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1.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 25: e220004, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360903

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: This study aimed to describe and analyze the temporal and spatial distribution of deaths due to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with hepatitis B (HBV) and C viruses (HCV) in the state of São Paulo. Methods: This is an ecological study of HCC deaths associated with HBV and HCV in the state of São Paulo, from 2009 to 2017, with data from the Mortality Information System (SIM). The temporal trend was analyzed by linear regression with Prais-Winsten estimation. Deaths were described according to sociodemographic characteristics by means of absolute and relative frequencies and were spatially distributed according to the regional health department. Results: It is found that 26.3% of deaths due to HCC were associated with HBV or HCV. A higher proportion of deaths due to HCC associated with HCV was observed (22.2%) when compared to HBV (3.9%). The mortality rate due to HCC associated with HBV showed a downward trend, and the mortality rate due to HCC associated with HCV showed a steady trend. Deaths of males, white individuals, those who aged from 50 to 59 years, and those who had 8-11 years of schooling predominated. Spatial analysis revealed a heterogeneous distribution of deaths in the state of São Paulo. Conclusions: The downward trend in mortality rates due to HCC associated with HBV shows an important advance in the disease control. However, the mortality rate due to HCC associated with HCV has remained stable throughout the study period. The spatial distribution of deaths may contribute to raise hypotheses for deeper knowledge of these diseases in the regions.


RESUMO: Objetivos: Este estudo tem como objetivo descrever e analisar a distribuição temporal e espacial dos óbitos por carcinoma hepatocelular associados às hepatites virais B e C no estado de São Paulo. Métodos: Estudo ecológico dos óbitos por carcinoma hepatocelular associados a hepatites virais B e hepatites virais C no estado de São Paulo, de 2009 a 2017, com dados do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade. A tendência temporal foi analisada por regressão linear, com método de Prais-Winsten. Os óbitos foram descritos segundo as características sociodemográficas, por meio de frequências absolutas e relativas, e foram espacialmente distribuídos segundo departamento regional de saúde. Resultados: Dos óbitos por carcinoma hepatocelular, 26,3% foram associados a hepatites virais B ou hepatites virais C. Observou-se maior proporção de óbitos por carcinoma hepatocelular associado a hepatites virais C (22,2%) quando comparada àquela associada a hepatites virais B (3,9%). A taxa de mortalidade por carcinoma hepatocelular associado a hepatites virais B apresentou tendência de queda, no entanto a taxa de mortalidade por carcinoma hepatocelular associado a hepatites virais C apresentou tendência estacionária. Predominaram óbitos de pacientes do sexo masculino, de cor branca, de 50-59 anos e com oito a 11 anos de estudo. A análise espacial revelou distribuição heterogênea dos óbitos no estado de São Paulo. Conclusão: A tendência de queda nas taxas de mortalidade por carcinoma hepatocelular associado a hepatites virais B revela um importante avanço no controle do agravo. Entretanto, a taxa de mortalidade por carcinoma hepatocelular associado a hepatites virais C vem-se mantendo estável ao longo do período estudado. A distribuição espacial dos óbitos pode contribuir para levantar hipóteses com vistas ao conhecimento mais aprofundado desses agravos nas regiões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Viruses , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/complications , Hepatitis B/complications , Liver Neoplasms , Brazil/epidemiology
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879952

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is complicated with the crosstalk of multiple factors and the multi-step processes. The main mechanisms underlying the HBV-induced HCC include:①integration of HBV DNA into the host hepatocyte genome to alter gene function at the insertion site,resulting in host genome instability and expression of carcinogenic truncated proteins;②HBV gene mutations at S,C,and X coding regions in the genome;③HBV X gene-encoded HBx protein activates proto-oncogenes and inhibits tumor suppressor genes,leading to the HCC occurrence. In this article,the recent research progress on the molecular mechanism of HBV-induced HCC is comprehensively reviewed,so as to provide insights into the prevention,early prediction and postoperative adjuvant therapy of HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatocytes , Humans , Liver Neoplasms
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 200-202, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130859

ABSTRACT

Abstract Erythema elevatum diutinum is a small vessel vasculitis which is benign, rare, and chronic. It is clinically characterized by violaceous, brown, or yellowish plaques, nodules, and papules. It has been associated with autoimmune, infectious, and neoplastic processes. The following case describes a patient with hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus with CD4 count < 200 mm3, HIV-seropositive for 16 years, and diagnosed with hepatitis B virus at the hospital. The patient was treated with oral dapsone 100 mg/day, showing regression after seven months of treatment. The authors found three cases in the literature of association of erythema elevatum diutinum, human immunodeficiency virus, and hepatitis B virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , HIV Infections/complications , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous/pathology , Hepatitis B/complications , Biopsy , Hepatitis B virus/pathogenicity , HIV/pathogenicity , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous/virology
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(11): e9728, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132496

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to propose a stem cell therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) based on plasma exchange (PE) for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection and examine its safety and efficacy. Sixty patients (n=20 in each group) were randomized to PE (PE alone), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (PE after G-CSF treatment), and PBSC transplantation (PBSCT) (G-CSF, PE, PBSC collection and hepatic artery injection) groups. Patients were followed-up for 24 weeks. Liver function and adverse events were recorded. Survival analysis was performed. PBSCT improved blood ammonia levels at 1 week (P<0.05). The level of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio, and creatinine showed significant differences in the 4th week of treatment (P<0.05). The survival rates of the PE, G-CSF, and PBSCT groups were 50, 65, and 85% at 90 days (P=0.034). There was a significant difference in 90-day survival between the PE and PBSCT groups (P=0.021). The preliminary results suggested that PBSCT was safe, with a possibility of improved 90-day survival in patients with HBV-ACLF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hepatitis B virus , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hepatitis B/complications , Plasma Exchange , Stem Cell Transplantation
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20180533, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057270

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: HBV and HIV have identical transmission routes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HBV in HIV patients and to detect the presence of occult HBV infection. METHODS: All samples were tested for serology markers and using qPCR. RESULTS: This study included 232 individuals, out of which 36.6% presented with HBV markers and 11.8% presented with HBsAg or HBV-DNA, including 3 patients that showed OBI. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a high prevalence of HBV among HIV patients. In addition, the results suggest that OBI can occur in patients with serological profiles that are indicative of past infection. Therefore, the application of molecular tests may enable the identification of infections that are not evident solely based on serology.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Hepatitis B virus/immunology , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Hepatitis B Antibodies/blood , Hepatitis B Core Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , DNA, Viral/blood , HIV Infections/complications , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B/diagnosis
8.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(6): 441-450, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089314

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased AIDS incidence and mortality, rendering comorbidities, such as hepatitis B more relevant for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Since antiretroviral drugs may also inhibit hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication, analyzing the impact of ART on management of hepatitis B in this population is important. Objective: To assess HBV viremia among HIV/HBV coinfected individuals on ART and its associated factors. Method: For this cross-sectional study, HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals, aged over 18 years, who were on ART for over six months and receiving care at an outpatient clinic in São Paulo were recruited. Sociodemographic characteristics, information about viral exposure, clinical and laboratory data, including evaluation of liver fibrosis were obtained. Plasma HBV DNA was measured by polymerase chain reaction. Viral genome sequencing was conducted for genotyping and identification of drug resistance-conferring mutations if viral load exceeded 900 IU/mL. Results: Out of 2,946 patients who attended the clinic in 2015, 83 were eligible and 56 evaluated. Plasma HBV DNA was detected in 16 (28.6%) (95% CI: 18.0-41.3%), all on lamivudine and tenofovir treatment. HBV DNA detection was associated with lower education (p = 0.015), higher international normalized ratios (p = 0.045), history of an AIDS-defining illness [OR: 3.43 (95% CI: 1.10-11.50)], and HBeAg detection [OR: 6.60 (95% CI: 1.84-23.6)]. In contrast, a last CD4+ count above 500 cells/mm3 in the year prior to inclusion [OR: 0.18 (95% CI: 0.04-0.71)] and detection of anti-HBe [OR: 0.21 (95% CI: 0.04-0.99)] were negatively associated. Patients with HBV DNA above 900 IU/mL were infected with subgenotypes A1 (n = 3) and D2 (n = 1), and exhibited viral mutations associated with total resistance to lamivudine and partial resistance to entecavir. Conclusions: Despite being on ART, a significant proportion of HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals present HBV viremia. Characterization of factors that are associated with this finding may help professionals provide better management to these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , HIV Infections/virology , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Viral Load/drug effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Coinfection/virology , Hepatitis B/virology , Viremia , DNA, Viral/blood , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Hepatitis B virus/isolation & purification , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Educational Status , Hepatitis B/complications
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 446-448, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038296

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Necrolytic acral erythema is a distinct erythema that has been described as an extrahepatic manifestation of hepatitis C virus infection. Most reported cases have been in Africa, especially Egypt. We report the first case (to the best of our knowledge) of necrolytic acral erythema in a Chinese patient with HCV and HBV coinfection. We aim to increase awareness for recognizing this condition in the Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Hepatitis C/complications , Erythema/pathology , Erythema/virology , Coinfection/complications , Hepatitis B/complications , China , Hepatitis C/pathology , Extremities/pathology , Coinfection/pathology , Hepatitis B/pathology , Necrosis/virology
10.
Biol. Res ; 52: 10, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Non-canonical Wnt pathways play important roles in liver fibrosis. Notum is a newly discovered inhibitor to Wnt proteins. This study was to investigate anti-fibrotic effects of Notum. METHODS: 53 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection as well as a cell co-culture system of LX-2 and Hep AD38 cells were engaged in this study. Clinical, biological and virological data of each patient were analyzed. Cell viability was detected at different time points. mRNA and protein levels of NFATc1 (Nuclear factor of activated T-cells), Jnk, α-SMA, Col1A1 and TIMP-1 were detected both in LX-2 and liver tissue. Protein levels of NFATc1 and Jnk in liver tissue and their correlations with fibrosis score were analyzed. RESULTS: Hepatitis B virus replication up-regulated Wnt5a induced NFATc1 and Jnk activity in Hep AD38. Notum suppressed NFATc1, Jnk and fibrosis genes expression, reduced cell viability in co-cultured LX-2 cells induced by HBV. Interestingly, Patients with HBV DNA > 5log copies/ml had higher mRNA levels of NFATc1 and fibrosis genes than patients with HBV DNA < 5log copies/ml. Most importantly, protein expressions of NFATc1 and pJnk have positive correlations with liver fibrosis scores in HBV-infected patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that Notum inhibited HBV-induced liver fibrosis through down-regulating Wnt 5a mediated non-canonical pathways. This study shed light on anti-fibrotic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Esterases/administration & dosage , Wnt-5a Protein/antagonists & inhibitors , Hepatitis B/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/prevention & control , Virus Replication , Transfection , Cell Survival , Hepatitis B virus/physiology , Actins/metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism , Collagen Type I/metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 4/metabolism , NFATC Transcription Factors/analysis , NFATC Transcription Factors/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt-5a Protein/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/virology
11.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190074, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020080

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infections in hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers are the most severe form of viral hepatitis. HDV prevalence is high in the Brazilian Amazon, but studies in other regions of the country are still scarce and often underestimated its prevalence by including a small numbers of individuals. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the serological prevalence of hepatitis D, the genotypes circulating and to evaluate the associated risk factors for acquisition of HDV in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. METHODS We screened plasma samples (n = 498) from HBV chronic carriers for anti-HD antibodies using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. For those samples that were positive for anti-HD antibodies, we performed a reverse transcriptase (RT) nested-polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR) in order to detect the viral genome and identify the viral genotypes circulating in the state. FINDINGS The prevalence was 6.22% (31/498). Blood transfusion was the only risk factor associated with HDV infection [risk ratio: 3.73; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44 to 9.65]. For 26 anti-HD positive patients, HDAg gene sequences were determined and in all patients HDV genotype 1 was found. CONCLUSIONS This study confirmed the circulation of HDV in Minas Gerais, an area previously considered non-endemic for hepatitis D in Brazil. The prevalence found in this study is much higher when compared to other studies performed in Brazil, probably because the population in our study was selected with minimal bias. Furthermore, in 26 anti-HD positive plasma samples, we were also able to detect the viral genome, indicating that these patients were experienced an active infection at the time of sample collection. These findings emphasise the importance of anti-HD testing in HBV infected individuals, which may contribute to this disease control in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , RNA, Viral/genetics , Hepatitis Antibodies/blood , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hepatitis B, Chronic/epidemiology , Hepatitis B/complications , Brazil , Genotype
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180407, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057246

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Rheumatological findings and rheumatic diseases may be associated with hepatitis virus infection. This study assessed the frequency of these manifestations in a reference unit in Acre, Brazil. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of patients having their first consultation at the rheumatology outpatient clinics of a referral unit in Rio Branco, Acre, from March to November 2017. Sociodemographic, clinical, laboratory, and imaging data registereds using a standardized questionnaire form. RESULTS Among the 600 patients with rheumatic complaints, 3.0% were newly diagnosed with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV), and 8.7% were previously diagnosed with hepatitis. Among the 70 patients with hepatitis, 54.3% were carriers of HBV and 45.7% of HCV. For patients infected with HBV and HCV, arthralgia was the most prevalent rheumatic manifestation in 97.4% and 90.6%, followed by myalgia in 81.6% and 65.6%, and arthritis in 26.3% and 40.6% of patients, respectively, according to the descriptive analysis performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software. In comparative analyses using the chi-squared test, despite the fact that fibromyalgia was the most prevalent rheumatic disease only the Rheumatoid Arthritis there were differences in distribution between the carriers of HCV (18.8%) and HBV (2.6%). According to the Fisher's exact test, hypothyroidism was the most frequent comorbidity in patients with HCV (21.9%). CONCLUSIONS An increased frequency of musculoskeletal manifestations, better than those reported in the medical literature, in patients infected with HBV and HCV was observed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Rheumatic Diseases/virology , Hepatitis C/complications , Hepatitis B/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Rheumatic Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 129-132, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887149

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Secondary syphilis can have different clinical presentations, with corymbiform rash as its rarest manifestation. The disease is characterized by a central papule surrounded by smaller ones. We report the case of a man who has sex with man with corymbiform syphilis. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with HIV infection, hepatitis B, non-gonococcal urethritis, as well as infection of the central nervous system by treponema. This case not only illustrates a rare presentation of secondary syphilis, but also demonstrates the importance of further investigation of sexually transmitted infections, particularly among at-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Syphilis/diagnosis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis , Patient Dropouts , Urethritis/complications , Urethritis/diagnosis , Syphilis/complications , Syphilis/therapy , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/complications , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/therapy , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 34(3): 108-112, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254225

ABSTRACT

Las poliartritis agudas son cuadros de menos seis semanas de duración, cuyas causas pueden o no ser infecciosas. Entre las primeras, destacan las virales, con gran varie-dad de agentes causales. Entre ellos se distinguen por su frecuencia: virus hepatitis B,virus hepatitis C, parvovirus B19, virus rubéola y la fiebre Chicungunya. Tienen elementos comunes, como su expresión poliarticular, generalmente simétrica, con predilección por las pequeñas articulaciones de las manos, siendo habitualmente autolimitadas. A su vez, poseen elementos propios, clínicos y de laboratorio, que permiten diferenciarlos, teniendo algunos una evolución más agresiva con morbilidad más significativa. A su vez, por sus características clínicas y de laboratorio, plantean el diagnóstico diferencial con enfermedades inmunoreumatológicas, como la artritis reumatoidea y el lupus eritematoso sistémico, entre otras.Se realiza una revisión del cuadro clínico y de laboratorio de las poliartritis causadas por los virus señalados, su diagnóstico diferencial y posibilidades terapéuticas.


The acute polyarthritis are pictures of less six weeks duration, whose causes can be or not to be infectious. Among the first, the viral ones stand out with a variety of causal agents. Among there distinguished by their frequency: virus hepatitis B, hepatitis C virus, parvovirus B19, rubella virus and the fever Chicungunya. They have common elements, such as his expression polyarticular, usually symmetrical, with a predilection for the small joints of the hands, being usually self-limiting. At the same time, they have own laboratory and clinical elements that allow differentiation, some having a more aggressive evolution with more significant morbidity. At the same time, for its clinical and laboratory characteristics, raise the differential diagnosis of immunohematological diseases, such as arthritis rheumatoid and systemic lupus erythematosus among others.Is done a review of clinical and laboratory of the polyarthritis caused by the mentioned viruses, differential diagnosis and therapeutic possibilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis/etiology , Viruses/pathogenicity , Arthritis, Infectious/virology , Arthritis/virology , Hepatitis C/complications , Parvoviridae Infections/complications , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Hepatitis B/complications , Measles/complications
15.
Clinics ; 72(11): 686-692, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of the baseline status of patients with hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure on short-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted that included a total of 138 patients with hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure admitted to the Department of Infectious Diseases, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, from November 2013 to October 2016. The patients were divided into a poor prognosis group (74 patients) and a good prognosis group (64 patients) based on the disease outcome. General information, clinical indicators and prognostic scores of the patients' baseline status were analyzed, and a prediction model was established accordingly. RESULTS: Elder age, treatment with artificial liver support systems and the frequency of such treatments, high levels of white blood cells, neutrophils, neutrophil count/lymphocyte count ratio, alanine aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, total bilirubin, urea, and prognostic scores as well as low levels of albumin and sodium were all significantly associated with the short-term outcomes of hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure. The predictive model showed that logit (p) = 3.068 + 1.003 × neutrophil count/lymphocyte count ratio - 0.892 × gamma-glutamyl transferase - 1.138 × albumin - 1.364 × sodium + 1.651 × artificial liver support therapy. CONCLUSION: The neutrophil count/lymphocyte count ratio and serum levels of gamma-glutamyl transferase, albumin and sodium were independent risk factors predicting short-term outcomes of hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure, and the administration of multiple treatments with artificial liver support therapy during the early stage is conducive to improved short-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/virology , Hepatitis B/complications , Prognosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/mortality , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/blood , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/therapy , Hepatitis B/mortality , Hepatitis B/blood , Hepatitis B/therapy
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(4): 470-477, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897004

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: HIV and viral hepatitis infections are major causes of chronic disease worldwide and have some similarities with regard to routes of transmission, epidemiology, front barriers faced during access of treatment, and strategies for a global public health response. The objective was to describe the HIV-1 subtypes, viral tropism and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of interleukin 28B (IL28B) from a case series of HIV/viral hepatitis coinfected patients from southern Brazil. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological data were evaluated by a review of medical records. Periodic blood draws were taken to determine the viral and host characteristics. RESULTS: This study included 38 patients with HIV/HBV or HIV/HCV coinfection; the median age was 49 years. Thirty-seven (97.4%) were on antiretroviral therapy, 32 (84.2%) had an undetectable viral load, a median CD4+ T-cell count of 452 cells/mm3. HIV-1 subtyping showed 47.4 and 31.6% of patients with subtypes C and B, respectively. Analysis of viral co-receptor usage showed a predominance of the R5 variant (64.7%), with no significant difference between the subtypes. Twenty patients with HIV/HCV coinfection were eligible to receive HCV therapy with pegylated-interferon-alpha plus ribavirin, and 10/20 (50%) of them achieved sustained virological response. SNPs of IL28B were evaluated in 93.3% of patients with HIV/HCV coinfection, and 17 (60.7%) presented the CC genotype. CONCLUSIONS: In the present case series, a higher frequency of HIV subtype C was found in coinfected patients. However such findings need to be prospectively evaluated with the inclusion of data from regional multicenter analyses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Genetic Variation , HIV Infections/virology , Interleukins/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/complications , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Hepatitis B/complications , HIV Infections/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interferons , Viral Tropism , Coinfection/virology , Middle Aged
17.
J. bras. nefrol ; 39(2): 141-145, Apr.-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893753

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Vaccination is the most effective tool in preventing transmission of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). The patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on dialysis appear to be at greater risk of becoming infected with this virus and does not show the same vaccine response when compared to patients without uremia. Objectives: To evaluate the results related to the HBV vaccine and identify factors associated with the response in patients with CKD on hemodialysis. Methods: Individuals with HBsAG and negative anti-HBC, under hemodialysis were assessed in two units of São Luis, Maranhão and were undergone full vaccination schedule for HBV. They were divided in groups: anti-HBs10 mUI/mL and compared as to age, gender, presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), time on dialysis and anti-HCV status. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors independently associated with the vaccine response. p10mUI/Ml (or = 5.239 IC: 1.279-21.459, p = 0.021). Conclusion: The rate of vaccine response to HBV in patients with CKD on dialysis was 70% and the lack of anti-HCV infection was associated with seroconversion of anti-HBs suggesting that infection by the hepatitis C virus may be a factor that decreases the response of the HBV vaccine in dialysis CKD patients.


Resumo Introdução: A vacinação é a medida mais efetiva na prevenção da transmissão do vírus da hepatite B (HBV). O portador de doença renal crônica (DRC) em diálise apresenta maior risco de se contaminar com este vírus e não tem a mesma resposta vacinal quando comparada com indivíduos sem uremia. Objetivos: Avaliar os resultados da vacina para o HBV e identificar fatores associados à resposta, em portadores de DRC em hemodiálise. Metodologia: Foram avaliados indivíduos com HBsAg e anti-HBc negativos, que estavam sob hemodiálise em duas unidades de São Luís, Maranhão e que haviam sido submetidos ao esquema completo de vacinação para o HBV. Foram distribuídos em dois grupos: anti-HBs < 10mUI/mL e anti-HBs ≥ 10mUI/mL e comparados quanto à idade, gênero, presença de diabetes mellitus (DM), tempo em diálise e status do anti-HCV. Análise de regressão logística foi realizada para identificar fatores independentemente associados à resposta vacinal. Anti-HBs ≥ 10mUI/mL(OR = 5.239 IC:1.279-21.459, p = 0.021) Conclusões: A taxa de resposta vacinal ao HBV em portadores de DRC em diálise foi de 70% e a ausência do anti-HCV foi associada à soroconversão do anti-HBs, sugerindo que a infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C pode ser um fator que diminui a resposta da vacina para o HBV em indivíduos portadores de DRC em diálise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Renal Dialysis , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Hepatitis B Antibodies/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/immunology , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B/prevention & control
18.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(3): 412-420, May.-Jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887253

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate the effect of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level on prognosis in low viral load (< 2000 lU/mL) patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative resection. Material and methods. A total of 192 patients with low viral load who had received curative resection of pathologically confirmed HCC were analyzed to determine the factors affecting prognosis. The risk factors for survival, early and late recurrence (2 years as a cut-off) were studied. Results. The median follow-up time was 38.5 months. The overall survival rates at 1-, 3-, and 5-year after curative resection were 94.2%, 64.0%, and 45.2%, respectively. The cumulative recurrence rates at 1-, 3-, and 5-year after curative resection were 22.4%, 46.5%, and 67.0%, respectively. Patients with high serum HBsAg levels (> 250 lU/mL) had significantly lower survival rates than those with low HBsAg levels (HR: 1.517,95% Cl: 1.005-2.292, P = 0.047). Stratified analysis showed that patients with high HBsAg levels had a significantly higher late recurrence incidence than those with low HBsAg levels (HR: 2.155, 95% Cl: 1.094-4.248, P = 0.026), but did not have a significantly higher risk of early recurrence postoperatively (HR: 1.320,95% Cl: 0. 837-2.082, P = 0.233). Multivariate analysis revealed that HBsAg > 250 lU/mL was an independent risk factor associated with late recurrence (HR: 2.109, 95% Cl: 1.068-4.165, P = 0.032). Conclusions. HBsAg > 250 lU/mL at the time of tumor resection was an independent risk factor for late recurrence in low viral load HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/virology , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Proportional Hazards Models , Hepatitis B virus/immunology , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Disease Progression , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Hepatitis B/virology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(3): 423-426, May-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896983

ABSTRACT

Abstract Acquired hepatocerebral degeneration is a neurological syndrome with typical clinical (extrapyramidal and neuropsychiatric) symptoms and brain magnetic resonance imaging findings (high T1 signal in the globus pallidus). It occurs mainly in patients with advanced liver disease, such as in patients co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis delta virus (HDV). However, there are no reports relating HBV/HDV coinfection and acquired hepatocerebral degeneration. This report presents the case of a 49-year-old woman with characteristics of acquired hepatocerebral degeneration and liver cirrhosis due to HBV/HDV coinfection, and presents the main theories of the physiopathology of this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hepatitis D/complications , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatolenticular Degeneration/virology , Liver Cirrhosis/virology , Coinfection/virology , Middle Aged
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(3): 175-179, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787352

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Occult hepatitis B infection is characterized by negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and also detectable hepatitis B virus (HBV) -DNA, with or without hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc). HBV reactivation in individuals under immunosuppressive therapy is critical, occurring in occult HBV. Objective In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of occult HBV infection among hepatitis B surface antigen negative in cancer patients before receiving chemotherapy. Methods Sera from 204 cancer patients who were negative for HBsAg, were tested for anti-HBc antibodies. The samples that were negative for HBsAg but positive for anti-HBc also examined for HBV-DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results Of the 204 HBsAg negative blood samples, 11 (5.4%) samples were positive for anti-HBc antibodies. HBV-DNA was detected in 9/11 (81%) of anti-HBc positive samples. Occult HBV infection in hematological cancers was more than solid cancers, 4.8% and 4.3% respectively. There was no significant difference in HBc antibody positivity based on vaccination, previous blood transfusions, history of familial hepatitis or biochemical parameters (ALT, AST, total and direct bilirubin levels) (P>0.05). Conclusion Screening of occult HBV infection by HBsAg, HBV DNA and anti HB core antibody should be suggested as a routine investigation in cancer patients before receiving chemotherapy.


RESUMO Contexto A infecção oculta da hepatite B caracteriza-se por antígeno de superfície da hepatite B (AgHBs) negativo com vírus detectável da hepatite B (HBV) -DNA, com ou sem anticorpo de núcleo da hepatite B (anti-HBc). A reativação do HBV em indivíduos sob terapia imunossupressora é crítica, originando a infecção oculta pelo VHB. Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar a prevalência de infecção oculta pelo VHB entre em pacientes com câncer e com antígeno de superfície da hepatite B negativo antes de receber quimioterapia. Métodos Soro de 204 pacientes com câncer que foram negativos para AgHBs, foram testados para anticorpos anti-HBc. As amostras que foram negativos para AgHBs, mas positivo para anti-HBc foram também examinadas para HBV-DNA, por reação em cadeia da polimerase. Resultados Entre 204 amostras de sangue AgHBs negativas, 11 (5,4%) foram positivos para anticorpos anti-HBc. HBV-DNA foi detectado em 9/11 (81%) das amostras positivas de anti-HBc. Infecção oculta de VHB em câncer hematológico foi maior que em cânceres sólidos, 4,8% e 4,3% respectivamente. Não houve diferença significativa na positividade anti-HBc, com base na vacinação, transfusões de sangue anteriores, história de hepatite familiar ou parâmetros bioquímicos (ALT, AST, total e níveis de bilirrubina total) (P & gt; 0,05). Conclusão A triagem de infecção oculta por AgHBs, HBV-DNA e anti-anticorpo de núcleo HB deve ser sugerida como uma investigação de rotina em pacientes com câncer antes de receber a quimioterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , DNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Hepatitis B virus/isolation & purification , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/immunology , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B virus/immunology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Hematologic Neoplasms/immunology , Hematologic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Hepatitis B Antibodies/blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/immunology , Iran/epidemiology , Middle Aged
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