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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 458-461, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346485

ABSTRACT

Abstract Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) not related to HIV is an infrequent and severe condition with no etiology defined until now. The concomitant presence of an underlying disease, especially an oncohematological process, could be related to the immune physiopathology and the development of the im munosuppressive state. On the other hand, Epstein Barr virus is a well-known oncogenic pathogen described in the development of several types of lymphoma which might be reactivated in the ICL. There is still no specific treatment for this syndrome, so the therapeutic scope for these patients is the treatment of opportunistic diseases and the administration of specific antimicrobials as prophylaxis. We present a patient with an uncommon asso ciation of an ICL and an extranodal T/NK lymphoma with detection of VEB nuclear RNA by in situ hybridization (EBER). Diagnosis was challenging which led the health team to carry out many studies over several months


Resumen La linfocitopenia CD4 idiopática (ICL) no relacionada al HIV es una condición grave e infrecuente sin una etiología aún definida. La presencia de una enfermedad subyacente, especialmente un proceso oncohematológico, podría tener relación en la fisiopatología del proceso inmunológico. Por otro lado, el virus Epstein Barr (VEB) es bien conocido por ser un patógeno oncogénico descrito en el desarrollo de diversos tipos de linfomas, el cual podría ser reactivado en estados de inmunosupresión severa. No existe aún un tratamiento específico para este síndro me, por lo que el objetivo terapéutico en estos pacientes radica en el manejo profiláctico y activo de las distintas enfermedades oportunistas ante las cuales son susceptibles. Se presenta un paciente con un déficit grave de linfocitos CD4 de causa idiopática, y un diagnóstico posterior de linfoma T/NK extraganglionar con detección de RNA nuclear de VEB por hibridización in situ (EBER), una asociación poco descrita en la literatura médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases , Lymphopenia , In Situ Hybridization , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(2): 184-187, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248747

ABSTRACT

Abstract Epstein Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumors are an uncommon neoplasm that occurs in immunosuppressed patients of any age. Usually, it presents as multifocal tumors mainly in the spinal cord, epidural region, gastrointestinal tract and liver, upper respiratory tract and skin, the latest with few cases reported in the literature and related with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. The authors present the first case of a Colombian adult patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection and multifocal Epstein Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumors in the skin and epidural region, confirmed by histopathology, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , HIV Infections/complications , Smooth Muscle Tumor , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , RNA, Viral , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888475

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 7 years, was admitted due to pain in both lower limbs for more than one year. Lumbar MRI showed soft tissue masses in the paravertebral region. Cerebral MRI showed nodular masses in the cavernous sinus at both sides. Chest CT showed high-density nodules in the outer basal segment of the right inferior lobe and the anterior segment of the left upper lobe of the lung. Biopsy of lumbar lesions showed Epstein-Barr (EB) virus-related smooth muscle tumor. Genetic testing showed a


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Smooth Muscle Tumor/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1802-1806, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical significance of Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) detection and classification in peripheral blood of lymphoma patients.@*METHODS@#101 lymphoma patients were enrolled, the clinical characteristics of the patients were collected, including ages, sex, types of lymphoma, Ann Arbor stages, extranodal infiltration and lactate dehyhrogenase. Fluorescent quantitative PCR technology was used to detect the EBV-DNA. Polymerase chain reaction and Agarose gel electrophoresis was used for determination of EB genotyping. The difference between curative effect in EBV-DNA+ and EBV-DNA- patients, the correlation of adverse factors and EBV infection of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#68.3% (69/101) of the patients showed EBV-DNA positive. EBV-positive lymphoma patients showed more adverse prognostic factors than the patients with EBV-negative, which may lead to poorer disease outcome. Among the 46 B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients, the overall response rate of EBV-positive patients (60.7%) was lower than EBV-negative patients(88.9%) (P<0.05); For 19 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, the overall response rate of EBV-positive patients (46.2%) was lower than EBV-negative patients (100%), the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Among 69 patients with EBV-infected lymphoma, 98.6% (68/69) showed type-2 EB virus, and 1.4% (1/69) were type-1 and type-2 mixed infections.@*CONCLUSION@#Most of EBV-positive in lymphoma patients were EBV type 2, patients with EBV-DNA+ shows poorer efficacy than EBV-DNA- patients.


Subject(s)
DNA, Viral , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Genotype , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Hodgkin Disease , Humans
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887743

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), two of the most prevalent human herpesviruses, cause a wide spectrum of diseases and symptoms and are associated with serious health problem. In this study, we developed an internal control reference recombinase-aided amplification (ICR-RAA) assay for the rapid detection of EBV and CMV within 30 min. The assay had a sensitivity of 5 and 1 copies/test for EBV and CMV, respectively, with no cross reaction with other pathogens. In comparison with those of the commercial quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the sensitivity of the EBV and CMV ICR-RAAs using extracted DNA was 93.33% and 84.84%, respectively; the specificity was 98.75% and 100.00%, respectively; and the Kappa values were 0.930 and 0.892 (


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Recombinases/genetics , Young Adult
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880659

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a definite tumorigenic virus, is closely related to the development of nasopharyngeal cancer, gastric cancer, lymphoma and other tumors. EBV encodes a total of 44 mature microRNAs, which can regulate the expression of virus and host genes. EBV-encoded microRNAs and their regulated target molecules participate in the biological functions of tumor apoptosis, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis during tumorigenesis and development, and play an important role in the development of tumor.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(1): e2068, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-990362

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: comparar o polimorfismo dos genes Glutationa S-transferase teta 1 (GSTT1) e Glutationa S-transferase mu 1 (GSTM1) da área do tumor com as margens proximal e distal de espécimes de estômago ressecados de pacientes com câncer gástrico, e investigar a presença do DNA do vírus Epstein-Barr (EBV) e Helicobacter pylori. Métodos: coletamos prospectivamente amostras teciduais da área do tumor e das margens de ressecção proximal e distal dos estômagos de dez pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico submetidos à gastrectomia com linfadenectomia D2 e submetemos esses espécimes à extração de DNA. Comparamos a área do tumor com as margens proximal e distal dos estômagos ressecados para o polimorfismo dos genes GSTT1 e GSTM1 e investigamos a presença de DNA do EBV e H. pylori. Utilizamos o exon 5 do gene p53 como controle interno da reação de PCR multiplex. Resultados: em um paciente, detectamos genótipos GSTT1 e GSTM1 nulos na área do tumor, em contraste com a presença de ambos os genes nas margens proximal e distal. Encontramos DNA do EBV e H. pylori na área do tumor e também nas margens proximal e distal. Em outro paciente, a margem proximal foi negativa para GSTT1 e o DNA do EBV foi negativo na margem distal. Em três pacientes, o EBV-DNA foi negativo apenas na margem distal. Conclusão: este é o primeiro relato em que diferentes genótipos, infecção por EBV-DNA e H. pylori foram observados no mesmo paciente, indicando provável deleção desses genes em resposta à progressão tumoral e heterogeneidade intratumoral.


ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the polymorphism of the Glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1) and Glutathione S-transferase mu 1 (GSTM1) genes from the tumor area with the proximal and distal margins of stomach specimens resected from patients with gastric cancer, and to investigate the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA and Helicobacter pylori. Methods: we prospectively collected tissue specimens from the tumor area and from the proximal and distal resection margins of the stomachs of ten patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy, and submitted these specimens to DNA extraction. We compared the tumor area with the proximal and distal margins of the resected stomachs for polymorphism of GSTT1 and GSTM1 genes and investigated the presence of EBV-DNA and H. pylori. We used the p53 exon 5 gene as an internal control of the multiplex PCR reaction. Results: in one patient, we detected null GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes in the tumor area, in contrast to the presence of both genes in the proximal and distal margins. We found EBV-DNA and H. pylori in the tumor area and also in the proximal and distal margins. In another patient, the proximal margin was negative for GSTT1, and EBV-DNA was negative in the distal margin. In three patients, EBV-DNA was negative only in the distal margin. Conclusion: this is the first report where different genotypes, EBV-DNA and H. pylori infection were observed in the same patient, indicating a probable deletion of these genes in response to tumor progression and intratumoral heterogeneity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/enzymology , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/virology , Adenocarcinoma/enzymology , Adenocarcinoma/microbiology , Adenocarcinoma/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Herpesvirus 4, Human/isolation & purification , Genotype , Glutathione Transferase/genetics , Middle Aged
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8650

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are increasingly important in immunocompromised patients. Nucleic acid extraction methods could affect the results of viral nucleic acid amplification tests. We compared two automated nucleic acid extraction systems for detecting CMV and EBV using real-time PCR assays. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-three whole blood (WB) samples were tested for CMV detection, and 117 WB samples were tested for EBV detection. Viral nucleic acid was extracted in parallel by using QIAsymphony RGQ and QIAcube (Qiagen GmbH, Germany), and real-time PCR assays for CMV and EBV were performed with a Rotor-Gene Q real-time PCR cycler (Qiagen). Detection rates for CMV and EBV were compared, and agreements between the two systems were analyzed. RESULTS: The detection rate of CMV and EBV differed significantly between the QIAsymphony RGQ and QIAcube systems (CMV, 59.5% [91/153] vs 43.8% [67/153], P=0.0005; EBV, 59.0% [69/117] vs 42.7% [50/117], P=0.0008). The two systems showed moderate agreement for CMV and EBV detection (kappa=0.43 and 0.52, respectively). QIAsymphony RGQ showed a negligible correlation with QIAcube for quantitative EBV detection. QIAcube exhibited EBV PCR inhibition in 23.9% (28/117) of samples. CONCLUSIONS: Automated nucleic acid extraction systems have different performances and significantly affect the detection of viral pathogens. The QIAsymphony RGQ system appears to be superior to the QIAcube system for detecting CMV and EBV. A suitable sample preparation system should be considered for optimized nucleic acid amplification in clinical laboratories.


Subject(s)
Automation , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , DNA, Viral/blood , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8648

ABSTRACT

There has been increasing interest in standardized and quantitative Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA testing for the management of EBV disease. We evaluated the performance of the Real-Q EBV Quantification Kit (BioSewoom, Korea) in whole blood (WB). Nucleic acid extraction and real-time PCR were performed by using the MagNA Pure 96 (Roche Diagnostics, Germany) and 7500 Fast real-time PCR system (Applied Biosystems, USA), respectively. Assay sensitivity, linearity, and conversion factor were determined by using the World Health Organization international standard diluted in EBV-negative WB. We used 81 WB clinical specimens to compare performance of the Real-Q EBV Quantification Kit and artus EBV RG PCR Kit (Qiagen, Germany). The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) for the Real-Q kit were 453 and 750 IU/mL, respectively. The conversion factor from EBV genomic copies to IU was 0.62. The linear range of the assay was from 750 to 10⁶ IU/mL. Viral load values measured with the Real-Q assay were on average 0.54 log₁₀ copies/mL higher than those measured with the artus assay. The Real-Q assay offered good analytical performance for EBV DNA quantification in WB.


Subject(s)
DNA, Viral/blood , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Limit of Detection , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30651

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes various acute and chronic diseases. Chronic active EBV infection (CAEBV) is characterized by infectious mononucleosis-like symptoms that persist for more than 6 months with high viral loads in peripheral blood and/or an unusual pattern of anti-EBV antibodies. Severe CAEBV is associated with poor prognosis with severe symptoms, an extremely high EBV-related antibody titer, and hematologic complications that often include hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. However, CAEBV which led to the development of aplastic anemia (AA) has not been reported yet. A 73-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with intermittent fever, general weakness and elevated liver enzymes. In the serologic test, EBV-related antibody titer was elevated, and real-time quantitative-PCR in peripheral blood showed viral loads exceeding 10(4) copies/microg DNA. Liver biopsy showed characteristic histopathological changes of EBV hepatitis and in situ hybridization with EBV-encoded RNA-1 was positive for EBV. Pancytopenia was detected in peripheral blood, and the bone marrow aspiration biopsy showed hypocellularity with replacement by adipocytes. AA progressed and the patient was treated with prednisolone but deceased 8 months after the diagnosis due to multiple organ failure and opportunistic infection. Herein, we report a rare case of severe CAEBV in an adult patient accompanied by AA and persistent hepatitis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anemia, Aplastic/complications , Carbapenems/therapeutic use , Chronic Disease , DNA, Viral/blood , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Female , Hepatitis/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Severity of Illness Index , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56499

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Research on how the risk of gastric cancer increases with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is lacking. In a systematic review that investigated studies published until September 2014, the authors did not calculate the summary odds ratio (SOR) due to heterogeneity across studies. Therefore, we include here additional studies published until October 2015 and conduct a meta-analysis with meta-regression that controls for the heterogeneity among studies. METHODS: Using the studies selected in the previously published systematic review, we formulated lists of references, cited articles, and related articles provided by PubMed. From the lists, only case-control studies that detected EBV in tissue samples were selected. In order to control for the heterogeneity among studies, subgroup analysis and meta-regression were performed. RESULTS: In the 33 case-control results with adjacent non-cancer tissue, the total number of test samples in the case and control groups was 5280 and 4962, respectively. In the 14 case-control results with normal tissue, the total number of test samples in case and control groups was 1393 and 945, respectively. Upon meta-regression, the type of control tissue was found to be a statistically significant variable with regard to heterogeneity. When the control tissue was normal tissue of healthy individuals, the SOR was 3.41 (95% CI, 1.78 to 6.51; I-squared, 65.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study support the argument that EBV infection increases the risk of gastric cancer. In the future, age-matched and sex-matched case-control studies should be conducted.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , DNA, Viral/analysis , Databases, Factual , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/pathology , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Odds Ratio , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
13.
West Indian med. j ; 63(1): 112-114, Jan. 2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045801

ABSTRACT

Lymphoepithelioma-like gastric carcinoma (LELGC) is a rare neoplasm of the stomach with dense lymphocytic infiltration. More than 80% of LELGCs are positive for the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Here, we report a 64-year old Chinese man with swallowing discomfort while eating food. Endoscopy and computed tomography both showed a submucosal lesion at the lesser curvature of the upper gastric body. The first diagnostic impression was a gastrointestinal stromal tumour. Subsequently, the patient received a wedge resection of the stomach. On histopathological examination, the tumour was found to consist of small nests of neoplastic cells within dense lymphocytic infiltration. Additionally, most of the neoplastic cells were positive for cytokeratin and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER). Subsequently, the diagnosis of LELGC was made. We believe that physicians should be aware of the diagnosis of submucosal gastric lesions, particularly in older male patients.


El carcinoma gástrico de tipo linfoepitelioma (CGLE) es una neoplasia rara del estómago con una infiltración linfocítica densa. Más del 80% de los CGLEs son positivos al virus de Epstein-Barr (EBV). Aquí reportamos el caso de un paciente chino de 64 años, que sentía malestar al efectuar la deglución de alimentos. Tanto la endoscopia como la tomografía computarizada mostraron una lesión submucosa en la curvatura menor de la parte superior del cuerpo gástrico. La primera impresión diagnóstica fue de un tumor del estroma gastrointestinal Posteriormente, al paciente se le hizo una resección en cuña del estómago. En el examen histopatológico, se halló que el tumor consistía de pequeños nidos de células neoplásicas dentro de una infiltración linfocítica densa. Además, la mayoría de las células neoplásicas eran positivas a la citoqueratina y al ARN codificado por el virus de Epstein-Barr (EBER). Posteriormente, se realizó el diagnóstico de CGLE. Creemos que los médicos deben tomar conciencia del diagnóstico de las lesiones submucosas gástricas, especialmente en los pacientes mayores hombres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/virology , RNA, Viral/analysis , Carcinoma/virology , Lymphocytes/pathology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102683

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) microRNAs (miRNAs) are expressed in EBV-associated tumors and cell lines, but the regulation mechanism of their expression is unclear yet. We investigated whether the expression of EBV miRNAs is epigenetically regulated in EBV-infected B cell lines. The expression of BART miRNAs was inversely related with the methylation level of the BART promoter at both steady-state and following 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment of the cells. The expression of BHRF1 miRNAs also became detectable with the demethylation of Cp/Wp in latency I EBV-infected cell lines. Furthermore, in vitro methylation of the BART and Cp promoters reduced the promoter-driven transactivation. In contrast, tricostatin A had little effect on the expression of EBV miRNA expression as well as on the BART and Cp/Wp promoters. Our results suggest that promoter methylation, but not histone acetylation, plays a role in regulation of the EBV miRNA expression in EBV-infected B cell lines.


Subject(s)
Azacitidine/analogs & derivatives , B-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Cell Line , DNA Methylation , DNA Modification Methylases/antagonists & inhibitors , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Gene Silencing , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RNA, Viral/genetics , Viral Proteins/genetics
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100568

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO) recently defined systemic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) of childhood as a life-threatening illness. However, this rare disease has not been extensively studied. Here we report a case of systemic EBV-positive T-cell LPD in a previously healthy middle-aged man with a chief complaint of chronic diarrhea. The initial colon biopsy showed focal infiltration of EBV-positive small lymphocytes without any atypia. However, the disease rapidly progressed and the patient required a total colectomy due to severe gastrointestinal bleeding. Three and half months after admission, the patient died from a complication of disseminated intravascular coagulation. The resected colon showed diffuse infiltration of EBV-positive atypical lymphocytes with ischemic change. Most atypical lymphocytes were CD3+ or CD5+. The monoclonality of EBV was demonstrated by sequence variation analysis of the latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) gene in the colectomy specimen as well as in the initial biopsy.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Colonoscopy , Diarrhea/diagnosis , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/diagnosis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Feces/virology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , RNA, Viral/analysis , T-Lymphocytes/immunology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207480

ABSTRACT

Hypersensitivity to mosquito bites (HMB) is a disorder characterized by a necrotic skin reaction and generalized symptoms subsequent to mosquito bites. It has been suggested that HMB is associated with chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and natural killer cell leukemia/lymphoma. We describe here a Korean child who had HMB associated with chronic EBV infection and natural killer cell lymphocytosis. A 5-yr-old boy was suffered from necrotic skin lesions on the right ear lobe. Type A EB virus was detected from hlood cells and bone marrow biospy recognized hemophagocyrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child, Preschool , Culicidae/immunology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Hypersensitivity/complications , Insect Bites and Stings/complications , Killer Cells, Natural/immunology , Lymphocytosis/complications , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108486

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a well-known causative agent of various diseases including post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders. Although the level of EBV viral load in donors is expected to have a direct effect on recipients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), little has been studied providing a clear evidence for that. We performed EBV DNA quantitation in donors and analyzed the effect of donors' EBV viral load on the recipients after HSCT. METHODS: EBV DNA quantitation of peripheral blood in 94 healthy HSCT donors was performed by real-time PCR. We analyzed the distribution of EBV viral load in HSCT donors and EBV positivity in the recipients transplanted from donors who had detectable EBV. RESULTS: Fifteen HSCT donors (16%) showed positive results in EBV real-time quantitative PCR. EBV viral load was below 500 copies/mL in 5 donors and above 500 (680-11,300) copies/mL in 10 donors. Five of the recipients (33.3%) transplanted from these 15 donors showed positivity in EBV PCR after HSCT. All of the EBV PCR positive recipients were transplanted from donors with viral load of >1,000 copies/mL, and 5 (71%) of 7 donors with viral load of >1,000 copies/mL was associated with posttansplant EBV PCR positivity in the recipients. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of EBV viral load in donors appear to be associated with EBV transmission to recipients in HSCT. EBV real-time quantitative PCR may be needed for screening EBV DNA level in HSCT donors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , DNA, Viral/blood , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Tissue Donors , Transplantation, Homologous , Viral Load
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19815

ABSTRACT

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma is a recently recognized distinct entity within the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid tumors. It is relatively prevalent in Asian and South American populations. It most commonly occurs in the nasal or paranasal areas and less frequently in the skin, the soft tissue, and the gastrointestinal tract. Among these, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract has shown an aggressive clinical course. We report a case of CD56+ extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as a duodenal ulcer bleeding. A 62-year-old male patient presented with melena and abdominal pain. Endoscopic examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract showed the duodenal ulcer covered by blood clot. Pathologic examination revealed the diffuse infiltration of atypical lymphocytes with an angiocentric growth pattern, which was positive for CD3, CD56, and granzyme. The patient showed rapid deteriorating clinical course and died on day 14 after admission. Thus, we report this case with the review of literatures.


Subject(s)
CD3 Complex/metabolism , CD56 Antigen/metabolism , Bone Marrow/pathology , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2005 Jul; 48(3): 349-53
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-74857

ABSTRACT

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has emerged as a serious health problem in India. Although tuberculosis appears to be the commonest opportunistic infection, studies pertaining to opportunistic viruses are scant In the present study co infection with EBV was evaluated in patients with AIDS using a highly sensitive polymerase chain reaction besides anti Zebra antibody assays for diagnosis of an active EBV infection in 37 patients of full-blown AIDS and 32 healthy seropositives. Thirty healthy laboratory workers were used as controls. Out of 37 patients with AIDS, 12 were positive for anti Zebra antibodies and 23 were positive for EBV by the PCR reaction. Out of the 32 seropositives, 3 were positive for anti Zebra antibodies and 4 were positive by PCR assay. The difference between seropositives and AIDS was significant (p < .05). None of the controls were positive for an active EBV infection. It is concluded that active EBV infection is an important co infection in patients with AIDS and may contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality in these patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antibodies, Viral/blood , DNA-Binding Proteins/immunology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Female , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Seropositivity/complications , HIV-1/isolation & purification , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Incidence , India/epidemiology , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Trans-Activators/immunology , Viral Proteins/immunology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147613

ABSTRACT

Methylation of p16 is an important mechanism in cervical carcinogenesis. However, the relationship between cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) remains controversial. Here, we explored whether EBV infection and/or p16 gene inactivation would play any role in cervical carcinogenesis. Eighty-two specimens included 41 invasive SCCs, 30 cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CIN; CIN 1, 11 cases, CIN II, 3 cases, CIN III 16 cases) and 11 nonneoplastic cervices. EBV was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for EBNA-1 and in situ hybridization for EBER-1. The p16 methylation-status and the expression of p16 protein were studied by methylation-specific PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. The materials were divided into four groups: 1) nonneoplastic cervices, 2) CIN I, 3) CIN II-III and 4) invasive SCCs. p16 methylation and p16 immunoexpressions increased in CIN and invasive SCCs than nonneoplastic tissue. p16-methylation and p16-immunoreactivities were higher in the EBV-positive group (p=0.009, p<0.001) than in the EBV-negative group. EBV was detected more frequently in CIN and SCCs than nonneoplastic cervices. In conclusion, a correlation between p16 methylation, p16 immunoreactivity and the detection of EBV strongly suggested that the cooperation of EBV and p16 gene may play a synergic effect on cell cycle deregulation.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Comparative Study , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/analysis , DNA Methylation , DNA, Viral/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens/genetics , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Precancerous Conditions/genetics , RNA, Viral/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics
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