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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 491-497, 2024-04-24. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554177

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las hernias gigantes con pérdida de domicilio son aquellas cuyo saco herniario alcanza el punto medio del muslo en bipedestación y su contenido excede el volumen de la cavidad abdominal. Estas hernias son un reto quirúrgico dada la difícil reducción de su contenido y del cierre primario de la fascia. Tienen mayor riesgo de complicaciones asociadas al síndrome compartimental abdominal, así como mayor tasa de recurrencia y morbilidad en los pacientes. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino de 81 años, reconsultante por hernia inguinoescrotal derecha gigante, de dos años de evolución, sintomática, con índice de Tanaka de 24 %. Se decidió aplicar el protocolo de neumoperitoneo secuencial (hasta 11.000 ml en total en cavidad) además de toxina botulínica en pared abdominal (dos sesiones). Resultados. Se logró la corrección exitosa de la hernia inguinoescrotal gigante, sin recaídas de su patología abdomino-inguinal. El paciente manifestó satisfacción con el tratamiento un año después del procedimiento. Conclusiones. El protocolo de neumoperitoneo secuencial es una alternativa en casos de hernias complejas, con alto riesgo de complicaciones, que requieren técnicas reconstructivas adicionales. La aplicación previa de toxina botulínica es un adyuvante considerable para aumentar la probabilidad de resultados favorables. Sin embargo, debe incentivarse la investigación en esta área para evaluar su efectividad.


Introduction. Giant hernias with loss of domain are those whose hernial sac reaches the midpoint of the thigh in standing position and whose content exceeds the volume of the abdominal cavity. These hernias are a surgical challenge given the difficult reduction of their contents and the primary fascial closure, with a higher risk of complications associated with abdominal compartment syndrome, as well as a higher rate of recurrence and morbidity in patients. Clinical case. A 81-year-old male patient with comorbidity, reconsulting due to a symptomatic giant right inguinoscrotal hernia of two years of evolution, with a Tanaka index of 24%, eligible for a sequential pneumoperitoneum protocol (up to a total of 11,000 cc in cavity) plus application of botulinum toxin (two sessions) in the abdominal wall. Results. Successful correction of the patient's giant inguinoscrotal hernia was achieved using this protocol, without recurrence of his abdomino-inguinal pathology and satisfaction with the procedure after one year. Conclusion. The sequential pneumoperitoneum protocol continues to be an important alternative in cases with a high risk of complications that require additional reconstructive techniques, while the previous application of botulinum toxin is a considerable adjuvant to further increase the rate of favorable results. However, research in the area should be encouraged to reaffirm its effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Hernia, Inguinal , Prostheses and Implants , Hernia, Abdominal , Herniorrhaphy
2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 53-57, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009496

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Traumatic lumbar hernia (TLH) constitutes a protrusion of content through a defect in the posterior abdominal wall, as a result of injury. This rare entity has been described in limited number of cases.@*METHODS@#A systematic review of the literature was performed according to the meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology guidelines. The English literature from 1990 until 2021 was reviewed, using PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar bibliographic databases, to identify case reports and case series with patients that were diagnosed with TLH. For each eligible study, demographics, clinical presentation, hernia characteristics, preoperative imaging investigations, operation details, and postoperative data were extracted for assessment. Statistical analysis was performed on SPSS, version 20.0.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 studies were included for review, with 164 patients with TLH. Mean age was (42.6 ± 14.3) years (47.6% males, 31.1% females, gender not specified in 35 cases). Mean diameter of hernia neck was (6.3 ± 3.1) cm, while the triangles of Petit and Grynfeltt were affected in 74.5% and 14.6%, respectively. Patients diagnosed in the emergency setting account for 54.2%, with CT scan establishing diagnosis in all but one case (97.7%). A delayed diagnosis was made in 45.8%, at a mean 1 year following trauma. Flank bulging (82.8%) and chronic back pain (34.3%) were the most frequent symptoms. In both delayed and acute group, open surgery (63.6% and 92.3%, respectively) was the preferred surgical approach. Postoperative complications were reported in 11.4% of acute and 15.0% of delayed patients. Hernia recurrence was 7%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TLH is uncommon with 164 cases described since 1990. CT scan is the gold standard in diagnosis. Open surgery is generally the preferred approach, particularly in the emergency setting. Acute TLH can be treated either by primary suture repair or mesh, depending on the local conditions, whereas delayed cases usually require a mesh.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laparoscopy
3.
Cir. Urug ; 8(1): e304, 2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1557451

ABSTRACT

La hernia inguinal supone la patología de pared abdominal más frecuente hoy en día. En el saco herniario podemos encontrar diferentes estructuras, como grasa preperitoneal, intestino delgado, colon o incluso la vejiga, resultando inusual la presencia de la trompa de Falopio y el ovario. El contenido tubo-ovárico supone un hallazgo frecuente en población pediátrica, mientras que resulta un hecho extremadamente raro en mujeres en edad reproductiva o menopáusica, siendo imprescindible su tratamiento con el fin de evitar complicaciones relacionadas con la fertilidad y la viabilidad de los anejos. Con el objetivo de revisar la bibliografía descrita al respecto dado la infrecuencia que supone este hallazgo en mujeres adultas, se presenta el siguiente caso clínico de forma resumida, con la consiguiente revisión de la literatura disponible. Se trata de una paciente mujer de 50 años, con antecedentes de mioma uterino, intervenida de forma programada de hernioplastia inguinal derecha, observando contenido tubo-ovárico en el saco herniario, en la cual se realiza hernioplastia inguinal según la técnica de Lichtenstein con preservación de anejos sin complicaciones postoperatorias. Como conclusiones finales, consideramos que los hallazgos intraoperatorios de contenido tubo-ovárico en la cirugía de hernia inguinal en mujeres adultas supone un hecho infrecuente, cuyo conocimiento y manejo resulta necesario para el cirujano general, precisando de un índice de alta sospecha con el fin de evitar complicaciones y otorgar el tratamiento quirúrgico más óptimo para el bienestar de los pacientes.


Inguinal hernia represents the most common pathology of the abdominal wall currently. In the hernia sac, various structures can be found, such as preperitonealphat, smallbowel, colon, oreventhe bladder, but the presence of the fall opiantube and ovaryisun common. Tubo-ovarian content is a frequent finding in pediatric population, while infection is extremely rare in women of reproductive or menopausal age, requiring essential treatment to prevent complications related to fertility and adnexal viability. In order to review the literature described in this regard, given the infrequency of this finding in adult women, we present the following clinical case, along with a review of the available literature. The patient is a 50-year-old woman with a history of uterine fibroids, who underwent surgery of a right inguinal hernioplasty, revealing tube-ovarian content in the hernia sac. Inguinal hernioplasty was performed using the Lichtenstein technique with preservation of adnexa, and there were no postoperative complications. In final conclusions, we consider that intraoperative finding of tube-ovarian content in inguinal hernia surgery in adult women are uncommon, and knowledge and management of this condition are necessary for the general surgeon. A high index of suspicion is required to avoid complications and provide the most optimal surgical treatment for the well-being of patients.


A hérnia inguinal representa uma patologia comum da parede abdominal nos dias seguintes. No saco herniário, podem ser encontradas diferentes estruturas, como gordura pré-peritoneal, intestino delgado, cólon propriamente dito com a bexiga, sendoincomum com presença da trompa de Falópio e do ovário. O conteúdo trompa-ovariano é muito comum em populações pediátricas, mas é extremamente raro em mulheres em saúde reprodutiva ou na menopausa, sendo essencial ou seutratamento para evitar complicações relacionadas à fertilidade e à viabilidade dos dois anexos. Com o objetivo de revisar a bibliografia descrita a esse respeito, dado pouco discutido em mulheres adultas, o seguinte caso clínico é apresentado de forma resumida, juntamente com uma revisão da literatura disponível. Trata-se de paciente do sexo feminino, 50 anos, com história de mioma uterino, submetida a hernioplastia inguinal direta programada, observando-se conteúdo da tuba ovariana e saco herniário. A hernioplastia inguinal foi realizada segundo a técnica de Lichtenstein, comprimindo dois anexos e sem complicações operatórias. Como conclusões finais, consideramos que a redução intraoperatória do conteúdo tubo-ovariano na cirurgia de hérnia inguinal em mulheres adultas é incomum, e o conhecimento e o manejo dos procedimentos necessários à cirurgia geral requerem um alto índice de suspeita para evitar complicações e proporcionar tratamento cirúrgico . maisadequado para ou bem-est dois pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ovary/surgery , Fallopian Tubes/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/complications , Ovary/pathology , Perimenopause , Fallopian Tubes/pathology , Herniorrhaphy
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(6): 241-245, 20230000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1526803

ABSTRACT

La hernia inguinal es uno de los problemas urgentes más comunes encontrados por los cirujanos. Hubo 145 pacientes tratados debido al diagnóstico de hernia inguinal. De 44 pacientes que fueron operados en condiciones de emergencia. Alrededor de 131 casos (106 hombres y 25 mujeres) fueron tratados con reparación de malla preperitoneal abierta unilateral. Los pacientes fueron examinados en términos de complicaciones postoperatorias. Los datos recopilados incluidos como edad, sexo, historial médico, afecciones de cirugía, encarcelamiento y estrangulamiento. Hubo un total de 145 pacientes incluidos en el estudio; en el que 44 de ellos (29 hombres y 15 mujeres, rango de edad: 30-72) (Grupo I) fueron operados en condiciones de emergencia y 101 de ellas (51 hombres y 50 mujeres, rango de edad: 25-78) (grupo Ii) fueron operados en condiciones electivas. Hubo comorbilidad en 31 pacientes de grupo I y 77 pacientes del grupo II. Alrededor del 47.7% (n = 21) de los casos que se sometieron a cirugía emergente debido al encarcelamiento, mientras que el 43.6% (n = 44) de los casos que fueron operados en condiciones electivas. Había 12 hernias femorales en el Grupo I y 19 Hernia femoral en el Grupo II. No hay diferencia entre la complicación postoperatoria y las tasas de recurrencia en los casos de hernia inguinal operados en condiciones electivas y en condiciones de emergencia. Es más barato que la reparación laparoscópica, el control del dolor de plomo y la falta de dolor neuropático, tiene complicaciones menos testiculares, y es más ventajoso que otros enfoques abiertos


Inguinal hernia is one of the most common urgent problems encountered by surgeons. There were 145 patients treated due to inguinal hernia diagnosis. Out of 44 patients who were operated under emergency conditions. About 131 cases (106 male and 25 female) were treated with unilateral open preperitoneal mesh repair. Patients were examined in terms of postoperative complications. Data collected included as age, gender, medical history, surgery conditions, incarceration and strangulation. There were total of 145 patients included in the study; in which 44 of them (29 male and 15 female, range of age: 30- 72) (group I) were operated under emergency conditions and 101 of them (51 male and 50 female, range of age: 25-78) (group II) were operated under elective conditions. There was comorbidity in 31 patients of group I and 77 patients of group II. About 47.7% (n=21) of cases who underwent emergent surgery due to incarceration, while 43.6% (n=44) of cases who were operated under elective conditions. There were 12 femoral hernias in group I and 19 femoral hernia in group II. There is no difference between postoperative complication and recurrence rates in inguinal hernia cases operated under elective conditions and under emergency conditions. It is cheaper than laparoscopic repair, lead pain control and lack of neuropathic pain, has less testicular complications, and it is more advantageous than other open approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Femoral/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 492-500, Mayo 8, 2023. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438568

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características de la población y determinar las principales complicaciones de los pacientes que son llevados a cirugía por hernia lateral en el abdomen. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo, que incluyó a los pacientes sometidos a herniorrafia lateral, entre 2015 y 2019 en un centro de tercer nivel. La información se obtuvo del registro de historias clínicas. Las variables analizadas se clasificaron según las características sociodemográficas de los pacientes, clínicas y quirúrgicas. Se hizo una caracterización de acuerdo con los resultados encontrados. Resultados. Se incluyeron 51 pacientes con hernia lateral, 29 de ellos mujeres, con un promedio de edad de 59 años y de índice de masa corporal de 28 kg/m2. El 60 % tenía comorbilidades de base, siendo la hipertensión arterial la más frecuente. La mayoría se clasificaron como ASA II. En cuanto a la localización, la L3 fue la más común (37,2 %). Se presentaron complicaciones postquirúrgicas en el 27,4 % de los pacientes, siendo las más frecuentes seromas, hematomas e infecciones de sitio operatorio. Ningún paciente requirió reintervención para el manejo de las complicaciones. Conclusión. Conocer la población y determinar cuáles son las principales complicaciones postquirúrgicas de un procedimiento permite tomar medidas para disminuir su frecuencia, pero en este caso, se necesitan estudios adicionales para determinar cuáles son los mayores factores asociados a las complicaciones


Introduction. To describe the characteristics of the population and to determine the main complications of patients who undergo surgery for lateral hernia. Methods. We performed a retrospective observational study, including patients who underwent lateral herniorrhaphy between 2015 and 2019 in a third-level medical center, obtaining information through the registration of medical records. The analyzed variables were classified according to the patients' clinical, surgical and sociodemographic characteristics, performing a characterization according to the results found. Results. Fifty-one patients due to lateral hernia were included, 29 of them were women, with a mean age of 59 years and a body mass index of 28 Kg/m2. Of those, 60% presented basic comorbidities, being arterial hypertension the most frequent. Most were classified as ASA II. Regarding the location, the L3 was the most commonly presented hernia, referring to 37.2%. Postoperative complications occurred in 27.4% of the patients, with seromas being the most frequent, followed by hematomas and surgical site infections. No patient required reintervention for the management of complications. Conclusion. By knowing the population and determining which are the main complications, measures can be taken to reduce their incidence. Additional studies are needed to determine which are the main factors associated with complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Wall , Herniorrhaphy , Postoperative Complications , Hernia, Abdominal , Incisional Hernia , Lumbosacral Region
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(2): 39-41, 20230000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436992

ABSTRACT

La incidencia de la hernia inguinal a lo largo de la vida es variable, pero con una mayor prevalencia en los hombres. Hoy en día no existe una técnica superior en términos de reducir el dolor postoperatorio crónico, que es la mayor morbilidad que afecta a los pacientes. Es por eso que realizamos un breve análisis comparativo, donde evaluamos la incidencia de dolor crónico entre el ensayo convencional versus laparoscópico de la patología de la hernia


The incidence of inguinal hernia throughout life is variable, but with a higher prevalence in males. Today there is no superior technique in terms of reducing chronic postoperative pain, which is the greatest morbidity that afflicts patients. That is why we carried out a brief comparative analysis, where we evaluated the incidence of chronic pain between conventional versus laparoscopic rehearsal of hernia pathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain, Postoperative , Laparoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/pathology
7.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 12(1): 359, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1451855

ABSTRACT

Las hernias inguinales son una patología para tratamiento quirúrgico frecuente, afecta entre un 3 a 5 % de toda la población en general, su reparación resulta difícil y peligrosa en caso de recurrencia; un paciente sometido a cirugía tiene entre19 ­ 39 % de probabilidades de recidiva, y esto aumenta con cada nuevo procedimiento. Objetivo: caracterizar la prevalencia de recidivas de hernias inguinales en pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Universitario de Caracas entre los años 2015-2020. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y analítico. Resultados: se estudiaron 52 casos de recidivas de hernias inguinales, 43 % de un total de 120 pacientes sometidos a hernioplastia inguinal, las técnicas quirúrgicas con mayor número de recidivas fueron: la de Bassini con 14 %, la de Rutkow-Robbins con 10 % y la de Linchtenstein con 9 % de los casos; con un tiempo de recidiva posterior a la primera intervención el cual fue mayor al año de la primera intervención. Conclusiones: la recidiva resultó un poco mayor al promedio, el tiempo en el cual ocurrió es mayor al año de la intervención y las técnicas más involucradas fueron, enorden decreciente: Bassini, Rutkow-Robbins, y Linchtenstein(AU)


Inguinal hernias are a pathology for frequent surgical treatment, affecting between 3 to 5 % of the entire population in general, their repair is difficult and dangerousin case of recurrence; a patient undergoing surgery has a19-39 % chance of recurrence, and this increases with eachnew procedure. Objective: to characterize the prevalence of recurrences of inguinal hernias in patients undergoing surgery at the General Surgery Service of the Hospital Universitario de Caracas between the years 2015-2020. Methods: retrospective, descriptive and analytical study. Results: 52 cases of inguinalhernia recurrences were studied, 43 % of a total of 120 patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty, the surgical techniques with the highest number of recurrences were: Bassini with 14 %,that of Rutkow-Robbins with 10 % and that of Linchtensteinwith 9 % of the cases; with a recurrence time after the first intervention which was greater than a year after the first intervention. Conclusions: the recurrence was a little high erthan the average, the time in which it occurred is greater than a year othehe intervention and the techniques most involved were,in decreasing order: Bassini, Rutkow-Robbins, and Lichtenstei(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , General Surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/pathology , Herniorrhaphy
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515257

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las intervenciones quirúrgicas de hernias son uno de los procedimientos que más frecuente realizan los cirujanos. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes a los que les fue realizada la técnica quirúrgica de hernioplastia inguinal según la técnica de Jean Rives modificada. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de corte longitudinal en el Hospital Universitario Arnaldo Milián Castro de Santa Clara en el período de enero del 2011 a diciembre del 2021. El universo de trabajo estuvo representado por la población de pacientes con el diagnóstico de hernias inguinocrurales, a los cuales les fue efectuada dicha técnica quirúrgica. La muestra estuvo conformada por 194 pacientes. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino 103 (53,1 por ciento) y los pacientes mayores de 60 años 99 (51,0 por ciento). La localización más frecuente de la hernia fue la zona inguinal derecha 146 (75,3 por ciento) para ambos sexos, masculino 81 (41,8 por ciento) y femenino 65 (33,5 por ciento) respectivamente. Prevalecieron las hernias inguinales primarias 96 (49,5 por ciento), directas 70 (36,1 por ciento); en el sexo masculino preponderaron las indirectas 61 (31,4 por ciento). Predominaron las complicaciones posoperatorias en las cirugías de urgencias 10 (5,0 por ciento). El seroma 4 (2,0 por ciento), la orquitis 3 (1,5 por ciento) y la recidiva herniaria 3 (1,5 por ciento) fueron las complicaciones más comunes. Conclusiones: La técnica de hernioplastia inguinocrural de Jean Rives modificada es efectiva para los pacientes masculinos mayores de 60 años con hernias inguinales primarias, directas e indirectas. Las posibles complicaciones posoperatorias fueron en las intervenciones quirúrgicas de urgencia, donde el seroma y la orquitis fueron las más frecuentes. La recidiva tuvo una baja tasa con respecto a otros tipos de hernioplastias(AU)


Introduction: Hernia surgical interventions are one of the procedures most frequently performed by surgeons. Objective: To characterize the patients who underwent the surgical technique of inguinal hernioplasty based on the modified Jean Rives technique. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive and longitudinal study was carried out in Hospital Universitario Arnaldo Milián Castro, of Santa Clara City, central Cuba, in the period from January 2011 to December 2021. The study universe was represented by the population of patients diagnosed with inguinocrural hernias who underwent this surgical technique. The sample consisted of 194 patients. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex, accounting for 103 (53.1 percent); as well as of patients over 60 years of age, accounting for 99 (51.0 percent). The most frequent location of the hernia was the right inguinal area, represented by 146 cases (75.3 percent) for both sexes, accounting for 81 (41.8 percent) and 65 (33.5 percent) for males and females, respectively. Primary inguinal hernias predominated, represented by 96 cases (49.5 percent); as well as direct hernias, accounting for 70 cases (36.1 percent). In the male sex, indirect hernias predominated, accounting for 61 cases (31.4 percent). Postoperative complications predominated in emergency surgery, represented by 10 cases (5.0 percent). Seroma (4; 2.0 percent), orchitis (3; 1.5 percent) and hernia recurrence (3; 1.5 percent) were the most common complications. Conclusions: The modified Jean Rives inguinocrural hernioplasty technique is effective for male patients older than 60 years with primary, direct and indirect inguinal hernias. Potential postoperative complications occurred in emergency surgery, in which cases seroma and orchitis were the most frequent ones. Recurrence had a low rate compared to other types of hernioplasties(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 498-502, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981031

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the short-term clinical effects of robot-assisted and laparoscopic repair of the hiatal hernia. Methods: The clinical data of 56 patients underwent minimally invasive hiatal hernia repair from January 2021 to January 2022 in the Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 24 females, aging (59.7±10.7) years (range: 28 to 75 years). All patients were divided into laparoscopy group (n=27) and robot group (n=29) according to surgical procedures. Perioperative conditions, hospital stay, and improvement in symptoms before and after surgery were compared between the two groups by the t test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test and χ2 test. Results: All surgical procedures were successfully completed, without conversion to laparotomy or change in operation mode. There were no serious complications related to the operation. The intraoperative blood loss of the robot group was less than that of the laparoscopic group (M (IQR)): (20 (110) ml vs. 40 (80) ml, Z=-4.098, P<0.01). The operation time ((111.7±33.6) minutes vs. (120.4±35.0) minutes, t=-0.943, P=0.350) and hospitalization time ((3.9±1.4) days vs. (4.7±1.9) days, t=-1.980, P=0.053) of the robot group and the laparoscopic group were similar. Follow-up for 12 months after the operation showed no postoperative complications and recurrence. The score of the health-related quality of life questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease in the robot group decreased from 10.8±2.8 before the operation to 6.5±0.6 after the operation, and that in the laparoscopic group decreased from 10.6±2.1 before the operation to 6.3±0.6 after the operation. There was no difference in the influence of different surgical methods on the change in score (t=0.030,P=0.976). Conclusion: Compared with laparoscopic repair of the hiatal hernia, robot-assisted hiatal hernia repair has the advantages of less bleeding, rapid postoperative recovery and good short-term effect.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hernia, Hiatal/complications , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Quality of Life , Laparoscopy/methods , Recurrence , Fundoplication/methods
10.
Singapore medical journal ; : 105-108, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969653

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The superiority of laparoscopic repair over open repair of incisional hernias (IHs) in the elective setting is still controversial. Our study aimed to compare the postoperative outcomes of laparoscopic and open elective IH repair in an Asian population.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was conducted in an acute general hospital in Singapore between 2010 and 2015. Inclusion criteria were IH repair in an elective setting, IHs with diameter of 3-15 cm, and location at the ventral abdominal wall. We excluded patients who underwent emergency repair, had recurrent hernias or had loss of abdominal wall domain (i.e. hernia sac containing more than 30% of abdominal contents or any solid organs). Postoperative outcomes within a year such as recurrence, pain, infection, haematoma and seroma formation were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 174 eligible patients. The majority were elderly Chinese women who were overweight. Open repair was performed in 49.4% of patients, while 50.6% underwent laparoscopic repair. The mean operation time for open repair was 116 minutes (116 ± 60.6 minutes) and 139 minutes (136 ± 64.1 minutes) for laparoscopic repair (P = 0.079). Within a year after open repair, postoperative wound infection occurred in 15.1% of the patients in the open repair group compared to 1.1% in the laparoscopic group (P = 0.0007). Postoperative pain, recurrence and haematoma/seroma formation were comparable.@*CONCLUSION@#Elective laparoscopic IH repair has comparable outcomes with open repair and may offer the advantage of reduced postoperative wound infection rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Seroma/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985791

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the recurrence factors and reoperation effect of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: A total of 41 patients with recurrence after laparoscopic repair of the inguinal hernia admitted to the Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were males, aging (62±7) years (range: 51 to 75 years). The recurrence intervals were 3 days to 7 years postoperatively. The surgical methods, causes of recurrence, and treatment outcomes of the patients were analyzed. Fisher exact probability method is used to compare the rates. Results: Among all cases, the primary surgical procedures included transabdominal preperitoneal herniorrhaphy (TAPP) in 31 cases and total extraperitoneal herniorrhaphy in 10 cases. The reoperative procedures included the TAPP of 11 cases and the Lichtenstein procedure of 30 cases. The factors of recurrent cases in all patients could be divided into 4 categories, including insufficient mesh coverage in 23 cases, mesh curling in 9 cases, mesh contractuture in 7 cases, and improper mesh fixation in 2 cases. Recurrence, infection, chronic pain, foreign body sensation didn't occur in the followed period of(M(IQR)) 18(24) months(range: 12 to 50 months). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of postoperative seroma between the TAPP and Lichtenstein procedure (3/11 vs. 20.0% (6/30), P=0.68). Conclusions: Postoperative recurrence of laparoscopic inguinal hernia is mostly caused by the lack of mesh coverage. Due to the emphasis on standardized surgical operation, a good outcome could be achieved through reoperation by the TAPP or Lichtenstein procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 503-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985790

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare laparoscopic Keyhole repair with Sugarbaker repair in consecutive patients with parastomal hernia. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2021, 117 patients with parastomal hernia were treated with Keyhole or Sugarbaker laparoscopy repairs in the Department of Hernia and Bariatrci Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 45 males and 72 females, aged (68.6±8.6) years (range: 44 to 84 years). Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair was performed in 89 cases, and Keyhole repair was performed in 28 cases. The t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and Fisher exact test were used to compare the observation indicators between the two groups, such as operation time, incidence of operation-related complications, and postoperative recurrence rate. Results: The follow-up period was (M(IQR)) 33 (36) months (range: 12 to 84 months). Compared to the Sugarbaker group, the hernia ring area of the Keyhole group was bigger (35 (26) cm2 vs. 25 (16) cm2, Z=1.974, P=0.048), length of stay was longer ((22.0±8.0) d vs. (14.1±6.2) d, t=5.485, P<0.01), and the postoperative rate of recurrence was higher (28.6% (8/28) vs. 6.7% (6/89), χ2=7.675, P=0.006). There was no difference in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair is superior to Keyhole repair in the recurrence rate of parastomal hernia treated with compsite mesh (not funnel-shaped mesh). There are no differences in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Incisional Hernia/etiology , Hernia/complications , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 493-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985789

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the factors influencing small intestinal ischemia in elderly patients with incarcerated hernia. Methods: The clinical data of 105 elderly patients admitted for surgical procedures of incarcerated hernia at Department of General Surgery, Huadong Hospital between January 2014 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 60 males and 45 females, aged (86.1±4.3) years (range: 80 to 96 years). They were divided into normal group (n=55) and ischemic group (n=50) according to intraoperative intestinal canal condition. The t test, χ2 test and Fisher's exact probability method were used for the univariate analysis of the factors that influence intestinal ischemia in patients, and Logistic regression was used for multifactorial analysis. Results: In all patients, 18 patients (17.1%) had irreversible intestinal ischemia with bowel resection. Six patients died within 30 days, 3 cases from severe abdominal infection, 2 cases from postoperative exacerbation of underlying cardiac disease, and 1 case from respiratory failure due to severe pulmonary infection. The results of the univariate analysis showed that there were differences in gender, history of intussusception, duration of previous hernia, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, C-reactive protein, type of incarcerated hernia, and preoperative intestinal obstruction between the two groups (all P<0.05). The Logistic regression results showed that the short time to the previous hernia (OR=0.892, 95%CI 0.872 to 0.962, P=0.003), high C-reactive protein (OR=1.022, 95%CI 1.007 to 1.037, P=0.003), non-indirect incarcerated hernia (OR=10.571, 95%CI 3.711 to 30.114, P<0.01) and preoperative intestinal obstruction (OR=6.438, 95%CI 1.762 to 23.522, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for the development of intestinal ischemia in elderly patients with incarcerated hernia. Conclusions: The short duration of the previous hernia, the high values of C-reactive proteins, the non-indirect incarcerated hernia, and the preoperative bowel obstruction are influencing factors for bowel ischemia in elderly patients with incarcerated hernia. A timely operation is necessary to reduce the incidence of intestinal necrosis and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Mesenteric Ischemia/surgery , Ischemia/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 486-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985788

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair for perineal hernia after abdominoperineal excision (APE) in rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 8 patients with perineal hernia after APE who accepted surgical treatment in the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Hernia Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2017 to December 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 3 males and 5 females, aged (67.6±7.2) years (range: 56 to 76 years). Eight patients developed a perineal mass at (11.3±2.9) months (range: 5 to 13 months) after APE. After surgical separation of adhesion and exposing the pelvic floor defect, a 15 cm×20 cm anti-adhesion mesh was fashioned as a three-dimensional pocket shape to fit the pelvic defect, then fixed to the promontory or sacrum and sutured to the pelvic sidewalls and the anterior peritoneum, while two side slender slings were tailored in front of the mesh and fixed on the pectineal ligament. Results: The repair of their perineal hernias went well, with an operating time of (240.6±48.8) minutes (range: 155 to 300 minutes). Five patients underwent laparotomy, 3 patients tried laparoscopic surgery first and then transferred to laparotomy combined with the perineal approach. Intraoperative bowel injury was observed in 3 patients. All patients did not have an intestinal fistula, bleeding occurred. No reoperation was performed and their preoperative symptoms improved significantly. The postoperative hospital stay was (13.5±2.9) days (range: 7 to 17 days) and two patients had postoperative ileus, which improved after conservative treatment. Two patients had a postoperative perineal hernia sac effusion, one of them underwent placement of a tube to puncture the hernia sac effusion due to infection, and continued irrigation and drainage. The postoperative follow-up was (34.8±14.0) months (range: 13 to 48 months), and 1 patient developed recurrence in the seventh postoperative month, no further surgery was performed. Conclusions: Surgical repair of the perineal hernia after APE can be preferred transabdominal approach, routine application of laparoscopy is not recommended, combined abdominoperineal approach can be considered if necessary. The perineal hernia after APE can be repaired safely and effectively using the described technique of patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Animals , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Hernia , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Proctectomy , Laparoscopy , Perineum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hominidae
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 456-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985783

ABSTRACT

With the development of modern surgery, the field of hernia and abdominal wall surgery is undergoing a transformative change, and new techniques, new concepts, and recent progress are being updated, which have motivated the high-quality development of the discipline. In the past two decades, the development of hernia and abdominal wall surgery in China has been recognized by international peers. Many young surgeons have gradually become the main force in the treatment of hernia and leaders in surgical technique. The innovation and development of discipline will never terminate; young surgeons as the main force should seriously think about how to improve their professional qualities. Young surgeons are interested in the innovation of surgical techniques and need to push for a traditional operation on the one hand and an innovative operation on the other. Updates to concepts and acquisition of new materials are more important, which can provide a solid foundation for technological innovation. Young surgeons should start with the basics and classics. Understanding the history and development of new techniques, new concepts and recent progress, and grasping indications of clinical application, is the important part of growing up for young surgeons, which can make surgical treatment more standardized, benefit patients, and promote the progress of Chinese specialized medical education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Hernia , Surgeons , Herniorrhaphy/methods , China , Surgical Mesh
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 451-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985782

ABSTRACT

Complex ventral hernia refers to a large hernia that is complicated by a series of concurrent conditions. Change in intra-abdominal pressure is one of the main pathways through which various factors exert an impact on perioperative risk and postoperative recurrence. Taking abdominal pressure reconstruction as the core, the treatment strategy for complex abdominal hernia can be formulated from three aspects: improving patients' tolerance, expanding abdominal cavity volume, and reducing the volume of abdominal contents. Improving patients' tolerance includes abdominal wall compliance training and progressive preoperative pneumoperitoneum. To expand the volume of the abdominal cavity, implanting hernia repair materials, component separation technique, autologous tissue transplantation, component expend technique, and chemical component separation can be used. Initiative content reduction surgery and temporary abdominal closure may be performed to reduce the volume of abdominal contents. For different cases of complex ventral hernia, personalized treatment measures can be safely and feasibly adopted depending on the condition of the patients and the intra-abdominal pressure situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 441-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985780

ABSTRACT

Hernia and abdominal wall surgery is a relatively new subspecialty in surgery. Although it started late in China, after 25 years of rapid development, it has made remarkable achievements and has become an important part of surgery, laying a solid foundation for the further development of the discipline. At the same time, one should also be soberly aware of the present deficiencies in this field. The development of the field should be more detailed and in-depth from the following aspects: correct understanding of new concepts of hernia and abdominal wall surgery, establishment of hernia patient registration and quality control system, technological innovation and development of technical equipment, especially the expansion of robot surgical systems, materials science progression to hernia and abdominal wall surgery. Faced with this challenge, China is expected to achieve high-quality development in the field of hernia and abdominal surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Herniorrhaphy , Hernia , China , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Surgical Mesh
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 708-712, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009789

ABSTRACT

Vasectomy damage is a common complication of open nonmesh hernia repair. This study was a retrospective analysis of the characteristics and possible causes of vas deferens injuries in patients exhibiting unilateral or bilateral vasal obstruction caused by open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy. The site of the obstructed vas deferens was intraoperatively confirmed. Data, surgical methods, and patient outcomes were examined. The Anderson-Darling test was applied to test for Gaussian distribution of data. Fisher's exact test or Mann-Whitney U test and unpaired t-test were used for statistical analyses. The mean age at operation was 7.23 (standard deviation [s.d.]: 2.09) years and the mean obstructive interval was 17.72 (s.d.: 2.73) years. Crossed (n = 1) and inguinal ( n = 42) vasovasostomies were performed. The overall patency rate was 85.3% (29/34). Among the 43 enrolled patients (mean age: 24.95 [s.d.: 2.20] years), 73 sides of their inguinal regions were explored. The disconnected end of the vas deferens was found in the internal ring on 54 sides (74.0%), was found in the inguinal canal on 16 sides (21.9%), and was found in the pelvic cavity on 3 sides (4.1%). Location of the vas deferens injury did not significantly differ according to age at the time of hernia surgery ( ≥ 12 years or <12 years) or obstructive interval (≥15 years or <15 years). These results underscore that high ligation of the hernial sac warrants extra caution by surgeons during open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Child , Vas Deferens/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Iatrogenic Disease , Laparoscopy
19.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1451698

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Validar um protocolo de teleconsulta pré-operatória de enfermagem em hernioplastia e colecistectomia. Método: Estudo metodológico realizado em um hospital filantrópico localizado em Rio Branco, Acre. Participaram dez enfermeiros especialistas em assistência perioperatória. A validação ocorreu no período de agosto a outubro de 2021. O protocolo do estudo foi fundamentado na revisão de escopo do Instituto Joanna Briggs (JBI) e nos diagnósticos e nas intervenções de enfermagem de ansiedade e o risco de recuperação cirúrgica retardada. Os dados foram analisados pelo índice de validade de conteúdo, adotando o valor maior ou igual a 0,8 na análise global. Resultados: Os enfermeiros validaram o conteúdo proposto, atestando sua abrangência, clareza e relevância em todos os itens, com altos índices de validade de conteúdo globais maiores que 0,95. Conclusão: O protocolo construído foi validado por especialistas, sendo evidenciadas sua abrangência, clareza e relevância de sua tecnologia didática instrucional para aplicabilidade clínica no período pré-operatório


Objective: To validate a preoperative nursing teleconsultation protocol for hernioplasty and cholecystectomy. Method: This is a methodological study carried out at a philanthropic hospital located in the city of Rio Branco, state of Acre, Brazil. Ten nurses specialized in perioperative care participated in the study. The validation took place from August to October 2021. The study protocol was based on the scoping review by the Joanna Briggs Institute ( JBI) and on nursing diagnoses and interventions for anxiety and the risk of delayed surgical recovery. Data were analyzed using the content validity index, adopting a value greater than or equal to 0.8 in the overall analysis. Results: The nurses validated the proposed content, attesting to its comprehensive-ness, clarity, and relevance in all items, with high overall content validity indices greater than 0.95. Conclusions: The developed protocol was validated by experts, showing the comprehensiveness, clarity, and relevance of its instructional didactic technology for clinical applicability in the preoperative period


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Nursing , Cholecystectomy/nursing , Remote Consultation/methods , Herniorrhaphy/nursing , Clinical Protocols
20.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441533

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hernia de Garengeot es una de las hernias de la pared abdominal más infrecuente del mundo. Objetivo: Presentar una paciente con diagnóstico de hernia crural, con el apéndice cecal, lo cual constituye la hernia de Garengeot. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de color de piel blanca, de 56 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud, que ingresó en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" con el diagnóstico de hernia crural atascada. Presentó dolor en la raíz del muslo derecho, náuseas y presencia de una tumoración por debajo de la línea de malgaigne, irreductible. Conclusiones: La hernia de Garengeot es una entidad quirúrgica única, difícil de distinguir de una hernia crural irreductible. Por tanto, su diagnóstico es un hallazgo intraoperatorio y la herniorrafia es el proceder quirúrgico más empleado(AU)


Introduction: Garengeot's hernia is one of the most uncommon abdominal wall hernias worldwide. Objective: To present the case of a patient with a diagnosis of crural hernia, with cecal appendix, definitely being Garengeot's hernia. Clinical case: A female patient of white skin color, aged 56 years old, with a family history of disease, was admitted to the surgery service of Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" with the diagnosis of incarcerated crural hernia. He presented pain in the root of the right thigh, nausea and an irreducible tumor below the Malgaigne's line, irreducible. Conclusions: Garengeot's hernia is a unique surgical entity, difficult to distinguish from an irreducible crural hernia. Therefore, its diagnosis is an intraoperative finding and herniorrhaphy is the most commonly used surgical procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Appendicitis/surgery , Hernia, Abdominal/diagnosis , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects
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