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1.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(3): 396-402, jul.-set. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345390

ABSTRACT

Resumen La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans comprende un grupo heterogéneo de enfermedades inflamatorias cuyos principales componentes celulares son las células dendríticas y los macrófagos. El infiltrado inflamatorio puede afectar la piel y otros órganos, y el resultado clínico varía de leve a letal, dependiendo del subconjunto de células involucradas y el compromiso multisistémico. La demora en el diagnóstico puede ocurrir debido a su presentación inespecífica y a que los médicos tratantes no suelen sospecharla. Se reporta el caso de una lactante mayor a la cual, a pesar de múltiples consultas con síntomas inespecíficos pero característicos de la enfermedad, solamente se le pudo hacer el diagnóstico gracias a los hallazgos histopatológicos.


Abstract Histiocytosis comprises a heterogeneous group of inflammatory diseases whose main cellular components are dendritic cells and macrophages. The inflammatory infiltrate can affect the skin and other organs and the clinical outcome varies from mild to fatal depending on the involved cell subset and multisystemic compromise. Delay in diagnosis may occur due to its non-specific presentation and to a low suspicion on the part of the clinician. We report the case of an infant who despite multiple consultations with nonspecific but characteristic symptoms of the disease was only finally diagnosed thanks to histopathological findings.


Subject(s)
Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Pediatrics , Histiocytosis , Dermatitis, Seborrheic , Conjunctivitis
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021253, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153186

ABSTRACT

Objective : Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon entity of unknown etiology. It contains a wide range of clinical presentations. The discovery of oncogenic BRAF V600E mutation in LCH has provided additional evidence that LCH is a neoplasm. Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common cancer of the thyroid characterized by a high incidence of BRAF V600E mutations. LCH with concomitant PTC is rare, with few cases reported in the literature. Cases summary We identified two cases of LCH with concomitant papillary thyroid carcinoma in adult patients. The first was a 49-year-old female with a thyroid nodule diagnosed with papillary thyroid carcinoma. Later, the patient had a left neck mass; Ultrasound-guided lymph node FNA was diagnosed with Langerhans histiocytosis. Subsequently, a chest CT scan revealed signs of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in the lung. The second case refers to a 69-year-old male who presented with a left thyroid nodule diagnosed on FNA cytology as papillary thyroid carcinoma. The patient was found to have multiple bone lytic lesions. Biopsies revealed Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Later, the patient experienced LCH involvement of the bone marrow with associated secondary myelofibrosis. Conclusions LCH is rare in adults; the association with papillary thyroid carcinoma is reported and should be considered in the presence of Langerhans cell groups along with PTC, whether in the thyroid gland or cervical lymph nodes. Once LCH has been diagnosed, pulmonary involvement should also be investigated. This will direct treatment plans for patients with pulmonary or systemic disease involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/pathology , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Mutation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879816

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 22 months, attended the hospital due to recurrent vulvar rashes for more than half a year. Skin biopsy showed Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and evaluation of systemic conditions showed no systemic involvement. Therefore, the girl was diagnosed with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (skin type). In conclusion, for rashes on the vulva alone, if there are no specific clinical manifestations, the possibility of Langerhans cell histiocytosis should be considered after molluscum contagiosum, sexually transmitted diseases, and Fordyce disease are excluded.


Subject(s)
Developmental Disabilities , Exanthema/etiology , Female , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Infant , Vulvar Diseases/diagnosis
4.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(2): e2020154, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131819

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), a disorder of antigen-presenting cells, is the commonest disorder of the mononuclear phagocytic system. Diagnosis is always challenging due to heterogeneous clinical presentation. However, with the evolution and better understanding of its biology, many of these children are being diagnosed early and offered appropriate therapy. Despite these advances, in developing countries, an early diagnosis is still challenging due to resource constraints for specialized tests. As a result, many patients succumb to their disease. Autopsy data on LCH is notably lacking in the literature. We sought to analyze the clinical (including mutational) and morphologic features at autopsy in six proven cases of LCH. This study includes a detailed clinico-pathological and mutational analysis of 6 proven cases of LCH. Presence of BRAF V600E mutation was assessed by both Real Time PCR and Sanger sequencing. A varied spectrum of organ involvement was noted with some rare and novel morphological findings, like nodular bronchiolocentric infiltration of LCH cells, lymphovascular emboli of LCH cells, and paucity of eosinophils within the infiltrate; these features have not been described earlier. Surprisingly, all cases were negative for BRAF V600E mutation on both RQ-PCR and Sanger sequencing. The present study is perhaps the first autopsy series on LCH. This extensive autopsy analysis represents a correlation of pathological features with clinical symptoms which provides clues for a timely diagnosis and appropriate therapeutic intervention. Also, our findings hint at the low frequency of BRAF V600E mutation in our LCH patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/pathology , Autopsy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases , Early Diagnosis
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2079-2083, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of adult Langerhans cell histiocytosis(LCH) patients and to analyze the influencing factors of its prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory charac-teristics of 38 adult LCH patients treated in our hospital from January 2010 to August 2019 were retrospective analyzed, and the clinical prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 38 patients was 41 (21-65) years old, and the ratio of male and female was about 2∶1. Among 38 patients, 44.7% (17/38) were involved in multiple systems, and 31.6% (12/38) were involved in high-risk organs (including liver, lung, hematopoietic system or spleen). The bone involvement was the most common (21/38, 55.3%), and the most common clinical symptom was pain (19/38, 50.0%). The result of laboratory showed that anemia (4/38,10.5%), thrombocytopenia (1/38,2.6%), neutropenia (2/38,5.3%), lymphopenia (6/38,15.8%), monocytosis (11/38,28.9%), C-reactive protein increasing (6/21,28.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate increasing (10/18, 55.3%), and ferritin protein increasing (9/17, 55.3%). The median follow-up time was 53 months, and a total of 5 patients were died. The 10-year overall survival rate of patients with single-system involvement was 100%, which was significantly higher than that of patients with multiple-system involvement (70.1%) (P=0.0078). The prognosis of patients without risk-organ involvement was better than that of patients with risk-organ involvement (10-year overall survival rate: 100% vs 60.6%) (P=0.0007). Further analysis showed that in addition to multiple-system involvement and risk-organ involvement, the increase of peripheral blood monocyte cells and the increase of ferritin protein were also associated with poorer prognosis of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The multiple system involve-ment and risk-organ involvement, the increasing of monocyte cells and the increasing of ferritin protein were the independent risk factors of adult LCH patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Infant , Laboratories , Male , Middle Aged , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812981

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare and unexplained disease that can involve in any organ or system in the body and displays a variety of clinical manifestations. A 31-year-old man, who had a more than 10-year smoke history, initially presented dry cough, polydipsia and diuresis, with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. Pulmonary high-resolution computed tomography showed diffuse cystic and nodular lesions. Langerhans cell histiocytosis was confirmed by a transbronchial cryobiopsy. The disease is involved in the lung, pituitary, thyroid, liver, lymph node, and skin. Glucocorticoid or systemic chemotherapy is commonly used in the treatment for this disease. BRAF gene mutation inhibitor is a new direction for the treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Lung , Male , Skin , Thyroid Gland , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786279

ABSTRACT

Currently, the World Health Organization classifies Langerhans cell tumors into Langerhans cell histiocytosis and Langerhans cell sarcoma (LCS). LCS is a neoplastic proliferation of Langerhans cells showing malignant cytological features and aggressive clinical behavior with grave prognosis. Only a few cases have been reported in the available literature; therefore, to date, no definitive treatment has been established. A 64-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of an asymptomatic, slow-growing erythematous nodule measuring 0.7 cm on her scalp. The patient also reported a 3-month history of a painful swelling on the right side of her neck. Histopathological examination of a scalp biopsy specimen revealed sheets of atypical cells with hyperchromatic nucleoli and clear cytoplasm. Immunohistochemical studies revealed malignant cells positive for CD1a, CD31, CD68, and S-100 expression. Additionally, positron emission tomography–computed tomography and fine-needle aspiration revealed LCS of the cervical lymph nodes and surrounding soft tissue. We recommended surgical excision and adjunctive chemotherapy; however, the patient refused treatment and died of the disease 28 months later.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Cytoplasm , Drug Therapy , Electrons , Female , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Langerhans Cell Sarcoma , Langerhans Cells , Lymph Nodes , Middle Aged , Neck , Parotid Gland , Prognosis , Scalp , World Health Organization
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) involving the oral and maxillofacial region in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 12 children with LCH involving the oral and maxillofacial region who were hospitalized and treated from September 2012 to September 2017, including clinical manifestations, pathological features, treatment and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Of the 12 children, 8 (67%) had multiple system involvement and 7 (58%) had the involvement of organs at risk. Bone was the most common affected site (11 children, 92%), among whom 7 children had the involvement of the mandible. Oral soft tissue involvement manifested as gingival ulcer or hyperplasia in 4 children, loose teeth in 5 children, oral mucosal lesions in 2 children, and nodular lesions in 1 child. Pathological examination showed positive CDla in 11 children and positive CD207, CD68, S-100, and LCA in 12 children. Surgery combined with chemotherapy was the major treatment method, and surgical resection alone was performed for focal lesions. After treatment, 11 children were cured or improved and 1 gave up treatment and was lost to follow-up. No recurrence was observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LCH children with oral and maxillofacial involvement often have the involvement of multiple systems and organs at risk, with the mandible as the most common affected site. These children may also have the involvement of gingiva, oral mucosa and teeth. Surgery combined with chemotherapy is the major treatment method, and the patients generally have a good prognosis without recurrence.


Subject(s)
Child , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Mouth Mucosa , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1368-1380, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760302

ABSTRACT

Lung cysts are commonly seen on computed tomography (CT), and cystic lung diseases show a wide disease spectrum. Thus, correct diagnosis of cystic lung diseases is a challenge for radiologists. As the first diagnostic step, cysts should be distinguished from cavities, bullae, pneumatocele, emphysema, honeycombing, and cystic bronchiectasis. Second, cysts can be categorized as single/localized versus multiple/diffuse. Solitary/localized cysts include incidental cysts and congenital cystic diseases. Multiple/diffuse cysts can be further categorized according to the presence or absence of associated radiologic findings. Multiple/diffuse cysts without associated findings include lymphangioleiomyomatosis and Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome. Multiple/diffuse cysts may be associated with ground-glass opacity or small nodules. Multiple/diffuse cysts with nodules include Langerhans cell histiocytosis, cystic metastasis, and amyloidosis. Multiple/diffuse cysts with ground-glass opacity include pneumocystis pneumonia, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. This stepwise radiologic diagnostic approach can be helpful in reaching a correct diagnosis for various cystic lung diseases.


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome , Bronchiectasis , Diagnosis , Emphysema , Histiocytosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Lung Diseases , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Lung , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766327

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder characterized by the proliferation of dendritic cells resulting in local or systemic symptoms. The clinical symptoms of patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis depend on the site and the degree of involvement. This article describes two case histories of unifocal bony Langerhans cell histiocytosis with mandibular involvement and further discusses the appropriate management of such via a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Dendritic Cells , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Mandible
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(3): e2018036, July-Sept. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-911962

ABSTRACT

Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, generally known by the name of Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare benign condition principally affecting cervical lymph nodes. Concurrent extra-nodal disease frequently occurs, however, solitary extra-nodal disease involving the mandible is exceedingly rare with less than five reported cases in the English literature. We describe a case of primary involvement of the mandible in a 27-year-old female, and discuss the differential diagnosis of this disease with other histiocytic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Histiocytosis, Sinus/diagnosis , Mandible/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Erdheim-Chester Disease , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Histiocytosis, Sinus/complications , Rare Diseases
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(2): 283-287, abr. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887469

ABSTRACT

La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans es una enfermedad poco frecuente, caracterizada por la proliferación clonal de células dendríticas mieloides CD1a positivas, asociada a un componente inflamatorio significativo. El compromiso óseo es común; en niños, las lesiones líticas más frecuentes son en la cúpula craneal y son raras las lesiones en la órbita. Se presenta a un lactante de 18 meses que consultó por edema periorbitario y proptosis del ojo derecho de dos meses de evolución. Al momento del examen físico, no se encontraron otras alteraciones. Se realizó una tomografía y una resonancia magnética, que mostraron una masa tumoral en el seno maxilar de crecimiento expansivo y erosión del techo de la órbita. La biopsia confirmó la proliferación CD1a positiva; recibió tratamiento con prednisona y vinblastina, con evolución favorable. Un tratamiento precoz puede evitar secuelas significativas en los pacientes cuando son sensibles al tratamiento. Es una entidad poco frecuente que requiere un alto índice de sospecha y un manejo multidisciplinario.


The Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease characterized by the clonal proliferation of CD1a + myeloid dendritic cells associated with a significant inflammatory component. The localized form of the disease is called eosinophilic granuloma. Bone involvement is common; in children, lytic lesions are most frequently found in the cranial dome being rare in the orbit. We present an 18-month-old infant who consulted due to periorbital edema and proptosis of the right eye, with two months of evolution. The computed tomography and the magnetic resonance imaging showed a maxillary sinus tumor mass of expansive growth and erosion of the roof of the orbit. The biopsy confirmed CD1a+ proliferation; it was treated with prednisone and vinblastine with favorable evolution. It is a rare entity that requires a high index of suspicion and multidisciplinary management. Early diagnosis and treatment leads to a favorable prognosis for the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Maxillary Diseases/complications , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/complications
16.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 34(1): 68-74, ene.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978411

ABSTRACT

La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans es un trastorno celular dendrítico, resultado de la proliferación clonal de este tipo de células, morfológicamente redondeadas e inmaduras inmunofenotípica y funcionalmente; asociadas con eosinófilos, macrófagos, linfocitos y células multinucleadas gigantes, en ocasiones. Puede presentarse de forma monosistémica, cuando afecta a un solo sitio u órgan; o multisistémica cuando se presenta en múltiples órganos o sistemas corporales. La literatura médica y las publicaciones en las que se asocia la imaginología al estudio y caracterización de las enfermedades hematológicas son escasas, aun en la era tecnológica. En este trabajo se presenta un caso de histiocitosis de células de Langerhans que fue seguido imaginológicamente durante 3 años con el consiguiente apoyo al diagnostico, tratamiento, seguimiento y valoración; lo que demuestra la utilidad de la Imaginología como herramienta para lograr un mejor manejo del paciente y como principio de la atención medica multidisciplinaria(AU)


Langerhans cells histiocytosis is a dendritic cell disorder, result of clonal proliferation of this type of cells, morphologically rounded and immature immunophenotypically and functionally; associated with eosinophils, macrophages, lymphocytes and giant multinucleated cells at times. It can present monosystemic, affecting a single site or organ; or multisystemic disease when present in multiple organs or body systems. Medical literature and publications in which imaging is associated with the study and characterization of hematological diseases are scarce, even in the technological era. This paper presents a case of Langerhans cells histiocytosis that was followed imaging during 3 years with the subsequent support to diagnosis, treatment, monitoring and evaluation; demonstrating the usefulness of imaging as tool to achieve better patient management and as a principle of multidisciplinary medical care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , X-Ray Therapy/methods , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/epidemiology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Case Reports
17.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 34(4): 126-129, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117625

ABSTRACT

La Histiocitosis de Células de Langerhans (HCL) es una neoplasia mieloide de las células dendríticas Langerhans (CDL), caracterizada por acúmulos de células dendríticas mieloides CD207+. Corresponden a un espectro de enfermedades, desde sólo cutáneas a variantes multiorgánicas. El objetivo de este reporte es describir el caso clínico de un paciente pediátrico, con diagnóstico de Histiocitosis de Células de Langerhans, enfatizando el algoritmo clínico. Paciente masculino de 1 año y 5 meses, con antecedentes de otorrea persistente, refractaria a tratamiento, de un año de evolución. Consulta en policlínico de dermatología por "dermatitis severa" desde hace 1 año. Al examen físico se constatan lesiones tipo dermatitis seborreica generalizadas en tronco y cuero cabelludo, intertrigo fisurado, pápulas eritemato-costrosas plantares con petequias y pus en conducto auditivo externo bilateral. Presenta Hemoglobina 9,5 mg/dl, Hematocrito31,9%, leucocitos 12.400, linfocitos 33,3%, plaquetas 920.000, VHS 27. Subpoblaciones linfocitarias: CD3: 34,7%, C4: 22,7%, CD8: 9,7%, CD19:47,8%. HTLV negativo, VIH negativo. Acaro-test negativo. Dermatopatología: Denso infiltrado de células linfomonocíticas en dermis papilar, con ensanchamiento de estas y gran epidermotropismo, con abundante citoplasma eosinófilo con núcleos arriñonados, CD1a y langerina positivo. Recomendamos elevar la sospecha diagnóstica ante un cuadro de dermatitis seborreica generalizada que esta fuera del rango etario característico y en casos de dermatitis refractarias, donde a pesar de un adecuado tratamiento médico, el paciente persiste comprometido.


Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (HCL) is a myeloid neoplasm of Langerhans dendritic cells (CDL), characterized by accumulations of myeloid dendritic cells CD207 +. They correspond to a spectrum of diseases, from cutaneous to multi-organ variants. The objective of this report is to describe the clinical case of a pediatric patient with diagnosis of, emphasizing the clinical algorithm. Male patient,1 year and 5 months old, with a history of refractory persistent otorrhea, consulted because of long term severe dermatitis. Physical examination revealed generalized seborrheic dermatitis lesions on the trunk and scalp, cleft intertrigo, plantar erythematous-crusted papules with petechiae, and pus in the external auditory canal. Laboratory findings showed: Hemoglobin 9.5 mg / dl, Hematocrit: 31.9%, leukocytes: 12,400, lymphocytes 33.3%, platelets: 920,000, HSV 27. Lymphocyte subpopulations: CD3: 34.7%, C4: 22.7%, CD8: 9.7%, CD19: 47.8%. HTLV negative, HIV negative. Scabies Negative. Dermatopathology: Dense infiltrate of lymphomonocytic cells in the papillary dermis with widening of the papilla and large epidermotropism, cells show abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm with "kidney nuclei", CD1a and langerin were positive. We recommend elevating the diagnostic suspicion in the face of a generalized seborrheic dermatitis that is outside the characteristic age range and in cases of refractory dermatitis, where the patient persists compromised.


Subject(s)
Male , Infant , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/complications , Dermatitis, Seborrheic/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Seborrheic/etiology , Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris/diagnosis , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Langerhans Cells/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1793-1798, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775142

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is an interstitial primary pulmonary disease, characterized by Langerhans cell proliferation. It is easily misdiagnosed in children. This study aimed to characterize the clinical manifestations and features of PLCH by retrospective analysis.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed in 117 PLCH patients out of 338 LCH patients who were admitted in our center from November 2006 to October 2013. Variables between two groups were compared by Mann-Whitney U-test and Chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed to compare the survival rates and Cox regression to evaluate the effect of risk factors.@*Results@#The median age of PLCH group was significantly lower than that of non-PLCH group (18.63 months vs. 43.4 months, P < 0.001). All PLCH children had other organ involvement and only 11 cases (9.4%) had respiratory symptoms. The most common radiologic finding was cystic lesions (29 cases, 24.8%). Pulmonary function abnormalities were dominated by obstructive ventilatory dysfunction (63 cases, 82.9%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) of PLCH children was 93.6% ± 2.3% and the event-free survival (EFS) was 55.7% ± 5.2%. Among the 38 cases with progressed or relapsed disease, five cases (13.2%) were due to progression or recurrence of lung damage. The 5-year OS of PLCH children with "risk organ" involvement was significantly lower than those without "risk organ" involvement (86.0% ± 4.9% vs. 100%, χ = 8.793, P = 0.003). The difference of EFS between two groups was also significant (43.7% ± 7.7% vs. 66.3% ± 6.5%, χ = 5.399, P = 0.020). The "risk organ" involvement had a significant impact on survival (hazard ratio = 1.9, P = 0.039).@*Conclusions@#PLCH mainly occurs in young children, and only a small percentage of patients have respiratory symptoms. They generally have other organ involvement. Most of PLCH children have a good prognosis and most lung lesions could have improved or stabilized. Management of "risk organ" involvement is the key point to improving EFS.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Diagnosis , Humans , Infant , Langerhans Cells , Lung , Lung Diseases , Male , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741170

ABSTRACT

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and multisystem disease. First described in 1930, there are no more than 750 cases reported. The etiology remains unknown, but a majority of cases of ECD and Langerhans cell histiocytosis were found to have clonal mutations involving genes of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. We recently encountered a 53-year-old male patient with extensive ECD involving the systemic lymph nodes, pleura, liver, and long bones clinically mimicking malignant lymphoma. Biopsies were performed at multiple sites, including a pleural mass, an external iliac lymph node, bone marrow, and the liver. Based on histopathological and immunohistochemical findings of positivity for CD68 and negativity for CD1a and S-100, the patient was diagnosed with ECD. Interferon-α was administered as the first-line treatment, but the patient rapidly progressed to hepatic failure after 2 months of treatment. We report this rare case of ECD clinically mimicking malignant lymphoma and diagnosed by careful pathological review.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Erdheim-Chester Disease , Histiocytosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Liver Failure , Liver , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoma , Male , Middle Aged , Pleura , Protein Kinases , Spine
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689639

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical significance of BRAF-V600E mutation in children with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect BRAF-V600E mutation in paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 26 children with LCH. A retrospective analysis was performed for the association of BRAF-V600E mutation with clinical features and prognosis of children with LCH.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 26 children, 25 received standard chemotherapy, with a 2-year overall survival (OS) rate of 100% and a 2-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of 88%. Of the 26 pathological samples, 18 (70%) came from bone tissue, and the positive rate of BRAF-V600E mutation reached 50% (13/26). The positive rate of BRAF-V600E gene mutation was not associated with age, sex, affected organ, clinical classification, early treatment response, recurrence, and 2-year OS and EFS rates of the children with LCH (P>0.05), but it was associated with clinical grouping of LCH (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Children with LCH tend to have a high OS rate and a high incidence rate of BRAF-V600E mutation. BRAF-V600E mutation is associated with clinical grouping of LCH.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Classification , Genetics , Mortality , Humans , Infant , Male , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf , Genetics , Retrospective Studies
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