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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981728


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of intervertebral disc tissue injury and herniation into the vertebral body in thoracolumbar fracture on fracture healing, vertebral bone defect volume and intervertebral space height.@*METHODS@#From April 2016 to April 2020, a total of 140 patients with thoracolumbar single vertebral fracture combined with upper intervertebral disc injury treated with pedicle screw rod system reduction and internal fixation in our hospital. There were 83 males and 57 females, aged from 19 to 58 years old, with an average age of (39.33±10.26) years old. All patients were followed up regularly 6 months, 12 months and 18 months after surgery. The patients with injured intervertebral disc tissue not herniated into the fractured vertebral body were the control group, and the patients with injured intervertebral disc and herniated into the fractured vertebral body were the observation group. By detecting the thoracolumbar AP and lateral X-ray films, CT and MRI of the thoracolumbar segment at different follow-up time, calculate the changes of the wedge angle of the fractured vertebral body, the sagittal kyphosis angle and the height of the superior adjacent intervertebral space, the changes of the fracture healing and bone defect volume after the reduction of the vertebral body, and the changes of the intervertebral disc degeneration grade. The prognosis was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry disability index(ODI). Finally, the differences of the above results among different groups were comprehensively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients had normal wound healing without complications. A total of 87 patients received complete follow-up data, at least 18 months after internal fixation. Thoracolumbar AP and lateral X-ray films showed that 18 months after the reduction and internal fixation operation, the vertebral wedge angle, sagittal kyphosis angle and the height of the upper adjacent intervertebral space in the observation group were greater than those in the control group(P<0.05). CT scanning showed that the deformity of the fracture healed 12 months after the vertebral body reduction in the observation group and formed a "cavity" of bone defect connected with the intervertebral space, and its volume was significantly increased compared with that before (P<0.05). MRI scanning showed that the degeneration rate of injured intervertebral discs in the observation group was more serious than that in the control group 12 months after operation(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI score at each time.@*CONCLUSION@#Herniation of injured intervertebral disc tissue hernias into the fractured vertebral body leads to increased bone resorption defect volume around the fracture and forms a malunion "cavity" connected with the intervertebral space. This may be the main reason for the change of vertebral wedge angle, the increase of sagittal kyphosis angle and the decrease of intervertebral space height after removal of internal fixation devices.

Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Vertebral Body/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Pedicle Screws , Kyphosis/surgery , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Hernia , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 503-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985790


Objective: To compare laparoscopic Keyhole repair with Sugarbaker repair in consecutive patients with parastomal hernia. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2021, 117 patients with parastomal hernia were treated with Keyhole or Sugarbaker laparoscopy repairs in the Department of Hernia and Bariatrci Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 45 males and 72 females, aged (68.6±8.6) years (range: 44 to 84 years). Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair was performed in 89 cases, and Keyhole repair was performed in 28 cases. The t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and Fisher exact test were used to compare the observation indicators between the two groups, such as operation time, incidence of operation-related complications, and postoperative recurrence rate. Results: The follow-up period was (M(IQR)) 33 (36) months (range: 12 to 84 months). Compared to the Sugarbaker group, the hernia ring area of the Keyhole group was bigger (35 (26) cm2 vs. 25 (16) cm2, Z=1.974, P=0.048), length of stay was longer ((22.0±8.0) d vs. (14.1±6.2) d, t=5.485, P<0.01), and the postoperative rate of recurrence was higher (28.6% (8/28) vs. 6.7% (6/89), χ2=7.675, P=0.006). There was no difference in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair is superior to Keyhole repair in the recurrence rate of parastomal hernia treated with compsite mesh (not funnel-shaped mesh). There are no differences in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups.

Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Incisional Hernia/etiology , Hernia/complications , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 486-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985788


Objective: To examine the patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair for perineal hernia after abdominoperineal excision (APE) in rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 8 patients with perineal hernia after APE who accepted surgical treatment in the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Hernia Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2017 to December 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 3 males and 5 females, aged (67.6±7.2) years (range: 56 to 76 years). Eight patients developed a perineal mass at (11.3±2.9) months (range: 5 to 13 months) after APE. After surgical separation of adhesion and exposing the pelvic floor defect, a 15 cm×20 cm anti-adhesion mesh was fashioned as a three-dimensional pocket shape to fit the pelvic defect, then fixed to the promontory or sacrum and sutured to the pelvic sidewalls and the anterior peritoneum, while two side slender slings were tailored in front of the mesh and fixed on the pectineal ligament. Results: The repair of their perineal hernias went well, with an operating time of (240.6±48.8) minutes (range: 155 to 300 minutes). Five patients underwent laparotomy, 3 patients tried laparoscopic surgery first and then transferred to laparotomy combined with the perineal approach. Intraoperative bowel injury was observed in 3 patients. All patients did not have an intestinal fistula, bleeding occurred. No reoperation was performed and their preoperative symptoms improved significantly. The postoperative hospital stay was (13.5±2.9) days (range: 7 to 17 days) and two patients had postoperative ileus, which improved after conservative treatment. Two patients had a postoperative perineal hernia sac effusion, one of them underwent placement of a tube to puncture the hernia sac effusion due to infection, and continued irrigation and drainage. The postoperative follow-up was (34.8±14.0) months (range: 13 to 48 months), and 1 patient developed recurrence in the seventh postoperative month, no further surgery was performed. Conclusions: Surgical repair of the perineal hernia after APE can be preferred transabdominal approach, routine application of laparoscopy is not recommended, combined abdominoperineal approach can be considered if necessary. The perineal hernia after APE can be repaired safely and effectively using the described technique of patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair.

Male , Female , Humans , Animals , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Hernia , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Proctectomy , Laparoscopy , Perineum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hominidae
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 456-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985783


With the development of modern surgery, the field of hernia and abdominal wall surgery is undergoing a transformative change, and new techniques, new concepts, and recent progress are being updated, which have motivated the high-quality development of the discipline. In the past two decades, the development of hernia and abdominal wall surgery in China has been recognized by international peers. Many young surgeons have gradually become the main force in the treatment of hernia and leaders in surgical technique. The innovation and development of discipline will never terminate; young surgeons as the main force should seriously think about how to improve their professional qualities. Young surgeons are interested in the innovation of surgical techniques and need to push for a traditional operation on the one hand and an innovative operation on the other. Updates to concepts and acquisition of new materials are more important, which can provide a solid foundation for technological innovation. Young surgeons should start with the basics and classics. Understanding the history and development of new techniques, new concepts and recent progress, and grasping indications of clinical application, is the important part of growing up for young surgeons, which can make surgical treatment more standardized, benefit patients, and promote the progress of Chinese specialized medical education.

Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Hernia , Surgeons , Herniorrhaphy/methods , China , Surgical Mesh
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 441-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985780


Hernia and abdominal wall surgery is a relatively new subspecialty in surgery. Although it started late in China, after 25 years of rapid development, it has made remarkable achievements and has become an important part of surgery, laying a solid foundation for the further development of the discipline. At the same time, one should also be soberly aware of the present deficiencies in this field. The development of the field should be more detailed and in-depth from the following aspects: correct understanding of new concepts of hernia and abdominal wall surgery, establishment of hernia patient registration and quality control system, technological innovation and development of technical equipment, especially the expansion of robot surgical systems, materials science progression to hernia and abdominal wall surgery. Faced with this challenge, China is expected to achieve high-quality development in the field of hernia and abdominal surgery.

Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Herniorrhaphy , Hernia , China , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Surgical Mesh
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1429606


A hérnia muscular em extremidades é uma condição incomum e subdiagnosticada. A maioria das massas é indolor e assintomática. No entanto, em alguns casos, podem se tornar dolorosas após exercícios físicos prolongados. Neste relato de caso temos um paciente de 18 anos, queixando-se de abaulamento na perna esquerda após atividade física, com suspeita inicial de lipoma de extremidade A ultrassonografia identificou uma hernia muscular, destacando a importância de uma detecção precoce para que haja um tratamento adequado sem complicações, gastos desnecessários e diagnósticos equivocados.

Muscular hernia in extremities is an uncommon and underdiagnosed condition. Most masses are painless and asymptomatic. However, in some cases, muscle hernia can become painful after prolonged physical exercise. In this case report, we present an 18-year-old patient complaining of bulging in the left leg after physical activity, with initial suspicion of lipoma of the extremity. Ultrasonography identified a muscle hernia, highlighting the importance of early detection and leading adequate treatment without complications, unnecessary expenses, and misdiagnoses.

La hernia muscular en extremidades es una patología poco frecuente e infradiagnosticada. La mayoría de las masas son indoloras y asintomáticas. Sin embargo, en algunos casos, la hernia muscular puede volverse dolorosa después de un ejercicio físico prolongado. En este reporte de caso, presentamos a un paciente de 18 años que consulta por abultamiento en la pierna izquierda después de la actividad física, con sospecha inicial de lipoma de la extremidad. La ecografía identificó una hernia muscular, destacando la importancia de la detección temprana y conducir un tratamiento adecuado sin complicaciones, gastos innecesarios y diagnósticos erróneos.

Humans , Ultrasonography , Hernia/diagnostic imaging , Leg/pathology
MedUNAB ; 25(3): [359-384], 01-12-2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437219


Introducción. El manejo de la hernia ventral sigue siendo un desafío para los cirujanos. Su reparación mediante técnicas mínimamente invasivas, como la totalmente extraperitoneal (eTEP) laparoscópica, permite una amplia disección del espacio a reparar, una recuperación postoperatoria más rápida, menor dolor postoperatorio y estancia hospitalaria. El abordaje eTEP es un enfoque novedoso que utiliza el espacio retromuscular para colocar material protésico y fortalecer la pared abdominal. El objetivo es describir los resultados a corto plazo de nuestra experiencia inicial con la técnica eTEP en el manejo de las hernias ventrales. Metodología. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, donde se incluyen pacientes con el diagnóstico de hernia ventral, sometidos a cirugía laparoscópicaeTEP, entre julio-2021 y junio-2022. Resultados. De un total de 21 pacientes, el 61.9% fueron hombres. El 47.6% tenían sobrepeso y el 52.4% obesidad. Estancia hospitalaria media: 1.6 días. El 66.7% fueron hernias incisionales. Las técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas fueron: Rives-Stoppa (71.4%) asociándose liberación del músculo transverso en el 28.6%. El 19% de los pacientes presentaron complicaciones globales y solo uno fue grave, requiriendo reintervención quirúrgica. Se observó la presencia de seroma clínico en el 9.5% y ecográfico en 57.1%. No se evidenciaron hematomas, infección de herida quirúrgica ni casos de recidiva herniaria. Discusión y conclusiones. El abordaje laparoscópico eTEP Rives-Stoppa, asociado o no a separación posterior de componentes, en el manejo de las hernias ventrales ofrece buenos resultados asociando una baja incidencia de complicaciones postoperatorias, corta estancia hospitalaria, baja incidencia de recidivas herniarias, por lo que podría considerarse una técnica segura y efectiva en el tratamiento de las hernias ventrales.

Introduction. Managing ventral hernia remains a challenge for surgeons. Repairing it using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (eTEP), which allows for a wide dissection of the space to be repaired, faster postoperative recovery, less postoperative pain and shorter hospital stay. The eTEP approach is a novel technique that focus on the uses of the retromuscular space to place prosthetic material and strengthen the abdominal wall. The objective is to describe the short-term results of our initial experience with the eTEP technique in the management of ventral hernias. Methodology. Observational, descriptive, retrospective, study, which included patients with a diagnosis of ventral hernia, undergoing laparoscopic eTEP surgery, between July-2021 and June-2022. Results. Of a total of 21 patients, 61.9% were men. 47.6% were overweight and 52.4% were obese. Average hospital stay: 1.6 days. 66.7% were incisional hernias. The surgical techniques performed were: Rives-Stoppa (71.4%) with associated transversus abdominis muscle release in 28.6%. 19% of the patients presented global complications and only one was severe, requiring surgical reintervention. The presence of clinical seroma was observed in 9.5% and ultrasound in 57.1%. There was no evidence of hematomas, surgical wound infection or cases of hernia recurrence. Discussion and conclusions. The laparoscopic-eTEP Rives-Stoppa approach, associated or not with posterior separation of components, in the management of ventral hernias offers good results with a low incidence of postoperative complications, short hospital stay, low incidence of hernia recurrences, so it could be considered a safe and effective technique in the treatment of ventral hernias.

Introdução. O manejo da hérnia ventral continua sendo um desafio para os cirurgiões. Seu reparo por meio de técnicas minimamente invasivas, como a totalmente extraperitoneal (eTEP) laparoscópica, permite ampla dissecção do espaço a ser reparado, recuperação pós-operatória mais rápida, menor dor pós-operatória e menor tempo de internação. A abordagem eTEP é uma nova abordagem que usa o espaço retromuscular para colocar material protético e fortalecer a parede abdominal. O objetivo é descrever os resultados de curto prazo de nossa experiência inicial com a técnica eTEP no manejo de hérnias ventrais. Metodologia. Estudo observacional, descritivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal, que inclui pacientes com diagnóstico de hérnia ventral, submetidos a cirurgia laparoscópica-eTEP, entre julho-2021 e junho-2022. Resultados. De um total de 21 pacientes, 61.9% eram homens; 47.6% estavam com sobrepeso e 52.4% obesos. Tempo médio de internação: 1.6 dias; 66.7% eran hérnias incisionais. As técnicas cirúrgicas realizadas foram: Rives-Stoppa (71.4%) associada à liberação do músculo transverso em 28.6%. 19% dos pacientes apresentaram complicações globais e apenas um foi grave, necesitando de reintervenção cirúrgica. A presença de seroma clínico foi observada em 9.5% e ultrassonográfica em 57.1%. Não houve evidência de hematoma, infecção de ferida cirúrgica ou casos de recidiva de hérnia. Discussão e conclusões. A abordagem laparoscópica eTEP Rives-Stoppa, associada ou não à separação posterior dos componentes, no manejo das hérnias ventrais oferece bons resultados associando baixa incidência de complicações pós-operatórias, curto tempo de internação, baixa incidência de recidivas de hérnias, pelo que pode ser considerada uma técnica segura e eficaz no tratamento das hérnias ventrais.

Laparoscopy , Hernia, Ventral , Hernia, Abdominal , Incisional Hernia , Hernia
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 632-639, 20220906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396403


Introducción. Las hernias traumáticas de la pared abdominal son una entidad de muy rara ocurrencia en niños, con pocos casos descritos. Son lesiones causadas por trauma cerrado cuando las fuerzas resultantes del trauma no tienen la suficiente energía para romper la piel, pero son suficientes para producir una disrupción de las fibras musculares y la fascia. Métodos. Se presentan tres casos clínicos de niños con hernias traumáticas, el primero tipo I y los otros dos, tipo II, cuyo diagnóstico y tratamiento quirúrgico se llevaron a cabo por el servicio de cirugía pediátrica en un hospital de alto nivel de atención en Colombia. Resultados. Los tres pacientes fueron llevados a manejo quirúrgico sin prótesis, el primero por abordaje abierto y los otros dos por cirugía videoasistida, con buena evolución y sin recidivas en el seguimiento. Discusión. Las hernias traumáticas de la pared abdominal son más frecuentes en varones, como en nuestros casos, y del lado derecho. El diagnóstico de este tipo de hernias es clínico y se apoya en imágenes, teniendo en cuenta que no hay antecedente de hernia en la región afectada. El tratamiento es quirúrgico, pero es controversial el momento del mismo y el uso de materiales protésicos, puesto que existe la posibilidad de recidiva en los primeros meses en los casos de reparo primario. Conclusión. A pesar de la rareza de esta entidad, presentamos tres pacientes pediátricos a quienes se les realizó diagnóstico y manejo quirúrgico tempranos, con buena evolución y seguimiento a más de tres años.

Introduction. Traumatic hernias of the abdominal wall in children are a very rare entity, with few cases described. They are injuries caused by blunt trauma when the forces resulting from low-energy trauma to break the skin, but enough to produce a disruption of the muscle fibers and fascia. Methods. Three clinical cases of traumatic hernias in children are presented, one type I and the other two type II, whose diagnosis and surgical treatment were carried out by the pediatric surgery service in a high-level hospital in Colombia. Results. The three patients underwent surgical management without prosthesis, one by open approach and the other two by video-assisted surgery, with good evolution and no recurrence during follow-up. Discussion. Traumatic hernias of the abdominal wall are more common in male patients as in our cases, and on the right side of the abdomen. The diagnosis of this type of hernia is clinical and based on images, taking into account that there is no history of hernia in the affected region. The treatment is surgical, but its timing and the use of prosthetic materials are controversial, since there is the possibility of recurrence in the first few months in cases of primary repair. Conclusion. Despite the rarity of this entity, we present three pediatric patients who underwent early diagnosis and surgical management, with good evolution and follow-up for more than three years.

Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Hernia , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Hernia, Abdominal
Mali Médical ; 28(3): 5-9, 30/09/2022. Figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397291


La bourse aiguë est une urgence médico-chirurgicale de part ses nombreuses étiologies menaçant le pronostic fonctionnel des testicules et leurs annexes. Objectifs : Identifier les causes des bourses aiguës de l'enfant et décrire leurs aspects cliniques et thérapeutiques. Matériels et méthode : Il s'agissait d'une étude descriptive retroprospective allant du 1er janvier 2010 au 31 Décembre 2015 portant sur tous les enfants âgés de 0 à 15 ans reçus et traités pour bourse aiguë dans le service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique du CHU Gabriel Touré. Résultats: En 6 ans, nous avons enregistré 42 patients soit une fréquence de 1,4% des urgences chirurgicales. L'âge moyen était de 2,98 ans (24jours-14 ans). La prématurité a représenté 11,9 % des cas. La tuméfaction scrotale douloureuse était le principal motif de consultation (76,2%), Les principales étiologies étaient la HISE (90,5%), le traumatisme scrotal (4,7%), l'orchiépididymite (2,4%) et la torsion testiculaire (2,4%). Le traitement était chirurgical dans 97,6% des cas. L'évolution après 3 mois était simple dans 97,6% des cas. Conclusion: La bourse aigue de l'enfant est une pathologie peu fréquente touchant surtout les nourrissons. La hernie inguino-scrotale étranglée était la principale étiologie. Le diagnostic doit être précoce et le traitement adéquat afin de reduire la morbi-mortalité

Acute bursa is a medico-surgical emergency because of its many etiologies threatening the functional prognosis of the testes and their appendages. Objectives: Identify the causes of acute bursaries in the child and describe their clinical and therapeutic aspects. Materials and method: This were a retrospective descriptive study from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015, on all children aged 0 to 15 years received and treated for acute scholarship in the Pediatric Surgery department at the teaching hospital Gabriel Touré. Results: In 6 years, we registered 42 patients, ie a frequency of 1.4% of surgical emergencies. The mean age was 2.98 years (24 days-14 years). Prematurity represented 11.9% of cases. Painful scrotal tumefaction was the main reason for consultation (76.2%), The main a etiologies were HISE (90.5%), scrotal trauma (4.7%), orchi epididymitis (2.4%) and testicular torsion (2.4%). The treatment was surgical in 97.6% of cases. The course after 3 months was simple in 97.6% of cases. Conclusion: Acute bursa in children is an uncommon condition, especially affecting infants. Strangulated inguino-scrotal hernia was the main aetiology. The diagnosis must be early and the treatment adequate in order to reduce morbidity and mortality

General Surgery , Infectious bursal disease virus , Abdomen, Acute , Hernia , Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Coluna/Columna ; 21(1): e259474, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364767


ABSTRACT Introduction: Upper lumbar disc herniations (ULDH) are considered infrequent injuries (1-11%). They present, most often in older adults, with special clinical features that make diagnosis and therapeutic decision-making difficult. The prevalence, location, and management of these herniations and the medical history of our patients were analyzed. Methods: Sex, age, injury level, previous surgery, and patient treatment data from July 2018 to May 2021 were collected retrospectively. During this period, 179 patients underwent surgery, 33 of whom patients presented ULDH. Results: Thirty-three patients were included in the study (18 male and 15 female). Ages ranged from 39 to 85 years, with a predominance of elderly patients. The levels operated were L1-L2 in seven patients, L2-L3 in ten patients, L3-L4 in fourteen patients, and surgery in two levels (L2-L3, L3-L4) in two patients. In our practice, microdiscectomy is the preferred approach and was performed in all cases, with the addition of fusion in four of the 33 patients. Finally, a history of low lumbar disc herniation (LLDH) surgery was found in 16 patients. Conclusions: In our population, ULDHs are a rare entity with lower prevalence at the higher lumbar levels. They occur more frequently in elderly patients and clinical presentation can vary, which is a challenge for surgeons. In older adults, the development of lumbar kyphosis due to vertebral wedging is considered a risk factor for the development of ULDH. Surgical management by microdiscectomy is considered a technique with good results for this pathology. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective, longitudinal, descriptive, observational study.

RESUMO Introdução: As hérnias de disco lombares altas (ULDH) são consideradas lesões infrequentes (1% a 11%). Ocorrem principalmente em idosos com características clínicas especiais que dificultam o diagnóstico e a decisão terapêutica. A prevalência, localização, o tratamento e a história de nossos pacientes foram analisados. Métodos: Dados sobre sexo, idade, nível das lesões, história cirúrgica e tratamento de nossos pacientes foram coletados retrospectivamente de julho de 2018 a maio de 2021. Nesse período, 179 pacientes foram operados, dos quais 33 apresentavam ULDH. Resultados: Trinta e três pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo, sendo 18 homens e 15 mulheres. A faixa etária variou de 39 a 85 anos, predominando os pacientes idosos. Os níveis operados foram L1-L2 em sete pacientes, L2-L3 em dez pacientes, L3-L4 em catorze pacientes e cirurgia em 2 níveis (L2-L3, L3-L4) em dois pacientes. Em nosso meio, a microdiscectomia é o tratamento de escolha, que foi realizado em todos os casos, adicionando fusão em 4 dos 33 pacientes. Finalmente, encontrou-se o antecedente de cirurgia de hérnia de disco lombar baixa (LLDH) em 16 pacientes. Conclusões: Em nosso meio, a ULDH é uma entidade rara e com menor prevalência em níveis lombares mais altos. Ocorrem com maior frequência em idosos e seu quadro clínico pode ser variado, o que representa um desafio para o cirurgião. Em idosos, o desenvolvimento de cifose lombar devido ao acunhamento vertebral é considerado um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de ULDH. A cirurgia de microdiscectomia é considerada uma técnica com bons resultados nessa patologia. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo retrospectivo, transversal, descritivo, observacional.

RESUMEN Introducción: Las hernias discales lumbares altas (ULDH) son consideradas lesiones infrecuentes (1-11%). Se presentan principalmente en adultos mayores con características clínicas especiales que dificultan su diagnóstico y decisión terapéutica. La prevalencia, localización, manejo y antecedentes de nuestros pacientes fueron analizados. Métodos: Los datos con respecto a sexo, edad, nivel de lesión, antecedentes quirúrgicos y manejo de nuestros pacientes fueron recolectados retrospectivamente desde julio del 2018 hasta mayo del 2021. Durante este periodo 179 pacientes fueron operados, de los cuales 33 presentaron ULDH. Resultados: Treinta y tres pacientes fueron incluidos en éste estudio, de los cuales 18 eran hombres y 15 mujeres. Los rangos de edad variaron entre 39 y 85 años, predominando pacientes de la tercera edad. Los niveles intervenidos fueron L1-L2 en siete pacientes, L2-L3 en diez pacientes, L3-L4 en catorce pacientes y cirugía en 2 niveles (L2-L3, L3-L4) en dos pacientes. En nuestro medio, la microdiscectomía es el manejo preferido, el cual se realizó en todos los casos, agregando fusión en 4 de los 33 pacientes. Finalmente se encontró antecedente de cirugía por hernias discales lumbares bajas (LLDH) en 16 pacientes. Conclusiones: En nuestro medio, las ULDH son una entidad rara con menor prevalencia en niveles lumbares más altos. Se presentan con mayor frecuencia en personas de edad avanzada y su cuadro clínico puede ser variado, lo cual representa un reto para cirujano. En adultos mayores el desarrollo de cifosis lumbar por acuñamientos vertebrales se considera un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de ULDH. El manejo quirúrgico mediante microdiscectomía se considera una técnica con buenos resultados en ésta patología. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio retrospectivo, transversal, descriptivo, observacional.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diagnosis , Hernia , Orthopedic Procedures
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 308-311, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362980


Las hernias perineales presentan una incidencia variable entre el 0,3-6 %. El abordaje quirúrgico se puede realizar por vía perineal o por vía laparoscópica. Se presentan las imágenes de una paciente con una hernia perineal adquirida primaria, tratada exitosamente mediante un abordaje mixto.

Perineal hernias present a variable incidence between 0.3-6%. The surgical approach can be performed perineally or laparoscopically. Images of a patient with a primary acquired perineal hernia, successfully treated using a mixed approach, are presented.

Humans , Pelvic Floor , Hernia, Abdominal , Laparoscopy , Hernia
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 434-443, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356953


RESUMEN Antecedentes: La hernioplastia inguinal es el procedimiento quirúrgico más frecuentemente realizado dentro de la Cirugía General. Se realizan anualmente 20 millones de hernioplastias; la técnica de Lichtenstein y la transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mediante cirugía laparoscópica son las más utilzadas. Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio es valorar la factibilidad de la realización del TAPP, en un centro universitario, por parte de residentes y cirujanos jóvenes en formación. Se comparó dicho procedimiento con la técnica de Lichtenstein valorando los resultados en los primeros 30 días del posoperatorio. Las principales variables para estudiar fueron: complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio, estadía hospitalaria y costo del procedimiento. Como variables para estudiar, a largo plazo, se compararon la recidiva herniaria y el dolor crónico. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional comparando dos técnicas quirúrgicas utilizando la base de datos del Servicio con información adquirida de forma prospectiva. Se analizaron 80 pacientes, divididos en dos grupos: hernioplastia de Lichtenstein (grupo1) y hernioplastia por TAPP (grupo 2), durante el período comprendido desde mayo de 2015 hasta mayo de 2019, en dos Centros Universitarios de Montevideo Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas y Hospital Español). Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la estadía hospitalaria y complicaciones posoperatorias. El grupo del Lichtenstein presentó una recidiva herniaria. La hernioplastia laparoscópica presentó un tiempo operatorio promedio de 20 minutos más y el costo de materiales fue mayor. Si bien el dolor posoperatorio en las primeras 24 horas fue mayor en TAPP, el dolor a las 48 horas, 7días, un mes, tres meses y seis meses fue similar en ambos grupos. Conclusión: La técnica de TAPP, para la hernia inguinal primaria unilateral, es factible de ser realizada por cirujanos jóvenes o en formación, con un porcentaje de complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio y recidivas similares al Lichtenstein, aunque con un costo de materiales y tiempo operatorio levemente mayor.

ABSTRACT Background: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common procedures in general surgery. Each year, 20 million surgeries for inguinal hernia repaired are performed; the most common techniques used are the Lichtenstein procedure and the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) laparoscopic approach. Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the outcomes of the TAPP approach performed by residents and young surgeons in training in a university center. TAPP was compared with the Lichtenstein and the outcomes at 30 days were compared. The variables considered were complications, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay and procedure-related costs. The long-term variables analyzed were recurrence and chronic pain. Material and methods: We conducted an observational study comparing two surgical techniques, using prospectively acquired information from the database of our department. The cohort was made up of 80 patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair in two university-based hospitals in Montevideo, Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas and Hospital Español), between May 2015 and May 2019. The patients were divided into two groups: Lichtenstein procedure (group 1) and TAPP procedure (group 2). Results: There were no significant differences in length of hospital stay and postoperative complications. One patient in the Lichtenstein group presented hernia recurrence. Mean operative time was 20 minutes longer with laparoscopic hernia repair, and the cost of the materials was higher. Postoperative pain at 24 hours was greater in the TAPP group, but was similar at 48 hours, 7 days, one month, three months and six months in both groups. Conclusion: The use of TAPP technique for unilateral primary inguinal hernia is feasible to perform by young surgeons or surgeons in training, and the percentage of complications, postoperative pain and recurrences is similar to that of the Lichtenstein technique, although the cost of materials and operative time are slightly higher.

Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Costs and Cost Analysis , Chronic Pain , Herniorrhaphy , Operative Time , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Hospitals , Length of Stay , Methods
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 122-128, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357596


Introducción. La hernia de Garengeot se caracteriza por contener el apéndice cecal dentro del saco femoral, y forma parte de una variedad de hernias que reciben el epónimo de acuerdo con su localización anatómica. Entre ellas se encuentra la hernia de Richter, la hernia de Amyand, la hernia de Littré y la hernia de Spiegel. Se presenta una revisión de los abordajes laparoscópicos para estas diversas variantes. Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 82 años de edad quien consultó al servicio de urgencias por dolor inguinal derecho de ocho días de evolución, asociado a clínica de obstrucción intestinal. Se hizo diagnóstico de hernia inguinal encarcelada y se llevó a cirugía encontrando una hernia de Garengeot. Discusión. Además de los tipos de hernia tradicionalmente conocidos, existen variantes inusuales de hernias de la pared abdominal, que deben ser sospechadas y tenidas en cuenta como diagnóstico diferencial, lo que permitirá realizar su tratamiento de forma oportuna disminuyendo el riesgo de que ocurra una perforación intestinal. Conclusiones. Las variantes de hernia inguinal o de localización inusual, son susceptibles de tratamiento quirúrgico mediante abordajes laparoscópicos con adecuados resultados.

Introduction. Garengeot's hernia is characterized by containing the cecal appendix within the femoral sac, and is part of a variety of hernias that receive their eponymous according to their anatomical location. These include Richter's hernia, Amyand's hernia, Littré's hernia, and Spiegel's hernia. We present a review of the laparoscopic approaches for these variants. Clinical case. An 82-year-old female patient consulted to the emergency department for right groin pain of eight days of evolution, associated with symptoms of intestinal obstruction. With a diagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia, she underwent surgery finding a Garengeot ́s hernia. Discussion. In addition to the traditionally known types of hernia, there are unusual variants of hernias of the abdominal wall, which must be suspected and taken into account as a differential diagnosis, which will allow treatment to be carried out in a timely manner, reducing the risk of intestinal perforation. Conclusions. Variants of inguinal hernia or unusual location are susceptible to surgical treatment by laparoscopic approaches with adequate results.

Humans , Hernia , Appendicitis , Laparoscopy , Intestinal Obstruction
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 151-155, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357603


Introducción. El síndrome lumbocostovertebral es una anomalía poco frecuente, que afecta a los cuerpos vertebrales, las costillas y músculos de la pared abdominal, y puede estar asociada a múltiples anomalías congénitas. Requiere un manejo multidisciplinario y tratamiento quirúrgico temprano para evitar complicaciones. Caso clínico. Se reporta el caso de un neonato masculino de 10 días de edad, que presentó desde el nacimiento 2 tumoraciones lumbares derechas, una que aumentaba de tamaño con el llanto, correspondió a una hernia lumbar, y la otra, a mielomeningocele. En estudios complementarios se evidenció fusión de costillas, fusión de cuerpos vertebrales lumbares, sacros (hemivértebras) y defecto de pared abdominal con protrusión de contenido intestinal. Se realizó cierre de la hernia lumbar con refuerzo protésico de pericardio bovino, sin complicaciones. Conclusión. En defectos extensos, como el que se reporta en este paciente, puede ser recomendable emplear material protésico. El pericardio bovino aparece como una opción segura, bien tolerada y eficaz para estos pacientes en particular. Este síndrome es una entidad rara, que amerita un equipo multidisciplinario para la resolución quirúrgica temprana y con ello evitar complicaciones.

Introduction. Lumbocostovertebral syndrome is a rare anomaly that affects the vertebral bodies, ribs and muscles of the abdominal wall, and can be associated with multiple congenital abnormalities. It requires multidisciplinary management and early surgical treatment to avoid complications. Clinical case. The case of a 10-day-old male neonate is reported, who presented from birth 2 right lumbar tumors, one that increased in size with crying, corresponded to a lumbar hernia, and the other, to myelomeningocele. In complementary studies, rib fusion, fusion of lumbar and sacral vertebral bodies (hemivertebrae), and abdominal wall defect with protrusion of intestinal contents were evidenced. The lumbar hernia was closed with prosthetic reinforcement with a bovine pericardium, without complications. Conclusion. In extensive defects, such as the one reported in this patient, it may be advisable to use prosthetic material. The bovine pericardium appears as a safe, well tolerated and effective option for these patients in particular. This syndrome is a rare entity, which requires a multidisciplinary team for early surgical resolution and thus avoid complications.

Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Meningomyelocele , Syndrome , Hernia, Abdominal , Hernia , Lumbar Vertebrae
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 761-765, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357148


Abstract Objective To show the accuracy of the most used maneuvers in the clinical diagnosis of lumbosciatalgia, the slump test and the Laségue sign. Methods In order to perform the present study, 101 patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) discopathy (gold standard) were selected and had their medical records reviewed to identify which had the positive maneuvers on the initial physical examination. Results The sensitivity found for the slump test and the Laségue sign in the diagnosis of disc herniation was 55.3% and 18.1%, respectively. Nonetheless, when they were compared with each other for the diagnosis of disc bulging, the sensitivity obtained was of 85.7% for the slump test and of 28.6% for the Laségue sign. Conclusion Comparing both clinical exams with MRI, it was found that the slump test presents superior sensitivity compared with the Laségue sign for both the diagnosis of hernia and disc bulging, and should be more present in clinical practice.

Resumo Objetivo Mostrar a acurácia das manobras mais usadas no diagnóstico clínico da lombociatalgia, a manobra de slump ea de Laségue. Métodos Para a realização do presente estudo, foram selecionados 101 pacientes com discopatia na ressonância magnética (RM) (padrão ouro), sendo posteriormente realizada a revisão dos prontuários para identificar quais tiveram as manobras positivas no exame físico inicial. Resultados A sensibilidade encontrada para as manobras de slump e Laségue no diagnóstico de hérnia discal foi respectivamente 55,3% e 18,1%. Já quando comparamos as manobras para o diagnóstico de abaulamento discal, a sensibilidade obtida foi de 85,7% para a manobra de slump e de 28,6% para a manobra de Laségue. Conclusão Foi constatado que a manobra de slump apresenta sensibilidade superior à da manobra de Laségue tanto para o diagnóstico de hérnia quanto para o de abaulamento discal quando comparadas a RM, e deveria estar mais presente na prática clínica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Radiculopathy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Clinical Diagnosis , Medical Records , Sensitivity and Specificity , Low Back Pain , Hernia , Intervertebral Disc Displacement
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 189-191, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339740


ABSTRACT Objective To study the role of epidural steroid injection (ESI) in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and lumbar canal stenosis (LCS). ESIs are regularly used to support non-operative treatment for LBP, and our anecdotal impression is that a considerable proportion of patients report substantial pain relief after ESI. Methods One thousand consecutive patients (645 patients with LDH and 355 patients with LCS) who required ESI from January-August 2018 were included. All were given the same ESI, prepared with triamcinolone (80 mg), bupivacaine (0.25%, 4 ml) and normal saline (4 ml). Patients were evaluated using the numerical rating scale (NRS) immediately after the injection, after 7 days, and after 3 months. Results The mean NRS back-pain score of the LDH-group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-8) to 4 (range: 2-7) immediately after injection, 2 (range: 1-7) after 7 days and 2 (range: 1-7) after 3 months (p-value<0.001). The mean NRS back-pain score of the LCS-group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-8) to 4 (range: 2-7) immediately after injection, 2 (range: 1-7) after 7 days and 3 (range: 1-7) after 3 months (p-value <0.001). The mean NRS leg-pain score of the LDH group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-9) to 3 (range: 3-7) immediately after injection, 1 (range: 1-6) after 7 days and 2 (range: 1-7) after 3 months (p-value <0.001). The mean NRS leg-pain score of the LCS group was reduced from 5 (range: 4-9) to 4 (range: 3-7) immediately after injection, 3 (range: 1-7) after 7 days and 2 (range 1-6) after 3 months (p-value <0.001). Conclusion ESI causes statistically significant improvement in back and leg pain in patients with LDH and LCS. However, the short and medium-term efficacy of ESI in the LCS group was lower than in the LDH group. Level of evidence IV; Prospective hospital-based study.

RESUMO Objetivo Estudar o papel da injeção epidural de esteroides (IEE) em pacientes com hérnia de disco lombar (HDL) e estenose do canal lombar (ECL). As IEEs são usadas regularmente para dar suporte ao tratamento não cirúrgico da dor lombar e nossa impressão empírica é que uma proporção considerável de pacientes relata alívio substancial da dor depois da IEE. Métodos Foram incluídos mil pacientes consecutivos (645 pacientes com HDL e 355 pacientes com ECL) que precisaram de IEE de janeiro a agosto de 2018. Todos receberam a mesmo IEE preparada com triamcinolona (80 mg), bupivacaína (0,25% 4 ml) e solução salina normal (4 ml). Os pacientes foram avaliados pela Escala de Estimativa Numérica (NRS, Numeric Rating Scale) imediatamente, 7 dias e 3 meses depois. Resultados O escore médio de dor nas costas da NRS no grupo HDL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-8) para 4 (intervalo: 2-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 7 dias e para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). O escore médio de dor nas costas do NRS do grupo ECL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-8) para 4 (intervalo: 2-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 7 dias e para 3 (intervalo: 1- 7) após 3 meses (valor de p <0,001). O escore médio de dor na perna da NRS do grupo HDL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-9) para 3 (intervalo: 3-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 1 (intervalo: 1-6) após 7 dias e para 2 (intervalo: 1-7) após 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). O escore médio de dor na perna da NRS do grupo ECL foi reduzida de 5 (intervalo: 4-9) para 4 (intervalo: 3-7) imediatamente após a injeção, para 3 (intervalo: 1-7) após 7 dias e para 2 (intervalo 1-6) após 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). Conclusão A IEE causa melhora estatisticamente significativa das dores nas costas e nas pernas em pacientes com HDL e ECL. No entanto, a eficácia a curto e médio prazo da IEE na ECL foi menor do que a da HDL. Nível de evidência IV; Estudo prospectivo baseado em hospital.

RESUMEN Objetivo Estudiar el papel de la inyección epidural de esteroides (IEE) en pacientes con hernia de disco lumbar (HDL) y estenosis del canal lumbar (ECL). Las IEE se utilizan regularmente para respaldar el tratamiento no quirúrgico del dolor lumbar y nuestra impresión empírica es que una proporción considerable de pacientes informa alivio sustancial del dolor después de la IEE. Métodos Se incluyeron mil pacientes consecutivos (645 pacientes con HDL y 355 pacientes con ECL) que necesitaron IEE de enero a agosto de 2018. A todos se les administró la misma IEE preparada con triamcinolona (80 mg), bupivacaina (0,25% 4 ml) y solución salina normal (4 ml). Los pacientes fueron evaluados usando una Escala de Valoración Numérica (NRS, Numeric Rating Scale) inmediatamente, 7 días y de 3 meses después. Resultados La puntuación media de dolor de espalda de la NRS del grupo HDL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-8) a 4 (rango: 2-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 7 días y a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). La puntuación media de dolor de espalda de la NRS del grupo ECL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-8) a 4 (rango: 2-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 7 días y a 3 (rango: 1- 7) después de 3 meses (valor de p < 0,001). La puntuación media de dolor de pierna de la NRS del grupo HDL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-9) a 3 (rango: 3-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 1 (rango: 1-6) después de 7 días y a 2 (rango: 1-7) después de 3 meses (valor p < 0,001). La puntuación media de dolor de pierna de la NRS del grupo ECL se redujo de 5 (rango: 4-9) a 4 (rango: 3-7) inmediatamente después de la inyección, a 3 (rango: 1-7) después de 7 días y a 2 (rango 1-6) después de 3 meses (valor p < 0,001). Conclusión IEE causa una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en el dolor de espalda y piernas en pacientes con HDL y ECL. Sin embargo, la eficacia a corto y medio plazo de la IEE en la ECL fue menor que la de HDL. Nivel de evidencia IV;Estudio prospectivo basado en hospitales.

Humans , Spinal Stenosis , Back Pain , Hernia
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 732-737, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291284


Introducción. El enterocele es causado por un defecto herniario del piso pélvico, siendo el más común la hernia interrecto-vaginal. Se produce por un debilitamiento del piso pélvico, por diversos factores, entre ellos, las cirugías en la región pélvica, el estreñimiento crónico o las patologías que aumentan la presión intraabdominal, el antecedente de prolapso rectal o vaginal, y también, factores congénitos. Presentación de caso. Paciente femenina de 84 años de edad, con antecedentes de un parto eutócico y múltiples procedimientos quirúrgicos, entre ellos histerectomía hace 40 años y rectosigmoidectomía por enfermedad diverticular complicada hace 6 años, quien cuatro meses antes presenta constipación crónica, que empeora en los días previos a su ingreso, con dolor perineal intenso y salida de asas intestinales a nivel de la región perineal, que la obliga a consultar a Urgencias. Al encontrarse con asas intestinales expuestas, con cambios de coloración, es intervenida quirúrgicamente con resultado satisfactorio, postquirúrgico inmediato optimo y seguimiento por consulta externa por 3 meses sin evidencia de recidiva. Discusión. La hernia interrecto-vaginal tiene una incidencia baja y una presentación clínica variada. El único tratamiento es quirúrgico

Introduction. The enterocele is produced by an hernia defect of the pelvic floor, being the most common the interrecto-vaginal hernia. It is produced by weakness of the pelvic floor for multiples factors, among them surgeries of the pelvic region, chronic constipation or pathologies that increase intra-abdominal pressure, a history of rectal or vaginal prolapse, and congenital factors. Case report. A 84-year-old female patient, with a history of eutocic delivery and multiple surgical procedures, including hysterectomy 40 years ago and rectosigmoidectomy for complicated diverticular disease 6 years ago, presented four months earlier with chronic constipation, which worsens in the days before her admission, with intense perineal pain and exit of intestinal loops at the level of the perineal region, which forced her to consult the emergency room. At examination the intestinal loops were found exposed, with color changes, she underwent surgery with satisfactory results, optimal immediate postoperative and outpatient follow-up for 3 months with no evidence of recurrence. Discussion. Interrecto-vaginal hernia has a low incidence and a varied clinical presentation. The only treatment is surgery

Humans , Perineum , Douglas' Pouch , Hernia , Pelvic Floor , Intestine, Small
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 83-91, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1288177


RESUMEN Antecedentes: la ascitis es una complicación de frecuente aparición en el paciente cirrótico que al producir un aumento de la presión intraabdominal puede originar una hernia de la pared abdominal; el defecto umbilical latente es su localización más habitual. Objetivo: presentar la incidencia y los beneficios que ofrece la resolución electiva de la patología um bilical en estos pacientes. Material y método: se presentan 15 pacientes, todos masculinos, que fueron intervenidos por hernia umbilical sintomática en forma electiva en el medio hospitalario. El período comprende desde enero del año 2015 a enero de 2019. El 100% de los enfermos cursa un cuadro de cirrosis hepática, con antecedentes de etilismo crónico. Se efectuó la reparación de la hernia con cierre del defecto y malla supraaponeurótica de polipropileno en la mayoría de los casos. Resultados: los pacientes fueron evaluados desde el punto de vista clínico con la escala (score) de Child en el preoperatorio. Se procedió a la evacuación de la ascitis en todos los casos y el control posoperatorio se efectuó cada 30 días los primeros 6 meses. Luego dos veces al año. No se evidenció recidiva. Dos pacientes no volvieron al control luego del año de la cirugía y 1 paciente falleció por la enfermedad de base a los 6 meses de la cirugía. Conclusiones: los enfermos con cirrosis hepática y hernia umbilical deben ser intervenidos quirúrgica mente en forma electiva. La observación y abstención quirúrgica conllevan el riesgo de rotura del saco herniario con alta morbimortalidad.

ABSTRACT Background: Background: Ascites is a common complication in patients with cirrhosis, and elevated intraabdominal pressure can lead to the development of abdominal wall hernias, particularly in patients with latent umbilical defects. Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the incidence and benefits of elective surgery for the management of umbilical hernias in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Material and methods: Between January 2015 and January 2019 15 patients with symptomatic umbi lical hernia underwent elective surgery in a public hospital; 100% were men with a history of alcoho lism and were hospitalized due to liver cirrhosis. The defect was closed, and a polypropylene mesh was placed in the supra-aponeurotic plane in most cases. Results: The preoperative risk was estimated using the Child-Pugh score. Ascites was evacuated in all the cases. Patients were followed-up every 30 days during the first 6 months and then twice a year. There were no hernia recurrences. Two patients were lost to follow-up 12 months after surgery and 1 patient died 9 months after the procedure due to progression of cirrhosis. Conclusions: Patients with liver cirrhosis and umbilical hernia should undergo elective surgery. Wat chful waiting is associated with higher risk of hernia rupture and high morbidity and mortality.

Humans , Hernia, Umbilical/complications , Liver Cirrhosis , Ascites , Hernia, Abdominal , Conservative Treatment , Hernia , Hernia, Umbilical/drug therapy