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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 53-57, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009496

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Traumatic lumbar hernia (TLH) constitutes a protrusion of content through a defect in the posterior abdominal wall, as a result of injury. This rare entity has been described in limited number of cases.@*METHODS@#A systematic review of the literature was performed according to the meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology guidelines. The English literature from 1990 until 2021 was reviewed, using PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar bibliographic databases, to identify case reports and case series with patients that were diagnosed with TLH. For each eligible study, demographics, clinical presentation, hernia characteristics, preoperative imaging investigations, operation details, and postoperative data were extracted for assessment. Statistical analysis was performed on SPSS, version 20.0.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 studies were included for review, with 164 patients with TLH. Mean age was (42.6 ± 14.3) years (47.6% males, 31.1% females, gender not specified in 35 cases). Mean diameter of hernia neck was (6.3 ± 3.1) cm, while the triangles of Petit and Grynfeltt were affected in 74.5% and 14.6%, respectively. Patients diagnosed in the emergency setting account for 54.2%, with CT scan establishing diagnosis in all but one case (97.7%). A delayed diagnosis was made in 45.8%, at a mean 1 year following trauma. Flank bulging (82.8%) and chronic back pain (34.3%) were the most frequent symptoms. In both delayed and acute group, open surgery (63.6% and 92.3%, respectively) was the preferred surgical approach. Postoperative complications were reported in 11.4% of acute and 15.0% of delayed patients. Hernia recurrence was 7%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TLH is uncommon with 164 cases described since 1990. CT scan is the gold standard in diagnosis. Open surgery is generally the preferred approach, particularly in the emergency setting. Acute TLH can be treated either by primary suture repair or mesh, depending on the local conditions, whereas delayed cases usually require a mesh.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laparoscopy
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(6): 241-245, 20230000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1526803

ABSTRACT

La hernia inguinal es uno de los problemas urgentes más comunes encontrados por los cirujanos. Hubo 145 pacientes tratados debido al diagnóstico de hernia inguinal. De 44 pacientes que fueron operados en condiciones de emergencia. Alrededor de 131 casos (106 hombres y 25 mujeres) fueron tratados con reparación de malla preperitoneal abierta unilateral. Los pacientes fueron examinados en términos de complicaciones postoperatorias. Los datos recopilados incluidos como edad, sexo, historial médico, afecciones de cirugía, encarcelamiento y estrangulamiento. Hubo un total de 145 pacientes incluidos en el estudio; en el que 44 de ellos (29 hombres y 15 mujeres, rango de edad: 30-72) (Grupo I) fueron operados en condiciones de emergencia y 101 de ellas (51 hombres y 50 mujeres, rango de edad: 25-78) (grupo Ii) fueron operados en condiciones electivas. Hubo comorbilidad en 31 pacientes de grupo I y 77 pacientes del grupo II. Alrededor del 47.7% (n = 21) de los casos que se sometieron a cirugía emergente debido al encarcelamiento, mientras que el 43.6% (n = 44) de los casos que fueron operados en condiciones electivas. Había 12 hernias femorales en el Grupo I y 19 Hernia femoral en el Grupo II. No hay diferencia entre la complicación postoperatoria y las tasas de recurrencia en los casos de hernia inguinal operados en condiciones electivas y en condiciones de emergencia. Es más barato que la reparación laparoscópica, el control del dolor de plomo y la falta de dolor neuropático, tiene complicaciones menos testiculares, y es más ventajoso que otros enfoques abiertos


Inguinal hernia is one of the most common urgent problems encountered by surgeons. There were 145 patients treated due to inguinal hernia diagnosis. Out of 44 patients who were operated under emergency conditions. About 131 cases (106 male and 25 female) were treated with unilateral open preperitoneal mesh repair. Patients were examined in terms of postoperative complications. Data collected included as age, gender, medical history, surgery conditions, incarceration and strangulation. There were total of 145 patients included in the study; in which 44 of them (29 male and 15 female, range of age: 30- 72) (group I) were operated under emergency conditions and 101 of them (51 male and 50 female, range of age: 25-78) (group II) were operated under elective conditions. There was comorbidity in 31 patients of group I and 77 patients of group II. About 47.7% (n=21) of cases who underwent emergent surgery due to incarceration, while 43.6% (n=44) of cases who were operated under elective conditions. There were 12 femoral hernias in group I and 19 femoral hernia in group II. There is no difference between postoperative complication and recurrence rates in inguinal hernia cases operated under elective conditions and under emergency conditions. It is cheaper than laparoscopic repair, lead pain control and lack of neuropathic pain, has less testicular complications, and it is more advantageous than other open approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Femoral/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery
3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(2): 39-41, 20230000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436992

ABSTRACT

La incidencia de la hernia inguinal a lo largo de la vida es variable, pero con una mayor prevalencia en los hombres. Hoy en día no existe una técnica superior en términos de reducir el dolor postoperatorio crónico, que es la mayor morbilidad que afecta a los pacientes. Es por eso que realizamos un breve análisis comparativo, donde evaluamos la incidencia de dolor crónico entre el ensayo convencional versus laparoscópico de la patología de la hernia


The incidence of inguinal hernia throughout life is variable, but with a higher prevalence in males. Today there is no superior technique in terms of reducing chronic postoperative pain, which is the greatest morbidity that afflicts patients. That is why we carried out a brief comparative analysis, where we evaluated the incidence of chronic pain between conventional versus laparoscopic rehearsal of hernia pathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain, Postoperative , Laparoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/pathology
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515257

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las intervenciones quirúrgicas de hernias son uno de los procedimientos que más frecuente realizan los cirujanos. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes a los que les fue realizada la técnica quirúrgica de hernioplastia inguinal según la técnica de Jean Rives modificada. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de corte longitudinal en el Hospital Universitario Arnaldo Milián Castro de Santa Clara en el período de enero del 2011 a diciembre del 2021. El universo de trabajo estuvo representado por la población de pacientes con el diagnóstico de hernias inguinocrurales, a los cuales les fue efectuada dicha técnica quirúrgica. La muestra estuvo conformada por 194 pacientes. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino 103 (53,1 por ciento) y los pacientes mayores de 60 años 99 (51,0 por ciento). La localización más frecuente de la hernia fue la zona inguinal derecha 146 (75,3 por ciento) para ambos sexos, masculino 81 (41,8 por ciento) y femenino 65 (33,5 por ciento) respectivamente. Prevalecieron las hernias inguinales primarias 96 (49,5 por ciento), directas 70 (36,1 por ciento); en el sexo masculino preponderaron las indirectas 61 (31,4 por ciento). Predominaron las complicaciones posoperatorias en las cirugías de urgencias 10 (5,0 por ciento). El seroma 4 (2,0 por ciento), la orquitis 3 (1,5 por ciento) y la recidiva herniaria 3 (1,5 por ciento) fueron las complicaciones más comunes. Conclusiones: La técnica de hernioplastia inguinocrural de Jean Rives modificada es efectiva para los pacientes masculinos mayores de 60 años con hernias inguinales primarias, directas e indirectas. Las posibles complicaciones posoperatorias fueron en las intervenciones quirúrgicas de urgencia, donde el seroma y la orquitis fueron las más frecuentes. La recidiva tuvo una baja tasa con respecto a otros tipos de hernioplastias(AU)


Introduction: Hernia surgical interventions are one of the procedures most frequently performed by surgeons. Objective: To characterize the patients who underwent the surgical technique of inguinal hernioplasty based on the modified Jean Rives technique. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive and longitudinal study was carried out in Hospital Universitario Arnaldo Milián Castro, of Santa Clara City, central Cuba, in the period from January 2011 to December 2021. The study universe was represented by the population of patients diagnosed with inguinocrural hernias who underwent this surgical technique. The sample consisted of 194 patients. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex, accounting for 103 (53.1 percent); as well as of patients over 60 years of age, accounting for 99 (51.0 percent). The most frequent location of the hernia was the right inguinal area, represented by 146 cases (75.3 percent) for both sexes, accounting for 81 (41.8 percent) and 65 (33.5 percent) for males and females, respectively. Primary inguinal hernias predominated, represented by 96 cases (49.5 percent); as well as direct hernias, accounting for 70 cases (36.1 percent). In the male sex, indirect hernias predominated, accounting for 61 cases (31.4 percent). Postoperative complications predominated in emergency surgery, represented by 10 cases (5.0 percent). Seroma (4; 2.0 percent), orchitis (3; 1.5 percent) and hernia recurrence (3; 1.5 percent) were the most common complications. Conclusions: The modified Jean Rives inguinocrural hernioplasty technique is effective for male patients older than 60 years with primary, direct and indirect inguinal hernias. Potential postoperative complications occurred in emergency surgery, in which cases seroma and orchitis were the most frequent ones. Recurrence had a low rate compared to other types of hernioplasties(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 498-502, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981031

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the short-term clinical effects of robot-assisted and laparoscopic repair of the hiatal hernia. Methods: The clinical data of 56 patients underwent minimally invasive hiatal hernia repair from January 2021 to January 2022 in the Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 24 females, aging (59.7±10.7) years (range: 28 to 75 years). All patients were divided into laparoscopy group (n=27) and robot group (n=29) according to surgical procedures. Perioperative conditions, hospital stay, and improvement in symptoms before and after surgery were compared between the two groups by the t test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test and χ2 test. Results: All surgical procedures were successfully completed, without conversion to laparotomy or change in operation mode. There were no serious complications related to the operation. The intraoperative blood loss of the robot group was less than that of the laparoscopic group (M (IQR)): (20 (110) ml vs. 40 (80) ml, Z=-4.098, P<0.01). The operation time ((111.7±33.6) minutes vs. (120.4±35.0) minutes, t=-0.943, P=0.350) and hospitalization time ((3.9±1.4) days vs. (4.7±1.9) days, t=-1.980, P=0.053) of the robot group and the laparoscopic group were similar. Follow-up for 12 months after the operation showed no postoperative complications and recurrence. The score of the health-related quality of life questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease in the robot group decreased from 10.8±2.8 before the operation to 6.5±0.6 after the operation, and that in the laparoscopic group decreased from 10.6±2.1 before the operation to 6.3±0.6 after the operation. There was no difference in the influence of different surgical methods on the change in score (t=0.030,P=0.976). Conclusion: Compared with laparoscopic repair of the hiatal hernia, robot-assisted hiatal hernia repair has the advantages of less bleeding, rapid postoperative recovery and good short-term effect.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hernia, Hiatal/complications , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Quality of Life , Laparoscopy/methods , Recurrence , Fundoplication/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985791

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the recurrence factors and reoperation effect of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: A total of 41 patients with recurrence after laparoscopic repair of the inguinal hernia admitted to the Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were males, aging (62±7) years (range: 51 to 75 years). The recurrence intervals were 3 days to 7 years postoperatively. The surgical methods, causes of recurrence, and treatment outcomes of the patients were analyzed. Fisher exact probability method is used to compare the rates. Results: Among all cases, the primary surgical procedures included transabdominal preperitoneal herniorrhaphy (TAPP) in 31 cases and total extraperitoneal herniorrhaphy in 10 cases. The reoperative procedures included the TAPP of 11 cases and the Lichtenstein procedure of 30 cases. The factors of recurrent cases in all patients could be divided into 4 categories, including insufficient mesh coverage in 23 cases, mesh curling in 9 cases, mesh contractuture in 7 cases, and improper mesh fixation in 2 cases. Recurrence, infection, chronic pain, foreign body sensation didn't occur in the followed period of(M(IQR)) 18(24) months(range: 12 to 50 months). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of postoperative seroma between the TAPP and Lichtenstein procedure (3/11 vs. 20.0% (6/30), P=0.68). Conclusions: Postoperative recurrence of laparoscopic inguinal hernia is mostly caused by the lack of mesh coverage. Due to the emphasis on standardized surgical operation, a good outcome could be achieved through reoperation by the TAPP or Lichtenstein procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 503-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985790

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare laparoscopic Keyhole repair with Sugarbaker repair in consecutive patients with parastomal hernia. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2021, 117 patients with parastomal hernia were treated with Keyhole or Sugarbaker laparoscopy repairs in the Department of Hernia and Bariatrci Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 45 males and 72 females, aged (68.6±8.6) years (range: 44 to 84 years). Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair was performed in 89 cases, and Keyhole repair was performed in 28 cases. The t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and Fisher exact test were used to compare the observation indicators between the two groups, such as operation time, incidence of operation-related complications, and postoperative recurrence rate. Results: The follow-up period was (M(IQR)) 33 (36) months (range: 12 to 84 months). Compared to the Sugarbaker group, the hernia ring area of the Keyhole group was bigger (35 (26) cm2 vs. 25 (16) cm2, Z=1.974, P=0.048), length of stay was longer ((22.0±8.0) d vs. (14.1±6.2) d, t=5.485, P<0.01), and the postoperative rate of recurrence was higher (28.6% (8/28) vs. 6.7% (6/89), χ2=7.675, P=0.006). There was no difference in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair is superior to Keyhole repair in the recurrence rate of parastomal hernia treated with compsite mesh (not funnel-shaped mesh). There are no differences in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Incisional Hernia/etiology , Hernia/complications , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 486-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985788

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair for perineal hernia after abdominoperineal excision (APE) in rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 8 patients with perineal hernia after APE who accepted surgical treatment in the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Hernia Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2017 to December 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 3 males and 5 females, aged (67.6±7.2) years (range: 56 to 76 years). Eight patients developed a perineal mass at (11.3±2.9) months (range: 5 to 13 months) after APE. After surgical separation of adhesion and exposing the pelvic floor defect, a 15 cm×20 cm anti-adhesion mesh was fashioned as a three-dimensional pocket shape to fit the pelvic defect, then fixed to the promontory or sacrum and sutured to the pelvic sidewalls and the anterior peritoneum, while two side slender slings were tailored in front of the mesh and fixed on the pectineal ligament. Results: The repair of their perineal hernias went well, with an operating time of (240.6±48.8) minutes (range: 155 to 300 minutes). Five patients underwent laparotomy, 3 patients tried laparoscopic surgery first and then transferred to laparotomy combined with the perineal approach. Intraoperative bowel injury was observed in 3 patients. All patients did not have an intestinal fistula, bleeding occurred. No reoperation was performed and their preoperative symptoms improved significantly. The postoperative hospital stay was (13.5±2.9) days (range: 7 to 17 days) and two patients had postoperative ileus, which improved after conservative treatment. Two patients had a postoperative perineal hernia sac effusion, one of them underwent placement of a tube to puncture the hernia sac effusion due to infection, and continued irrigation and drainage. The postoperative follow-up was (34.8±14.0) months (range: 13 to 48 months), and 1 patient developed recurrence in the seventh postoperative month, no further surgery was performed. Conclusions: Surgical repair of the perineal hernia after APE can be preferred transabdominal approach, routine application of laparoscopy is not recommended, combined abdominoperineal approach can be considered if necessary. The perineal hernia after APE can be repaired safely and effectively using the described technique of patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Animals , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Hernia , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Proctectomy , Laparoscopy , Perineum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hominidae
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 456-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985783

ABSTRACT

With the development of modern surgery, the field of hernia and abdominal wall surgery is undergoing a transformative change, and new techniques, new concepts, and recent progress are being updated, which have motivated the high-quality development of the discipline. In the past two decades, the development of hernia and abdominal wall surgery in China has been recognized by international peers. Many young surgeons have gradually become the main force in the treatment of hernia and leaders in surgical technique. The innovation and development of discipline will never terminate; young surgeons as the main force should seriously think about how to improve their professional qualities. Young surgeons are interested in the innovation of surgical techniques and need to push for a traditional operation on the one hand and an innovative operation on the other. Updates to concepts and acquisition of new materials are more important, which can provide a solid foundation for technological innovation. Young surgeons should start with the basics and classics. Understanding the history and development of new techniques, new concepts and recent progress, and grasping indications of clinical application, is the important part of growing up for young surgeons, which can make surgical treatment more standardized, benefit patients, and promote the progress of Chinese specialized medical education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Hernia , Surgeons , Herniorrhaphy/methods , China , Surgical Mesh
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 451-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985782

ABSTRACT

Complex ventral hernia refers to a large hernia that is complicated by a series of concurrent conditions. Change in intra-abdominal pressure is one of the main pathways through which various factors exert an impact on perioperative risk and postoperative recurrence. Taking abdominal pressure reconstruction as the core, the treatment strategy for complex abdominal hernia can be formulated from three aspects: improving patients' tolerance, expanding abdominal cavity volume, and reducing the volume of abdominal contents. Improving patients' tolerance includes abdominal wall compliance training and progressive preoperative pneumoperitoneum. To expand the volume of the abdominal cavity, implanting hernia repair materials, component separation technique, autologous tissue transplantation, component expend technique, and chemical component separation can be used. Initiative content reduction surgery and temporary abdominal closure may be performed to reduce the volume of abdominal contents. For different cases of complex ventral hernia, personalized treatment measures can be safely and feasibly adopted depending on the condition of the patients and the intra-abdominal pressure situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 708-712, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009789

ABSTRACT

Vasectomy damage is a common complication of open nonmesh hernia repair. This study was a retrospective analysis of the characteristics and possible causes of vas deferens injuries in patients exhibiting unilateral or bilateral vasal obstruction caused by open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy. The site of the obstructed vas deferens was intraoperatively confirmed. Data, surgical methods, and patient outcomes were examined. The Anderson-Darling test was applied to test for Gaussian distribution of data. Fisher's exact test or Mann-Whitney U test and unpaired t-test were used for statistical analyses. The mean age at operation was 7.23 (standard deviation [s.d.]: 2.09) years and the mean obstructive interval was 17.72 (s.d.: 2.73) years. Crossed (n = 1) and inguinal ( n = 42) vasovasostomies were performed. The overall patency rate was 85.3% (29/34). Among the 43 enrolled patients (mean age: 24.95 [s.d.: 2.20] years), 73 sides of their inguinal regions were explored. The disconnected end of the vas deferens was found in the internal ring on 54 sides (74.0%), was found in the inguinal canal on 16 sides (21.9%), and was found in the pelvic cavity on 3 sides (4.1%). Location of the vas deferens injury did not significantly differ according to age at the time of hernia surgery ( ≥ 12 years or <12 years) or obstructive interval (≥15 years or <15 years). These results underscore that high ligation of the hernial sac warrants extra caution by surgeons during open nonmesh inguinal herniorrhaphy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Child , Vas Deferens/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Iatrogenic Disease , Laparoscopy
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441533

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hernia de Garengeot es una de las hernias de la pared abdominal más infrecuente del mundo. Objetivo: Presentar una paciente con diagnóstico de hernia crural, con el apéndice cecal, lo cual constituye la hernia de Garengeot. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de color de piel blanca, de 56 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud, que ingresó en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" con el diagnóstico de hernia crural atascada. Presentó dolor en la raíz del muslo derecho, náuseas y presencia de una tumoración por debajo de la línea de malgaigne, irreductible. Conclusiones: La hernia de Garengeot es una entidad quirúrgica única, difícil de distinguir de una hernia crural irreductible. Por tanto, su diagnóstico es un hallazgo intraoperatorio y la herniorrafia es el proceder quirúrgico más empleado(AU)


Introduction: Garengeot's hernia is one of the most uncommon abdominal wall hernias worldwide. Objective: To present the case of a patient with a diagnosis of crural hernia, with cecal appendix, definitely being Garengeot's hernia. Clinical case: A female patient of white skin color, aged 56 years old, with a family history of disease, was admitted to the surgery service of Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" with the diagnosis of incarcerated crural hernia. He presented pain in the root of the right thigh, nausea and an irreducible tumor below the Malgaigne's line, irreducible. Conclusions: Garengeot's hernia is a unique surgical entity, difficult to distinguish from an irreducible crural hernia. Therefore, its diagnosis is an intraoperative finding and herniorrhaphy is the most commonly used surgical procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Appendicitis/surgery , Hernia, Abdominal/diagnosis , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223063, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365386

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the use of the robotic platform in inguinal hernia recurrence after a previous laparoscopic repair. Methods: patients with recurrent inguinal hernias following a laparoscopic repair who have undergone robotic transabdominal preperitoneal between December 2015 through September 2020 were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Outcomes of interest included demographics, hernia characteristics, operative details and rates of 30-day surgical site occurrence, surgical site occurrences requiring procedural interventions, surgical site infection and hernia recurrence were abstracted. Results: nineteen patients (95% male, mean age 55 years, mean body mass index 28) had 27 hernias repaired (N=8 bilateral). Average operative time was 168.9 ± 49.3min (range 90-240). There were two intraoperative complications all of them were bleeding from the inferior epigastric vessel injuries. Three SSOs occurred (N=2 seromas and N=1 hematoma. After a median 35.7 months follow-up (IQR 13-49), no recurrence has been diagnosed. One patient developed chronic postoperative inguinal pain. Conclusions: on a small number of selected patients and experienced hands, we found that the use of the robotic platform for repair of recurrent hernias after prior laparoscopic repair appears to be feasible, safe and effective despite being technically demanding. Further studies in larger cohorts are necessary to determine if this technique provides any benefits in recurrent inguinal hernia scenario.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrevemos nossa experiência com uso da plataforma robótica no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente por laparoscopia, mantendo assim uma proposta minimamente invasiva a esses pacientes, apesar de haver uma predileção pela via anterior e aberta nestes casos. Métodos: foram incluídos pacientes submetidos a hernioplastia inguinal robótica transabdominal pré-peritoneal como tratamento de recidiva e que foram operados previamente por laparoscopia, entre dezembro de 2015 e setembro de 2020 e mantidos em uma base de dados ambulatorial prospectiva. Variáveis de interesse incluíram dados demográficos, características herniárias, detalhes operatórios, ocorrências do sítio cirúrgico em 30 dias (com ou sem necessidade de intervenção), infeção do sítio cirúrgico, tempo de seguimento e taxa de recidiva. Resultados: dezenove pacientes (95% masculino, média de idade de 55 anos, média de índice de massa corporal 28kg/m2) e 27 hérnias operadas (N=8 bilaterais). Média de tempo cirúrgico 168.9±49.3 min (variando 90-240). N=2 complicações intraoperatórias por lesão de vasos epigástricos inferiores. N=2 seromas e N=1 hematoma foram identificados no pós-operatório; N=1 paciente apresentou dor crônica pós operatória. Após um tempo de seguimento médio de 35.7 meses (intervalo entre quartis 13-49), nenhuma recidiva foi diagnosticada. Conclusões: o uso da plataforma robótica parece ser seguro e efetivo no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente laparoscopia, nesse pequeno grupo de pacientes selecionados, apesar de requerer expertise em cirurgia robótica. Outros estudos com maiores casuísticas são necessários para estabelecer o papel desta técnica no cenário das hérnias inguinais recidivadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Groin , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(5): e3706, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352076

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Lumbar hernia (LH) is rarely found in teenager patients. There is an increased incidence of traumatic etiology of LH related to new diagnostic methods. LH has been frequently misdiagnosed as other surgical entities. A case of acquired primary superior lumbar hernia in a teenager patient with no previous history of surgical diseases is presented. Objective: To specify the keys for the diagnosis of acquired Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia in a teenager patient. Case Presentation: A 14-year-old African-American male patient who complained of an occasionally painful swelling over the left side of the lumbar region was clinically diagnosed with a Grynfelt-Lesshaft hernia which was confirmed by CT scan. The patient was operated on with a transverse incision over the tumour for the lumpectomy. The contents were reduced, and the 1cm x 1cm ring with no sac was closed and reinforced with a polyester fibre prosthetic mesh. No immediate complications were observed. The patient was discharged from the health care center five days after the procedure. Conclusions: The Grynfelt-Lesshaft hernia is an uncommon surgical condition related to a congenital or acquired etiology. The available advances in the diagnostic methods allow us to easily identify a Grynfelt-Lesshaft hernia in younger patients(AU)


Introducción: La hernia lumbar (HL) es una hernia que raramente se encuentra en pacientes adolescentes. Existe una mayor incidencia de etiología traumática de la HL relacionada con los nuevos métodos de diagnóstico. La HL suele ser mal diagnosticada como otras entidades quirúrgicas. Se presenta un caso de HL primaria superior adquirida en un paciente adolescente sin antecedentes de afecciones quirúrgicas. Objetivo: Precisar las claves diagnosticas de la Hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft adquirida en paciente adolescente. Presentación del caso: Paciente varón de raza negra, con 14 años de edad que presentó un incremento de volumen ocasionalmente doloroso en el lado izquierdo de la región lumbar, fue diagnosticado clínicamente con una hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft. El diagnóstico se confirmó por una tomografía computarizada. El paciente fue intervenido quirúrgicamente con una incisión de lumpectomía transversal sobre el tumor. Se redujo el contenido y se cerró el anillo de 1cm x 1cm sin saco y se reforzó con una malla protésica de fibra de poliéster. No se observaron complicaciones inmediatas y el paciente fue dado de alta de la institución cinco días después del procedimiento. Conclusiones: La hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft es una condición quirúrgica poco común relacionada con una etiología congénita o adquirida. Los avances en los métodos de diagnóstico disponibles permiten identificar sin dificultades una hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft en pacientes jóvenes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Lumbosacral Region
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e947, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280213

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En los últimos años, la aplicación de la cirugía laparoscópica ha permitido ofrecer una nueva expectativa en el tratamiento de la hernia inguinal, ya que no solo permite la colocación de una malla sin tensión, sino que además permite colocarla en la auténtica zona débil de la región inguinal: su pared posterior. Objetivo: Mostrar los resultados obtenidos con la implementación de la hernioplastia laparoscópica como tratamiento alternativo en la reparación de las hernias inguinales. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental en el servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital General Docente "Comandante Pinares", durante el período comprendido de junio de 2015 hasta mayo de 2017, con una muestra de 27 pacientes. Se controlaron variables como edad, tipo de hernia inguinal, complicaciones del proceder, recidivas del tratamiento, así como la efectividad del proceder en comparación con técnicas convencionales. Resultados: La hernia inguinal unilateral fue la más frecuente tratada, las complicaciones estuvieron dadas por la inguinodinia y rechazo a la malla. Disminuyeron variables como pérdidas sanguíneas, tiempo quirúrgico, la efectividad se consideró buena en la mayoría de los casos. Conclusiones: Se demuestra que la hernioplastia laparoscópica tiene mayores ventajas biológicas, sociales y económicas(AU)


Introduction: In recent years, the usage of laparoscopic surgery has offered new expectations regarding inguinal hernia treatment, since it not only allows the placement of a mesh without tension, but also allows it to be placed in the authentic weak area of the inguinal region, its posterior wall. Objective: To show the outcomes obtained with the implementation of laparoscopic hernioplasty as an alternative treatment in inguinal hernias repair. Method: A quasiexperimental study was carried out, during the period from June 2015 to May 2017, in the general surgery service of Comandante Pinares General Teaching Hospital, with a sample of 27 patients. Variables such as age, type of inguinal hernia, procedural complications, treatment recurrences, as well as the effectiveness of the procedure were controlled in comparison with conventional techniques. Results: Unilateral inguinal hernia was the most frequently treated. Complications were caused by inguinodynia and mesh rejection. Variables such as blood loss and surgical time decreased. Effectiveness was considered good in most cases. Conclusions: Laparoscopic hernioplasty is shown to have greater biological, social and economic advantages(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202704, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155355

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair has proven advantages over open procedures including less pain and earlier return to normal activity. Robotic surgery adds ergonomics, a three-dimensional high definition camera and articulating instruments overcoming some laparoscopic limitations. We aimed to report the outcomes of the early experience of over 97 robotic inguinal hernia repairs performed by a referred surgical group in Brazil. Methods: a review of a prospective mantined database was conducted in patients submitted to robotic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repairs between March 2016 and February 2020. Descriptive statistics were performed. Surgical outcomes data and patient follow-ups are reported. Results: retrospective chart review identified 97 patients submitted to robotic TAPP inguinal hernia repair. Mean age was 36.4 years, with median BMI of 26.9 kg/m2. Mean console time was 58 min (range 40-150) and patients were discharged within 24 hours of their stay in a majority of cases. Mesh was placed in all procedures and there were no conversion rates. Complications were low grade and no recurrence was seen after a mean follow-up of 642 days. Conclusion: this study represents to-date the first brazilian case series of robotic TAPP inguinal hernia repair. Our results encourage that robotic assisted TAPP inguinal hernia repair appears to be technically feasible and safe in experienced hands, with good outcomes achieving high health-related quality of life and low recurrence rates in the short and long term.


RESUMO Objetivo: a cirurgia minimamente invasiva das hérnias inguinais apresenta vantagens comprovadas em relação aos procedimentos convencionais, incluindo menos dor e retorno precoce às atividades rotineiras. A cirurgia robótica acrescenta uma melhor ergonomia, ótica estável tridimensional de alta definição e instrumentos articulados, superando algumas limitações laparoscópicas. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar os resultados da experiência inicial de 97 cirurgias de correção de hérnias inguinais robóticas pela técnica transabdominal pré-peritoneal (TAPP) realizadas por um grupo cirúrgico referência no Brasil. Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão de um banco de dados mantido prospectivamente de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias de hérnia inguinal TAPP robótica entre março de 2016 e fevereiro de 2020. Uma análise detalhada dos resultados foi feita e dados dos resultados cirúrgicos e acompanhamento dos pacientes são relatados. Resultados: a revisão retrospectiva do prontuário identificou 97 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia inguinal TAPP robótica. A idade média foi de 36,4 anos, com IMC médio de 26,9 kg/m2. O tempo médio de procedimento cirúrgico no console robótico foi de 58 minutos. A colocação de prótese foi realizada em todos os procedimentos e não houve taxas de conversão ou intercorrências. Conclusão: este estudo representa a primeira série de casos de cirurgia robótica de hérnia inguinal pela técnica transabdominal pré-peritoneal no Brasil. Os resultados descritos reforçam que a hernioplastia inguinal robótica apresenta-se como tecnicamente viável e segura em mãos experientes, com bons resultados quanto a qualidade de vida e baixas taxas de recidiva a curto e longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202672, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155361

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Incisional hernia is a late complication of the most frequent after abdominal surgeries, with resulting morbidity that can worsen the condition. The treatment has been done both by open techniques, using screens or not, and by laparoscopic and robotic methods, which use them systematically. However, introducing a permanent foreign body into the tissues requires more surgical time, despite not closing the parietal defect in most cases and a higher risk of infections. New technologies have been trying to improve these results, with absorbable prostheses (biological or synthetic), but their high cost and recurrences remain a severe problem. Even so, standard repair establishes reinforcement with screens, routine, and whether the approach is traditional or mini-invasive. The authors report their first case of endoscopic repair of incisional hernia, which occurred two years ago, with a Brazilian technique already fifty years old: the transposition with the hernia sac proposed by Prof. Alcino Lázaro da Silva in 1971.


RESUMO A hérnia incisional é uma das complicações tardias mais frequentes, após operações abdominais, resultando em alta morbidade. O tratamento tem sido feito tanto por técnicas abertas, com telas ou sem, quanto por métodos laparoscópicos e robóticos, que utilizam próteses de forma sistemática. No entanto, a introdução de um corpo estranho permanente entre os tecidos requer mais tempo cirúrgico, não fecha o defeito parietal na maioria dos casos e está associado a maior risco de infecções. Novas tecnologias têm sido utilizadas para melhorar esses resultados, empregando próteses absorvíveis (biológicas ou sintéticas), mas o alto custo e as recidivas continuam sendo um grave problema. No entanto, a reparação padrão rotineiramente estabelece reforço com telas, seja na abordagem tradicional ou minimamente invasiva. Os autores relatam o primeiro caso do reparo endoscópico de hérnia incisional, usando técnica brasileira com 50 anos de idade: a transposição com o saco herniário, conforme proposta pelo Prof. Alcino Lázaro da Silva, em 1971.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Surgical Mesh , Endoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 542-550, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388765

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Demostrar la anatomía y aplicación de la vaina anterior de los rectos para la reparación de defectos herniarios gigantes de la línea media abdominal mediante la cirugía de separación de componentes más la aplicación de un colgajo aponeurótico tipo turn over. Materiales y Método: Disección anatómica con descripción vascular y dinámica de la vaina anterior de los rectos. Posterior aplicación de la técnica en pacientes con hernias gigantes de la línea media. Seguimiento clínico de recidiva y complicaciones locales como sistémicas. Resultados: 8 pacientes fueron seleccionados. La edad promedio fue de 58,6 años y el tamaño del defecto hemiario 19,6 cm. En todos los pacientes se pudo aplicar la técnica sin inconvenientes. Sólo 1 paciente presentó una complicación local (dehiscencia y necrosis parcial del colgajo cutáneo) que se manejó con resección y reavance sin incidentes. No se describen complicaciones sistémicas ni mortalidad. Discusión: Las hernias abdominales gigantes y con pérdida a derecho de domicilio son un desafío quirúrgico. Se han desarrollado importantes avances con abordajes quirúrgicos innovadores. Nuevos materiales biológicos y sintéticos se han convertido en una parte integral del arsenal quirúrgico, sin embargo, involucran muchas veces asumir grandes costos y complicaciones propias a los materiales utilizados, además, de no cumplir con la adaptación dinámica adecuada de la pared requerida. Conclusión: Esta modificación técnica es segura, útil y accesible para los pacientes con eventraciones gigantes. La tasa de complicaciones es baja y está dada principalmente por problemas relacionados al sufrimiento de los colgajos cutáneos.


Aim: To demonstrate the anatomy and application of the anterior rectus sheet in the repair of giant abdominal wall hernias through a classic component surgery plus a turn over flap. Materials and Method: Anatomic dissection with vascular and dynamic description of the anterior rectus sheet. Posterior application of the technique in patients with giant abdominal wall hernias. Clinical follow up of recurrence, local and systemic complications. Results: 8 patients were selected. The average age was 58.6 years old and the abdominal wall defect 19.6 cm wide. The technique could be applied in every patient without inconveniences. Only 1 patient had a complication (dehiscence and partial skin flap necrosis) that was successfully treated with resection and readvancement. No systemic complications nor mortality was described. Discussion: Giant abdominal wall hernias are a surgical challenge. Great and innovative advances have been made. New biological and synthetic materials have been developed, nevertheless they frequently involve great costs and complications related to them. Also, they do not adapt adequately to the dynamic required for the abdominal wall. Conclusion: This technical modification is useful, safe and accessible for the patients who present giant wall hernias. The complication rate is low and it's principally given from problems related to skin flap blood flow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Perforator Flap/transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Hernia, Abdominal/pathology , Perforator Flap/surgery
19.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e1022, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149846

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En la provincia de Mayabeque se emplea la técnica de Lichtenstein en la reparación de la hernia inguinal, con una recidiva inferior al 3 por ciento. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes con diagnóstico de hernia inguinal operados por la técnica de hernioplastia de Lichtenstein. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal y retrospectivo en pacientes operados de hernia inguinal en el Hospital "Leopoldito Martínez" de enero-2013 a diciembre-2017. El universo estuvo constituido por 218 y una muestra probabilística sistemática de 128 casos. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas. Las variables cuantitativas se resumieron mediante media aritmética y desviación estándar y las variables cualitativas mediante los por cientos. La comparación de proporciones se realizó a través del chi-cuadrado y la dócima de Duncan, considerándose un nivel de significación para p < 0,05. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (94,54 por ciento), la edad entre 41 - 60 años (42,96 por ciento), tipo de hernia III A (60,15 por ciento) y evolución media de la misma 42,3 meses; el tiempo quirúrgico fue de 1-2 horas (65,62 por ciento) con media de 1 h, 26 minutos. Prevalecieron las complicaciones dolor agudo (13,28 por ciento) e infección del sitio quirúrgico (3,12 por ciento) y estadía hospitalaria < 24 horas (79,68 por ciento) con una recidiva de 2,34 por ciento. Conclusiones: La técnica de Lichtenstein es efectiva en la reparación de la hernia inguinal en la provincia de Mayabeque. La media del tiempo quirúrgico se estima en 1 hora y 26 minutos como máximo y la estadía hospitalaria a expensas de las complicaciones de 24-72 horas. El por ciento de recidivas es alto y debe mejorar depurando la técnica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: In Mayabeque Province, the Lichtenstein technique is used to repair inguinal hernia, with a recurrence below 3 percent. Objective: To characterize patients with a diagnosis of inguinal hernia operated on by the Lichtenstein hernioplasty technique. Methods: A longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out in patients operated on for inguinal hernia at Leopoldito Martínez Hospital, from January-2013 to December-2017. The universe consisted of 218, with a systematic probabilistic sample of 128 cases. The data were obtained from medical records. Quantitative variables were summarized by arithmetic mean and standard deviation, while qualitative variables were summarized by percentages. The comparison of proportions was carried out through the chi-square and Duncan's test, considering a level of significance of P< 0.05. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex predominated (94.54 percent), the age between 41 and 60 years (42.96 percent), and the hernia type III A (60.15 percent), with mean evolution of 42.3 month. Surgical time was 1-2 hours (65.62 percent), with a mean of one hour and 26 minutes. There was predominance of acute pain complications (13.28 percent), surgical-site infection (3.12 percent) and hospital stay below 24 hours (79.68 percent), with a recurrence of 2.34 percent. Conclusions: The Lichtenstein technique is effective for inguinal hernia repair in the Mayabeque Province. Mean surgical time is estimated to be a maximum of one hour and 26 minutes, while hospital stay, at the expense of complications, was 24-72 hours. The percentage of recurrences is high and should improve by refining the technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Medical Records , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 484-490, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142335

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernia is one of the most common surgical pathologies. The advent of minimally invasive surgery raised questions about the best technique to be applied, considering the possibility of reducing postoperative pain, a lower rate of complications, and early return to usual activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of open and laparoscopic hernioplasties in Brazil from 2008 to 2018, analyzing the rates of urgent and elective surgeries, mortality, costs, and the impact of laparoscopic surgical training on the public health system. METHODS: Nationwide data from 2008 to 2018 were obtained from the public health registry database (DATASUS) for a descriptive analysis of the selected data and parameters. RESULTS: 2,671,347 hernioplasties were performed in the period, an average of 242,850 surgeries per year (99.4% open, 0.6% laparoscopic). The economically active population (aged 20-59) constituted the dominant group (54.5%). There was a significant reduction (P<0.01) in open surgeries, without a compensatory increase in laparoscopic procedures. 22.3% of surgeries were urgent, with a significant increase in mortality when compared to elective surgeries (P<0.01). The distribution of laparoscopic surgery varied widely, directly associated with the number of digestive surgeons. CONCLUSION: This study presents nationwide data on hernia repair surgeries in Brazil for the first time. Minimally invasive techniques represent a minor portion of hernioplasties. Urgent surgeries represent a high percentage when compared to other countries, with increased mortality. The data reinforce the need for improvement in the offer of services, specialized training, and equalization in the distribution of procedures in all regions.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Hérnias de parede abdominal são patologias cirúrgicas frequentes. O surgimento da cirurgia minimamente invasiva levantou questionamentos sobre a melhor técnica a ser aplicada, considerando a possível redução de dor pós-operatória e de complicações, e retorno precoce às atividades habituais. OBJETIVO: Avaliar frequência de hernioplastias abertas e laparoscópicas no Brasil entre os anos de 2008 e 2018, analisar taxas de cirurgias urgentes e eletivas, mortalidade, custos e o impacto do treinamento em cirurgia laparoscópica no sistema público de saúde. MÉTODOS Análise de banco de dados do registro de saúde pública (DATASUS) entre 2008 e 2018 para coleta dos dados e parâmetros selecionados. RESULTADOS: Foram realizadas 2.671.347 hernioplastias no período, média de 242.850 cirurgias/ano (99,4% abertas, 0,6% laparoscópicas). Predominou a faixa etária economicamente ativa (20-59 anos), 54,5% do total. Houve redução significativa das cirurgias abertas (P<0,01), sem aumento compensatório da laparoscopia. 22,3% das cirurgias foram de urgência, com aumento significativo da mortalidade em relação às cirurgias eletivas (P<0,01). Observou-se distribuição heterogênea da videolaparoscopia, diretamente relacionada com o número de cirurgiões digestivos. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo apresenta pela primeira vez os dados populacionais das cirurgias de hérnia no Brasil. As técnicas minimamente invasivas representam uma parcela pouco significativa das hernioplastias. As cirurgias urgentes apresentam percentual elevado comparado a outros países, com aumento significativo na mortalidade, reforçando a necessidade de políticas que permitam aumento da oferta do serviço, treinamento especializado e equalização na distribuição dos procedimentos em todas as regiões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Laparoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Femoral/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Mesh , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/statistics & numerical data , Hernia, Femoral/epidemiology , Hernia, Inguinal/epidemiology , Middle Aged
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