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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 458-461, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346485

ABSTRACT

Abstract Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) not related to HIV is an infrequent and severe condition with no etiology defined until now. The concomitant presence of an underlying disease, especially an oncohematological process, could be related to the immune physiopathology and the development of the im munosuppressive state. On the other hand, Epstein Barr virus is a well-known oncogenic pathogen described in the development of several types of lymphoma which might be reactivated in the ICL. There is still no specific treatment for this syndrome, so the therapeutic scope for these patients is the treatment of opportunistic diseases and the administration of specific antimicrobials as prophylaxis. We present a patient with an uncommon asso ciation of an ICL and an extranodal T/NK lymphoma with detection of VEB nuclear RNA by in situ hybridization (EBER). Diagnosis was challenging which led the health team to carry out many studies over several months


Resumen La linfocitopenia CD4 idiopática (ICL) no relacionada al HIV es una condición grave e infrecuente sin una etiología aún definida. La presencia de una enfermedad subyacente, especialmente un proceso oncohematológico, podría tener relación en la fisiopatología del proceso inmunológico. Por otro lado, el virus Epstein Barr (VEB) es bien conocido por ser un patógeno oncogénico descrito en el desarrollo de diversos tipos de linfomas, el cual podría ser reactivado en estados de inmunosupresión severa. No existe aún un tratamiento específico para este síndro me, por lo que el objetivo terapéutico en estos pacientes radica en el manejo profiláctico y activo de las distintas enfermedades oportunistas ante las cuales son susceptibles. Se presenta un paciente con un déficit grave de linfocitos CD4 de causa idiopática, y un diagnóstico posterior de linfoma T/NK extraganglionar con detección de RNA nuclear de VEB por hibridización in situ (EBER), una asociación poco descrita en la literatura médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases , Lymphopenia , In Situ Hybridization , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880659

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a definite tumorigenic virus, is closely related to the development of nasopharyngeal cancer, gastric cancer, lymphoma and other tumors. EBV encodes a total of 44 mature microRNAs, which can regulate the expression of virus and host genes. EBV-encoded microRNAs and their regulated target molecules participate in the biological functions of tumor apoptosis, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis during tumorigenesis and development, and play an important role in the development of tumor.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, and EBER in situ hybridization of 136 DLBCL patients diagnosed in Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2007 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 136 DLBCL samples were obtained, the DLBCL sites were categorized as: duodenum (n=23), ileocecal region (n=63), other small intestine (n=29), rectum (n=7), and other large intestine (n=14). Survival curves for the DLBCL patients were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method and judged by the Log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and other small intestine except duodenum were mainly male (P=0.042), and had a higher proportion of limited-stage tumors(P=0.015), and lower International Prognostic Index (IPI) (P=0.001). Patients with DLBCL of ileocecal region had higher incidence of lactate dehydrogenase elevation (P=0.007), and higher incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation (P<0.001) than those with DLBCL of other regions. The 5-year overall survival and 5-year progression-free survival of patients with DLBCL in ileocecal and other small intestine sites were higher than those in other sites, but the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.135, 0.459). Fifty percent of intestinal DLBCL were germinal center B cell-like (GCB) subtypes. A low-grade B-cell lymphoma was found in 21% of 136 tumor samples. In ileocecal and other small intestinal specimens, the proportion of low-grade B-cell lymphoma was 29%, and the difference was statistically significant(P=0.025). About 16% of 136 DLBCL samples expressed follicular lymphoma while no mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma . The Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA-1 (EBER1) positive rate of duodenal DLBCL was significantly higher than that of other sites (5/23, 22% vs 2/63, 3%, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The intestinal DLBCL is commonly observed in male, and ileocecal is the most primary site. Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and small intestine except duodenum have low IPI, high proportion of limited-stage tumors, low level of lactate dehydrogenase, high incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation, and low incidence of inert lymphoma. The EBER1 positive rate of DLBCL in duodenal is higher.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference in the therapeutic effect of plasma exchange and continuous renal replacement therapy (PE+CRRT) combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of children with severe Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) and non-EBV-HLH.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 cases of all children with severe HLH treated by PE+CRRT combined with chemotherapy from January 2017 to January 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. According to the presence of EBV infection, the children were divided into EBV@*RESULTS@#Among the 21 children, 14 were divided into the EBV@*CONCLUSION@#PE+CRRT combined with chemotherapy can reduce serum ferritin quickly, then improve organ function, and increase the overall survival rate of severe HLH, and it is a good effect on children with severe EBV-HLH and non-EBV-HLH.


Subject(s)
Child , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Plasma Exchange , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878696

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features,immunohistochemical characteristics,diagnosis,treatment and prognosis of intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.Methods Clinical data of 7 patients with intrathyroid thymic carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed.Histological examination and immunohistochemical staining were performed on the surgically resected tumors.The infection of Epstein-Barr virus(EBV)was detected by EBER in situ hybridization.Results The 7 patients included 5 males and 2 females.The age ranged from 40 to 71 years,with a median of 54 years.The tumors were located in the thyroid gland,with the maximum diameter ranging from 2.2 cm to 6.0 cm and the average maximum diameter of(4.0±1.2)cm.All the patients underwent thyroid gland resection and local lymph node dissection.After operation,all the cases were treated with radiotherapy and five of them additionally received chemotherapy.Six patients were followed up for 10-163 months,all of whom were still alive,including 2 patients with recurrence in situ,1 patient with homolateral cervical lymph node metastasis and the rest with no recurrence or metastasis.CK-pan,P63,CD5 and CD117 were expressed in all the cases,while TTF-1,TG,CT and PAX8 were negative.One case of them expressed SYN and CgA.Ki-67 proliferation index ranged from 10% to 90%.EBER in situ hybridization showed negative results in all 7 cases.Conclusions Intrathyroid thymic carcinoma is a relatively low-grade malignant tumor.The combination of immunohistochemical CD5,CD117 and monoclonal PAX8 is helpful in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.EBV may not be involved in the development of intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.Thyroid gland resection plus central lymph node dissection is an important treatment measure for intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.For patients with regional lymph node metastasis and obvious peripheral tissue invasion,postoperative radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy can effectively delay the disease progression.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Thymoma , Thymus Neoplasms/therapy
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1310-1316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878104

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epigenetics, especially DNA methylation, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of primary Sjogren syndrome (pSS). Our study aimed to reveal the role of DNA methylation in peripheral monocytes of pSS patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 11 pSS patients and five age-matched healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. Monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells using magnetic microbeads. DNA methylation profiles were generated using Human Methylation 850K BeadChips.@*RESULTS@#In monocytes from pSS patients, we identified 2819 differentially methylated positions (DMPs), comprising 1977 hypomethylated- and 842 hypermethylated-DMPs, corresponding to 1313 unique genes when compared with HCs. IFI44L, MX1, PAARP9, and IFITM1, which influence the interferon (IFN) signaling pathway, were among the genes hypomethylated in pSS. Functional analysis of genes with a minimum of two DMPs showed involvement in antigen binding, transcriptional regulation, cell adhesion, IFN-γ pathway, type I IFN pathway, antigen presentation, Epstein-Barr virus infection, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 virus infection, and metabolic disease-related pathways. In addition, patients with higher serum IgG levels exhibited enrichment in Notch signaling and metabolic-related pathways. Upon comparing monocytes with salivary gland epithelial cells, an important overlap was observed in the cell cycle, cell senescence, and interleukin-17 signaling pathways. The differentially methylated genes were more enriched in the ribosome- and AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB autoantibodies double-positive patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling revealed significant differences in DNA methylation in monocytes isolated from patients with pSS.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Monocytes , Sjogren's Syndrome/genetics
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021246, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153187

ABSTRACT

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL-NT) is a rare type of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which usually presents with extranodal involvement and affects the nasal/upper aerodigestive tract in the classical presentation. Herein, we report the case of a 31-year-old, previously healthy, male patient diagnosed with ENKTL-NT with the involvement of the lung parenchyma and heart. Unfortunately, due to the rapid disease progression, the diagnosis was performed only at the autopsy. The authors highlight the rare clinical presentation of this type of lymphoma, as well as the challenging anatomopathological diagnosis in necrotic samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/pathology , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Autopsy , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Fatal Outcome , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Disease Progression , Heart , Lung/pathology
8.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349456

ABSTRACT

Aims: Lipschütz ulcer (LU), also known as acute vulvar ulcer, is a rare cause of vulvar ulcerations of nonvenereal origin. Our aim is to alert about this manifestation of the disease and to prevent unnecessary treatment. Case description: we present a 15 years old female, without relevant family and past history, admitted in the emergency room with a painful vulvar ulcer, preceded by five days of fever and sore throat. On physical examination, she had enlarged, and erythematous tonsils and bilateral anterior cervical lymphadenopathy and the genital examination revealed vulvar oedema and a deep ulcer with necrotic plaques in labium minus. The exclusion of transmitted sexual disease led to a diagnosis of Lipschütz ulcer. She started symptomatic treatment, oral antibiotic and corticoid therapy. She was discharged from the hospital after 6 days of admission and returned to a consult one month later when it was observed an almost complete resolution of the lesions. No recurrences occurred until 3 months. Conclusion: LU is a misdiagnosed pathology, probably because doctors, in general, are not familiarized with that, and since the diagnosis is made by exclusion. Infectious, such as Epstein-Barr Virus infections, are proposed etiologies.


Objetivo: a úlcera de Lipschütz, ou úlcera vulvar aguda, é uma causa rara de ulceração de origem não venérea. O nosso objetivo é alertar para essa manifestação da doença e prevenir tratamentos desnecessários. Descrição: adolescente, sexo feminino, 15 anos, sem história pessoal ou antecedentes familiares de relevo. Recorreu ao Serviço de Urgência por febre e odinofagia, com cinco dias de evolução, associada a uma úlcera vulvar dolorosa, que surgiu no próprio dia. O exame clínico revelou amígdalas hipertrofiadas e eritematosas, linfadenopatia cervical anterior, e o exame ginecológico apresentou edema da vulva e uma úlcera profunda, com placas necróticas nos lábios menores. A exclusão de uma doença sexualmente transmissível levou ao diagnóstico de úlcera de Lipschütz. Ficou internada no Serviço de Pediatria e iniciou tratamento sintomático, antibioterapia por sobreinfeção da úlcera e corticoterapia tópica. Teve alta após seis dias de hospitalização e foi reavaliada em consulta um mês depois, com resolução completa do caso. Não apresentou recorrência da úlcera até aos três meses seguintes. Conclusão: a úlcera de Lipschütz é uma doença subdiagnosticada, muito provavelmente porque os médicos não estão familiarizados com ela e por ser um diagnóstico de exclusão. A infeção pelo vírus Epstein-Barr é uma das etiologias propostas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Ulcer , Vulva
9.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 21(2): 1-8, 31 de agosto del 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141283

ABSTRACT

Introducción:El síndrome hemofagocítico (SHF) es reconocido como un conjunto de signos clínicos y hallazgos laboratoriales que tienen un grave compromiso en la salud y vitalidad de los niños con una incidencia de 1.2 casos/millón/año. Puede pasar subdiagnosticado y confundido con sepsis de foco inespecífico Caso clínico:Niño de 4 años de edad, sin antecedentes de importancia. Ingresado desde el servicio de emergencia por presentar 20 días de fiebre y dolor abdominal. Requirió intubación por franca falla respiratoria y el ingreso a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos. Con hipotensión e insuficiencia hepática, pancitopeniay esplenomegalia. Evolución: Se descartaron infecciones bacterianas con policultivos, SARS-Cov 2negativo,se descartaron inmunodeficiencias congénitas y adquiridas.TORCHnegativo, VDRL no reactivo.La prueba de Epstein Barr fue positivo para IgM.Se determinó endocarditis con derrame pericárdico global. Estudio de biopsia medular normocromía, normocitosis, pancitopenia y blastos <5%, sin infiltración tumoral. Se estableció el Diagnóstico de SHFse inicióciclosporina y corticoterapia.Requirió ventilación mecánica por 20 días con período de pronación de 36 horas. Fue dado de alta a pediatríay posteriormente a domicilio, para control por consulta externa. Conclusión: El diagnóstico del SHF es inusual y subestimado al momento de la evaluación clínica. En el presente reporte se asocia a la presencia del Virus Epstein Barr


Introduction: Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is recognized as a set of clinical signs and laboratory findings that have a serious compromise on the health and vitality of children with an incidence of 1.2 cases / million / year. It can be underdiagnosed and confused with sepsis with a non-specific focus. Clinical case: 4-year-old boy, with no significant history. Admitted from the emergency service due to 20 days of fever and abdominal pain. She required intubation due to frank respiratory failureand admission to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. With hypotension and liver failure, pancytopenia and splenomegaly. Evolution: Bacterial infections were ruled out with polycultures, SARS-Cov 2 negative, congenital and acquired immunodeficiencies were ruled out. Negative TORCH, non-reactive VDRL. The Epstein Barr test was positive for IgM. Endocarditis with global pericardial effusion was determined. Medullary biopsy study normochromia, normocytosis, pancytopenia, and blasts <5%, without tumor infiltration. The diagnosis of SHF was established, cyclosporine and corticosteroid therapy were started. He required mechanical ventilation for 20 days with a 36-hour pronation period. He was discharged to pediatrics and later at home, for outpatient control. Conclusion: The diagnosis of HHS is unusual and underestimated at the time of clinical evaluation. In this report it is associated with the presence of the Epstein Barr Virus


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Case Reports , Perforin
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811321

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of Epstein-Barr virus-related corneal endotheliitis accompanied by secondary glaucoma.CASE SUMMARY: A 73-year-old male presented with blurred vision in his right eye. In the ophthalmic evaluation, there were dispersed keratic precipitates overlying corneal edema. The anterior chamber showed trace ~1+ graded inflammation and an endothelial density decrease. His best-corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure in the right eye were 0.2 and 34 mmHg, respectively. Paracentesis was performed on the anterior chamber of the right eye to confirm the diagnosis under the suspicion of corneal endotheliitis with trabeculectomy for the intraocular pressure control. Epstein-Barr virus was confirmed using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and oral and eye drops of Acyclovir were used to treat the patient. There was no evidence of a recurrence over 2 years and his intraocular pressure was 12 mmHg and best-corrected visual acuity was maintained at 0.5.CONCLUSIONS: A case of Epstein-Barr virus-related corneal endotheliitis was diagnosed using PCR of the aqueous humor. The patient was treated with an oral antiviral agent and eyedrops without a recurrence.


Subject(s)
Acyclovir , Aged , Anterior Chamber , Aqueous Humor , Corneal Edema , Diagnosis , Glaucoma , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Inflammation , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ophthalmic Solutions , Paracentesis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Trabeculectomy , Visual Acuity
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of genetic variation on the prognosis of children with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and its association with cytokines.@*METHODS@#A total of 81 EBV-positive HLH children who received the sequencing of related genes were enrolled. According to the results of gene detection, they were divided into a non-mutation group and a mutation group. According to the pattern of gene mutation, the mutation group was further divided into three subgroups: single heterozygous mutation (SHM), double heterozygous mutation (DHM), and homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation (H-CHM). The serum levels of cytokines were measured and their association with HLH gene mutations was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#UNC13D gene mutation had the highest frequency (13/46, 28%). The STXBP2 c.575G>A(p.R192H) and UNC13D c.604C>A(p.L202M) mutations (likely pathogenic) were reported for the first time. The mutation group had a significantly higher level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) than the non-mutation group, while it had a significantly lower level of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) than the non-mutation group (P<0.05). The IL-4 level of the DHM subgroup was higher than that of the non-mutation group, while the IL-4 level of the H-CHM subgroup was lower than that of the DHM group (P<0.0083). The H-CHM subgroup had a significantly lower 1-year overall survival rate than the non-mutation group, the SHM subgroup, and the DHM subgroup (39%±15% vs 85%±6%/86%±7%/91%±9%, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant reduction in IFN-γ level in the mutation group. Children with homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation tend to have poorer prognosis, while other mutations do not have a significant impact on prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Cytokines , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Genetic Testing , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Genetics , Membrane Proteins , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of exosomes derived from Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells on lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of NPC.@*METHODS@#Exosomes from NP69 cells and EBV-positive HK1 (HK1-EBV) cells were obtained by ultracentrifugation and identified by Western blotting and nanoparticle tracking analysis. Dio dye phagocytosis test was performed to observe exosome uptake by lymphatic endothelial cells. Lymphatic endothelial cells were treated with exosomes from nasopharyngeal epithelium (NP69), HK1-EBV, and C666-1 cells or exosome-free supernatant of HK1-EBV and C666-1 cells, and tube formation and migration of the cells were observed. In a nude mouse model of popliteal lymph node metastasis of NPC, the effects of normal saline, NP69 cell-derived exosomes, HK1-EBV cell-derived exosomes, exosome-free supernatant of HK1-EBV cells, and HK1-EBV exosome-free supernatant protein on lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of the tumor were observed.@*RESULTS@#The exosomes obtained by ultracentrifugation contained abundant exosome-specific proteins and showed a normal size range. The exosomes from NPC cells and NP69 cells could be taken up by lymphatic endothelial cells. Compared with the blank control and exosomes form NP69 cells, exosomes derived from HK1-EBV and C666-1 cells significantly promoted tube formation and migration of lymphatic endothelial cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exosomes from EBV-positive NPC cells can significantly promote lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of NPC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Endothelial Cells , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Exosomes , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphangiogenesis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1210-1214, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy for patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the factors influencing the clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#According to therapeutic regimen, 66 patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were divided into two groups: CHOP group (32 cases) and R-CHOP group (CHOP+ rituximab, 34 cases). The clinical efficacy and the incidence of complication were compared between two groups. The clinical risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were confirmed by multivariate Logistic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with CHOP group, the complete remission rate, partial remission rate and the overall effective rate in R-CHOP group all were high (P<0.05), moreover the disease progression rate in R-CHOP group were low (P<0.05). The occurrences rate of myelotoxicity, hepatic injury and gastrointestinal reaction were not statistically significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the Ann Arbor staging, IPI risk score and Ki-67 positive rate were independent risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL (OR=2.689, P=0.038; OR=3.232, P=0.025; OR=2.919, P=0.023).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical efficacy and safety of the therapy with rituximab on the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL are better. The poor Ann Arbor stage, high IPI risk score and the Ki-67 positive rate are factors affecting the clinical efficacy for the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Doxorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
15.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(1): 53-61, 2020. ^c27 cmilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120402

ABSTRACT

El Virus Epstein Barr (EBV) está relacionado como agente oncogénico en el desarrollo del cáncer gástrico, atribuyéndosele el 10 % de los casos de esta neoplasia a nivel mundial. No existen estudios previos que identifiquen la presencia EBV en los pacientes con cáncer gástrico en Guatemala, por lo que en este estudio se evaluó por hibridación in situ la presencia del micro ARN EBER (Epstein Barr ­encoded RNAs) de EBV en 71 pacientes con cáncer gástrico que asistieron al Instituto de Cancerología (Incan). Se determinó una prevalencia de 21.1 % (IC 95 % [10.9, 31.3] ) (15 pacientes), mayor que la reportada en otros estudios latinoamericanos. Se determinó asociación significativa entre la expresión del EBER del EBV, y el género masculino OR = 4.9 (IC 95 % [1.4, 17.5]) p < .05. Los factores asociados fueron, el padecer diarrea OR 5.7 IC 95 % [1.5, 12.6] p = .008, y la detección del anticuerpos de Helicobacter pylori séricos, OR 7.2 (IC 95 % [1.1, 18.9]) p = .03. Aun cuando la mayoría de los pacientes que expresan el EBER de EBV desarrollaron cáncer gástrico del tipo difuso 66.67 % no existe asociación significativa p = 0.13 OR = 2.5 (IC 95 % [1.1, 8.2]).


The Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is related, as an oncogenic agent, in the development of gastric cancer, accounting for 10 % of the cases of this neoplasm worldwide. There are no previous studies that identify the presence of EBV in patients with gastric cancer in Guatemala, so in this study the presence of the EBER micro EBV of EBV was evaluated by in situ hybridization in 71 patients with gastric cancer who attended the Cancer Institute (Incan). A prevalence of 21.1% (95 % CI [10.9, 31.3]) was determined (15 patients), higher than that reported in other Latin American studies. A significant association was found between the EBER expression of EBV, and the male gender OR = 4.9 (95 % CI [1.4, 17.5]) p < .05. The associated factors were diarrhea OR 5.7 95 % (CI [1.5, 12.6]) p = .008, and detection of Helicobacter pylori serum antibodies, OR 7.2 95 % CI [1.1, 18.9] p = .03. Although the majority of patients expressing EBV EBER developed gastric cancer of the diffuse type 66.67% there is no significant association p = 0.13, OR = 2.5 (95 % CI [1.1, 8.2]).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , In Situ Hybridization , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Biopsy/methods , Prevalence , Helicobacter pylori , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis , Diarrhea , Guatemala
16.
Clinics ; 75: e1498, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of intraocular fluid analysis as a diagnostic aid for uveitis. METHODS: Twenty-eight samples (27 patients including 3 HIV-infected patients) with active (n=24) or non-active (n=4) uveitis were submitted to aqueous (AH; n=12) or vitreous humor (VH) analysis (n=16). All samples were analyzed by quantitative PCR for herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Toxoplasma gondii. RESULTS: The positivity of the PCR in AH was 41.7% (5/12), with 50% (2/4) in immunocompetent and 67% (2/3) in HIV+ patients. The positivity of the PCR in VH was 31.2% (5/16), with 13% (1/8) in immunocompetent and 50% (4/8) in immunosuppressed HIV negative patients. The analysis was a determinant in the diagnostic definition in 58% of HA and 50% of VH. CONCLUSION: Even in posterior uveitis, initial AH analysis may be helpful. A careful formulation of possible clinical diagnosis seems to increase the chance of intraocular sample analysis being meaningful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aqueous Humor/microbiology , Aqueous Humor/parasitology , Aqueous Humor/virology , Uveitis/diagnosis , Vitreous Body/microbiology , Vitreous Body/parasitology , Toxoplasma , Uveitis/microbiology , Uveitis/parasitology , Uveitis/virology , Vitreous Body/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , HIV-1 , Immunocompromised Host , Simplexvirus/genetics , Simplexvirus/immunology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Herpesvirus 3, Human/genetics , Herpesvirus 3, Human/immunology , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus/immunology , Immunocompetence
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190363, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057278

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus, associated factors, and Epstein-Barr virus coinfection among adult residents of Manaus. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we collected blood samples from 136 individuals in a household survey in 2016. Prevalence ratios were calculated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: Cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus seroprevalences were 67.6% (95% CI: 9.7-75.6%) and 97.8% (95% CI: 95.3-100.0%), respectively. Coinfection was observed in 66.2% (95% CI: 58.1-74.2%) of participants. Bivariate analysis showed no statistical association. CONCLUSIONS: Seroprevalences were high among participants and approximately 7 out of 10 individuals had cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus coinfection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cytomegalovirus Infections/epidemiology , Herpesvirus 4, Human/immunology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/epidemiology , Cytomegalovirus/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis , Coinfection , Middle Aged
18.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 21(3): 101-111, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090448

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: El carcinoma nasofaríngeo es el tumor maligno más frecuente del cavum. Estos tumores se diferencian de otros carcinomas epidermoide de la cabeza y cuello por su histología característica y su relación con el virus de Epstein-Barr. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínica y epidemiológicamente el carcinoma de nasofaringe y su relación con el virus Epstein-Barr, en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología, Ciudad de la Habana, en el período de enero a diciembre de 2012. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo; se trabajó con un total de 16 historias clínicas. Se observaron variables como edad, sexo, tipo histológico, estadiamiento clínico, presencia del virus Epstein-Barr en el tumor, tratamiento aplicado, respuesta al tratamiento, recaída y estado del paciente. Resultados: El 50 % tenían entre 45-55 años de edad, 75 % eran hombres, el 50 % diagnosticados con tipo 3, 100 % negativo a la inmunohistoquímica para virus Epstein-Barr, predominó la etapa III con 43.75 %, el 56.25 % de los casos se trataron con radio-quimioterapia más quimioterapia, el 50 % tuvo respuesta completa, la recaída fue de 37.50 % y el 68.75 % de los pacientes estaba vivo a los 60 meses. Conclusiones: En esta pequeña población con carcinoma nasofaríngeo, la totalidad de la población fue negativa a la presencia de virus Epstein-Barr por técnicas de inmunohistoquímica, por lo que su negatividad se hizo representativa en los tipo 3 y etapas avanzadas y no tuvo impacto en la respuesta al tratamiento y la supervivencia global.


ABSTRACT Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of the cavum. These tumors differ from some other epidermoid carcinomas of the head and neck by their histology features and their Epstein-Barr virus relationship. Objective: To describe clinically and epidemiologically the nasopharyngeal carcinoma and its relationship with the Epstein-Barr virus, at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology, Havana City, from January to December 2012. Methodology: A retrospective study was conducted; with a total of 16 medical records. Variables such as age, sex, histological type, clinical staging, and presence of Epstein - Barr virus in the tumor, applied treatment, response to treatment, relapse and patient status were observed. Results: 50 % were between 45-55 years old, 75 % were men, 50 % diagnosed with type 3, 100 % negative to Epstein-Barr virus immunohistochemistry, stage III predominated with 43.75 %, 56.25 % of the cases were treated with radio-chemotherapy plus chemotherapy, 50 % had a complete response, relapse was 37.50 % and at 60 months 68.75 % of the patients were still alive. Conclusions: In this small population with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the entire population was negative to the presence of Epstein-Barr virus applying immunohistochemical techniques, so its negativity became representative in type 3 and advanced stages and had no impact on the treatment response and overall survival.


Subject(s)
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Herpesvirus 4, Human
19.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(4): e2019117, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024240

ABSTRACT

Sporadic Burkitt lymphoma (SBL) is a variant of Burkitt lymphoma that occurs worldwide, affecting mainly children and young adults. Association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can be identified in approximately 20-30% of cases. Herein we described a case of a 63-year-old male presenting intraoral bilateral mandibular swelling, subjacent to fixed dental prosthesis, with one month of duration. Incisional biopsies were performed, and after two days, the patient was hospitalized due to malaise and breathing difficulty, and died after a week when an abdominal tumor was detected. The mandibular biopsies revealed a diffuse proliferation of medium-sized monomorphic atypical lymphoid cells exhibiting numerous mitoses and areas of "starry-sky" pattern. The tumor showed immunohistochemical positivity for CD20, CD10, Bcl-6, and Ki-67 (≈ 100%); it was negative for CD3, Bcl-2, Vs38c, and MUM-1. Positivity for EBV was found by in situ hybridization. The final diagnosis was intraoral SBL positive for EBV. Clinical, morphological and molecular criteria are necessary for the correct diagnosis of aggressive B-cell neoplasms positive for EBV in elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/pathology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology
20.
Infectio ; 23(2): 176-182, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-989949

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Detectar el virus Epstein-Barr en estudiantes de secundaria entre los 14 y 17 años de la ciudad de Cali, Colombia y su posible asociación con la edad, sexo y grado escolar. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de corte transversal en donde se analizaron 374 muestras de saliva, tomadas entre el año 2015 y 2016, mediante PCR convencional y PCR en Tiempo real. Se evalúo la asociación entre la detección del ADN viral y las características demográficas, además de un análisis de razón de oportunidades para evaluar la medida de la asociación. Resultados: El ADN viral fue detectado en el 45% (167/374) de las muestras orales, encontrándose una presencia viral mayor en los escolares de los grados octavo y noveno (p=0,004); en donde los estudiantes de 14 años presentaron un riesgo de 2,4 veces mayor para la detección del virus (IC 95%:1,12-4,9) en comparación con los estudias de más edad. Conclusión: En el presente estudio se evidencio la exposición del VEB en la cavidad oral de estudiantes de secundaria, lo cual hace necesario que se tomen acciones de vigilancia que permitan monitorear las implicaciones de estos hallazgos en la salud de los escolares.


Abstract Objective: To detect the Epstein Barr virus in adolescent students between 14 and 17 years old in the city of Cali, Colombia and its possible association with age, gender and school grade. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study where 374 mouthwash samples collected between the years 2015 and 2016 was analyzed through conventional and real-time PCR. Association between viral DNA detection and sociodemographic characteristics were evaluated. The odds ratio analysis was used to assess the extent of this association. Results: The viral DNA was present in 45% (167/374) of the samples, with a higher DNA detection in the students of eighth and ninth grades (p=0.004); where the 14 years old students present a 2.4 times higher risk of detecting the virus (IC 95%: 1,12-4.9) in comparison with older students. Conclusion: In the present study, the Epstein Barr virus exposition in the oral cavity was evidenced, which make necessary to take actions on surveillance that allow monitoring the implications of these fndings in the teenage student's health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Viruses , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Mouth , Students , Demography/classification , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Colombia , Mouthwashes
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