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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 21, 2022. 4 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1366980

ABSTRACT

Informe que presenta la situación epidemiológica El Salvador al 18 de abril de 2022 (Datos preliminares) Principales causas de consulta, acumuladas desde el 11 de abril a la fecha, años 2021 ­ 2022 Total consultas, emergencias y referencias, Semana Santa El Salvador 2020 ­ 2021 Informe de COVID-19 I. Contexto mundial de COVID -19 II. Contexto Centroamérica y República Dominicana III. Situación Nacional, Programación semanal de tamizajes comunitarios, semana santa 2022 Recursos Humanos a disposición para este periodo del sistema integrado de salud


Report presenting the epidemiological situation of El Salvador as of April 18, 2022 (Preliminary data) Main causes of consultation, accumulated from April 11 to date, years 2021 - 2022 Total queries, emergencies and referrals, Easter El Salvador 2020 ­ 2021 COVID-19 Report I. Global Context of COVID -19 II. Context Central America and the Dominican Republic III. National Situation, Weekly programming of community screening, Holy Week 2022 Human resources available for this period of the integrated health system


Subject(s)
Health , Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Holidays , Infections , Mass Screening , El Salvador , Preliminary Data
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ago. 11, 2021. 4 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1283220

ABSTRACT

El Boletín Epidemiológico Semana 30, presenta el informe de salud de vacaciones agostinas, detallado de la siguiente manera: Informe de eventos sujetos a vigilancia intensificada, informe de atenciones, consultas médicas, emergencias y referencias, comparativo de eventos de periodo 2019-2021 y el Informe de Covid-19, dentro del contexto mundial, centroamericano y Nacional


The Epidemiological Bulletin Week 30, presents the August holiday health report, detailed as follows: Report of events subject to intensified surveillance, report of care, medical consultations, emergencies and referrals, comparative of events for the period 2019-2021 and the Covid-19 report, within the global, Central American and National context


Subject(s)
Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Holidays , Referral and Consultation , Coronavirus Infections
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1173-1178, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134420

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study evaluated the effect of resistance exercise training (RET) on body composition and muscle strength in 16 older women during summer holidays (70.5 ± 8.4 years old; Range 60-87). Exercise sessions were carried out for twelve weeks, two sessions per week, with 60 minutes of exercise per session. We measured body mass index (BMI), fat mass percentage (FM%, by bioimpedance) and grip strength with a dynamometer before and after the intervention. The participants showed a significant increase in BMI (p<0.05), FM% (p<0.001), and a significant gain in grip strength (p<0.05). The RET program could be an important strategy for improving strength for older women, but we would suggest combining it with other interventions, such as aerobic exercises with gradually increasing intensity and nutrition interventions, in order to maintain a steady weight during holiday periods.


RESUMEN: Este estudio evaluó el efecto del entrenamien- to con ejercicios de resistencia (EER) sobre la composición corpo- ral y la fuerza muscular en 16 mujeres adultas mayores durante las vacaciones de verano (70,5 ± 8,4 años; Rango 60-87). Las sesio- nes de ejercicio se llevaron a cabo durante doce semanas, dos ve- ces por semana, con 60 minutos de ejercicio por sesión. Se evaluó el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el porcentaje de masa grasa (% MG, por bioimpedancia) y la fuerza de presión con un dinamómetro manual antes y después de la intervención. Las participantes mos- traron un aumento significativo en el IMC (p< 0,05), % de MG (p<0,001) y un incremento significativo en la fuerza prensil (p <0,05). El programa de EER podría ser una estrategia importante para mejorar la fuerza de mujeres adultas mayores durante el periodo estival. El EER se sugiere combinarlo con otras variables, como ejercicios aeróbicos con intensidad gradualmente creciente y una intervención nutricional, para mantener un peso constante durante los períodos de vacaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Body Composition , Hand Strength/physiology , Resistance Training/methods , Pressure , Seasons , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Adiposity , Resistance Training , Holidays
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811265

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The discontinuation of bisphosphonate (BP) treatment before tooth extraction may induce medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). Whether the long-term discontinuation of BP treatment before tooth extraction affects the risk of developing MRONJ after tooth extraction or whether extended drug holidays induce systemic side effects remains unclear. The present study assessed the incidence of MRONJ among patients who underwent tooth extraction and did not discontinue BP therapy prior to the procedure.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were classified according to whether or not they discontinued BP therapy before tooth extraction. Differences in the incidence of MRONJ after tooth extraction were compared between the two groups using the chi-squared test.RESULTS: The BP-continuation (BPC) and BP-discontinuation (BPDC) groups included 179 and 286 patients, respectively. One patient in the BPC group and no patients in the BPDC group developed MRONJ (P=0.385). The patients in the BPDC group stopped receiving BP therapy at a mean of 39.0±35.5 months prior to tooth extraction.CONCLUSION: The possibility of pre-existing MRONJ in the extraction area must be considered during the extraction procedure. Routine discontinuation of BP medications for several months before the extraction procedure should be carefully considered, as evidence of its efficacy in reducing the development of post-extraction MRONJ is limited.


Subject(s)
Holidays , Humans , Incidence , Jaw , Osteonecrosis , Tooth Extraction , Tooth
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811145

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common chronic metabolic disorder with an increasing prevalence worldwide. According to a previous study, physicians' treatment patterns or patients' behaviors change when they become aware of the risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients with DM. However, there exist controversial reports from previous studies in the impact of physicians' behaviors on the patients' quality of life (QoL) improvements. So we investigate the changes in QoL according to physicians and patients' behavioral changes after the awareness of CV risks in patients with type 2 DM.METHODS: Data were obtained from a prospective, observational study where 799 patients aged ≥40 years with type 2 DM were recruited at 24 tertiary hospitals in Korea. Changes in physicians' behaviors were defined as changes in the dose/type of antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, and anti-platelet therapies within 6-month after the awareness of CV risks in patients. Changes in patients' behaviors were based on lifestyle modifications. Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life comprising 19-life-domains was used.RESULTS: The weighted impact score change for local or long-distance journey (P=0.0049), holidays (P=0.0364), and physical health (P=0.0451) domains significantly differed between the two groups; patients whose physician's behaviors changed showed greater improvement than those whose physician's behaviors did not change.CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that changes in physicians' behaviors, as a result of perceiving CV risks, improve QoL in some domains of life in DM patients. Physicians should recognize the importance of understanding CV risks and implement appropriate management.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Holidays , Humans , Korea , Life Style , Observational Study , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Risk Management , Tertiary Care Centers
6.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 14: e38990, mar. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097736

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Examinar los comportamientos de compra y las percepciones relacionadas con el uso de ferias del agricultor en una muestra de usuarios y no usuarios de las mismas. Metodología. Diseño transversal, con el uso de una encuesta estructurada en participantes viviendo a un kilómetro de distancia o menos de dos ferias del agricultor específicas (n=240). El análisis cuantitativo incluyó estadísticas descriptivas y bivariadas para comparar usuarios con no usuarios. Las preguntas abiertas se analizaron utilizando codificación temática. Resultados. 56% de la muestra fue usuaria de la feria del agricultor, y en su mayoría, mujeres adultas. Las usuarias tenían ingreso similar, pero nivel educativo menor que las no usuarias. En usuarias, el precio, la calidad de producto y la proximidad a la feria fueron las principales motivaciones de uso. En no usuarias, las horas de operación, la falta de tiempo y los precios fueron las principales barreras. Conclusión. Los hallazgos profundizan en potenciales mejoras de las ferias del agricultor. Los mensajes de promoción se pueden adaptar para resaltar los beneficios que ya son conocidos de las ferias, lo cual conduciría a estrategias de mercadeo más efectivas para promover su uso. (AU)


Objectives: To examine purchasing behaviors and perceptions related to farmers markets' use in a sample of farmers market shoppers and non-shoppers. Methods: Cross-sectional, with the use of a structured survey instrument to assess participants living within one kilometer of a farmers market (n=240). Quantitative analysis included descriptive statistics, as well as bivariate analysis to compare shoppers and non-shoppers. Open-ended questions were analyzed using thematic coding. Results: 56% were farmers market shoppers, and mostly female adults. Shoppers had similar incomes but lower education than non-shoppers. Among shoppers, price, freshness, and proximity were the main perceived benefits. Among non-shoppers, hours of operation, lack of time, and high prices were main barriers not to attend the farmers market. Conclusions: Our findings provide farmers market managers and vendors information on potential improvements. In addition, promotion messages can be tailored to highlight benefits and ways to overcome barriers for attending farmers markets, leading to more effective marketing strategies to promote their use. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Crops, Agricultural , Consumer Behavior , Holidays , Plants , Vegetables , Costa Rica , Agriculture , Farmers , Fruit
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739085

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess hand hygiene (HH) compliance among visitors at a long-term care hospital in South Korea. METHODS: The study was conducted at a 502-bed long-term care hospital located in Gyeonggi-do Province. From July 1 to August 15, 2017, including more than 6 weekends and one holiday, a trained observer covertly assessed visitors' HH at all five units (360 beds in total) of the study hospital building until the completion of 1,000 HH opportunities (i.e., 200 opportunities per unit). The modified World Health Organization (WHO) HH observation form was used. Instead of professional categories and the “before clean/aseptic procedure” moment, the estimated age range for each visitor were recorded in four categories: children (<14 years old), adolescents (14~18), adults (19~64), and the elderly (≥65). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0. RESULTS: A total of 1,000 HH opportunities were observed from 766 visitors (an average of 1.31 per visitor) and the overall HH compliance rate was 20.3%. Overall, 53.7% of the HH cases were performed with soap and water. Among the 4 HH moments, the “after body fluid exposure risk” moment showed the highest compliance rate (83.5%); 93.9% used soap and water. The most commonly exposed potential body fluid among visitors was saliva (48.1%). CONCLUSION: For hospital visitors in long-term care hospitals, HH education programs including HH moments need to be developed and implemented. Further studies are necessary to evaluate visitors' HH compliance in various hospital settings and find the related variables influencing visitors' HH.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Body Fluids , Child , Compliance , Education , Hand Hygiene , Hand , Holidays , Humans , Korea , Long-Term Care , Observational Study , Saliva , Soaps , Visitors to Patients , Water , World Health Organization
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766379

ABSTRACT

Predicting the number of meals in a foodservice organization is an important decision-making process that is essential for successful food production, such as reducing the amount of residue, preventing menu quality deterioration, and preventing rising costs. Compared to other demand forecasts, the menu of dietary personnel includes diverse menus, and various dietary supplements include a range of side dishes. In addition to the menus, diverse subjects for prediction are very difficult problems. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a method for predicting the number of meals including predictive modeling and considering various factors in addition to menus which are actually used in the field. For this purpose, 63 variables in eight categories such as the daily available number of people for the meals, the number of people in the time series, daily menu details, weekdays or seasons, days before or after holidays, weather and temperature, holidays or year-end, and events were identified as decision variables. An ensemble model using six prediction models was then constructed to predict the number of meals. As a result, the prediction error rate was reduced from 10%~11% to approximately 6~7%, which was expected to reduce the residual amount by approximately 40%.


Subject(s)
Dietary Supplements , Holidays , Machine Learning , Meals , Methods , Seasons , Weather
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765639

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clinical microbiological tests are conducted at night, on weekends, and during public holidays in various manners due to the fact that both manual processes and the form of working type, are not well known. Therefore, we surveyed the current running condition of these laboratories and made some suggestions for better-quality clinical microbiology tests. METHODS: We conducted a survey, both online and offline, focusing on the operating styles of clinical microbiological tests within laboratories that had participated in an external quality assessment program, conducted by the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service (KEQAS). RESULTS: Out of 341 laboratories that participated in the microbiology program of KEQAS, 128 replied to our questionnaires. In Korea, various types of operations occur within clinical microbiology laboratories. Those in night duty operate in either shifts or dedicated duties. In the case of weekend shifts, they either operated on single-day schedules (either on a Saturday or a Sunday), or over the entire weekend. For public holidays, the laboratories operated in various manners, depending on the number of days off. Among the clinical microbiological tests conducted at night, on weekends, and during public holidays, Gram staining and inoculations are the most common tasks carried out, with some laboratories conducting antibiotic susceptibility tests as well. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid reporting of clinical microbiological test results is currently inadequate due to both cost and labor constraints, despite its many advantages. It would be ultimately beneficial for both the patient and the hospital to switch to a 24/7 operating schedule through the utilization of a variety of methods, including cost control, coordination of a fine workforce, and prioritization of tests needing to be reported.


Subject(s)
Appointments and Schedules , Consensus , Cost Control , Holidays , Humans , Korea , Running
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764769

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the welfare status of nurses and the status of fixed night shifts and flexible work arrangements in both general hospitals and advanced general hospitals in Korea. METHODS: A total of 167 hospitals participated in this study, done from April to October 2018. RESULTS: There were 103 hospitals utilizing the fixed night shift system, 22 in the two-shift system, 3 in the fixed holiday shift, 79 in the fixed shift system, and 39 in the short-time working system. The average welfare benefits for nurses increased to 33.02 million won on average. However, welfare services for the nurses were poor: 41.8% of the respondents had a nurses' lounge, 81.7% were given dormitory space at their place of employment, 41.8% had access to welfare facilities, and 56.4% were provided with welfare support countermeasures. CONCLUSION: The results show an increasing trend of hospitals to utilize fixed night shift and flexible work arrangements. An institutional strategy at the national policy level should be established to implement flexible work arrangements including the fixed night shift system, which has a poor level of welfare.


Subject(s)
Employment , Holidays , Hospitals, General , Korea , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764232

ABSTRACT

Noroviruses (NoV) are the major viral pathogen causing epidemic acute gastroenteritis and outbreaks of foodborne and waterborne illness. During the local festival in Chungnam province, group food poisoning occurred outbreak by NoV infections in Jan 2019. In this study, epidemiological analysis and molecular characterization were conducted such as genotyping, phylogeny. The prevalent genotypes of food poisoning events were NoV GII.3 and GII.17, and NoV GII.3 and GII.17 isolates of this study were completely matched in nucleotide sequence comparison of capsid gene region, respectively. In underground water and stream water, various multiple genotypes of noroviruses were detected including NoV GII.3, GII.8 and GI.4 in aquatic environment of the local festival site. Among 32 worker samples, various NoVs of five genotypes (GI.7, GI.8, GII.3, GII.8, GII.17) were detected in 12 samples and expected to causing NoV contaminated by exposure to groundwater. NoV genotype GII.3, which was detected from groundwater 2, was completely consistent with that of patients and workers. Therefore, groundwater within the local festival site could be main cause of food poisoning event. Because NoV outbreaks are caused by fecal to oral transmission, proper management of sewage purification facilities, groundwater and sanitary toilets is required for many visitors, and efforts are needed to maintain clean environment.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Capsid , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemiologic Studies , Foodborne Diseases , Gastroenteritis , Genotype , Groundwater , Holidays , Humans , Korea , Norovirus , Phylogeny , Rivers , Sewage , Water
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of physical therapy (PT) intervention on spasticity in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), and to assess the degree of deterioration of spasticity when regular PT is interrupted in those patients. METHODS: We recruited 35 children with spastic CP who visited our hospital for PT, and whose Modified Tardieu Scale (MTS) scores were serially recorded including before and after a 10-day public holiday time frame period. The outcome measures were the angle of range of motion (ROM) of dorsiflexion of the ankle joint (R1 and R2) in the knee flexion and extension positions as assessed using the MTS. RESULTS: The range of dorsiflexion of the ankle joint (R1 and R2) after the holiday period was significantly decreased as compared with that measured ROM noted before the holiday period, regardless of the knee position, age, or gross motor function. The dynamic component of the MTS (R2–R1) showed a slight decrease in the knee flexion position. CONCLUSION: Interruption of regular PT aggravated spasticity and decreased ankle joint ROM in children with spastic CP. Our findings suggest that regular PT in the care continuum for children with CP is crucial for the maintenance of ROM in the spastic ankle joints.


Subject(s)
Ankle Joint , Cerebral Palsy , Child , Continuity of Patient Care , Holidays , Humans , Knee , Muscle Spasticity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Range of Motion, Articular
13.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 945-956, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759399

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to confirm the effects of traditional holidays on the incidence and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in South Korea. METHODS: We studied 95,066 OHCAs of cardiac cause from a nationwide, prospective study from the Korea OHCA Registry from January 2012 to December 2016. We compared the incidence of OHCA, in-hospital mortality, and neurologic outcomes between traditional holidays, Seollal (Lunar New Year's Day) and Chuseok (Korean Thanksgiving Day), and other day types (weekday, weekend, and public holiday). RESULTS: OHCA occurred more frequently on traditional holidays than on the other days. The median OHCA incidence were 51.0 (interquartile range [IQR], 44.0–58.0), 53.0 (IQR, 46.0–60.5), 52.5 (IQR, 45.3–59.8), and 60.0 (IQR, 52.0–69.0) cases/day on weekday, weekend, public holiday, and traditional holiday, respectively (p<0.001). The OHCA occurred more often at home rather than in public place, lesser bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed, and the rate of cessation of CPR within 20 minutes without recovery of spontaneous circulation was higher on traditional holiday. After multivariable adjustment, traditional holiday was associated with higher in-hospital mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.339; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.058–1.704; p=0.016) but better neurologic outcomes (adjusted HR, 0.503; 95% CI, 0.281–0.894; p=0.020) than weekdays. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of OHCAs was associated with day types in a year. It occurred more frequently on traditional holidays than on other day types. It was associated with higher in-hospital mortality and favorable neurologic outcomes than weekday.


Subject(s)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Epidemiology , Heart Arrest , Holidays , Hospital Mortality , Incidence , Korea , Mortality , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest , Prospective Studies
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 957-959, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759398

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Heart Arrest , Holidays
15.
Buenos Aires; GCBA. Dirección General de Estadística y Censos; oct. 2018. f: 31 l: 48 p. tab, graf.(Población de Buenos Aires, 15, 27).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1120087

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo estudia los patrones de uso del tiempo de la población de las ciudades de Buenos Aires y Rosario, Argentina, sobre la base de las Encuestas de Uso del Tiempo realizadas en 2005 y 2010, respectivamente. Ambos relevamientos utilizan en su metodología el "diario de actividades" del día anterior y el mismo codificador de actividades, el cual es una reformulación del Clasificador Internacional de Actividades de Uso del Tiempo (ICATUS) de Naciones Unidas. A partir de un estudio comparativo de los principales resultados, se pretende determinar cuáles son las similitudes y diferencias en el "día promedio" de los habitantes de las ciudades de Rosario y Buenos Aires, desagregando por género y diferenciando días "laborables" y "no laborables". De este modo, se busca visibilizar los nexos entre los usos del tiempo (o cantidad de vida) y la calidad de vida. Además, se estudian los tiempos simples y compuestos y el vínculo entre trabajo no remunerado y los patrones demográficos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Time , Work/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Cities/statistics & numerical data , Time Management , Work-Life Balance/methods , Work-Life Balance/trends , Work-Life Balance/statistics & numerical data , Holidays/statistics & numerical data , Job Description
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) and to elucidate factors affecting recurrence in surgical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 51 patients who were diagnosed with MRONJ were analyzed according to demographic and clinical features and treatment results through a retrospective chart review from 2013 to 2017 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul in Korea. RESULTS: Alendronate composed the majority of medication doses (55.6%), followed by ibandronate (20.0%), risedronate (15.6%), and zoledronate (6.7%). Forty patients (88.9%) were given oral medication, and five patients (11.1%) were intravenously treated, and the mean duration of medication use was 61.1±42.9 months. A total of 10 patients (22.2%) had a drug holiday before MRONJ-induced dental treatment lasting an average of 6.8±7.0 months. MRONJ occurred 2.7 times more in the mandible, with 41 cases (73.2%) occurring in the mandible and 15 cases (26.8%) occurring in the maxilla, and the prevalence of affected posterior parts (premolar-molar) was six times greater than that of the anterior parts (incisor-canine) (48 cases vs 8 cases, 85.7% vs 14.3%). The most common dental cause of MRONJ was tooth extraction (69.6%). Regarding recurrence, there was no statistical difference in recurrence rate according to either site or stage. However, recurrence occurred in 4 out of 34 cases (11.8%) in the primary closure group and 9 out of 20 cases (45.0%) in the secondary healing group, and there was a statistical difference with respect to closure technique. CONCLUSION: The identified risk factors in patients taking bone resorption inhibitors can aid dental clinicians in ensuring prevention and proper treatment of MRONJ.


Subject(s)
Alendronate , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Holidays , Humans , Jaw , Korea , Mandible , Maxilla , Osteonecrosis , Prevalence , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risedronic Acid , Risk Factors , Seoul , Surgery, Oral , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Tooth Extraction
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 686-692, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715893

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Inconsistent findings have been reported regarding the effect of ambient temperature on ischemic stroke. Furthermore, little is known about how underlying disease and low socioeconomic status influence the association. We, therefore, investigated the relationship between ambient temperature and emergency department (ED) visits for ischemic stroke, and aimed to identify susceptible populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using medical claims data, we identified ED visits for ischemic stroke during 2005–2009 in Seoul, Korea. We conducted piecewise linear regression analyses to find optimum ambient temperature thresholds in summer and winter, and estimated the relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) per a 1℃ increase in temperature above/below the thresholds, adjusting for relative humidity, holidays, day of the week, and air pollutant levels. RESULTS: There were 63564 ED visits for ischemic stroke. In summer, the risk of ED visits for ischemic stroke was not significant, with the threshold at 26.8℃. However, the RRs were 1.055 (95% CI, 1.006–1.106) above 25.0℃ in medical aid beneficiaries and 1.044 (1.007–1.082) above 25.8℃ in patients with diabetes. In winter, the risk of ED visits for ischemic stroke significantly increased as the temperature decreased above the threshold at 7.2℃. This inverse association was significant also in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus above threshold temperatures. CONCLUSION: Ambient temperature increases above a threshold were positively associated with ED visits for ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes and medical aid beneficiaries in summer. In winter, temperature, to a point, and ischemic stroke visits were inversely associated.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Emergency Service, Hospital , Holidays , Humans , Humidity , Hypertension , Korea , Linear Models , Seoul , Social Class , Stroke
18.
Licere (Online) ; 20(3): 392-423, set.2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-881849

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho versou sobre o biopoder e o poder disciplinar à luz de Michel Foucault, na intenção de discutir alguns saberes e práticas características das Colônias de Férias. Estas são espaços informais de ensino-aprendizagem com atividades lúdicas, cooperativas, competitivas e coletivas, objetivando a promoção do lazer. A partir dessa pesquisa, encontramos fortes propriedades do poder disciplinar e da biopolítica na educação e regulação dos corpos nas Colônias de Férias pesquisadas. O poder disciplinar se manifesta por meio da presença de atividades obrigatórias, regulação de costumes, da vigilância permanente, entre outros. A biopolítica, discutida por Foucault, aparece por intermédio da preocupação com a saúde da população que, por vezes, é colocada como prioridade, acima das escolhas dos indivíduos, dos desejos das crianças e das finalidades sociopolíticas da educação.


The present study examines biopower and disciplinary power, according to Michel Foucault, in order to discuss about some knowledge and practices of Vacation Camps. These camps are teaching-learning informal spaces where recreational, cooperative, competitive and collective activities are found, aiming at promoting leisure time. From this research, we found strong properties of disciplinary power and biopolitics in education and regulation of bodies in the Vacation Camps studied. The disciplinary power exists through the presence of mandatory activities, regulation of habits, permanent surveillance, among others. The biopolitics, discussed by Foucault, emerges from the concern for the health of population, which is sometimes placed as a priority, staying above the individuals' choices, children's desires and sociopolitical purposes of education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Physical Education and Training , Teaching/education , Child , Holidays , Learning
20.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 38(4): e65354, 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960779

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVOS Identificar a prevalência e analisar a existência de fatores preditores da síndrome de burnout em enfermeiros de unidade de terapia intensiva. MÉTODOS Estudo quantitativo, descritivo, transversal, com 91 enfermeiros de terapia intensiva. Utilizaram-se na coleta dos dados, em julho de 2014, dois instrumentos: um sociodemográfico e o Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. Para verificar a associação entre a ocorrência do burnout e as variáveis categóricas foram aplicados o teste Qui-Quadrado de Pearson ou o teste Exato de Fisher. RESULTADOS Apresentaram burnout 14,3% da amostra. Das variáveis estudadas, a duração das férias foi a única que apresentou associação significativa com a ocorrência do burnout (p=0,034 / OR=3,92). CONCLUSÕES A prevalência do burnout nos enfermeiros correspondeu a 14,3%. A duração das férias foi a única variável em que houve associação significativa com a ocorrência do burnout.


Resumen OBJETIVOS Identificar la prevalencia y analizar la existencia de predictores del síndrome de burnout en enfermeras de la unidad de cuidados intensivos. MÉTODOS Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, transversal, con 91 enfermeros de terapia intensiva. Se utilizaron en la recolección de datos, en julio de 2014, dos instrumentos: un sociodemográfico y el Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. Para verificar la asociación entre la ocurrencia del burnout y las variables categóricas se aplicó la prueba Qui-cuadrado de Pearson o la prueba Exacto de Fisher. RESULTADOS Presentaron burnout 14,3% de la muestra. De las variables estudiadas, la duración de las vacaciones fue la única que presentó asociación significativa con la ocurrencia del burnout (p = 0,034 / OR = 3,92). CONCLUSIONES La prevalencia del burnout en los enfermeros correspondió al 14,3%. La duración de las vacaciones fue la única variable en la que hubo asociación significativa con la ocurrencia del burnout.


Abstract OBJECTIVES To identify the prevalence and analyse the existence of predictors of burnout syndrome in intensive care nurses. METHODS The quantitative, descriptive, cross sectional study with 91 intensive care nurses. Two instruments were used to collect data in July 2014: a sociodemographic form and the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. Pearson's Chi-Square test or Fisher's exact test were applied to verify the association between the occurrence of burnout and the categorical variables. RESULTS Burnout affected 14.3% of the sample. Of the studied variables, only the duration of holidays had a significant association with the occurrence of burnout (p = 0034/OR = 3.92). CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of burnout in the nurses was 14.3%. Duration of the holidays was the only variable that showed a significant association with the occurrence of burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Critical Care Nursing , Burnout, Psychological/psychology , Brazil , Nursing Research , Cross-Sectional Studies , Workload , Critical Illness , Emotions , Fatigue/psychology , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Holidays , Hospitals, Teaching , Middle Aged
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