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1.
Medwave ; 22(2): e005919, mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366389

ABSTRACT

La transformación nodular angiomatoide esclerosante es una patología vascular benigna del bazo, desarrollada a partir de la pulpa roja, de etiología desconocida. Se postula que puede estar relacionada con la enfermedad por inmunoglobulina 4 y la infección por el virus de Epstein-Barr. La mayoría de los casos son asintomáticos, constituyendo hallazgos incidentales en estudios por imágenes. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 41 años con antecedentes de tiroidectomía por carcinoma papilar que consulta por fiebre. Recibió tratamiento sintomático y se realizó tomografía computarizada de abdomen por síntomas abdominales inespecíficos. La tomografía evidenció una imagen de aspecto sólido, con tenue realce periférico con el contraste que mide 62 por 52 por 51 milímetros en el polo inferior del bazo. Se realizó esplenectomía que midió 14 por 11 por 4 centímetros y pesó 284 gramos. Se identificó una formación nodular sólida, bien delimitada, con área central de aspecto fibroso, con tractos blanquecinos que delimitan áreas violáceas. La microscopía presentó nódulos coalescentes redondeados de aspecto angiomatoide, con proliferación vascular revestida por células endoteliales sin atipia, entremezclados con células ahusadas, infiltrado de linfocitos y macrófagos. El estroma entre los nódulos mostró proliferación miofibroblástica con linfocitos, plasmocitos y siderófagos. Inmunohistoquímica tuvo marcación positiva en los vasos para CD34 y CD31, sectores positivos para CD8 y negativos para CD34. Una célula positiva para inmunoglobulina 4 (IgG4) por campo de gran aumento. El estudio para Epstein-Barr por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa fue negativo. Para el diagnóstico los estudios de imagen son inespecíficos, por lo que la confirmación diagnóstica la da el estudio histopatológico. La esplenectomía es curativa sin casos reportados hasta la actualidad de transformación maligna o recidiva. No se conocen factores de riesgo y no se han comprobado factores desencadenantes, excepto la asociación de casos con IgG4 y virus de Ebstein-Barr. Por ser una entidad patológica recientemente descrita es necesario recopilar series grandes y revisar nuestros archivos, reevaluando algunos de sus diagnósticos diferenciales para lograr una mejor comprensión de la misma.


Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation is a benign vascular pathology of the spleen, developed from the red pulp, of unknown etiology; it is postulated that it may be related to IgG4 disease and Epstein-Barr virus infection. Most cases are asymptomatic, constituting incidental findings in imaging studies. We present a 41-year-old male patient with a history of thyroidectomy for papillary carcinoma who consulted for fever, received symptomatic treatment and performed a computed tomography of the abdomen for nonspecific abdominal symptoms, the same evidence in the lower pole of the spleen a solid-looking image with faint Peripheral enhancement with contrast, measures 62x 52x51 mm. A splenectomy measuring 14x 11x4 cm and weighing 284 grams was performed, identifying a solid, well-defined nodular formation, with a central fibrous-looking area, with whitish tracts that delimited purplish areas. Microscopy: rounded angiomatoid-like coalescing nodules, with vascular proliferation lined by endothelial cells without atypia, interspersed with spindle cells, infiltrated by lymphocytes and macrophages. The stroma between the nodules shows myofibroblastic proliferation with lymphocytes, plasma cells, and siderophages. Immunohistochemistry: positive labeling in vessels for CD34 and CD31, positive sectors for CD8 and negative for CD34. One IgG4 positive cell per high power field. The study for Epstein-Barr by Polymesara Chain Reaction was negative. For the diagnosis, the imaging studies are nonspecific, so the diagnostic confirmation is given by the histopathological study. Splenectomy is curative with no reported cases of malignant transformation or recurrence to date. There are no known risk factors and no triggering factors have been proven, except the association of cases with IgG4 and Ebstein-Barr virus. As it is a recently described pathological entity, it is necessary to collect large series and review our files, reevaluating some of its differential diagnoses to achieve a better understanding of it


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/diagnosis , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/pathology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/pathology , Spleen/pathology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Abdomen/pathology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Review and analyze the characteristics of bone marrow cell morphology in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and explore the diagnostic value of bone marrow cell morphology for the early identification of EBV infection.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 patients with EBV-DNA positive detection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2018 to May 2021 were collected as the research objects. Bone marrow cell morphology and peripheral blood cell analysis were performed, and the significance in disease diagnosis was analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#The sampling satisfaction of 33 patients with EBV infection was 100%. In the clinical diagnosis of all cases, 7 cases were IM, 17 cases were EBV-HLH, 3 cases were lymphoma, 2 cases were EBV-associated lymphoid hyperplasia, and 4 cases were not diagnosed. Among them, 31 patients had active bone marrow hyperplasia or above, 26 patients had active granulocytic hyperplasia or above, 21 patients had active erythroid hyperplasia or above, and 17 cases of megakaryocyte production platelet function decreased. The abnormal components of bone marrow mainly indude atypical lymphocyte cells (33 cases), hemophagocytic cells (22 cases), abnormal histiocyte (10 cases).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the proliferation of granulocytes, erythrocytes and megakaryocytes in the bone marrow, and the emergence of abnormal components such as atypical lymphocytes, hemophagocyte, abnormal histiocyte. Bone marrow cell morphological examination can indicate the possibility of EBV infection, which is certain diagnostic value for early identification of EBV infection.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Diseases/pathology , China , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Hyperplasia/pathology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the technique that take the advantages of flow cytometry combined fluorescence in situ hybridization (Flow-FISH) to identify the Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) infected lymphocyte subtypies in patients' peripheral blood sample.@*METHODS@#Peripheral Blood monocyte from 9 patients with EBV infection enrolled at Children's Hospital in Chongqing Medical University were isolated by Ficoll-paque centrifugal separation. The expressions of EBER1, EBER2 in cell were detected by qRT-PCR. The surface markers of cell were detected by Flow cytometry after staining with their antibodies. The cell was treated Fix-Permeabilization Buffer before hybridization with fluorescent labeled probe at 37 ℃ overnight. The cell status, surface markers and targeted mRNA are detected by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscope.@*RESULTS@#It was optimized that the Fix-Permeabilization Buffer and recipe with 0.2% Tween-20 were picked out as providing a good cell integrity and high resolution of surface markers. Hybridization with 20% formamide and 7% dextran sulfate at 37 ℃ overnight is the optimal hybridization condition as a good hybridization effect, a detectable cell integrity and a high resolution of cell markers under flow cytometry detection. Finally, upon the established Flow-FISH method, lymphocyte subpopulations of the EBV+ cells from cell lines and blood samples of patients were identified successfully.@*CONCLUSION@#A Flow-FISH technology is established, which can be applied in the identification of EBV infected cell subtypes. This research provides a foundmental for its application in clinical test in EBV+ related proliferative diseases.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Flow Cytometry/methods , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Lymphocyte Subsets
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the clinical effect of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children with hyper-IgM syndrome (HIGM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 17 children with HIGM who received allo-HSCT. The Kaplan Meier method was used for the survival analysis of the children with HIGM after allo-HSCT.@*RESULTS@#After allo-HSCT, 16 children were diagnosed with sepsis; 14 tested positive for virus within 100 days after allo-HSCT, among whom 11 were positive for Epstein-Barr virus, 7 were positive for cytomegalovirus, and 2 were positive for JC virus; 9 children were found to have invasive fungal disease. There were 6 children with acute graft-versus-host disease and 3 children with chronic graft-versus-host disease. The median follow-up time was about 2 years, and 3 children died in the early stage after allo-HSCT. The children had an overall survival (OS) rate of 82.35%, an event-free survival (EFS) rate of 70.59%, and a disease-free survival (DFS) rate of 76.47%. The univariate analysis showed that the children receiving HLA-matched allo-HSCT had a significantly higher EFS rate than those receiving HLA-mismatched allo-HSCT (P=0.019) and that the children receiving HLA-matched unrelated allo-HSCT had significantly higher OS, EFS, and DFS rates than those receiving HLA-mismatched unrelated allo-HSCT (P<0.05). Compared with the children with fungal infection after allo-HSCT, the children without fungal infection had significantly higher EFS rate (P=0.02) and DFS rate (P=0.04).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Allo-HSCT is an effective treatment method for children with HIGM. HLA-matched allo-HSCT and active prevention and treatment of fungal infection and opportunistic infection may help to improve the prognosis of such children.


Subject(s)
Child , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Hyper-IgM Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 413-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935555

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of mature T/NK cell lymphomas with aberrant CD20 or CD79α expression. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 641 cases of mature T/NK cell lymphoma diagnosed from January 2014 to December 2020 was performed, and 14 cases of CD20-positive and one case of CD79α-positive mature T/NK-cell lymphoma were identified. Histological examination, immunohistochemical characterization, in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus encoded early RNA (EBER), and PCR testing for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements were performed. Clinicopathological characteristics of these lymphomas were analyzed. Results: There were 13 males and 2 females, with a median age of 56 years. There were 8 cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), 3 cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL), 2 cases of monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL) and 2 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Twelve cases were stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ lymphomas. The prognosis was overall poor. The histology, immunophenotype and TCR gene rearrangement were not significantly different from the corresponding types of lymphoma. Ki-67 proliferation index was over 70% in all cases. The expression of CD20 or CD79α was weak and heterogeneous. All 15 case of Ig gene rearrangement were polyclonal. Conclusions: Mature T/NK cell lymphoma with abnormal expression of CD20 or CD79α is rare, commonly found in advanced stage, and associated with poor prognosis. The expression of CD20 or CD79α in these cases is weaker than the corresponding mature T/NK cell lymphomas, while its proliferation index is higher. Histomorphology, extensive immunoprofiling and molecular detection are required for accurate diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD20 , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 290-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935528

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma (CTL). Methods: The clinicopathological data of 134 CTL patients in Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, the 989 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support force (formerly the 152 Hospital) and the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from 2008 to 2020 were retrospectively collected. Immunophenotype, Epstein-Barr virus infection status and T cell receptor (TCR) clonality of tumor cells were assessed, and clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients were analyzed. Results: Among the 134 CTL patients, the male to female ratio was 1.7∶1.0, the median age was 49.5 years (range 3-83 years), and 100 cases (74.6%) were under 60 years old. Forty-six point nine percent of the patients (53/113) had B symptoms. Most of the patients presented with systemic superficial lymphadenopathy. According to the Ann Arbor staging system, 36.8% (39/106) of the patients were in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, and 63.2% (67/106) in stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ. The rate of extranodal involvement was 51.6% (66/128). Spleen was involved in 24.2% (31/128) of the cases. Morphology showed diffuse growth of abnormal lymphocytes, infiltrating and destroying normal tissue structure. Immunohistochemical staining showed that tumor cells expressed T cell antigens (CD2, CD3, CD5, and CD7), and 72.0% (77/107) of them had decreased or lost expression of one or more antigens. According to the numbers of CD4 and CD8 expression in tumor cells, 70 cases (52.2%) were grouped into CD8+>CD4+group. The expression rates of TIA-1 and granzyme B were 99.2% (119/120) and 79.8% (95/119), respectively. CD20 abnormal expression rate was 27.6% (37/134) and CD56 was negative in all cases. The median Ki-67 proliferative index was 45.0% (range 5%-80%). In situ hybridization of small RNA encoded by Epstein-Barr virus was negative. Clonal TCR gene rearrangement analysis was performed on 49 cases and was positive in all cases. Ninety-one patients were followed up for a median of 36 months (range, 1 to 240 months), and 40 of the 91 patients (44.0%) died. The twenty-three patients were in complete remission (including 13 cases with localized single extranodal mass). The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 53.5% and 49.4%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that B symptom, spleen involvement, extranodal involvement, clinical stage, CD8+>CD4+phenotype, abnormal expression of CD20 and Ki-67 proliferation index (>60%) were associated with overall survival (P<0.05). The multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that spleen involvement and CD8+>CD4+ phenotype were independent prognostic factors for overall survival in CTL patients. Conclusions: CTL are more commonly found in adult males under 60 years old, often accompanied by B symptom, with a high proportion of extranodal involvement and more CD8 positive phenotypes. Spleen involvement and CD8+>CD4+phenotype are independent predictors of CTL overall survival. Some patients with localized extranodal CTL may have a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935485

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinicopathological and genetic features of natural killer (NK)-cell enteropathy for better understanding of this rare disease and prevention of its misdiagnosis. Methods: Two cases of NK-cell enteropathy were diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China from October 2017 to February 2021. The clinical characteristics, morphology, immunohistochemistry, Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization and T cell receptor gene rearrangement were analyzed. The patients were followed up by a telephone interview. Results: The patients were both male, aged 40 and 28 years, respectively. Both patients were admitted to the hospital for an annual checkup without obvious gastrointestinal symptoms. The endoscopy showed that the gastric body of case 1 had a mucosal bulge, small area of congestion and erosion, while the rectum of case 2 had congestion and erosion. Microscopically, the lesions of the 2 cases were relatively limited. Many lymphoid cells infiltrated within the lamina propria of the mucosa and into the muscularis mucosa in case 2. In case 1, the glands were reduced in the lesion, and the glandular cavity was slightly compressed and deformed. There was no infiltration or destruction of the glands in either case. Lymphoid cells were atypical, with medium-to-large cell sizes. Their cytoplasm was medium-to-slightly abundant and appeared eosinophilic or translucent. In case 2, characteristic eosinophilic granules were seen in the cytoplasm of a few cells. The nuclei in both cases were round, oval and irregular, with fine chromatin, inconspicuous nucleoli, and no mitotic figures were noted. Necrosis was seen in case 1 while both cases had no central growth or destruction of blood vessels. Immunophenotyping showed that CD56, granzyme B and TIA-1 were positive in both cases, part of the cells was CD3-positive, and some cells were weakly CD4-positive in case 2. The CD5, CD8, CD30, ALK and B-lineage markers (CD20, CD79α) were all negative. The Ki-67 proliferation index was about 60% and 30%, respectively. Both cases were EBER negative. TCR gene rearrangement was polyclonal. Follow-up showed that none of the 2 patients had any special treatments and stayed well. Conclusions: NK-cell enteropathy is rare, with biological behaviors similar to benign tumors, and occasional recurrence. Its histology and immunophenotype are easily confused with NK/T cell-derived lymphomas. Combination of its unique endoscopic features, EBER negativity, polyclonal TCR gene rearrangement and good prognosis can confirm the diagnosis and avoid misdiagnosis and overtreatment.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Male
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 229-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929562

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to create a type of CAR-T cells that targets LMP1 antigen and study its immunotherapeutic effect on LMP1-positive hematological malignancies. Methods: To generate LMP1 CAR-T cells, a plasmid expressing LMP1 CAR was created using molecular cloning technology, and T cells were infected with LMP1 CAR lentivirus. The effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells on specific cytotoxicity against LMP1-positive tumor cell lines infected with the EB virus had been confirmed. Results: ① LMP1 protein expressing on EB virus-positive lymphoma cells surface was verified. ② The LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid was created, and LMP1 CAR-T cells were obtained by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system, with an infection efficiency of more than 80% . ③LMP1 CAR-T cells have a 4∶1 effect-to-target ratio in killing LMP1-positive lymphoma cells. The killing effect of LMP1 CAR-T cells on Raji cells was enhanced after 48 h of coculture, but there was no significant killing effect on Ramos, which are LMP1-negative lymphoma cells. ④After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells at a ratio of 1∶1 for 5 h, the degranulation effect was enhanced. The proportion of CD107a(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell treatment group was significantly higher than that in the vector-T cell group [ (13.25±2.94) % vs (1.55±0.05) % , t=3.972, P=0.017]. ⑤After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, the proportion of CD69(+) and CD25(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was significantly higher than that in vector-T cell group [ (7.40±0.41) % vs (3.48±0.47) % , t=6.268, P=0.003; (73.00±4.73) % vs (57.67±2.60) % , t=2.842, P=0.047]. ⑥After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, cytokine secretion in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was higher than that in the vector-T cell group [interferon-gamma: (703±73) ng/L vs (422±87) ng/L, t=2.478, P=0.068; tumor necrosis factor-alpha: (215±35) ng/L vs (125±2) ng/L, t=2.536, P=0.064]. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the LMP1 protein is only found on the surface of the EBV-positive tumor cell. Simultaneously, we created an LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid and obtained LMP1 CAR-T cells by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system. Furthermore, we demonstrated that LMP1 CAR-T cells could specifically kill LMP1-positive tumor cells in vitro. The degranulation and activation effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells were enhanced after coculture with LMP1-positive tumor cells, indicating a potential clinical application.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lentivirus , Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Viral Matrix Proteins
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 128-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929544

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with non-Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (IAHLH) . Methods: Clinical data of 48 patients diagnosed with non-EBV IAHLH in Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2015 to March 2021 were collected, and the clinical characteristics, treatment, curative effect and prognosis of the patients were analyzed retrospectively. Results: This study included 48 patients, 28 males and 20 females, with a median (range) age of 34.5 (2-74) years. Pathogens that cause IAHLH were as follows: virus (16 cases, 33.3%) , bacteria (17 cases, 35.4%) , parasitic agents (13 cases, 27.1%) , and fungi (2 cases, 4.2%) . The median time from onset to diagnosis of hemophagocytic syndrome (HLH) was 40 (10-160) days. The median (range) time duration from prodrome to the definite diagnosis of IAHLH was 67 (23-270) days. The clinical characteristics were fever (48 cases, 100%) , splenomegaly (34 cases, 70.8%) , cytopenia (38 cases, 79.1%) , elevated ferritin (45 cases, 93.8%) , elevated fasting triglyceride levels (7 cases, 14.6%) , hypofibrinogenemia (17 cases, 35.4%) , decrease natural killer cell activity (26 in 44 cases, 59.1%) , and elevated sCD25 (35 cases, 74.5%) . Twenty-five patients (52.1%) had adenopathy. Once a certain pathogen was identified as the causative factor of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) , cytotoxic agents and glucocorticoids were withdrawn, and specific pathogen-directed treatment was initiated. After treatment, 36 cases (75.0%) achieved complete response, and 14 of 15 patients (93.3%) with parasitic and fungal HLH got a response; however, the response rate of patient with bacterial and viral HLH was only 66.7% (22 of 33 patients) . The estimated 5-year overall survival rate was 72.3% (95%CI 50.3%-69.8%) . The adverse prognostic factors were total bilirubin over the upper limit of normal (OR=20.0, 95%CI 1.1-378.3, P=0.046) and pathogenic infection not fully controlled (OR=19.9, 95%CI 2.9-134.5, P=0.002) . Conclusion: Non-EBV IAHLH has a good prognosis. When diagnosed, cytotoxic agents and glucocorticoids should be tapered off, and pathogen-targeted therapy should be critically administered to clear the triggering infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC6541, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360395

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acute vulvar ulcer (Lipschütz's ulcer) is a rare lesion with local hyperimmunoreactivity triggered by infection, which is characterized by acute, painful, and necrotic ulcerations. This condition is usually found in non-sexually active adolescents, and it resolves spontaneously. We report a case of a 35-year-old woman who was diagnosed with COVID-19 who did not have severe symptoms, but had high levels of D-dimer for 9 days. The COVID-19 diagnosis was followed by the appearance of an acute, necrotic, extremely painful vulvar ulcer, although symptoms caused by COVID-19 had improved. We emphasize the importance of the differential diagnosis to exclude diseases such as Behçet's syndrome, Sexually Transmitted Infections, as well as the presence of viruses that generally trigger Lipschütz's ulcer, such as Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus. No treatment is usually necessary, however, in the present report due to the pain experienced by the patient, we successfully used oral prednisone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Behcet Syndrome/drug therapy , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , COVID-19 , Ulcer/drug therapy , Herpesvirus 4, Human , COVID-19 Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , Genitalia
11.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(2): 01022105, Abr. - Jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369006

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O linfoma de células NK/T subtipo nasal tem baixa incidência e alta agressividade, mostrando-se necessário diagnóstico precoce. Tal se mostra desafiador devido à sua manifestação clínica inicial, semelhante a quadro infeccioso de vias aéreas superiores. Por meio deste estudo observacional descritivo, relatam-se casos deste linfoma acometendo paciente masculino e outro feminino, ambos com diagnóstico tardio e com envolvimento de vias aéreas superiores sem resposta à antibioticoterapia. À exame de imagem, apresentaram lesão expansiva em cavidade nasal e o diagnóstico se deu por meio de estudo histológico com marcadores imuno-histoquímicos de células NK atípicas e presença de vírus Epstein-Barr (EBV). PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Linfoma de células NK/T tipo nasal, Epstein-Barr vírus, linfoma não-hodgkin, linfoma de células T periférico


ABSTRACT Nasal subtype NK/T cell lymphoma has a low incidence and high aggressiveness, and early diagnosis is necessary. This is challenging due to its initial clinical manifestation, similar to an upper airway infection. Through this descriptive observational study, we report cases of this lymphoma affecting a male and a female patient, both with late diagnosis and involvement of the upper airways without response to antibiotic therapy. On imaging scan, they presented an expansive lesion in the nasal cavity and the diagnosis was made through histological study with immunohistochemical markers of atypical NK cells and the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). KEYWORDS: NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type, Epstein-Barr virus, Lymphoma non Hodgkin, T-cell lymphoma


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Lymphoma
12.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(3): 423-431, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388244

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La linfohistiocitosis hemofagocítica (HLH en inglés) es un síndrome clínico grave, potencialmente fatal, caracterizado por una activación patológica del sistema inmune y una respuesta hiperinflamatoria extrema. Según su etiología se clasifica en primario (genético o familiar) y secundario (gatillado por causas infecciosas, oncológicas o reumatológicas). OBJETIVOS: Describir y analizar las características clínicas y laboratorio, tratamiento recibido y seguimiento en pacientes pediátricos con diagnóstico de HLH. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Se describió una cohorte pediátrica en pacientes hospitalizados con diagnóstico de HLH en un centro terciario universitario entre enero de 2000 y febrero de 2019. RESULTADOS: Se reclutaron 23 pacientes pediátricos con una mediana de edad de 36 meses. Los hallazgos clínicos y de laboratorio más frecuentes fueron fiebre, citopenias e hiperferritinemia. La etiología más frecuente fue infecciosa (virus Epstein Barr/citomegalovirus) e inmunológica/reumatológica. La mortalidad global fue de 35%, sin diferencias significativas según etiología. DISCUSIÓN: Dada su alta mortalidad es relevante un alto índice de sospecha que permita instaurar terapia de forma precoz. Son necesarios estudios multicéntricos para determinar predictores clínicos y de laboratorio con valor pronóstico.


BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a severe syndrome, potentially lethal, with a pathological activation of the immune system and an extreme hyperinflammatory response. The etiology is classified in primary HLH (familiar or genetic) and secondary (infectious, oncological, and rheumatological diseases). AIM: To analyze clinical and laboratory characteristics, treatment, and follow-up rates in pediatric patients with HLH. METHODS: A pediatric cohort of patients with HLH diagnosis attending in a tertiary hospital between January 2000 to February 2019 was analysed. RESULTS: 23 hospitalized patients were recruited with a median of 36 months of age. The most frequent clinical and laboratory findings were fever, cytopenias, and hyperferritinemia. The most frequent aetiologies were infectious (Epstein Barr virus and citomegalovirus) and rheumatological diseases. The global mortality was 35%, there was no significant difference between etiologies. DISCUSSION: Considering the high mortality of HLH it is very important to have a high grade of suspicion that allows treating at an early stage. It would be important to determine clinical and laboratory predictors in multicentric studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Tertiary Care Centers
14.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 458-461, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346485

ABSTRACT

Abstract Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) not related to HIV is an infrequent and severe condition with no etiology defined until now. The concomitant presence of an underlying disease, especially an oncohematological process, could be related to the immune physiopathology and the development of the im munosuppressive state. On the other hand, Epstein Barr virus is a well-known oncogenic pathogen described in the development of several types of lymphoma which might be reactivated in the ICL. There is still no specific treatment for this syndrome, so the therapeutic scope for these patients is the treatment of opportunistic diseases and the administration of specific antimicrobials as prophylaxis. We present a patient with an uncommon asso ciation of an ICL and an extranodal T/NK lymphoma with detection of VEB nuclear RNA by in situ hybridization (EBER). Diagnosis was challenging which led the health team to carry out many studies over several months


Resumen La linfocitopenia CD4 idiopática (ICL) no relacionada al HIV es una condición grave e infrecuente sin una etiología aún definida. La presencia de una enfermedad subyacente, especialmente un proceso oncohematológico, podría tener relación en la fisiopatología del proceso inmunológico. Por otro lado, el virus Epstein Barr (VEB) es bien conocido por ser un patógeno oncogénico descrito en el desarrollo de diversos tipos de linfomas, el cual podría ser reactivado en estados de inmunosupresión severa. No existe aún un tratamiento específico para este síndro me, por lo que el objetivo terapéutico en estos pacientes radica en el manejo profiláctico y activo de las distintas enfermedades oportunistas ante las cuales son susceptibles. Se presenta un paciente con un déficit grave de linfocitos CD4 de causa idiopática, y un diagnóstico posterior de linfoma T/NK extraganglionar con detección de RNA nuclear de VEB por hibridización in situ (EBER), una asociación poco descrita en la literatura médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases , Lymphopenia , In Situ Hybridization , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics
15.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(2): 292-296, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388236

ABSTRACT

Resumen La rotura esplénica es una complicación rara pero potencialmente fatal de la mononucleosis infecciosa. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 18 años que consultó por dolor abdominal de siete días de evolución, asociado a fiebre y pérdida de conciencia brusca y transitoria. En el hemograma presentaba una anemia y linfocitosis. Se realizó una tomografía computada de abdomen y pelvis que mostró un extenso hemoperitoneo, con el bazo rodeado por un hematoma, y numerosas adenopatías cervicales, mesentéricas e inguinales. Se efectuó una laparoscopía que demostró abundante hemoperitoneo con coágulos a lo largo de la gotera parietocólica izquierda. El bazo estaba completamente decapsulado y rodeado por una colección hemática con sangrado en napa. Se realizó una esplenectomía total sin complicaciones. El estudio histopatológico esplénico mostró una atenuación de la pulpa blanca y expansión de la pulpa roja con áreas de hemorragia y necrosis. La IgM anti-cápside para virus de Epstein Barr fue positiva. La paciente evolucionó de manera favorable.


Abstract Splenic rupture is a rare but potentially fatal complication of infectious mononucleosis. We report the case of an 18-year-old woman, who presented a 7-day history of abdominal pain, sudden temporary loss of consciousness and fever. Admission blood tests showed anemia, and lymphocytosis. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated extensive hemoperitoneum and numerous cervical, mesenteric and inguinal enlarged lymph nodes. Laparoscopy was performed and abundant hemoperitoneum with blood clots along the left parietocolic gutter were observed. The spleen was completely decapsulated and surrounded by a hematoma and the subcapsular tissue was bleeding. Total splenectomy was performed without complications. Splenic histology demonstrated white pulp attenuation and expansion of the red pulp with focal hemorrhage and necrosis. IgM anti-viral capsid antigen of Epstein Barr virus was positive. The patient had a satisfactory recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Splenic Rupture/surgery , Splenic Rupture/diagnosis , Splenic Rupture/etiology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Infectious Mononucleosis/complications , Rupture, Spontaneous , Splenectomy , Herpesvirus 4, Human
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(2): 184-187, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248747

ABSTRACT

Abstract Epstein Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumors are an uncommon neoplasm that occurs in immunosuppressed patients of any age. Usually, it presents as multifocal tumors mainly in the spinal cord, epidural region, gastrointestinal tract and liver, upper respiratory tract and skin, the latest with few cases reported in the literature and related with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. The authors present the first case of a Colombian adult patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection and multifocal Epstein Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumors in the skin and epidural region, confirmed by histopathology, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , HIV Infections/complications , Smooth Muscle Tumor , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , RNA, Viral , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics
17.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349456

ABSTRACT

Aims: Lipschütz ulcer (LU), also known as acute vulvar ulcer, is a rare cause of vulvar ulcerations of nonvenereal origin. Our aim is to alert about this manifestation of the disease and to prevent unnecessary treatment. Case description: we present a 15 years old female, without relevant family and past history, admitted in the emergency room with a painful vulvar ulcer, preceded by five days of fever and sore throat. On physical examination, she had enlarged, and erythematous tonsils and bilateral anterior cervical lymphadenopathy and the genital examination revealed vulvar oedema and a deep ulcer with necrotic plaques in labium minus. The exclusion of transmitted sexual disease led to a diagnosis of Lipschütz ulcer. She started symptomatic treatment, oral antibiotic and corticoid therapy. She was discharged from the hospital after 6 days of admission and returned to a consult one month later when it was observed an almost complete resolution of the lesions. No recurrences occurred until 3 months. Conclusion: LU is a misdiagnosed pathology, probably because doctors, in general, are not familiarized with that, and since the diagnosis is made by exclusion. Infectious, such as Epstein-Barr Virus infections, are proposed etiologies.


Objetivo: a úlcera de Lipschütz, ou úlcera vulvar aguda, é uma causa rara de ulceração de origem não venérea. O nosso objetivo é alertar para essa manifestação da doença e prevenir tratamentos desnecessários. Descrição: adolescente, sexo feminino, 15 anos, sem história pessoal ou antecedentes familiares de relevo. Recorreu ao Serviço de Urgência por febre e odinofagia, com cinco dias de evolução, associada a uma úlcera vulvar dolorosa, que surgiu no próprio dia. O exame clínico revelou amígdalas hipertrofiadas e eritematosas, linfadenopatia cervical anterior, e o exame ginecológico apresentou edema da vulva e uma úlcera profunda, com placas necróticas nos lábios menores. A exclusão de uma doença sexualmente transmissível levou ao diagnóstico de úlcera de Lipschütz. Ficou internada no Serviço de Pediatria e iniciou tratamento sintomático, antibioterapia por sobreinfeção da úlcera e corticoterapia tópica. Teve alta após seis dias de hospitalização e foi reavaliada em consulta um mês depois, com resolução completa do caso. Não apresentou recorrência da úlcera até aos três meses seguintes. Conclusão: a úlcera de Lipschütz é uma doença subdiagnosticada, muito provavelmente porque os médicos não estão familiarizados com ela e por ser um diagnóstico de exclusão. A infeção pelo vírus Epstein-Barr é uma das etiologias propostas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Ulcer , Vulva
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e01272021, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347093

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Herpesviruses, enteroviruses, and arboviruses are important because of their clinical relevance and ability to cause meningitis, encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, and other diseases. The clinical virology associated with diagnostic technologies can reduce the morbidity and mortality of such neurological manifestations. Here we aimed to identify the genomes of agents that cause neurological syndromes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with suspected nervous system infections admitted to the University Hospital of the University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2017-2018. METHODS: CSF samples collected from adult patients with neurological syndrome symptoms and negative CSF culture results were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse transcriptase-PCR, and real-time PCR, and their results were compared with their clinical symptoms. One CSF sample was obtained from each patient. RESULTS: Viral genomes were detected in 148/420 (35.2%) CSF samples: one of 148 (0.2%) was positive for herpes simplex virus-1; two (0.5%) for herpes simplex virus-2; eight (1.9%) for varicella-zoster virus; four (1%) for Epstein-Barr virus; one (0.2%) for cytomegalovirus; 32 (7.6%) for human herpesvirus-6; 30 (7.1%) for non-polio enterovirus; 67 (16.0%) for dengue virus, three (0.7%) for yellow fever virus, and 21 (5%) for Zika virus. CONCLUSIONS: The viral genomes were found in 35.2% of all analyzed samples, showing the high prevalence of viruses in the nervous system and the importance of using a nucleic acid amplification test to detect viral agents in CSF samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Arboviruses , Enterovirus/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Zika Virus , Zika Virus Infection , Syndrome , Brazil/epidemiology , DNA, Viral , Herpesvirus 2, Human/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Herpesvirus 3, Human/genetics , Hospitals, University
19.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021246, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153187

ABSTRACT

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL-NT) is a rare type of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which usually presents with extranodal involvement and affects the nasal/upper aerodigestive tract in the classical presentation. Herein, we report the case of a 31-year-old, previously healthy, male patient diagnosed with ENKTL-NT with the involvement of the lung parenchyma and heart. Unfortunately, due to the rapid disease progression, the diagnosis was performed only at the autopsy. The authors highlight the rare clinical presentation of this type of lymphoma, as well as the challenging anatomopathological diagnosis in necrotic samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/pathology , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Autopsy , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Fatal Outcome , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Disease Progression , Heart , Lung/pathology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878696

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features,immunohistochemical characteristics,diagnosis,treatment and prognosis of intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.Methods Clinical data of 7 patients with intrathyroid thymic carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed.Histological examination and immunohistochemical staining were performed on the surgically resected tumors.The infection of Epstein-Barr virus(EBV)was detected by EBER in situ hybridization.Results The 7 patients included 5 males and 2 females.The age ranged from 40 to 71 years,with a median of 54 years.The tumors were located in the thyroid gland,with the maximum diameter ranging from 2.2 cm to 6.0 cm and the average maximum diameter of(4.0±1.2)cm.All the patients underwent thyroid gland resection and local lymph node dissection.After operation,all the cases were treated with radiotherapy and five of them additionally received chemotherapy.Six patients were followed up for 10-163 months,all of whom were still alive,including 2 patients with recurrence in situ,1 patient with homolateral cervical lymph node metastasis and the rest with no recurrence or metastasis.CK-pan,P63,CD5 and CD117 were expressed in all the cases,while TTF-1,TG,CT and PAX8 were negative.One case of them expressed SYN and CgA.Ki-67 proliferation index ranged from 10% to 90%.EBER in situ hybridization showed negative results in all 7 cases.Conclusions Intrathyroid thymic carcinoma is a relatively low-grade malignant tumor.The combination of immunohistochemical CD5,CD117 and monoclonal PAX8 is helpful in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.EBV may not be involved in the development of intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.Thyroid gland resection plus central lymph node dissection is an important treatment measure for intrathyroid thymic carcinoma.For patients with regional lymph node metastasis and obvious peripheral tissue invasion,postoperative radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy can effectively delay the disease progression.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Thymoma , Thymus Neoplasms/therapy
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