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1.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1): 38-42, 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378781

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Determinar la prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas en pacientes con antecedente de reemplazo de cadera que ingresaron a un servicio de ortopedia entre el 2010 al 2018. Materiales y métodos 709 pacientes fueron atendidos, pero solo 15 pacientes presentaron fracturas periprotésicas. Resultados La prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas fue del 2.1% (IC 95%: 1.05; 3.17). La mayor parte de los casos se presentaron en el sexo femenino con un porcentaje de 53,3%, con edad promedio de 74.2 año. Las principales causas de fractura periprotésica fueron el trauma en la cadera por caída desde su propia altura. Solo el 12.12% presentaron alguna complicación local o sistémica. Conclusiones La prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas fue menor del 3%; esta patología depende de distintos factores que se deben tener en cuenta al momento de realizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos.


Objective To determine the prevalence of periprosthetic fractures in patients with a history of hip replacement admitted to an orthopedic service between 2010 and 2018. Materials and methods 709 patients were seen, but only 15 patients had periprosthetic fractures. Results The prevalence of periprotic fractures was 2.1% (95% CI: 1.05; 3.17). The majority of cases occurred in females with a percentage of 53.3%, with an average age of 74.2 years. The main causes of periprotic fracture were hip trauma from falling from its own height. Only 12.12% presented some local or systemic complication. Conclusions The prevalence of periprosthetic fractures was less than 3%; this pathology depends on different factors that must be taken into account when performing surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hip Fractures , Femoral Fractures , Hip Prosthesis
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928476

ABSTRACT

Prosthetic infection is one of the severe postoperative complications of arthroplasty. Mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection is rare but can be disastrous. This case was a 76-year-old female suffered from prosthetic infection following total hip replacement due to femoral neck fracture and underwent multiple debridements. The culture of periprosthetic tissue was bacteriologically sterile following the first debridement, while the Staphylococcus hominis was identified in the second debridement in the previous hospitalization where fungal infection had not been considered. Thus the pathogen spectrum of anti-infection therapy failed to contain fungus. Ultimately, the culture result of our sampled periprosthetic tissue during the third debridement was Candida albicans without bacterium in our hospital. The fungal prosthetic infection was successfully treated by a two-stage revision with antifungal drugs. Accurate diagnosis and standardized treatment is the key to the therapy of infection after hip arthroplasty, especially for mixed bacterial-fungal prosthetic infection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Debridement , Female , Fungi , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Humans , Mycoses/drug therapy , Prosthesis-Related Infections/therapy , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the anteversion angle of acetabular prosthesis can be evaluated on the anteroposterior X-ray film of common double hip joint.@*METHODS@#Total 32 patients(41 hips) after total hip arthroplasty were selected, including 18 males and 14 females, aged(66.2±4.1) years. All patients completed the positive X-ray film of both hips and plain CT scan of pelvis after operation. Acetabular anteversion was measured by plain CT scan of pelvis, and measured by Saka and other measurement formulas on X-ray film.@*RESULTS@#The acetabular anteversion measured by X-ray film was(16.2±5.0)° and that measured by CT was (31.8±9.7)°(P=0.00). In addition, there was a significant linear correlation between X-ray film and CT(Pearson correlation coefficient (r=0.84, P=0.00).@*CONCLUSION@#CT can accurately measure the acetabular anteversion, but it has obvious disadvantages, such as large radiation, high cost, phantom CT artifact and so on. Although Saka measurement formula can not directly obtain the accurate acetabular anteversion as CT measurement, it has a high correlation with the acetabular anteversion measured by CT. Therefore, the method proposed in this study can also preliminarily evaluate the acetabular anteversion.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Female , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Pelvis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928274

ABSTRACT

The choice of friction interface has always been a controversial topic in hip arthroplasty. Although the metal-on-metal (MoM) interface has gradually faded out of our vision, its revision is a clinical difficulty. Adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) is the most common indication for MoM hip arthroplasty revision, and the clinical results of hip arthroplasty due to ARMD are not satisfactory. At present, the indications and suggestions for revision of ARMD are not uniform. In this article, the clinical diagnosis, indications of revision, risk factors of prognosis, intraoperative suggestions and reasons for revision of ARMD were summarized. This article briefly introduces the diagnosis and treatment strategies and precautions of hip arthroplasty due to ARMD, in order to provide reference for such patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Humans , Metal-on-Metal Joint Prostheses/adverse effects , Prosthesis Design , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928270

ABSTRACT

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a major cause of hip arthritis and ultimately total hip arthroplasty. Due to the dysplastic acetabulum, how to place the acetabular cup becomes a challenge in acetabular reconstruction for such patients. Especially in the acetabula classified as Crowe typeⅡand type Ⅲ, the dislocation of the femoral head causes bone defects above the true acetabulum, which will affect the stability of the acetabular cup when the acetabular reconstruction is performed at the true acetabulum. Many acetabular reconstruction methods such as bone grafting, the use of small acetabular cups, socket medialization technique, and high hip center technique are used to increase the host bone coverage of the cup. However, each method has its own shortcomings that can not be ignored so that there is no unified conclusion on the acetabular reconstruction methods for Crowe typeⅡand type Ⅲ hip dysplasia. This article summarized and evaluated various reconstruction methods in combination with the acetabular morphology of DDH, and put forward the research direction in the future.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of porous tantalum Jumbo cup on acetabular reconstruction in revision of total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to December 2017, 18 patients(18 hips) with acetabular defect were reconstructed by porous tantalum Jumbo cup technology, including 6 males and 12 females;the age ranged from 54 to 76 years old with an average of(63.8±15.3) years. There were 6 cases of paprosky typeⅡA, 8 cases of typeⅡB, 2 cases of typeⅡC and 2 cases of type Ⅲ a. Harris score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were performed before and after operation. Imaging examination was performed to evaluate the position of hip rotation center and prosthesis, and to judge whether acetabular loosening, displacement and complications existed.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 13 to 49 months, with an average of 20.6 months. Harris score increased from 54.6±4.7 to 86.5±3.2 one year after operation(P<0.01), and VAS score decreased from 6.8±0.7 to 0.8±0.6 one year after operation (P<0.01). The transverse coordinate of hip rotation center was (3.52±0.72) cm before operation and (3.47±0.54) cm after operation (P>0.05). The longitudinal coordinate of hip rotation center was improved from (3.02±0.84) cm before operation to (2.35±0.53) cm after operation (P<0.01). During the follow-up period, the Jumbo cup was well fixed without loosening and displacement, the acetabular cup had bone ingrowth in varying degrees, and no light transmission line and osteolysis around the acetabular cup were found. No complications such as infection and nerve injury occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The method of reconstructing acetabular bone defect with porous tantalum Jumbo cup is simple and easy, the early stability of acetabulum is good, and the short-term follow-up effect is good.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Porosity , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Tantalum , Treatment Outcome
7.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): 47-52, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378503

ABSTRACT

Introducción El posicionamiento adecuado de la copa acetabular en el reemplazo total de cadera (RTC) puede mejorar la función, reducir el desgaste, el pinzamiento y la luxación. La posición de la copa se describe como la relación espacial entre el centro de rotación de la cadera y la pelvis. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el posicionamiento de una copa monobloque no cementada en el posoperatorio inmediato de los pacientes a quienes se les realizo un RTC primario. Materiales y Métodos Estudio observacional descriptivo, los pacientes fueron operados por 4 cirujanos especialistas en cirugía de reemplazo articular de cadera en 8 clínicas, los procedimientos se realizaron entre octubre de 2015 a agosto de 2018, las medidas radiológicas fueron la inclinación, anteversión, lateralización, porcentaje de descubrimiento y espacio detrás de la copa acetabular. Resultados Los mayores porcentajes son para las copas acetabulares con inclinación de 36 a 48 grados, anteversión de 5 a 15 grados, lateralización de -2 a +2mm, porcentaje de descubrimiento del 0% y espacio detrás de la copa de 0 a 3mm. Discusión Diferentes autores han identificado zonas seguras de implantación las cuales concuerdan con los resultados de nuestro estudio. El posicionamiento adecuado de la copa acetabular monobloque no cementada se pudo lograr con una correcta indicación del implante, un abordaje quirúrgico que permitió una ubicación tridimensional idónea y un acetábulo sin alteraciones anatómicas a nivel periférico.


Background Appropriate positioning of the acetabular cup in total hip arthroplasty (THA) can improve hip function, reduce wear, impingement and dislocation. The position of the cup is described as the spatial relationship between the centre of rotation of the hip and the pelvis. The aim of this study is to describe the positioning of the uncemented monoblock cup in the immediate postoperative period in patients who underwent a primary THA. Methods Descriptive observational study. The patients were operated by 4 joints arthroplasty surgeons in 8 different hospitals, from October 2015 to August 2018. The radiological measurements were taken from the AP Pelvis Xrays of the immediate postoperative. The inclination, anteversion, lateralization, percentage of cup uncovered and the space behind the acetabular cup. Results 82.05% of the cups were in the range of inclination from 36 to 48 degrees; 85.71% had an anteversion between 5 to 15 degrees, 76.56% presented a lateralization of -2 to +2mm, 94.51% of the patients didnt have a uncover cup, and 92.67% of the cups had a space behind the cup from 0 to 3mm. Discussion In our study the highest percentage of cups were implanted with parameters agree to the safety areas reported by various authors. Adequate positioning of the uncemented monoblock acetabular cup can be achieved with a proper indication, a surgical approach that allows an ideal three-dimensional location and an acetabulum with a good peripheral rim that provides the required press-fit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hip Prosthesis , Osteoarthritis , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of total hip arthroplasty with conventional instrument OCM approach and posterolateral approach in supine position.@*METHODS@#From February 2017 to January 2019, 67 patients underwent hip arthroplasty due to hip diseases, including 21 patients in the minimally invasive group, 12 males and 9 females;there were 10 cases of femoral neck fracture, 5 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 6 cases of hip osteoarthritis. In the traditional group, 46 cases were treated by traditional posterolateral approach, including 28 males and 18 females;there were 24 cases of femoral neck fracture, 12 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 10 cases of hip osteoarthritis. All patientsused biological ceramic artificial joint prosthesis. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, incision length, preoperative and postoperative creatine kinase (CK-NAC), underground activity time, hospital stay, abduction angle and anteversion angle of prosthesis were observed and compared between two groups. Harris scores before operation and 12 months after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 14 to 26(18.4±3.6) months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, postoperative anteversion and abduction angle between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two approaches of total hip arthroplasty can obtain satisfactory results.OCM approach has less damage and rapid postoperative recovery. It is a reliable surgical approach and can be popularized and used.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Supine Position , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of liquid crystal digital display goniometer in total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 83 patients underwent primary total hip arthroplasty, including 28 males and 55 females, aged 42 to 81 (70.4±7.9) years. There were 63 cases of femoral neck fracture and 20 cases of avascular necrosis of femoral head. All patients used liquid crystal digital goniometer to control the anteversion of acetabular cup prosthesis during operation, and CT scanning was used to measure the anteversion of acetabular cup after operation. The two methods were compared to understand the accuracy of using liquid crystal digital goniometer.@*RESULTS@#Postoperative CT measurement showed that the acetabular anteversion of all patients was in the safe area advocated by Lewinnek. The anteversion angle of acetabular cup measured by liquid crystal digital goniometer was 14.20(12.80 to 15.40)°, and the anteversion angle of acetabular cup measured by postoperative CT scan was 14.20 (13.40 to 15.50)°. There was no significant difference between the two (@*CONCLUSION@#It is an accurate and reliable method to control the anteversion of acetabular cup with liquid crystal digital display angle instrument, which has a good auxiliary reference value.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Liquid Crystals , Male , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888212

ABSTRACT

The rotation center of traditional hip disarticulation prosthesis is often placed in the front and lower part of the socket, which is asymmetric with the rotation center of the healthy hip joint, resulting in poor symmetry between the prosthesis movement and the healthy lower limb movement. Besides, most of the prosthesis are passive joints, which need to rely on the amputee's compensatory hip lifting movement to realize the prosthesis movement, and the same walking movement needs to consume 2-3 times of energy compared with normal people. This paper presents a dynamic hip disarticulation prosthesis (HDPs) based on remote center of mechanism (RCM). Using the double parallelogram design method, taking the minimum size of the mechanism as the objective, the genetic algorithm was used to optimize the size, and the rotation center of the prosthesis was symmetrical with the rotation center of the healthy lower limb. By analyzing the relationship between the torque and angle of hip joint in the process of human walking, the control system mirrored the motion parameters of the lower on the healthy side, and used the parallel drive system to provide assistance for the prosthesis. Based on the established virtual prototype simulation platform of solid works and Adams, the motion simulation of hip disarticulation prosthesis was carried out and the change curve was obtained. Through quantitative comparison with healthy lower limb and traditional prosthesis, the scientificity of the design scheme was analyzed. The results show that the design can achieve the desired effect, and the design scheme is feasible.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Artificial Limbs , Biomechanical Phenomena , Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Prosthesis Design , Range of Motion, Articular , Walking
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879468

ABSTRACT

Since the concept of "safe area" put forward by Lewinnek, it has been widely recognized. While in recent years, many scholars have found that even if the acetabular prosthesis was placed on the "safe area", there were still many unexplained dislocation after total hip arthroplasty. And scholars began to question whether the "safe area" is really suitable for all patients. Spinal degeneration, deformity, lumbar fusion, etc. will lead to spine sagittal imbalance and changes in pelvic activity, which could lead to changes in acetabular orientation, and ultimately lead to edge loading, wear, impact, and even dislocation after total hip replacement. From the perspective of wear, impact and dislocation, it is determined by the functional positioning of the acetabular cup, not the anatomical positioning. The anatomical positioning and functional positioning of the neutral pelvic acetabular cup in the standing position can be considered equivalent. For pelvic rotation more than 20°, functional placement needs to be considered. In recent years, as the understanding of the internal relationship between the spine-pelvis-hip joint has become more and more profound, some scholars further classify the hip-spine relationship according to whether the spine is stiff or deformed, and propose corresponding acetabulums according to different types of hip-spine relationships The function of placement, so as to achieve a stable artificial hip joint. Therefore, it is of great significance to fully assess whether the patient's sagittal plane is balanced before surgery to guide artificial hip replacement surgery.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Spine
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the clinical efficacy of different types of surgical treatment of periprosthetic femoral fracture(PFF) after hip arthroplasty (HA).@*METHODS@#From September 2010 to September 2016, 47 patients (47 hips) with periprosthetic fractures after total hip arthroplasty were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 34 females. According to Vancouver classification, there were 2 patients with type AG, 17 patients with type B1, 19 patients with type B2, 7 patients with type B3 and 2 patients with type C. The age of patients ranged from 56 to 94 (71.5±8.3) years. After admission, nutritional risk screening (NRS2002) was used to assess the nutritionalstatus of the patients. Eighteen patients (38%) had malnutrition risk (NRS>3 points). After admission, the patients were given corresponding surgical treatment according to different types. Intraoperative blood loss was recorded. Harris score was used to evaluate the hip function. VAS pain score was performed on admission and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the 47 patients were followed up for 19 to 62 (34±11) months. The Harris scores were (41.8±12.1) and (89.0±2.6) respectively before and 1 year after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of hip periprosthetic fracture patients should be based on the general situation of patients, imaging data, intraoperative correction classification, etc. to develop individualized treatment plan in line with patients. For patients with preoperative malnutrition risk, preoperative nutritional intervention may reduce intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periprosthetic Fractures/surgery , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(4): 317-324, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1351407

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo para evaluar los resultados funcionales, las complicaciones y las reoperaciones del tratamiento con prótesis bipolar en adultos mayores con fracturas intertrocantéricas inestables de cadera. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó a pacientes >70 años con fracturas laterales inestables de cadera operados entre 2002 y 2013. Las fracturas se clasificaron según la OTA/AO. Se analizaron los días de internación, el índice de Charlson, el día que comenzaron la marcha, la necesidad de asistencia para deambular, toda complicación relacionada con el procedimiento y la tasa de reoperaciones. Resultados: Se incluyeron 100 pacientes (84 mujeres y 16 hombres) con 101 fracturas. La edad promedio era de 82.4 años (rango 72-102). Cincuenta y nueve fracturas eran del subtipo A2.2 y 42, del A2.3. El índice de Charlson promedio fue de 6,23 (rango 4-9) y el tiempo promedio de internación, de 6.95 días (rango 5-18). El 87% comenzó la marcha al segundo día poscirugía. El HHS promedio fue de 84,7 (rango 69-92) y el seguimiento promedio, de 28.4 meses (rango 12-40). Hubo 7 (6,93%) complicaciones: 2 (1,98%) trombosis venosas profundas, 1 (0,99%) tromboembolismo pulmonar, 3 infecciones (2,97%) y 1 (0,99%) luxación. La tasa de reoperaciones fue del 2,97%. Las complicaciones se relacionaron significativamente con la edad (p = 0,005) y el índice de Charlson (odds ratio 2,8071; IC95% 1,4105-5,58669). Conclusiones: El tratamiento con prótesis bipolar permitió una rápida rehabilitación con puntajes funcionales buenos o excelentes en el 93% de la serie, asociados a una baja tasa de complicaciones y de reoperaciones


Introduction: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the functional outcomes, complications, and reoperations for the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric hip fractures by bipolar hip arthroplasty in elderly patients. Materials and Methods: We analyzed >70-year-old patients with unstable intertrochanteric hip fractures undergoing surgery between 2002 and 2013. Fractures were classified according to the OTA/AO classification. The analysis included length of hospital stay (LOS), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), time to weight-bearing, need for weight-bearing assistance, all complications related to the procedure, and the reoperations rate. Results: Study population consisted of 100 patients (84 females, 16 males), with 101 fractures. Average age was 82.4 years (range, 72-102 years). Fractures were categorized as A2.2 in 59 cases and A2.3 in 42 cases. The average CCI was 6.23 (range, 4-9). The average LOS was 6.95 days (range, 5-18). Weight-bearing ambulation started on postoperative day 2 in 87.12% of cases. The average Harris hip score (HHS) was 84.7 (range, 69-92). The average follow-up period was 28.4 months (range, 12-40). There were 7 (6.93%) complications: 2 (1.98%) deep venous thrombosis, 1 (0.99%) pulmonary thromboembolism, 3 (2.97%) periprosthetic infections and 1 (0.99%) dislocation. The reoperation rate was 2.97%. Complications were significantly related to age (P=0.005) and to ICC (odds ratio [OR]: 2.8071; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4105-5.58669). Conclusions: Bipolar prostheses allowed for early rehabilitation with acceptable functional outcomes, associated with a low complication rate (6.93%) and a low reoperation rate (2.97%)


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome , Hip Fractures , Hip Prosthesis
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 708-714, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156187

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the incidence of prosthetic instability in a consecutive series of 42 cases of total hip arthroplasty using dual mobility cup. Methods A retrospective study of 38 patients undergoing primary or revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the acetabular dual-mobility cup (DMC) implant between January 2012 and January 2018. The rates of complications and instability after surgery were evaluated. Results In total, 42 arthroplasties were performed in 38 patients, with a minimum follow-up of 16 months. The mean age of the sample was 60 years. In 38 cases, we used a cementless DMC, and, in the other 4 cases, a cemented DMC. There were no cases of early or late instability. Conclusion The series herein presented proves the good result of the DMC in cases of primary arthroplasty, complex and complicated cases of failed osteosynthesis of proximal femoral fractures, and revision for THA instability. The absence of episodes of prosthetic instability and complications in complex cases of primary and revision THA increases the confidence in this concept.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a incidência de instabilidade protética em uma série consecutiva de 42 casos de artroplastia total do quadril com uso do acetábulo de dupla mobilidade. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de 39 pacientes que passaram por artroplastia total de quadril (ATQ) primária ou de revisão usando taça de dupla mobilidade (TDM) acetabular entre janeiro de 2012 e janeiro de 2018. Foram avaliadas as taxas de complicações e de instabilidade após a cirurgia. Resultados Foram feitas 42 artroplastias em 38 pacientes, com um seguimento mínimo de 16 meses. A média de idade da amostra foi de 60 anos. Em 38 casos, usamos TDM sem cimento, e nos outros 4 casos, TDM cimentada. Não houve instabilidade precoce ou tardia. Conclusão A série aqui apresentada prova o bom resultado da TDM em artroplastias primárias, casos complexos e complicados de falha de osteossíntese de fratura proximal do fêmur, e cirurgia de revisão por instabilidade na ATQ. A falta de episódios de instabilidade prostética e complicações em casos complexos de ATQ primária ou de revisão aumentou a confiança nesse conceito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Prosthesis , Hospitals, University , Acetabulum
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 262-269, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1340625

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta un caso de un hombre de 31 años con fractura de fémur. Los estudios complementarios mostraron una imagen compatible con lesión quística. El primer estudio por biopsia de dicho quiste informó erróneamente un quiste simple. Se realizó una osteosíntesis con enclavado endomedular. El paciente tuvo una evolución tórpida asociada a imágenes líticas diafisarias y pérdida de la reducción de la fractura. Se retiró el material y se tomaron muestras del canal endomedular, cuyo cultivo reveló Pseudomonas aeruginosa y restos de quistes hidatídicos en la anatomía patológica. En nuestro centro, fue tratado por una seudoartrosis infectada secundaria a un quiste óseo hidatídico complicado. Se le colocó un megaespaciador de cemento con antibiótico y, luego, una prótesis total de fémur como tratamiento definitivo. El compromiso óseo es muy raro y de difícil diagnóstico, y puede llevar a una diseminación severa. Si bien no hay consenso ni tratamiento de elección para los casos graves, el reemplazo femoral total en dos tiempos representa una opción alentadora para conservar el miembro, con resultados satisfactorios a corto y mediano plazo.


Abstract We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient presenting a femoral fracture whose complementary studies revealed an image consistent with a cystic lesion. The first biopsy study of this cyst erroneously reported a simple cyst. Osteosynthesis with intramedullary nailing was performed. The patient had a poor postoperative course associated with diaphyseal osteolytic images and loss of fracture reduction. The material was removed and intramedullary canal specimens were taken, which were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and revealed remains of hydatid cysts through pathologic examination. The patient was referred to our center for the treatment of an infected pseudarthrosis secondary to a complicated hydatid bone cyst. A two-stage procedure was performed. The first stage involved the placement of an antibiotic-impregnated cement mega-spacer and the second stage involved the implantation of a total femur prosthesis as definitive treatment. The bone hydatidosis involves a challenging diagnosis, is very rare, and can cause severe dissemination. While there is no consensus or gold standard treatment for severe cases, two-stage total femoral replacement represents an encouraging option for limb preservation, showing satisfactory short- and medium-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Pseudarthrosis , Bone Cysts , Bone Diseases , Echinococcosis , Hip Prosthesis
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 353-359, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138026

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present paper aims to evaluate the influences of individual characteristics in radiographic magnification and to identify the most accurate method for radiographic calibration. Methods During radiographical exam of 50 patients with hip prosthesis, anthropometric data was collected and 4 spherical metal markers with 25 mm diameters were positioned: at the greater trochanter level and lateral to it, over the pubic symphysis, between the thighs at the greater trochanter level, and over the exam table. Since the prosthesis head is the best internal radiographic marker for hip arthroplasty, it was our calibration parameter. Two examiners measured the markers' image for further analysis. Results The sample consisted of 50 participants, 19 of whom were male. A difference in pubic symphysis magnification was found. Other individual characteristics (weight, height and body mass index) had weak correlation. The higher accuracy of the markers was at the greater trochanter, between 68.4 and 78.9%, visualized in only19 radiographs. The marker positioned between the thighs was visualized in all radiographs, with an accuracy ranging from 30 to 46%. Conclusions Of all individual characteristics, only gender influences magnification at the pubic symphysis. We suggest the use of two spherical markers: at the greater trochanter, due the best accuracy, and between the thighs, considered the best positioning for better visibility.


Resumo Objetivo Os objetivos desse artigo são avaliar as influências das características pessoais na magnificação radiográfica e identificar o método de maior acurácia e o mais adequado. Métodos Durante o exame radiográfico em 50 pacientes com prótese de quadril, foram coletados dados antropométricos e posicionados quatro marcadores metálicos esféricos: ao nível e lateral ao trocânter maior, na sínfise púbica, ao nível do trocânter maior entre as coxas, sobre a mesa do exame. A cabeça da prótese é o melhor marcador radiográfico interno e foi o nosso parâmetro de calibragem. Dois avaliadores mediram as imagens desses marcadores para análise de resultados. Resultados Foram selecionados 50 participantes, sendo 19 do sexo masculino. Houve diferença de magnificação entre os sexos na posição sínfise púbica. As outras características pessoais avaliadas (peso, altura e índice de massa corpórea) tiveram correlação fraca. A maior acurácia do marcador foi no trocânter maior, entre 68,4 e 78,9%, visualizado em apenas 19 radiografias. O marcador entre as coxas obteve acurácia entre 30 e 46% e foi visualizado em todas as radiografias. Conclusão Das características pessoais, apenas o sexo influencia a magnificação e somente na posição da sínfise púbica. Sugerimos padronizar o uso de duas esferas: no trocanter maior, pela maior acurácia, e entre as coxas, por ser o mais adequado e com melhor visibilidade em todas radiografias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Prostheses and Implants , Radiographic Magnification , Body Mass Index , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Arthroplasty, Replacement , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Gender Identity , Hip/surgery , Hip Prosthesis
17.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 47-52, ene.-feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345085

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: Anterior dislocation is a rare complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). There exist only three cases in the literature. None of them report disassembly of the prosthesis components. We present a morbidly obese woman who suffered an irreducible obturator dislocation of an infected total hip arthroplasty (THA), due to uncontrolled adduction during an early debridement surgery. Following unsuccessful closed reduction attempts, a Vancouver B2 periprosthetic fracture and disassembly of the prosthetic components were observed. Two-stage revision THA was necessary to resolve the infection and restore hip functionality. In obturator dislocation, the femoral head prosthetic can be trapped in the obturator foramen, and this may disassemble the prosthesis components during reduction maneuvers; there's also risk of periprosthetic fracture. This mandate an open reduction of the joint. Patient obesity could be a determining factor for this rare type of hip arthroplasty dislocation. Obturator dislocation is an extremely rare complication of the total hip arthroplasty, whose reductions should be handled with caution given the risks of periprosthetic fractures. In most cases, an open reduction of the joint is required. Clinical importance: Our work is likely to be of great interest because it offers tips for the management of this rare complication based on our experience.


Resumen: Introducción: La luxación anterior es una complicación poco frecuente de la artroplastia total de cadera (ATC). Sólo existen tres casos en la literatura. Ninguno de ellos informa del desmontaje de los componentes de la prótesis. Presentamos el caso una mujer obesa que sufrió una luxación irreducible de una artroplastia total de cadera (THA), la cual estaba infectada, debido a la aducción no controlada durante una cirugía de desbridamiento temprano. Después de los intentos fallidos de reducción cerrada, se presentó una fractura periprotésica clasificada como Vancouver B2 y el desmontaje de los componentes protésicos. Ameritó cirugía de revisión en dos etapas, lo cual se realizó para resolver la infección y restaurar la funcionalidad de la cadera. En la luxación obturatriz, la cabeza femoral puede quedar atrapada en el agujero obturador y, como consecuencia, favorecer la disociación de los componentes protésicos al intentar la reducción, asimismo puede favorecer un brazo de palanca que produzca una fractura periprotésica. La obesidad puede ser un factor determinante para la producción de esta rara complicación. Por todo lo anterior, se recomienda considerar de entrada la reducción abierta. La luxación obturatriz es una complicación rara en la artroplastia total de cadera; su tratamiento puede ser difícil y asociarse a fracturas. La relevancia de este caso es que permite mostrar algunas estrategias de manejo para prevenir complicaciones catastróficas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Periprosthetic Fractures/surgery , Periprosthetic Fractures/etiology , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Dislocation/etiology , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Reoperation
18.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 22-26, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345080

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: En un reemplazo total de cadera primario (RTC), diferentes materiales son los que se usan para las superficies de apoyo. En nuestro medio, las cabezas de metal o cerámica con polietileno altamente entrecruzado (PA) son los más utilizados. Estas combinaciones tienen buenos resultados, pero no es claro cuál es superior clínicamente. Basados en una revisión sistemática de la literatura y de los registros nacionales de artroplastía, el objetivo de este estudio es determinar si existe alguna diferencia significativa desde el punto de vista clínico. Material y métodos: Realizamos una revisión sistemática de la literatura y de los registros nacionales de artroplastía. Buscamos estudios en los que se compararan los tipos de superficie de contacto: cerámica-polietileno altamente entrecruzado (CP) y metal-polietileno altamente entrecruzado (MP), además de los registros nacionales de artroplastía que describieran, con un seguimiento mínimo de 10 años, la tasa de revisión según el tipo de superficie. El desenlace evaluado fue: tasa de revisión por cualquier causa según el tipo de superficie. Resultados: Dos de quince registros nacionales fueron incluidos: el registro australiano muestra una diferencia en la tasa de revisión a 15 años, comparando CP: 6.3 (IC 5.8, 6.7) contra MP: 5.1 (IC 4.6, 5.7). El registro de Nueva Zelanda no muestra diferencias en la tasa de revisión/100 componentes/año: CP de 0.54 (0.48-0.61) en comparación con MP de 0.61 (0.57-0.66). No encontramos estudios clínicos con los criterios de inclusión que respondan la pregunta de investigación. Conclusión: Los resultados de esta revisión muestran una alta supervivencia cuando se usa polietileno altamente entrecruzado; asimismo, los resultados son similares cuando se utilizan cabezas de cerámica o metálicas.


Abstract: Introduction: In primary hip replacement, different materials are used for bearing surfaces. In our medium metal or ceramic heads with highly crossed-linked polyethylene (PA) are the most used. These combinations have good results, but it is not clear which is clinically superior. The objective of this study is to determine whether there is any clinically significant difference based on a systematic review of the literature and national registries of arthroplasty. Material and methods: We conduct a systematic review of the literature and national registries of arthroplasty and we were looking for studies comparing bearing surfaces: ceramic-highly cross-linked polyethylene (CP) and metal-highly cross-linked polyethylene (MP); describing the revision rate according to the surface type with a minimum 10-year follow-up. The outcome evaluated was: review rate for any cause depending on surface type. Results: Two out of fifteen national registries were included. The Australian registry shows a difference in the 15-year revision rate: CP: 6.3 (IC 5.8, 6.7) vs MP: 5.1 (IC 4.6, 5.7). The New Zealand registry shows no differences in revision rate/100 components/year: CP 0.54 (0.48-0.61) vs MP 0.61 (0.57-0.66). We do not find clinical studies with inclusion criteria that answer the research question. Conclusion: The results of this review show a high survival rate with the use of highly cross-linked polyethylene, the results are similar when using ceramic or metal heads.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Prosthesis , Prosthesis Design , Reoperation , Australia , Prosthesis Failure , Ceramics , Polyethylene
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879377

ABSTRACT

With China's aging society, the number of patients with hemiplegia caused by cerebrovascular accident is increasing gradually. The risk of hip fracture in the first year after the onset of this kind of patients is 4 times higher than that of ordinary people, and most of them occur in the side of hemiplegia. For senile femoral neck fracture, artificial joint replacement is almost the first choice of treatment, with mature operation technology and good curative effect. At present, it is considered that if the muscle strength of hemiplegic side can reach grade III after cerebral vascular accident, hip arthroplasty can be the first choice for hemiplegic patients with hemiplegic femoral neck fracture. However, the situation of hemiplegic patients is different from that of ordinary people. The hemiplegic limbs may have muscle atrophy, muscle strength imbalance, osteoporosis and other problems, which brings difficulties to the formulation of surgical plan. This paper mainly discusses the choice of surgical approach, the use of total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty, the use of cemented prosthesis or cementless prosthesis, and how to reduce the incidence of postoperative dislocation The purpose is to provide more reference evidence for orthopedic doctors in clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Hemiarthroplasty , Hemiplegia , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of total hip arthroplasty(THA) with the prosthesis of 127° small neck stem angle and 135° large neck stem angle.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2016, 84 patients with THA were selected, including 44 males and 40 females, aged 45 to 72(53.4±8.1) years old, 68 patients with necrosis of the femoral head(32 on the left and 36 on the right), 16 patients with serious osteoarthritis of the hip caused by other reasons, and the course of disease was 9 to 36 (24.0±5.5) months. Forty-two patients in each group were evaluated by Harris score, visual analog score(VAS), length measurement of lower limbs, biomechanical evaluation of different angles of the neck stem. The complications and quality of life 24 months after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#Two patients in each group were lost, the rest were followed up for 30 to 36 (33.0±1.6)months. The Harris score and the length of both lower limbs were measured before and 1, 6, 12, 24 months after operation. The difference of Harris score and the length of both lower limbs in the two groups was significantly improved compared with that before operation(@*CONCLUSION@#THA with large and small neck stem angle prosthesis can better recover the function of hip joint, but large neck stem angle can reduce the degree of postoperative pain and improve the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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