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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 308-311, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362980

ABSTRACT

Las hernias perineales presentan una incidencia variable entre el 0,3-6 %. El abordaje quirúrgico se puede realizar por vía perineal o por vía laparoscópica. Se presentan las imágenes de una paciente con una hernia perineal adquirida primaria, tratada exitosamente mediante un abordaje mixto.


Perineal hernias present a variable incidence between 0.3-6%. The surgical approach can be performed perineally or laparoscopically. Images of a patient with a primary acquired perineal hernia, successfully treated using a mixed approach, are presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Floor , Hernia, Abdominal , Laparoscopy , Hernia
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 122-128, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357596

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La hernia de Garengeot se caracteriza por contener el apéndice cecal dentro del saco femoral, y forma parte de una variedad de hernias que reciben el epónimo de acuerdo con su localización anatómica. Entre ellas se encuentra la hernia de Richter, la hernia de Amyand, la hernia de Littré y la hernia de Spiegel. Se presenta una revisión de los abordajes laparoscópicos para estas diversas variantes. Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 82 años de edad quien consultó al servicio de urgencias por dolor inguinal derecho de ocho días de evolución, asociado a clínica de obstrucción intestinal. Se hizo diagnóstico de hernia inguinal encarcelada y se llevó a cirugía encontrando una hernia de Garengeot. Discusión. Además de los tipos de hernia tradicionalmente conocidos, existen variantes inusuales de hernias de la pared abdominal, que deben ser sospechadas y tenidas en cuenta como diagnóstico diferencial, lo que permitirá realizar su tratamiento de forma oportuna disminuyendo el riesgo de que ocurra una perforación intestinal. Conclusiones. Las variantes de hernia inguinal o de localización inusual, son susceptibles de tratamiento quirúrgico mediante abordajes laparoscópicos con adecuados resultados.


Introduction. Garengeot's hernia is characterized by containing the cecal appendix within the femoral sac, and is part of a variety of hernias that receive their eponymous according to their anatomical location. These include Richter's hernia, Amyand's hernia, Littré's hernia, and Spiegel's hernia. We present a review of the laparoscopic approaches for these variants. Clinical case. An 82-year-old female patient consulted to the emergency department for right groin pain of eight days of evolution, associated with symptoms of intestinal obstruction. With a diagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia, she underwent surgery finding a Garengeot ́s hernia. Discussion. In addition to the traditionally known types of hernia, there are unusual variants of hernias of the abdominal wall, which must be suspected and taken into account as a differential diagnosis, which will allow treatment to be carried out in a timely manner, reducing the risk of intestinal perforation. Conclusions. Variants of inguinal hernia or unusual location are susceptible to surgical treatment by laparoscopic approaches with adequate results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia , Appendicitis , Laparoscopy , Intestinal Obstruction
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 151-155, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357603

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome lumbocostovertebral es una anomalía poco frecuente, que afecta a los cuerpos vertebrales, las costillas y músculos de la pared abdominal, y puede estar asociada a múltiples anomalías congénitas. Requiere un manejo multidisciplinario y tratamiento quirúrgico temprano para evitar complicaciones. Caso clínico. Se reporta el caso de un neonato masculino de 10 días de edad, que presentó desde el nacimiento 2 tumoraciones lumbares derechas, una que aumentaba de tamaño con el llanto, correspondió a una hernia lumbar, y la otra, a mielomeningocele. En estudios complementarios se evidenció fusión de costillas, fusión de cuerpos vertebrales lumbares, sacros (hemivértebras) y defecto de pared abdominal con protrusión de contenido intestinal. Se realizó cierre de la hernia lumbar con refuerzo protésico de pericardio bovino, sin complicaciones. Conclusión. En defectos extensos, como el que se reporta en este paciente, puede ser recomendable emplear material protésico. El pericardio bovino aparece como una opción segura, bien tolerada y eficaz para estos pacientes en particular. Este síndrome es una entidad rara, que amerita un equipo multidisciplinario para la resolución quirúrgica temprana y con ello evitar complicaciones.


Introduction. Lumbocostovertebral syndrome is a rare anomaly that affects the vertebral bodies, ribs and muscles of the abdominal wall, and can be associated with multiple congenital abnormalities. It requires multidisciplinary management and early surgical treatment to avoid complications. Clinical case. The case of a 10-day-old male neonate is reported, who presented from birth 2 right lumbar tumors, one that increased in size with crying, corresponded to a lumbar hernia, and the other, to myelomeningocele. In complementary studies, rib fusion, fusion of lumbar and sacral vertebral bodies (hemivertebrae), and abdominal wall defect with protrusion of intestinal contents were evidenced. The lumbar hernia was closed with prosthetic reinforcement with a bovine pericardium, without complications. Conclusion. In extensive defects, such as the one reported in this patient, it may be advisable to use prosthetic material. The bovine pericardium appears as a safe, well tolerated and effective option for these patients in particular. This syndrome is a rare entity, which requires a multidisciplinary team for early surgical resolution and thus avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Meningomyelocele , Syndrome , Hernia, Abdominal , Hernia , Lumbar Vertebrae
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 761-765, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357148

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To show the accuracy of the most used maneuvers in the clinical diagnosis of lumbosciatalgia, the slump test and the Laségue sign. Methods In order to perform the present study, 101 patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) discopathy (gold standard) were selected and had their medical records reviewed to identify which had the positive maneuvers on the initial physical examination. Results The sensitivity found for the slump test and the Laségue sign in the diagnosis of disc herniation was 55.3% and 18.1%, respectively. Nonetheless, when they were compared with each other for the diagnosis of disc bulging, the sensitivity obtained was of 85.7% for the slump test and of 28.6% for the Laségue sign. Conclusion Comparing both clinical exams with MRI, it was found that the slump test presents superior sensitivity compared with the Laségue sign for both the diagnosis of hernia and disc bulging, and should be more present in clinical practice.


Resumo Objetivo Mostrar a acurácia das manobras mais usadas no diagnóstico clínico da lombociatalgia, a manobra de slump ea de Laségue. Métodos Para a realização do presente estudo, foram selecionados 101 pacientes com discopatia na ressonância magnética (RM) (padrão ouro), sendo posteriormente realizada a revisão dos prontuários para identificar quais tiveram as manobras positivas no exame físico inicial. Resultados A sensibilidade encontrada para as manobras de slump e Laségue no diagnóstico de hérnia discal foi respectivamente 55,3% e 18,1%. Já quando comparamos as manobras para o diagnóstico de abaulamento discal, a sensibilidade obtida foi de 85,7% para a manobra de slump e de 28,6% para a manobra de Laségue. Conclusão Foi constatado que a manobra de slump apresenta sensibilidade superior à da manobra de Laségue tanto para o diagnóstico de hérnia quanto para o de abaulamento discal quando comparadas a RM, e deveria estar mais presente na prática clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Radiculopathy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Clinical Diagnosis , Medical Records , Sensitivity and Specificity , Low Back Pain , Hernia , Intervertebral Disc Displacement
5.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 189-191, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339740

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To study the role of epidural steroid injection (ESI) in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and lumbar canal stenosis (LCS). ESIs are regularly used to support non-operative treatment for LBP, and our anecdotal impression is that a considerable proportion of patients report substantial pain relief after ESI. Methods One thousand consecutive patients (645 patients with LDH and 355 patients with LCS) who required ESI from January-August 2018 were included. All were given the same ESI, prepared with triamcinolone (80 mg), bupivacaine (0.25%, 4 ml) and normal saline (4 ml). Patients were evaluated using the numerical rating scale (NRS) immediately after the injection, after 7 days, and after 3 months. Results The mean NRS back-pain score of the LDH-group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-8) to 4 (range: 2-7) immediately after injection, 2 (range: 1-7) after 7 days and 2 (range: 1-7) after 3 months (p-value<0.001). The mean NRS back-pain score of the LCS-group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-8) to 4 (range: 2-7) immediately after injection, 2 (range: 1-7) after 7 days and 3 (range: 1-7) after 3 months (p-value <0.001). The mean NRS leg-pain score of the LDH group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-9) to 3 (range: 3-7) immediately after injection, 1 (range: 1-6) after 7 days and 2 (range: 1-7) after 3 months (p-value <0.001). The mean NRS leg-pain score of the LCS group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-9) to 4 (range: 3-7) immediately after injection, 3 (range: 1-7) after 7 days and 2 (range 1-6) after 3 months (p-value <0.001). Conclusion ESI causes statistically significant improvement in back and leg pain in patients with LDH and LCS. However, the short and medium-term efficacy of ESI in the LCS group was lower than in the LDH group. Level of evidence IV; Prospective hospital-based study.


RESUMO Objetivo Estudar o papel da injeção epidural de esteroides (IEE) em pacientes com hérnia de disco lombar (HDL) e estenose do canal lombar (ECL). As IEEs são usadas regularmente para dar suporte ao tratamento não cirúrgico da dor lombar e nossa impressão empírica é que uma proporção considerável de pacientes relata alívio substancial da dor depois da IEE. Métodos Foram incluídos mil pacientes consecutivos (645 pacientes com HDL e 355 pacientes com ECL) que precisaram de IEE de janeiro a agosto de 2018. Todos receberam a mesmo IEE preparada com triamcinolona (80 mg), bupivacaína (0,25% 4 ml) e solução salina normal (4 ml). Os pacientes foram avaliados pela Escala de Estimativa Numérica (NRS, Numeric Rating Scale) imediatamente, 7 dias e 3 meses depois. Resultados O escore médio de dor nas costas da NRS no grupo HDL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-8) para 4 (intervalo: 2-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 7 dias e para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). O escore médio de dor nas costas do NRS do grupo ECL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-8) para 4 (intervalo: 2-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 7 dias e para 3 (intervalo: 1- 7) após 3 meses (valor de p <0,001). O escore médio de dor na perna da NRS do grupo HDL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-9) para 3 (intervalo: 3-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 1 (intervalo: 1-6) após 7 dias e para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). O escore médio de dor na perna da NRS do grupo ECL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-9) para 4 (intervalo: 3-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 3 (intervalo: 1-7) após 7 dias e para 2 (intervalo 1-6) após 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). Conclusão A IEE causa melhora estatisticamente significativa das dores nas costas e nas pernas em pacientes com HDL e ECL. No entanto, a eficácia a curto e médio prazo da IEE na ECL foi menor do que a da HDL. Nível de evidência IV; Estudo prospectivo baseado em hospital.


RESUMEN Objetivo Estudiar el papel de la inyección epidural de esteroides (IEE) en pacientes con hernia de disco lumbar (HDL) y estenosis del canal lumbar (ECL). Las IEE se utilizan regularmente para respaldar el tratamiento no quirúrgico del dolor lumbar y nuestra impresión empírica es que una proporción considerable de pacientes informa alivio sustancial del dolor después de la IEE. Métodos Se incluyeron mil pacientes consecutivos (645 pacientes con HDL y 355 pacientes con ECL) que necesitaron IEE de enero a agosto de 2018. A todos se les administró la misma IEE preparada con triamcinolona (80 mg), bupivacaina (0,25% 4 ml) y solución salina normal (4 ml). Los pacientes fueron evaluados usando una Escala de Valoración Numérica (NRS, Numeric Rating Scale) inmediatamente, 7 días y de 3 meses después. Resultados La puntuación media de dolor de espalda de la NRS del grupo HDL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-8) a 4 (rango: 2-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 7 días y a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). La puntuación media de dolor de espalda de la NRS del grupo ECL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-8) a 4 (rango: 2-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 7 días y a 3 (rango: 1- 7) después de 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). La puntuación media de dolor de pierna de la NRS del grupo HDL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-9) a 3 (rango: 3-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 1 (rango: 1-6) después de 7 días y a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 3 meses (valor p < 0,001). La puntuación media de dolor de pierna de la NRS del grupo ECL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-9) a 4 (rango: 3-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 3 (rango: 1-7) después de 7 días y a 2 (rango 1-6) después de 3 meses (valor p < 0,001). Conclusión IEE causa una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en el dolor de espalda y piernas en pacientes con HDL y ECL. Sin embargo, la eficacia a corto y medio plazo de la IEE en la ECL fue menor que la de HDL. Nivel de evidencia IV;Estudio prospectivo basado en hospitales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Stenosis , Back Pain , Hernia
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 732-737, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291284

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El enterocele es causado por un defecto herniario del piso pélvico, siendo el más común la hernia interrecto-vaginal. Se produce por un debilitamiento del piso pélvico, por diversos factores, entre ellos, las cirugías en la región pélvica, el estreñimiento crónico o las patologías que aumentan la presión intraabdominal, el antecedente de prolapso rectal o vaginal, y también, factores congénitos. Presentación de caso. Paciente femenina de 84 años de edad, con antecedentes de un parto eutócico y múltiples procedimientos quirúrgicos, entre ellos histerectomía hace 40 años y rectosigmoidectomía por enfermedad diverticular complicada hace 6 años, quien cuatro meses antes presenta constipación crónica, que empeora en los días previos a su ingreso, con dolor perineal intenso y salida de asas intestinales a nivel de la región perineal, que la obliga a consultar a Urgencias. Al encontrarse con asas intestinales expuestas, con cambios de coloración, es intervenida quirúrgicamente con resultado satisfactorio, postquirúrgico inmediato optimo y seguimiento por consulta externa por 3 meses sin evidencia de recidiva. Discusión. La hernia interrecto-vaginal tiene una incidencia baja y una presentación clínica variada. El único tratamiento es quirúrgico


Introduction. The enterocele is produced by an hernia defect of the pelvic floor, being the most common the interrecto-vaginal hernia. It is produced by weakness of the pelvic floor for multiples factors, among them surgeries of the pelvic region, chronic constipation or pathologies that increase intra-abdominal pressure, a history of rectal or vaginal prolapse, and congenital factors. Case report. A 84-year-old female patient, with a history of eutocic delivery and multiple surgical procedures, including hysterectomy 40 years ago and rectosigmoidectomy for complicated diverticular disease 6 years ago, presented four months earlier with chronic constipation, which worsens in the days before her admission, with intense perineal pain and exit of intestinal loops at the level of the perineal region, which forced her to consult the emergency room. At examination the intestinal loops were found exposed, with color changes, she underwent surgery with satisfactory results, optimal immediate postoperative and outpatient follow-up for 3 months with no evidence of recurrence. Discussion. Interrecto-vaginal hernia has a low incidence and a varied clinical presentation. The only treatment is surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Perineum , Douglas' Pouch , Hernia , Pelvic Floor , Intestine, Small
7.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 83-91, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288177

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la ascitis es una complicación de frecuente aparición en el paciente cirrótico que al producir un aumento de la presión intraabdominal puede originar una hernia de la pared abdominal; el defecto umbilical latente es su localización más habitual. Objetivo: presentar la incidencia y los beneficios que ofrece la resolución electiva de la patología um bilical en estos pacientes. Material y método: se presentan 15 pacientes, todos masculinos, que fueron intervenidos por hernia umbilical sintomática en forma electiva en el medio hospitalario. El período comprende desde enero del año 2015 a enero de 2019. El 100% de los enfermos cursa un cuadro de cirrosis hepática, con antecedentes de etilismo crónico. Se efectuó la reparación de la hernia con cierre del defecto y malla supraaponeurótica de polipropileno en la mayoría de los casos. Resultados: los pacientes fueron evaluados desde el punto de vista clínico con la escala (score) de Child en el preoperatorio. Se procedió a la evacuación de la ascitis en todos los casos y el control posoperatorio se efectuó cada 30 días los primeros 6 meses. Luego dos veces al año. No se evidenció recidiva. Dos pacientes no volvieron al control luego del año de la cirugía y 1 paciente falleció por la enfermedad de base a los 6 meses de la cirugía. Conclusiones: los enfermos con cirrosis hepática y hernia umbilical deben ser intervenidos quirúrgica mente en forma electiva. La observación y abstención quirúrgica conllevan el riesgo de rotura del saco herniario con alta morbimortalidad.


ABSTRACT Background: Background: Ascites is a common complication in patients with cirrhosis, and elevated intraabdominal pressure can lead to the development of abdominal wall hernias, particularly in patients with latent umbilical defects. Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the incidence and benefits of elective surgery for the management of umbilical hernias in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Material and methods: Between January 2015 and January 2019 15 patients with symptomatic umbi lical hernia underwent elective surgery in a public hospital; 100% were men with a history of alcoho lism and were hospitalized due to liver cirrhosis. The defect was closed, and a polypropylene mesh was placed in the supra-aponeurotic plane in most cases. Results: The preoperative risk was estimated using the Child-Pugh score. Ascites was evacuated in all the cases. Patients were followed-up every 30 days during the first 6 months and then twice a year. There were no hernia recurrences. Two patients were lost to follow-up 12 months after surgery and 1 patient died 9 months after the procedure due to progression of cirrhosis. Conclusions: Patients with liver cirrhosis and umbilical hernia should undergo elective surgery. Wat chful waiting is associated with higher risk of hernia rupture and high morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Umbilical/complications , Liver Cirrhosis , Ascites , Hernia, Abdominal , Conservative Treatment , Hernia , Hernia, Umbilical/drug therapy
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 20-22, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368347

ABSTRACT

Hérnia é uma protrusão de vísceras através de um orifício adquirido, tendo como constituintes o anel, conteúdo e saco herniário. As hérnias escrotais ocorrem quando, por algum defeito no anel inguinal, alguma víscera se desloca por ele, chegando até a bolsa escrotal. Sua etiologia não é completamenteelucidada, sendo a elevação da pressão intra-abdominal um dos prováveis desencadeadores. Em caninos, essa é uma condição rara e os poucos relatos citam em animais jovens. Objetivou-se descrever a ocorrência de uma hérnia escrotal unilateral esquerda com protrusão de omento maior em um cão da raça Dachshund com 14 anos de idade e com 12,1 kg de peso corporal. Para a redução do conteúdo à cavidade abdominal, foi necessária a realização de incisão na região inguinal cranial, abertura do saco herniário e a orquiectomia. Destaca-se a importância do tratamento cirúrgico da hérnia escrotal, bem como a inclusão dessa afecção no diagnóstico diferencial para afecções testiculares de cães adultos ou idosos.


Hernia is a protrusion of viscera through an acquired orifice, having as constituents the ring, contents and hernial sac. Scrotal hernias occur when, due to a defect in the inguinal ring, some viscera travel through it, reaching the scrotum. Its etiology is not completely elucidated, and the increase in intra-abdominal pressure is one of the probable triggers. In canines, this is a rare condition and the few reports mention it in young animals. The objective was to describe the occurrence of a left unilateral scrotal hernia with protrusion of the greater omentum in a 14-year-old Dachshund dog weighing 12.1 kg of body weight. To reduce the content of the abdominal cavity, it was necessary to make an incision in the cranial inguinal region, open the hernial sac and orchiectomy. The importance of surgical treatment of scrotal hernia is highlighted, as well as the inclusion of this condition in the differential diagnosis for testicular disorders of adult or elderly dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Testis/surgery , Dogs/surgery , Hernia/veterinary , Omentum/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/veterinary , Inguinal Canal/surgery
11.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1342393

ABSTRACT

The burden of gastrointestinal diseases and disorders (GIDD) remains high in Nigeria and varies across regions. This study wa s therefore designed to examine the prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases and disorders over a period of 5-years from January 2014 to December 2018 in Akure South of Ondo state, Nigeria. Descriptive retrospective study was employed and the medical records of all patients diagnosed for GIDD in the two selected health facilities were reviewed within the study period. In total, 12,323 medical records of patients with GIDD were included in this study. The prevalence of GIDD were 44.9% in the year 2014 with the lowest prevalence of 6.7% occurring in the year 2018. Over the 5-years period, lower GIDD cases were 91% compared to upper GIDD that was 9%. Peptic ulcer had the highest prevalence (55%) of lower GIDD followed by gastroenteritis (30%). Hiatal hernia had the highest prevalence (84%) for upper GIDD followed by dyspepsia (11%) and Gastroesophageal reflux disease (5%). Over a 5-year period, the prevalence of gastrointestinal disease and disorders in Akure south in this study shows that lower GIDD is more prevalent in the study area with peptic ulcer as the most predominant GIDD among the study population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peptic Ulcer , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastroenteritis , Hernia
12.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 91-93, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282487

ABSTRACT

A herniação do ureter é uma condição médica extremamente rara e geralmente ocorre após transplantes ou ptose renal. A maioria dos casos relatados são identificados no momento da exploração cirúrgica para correção de hérnia inguinal, ou posteriormente como resultado de uma lesão operatória. Os pacientes comumente são assintomáticos até o agravamento do quadro, a idade média afetada é entre a quinta e sexta década de vida. O relato de caso destaca a importância de um diagnóstico precoce de um fenômeno incomum para evitar possíveis complicações. A herniação do ureter é uma causa importante de complicações no enxerto após transplantes renais, os sintomas dependem do grau de obstrução ureteral, localização e da presença de agravos. O procedimento de correção geralmente consiste em hernioplastia, inserção de stent e, em alguns casos, até mesmo ressecção do ureter e reanamastose. Devido ao risco de uropatia obstrutiva o tratamento deve ser realizado com cautela


Ureter herniation is an extremely rare medical condition and usually occurs after transplants or renal ptosis. Most of the reported cases are identified at the time of surgical exploration to correct an inguinal hernia, or later as a result of an operative injury. Patients are usually asymptomatic until the condition worsens, the average age affected is between the fifth and sixth decade of life. The case report highlights the importance of an early diagnosis of an unusual phenomenon to avoid possible complications. Herniation of the ureter is an important cause of graft complications after kidney transplants, the symptoms depend on the degree of ureteral obstruction, location, and the presence of injuries. The correction procedure usually consists of hernioplasty, stent insertion, and, in some cases, even resection of the ureter and resuscitation. Due to the risk of obstructive uropathy, treatment should be carried out with caution


Subject(s)
Humans , Urethra , Urinary Tract , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hernia , Diagnosis
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213029, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287883

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Lumbar and para-iliac hernias are rare and occur after removal of an iliac bone graft, nephrectomies, retroperitoneal aortic surgery, or after blunt trauma to the abdomen. The incidence of hernia after the removal of these grafts ranges from 0.5 to 10%. These hernias are a problem that surgeons will face, since bone grafts from the iliac crest are being used more routinely. The goal of this article was to report the technique to correct these complex hernias, using the technique of fixing the propylene mesh to the iliac bone and the result of this approach. In the period of 5 years, 165 patients were treated at the complex hernia service, 10 (6%) with hernia in the supra-iliac and lumbar region, managed with the technique of fixing the mesh to the iliac bone with correction of the failure. During the mean follow-up of 33 months (minimum of 2 and maximum of 48 months), there was no recurrence of the hernias.


RESUMO Hérnias lombares e para-ilíacas são raras e ocorrem após a retirada de enxerto ósseo ilíaco, nefrectomias, cirurgia aórtica retroperitoneal, ou ainda, após traumas contusos sobre o abdômen. A incidência de hérnia após a retirada destes enxertos varia de 0,5 a 10%. Essas hérnias constituem um problema com o qual os cirurgiões irão se defrontar, uma vez que os enxertos ósseos da crista ilíaca estão sendo usados mais rotineiramente. O objetivo desse artigo foi relatar a técnica para correção dessas hérnias, consideradas complexas, utilizando-se a técnica de fixação de tela de propileno ao osso ilíaco e o resultado dessa abordagem. No período de 5 anos, 165 pacientes foram atendidos no serviço de hérnias complexas, 10 (6%) com hérnia da região suprailíaca e lombar, manejados com a técnica de fixação de tela ao osso ilíaco corrigindo a falha. Durante o seguimento médio de 33 meses (mínimo de 2 e máximo de 48 meses), não houve recidiva das hérnias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ilium , Lumbosacral Region , Surgical Mesh , Herniorrhaphy , Hernia
14.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 24(1): 20-24, 2021. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358829

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la patología herniaria es un foco de atención por su impacto en frecuencia y complicaciones relacionadas con esta; afecta del 10% - 15% de la población general, hasta en un 25% de la población económicamente activa. OBJETIVO: describir la prevalencia de complicaciones locales en el sitio quirúrgico de los pacientes diagnosticados y postoperados de hernia inguinal no complicada. METODOLOGÍA: estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal no intervencionista en las Salas de Cirugía General en el Hospital de Especialidades de San Felipe, de septiembre del 2018 a febrero del 2019. Los datos fueron obtenidos de la revisión de historia clínica y entrevista con cada paciente. RESULTADOS: dicha patología se encuentra más en hombres que mujeres; la complicación más frecuente fue el seroma seguida de las infecciones; en dichos pacientes el Índice de Masa Corporal en su mayoría estaba en un rango normal, no presentaban ninguna comorbilidad, ni hábito tóxico al momento del estudio y no se relacionan con las patologías preexistentes. CONCLUSIÓN: de los 108 pacientes estudiados, 75 de ellos no presentaron ningún tipo de complicación temprana en el sitio quirúrgico; las que se presentaron fue el seroma en 15 pacientes (IC 7,99% - 21,87%) y la Infección de herida quirúrgica en 8 pacientes (IC 2,65% - 19,43%). De la profesión u oficio que se relacionó fue la agricultura.


INTRODUCTION: hernia pathology is a focus of attention due to its impact on frequency and complications related to it, affecting 10% - 15% of the general population, up to 25% of the economically active population. OBJECTIVES: to describe the prevalence of local complications at the surgical site in patients diagnosed and post-operated with uncomplicated inguinal hernia. METHODOLOGY: descriptive, non-interventional cross-sectional study in the General Surgery Rooms of the San Felipe Specialties Hospital from September 2018 to February 2019. The data were obtained from the review of the clinical history and interview with each patient. RESULTS: this pathology is found more in men than women, the most frequent complication was seroma followed by infections; In these patients, the Body Mass Index was mostly in a normal range, they did not present any comorbidity or toxic habit at the time of the study, and they were not related to pre-existing pathologies. CONCLUSIONS: of the 108 patients studied, 75 of them did not present any type of early complication at the surgical site; those that occurred were seroma in 15 patients (CI 7.99% - 21.87%) and surgical wound infection in 8 patients (CI 2.65% - 19.43%). Of the profession or trade that was related was agriculture.


Subject(s)
Hernia, Inguinal , Hernia
15.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020236, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153178

ABSTRACT

Bowel obstructions can have a variety of causes, including impacted feces, adhesions, volvulus, non-internal hernias, and in rare cases internal hernias. We report a 63-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and obstructive symptoms that had started 12 hours earlier. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed a right internal hernia with a cecal bascule traversing through the foramen of Winslow, concerning for a closed-loop obstruction. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy with cecal bascule reduction and cecopexy. Given the increased mortality risk if undiagnosed, it is important to remain aware of internal hernias. Patient outcomes are markedly improved with early diagnosis and surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hernia/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Cecal Diseases , Colorectal Surgery , Early Diagnosis , Laparotomy
16.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(4): 262-265, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133600

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate facet joint degeneration following surgical treatment in patients with lumbar disc herniation, seeking to correlate it with possible determining factors. Methods Cross-sectional observational study, which analyzed medical records, radiographs and magnetic resonance images of 287 patients with lumbar disc herniation treated surgically at the Spine Surgery Service of the Hospital Ortopédico de Passo Fundo. Information about age and sex was collected. In the imaging exams, the following variables were evaluated: facet joint angulation and its tropism, measured by the Karacan method, sacral slope and lumbar lordosis, measured by the Cobb method, arthrosis of the interfacetary joints, measured by the Weishaupt classification, and intervertebral disc degeneration, measured by the Pfirrmann classification. Results A statistically significant relationship was observed between facet joint degeneration and age (p = 0.002), and also between facet joint degeneration and sacral slope (p = 0.038). No correlation was found between facet joint degeneration and lumbar lordosis (p = 0.934). It was found that the most degenerated facet joints were those that had the greatest facet joint asymmetry (tropism). However, the mean degree of facet tropism did not increase homogeneously with the progression of the joint degeneration score (p = 0.380). Conclusion It was verified that there are, in fact, a multiplicity of factors related to the degree of facet joint degeneration in the low lumbar spine. Additional studies, correlated with the asymmetry of the facet joints, would be important to elucidate better preventive management of this degeneration, aiming to avert secondary low back pain and sciatica with advancing age. Level of evidence II; Retrospective study.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a degeneração facetária em pacientes com hérnia de disco lombar tratados cirurgicamente, procurando correlacioná-la com possíveis fatores determinantes. Métodos Estudo observacional do tipo transversal, que analisou prontuários, radiografias e ressonâncias magnéticas de 287 pacientes com hérnia de disco lombar, tratados cirurgicamente no Serviço de Cirurgia da Coluna do Hospital Ortopédico de Passo Fundo. Foram coletadas informações sobre idade e sexo. Nos exames de imagem, foram avaliadas as seguintes variáveis: angulação facetária e seu tropismo, mensurada pelo método de Karacan, inclinação sacral e lordose lombar, medidas pelo método de Cobb, artrose das articulações interfacetárias, pela classificação de Weishaupt e degeneração do disco intervertebral, pela classificação de Pfirrmann. Resultados Foi verificada relação estatisticamente significativa entre degeneração facetária e idade (p = 0,002), assim como entre degeneração facetária e inclinação sacral (p = 0,038). Não foi encontrada correlação entre degeneração facetária e lordose lombar (p = 0,934). Constatou-se que as articulações facetárias mais degeneradas eram as que tinham maior assimetria facetária (tropismo). Porém, a média do grau de tropismo facetário não aumentou de forma homogênea com a progressão do escore de degeneração da articulação (p = 0,380). Conclusões Verificou-se que há, de fato, uma multiplicidade de fatores relacionados com o grau de degeneração facetária da coluna lombar baixa. Estudos adicionais correlacionados com a assimetria das referidas articulações seriam importantes para elucidarmos uma conduta preventiva melhor para a referida degeneração, objetivando evitar lombalgia e ciatalgia secundárias à medida que a idade avança. Nível de evidência II; Estudo retrospectivo .


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la degeneración facetaria en pacientes con hernia de disco lumbar tratados quirúrgicamente, buscando correlacionarla con posibles factores determinantes. Métodos Estudio observacional del tipo transversal, que analizó historiales, radiografías y resonancias magnéticas de 287 pacientes con hernia de disco lumbar, tratados quirúrgicamente en el Servicio de Cirugía de la Columna del Hospital Ortopédico de Passo Fundo. Fueron colectadas informaciones sobre edad y sexo. En los exámenes de imagen, se evaluaron las siguientes variables: angulación facetaria y su tropismo, medida por el método de Karacan, inclinación sacral y lordosis lumbar, medidas por el método de Cobb, artrosis de las articulaciones interfacetarias, por la clasificación de Weishaupt, y degeneración del disco intervertebral, por medio de la clasificación de Pfirrmann. Resultados Se verificó relación estadísticamente significativa entre degeneración facetaria y edad (p = 0,002), así como entre degeneración facetaria e inclinación sacral (p = 0,038). No se encontró correlación entre degeneración facetaria y lordosis lumbar (p = 0,934). Se constató que las articulaciones facetarias más degeneradas eran las que tenían mayor asimetría facetaria (tropismo). Sin embargo, el promedio del grado de tropismo facetario no aumentó de forma homogénea con la progresión del score de degeneración de la articulación (p = 0,380). Conclusiones Se verificó que hay, de hecho, una multiplicidad de factores relacionados con el grado de degeneración facetaria de la columna lumbar baja. Estudios adicionales correlacionados con la asimetría de las referidas articulaciones serían importantes para que elucidemos una mejor conducta preventiva para la referida degeneración, con el objetivo de evitar lumbalgia e ciatalgia secundarias, a medida que la edad avanza. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Low Back Pain , Hernia , Lumbosacral Region
17.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 24(4): 721-734, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143241

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el empleo de corticoesteroides es una estrategia eficaz para reducir el dolor postoperatorio. Objetivo: determinar la utilidad de la betametasona en la prevención del dolor postoperatorio en pacientes intervenidos por hernia discal lumbar. Métodos: se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental en 100 pacientes intervenidos por hernia discal lumbar en el Hospital Universitario Clínico-Quirúrgico «Arnaldo Milián Castro¼, de la provincia de Villa Clara, durante el período de abril de 2013 a diciembre de 2015. Se dividieron en un grupo control y en un grupo estudio; previo a la incisión quirúrgica, se les administró diclofenaco 75 mg endovenoso y 8 mg de betametasona (solo en el grupo estudio). Resultados: el 70 % de los pacientes eran masculinos, y la edad media fue 45,99 años. En el grupo estudio el tiempo de aparición del dolor () y su intensidad, a las 4, 8 y 24 horas, fue significativamente menor que en el grupo control (pα< 0,010, pα< 0,001 y <0,001); el 48 % de los pacientes pudieron levantarse sin dolor, 32 % menos requirieron analgesia de rescate, y el grado de satisfacción fue significativamente mejor. Conclusiones: la administración de betametasona antes de la incisión quirúrgica resultó muy útil en la prevención del dolor postoperatorio en los pacientes intervenidos de hernia discal lumbar.


ABSTRACT Introduction: use of corticosteroids is an effective strategy to reduce postoperative pain. Objective: to determine usefulness of betamethasone in the prevention of postoperative pain in patients operated for lumbar disc herniation. Methods: a quasi-experimental study was carried out in 100 patients operated for lumbar disc herniation at "Arnaldo Milián Castro" Clinico-Surgical University Hospital, in Villa Clara province from April 2013 to December 2015. They were divided into a control group and a study one; prior to surgical incision, intravenous diclofenac 75mg and betamethasone 8mg were administered (only in the study group). Results: 70% of the patients were male, and the mean age was 45.99 years. In the study group, the time of onset of pain () and its intensity, at 4, 8 and 24 hours, was significantly lower than in the control group (pα <0.010, pα <0.001 and <0.001); 48% of the patients were able to get up without pain, 32 % less required rescue analgesia, and the degree of satisfaction was significantly better. Conclusions: administration of betamethasone before surgical incision was very useful in the prevention of postoperative pain in patients operated for lumbar disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Pain, Postoperative , Betamethasone , Hernia , Lumbar Vertebrae
18.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(4): 280-288, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150435

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Discectomía Endoscópica Lumbar Percutánea (DELP) es una técnica mínimamente invasiva que se usa en distintos países desde finales de los ochenta para el tratamiento de las Hernias Discales. Objetivo: El propósito del presente artículo es presentar los resultados de la evolución clínica de 110 pacientes operados de distintas hernias discales lumbares por técnica endoscópica percutánea, con seis meses de seguimiento. Asimismo, describir la técnica realizada y los aspectos más relevantes del planning preoperatorio, entre ellos el punto de ingreso percutáneo. Materiales y Métodos: En un grupo de 110 pacientes y 141 discos operados entre abril de 2016 y octubre de 2019, se recogieron datos como la edad, el sexo, la clínica, las imágenes de RMN y el planning del ingreso (Skin Entry Point) con target en el fragmento discal herniado. Se realizó en todos los casos una fragmentectomía dirigida, y luego se complementó con técnica In-Out. Se registró, como dato principal, la diferencia en los puntajes de Oswestry (ODI) pre y postquirúrgico a los 6 meses del procedimiento. También se constató la duración de la operación, el tiempo de hospitalización, y la necesidad de reintervención. Todos los pacientes se operaron despiertos, recibiendo anestesia peridural y sedación. Resultados: Se operaron 110 pacientes y 141 hernias discales. El promedio de reducción en ODI a los 6 meses fue 47,5 puntos (SD=5,7), representando un porcentaje medio de reducción de 85% (SD=9,5). Desde el punto de vista técnico se logró promediar la distancia de línea media al ingreso o Skin Entry Point, según el nivel operado y el abordaje elegido. Conclusión: a la luz de los resultados en nuestra serie de 110 pacientes con hernias discales lumbares, operados despiertos por endoscopía percutánea, se obtuvieron mejorías en el dolor promedio del 85% a seis meses. La técnica endoscópica puede ser considerada como un procedimiento efectivo para pacientes con hernias foraminales, extraforaminales y centrales en los niveles L3L4, L4L5 y L5S1.


Introduction: Introduction: PELD is a minimally invasive technique that has been used in different countries since the late 1980s for the treatment of Herniated Discs. Objective: to describe the surgical method from the Approach point of view and PELD results in a series of 110 patients. Materials and Methods: In a group of 110 patients who together had 141 discs operated on between April 2016 and October 2019, data were collected on patients age and gender, clinical presentation, MRI abnormalities and Skin Entry Point (SEP) with target in the herniated disc fragment. A focused fragmentectomy was performed in all cases, and then it was complemented with an In-Out technique. The main result was the difference in the pre and postoperative Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores 6 months after the procedure. The operation duration, the lenght of hospitalization, and the need for reoperation were also recorded. All patients underwent surgery awake, receiving epidural anesthesia and sedation. Results: Respecting the SEP of the endoscope according to the MRI planning focused in the herniated fragment, the evolution of the patients was very favorable. The average reduction in ODI at 6 months was 47.5 points (SD = 5.7), representing an average percentage reduction of 85% (SD = 9.5). The average surgery time was 58 minutes, and the hospitalization time 8.5 hours. Conclusions: In our series of surgical patients with lumbar disc herniations, PELD with focused fragmentectomy in awake patients proved to be a technique with very good results, especially with prior planning of the SEP to achieve effective root decompression


Subject(s)
Humans , Diskectomy , General Surgery , Endoscopy , Hernia , Intervertebral Disc Displacement
19.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(4): 353-357, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150498

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las hernias de disco torácicas (HDT) representan solo el 0.15-1.8% de las hernias de disco tratadas quirúrgicamente. Se han descrito distintos tipos de abordajes que reportan diferentes índices de éxito y complicaciones. El objetivo es presentar el caso quirúrgico de una HDT resuelta por un abordaje lateral retropleural mínimamente invasivo y exponer las ventajas del mismo. Descripción: Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 29 años, que consultó por dorsalgia y paresia crural izquierda 4/5. La TC y RM mostraron una HDT gigante calcificada T8-9. Bajo monitoreo neurofisiológico y visión microscópica, se realizó un abordaje lateral retropleural izquierdo mínimamente invasivo, con resección parcial de la costilla para luego utilizar un sistema de dilatadores y retractores tubulares. Se confirmó el nivel bajo radioscopía, y se completó con el drilado de la cabeza costal para exponer el espacio y la HDT calcificada de manera precoz. Se realizó la discectomía del fragmento herniado, incluyendo drilado intracanal de la porción calcificada y se completó la descompresión incluyendo la porción posterior de los platillos vertebrales y el pedículo inferior. Parte del fragmento herniado se encontraba íntimamente adherido al saco dural, por lo que creímos conveniente dejar este remanente para evitar complicaciones. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente, recuperando de manera completa el déficit motor y el dolor que motivaron la consulta. Consideramos que no fue necesario realizar ningún tipo de fusión intersomática. Discusión: Los distintos abordajes propuestos tienen sus ventajas y desventajas. El desarrollo de las técnicas mínimamente invasivas sumado a la posibilidad de exponer precozmente la lesión resultan ventajas importantes en estos casos. La necesidad de fusión es un tema controversial, donde la mayoría de los trabajos sugieren que no es mandatoria. Conclusión: el abordaje lateral retropleural mínimamente invasivo es una técnica segura, que permitió una visualización precoz de la HDT sin desplazar el estuche dural y logrando una adecuada descompresión. Además, evita la morbilidad que podría representar la toracotomía transtorácica y la necesidad de fusión


Introduction: Thoracics disc herniations (TDH) represent just 0.15-1.8% of all surgically treated herniated discs. Many approaches had been described with different amount of success and complications. The objective is to present a TDH surgical case using a minimally invasive lateral retropleural approach and describe the advantages of this approach. Case description: we present a 29 years old female who presented with dorsal pain and right leg weakness 4/5. CT and MRi showed a calcified giant TDH T8-9. The surgery was performed under neurophysiological monitoring and using a surgical microscope. A minimally invasive left lateral retropleural approach was performed, with partial resection of a rib. Finally, we used dilators and tubular retractors. After radioscopic confirmation of T8-9, we completed the approach by drilling rib ́s head in order to early expose the spinal canal with the TDH. We resected the herniated fragment of the TDH, drilled the calcified intraspinal canal portion and completed the decompression including the posterior portion of the endplates and the inferior pedicle. The most anterior portion of the TDH was intimately attached to the dural sac, so we decided to leave this remanent in order to avoid complications. The patient had a good postoperative recovery, the leg weakness and pain improved significantly. From our perspective, we consider that no intersomatic fusion was necessary. Discusion: each approach has it advantages and disadvantages. The evolution of minimally invasive techniques together with the early visualization of TDH became important advantages in these cases. The need of fusion remains controversial, and most of the literature suggest that is not mandatory. Conclusión: the minimally invasive lateral retropleural approach is a safe technique that offers an early visualization of the TDH without manipulation of the dural sac and allows an adequate decompression. Furthermore, this approach avoids the morbidity of a transthoracic approach and the requirement of fusion.


Subject(s)
Hernia , General Surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 311-314, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143185

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Parastomal Hernia (PSH) is a common complication of patient who undergone ostomy especially end colostomy. Presence of hernia defect is associated with the risk of strangulation and obstruction so understanding the potential risk factor such as patient's factor and technical issues is important. This study is evaluating the incidence of PSH hernia in patients who undergone end colostomy due to Abdominoperineal Resection (APR) in a tertiary colorectal surgery referral center and explore the possible risk factors of this complication. The study was designed as a retrospective cross sectional study on 41 patients who undergone end colostomy due to APR. Three patient lost the follow up and 13 patients died and 25 patients were enrolled in study. Demographic data, history of smoking, steroid administration, Diabetes, obstructive pulmonary disease, transfusion, Neoadjuvant therapy, wound infection and Body mass Index (BMI) were gathered. The mean age of participants was 58.8 and the mean BMI was 25.04 kg/m2. The incidence of PSH was 40% and 68% of operations were done with Laparoscopy. This study could not find statistically significant risk factor for PSH. The 40% incidence of PSH is noticeable and specific strategies should be applied to reduce such complications. Larger studies is essential to investigate the possible etiologies of this complication.


RESUMO A hérnia paraestomal é uma complicação comum em pacientes submetidos a estomia, especialmente a colostomia terminal. A presença de defeito de hérnia está associada ao risco de estrangulamento e obstrução, portanto, é importante compreender o potencial fator de risco, como o fator do paciente e questões técnicas. Este estudo avalia a incidência de hérnia paraestomal em pacientes submetidos à colostomia terminal devido à ressecção abdominoperineal em um centro terciário de referência em cirurgia colorretal e explorar os possíveis fatores de risco dessa complicação. O desenho do estudo foi transversal retrospectivo de 41 pacientes submetidos à colostomia terminal devido à ressecção abdominoperineal. Três pacientes foram perdidos no seguimento, 13 pacientes morreram, e 25 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. Dados demográficos, história de tabagismo, administração de esteroides, diabetes, doença pulmonar obstrutiva, transfusão, terapia neoadjuvante, infecção de ferida operatória e Índice de Massa Corporal foram coletados. A média de idade dos participantes foi 58,8 e o índice de massa corporal médio foi 25,04 kg/m2. A incidência de hérnia paraestomal foi de 40% e 68% das cirurgias foram realizadas por laparoscopia. Este estudo não encontrou fator de risco estatisticamente significativo para hérnia paraestomal. A incidência de 40% de hérnia paraestomal é perceptível e estratégias específicas devem ser aplicadas para reduzir tais complicações. Estudos maiores são essenciais para investigar as possíveis etiologias dessa complicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colostomy/adverse effects , Proctectomy/adverse effects , Hernia/physiopathology
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