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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 234-239, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285332

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The vitamin B12 absorption can be affected in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and low serum vitamin B12 levels has been related to the high homocysteine (HCY) levels and to the degree of NAFLD. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a systematic review and metanalysis of serum vitamin B12 and HCY levels in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: Original studies including serum vitamin B12 and HCY levels in humans with NAFLD were included. The searches were performed in four databases. RESULTS: 159 studies were identified, and after excluding the duplicates and non-eligible titles, eight original articles were included. Six out of eight showed higher B12 levels in NAFLD patients (404.9±136.2 pg/mL in relation to controls 353.91±117.3 pg/mL). Seven of the eight studies also showed higher HCY levels in NAFLD patients (14.2±3.44 umol/L in relation to controls 11.05±3.6 umol/L). The results for serum vitamin B12 and HCY levels were submitted to metanalysis, showing no difference in the vitamin B12 levels between patients with NAFLD and controls. However, the levels of Hcy were higher in NAFLD patients than in controls. CONCLUSION: There was no relashionship between the vitamin B12 levels and NAFLD. The levels of HCY were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD, suggesting this could be a potential marker for liver damage.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A absorção de vitamina B12 pode ser afetada em pacientes com doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA), e baixos níveis séricos de vitamina B12 têm sido relacionados a níveis elevados de homocisteína (HCI) ao grau de DHGNA. OBJETIVO: Realizar revisão sistemática e metanálise dos níveis séricos de vitamina B12 e de HCI em pacientes com DHGNA. MÉTODOS: Estudos originais que incluíssem avaliação dos níveis séricos de vitamina B12 e de HCI em humanos com DHGNA foram incluídos. As buscas foram realizadas em quatro bases de dados. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 159 estudos e, após exclusão das duplicatas e dos não elegíveis, oito artigos originais foram incluídos. Seis dos oito artigos apresentaram níveis mais elevados de vitamina B12 nos pacientes com DHGNA (404,9±136,2 pg/mL) em relação aos controles (353,91±117,3 pg/mL). Sete dos oito estudos determinaram os níveis de HCI, estando aumentados em pacientes com DHGNA (14,2±3,44 umol/L) em relação aos controles (11,05±3,6 umol/L). Os resultados dos níveis séricos de vitamina B12 e HCI foram submetidos à metanálise, mostrando que não há diferença nos níveis de vitamina B12 entre os pacientes com DHGNA e os controles. No entanto, os níveis de HCI foram maiores nos pacientes com DHGNA do que nos controles. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve relação entre DHGNA e nível sérico de vitamina B12. Os níveis de HCI foram significativamente maiores em pacientes com DHGNA, sugerindo que esse poderia ser um potencial marcador de lesão hepática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Vitamin B 12 , Biomarkers , Folic Acid , Homocysteine
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(3): 135-142, 20210000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359564

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: el síndrome de ovario poliquístico (SOP) es un trastorno endocrino reproductivo común, se puede identificar por hiperandrogenismo, oligomenorrea o anovulación y ovarios poliquísticos en la ecografía. Los polimorfismos de la metilentetrahidrofolato reductasa (MTHFR) C677T asociados con la hiperhomocisteinemia se encuentran entre los factores de riesgo del síndrome de ovario poliquístico. Objetivo: El presente estudio de casos y controles tiene como objetivo explorar la relación entre los polimorfismos C677T de la metilenotetrahidrofolato reductasa (MTHFR) como factor de riesgo y el síndrome de ovario poliquístico entre los pacientes jordanos que padecen esta enfermedad. Métodos: Se inscribieron en el estudio 306 sujetos (146 pacientes con SOP y 160 sujetos sanos como grupo de control). Se extrajo ADN de una muestra de sangre venosa extraída de cada participante para analizar los polimorfismos de MTHFR C677T utilizando la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) en combinación con digestión con enzima de restricción (PCRRFLP). Posteriormente, los productos de PCR-RFLP se digirieron con la enzima HinfI, luego se sometieron a electroforesis en un gel de agarosa al 2%, se tiñeron y se examinaron bajo luz ultravioleta. Los niveles de homocisteína en plasma se analizaron utilizando el método ELISA. Resultados: Se observó una diferencia significativa en los niveles plasmáticos de homocisteína entre los pacientes con SOP frente a los sujetos de control y entre los diferentes polimorfismos de los pacientes con SOP. No se detectaron diferencias significativas en la distribución y frecuencia alélica de los polimorfismos MTHFR C677T en pacientes con SOP en comparación con los controles. El genotipo 677 / TT y el alelo T se asociaron con un aumento de 1,54 y 1,46 veces en la susceptibilidad al síndrome de ovario poliquístico. Conclusión: El estudio ha demostrado que el polimorfismo MTHFR T677T y el alelo T son posibles factores de riesgo de SOP entre las mujeres jordanas y pueden desempeñar un papel en la patogenia de la enfermedad


Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine reproductive disorder, it can be identified by hyperandrogenism, oligomenorrhea or anovulation and polycystic ovaries on ultrasound. Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphisms associated with hyperhomocysteinemia are among the risk factors for PCOS. Objective: The present case control study aims to explore the relationship between Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphisms as a risk factor and PCOS among Jordanian patients suffering from this disease. Methods: 306 subjects (146 PCOS patients and 160 healthy subjects as a control group) were enrolled in the study. DNA was extracted from venous blood sample withdrawn from each participant for analyzing MTHFR C677T polymorphisms using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in combination with restriction enzyme fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Later, PCR-RFLP products were digested with hinfI enzyme, then, electrophoresed on a 2% agarose gel, stained and examined under UV light. Plasma homocysteine levels were assayed using ELISA method. Results: A significant difference was observed in plasma homocysteine levels among PCOS patients versus the control subjects and in between the different polymorphisms of PCOS patients. No significant difference was detected in the distribution and allelic frequency of MTHFR C677T polymorphisms in PCOS patients compared to the controls. 677/TT genotype and T allele were associated with 1.54 and 1.46 folds increase in the susceptibility for PCOS. Conclusion: The study has shown that MTHFR T677T polymorphism and T allele are possible risk factors for PCOS among Jordanian women and may play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/diagnosis , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/pathology , DNA/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Genotype , Homocysteine/blood
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878371

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the effects of @*Methods@#In this study, 0.1% DMG was supplemented in 20% casein diets that were either folate-sufficient (20C) or folate-deficient (20CFD). Blood and liver of rats were subjected to assays of Hcy and its metabolites. Hcy and its related metabolite concentrations were determined using a liquid chromatographic system.@*Results@#Folate deprivation significantly increased pHcy concentration in rats fed 20C diet (from 14.19 ± 0.39 μmol/L to 28.49 ± 0.50 μmol/L; @*Conclusion@#DMG supplementation exhibited hypohomocysteinemic effects under folate-sufficient conditions. By contrast, the combination of folate deficiency and DMG supplementation has deleterious effect on pHcy concentration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Diet , Dietary Supplements , Folic Acid Deficiency/metabolism , Homocysteine/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Male , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Sarcosine/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels to the prognosis of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and to explore related factors affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical pathological data of 180 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in our hospital from March 2013 to February 2015 were collected, and the patients were divided into high and low Hcy groups based on the median Hcy. The survival curves of the patients in the two groups were drawn to compare the differences of the survival; univariate and multivariate survival analysis was used to observe the influence of serum cysteine to the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients; the clinicopathological data of the patients with high and low Hcy in the two groups was compared, Pearson test was used to further analyzes the relationship between Hcy and different factors, and explores the related factors of Hcy affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*RESULTS@#The median survival times of patients in the high and low Hcy groups were 32 (5-59) and 41 (7-71) months, respectively. The 3-year survival rate of the patients in high Hcy group was significantly lower than those in low Hcy group, and the difference shows statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of univariate survival analysis showed that the OS of newly diagnosed MM patients whom with advanced age, high bone disease grade, high-level bone marrow plasma cell count, LDH, C-reactive protein, Cr, β@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Hcy level has a correlation trend with the survival of newly diagnosed MM, which is affected by factors such as Hb.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Homocysteine , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Risk Factors
5.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 17, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152736

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with autoimmune diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Current findings regarding plasma/serum homocysteine (HCY) levels in AS patients are inconsistent. This study aims to systematically evaluate the association between circulating HCY levels and AS. Methods: Online electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, ScienceDirect, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang data) were used to retrieve all relevant articles published up to May 7, 2020. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using the random-effect model, Stata16 software. Results: Nine articles containing 778 AS patients and 522 controls were included in this meta-analysis. No significant differences in HCY levels were found between AS and control groups (pooled SMD = 0.46, 95% CI = − 0.30 to 1.23, P = 0.23). However, subgroup analysis suggested that HCY levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the AS group treated with methotrexate (MTX) compared with the control group. In contrast, HCY levels were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the AS group receiving anti-TNF-α treatment compared with the control group. No significant differences were detected between HCY levels and disease activity scores (Bath AS disease activity index, BASDAI), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T genotype. Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicates that HCY levels are similar between AS and controls, and do not correlate with disease activity. However, different medical treatments cause fluctuations of circulating HCY levels in AS patients. Further and larger-scale studies are needed to confirm these findings. Trial registration: This study was registered at international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO), registration number: CRD42020184426.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/etiology , Homocysteine/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(4): 278-285, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289331

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se han propuesto varios estudios que sugieren que el grupo de vitaminas B posee un rol en la fisiología ósea. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre la interacción de este con la homocisteína y la relación de ambos con el metabolismo óseo y la osteoporosis. Algunos estudios han sugerido que los niveles de vitamina B, sobre todo las vitaminas B12 y B9, se han asociado a una baja densitometría ósea y a un aumentado riesgo a fractura, y que estos, a su vez, intervienen en el metabolismo de la homocisteína, por lo que su déficit puede ocasionar un estado de hiperhomocisteinemia. Publicaciones recientes proponen que la hiperhomocisteinemia se encuentra asociada a desmineralización ósea, baja calidad de masa ósea y aumento de biomarcadores de recambio óseo, dado que influye en la actividad osteoclástica y en los enlaces cruzados de colágeno. Por lo tanto, la hiperhomocisteinemia puede ser un factor que reduce la densidad y la calidad ósea. Se necesita más información para determinar el papel que tiene cada vitamina directamente en la salud ósea, o si estas solo influyen a través de las concentraciones séricas de homocisteína.


ABSTRACT Several studies have suggested a role for B-vitamins in bone physiology. A systematic review is presented on the interaction of B-vitamins with homocysteine and the relationship of both in bone metabolism and osteoporosis. The levels of vitamin-B, particularly B12 and B9, have been associated with a low bone mineral density and an increased risk of fracture. At the same time, its deficit affects the metabolism of homocysteine, which can then result in a high serum homocysteine. Recent findings have proposed that high serum homocysteine is linked to bone demineralisation, low quality of bone mass, and an increase in bone turnover biomarkers, given the influence over the osteoclastic activity and the cross-linking of collagen molecules. Therefore, high serum homocysteine could be a factor that reduces bone density and quality. More information is needed to determine whether there is a direct role of each vitamin in bone health, or if they are just influenced by homocysteine serum concentrations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin B Complex , Homocysteine , Bone and Bones , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Biomarkers , Fractures, Bone , Metabolism
7.
Med. lab ; 24(2): 111-129, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1097081

ABSTRACT

El deterioro cognitivo es uno de los procesos que acompañan al envejecimiento y puede depender de factores nutricionales, genéticos o ambientales. La identificación de factores de riesgo modificables proporciona un enfoque esencial para la prevención de dicho deterioro y de los trastornos neurocognitivos. Uno de los factores de riesgo involucrados es la elevada concentración de homocisteína plasmática, la cual se ha relacionado con hallazgos histopatológicos en demencia senil y enfermedad de Alzheimer. Los diferentes estudios sobre esta asociación revelan inconsistencia o contradicción en los resultados. El propósito de esta revisión es relacionar la posible interacción de tres factores en la instalación y progresión del deterioro neurocognitivo: a) factores de tipo nutricional (homocisteína, ácido fólico y vitamina B12), b) la utilización de pruebas para el diagnóstico de disfunción o deterioro cognitivo como el Mini Examen del Estado Mental, y c) la presencia de variantes genéticas polimórficas de la enzima metilentetrahidrofolato reductasa. Una consecuencia directa de esta triple relación es que el tratamiento con ácido fólico y vitamina B12 logra disminuir las elevadas concentraciones de homocisteína plasmática, asumiendo que una mejoría en los síntomas clínicos de deterioro cognitivo puede retrasar los cambios relacionados con progresión a estados demenciales. La intervención temprana mediante políticas de promoción y prevención de la salud mental puede ser efectiva si se comienza con la administración de ácido fólico y vitamina B12 en los estadios iniciales de la alteración cognitiva, logrando así reducir sus funestas consecuencias. Las políticas de salud pública centradas en la salud mental de ancianos pueden identificar a las personas con disfunción cognitiva inicial a través de la promoción de la salud y medidas preventivas; en esta etapa puede ser posible la administración de vitaminas B para reducir o minimizar la progresión del deterioro cognitivo, que podría conducir a trastornos neurocognitivos como la demencia y la enfermedad de Alzheimer


Cognitive impairment is one of the processes that accompany aging and may depend on nutritional, genetic or environmental factors. The identification of modifiable risk factors provides a crucial approach for the prevention of cognitive decline and neurocognitive disorders. One of the risk factors is the high concentration of plasma homocysteine and it has been associated to histopathological changes in senile dementia and Alzheimer´s disease. Clinical trials about this association has shown inconsistent and contradictory results. The purpose of this review is to describe the possible interaction of three factors related with cognitive impairment: a) nutritional factors (homocysteine, folic acid and vitamin B12), b) the use of mental tests such as the Mini Mental State Examination for the diagnosis of cognitive dysfunction, and c) the presence of polymorphic genetic variants of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme. A direct consequence of this triple relationship is the treatment with folic acid and vitamin B12, which decrease high concentrations of plasma homocysteine, with a potential for improvement of the clinical symptoms of cognitive decline, and possibly a delay in the progression towards neurocognitive disorder. Public health policies focused on mental health of older adults can identify people with initial cognitive dysfunction through health promotion and preventive measures, where it can be possible to administer B vitamins in order to reduce or minimize the progression of cognitive decline, that could lead to mental disturbances such as neurocognitive disorders


Subject(s)
Homocysteine , Vitamin B 12 , Vitamin B 6 , Dementia , Alzheimer Disease , Cognitive Dysfunction , Folic Acid
8.
Rev. MED ; 27(1): 73-84, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115221

ABSTRACT

Resumen: En este artículo se presenta el caso de una niña de 13 años con historia de cefalea de 2 años de evolución, la cual ha sido estudiada por subluxación del cristalino y fenotipo marfonoide. Para llevar a cabo la investigación se realizó una tomografía cerebral simple que evidenció trombosis de varios senos cerebrales. Posteriormente se hospitalizó a la paciente en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, mientras se anticoagulaba con enoxaparina. Se solicitó un estudio para trombofilia junto con homocisteina en sangre, ante la sospecha de homocistinuria. Luego de confirmarse el diagnóstico se recetó piridoxina y ácido fólico, con lo cual la paciente evolucionó de manera satisfactoria y recuperó las funciones perdidas. El seguimiento de este caso para la investigación permitió encontrar una disminución mayor del 20 % de la homocisteina, sin que sus niveles estuvieran por debajo de 50 µmol/L, hecho que hace a la paciente respondedora parcial a la piridoxina.


Abstract: This article presents the case of a 13-year-old girl with a 2-year history of headache, which has been studied for lens subluxation and Marfanoid phenotype. To carry out this research, a simple brain tomography was performed that showed thrombosis of several sinuses. Subsequently, the patient was hospitalized in the intensive care unit and anticoagulated with enoxaparin. A study was requested for thrombophilia along with homocysteine in blood, on suspicion of homocystinuria. After confirming the diagnosis, pyridoxin and folic acid were prescribed, with which the patient evolved satisfactorily and recovered lost functions. Follow-up on this case for the research allowed us to find a decrease in homocysteine greater than 20 %, without its levels being below 50 µmol/L, which makes the patient partially responsive to pyridoxine.


Resumo: Neste artigo, é apresentado o caso de uma menina de 13 anos, com história de cefaleia de dois anos de evolução, a qual tem sido estudada por subluxação do cristalino e fenótipo marfanoide. Para realizar a pesquisa, foi tomada uma tomografia cerebral simples que evidenciou trombose de vários seios cerebrais. Em seguida, a paciente foi internada na unidade de tratamento intensivo onde recebeu tratamento anticoagulante com enoxaparina. Foi solicitado um estudo para trombofilia junto com homocisteina em sangue, diante da suspeita de homocistinúria. Após o diagnóstico ter sido confirmado, foram receitados piridoxina e ácido fólico, com os quais o estado da paciente evoluiu de maneira satisfatória e ela recuperou as funções perdidas. O seguimento do caso para a pesquisa permitiu verificar uma diminuição maior de 20% da homocisteina, sem que seus niveis estivessem abaixo de 50 µmol/L, fato que torna a paciente apta parcialmente à piridoxina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Homocystinuria , Lens Subluxation , Thrombophilia , Intracranial Thrombosis , Homocysteine
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 103-111, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002421

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT One of the mechanisms proposed for chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related cognitive impairment is the accumulation of uremic toxins due to the deterioration of the renal clearance function. Cognition can be categorized into five major domains according to its information processing functions: memory, attention, language, visual-spatial, and executive. We performed a review using the terms 'uric acid', 'indoxyl sulfate', 'p-cresyl sulfate', 'homocysteine', 'interleukins' and 'parathyroid hormone'. These are the compounds that were found to be strongly associated with cognitive impairment in CKD in the literature. The 26 selected articles point towards an association between higher levels of uric acid, homocysteine, and interleukin 6 with lower cognitive performance in executive, attentional, and memory domains. We also reviewed the hemodialysis effects on cognition. Hemodialysis seems to contribute to an amelioration of CKD-related encephalopathic dysfunction, although this improvement occurs more in some cognitive domains than in others.


RESUMO Um dos mecanismos propostos para explicar o comprometimento cognitivo relacionado à doença renal crônica (DRC) é o acúmulo de toxinas urêmicas devido à deterioração da função de depuração renal. A cognição pode ser categorizada em cinco domínios principais de acordo com suas funções de processamento de informações: memória, atenção, linguagem, visual-espacial e executiva. Realizamos uma revisão usando os termos "ácido úrico", "indoxil sulfato", "p-cresil sulfato", "homocisteína", "interleucinas" e "paratormônio". Estes são os compostos que se mostraram fortemente associados ao comprometimento cognitivo na DRC na literatura. Os 26 artigos selecionados apontam para uma associação entre níveis mais elevados de ácido úrico, homocisteína e interleucina-6 com menor desempenho cognitivo nos domínios executivo, atenção e de memória. Também revisamos os efeitos da hemodiálise na cognição. A hemodiálise parece contribuir para uma melhoria da disfunção encefalopática relacionada à DRC, embora essa melhora ocorra mais em alguns domínios cognitivos do que em outros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Toxins, Biological/adverse effects , Uremia/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Parathyroid Hormone/adverse effects , Sulfuric Acid Esters/adverse effects , Sulfuric Acid Esters/blood , Uric Acid/adverse effects , Uric Acid/blood , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Interleukin-6/adverse effects , Cresols/adverse effects , Cresols/blood , Interleukin-1beta/adverse effects , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Homocysteine/adverse effects , Homocysteine/blood , Indican/adverse effects , Indican/blood
10.
Sahel medical journal (Print) ; 22(2): 82-85, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1271708

ABSTRACT

Background: Deficiency of Vitamin B12 can lead to hyperhomocysteinemia. Hyperhomocysteinemia constitutes an abnormally high level of homocysteine in the serum, above the upper limit of normal for an environment. The two conditions are significant risk factors for the development of stroke. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence of these biochemical risk factors in stroke patients in our environment which brought about this study. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine how prevalent hyperhomocysteinemia and hypovitaminosis B12 are in acute ischemic stroke patients in Zaria. Materials and Mthods: This is a cross­sectional prospective study conducted from February 2014 to March 2015 in ABUTH Zaria. One hundred patients with clinical diagnosis of first­ever ischemic stroke confirmed by brain computed tomography scan, and another apparently healthy age­ and sex­matched one hundred controls were recruited. Their fasting serum homocysteine and Vitamin B12 were determined using the enzyme­linked immunosorbent assay technique. Prevalence of high homocysteine and low Vitamin B12 was determined.Results: Thirty­four percent (34%) of patients had high and 66% patients had normal serum homocysteine, whereas 81% of patients had low and 19% of patients had normal serum Vitamin B12, and the difference was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.05).There was significant negative correlation between serum homocysteine and Vitamin B12 among cases with P = 0.04 and r = −0.198.Conclusion: The Prevalence rates of hyperhomocysteinemia and hypovitaminosis B12 among ischemic stroke pateints were 34% and 81%, respectively


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Homocysteine , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Nigeria
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Both hyperuricemia and hyperhomocysteinemia are known as main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. There has been, however, no report on the relationship between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and homocysteine (Hcy) in hyperuricemic patients. This study aimed to investigate how hyperuricemia is associated with increased carotid IMT with a focus on hyperhomocysteinemia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,222 patients who visited the Chung-Ang University Hospital Health Promotion Center from January 2013 to December 2015. The serum Hcy levels were estimated with a competitive immunoassay using the direct chemiluminescence method. The carotid IMT was measured by B-mode carotid ultrasonography. The definition of hyperuricemia was a serum uric acid level > 7.0 mg/dL for men or > 5.6 mg/dL for women, and hyperhomocysteinemia was defined as serum levels > 15 μmol/L. RESULTS: The hyperuricemic patients showed significantly higher serum Hcy levels and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) than did normouricemic patients (13.39 ± 4.42 vs. 11.69 ± 3.65 μmol/L, P < 0.001; 85.16 ± 19.18 vs. 96.14 ± 16.63, P < 0.001, respectively). Serum Hcy level (odds ratio [OR], 1.050; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.009–1.092) and fasting glucose level (OR, 1.018; 95% CI, 1.011–1.026) were independent risk factors for carotid plaque. In patients with hyperuricemia, the serum Hcy levels correlated with the eGFR (γ = −0.478, P < 0.001). The carotid IMT correlated with serum Hcy levels and eGFR (γ = 0.196, P = 0.008; γ = − 0.297, P < 0.001, respectively) but not with the serum lipid profile. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that renal function impairment in hyperuricemic patients may worsen carotid IMT by increasing serum Hcy levels.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fasting , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Glucose , Health Promotion , Homocysteine , Humans , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Hyperuricemia , Immunoassay , Luminescence , Male , Methods , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography , Uric Acid
12.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 155-162, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739300

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study was performed. PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia in dropped head syndrome (DHS), and the relationship between biochemical markers, including major advanced glycation end products (AGEs), pentosidine, and DHS in older women. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: AGEs have been implicated in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia. METHODS: We studied 13 elderly women with idiopathic DHS (mean age, 77.2 years) and 20 healthy volunteers (mean age, 74.8 years). We used a bioelectrical impedance analyzer to analyze body composition, including appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; appendicular lean mass [kg]/[height (m)]2). Cervical sagittal plane alignment, including C2–C7 sagittal vertical axis (C2–C7SVA), C2–C7 angle, and C2 slope (C2S), was measured. Biochemical markers, such as serum and urinary pentosidine, serum homocysteine, 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, were measured. The level of each variable was compared between DHS and controls. The relationship between biochemical markers and DHS was examined. RESULTS: Sarcopenia (SMI < 5.75) was observed at a high prevalence in participants with DHS (77% compared to 22% of healthy controls). Height, weight, femoral bone mineral density, appendicular lean mass, total lean mass, and SMI all had significantly lower values in the DHS group. Serum and urinary pentosidine, and serum homocysteine were significantly higher in the DHS group compared to controls. Analysis of cervical alignment revealed a significant positive correlation of serum pentosidine with C2–C7SVA and C2S. CONCLUSIONS: Sarcopenia was involved in DHS, and high serum pentosidine levels are associated with severity of DHS in older women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biomarkers , Body Composition , Bone Density , Electric Impedance , Female , Glycation End Products, Advanced , Head , Healthy Volunteers , Homocysteine , Humans , Muscle, Skeletal , Neck Muscles , Observational Study , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762651

ABSTRACT

We report two cases of subacute combined degeneration (SCD) caused by nitrous oxide (N₂O) gas intoxication, which is rarely reported in Korea. Two patients recreationally inhaled N₂O gas daily for several months. They presented with paresthesia of limbs, voiding difficulty, and gait disturbance. The initial vitamin B₁₂ levels were normal or decreased, but homocysteine levels of the two patients were increased. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine showed T2-weighted hyperintensity in the bilateral dorsal columns of the cervical spinal cord. Electromyography and somatosensory evoked potential tests for both patients suggested posterior column lesion of the spinal cord combined with sensorimotor polyneuropathy. According to these findings, we concluded that the two patients had SCD. The patient’s symptoms partially improved after cessation of N₂O gas inhalation and the receiving of vitamin B₁₂ supplementation therapy. As the incidence of recreational N₂O gas inhalation is increasing in Korea, physicians must be alert to the N₂O induced SCD in patients presenting with progressive myelopathy.


Subject(s)
Cervical Cord , Electromyography , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory , Extremities , Gait , Homocysteine , Humans , Incidence , Inhalation , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nitrous Oxide , Paresthesia , Polyneuropathies , Recreation , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spine , Subacute Combined Degeneration , Vitamin B 12 , Vitamins
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Shift work is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. Here, we sought to assess the relationship between shift work and plasma homocysteine levels. Determining the correlations between shift work and homocysteine levels may provide a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This study was performed using data from routine health examinations of steel workers in 2017. In total, 431 male workers (70 daytime workers and 361 shift workers) employed on a rolling departure schedule were recruited. Plasma homocysteine levels > 15 μmol/L were considered elevated. The χ2, analysis of variance, and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between shift work and plasma homocysteine levels. RESULTS: In comparison to daytime workers, the odds ratio (OR) of hyperhomocysteinemia in individuals with < 10 years of shift work was 1.14 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64–2.03), compared to 2.01 (95% CI: 1.14–3.54) for workers with ≥ 10 years of experience. After adjusting for confounding variables, the adjusted OR for shift workers with < 10 years of experience was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.50–1.80), compared to 2.00 (95% CI: 1.07–3.74) for workers with ≥ 10 years of experience. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of hyperhomocysteinemia was significantly higher in shift workers compared to those working normal daytime hours, particularly among long-term shift workers.


Subject(s)
Appointments and Schedules , Cardiovascular Diseases , Homocysteine , Humans , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Plasma , Steel
15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 378-386, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762361

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a multifactorial disease associated with an increased risk for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. Elevated levels of homocysteine (Hcy) are a marker of cardiovascular risk. Several studies have evaluated the associations between psoriasis and Hcy levels; however, the results remain inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis to better understand the relationship between psoriasis and Hcy. METHODS: Five scientific databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched to identify relevant studies. A review of 307 publications identified 16 studies that directly assessed plasma levels of Hcy in psoriasis patients. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies including 2,091 subjects were included in the meta-analysis. Hcy levels were significantly higher in psoriasis patients relative to healthy controls (weighted mean difference [WMD], 3.30; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.58∼5.02; I²=82.1%). Subgroup analyses revealed that patients with higher mean psoriasis area severity index (PASI) scores (PASI>10) had significantly higher Hcy levels compared to healthy controls (WMD, 4.17; 95% CI, 1.18∼7.16; I²=88.3%), whereas patients with lower mean PASI scores (PASI ≤10) had not (WMD, 0.76; 95% CI, −1.84∼3.35; I²=72.2%). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis found that psoriasis patients, in particular those with PASI >10, had significantly higher Hcy levels compared to healthy controls. Further research is needed to determine the association between Hcy levels and psoriasis severity.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Homocysteine , Humans , Plasma , Psoriasis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the vascular damage effects and possible mechanism of acute exposure to ozone (O) in male Wistar rats.@*METHODS@#One hundred and twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups, 20 in each group. The experimental animals were placed in a gas poisoning cabinet, the control group was exposed to filtered air, and the treatment group was exposed to ozone at concentrations of 0.12 ppm, 0.5 ppm, 1.0 ppm, 2.0 ppm, and 4.0 ppm, respectively, for 4 hours. Arterial blood pressure data were obtained by PC-lab medical physiological signal acquisition system. Blood rheology indicators and blood biochemical indicators were detected by Tianjin Dean Diagnostic Laboratory. Serum endothelin-1 (ET-1), homocysteine (HCY), von Willebrand factor (vWF), 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OhdG), interleukin (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) microplate assay. Oxidative stress indicators superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) were determined by xanthine oxidase method, thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method, reduced glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) were tested by using microplate colorimetry. Paraffin sections were prepared from thoracic aorta tissue, and vascular structure was observed by HE staining.@*RESULTS@#Acute exposure to 0.12 ppm ozone could cause a significant increase in arterial systolic blood pressure (SBP). Exposure to different concentrations of ozone could cause a significant increase in plasma viscosity, and the K value of the ESR equation was significantly increased in the 1.0 ppm ozone exposure group. Both the relative and reduced viscosities were significantly reduced at ozone concentrations of 0.5 ppm and 4.0 ppm, while the red blood cell deformation index was increased significantly at ozone concentrations of 0.12 ppm, 0.5 ppm, 1.0 ppm, and 2.0 ppm. Acute ozone exposure resulted in the decrease of total cholesterol content. The content of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly reduced in the 0.12 ppm ozone exposure group. When the ozone concentration was higher than 1.0 ppm, the body may also had an inflammatory reaction (increased TNF-α) and oxidative stress (increased MDA, decreased GSH). Acute exposure to ozone could lead to elevated levels of ET-1 in the blood, with significant differences in the 4.0 ppm concentration group, while HCY levels were decreased firstly and then increased, reaching the highest in the 1.0 ppm concentration group. No obvious pathological changes were observed in the thoracic aorta.@*CONCLUSION@#Acute ozone exposure can affect arterial blood pressure, blood rheology and cholesterol metabolism in rats. The possible mechanism is that ozone exposure leads to inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress reaction, causing vascular endothelial function damage, and vascular endothelial cells increase with ozone exposure concentration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Vessels , Wounds and Injuries , Deoxyguanosine , Blood , Endothelin-1 , Blood , Homocysteine , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Male , Malondialdehyde , Oxidative Stress , Ozone , Toxicity , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Superoxide Dismutase , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , von Willebrand Factor
17.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 325-335, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775469

ABSTRACT

Hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) is an independent risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Visual dysfunction is commonly found and is positively correlated with the severity of cognitive defects in AD patients. Our previous study demonstrated that Hhcy induces memory deficits with AD-like tau and amyloid-β (Aβ) pathologies in the hippocampus, and supplementation with folate and vitamin B12 (FB) prevents the Hhcy-induced AD-like pathologies in the hippocampus. Here, we investigated whether Hhcy also induces AD-like pathologies in the retina and the effects of FB. An Hhcy rat model was produced by vena caudalis injection of homocysteine for 14 days, and the effects of FB were assessed by simultaneous supplementation with FB in drinking water. We found that Hhcy induced vessel damage with Aβ and tau pathologies in the retina, while simultaneous supplementation with FB remarkably attenuated the Hhcy-induced tau hyperphosphorylation at multiple AD-related sites and Aβ accumulation in the retina. The mechanisms involved downregulation of amyloid precursor protein (APP), presenilin-1, beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1, and protein phosphatase-2A. Our data suggest that the retina may serve as a window for evaluating the effects of FB on hyperhomocysteinemia-induced Alzheimer-like pathologies.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Metabolism , Animals , Dietary Supplements , Disease Models, Animal , Folic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Homocysteine , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Male , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retina , Metabolism , Pathology , Retinal Vessels , Metabolism , Pathology , Vitamin B 12 , Therapeutic Uses , tau Proteins , Metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763698

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Low testosterone is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and homocysteine (Hcy) is elevated in individuals with MetS. We investigated the relationships of total testosterone (TT) and serum Hcy levels with MetS in male Korean workers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study including 8,606 male workers, aged 20 to 58 years, who underwent a physical examination in 2015. MetS was diagnosed based on the criteria of the 2009 harmonized definition, while the Korean standard for waist circumference (WC) was used. Participants' biochemical parameters, including TT and serum Hcy, were measured, and participants were divided into quartiles. Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the association of MetS and its individual components depending on TT and serum Hcy quartiles. RESULTS: The prevalence of MetS in the study population was 16%. TT was lower in participants with MetS than in those without MetS (P<0.001). By contrast, Hcy level was similar between groups (P=0.694). In multiple logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio for the lowest TT quartile was 1.29 (95% confidence interval, 1.06 to 1.57) after adjusting for potential confounders. Participants with lower TT were more likely to have high WC, hypertriglyceridemia, and low high density lipoprotein levels. Serum Hcy levels were not significantly associated with MetS. Of the five components of MetS, only WC was significantly associated with serum Hcy. CONCLUSION: In male Korean workers, TT may be an independent predictor of MetS, and serum Hcy levels could be a marker of abdominal obesity. However, future prospective studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Homocysteine , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , Lipoproteins , Logistic Models , Male , Obesity, Abdominal , Odds Ratio , Physical Examination , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Testosterone , Waist Circumference
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to elucidate relationships between alexithymia, suicide ideation and homocysteine levels in drug-naïve outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Sixty seven outpatients with MDD with melancholic features were evaluated by the means of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS–20), the Scale of Suicide Ideation, and homocysteine levels. RESULTS: Alexithymic subjects showed higher scores on all scales and higher homocysteine levels. Regression analysis shown higher homocysteine levels and TAS-20’ “Difficulty in Describing Feelings” dimension, in turn being associated with higher suicide ideation. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, alexithymic MDD outpatients may characterize for homocysteine dysregulation that may be linked to suicide ideation, regardless depression’ severity. However, study limitations are discussed and must be considered.


Subject(s)
Affective Symptoms , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Homocysteine , Humans , Outpatients , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide , Weights and Measures
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772937

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common nonfatal disease burden worldwide. Systemic chronic low-grade inflammation has been reported to be associated with MDD progression by affecting monoaminergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission. However, whether various proinflammatory cytokines are abnormally elevated before the first episode of depression is still largely unclear. Here, we evaluated 184 adolescent patients who were experiencing their first episode of depressive disorder, and the same number of healthy individuals was included as controls. We tested the serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IgE, 14 different types of food antigen-specific IgG, histamine, homocysteine, S100 calcium-binding protein B, and diamine oxidase. We were not able to find any significant differences in the serum levels of hs-CRP or TNF-α between the two groups. However, the histamine level of the patients (12.35 μM) was significantly higher than that of the controls (9.73 μM, P < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U test). Moreover, significantly higher serum food antigen-specific IgG positive rates were also found in the patient group. Furthermore, over 80% of patients exhibited prolonged food intolerance with elevated levels of serum histamine, leading to hyperpermeability of the blood-brain barrier, which has previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of MDD. Hence, prolonged high levels of serum histamine could be a risk factor for depressive disorders, and antihistamine release might represent a novel therapeutic strategy for depression treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biomarkers , Blood , C-Reactive Protein , Chronic Disease , Cytokines , Depressive Disorder, Major , Blood , Epidemiology , Female , Food Hypersensitivity , Blood , Histamine , Blood , Homocysteine , Blood , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Inflammation Mediators , Blood , Male , Risk Factors , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Blood , Young Adult
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