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1.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039001134, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374047

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar os gastos com Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária no Estado de Minas Gerais. Métodos Estudo ecológico e retrospectivo das internações dos anos de 2014 e 2019, com dados do Sistema de Informação Hospitalar analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e teste pareado de Wilcoxon. Resultados Observou-se redução de valores gastos (-9,88%), em internações eletivas (-1,77%) e de urgência (-10,54%), nos sexos masculino e feminino e em todas as faixas etárias; com diferença significativa de valores gastos nas faixas etárias de 5 a 14 anos (p=0,005) e de 15 a 49 anos (p<0,001). Os maiores valores absolutos se deram nos grupos Angina, Insuficiência Cardíaca e Doenças Cerebrovasculares; as principais reduções ocorreram nas Doenças inflamatórias de órgãos pélvicos, Gastroenterites infecciosas e Asma. Conclusão A análise por grupos e caráter de internação das condições sensíveis possibilita a identificação de frequência e custos elevados e/ou desproporcionais, mostrando condições de maior risco e atuação dos serviços de cuidados primários em saúde no momento oportuno à demanda da população.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar los gastos con Internaciones por Condiciones Sensibles en la Atención Primaria en el Estado de Minas Gerais. Métodos Estudio ecológico y retrospectivo de las internaciones en los años de 2014 y de 2019, con datos del Sistema de Información Hospitalaria analizados por medio de estadística descriptiva y pruebas pareadas de Wilcoxon. Resultados Se observó una reducción en los montos gastados (-9,88 %), en internaciones electivas (-1,77 %) y de urgencia (-10,54 %), en los sexos masculino y femenino y en todos los grupos de edad; con una diferencia significativa en los montos gastados en los grupos de edad de los 5 a los 14 años (p=0,005) y de los 15 a los 49 años (p<0,001). Los mayores valores absolutos se dieron en los grupos Angina, Insuficiencia Cardíaca y Enfermedades Cerebrovasculares; las principales reducciones se dieron en las Enfermedades inflamatorias de órganos pélvicos, Gastroenteritis infecciosas y Asma. Conclusión El análisis por grupos y tipo de internación de las condiciones sensibles posibilita la identificación de frecuencia y elevados costos o desproporcionales, mostrando condiciones de mayor riesgo y actuación de los servicios de cuidados primarios en salud en el momento oportuno a la demanda de la población.


Abstract Objective To analyse the expenses with hospitalizations by Sensitive Conditions to the Primary Care at the Minas Gerais State. Methods Ecological and retrospective study of the hospitalizations from 2014 to 2019, with data from the Hospital Information System, analysed through descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon paired test. Results We observed a decrease in the expense values (-9.88%), in electives hospitalizations (-1.77%) and urgency hospitalizations (-10.54%), in male and female sexes, and all group ages; with significant expense values difference in the age groups from 5 to 14 years old (p=0.005), and from 15 to 49 (p<0.001). We found the absolute higher values in the Angina, Cardiac insufficiency, and Cerebrovascular diseases groups; the main decreases occurred in Pelvic organs inflammatory diseases, Infectious gastroenteritis, and Asthma. Conclusion The analysis by groups and hospitalization character of the sensitive conditions allows the identification of frequency and elevated and/or disproportionate expenses, highlighting conditions of greater risk and action of the primary care services in health in the appropriate moment to the population demand.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Health Expenditures/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/economics , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Ecological Studies
2.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(1): 311-318, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250694

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: this study aimed to describe direct medical-hospital costs of hospitalizations for Congenital Syphilis (CS) in children under one year of age, users of the public health network in the state of Ceará, Brazil, from 2012 to 2017. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study that used the DATASUS Hospital Information System database, built from the information registered in the Inpatient Hospital Authorizations (IHA), organized in a Microsoft Office Excel 2010 spreadsheet and analyzed in SPSS, version 23. Results: there were 4,085 hospitalizations registered for CS (16.6% of total hospital admissions for infectious and parasitic diseases) at a cost of US$ 927,726.84, representing an annual average of US$ 234.73 per child. A slight decrease in approved IHA for infectious and parasitic diseases (5.5%) was verified when compared with CS, which increased by 36.4%> over the evaluated years. Conclusion: high treatment costs for CS in the state of Ceará were identified, a situation that could be avoided if pregnant women with syphilis were diagnosed and treated during prenatal care.


Resumo Objetivos: descrever os custos diretos médico-hospitalares das internações hospitalares por Sífilis Congênita (SC) em crianças menores de um ano usuárias da rede pública de saúde do Estado do Ceará, no período de 2012 a 2017. Metodos: estudo transversal cuja coleta de dados aconteceu no banco de dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Datasus, a partir das informações das Autorizações de Internação Hospitalar (AIH). Os dados foram digitados em uma planilha no Microsoft Office Excel (versão 2010) e analisados no SPSS, versão 23. Resultados: foram registradas 4.085 internações hospitalares por SC (16,6% do total de internações por doenças infecciosas e parasitárias), perfazendo um custo total de $ 927. 726,84 dólares e média anual para cada criança de $234, 73dólares. Observou-se um discreto decréscimo das AIH aprovadas para doenças infecciosas e parasitárias (5,5%) quando comparadas com SC, que apresentou um acréscimo de 36,4%o ao longo dos anos avaliados. Conclusão: identificou-se custo elevado com o tratamento da SC no estado do Ceará, situação que poderia ser evitada se as gestantes com sífilis fossem diagnosticadas e tratadas durante a assistência pré-natal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Syphilis, Congenital/economics , Unified Health System , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Prenatal Care , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202832, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155356

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The ACERTO project is a multimodal perioperative care protocol. Implemented in 2005, the project in the last 15 years has disseminated the idea of a modern perioperative care protocol, based on evidence and with interdisciplinary team work. Dozens of published studies, using the protocol, have shown benefits such as reduced hospital stay, postoperative complications and hospital costs. Disseminated in Brazil, the project is supported by the Brazilian College of Surgeons and the Brazilian Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, among others. This article compiles publications by the authors who belong to the CNPq research group "Acerto em Nutrição e Cirurgia", refers to the experience of other national authors in various surgical specialties, and finally outlines the evolution of the ACERTO project in the timeline.


RESUMO O projeto ACERTO é um protocolo multimodal de cuidados perioperatórios. Implementado em 2005, o projeto, nos últimos 15 anos, tem disseminado a ideia de moderno protocolo de cuidados perioperatórios baseados em evidência e com atuação interprofissional. Dezenas de estudos publicados com o uso do protocolo têm mostrado benefícios como redução do tempo de internação, complicações pós-operatórias e custos hospitalares. Disseminado pelo Brasil, o projeto tem apoio do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões e da Sociedade Brasileira de Nutrição Parenteral e Enteral, entre outros. Este artigo compila publicações dos autores que compõem o grupo de pesquisa do CNPq "Acerto em Nutrição e Cirurgia", cita a experiência de outros autores nacionais em diversas especialidades cirúrgica e finalmente, delineia a evolução do projeto ACERTO ao longo da linha do tempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Perioperative Care/trends , Perioperative Care/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Patient Care Team , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Complications , Brazil , Preoperative Care , Perioperative Care/economics , Nutrition Therapy
4.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 66(3): 1-7, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120362

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As neoplasias representam a segunda causa de morte no Brasil, no entanto, garantir assistência plena e equilibrada ao diagnóstico e tratamento nas Regiões do país segue sendo um dos grandes desafios do sistema de saúde brasileiro. Objetivo: Descrever as taxas de internação por neoplasias no Brasil entre os anos de 2008 e 2018, mensurar os gastos hospitalares e o tempo de permanência das internações por neoplasias no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Método: Estudo ecológico de séries temporais com dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS. Resultados: Na série história de 2008-2018, houve 7.578.552 internações por neoplasias no SUS, sendo 59% em pacientes do sexo feminino, 20% na faixa etária de 50 a 59 anos, 43% de cor branca e 44% na Região Sudeste do país. O gasto total das internações hospitalares por neoplasias alcançou R$ 13.225.554.102,73, com permanência média de 5,4 dias de internação por paciente. Conclusão: Este é o primeiro estudo que utiliza como unidade territorial de análise todo o país; dessa maneira, espera-se que novos estudos envolvendo a morbidade hospitalar no país sejam desenvolvidos.


Introduction: Neoplasms represent the second leading cause of death in Brazil, however ensuring full and balanced assistance to diagnosis and treatment in the regions of the country remains one of the biggest challenges of the Brazilian health system. Objective: To describe the rates of hospitalization by neoplasms in Brazil between the years 2008 and 2018, to calculate hospital expenditures and the length of stay of hospitalizations by neoplasms in the Unified Health System (SUS). Method: Ecological study of time series with data from SUS Hospital Information System. Results:In the 2008-2018 history series, there were 7,578,552 hospitalizations for neoplasms in SUS, 59% of which in female patients, 20% in the age-range between 50 and 59 years old, 43%, Caucasian and 44% in the country's southeastern region. The total cost of hospital admissions by neoplasms reached R$ 13,225,554,102.73, with an average stay of 5.4 days of hospitalization per patient. Conclusion: This is the first study that uses the entire country as a territorial unit of analysis, so it is expected that further studies involving hospital morbidity in the country will be developed.


Introducción: Las neoplasias representan la segunda causa de muerte en Brasil, sin embargo, garantizar una asistencia completa y equilibrada para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento en las regiones del país sigue siendo uno de los grandes desafíos del sistema de salud brasileño. Objetivo: Describir las tasas de hospitalización por neoplasias en Brasil entre los años 2008 y 2018, medir los gastos hospitalarios y la duración de la hospitalización por neoplasias en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). Método: Estudio ecológico de series de tiempo con datos del Información hospitalaria del SUS. Resultados:En la serie de historia 2008-2018, hubo 7.578.552 hospitalizaciones por neoplasias en el SUS, el 59% de los cuales eran pacientes de sexo femenino, el 20% tenían entre 50 y 59 años, 43% blancos y 44% en la región sureste del país. El costo total de los ingresos hospitalarios por neoplasias alcanzó R $ 13.225.554.102,73, con una estadía promedio de 5,4 días de hospitalización por paciente. Conclusión: este es el primer estudio que utiliza todo el país como unidad de análisis territorial, por lo que se espera que se desarrollen más estudios sobre la morbilidad hospitalaria en el país


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Expenditures/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Time Series Studies , Ecological Studies
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4043-4052, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039527

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo foi identificar a utilização de tecnologias e estimar o custo direto da atenção hospitalar de crianças e adolescentes com condições crônicas complexas em um hospital público federal especializado na assistência de alta complexidade a pacientes pediátricos. O trabalho foi realizado concomitantemente com um estudo de coorte durante o período de um ano e incluiu 146 pacientes com condições complexas crônicas e 37 pacientes não-crônicos. A análise identificou que a maioria dos pacientes com condições complexas crônicas internou em média duas vezes em um ano e que tinham doenças com o envolvimento de pelo menos dois sistemas orgânicos. O uso de drenos e cateteres e a gastrostomia foram as tecnologias de maior utilização. Na comparação com os pacientes não-crônicos, o custo direto mediano dos pacientes com condições complexas crônicas foi superior quando se comparou a utilização de tecnologias. O estudo indica um elevado custo da atenção hospitalar para esses pacientes. Documentar a utilização de tecnologias e o custo da atenção hospitalar permite subsidiar os gestores e contribuir para a tomada de decisões de planejamento, gestão e financiamento das políticas de saúde na área pediátrica.


Abstract This paper aimed to identify the use of technology and to analyze the cost of hospital care for children and adolescents with medical complex chronic conditions at a public federal hospital specialized in high-complexity pediatric care, and was performed concomitantly with a prospective cohort study conducted over a one-year period. It included 146 patients with complex medical chronic conditions and 37 non-chronic patients. The analysis showed that most patients had, on average, two hospitalizations a year and were diagnosed with diseases related to at least two organic systems. Catheters, drains and gastrostomy were the most common technologies used. Median direct costs of patients with medically complex chronic conditions were higher than those of non-chronic patients when comparing the use of technology. The study shows high hospitalization cost to these patients. Technology use and hospitalization care costs documentation yields more data to support decision-makers in the planning, managing, and financing of pediatric health policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Biomedical Technology/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Biomedical Technology/economics , Hospitalization/economics
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(4): 1527-1536, abr. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001768

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esse estudo estimou os custos do parto vaginal e da cesariana eletiva, sem indicação clínica, para gestantes de risco habitual na perspectiva do Sistema Único de Saúde provedor. A coleta de dados incluiu três maternidades públicas situadas na região Sudeste, nas quais foram realizadas visitas e entrevistas com os profissionais. Os itens de custos incluídos foram recursos humanos, insumos hospitalares, custo de capital e administrativos, que foram identificados, quantificados e valorados pelo método de microcusteio. Foram identificados custos com o parto vaginal, cesariana eletiva e diária em alojamento conjunto para as três maternidades. A média do custo do procedimento parto vaginal foi de R$ 808,16 e variou de R$ 585,74 a R$ 916,14 entre as maternidades. O custo médio da cesariana eletiva foi de R$ 1.113,70 com variação de R$ 652,69 a R$ 1.516,02. O principal item de custo foi os recursos humanos em ambos os procedimentos. Com a inclusão do período de permanência em alojamento conjunto, o custo médio do parto vaginal foi de R$ 1.397,91 (R$ 1.287,50 - R$ 1.437,87) e da cesariana R$ 1.843,8791 (R$ 1.521,54 - R$ 2.161,98), este 32% superior ao primeiro. As análises de custo na atenção perinatal contribuem para a gestão dos serviços de saúde, além de serem essenciais para análises de custo-efetividade.


Abstract This study estimated the costs of vaginal delivery and elective cesarean section without clinical indication, for usual risk pregnant women from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified Health System. Data was collected from three public maternity hospitals located in the southeast region of Brazil through visits and interviews with professionals. The cost components were human resources, hospital supplies, capital cost and overhead, which were identified, quantified and valued through the micro-costing method. The costs with vaginal delivery, elective cesarean section and daily hospital charge in rooming for the three maternity hospitals were identified. The mean cost of a vaginal delivery procedure was R$ 808.16 and ranged from R$ 585.74 to R$ 916.14 between hospitals. The mean cost of elective cesarean section was R$ 1,113.70, ranging from R$ 652.69 to R$ 1,516.02. The main cost component was human resources for both procedures. When stay in rooming was included, the mean costs of vaginal delivery and cesarean were R$ 1,397.91 (R$ 1,287.50 - R$ 1,437.87) and R$ 1,843.87 (R$ 1,521.54 - R$ 2,161.98), respectively. Cost analyses of perinatal care contribute to the management of health services and are essential for cost-effectiveness analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/economics , Delivery, Obstetric/economics , National Health Programs/economics , Rooming-in Care/economics , Rooming-in Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Delivery, Obstetric/methods , Hospitals, Maternity/economics
7.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 38(1): 1-6, 15/03/2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362608

ABSTRACT

Introduction Cubital tunnel syndrome (CTS) is responsible for one of the types of ulnar nerve neuropathy and is the second cause of compressive neuropathy of the upper limb, only surpassed by carpal tunnel syndrome. Objective To describe the epidemiological data of the ulnar nerve transposition surgical code in the treatment of CTS by the United Health System (SUS) from 2005 to 2015. Methodology This is a descriptive epidemiological study, in which data were obtained through consultation of the DATASUS database. Results/Discussion During this period, 774 procedures were performed and, despite the addition of 20.3 million people to the Brazilian population, the incidence was 0.33/ 1,000,000. National and international epidemiology point to a slightly higher prevalence of the procedure between men, in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Low permanence rate, as well as the absence of hospital deaths related to the procedure, infer that the procedure is safe, with low morbidity and mortality rates. Conclusion The annual incidence of the cubital syndrome submitted to surgical treatment at SUS in the Brazilian population was 1/7,670,833 in 2005 and½,174,468 in 2015. The cost of each surgical procedure during the same period ranged from R$ 318.88 to R$ 539.74. The mean hospitalization time for CTS surgery was 1.85 days.


Subject(s)
Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Unified Health System , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Cubital Tunnel Syndrome/mortality , Cubital Tunnel Syndrome/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
8.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(1): 102-112, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001393

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. El análisis de los costos derivados de las infecciones asociadas con la atención en salud representa un desafío para el sistema de salud en Colombia dados sus factores determinantes. Objetivo. Determinar los factores relacionados con el aumento y la variabilidad de los costos de la atención hospitalaria por las infecciones asociadas con la atención en salud en un hospital de cuarto nivel de Bogotá, entre el 2011 y el 2015. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron los costos de la atención de 292 pacientes, los cuales se estimaron para cada una de las actividades realizadas desde el momento de sospechar el cuadro infeccioso hasta su resolución. Dichos costos se estandarizaron según el valor del manual tarifario del Instituto de Seguros Sociales, ajustándolos por el índice de precios al consumidor para salud hasta el año 2014. Se determinaron los factores relacionados con el aumento del costo del manejo mediante un modelo logístico condicional. Resultados. La estancia hospitalaria de nueve días o más antes de la infección, se asoció con el aumento del costo directo del manejo de las infecciones relacionadas con la atención en salud (odds ratio, OR=2,06; IC95% 1,11-3,63). El costo medio del manejo de las infecciones fue de COP $1.190.879. Los antibióticos representaron el 41 % del valor total del tratamiento, seguidos de los exámenes de laboratorio, con un costo equivalente al 13,5 %. Conclusión. Se encontró una relación entre el costo del manejo de las infecciones asociadas con la atención en salud y la estancia hospitalaria previa a su aparición. Los antecedentes patológicos de los pacientes no se relacionaron con el aumento de los costos.


Abstract Introduction: The cost analysis of infections associated with health care represents a challenge for the health system in Colombia given their determinants. Objective: To determine the factors related to the increase and variability in the costs of hospital care for infections associated with health care in a fourth-level hospital in Bogotá from 2011 to 2015. Materials and methods: The costs of the care for 292 patients were analyzed including each of the activities carried out since the suspicion of the infectious disease until its resolution. These costs were standardized to the value of the Instituto de Seguros Sociales tariff manual adjusted by the annual consumer price index for health until 2014. The factors related to the increase in management costs were identified using a conditional logistic regression model. Results: A hospital stay of nine days or more prior to the infection was a factor associated with the increase of direct costs in the management of infections associated with health care (OR=2.06; 95% CI: 1.11-3.63). The median cost of the infections was COP $1.190.879. The antibiotic treatment represented 41% of the total value of the treatment, followed by laboratory tests with a cost equivalent to 13.5%. Conclusions: We found a relationship between the cost of the management of infections associated with health care and the hospital stay prior to their appearance. The pathological antecedents of the patients were not related to the increase in the cost.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cross Infection/economics , Hospital Costs , Time Factors , Case-Control Studies , Cross Infection/diagnosis , Cross Infection/therapy , Colombia , Hospital Costs/trends , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(3): 907-916, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989606

ABSTRACT

Resumo No Brasil, a distribuição das unidades de terapia intensiva pediátrica (UTIP), causas de admissão, custos despendidos e forma como se presta a assistência ainda são pouco conhecidos. Com o objetivo de descrever o perfil das internações por faixa etária em UTIP do SUS de Pernambuco, em 2010, realizou-se um estudo transversal, com o universo das 1.915 internações nas seis UTIP do estado, captadas no Sistema de Informação Hospitalar. As variáveis foram comparadas por faixa etária. Predominaram internações no sexo masculino (58,1%), na faixa etária de um a quatro anos (32,5%), unidades filantrópicas (64,1%), UTIP tipo III (59,2%) e por neoplasias (28,9%). A permanência média foi de 14,4 dias e o custo médio de R$ 6.674,80. A distância média entre o município de residência e o da UTIP variou de 8,7 a 486,5 km. Ocorreram 207 óbitos (10,8/100 internações), 30% por doenças infectoparasitárias. Identificaram-se diferenças entre as faixas etárias (p < 0,05), exceto quanto ao sexo. Concluindo, em Pernambuco, as internações em UTIP apresentam diferenças no acesso geográfico e nas características sociodemográficas, da admissão e causas de internação e óbito entre faixas etárias.


Abstract In Brazil, the distribution of pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), causes of admission, costs incurred and how care is provided are still poorly understood. The objective was to describe the profile of hospitalizations in the PICUs of the Brazilian Unified Health System in the state of Pernambuco, in 2010. A cross-sectional study was performed, with 1,915 hospitalizations in the six PICUs, collected in the Hospital Information System. The variables were compared by age group. There was a predominance of male hospitalizations (58.1%), an age range of between one and four years old (32.5%), the use of philanthropic units (64.1%) and type III PICUs (59.2%) and admissions due to neoplasms (28.9%). The mean hospital stay was 14.4 days, and the mean cost was BRL 6,674.80. The mean distance between the municipality of residence and the PICU ranged from 8.7 to 486.5 km. There were 207 deaths (10.8/100 admissions), of which 30% were due to infectious and parasitic diseases. Differences were identified between the age groups (p < 0.05), except regarding gender. In conclusion, admissions to PICUs in Pernambuco show differences in geographical access and sociodemographic characteristics, admissions, and causes of hospitalization and death among age groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , National Health Programs , Brazil , Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Hospital Information Systems , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasms/epidemiology
10.
Medwave ; 19(8): e7692, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021438

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO Describir las características clínicas, los patrones de tratamiento y los costos asociados en pacientes con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado o metastásico en Argentina, en los sectores público y privado. MÉTODOS Una cohorte histórica de pacientes que recibieron tratamiento de quimioterapia de primera línea (análogo de platino y/o una fluoropirimidina) y fueron seguidos durante al menos tres meses después de la última administración de un agente citotóxico de primera línea fueron elegibles. Se extrajeron los datos a través de un cuestionario estructurado a partir de los registros médicos de cuatro hospitales argentinos. Las estimaciones de los costos de tratamiento también se calcularon utilizando los costos unitarios de los hospitales participantes. RESULTADOS Entre los 101 pacientes, más de tres cuartas partes (79,2%) eran hombres, 41,6% fueron diagnosticados con enfermedad metastásica en estadio IV, la edad media fue de 57,7 años y el 27,7% tenían antecedentes de tabaquismo. Antes del diagnóstico de cáncer gástrico metastásico, el 42,4% de los pacientes habían recibido gastrectomía total. El 97% de los pacientes recibió una terapia doble o triplete, de los cuales el tratamiento más frecuente fue la epirubicina en combinación con oxaliplatino y capecitabina (38%), seguida de capecitabina + oxaliplatino (29%). Alrededor del 36% de los pacientes respondieron al tratamiento de primera línea (respuesta completa y parcial). Del 76,2% de los pacientes que siguieron un tratamiento de segunda línea, al 37,7% todavía se les administró un análogo de platino y/o fluoropirimidina. Durante el período de seguimiento, el 50% de los pacientes progresó y el 32,8% tenía enfermedad estable. La terapia de apoyo consistió principalmente en visitas ambulatorias después de la última línea de quimioterapia (16,8%), radioterapia paliativa (16,8%) y cirugía (30,7%). Se observaron diferencias significativas entre los costos de los hospitales públicos y privado. CONCLUSIONES Comprender los patrones de tratamiento en pacientes con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado o metastásico puede ayudar a abordar las necesidades médicas no satisfechas para un mejor manejo del paciente y la mejora de sus resultados clínicos en Argentina.


AIM To assess patient and disease characteristics, treatment patterns and associated costs in patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer in Argentina, in the public and private sectors. METHODS A historic cohort of patients who had received first-line chemotherapy treatment (platinum analog and/or a fluoropyrimidine) and were followed-up for at least three months after the last administration of a first-line cytotoxic agent were eligible. Case-report forms were prepared based on medical records from four Argentinian hospitals. Estimates of treatment costs were also calculated using the unit costs of the participating hospitals. RESULTS Of 101 patients, more than three quarters (79.2%) were male, 41.6% were diagnosed with metastatic stage IV disease (mean age, 57.7years), and 27.7 % had a smoking history. Before locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer diagnosis, 42.4% of the patients had received total gastrectomy. Ninety-seven percent of the patients received a doublet or triplet therapy, of which epirubicin in combination with oxaliplatin and capecitabine was the most common treatment (38%), followed by capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (29%). Around 36% of the patients responded to first-line treatment (complete and partial response). Out of the 76.2% of the patients who followed a second-line treatment, 37.7% were still administered a platinum analog and/or fluoropyrimidine. During the reported follow-up period, 50% of the patients progressed, and 32.8% had stable disease. The best supportive care consisted mostly of outpatient visits after last-line therapy (16.8%), palliative radiotherapy (16.8%), and surgery (30.7%). We observed significant differences between public and private hospital costs. CONCLUSIONS Understanding treatment patterns in patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer may help address unmet medical needs for better patient management and improvement of their clinical outcome in Argentina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Gastrectomy/methods , Argentina , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
11.
Clinics ; 74: e1143, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Evaluate adherence to the therapeutic prophylaxis protocol for venous thromboembolism (VTE) as well as the costs of this practice. METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted at a State General Hospital in Brazil through reports of drug dispensions, prescriptions and risk stratification of patients. Adherence to the VTE prophylaxis protocol was monitored. The tests for VTE diagnosis measured the adherence to therapeutic prophylaxis treatment, and the purchase prices of the drugs went into the calculation of drug therapy costs. The level of adherence to prescriptions for VTE prophylaxis in the hospital was classified as "adherence", "non-adherence" and "justified non-adherence" when compared with the protocol. RESULTS: Protocol adherence was observed for 50 (30.9%) patients, and non-adherence was observed for 63 (38.9%) patients, generating an additional cost of $180.40/month. Justified non-adherence in 49 (30.2%) patients generated $514.71/month in savings due to a reduction in the number of daily administrations of unfractionated heparin while still providing an effective method for preventing VTE. Twenty-six patients stratified as having medium to high risk of VTE who did not receive prophylaxis were identified, generating $154.41 in savings. However, these data should be evaluated with caution since the risks and outcomes associated with not preventing VTE outweigh the economy achieved from not prescribing a drug when a patient needs it. The only case of VTE identified during the study period was related to justified non-adherence to the protocol. CONCLUSION: The protocol is based on scientific evidence that describes an effective therapy to prevent VTE. However, the protocol should be updated because the justifications for non-adherence are based on scientific evidence, and this justified non-adherence generates savings and yields effective disease prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Heparin/economics , Venous Thromboembolism/economics , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis/economics , Anticoagulants/economics , Brazil , Heparin/administration & dosage , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Risk Assessment , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4331-4338, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974770

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo analisou a tendência dos gastos e das Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária (ICSAP) em crianças residentes na Bahia. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de série temporal, na Bahia, de 2000 a 2012. Foram calculadas as taxas anuais de ICSAP em menores de cinco anos, dos gastos totais e dos gastos médios. Para a análise da tendência temporal foram construídos modelos de regressão linear. Foram notificadas 810.831 ICSAP em menores de cinco anos na Bahia de 2000 a 2012. A taxa de ICSAP decresceu 24,7% no período, passando de 44,6 para 33,6 hospitalizações/1.000 crianças. O gasto total foi estimado em 155,8 milhões de reais, sendo observada redução de 50,4%, comparando-se o primeiro com o último ano da série. A análise de regressão linear evidenciou tendência de redução das ICSAP (β = -1,20; p = 0,014), dos gastos médios (β = -3,45; p < 0,01) e gastos totais (β = -0,46; p < 0,01). Apesar do comportamento de queda, ainda há elevadas taxas de ICSAP, que repercutem em um grande volume de recursos gastos com tais hospitalizações. Nesse sentido, diminuir as ICSAP em menores de cinco anos é importante tanto para melhorar a saúde da população quanto para reduzir gastos hospitalares.


Abstract This study analyses expenditure trends in Hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSCs) in children. It is an ecological time-series study, including hospitalizations of children under five in Bahia, between 2000 and 2012. We calculate the annual ACSC rates, as well as the total and average expenditure on these hospitalizations. We construct linear regression analysis models for the temporal trends. Between 2000 and 2012, 810,831 ACSC hospitalizations for the under-fives were recorded in Bahia. Hospitalization rates dropped 24.7% over this period, falling from 44.6 to 33.6 per 1,000 children. The total expenditure on such admissions is estimated to be 155.8 million Brazilian Reals. When we compare the first with the last year of the series, we note a reduction of 50.4% in total expenditure. The linear regression analysis demonstrates a reduction trend in average ACSC expenditure (β = -1.20, p = 0.014), (β = -3.45, p <0.01) and total expenditure (β = -0,46, p <0.01). Despite the reductions in these indicators, ACSC rates remain high, which has a significant impact on the volume of resources spent on avoidable hospitalizations. To this end, it is important to reduce ACSC expenditure, to both improve population health and reduce hospital costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Health Expenditures/trends , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Linear Models , Ambulatory Care/economics , Hospitalization/economics
13.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 17(3): 376-380, nov 19, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248128

ABSTRACT

A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é, hoje, um dos principais problemas de saúde nos países desenvolvidos e provoca importante redução da qualidade de vida, sendo, ainda, uma importante causa de internação em todas as regiões brasileiras. Objetivos: descrever o número de internações por IC por regiões brasileiras no ano de 2017 e o impacto dessas internações nos custos hospitalares. Analisar o número de internações por regiões. Discutir a média de permanência de internações hospitalares por regiões. Comparar a média de permanência e a taxa de mortalidade por regiões. Avaliar o impacto dos custos hospitalares por internação, por regiões. Metodologia: pesquisa de natureza quantitativa, descritiva, realizada no ano de 2017, baseada em dados secundários, constituídos por informações de saúde coletadas no Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS), a partir do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH/SUS). Resultados: no Brasil, no ano de 2017, foi verificado um total de internações por IC de 208.111, correspondente a um valor total de R$ 339.719.216,50 de custos hospitalares por IC, com uma média de permanência total de 7,5 dias de internamento por IC e uma taxa de mortalidade de 11%. Destaca-se uma forte correlação entre média de permanência e a taxa de mortalidade, tendo como resultado r = 0,871. Conclusão: as internações de indivíduos por IC correspondem a um alto risco, por ser esperada uma taxa de mortalidade elevada nesse perfil de pacientes. Melhoria na qualidade assistencial e maiores ações por parte do governo são necessárias para conscientizar a população sobre os meios de prevenção e o tratamento correto da a insuficiência cardíaca, responsável pela maior taxa de mortalidade no Brasil.


Heart Failure (HF) is today one of the main health problems in developed countries and causes substantial reduction of quality of life and is still an important cause of hospitalization in all Brazilian regions. Objectives: describe the number of hospitalizations by HF for Brazilian regions in the year 2017 and the impact of these of these hospitalization in hospital costs. Analyze the number of hospitalizations by region. Discuss the average stay of hospitalization by regions. Compare average permanence and mortality rate by region. Evaluate the impact of hospital costs for hospitalization by regions. Methodology: research of quantitative, descriptive nature, defined in secondary data in the period of 2017, based on health information, with data collected from National Health System Computer Department (DATASUS), from the Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS). Results: it was viewed in Brazil, in the year 2017, a total of 208,111 hospitalizations due to HF, a total amount of R$ 339.719.216,50 of hospital costs by HF, an average of 7.5 days total stay of hospitalization due to HF and a mortality rate of 11%. A strong correlation between average permanence and mortality rate, resulting in r = 0.87. Conclusion: the hospitalizations of individuals by HF represent a high risk group, therefore, a high mortality rate in this profile of hospitalization is expected. Healthcare quality improvement are needed and biggest actions on the part of the Government to educate the public about how to prevent the HF and how to treat correctly the appearance of this which is still responsible for greater mortality rate in Brazil, the heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hospital Mortality , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Heart Failure/mortality , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Heart Failure/economics
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 17(3): 298-304, nov 19, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247674

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a pneumonia é uma doença infecciosa aguda do sistema respiratório que representa um grave problema de saúde pública no Brasil e no mundo. Objetivo: descrever a distribuição das internações por pneumonia em indivíduos residentes no município de Salvador, Estado da Bahia, no período de 2003 a 2016, conforme custo, sexo e faixa etária. Metodologia: estudo observacional descritivo e exploratório sobre internações por pneumonia (CID: J12-18) na cidade do Salvador, Bahia. Os dados foram obtidos no Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH-SUS), disponibilizados pelo Departamento de Informação do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS), tabulados e tratados no Microsoft Excel 2016. Resultados: o número de internações por pneumonia totalizou 224.173. O sexo feminino correspondeu a 51,25% das internações. Em contrapartida, o sexo masculino apresentou os maiores custos médios de internação, tendo sido o mais elevado o de R$2.416,40 em 2016. Para ambos os sexos, as faixas etárias de maior ocorrência de internação foram as de 70-79 e a igual ou superior a 80 anos. O ano de 2015 apresentou a mais alta taxa de internação (97,1/100 mil hab.) e o mais alto custo médio (R$2.309,61). Conclusão: os dados revelam declínios pontuais das internações e elevação dos custos em termos nominais. Acompanhar a evolução da morbidade em série temporal contribui para questionar mudanças de gestão pública e avaliar o impacto da doença na coletividade.


Introduction: pneumonia is an acute infectious disease of the respiratory system that represents a serious public health problem in Brazil and in the world. Objective: describe the distribution of hospitalizations for pneumonia in individuals residents in the municipality of Salvador, State of Bahia, in the period from 2003 to 2016, as cost, sex and age group. Methodology: descriptive and exploratory observational study on hospitalizations for pneumonia (CID: J12-18) in the city of Salvador, Bahia. The data were obtained from the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System (SIH-SUS), provided by the Department of Information of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), tabulated and treated in Microsoft Excel 2016. Results: the number of hospitalizations for pneumonia totaled 224,173. Females accounted for 51.25% of hospitalizations. On the other hand, the male sex showed the highest average costs of hospitalization, and the highest was of R$2.416,40 in 2016. For both sexes, the age groups of greater occurrence of hospitalization were those of 70-79 and the same or over 80 years of age. The year 2015 showed the highest rate of hospitalization (97.1/100 000 inhab.) and the highest average cost (R$2.309,61). Conclusion: the data reveal individual declines of hospitalizations and raise of costs in nominal terms. Follow the evolution of morbidity in temporal series contributes to question public management changes and assess the impact of the disease in the community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pneumonia/economics , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/economics , Age Distribution , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
15.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 34(2): 102-110, ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959414

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En 2009 la Influenza A H1N1pdm09 provocó en Chile 12.258 casos y 155 muertes. Objetivo: Analizar en adultos egresados de Clínica Dávila con influenza, en 2009, 2010, 2012 y 2014, soporte ventilatorio, costo de hospitalización, Grupos Relacionados por el Diagnóstico (GRD) y letalidad. Material y Método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo usando la ficha médica electrónica. Resultados: Egresaron 115.673 adultos, 338 (0,29%) con diagnóstico de Influenza, edad 56,5 ± 22 años, 59% mujeres, letalidad 4%. Hubo 3 grupos, Grupo 1: sin ningún soporte ventilatorio, 295 pacientes, edad 63 ± 20, estadía 6,6 ± 6,9 días, costo promedio de hospitalización $2.885.261, mediana peso GRD 0,41 (p25 = 0,38 y p75 = 0,62), letalidad 1,01% (3 pacientes). Grupo 2: Ventilación mecánica no invasiva (VMNI), 23 casos, edad 77,1 ± 13, letalidad 22% (5 casos), estadía 16,8 ± 12,4, costo $9.245.242, GRD 0,79 (p25 = 0,62 y p75=1,03). Grupo 3: Intubación y ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI), 20 pacientes, edad 56,4 ± 15, estadía 36,9 ± 41,4, costo $38.681.099, GRD 5,86 (p25 = 5,82 y p75 = 5,86) y letalidad 30% (6 pacientes). Los GRD grupo VMI versus grupo VMNI y ningún soporte fueron diferentes (p < 0,0001 y p < 0,0001 respectivamente). La letalidad por influenza el 2014 fue de 8,5%, mientras que en los años 2012, 2010 y 2009 fue 1,5%, 3% y 2,5% respectivamente. La mediana de edad el año 2009 fue 37,5 años, menor que la de los otros años (p < 0,0001). Conclusiones: En 2009 los pacientes fueron más jóvenes, la necesidad de soporte ventilatorio provocó un peso GRD, estadía, costo y letalidad mayores que aquellos que no lo requirieron.


Introduction: In 2009 Influenza A H1N1pdm09 caused in Chile 12,258 cases and 155 deaths. Objective: To analyze ventilatory support, cost of hospitalization, Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) and lethality in adults patients with influenza discharged from our institution, during 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2014. Patients and Method: Retrospective descriptive study using electronic medical records. Results: 115,673 adults were discharged, 338 (0.29%) with diagnosis of Influenza, age 56.5 ± 22 yr.o., 59% women, lethality 4%. There were 3 groups, Group 1: without any ventilatory support, 295 patients, age 63 ± 20, stay 6.6 ± 6.9 days, average cost of hospitalization 2,885,261 clp, medium weight DRG 0.41 (p25 = 0.38) andp75 = 0.62), lethality 1.01% (3 patients). Group 2: Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV), 23 cases, age 77.1 ± 13, lethality 22% (5 cases), stay 16.8 ± 12.4, cost 9,245,242 clp, DRG 0.79 (p25 = 0.62 and p75 = 1.03). Group 3: Intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), 20 patients, age 56.4 ± 15, stay 36.9 ± 41.4, cost 38.681.099 clp, DRG 5.86 (p25 = 5.82 and p75 = 5,86) and lethality 30% (6 patients). The DRG group VMI versus group VMNI and no support were different (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.0001 respectively). The lethality for influenza in 2014 was 8.5%, while in 2012, 2010 and 2009 it was 1.5%, 3% and 2.5% respectively. The median age in 2009 was 37.5 yr.o significantly minor, than the other years (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: In 2009 the patients were younger, the need for ventilatory support led to a higher DRG weight, stay, cost and lethality than those who did not require it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Influenza, Human/virology , Respiration, Artificial/instrumentation , Clinical Evolution , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Influenza, Human/mortality , Electronic Health Records , Noninvasive Ventilation , Hospitalization
16.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 89(4): 462-470, ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959547

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Dada la alta prevalencia de infecciones respiratorias en lactantes hospitalizados por Virus Respiratorio Sincicial (VRS), el objetivo de este estudio apuntó a determinar los costos directos de esta infección. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio prospectivo longitudinal en lactantes menores de un año hospitalizados por VRS durante el año 2015. Los pacientes se dividieron en 2 grupos. Grupo 1 sin factores de riesgo y grupo 2 con factores de riesgo (prematurez, oxigeno dependencia, displasia broncopulmonar, cardiopatía, inmunodeficiencia), comparando entre sí el estado nutricional, género, lactancia materna, diagnóstico de egreso, diagnóstico radiológico, tiempo de estadía, entre otras. Se estimó costos directos por hospitalización según aranceles del Fondo Nacional de Salud (FONASA) y Modalidad Atención Institucional (MAI). RESULTADOS: Ingresaron 260 pacientes distribuidos, 234 en grupo 1 (90%) y 26 en grupo 2 (10%). El promedio de estadía hospitalaria fue 7,3 días (DS+5,1) para grupo 1 y 13,6 días (DS+16,3) grupo 2 (p < 0,05), con medianas de 6 y 7 días, respectivamente. El costo directo asociado a hospitalización por VRS fue en promedio CLP $ 413.529 (632,1 US$) para grupo 1 y de CLP $ 744.260 (1.137,6 US$) para grupo 2 (p < 0,05).También hubo significancia estadística por mayor costo en grupo 2 para el rubro exámenes y medicamentos (p < 0,03) y costos por días de estadía hospitalaria (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIÓN: Estos valores por primera vez conocidos en la realidad nacional, confirman el alto costo de estas infecciones y, en particular, en pacientes perte necientes a grupos de riesgo.


INTRODUCTION: Considering the high prevalence of respiratory infections in hospitalized infants with Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), the objective of this study is to determine the direct costs of this infection. PATIENTS Y METHOD: Method: Prospective longitudinal study in infants under one year of age hos pitalized due to RSV during 2015. The patients were divided into 2 groups, Group 1 patients without risk factors and Group 2 patients with risk factors (prematurity, oxygen dependence, bronchopulmo nary dysplasia, heart disease, immunocompromised patients), comparing each other variables such as nutritional status, gender, breastfeeding, discharge diagnosis, radiological diagnosis, length of hos pital stay, among others. Direct costs for hospitalization were estimated according to the fees of the National Health Fund (FONASA) and the Modality of Institutional Care (MAI). RESULTS: The total patients admitted in the period were 260: 234 (90%) in Group 1 and 26 (10%) in Group 2. The avera ge hospital stay for Group 1 was 7.3 days (SD+5.1) with a median of 6 days, and 13.6 days (SD+16.3) for Group 2 with a median of 7 days (p < 0.05). The direct costs associated with RSV hospitalization were on average CLP $ 413,529 (US$ 632.1) for Group 1, and CLP $ 744,260 (US$ 1,137.6) for Group 2 (p < 0.05). There was also statistically significant higher cost for Group 2 due to tests and drugs (p < 0.05) and costs per day of hospital stay (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These values, known for the first time in the national reality, confirm the high cost of these infections and particularly in risk groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/economics , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/economics , Chile , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/therapy
17.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(3): eAO4283, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953173

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the temporality of hospital admissions due to arterial hypertension and its associated factors. Methods: An ecological study with secondary data on hospital admissions due to essential arterial hypertension - ICD 10, from the Hospital Information System, the Mortality Information System and and the Primary Care Information System, between 2010 and 2015. Descriptive analysis using means, proportions and linear regression. Results: We recorded 493,299 hospitalizations due to arterial hypertension from 2010 to 2015, with an average annual progressive cost decrease of −7.76% and −24.21%. Of the patients admitted, 59.2% were women, 60.2% were non-white and 54.7% were older than 60 years. The mean length of stay was 4.2 days, and the hospitalization cost was R$307.60. The multiple linear regression variables that remained significant were the percentage of admissions due to primary care-sensitive conditions, the per capita income and the City Human Development Index. Conclusion: Hospital admissions due to arterial hypertension have an impact on the percentage of admissions due to primary care- sensitive conditions. Intensifying primary care activities, raising-awareness among professionals to the importance of integrated care, and investing in social development are crucial to change the reality of hypertension in terms of its control and complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estudar a temporalidade das internações por hipertensão arterial e seus fatores associados. Métodos: Estudo ecológico com dados secundários referentes às internações hospitalares por hipertensão arterial essencial - CID 10, do Sistema de Informação Hospitalares, do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade e do Sistema de Informação da Atenção Básica, no período de 2010 a 2015. Análise descritiva com média, proporção e regressão linear. Resultados: Foram registradas 493.299 internações por hipertensão arterial sistêmica de 2010 a 2015, com queda progressiva anual média de −7,76% e de −24,21% nos custos. Dentre as internações, 59,2% ocorreram em mulheres, 60,2% na raça não branca e 54,7% em maiores de 60 anos. A média de permanência foi de 4,2 dias e a do custo por internação, de R$307,60. As variáveis significativas da regressão linear múltipla foram o percentual de internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária, a renda per capita e o Indice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal. Conclusão: As internações por hipertensão arterial sistémica impactam nos percentuais de internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária. Intensificar as ações da Atenção Primária, sensibilizar profissionais para um cuidado integral e investir no desenvolvimento social são imprescindíveis para transformar a realidade da hipertensão no tocante ao seu controle e a suas complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Essential Hypertension/epidemiology , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care/economics , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospitalization/economics , Length of Stay/economics , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(4): 253-259, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897922

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cost management has been identified as an essential tool for the general control and evaluation of health organizations. Objectives: To identify the coverage percentage of transferred funds from the Unified Health System for coronary artery bypass grafts in a philanthropic hospital having a consolidated costing system in the municipality of São Paulo. Methods: A quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional research with information provided from a database composed of 1913 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft from March 13 to September 30, 2012, including isolated elective coronary artery bypass graft with the use of extracorporeal circulation. It excluded 551 (28.8%) patients, among them 76 (4.0%) deaths and 8 hospitalized patients, since the cost was compared according to the length of hospital stay. Therefore, the sample consisted of 1362 patients. Results: The average total cost per patient was $7,992.55. The average fund transfer by the Unified Health System was $3,450.73 (48.66%), resulting in a deficit of $4,541.82 (51.34%). Conclusion: The Unified Health System transfers covered 48.66% of the average total cost of hospitalization. Although the amount transferred increased with increasing costs, it was not proportional to the total cost, resulting in a percentage difference in revenue that was increasingly negative for each increase in cost and hospital stay. Those hospitalized for longer than seven days presented higher costs, older age, higher percentage of diabetics and chronic kidney disease patients and more postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/economics , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , National Health Programs/economics , Postoperative Complications/economics , Brazil , Coronary Artery Bypass/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Elective Surgical Procedures/economics , Hospital Costs/organization & administration , Hospitalization/economics , Length of Stay/economics
19.
Clinics ; 72(6): 333-342, June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Although liver transplantation procedures are common and highly expensive, their cost structure is still poorly understood. This study aimed to develop models of micro-costs among patients undergoing liver transplantation procedures while comparing the role of individual clinical predictors using tree regression models. METHODS: We prospectively collected micro-cost data from patients undergoing liver transplantation in a tertiary academic center. Data collection was conducted using an Intranet registry integrated into the institution’s database for the storing of financial and clinical data for transplantation cases. RESULTS: A total of 278 patients were included and accounted for 300 procedures. When evaluating specific costs for the operating room, intensive care unit and ward, we found that in all of the sectors but the ward, human resources were responsible for the highest costs. High cost supplies were important drivers for the operating room, whereas drugs were among the top four drivers for all sectors. When evaluating the predictors of total cost, a MELD score greater than 30 was the most important predictor of high cost, followed by a Donor Risk Index greater than 1.8. CONCLUSION: By focusing on the highest cost drivers and predictors, hospitals can initiate programs to reduce cost while maintaining high quality care standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Liver Transplantation/economics , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment
20.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043313

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study has been to study whether the top-down method, based on the average value identified in the Brazilian Hospitalization System (SIH/SUS), is a good estimator of the cost of health professionals per patient, using the bottom-up method for comparison. The study has been developed from the context of hospital care offered to the patient carrier of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency with severe adverse effect because of the use of primaquine, in the Brazilian Amazon. The top-down method based on the spending with SIH/SUS professional services, as a proxy for this cost, corresponded to R$60.71, and the bottom-up, based on the salaries of the physician (R$30.43), nurse (R$16.33), and nursing technician (R$5.93), estimated a total cost of R$52.68. The difference was only R$8.03, which shows that the amounts paid by the Hospital Inpatient Authorization (AIH) are estimates close to those obtained by the bottom-up technique for the professionals directly involved in the care.


RESUMO A pesquisa teve por objetivo estudar se o macrocusteio, baseado no valor médio identificado no Sistema de Internação Hospitalar (SIH/SUS), constitui um bom estimador do custo de profissionais de saúde por paciente, tendo como comparação o método de microcusteio. O estudo foi desenvolvido no contexto da assistência hospitalar oferecida ao portador da deficiência de glicose-6-fosfato desidrogenase (dG6PD) do sexo masculino com evento adverso grave devido ao uso da primaquina, na Amazônia Brasileira. O macrocusteio baseado no gasto em serviços profissionais do SIH/SUS, como proxy desse custo, correspondeu a R$60,71, e o microcusteio, baseado nos salários do médico (R$30,43), do enfermeiro (R$16,33) e do técnico de enfermagem (R$5,93), estimou um custo total de R$52,68. A diferença foi de apenas R$8,03, mostrando que os valores pagos pela Autorização de Internação Hospitalar (AIH) são estimadores próximos daqueles obtidos por técnica de microcusteio para os profissionais envolvidos diretamente no cuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Primaquine/adverse effects , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/economics , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/drug therapy , Hospitalization/economics , Antimalarials/adverse effects , Patient Care Team/economics , Primaquine/economics , Time Factors , Brazil , Malaria/diet therapy , Malaria/economics , National Health Programs/economics , Antimalarials/economics
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