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2.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(2): 491-508, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279139

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oscar Nerval de Gouvêa was a scientist and teacher in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, whose work spanned engineering, medicine, the social sciences, and law. This paper presents and discusses a manuscript entitled "Table of mineral classification," which he appended to his dissertation Da receptividade mórbida , presented to the Faculty of Medicine in 1889. The foundations and features of the table provide a focus for understanding nineteenth-century mineralogy and its connections in Brazil at that time through this scientist. This text was Gouvêa's contribution to the various mineral classification systems which have emerged from different parts of the world.


Resumo Oscar Nerval de Gouvêa foi um cientista e professor no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, cuja obra abrange engenharia, medicina, ciências sociais e direito. Este artigo apresenta e discute o texto intitulado "Tabela de classificação mineral", que ele anexou a sua tese Da receptividade mórbida, apresentada na Escola Superior de Medicina, em 1889. Os fundamentos e características da tabela propiciam a compreensão da mineralogia do século XIX e suas conexões no Brasil à época por intermédio desse cientista. O texto foi a contribuição de Gouvêa aos diversos sistemas de classificação de minerais originados de diferentes partes do mundo.


Subject(s)
History, 16th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Geology/history , Homeopathy/history , Minerals/history , Brazil , History, Ancient , Minerals/classification
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 332-345, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285074

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study of skin, the science of dermatology, has undergone significant transformations throughout the centuries. From the first descriptions of skin diseases in Egyptian papyri and in Hippocratic writings to the first treatises on dermatology, important individuals and discoveries have marked the specialty. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the specialty consolidated itself as a field of medical study based on the first classifications of dermatoses, diagnostic methods, and drug treatments. In the 20th century, the scientific and technological revolution transformed dermatological practice, incorporating new therapeutic resources, as well as surgical and aesthetic procedures. In the face of such a vigorous process, it is important to provide a historical synthesis for the medical community to recognize and understand the origins that supported one of the most relevant specialties in the current medical scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 15th Century , History, 16th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/therapy , Dermatology , Skin , History, Ancient , History, Medieval , Egypt , Esthetics
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1394-1397, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921064

ABSTRACT

The paper reviews systematically the main ancient medical books with the origin literature included on acupuncture prescription. It is found that the origin literature with acupuncture prescription in successive dynasties mainly focuses on Qin-Han and Jin-Yuan Dynasties. In Jin, Tang and Song Dynasties, as well as Ming and Qing Dynasties, the literature mainly records the experience of medical masters in the previous dynasties. By taking "headache" and "retention of urine" as examples, the origins on the literature of clinical acupuncture prescription are explored, the distribution rules and characteristics are summarized. Moreover, the evidences and evaluation method of quality grading were explored on the ancient books with the origin literature of acupuncture prescription involved.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Books , China , History, Ancient , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1614-1617, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134487

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La neuroanatomía y la neurofisiología han permitido en gran parte entender de forma más integrada las estructuras que conforman el sistema nervioso y los mecanismos asociados con la transmisión de los potenciales de acción, relacionados con la vía corticoespinal en la ejecución de movimientos voluntarios. Se realizó una revisión histórica sobre la vía corticoespinal, desde el punto de vista neuroanatómico y neurofisiológico mediante una revisión de literatura en distintas bases de datos y libros de texto dedicados a estas vías nerviosas. La información obtenida se ordenó cronológicamente, seleccionando los datos más relevantes que desde el punto de vista neuroanatómico y neurofisiológico han permitido comprender su mecanismo funcional. Actualmente se tiene un conocimiento muy depurado de los distintos elementos que componen la vía corticoespinal, lo que permitirá su aplicación en el campo de la salud y resolver múltiples problemas de la función motora.


SUMMARY: Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology have, in large part, permitted a more thorough understanding of those structures that conform the nervous system and mechanisms associated with the transmission of action potentials associated with the corticospinal tract. This assertion is made based upon a literature review of various databases and textbooks dedicated to said nerve tracts. The information obtained was ordered chronologically, and data was selected that, from the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological viewpoints, were most relevant and have permitted the comprehension of its functional mechanism. The thorough understanding of those elements that compose the corticospinal tract will permit its application in the health field and resolve multiple motor function problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, Ancient , History, 17th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Pyramidal Tracts/anatomy & histology , Pyramidal Tracts/physiology , Neuroanatomy/history , Neurophysiology/history
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1729-1734, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134505

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Heel spurs are the bony protrusion seen especially on the dorsal and plantar face of the calcaneus bone at the attachment site of the muscles. It was aimed herein to obtain data about the life styles, daily lives, and especially the socioeconomic structures of modern and ancient Anatolian populations by evaluating the prevalence, location, age, and gender differences of heel spurs on the calcaneus and comparing these findings between the populations. Herein, the 251 calcaneus bones of 137 skeletons, which had been previously analyzed paleodemographically and dated to the Middle Ages, and 68 calcaneus bones belonging to a modern population, whose gender was unknown but lived in Anatolia, were examined in terms of heel spurs. In the current study, the presence of dorsal, plantar, or both dorsal/plantar heel spurs on these in 251 calcaneus bones was 43.9 %, 11.1 %, and 10.3 %, respectively. The presence of dorsal, plantar, or both dorsal/plantar heel spurs was determined as 22 %, 3 %, and 1.5 %, respectively, among the 68 calcaneus bones belonging to the modern population. When a comparison was made of the current study with studies in the literature on modern and prehistoric populations, a higher prevalence of heel spurs was found in prehistoric samples than in modern populations. It is our belief that this situation may have derived from the heavy labor force, environmental, or sociocultural differences in ancient Anatolian populations, insufficiency of vital materials due to inadequate industrial conditions, and the solution of anatomical disruption. In addition, the findings determined herein will guide the development of future and industrial studies on the foot and foot structure.


RESUMEN: Los espolones del talón son la protuberancia ósea que se ve especialmente en la cara dorsal y plantar del hueso calcáneo en el sitio de inserción de los músculos. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en obtener datos sobre los estilos de vida, la vida cotidiana y, especialmente, las características socioeconómicas de las poblaciones anatolias modernas y antiguas mediante la evaluación de la prevalencia, la ubicación, la edad y las diferencias de sexo de los espolones calcáneos y comparar estos hallazgos entre los poblaciones. La muestra consistió en 251 calcáneos correspondientes a 137 esqueletos, que habían sido previamente analizados paleodemográficamente y fechados en la Edad Media; también se incluyeron 68 calcáneos pertenecientes a una población moderna de Anatolia, sin distinción de sexo. De la muestra de 251 calcáneos, se encontraron espolones calcáneos dorsales, plantares y dorsales/plantares, en el 43,9%, 11,1 % y 10,3 %, respectivamente. La presencia de espolones calcáneos dorsales, plantares y dorsales/plantares se determinó en el 22%, 3% y 1,5%, respectivamente, entre los 68 calcáneos pertenecientes a la población moderna. Cuando se realizó una comparación del estudio actual con la literatu- ra sobre poblaciones modernas y prehistóricas, se encontró una mayor prevalencia de espolones calcáneos en muestras prehistóricas que en poblaciones modernas. Creemos que esta situación puede haberse derivado a la gran fuerza de trabajo, y las diferencias ambientales o socioculturales en las antiguas poblaciones de Anatolia, la insuficiencia de materiales vitales debido a las condiciones industriales inadecuadas produjo la alteración anatómica. Además, los hallazgos aquí determinados guiarán el desarrollo de estudios futuros e industriales sobre la estructura del pie.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , History, Ancient , History, Medieval , Heel Spur/pathology , Heel Spur/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Turkey/epidemiology , Activities of Daily Living , Calcaneus/pathology , Prevalence , History, Modern 1601- , Life Style
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(10): 660-662, Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131682

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Epilepsy is one of the most dreaded and terrifying human afflictions. One of the many names it has received was Sacred Disease, during Greek times. Heracles served as a source of the divine connotation that epilepsy received in ancient times, as he was one of the most important demigods in Greek mythology. However, several authors have attributed Heracles' actions to a seizure, including Hippocrates, who described the sacred disease on his "Corpus Hippocraticum." This paper reviewed some of the publications on the myth and content of the text of Hippocrates, in relation to the current knowledge of the disease.


RESUMEN La epilepsia es una de las enfermedades más temidas y terroríficas de la humanidad. Durante el periodo griego, recibió uno de sus muchos nombres, el de enfermedad sagrada. Hércules sirvió como una de las fuentes para la connotación divina que la epilepsia recibió en tiempos antiguos, debido a que fue uno de los semidioses más importantes de la mitología griega. Sin embargo, muchos autores atribuyeron las acciones de Hércules a convulsiones, incluyendo Hipócrates, quien describió la enfermedad sagrada en su "Corpus Hippocraticum". Este artículo revisa algunas de las publicaciones sobre el mito y el contenido del texto de Hipócrates, en relación al conocimiento actual de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Disease , Epilepsy , Seizures , History, Ancient , Mythology
8.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(4): 450-455, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138569

ABSTRACT

Resumen El Imperio Romano sufrió entre el siglo II y III dos grandes pestes, la Peste Antonina, de la cual existe bibliografía, y la Peste de Cipriano, que es menos conocida. Como una visión de conjunto, ambas pandemias se asemejan a la crisis que en el 2020 el coronavirus está generando en muchos aspectos de la vida humana. Este artículo se centra en el impacto que la peste de Cipriano tuvo en el contexto de la crisis del siglo III; su mortalidad se estima entre 10-20% de la población en los lugares afectados y finalmente sus efectos generaron varias de las condiciones necesarias para la transición del mundo antiguo al medieval. Se trata de comprender cómo el ciclo de pestes que va desde el siglo II al siglo III cambió la fisonomía del mundo romano y que lecciones nos entrega la historia 1700 años después.


Abstract Between the 2nd and 3rd centuries the Roman Empire suffered two great plagues, the Antonine Plague, of which there is a bibliography, and the lesser known Plague of Cyprian. As an overview, both pandemics resemble the crisis that in 2020 the Coronavirus is generating in many aspects of human life. This article focuses on the impact that the Cyprian plague had in the context of the crisis of the third century, its mortality is estimated between 10-20% of the population in the affected places, finally its effects generated several of the necessary conditions for the transition from the ancient to the medieval world. It is about understanding how the cycle of plagues that went from the 2nd century to the 3rd century changed the appearance of the Roman world and what lessons history gives us 1700 years later.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plague/history , Pandemics/history , Plague/epidemiology , Roman World , History, Ancient
9.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(2): 337-354, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134058

ABSTRACT

Resumo O estudo esboça algumas compreensões sobre a palavra "higiene". A partir do Renascimento, a ideia advinda da Grécia Antiga voltou a ser trabalhada, primeiramente como método para uma organização dietética e moral da vida que visava ao seu prolongamento. De uma espécie de cuidado de si, transformou-se em conceito de governança, cujo objetivo era o prolongamento da vida dos súditos/cidadãos. O debate teórico sobre o que era higiene pública mostra sua faceta eminentemente política: não apenas era um ramo da economia política, mas também eram analisadas as propostas dos higienistas de acordo com seu maior ou menor impacto na política. A batalha político-científica resultou na vitória de certas compreensões de ação estatal, e no esquecimento e na negligência de outras.


Abstract This study outlines some understandings of the word "hygiene." The notion that originated in ancient Greece first began to be adopted as a system of diet and morals to prolong the lifespan. From a type of self-care, this idea transformed into a concept of governance to extend the lives of subject-citizens. The theoretical debate about what public hygiene used to be shows its eminently political side: not only was hygiene a branch of the political economy, the ideas of hygienists were also analyzed as to the degree of impact they had on policy. After political and scientific battles, certain understandings of government action emerged victorious, while others were forgotten and neglected.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 15th Century , History, 16th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , Health Behavior , Hygiene/history , United States , History, Ancient , Europe , Government/history
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828468

ABSTRACT

As a discipline, the independent knowledge system of acupuncture-moxibustion has been established in - Dynasties, while the education and management institutes have tended to be formalized since Northern and Southern Dynasties and continue to late imperial period. In the period of the Republic of China, acupuncture-moxibustion discipline began to be constructed intentionally, and the knowledge system, education institutes and institution have changed significantly with the characteristics of modern science. Now acupuncture has fully met the conditions of modern subjects. The study of the history of acupuncture-moxibustion discipline needs the perspective of internal and external history integration, focusing on the differences from academic history and educational history. In addition, four important topics in the current research of the history of acupuncture-moxibustion discipline are suggested: the relationship between acupuncture- moxibustion discipline and related disciplines, scientific value and technology philosophy, international recognition and branch disciplines.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , History , China , History, Ancient , Moxibustion , History
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1369-1373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877539

ABSTRACT

To sort out and summarize the evaluationmethods on the efficacy by acupuncture and moxibustion in ancient literature. The evaluation methods by ancient medical experts could be divided into two categories: one is according to the change of patient's conditions before and after treatment, including the subjective symptoms, the information getting from the four examination methods in TCM; the other is according to the characteristics of different interventions. For example, evaluating acupuncture by the "arrival of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/history , Bloodletting , History, Ancient , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion
12.
Rev. Hosp. Niños B.Aires ; 62(278): 148-153, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344776

ABSTRACT

El final del siglo V y del siglo IV a. C. representaron en la historia de la medicina un momento culminante de cotización social e intelectual. La escuela hipocrática de Cos fue la primera fundación de la ciencia médica como una ciencia especial de existencia propia. A partir de la concepción de la dieta como prescripción terapéutica, la medicina se convierte en una verdadera techné, pues el principio sobre el que descansa la alimentación del hombre sano y del enfermo es el mismo, el de lo adecuado. La influencia de la medicina sobre la filosofía de Platón y Aristóteles ilustra la importancia científica del nuevo método y el nuevo modo de pensar. El médico es, según Platón, el hombre que a base de lo que sabe acerca de la naturaleza del hombre sano conoce también al enfermo, y sabe encontrar los medios para restituirlo a su estado normal. A este ejemplo se atiene Platón para trazar su imagen del filósofo, llamado a hacer otro tanto con el alma del hombre y su salud. El propósito de este trabajo es analizar los inicios de la medicina griega y en qué medida contribuyó ésta al desarrollo del pensamiento filosófico de occidente


The end of the 5th and 4th centuries B.C. represented in the history of medicine a culminating moment of social and intellectual contribution. The Hippocratic School of Cos was the first foundation of medical science as a special science of its own existence. Starting from the conception of diet as a therapeutic prescription, medicine becomes a true techné, since the principle on which the diet of healthy and sick man rests is the same, that of what is appropriate. The influence of medicine on the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle illustrates the scientific importance of the new method and the new way of thinking. The doctor is, according to Plato, the man who, based on what he knows about the nature of the healthy man, also knows the patient, and knows how to find the means to restore him to his normal state. This example is followed by Plato to trace his image of the philosopher, called to do the same with the soul of man and his health. The purpose of this work is to analyze the beginnings of Greek medicine, and to what extent the latter contributed to the flourishing of Western philosophical thought


Subject(s)
Humans , History, Ancient , Philosophy, Medical/history , History of Medicine , Humanism/history
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202597, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136538

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Medical Uniforms date back from medieval times. Nursing uniforms were based on nuns clothes whereas doctors used the famous "plague costumes" and black "frock" coats from about 15th to early 19th century. In latter half 19th century medical uniforms started to change. Nursing uniforms gradually lost their similarities to religious outfits. Doctors started to use white clothing. With great emphasis on hygiene and sanitation, the idea of personal protective equipment (PPE) started to evolve with William Stewart Halsted introducing the use of rubber gloves in 1889. In the 1960s-1970s it became more usual to wear green and blue `scrubs in order to look for a greater contrast in clothing with the all-white hospital environment. In contemporary times, some specialties even stopped using specific uniforms, while others still use them. At the same time, PPE became more and more important, up to nowadays "plague costume" in the combat of the COVID-19 epidemics.


RESUMO Uniformes da área médica datam desde os tempos medievais. Uniformes de enfermeiras eram baseados em roupas de freiras, enquanto o de médicos eram caracterizados pelas "vestimentas da praga" e fraques pretos de meados do século 15 até o início do século 19. No final do século 19, os uniformes começaram a mudar. A vestimenta de enfermeiras perderam suas similaridades com vestes religiosas. Médicos começaram a usar roupas brancas. Com o aumento da ênfase em higiene e no sanitarismo, começa a evoluir a ideia do uso de equipamento de proteção individual (EPI), com William Stewart Halsted utilizando luvas de borracha pela primeira vez em 1889. Nas décadas de 1960 e 1970 começa a se tornar mais usual a adesão ao pijama cirúrgico verdes e azul como roupa hospitalar, devido ao contraste com o ambiente branco já presente. Na contemporaneidade, algumas especialidades deixaram de usar uniformes específicos, enquanto outras ainda a usam. Ao mesmo tempo, EPIs tornaram-se mais e mais importantes, até, hoje em dia, surgir as "vestimentas da praga" atualizadas para o combate da epidemia do COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 16th Century , History, 17th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Protective Clothing/history , Pandemics/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , History, Ancient , History, Medieval , COVID-19
14.
Repert. med. cir ; 29(3): 208-211, 2020. Ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1255382

ABSTRACT

Entre 1516 y 1520 Rafael Sanzio (1483-1520) realizó la obra Transfiguración. Es un cuadro de gran formato que representa un relato de los evangelios de Lucas, Mateo y Marcos con dos escenarios principales, el primero en la parte superior muestra la transfiguración de Cristo en el Monte Tabor; el segundo en la parte inferior expone la escena de un niño endemoniado que varios apóstoles intentan curar infructuosamente, lo cual solo ocurrió cuando Jesús lo hizo. Esta composición, en otras palabras, muestra un milagro fallido que no es habitual en el arte sacro. Un análisis desde la semiología neurológica permite aseverar que el niño poseído está presentando una crisis epiléptica tónica postural. Este artículo analiza la obra, la semiología neurológica en ella y su relación con la historia de la neurología


Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520) painted The Transfiguration between 1516 and 1520. It is a large format painting that illustrates two main scenes as described in the Gospel accounts of Luke, Mathew and Mark. The first scene, in the upper half, shows Christ ́s transfiguration on Mount Tabor; the lower half, shows the devil-possessed child with the apostles who had attempted unsuccessfully to heal him, but Christ heals the boy. In other words, this composition shows a failed miracle which is unusual in sacred art. Based on a neurological semiology analysis we can assert that the possessed boy is experiencing a tonic postural seizure. This article analyzes the painting, the neurological features depicted in it and its relationship with the history of neurology.


Subject(s)
History, Ancient , Epilepsy , Neurology , Paintings , Epilepsy, Generalized , History
16.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(1): 70-75, 28/06/2019. tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015164

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Emergencia y Terapia Intensiva son especialidades relativamente nuevas que han evolucionado de forma rápida. A nivel mundial se necesita tener más experiencia en mentoría en estas áreas en personal médico, ya que a diferencia de las áreas quirúrgicas y en enfermería, apenas en estos últimos años se disponen de reportes y estudios que muestran beneficio en la capacitación en medicina crítica OBJETIVO. Fue identificar experiencias en la capacitación y formación con mentoría y los beneficios de su aplicación en médicos de medicina crítica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Buscadores bibliográficos de estudios observacionales y revisiones sistemáticas sobre mentoría en medicina crítica. CONCLUSIÓN. La escasa evidencia demostró mejoría no solo en la enseñanza, comunicación y bienestar de estos profesionales de salud, sino también beneficios para los familiares de los pacientes.


INTRODUCTION. Emergency and Intensive Therapy are relatively new specialties that have evolved rapidly. Worldwide it is necessary to have more experience in mentoring in these areas in medical personnel, since unlike the surgical and nursing areas, only in recent years there are reports and studies that show benefit in the training in Critical Medicine. OBJECTIVE. It was to identify experiences in mentoring training and the benefits of its application in doctors of critical medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Bibliographic search engines for observational studies and systematic reviews on mentoring in critical medicine. CONCLUSION. The scarce evidence showed improvement not only in the teaching, communication and wellbeing of these health professionals, but also benefits for the relatives of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, Ancient , History, 20th Century , Mentors , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Critical Care , Education, Nursing , Emergency Medical Services , Patients , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Medical Staff, Hospital
17.
18.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 147-151, abr. 30, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145328

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of dental paleopathologies in a Peruvian prehispanic population. Material and Method: A descriptive, observational and transversal study was carried out. The sample consisted of 106 skeletal remains of pre-hispanic inhabitants, over 18 years of age, found in the El Brujo - Magdalena de Cao Archaeological Complex, Lambayeque - Peru. The selection criteria were defined and the presence of dental caries, malocclusion, crowding, dental anomalies of direction and site, age and sex of each bone was assessed using a data collection instrument designed for that purpose. Results: The sample showed presence of dentin caries (62.3%), enamel caries (37.7%), Class I malocclusion (76.4%), Class II malocclusion (4.7%), Class III malocclusion (4.7%), maxillary crowding (15.1%), mandibular crowding (19.8%), crowding in both jaws (13.2%), gyroversion (20.8%), vestibule-versions (15.1%), linguo-versions (17.9%) and dental transposition (5.7%). Conclusion: The results show a high prevalence of caries and malocclusions in this Peruvian pre-hispanic population.


Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de paleopatologías dentales en una población prehispánica peruana. Material y Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y transversal cuya muestra estuvo conformada por 106 restos óseos de habitantes prehispánicos, mayores de 18 años, hallados en el Complejo Arqueológico El Brujo ­ Magdalena de Cao, Lambayeque ­ Perú. Se definieron los criterios de selección y se evaluó la presencia de caries dental, maloclusión, apiñamiento, anomalías de dirección, anomalías de sitio, edad y género de cada uno de los restos óseos utilizando un instrumento de recolección de datos destinado para tal fin. Resultados: La muestra mostró presencia de caries de dentina (62.3%), caries de esmalte (37.7%), maloclusión clase I (76.4%), maloclusión clase II (4.7%), maloclusión clase III (4.7%), apiñamiento en el maxilar superior (15.1%), apiñamiento mandibular (19.8%), apiñamiento en ambos maxilares (13.2%), giroversiones (20.8%), vestíbulo-versiones (15.1%), linguo-versiones (17.9%) y transposición dental (5.7%). Conclusión: Los resultados demuestran una alta prevalencia de caries y maloclusiones en la población peruana prehispánica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dental Caries/history , Malocclusion/history , Paleodontology , Paleopathology , Peru , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Dental Caries/epidemiology , History, Ancient , Tooth Wear/history
19.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 52(1): 43-58, 20190400.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-988391

ABSTRACT

La inclusión curricular de la historia de la medicina se hace cada vez más importante, y dentro de la misma el estudio de la simbología en medicina es un tema muy interesante y a veces polémico. Los símbolos asociados a la medicina usualmente presentan serpientes asociadas a los mismos, siendo los más reconocidos el bastón de Asclepio/Esculapio y el caduceo de Hermes/Mercurio. Las serpientes se encuentran asociadas a consideraciones positivas y negativas en las diferentes culturas del mundo. En el Antiguo Egipto eran símbolos de sabiduría y poder. En la Biblia tenían un rol dual y una participación en al menos un evento relacionado a curaciones masivas. La mitología griega nos provee de elementos que conectan a serpientes enrolladas en torno a una rama o vara directamente con la medicina. El tratamiento de la dracunculiasis nos otorga otra vía de conexión entre esta imagen y la medicina. El bastón de Asclepio/Esculapio se reconoce como símbolo de la medicina y las ciencias de la salud en general, mientras que el caduceo se asocia a otras profesiones no médicas.


The curricular inclusion of the history of medicine is becoming more and more important, and within it the study of symbology in medicine is a very interesting and sometimes controversial subject. The symbols associated with medicine usually present snakes associated with them, the most recognized being the rod of Asclepius/ Aesculapius and the Hermes/Mercury caduceus. Snakes are associated with positive and negative considerations in the different cultures of the world. In Ancient Egypt they were symbols of wisdom and power. In the Bible they had a dual role and a participation in at least one event related to massive healings. Greek mythology provides us with elements that connect snakes coiled around a branch or rod directly to medicine. The treatment of dracunculiasis gives us another way of connection between this image and medicine. The rod of Asclepius/ Aesculapius is recognized as a symbol of medicine and health sciences in general, while the caduceus is associated with other non-medical professions


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , History, Ancient , Symbolism , History of Medicine , Emblems and Insignia/history , Dracunculiasis/history , Medicine , Mythology
20.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(2): 202-208, abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003738

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Muchos mitos y leyendas han tenido una profunda influencia sobre el lenguaje médico moderno y están extendidos a todas las especialidades, formando parte de su cultura y de la historia de la Me dicina. Este artículo revisa en forma breve la historia de algunos epónimos los cuales son empleados habitualmente en medicina. Es conocimiento de pocos el origen mitológico en su denominación.


Abstract: Many myths and legends have had a profound influence on modern medical language and are exten ded to all specialties as part of their culture and the history of medicine. This article briefly reviews the history of some eponyms which are usually used in medical practice. It is the knowledge of a few the mythological origin in its denomination.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, Ancient , History, 16th Century , History, 17th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Eponyms , Medicine in Literature , Mythology , Terminology as Topic , Art/history
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