Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 75
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929015

ABSTRACT

Branchio-oto syndrome (BOS)/branchio-oto-renal syndrome (BORS) is a kind of autosomal dominant heterogeneous disorder. These diseases are mainly characterized by hearing impairment and abnormal phenotype of ears, accompanied by renal malformation and branchial cleft anomalies including cyst or fistula, with an incidence of 1/40 000 in human population. Otic anormalies are one of the most obvious clinical manifestations of BOS/BORS, including deformities of external, middle, inner ears and hearing loss with conductive, sensorineural or mix, ranging from mild to profound loss. Temporal bone imaging could assist in the diagnosis of middle ear and inner ear malformations for clinicians. Multiple methods including direct sequencing combined with next generation sequencing (NGS), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), or array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) can effectively screen and identify pathogenic genes and/or variation types of BOS/BORS. About 40% of patients with BOS/BORS carry aberrations of EYA1 gene which is the most important cause of BOS/BORS. A total of 240 kinds of pathogenic variations of EYA1 have been reported in different populations so far, including frameshift, nonsense, missense, aberrant splicing, deletion and complex rearrangements. Human Endogenous Retroviral sequences (HERVs) may play an important role in mediating EYA1 chromosomal fragment deletion mutations caused by non-allelic homologous recombination. EYA1 encodes a phosphatase-transactivator cooperated with transcription factors of SIX1, participates in cranial sensory neurogenesis and development of branchial arch-derived organs, then regulates the morphological and functional differentiation of the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear toward normal tissues. In addition, pathogenic mutations of SIX1 and SIX5 genes can also cause BOS/BORS. Variations of these genes mentioned above may cause disease by destroying the bindings between SIX1-EYA1, SIX5-EYA1 or SIX1-DNA. However, the role of SIX5 gene in the pathogenesis of BORS needs further verification.


Subject(s)
Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome/pathology , Chromosome Deletion , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Genetic Research , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Pedigree , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928435

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child manifesting with intellectual disability, language delay and autism spectrum disorder.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and his family members, and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and interpreted according to the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor a heterozygous c.568C>T (p.Q190X) nonsense variant of the ADNP gene, which was not detected in either parent by Sanger sequencing.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical and genetic testing both suggested that the child has Helsmoortel-van der Aa syndrome due to ADNP gene mutation, which is extremely rare in China.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Autistic Disorder/genetics , Child , Heterozygote , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Rare Diseases
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 718-722, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350340

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate is a common worldwide birth defect due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Genome-wide association studies reported the rs7078160 of Vax1 is closely related to non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in European populations. The following studies showed the same results in Mongolian, Japanese, Filipino, Vietnamese populations etc. However, conflicting research had been reported in Chinese population, Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the rs7078160 polymorphism and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in Southern Chinese patients. Methods: In this study, we investigated the polymorphism distribution of rs7078160 in 100 complete patient trios (39 patients with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate; 36 patients with non-syndromic cleft lip only; 25 had non-syndromic cleft palate only; and their parents) from Southern ethnic Han Chinese. 60 healthy trios were selected as control. Polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing were used to genotype rs7078160 in Vax1; both case-control and family-based associations were analyzed. Results: The case-control analyses revealed the rs7078160 polymorphism was significant, associated with non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (p = 0.04) and non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (p = 0.01), but not associated with non-syndromic cleft lip only and nonsyndromic cleft palate only patients. The genotype composition of rs7078160 comprises mutated homozygous AA, heterozygous AG and wild homozygous GG. Cases with AG + AA genotypes compared with GG homozygotes showed an increased risk of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (p = 0.04, OR = 2.05, 95% CI: 1.01-4.16) and non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (p = 0.01, OR = 3.94, 95% CI: 1.34-11.54). In addition, we did not detect any transmissiondisequilibrium in rs7078160 (p = 0.68). Conclusion: This study suggests that rs7078160 polymorphism is a risk factor of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate, and Vax1 is strongly associated with non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in Southern Chinese Han populations.


Resumo Introdução: A fenda labial não sindrômica, com ou sem fenda palatina, é um defeito congênito comum em todo o mundo, devido a uma combinação de fatores ambientais e genéticos. O genome-wide association studies relatou que o polimorfismo rs7078160 do Vax1 está intimamente relacionado à fenda labial não sindrômica, com ou sem fenda palatina em populações europeias. Estudos subsequentes mostraram os mesmos resultados nas populações mongol, japonesa, filipina e vietnamita etc. No entanto, pesquisas conflitantes foram relatadas na população chinesa. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre o polimorfismo rs7078160 e fenda labial não sindrômica, com ou sem fenda palatina, em pacientes do sul da China. Método: Tentamos investigar a distribuição do polimorfismo rs7078160 em 100 trios completos de pacientes (39 pacientes com fenda labial e palatina não sindrômica; 36 pacientes com fenda labial somente, não sindrômica; 25 com fenda palatina somente, não sindrômica e seus pais), da etnia Han do sul da China, e em 60 trios saudáveis selecionados como controle. Reação de polimerase em cadeia e o sequenciamento de Sanger foram uszados para genotipar o polimorfismo rs7078160 do Vax1 e tanto os casos-controle quanto as associações baseadas na família foram analisadas. Resultados: As análises de caso-controle revelaram que o polimorfismo rs7078160 estava significativamente associado a fenda labial não sindrômica, com ou sem fenda palatina (p = 0,04) e fenda labial e palatina não sindrômica (p = 0,01), mas não estava associado a pacientes com fenda labial somente não sindrômica e fenda palatina somente não sindrômica. A composição do genótipo de rs7078160 compreende AA homozigoto mutado, AG heterozigoto e GG homozigoto selvagem. Casos com genótipos AG + AA comparados com GG homozigotos mostraram um risco aumentado de fenda labial não sindrômica, com ou sem fenda palatina (p = 0,04, OR = 2,05, IC de 95%: 1,01 ± 4,16) e fenda labial e palatina não sindrômica (p = 0,01, OR = 3,94, IC 95%: 1,34-11,54). Além disso, não detectamos desequilíbrio de transmissão em rs7078160 (p = 0,68). Conclusão: Este estudo sugere que o polimorfismo rs7078160 foi um fator de risco para fenda labial não sindrômica, com ou sem fenda palatina, e o gene Vax1 está fortemente associado com fenda labial não sindrômica, com ou sem fenda palatina em populações da etnia Han do sul da China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genotype
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879542

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a newborn with corneal opacity.@*METHODS@#The neonate and her parents were subjected to routine G-banding chromosomal karyotyping analysis. Copy number variation (CNV) was analyzed with low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array).@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was found in the newborn and her parents. Low-coverage WGS has identified a de novo 5.5 Mb microdeletion at chromosome 8q21.11-q21.13 in the neonate, which encompassed the ZFHX4 and PEX2 genes. The result was confirmed by SNP array-based CNV analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The newborn was diagnosed with chromosome 8q21.11 deletion syndrome. ZFHX4 may be one of the key genes underlying this syndrome.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Genetic Testing , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Karyotyping , Monosomy/genetics , Peroxisomal Biogenesis Factor 2/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Transcription Factors/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of a patient with congenital isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency (IAD).@*METHODS@#Clinical characteristics of the patient was reviewed. Genomic DNA of the child was subjected to whole exome sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Genetic testing has confirmed the diagnosis of congenital IAD by identification of compound heterozygous variants of the TBX19 gene, which included a pathogenic nonsense c.535C>T (p.R179X) variant inherited from his father and a novel missense c.298C>T (p.R100C) variant inherited from his mother.@*CONCLUSION@#Congenital IAD due to variants of the TBX19 gene is a rare autosomal recessive disease. It is characterized by low plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol levels but normal levels of other pituitary hormones. Delayed diagnosis may lead to severe early-onset adrenal failure and wrong treatment which may result in neonatal mortality. Hydrocortisone replacement is effective. Detection of pathogenic variant of TBX19 gene is the key to diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Insufficiency/genetics , Child , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1085-1092, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of miR-142-3p to the proliferation, cycle and apoptosis of acute B lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) cells by regulating the homeobox gene 5 (HOXA5) expression.@*METHODS@#Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression levels of miR-142-3p and HOXA5 in human B-ALL cell Nalm6 cell line and human B lymphoblast Hmy2-cir cells. Nalm6 was transfected by using liposome transfection technology, miR-142-3p mimic, pcDNA-HOXA5 overexpression plasmid, miR-142-3p mimic+pcDNA-HOXA5 overexpression plasmid, and control. The binding site of HOXA5 and miR-142-3p was predicted according to microRNA.org, and the targeting relationship between miR-142-3p and HOXA5 gene was detected by double luciferase reporter gene experiment. The effect of miR-142-3p to the proliferation of Nalm6 cells was detected using the Cell Counting Box-8 (CCK-8) method and cell clone formation experiments. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effects of miR-142-3p to cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of Nalm6 cells. The expression levels of cell cycle-related proteins, including G@*RESULTS@#Compared with Hmy2-cir cells, miR-142-3p showed low expression in Nalm6 cells and HOXA5 showed high expression (P<0.05). MiR-142-3p and HOXA5 3'-UTR showed complementary binding regions, the luciferase activity of miR-142-3p mimic and wild-type HOXA5 3'-UTR was significantly lower than that of miR-142-3p negative control and wild-type HOXA5 3'-UTR (P<0.05). The proliferation of Nalm6 cells and the number of cell clones could be inhibited by miR-142-3p mimic after 48 and 72 hours of transfection (P<0.05), which causing G@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-142-3p can inhibit the proliferation of Nalm6 cells by targeting down-regulation the expression of HOXA5, arrest the G


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genes, Homeobox , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, B-Cell/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(2): 167-174, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001214

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The first description of patients with combined pituitary hormone deficiencies (CPHD) caused by PROP1 mutations was made 20 years ago. Here we updated the clinical and genetic characteristics of patients with PROP1 mutations and summarized the phenotypes of 14 patients with 7 different pathogenic PROP1 mutations followed at the Hospital das Clínicas of the University of Sao Paulo. In addition to deficiencies in GH, TSH, PRL and gonadotropins some patients develop late ACTH deficiency. Therefore, patients with PROP1 mutations require permanent surveillance. On magnetic resonance imaging, the pituitary stalk is normal, and the posterior lobe is in the normal position. The anterior lobe in patients with PROP1 mutations is usually hypoplastic but may be normal or even enlarged. Bi-allelic PROP1 mutations are currently the most frequently recognized genetic cause of CPHD worldwide. PROP1 defects occur more frequently among offspring of consanguineous parents and familial cases, but they also occur in sporadic cases, especially in countries in which the prevalence of PROP1 mutations is relatively high. We classified all reported PROP1 variants described to date according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology (ACMG-AMP) guidelines: 29 were pathogenic, 2 were likely pathogenic, and 2 were of unknown significance. An expansion of the phenotype of patients with PROP1 mutations was observed since the first description 20 years ago: variable anterior pituitary size, different pathogenic mutations, and late development of ACTH deficiency. PROP1 mutations are the most common cause of autosomal recessive CPHD with a topic posterior pituitary lobe. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2019;63(2):167-74


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Phenotype , Septo-Optic Dysplasia/genetics , Hypopituitarism/genetics
8.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(6): 562-567, Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767919

ABSTRACT

Objective To search for genetic alteration in NKX2.5 gene in patients presenting both congenital heart disease (CHD) and TD. Subjects and methods Individual phenotypes were carefully analyzed in 86 children with thyroid dysgenesis (TD) using thyroid function tests, scintigraphy, ultrasound and echocardiography. DNA was extracted and NKX2.5 gene coding region was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced. Results CHD were found in 8.1% of patients with TD. The mutation screening revealed two known polymorphisms in patients with isolated TD or TD associated with CHD. None of them are predicted to result in codon change in conserved domain. The c.63A>G polymorphism was detected in 54/86 patients (49 with isolated TD and 5 with TD combined with CHD). There was a significant association of c.63A>G polymorphism with hypoplasia (p < 0.036). The c.541G>A polymorphism was observed in only one patient with isolated thyroid hypoplasia. Conclusion NKX2.5 mutations were not found. The c.63A>G polymorphism might be associated with thyroid hypoplasia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Thyroid Dysgenesis/genetics , Thyroid Gland/abnormalities , Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Pedigree , Thyroid Function Tests
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 898-905, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767056

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT NKX3.1 and PTEN genes are involved in the development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). Here, in line with other studies that correlated the expression of these two genes, we aimed at evaluating the expression pattern of these genes in clinical PCa samples. Collectively, 81 tissue samples including 45 human PCa and 36 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) specimens were included in the study. The tissue samples were subjected to RNA extraction and subsequently to cDNA synthesis according to the kit manufacturer's protocol. Quantitative Real-Time PCR assay was performed for each sample in triplicate reactions. REST and SPSS software were used to statistically analyze PTEN and NKX3.1 gene expression data. Expression level of both NKX3.1 and PTEN genes was down-regulated in PCa samples compared to BPH samples. The relative expression ratio of PTEN and NKX3.1 was decreased to 0.155 and 0.003, respectively (P=0.000). The results of Chi-Square analysis revealed a significant correlation between the expression of these genes in both BPH and cancer groups (P=0.004 and 0.001, respectively). According to previous studies and our data, we concluded that the association between the down-regulation of PTEN and NKX3.1 genes contributed to the prostate tumorigenesis. This might highlight the interaction between the proteins encoded by these genes. Furthermore, this finding might be exploited for the development of innovative diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in PCa.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Disease Progression , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Genetic Markers , Homeodomain Proteins/analysis , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Values , Temperature , Transition Temperature , Transcription Factors/analysis
11.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(1): 12-17, 01/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732211

ABSTRACT

Objective To present a seven-cases serie of Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS). Method All patients with positive mutation for the ZEB2 were evaluated by a geneticist and a neurologist, with clinical and laboratorial characterization. Results A peculiar facies and mental retardation were present in all patients. The Denver II scale showed intense delay in all aspects, especially fine motor and adaptive. Acquired microcephaly was observed in five patients. Only one patient did not present epilepsy. Epilepsy was focal and predominating in sleep, with status epilepticus in three patients. The initial seizure was associated with fever in most patients (4/6). The EEG showed epileptic focal activity (5/7). The imaging studies revealed total agenesis (4/7) and partial agenesis of the corpus callosum (1/7). Conclusion Physicians who care for patients with mental retardation and epilepsy should be aware of SMW. .


Objetivo Apresentar uma série de sete casos da síndrome de Mowat-Wilson (SMW). Método Todos os pacientes com estudo positivo para a mutação ZEB2 foram avaliados por um geneticista e um neurologista, com a caracterização clínica e laboratorial. Resultados Todos apresentavam fácies peculiar e retardo mental. A escala de Denver II evidenciou intenso atraso em todos os aspectos, sobretudo motor fino e adaptativo. Microcefalia adquirida foi observada em cinco pacientes. Apenas um paciente não apresentava epilepsia, sendo esta focal e predominando no sono, sendo relatado estado de mal em três pacientes. A crise inicial estava associada à febre na maioria dos pacientes (4/6). O EEG evidenciou atividade epiléptica focal na maioria (5/7). Ao estudo de imagem foi observada agenesia total (4/7) e parcial do corpo caloso (1/7). Conclusão Médicos que lidam com pacientes com retardo mental e epilepsia devem saber distinguir as características peculiares da SMW. .


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Hirschsprung Disease/genetics , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation , Microcephaly/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Facies , Hirschsprung Disease/physiopathology , Intellectual Disability/physiopathology , Microcephaly/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89401

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To describe clinical findings in a Korean family with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical data about patients with diagnosed Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome. Five affected members of the family underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination. We screened the forkhead box C1 gene and the pituitary homeobox 2 gene in patients. Peripheral blood leukocytes and buccal mucosal epithelial cells were obtained from seven members of a family with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome. DNA was extracted and amplified by polymerase chain reaction, followed by direct sequencing. RESULTS: The affected members showed iris hypoplasia, iridocorneal adhesions, posterior embryotoxon, and advanced glaucoma in three generation. None had systemic anomalies. Two mutations including c.1362_1364insCGG and c.1142_1144insGGC were identified in forkhead box C1 in four affected family members. CONCLUSIONS: This study may help to understand clinical findings and prognosis for patients with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anterior Eye Segment/abnormalities , DNA/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Eye Abnormalities/diagnosis , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Testing , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Transcription Factors/genetics , Young Adult
13.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2014 Aug; 51(4): 271-281
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154244

ABSTRACT

Skeletal muscle development is regulated by Six1, an important myogenic transcription factor. However, the functional analysis of duck Six1 has not been reported. Here, we cloned the coding domain sequence (CDS) region of the duck Six1 gene using RT-PCR and RACE methods. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that duck Six1 CDS region comprised of 849 bp and encoded 282 amino acids and had a high degree of homology with other species, suggesting that the functions of duck Six1 gene are conserved among other animals. Real-time PCR used to determine the mRNA expression profiles of duck Six1 in different tissues and different developmental stages showed that Six1 was highly expressed in skeletal muscle and the embryonic stage. Furthermore, the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-duSix1 was constructed and transfected into the duck myoblasts; the MTT assay revealed an obvious increase of cell proliferation after transfection. The expression profiles of Six1, Myf5 and MyoD showed that their expression levels were significantly increased. These results together suggested that pEGFP-duSix1 vector was constructed successfully and overexpression of duck Six1 in the myoblasts could promote cell proliferation activity and significant up-regulate expression of Myf5 and MyoD.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , DNA Primers , Ducks , Genetic Vectors , Homeodomain Proteins/chemistry , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Myoblasts/metabolism , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
14.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(2): 250-255, abr. 2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-705822

ABSTRACT

Studies on human genetic variations are a useful source of knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection. The Langerin protein, found at the surface of Langerhans cells, has an important protective role in HIV-1 infection. Differences in Langerin function due to host genetic factors could influence susceptibility to HIV-1 infection. To verify the frequency of mutations in the Langerin gene, 118 samples from HIV-1-infected women and 99 samples from HIV-1-uninfected individuals were selected for sequencing of the promoter and carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD)-encoding regions of the Langerin gene. Langerin promoter analysis revealed two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and one mutation in both studied groups, which created new binding sites for certain transcription factors, such as NFAT5, HOXB9.01 and STAT6.01, according to MatInspector software analysis. Three SNPs were observed in the CRD-encoding region in HIV-1-infected and uninfected individuals: p.K313I, c.941C>T and c.983C>T. This study shows that mutations in the Langerin gene are present in the analysed populations at different genotypic and allelic frequencies. Further studies should be conducted to verify the role of these mutations in HIV-1 susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antigens, CD/genetics , HIV Infections/genetics , HIV-1 , Lectins, C-Type/genetics , Mutation , Mannose-Binding Lectins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Brazil , Genotype , Gene Frequency/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , /genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
15.
Clinics ; 69(1): 15-22, 1/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-697717

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify novel PITX2c mutations responsible for idiopathic atrial fibrillation. METHODS: A cohort of 210 unrelated patients with idiopathic atrial fibrillation and 200 unrelated, ethnically matched healthy individuals used as controls were recruited. The whole coding exons and splice junctions of the PITX2c gene, which encodes a paired-like homeobox transcription factor required for normal cardiovascular morphogenesis, were sequenced in 210 patients and 200 control subjects. The causative potentials of the identified mutations were automatically predicted by MutationTaster and PolyPhen-2. The functional characteristics of the PITX2c mutations were explored using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system. RESULTS: Two novel heterozygous PITX2c mutations (p.Q105L and p.R122C) were identified in 2 of the 210 unrelated patients with idiopathic atrial fibrillation. These missense mutations were absent in the 400 control chromosomes and were both predicted to be pathogenic. Multiple alignments of PITX2c protein sequences across various species showed that the altered amino acids were highly evolutionarily conserved. A functional analysis demonstrated that the mutant PITX2c proteins were both associated with significantly reduced transcriptional activity compared with their wild-type counterparts. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study associate PITX2c loss-of-function mutations with atrial fibrillation, supporting the hypothesis that dysfunctional PITX2c confers enhanced susceptibility to atrial fibrillation and suggesting potential implications for early prophylaxis and allele-specific therapy for this common arrhythmia. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/genetics , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Mutation, Missense/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Testing , Luciferases, Renilla/genetics , Risk Factors , Sequence Alignment , Transcription, Genetic
16.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 33(2): 259-267, abr.-jun. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-689563

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Interferon gamma (IFN ? ) is the most potent cytokine involved in the control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( Mtb ), the etiological agent of human tuberculosis (TB). Patients with active TB present reduced levels of IFN ? , which may explain the lack of effective immunity against Mtb in these patients. The diminished expression of or functional alterations in trans-acting factors that regulate IFN ? gene expression may explain the reduced levels of IFN ? in TB patients. Objective: To investigate the relationships of genetic variants in the transcription factors TBET, STAT1, STAT4, and HLX to susceptibility/resistance to pulmonary TB. Materials and methods: Eight candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected, and genotyped in 466 unrelated pulmonary TB patients and 300 healthy controls from Colombia, and the allelic and genetic associations with TB were analyzed. Results: The results indicate that no SNP in the transcription factors studied is associated with TB. However, polymorphism rs11650354 in the TBET gene may be associated with a decreased risk of TB; the TT genotype was significantly associated with TB protection in a recessive genetic model (OR=0.089, 95% CI: 0.01-0.73, p=0.0069), although this association was not maintained after multiple test correction (EMP2= 0.61). Conclusion: In this study, the rs11650354 variant of TBET was suggested to promote resistance to TB in a Colombian population. A future replication case-control study using additional samples will be necessary to confirm this suggestive association.


Introducción. El interferón gama (IFN ? ) es la citocina más potente para controlar la infección por Mycobacterium tuberculosis , el agente etiológico de la tuberculosis humana. Los pacientes con tuberculosis activa presentan reducción de los niveles de IFN ? , lo cual parece explicar la inmunidad poco efectiva contra el bacilo. La disminución de su expresión o alteraciones funcionales de los factores transactivadores del promotor del gen de IFN ? , podrían explicar la reducción de los niveles de IFN ? en los pacientes con tuberculosis. Objetivo. Determinar la asociación de variantes genéticas en los factores de transcripción TBET STAT1, STAT4 y HLX con sensibilidad o resistencia a tuberculosis pulmonar. Materiales y métodos. Se seleccionaron ocho polimorfismos de un solo nucleótido ( Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism , SNP) y se estableció su genotipo, en 466 pacientes con tuberculosis pulmonar y 300 controles sanos en Colombia; además, se hizo un análisis de asociación alélica y genética. Resultados. Los resultados indican que los SNP de los factores de transcripción estudiados no están asociados con tuberculosis; sin embargo, el polimorfismo rs11650354 en TBET puede estar implicado en la disminución de riesgo de tuberculosis. El genotipo TT de TBET se asoció significativamente con protección contra tuberculosis usando un modelo genético recesivo (OR=0,089; CI 95% : 0,01-0,73; p=0,0069); sin embargo, la corrección mediante pruebas múltiples de ajuste abolió esta asociación ( Empirical P Value, EMP2=0,61). Conclusión. En este estudio se sugiere un efecto de la variante rs11650354 de TBET sobre la resistencia a la tuberculosis en la población colombiana. Es necesario desarrollar un estudio de replicación usando muestras adicionales para confirmar esta asociación sugestiva.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Interferon-gamma/genetics , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Colombia , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , STAT1 Transcription Factor/genetics , /genetics , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
17.
Clinics ; 68(6): 887-891, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The expression of transcription factors involved in early pituitary development, such as PROP1 and POU1F1, has been detected in pituitary adenoma tissues. In this study, we sought to characterize the transcriptional profiles of PROP1, POU1F1, and TBX19 in functioning and nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas in an attempt to identify their roles in tumorigenesis and hormone hypersecretion. METHODS: RT-qPCR analyses were performed to assess the transcriptional pattern of PROP1, POU1F1, TBX19, and hormone-producing genes in tissue samples of corticotrophinomas (n = 10), somatotrophinomas (n = 8), and nonfunctioning adenomas (n = 6). RESULTS: Compared with normal pituitary tissue, POU1F1 was overexpressed in somatotrophinomas by 3-fold. PROP1 expression was 18-fold higher in corticotrophinomas, 10-fold higher in somatotrophinomas, and 3-fold higher in nonfunctioning adenomas. TBX19 expression was 27-fold higher in corticotrophinomas. Additionally, the level of TBX19 mRNA positively correlated with that of pro-opiomelanocortin (r = 0.49, p = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that PROP1 is overexpressed in pituitary adenomas, mainly in corticotrophinomas. Together with previously published data showing that patients who harbor PROP1 loss-of-function mutations present a progressive decline in corticotrope function, our results support a role for PROP1 in pituitary tumor development and in the maintenance of cell lineages committed to corticotrophic differentiation. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/metabolism , Adenoma/metabolism , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , T-Box Domain Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factor Pit-1/metabolism , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/genetics , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/pathology , Adenoma/genetics , Adenoma/pathology , Cell Differentiation , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Pituitary Gland , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factor Pit-1/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcription Factors/metabolism
18.
Clinics ; 68(6): 777-784, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and spectrum of Nkx2.5 mutations associated with idiopathic atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: A cohort of 136 unrelated patients with idiopathic atrial fibrillation and 200 unrelated, ethnically matched healthy controls were enrolled. The coding exons and splice junctions of the Nkx2.5 gene were sequenced in 136 atrial fibrillation patients, and the available relatives of mutation carriers and 200 controls were subsequently genotyped for the identified mutations. The functional characteristics of the mutated Nkx2.5 gene were analyzed using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system. RESULTS: Two novel heterozygous Nkx2.5 mutations (p.N19D and p.F186S) were identified in 2 of the 136 unrelated atrial fibrillation cases, with a mutational prevalence of approximately 1.47%. These missense mutations co-segregated with atrial fibrillation in the families and were absent in the 400 control chromosomes. Notably, 2 mutation carriers also had congenital atrial septal defects and atrioventricular block. Multiple alignments of the Nkx2.5 protein sequences across various species revealed that the altered amino acids were completely conserved evolutionarily. Functional analysis demonstrated that the mutant Nkx2.5 proteins were associated with significantly reduced transcriptional activity compared to their wild-type counterpart. CONCLUSION: These findings associate the Nkx2.5 loss-of-function mutation with atrial fibrillation and atrioventricular block and provide novel insights into the molecular mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. These results also have potential implications for early prophylaxis and allele-specific therapy of this common arrhythmia. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/genetics , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Age Factors , Amino Acid Sequence , Case-Control Studies , Family , Genes, Reporter , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Luciferases/genetics , Mutation, Missense/genetics , Sequence Alignment
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159140

ABSTRACT

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a potent glucoincretin hormone and an important agent for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Here we demonstrate that B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) is a crucial regulator in GLP-1-induced insulin gene expression and insulin secretion via upregulation of pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (PDX-1) in pancreatic beta-cells. GLP-1 treatment significantly increased BTG2, PDX-1 and insulin gene expression in pancreatic beta-cells. Notably, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of BTG2 significantly elevated insulin secretion, as well as insulin and PDX-1 gene expression. Physical interaction studies showed that BTG2 is associated with increased PDX-1 occupancy on the insulin gene promoter via a direct interaction with PDX-1. Exendin-4 (Ex-4), a GLP-1 agonist, and GLP-1 in pancreatic beta-cells increased insulin secretion through the BTG2-PDX-1-insulin pathway, which was blocked by endogenous BTG2 knockdown using a BTG2 small interfering RNA knockdown system. Finally, we revealed that Ex-4 and GLP-1 significantly elevated insulin secretion via upregulation of the BTG2-PDX-1 axis in pancreatic islets, and this phenomenon was abolished by endogenous BTG2 knockdown. Collectively, our current study provides a novel molecular mechanism by which GLP-1 positively regulates insulin gene expression via BTG2, suggesting that BTG2 has a key function in insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1/pharmacology , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Immediate-Early Proteins/genetics , Insulin/genetics , Insulin-Secreting Cells/drug effects , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Peptides/pharmacology , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Protein Binding/drug effects , Rats , Trans-Activators/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Venoms/pharmacology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL