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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 434-443, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356953

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: La hernioplastia inguinal es el procedimiento quirúrgico más frecuentemente realizado dentro de la Cirugía General. Se realizan anualmente 20 millones de hernioplastias; la técnica de Lichtenstein y la transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mediante cirugía laparoscópica son las más utilzadas. Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio es valorar la factibilidad de la realización del TAPP, en un centro universitario, por parte de residentes y cirujanos jóvenes en formación. Se comparó dicho procedimiento con la técnica de Lichtenstein valorando los resultados en los primeros 30 días del posoperatorio. Las principales variables para estudiar fueron: complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio, estadía hospitalaria y costo del procedimiento. Como variables para estudiar, a largo plazo, se compararon la recidiva herniaria y el dolor crónico. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional comparando dos técnicas quirúrgicas utilizando la base de datos del Servicio con información adquirida de forma prospectiva. Se analizaron 80 pacientes, divididos en dos grupos: hernioplastia de Lichtenstein (grupo1) y hernioplastia por TAPP (grupo 2), durante el período comprendido desde mayo de 2015 hasta mayo de 2019, en dos Centros Universitarios de Montevideo Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas y Hospital Español). Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la estadía hospitalaria y complicaciones posoperatorias. El grupo del Lichtenstein presentó una recidiva herniaria. La hernioplastia laparoscópica presentó un tiempo operatorio promedio de 20 minutos más y el costo de materiales fue mayor. Si bien el dolor posoperatorio en las primeras 24 horas fue mayor en TAPP, el dolor a las 48 horas, 7días, un mes, tres meses y seis meses fue similar en ambos grupos. Conclusión: La técnica de TAPP, para la hernia inguinal primaria unilateral, es factible de ser realizada por cirujanos jóvenes o en formación, con un porcentaje de complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio y recidivas similares al Lichtenstein, aunque con un costo de materiales y tiempo operatorio levemente mayor.


ABSTRACT Background: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common procedures in general surgery. Each year, 20 million surgeries for inguinal hernia repaired are performed; the most common techniques used are the Lichtenstein procedure and the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) laparoscopic approach. Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the outcomes of the TAPP approach performed by residents and young surgeons in training in a university center. TAPP was compared with the Lichtenstein and the outcomes at 30 days were compared. The variables considered were complications, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay and procedure-related costs. The long-term variables analyzed were recurrence and chronic pain. Material and methods: We conducted an observational study comparing two surgical techniques, using prospectively acquired information from the database of our department. The cohort was made up of 80 patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair in two university-based hospitals in Montevideo, Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas and Hospital Español), between May 2015 and May 2019. The patients were divided into two groups: Lichtenstein procedure (group 1) and TAPP procedure (group 2). Results: There were no significant differences in length of hospital stay and postoperative complications. One patient in the Lichtenstein group presented hernia recurrence. Mean operative time was 20 minutes longer with laparoscopic hernia repair, and the cost of the materials was higher. Postoperative pain at 24 hours was greater in the TAPP group, but was similar at 48 hours, 7 days, one month, three months and six months in both groups. Conclusion: The use of TAPP technique for unilateral primary inguinal hernia is feasible to perform by young surgeons or surgeons in training, and the percentage of complications, postoperative pain and recurrences is similar to that of the Lichtenstein technique, although the cost of materials and operative time are slightly higher.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Costs and Cost Analysis , Chronic Pain , Herniorrhaphy , Operative Time , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Hospitals , Length of Stay , Methods
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 637-638, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012310

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vasitis or inflammation of the vas deferens is a rarely described condition categorized as either generally asymptomatic vasitis nodosa or the acutely painful infectious vasitis. Vasitis nodosa, the commonly described inflammation of the vas deferens, is benign and usually associated with a history of vasectomy. Clinically, patients present with a nodular mass and are often asymptomatic and require no specific treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Vas Deferens/diagnostic imaging , Rare Diseases , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Orchitis/diagnostic imaging , Spermatic Cord/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Diagnosis, Differential
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(2): e2108, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003089

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a acurácia da ultrassonografia no diagnóstico de hérnia inguinal no pré-operatório de pacientes submetidos à herniorrafia inguinal. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo descritivo, analítico, baseado em dados obtidos dos prontuários de pacientes submetidos à herniorrafia inguinal entre janeiro de 2016 e dezembro de 2017 e que realizaram ultrassonografia no período pré-operatório. A amostra foi composta por 232 pacientes e foram comparados os resultados da ultrassonografia com as queixas, exame físico e achados intraoperatórios desses pacientes. Resultados: a ultrassonografia apresentou concordância com a queixa de hérnia inguinal em 52% dos pacientes (p=0,019). Houve discordância entre a porcentagem de pacientes que apresentaram hérnia ao exame físico não confirmada pelo exame ultrassonográfico (28,57%) e a porcentagem de hérnias identificadas somente ao exame complementar (8,93%), com significância estatística (p=0,0291). Quando comparados os resultados ultrassonográficos com achados intraoperatórios, 32,70% dos pacientes que apresentavam hérnia tinham ultrassonografia normal com significância estatística para discordância (p=0,001). Conclusão: a ultrassonografia mostrou-se método não confiável para auxiliar no diagnóstico em casos duvidosos de hérnia inguinal e dispensável quando o diagnóstico era confirmado por queixas típicas e exame físico compatível.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of inguinal hernia in the preoperative period of patients submitted to inguinal herniorrhaphy. Methods: we conducted a retrospective, descriptive, analytical study, based on data obtained from the charts of patients submitted to inguinal herniorrhaphy between January 2016 and December 2017 and who underwent ultrasonography in the preoperative period. The sample consisted of 232 patients, and we compared the results of the ultrasonography with the complaints, physical examination and intraoperative findings. Results: ultrasonography was in agreement with inguinal hernia complaint in 52% of patients (p=0.019). There was a disagreement between the percentage of patients who presented a hernia at the physical examination not confirmed by the ultrasound examination (28.57%) and the percentage of hernias identified only by the complementary examination (8.93%), with statistical significance (p=0.0291). When comparing the ultrasound findings with the intraoperative ones, 32.70% of patients presenting with hernia had normal ultrasonography, with statistical significance for discordance (p=0.001). Conclusion: ultrasound was an unreliable method to help diagnosis in dubious cases of inguinal hernia, and dispensable when the diagnosis was confirmed by typical complaints and compatible physical examination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ultrasonography/standards , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Preoperative Period , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Intraoperative Period , Middle Aged
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(3): 268-281, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886268

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the behavior of arterial circulation and testicular volume in patients submitted to conventional inguinal hernia repair without the use of a synthetic prosthesis to reinforce the posterior wall. Methods: A prospective observational clinical trial was performed on 26 male patients with unilateral inguinal hernia types I and II by the Nyhus classification, who underwent surgical correction using the modified Bassini technique. Bilateral Doppler ultrasonography was performed preoperatively, at the third and at the sixth postoperative month. The studied variables were: systolic peak velocity (SPV), diastolic peak velocity (DPV), resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI) and testicular volume. Results: There were no statistically significant changes over time in the variables studied on the operated side: SPV (p = 0.916), DPV (p = 0.304), RI (p = 0.879), PI (p = 0.475), and testicular volume (p = 0.100). The variables on the control side also did not change statistically until the sixth postoperative month: SPV (p = 0.784), DPV (p = 0.446), RI (p = 0.672), PI (p = 0.607), and testicular volume (p = 0.413). Conclusion: Surgical correction of the inguinal hernia without the use of a prosthesis does not cause alterations in vascularization and testicular volume in the first six months postoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Testis/anatomy & histology , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Testis/blood supply , Testis/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 81(1): 39-49, mar. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041841

ABSTRACT

Si bien el diagnóstico de hernias de la pared abdominal es clínico y el estudio más indicado es la ecografía, en una gran cantidad de casos es difícil su evaluación o no se sospecha su presencia debido al biotipo del paciente, la ausencia de síntomas, la aparición de complicaciones o corresponde a algún tipo de hernia poco frecuente. Además, la debilidad de la pared abdominal generada por una cirugía predispone a la eventración de órganos, a veces poco habituales, como el hígado, la vejiga o el apéndice. La utilización de la tomografía computada multidetector (TCMD) brinda grandes ventajas cuando resulta dificultoso establecer el diagnóstico por otros métodos. También puede ser un hallazgo incidental a tener en cuenta por sus posibles complicaciones futuras. En el presente trabajo describimos los principales hallazgos por TCMD de las hernias y eventraciones de la pared abdominal (como la umbilical, epigástrica, hipogástrica, inguinal, de Spiegel, lumbar, obturatriz, intercostal e incisional) y su contenido.


Although the diagnosis of abdominal wall hernias is clinical, and the most appropriate study is ultrasound, in a lot of cases they are difficult to evaluate, or their presence is not suspected because of the biotype of the patient, the absence of symptoms, the presence of complications, or the appearance of rare hernias. Surgery weakness generated in the wall leads to organ hernia, sometimes unusual, as in the liver, bladder, or appendix. The use of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a great advantage in these situations where the diagnosis can be difficult to determine with other methods. It also can be an incidental finding to consider eventual complications. In this paper, the main MDCT findings in abdominal wall hernias are described, including umbilical, epigastric, hypogastric, inguinal, Spiegel, lumbar, obturator, intercostal, and incisional, as well as their content.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods , Abdominal Wall/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Abdominal/classification , Hernia, Femoral/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Obturator/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Ventral/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction
9.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 23(1): 20-24, 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844631

ABSTRACT

Biliary ileus, first described byThomas Bartholin in the year1654, is a rare cause of mechanical ileus (small bowel obstruction) (1-3% in patients younger than 65 years), increasing significantly from that age (25%). The necessarycondition forthis pathologyis the presence ofa fistula between the gallbladderandthe gastrointestinaltract. Simple abdominal X-ray and ultrasonography are widely available and of relatively low cost, together presenting a sensitivity of 74% when they show the classic signs of Rigler’s triad (pneumobilia, ectopic gallstone and dilated loops of small intestine), but computed tomography of the abdomen is considered the gold standard, with a sensitivity and specificity higher than 90%. The aim of this article is to present a case of radiological diagnosis of biliary ileus in a patient with vesicular lithiasis + cholecystoduodenal fistula, associated with inguinal hernia on the left.


El íleo biliar, descrito por primera vez por Thomas Bartholin en el año 1654, constituye una causa poco frecuente de íleo mecánico (1-3% en menores de 65 años) aumentando significativamente a partir de esa edad (25%). La condición necesaria para esta patología es la presencia de una fístula entre la vesícula biliar y el tracto gastrointestinal. La radiografía simple de abdomen y la ecografía son de amplia disponibilidad y coste relativamente bajo, presentando en conjunto una sensibilidad del 74% cuando manifiestan los signos clásicos de la tríada de Rigler (neumobilia, lito biliar ectópico y dilatación de asas de intestino delgado), pero se considera que la tomografía computada de abdomen es el gold standard, con una sensibilidad y especificidad superiores al 90%. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un caso de diagnóstico radiológico de íleo biliar en un paciente con litiasis vesicular + fístula colecistoduodenal asociadas a hernia inguinal izquierda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Cholelithiasis/complications , Cholelithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Inguinal/complications , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Fistula/complications , Intestinal Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Abdomen, Acute/etiology , Ileus/diagnostic imaging , Ileus/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15366

ABSTRACT

We report the case in a 72-year-old man who presented with a right inguinal mass and with a one month history that was initially interpreted as an inguinal hernia. Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a right inguinal mass, including myxoid and fat component, extending from the right spermatic cord to the right inguinal subcutaneous layer. Mass excision was performed, and the diagnosis turned out to be angiomyxolipoma. Angiomyxolipoma is a rare tumor and the preoperative diagnosis of this disease is very difficult. However, angiomyxolipoma of the spermatic cord should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with an irreducible inguinal mass. Imaging diagnosis, such as US and CT may help to make a preoperative diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angiolipoma/pathology , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Myxoma/pathology , Spermatic Cord/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography, Doppler
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 886-890, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179437

ABSTRACT

A 70-year-old man with past history of hemicolectomy due to colon cancer underwent a follow-up abdominal/pelvic CT scan. CT revealed a right adrenal metastasis and then he underwent FDG-PET/CT study to search for other possible tumor recurrence. In PET images, other than right adrenal gland, there was an unexpected intense FDG uptake at right inguinal region and at first, it was considered to be an inguinal metastasis. However, correlation of PET images to concurrent CT data revealed it to be a bladder herniation. This case provides an example that analysis of PET images without corresponding CT images can lead to an insufficient interpretation or false positive diagnosis. Hence, radiologists should be aware of the importance of a combined analysis of PET and CT data in the interpretation of integrated PET/CT and rare but intriguing conditions, such as bladder herniation, during the evaluation of PET scans in colon cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Aged , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , False Positive Reactions , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiopharmaceuticals , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Urinary Bladder Diseases/diagnostic imaging
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