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1.
CoDAS ; 33(5): e20200091, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286133

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a interferência do uso do amplificador de voz na dose vocal de professoras não disfônicas. Método Trata-se de um estudo experimental, comparativo intrassujeitos, composto por 20 professoras do ensino fundamental da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Belo Horizonte/MG. Após o consentimento as participantes, foram solicitadas a responder o questionário de Escala de Sintomas Vocais - ESV e posteriormente participaram de dois momentos do estudo, selecionados aleatoriamente. No primeiro momento as participantes utilizaram somente o dosímetro vocal e no segundo momento utilizaram o dosímetro vocal e o amplificador de voz. As medições foram registradas pelo aparelho durante 1h40m, na sala de aula que as professoras lecionavam. O espaço entre as duas medições foi de uma semana, sendo mantidas a mesma sala, mesmo horário e mesma disciplina lecionada, em ambos os momentos. Resultados O parâmetro intensidade foi o único que apresentou diferença com o uso de amplificação de voz. Conclusão O uso da amplificação de voz durante a docência de professoras não disfônicas não interfere nos parâmetros acústicos de frequência fundamental, e nas medidas de dose vocal. A intensidade da voz é menor quando o professor faz uso de amplificação vocal.


ABSTRACT Purpose Analyze the interference of using the voice amplifier in vocal dose of non-dysphonic teachers. Methods This is an experimental study comparing people from the same ambience compound for 20 teachers from municipal elementary school in Belo Horizonte/MG. After consent, the participants were requested to answer the vocal symptom scale questionnaire (ESV) and later participated in two different moments of the study, for which they randomly selected. In the first moment, the participants used only the vocal dosimeter and in the second, they used the vocal dosimeter and the voice amplifier. The measurements were recorded by the device for 1h40m, in the classroom that the teachers taught. The time between the two measurements was one week, with the same room, the same time and the same discipline being taught, at both times. Results The intensity parameter was the only one that showed difference with the use of the voice amplifier. Conclusion Use voice amplification while non-dysphonic teachers are teaching doesn't affect the fundamental frequency and vocal dose measure in the acoustics parameters. The vocal intensity is smaller when teacher uses the vocal amplification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Phonation , Speech Acoustics , Acoustics , Hoarseness
2.
CoDAS ; 33(1): e20190112, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249597

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Propor o Protocolo de Rastreio do Risco de Disfonia para Atores do Teatro Musical (PRRD-TM), verificar sua aplicabilidade em associação ao Protocolo de Rastreio do Risco de Disfonia Geral (PRRD-G), correlacionar escores finais de ambos, e desses com o escore total, e comparar o risco de disfonia entre atores com e sem queixa vocal. Método Estudo transversal observacional com 34 atores de teatro musical adultos, ambos os sexos, com e sem queixa vocal, profissionais ou estudantes. Os questionários foram aplicados individualmente. A análise estatística possibilitou verificar a correlação entre os escores de risco de disfonia e para comparação entre os grupos com e sem queixa vocal. Resultados A maioria dos participantes era do gênero masculino, jovens adultos, atores profissionais e sem queixa vocal. Observou-se elevado risco de disfonia, evidenciado pela aplicação do PRRD-G, com escores médios compatíveis com valores encontrados em indivíduos com disfonia, e reforçado pelos índices encontrados com aplicação do PRRD-TM. Observou-se correlação moderada e diretamente proporcional entre os escores dos dois questionários e desses com o escore total. Escores mais elevados do PRRD-G foram encontrados no grupo que apresentou queixa vocal. Conclusão O PRRD-TM mostrou-se viável e de fácil aplicabilidade e apresentou correlação positiva com o escore do PRRD-G e com o escore total. Elevado risco de disfonia foi evidenciado em indivíduos com queixa vocal. Apesar do escore específico do PRRD-TM não diferenciar atores de teatro musical com e sem queixa vocal, tanto o escore do PRRD-G quanto o escore total realizaram tal diferenciação.


ABSTRACT Purpose To propose the Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol for Musical Theatre Actors (DRSP-MTA), to verify its applicability in association with the General Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol (G-DRSP), to correlate the final scores of both, and these with the total risk score, and to compare the risk of dysphonia measured in musical theater actors with and without vocal complaint. Methods An observational cross-sectional study with 34 musical theater actors, adults, of both genders, with and without vocal complaints and regardless of whether they are professionals or students. The questionnaires were applied individually. Statistical analysis made it possible to verify the correlation between the dysphonia risk scores and to compare the groups with and without vocal complaint. Results Most of the participants were male, young adults, professional actors and without vocal complaint. There was a high risk of dysphonia, evidenced by the application of G-DRSP, with means scores compatible with values found in individuals with dysphonia, and reinforced by the indices found with DRSP-MTA application. There was a moderate and directly proportional correlation between the two questionnaire scores; and a correlation of both with the total risk score. Higher G-DRSP scores were observed in the vocal complaint group. Conclusion DRSP-MTA was feasible and easy to apply and was positively correlated with the total score and G-DRSP score. A high risk of dysphonia was evidenced in individuals with vocal complaints. Although the specific DRSP-MTA score did not differentiate musical theatre actors with and without vocal complaints, the G-DRSP score and the total risk score performed such differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Voice , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Voice Quality , Hoarseness , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 970-976, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143989

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To give an overview of the Ortner's syndrome caused by an aortic arch aneurysm. Methods: By comprehensive retrieval of the pertinent literature published in the past two decades, 75 reports including 86 patients were collected and recruited into this study along with a recent case of our own. Results: The aortic arch aneurysms causing hoarseness were most commonly mycotic aneurysms. In this patient setting, in addition to the left recurrent laryngeal nerve, trachea was the most commonly affected structure by the aortic arch aneurysm. Surgical/interventional/hybrid treatments led to a hoarseness-relieving rate of 64.3%, much higher than that of patients receiving conservative treatment. However, hoarseness recovery took longer time in the surgically treated patients than in the interventionally treated patients. Conclusion: The surgical and interventional treatments offered similar hoarseness-relieving effects. Surgical or interventional treatment is warranted in such patients for both treatment of arch aneurysms and relief of hoarseness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Vocal Cord Paralysis/etiology , Hoarseness/etiology , Syndrome
4.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2365, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142393

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a suspeição de alteração vocal em idosos ativos e a associação com aspectos sociodemográficos, hábitos de vida relacionados à voz e desvantagem vocal. Métodos Estudo observacional transversal realizado com 254 idosos usuários de academias públicas do município de Belo Horizonte (MG). A coleta de dados incluiu uma entrevista, contendo informações sociodemográficas, hábitos de vida relacionados à voz e autorrelato de rouquidão, além da aplicação dos protocolos Índice de Desvantagem Vocal (IDV-10) e Rastreamento de Alteração Vocal em Idosos (RAVI). O resultado do RAVI foi considerado a variável resposta. Os dados foram submetidos à análise descritiva e de associação, por meio dos testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Regressão de Poisson, com variância robusta (nível de significância de 5%). Resultados Verificou-se que a maioria dos idosos era do sexo feminino (83,5%), na faixa etária de 60 a 70 anos (65,4%), aposentada (84,9%) e sem companheiros (61,8%). Segundo o protocolo RAVI, 44,5% dos idosos apresentaram suspeição de alteração vocal. Na análise multivariada, as variáveis autorrelato de rouquidão e desvantagem vocal apresentaram associação com a suspeição de alteração vocal mensurada pelo RAVI. Conclusão Foi elevada a suspeição de alteração vocal em idosos ativos, sendo maior entre os idosos com autorrelato de rouquidão e com desvantagem vocal.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify suspected vocal alterations in active elderly and its association with sociodemographic, voice-related lifestyle habits and vocal handicap aspects. Methods Cross-sectional observational study conducted with 254 elderly users of public health gyms in Belo Horizonte municipality. Data collection included an interview containing sociodemographic information, voice-related life habits and hoarseness self-report, in addition to the application of protocols: vocal handicap index (IDV-10) and screening for voice disorders (RAVI in Portuguese). The result of RAVI was considered the outcome variable. The data were subject to descriptive and association analysis using Pearson's Chi-square and Poisson Regression tests with Robust variance (5% significance level). Results It was found that the majority of the elderly are female (83.5%), aged 60 to 70 years (65.4%), retired (84.9%) and without a partner (61.8%). According to the RAVI protocol, 44.5% of them are suspected of voice alteration. Through multivariate analysis, the self-reported variables of hoarseness and vocal handicap showed association with suspected vocal changes measured by RAVI. Conclusion The vocal alteration suspicion was high in the elderly actives. The suspicion of vocal alteration was higher among the elderly with self-reported hoarseness and with vocal handicap.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Hoarseness/epidemiology , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Life Style , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Aging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fitness Centers
5.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(1): 61-62, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117429

ABSTRACT

Inferior laryngeal nerve palsy is a relatively common entity. Nevertheless, an occurrence as a result of a cardiovascular pathology is rare. In this case, it is called Ortner's syndrome (OS). Aortic diseases are responsible for more than half of cases. Supraaortic vessels disorders are rare causes of OS. In our new report, a non-smoker and non-drinker 70-year-old woman presented with a history of dysphonia since childhood. On direct laryngoscopy, a left vocal cord paralysis was detected and a contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed an aberrant right subclavian artery originating from the left portion of the aortic arch. Its course to its usual site runs behind the esophagus, being also called arteria lusoria. In this particular case, two unusual situations appear together, which contributes to the rarity of the event.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Subclavian Artery , Hoarseness , Aorta, Thoracic , Dysphonia , Non-Smokers
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(3): 329-336, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011616

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: An air traffic controller is a professional who performs air traffic control functions in air traffic control units and is responsible for controlling the various stages of a flight. Objective: To compare hoarseness and vocal tract discomfort and their risk factors among air traffic controllers in the approach control of São Paulo. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, a voice self-evaluation adapted from to self-evaluation prepared by the Brazilian Ministry of Labor for teachers was administered to 76 air traffic controllers at approach control of São Paulo, Brazil. Results: The percentage of hoarseness and vocal tract discomfort was 19.7% and 38.2%, respectively. In relation to air pollution, the percentages of hoarseness and vocal tract discomfort were higher among those who consider their working environment to be intolerable than among those in a comfortable or disturbing environment. The percentage of hoarseness was higher among those who seek medical advice due to vocal complaints and among those who experience difficulty using their voice at work than among those who experience mild or no difficulty. The percentage of vocal tract discomfort was higher among those in a very tense and stressful environment than among those who consider their work environment to be mild or moderately tense and stressful. The percentage of vocal tract discomfort was higher among those who describe themselves as very tense and stressed or tense and stressed than among those who describe themselves as calm. Additionally, the percentage of vocal tract discomfort was higher among those who care about their health. Conclusion: Among air traffic controllers, the percentage of vocal tract discomfort was almost twice that of hoarseness. Both symptoms are prevalent among air traffic controllers who considered their workplace intolerable in terms of air pollution. Vocal tract discomfort was related to a tense and stressful environment, and hoarseness was related to difficulty using the voice at work.


Resumo Introdução: O controlador de tráfego aéreo é um profissional que executa funções de controle de tráfego aéreo em unidades de controle de tráfego aéreo e são responsáveis por controlar as várias fases de um voo. Objetivo: Comparar a rouquidão e o desconforto no trato vocal e seus fatores de risco em controladores de tráfego aéreo no centro de controle de aproximação de São Paulo. Método: Em um estudo transversal, uma autoavaliação de voz adaptada da autoavaliação preparada pelo Ministério do Trabalho para professores foi administrada a 76 profissionais do centro de controle de aproximação de São Paulo, Brasil. Resultados: A porcentagem de rouquidão e desconforto no trato vocal foi de 19,7% e 38,2%, respectivamente. Em relação à poluição do ar, as porcentagens de rouquidão e desconforto no trato vocal foram maiores entre aqueles que consideram seu ambiente de trabalho como intolerável do que entre aqueles em um ambiente confortável ou incômodo. A porcentagem de rouquidão foi maior entre aqueles que procuram assistência médica devido a queixas vocais e entre aqueles que têm dificuldade de usar a voz no trabalho do que entre aqueles que experimentam dificuldade leve ou não apresentam dificuldades. A porcentagem de desconforto no trato vocal foi maior entre aqueles em um ambiente muito tenso e estressante do que entre aqueles que consideram seu ambiente de trabalho leve ou moderadamente tenso e estressante. A porcentagem de desconforto no trato vocal foi maior entre aqueles que se descrevem como muito tensos e estressados ou tensos e estressados do que entre aqueles que se descrevem como calmos. Além disso, a porcentagem de desconforto no trato vocal foi maior entre aqueles que se preocupam com sua saúde. Conclusão: Entre os controladores de tráfego aéreo, a porcentagem de desconforto no trato vocal foi quase o dobro da rouquidão. Ambos os sintomas são prevalentes entre os controladores de tráfego aéreo que consideram o seu local de trabalho intolerável em termos de poluição do ar. O desconforto no trato vocal foi associado a um ambiente tenso e estressante e a rouquidão foi associada à dificuldade de usar a voz no trabalho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aviation/statistics & numerical data , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Hoarseness/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Self-Assessment , Brazil/epidemiology , Voice Disorders/etiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Workload
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786620

ABSTRACT

A subepithelial tumor-like esophageal carcinoma is rare. We report a case of an esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lymph node metastasis presenting as a small subepithelial tumor. A 68-year-old man presented to our hospital complaining of hoarseness since last three months. Endoscopic examination revealed a 1 cm hard and fixed subepithelial tumor with surface erosion in the lower esophagus. A biopsy specimen was obtained using conventional forceps, and histopathological evaluation revealed few atypical squamous epithelial cells. Subsequent EUS demonstrated a homogeneous hypoechoic lesion in the deep mucosal layer. A CT scan of the chest showed a 3 cm mass in the right upper paratracheal area. EUS-guided fine needle biopsy of the lesion led to the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma with lymph node metastasis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Endosonography , Epithelial Cells , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagus , Hoarseness , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Surgical Instruments , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Injection laryngoplasty (IL) is one of the major options for treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Early IL in patients with abrupt-onset UVFP can reduce hoarseness and aspiration-related discomfort and complications. Temporary or short-lasting materials are recommended for the early IL since permanent or long-lasting materials may negatively affect the voice quality when vocal fold motion is spontaneously recovered. METHODS: Patients who received IL with a long-lasting material (ArteSense) within 1 month following development of postoperative UVFP were enrolled for this study. They were categorized into a spontaneously recovered group (n=30) and unrecovered group (n=276) from UVFP. The subjective and objective voice parameters were collected before and 6 months after IL. Patients' demographics and collected voice parameters were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Age and sex distributions were not different between the two groups. Aspiration symptom, maximum phonation time (MPT), jitter, shimmer, noise to harmonic ratio (NHR), overall grade (G) and breathiness (B) of GRBAS (grade of dysphonia, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain) scale score, and voice handicap index (VHI) were significantly improved after IL in both groups. The amounts of improvement in MPT, jitter, shimmer, NHR and VHI were significantly greater in the recovered group. There was no IL-related complication including granuloma formation, hypersensitivity to injection material, or worsening of hoarseness. CONCLUSION: Early IL with a long-lasting material can be safely performed to improve voice quality and to reduce aspiration episode for the patients with postoperative UVFP, regardless of recovery from the paralysis. The amounts of improvement in the subjective and objective voice parameters were significantly greater in patients who showed spontaneous recovery from UVFP when compared with those in patients who did not.


Subject(s)
Asthenia , Demography , Dysphonia , Early Intervention, Educational , Granuloma , Hoarseness , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Laryngoplasty , Noise , Paralysis , Phonation , Sex Distribution , Vocal Cords , Voice , Voice Quality
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763102

ABSTRACT

A 74-year-old woman presented with a month-long nausea and vomiting, then she could not take a meal. She had found an asymptomatic 4th ventricular mass 6 year ago as a preoperative work-up for ovarian cancer. And during the yearly follow-up, the mass had grown continuously over 6 years, and caused symptoms in the seventh year. MRI revealed a large ovoid extra-axial mass in the fourth ventricle compressing adjacent medulla and cerebellum. Surgery achieved near total resection since the tumor tightly adhered to the brain stem of 4th ventricle floor. The histological diagnosis was ependymoma (WHO grade II). She transferred rehabilitation facility for mild gait disturbance, hoarseness and swallowing difficulty. Fourth ventricle ependymoma in the elderly is extremely rare and the growth rate has not been reported. Here, we present a rare care of 4th ventricle ependymoma found asymptomatic at elderly but continuously grow to cause local pressure symptoms.


Subject(s)
Aged , Brain Stem , Cerebellum , Deglutition , Diagnosis , Ependymoma , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fourth Ventricle , Gait , Hoarseness , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meals , Nausea , Ovarian Neoplasms , Rehabilitation , Vomiting
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762258

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation often causes sore throat and coughing. The aim of this study was to decrease the incidence and severity of cough, sore throat, and hemodynamic changes after extubation by endotracheal administration of 1% lidocaine. METHODS: Sixty patients physical status American Society of Anesthesiologists classes I, II, and III who received a surgery under general anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups. L group was given 1% lidocaine 0.5 mg/kg by endotracheal administration. The other group, N group, received the same volume of normal saline. The number of cough, the severity of sore throat with numerical rating score (NRS), incidence of local anesthetic systemic toxic reaction, laryngospasm, and hoarseness were recorded. In addition, the number of coughs was divided into three levels by its severity, and it was converted into an indicator of cough score. RESULTS: L group had a significantly lower number of cough and sore throat NRS (P value < 0.05) than the N group, and also hoarseness did not occur. The changes in the hemodynamic parameters, before and after the emergence of anesthesia, were more stable in the L group than those in the N group, but not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that endotracheal administration of 1% lidocaine is effective and safe method to reduce cough and sore throat caused by extubation.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Cough , Hemodynamics , Hoarseness , Humans , Incidence , Intubation, Intratracheal , Laryngismus , Lidocaine , Methods , Pharyngitis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762257

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a common adverse event after general anesthesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 2% lidocaine jelly applied on the single-lumen endotracheal tube (ETT) and thermal softening of the ETT, and a combination of both interventions on the development of POST. METHODS: Patients (n = 144) undergoing general anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of four groups: Control group (un-softened ETT lubricated with saline); Lidocaine group (un-softened ETT lubricated with 2% lidocaine jelly); Softened group (thermally softened ETT lubricated with saline); and Combined group (thermally softened ETT lubricated with 2% lidocaine jelly). Sore throat was evaluated at 0, 1, 6, 24, and 48 h after extubation. The occurrence of any postoperative complication was also assessed including hoarseness and coughing. RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in the severity of POST at all time points. However, the incidences of POST for overall (0–48 h) and the immediately following period (0 h) were significantly lower in the Combined group (52.9% and 47.1%) than in the Control group (79.4% and 76.5%), Lidocaine group (81.8% and 78.8%), and Softened group (82.9% and 74.3%). The overall incidence of hoarseness did not differ among the groups. No other postoperative complication was observed in any of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: No differences were observed in the severity of POST. However, 2% lidocaine jelly applied on thermally softened ETT reduced the overall incidence of POST. Therefore, this combined intervention could be considered as an alleviating strategy for POST.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Cough , Hoarseness , Humans , Incidence , Lidocaine , Pharyngitis , Postoperative Complications
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762254

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat is a common complication of endotracheal intubation; the thicker the endotracheal tube, the higher the frequency of postoperative sore throat. So, we evaluated the effect of benzydamine hydrochloride spray on postoperative sore throat, associated with double-lumen endobronchial intubation. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing thoracic surgery were scheduled and enrolled for intubation, with a double-lumen endobronchial tube. Of these patients, 30 were sprayed with benzydamine hydrochloride (group B), and 30 with normal saline (group N), 10 minutes before intubation was performed. Patients were randomly assigned to the two groups. Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded before, and after endotracheal intubation. Symptoms of sore throat, hoarseness, and dysphagia were examined one hour, as well as 24 hours, after surgery. RESULTS: Incidence of sore throat was 73.3% and 23.3% (P < 0.001) in groups N and B, respectively, at one hour after surgery. In addition, incidence of sore throat at 24 hours after the operation, was also statistically significant (66.6% and 20.0%, P = 0.001). Frequency of dysphagia at one hour, and 24 hours after surgery, was lower in group B. There were no significant differences in heart rate, blood pressure, and hoarseness at 24 hours after surgery between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In cases wherein a double-lumen endobronchial tube was used, an oropharyngeal spray of benzydamine hydrochloride before tracheal intubation, reduced incidence of postoperative sore throat.


Subject(s)
Benzydamine , Blood Pressure , Deglutition Disorders , Heart Rate , Hoarseness , Humans , Incidence , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Pharyngitis , Postoperative Period , Thoracic Surgery
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787526

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory myofibrolastic tumor (IMT) is a rare borderline neoplasm. It frequently occurs in the lung but occasionally occurs in extrapulmonary sites such as the genitourinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, breast, salivary glands, sinonasal tract, orbit, and the central nervous system. Laryngeal involvement of IMT is very rare.A 61-year-old woman who complained of hoarseness persisting for 3 months visited our hospital. Laryngoscopy showed an elevated lesion in the right true vocal cord. Incisional biopsy was confirmed as larygeal inflammatory myofibrolastic tumor. We performed a transoral excision with CO2 LASER under suspension examination. Regional recurrence or distant metastasis was not observed after 9 months of follow-up. Herein we report a case of larygeal inflammatory myofibrolastic tumor that was treated with surgery alone, with a literature review.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast , Central Nervous System , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hoarseness , Humans , Laryngoscopy , Larynx , Lasers, Gas , Lung , Middle Aged , Myofibroblasts , Neoplasm Metastasis , Orbit , Recurrence , Salivary Glands , Vocal Cords
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739847

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the differences in postoperative sore throat and hoarseness by adjustment of endotracheal tube cuff pressure (CP) during nitrous oxide (N2O) and air anesthesia. METHODS: A one-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Data were collected from August 8 to October 19, 2017 and analyzed using the independent t-test and repeated measures ANOVA. Eighty-four participants were enrolled and divided into three groups: 28 in the Control Group (CP adjusted every 30 minutes using N2O), 28 in Experimental Group 1 (CP adjusted every 10 minutes using N2O), and 28 in Experimental Group 2 (non-adjusted CP using air), all of whom underwent urologic, gynecologic, and orthopedic surgeries at the G University hospital. Sore throat was assessed using a numeric rating scale; hoarseness was evaluate using the Stout classification at 1, 6, and 24 hours after surgery. RESULTS: Scores for sore throat and hoarseness were significantly different between the groups at each measurement time, and scores were consistently higher in the control group. During subsequent measurements, sore throat and hoarseness scores were significantly lower at 6 hours. Cuff pressure changed significantly using air anesthesia (χ2=10.41, p=.015) up to 2 hours after induction. Severe sore throat and hoarseness was observed for up to 6 hours after surgery. CONCLUSION: Cuff pressure adjustment at short time intervals would be helpful in reducing postoperative sore throat and hoarseness. Nursing intervention focused on prevention of sore throat and hoarseness should be required up to 6 hours postoperatively in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Classification , Hoarseness , Humans , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Nitric Oxide , Nitrous Oxide , Nursing , Orthopedics , Pharyngitis
16.
Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases. 2018; 10 (1): 55-58
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-192427

ABSTRACT

Lipoid proteinosis is a rare disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance, characterized by progressive deposition of hyaline material in the skin, mucous membrane, and different organs of the body, resulting in a multitude of clinical manifestations. A 34-year-old woman presented with hoarseness, dysphagia, eyelid beeding, and acneiform scars on the facial skin and extremities. The patient was diagnosed clinically as having lipoid proteinosis, which was confirmed by laryngeal biopsy. The objective of the present report is to describe this rare entity. This case report also illustrates that lipoid proteinosis may show protean clinical features and yet may remain undiagnosed for many years


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lipoid Proteinosis of Urbach and Wiethe/diagnosis , Acneiform Eruptions , Deglutition Disorders , Hoarseness , Esophagus/pathology , Hyalin
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765896

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster of the head and neck commonly presents with Ramsay Hunt syndrome. However, vesicular eruptions may occur on the pharyngeal or laryngeal area with multiple lower cranial-nerve (CN) palsy. CASE REPORT: We report on the case of a 54-year-old man with herpes zoster of the pharynx and larynx with multiple CN palsy and persistent hiccups. He initially developed progressive dysphagia, hoarseness, and persistent hiccups (CN IX and X). After admission, Dizziness, hearing impairment, and peripheral facial palsy (CN VII and VIII) were complicated. The results of a polymerase chain reaction test of saliva and vesicular fluid from the ear and throat were strongly positive for varicella zoster virus. The progression of CN palsy was in an ascending sequence. CONCLUSION: We suggest that the sequence of CN palsy may be either ascending or descending, depending on the initial site of involvement.


Subject(s)
Cranial Nerve Diseases , Cranial Nerves , Deglutition Disorders , Dizziness , Ear , Facial Paralysis , Head , Hearing Loss , Herpes Zoster Oticus , Herpes Zoster , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Hiccup , Hoarseness , Humans , Laryngitis , Larynx , Middle Aged , Neck , Paralysis , Pharynx , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Saliva
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758494

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis of the retropharynx is extremely rare. The diagnosis is frequently delayed because of its anatomical location and atypical symptom. It would be crucial to consider tuberculosis infection as a possible source of abscess and should be mindful about the tests to diagnose it. We experienced a 23-year-old man with retropharyngeal abscess caused by tuberculosis presenting hypernasality and hoarseness in the throat. In this article, we reviewed the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this case, with a review of literatures.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Diagnosis , Hoarseness , Humans , Pharynx , Retropharyngeal Abscess , Tuberculosis , Young Adult
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758493

ABSTRACT

Trauma, congenital malformation and aging process can be a cause of the deviation of laryngeal prominence in the thyroid cartilage. Among these, the senility is the most common cause. Usually, ossification in the thyroid cartilage has occurred symmetrically, but the asymmetrical event leads to the shift of laryngeal prominence. Also, such deformity can provoke protrusion of false vocal fold. A 75-year-old man with hoarseness and globus sense in throat visited our clinic. Five years ago, he experienced a blunt trauma on left midline neck and had a concave deformity in the left thyroid cartilage lamina. Laryngoscopic findings revealed a marked protrusion in the left false vocal fold. We performed the laryngeal microsurgery to discriminate the tumorous condition. The pathology revealed non-pathologic mucosa. We report a unique and didactic case with a brief literature review.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Congenital Abnormalities , Hoarseness , Humans , Microsurgery , Mucous Membrane , Neck , Pathology , Pharynx , Thyroid Cartilage , Thyroid Gland , Vocal Cords
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762505

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Korean teacher’s working conditions are deteriorating. There is concern about the deterioration of teachers’ health and voice disorder is one of the most common problems. Teacher’s vocal health is important for them and their students. The aim of the present study was to investigate working conditions that may affect voice disorders. METHODS: In all, 79 primary and secondary schools were randomly selected for a nationwide school system survey (N = 3345). In 64 schools, 1617 (48.3%) teachers participated via a postal self-report questionnaire from June 2016 to August 2016. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, data from 1301 teachers’ were used for analysis. Multiple logistic regression was used to investigate the associations between general, work-related factors, and frequent voice disorders (fVDs) to estimate the adjusted odds ratio(aOR). RESULTS: Teachers who reported voice symptoms more than once a week (fVD) made up 11.6%. In a multiple logistic regression, fVD was significantly associated with female, difficulty in applying for sick leave as needed, music teachers (primary school), and less than 6 h of sleep per day (primary school). The aOR for fVD was 2.72 (0.83–8.10) in the longest working hours group (> 52 h/wk) among the primary school teachers, and 1.90 (0.80–4.73) in the longest class hour group (≥ 20 h/wk), 1.52 (0.90–2.62) in homeroom teachers among the secondary school teachers, but not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Korean teachers’ working conditions are associated with fVDs. The school health system must take steps to prevent and treat voice disorders of teachers.


Subject(s)
Female , Hoarseness , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Music , School Health Services , Sick Leave , Voice Disorders , Voice
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