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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 150-158, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365739

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the techniques for the osteosynthesis of intertrochanteric fractures with dynamic hip screws (DHSs) through the Hardinge and minimally-invasive access routes of the hip, evaluating the operative time, the degree of pain in the immediate postoperative period, the hematimetric loss, and the functional aspects of active mobility. Methods A randomized, double-blinded clinical trial in which 66 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were submitted to osteosynthesis by DHS. The patients were divided into a test group, submitted to the minimally-invasive access, and a control group, in whom the surgery was performed through the Hardinge route. Results Patients submitted to the minimally-invasive treatment presented a lower degree of postoperative pain compared to the group treated by the Hardinge lateral route (p< 0.001), as well as lower hematimetric loss (p< 0.001), shorter operative time (p< 0.001), and improvement in immediate postoperative active mobility tests (p <0.05). Conclusion The study demonstrated the clinical superiority of the minimally-invasive access route parameters analyzed in relation to the Hardinge access for the fixation of intertrochanteric fractures when DHS is the choice osteosynthesis method. Level of evidence I.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar as técnicas de osteossíntese de fraturas intertrocantéricas com o parafuso dinâmico de quadril (dynamic hip screw, DHS, em inglês) pelas vias de acesso de Hardinge e minimamente invasiva do quadril, avaliando o tempo cirúrgico, o grau de dor no pós-operatório imediato, a perda hematimétrica, e os aspectos funcionais de mobilidade ativa. Métodos Estudo clínico randomizado e duplo-cego, em que 66 pacientes com fratura intertrocantérica foram submetidos a osteossíntese com DHS. Os pacientes foram divididos em um grupo teste, submetidos ao acesso minimamente invasivo, e um controle, em que a cirurgia foi realizada pela via de Hardinge. Resultados Os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento pela via minimamente invasiva apresentaram um grau de dor pós-operatória inferior em comparação ao grupo tratado pela via lateral de Hardinge (p< 0,001), assim como menor perda hematimétrica (p< 0,001), menor tempo operatório (p< 0,001), e melhora nos testes de mobilidade ativa pós-operatória imediata (p< 0,05). Conclusão O estudo demonstrou a superioridade clínica nos parâmetros analisados da via de acesso minimamente invasiva em relação ao acesso de Hardinge para a fixação de fraturas intertrocantéricas, quando o DHS for a opção de osteossíntese escolhida. Nível de evidência I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Period , Control Groups , Clinical Trial , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures
2.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1): 38-42, 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378781

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Determinar la prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas en pacientes con antecedente de reemplazo de cadera que ingresaron a un servicio de ortopedia entre el 2010 al 2018. Materiales y métodos 709 pacientes fueron atendidos, pero solo 15 pacientes presentaron fracturas periprotésicas. Resultados La prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas fue del 2.1% (IC 95%: 1.05; 3.17). La mayor parte de los casos se presentaron en el sexo femenino con un porcentaje de 53,3%, con edad promedio de 74.2 año. Las principales causas de fractura periprotésica fueron el trauma en la cadera por caída desde su propia altura. Solo el 12.12% presentaron alguna complicación local o sistémica. Conclusiones La prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas fue menor del 3%; esta patología depende de distintos factores que se deben tener en cuenta al momento de realizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos.


Objective To determine the prevalence of periprosthetic fractures in patients with a history of hip replacement admitted to an orthopedic service between 2010 and 2018. Materials and methods 709 patients were seen, but only 15 patients had periprosthetic fractures. Results The prevalence of periprotic fractures was 2.1% (95% CI: 1.05; 3.17). The majority of cases occurred in females with a percentage of 53.3%, with an average age of 74.2 years. The main causes of periprotic fracture were hip trauma from falling from its own height. Only 12.12% presented some local or systemic complication. Conclusions The prevalence of periprosthetic fractures was less than 3%; this pathology depends on different factors that must be taken into account when performing surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hip Fractures , Femoral Fractures , Hip Prosthesis
3.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1): 50-54, 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378809

ABSTRACT

Introducción Las fracturas de cadera son un problema de salud pública debido a su asociación con altas tasas de mortalidad a un año, deterioro funcional y empeoramiento de la calidad de vida. Un enfoque multidisciplinario mejora los resultados de los pacientes adultos mayores con fracturas por fragilidad. Objetivo Realizar una revisión narrativa para evaluar la evidencia de las unidades de ortogeriatría como estrategia para reducir desenlaces adversos en adultos mayores con fracturas de cadera por fragilidad. Materiales y métodos Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las siguientes bases de datos: PubMed,Cochrane y Scielo, con los términos: "hip fracture" or "fragility fracture" AND "multidisciplinary team" or "Geriatric co management" or AND "orthogeriatric" or "ortho-geriatric". Resultados El manejo por ortogeriatría reduce el tiempo de evaluación pre-quirúrgico, complicaciones postoperatorias y la estancia hospitalaria. La valoración interdisciplinaria ha demostrado ser eficaz para disminuir el deterioro funcional, la mortalidad intrahospitalaria, la mortalidad a los 30 días y el riesgo de institucionalización en comparación con otros modelos de atención. Estos factores impactan sobre la optimización de recursos disminuyendo los costos en salud. Conclusión Los servicios de ortogeriatría son el modelo ideal para tratar las fracturas de cadera por fragilidad en adultos mayores. En Colombia se deben implementar más unidades de ortogeriatría para mejorar la atención intrahospitalaria, crear programas de seguimiento y rehabilitación.


Introduction Hip fracture is a public health problem due to its association with high mortality rates at one year, functional decline and worsening of quality of life. A multidisciplinary approach improves outcomes for elderly patients with fragility fracture. Objective To carry out a narrative review to evaluate the evidence of orthogeriatric units as a strategy to reduce adverse outcomes in older adults with fragility hip fractures. Material and Methods A literature search was carried out in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane and Scielo, with the terms: "hip fracture" or "fragility fracture" AND "multidisciplinary team" or "Geriatric co management" or AND "orthogeriatric" or "ortho-geriatric". Results Care by orthogeriatrics reduces pre-operative surgical time, postoperative complications and hospital stay. Interdisciplinary assessment has been shown to be effective in reducing functional decline, in-hospital mortality, 30-day mortality, and the risk of institutionalization compared to other models of care. These factors impact on the optimization of resources, reducing health costs. Conclusion Orthogeriatric services are the ideal model to treat fragility fractures in older adults. In Colombia, more orthogeriatric units should be implemented to improve in-hospital care, create follow-up and rehabilitation programs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fractures, Spontaneous , Postoperative Complications , Geriatrics , Hip Fractures
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358103

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Las fracturas intertrocantéricas son cada vez más frecuentes debido al envejecimiento de la población. La osteosíntesis con clavo cefalomedular se utiliza ampliamente para tratar estas fracturas. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la tasa de fallas en la osteosíntesis con clavo cefalomedular y sus factores de riesgo. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó retrospectivamente a pacientes >75 años con fracturas intertrocantéricas tratados con clavo cefalomedular, en nuestro Centro, entre enero de 2016 y diciembre de 2019. Se analizó el ángulo cervicodiafisario de la cadera operada en el posoperatorio inmediato, la distancia punta-ápice y la posición del tornillo deslizante en la cabeza femoral. Resultados: Se incluyó a 66 pacientes. Hubo 8 casos de fallas en la osteosíntesis (12,12%). Se comprobó que ciertos factores ya establecidos (distancia punta-ápice >25 mm y reducción en varo) también fueron factores de riesgo significativos para falla en la osteosíntesis, en nuestra cohorte. La posición inadecuada del tornillo deslizante fue un factor de riesgo con significación estadística en el análisis univariado, pero no en el multivariado. Conclusiones: Al tratar las fracturas intertrocantéricas con un clavo cefalomedular, la reducción en neutro o ligero valgo, apuntando a una distancia punta-ápice ≤25 mm redujo significativamente el riesgo de falla en la osteosíntesis. Hallamos que una localización superior o posterior del tornillo deslizante aumenta el riesgo de falla en la fijación, si bien la localización del tornillo no fue un factor de riesgo significativo en el análisis multivariado. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Objectives: Intertrochanteric fractures are increasingly frequent due to population aging. Osteosynthesis with cephalomedullary nail is widely used for the treatment of these fractures. The objective of this study is to analyze the rate of failure in osteosynthesis associated with cephalomedullary nail and the risk factors for this event. Materials and methods: All cases of patients older than 75 years with intertrochanteric fractures treated in our center with cephalomedullary nails between January 2016 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The cervico-diaphyseal angle of the operated hip was determined in the immediate postoperative period. We also analyzed the tip-apex distance (TAD) and the position of the lag screw in the femoral head. Results: 66 patients were included in the study. There were 8 cases of failure in osteosynthesis (12.12%). It was found that previously recognized factors in the literature (TAD>25 mm and reduction in varus) were also significant risk factors for failure in osteosynthesis in our cohort. The inadequate position of the lag screw was a risk factor that showed statistical significance in the univariate analysis, but not in the multivariate one in this study. Conclusions: When treating intertrochanteric fractures with cephalomedullary nail, a neutral or slightly valgus reduction aiming for a TAD ≤25 mm significantly reduced the risk of failure in osteosynthesis. We found evidence that a superior or posterior location of the lag screw increases the risk of fixation failure, although the location of the screw was not a significant risk factor in the multivariate analysis. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Nails , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358112

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas de cadera se asocian con un importante impacto en la morbimortalidad. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar las variables relacionadas con el desarrollo de complicaciones y la muerte luego de una fractura de cadera. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un análisis de los datos provenientes de las primeras 1000 encuestas de fracturas de cadera del Comité de Morbimortalidad de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología. Mediante un análisis bivariado y una regresión multivariada se identificaron las variables independientes relacionadas con la aparición de complicaciones o la muerte. Resultados: Las complicaciones se relacionaron con anemia preoperatoria, demora en el tratamiento, aumento de los días de internación y transfusiones de glóbulos rojos. La muerte se asoció con la anemia preoperatoria, las transfusiones de glóbulos rojos, el total de días de internación, el puntaje de la ASA y la presencia de complicaciones posoperatorias. La anemia y la internación prolongada fueron los factores predictivos independientes de complicaciones identificados, mientras que la anemia y el puntaje de la ASA fueron los factores predictivos de muerte. Conclusiones: Este estudio destaca el valor predictivo de la anemia, un puntaje III y IV de la ASA, y la estancia hospitalaria en relación con la morbimortalidad de pacientes con fractura de cadera. Se deberán destinar esfuerzos para optimizar la condición de estos pacientes y el sistema de salud en pos de disminuir este impacto en la morbimortalidad. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background: Hip fractures are associated with a significant impact on morbidity and mortality. The aim of this report was to identify the variables related to the development of complications and mortality after a hip fracture. Materials and methods: We carried out a data analysis from the first 1000 hip fracture surveys from the Morbidity and Mortality Committee of the Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología. Through a bivariate analysis and a multivariate regression, the independent variables related to the presentation of complications or death were identified. Results: Complications were related to pre-operative anemia, delay in surgery, hospital stay, and red blood cell transfusions. In addition, mortality was related to pre-operative anemia, red blood cell transfusions, hospital stay, ASA score, and postoperative complications. Multiple regression analysis revealed anemia and prolonged hospitalization to be significant predictors of complications, while anemia and ASA score were recognized as predictors of mortality. Conclusion: This study highlights the predictive value of anemia, an ASA III-IV score, and hospital stay in relation to the morbidity and mortality of patients with hip fracture. Various efforts should be made to optimize the condition of these patients and the health system in order to reduce this impact on morbidity and mortality. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Argentina , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Epidemiology , Hip Fractures/epidemiology
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358111

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se presenta un caso clínico de seudoaneurisma de la arteria femoral circunfleja lateral secundario a una fractura pertrocantérica de cadera. Materiales y métodos: Como el cuadro y su localización son infrecuentes, se llevó a cabo una revisión bibliográfica sistematizada que incluyó todos los casos publicados sobre esta enfermedad (n = 40) en los últimos 15 años. Resultados: No se hallaron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre ninguna de las variables estudiadas. Sin embargo, parece existir cierto consenso en mantener una alta sospecha clínica para una intervención precoz y así obtener mejores resultados. Tanto su etiología como su localización se relacionan con la morfología de la fractura, el gesto quirúrgico y el material de osteosíntesis. Asimismo, hay una tendencia mayor a utilizar la angiotomografía para el diagnóstico y la localización del seudoaneurisma. Conclusiones: Nuestra paciente es el primer caso de resolución espontánea. Es fundamental conocer esta complicación tan poco frecuente para optimizar los resultados terapéuticos. Esta revisión, la más reciente sobre el tema, es muy útil para enumerar y subrayar los aspectos más importantes sobre el manejo y la prevención de los seudoaneurismas secundarios a una fractura de cadera. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: We present a case of a lateral circumflex femoral artery pseudoaneurysm associated with pertrochanteric hip fracture. Materials and methods: We performed a systematic review considering all cases published in the last 15 years about this pathology (n=40). Results: No statistically significant associations were found between any of the variables studied. However, there seems to be some consensus in maintaining a high clinical suspicion for early intervention, thus obtaining better outcomes. Both its etiology and location are related to the morphology of the fracture, the surgical procedure, and the osteosynthesis material. Likewise, there is a greater tendency to use CT angiography for the diagnosis and localization of the pseudoaneurysm. Conclusion: Our patient is the first reported case of spontaneous resolution. Knowing this rare complication is essential to optimize therapeutic results. This review, the most recent on the subject, is very useful in listing and highlighting the most important aspects of the management and prevention of pseudoaneurysms secondary to hip fracture. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Femoral Artery , Hip Fractures
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223054, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365396

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the relationship between 25(OH)D3 levels and fatal outcome in patients over 60 years of age undergoing surgical repair of hip fractures. Methods: prospective cohort of patients undergoing surgical repair of hip fractures. At admission, 25(OH)D3 levels were measured, among other parameters. Patients were followed for at least 1 year, and incident mortality was recorded. Results: 209 patients were included in the study, with a mean age of 79.5 ± 7.6 years among survivors and 80.7 ± 8.2 years among those who died in the first postoperative year (p=0.346). The 25(OH)D3 levels of survivors were significantly higher than those of patients who died (p=0.003). After adjusting for confounding variables, 25(OH)D3 levels below 12.5ng/mL were significant risk factors regardless of mortality (adjusted OR: 7.6; 95% CI: 2.35 to 24.56). Conclusions: our data show that serum 25(OH)D3 levels below 12.5ng/mL significantly and independently increased the risk of mortality in the first year after surgical repair of low-energy hip fracture in patients over 60 years of age in the geographic region where this study was conducted. Low albumin also showed a significant association with mortality in these patients. All other factors had no significant associations.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a relação entre os níveis de 25(OH)D3 e o desfecho fatal em pacientes acima de 60 anos submetidos a correção cirúrgica de fratura de quadril. Métodos: coorte prospectiva de pacientes submetidos a correção cirúrgica de fraturas de quadril. À admissão, foram medidos os níveis de 25(OH)D3, entre outros parâmetros. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por, pelo menos, um ano e a mortalidade foi registrada. Resultados: foram incluídos 209 pacientes no estudo, com média de idade de 79,5 ± 7,6 anos entre os sobreviventes e 80,7 ± 8,2 anos entre os que morreram no primeiro ano de pós-operatório (p=0,346). Os níveis de 25(OH)D3 dos sobreviventes foram significativamente maiores do que os dos pacientes que morreram (p=0,003). Após o ajuste para variáveis de confusão, níveis de 25(OH)D3 abaixo de 12,5ng/mL foram fator de risco significativo, independentemente da mortalidade (OR ajustado 7,6; IC 95% 2,35 24,56). Conclusões: níveis séricos de 25(OH)D3 abaixo de 12,5ng/mL aumentaram significativa e independentemente o risco de morte no primeiro ano após o reparo cirúrgico de fratura de quadril de baixa energia em pacientes com mais de 60 anos de idade na região geográfica onde este estudo foi realizado. A albumina baixa também teve associação significativa com a mortalidade nesses pacientes. Todos os outros fatores não tiveram associações significativas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Hip Fractures/surgery , Vitamin D , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Middle Aged
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367124

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio retrospectivo fue evaluar si la reducción abierta con cerclaje de alambre afectó la consolidación, la tasa de complicaciones y de reoperaciones en pacientes con fracturas subtrocantéricas de cadera, tratadas con clavos cefalomedulares. materiales y métodos:Se evaluó a todos los pacientes operados consecutivamente entre enero de 2010 y diciembre de 2017. Se comparó a los tratados con cerclaje (Grupo A) o sin cerclaje (Grupo B) de alambre en términos de tipo de fractura, estancia hospitalaria, tiempo quirúrgico, necesidad de transfusiones, calidad de la reducción, consolidación y complicaciones (infección, seudoartrosis, reoperaciones). Resultados:Se incluyó a 58 pacientes. El grupo A estaba conformado por 20 pacientes y el grupo B, por 38. El tipo de fractura más frecuente fue 3A (p = 0,0004). La estancia hospitalaria fue similar (9.0 vs. 10.6 días; p = 0,81), el tiempo quirúrgico y la necesidad de transfusiones fue mayor en el grupo A (p<0,0001 y p = 0,58, respectivamente). La tasa de consolidación fue similar en ambos grupos (90 vs. 92,1%, respectivamente; p = 0,09). Los desejes se observaron solo en el grupo tratado sin lazadas (5-13,5%; p = 0,01). Las tasas de complicaciones (15 vs. 18,4%) y de reopera-ciones (15 vs. 15,8%) fueron similares (p = 0,99). Conclusiones: El uso de lazadas de alambre en fracturas subtrocantéricas de cadera tratadas con clavos cefalomedulares generó un aumento significativo del tiempo quirúrgico, y disminuyó significativamente la incidencia de desejes. La incidencia de reoperaciones fue menor, aunque no significativamente. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess whether open reduction with cerclage wire affected the union and/or complication rate in subtrochanteric hip fractures treated with cephalomedullary nails. materials and methods: We analyzed all patients who had undergone surgery in our center between January 2010 and December 2017. We comparatively analyzed those treated with (Group A) and without (Group B) cerclage wire in terms of fracture type, hospital stay, surgical time, blood transfusions, malalignment, union, and complications (infection rates, non-union, and reoperations). Results: Fifty-eight patients were included. Group A consisted of 20 patients and Group B of 38. The most frequent type of fracture was 3A (p 0.0004). The mean hospital stay was similar (9 vs 10.6 days p 0.81), the surgical time and transfusions were higher in group A (p<0.0001 and p 0.58 respectively). The union rate was similar (90 vs 92.1%; p 0.09, respectively). Malalignment was only observed in group B (5 - 13.5%; p 0.01). The complication (15 vs 18.4%) and reoperation (15 vs 15.8%) rates were similar (p 0.99). Conclusions: The use of cerclage wire in subtrochanteric hip fractures treated with cephalomedullary nails generated a significant increase in surgical time and a lower rate of malalignment. It allowed a lower rate of re-operation, although it was not significant. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Bone Wires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Fractures
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367125

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir los tiempos de internación, cirugía y rehabilitación de una serie de pacientes con cadera flotante. El objetivo secundario fue comparar los resultados obtenidos en función de la reinserción laboral con los de pacientes que sufrieron fracturas de pelvis o acetábulo sin fractura femoral asociada. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y multicéntrico de pacientes con trauma de pelvis y acetábulo de alta energía, divididos en dos grupos de estudio según la presencia de fractura de fémur asociada homolateral (cadera flotante) para su comparación, durante el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 y marzo de 2019. Resultados: Se incluyó a 102 pacientes con trauma de pelvis o acetábulo agrupados en 2 poblaciones según la presencia de cadera flotante (cadera flotante 23; pelvis/acetábulo 79). Las medianas de días de internación [cadera flotante 15,5 (rango 4-193); pelvis/acetábulo 7 (rango 3-31); p = 0,0001] y de la cantidad de cirugías por paciente [cadera flotante 5 (rango 3-8); pelvis/acetábulo 2 (rango 1-4); p = 0,0001] fueron mayores en los pacientes con cadera flotante. Además, la incapacidad laboral temporaria fue más alta (p = 0,00012), sin diferencias significativas en la tasa de recalificación laboral (p = 0,11). Conclusión: La asociación de la lesión cadera flotante aumentó significativamente el tiempo de internación, los procedimientos quirúrgicos necesarios y el tiempo de recuperación según la incapacidad laboral temporaria en pacientes con trauma de pelvis o acetábulo. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Objective: We aim to describe the lengths of hospitalization, surgery, and rehabilitation of a series of patients with floating hip. As a secondary objective, to compare the outcomes obtained in terms of return to work in patients who had suffered fractures of the pelvis or acetabulum without an associated femoral fracture. Materials and Methods: Descriptive, retrospective, and multicenter study of patients with high-energy trauma to the pelvis and acetabulum divided into two study populations according to the presence of associated ipsilateral femur fracture (floating hip) for comparison, during the period January 2014 - March 2019. Results: 102 patients with pelvis and/or acetabulum trauma were included, grouped into 2 populations according to the presence of a float-ing hip (Floating hip: 23 patients; Pelvis/acetabulum: 79 patients). The median days of hospitalization [floating hip: median = 15.5 (range = 4-193); pelvis/acetabulum: 7 (3-31); p = 0.0001] and the number of surgeries per patient [FH: median = 5 (range = 3-8); pelvis/acetabulum: 2 (1-4); p = 0.0001] were higher in patients with floating hip. Additionally, temporary work disability was higher (p = 0.00012), with no significant differences in the rate of job retraining (p = 0.11). Conclusion: Floating hip significantly increased the length of hospitalization, necessary surgical procedures, and recovery times according to temporary work disability in patients with trauma to the pelvis and/or acetabulum. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Pelvis/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Femur/injuries , Hip Fractures , Acetabulum/injuries
10.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 166-169, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928494

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To determine the impact of an earthquake during COVID-19 lockdown on fracture admission at a tertiary trauma centre in Croatia.@*METHODS@#A case-control study was performed at the tertiary trauma centre registry. Two different periods were studied. The case group included a period during COVID-19 lockdown right after the earthquakes until the end of the confinement period in Croatia. And the control group corresponded to the equivalent period in 2019. We identified all consecutive patients who were admitted due to urgent care requirements for the musculoskeletal trauma. Patient's demographic data and admitting diagnoses were assessed. Data were analyzed by statistical procedures using the program MedCalc statistical software version 16.4.3.@*RESULTS@#We identified 178 emergency admissions due to musculoskeletal trauma. During the COVID-19 lockdown and post-earthquake period, there was a drastic reduction in total admissions (359 vs. 662; p < 0.0001) with an increased proportion of trauma admissions within the emergency admissions (34.9% vs. 26.5%; p = 0.02926, Z = -2.1825). Furthermore, in the case group there was a significant increase in hospital admissions due to ankle/foot trauma (11 vs. 2, p = 0.0126) and a trend towards a decrease in the admissions due to tibia fractures (5 vs. 12, p = 0.0896), however without statistical significance. Also, an increased proportion of women within the group of femoral fractures in both case group (81.6% vs. 52.6%, p = 0.00194, Z = 3.1033) and the control group (82.3% vs. 60.5%, p = 0.0232, Z = 2.2742) was observed. In both analyzed periods, the osteoporotic hip fracture was the most common independent admitting diagnosis.@*CONCLUSION@#It is crucial to understand how natural disasters like earthquakes influence the pattern of trauma admissions during a coexisting pandemic. Accordingly, healthcare systems have to be prepared for an increased influx of certain pathology, like foot and ankle trauma.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Communicable Disease Control , Croatia/epidemiology , Earthquakes , Female , Hip Fractures , Humans , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Trauma Centers
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 161-165, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928486

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The COVID-19 pandemic has caused 1.4 million deaths globally and is associated with a 3-4 times increase in 30-day mortality after a fragility hip fracture with concurrent COVID-19 infection. Typically, death from COVID-19 infection occurs between 15 and 22 days after the onset of symptoms, but this period can extend up to 8 weeks. This study aimed to assess the impact of concurrent COVID-19 infection on 120-day mortality after a fragility hip fracture.@*METHODS@#A multi-centre prospective study across 10 hospitals treating 8% of the annual burden of hip fractures in England between 1st March and 30th April, 2020 was performed. Patients whose surgical treatment was payable through the National Health Service Best Practice Tariff mechanism for "fragility hip fractures" were included in the study. Patients' 120-day mortality was assessed relative to their peri-operative COVID-19 status. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 27.@*RESULTS@#A total of 746 patients were included in this study, of which 87 (11.7%) were COVID-19 positive. Mortality rates at 30- and 120-day were significantly higher for COVID-19 positive patients relative to COVID-19 negative patients (p < 0.001). However, mortality rates between 31 and 120-day were not significantly different (p = 0.107), 16.1% and 9.4% respectively for COVID-19 positive and negative patients, odds ratio 1.855 (95% CI 0.865-3.978).@*CONCLUSION@#Hip fracture patients with concurrent COVID-19 infection, provided that they are alive at day-31 after injury, have no significant difference in 120-day mortality. Despite the growing awareness and concern of "long-COVID" and its widespread prevalence, this does not appear to increase medium-term mortality rates after a hip fracture.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , State Medicine , United Kingdom/epidemiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 118-121, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928482

ABSTRACT

Intertrochanteric fractures have become a severe public health problem in elderly patients. Proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) is a commonly used intramedullary fixation device for unstable intertrochanteric fractures. Pelvic perforation by cephalic screw is a rare complication. We reported an 84-year-old female who fell at home and sustained an intertrochanteric fracture. The patient underwent surgery with PFNA as the intramedullary fixation device. Routine postoperative examination revealed medial migration of the helical blade that eventually caused pelvic perforation. We performed a cemented total hip arthroplasty as the savage procedure. At the latest follow-up of 12 months after total hip arthroplasty, the patient had no pain or loosening of the prosthesis in the left hip. Pelvic perforation should be considered when choosing PFNA as the intramedullary fixation device, especially in patients with severe osteoporosis wherein the helical blade can be easily inserted during the operation. The lack of devices to avoid oversliding of the helical blade in PFNA is an unreported cause of this complication and should be considered in such cases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Female , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the incidence and risk factors of readmission of elderly patients with hip fracture after hip hemiarthroplasty.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 237 elderly hip fracture patients who underwent hip hemiarthroplasty from February 2015 to October 2020 were performed. According to the readmission status of the patients at 3 months postoperatively, the patients were divided into readmission group (39 cases)and non-readmission group(198 cases). In readmission group, there were 7 males and 32 females with an average age of(84.59±4.34) years old, respectively, there were 34 males and 164 females with average age of (84.65±4.17) years old in non-readmission group. The general information, surgical status, hip Harris score and complications of patients in two groups were included in univariate analysis, and multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze independent risk factors of patients' readmission.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of complications(cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease) in readmission group was significantly higher than that of non-readmission group (P<0.05), and intraoperative blood loss in readmission group was significantly higher than that of non-readmission group(P<0.05). Harris score of hip joint was significantly lower than that of non-readmission group(P<0.05). The proportion of infection, delirium, joint dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis in readmission group were significantly higher than that of non-readmission group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors for readmission of elderly patients with hip fracture after hip hemiarthroplasty included cerebral infarction, infection, delirium, dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The complications of the elderly patients who were readmission after hip hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures were significantly higher than those who were non-readmission. Cerebral infarction, infection, delirium, dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis are risk factors that lead to patient readmission. Corresponding intervention measures can be taken clinically based on these risk factors to reduce the incidence of patient readmissions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Cerebral Infarction/surgery , Delirium , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Hemiarthroplasty/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Patient Readmission , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928325

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between preoperative waiting time and prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2018, 333 elderly hip fracture patients undergoing surgery were retrospectively analyzed, including 104 males and 229 females, aged from 60 to 99 years with an average of (77.93±8.49) years, and 183 patients were femoral neck fracture, 150 patients were femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Among them, 269 patients (80.78%) had a clustered preoperative waiting time of 2 to 8 days, and then divided into within 4-day group(91 cases) and over 4-day group(242 cases) according to their preoperative waiting time. The survival situation was followed by telephone, and follow-up time started from fracture admission to the death event, or to the research deadline (December 31, 2019). The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and Cox risk proportion model was used to analyze the independent risk factors of hip fracture in elderly patients.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 75 months(means 35 months), 59 patients died and the mortality rate was 17.72%(59/333). Compared with within 4-day group, the mortality rate was higher in over 4-day group[20.66%(50/242) vs. 9.89%(9/91), χ2=5.263, P=0.022]. Multiariable Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative waiting time, age, male and Charlson comorbidity index were independent risk factors for the prognosis of hip fracture in elderly patients (all P<0.05), and every 1-day delay was associated with 5% increase of the risk of death[HR=1.05, 95%CI(1.00-1.10), P=0.045]. Subsequent analyse was stratified according to the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and found that over 4-day group had a higher mortality rate in patients with CCI<2, with statistically significant difference(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For elderly patients with hip fracture, most of hospitals could not complete the hip fracture surgery within 48 hours, we also need to shorten the waiting time before surgery, and thereby improve their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and related risk factors of healthy side fracture after hip fracture surgery in the elderly, so as to provide basis for the prevention of re-fracture.@*METHODS@#The data of 452 patients over 65 years old with femoral neck fracture or intertrochanteric fracture treated with hip arthroplasty or proximal femoral intramedullary nailing from June 2012 to June 2017 were analyzed, including 168 males and 284 females, the age ranged from 65 to 97(75.5±7.5) years. There were 191 cases of femoral neck fracture and 261 cases of femoral intertrochanteric fracture. According to whether there was a fracture in the healthy hip after operation, the patients were divided into fracture group and no fracture group. The gender, age, body mass index, fracture type, initial treatment method, bone mineral density, bed time, medical compliance, postoperative short-term delirium, whether there were medical diseases before injury and Harris score of hip joint in the final follow-up were recorded. Univariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen out the risk factors of healthy side fracture after operation, and then statistically significant risk factors were included in multi factor Logistic regression analysis to screen out the independent risk factors of healthy side fracture after operation of hip fracture in the elderly.@*RESULTS@#Among them, 42 of the 452 patients had hip fractures on the healthy side with an incidence of 9.3%. The average interval between the two fractures was (2.9±2.1) years. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that there were significant differences in age, bone mineral density, medical compliance, short-term postoperative deliriun, pre-injury complicated with medical diseases and Harris score of hip joint in the final follow-up (P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that age(OR=4.227), bone mineral density(OR=4.313), combined with medical diseases (OR=5.616) and low hip Harris score at the final follow-up (OR=3.891) were independent risk factors for healthy side fractures after hip fracture surgery in elderly(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The age, bone mineral density, combined with medical diseases and low Harris score of hip joint in the final follow-up are the main risk factors of healthy side fracture after hip fracture in the elderly. It is necessary to strengthen the treatment of medical diseases, anti osteoporosis and improve hip joint function within 3 years after operation, so as to prevent the occurrence of healthy side hip fracture.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Density , Female , Femoral Fractures , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Risk Factors
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression(IPC) combined with 3M thermometer on the prevention of deep venous thrombosis(DVT) in patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to August 2019, 127 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures who underwent proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups according to different methods of thrombus prevention and treatment. Among them, 63 patients in group A did not use IPC and 3M thermometer;64 cases in group B were treated with IPC combined with 3M thermometer. Color Doppler ultrasound was used to dynamically monitor the DVT and changes of lower limbs during perioperative period. The venous thrombosis of lower limbs was monitored at 0, 24, 72 h and > 72 h after operation(recheck every 3 days until discharge).@*RESULTS@#Occurrence of DVT of lower limbs after PFNA operation in two groups:there were 5 cases (7.8%) in group B and 20 cases (31.7%) in group A, there was significant difference between two groups (P=0.001). There was no significant difference in lower limb DVT between two groups at 0, 72 and > 72 h after operation(P>0.05), but the formation rate of group A was significantly higher than that of group B at 24 h after operation (P=0.049). There was no significant difference in DVT formation between group A and group B(P>0.05). However, the formation of DVT in group A was significantly higher than that in group B(P=0.012).@*CONCLUSION@#Intraoperative IPC combined with 3M thermostat can effectively prevent DVT of lower limbs in patients undergoing PFNA surgery.


Subject(s)
Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928319

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the risk factors of stroke after of elderly patients with hip fracture after operation.@*METHODS@#From March 2012 to June 2017, 500 elderly patients with hip fracture who underwent hip replacement were selected, including 286 males and 214 females, aged from 60 to 76 years old with an average of (68.49±11.85) years. They were divided into stroke group with 30 cases and control group with 470 cases according to the occurrence of acute stroke within two weeks after operation. The general data and serum contents of cytokines IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were compared between the two groups. The overall survival of the two groups were followed up.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in sex, age, anesthesia method, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, preoperative IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α contenta between stroke group and control group(P>0.05). The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, intraoperative hypotension, IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α contenta 1 day and 3 days after operation of stroke group were significantly higher than control group(P<0.05);up to the date of follow-up, the cumulative survival rate of stroke patients were significantly lower than those of the control group(P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that intraoperative hypotension, elevated contents of serum IL-1 and TNF-α at 1 and 3 days after operation were risk factors for acute stroke.@*CONCLUSION@#Postoperative stroke in elderly patients with hip fracture affects the prognosis of the disease. The increase of inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α after operation is an independent risk factor for stroke.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cytokines , Female , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Hypotension , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Stroke/etiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between hemoglobin(Hb) level on admission and survival prognosis of patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to October 2018, 249 elderly patients with hip fracture were surgically treated including 62 males and 187 females;the age ranged from 60 to 91(73.67±10.52) years;the time from injury to operation was (6.79±2.27) d. The clinical and laboratory examination results were collected. The Hb level at admission and the mortality at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were observed. According to the Hb level at admission, the patients were divided into Hb<120 g/L and Hb≥120 g/L groups. The survival conditions of the two groups at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were compared and analyzed. Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of Hb level on death 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation.@*RESULTS@#The mortality rates at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were 5.22%, 9.24%, 16.87% and 20.48% respectively. The level of Hb at admission was a risk factor for prognosis and death 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation(P<0.05). The OR(95% CI) were 2.431(1.475-4.006), 2.625(1.468-4.695), 2.276(1.320-3.925) and 2.082(1.221-3.551) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The level of Hb at admission can affect the survival and prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture. We should further study how to manage the level of Hb before operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Hemoglobins/analysis , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
19.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e500, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341245

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Hip fracture pain is frequently acute and disabling and increases perioperative complications in the patient; hence it requires a multimodal analgesia approach. This case series describes the continuous erector spinae plane block at the lumbar level for hip fracture analgesia. Methods A search was conducted of patients with hip fracture referred to the pain service of Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación (HUSVF) from August 2019 to March 2020, who had undergone continuous erector spinae plane block as part of their analgesic regimen. Results A total of 6 patients, 4 females and 2 males with an average age of 75 years were identified. A reduction in pain intensity from acute to mild or absent was observed in every case, up to 24 hours after the initial injection. 66 % experienced a relapse of severe pain after 24 hours and 2 patients the catheter functionality failed after 24 hours. One patient underwent dermatome pinprick assessment. Conclusions The continuous erector spinae plane block with a single injection provided analgesic efficacy similar to other single injection peripheral blocks, although continuous analgesia for more than 24 hours was not achieved. Some variations in the block technique described may improve the analgesic effectiveness in patients with hip fracture pain.


Resumen Introducción El dolor de la fractura de cadera suele ser fuerte e incapacitante y aumenta las complicaciones perioperatorias en el paciente, lo que hace indispensable el enfoque de analgesia multimodal. En esta serie de casos se describe la experiencia del bloqueo continuo del plano erector de la espina a nivel lumbar para analgesia en fractura de cadera. Métodos Se realizó una búsqueda de los pacientes con fractura de cadera remitidos al servicio de dolor del Hospital Universitario San Vicente fundación (HUSVF) desde agosto de 2019 hasta marzo de 2020, a quienes se les realizó bloqueo continuo del plano erector de la espina como parte de su esquema analgésico. Resultados Se encontraron 6 pacientes, 4 mujeres y 2 hombres, con una edad promedio de 75 años. Se observó reducción de la intensidad del dolor de fuerte a leve o ausente en todos los casos hasta las 24 horas posteriores a la inyección inicial. El 66 % tuvo recaída del dolor fuerte posterior a las 24 horas y en 2 pacientes no se logró funcionalidad del catéter por más de 24 horas. En un paciente se hizo evaluación dermatómica por pinprick (prueba de pinchazo). Conclusiones El bloqueo continuo del plano erector de la espina con inyección única ofreció eficacia analgésica similar a otros bloqueos periféricos en inyección única, aunque no se logró analgesia continua con el catéter por más de 24 horas. Ciertas variaciones en la técnica del bloqueo descrita podrían mejorar la efectividad analgésica en pacientes con dolor por fractura de cadera.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pain , Hip Fractures , Spine , Analgesia , Anesthesia, Conduction
20.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e410, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357326

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas de la cadera ocupan uno de los propósitos más importantes de la cirugía traumatológica. El uso de la artroplastia como regla de oro en el tratamiento quirúrgico de las mismas, es el fundamento del trabajo. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con diagnóstico de fractura de cadera, intervenidos con artroplastia total y parcial y estudiar la mortalidad, según el tipo de prótesis utilizada. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal retrospectivo en 1506 pacientes del Hospital Ortopédico Docente Fructuoso Rodríguez entre 2015 y 2019, portadores de fractura de cadera, y tratados con artroplastia. Se analizaron variables tales como edad, sexo y comorbilidades presentes. Resultados: Se colocaron prótesis totales a 427 pacientes y en 1079 se utilizó la modalidad de prótesis parcial. Predominaron las personas entre 61 y 80 años de edad. El sexo femenino prevaleció en el estudio, con una relación 3:1. Predominó el grupo de pacientes con 1 o 2 enfermedades asociadas. La mortalidad < 30 días resultó el 1,1 por ciento y ≥ 30 días el 9,2 por ciento. Conclusiones: La utilización de prótesis totales dista mucho de la media interpuesta actualmente en el mundo, donde la prótesis total se maneja como herramienta de elección. Las prótesis parciales quedan reservadas para pacientes que tienen una corta expectativa de vida y muy poco validismo(AU)


Introduction: Traumatic hip injuries occupy one of the most important purposes of trauma surgery. The use of arthroplasty as a golden rule in their surgical treatment is the foundation of the work. Objectives: To characterize patients with a diagnosis of hip fracture, who underwent total and partial arthroplasty and to study mortality, according to the type of prosthesis used. Methods: A descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out in 1506 patients from Fructuoso Rodríguez Orthopedic Teaching Hospital from 2015 to 2019, with hip fracture, and treated with arthroplasty. Variables such as age, sex, and present comorbidities were analyzed. Results: Total prostheses were placed in 427 patients and in 1079 the partial prosthesis modality was used. Persons between 61 and 80 years of age predominated. The female sex prevailed in this study, with a 3: 1 ratio. The group of patients with 1 or 2 associated diseases predominated. Mortality <30 days was 1.1 percent and ≥30 days was 9.2 percent. Conclusions: The use of total prostheses is far from the current average in the world, where the total prosthesis is used as the tool of choice. Partial prostheses are reserved for patients who have short life expectancy and very little validity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty/methods , Comorbidity , Hip Fractures/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Joint Prosthesis
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