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2.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 592-598, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007943

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a group of unexplainable abnormal proliferation and aggregation of Langerhans cell. LCH can be classified into four clinical variants: Letterer-Siwe disease, Hand-Schüller-Christian disease, eosinophilic granuloma, and congenital self-healing LCH. LCH is most prevalent in children. Lesions can be localized in a single system or multiple organs, and clinical manifestations vary depending on the affected organs. The skin and mucocutaneous tissues are the starting point of the affected tissue. This study presents a LCH case characterized by transient self-healing. This case can further provide references for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of LCH.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential
3.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 334-343, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a clonal disease, characterized by proliferation of Langerhans cells that derived from bone marrow infiltrating the lungs and other organs. Due to the rarity of the disease, the current understanding of the disease is insufficient, often misdiagnosed or missed diagnosis. This study aims to raise clinicians' awareness for this disease via summarizing the clinical characteristics, imaging features, and treatment of PLCH.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed clinical and follow-up data of 15 hospitalized cases of PLCH from September 2012 to June 2021 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University.@*RESULTS@#The age of 15 patients (9 men and 6 women, with a sex ratio of 3 to 2) was 21-52 (median 33) years. Among them, 8 had a history of smoking and 5 suffered spontaneous pneumothorax during disease course. There were 3 patients with single system PLCH and 12 patients with multi-system PLCH, including 7 patients with pituitary involvement, 7 patients with lymph node involvement, 6 patients with bone involvement, 5 patients with liver involvement, 2 patients with skin involvement, 2 patients with thyroid involvement, and 1 patients with thymus involvement. The clinical manifestations were varied but non-specific. Respiratory symptoms mainly included dry cough, sputum expectoration, chest pain, etc. Constitutional symptoms included fever and weight loss. Patients with multi-system involvement experienced symptoms such as polyuria-polydipsia, bone pain, and skin rash. All patients were confirmed by pathology, including 6 by lung biopsy, 3 by bone biopsy, 2 by lymph node biopsy, and 4 by liver, skin, suprasternal fossa tumor, or pituitary stalk biopsy. The most common CT findings from this cohort of patients were nodules and/or cysts and nodular and cystic shadows were found in 7 patients. Three patients presented simple multiple cystic shadows, 3 patients presented multiple nodules, and 2 patients presented with single nodules and mass shadows. Pulmonary function tests were performed in 4 patients, ventilation dysfunction was showed in 2 patients at the first visit. Pulmonary diffusion function tests were performed in 4 patients and showed a decrease in 3 patients. Smoking cessation was recommended to PLCH patients with smoking history. Ten patients received chemotherapy while 2 patients received oral glucocorticoid therapy. Among the 11 patients with the long-term follow-up, 9 were in stable condition.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PLCH is a neoplastic disease closely related to smoking. The clinical manifestations and laboratory examination are not specific. Pneumothorax could be the first symptom which is very suggestive of the disease. Definitive diagnosis relies on histology. There is no unified treatment plan for PLCH, and individualized treatment should be carried out according to organ involvement. Early smoking cessation is essential. Chemotherapy is the main treatment for rapidly progressing PLCH involved multiple organs. All diagnosed patients can be considered for the detection of BRAFV600E gene and relevant targeted therapies have been implemented recently.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Cysts , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Lung/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Smoking/adverse effects , Smoking Cessation
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 970-974, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939718

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare proliferative disease dominated by the proliferation of Langerhans cells, which is inflammatory myeloid neoplasms. Its clinical manifestations are variable, occurring at any age and at any site, and it is rarer in adults than in children. The gold standard for diagnosis is histopathological biopsy. Due to the rarity of adult LCH and the heterogeneity of this disease, treatment of adult LCH should be developed according to the extent of the disease and risk stratification. With the discovery of MAPK, PI3K and c-KIT signaling pathway activation, especially BRAF V600E and MAP2K1 mutations, targeted therapy has become a hot spot for therapeutic research. Meanwhile, the discovery of high expression of M2-polarized macrophages and Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) in LCH has provided an important basis for the immunotherapy. In this article, we will focus on reviewing the latest research progress in the treatment of adult LCH in recent years, and provide a reference for clinical research on the treatment of adult LCH patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/metabolism , Signal Transduction , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology
5.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 75(5): 309-312, sep.-oct. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001419

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans (HCL) es un trastorno histiocítico raro y su incidencia exacta se mantiene desconocida; se ha diagnosticado en todos los grupos de edad, pero es más común en los primeros 3 años de vida. Se caracteriza por lesiones únicas o múltiples de tipo osteolítico causadas por proliferación clonal de células histológicamente similares a las células de Langerhans; su presentación clínica es heterogénea. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 7 años, con dificultad para la marcha y debilidad progresiva en los miembros inferiores de 5 días de evolución. A la exploración física presenta hallazgos concordantes con síndrome piramidal e hipoes­ tesias de miembros inferiores. Se realizó resonancia magnética (RM) de columna y tomografía computarizada de cráneo simple, que descartó patología intracraneal . En la RM de columna se detectó vertebra plana con extensión epidural y para­ vertebral, por lo que se inició manejo con esteroides y se indicó descompresión quirúrgica. Se realizó resección parcial y biopsia de la lesión. Debido a los hallazgos histológicos y la presencia de marcadores positivos para CD1a y CD207, se confirmó el diagnóstico de HCL. Conclusiones: La HCL es una enfermedad poco frecuente y de difícil diagnóstico por su presentación heterogénea. El granuloma eosinofílico y la vértebra plana como hallazgos imagenológicos pueden orientar el diagnóstico, aunque siempre se debe confirmar histológicamente.


Abstract: Background: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease, more common in the first three years of lite. lt is characterized by single ar multiple osteolytic lesions due to clonal proliferation of cells histologically similar to Langerhans cells; its clínical presentation is heterogeneous. Case report: 7-year-old female patient with 5 days of progressive lower extremity weakness and difficulty to walk. Physical exam findings were consistent with pyramidal syndrome and lower extremities hypoesthesia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of spine and cranial computed tomography (CT) were performed. lntracranial pathology was ruled out. The MRI findings showed vertebra plana with epidural and paravertebral involvement, so treatment with steroids and surgical decompression initiated. Partíal resection and biopsy of the lesion was performed. Due to histological findings and positive CD1a and CD207 markers, diagnosis of LCH was confirmed. Conclusions: LCH is an uncommon disease with a challenging diagnosis due to its heterogeneous clinical presentation. Eosinophilic granuloma and vertebra plana as imaging findings may guide the diagnosis. However, it should always be confirmed with histological evidence.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Muscle Weakness/etiology , Hypesthesia/etiology , Steroids/administration & dosage , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/physiopathology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Lower Extremity
8.
Pan Arab Journal of Neurosurgery. 2009; 13 (2): 66-69
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-136996

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis [LCH] is a clinical entity characterized by abnormal proliferation of Langerhans cells that probably results from an immunoregulatory defect which can be triggered by several different factors. Orbital involvement by LCH most often represents unifocal disease [eosinophilic granuloma]. The condition is uncommon and descriptions of eosinophilic granuloma of the orbit generally have been limited to single case reports or small case series. A case of orbital eosinophilic granuloma is reported, followed by a discussion encompassing a literature review


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Eosinophilic Granuloma , Central Nervous System/pathology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Orbit
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 106(3): 269-272, jun. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-486964

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans se debe a la proliferación clonal de histiocitos activados que invaden diversos tejidos. Se produce en todas las edades, desde el nacimiento hasta la adultez, con un pico de mayor incidencia entre 1 a 4 años. Objetivo. Describir las características de 15 pacientes pediátricos menores de 1 año con diagnóstico de histiocitosis de células de Langerhans, las manifestacionesclínicas y evolución de la enfermedad. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, realizado en el Hospital Ramos Mejía y el Hospital Alemán, entre 1999 y 2007. Resultados. Se revisaron las historias de 15 pacientes, 6 niñas y 9 niños. Las lesiones en 8 casos estaban presentes al nacer y 7 aparecieron entre los 2 y 12 meses de edad. En las congénitas se observó como única manifestación clínica inicial el compromiso cutáneo. Uno de estos pacientes presentó evolución sistémica, con compromiso pulmonar, hepático y esplénico, actualmente en tratamiento. De los pacientes con lesiones posteriores al nacimiento, sólo 3 tenían compromiso cutáneo únicamente, el resto presentó compromiso sistémico. Uno de estos pacientes falleció durante el tratamiento. En la histopatología se observaron histiocitos en la dermis papilar con marcado epidermotropismo. La inmunomarcación con CD1a y S100 fue positiva. Conclusiones. La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans es una entidad con dos variantes: la forma congénita y la de inicio posterior al nacimiento, ambas con capacidad para producir compromiso sistémico.


Introduction. Langerhans cell histiocytosis is characterized by a clonal proliferation of activated Langerhans cells that infiltrate various organs of the body. Occurs at any age, from newborn until adulthood, with an incidence peak at 1-4 years. Objective. To describe the morphologyc characteristics of skin lesions and clinical course of 15 patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Methods. A retrospective review of the medical records of patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis from Ramos Mejia Hospital and Aleman Hospital, between 1999-2007. Results. Review of medical records from 15 patients, 6 females and 9 males. Skin lesions were congenital in 8 cases and appeared between 2-12 months of age in 7 cases. The patients with congenital presentation only had a cutaneous manifestation; one patient who developed a systemic compromise (lung, liver and spleen) is currently under treatment. Three patients with presentation after birth only had cutaneous lesions, the others had a sistemic disease. One of this patients died during treatment. Histopathology showed a histiocytic infiltrate in the papilary dermis with epidermotrophism; inmunomarking with S100 and CD1a was positive. Conclusion. Both clinical manifestation (congenital and after birth) represent different ends of a spectrum of the same condition, with the potencial to develop into disseminated Langerhans cell histiocytosis.


Subject(s)
Infant , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/complications , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/congenital , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/prevention & control , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
11.
Acta Medica Iranica. 2008; 46 (3): 269-272
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-85609

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis [PLCH] is a rare idiopathic disorder that primarily affects young adult cigarette smokers. Affected patients often present with cough and dyspnea and about 20% of patients present with or later develop pneumothorax. It is striking that more than 90% of patients are smokers. We report a very unusual case of PLCH in a 20-year- old male patient with no smoking history in whom a life- threatening complication such as simultaneous bilateral pneumothorax was the presenting feature. The final diagnosis was made by open surgical biopsy and recurrent pneumothoraces necessitated surgical management with pleurodesis. We emphasize the early use of pleurodesis in managing patients with PLCH and spontaneous pneumothorax


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/epidemiology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/etiology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Pneumothorax/etiology , Pneumothorax/diagnosis , Pneumothorax/therapy , Pleurodeles/statistics & numerical data , Biopsy/statistics & numerical data
13.
Rev. bras. colo-proctol ; 25(3): 253-255, jul.-set. 2005. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-418226

ABSTRACT

A histiocitose de células de Langerhans é uma doença caracterizada pela proliferação de células histiocitárias denominadas células de Langerhans, cujo acometimento perianal é raríssimo. As manifestações variam de uma lesão solitária a um envolvimento multisistêmico. O diagnóstico é confirmado por meio de estudo imunohistoquímico. O tratamento consiste em exérese da lesão perianal, podendo ser ou não complementada com quimioterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Langerhans Cells
14.
Bol. Hosp. San Juan de Dios ; 52(1): 55-62, ene.-feb. 2005. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-426856

ABSTRACT

La histiocitosis de células de Langerhans con compromiso pulmonar es una enfermedad infrecuente y de causa desconocida, relacionada al hábito tabáquico. Puede presentarse clínicamente con síntomas respiratorios, o bien, ser un hallazgo en la radiografía de tórax. El diagnóstico se basa en estudio pulmonar mediante tomografía axial computada de alta resolución y se confirma por medio de biopsia. Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón, joven y fumador, cuya principal manifestación fue el desarrollo de un neumotórax bilateral espontáneo. Se determinó histológicamente la presencia de una histiocitosis de células de Langerhans. Se considera de interés este caso por su forma de presentación, que motiva el diagnóstico diferencial de los neumotórax espontáneos y las enfermedades difusas pulmonares y su eventual subdiagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Male , Humans , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/complications , Pneumothorax/etiology , Langerhans Cells/ultrastructure , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Lung , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tobacco Use Disorder/adverse effects , Respiratory Function Tests
16.
Rev. odonto ciênc ; 15(29): 125-136, jun. 2000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-308239

ABSTRACT

O autor apresenta uma revisäo bibliográfica referente aos principais aspectos no estudo das lesöes pseudotumorais que acometem a populaçäo infantil com maior freqüência. Säo enfocados aspectos clínicos, radiográficos e histopatológicos, bem como fatores relacionados à etilogia, prevalência e conduta terapêutica frente a tais lesöes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Bone Cysts/epidemiology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Granuloma, Giant Cell/epidemiology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/epidemiology , Bone Cysts/diagnosis , Bone Cysts/therapy , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/diagnosis , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/therapy , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Granuloma, Giant Cell/diagnosis , Granuloma, Giant Cell/therapy , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Prevalence
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 44(4): 344-6, out.-dez. 1998. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-220918

ABSTRACT

A Histiocitose das células de Langerhans (HCL) acometendo o trato genital tem uma incidência rara com apenas 48 casos relatados na literatura. Considerando somente as lesoes da regiao anogenital, esse número cai para dois casos descritos. Reportamos o 3º caso de HCL anogenital em uma paciente de 31 anos, branca, cuja comprovaçao diagnóstica foi feita através de microscopia eletrônica. O tratamento realizado foi quimioterapia sistêmica e excisao cirúrgica local.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Anus Diseases/diagnosis , Vulvar Diseases/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Anus Diseases/pathology , Anus Diseases/therapy , Vulvar Diseases/pathology , Vulvar Diseases/therapy , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/pathology , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy
19.
Acta oncol. bras ; 17(4): 178-82, ago.-dez. 1997. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-207619

ABSTRACT

No presente artigo os autores relatam dois casos clínicos de histiocitose de células de Langerhans que simulavam problemas odontológicos e revisam a literatura quanto às principais formas de manifestaçäo oral da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Oral Manifestations , Prognosis
20.
In. Osorio Solís, Guido. Hematología: diagnóstico y terapéutica. Santiago de Chile, Mediterráneo, 2 ed; 1997. p.410-9, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-209003
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