no significant difference in blood weight and speed of hemostasis between two products (both >0.05). The fibrils could be degraded 1 week after being implanted to the bleeding sites of the muscle. There were no pathological effects on the appearance, body weight, food intake, immunological tissue thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, hematology and coagulation indexes of the rats, and no obvious abnormality found in the histopathological examination. The prepared absorbable hemostatic fibrils have excellent biological safety and effectiveness.

Animals , Cellulose/pharmacology , Hemostasis , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Rats , Spleen
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888076


This article aims to establish the fingerprints, determine the hemostatic pharmacodynamic indicators, and explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in 12 different specifications. Firstly, HPLC and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) were employed to establish the fingerprints of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The rat plasma recalcification experiment and the rat gastric bleeding experiment were conducted to determine the pharmacodynamic indicators, including plasma recalcification time(PRT), thrombin time(TT), prothrombin time(PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT). Afterwards, the partial least squares method was employed to explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in different specifications. Twenty-six common peaks were detected in the HPLC fingerprints of different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 out of the 26 common peaks represented saponins. The content of dencichine was determined by LC-MS. The rat experiments showed that the pharmacodynamic indicators were significantly different among different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The spectrum-effect relationship was explored between 27 common components and pharmacodynamic indicators. Among them, 16 components had positive effects on the pharmacodynamic indicators of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 exerted negative effects. This study provides a basis for the precision medication and quality control of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.

Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Hemostatics , Quality Control , Rats , Rhizome , Saponins
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 14(3): 4234-4240, 2021.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1292602


Contexte et objectifs. L'hydrocèle conduit dans ses formes évoluées à un retentissement psycho-social, économique et anatomique. Les objectifs de l'étude étaient de décrire les aspects cliniques et le devenir sous traitement de l'hydrocèle vaginale de l'adulte (HVA). Méthodes. Etude documentaire descriptive réalisée, au Centre hospitalier régional Amadou Sakhir Mbaye (CHRASM) de Louga, Sénégal ayant enrôlé des patients de 19 ans et plus présentant une hydrocèle, opérée selon la même technique entre janvier 2011 et décembre 2017. L'opération a consisté en une résection de la vaginale à 0,5 cm du testicule suivi d'hémostase au bistouri électrique, sans surjet hémostatique. Résultats. 1538 patients ont été opérés dont 69 pour HVA (4,5 %) et trente-neuf (n=39) d'entre eux étaient retenus. Leur âge moyen était 61,7 ± 21,3 ans. Le principal motif de consultation était : l'aspect volumineux et inesthétique des bourses. Un total de 48 unités d'hydrocèle ont été opérées : droites (n=19), gauches (n=11) et bilatérales (n=9). La vaginale était épaissie pour l'ensemble des cas. Les suites opératoires ont été simples. Aucun décès. À six mois, les patients étaient satisfaits, aucune récidive. Conclusion. HVA est une pathologie relativement courante dans notre pratique. La résection de la vaginale avec hémostase au bistouri électrique sans surjet hémostatique est une technique sûre et efficace

Context and objectives. Adult hydrocele is a relatively common pathology that causes psychosocial, economic and anatomical repercussions. The objectives of this study were to describe the clinical features and the outcome of hydrocele. Methods. This retrospective study included adults operated for hydrocele, in the Department of Urology of Louga Hospital, from January 2011 to December 2017. The operation begins by a scrotal skin incision that is carried down to the parietal tunica vaginalis which is opened and the content aspirated. Parietal tunica vaginalis is excised. Hemostasis is achieved by only electrocoagulation. Testicle is reintegrated, the wound closed without drain and protected by the dressing. Results. 1538 patients underwent surgery including 69 patients (4.5 %) for adult hydrocele. However, 39 out of these 69 patients (61.7 ± 21.3 years) were enrolled in the present study. Thirty-five were married and the others were unmarried (n=4). The main complaints for patients were inesthetic and scrotal swelling, interference and difficulties in socio-professional activities, negative social comments. The mean duration of the hydrocele evolution was 4 years. Operation procedures were done under spinal (n=38) or general anesthesia (n=1). A total of 48 hydroceles were cured including 11 on the left side, 19 on the right side and 9 bilateral. The mean volume aspirated was 600 ml. The tunica vaginalis was thick in all cases and calcified in 15 cases of hydrocele. No complications (hematoma or wound infection) were observed. No deaths or recurrences were recorded. Six months following the surgery, all patients were satisfied. Conclusion. Adult hydrocele is relatively common in the Department of Urology of Louga Hospital. The treatment consisting in excision of the tunica vaginalis, hemostasis by electrocoagulation, without hemostatic running suture is safe, secure and effective.

Humans , Hemostatics , Adult , Testicular Hydrocele , Senegal , Therapeutics
Braz. j. biol ; 80(4): 763-768, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142546


Abstract The haemostatic efficacy of different extract types of Satureja thymbra L., Thymbra spicata L. (Lamiaceae) and Verbascum fruticulosum Post. (Scrophulariaceae) was evaluated in this study via the Prothrombin time (PT) and Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) analysis. Aqueous, methanol and ethanol extracts of the examined plant species leaves were prepared to a final concentration 50 mg/mL. In vitro PT and aPTT assays were conducted on normal platelet poor plasma blood samples by a digital coagulation analyzer. The obtained results revealed anticoagulation activity of all investigated plant species with observed variations among them. The aqueous and ethanol extracts of T. spicata as well as the aqueous extract of S. thymbra prolonged PT values significantly (p < 0.05). While, all V. fruticulosum extract types have had no significant effect on the PT values. The recorded aPTT data showed that all aqueous extracts have had a significant effect on the blood haemostasis as they increased aPTT values in all plant species under study. Out of which, both the ethanol and methanol extracts of T. spicata and methanol extract of S. thymbra showed similar effect. Of great concern, it was clearly noticed that the aqueous and ethanol extract of T. spicata and the aqueous extract of S. thymbra possess the strongest anticoagulation effect as they increased both PT and aPTT values significantly relative to the control (p < 0.05). The variable anticoagulation bioactivity among the studied plant species could be referred to the various solvents degrees of solubility of different phyto-constituents. Thus, the efficacy of the plant species extracts evaluation as anticoagulants or coagulants were related to the plant species and to the solvent of extraction.

Resumo A eficácia hemostática de diferentes tipos de extrato de Satureja thymbra L., Thymbra spicata L. (Lamiaceae) e Verbascum fruticulosum Post. (Scrophulariaceae) foi avaliada neste estudo pelo tempo de protrombina (TP) e tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPa). Os extratos aquosos, metanólicos e etanólicos das folhas das espécies de plantas examinadas foram preparados para uma concentração final de 50 mg/mL. Os ensaios de TP e TTPa in vitro foram realizados em amostras normais de sangue, pobre em plaquetas, por um analisador de coagulação digital. Os resultados obtidos revelaram atividade anticoagulante de todas as espécies de plantas investigadas, com variações observadas dentre elas. Os extratos aquosos e etanólicos de T. spicata e o extrato aquoso de S. thymbra prolongaram significativamente os valores de TP (p <0,05). Entretanto, todos os tipos de extratos de V. fruticulosum não tiveram efeito significativo sobre os valores de TP. Os dados registrados do TTPa mostraram que todos os extratos aquosos tiveram um efeito significativo na hemostase do sangue, pois aumentaram os valores de TTPa em todas as espécies de plantas em estudo. Dos quais, ambos os extratos etanólicos e metanólicos de T. spicata e o extrato metanólico de S. thymbra mostraram efeito semelhante. De grande preocupação, notou-se claramente que os extratos aquoso e etanólico de T. spicata e o extrato aquoso de S. thymbra apresentam efeito anticoagulante mais forte, aumentando os valores de TP e TTPa significativamente em relação ao controle (p <0,05). A variável bioatividade anticoagulante dentre as espécies vegetais estudadas pôde ser referida aos vários graus de solventes de solubilidade de diferentes fitoconstituintes. Assim, a eficácia da avaliação de extratos de espécies vegetais como anticoagulantes ou coagulantes foi relacionada às espécies vegetais e ao solvente de extração.

Plants, Medicinal , Hemostatics , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves , Ethanol , Methanol , Hemostasis
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 474-478, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138507


RESUMO Este relato de caso detalha um caso grave de febre amarela complicada por insuficiência hepática e coagulação intravascular disseminada. A tromboelastometria foi capaz de identificar os distúrbios da coagulação e orientar o tratamento hemostático. Relatamos o caso de um homem com 23 anos de idade admitido na unidade de terapia intensiva com quadro com início abrupto de febre e dor muscular generalizada associados a insuficiência hepática e coagulação intravascular disseminada. Os resultados dos exames laboratoriais convencionais revelaram trombocitopenia, enquanto a tromboelastometria sugeriu coagulopatia com discreta hipofibrinogenemia, consumo de fatores de coagulação e, consequentemente, aumento do risco de sangramento. Diferentemente dos exames laboratoriais convencionais, a tromboelastometria identificou o distúrbio de coagulação específico e, assim, orientou o tratamento hemostático. Administraram-se concentrados de fibrinogênio e vitamina K, não sendo necessária a transfusão de qualquer componente do sangue, mesmo na presença de trombocitopenia. A tromboelastometria permitiu a identificação precoce da coagulopatia e ajudou a orientar a terapêutica hemostática. A administração de fármacos hemostáticos, incluindo concentrados de fibrinogênio e vitamina K, melhorou os parâmetros tromboelastométricos, com correção do transtorno da coagulação. Não se realizou transfusão de hemocomponentes, e não ocorreu qualquer sangramento.

Abstract This case report a severe case of yellow fever complicated by liver failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Thromboelastometry was capable of identifying clotting disorders and guiding hemostatic therapy. We report the case of a 23-year-old male admitted to the Intensive Care Unit with sudden onset of fever, generalized muscle pain associated with liver failure, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The results of conventional laboratory tests showed thrombocytopenia, whereas thromboelastometry suggested coagulopathy with slight hypofibrinogenemia, clotting factor consumption, and, consequently, an increased risk of bleeding. Unlike conventional laboratory tests, thromboelastometry identified the specific coagulation disorder and thereby guided hemostatic therapy. Both fibrinogen concentrates and vitamin K were administered, and no blood component transfusion was required, even in the presence of thrombocytopenia. Administration of hemostatic drugs, including fibrinogen concentrate and vitamin K, improved thromboelastometric parameters, correcting the complex coagulation disorder. Blood component transfusion was not performed, and there was no bleeding.

Humans , Male , Young Adult , Yellow Fever/complications , Blood Coagulation Disorders/diagnosis , Liver Failure/complications , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/complications , Thrombelastography/methods , Blood Coagulation Disorders/etiology , Blood Coagulation Disorders/therapy , Hemostatics/administration & dosage , Liver Failure/virology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879354


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid on blood loss and blood transfusion rate after minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to September 2017, 90 patients underwent minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty were divided into tranexamic acid group and control group, 45 cases in each group. In the tranexamic acid group, there were 22 males and 23 females, aged 62 to 69 (66.1±2.4) years;in the control group, 20 males and 25 females, aged 63 to 71(68.5±5.2) years. The amount of bleeding in the drainage ball at 48 hours after operation was recorded, and the blood transfusion rate and hematocrit level duringthe perioperative period were recorded. The factors influencing perioperative blood loss included gender, age and body mass index (BMI).@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12.5 to 28.3 (22.8±7.9) months. During the follow-up, the wounds of the two groups healed well, and no deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism occurred. There was no significant difference in postoperative blood loss between the tranexamic acid group and the control group. The postoperative bleeding volume in the tranexamic acid group was (110.0±52.1) ml, and that in the control group was (123.0±64.5) ml (P=0.39). There was no blood transfusion in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Intra articular injection of tranexamic acid can not significantly reduce the postoperative blood loss in patients with minimally invasive unicompartment.

Aged , Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Female , Hemostatics , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Tranexamic Acid
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878862


In order to effectively solve the over-processing problem of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisata, which was commonly used as a hemostatic drug in clinical application, we used the quantitative analysis method of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) in this study, with quercetin as internal reference to simultaneously determine the content of six flavonoids which can be used to control the internal quality of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisata. Based on the comparison of QAMS and external standard method(ESM) results, the limit standards of contents were established as follows: isoquercitroside ≥0.002 0%, quercitroside ≥0.050%, quercetin ≥0.030%, kaempferol and amentoflavone both ≥0.010%, hinokiflavone ≥0.050%. Based on the color detection of Platycladi Cacumen and Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisata with different processing degrees, the law of influence of different processing degrees on the color of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisata was found. A new external quality standard of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisata was established by fitting curve of color recognition for the external quality control, based on which the standard ranges of ΔL~*, Δb~* and ΔE were-50.00--44.00, 6.00-11.00 and 45.00-50.00 respectively. Effective combination of established internal and external quality control standards by this study can be used to evaluate the processing degree and quality of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisata more comprehensively and objectively, which can guarantee its clinical efficacy. At the same time, this study also provides reference and basis for further improving the quality control standard of Platycladi Cacumen Carbonisata.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Hemostatics , Quality Control
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(4): 369-376, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286520


Resumen Introducción: Pocos estudios han evaluado el impacto económico de los inhibidores en hemofilia tipo A en México, especialmente en población pediátrica. Objetivo: Determinar el impacto económico que conlleva el desarrollo de inhibidores en pacientes pediátricos con hemofilia tipo A. Método: Se evaluaron de forma retrospectiva los pacientes con hemofilia tipo A atendidos en un servicio de hematología pediátrica entre diciembre de 2015 y noviembre de 2017, y se determinaron los costos directos e indirectos a partir de la presencia o ausencia de inhibidores. Resultados: El análisis de costos de la población estudiada (n = 24) mostró que el diagnóstico, seguimiento, profilaxis, tratamiento y hospitalización de estos pacientes tuvo un costo de $6 883 187.4 anuales por paciente, de los cuales más de 95 % dependió del uso de factores hemostáticos. El costo anual por paciente en el grupo con inhibidores tuvo un costo de $5 548 765.0, en comparación con $1 334 422.4 del grupo sin inhibidores, 4.2 veces superior. Conclusiones: Se trata del primer estudio nacional que muestra que el desarrollo de inhibidores en pacientes pediátricos con hemofilia tipo A eleva más de cuatro veces la erogación económica derivada de esta enfermedad.

Abstract Introduction: Few studies have assessed the economic impact of inhibitors in hemophilia A in Mexico, especially in the pediatric population. Objective: To determine the economic impact entailed by the development of inhibitors in pediatric patients with hemophilia A. Method: Patients with hemophilia A under the care of a pediatric hematology department between December 2015 and November 2017 were retrospectively assessed. Direct and indirect costs were determined based on the presence or absence of inhibitors. Results: The cost analysis of the study population (n = 24) showed that diagnosis, follow-up, prophylaxis, treatment and hospitalization of these patients had an annual cost of $ 6 883 187.4 per patient, out of which more than 95 % depended on the use of hemostatic factors. Annual cost per patient in the group with inhibitors was $ 5 548 765.0 in comparison with $ 1 334 422.4 in the group without inhibitors, 4.2 times higher. Conclusions: This is the first national study to show that the presence of inhibitors in pediatric patients with hemophilia A increases the cost of the disease more than four times.

Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hemostatics/administration & dosage , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hemophilia A/drug therapy , Hospitalization/economics , Hemostatics/economics , Retrospective Studies , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hemophilia A/diagnosis , Hemophilia A/economics , Mexico
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762798


BACKGROUND: Topical hemostatic agents are used when ligation, electrocauterization, or other conventional hemostatic methods are impractical. Because a hemostatic agent is a foreign body, it can cause foreign body reactions, inflammation, and infections that can interfere with the wound healing process. Therefore, we should select hemostatic agents after considering their effects on wound healing. Here, we compared the effects of hemostatic agents on wound healing in a rectus abdominis muscle defect in rats. METHODS: Twelve Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to creation of a 6 × 6 mm defect in the rectus abdominis muscle and divided into four groups: control group; group A, Tachosil fibrin sealant patch; group B, Surgicel Fibrillar oxidized regenerated cellulose; and group C, Surgicel Snow oxidized regenerated cellulose. For the histologic analysis, biopsies were performed on the 3rd, 7th, and 27th days. RESULTS: The foreign body reaction was the weakest in group A and most significant in group C. The inflammatory cell infiltration was the weakest in group A and similar in groups B and C. Muscle regeneration differed among periods. The rats in group A were the most active initially, while those in group C showed prolonged activity. CONCLUSION: Tachosil and Surgicel administration increased inflammation via foreign body reactions, but the overall wound healing process was not significantly affected. The increased inflammation in the Surgicel groups was due to a low pH. We recommend using Tachosil, because it results in less intense foreign body reactions than Surgicel and faster wound healing due to the fibrin action.

Animals , Biopsy , Cellulose , Cellulose, Oxidized , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Fibrin , Fibrinogen , Foreign Bodies , Foreign-Body Reaction , Hemostatics , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Inflammation , Ligation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rectus Abdominis , Regeneration , Snow , Thrombin , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 25: e20190038, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040381


Fibrin biopolymers, previously referred as "fibrin glue" or "fibrin sealants", are natural biomaterials with diverse applications on health. They have hemostatic, adhesive, sealant, scaffold and drug delivery properties and have become widely used in medical and dental procedures. Historically, these biomaterials are produced from human fibrinogen and human or animal thrombin, and the possibility of transmission of infectious diseases by human blood is not ruled out. In the 1990s, to overcome this problem, a new heterologous biomaterial composed of a thrombin-like enzyme purified from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom and a cryoprecipitate rich in fibrinogen extracted from buffaloes Bubalus bubalis blood has been proposed. Therefore, a systematic review of studies on exclusively heterologous fibrin sealants published between 1989 and 2018 was carried out using the following databases: PubMed, SciELO and Google Scholar. The keyword used was "heterologous fibrin sealant". The search resulted in 35 scientific papers in PubMed, four in SciELO and 674 in Google Scholar. After applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria and complete reading of the articles, 30 studies were selected, which formed the basis of this systematic review. It has been observed that the only completely heterologous sealant is the one produced by CEVAP/UNESP. This heterologous biopolymer is proven effective by several studies published in refereed scientific journals. In addition, clinical trials phase I/II for the treatment of chronic venous ulcers authorized by the Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA) were completed. Preliminary results have indicated a safe and promising effective product. Phase III clinical trials will be proposed and required to validate these preliminary findings.(AU)

Biopolymers , Fibrin , Hemostatics , Thrombin
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056848


Abstract Objective: To analyze the efficacy of retraction cord with a hemostatic agent in comparison with retraction paste on lateral gingival displacement, to achieve the success of fixed dental prostheses (FDP). Material and Methods: Test samples included 32 teeth that required treatment with metal-porcelain FDP at RSKGM FKG Universitas Indonesia. Impressions were taken before the gingival retraction procedure. From the 32 samples, 16 teeth were retracted using a combination of retraction cord and hemostatic agent, whereas the other half were retracted with retraction paste. Impressions were then taken. The sample was made using cutting die. Lateral gingival displacement width was measured on die-cast using an optical microscope Results: The mean value of group A before gingival retraction was 0.1695 mm, and after gingival retraction was 0.4705 mm. The mean value of group B before gingival retraction was 0.1767 mm, and after gingival retraction was 0.3289 mm. Lateral gingival displacement width between a combination of cord retraction and hemostatic agent group in comparison with the retraction paste group showed a significant difference (p<0.001). The combination of cord retraction and hemostatic agent group showed higher mean value Conclusion: Gingival displacement width as a result of cord retraction with the hemostatic agent was larger compared to the retraction paste. Even though both of them are still considered to be effective in providing access for impression material.

Humans , Hemostatics , Dental Impression Technique/instrumentation , Dental Prosthesis , Gingival Retraction Techniques/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia/epidemiology
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180103, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002400


Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the inflammatory effect and bone formation in sterile surgical failures after implantation of a collagen sponge with mesenchymal stem cells from human dental pulp (hDPSCs) and Aloe vera. Material and Methods Rattus norvegicus (n=75) were divided into five experimental groups according to treatment: G1) control (blood clot); G2) Hemospon®; G3) Hemospon® in a culture medium enriched with 8% Aloe vera; G4) Hemospon® in a culture medium containing hDPSCs and G5) Hemospon® in a culture medium enriched with 8% Aloe vera and hDPSCs. On days 7, 15 and 30, the animals were euthanized, and the tibia was dissected for histological, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analyses. The results were analyzed using nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's post-test. Results On days 7 and 15, the groups with Aloe vera had less average acute inflammatory infiltrate compared to the control group and the group with Hemospon® (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding bone formation at the three experimental points in time. Osteopontin expression corroborated the intensity of bone formation. Fluorescence microscopy revealed positive labeling with Q-Tracker® in hDPSCs before transplantation and tissue repair. Conclusion The results suggest that the combination of Hemospon®, Aloe vera and hDPSCs is a form of clinical treatment for the repair of non-critical bone defects that reduces the inflammatory cascade's effects.

Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Aloe/chemistry , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Tibia/drug effects , Tibia/physiology , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/pharmacology , Treatment Outcome , Osteopontin/analysis , Flow Cytometry , Microscopy, Fluorescence
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(8): 350-355, nov. 30, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121066


Introduction: Ostene is a water-soluble wax-like alkylene oxide copolymer preparation for use as a mechanical hemostatic agent. this study aims to evaluate the effects of Ostene on bone healing. materials and methods: twenty albino rabbits were divided into four groups according to post-treatment follow-up (24 hr, 3 days, 7 days, 14 days) with five rabbits in each group. each rabbit in all groups was treated with two study materials (Ostene and Gelfoam). three holes were made in the mandibular bone of each rabbit using 5mm surgical bur; two holes were made on right side: one for testing Ostene and another for Gelfoam. a third hole, on the left side of mandible, was not treated, and was used as a control. finally, the incision was closed. the specimens were collected at different days post-treatment and examined by histopathology. result and discussion: this study showed that there is a significant difference (p-value≤ 0.05) between the Ostene group and the other groups (Gelfoam and control). at 24 hr post intervention, there is a significant difference in osteoblast cell formation (p-value=0.03), and osteoclast cell formation (p-value=0.05). new blood vessel formation, osteoblast and osteoclast cell formation for Ostene group at 3 days post-intervention were also significantly different (p-values = 0.05, 0.03, 0.04, respectively). at 7 days post-intervention p-values were 0.05 for osteoblast formation and 0.04 for osteoclast formation, respectively. after 14 days of healing p-value for osteoblast cell formation in the Ostene group was 0.05 and 0.04 for osteoclast cell formation. conclusions: the bone hemostatic agent Ostene is an effective at enhancing osteogenesis by initiating proliferation of osteoblast and osteoclast cells.

Animals , Rabbits , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Bone and Bones/drug effects , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Hemostasis , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Disease Models, Animal , Mandible/drug effects
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 333-340, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886278


Abstract Purpose: To compare platelet rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin glue about the effect of anastomotic healing. Methods: Thirty six Wistar-Albino male rats diveded into 3 groups according to control(Group1), PRP (Group 2) and fibrin glue(Tisseel VH) (Group 3). The colon was transected with scissor and subsequently an end to end anastomosis was performed using continuous one layer 6/0 vicryl sutures. Postoperative 7th day effect of anastomotic healing measuring with tissue hydroxyproline(TH) level and anastomotic bursting pressure(ABP); moreover comparison of cytokine (IL-6 and IL-10) and procalcitonin levels on 1st,3rd and 7th days. Results: There was no statistically significant difference of the ABP and hydroxyproline levels between PRP and fibrin glue on the 7th day. There was no statistically significant difference between levels of proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6) (P=0.41), anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) (P=0.35), and procalcitonin levels (P=0.63) on 1, 3 and 7 days. Conclusion: Fibrin glue and platelet rich plasma are shown to be effective in healing intestinal anastomoses without superior to each other.

Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/pharmacology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Time Factors , Calcitonin/analysis , Anastomosis, Surgical , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/surgery , Colon/pathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(9): 426-431, ene. 2, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121162


Introduction: Ostene is a new synthetic bone hemostatic wax-like inert and biocompatible material that dissolves within two days after application. bone wax is a well- known topical hemostatic agent, easy to use, and its application is very simple. wound healing is a complex biological process; bone is a dynamic tissue that is continuously resorbed, renewed, and remodeled. materials and methods: twenty domestic rabbits were divided into four groups (day 1, day 3, day 7, and day 14). each rabbit was anaesthetized and three holes were drilled in the mandible: one was filled with Ostene, another with bone wax, and the other was left unfilled as control. sites of intervention were assessed by histopathology. results and Discussion: Ostene and bone wax showed osteoinductive property in bone healing with no inflammatory reaction. our study revealed new bone formation within 14 days in Ostene group. after histopathological analysis and scoring was finished, analysis by SPSS 14 software showed a significant difference between the use of Ostene and bone wax. conclusion: Ostene showed superiority over bone wax in bone healing, and it can be used in the same way as bone wax with no interference with bone healing and osteogenesis. Ostene has no side effects following application.

Animals , Rabbits , Waxes/pharmacology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Hemostatics/administration & dosage , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Osteogenesis , Cancellous Bone
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741514


This study was conducted to compare the hemostatic efficacy of three ferric subsulfate- and chitosan-based styptics as a powder and a gel containing ferric subsulfate and chitosan (FSC-PO and FSC-G, respectively) and a soaked pad containing ferric subsulfate and lidocaine (FSL-SP) using a rat tail bleeding model. The cytotoxicity of the styptics against L-929 mouse fibroblasts was also evaluated using a cell counting kit-8 assay. Four groups of 10 rats each were assigned to the three different styptics and a non-treated control groups. Rat tail tips were transected, after which styptics were applied with pressure. The wounds were observed for hemostasis for 3 min, then irrigated with saline to check for recurrent hemorrhage. L-929 mouse fibroblasts were exposed to extracts of the styptics (100 mg/mL) and their dilutions (1:10, 1:100, and 1:1,000). FSC-PO and FSC-G more effectively controlled initial hemorrhage than FSL-SP (p = 0.033). Additionally, FSC-PO and FSC-G more effectively maintained hemostasis than the control group (p = 0.02 and p < 0.01, respectively). However, all styptics showed enhanced cytotoxicity against L-929 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, although FSC-PO and FSC-G would be recommended to control hemorrhage, the benefits of styptics must be balanced against the clinical significance of their cytotoxicity.

Animals , Cell Count , Chitosan , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Fibroblasts , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostatics , Lidocaine , Mice , Rats , Tail , Wounds and Injuries
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775329


The plants of Bletilla are one of the groups in Orchidaceae with the highest economic value. As the traditional Chinese medicinal material, Bletillae Rhizoma exhibits excellent efficacy in hemostatic, antibiosis, detumescent, anticancer activities and regenerating tissue to heal wound, which has great development potential. However, Bletillae Rhizoma is mainly collected from wild resources. At present, the quantity of wild resources of Bletilla plants has sharply decreased and is far from meeting the needs. Resource appraisal and breeding and cultivation of excellent germplasms of Bletilla plants are important for scientific utilization of the resources of the genus. This paper reviewed the following researches of Chinese Bletilla resources: species and distribution, genetic diversity, active ingredient evaluation, breeding, as well as seeding production and cultivation techniques. Suggestions were also provided in further researches on the resources evaluation, sustainable development and efficient utilization of Chinese Bletilla plants.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hemostatics , Orchidaceae , Plant Breeding , Plants, Medicinal , Rhizome
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(1): e1342, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885756


ABSTRACT Background Obtaining effective hemostasis either in the traumatic or surgical lesions of parenchymal viscera, especially the liver, has always been a challenge. Aim: Comparative study between the use of different hemostatic sponges in hepatic wound and their capacity of integration to cells in a short period. Methods: Fifteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups. Through laparotomy a standardized wound in hepatic right lobe was made. The animals were treated with three sponges, being gelatin in group I, equine collagen in group II, and oxidized cellulose in group III. The hemostatic capacity was analysed. On the 7º day after surgery samples for histology analysis (H&E and picrosirius) were collected for inflammatory evaluation and collagen quantification (types I and III) with polarized microscopy. Results: All materials used had similar haemostatic effects, with no significant difference in hemostasis time. In the assessment of tissue repair and adhesions provoked, as well as analysis of the inflammatory process, the gelatin sponge presented greater inflammation and adhesions to the contiguous structures to the procedure in relation to the other groups. Conclusion: Animals which had their wounds treated with collagen and regenerated cellulose sponges presented better results in relationship to the ones treated with gelatin sponge.

RESUMO Racional A obtenção de hemostasia eficaz nas lesões traumáticas ou cirúrgicas de vísceras parenquimatosas, em especial do fígado, sempre foi desafiante. Objetivo: Comparar o uso de hemostáticos absorvíveis em ferimento hepático quanto à capacidade hemostática e de integração aos tecidos em curto prazo. Métodos: Foram utilizados 15 ratos Wistar separados em três grupos. Foi realizada laparotomia e ferimento padronizado em lobo hepático direito. Os animais do grupo I foram tratados com esponja de gelatina sobre os ferimentos; os do grupo II com esponja de colágeno equino, e os do grupo III com celulose regenerada oxidada. Na ocasião foi estudada a capacidade hemostática. No 7º dia de pós-operatório nova laparotomia foi realizada e foram coletadas amostras para estudos histológicos (H&E e picrosirius) avaliando os processos por microscopia ótica e de polarização para quantificação de colágeno (tipos I e III). Resultados: Todos os materiais usados apresentaram efeitos hemostáticos semelhantes, não havendo diferença significativa no tempo de hemostasia. Na avaliação da reparação tecidual e aderências provocadas, assim como análise do processo inflamatório, os tratados com esponja de gelatina apresentaram maior inflamação e aderências às estruturas contíguas ao procedimento em relação aos outros grupos. Conclusão: Os animais tratados com a esponja de colágeno e celulose regenerada apresentaram resultados melhores que aqueles com esponja de gelatina.

Animals , Rats , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Cellulose, Oxidized/therapeutic use , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Collagen/therapeutic use , Gelatin/therapeutic use , Liver/injuries , Wound Healing , Surgical Sponges , Rats, Wistar
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(5): e1900, 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-976933


RESUMO A hemostasia tem papel crítico e importância fundamental em todos os procedimentos cirúrgicos. Seu manejo possui diversos pontos chaves, que se iniciam por boa técnica operatória e adequado suporte anestésico. Determinadas situações, como hemorragias graves resultantes de trauma penetrante, por exemplo, não dependem exclusivamente do controle da equipe cirúrgica e necessitam do apoio de novas soluções que diminuam ou controlem a hemorragia. Desde os tempos antigos, um marco da medicina é atuar no controle da hemorragia e, mais recentemente, na facilitação da hemostasia pela aplicação de agentes tópicos, seja por compressão manual ou agentes modernos. Na última década, o número de diferentes agentes hemostáticos tópicos cresceu drasticamente. Para que o cirurgião moderno escolha o agente correto no momento correto, é essencial que conheça o mecanismo de ação, entenda a eficácia e os possíveis efeitos adversos relacionados a cada agente. Assim, a grande variedade de hemostáticos tópicos, somada à ausência de um artigo de revisão na literatura nacional sobre este tópico, nos estimulou a elaborar este manuscrito. Aqui relatamos uma revisão detalhada sobre os agentes hemostáticos tópicos mais comumente utilizados nas especialidades cirúrgicas.

ABSTRACT Hemostasis plays a critical and fundamental role in all surgical procedures. Its management has several key points that start with good operative technique and adequate anesthetic support. Certain situations, such as severe bleeding resulting from penetrating trauma, do not depend exclusively on the control of the surgical team and require the support of new solutions that decrease or control bleeding. Since ancient times, a hallmark of medicine has been to act in the control of hemorrhage, and more recently, in the facilitation of hemostasis by the application of topical agents by either manual compression or modern agents. In the last decade, the number of different topical hemostatic agents has grown dramatically. For the modern surgeon to choose the right agent at the right time, it is essential that he/she understands the mechanisms of action, the effectiveness and the possible adverse effects related to each agent. Thus, the great variety of topical hemostatics, coupled with the absence of a review article in the national literature on this topic, stimulated us to elaborate this manuscript. Here we report a detailed review of the topical hemostatic agents most commonly used in surgical specialties.

Humans , Hemostatics/administration & dosage , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Hemostasis, Surgical/methods , Administration, Topical