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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(4): 141-157, 20230000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1512361

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades de la neurona motora no se asocian frecuentemente al Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana. Según algunos autores, existe evidencia de que los retrovirus podrían participar de alguna manera en la fisiopatología de la Esclerosis Lateral Amiotrófica (ELA). Según teorías no probadas, la activación de antiguos genes virales incrustados en el genoma humano conduciría a la degeneración de las neuronas motoras. Básicamente, esta enfermedad comienza con una desmielinización, seguida de una degeneración axonal, y termina en una esclerosis glial (estado terminal) de la vía motora central. Sin embargo, es difícil entender cómo se produce la desintegración de la mielina, ¿podría deberse a una alteración en el metabolismo lipídico? Es lamentable que no se haya realizado una evaluación anatomopatológica completa en los casos estudiados y en los que nos ocupan, ya que no podemos considerar al sistema nervioso como completamente independiente de otros sistemas. Se presenta un hombre con enfermedad de la neurona motora VIH positiva (ELA) asociada con sarcoma de Kaposi. Se describe una infección por un parásito


Motor neuron diseases are not frequently associated to Human Immunodeficiency Virus According to some authors, there is evidence that retroviruses could participate in some way in the pathophysiology of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). According to unproven theories, activation of ancient viral genes embedded in the human genome would lead to degeneration of motor neurons. Basically, this disease starts as demyelination, followed by axonal degeneration, and ends up in glial sclerosis (terminal state) of the motor central pathway. However, it is difficult to understand how the disintegration of myelin occurs, could it be due to an alteration in lipid metabolism? It is unfortunate that a complete anatomopathological evaluation has not been carried out in the cases studied and in those that concern us, since we cannot consider the nervous system as completely independent of other systems. A man individual with HIV-positive motor neuron disease ALS) associated with Kaposi's sarcoma is presented. An infection with a parasite is described


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sarcoma, Kaposi/pathology , Syphilis/diagnosis , HIV/immunology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/pathology
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(supl.2): S119-S125, July 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514202

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoid proliferations occurring after solid organ or bone marrow transplantation. The primary aims of our study were to characterize cumulative incidence of PTLDs, clinical and pathological features according to the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status and survival. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study on adult and pediatric patients, from January 2001 to December 2017. The cumulative incidence of PTLD was calculated by analyzing all the patients transplanted at our hospital, based on the database of the Organ Donation and Ablation Authority of Argentina (INCUCAI). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival. Results: Fifty-eight cases of biopsy-confirmed PTLD were identified and 12 cases of clinical data were incomplete and these patients were excluded. The median age at the time of the PTLD diagnosis was 17.5 years (interquartile range [IQR] 9 - 57). The median interval between transplant and PTLD diagnosis was 39 months (IQR 9 - 113). The most commonly transplanted organ was the liver (24 cases, 52.2%), followed by kidney (20 cases, 43.5%). The Epstein-Barr encoding region in situ hybridization (EBER ISH) was positive in 29 (69.8%) of the 43 evaluable biopsies. The PTLD cumulative incidence was 1.84% (95%CI 1.77 - 1.91) for solid organ and 0.84% (95%CI 0.48 - 1.2) for bone marrow transplant patients. The overall survival rate at 5 years was 0.77 (95%CI 0.61 - 0.87). Subgroups by the EBV EBER status, transplant type, PTLD subtype and age group (adult vs. pediatric) showed no statistically significant association with the overall survival. Conclusion: The PTLD incidence was similar to that of previous series and the EBER did not appear as a relevant factor in our patient survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Transplants , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Adjustment Disorders , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
3.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(2): 119-124, jul. 19, 2023. ilus, tab.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1442659

ABSTRACT

Presentación del caso. Se trata de una mujer de 44 años de edad, con historia de cefalea occipital, lenguaje incoherente y pensamiento confuso. Inicialmente presentaba diez puntos en la escala de Glasgow y una hemiparesia izquierda. La tomografía computarizada de cráneo, reportó edema cerebral con lesión hipodensa talámica derecha y deterioro neurológico progresivo.El electroencefalograma evidenció desaceleración unilateral hemisférica derecha. El estudio del líquido cefalorraquídeo describió hiperproteinorraquia y un recuento a predominio linfocitario de 450 células con glucorraquia conservada, sin presencia de bacterias. Intervención terapéutica. se manejó con soporte ventilatorio invasivo y con tratamiento antibiótico y antiviral a dosis meníngeas, además de anticonvulsivantes. Los hallazgos tomográficos de control reportaron una hidrocefalia; se colocó una derivación ventricular tipo Becker. La serología IgM resultó positiva para virus de Epstein Barr y se identificó el genoma viral en el líquido cefalorraquídeo, a través de la prueba de reacción en cadena de polimerasa. La tomografía cerebral de control, evidenció la persistencia de la ventriculomegalia y de edema cerebral, lo que generó el diagnóstico de una encefalitis de etiología viral complicada con epilepsia secundaria por una lesión estructural desmielinizante del hemisferio cerebral derecho. Evolución clínica. La intervención terapéutica con inmunoglobulina intravenosa generó una mejoría del estado general. Fue posible retirar la derivación ventricular y la ventilación pulmonar diez y 19 días después del ingreso, respectivamente. La paciente se encuentra actualmente en fisioterapia con persistencia de hemiparesia izquierda, alteraciones de la marcha, disartria y episodios convulsivos controlados durante los últimos seis meses


Case presentation. This case is about a 44 years old woman with a history of occipital headache, incoherent speech and confused thinking. She initially presented ten points on the Glasgow scale and left hemiparesis. Cranial CT scan reported cerebral edema with right thalamic hypodense lesion and progressive neurological deterioration. The electroencephalogram showed unilateral right hemispheric deceleration. The cerebrospinal fluid study showed hyperproteinuria and a predominantly lymphocyte count of 450 cells with preserved glycorrhachia, without the presence of bacteria. Treatment.was managed with invasive ventilatory support and antibiotic and antiviral treatment at meningeal doses, in addition to anticonvulsants. Control tomographic findings showed hydrocephalus; a Becker type ventricular shunt was placed. IgM serology was positive for Epstein Barr virus and the viral genome was identified in the cerebrospinal fluid by polymerase chain reaction test. The control brain tomography showed persistent ventriculomegaly and cerebral edema, which led to the diagnosis of encephalitis of viral etiology complicated by epilepsy secondary to a demyelinating structural lesion of the right cerebral hemisphere. Outcome. Therapeutic intervention with intravenous immunoglobulin was performed with improvement of the general condition, it was possible to remove the ventricular shunt and pulmonary ventilation ten and 19 days after admission, respectively. The patient is currently in physical therapy with persistence of left hemiparesis, gait disturbances, dysarthria, and controlled convulsive episodes during the last six months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human , El Salvador
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985904

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical features and prognosis of children with histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL). Methods: The clinical data of 118 children with HNL diagnosed and treated in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2014 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical symptoms, laboratory examination, imaging examination, pathological findings, treatment and follow-up were analyzed. Results: Among the 118 patients, 69 were males and 49 were females. The age of onset was 10.0 (8.0, 12.0) years, ranging from 1.5 to 16.0 years. All the children had fever lymph node enlargement, blood system involvement in 74 cases (62.7%), skin injury in 39 cases (33.1%). The main manifestations of laboratory examination were increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate in 90 cases (76.3%), decreased hemoglobin in 58 cases (49.2%), decreased white blood cells in 54 cases (45.8%) and positive antinuclear antibody in 35 cases (29.7%). Ninety-seven cases (82.2%) underwent B-mode ultrasound of lymph nodes, showing nodular lesions with low echo in the neck; 22 cases (18.6%) underwent cervical X-ray and (or) CT; 7 cases (5.9%) underwent cervical magnetic resonance imaging. Lymph node biopsy was performed in all 118 cases, and the pathological results did not support malignant diseases such as lymphoma or Epstein-Barr virus infection, suggesting HNL. Fifty-seven cases (48.3%) recovered without treatment, 61 cases (51.7%) received oral steroid therapy, and 4 cases (3.4%) received indomethacin as anal stopper. The 118 cases were followed up for 4 (2, 6) years, ranging from 1 to 7 years, 87 cases (73.7%) had one onset and did not develop into other rheumatological diseases, and 24 cases (20.3%) had different degrees of recurrence, 7 cases (5.9%) had multiple system injuries, and all of the tested autoantibodies were positive for medium and high titers. All of them developed into other rheumatic immune diseases, among which 5 cases developed into systemic lupus erythematosus and 2 cases developed into Sjogren's syndrome; 7 cases were given oral steroid therapy, including 6 cases plus immunosuppressant and 2 cases receiving methylprednisolone 20 mg/kg shock therapy. Conclusions: The first-onset HNL portion is self-healing, hormone-sensitive and has a good prognosis. For HNL with repeated disease and multiple system injury, antinuclear antibody titer should be monitored during follow-up, and attention should be paid to the possibility of developing into other rheumatological diseases, with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/drug therapy , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Retrospective Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Prognosis , Steroids
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 592-598, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical, pathological and immunophenotypic features, molecular biology and prognosis of fibrin-associated large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL-FA) in various sites. Methods: Six cases of LBCL-FA diagnosed from April 2016 to November 2021 at the Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China and the First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China were collected. The cases were divided into atrial myxoma and cyst-related groups. Clinical characteristics, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, Epstein Barr virus infection status, B-cell gene rearrangement and fluorescence in situ hybridization of MYC, bcl-2, bcl-6 were summarized. Results: The patients' mean age was 60 years. All of them were male. Three cases occurred in atrial myxoma background, while the others were in cyst-related background, including adrenal gland, abdominal cavity and subdura. All cases showed tumor cells located in pink fibrin clot. However, three cyst-related cases showed the cyst wall with obviously fibrosis and inflammatory cells. All cases tested were non germinal center B cell origin, positive for PD-L1, EBER and EBNA2, and were negative for MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements, except one case with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 amplification. All of the 5 cases showed monoclonal rearrangement of the Ig gene using PCR based analysis. The patients had detailed follow-ups of 9-120 months, were treated surgically without radiotherapy or chemotherapy, and had long-term disease-free survivals. Conclusions: LBCL-FA is a group of rare diseases occurring in various sites, with predilection in the context of atrial myxoma and cyst-related lesions. Cyst-related lesions with obvious chronic inflammatory background show more scarcity of lymphoid cells and obvious degeneration, which are easy to be missed or misdiagnosed. LBCL-FA overall has a good prognosis with the potential for cure by surgery alone and postoperative chemotherapy may not be necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Fibrin/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Myxoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 422-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981286

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pathological types,expression of mismatch repair protein,human epidermal growth factor receptor 2(HER2),and Pan-TRK,and Epstein-Barr virus(EBV)infection in patients with colorectal cancer resected in Tibet. Methods A total of 79 patients with colorectal cancer resected in Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from December 2013 to July 2021 were enrolled in this study.The clinical and pathological data of the patients were collected.The expression of mismatch repair protein,HER2,and Pan-TRK was detected by immunohistochemical(IHC)staining,and detection of HER2 gene by fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH)in the patients with HER2 IHC results of 2+ or above.EBV was detected by in situ hybridization with EBV-encoded small RNA. Results A total of 79 colorectal cancer patients were included in this study,with the male-to-female ratio of 1.26:1 and the mean age of(57.06±12.74)years(24-83 years).Among them,4 patients received preoperative neoadjuvant therapy.Colonic cancer and rectal cancer occurred in 57(57/79,72.15%,including 31 and 26 in the right colon and left colon,respectively)and 22(22/79,27.85%)patients,respectively.The maximum diameter of tumor varied within the range of 1-20 cm,with the mean of(6.61±3.33)cm.Among the 79 colorectal cancer patients,75(75/79,94.94%)patients showed adenocarcinoma.Lymph node metastasis occurred in 12(12/21,57.14%)out of the 21 patients with severe tumor budding,13(13/23,56.52%)out of the 23 patients with moderate tumor budding,and 2(2/31,6.45%)out of the 31 patients with mild tumor budding,respectively.The lymph node metastasis rate showed differences between the patients with severe/moderate tumor budding and the patients with mild tumor budding(all P<0.001).The IHC staining showed that mismatch repair protein was negative in 10(10/65,15.38%)patients,including 5 patients with both MSH2 and MSH6 negative,4 patients with both MLH1 and PMS2 negative,and 1 patient with MSH6 negative.Pan-TRK was negative in 65 patients.The IHC results of HER2 showed 0 or 1+ in 60 patients and 2+ in 5 patients.FISH showed no positive signal in the 5 patients with HER2 IHC results of 2+.The detection with EBV-encoded small RNA showed positive result in 1(1/65,1.54%)patient. Conclusions Non-specific adenocarcinoma of the right colon is the most common in the patients with colorectal cancer resected in Tibet,and 15% of the patients showed mismatch repair protein defects.EBV-associated colorectal carcer is rare,Pan-TRK expression and HER2 gene amplification are seldom.The colorectal cancer patients with moderate and severe tumor budding are more likely to have lymph node metastasis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Adenocarcinoma , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , DNA Mismatch Repair , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 4, Human/metabolism , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphatic Metastasis , Tibet
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 521-529, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinicopathological features, molecular changes and prognostic factors in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL).@*METHODS@#Sixty-one cases AITL diagnosed by Department of Pathology of Peking University Cancer Hospital were collected with their clinical data. Morphologically, they were classified as typeⅠ[lymphoid tissue reactive hyperplasia (LRH) like]; typeⅡ[marginal zone lymphoma(MZL)like] and type Ⅲ [peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not specified (PTCL-NOS) like]. Immunohistochemical staining was used to evaluate the presence of follicular helper T-cell (TFH) phenotype, proliferation of extra germinal center (GC) follicular dendritic cells (FDCs), presence of Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS)-like cells and large B transformation. The density of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) + cells was counted with slides stained by Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization on high power field (HPF). T-cell receptor / immunoglobulin gene (TCR/IG) clonality and targeted exome sequencing (TES) test were performed when necessary. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#Morphological subtype (%): 11.4% (7/61) cases were classified as type Ⅰ; 50.8% (31/61) as type Ⅱ; 37.8% (23/61) as type Ⅲ. 83.6% (51/61) cases showed classical TFH immunophenotype. With variable extra-GC FDC meshwork proliferation (median 20.0%); 23.0% (14/61) had HRS-like cells; 11.5% (7/61) with large B transformation. 42.6% (26/61) of cases with high counts of EBV. 57.9% (11/19) TCR+/IG-, 26.3% (5/19) TCR+/IG+, 10.5% (2/19) were TCR-/IG-, and 5.3% (1/19) TCR-/IG+. Mutation frequencies by TES were 66.7% (20/30) for RHOA, 23.3% (7/30) for IDH2 mutation, 80.0% (24/30) for TET2 mutation, and 33.3% (10/30) DNMT3A mutation. Integrated analysis divided into four groups: (1) IDH2 and RHOA co-mutation group (7 cases): 6 cases were type Ⅱ, 1 case was type Ⅲ; all with typical TFH phenotype; HRS-like cells and large B transformation were not found; (2) RHOA single mutation group (13 cases): 1 case was type Ⅰ, 6 cases were type Ⅱ, 6 cases were type Ⅲ; 5 cases without typical TFH phenotype; 6 cases had HRS-like cells, and 2 cases with large B transformation. Atypically, 1 case showed TCR-/IG-, 1 case with TCR-/IG+, and 1 case with TCR+/IG+; (3) TET2 and/or DNMT3A mutation alone group (7 cases): 3 cases were type Ⅱ, 4 cases were type Ⅲ, all cases were found with typical TFH phenotype; 2 cases had HRS-like cells, 2 cases with large B transformation, and atypically; (4) non-mutation group (3 cases), all were type Ⅱ, with typical TFH phenotype, with significant extra-GC FDC proliferation, without HRS-like cells and large B transformation. Atypically, 1 case was TCR-/IG-. Univariate analysis confirmed that higher density of EBV positive cell was independent adverse prognostic factors for both overall survival (OS) and progression free survival(PFS), (P=0.017 and P=0.046).@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological diagnoses of ALTL cases with HRS-like cells, large B transformation or type Ⅰ are difficult. Although TCR/IG gene rearrangement test is helpful but still with limitation. TES involving RHOA, IDH2, TET2, DNMT3A can robustly assist in the differential diagnosis of those difficult cases. Higher density of EBV positive cells counts in tumor tissue might be an indicator for poor survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/pathology , Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 268-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the cytokine/chemokine profile in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), and assess the prognostic value of survival.@*METHODS@#Serum levels of thirty-eight cytokines/chemokines were measured by multiple cytokine assay kit in EBV-related HLH patients, EBV-infected patients, and controls. The expression profile of cytokines/chemokines was compared among groups. The changes of cytokine/chemokine expression in active and remission stage of EBV-related HLH patients were also compared, and the prognostic values for survival were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Serum levels of interferon-α2 (IFN-α2), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-7 in EBV-related HLH patients were 33.67(23.23-68.78) pg/ml, (74.95±25.53) pg/ml, and 35.35(19.50-63.55) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in EBV-infected patients[IFN-α2: 16.07(9.87-29.63); IL-6: 55.91±20.29; IL-7: 20.40(13.35-31.40)] and controls [IFN-α2: 11.02(4.67-21.25); IL-6:42.64±13.41; IL-7: 16.95(14.95-33.78)](all P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-8, IL-9, and marcophage-derived chemokine (MDC) in EBV-related HLH patients were 11.00(7.50-15.27) pg/ml, 81.30(40.79-111.0) pg/ml, and (512.6±128.7) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in controls [IL-8: 6.80(5.56-8.38); IL-9: 41.30(29.82-67.91); MDC: 384.1±156.6](all P<0.05), but there was no remarkable differences compared with EBV-infected patients (P>0.05). Serum IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC in survival and death groups of EBV-related HLH patients were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve with area under curve of 0.781, 0.778, 0.633, 0.805, 0.562, and 0.657, respectively (P=0.019, 0.021, 0.269, 0.015, 0.607, and 0.190). IFN-α2, IL-6, and IL-8 had good predictive effect on survival. Serum level of IFN-α2, IL-6, and MDC of EBV-related HLH patients in remission stage were significantly lower than those in active stage (P<0.05), while IL-7, IL-8, and IL-9 were not different (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC may take part in the pathogenesis of EBV-related HLH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Cytokines/metabolism , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Interleukin-6 , Clinical Relevance , Interleukin-7 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukin-9 , Chemokines , Interferons
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 245-249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970275

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in primary infection in pediatric cases. Methods: The laboratory and clinical data of 571 children diagnosed with EBV primary infection in Children's Hospital of Fudan University during September 1st, 2017 to September 30th, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the results of plasma EBV DNA, they were divided into positive group and negative group. According to the EBV DNA, they were devided into high plasma virol load group and low plasma virol load group. The Chi-square test, Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to compare the differences between groups. Results: Among the 571 children with EBV primary infection, 334 were males and 237 were females. The age of first diagnosis was 3.8 (2.2, 5.7) years. There were 255 cases in positive group and 316 cases in negative group. The percentage of cases with fever,hepatomegaly and (or) splenomegaly, elevated transaminase in the positive group were higher than those in the negative group (235 cases (92.2%) vs. 255 cases (80.7%), χ2=15.22, P<0.001; 169 cases (66.3%) vs. 85 cases (26.9%), χ2=96.80, P<0.001; and 144 cases (56.5%) vs. 120 cases (38.0%), χ2=18.27, P<0.001; respectively).In the positive group, 70 cases were followed up for 46 (27, 106) days, 68 cases (97.1%) turned negative within 28 days, with the exception of 2 cases (2.9%) developed chronic active EBV infection by follow-up revision.There were 218 cases in high plasma viral DNA copies group and 37 cases in low copies group. More cases presented with elevated transaminases in the high plasma viral DNA copies group than those in the low group (75.7% (28/37) vs. 56.0%(116/207), χ2=5.00, P=0.025).Both the positive rate of EBV DNA in peripheral blood leukocytes (84.2% (266/316) vs. 44.7% (255/571), χ2=76.26, P<0.001) and the copies of EBV DNA (7.0×107 (1.3×107, 3.0×108) vs. 3.1×106 (1.6×106, 6.1×106) copies /L, Z=15.23, P<0.001) were higher than that of plasma. Conclusions: In immunocompetent pediatric cases diagnosed as EBV primary infection, cases with positive plasma EBV DNA were prone to have fever, hepatomegaly and (or) splenomegaly, and elevated transaminase than those with negative plasma viral DNA. The plasma EBV DNA usually turns negative within 28 days after initial diagnosis.Most cases with high viral load in plasma showed elevated aminotransferase.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , DNA, Viral , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Hepatomegaly , Retrospective Studies , Splenomegaly , Fever , Transaminases
10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 37-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970122

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinicopathological characteristics, and further understand primary central nervous system T-cell lymphoma (PCNSTCL) in children and adolescents. Methods: Five cases of PCNSTCL in children and adolescents were collected from December 2016 to December 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotypic, and molecular pathologic features were analyzed, and relevant literatures reviewed. Results: There were two male and three female patients with a median age of 14 years (range 11 to 18 years). There were two peripheral T-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified, two anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive and one NK/T cell lymphoma. Pathologically, the tumor cells showed a variable histomorphologic spectrum, including small, medium and large cells with diffuse growth pattern and perivascular accentuation. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization showed CD3 expression in four cases, and CD3 was lost in one case. CD5 expression was lost in four cases and retained in one case. ALK and CD30 were expressed in two cases. One tumor expressed CD56 and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA. All cases showed a cytotoxic phenotype with expression of TIA1 and granzyme B. Three cases had a high Ki-67 index (>50%). T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement was clonal in two cases. Conclusions: PCNSTCL is rare, especially in children and adolescents. The morphology of PCNSTCL is diverse. Immunohistochemistry and TCR gene rearrangement play important roles in the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Central Nervous System/pathology , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/pathology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/genetics , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 539-543, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982394

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a double-stranded DNA virus with an envelope, is a ubiquitous pathogen that is prevalent in humans, although most people who contract it do not develop symptoms (Kerr, 2019). While the primary cells EBV attacks are epithelial cells and B lymphocytes, its target range expands to a variety of cell types in immunodeficient hosts. Serological change occurs in 90% of infected patients. Therefore, immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG, serologically reactive to viral capsid antigens, are reliable biomarkers for the detection of acute and chronic EBV infections (Cohen, 2000). Symptoms of EBV infection vary according to age and immune status. Young patients with primary infection may present with infectious mononucleosis; there is a typical triad of symptoms including fever, angina, and lymphadenectasis (Houen and Trier, 2021). In immunocompromised patients, response after EBV infection may be atypical, with unexplained fever. The nucleic acid of EBV can be detected to confirm whether high-risk patients are infected (Smets et al., 2000). EBV is also associated with the occurrence of certain tumors (such as lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma) because it transforms host cells (Shannon-Lowe et al., 2017; Tsao et al., 2017).


Subject(s)
Humans , Trachea , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Virus Diseases , Fever , Granuloma
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 575-580, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical characteristics of children with hemophagocytic lymphocytosis (HLH) associated with primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and EBV reactivation, and explore the effects of different EBV infection status on the clinical indexes and prognosis of HLH.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 51 children with EBV associated HLH treated in Henan Children's Hospital from June 2016 to June 2021 were collected. According to the detection results of plasma EBV antibody spectrum, they were divided into EBV primary infection-associated HLH group (18 cases) and EBV reactivation-associated HLH group (33 cases). The clinical features, laboratory indexes and prognosis of the two groups were analyzed and compared.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in age, gender, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, neutrophil count in peripheral blood, hemoglobin content, platelet count, plasma EBV-DNA load, lactate dehydrogenase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, albumin, fibrinogen, triglyceride, ferritin, hemophagocytosis in bone marrow, NK cell activity and sCD25 between the two groups(P>0.05). The central nervous system involvement and CD4/CD8 in EBV reactivation-associated HLH group were significantly higher than those in primary infection-associated HLH group, but the total bilirubin was significantly lower than that in primary infection-associated HLH group (P<0.05). After treatment according to HLH-2004 protocol, the remission rate, 5-year OS rate and 5-year EFS rate of patients in EBV reactivation-associated HLH group were significantly lower than those in EBV primary infection-associated HLH group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EBV reactivation-associated HLH is more likely to cause central nervous system involvement and the prognosis is worser than EBV primary infection-associated HLH, which requires intensive treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 284-288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984616

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the optimal cutoff value of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load that can assist in the diagnosis of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) . Methods: The data of patients with EBV infection after haplo-HSCT from January to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Through constructing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calculating the Youden index to determine the cutoff value of EBV-DNA load and its duration of diagnostic significance for PTLD. Results: A total of 94 patients were included, of whom 20 (21.3% ) developed PTLD, with a median onset time of 56 (40-309) d after transplantation. The median EBV value at the time of diagnosis of PTLD was 70,400 (1,710-1,370,000) copies/ml, and the median duration of EBV viremia was 23.5 (4-490) d. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the peak EBV-DNA load (the EBV-DNA load at the time of diagnosis in the PTLD group) and duration of EBV viremia between the PTLD and non-PTLD groups. The results showed that the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.018 and P=0.001) . The ROC curve was constructed to calculate the Youden index, and it was concluded that the EBV-DNA load ≥ 41 850 copies/ml after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation had diagnostic significance for PTLD (AUC=0.847) , and the sensitivity and specificity were 0.611 and 0.932, respectively. The duration of EBV viremia of ≥20.5 d had diagnostic significance for PTLD (AUC=0.833) , with a sensitivity and specificity of 0.778 and 0.795, respectively. Conclusion: Dynamic monitoring of EBV load in high-risk patients with PTLD after haplo-HSCT and attention to its duration have important clinical significance, which can help clinically predict the occurrence of PTLD in advance and take early intervention measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Viremia , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/etiology , DNA, Viral , Viral Load
14.
Med. lab ; 27(1): 51-64, 2023. ilus, Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414243

ABSTRACT

El virus de Epstein-Barr (VEB) fue el primer virus asociado a neoplasias en humanos. Infecta el 95 % de la población mundial, y aunque usualmente es asintomático, puede causar mononucleosis infecciosa y se relaciona con más de 200.000 casos de neoplasias al año. De igual forma, se asocia con esclerosis múltiple y otras enfermedades autoinmunes. A pesar de ser catalogado como un virus oncogénico, solo un pequeño porcentaje de los individuos infectados desarrollan neoplasias asociadas a VEB. Su persistencia involucra la capacidad de alternar entre una serie de programas de latencia, y de reactivarse cuando tiene la necesidad de colonizar nuevas células B de memoria, con el fin de sostener una infección de por vida y poder transmitirse a nuevos hospederos. En esta revisión se presentan las generalidades del VEB, además de su asociación con varios tipos de neoplasias, como son el carcinoma nasofaríngeo, el carcinoma gástrico, el linfoma de Hodgkin y el linfoma de Burkitt, y la esclerosis múltiple. Adicionalmente, se describen los mecanismos fisiopatológicos de las diferentes entidades, algunos de ellos no completamente dilucidados


Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was the first virus associated with human cancer. It infects 95% of the world's population, and although it is usually asymptomatic, it causes infectious mononucleosis. It is related to more than 200,000 cases of cancer per year, and is also associated with multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases. Despite being classified as an oncogenic virus, only a small percentage of infected individuals develop EBV-associated cancer. Its persistence involves the ability to alternate between a series of latency programs, and the ability to reactivate itself when it needs to colonize new memory B cells, in order to sustain a lifelong infection and be able to transmit to new hosts. In this review, the general characteristics of EBV are presented, in addition to its association with various types of cancers, such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma and Burkitt's lymphoma, and multiple sclerosis. Additionally, the pathophysiological mechanisms of the different entities are described, some of them not completely elucidated yet


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpesvirus 4, Human/physiology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/physiopathology , Stomach Neoplasms/virology , Hodgkin Disease/physiopathology , Hodgkin Disease/virology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/virology , Burkitt Lymphoma/physiopathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/virology , Carcinogenesis , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/physiopathology , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/virology , Multiple Sclerosis/physiopathology , Multiple Sclerosis/virology
15.
Med. lab ; 27(3): 245-261, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444428

ABSTRACT

El linfoma de Hodgkin clásico es una neoplasia linfoide maligna derivada de las células B del centro germinal, que corresponde aproximadamente al 85 % de los casos de linfoma de Hodgkin. Esta entidad afecta principalmente a pacientes jóvenes, y cuenta con un excelente pronóstico gracias a los avances en los métodos diagnósticos para su estadificación y tratamiento. Su enfoque diagnóstico correcto y completo requiere de una historia clínica exhaustiva y una biopsia de ganglio linfático adecuada para el análisis e identificación de los hallazgos histopatológicos e inmunohistoquímicos característicos, ya que a diferencia de otros linfomas donde las células neoplásicas son una población importante o dominante, las células de Hodgkin y Reed-Sternberg generalmente representan menos del 10 % de la lesión tumoral. Aunque todavía falta mucho por entender sobre la naturaleza biológica de este linfoma y sus diferentes subtipos, en los últimos años se ha avanzado considerablemente en la comprensión de su linfomagénesis, especialmente cuando está relacionada con la infección por el virus de Epstein-Barr. Su alta heterogeneidad y posible superposición morfológica, obligan a continuar su estudio para poder identificarlo, al igual que a sus posibles diagnósticos diferenciales en aquellos casos donde se presente con una variante o patrón infrecuente. Este artículo pretende ofrecer una descripción integral resumida y actualizada sobre la fisiopatología, la clínica, el diagnóstico histopatológico con énfasis en aquellos patrones raros que podrían llegar a ser factores distractores y de confusión, y el pronóstico del linfoma de Hodgkin clásico, buscando lograr una mejor comprensión de la enfermedad


Classic Hodgkin lymphoma is a malignant lymphoid neoplasm derived from B cells in the germinal center, and accounts for approximately 85% of all Hodgkin lymphoma cases. This disease mainly affects young patients and has an excellent prognosis due to advances in diagnostic methods for staging and treatment. A correct and complete diagnostic approach requires a thorough clinical history and an adequate lymph node biopsy for the analysis and identification of characteristic histopathological and immunohistochemical findings. Unlike other lymphomas where neoplastic cells are an important or dominant population, Reed-Sternberg/ Hodgkin cells generally represent less than 10% of the tumor lesion. Although much remains to be understood about the biological nature of this lymphoma and its different subtypes, considerable progress has been made in understanding its lymphomagenesis in recent years, especially when it is related to Epstein-Barr virus infection. Its high heterogeneity and possible morphological overlap require ongoing study to identify it and its possible differential diagnoses in cases where it presents with a rare variant or pattern. This article aims to provide a comprehensive updated summary on the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, histopathological diagnosis, with emphasis on rare patterns that could become distracting and confusing factors, and prognosis of classic Hodgkin lymphoma, seeking to achieve a better understanding of the disease


Subject(s)
Hodgkin Disease , Pathogenesis, Homeopathic , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Diagnosis , Histology
16.
Rev. colomb. enferm ; 21(3)Diciembre 19, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1442348

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O linfoma não-Hodgkin é dividido em linfomas de células B e linfomas de células T, e o linfoma extranodal de células T / NK do tipo nasal está dentro do último grupo.Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino de 30 anos, relata que há 6 meses, de forma progressiva e de início insidioso, apresenta tumor cervical à direita de crescimento progressivo, pelo qual foi encaminhado ao ambulatório de cabeça e pescoço onde apresentou seus principais sinais e sintomas adenopatia cervical direita, sintoma B e tumoração ao nível da nasofaringe, envolvendo o teto, parede posterior e face lateral; se movimenta com auxílio, com extenso conglomerado linfonodal supraclavicular direito, eritematoso, com calor local, além de áreas de ulceração e secreção serosa.Conclusão: O diagnóstico e tratamento precoces desta doença são as únicas ferramentas para melhorar o mau prognóstico e o grave impacto na qualidade de vida dos pacientes que a padecem


Introduction: Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are divided into B-cell lymphomas and T-cell lymphomas, and extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is in the latter group.Case report: A 30-year-old male patient, for six months, progressively and with an insidious onset, has had a right-sided cervical tumor with progressive growth. He came to a head and neck outpatient clinic where the main signs and symptoms detected were right cervical lymphadenopathy, B-symptoms, and a tumor in the nasopharynx affecting the roof, posterior wall, and lateral wall. The patient moves with assistance and has an enlarged, erythematous warm right supraclavicular lymph node conglomerate. In addition, he has some ulcerated areas with serous drainage.Conclusion: Early diagnosis and treatment of this disease are the only tools to improve these patients' poor prognosis and severely deteriorated quality of life.


Introducción:El linfoma no Hodgkin se divide en linfomas de células B y linfomas de células T; y en este último grupo se encuentra el linfoma extraganglionar de células T / NK de tipo nasal.Caso clínico: Un paciente masculino de 30 años refiere que durante 6 meses de forma progresiva, y con un início insidioso, presenta una tumoración cervical en el lado derecho de crecimiento progresivo, por lo que acude a la consulta externa de cabeza y cuello, donde los signos y síntomas principales fueron adenopatía cervical derecha, síntoma B, y una tumoración a nivel de nasofaringe, que afecta el techo, la pared posterior y la cara lateral. Se moviliza con ayuda, con un extenso conglomerado ganglionar supraclavicular derecho, eritematoso, con calor local. Además, también muestra algunas áreas de ulceración y secreción serosa. Conclusión: El diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz de esta enfermedad son las únicas herramientas para mejorar el mal pronóstico y el deterioro severo en la calidad de vida de los pacientes que la padecen


Subject(s)
Immunohistochemistry , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Nasal Cavity
17.
Medwave ; 22(2): e005919, mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366389

ABSTRACT

La transformación nodular angiomatoide esclerosante es una patología vascular benigna del bazo, desarrollada a partir de la pulpa roja, de etiología desconocida. Se postula que puede estar relacionada con la enfermedad por inmunoglobulina 4 y la infección por el virus de Epstein-Barr. La mayoría de los casos son asintomáticos, constituyendo hallazgos incidentales en estudios por imágenes. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 41 años con antecedentes de tiroidectomía por carcinoma papilar que consulta por fiebre. Recibió tratamiento sintomático y se realizó tomografía computarizada de abdomen por síntomas abdominales inespecíficos. La tomografía evidenció una imagen de aspecto sólido, con tenue realce periférico con el contraste que mide 62 por 52 por 51 milímetros en el polo inferior del bazo. Se realizó esplenectomía que midió 14 por 11 por 4 centímetros y pesó 284 gramos. Se identificó una formación nodular sólida, bien delimitada, con área central de aspecto fibroso, con tractos blanquecinos que delimitan áreas violáceas. La microscopía presentó nódulos coalescentes redondeados de aspecto angiomatoide, con proliferación vascular revestida por células endoteliales sin atipia, entremezclados con células ahusadas, infiltrado de linfocitos y macrófagos. El estroma entre los nódulos mostró proliferación miofibroblástica con linfocitos, plasmocitos y siderófagos. Inmunohistoquímica tuvo marcación positiva en los vasos para CD34 y CD31, sectores positivos para CD8 y negativos para CD34. Una célula positiva para inmunoglobulina 4 (IgG4) por campo de gran aumento. El estudio para Epstein-Barr por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa fue negativo. Para el diagnóstico los estudios de imagen son inespecíficos, por lo que la confirmación diagnóstica la da el estudio histopatológico. La esplenectomía es curativa sin casos reportados hasta la actualidad de transformación maligna o recidiva. No se conocen factores de riesgo y no se han comprobado factores desencadenantes, excepto la asociación de casos con IgG4 y virus de Ebstein-Barr. Por ser una entidad patológica recientemente descrita es necesario recopilar series grandes y revisar nuestros archivos, reevaluando algunos de sus diagnósticos diferenciales para lograr una mejor comprensión de la misma.


Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation is a benign vascular pathology of the spleen, developed from the red pulp, of unknown etiology; it is postulated that it may be related to IgG4 disease and Epstein-Barr virus infection. Most cases are asymptomatic, constituting incidental findings in imaging studies. We present a 41-year-old male patient with a history of thyroidectomy for papillary carcinoma who consulted for fever, received symptomatic treatment and performed a computed tomography of the abdomen for nonspecific abdominal symptoms, the same evidence in the lower pole of the spleen a solid-looking image with faint Peripheral enhancement with contrast, measures 62x 52x51 mm. A splenectomy measuring 14x 11x4 cm and weighing 284 grams was performed, identifying a solid, well-defined nodular formation, with a central fibrous-looking area, with whitish tracts that delimited purplish areas. Microscopy: rounded angiomatoid-like coalescing nodules, with vascular proliferation lined by endothelial cells without atypia, interspersed with spindle cells, infiltrated by lymphocytes and macrophages. The stroma between the nodules shows myofibroblastic proliferation with lymphocytes, plasma cells, and siderophages. Immunohistochemistry: positive labeling in vessels for CD34 and CD31, positive sectors for CD8 and negative for CD34. One IgG4 positive cell per high power field. The study for Epstein-Barr by Polymesara Chain Reaction was negative. For the diagnosis, the imaging studies are nonspecific, so the diagnostic confirmation is given by the histopathological study. Splenectomy is curative with no reported cases of malignant transformation or recurrence to date. There are no known risk factors and no triggering factors have been proven, except the association of cases with IgG4 and Ebstein-Barr virus. As it is a recently described pathological entity, it is necessary to collect large series and review our files, reevaluating some of its differential diagnoses to achieve a better understanding of it


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/diagnosis , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/pathology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/pathology , Spleen/pathology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Abdomen/pathology
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC6541, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360395

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acute vulvar ulcer (Lipschütz's ulcer) is a rare lesion with local hyperimmunoreactivity triggered by infection, which is characterized by acute, painful, and necrotic ulcerations. This condition is usually found in non-sexually active adolescents, and it resolves spontaneously. We report a case of a 35-year-old woman who was diagnosed with COVID-19 who did not have severe symptoms, but had high levels of D-dimer for 9 days. The COVID-19 diagnosis was followed by the appearance of an acute, necrotic, extremely painful vulvar ulcer, although symptoms caused by COVID-19 had improved. We emphasize the importance of the differential diagnosis to exclude diseases such as Behçet's syndrome, Sexually Transmitted Infections, as well as the presence of viruses that generally trigger Lipschütz's ulcer, such as Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus. No treatment is usually necessary, however, in the present report due to the pain experienced by the patient, we successfully used oral prednisone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Behcet Syndrome/drug therapy , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , COVID-19 , Ulcer/drug therapy , Herpesvirus 4, Human , COVID-19 Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , Genitalia
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 229-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929562

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to create a type of CAR-T cells that targets LMP1 antigen and study its immunotherapeutic effect on LMP1-positive hematological malignancies. Methods: To generate LMP1 CAR-T cells, a plasmid expressing LMP1 CAR was created using molecular cloning technology, and T cells were infected with LMP1 CAR lentivirus. The effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells on specific cytotoxicity against LMP1-positive tumor cell lines infected with the EB virus had been confirmed. Results: ① LMP1 protein expressing on EB virus-positive lymphoma cells surface was verified. ② The LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid was created, and LMP1 CAR-T cells were obtained by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system, with an infection efficiency of more than 80% . ③LMP1 CAR-T cells have a 4∶1 effect-to-target ratio in killing LMP1-positive lymphoma cells. The killing effect of LMP1 CAR-T cells on Raji cells was enhanced after 48 h of coculture, but there was no significant killing effect on Ramos, which are LMP1-negative lymphoma cells. ④After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells at a ratio of 1∶1 for 5 h, the degranulation effect was enhanced. The proportion of CD107a(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell treatment group was significantly higher than that in the vector-T cell group [ (13.25±2.94) % vs (1.55±0.05) % , t=3.972, P=0.017]. ⑤After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, the proportion of CD69(+) and CD25(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was significantly higher than that in vector-T cell group [ (7.40±0.41) % vs (3.48±0.47) % , t=6.268, P=0.003; (73.00±4.73) % vs (57.67±2.60) % , t=2.842, P=0.047]. ⑥After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, cytokine secretion in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was higher than that in the vector-T cell group [interferon-gamma: (703±73) ng/L vs (422±87) ng/L, t=2.478, P=0.068; tumor necrosis factor-alpha: (215±35) ng/L vs (125±2) ng/L, t=2.536, P=0.064]. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the LMP1 protein is only found on the surface of the EBV-positive tumor cell. Simultaneously, we created an LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid and obtained LMP1 CAR-T cells by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system. Furthermore, we demonstrated that LMP1 CAR-T cells could specifically kill LMP1-positive tumor cells in vitro. The degranulation and activation effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells were enhanced after coculture with LMP1-positive tumor cells, indicating a potential clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lentivirus , Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Viral Matrix Proteins
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 128-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929544

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with non-Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (IAHLH) . Methods: Clinical data of 48 patients diagnosed with non-EBV IAHLH in Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2015 to March 2021 were collected, and the clinical characteristics, treatment, curative effect and prognosis of the patients were analyzed retrospectively. Results: This study included 48 patients, 28 males and 20 females, with a median (range) age of 34.5 (2-74) years. Pathogens that cause IAHLH were as follows: virus (16 cases, 33.3%) , bacteria (17 cases, 35.4%) , parasitic agents (13 cases, 27.1%) , and fungi (2 cases, 4.2%) . The median time from onset to diagnosis of hemophagocytic syndrome (HLH) was 40 (10-160) days. The median (range) time duration from prodrome to the definite diagnosis of IAHLH was 67 (23-270) days. The clinical characteristics were fever (48 cases, 100%) , splenomegaly (34 cases, 70.8%) , cytopenia (38 cases, 79.1%) , elevated ferritin (45 cases, 93.8%) , elevated fasting triglyceride levels (7 cases, 14.6%) , hypofibrinogenemia (17 cases, 35.4%) , decrease natural killer cell activity (26 in 44 cases, 59.1%) , and elevated sCD25 (35 cases, 74.5%) . Twenty-five patients (52.1%) had adenopathy. Once a certain pathogen was identified as the causative factor of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) , cytotoxic agents and glucocorticoids were withdrawn, and specific pathogen-directed treatment was initiated. After treatment, 36 cases (75.0%) achieved complete response, and 14 of 15 patients (93.3%) with parasitic and fungal HLH got a response; however, the response rate of patient with bacterial and viral HLH was only 66.7% (22 of 33 patients) . The estimated 5-year overall survival rate was 72.3% (95%CI 50.3%-69.8%) . The adverse prognostic factors were total bilirubin over the upper limit of normal (OR=20.0, 95%CI 1.1-378.3, P=0.046) and pathogenic infection not fully controlled (OR=19.9, 95%CI 2.9-134.5, P=0.002) . Conclusion: Non-EBV IAHLH has a good prognosis. When diagnosed, cytotoxic agents and glucocorticoids should be tapered off, and pathogen-targeted therapy should be critically administered to clear the triggering infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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