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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223063, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365386

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the use of the robotic platform in inguinal hernia recurrence after a previous laparoscopic repair. Methods: patients with recurrent inguinal hernias following a laparoscopic repair who have undergone robotic transabdominal preperitoneal between December 2015 through September 2020 were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Outcomes of interest included demographics, hernia characteristics, operative details and rates of 30-day surgical site occurrence, surgical site occurrences requiring procedural interventions, surgical site infection and hernia recurrence were abstracted. Results: nineteen patients (95% male, mean age 55 years, mean body mass index 28) had 27 hernias repaired (N=8 bilateral). Average operative time was 168.9 ± 49.3min (range 90-240). There were two intraoperative complications all of them were bleeding from the inferior epigastric vessel injuries. Three SSOs occurred (N=2 seromas and N=1 hematoma. After a median 35.7 months follow-up (IQR 13-49), no recurrence has been diagnosed. One patient developed chronic postoperative inguinal pain. Conclusions: on a small number of selected patients and experienced hands, we found that the use of the robotic platform for repair of recurrent hernias after prior laparoscopic repair appears to be feasible, safe and effective despite being technically demanding. Further studies in larger cohorts are necessary to determine if this technique provides any benefits in recurrent inguinal hernia scenario.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrevemos nossa experiência com uso da plataforma robótica no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente por laparoscopia, mantendo assim uma proposta minimamente invasiva a esses pacientes, apesar de haver uma predileção pela via anterior e aberta nestes casos. Métodos: foram incluídos pacientes submetidos a hernioplastia inguinal robótica transabdominal pré-peritoneal como tratamento de recidiva e que foram operados previamente por laparoscopia, entre dezembro de 2015 e setembro de 2020 e mantidos em uma base de dados ambulatorial prospectiva. Variáveis de interesse incluíram dados demográficos, características herniárias, detalhes operatórios, ocorrências do sítio cirúrgico em 30 dias (com ou sem necessidade de intervenção), infeção do sítio cirúrgico, tempo de seguimento e taxa de recidiva. Resultados: dezenove pacientes (95% masculino, média de idade de 55 anos, média de índice de massa corporal 28kg/m2) e 27 hérnias operadas (N=8 bilaterais). Média de tempo cirúrgico 168.9±49.3 min (variando 90-240). N=2 complicações intraoperatórias por lesão de vasos epigástricos inferiores. N=2 seromas e N=1 hematoma foram identificados no pós-operatório; N=1 paciente apresentou dor crônica pós operatória. Após um tempo de seguimento médio de 35.7 meses (intervalo entre quartis 13-49), nenhuma recidiva foi diagnosticada. Conclusões: o uso da plataforma robótica parece ser seguro e efetivo no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente laparoscopia, nesse pequeno grupo de pacientes selecionados, apesar de requerer expertise em cirurgia robótica. Outros estudos com maiores casuísticas são necessários para estabelecer o papel desta técnica no cenário das hérnias inguinais recidivadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Groin , Middle Aged
2.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(5): e3706, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352076

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Lumbar hernia (LH) is rarely found in teenager patients. There is an increased incidence of traumatic etiology of LH related to new diagnostic methods. LH has been frequently misdiagnosed as other surgical entities. A case of acquired primary superior lumbar hernia in a teenager patient with no previous history of surgical diseases is presented. Objective: To specify the keys for the diagnosis of acquired Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia in a teenager patient. Case Presentation: A 14-year-old African-American male patient who complained of an occasionally painful swelling over the left side of the lumbar region was clinically diagnosed with a Grynfelt-Lesshaft hernia which was confirmed by CT scan. The patient was operated on with a transverse incision over the tumour for the lumpectomy. The contents were reduced, and the 1cm x 1cm ring with no sac was closed and reinforced with a polyester fibre prosthetic mesh. No immediate complications were observed. The patient was discharged from the health care center five days after the procedure. Conclusions: The Grynfelt-Lesshaft hernia is an uncommon surgical condition related to a congenital or acquired etiology. The available advances in the diagnostic methods allow us to easily identify a Grynfelt-Lesshaft hernia in younger patients(AU)


Introducción: La hernia lumbar (HL) es una hernia que raramente se encuentra en pacientes adolescentes. Existe una mayor incidencia de etiología traumática de la HL relacionada con los nuevos métodos de diagnóstico. La HL suele ser mal diagnosticada como otras entidades quirúrgicas. Se presenta un caso de HL primaria superior adquirida en un paciente adolescente sin antecedentes de afecciones quirúrgicas. Objetivo: Precisar las claves diagnosticas de la Hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft adquirida en paciente adolescente. Presentación del caso: Paciente varón de raza negra, con 14 años de edad que presentó un incremento de volumen ocasionalmente doloroso en el lado izquierdo de la región lumbar, fue diagnosticado clínicamente con una hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft. El diagnóstico se confirmó por una tomografía computarizada. El paciente fue intervenido quirúrgicamente con una incisión de lumpectomía transversal sobre el tumor. Se redujo el contenido y se cerró el anillo de 1cm x 1cm sin saco y se reforzó con una malla protésica de fibra de poliéster. No se observaron complicaciones inmediatas y el paciente fue dado de alta de la institución cinco días después del procedimiento. Conclusiones: La hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft es una condición quirúrgica poco común relacionada con una etiología congénita o adquirida. Los avances en los métodos de diagnóstico disponibles permiten identificar sin dificultades una hernia de Grynfelt-Lesshaft en pacientes jóvenes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Lumbosacral Region
3.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e947, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280213

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En los últimos años, la aplicación de la cirugía laparoscópica ha permitido ofrecer una nueva expectativa en el tratamiento de la hernia inguinal, ya que no solo permite la colocación de una malla sin tensión, sino que además permite colocarla en la auténtica zona débil de la región inguinal: su pared posterior. Objetivo: Mostrar los resultados obtenidos con la implementación de la hernioplastia laparoscópica como tratamiento alternativo en la reparación de las hernias inguinales. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental en el servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital General Docente "Comandante Pinares", durante el período comprendido de junio de 2015 hasta mayo de 2017, con una muestra de 27 pacientes. Se controlaron variables como edad, tipo de hernia inguinal, complicaciones del proceder, recidivas del tratamiento, así como la efectividad del proceder en comparación con técnicas convencionales. Resultados: La hernia inguinal unilateral fue la más frecuente tratada, las complicaciones estuvieron dadas por la inguinodinia y rechazo a la malla. Disminuyeron variables como pérdidas sanguíneas, tiempo quirúrgico, la efectividad se consideró buena en la mayoría de los casos. Conclusiones: Se demuestra que la hernioplastia laparoscópica tiene mayores ventajas biológicas, sociales y económicas(AU)


Introduction: In recent years, the usage of laparoscopic surgery has offered new expectations regarding inguinal hernia treatment, since it not only allows the placement of a mesh without tension, but also allows it to be placed in the authentic weak area of the inguinal region, its posterior wall. Objective: To show the outcomes obtained with the implementation of laparoscopic hernioplasty as an alternative treatment in inguinal hernias repair. Method: A quasiexperimental study was carried out, during the period from June 2015 to May 2017, in the general surgery service of Comandante Pinares General Teaching Hospital, with a sample of 27 patients. Variables such as age, type of inguinal hernia, procedural complications, treatment recurrences, as well as the effectiveness of the procedure were controlled in comparison with conventional techniques. Results: Unilateral inguinal hernia was the most frequently treated. Complications were caused by inguinodynia and mesh rejection. Variables such as blood loss and surgical time decreased. Effectiveness was considered good in most cases. Conclusions: Laparoscopic hernioplasty is shown to have greater biological, social and economic advantages(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202704, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155355

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair has proven advantages over open procedures including less pain and earlier return to normal activity. Robotic surgery adds ergonomics, a three-dimensional high definition camera and articulating instruments overcoming some laparoscopic limitations. We aimed to report the outcomes of the early experience of over 97 robotic inguinal hernia repairs performed by a referred surgical group in Brazil. Methods: a review of a prospective mantined database was conducted in patients submitted to robotic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repairs between March 2016 and February 2020. Descriptive statistics were performed. Surgical outcomes data and patient follow-ups are reported. Results: retrospective chart review identified 97 patients submitted to robotic TAPP inguinal hernia repair. Mean age was 36.4 years, with median BMI of 26.9 kg/m2. Mean console time was 58 min (range 40-150) and patients were discharged within 24 hours of their stay in a majority of cases. Mesh was placed in all procedures and there were no conversion rates. Complications were low grade and no recurrence was seen after a mean follow-up of 642 days. Conclusion: this study represents to-date the first brazilian case series of robotic TAPP inguinal hernia repair. Our results encourage that robotic assisted TAPP inguinal hernia repair appears to be technically feasible and safe in experienced hands, with good outcomes achieving high health-related quality of life and low recurrence rates in the short and long term.


RESUMO Objetivo: a cirurgia minimamente invasiva das hérnias inguinais apresenta vantagens comprovadas em relação aos procedimentos convencionais, incluindo menos dor e retorno precoce às atividades rotineiras. A cirurgia robótica acrescenta uma melhor ergonomia, ótica estável tridimensional de alta definição e instrumentos articulados, superando algumas limitações laparoscópicas. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar os resultados da experiência inicial de 97 cirurgias de correção de hérnias inguinais robóticas pela técnica transabdominal pré-peritoneal (TAPP) realizadas por um grupo cirúrgico referência no Brasil. Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão de um banco de dados mantido prospectivamente de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias de hérnia inguinal TAPP robótica entre março de 2016 e fevereiro de 2020. Uma análise detalhada dos resultados foi feita e dados dos resultados cirúrgicos e acompanhamento dos pacientes são relatados. Resultados: a revisão retrospectiva do prontuário identificou 97 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia inguinal TAPP robótica. A idade média foi de 36,4 anos, com IMC médio de 26,9 kg/m2. O tempo médio de procedimento cirúrgico no console robótico foi de 58 minutos. A colocação de prótese foi realizada em todos os procedimentos e não houve taxas de conversão ou intercorrências. Conclusão: este estudo representa a primeira série de casos de cirurgia robótica de hérnia inguinal pela técnica transabdominal pré-peritoneal no Brasil. Os resultados descritos reforçam que a hernioplastia inguinal robótica apresenta-se como tecnicamente viável e segura em mãos experientes, com bons resultados quanto a qualidade de vida e baixas taxas de recidiva a curto e longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202672, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155361

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Incisional hernia is a late complication of the most frequent after abdominal surgeries, with resulting morbidity that can worsen the condition. The treatment has been done both by open techniques, using screens or not, and by laparoscopic and robotic methods, which use them systematically. However, introducing a permanent foreign body into the tissues requires more surgical time, despite not closing the parietal defect in most cases and a higher risk of infections. New technologies have been trying to improve these results, with absorbable prostheses (biological or synthetic), but their high cost and recurrences remain a severe problem. Even so, standard repair establishes reinforcement with screens, routine, and whether the approach is traditional or mini-invasive. The authors report their first case of endoscopic repair of incisional hernia, which occurred two years ago, with a Brazilian technique already fifty years old: the transposition with the hernia sac proposed by Prof. Alcino Lázaro da Silva in 1971.


RESUMO A hérnia incisional é uma das complicações tardias mais frequentes, após operações abdominais, resultando em alta morbidade. O tratamento tem sido feito tanto por técnicas abertas, com telas ou sem, quanto por métodos laparoscópicos e robóticos, que utilizam próteses de forma sistemática. No entanto, a introdução de um corpo estranho permanente entre os tecidos requer mais tempo cirúrgico, não fecha o defeito parietal na maioria dos casos e está associado a maior risco de infecções. Novas tecnologias têm sido utilizadas para melhorar esses resultados, empregando próteses absorvíveis (biológicas ou sintéticas), mas o alto custo e as recidivas continuam sendo um grave problema. No entanto, a reparação padrão rotineiramente estabelece reforço com telas, seja na abordagem tradicional ou minimamente invasiva. Os autores relatam o primeiro caso do reparo endoscópico de hérnia incisional, usando técnica brasileira com 50 anos de idade: a transposição com o saco herniário, conforme proposta pelo Prof. Alcino Lázaro da Silva, em 1971.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Surgical Mesh , Endoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 484-490, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142335

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernia is one of the most common surgical pathologies. The advent of minimally invasive surgery raised questions about the best technique to be applied, considering the possibility of reducing postoperative pain, a lower rate of complications, and early return to usual activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of open and laparoscopic hernioplasties in Brazil from 2008 to 2018, analyzing the rates of urgent and elective surgeries, mortality, costs, and the impact of laparoscopic surgical training on the public health system. METHODS: Nationwide data from 2008 to 2018 were obtained from the public health registry database (DATASUS) for a descriptive analysis of the selected data and parameters. RESULTS: 2,671,347 hernioplasties were performed in the period, an average of 242,850 surgeries per year (99.4% open, 0.6% laparoscopic). The economically active population (aged 20-59) constituted the dominant group (54.5%). There was a significant reduction (P<0.01) in open surgeries, without a compensatory increase in laparoscopic procedures. 22.3% of surgeries were urgent, with a significant increase in mortality when compared to elective surgeries (P<0.01). The distribution of laparoscopic surgery varied widely, directly associated with the number of digestive surgeons. CONCLUSION: This study presents nationwide data on hernia repair surgeries in Brazil for the first time. Minimally invasive techniques represent a minor portion of hernioplasties. Urgent surgeries represent a high percentage when compared to other countries, with increased mortality. The data reinforce the need for improvement in the offer of services, specialized training, and equalization in the distribution of procedures in all regions.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Hérnias de parede abdominal são patologias cirúrgicas frequentes. O surgimento da cirurgia minimamente invasiva levantou questionamentos sobre a melhor técnica a ser aplicada, considerando a possível redução de dor pós-operatória e de complicações, e retorno precoce às atividades habituais. OBJETIVO: Avaliar frequência de hernioplastias abertas e laparoscópicas no Brasil entre os anos de 2008 e 2018, analisar taxas de cirurgias urgentes e eletivas, mortalidade, custos e o impacto do treinamento em cirurgia laparoscópica no sistema público de saúde. MÉTODOS Análise de banco de dados do registro de saúde pública (DATASUS) entre 2008 e 2018 para coleta dos dados e parâmetros selecionados. RESULTADOS: Foram realizadas 2.671.347 hernioplastias no período, média de 242.850 cirurgias/ano (99,4% abertas, 0,6% laparoscópicas). Predominou a faixa etária economicamente ativa (20-59 anos), 54,5% do total. Houve redução significativa das cirurgias abertas (P<0,01), sem aumento compensatório da laparoscopia. 22,3% das cirurgias foram de urgência, com aumento significativo da mortalidade em relação às cirurgias eletivas (P<0,01). Observou-se distribuição heterogênea da videolaparoscopia, diretamente relacionada com o número de cirurgiões digestivos. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo apresenta pela primeira vez os dados populacionais das cirurgias de hérnia no Brasil. As técnicas minimamente invasivas representam uma parcela pouco significativa das hernioplastias. As cirurgias urgentes apresentam percentual elevado comparado a outros países, com aumento significativo na mortalidade, reforçando a necessidade de políticas que permitam aumento da oferta do serviço, treinamento especializado e equalização na distribuição dos procedimentos em todas as regiões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Laparoscopy , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Femoral/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Mesh , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/statistics & numerical data , Hernia, Femoral/epidemiology , Hernia, Inguinal/epidemiology , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e1022, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149846

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En la provincia de Mayabeque se emplea la técnica de Lichtenstein en la reparación de la hernia inguinal, con una recidiva inferior al 3 por ciento. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes con diagnóstico de hernia inguinal operados por la técnica de hernioplastia de Lichtenstein. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal y retrospectivo en pacientes operados de hernia inguinal en el Hospital "Leopoldito Martínez" de enero-2013 a diciembre-2017. El universo estuvo constituido por 218 y una muestra probabilística sistemática de 128 casos. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas. Las variables cuantitativas se resumieron mediante media aritmética y desviación estándar y las variables cualitativas mediante los por cientos. La comparación de proporciones se realizó a través del chi-cuadrado y la dócima de Duncan, considerándose un nivel de significación para p < 0,05. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (94,54 por ciento), la edad entre 41 - 60 años (42,96 por ciento), tipo de hernia III A (60,15 por ciento) y evolución media de la misma 42,3 meses; el tiempo quirúrgico fue de 1-2 horas (65,62 por ciento) con media de 1 h, 26 minutos. Prevalecieron las complicaciones dolor agudo (13,28 por ciento) e infección del sitio quirúrgico (3,12 por ciento) y estadía hospitalaria < 24 horas (79,68 por ciento) con una recidiva de 2,34 por ciento. Conclusiones: La técnica de Lichtenstein es efectiva en la reparación de la hernia inguinal en la provincia de Mayabeque. La media del tiempo quirúrgico se estima en 1 hora y 26 minutos como máximo y la estadía hospitalaria a expensas de las complicaciones de 24-72 horas. El por ciento de recidivas es alto y debe mejorar depurando la técnica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: In Mayabeque Province, the Lichtenstein technique is used to repair inguinal hernia, with a recurrence below 3 percent. Objective: To characterize patients with a diagnosis of inguinal hernia operated on by the Lichtenstein hernioplasty technique. Methods: A longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out in patients operated on for inguinal hernia at Leopoldito Martínez Hospital, from January-2013 to December-2017. The universe consisted of 218, with a systematic probabilistic sample of 128 cases. The data were obtained from medical records. Quantitative variables were summarized by arithmetic mean and standard deviation, while qualitative variables were summarized by percentages. The comparison of proportions was carried out through the chi-square and Duncan's test, considering a level of significance of P< 0.05. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex predominated (94.54 percent), the age between 41 and 60 years (42.96 percent), and the hernia type III A (60.15 percent), with mean evolution of 42.3 month. Surgical time was 1-2 hours (65.62 percent), with a mean of one hour and 26 minutes. There was predominance of acute pain complications (13.28 percent), surgical-site infection (3.12 percent) and hospital stay below 24 hours (79.68 percent), with a recurrence of 2.34 percent. Conclusions: The Lichtenstein technique is effective for inguinal hernia repair in the Mayabeque Province. Mean surgical time is estimated to be a maximum of one hour and 26 minutes, while hospital stay, at the expense of complications, was 24-72 hours. The percentage of recurrences is high and should improve by refining the technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Medical Records , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 293-302, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279742

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: los octogenarios son un grupo demográficamente en crecimiento. Este aumento en la esperanza de vida pone al cirujano frecuentemente frente a pacientes de edad avanzada con una hernia inguinal. Objetivo: analizar la aplicabilidad, seguridad y eficacia del tratamiento quirúrgico ambulatorio de la hernia inguinal en pacientes mayores de 80 años. Material y método: estudio comparativo, de cohorte retrospectiva. Se analizaron todas las hernio plastias inguinales por vía abierta con técnica de Lichtenstein realizadas entre 2008 y 2017, con al menos un mes de seguimiento. Estos pacientes fueron comparados de forma retrospectiva con todos aquellos de iguales características de entre 50 y 79 años tratados durante el mismo período de tiempo. Resultados: entre 2008 y 2017, 491 pacientes ingresaron en el Programa de Cirugía Mayor Ambulato ria y fueron sometidos a reparación de una hernia inguinal con técnica de Lichtenstein. De estos, 133 pacientes (27, 1%) eran mayores de 80 años, y 358 pacientes (72,9%) de entre 50 y 79 años. La mor bilidad posoperatoria global de la serie fue del 9,75% (13,5% para mayores de 80 años y 8,4% para el grupo control, p = NS). Tampoco hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en admisión temprana (3,8% vs. 2,8% del grupo control, p = NS). Conclusión: la cirugía ambulatoria en la hernioplastia por vía abierta, en pacientes mayores de 80 años, fue aplicada de forma segura y eficaz.


ABSTRACT Background: Octogenarians are a demographically growing group. This increase in life expectancy of ten makes surgeons face older patients with inguinal hernia. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the applicability, safety and efficacy of ambulatory inguinal hernia in patients > 80 years, Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective and observational cohort study. Data from all the open inguinal hernia repair procedures performed using the Lichtenstein technique between January 2008 and December 2017 and followed-up after one month were analyzed. These patients were retrospectively compared with similar patients aged 50-79 years who were treated during the same period. Results: Between 2008 and 2017, 491 patients admitted in the Major Ambulatory Surgery program underwent inguinal hernia repair using the Lichtenstein technique. 133 (27.1%) were > 80 years and 358 (72.9%) were between 50 and 79 years. Overall postoperative morbidity was 9.75% (13.5% in > 80 years and 8.4% in the control group; p = NS). There were no significant differences in unanticipated mortality (3.8% vs. 2.8%un the control group, p = NS). Conclusion: Ambulatory surgery for open inguinal hernia repair in patients > 80 years is a safe and effective strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Efficacy , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Argentina , Safety , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods
9.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(2): e1519, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130530

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Laparoscopic best approach of repairing inguinoscrotal hernias are still debatable. Incorrect handling of the distal sac can possibly result in damage to cord structures and negative postoperative outcomes as ischemic orquitis or inguinal neuralgia. Aim: To describe a new technique for a minimally invasive approach to inguinoscrotal hernias and to analyze the preliminary results of patients undergoing the procedure. Methods: A review of a prospectively maintained database was conducted in patients who underwent minimally invasive repair using the "primary abandon-of-the-sac" (PAS) technique for inguinoscrotal hernias. Patient´s demographics, as well as intraoperative variables and postoperative outcomes were also analyzed. Results: Twenty-six male were submitted to this modified procedure. Mean age of the case series was 53.8 years (range 34-77) and body mass index was 26.8 kg/m2 (range 20.8-34.2). There were no intraoperative complications or conversion. Average length of stay was one day. No surgical site infections, pseudo hydrocele or neuralgia were reported after the procedure and two patients presented seroma. No inguinal hernia recurrence was verified during the mean 21.4 months of follow up. Conclusion: The described technique is safe, feasible and reproducible, with good postoperative results.


RESUMO Racional: A melhor maneira laparoscópica do reparo de hérnias inguinoescrotais permanece ainda aberta a discussão. O manuseio incorreto do saco herniário pode resultar em danos às estruturas do cordão e resultados pós-operatórios indesejados, como orquite isquêmica ou neuralgia inguinal. Objetivo: Descrever uma nova técnica de abordagem minimamente invasiva das hérnias inguinoescrotais e analisar os resultados preliminares de pacientes submetidos ao procedimento. Métodos: Foi realizada na série de casos a análise retrospectiva de um banco de dados mantido prospectivamente em pacientes submetidos a reparo minimamente invasivo usando a técnica "abandono primário do saco" (PAS) para hérnias inguinoescrotais. Dados demográficos dos pacientes, bem como variáveis intraoperatórias e resultados pós-operatórios são descritos. Resultados: Vinte e seis homens foram submetidos ao procedimento. A idade média foi de 53,8 anos e o índice de massa corpórea de 26,8 kg/m2. Não houve complicações intraoperatórias ou conversão para operação aberta. A duração média da estadia hospitalar foi de um dia. Não foram relatadas infecções de sítio cirúrgico, hematomas ou neuralgia após o procedimento e a presença de seroma ocorreu em dois pacientes. Nenhuma recorrência de hérnia inguinal foi verificada durante média de 21,4 meses. Conclusão: A técnica descrita é segura e replicável, apresentando bons resultados pós-operatórios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh , Surgical Wound Infection , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Groin/surgery
10.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(2): e1517, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130525

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The best technique for incisional hernioplasty has not been established yet. One of the difficulties to compare these techniques is heterogeneity in the profile of the patients evaluated. Aim: To analyze the results of three techniques for incisional hernioplasty after open bariatric surgery. Method: Patients who underwent incisional hernioplasty were divided into three groups: onlay technique, simple suture and retromuscular technique. Results and quality of life after repair using Carolina's Comfort Scale were evaluated through analysis of medical records, telephone contact and elective appointments. Results: 363 surgical reports were analyzed and 263 were included: onlay technique (n=89), simple suture (n=100), retromuscular technique (n=74). The epidemiological profile of patients was similar between groups. The onlay technique showed higher seroma rates (28.89%) and used a surgical drain more frequently (55.56%). The simple suture technique required longer hospital stay (2.86 days). The quality of life score was worse for the retromuscular technique (8.43) in relation to the onlay technique (4.7) and the simple suture (2.34), especially because of complaints of chronic pain. There was no difference in short-term recurrence. Conclusion: The retromuscular technique showed a worse quality of life than the other techniques in a homogeneous group of patients. The three groups showed no difference in terms of short-term hernia recurrence.


RESUMO Racional: A melhor técnica de hernioplastia incisional ainda não foi definida. Uma das dificuldades na comparação é a heterogenicidade no perfil dos pacientes avaliados. Objetivo: Analisar os resultados de três técnicas de hernioplastia incisional após cirurgia bariátrica aberta. Método: Os pacientes que realizaram hernioplastias incisionais foram estudados e divididos em três grupos: técnica onlay, sutura simples e técnica retromuscular. Resultados e qualidade de vida após o reparo utilizando o Carolina's Comfort Scale foram avaliados através de análise de prontuários, contato telefônico e consultas eletivas. Resultados: Foram analisados 363 relatos cirúrgicos e 263 foram incluídos: técnica onlay (n=89), sutura simples (n=100), técnica retromuscular (n=74). O perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes foi similar entre os grupos. A técnica onlay apresentou maiores taxas de seroma (28,89%) e usou dreno com maior frequência (55,56%). A sutura simples obteve maior tempo de internação (2,86 dias). O escore de qualidade de vida foi pior na técnica retromuscular (8,43) em relação à onlay (4,7) e à sutura simples (2,34), especialmente devido às queixas de dor crônica. Não houve diferença quanto a recidiva em curto prazo. Conclusão: A técnica retromuscular apresentou pior qualidade de vida do que as demais técnicas em um grupo homogêneo de pacientes. Os três grupos não mostraram diferenças em termos de recidiva de hérnia em curto prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Bariatric Surgery , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh , Suture Techniques
11.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1489, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130510

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Erosion and migration into the esophagogastric lumen after laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair with mesh placement has been published. Aim: To present surgical maneuvers that seek to diminish the risk of this complication. Method: We suggest mobilizing the hernia sac from the mediastinum and taking it down to the abdominal position with its blood supply intact in order to rotate it behind and around the abdominal esophagus. The purpose is to cover the on-lay mesh placed in "U" fashion to reinforce the crus suture. Results: We have performed laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in 173 patients (total group). Early postoperative complications were observed in 35 patients (27.1%) and one patient died (0.7%) due to a massive lung thromboembolism. One hundred twenty-nine patients were followed-up for a mean of 41+28months. Mesh placement was performed in 79 of these patients. The remnant sac was rotated behind the esophagus in order to cover the mesh surface. In this group, late complications were observed in five patients (2.9%). We have not observed mesh erosion or migration to the esophagogastric lumen. Conclusion: The proposed technique should be useful for preventing erosion and migration into the esophagus.


RESUMO Racional: Com a colocação de tela foi têm sido publicadas erosões e migrações para o lúmen esofagogástrico após correção de hérnia hiatal laparoscópica. Objetivo: Apresentar manobras cirúrgicas que buscam diminuir o risco dessa complicação. Método: Sugerimos mobilizar o saco de hérnia do mediastino e levá-lo à posição abdominal com o suprimento sanguíneo intacto, a fim de girá-lo para trás e ao redor do esôfago abdominal. O objetivo é cobrir a malha colocada sobre a forma "U" para reforçar a sutura da crura haital. Resultados: Realizamos reparo laparoscópico de hérnia hiatal em 173 pacientes (grupo total). Complicações pós-operatórias precoces foram observadas em 35 pacientes (27,1%) e um morreu (0,7%) devido a tromboembolismo pulmonar maciço. Cento e vinte e nove pacientes foram acompanhados por média de 41+28 meses. A colocação da tela foi realizada em 79 desses pacientes. O saco remanescente foi girado atrás do esôfago para cobrir a superfície da tela. Nesse grupo, complicações tardias foram observadas em cinco pacientes (2,9%). Não observamos erosão da tela ou migração dela para o lúmen esofagogástrico. Conclusão: A técnica proposta pode ser útil para prevenir a erosão e a migração para o esôfago de telas na correção de hérnias hiatais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Hernia, Hiatal/surgery , Recurrence , Reoperation , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Suture Techniques , Foreign-Body Migration , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202430, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136583

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the effect of longitudinal abdominal incisional herniorrhaphy on respiratory muscle pressure. Method: The technique of incisional herniorrhaphy used was proposed by Lázaro da Silva. To measure the pressure, we used a water manometer in 20 patients, median age 48.5 years (range 24 70). We analyzed the maximum inspiratory pressure at the level of residual volume (IP-RV) and functional residual capacity (IP-FRC) and the maximum expiratory pressure of functional residual capacity (EP-FRC) and total lung capacity (EP-TLC) in the preoperative and late postoperative (40 90 days) periods, in 13 patients with large incisional hernias and in 7 patients with medium incisional hernias. Results: There was a significant increase in IP-FRC (p = 0.027), IP-RV (p = 0.011) and EP-TLC (p = 0.003) in patients with large incisional hernias. EP-FRC increased, but not significantly. In patients with medium incisional hernias, the changes were not significant. Conclusion: Surgical correction of large incisional hernias improves the function of the breathing muscles; however, surgery for medium incisional hernias does not alter this function.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar o efeito da herniorrafia incisional abdominal longitudinal na pressão dos músculos da respiração. Método: a técnica de herniorrafia incisional utilizada foi a proposta por Lázaro da Silva. Para aferir a pressão foi utilizado manômetro de água, em 20 pacientes, idade mediana 48,5 anos (mínimo 24, máximo 70). Foram analisadas a pressão máxima inspiratória no nível do volume residual (PIVR) e da capacidade residual funcional (PICRF) e a pressão máxima expiratória da capacidade residual funcional (PECRF) e da capacidade pulmonar total (PECPT), no pré-operatório e pós-operatório tardio (entre 40 e 90 dias), em 13 pacientes com hérnias incisionais grandes e em 7 pacientes com hérnias incisionais médias. Resultados: houve aumento significante da PICRF (p=0.027), da PIVR (p=0.011), da PECPT (p=0.003) nos pacientes com hérnias incisionais grandes. A PECRF aumentou, porém de forma não significante. Nos pacientes com hérnias incisionais médias as alterações não foram significantes. Conclusão: a correção cirúrgica da hérnia incisional grande melhora a função dos músculos da respiração, porém a cirurgia da hérnia incisional média não altera a referida função.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Respiration , Respiratory Muscles , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Postoperative Period , Respiratory Function Tests , Preoperative Care , Inspiratory Capacity , Maximal Expiratory Flow Rate , Abdomen , Manometry , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(4): e776, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126393

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La reparación de la hernia en la región inguinocrural es una de las operaciones más frecuentes en la práctica quirúrgica. Pueden encontrarse hallazgos inusuales, como el apéndice cecal parcial o completamente contenido en el saco herniario, lo que se denomina hernias de Amyand y Garengeot. Se presentan en aproximadamente el 1 por ciento de los pacientes con hernia inguinocrural, mientras que representan cerca del 0,1 por ciento de los casos de apendicitis. Clínicamente se presentan como una hernia inguinocrural incarcerada, y la ecografía o la tomografía axial computarizada pueden ayudar en el diagnóstico preoperatorio. El estado del apéndice cecal determina el acceso quirúrgico y el tipo de reparación herniaria. El objetivo de este artículo es desarrollar un material de apoyo a los profesionales implicados en la atención de estas raras entidades quirúrgicas(AU)


ABSTRACT Hernia repair in the inguinocrural region is one of the most frequent interventions in the surgical practice. Unusual findings can be found, such as the cecal appendix partially or completely contained within the hernial sac, called Amyand and Garengeot hernias. They occur in approximately 1 percent of patients with inguinocrural hernia, while they represent about 0.1 percent of the cases of appendicitis. Clinically, they present as an incarcerated inguinocrural hernia; ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) can assist in the preoperative diagnosis. The state of the cecal appendix determines surgical access and type of hernia repair. The objective of this article is to develop a support material for the professionals involved in the care of these rare surgical entities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging
14.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 507-511, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058310

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Diversas patologías requieren de tratamiento anticoagulante oral (TACO). Algunos de estos pacientes requieren resolución quirúrgica. El manejo perioperatorio de estos pacientes es variable dependiendo del centro. Objetivos: Evaluar la morbilidad y mortalidad del protocolo de manejo de patología herniaria en TACO, atendidos en nuestro hospital. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo de 37 pacientes sometidos a cirugía herniaria en TACO entre 2008-2016. Los datos fueron obtenidos de la base de datos computacional del Equipo de Hernias, con un seguimiento mínimo de 1 mes. Se evaluaron las características clínicas, quirúrgicas y la morbimortalidad postoperatoria. El traslape consistió en hospitalizar al paciente tres días previos a la cirugía, suspendiéndose el TACO e iniciando heparina de bajo peso molecular (HBPM) en dosis terapéuticas, que se suspende 24 h previas a la cirugía. Se reinicia la HPBM a las 12 a 24 h postoperatorias, y se inicia el traslape a TACO a las 24-48 h. Los datos fueron analizados con Stata v14. Resultados: De los 37 pacientes estudiados, veintiséis pacientes fueron hombres (70,2%), la media de edad fue de 67,3 años. El 48,7% tenían fibrilación auricular. El 100% consumía acenocumarol como TACO. La media en el inicio del traslape a la anticoagulación oral fue de 1,4 días. El promedio de INR al momento del alta fue de 2,04. Dos pacientes fueron dados de alta con dalteparina. Un paciente (2,7%), presentó dolor en el postoperatorio inmediato y uno (2,7%), equimosis del sitio quirúrgico. Conclusiones: El protocolo de trabajo utilizado, demostró ser seguro, con una mínima morbilidad postoperatoria.


Introduction: Various pathologies require oral anticoagulant treatment (TACO). Some of these patients present pathologies of surgical resolution. The perioperative management of these patients is variable depending on the center. Aim: To evaluate the morbidity and mortality of patients attended with hernia pathology and TACO, assisted in our hospital. Materials and Method: Prospective, descriptive study of 37 patients submmited to hernia surgery in TACO between 2008-2016. The data was obtained from the computer database of the Hernia Team, with a minimum follow-up of 1 month. Clinical, surgical characteristics and postoperative morbidity and mortality were evaluated. The treatment overlap from TACO to Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) in therapeutic doses, was initiated three days before surgery. LMWH was suspended 24 hours prior to surgery, and reinitiated 12 to 24 hours post operation. 48 to 72 hours TACO was resumed. The data was analyzed with Stata v14. Results: Twenty-six patients were men, the mean age was 67.3 years. 48.7% had atrial fibrillation. 100% consumed acenocoumarol as TACO. The mean time for resuming TACO after surgery was 1.4 days. The average INR at the time of discharge was 2.04. Two patients were discharged with dalteparin. One patient (2.7%) presented pain in the immediate postoperative period and one showed ecchymosis of the surgical site (2.7%). Conclusions: The work protocol used, proved to be safe, with minimal postoperative morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Postoperative Period , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Herniorrhaphy/mortality , Hernia/complications , Acenocoumarol/adverse effects
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(9): 1201-1207, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041066

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES Inguinal hernioplasty techniques have been improved since the first hernioplasty. Tension-free techniques that apply synthetic mesh materials, as in the Lichtenstein approach, are the gold standard. Laparoscopic hernioplasty is the strongest alternative to Lichtenstein. The superiority of laparoscopic hernioplasty over Lichtenstein is a major topic of debate. In this study, we aimed to find a conclusion to this debate by comparing our totally extraperitoneal (TEP) experiences with Lichtenstein experiences. METHODS Patients who underwent inguinal hernioplasty at the Gulhane Training and Research Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The sample included 96 TEP and 90 Lichtenstein patients for a total of 186 patients. The variables assessed were hospitalization duration, postoperative early visual analog scale score, chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications. Data were collected from patient records and via telephone questionnaire if needed. Data analysis was done by SPSS v20, using chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS Male/female ratios were similar between the TEP and Lichtenstein groups. There was no difference in mean age between groups (p=0.1). The hospital stay was shorter (p=0.0001), and early postoperative visual analog scale score was lower in the TEP group (p=0.003). Chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications (hematoma, seroma, wound infection) were similar. CONCLUSIONS TEP is superior to Lichtenstein with shorter hospitalization duration and lower rates of early postoperative pain. No difference between the two techniques was found for chronic pain. We believe that laparoscopic hernioplasty approach may be the best alternative technique for inguinal hernia repair.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS As técnicas de hernioplastia inguinal foram melhoradas desde a primeira hernioplastia. Técnicas livres de tensão que aplicam materiais de malha sintética, como na abordagem de Lichtenstein, são o padrão ouro. A hernioplastia laparoscópica é a alternativa mais forte ao Lichtenstein. A superioridade da hernioplastia laparoscópica sobre o Lichtenstein é um dos principais temas debatidos. Neste estudo, procuramos encontrar uma conclusão para esse debate comparando nossas experiências totalmente extraperitoneais (TEP) com as experiências de Lichtenstein. MÉTODOS Pacientes submetidos à hernioplastia inguinal no Gulhane Training and Research Hospital de 2013 a 2018 foram incluídos neste estudo de coorte retrospectivo. A amostra incluiu 96 pacientes TEP e 90 pacientes Lichtenstein para um total de 186 pacientes. As variáveis avaliadas foram tempo de internação, escore da escala analógica visual precoce no pós-operatório, dor crônica, parestesia, recidiva e complicações pós-operatórias precoces. Os dados foram coletados dos prontuários e do questionário por telefone, se necessário. A análise dos dados foi realizada pelo SPSS v20, utilizando os testes qui-quadrado, exato de Fisher e U de Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS As razões homem/mulher foram semelhantes entre os grupos TEP e Lichtenstein. Não houve diferença na média de idade entre os grupos (p=0,1). A permanência hospitalar foi menor (p=0,1) e a escala visual analógica precoce foi menor no grupo TEP (p=0,003). Dor crônica, parestesia, recorrência e complicações pós-operatórias imediatas (hematoma, seroma, infecção da ferida) foram semelhantes. CONCLUSÕES O TEP é superior ao Lichtenstein, com menor tempo de internação e menores taxas de dor pós-operatória precoce. Nenhuma diferença entre as duas técnicas foi encontrada para dor crônica. Acreditamos que a abordagem de hernioplastia laparoscópica pode ser a melhor técnica alternativa para correção de hérnia inguinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Paresthesia/etiology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Chronic Pain/etiology , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
16.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e773, mar.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093159

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La hernia inguinal es una de las enfermedades más frecuentes y que con mayor número de modificaciones técnicas opera el cirujano general. El porcentaje de complicaciones internacionalmente aceptado oscila entre 5 y 10 por ciento. Objetivo: Identificar las complicaciones en la cirugía electiva de las hernias inguinales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo, de una serie de 246 pacientes, operados mediante cirugía electiva de las hernias inguinales en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Provincial Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba durante los años 2016-2017. Resultados: Se constataron 18 complicaciones (7,3 por ciento) de la muestra. El tipo 2 según la clasificación de Nyhus prevaleció con 73 (29,7 por ciento) enfermos para el total, y ocho (44,4 por ciento) de los complicados. Las operaciones efectuadas fueron abiertas, entre las cuales primaron las tisulares de sobrecapas fasciales (Goderich) con 111 (45,1 por ciento) y las protésicas (Lichtenstein) con 85 (34,5 por ciento). Se presentaron complicaciones en 7 (38,8 por ciento) y 3 (16,6 por ciento) pacientes, respectivamente. El método anestésico más utilizado fue local con sedación en 171 (69,5 por ciento) y en 13 de ellos (72,3 por ciento) se produjeron complicaciones. El tiempo quirúrgico predominante fue de 30 minutos a una hora en 156 enfermos (63,4 por ciento), donde se registraron 10 complicados (55,5 por ciento). Del total de operaciones, el 96,7 por ciento fueron ambulatorias (238 pacientes). El 85,7 por ciento de los casos fueron intervenidos por residentes, grupo que aportó el 94,5 por ciento de las complicaciones diagnosticadas. Conclusiones: Las características de la población de enfermos aquejados de complicaciones posquirúrgicas de las hernias inguinales, referentes a tipo 2 de hernia según Nyhus y presencia de recidiva a largo plazo no difieren de lo reportado por la bibliografía nacional y extranjera(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Inguinal hernia is one of the most frequent illness and with a great number of technical modifications that were operated by the general surgeon. The complications percentage internationally accepted oscillated between 5 and 10 percent. Objective: To identify the complications in the elective surgery of inguinal hernias. Methods: an observational and descriptive study of a series of 246 patients was performed on the complications of elective inguinal hernia surgery in the General Surgery Service of the Provincial Teaching Hospital Saturnino Lora of Santiago de Cuba during the years 2016 -2017. Results: There were 18 complications (7.3 percent) of the sample. Type 2 according to Nyhus classification prevailed with 73 (29.7 percent) patients of the sample, and eight (44.4 percent) of complicated patients; the operations carried out were open, among which the fascial overlayer tissue prevailed (Goderich) with 111 (45.1 percent) and the prosthetic (Lichtenstein) with 85 (34.5 percent). Complications occurred in 7 (38.8 percent) and 3 (16.6 percent) patients, respectively. The most used anaesthetic method was local with sedation in 171 (69.5 percent) and in 13 of them (72.3 percent) there were complications. The predominant surgical time was 30 minutes to one hour in 156 patients (63.4 percent), where 10 complications were recorded (55.5 percent). Of the total operations, 96.7 percent were ambulatory (238 patients). There were operated on 85.7 percent of the cases by residents, a group that contributed 94.5 percent of the complications diagnosed. Conclusions: The characteristics of patients suffering from acute and chronic complications of elective inguinal hernia surgery, related to Type 2 according to Nyhus classification, the open operations carried out, the anaesthetic method employed, surgical time, ambulatory surgery and surgeon level, do not differ from that reported by the national and foreign literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
17.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1426, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983673

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been shown to be superior than open repairs with faster return to daily activities and decrease in the occurrence of chronic pain. However, higher direct costs and mandatory use of general anesthesia are arguments against their use. In addition, increased complexity of surgery resulting from an anatomy that is unusual to general surgeons prevents the widespread adoption of laparoscopic approach. Aim: To propose a technical systematization for transabdominal laparoscopic repair (TAPP) of inguinal hernias based on anatomical concepts. Method: To offer a systematization of TAPP repair based on well defined anatomic landmarks, describing the concept of "inverted Y", identification of five triangles and three zones of dissection, to achieve the "critical view of safety" for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Results: Since this standardization was developed five years ago, many surgeons were trained following these precepts. Reproducibility is high, as far as, it´s rate of adoption among surgeons. Conclusion: The concept of the "inverted Y", "Five triangles" and the dissection based in "Three Zones" establish an effective and reproducible standardization of the TAPP technique.


RESUMO Racional: O reparo laparoscópico da hérnia inguinal tem se mostrado superior aos reparos abertos, com retorno mais rápido às atividades diárias e diminuição na ocorrência de dor crônica. No entanto, custos diretos mais altos e o uso obrigatório de anestesia geral são argumentos contra seu uso. Além disso, o aumento da complexidade da operação resultante de uma anatomia incomum aos cirurgiões gerais impede a ampla adoção da abordagem laparoscópica. Objetivo: Propor uma sistematização técnica para reparo laparoscópico transabdominal (TAPP) de hérnias inguinais com base em conceitos anatômicos. Método: Oferecer sistematização do reparo do TAPP baseado em pontos anatômicos bem definidos, descrevendo o conceito de "Y invertido", identificação de cinco triângulos e três zonas de dissecação, para alcançar a "visão crítica de segurança" para o reparo de hérnia inguinal laparoscópica. Resultados: Desde que essa padronização foi desenvolvida há cinco anos, muitos cirurgiões foram treinados seguindo esses preceitos. A reprodutibilidade é muito alta, assim como a taxa de adoção entre cirurgiões. Conclusão: O conceito de "Y invertido", dos "Cinco triângulos" e a dissecção baseada em "Três Zonas" estabelecem uma padronização efetiva e reprodutível da técnica TAPP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e20192226, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041131

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As hérnias inguinais são um problema frequente e o seu reparo representa a cirurgia mais comumente realizada por cirurgiões gerais. Nos últimos anos, novos princípios, produtos e técnicas têm mudado a rotina dos cirurgiões que precisam reciclar conhecimentos e aperfeiçoar novas habilidades. Além disso, antigos conceitos sobre indicação cirúrgica e riscos de complicações vêm sendo reavaliados. Visando criar um guia de orientações sobre o manejo das hérnias inguinais em pacientes adultos, a Sociedade Brasileira de Hérnias reuniu um grupo de experts com objetivo de revisar diversos tópicos, como indicação cirúrgica, manejo perioperatório, técnicas cirúrgicas, complicações e orientações pós-operatórias.


ABSTRACT Inguinal hernias are a frequent problem and their repair is the most commonly performed procedure by general surgeons. In the last years, new principles, products and techniques have changed the routine of surgeons, who need to recycle knowledge and perfect new skills. In addition, old concepts regarding surgical indication and risk of complications have been reevaluated. In order to create a guideline for the management of inguinal hernias in adult patients, the Brazilian Hernia Society assembled a group of experts to review various topics, such as surgical indication, perioperative management, surgical techniques, complications and postoperative guidance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Herniorrhaphy/standards , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Mesh , Brazil , Herniorrhaphy/methods
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(2): e201900206, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989060

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To compare open Lichtenstein repair and laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair to treat primary unilateral hernia, regarding systemic inflammatory response, postoperative pain, and complications. Methods: A non-randomized prospective cohort study, with the preoperative and postoperative (24 hours) collection of blood samples for C reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), leukocyte and neutrophil analysis. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used to quantify the level of pain, and the operative time was correlated with the inflammatory response. VAS and CRP were also obtained on the 8th postoperative day. Results: Groups were homogeneous regarding preoperative characteristics. There were no differences between groups in 24h values of CRP, IL-6, leukocytes, neutrophils or VAS. Similarly, CRP and VAS did not differ between groups on the 8th postoperative day. However, the operative time for laparoscopic hernia repair was longer than the time for the open procedure. There was a weak correlation (r coefficient 0.31) between the duration of the surgical procedure and the VAS score at the eighth day. Conclusions: There were no statistically significant differences in the inflammatory response, pain scores, or complications between groups. We conclude that there is no advantage performing a primary unilateral hernia repair by laparoscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/blood , Laparoscopy/methods , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/blood , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , C-Reactive Protein , Biomarkers/blood , Prospective Studies , Interleukin-6 , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Operative Time , Visual Analog Scale , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Hernia, Inguinal/blood , Length of Stay
20.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(4): e704, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991047

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La afección herniaria es uno de los procesos mejor estudiados y cuyo tratamiento persigue la excelencia, aunque todavía quedan muchas controversias por resolver. Objetivo: Valorar los resultados de la aplicación de la técnica del Dr. Mohan P. Desarda modificada en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital General Docente Enrique Cabrera. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo aleatorio de 1 010 pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico de hernia inguinal desde enero del 2004 hasta diciembre del 2017. A estos pacientes se les realizó la técnica quirúrgica del Dr. Mohan P. Desarda modificada, los cuales fueron evolucionados por consulta externa y finalmente por teléfono. Resultados: La mayor incidencia ocurrió en el sexo masculino con 915 (90,6 por ciento) pacientes y la edad promedio fue de 58,3 años. La localización más frecuente fue la derecha en 497 (49,0 por ciento) pacientes. Se aplicó la anestesia local a 690 (68,3 por ciento) pacientes. Se trataron de manera ambulatoria 783 (77,4 por ciento) pacientes. En 46 (34,5 por ciento) pacientes se diagnosticaron complicaciones. La recidiva se observó en 6 pacientes (0,6 por ciento) del total. Conclusiones: Con la herniorrafia de Mohan P. Desarda modificada, se obtienen resultados satisfactorios al igual que con las técnicas protésicas, aportando ahorros económicos importantes(AU)


Introduction: Hernia is one of the best studied processes in order to achieve treatment of excellence, but there are still many pending controversies to be solved. Objective: To determine the results of the modified Mohan P. Desarda technique in the surgical service of Enrique Cabrera general teaching hospital. Method: A prospective randomized study was performed on 1010 surgical patients with the diagnosis of inguinal hernia from January 2004 to December 2017. These patients were operated on by using modified Dr Mohan P. Desarda's technique and they were followed up in the outpatient service and finally by phone. Results: The highest incidence rate was found in males, with 915 (90.6 percent) patients and the average age was 58.3 years. The most common location was on the right side of 497 (49 percent) patients. Local anesthesia was used in 690 (68.3 percent) patients and 783 (77.4 percent) were treated as outpatients. Forty six (34.5 percent) patients suffered complications. Recurrence occurred in 6 patients, which accounted for 0.6 percent of the total number. Conclusions: Modified Mohan P. Desarda herniorraphy achieves satisfactory results as well as the other prosthetic techniques, thus contributing important economic savings(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Anesthesia, Local/methods , Prospective Studies
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