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1.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(1): 17-21, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177696

ABSTRACT

O traumatismo cranioencefálico (TCE) se apresenta na realidade brasileira como importante causa de incapacitações e óbitos, sendo de especial interesse da saúde pública, também, devido à alta demanda de recursos para o tratamento de suas vítimas. Nesse contexto, análises sistemáticas sobre o tema são de grande relevância para o direcionamento de políticas preventivas. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar o perfil do TCE na região Nordeste do Brasil, através de estudo exploratório, descritivo, epidemiológico, de série temporal, de janeiro de 2009 a dezembro de 2019, com dados secundários do DATASUS - Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. Foi constatado um aumento no número de internações e óbitos no período, sendo a maioria das vítimas do sexo masculino, da raça parda, com idade entre 20 e 39 anos. Os custos com internações são elevados e se encontram em ascensão.


raumatic brain injury (TBI) appears in the Brazilian reality as an important cause of disabilities and deaths, being of special interest to public health, also, due to the high demand for resources for the treatment of its victims. Based on this, systematic analyzes on the topic are of great relevance for the direction of preventive policies. The present work aims to analyze the profile of the TBI in Northeastern Brazil, through an exploratory, descriptive, epidemiological, time series study, from January 2009 to December 2019, with secondary data from DATASUS - Ministry of Health of Brazil. There was an increase in the number of hospitalizations and deaths in the period, with the majority of male victims, of brown race, aged between 20 and 39 years. Hospitalization costs are high and on the rise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Craniocerebral Trauma/mortality , Craniocerebral Trauma/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Time Series Studies , Mortality , Hospital Information Systems , Hospitalization/economics
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 11-16, mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102183

ABSTRACT

Las Unidades de Mediana Estancia (UME) se definen como un recurso institucional con camas de hospitalización para pacientes ancianos, en donde ‒una vez superada la fase aguda de la enfermedad‒ sea posible efectuar un tratamiento a medio plazo, con recursos rehabilitadores, atención médica y cuidados de enfermería, todo ello con el propósito de conseguir la recuperación funcional y la reinserción en la comunidad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue efectuar un estudio cuasi experimental con propio individuo control antes-después con el fin de describir las características basales de los pacientes ingresados en la UME con objetivos de rehabilitación, así como su ganancia funcional luego de la intervención, medida como la diferencia entre el índice de Barthel al alta (valor final) y al ingreso en la UME (valor basal). Para ello se incluyeron 122 personas y se obtuvo como principal resultado una ganancia funcional positiva de 40 puntos y un parámetro de eficacia (ganancia funcional/días de internación) de 1,18. Los resultados obtenidos se consideran, de acuerdo con la literatura, como efectivos y eficaces. (AU)


Subacute Care Units are defined as an institutional resource with hospital beds where once a patient overcomes the acute phase of a disease, it is possible for him to undergo a rehabilitation treatment with the objective of achieving functional recovery and reintegration into the community. The purpose of this paper was to carry out a quasi-experimental before and after study where the subjects serve as their own controls, in order to describe the baseline characteristics of the patients admitted to the subacute care unit with rehabilitation objectives, as well as their functional gain after the intervention, measured as the difference between the Barthel index at discharge (final value) and admission to the EMU (baseline value). For this, 122 people were included, obtaining as main results a positive functional gain of 40 points (p <0.001) and an efficiency parameter (functional gain / days of hospitalization) of 1.18, considering the results obtained according to the literature as effective and efficient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Subacute Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Units/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Rehabilitation/methods , Population Dynamics/statistics & numerical data , Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data , Caregivers/psychology , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Patient-Centered Care , Homebound Persons/rehabilitation , Subacute Care/methods , Subacute Care/organization & administration , Medical Care/methods , Rehabilitation Services , Hospitalization/economics , Hospitalization/trends , Nursing Care/methods
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 20-24, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088726

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Despite the economic burden of psoriasis for patients and societies, scant information exists regarding the impact and burden of the disease in Argentina. Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate medical resource consumption and direct health care costs for patients with moderate/severe psoriasis in Buenos Aires, Argentina from the perspective of the payer. Methods: Adults with moderate/severe psoriasis (severity was defined as receiving systemic treatment), during January 2010-January 2014, aged 18 years and older, members of the Italian Hospital Medical Care Program with at least 18 months of follow-up were included. All data on hospitalizations, drug prescription, outpatient episodes, consultations, and investigations/tests in the 12 months before inclusion in the study were considered for the estimation of medical resource consumption and direct health care costs. First-quarter 2018 costs were obtained from the IHMCP and converted into US dollars (using the January 2018 exchange rate). Results: A total of 791 patients were included. The mean age at diagnosis was 34 ± 12 years. Almost 65% of the patients had a dermatologist as their usual source of care, 43% had internists, and 14% had rheumatologists. The average yearly direct cost was US$ 5326 (95% CI: 4125-7896) per patient per year. Study limitation: The single center design and the retrospective nature are the main limitations. Conclusion: This is the first Argentine study that evaluated the costs of moderate/severe psoriasis by taking into consideration the direct medical costs of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Psoriasis/economics , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Drug Prescriptions/economics , Referral and Consultation/economics , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hospitalization/economics , Middle Aged
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(2): 421-428, Feb. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055809

ABSTRACT

Resumo No presente artigo, procura-se evidenciar a construção da navegação social em um hospital. O enfoque dado privilegiou os bastidores da aplicação de um questionário quantitativo sobre os custos da família com os cuidados/tratamento de seu(sua) filho(a) com doença rara. Permeando a descrição desses processos estão os marcadores de gênero, raça e geração de um dos autores deste artigo. A interação entre pesquisador e sujeitos da pesquisa em campo é socialmente construída, conforme as circunstâncias específicas que demarcam o convite para participar da pesquisa, bem como a coleta de dados, por isso o lugar que ocupa e a postura ética precisam estar bem definidos e claros para o pesquisador. O exercício metodológico e ético de construção desta navegação social com a instituição hospitalar e os sujeitos pesquisados foi permeada por dificuldade e incertezas, mas também por surpresas e aprendizados. Foi possível observar características marcantes da instituição, de seus funcionários e das famílias entrevistadas e, avaliar as estratégias metodológicas utilizadas.


Abstract This article seeks to highlight the construction of social navigation in a hospital. Our focus is to reflect on scenes of application of a questionnaire on family costs of care/treatment of children with rare diseases. These processes are linked to the markers of gender, race, and generation of one of the authors. The interaction between researcher and subjects of field research is socially constructed according to the specific circumstances that demarcate the invitation to participate in the research, as well as data collection. It implies that his position as a researcher and the ethical perspective need to be well defined. The approach and ethics build this social navigation with the hospital and the subjects are permeated by difficulty and uncertainty, but also by surprises and learning. It was possible to observe remarkable characteristics of the institution, of their employees and the families, to evaluate the used methodological strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Professional-Family Relations , Research Personnel/organization & administration , Family , Rare Diseases/therapy , Research Personnel/ethics , Data Collection/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Care Costs , Rare Diseases/economics , Hospitalization/economics
5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5577, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133754

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To gather information on penile cancer epidemiologic trends and its economic impact on the Brazilian Public Health System across the last 25 years. Methods: The Brazilian Public Health System database was used as the primary source of data from January 1992 to December 2017. Mortality and incidence data from the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva was collected using the International Classification of Diseases ICD10 C60. Demographic data from the Brazilian population was obtained from the last census by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, performed in 2010 and its 2017 review. Results: There were 9,743 hospital admissions related to penile cancer from 1992 to 2017. There was a reduction (36%) in the absolute number of admissions per year related to penile cancer in 2017, as compared to 1992 (2.7versus 1.7 per 100,000; p<0.001). The expenses with admissions related to this condition in this period were US$ 3,002,705.73 (US$ 115,488.68/year). Approximately 38% of the total amount was spent in Northeast Region. In 1992, penile cancer costed US$ 193,502.05 to the public health system, while in 2017, it reduced to US$ 47,078.66 (p<0.02). Penile cancer incidence in 2017 was 0.43/100,000 male Brazilian, with the highest incidence rate found in the Northeast Region. From 1992 to 2017, the mortality rates of penile cancer in Brazil were 0.38/100,000 man, and 0.50/100,000 man in the North Region. Conclusion: Despite the decrease in admissions, penile cancer still imposes a significant economic and social burden to the Brazilian population and the Public Health System.


RESUMO Objetivo: Reunir informações sobre as tendências epidemiológicas do câncer de pênis e seu impacto econômico no Sistema Único de Saúde nos últimos 25 anos. Métodos: O banco de dados de informações do Sistema Único de Saúde foi utilizado como fonte primária de dados de janeiro 1992 a dezembro 2017. Os dados demortalidade e incidência do Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva foram coletados usando a Classificação Internacional de Doença CID10 C60. Os dados demográficos da população brasileira foram obtidos do último censo do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, realizado em 2010, e em sua revisão, de 2017. Resultados: Ocorreram 9.743 internações relacionadas ao câncer de pênis de 1992 a 2017. Houve redução (36%) nas internações anuais absolutas em 2017 em comparação com 1992 (2,7 versus 1,7 por 100.000; p<0,001). Os gastos com internações neste período foram de US$ 3,002,705.73 (US$ 115,488.68/ano). Cerca de 38% do valor total foi gasto na Região Nordeste. Em 1992, o câncer de pênis custou US$ 193,502.05 ao sistema público, enquanto em 2017 reduziu para US$ 47,078.66 (p<0,02). A incidência em 2017 foi de 0,43/100.000 brasileiro do sexo masculino, com a maior taxa de incidência encontrada na Região Nordeste. De 1992 a 2017, as taxas de mortalidade por câncer de pênis foram de 0,38/100.000 homem, sendo 0,50/100.000 homem na Região Norte. Conclusão: Apesar da diminuição nas hospitalizações, o câncer de pênis ainda impõe uma carga econômica e social significativa à população brasileira e ao Sistema Único de Saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penile Neoplasms/psychology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/psychology , Cost of Illness , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Penile Neoplasms/mortality , Penile Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Public Health , Incidence , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hospitalization/economics , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018181, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092140

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe hospital admissions of adolescents living in Sergipe, Northeast Brazil, from 2002 to 2012. Methods: Descriptive study, based on data collected from the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System. Hospital admissions were divided into four groups of causes: by pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium; by external causes; by primary care conditions; and other causes. Numbers, percentages and coefficients were used in the analysis and compared by year, sex, age (from 10 to 14 and from 15 to 19 years), and the average annual cost of hospitalizations for each group of causes. Results: In the period studied, there were 149,850 hospital admissions of adolescents, 58.4% for pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium, 9.3% for primary care conditions, 8.3% for external causes and 24.0% for other causes. All coefficients decreased from 2002 to 2012 by 39.7%. Primary care conditions had the most significant reduction (143.1%), followed by external causes (60.1%). As for age groups, the coefficients for external causes in the age group of 15 to -19 years, and for pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium, in the age range of 10 to 14 years, are noteworthy because they remained stable in the period. There was an increase in the average cost of all admissions (234.7%), especially for external causes. Conclusions: Health actions to reduce hospital admission due to conditions sensitive to primary care should be given more attention, as well as those related to external causes and pregnancy, among adolescents living in Sergipe, Northeastern Brazil.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as internações hospitalares de adolescentes residentes em Sergipe, de 2002 a 2012. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, a partir de dados do Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde, no qual as internações foram divididas em quatro grupos de causas: primeiro, por gravidez, parto e puerpério; segundo, por causas externas; terceiro, por condições sensíveis à atenção primária; e quarto, demais internações. Para a análise, foram utilizados os números, percentuais e coeficientes, por ano, sexo, idade (de 10 a 14; e de 15 a 19 anos) e custo médio anual das internações segundo os grupos de causas. Resultados: No período, ocorreram 149.850 hospitalizações de adolescentes, sendo 58,4% por gravidez, parto e puerpério; 9,3% por condições sensíveis à atenção primária; 8,3% por causas externas; e 24,0% foram as demais internações. Houve redução de 39,7% em todos os coeficientes entre 2002 e 2012, sendo que as por condições sensíveis à atenção primária apresentaram maior redução (143,1%), seguidas das causas externas (60,1%). Em relação às faixas etárias, chama a atenção os coeficientes por causas externas na idade de 15 a 19 anos e a gravidez, parto e o puerpério, dos 10 a 14 anos, por apresentarem estabilidade no período. Houve aumento do custo médio de todas as internações, de 234,7%, destacando-se o das causas externas. Conclusões: Impõe-se a necessidade de se incrementar ações de saúde para diminuir as hospitalizações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária, à incidência das causas externas e à gravidez entre os adolescentes sergipanos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Hospital Records/standards , Morbidity/trends , Adolescent Health/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospital Records/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent Health/trends , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Hospitalization/economics , Hospitalization/trends
7.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018181, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057221

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe hospital admissions of adolescents living in Sergipe, Northeast Brazil, from 2002 to 2012. Methods: Descriptive study, based on data collected from the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System. Hospital admissions were divided into four groups of causes: by pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium; by external causes; by primary care conditions; and other causes. Numbers, percentages and coefficients were used in the analysis and compared by year, sex, age (from 10 to 14 and from 15 to 19 years), and the average annual cost of hospitalizations for each group of causes. Results: In the period studied, there were 149,850 hospital admissions of adolescents, 58.4% for pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium, 9.3% for primary care conditions, 8.3% for external causes and 24.0% for other causes. All coefficients decreased from 2002 to 2012 by 39.7%. Primary care conditions had the most significant reduction (143.1%), followed by external causes (60.1%). As for age groups, the coefficients for external causes in the age group of 15 to -19 years, and for pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium, in the age range of 10 to 14 years, are noteworthy because they remained stable in the period. There was an increase in the average cost of all admissions (234.7%), especially for external causes. Conclusions: Health actions to reduce hospital admission due to conditions sensitive to primary care should be given more attention, as well as those related to external causes and pregnancy, among adolescents living in Sergipe, Northeastern Brazil.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as internações hospitalares de adolescentes residentes em Sergipe, de 2002 a 2012. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, a partir de dados do Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde, no qual as internações foram divididas em quatro grupos de causas: primeiro, por gravidez, parto e puerpério; segundo, por causas externas; terceiro, por condições sensíveis à atenção primária; e quarto, demais internações. Para a análise, foram utilizados os números, percentuais e coeficientes, por ano, sexo, idade (de 10 a 14; e de 15 a 19 anos) e custo médio anual das internações segundo os grupos de causas. Resultados: No período, ocorreram 149.850 hospitalizações de adolescentes, sendo 58,4% por gravidez, parto e puerpério; 9,3% por condições sensíveis à atenção primária; 8,3% por causas externas; e 24,0% foram as demais internações. Houve redução de 39,7% em todos os coeficientes entre 2002 e 2012, sendo que as por condições sensíveis à atenção primária apresentaram maior redução (143,1%), seguidas das causas externas (60,1%). Em relação às faixas etárias, chama a atenção os coeficientes por causas externas na idade de 15 a 19 anos e a gravidez, parto e o puerpério, dos 10 a 14 anos, por apresentarem estabilidade no período. Houve aumento do custo médio de todas as internações, de 234,7%, destacando-se o das causas externas. Conclusões: Impõe-se a necessidade de se incrementar ações de saúde para diminuir as hospitalizações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária, à incidência das causas externas e à gravidez entre os adolescentes sergipanos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Hospital Records/standards , Morbidity/trends , Adolescent Health/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care/methods , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Hospital Records/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent Health/trends , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Hospitalization/economics , Hospitalization/trends
8.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(6): 498-504, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094527

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Cost evaluation is a key tool in monitoring expenditure for budget management. It increases the efficiency of possible changes through identifying potential savings and estimating the resources required to make such changes. However, there is a lack of knowledge of the total cost of hospitalization up to the clinical outcome, regarding patients admitted for kidney transplantation. Likewise, there is a lack of data on the factors that influence the amounts spent by hospital institutions and healthcare systems. OBJECTIVES: To describe the costs and determining factors relating to hospitalization of patients undergoing kidney transplantation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional descriptive study with a quantitative approach based on secondary data from 81 patients who were admitted for kidney transplantation at a leading transplantation center in southern Brazil. METHODS: The direct costs of healthcare for patients who underwent kidney transplantation were the dependent variable, and included personnel, expenses, third-party services, materials and medicines. The factors that interfered in the cost of the procedure were indirect variables. The items that made up these variables were gathered from the records of the internal transplantation committee and from the electronic medical records. The billing sector provided information on the direct costs per patient. RESULTS: The estimated total cost of patients' hospitalization was R$ 1,257,639.11 (US$ 571,010.44). Out of this amount, R$ 1,237,338.31 (US$ 561,793.20) was paid by the Brazilian National Health System and R$ 20,300.80 (US$ 9,217.24) by the transplantation center's own resources. The highest costs related to the length of hospital stay and clinical complications such as sepsis and pneumonia. CONCLUSIONS: The costs of hospitalization for kidney transplantation relate to the length of hospital stay and clinical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Kidney Transplantation/economics , Hospital Costs , Hospitalization/economics , Pneumonia/economics , Postoperative Complications/economics , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Sepsis/economics , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Length of Stay/economics
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4043-4052, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039527

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo foi identificar a utilização de tecnologias e estimar o custo direto da atenção hospitalar de crianças e adolescentes com condições crônicas complexas em um hospital público federal especializado na assistência de alta complexidade a pacientes pediátricos. O trabalho foi realizado concomitantemente com um estudo de coorte durante o período de um ano e incluiu 146 pacientes com condições complexas crônicas e 37 pacientes não-crônicos. A análise identificou que a maioria dos pacientes com condições complexas crônicas internou em média duas vezes em um ano e que tinham doenças com o envolvimento de pelo menos dois sistemas orgânicos. O uso de drenos e cateteres e a gastrostomia foram as tecnologias de maior utilização. Na comparação com os pacientes não-crônicos, o custo direto mediano dos pacientes com condições complexas crônicas foi superior quando se comparou a utilização de tecnologias. O estudo indica um elevado custo da atenção hospitalar para esses pacientes. Documentar a utilização de tecnologias e o custo da atenção hospitalar permite subsidiar os gestores e contribuir para a tomada de decisões de planejamento, gestão e financiamento das políticas de saúde na área pediátrica.


Abstract This paper aimed to identify the use of technology and to analyze the cost of hospital care for children and adolescents with medical complex chronic conditions at a public federal hospital specialized in high-complexity pediatric care, and was performed concomitantly with a prospective cohort study conducted over a one-year period. It included 146 patients with complex medical chronic conditions and 37 non-chronic patients. The analysis showed that most patients had, on average, two hospitalizations a year and were diagnosed with diseases related to at least two organic systems. Catheters, drains and gastrostomy were the most common technologies used. Median direct costs of patients with medically complex chronic conditions were higher than those of non-chronic patients when comparing the use of technology. The study shows high hospitalization cost to these patients. Technology use and hospitalization care costs documentation yields more data to support decision-makers in the planning, managing, and financing of pediatric health policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Biomedical Technology/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Biomedical Technology/economics , Hospitalization/economics
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 252-257, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019391

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia worldwide, with significantly associated hospitalizations. Considering its growing incidence, the AF related economic burden to healthcare systems is increasing. Healthcare expenditures might be substantially reduced after AF radiofrequency ablation (AFRA). Objective: To compare resource utilization and costs before and after AFRA in a cohort of patients from the Brazilian private healthcare system. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, based on patients' billing information from an administrative database. Eighty-three adult patients who had an AFRA procedure between 2014 and 2015 were included. Healthcare resource utilization related to cardiovascular causes, including ambulatory and hospital care, as well as its costs, were analyzed. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Mean follow-up was 14.7 ± 7.1 and 10.7 ± 5.4 months before and after AFRA, respectively. The 1-year AF recurrence-free rate was 83.6%. Before AFRA, median monthly total costs were Brazilian Reais (BRL) 286 (interquartile range [IQR]: 137-766), which decreased by 63.5% (p = 0.001) after the procedure, to BRL 104 (IQR: 57-232). Costs were reduced both in the emergency (by 58.6%, p < 0.001) and outpatient settings (by 56%, p < 0.001); there were no significant differences in the outpatient visits, inpatient elective admissions and elective admission costs before and after AFRA. The monthly median emergency department visits were reduced (p < 0.001). Conclusion: In this cohort, overall healthcare costs were reduced by 63.5%. A longer follow-up could be useful to evaluate if long-term cost reduction is maintained.


Resumo Fundamento: A fibrilação atrial (FA) é a arritmia mais comum em todo o mundo, com hospitalizações significativamente associadas. Considerando sua crescente incidência, a carga econômica relacionada à FA para os sistemas de saúde está aumentando. Os gastos com saúde podem ser substancialmente reduzidos após a ablação por radiofrequência (ARF). Objetivo: Comparar a utilização de recursos e os custos anteriores e posteriores à ARF em uma coorte de pacientes do sistema de saúde privado brasileiro. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo de coorte retrospectivo, com base nas informações de cobrança dos pacientes de um banco de dados administrativo. Foram incluídos oitenta e três pacientes adultos que passaram pelo procedimento de ARF entre 2014 e 2015. A utilização de recursos de saúde relacionados às causas cardiovasculares, incluindo atendimento ambulatorial e hospitalar, assim como seus custos, foram analisados. Um valor de p inferior a 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: O seguimento médio foi de 14,7 ± 7,1 e 10,7 ± 5,4 meses antes e após a ARF, respectivamente. A taxa de FA livre de recidiva em 1 ano foi de 83,6%. Antes da ARF, a mediana dos custos totais mensais foi de R$286,00 (intervalo interquartil [IIQ]: 137-766), com redução de 63,5% (p = 0,001) após o procedimento, para um valor de R$104 (IIQ: 57-232). Os custos foram reduzidos tanto na emergência (em 58,6%, p < 0,001) como no ambiente ambulatorial (em 56%, p < 0,001); não houve diferenças significativas nas consultas ambulatoriais, internações eletivas e custos de internação eletiva antes e depois da ARF. As medianas das consultas mensais no setor de emergência foram reduzidas (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Nesta coorte, os custos gerais com saúde foram reduzidos em 63,5%. Um seguimento mais longo pode ser útil para avaliar se a redução de custos em longo prazo é mantida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/economics , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Private Sector/economics , Catheter Ablation/economics , Reference Values , Brazil , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Emergency Medical Services/economics , Hospitalization/economics
11.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(4): 369-376, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286520

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Pocos estudios han evaluado el impacto económico de los inhibidores en hemofilia tipo A en México, especialmente en población pediátrica. Objetivo: Determinar el impacto económico que conlleva el desarrollo de inhibidores en pacientes pediátricos con hemofilia tipo A. Método: Se evaluaron de forma retrospectiva los pacientes con hemofilia tipo A atendidos en un servicio de hematología pediátrica entre diciembre de 2015 y noviembre de 2017, y se determinaron los costos directos e indirectos a partir de la presencia o ausencia de inhibidores. Resultados: El análisis de costos de la población estudiada (n = 24) mostró que el diagnóstico, seguimiento, profilaxis, tratamiento y hospitalización de estos pacientes tuvo un costo de $6 883 187.4 anuales por paciente, de los cuales más de 95 % dependió del uso de factores hemostáticos. El costo anual por paciente en el grupo con inhibidores tuvo un costo de $5 548 765.0, en comparación con $1 334 422.4 del grupo sin inhibidores, 4.2 veces superior. Conclusiones: Se trata del primer estudio nacional que muestra que el desarrollo de inhibidores en pacientes pediátricos con hemofilia tipo A eleva más de cuatro veces la erogación económica derivada de esta enfermedad.


Abstract Introduction: Few studies have assessed the economic impact of inhibitors in hemophilia A in Mexico, especially in the pediatric population. Objective: To determine the economic impact entailed by the development of inhibitors in pediatric patients with hemophilia A. Method: Patients with hemophilia A under the care of a pediatric hematology department between December 2015 and November 2017 were retrospectively assessed. Direct and indirect costs were determined based on the presence or absence of inhibitors. Results: The cost analysis of the study population (n = 24) showed that diagnosis, follow-up, prophylaxis, treatment and hospitalization of these patients had an annual cost of $ 6 883 187.4 per patient, out of which more than 95 % depended on the use of hemostatic factors. Annual cost per patient in the group with inhibitors was $ 5 548 765.0 in comparison with $ 1 334 422.4 in the group without inhibitors, 4.2 times higher. Conclusions: This is the first national study to show that the presence of inhibitors in pediatric patients with hemophilia A increases the cost of the disease more than four times.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hemostatics/administration & dosage , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hemophilia A/drug therapy , Hospitalization/economics , Hemostatics/economics , Retrospective Studies , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hemophilia A/diagnosis , Hemophilia A/economics , Mexico
12.
Salud pública Méx ; 61(4): 504-513, Jul.-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099327

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Estimar el gasto de bolsillo (GB) durante el último año de vida en adultos mayores (AM) mexicanos. Material y métodos: Estimación del GB del último año de vida de AM, ajustando por tipo de manejo, afiliación y causa de muerte. Se emplearon datos del Estudio Nacional de Salud y Envejecimiento en México (2012). Los gastos en medicamentos, consultas médicas y hospitalización durante el año previo a la muerte conforman el GB. El GB se ajustó por inflación y se reporta en dólares americanos 2018. Resultados: La media de GB fue $6 255.3±18 500. En el grupo de atención ambulatoria el GB fue $4 134.9±13 631.3. El GB en hospitalización fue $7 050.6±19 971.0. Conclusiones: La probabilidad de incurrir en GB es menor cuando no se requiere hospitalización. Con hospitalización, la afiliación a la seguridad social y atenderse en hospitales públicos juega un papel protector.


Abstract: Objective: To estimate the out-of-pocket expenses (OOPE) during the last year of life in Mexican older adults (OA). Materials and methods: Estimation of the OOPE corresponding to the last year of life of OA, adjusting by type of management, affiliation and cause of death. Data from the National Health and Aging Study in Mexico (2012) were used. To calculate the total OOPE, the expenses in the last year were used in: medications, medical consultations and hospitalization. The OOPE was adjusted for inflation and is reported in US dollars 2018. Results: The mean OOPE was $6 255.3±18 500. In the ambulatory care group, the OOPE was $4 134.9±13 631.3. The OOPE in hospitalization was $7 050.6±19 971.0. Conclusions: The probability of incurre in OOPE is lower when hospitalization is not required. With hospitalization, affiliation to social security and attending to public hospitals plays a protective role.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pharmaceutical Preparations/economics , Health Expenditures , Cost of Illness , Financing, Personal/economics , Ambulatory Care/economics , Hospitalization/economics , Social Security/economics , Terminal Care/economics , Cause of Death , Mexico
13.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 166-172, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013285

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Identify the association between exposure to fine particulate matter and hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases in children up to ten years of age in the city of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, stratifying the analysis by sex and calculating excess costs. Methods: Ecological study of time series. The dependent variable was daily hospitalizations according to the 10th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD10): J04.0, J12.0 to J18.9, J20.0 to J21.9 and J45.0 to J45.0. The independent variables were the concentration of fine particulate, estimated by a mathematical model, temperature and relative air humidity, controlled by short and long-term trends. Generalized additive model of Poisson regression was used. Relative risks, proportional attributable risk (PAR) and excess hospitalizations and their respective costs by the population attributable fraction (PAF) were calculated. Results: 1,165 children were hospitalized, 640 males and 525 females. The mean concentration, estimated by the mathematical model, was 15.1±2.9 mcg/m3 for PM2.5. For boys, there was no significant association; for girls a relative risk of up to 1.04 of daily hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases was observed for exposure to PM 2.5 in lags 1, 2 and 6. Increase of 5 µg/m3 in these concentrations increased the percentage of the risk in 18%; with an excess 95 hospital admissions and with excess expenses in the order of US$ 35 thousand. Conclusions: Significant effect in daily hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases related to exposure to fine particulate matter was noted for girls, suggesting the need for stratification by sex in further studies.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar associação entre exposição ao material particulado fino e internações por doenças respiratórias em crianças de até dez anos de idade, no município de Cuiabá, MT, estratificando a análise por sexo e calculando excesso de custos. Métodos: Estudo ecológico de séries temporais, sendo a variável dependente o número diário de internações por doenças respiratórias, segundo a 10a Revisão da Classificação Internacional de Doenças (CID): J04.0, J12.0 a J18.9, J20.0 a J21.9 e J45.0 a J45.0. As variáveis independentes foram a concentração do particulado fino, estimada pelo modelo matemático, além de temperatura e umidade relativa do ar, controladas pelas tendências de curta e longa duração. Foram calculados riscos relativos, risco atribuível proporcional (RAP) e excessos de internações e seus respectivos custos pela fração atribuível populacional (FAP). Resultados: Foram internadas 1.165 crianças (640 meninos e 525 meninas). A concentração média estimada do particulado fino foi 15,1±2,9 mcg/m3 para particulado fino (PM2,5). Para meninos, não houve associação significativa. Para meninas, observou-se risco relativo (RR) de até 1,04 para o número diário de internações por doenças respiratórias em associação à exposição ao PM2,5 nos lags 1, 2 e 6. O aumento de 5 mcg/m3 nessas concentrações associou-se ao aumento do risco em 18% e o RAP atribuído à exposição foi de 20% das internações das meninas, com excesso de 95 internações e de gastos da ordem de R$ 105 mil. Conclusões: Houve associação da exposição ao particulado fino e número de internações por doenças respiratórias de meninas, sugerindo a necessidade de estratificação por sexos em estudos posteriores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Sex Factors , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Respiratory Tract Diseases/ethnology , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Child Health/statistics & numerical data , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Inhalation Exposure/adverse effects , Inhalation Exposure/prevention & control , Inhalation Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollutants/adverse effects , Particulate Matter/analysis , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Ecological and Environmental Phenomena , Hospitalization/economics
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(3): 1083-1090, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases generate financial costs for the Health System in addition to social costs. Objective of this study was to develop and validate a fuzzy linguistic model for prediction of hospitalization due to respiratory diseases. We constructed a fuzzy model for prediction of hospitalizations due to pneumonia, bronchitis, bronchiolitis and asthma second exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in residents of Volta Redonda, RJ, in 2012. The model contains two inputs, PM2.5 and temperature, with three membership functions for each input, and an output with three membership functions for admissions, which were obtained from DATASUS. There were 752 hospitalizations in the period, the average concentration of PM2.5 was 17.1 µg/m3 (SD = 4.4). The model showed a good accuracy with PM2.5, the result was between 90% and 76.5% for lags 1, 2 and 3, a sensitivity of up to 95%. This study provides support for creating executable software with a low investment, along with the use of a portable instrument could allow number of hospital admission due to respiratory diseases and provide support to local health managers. Furthermore, the fuzzy model is very simple and involves low computational costs, an implementation making possible.


Resumo Internações por doenças respiratórias geram custos financeiros para o Sistema de Saúde além de custos sociais. O objetivo deste estudo foi elaborar e validar um modelo linguístico "fuzzy" para previsão do número de internações por doenças respiratórias. Foi construído um modelo "fuzzy" para predição de internações por pneumonias, bronquite, bronquiolite e asma segundo exposição ao material particulado fino (PM2,5) em residentes de Volta Redonda, RJ, em 2012. O modelo contém duas entradas PM2,5 e temperatura, com três funções de pertinência para cada entrada, e uma saída com três funções de pertinência para internações, que foram obtidas do DATASUS. Foram 752 internações no período, a concentração média do PM2,5 foi 17,1 µg/m3 (dp = 4,4). O modelo mostrou uma boa acurácia com PM2,5, o resultado foi entre 90% e 76,5% para os lags 1, 2 e 3, com sensibilidade de até 95%. Este estudo fornece subsídios para a criação de programa executável, que não exige um grande investimento, juntamente com o uso de um instrumento portátil pode permitir uma estimativa do número de internações e prestar apoio aos gestores municipais de saúde. Além disso, o modelo "fuzzy" é muito simples e implica em baixas despesas computacionais, tornando possível uma implementação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Fuzzy Logic , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Models, Theoretical , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Respiratory Tract Diseases/etiology , Respiratory Tract Diseases/physiopathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Air Pollutants/toxicity , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Particulate Matter/toxicity , Hospitalization/economics
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 28-34, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-981527

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an important treatment option for obstructive coronary artery disease, but it represents a high expense for paying sources.The complications of CABG impose an additional expense to the procedure that is not yet clearly established. Objective: To determine the economic impact of postoperative complications of CABG during hospitalization in a hospital of the unified health system (SUS). Methods: This is an observational study involving 240 patients undergoing isolated CABG in a reference hospital in cardiology in 2013. Patients aged over 30 years with proven coronary artery disease and indication to perform CRVM were included. Patients who performed CRVM associated with other procedures were excluded. Results: The average cost of hospitalization was R$ 22,647.24 (SD = R$ 28,105.66). In 97 patients who presented some complication the average cost was R$ 35,400.28 (SD = R$ 40,509.47), and in the 143 patients without complications the average cost was R$ 13,996.57 (SD = R$ 5,800.61) (p < 0.001). Expenditures ranged from R$ 17,344.37 in patients with one complication up to R$ 104,596.52 in patients with five complications (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The occurrence of complications during hospitalization for CABG dignificantly increases the costs of the procedure, but the magnitude of this increase depends on the type of complication developed, and higher expenses related to cardiovascular complications, infections and bleeding. With this information, managers can improve the allocation of resources to health


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Hospitalization/economics , Myocardial Revascularization/economics , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Postoperative Care/methods , Unified Health System , Coronary Artery Disease , Cardiovascular Diseases/economics , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cross Infection , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(4): eGS4444, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001916

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the direct medical costs of drug therapy of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) infection patients in hospital-based context. Methods: A cost-of-illness study conducted with a prospective cohort design with hospitalized adults infected by KPC. Data collection was performed using an instrument composed of sociodemographic data, clinical and prescription medication. Estimates of the direct costs associated to each treatment were derived from the payer's perspective, in the case of federal public hospitals from Brazil, and included only drug costs. These costs were based on the average price available at the Brazilian Price Database Health. No discount rate was used for the cost of drugs. The costs are calculate in American Dollar (US$). Results: A total of 120 inpatients participated of this study. The total drug cost of these inpatients was US$ 367,680.85. The systemic antimicrobial group was responsible for 59.5% of total costs. The direct drug cost per patients infected by KPC was conservatively estimated at nearly US$ 4,100.00, and about of 60% of costs occurred during the period of infection. Conclusion: The findings of our study indicate a thoughtful economic hazard posed by KPC that all healthcare sectors have to face. The increasing worldwide incidence of these bacteria represents a growing burden that most health systems are unable to deal with. There is an imperative need to develop protocols and new antimicrobials to treatment of KPC, aiming to rearrange resources to increase the effectiveness of healthcare services.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estimar os custos médicos diretos da terapia medicamentosa de pacientes com infecção por carbapenemase por Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) em contexto hospitalar. Métodos: Estudo de custo de doença realizado com desenho de coorte prospectiva, com adultos hospitalizados infectados por KPC. A coleta de dados foi realizada usando instrumento composto por dados sociodemográficos, medicamentos clínicos e prescritos. As estimativas dos custos diretos associados a cada tratamento foram derivadas da perspectiva dos pagadores, no caso dos hospitais públicos federais do Brasil, e incluíram apenas custos de medicamentos, os quais basearam-se no preço médio disponível na Price Database Health do Brasil. Nenhuma taxa de desconto foi utilizada para o custo dos medicamentos. Os custos foram calculados em dólares norte-americanos (US$). Resultados: Um total de 120 pacientes hospitalizados participou do estudo. O custo total da droga desses pacientes internados foi de US$ 367,680.85. O grupo antimicrobianos de uso sistêmico foi responsável por 59,5% dos custos totais. O custo direto estimado de forma conservadora, por paciente, foi de aproximadamente US$ 4,100.00, e cerca de 60% destes se deram durante o período de infecção. Conclusão: Os achados deste estudo apontam um risco econômico importante relacionado a KPC, o qual todos os setores de saúde terão que enfrentar. A incidência mundial em elevação destas bactérias representa carga crescente, e a maioria dos sistemas de saúde é incapaz de resolvê-la. Há necessidade imperativa de se desenvolverem protocolos e novos antimicrobianos para o tratamento de KPC, com o objetivo de reorganizar os recursos para aumentar a efetividade dos serviços de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , beta-Lactamases , Klebsiella Infections/economics , Prospective Studies , Hospitalization/economics , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Klebsiella pneumoniae/enzymology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/economics , Bacterial Proteins , Klebsiella Infections/microbiology , Klebsiella Infections/drug therapy , Health Care Costs , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Inpatients , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
17.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(1): e2096, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-990365

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o impacto financeiro das complicações pós-operatórias no transplante simultâneo pâncreas-rim durante a internação hospitalar. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo dos dados da internação hospitalar dos pacientes submetidos consecutivamente ao transplante simultâneo pâncreas-rim no período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2014 no Hospital do Rim/Fundação Oswaldo Ramos. As principais variáveis estudadas foram a reoperação, pancreatectomia do enxerto, óbito, complicações pós-operatórias (cirúrgicas, infecciosas, clínicas e imunológicas) e os dados financeiros da internação para o transplante. Resultados: a amostra foi composta de 179 pacientes transplantados. As características dos doadores e receptores foram semelhantes nos pacientes com e sem complicações. Na análise dos dados, 58,7% dos pacientes apresentaram alguma complicação pós-operatória, 21,8% necessitaram de reoperação, 12,3%, de pancreatectomia do enxerto e 8,4% evoluíram para o óbito. A necessidade de reoperação ou pancreatectomia do enxerto aumentou o custo da internação em 53,3% e 78,57%, respectivamente. A presença de complicação pós-operatória aumentou significativamente o custo. Entretanto, a presença de óbito, hérnia interna, infarto agudo do miocárdio, acidente vascular cerebral e disfunção do enxerto pancreático não apresentaram significância estatística no custo, cuja média foi de US$ 18,516.02. Conclusão: complicações pós-operatórias, reoperação e pancreatectomia do enxerto aumentaram significativamente o custo médio da internação hospitalar do SPK, assim como as complicações cirúrgicas, infecciosas, clínicas e imunológicas. No entanto, o óbito durante a internação, a hérnia interna, o infarto agudo do miocárdio, o acidente vascular cerebral e a disfunção do enxerto pancreático não interferiram estatisticamente neste custo.


ABSTRACT Objective: considering simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation cases, to evaluate the financial impact of postoperative complications on hospitalization cost. Methods: a retrospective study of hospitalization data from patients consecutively submitted to simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT), from January 2008 to December 2014, at Kidney Hospital/Oswaldo Ramos Foundation (Sao Paulo, Brazil). The main studied variables were reoperation, graft pancreatectomy, death, postoperative complications (surgical, infectious, clinical, and immunological ones), and hospitalization financial data for transplantation. Results: the sample was composed of 179 transplanted patients. The characteristics of donors and recipients were similar in patients with and without complications. In data analysis, 58.7% of the patients presented some postoperative complication, 21.8% required reoperation, 12.3% demanded graft pancreatectomy, and 8.4% died. The need for reoperation or graft pancreatectomy increased hospitalization cost by 53.3% and 78.57%, respectively. The presence of postoperative complications significantly increased hospitalization cost. However, the presence of death, internal hernia, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and pancreatic graft dysfunction did not present statistical significance in hospitalization cost (in average US$ 18,516.02). Conclusion: considering patients who underwent SPKT, postoperative complications, reoperation, and graft pancreatectomy, as well as surgical, infectious, clinical, and immunological complications, significantly increased the mean cost of hospitalization. However, death, internal hernia, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and pancreatic graft dysfunction did not statistically interfere in hospitalization cost.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pancreatectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/economics , Reoperation/economics , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Pancreas Transplantation/adverse effects , Hospitalization/economics , Pancreatectomy/economics , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Kidney Transplantation/economics , Pancreas Transplantation/economics , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
18.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(6): e20180374, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040289

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo A pneumonia pneumocócica é uma causa significativa de morbimortalidade entre adultos. Desta maneira, o objetivo principal deste estudo foi avaliar a mortalidade intra-hospitalar e os custos relacionados à doença adquirida em adultos. Métodos Este estudo transversal utilizou prontuários de pacientes adultos com pneumonia pneumocócica internados em um hospital universitário no Brasil, de outubro de 2009 a abril de 2017. Todos os pacientes com idade ≥ 18 anos e diagnosticados com pneumonia pneumocócica foram incluídos. Dados como os fatores de risco, a internação em unidade de terapia intensiva, o tempo de internação, a mortalidade hospitalar e os custos diretos e indiretos foram analisados. Resultados No total, 186 pacientes foram selecionados. A taxa média de mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi de 18% para adultos com idade < 65 anos e 23% para os idosos (≥ 65 anos). A pneumonia pneumocócica bacterêmica acometeu 20% dos pacientes em ambos os grupos, principalmente por doença respiratória crônica (OR ajustada: 3,07; IC95%: 1,23‐7,65; p < 0,01). Após levantamento das internações ocorridas no período de sete anos de tratamento, verificou-se que os custos diretos e indiretos totais anuais foram de US$ 28.188 para adultos < 65 anos (US$ 1.746 per capita) e US$ 16.350 para os idosos (US$ 2.119 per capita). Conclusão A pneumonia pneumocócica continua sendo uma importante causa de morbimortalidade entre adultos, afetando significativamente os custos diretos e indiretos. Esses resultados sugerem a necessidade de estratégias de prevenção para todos os adultos, especialmente para pacientes com doenças respiratórias crônicas.


ABSTRACT Objective Pneumococcal pneumonia is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among adults. The study's main aim was to evaluate the in-hospital mortality and related costs of community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia in adults. Methods This cross-sectional study used medical records of adult patients with pneumococcal pneumonia hospitalized in a university hospital in Brazil from October 2009 to April 2017. All patients aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with pneumococcal pneumonia were included. Risk factors, intensive care unit admission, length of hospital stay, in-hospital mortality, and direct and indirect costs were analyzed. Results In total, 186 patients were selected. The mean in-hospital mortality rate was 18% for adults aged < 65 years and 23% for the elderly (≥ 65 years). Bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia affected 20% of patients in both groups, mainly through chronic respiratory disease (adjusted OR: 3.07, 95% CI: 1.23-7.65, p < 0.01). Over 7 years, annual total direct and indirect costs were USD 28,188 for adults < 65 years (USD 1,746 per capita) and USD 16,350 for the elderly (USD 2,119 per capita). Conclusion Pneumococcal pneumonia remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality among adults, significantly affecting direct and indirect costs. These results suggest the need for prevention strategies for all adults, especially for patients with chronic respiratory diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/economics , Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Community-Acquired Infections/economics , Community-Acquired Infections/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Hospitalization/economics
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4331-4338, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974770

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo analisou a tendência dos gastos e das Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária (ICSAP) em crianças residentes na Bahia. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de série temporal, na Bahia, de 2000 a 2012. Foram calculadas as taxas anuais de ICSAP em menores de cinco anos, dos gastos totais e dos gastos médios. Para a análise da tendência temporal foram construídos modelos de regressão linear. Foram notificadas 810.831 ICSAP em menores de cinco anos na Bahia de 2000 a 2012. A taxa de ICSAP decresceu 24,7% no período, passando de 44,6 para 33,6 hospitalizações/1.000 crianças. O gasto total foi estimado em 155,8 milhões de reais, sendo observada redução de 50,4%, comparando-se o primeiro com o último ano da série. A análise de regressão linear evidenciou tendência de redução das ICSAP (β = -1,20; p = 0,014), dos gastos médios (β = -3,45; p < 0,01) e gastos totais (β = -0,46; p < 0,01). Apesar do comportamento de queda, ainda há elevadas taxas de ICSAP, que repercutem em um grande volume de recursos gastos com tais hospitalizações. Nesse sentido, diminuir as ICSAP em menores de cinco anos é importante tanto para melhorar a saúde da população quanto para reduzir gastos hospitalares.


Abstract This study analyses expenditure trends in Hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSCs) in children. It is an ecological time-series study, including hospitalizations of children under five in Bahia, between 2000 and 2012. We calculate the annual ACSC rates, as well as the total and average expenditure on these hospitalizations. We construct linear regression analysis models for the temporal trends. Between 2000 and 2012, 810,831 ACSC hospitalizations for the under-fives were recorded in Bahia. Hospitalization rates dropped 24.7% over this period, falling from 44.6 to 33.6 per 1,000 children. The total expenditure on such admissions is estimated to be 155.8 million Brazilian Reals. When we compare the first with the last year of the series, we note a reduction of 50.4% in total expenditure. The linear regression analysis demonstrates a reduction trend in average ACSC expenditure (β = -1.20, p = 0.014), (β = -3.45, p <0.01) and total expenditure (β = -0,46, p <0.01). Despite the reductions in these indicators, ACSC rates remain high, which has a significant impact on the volume of resources spent on avoidable hospitalizations. To this end, it is important to reduce ACSC expenditure, to both improve population health and reduce hospital costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Health Expenditures/trends , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Linear Models , Ambulatory Care/economics , Hospitalization/economics
20.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (35): 38-51, Jul.-Dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-953199

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo descrever os casos de internações hospitalares e impacto financeiro da tuberculose pulmonar no estado da Bahia, Brasil, entre o período de 2012 e 2016. É um estudo epidemiológico, descritivo transversal, utilizando dados do Departamento de Ciência da Computação do Sistema Único de Saúde. As variáveis coletadas foram: sexo, faixa etária, valores dos serviços hospitalares e raça, relatadas no período de 2012 e 2016. Os casos de internações hospitalares foram selecionados de acordo com o capítulo I da 10ª Classificação Estatística Internacional de Doenças e Problemas de Saúde, incluindo as categorias entre A15.0 e A15.3. Entre os resultados, constatou-se que no período estudado, foram registrados 5.593 casos de internações hospitalares por tuberculose pulmonar no estado da Bahia, o que corresponde a 0,14% do total de internações hospitalares. A maior prevalência ocorreu na macro região oriental (n = 4.623), entre os homens (n = 4.079), entre 40 e 49 anos (n = 1.361) e cor / raça ignorada (n = 5.176). A tuberculose pulmonar gerou um impacto financeiro na Bahia de mais de 7 milhões de reais no período estudado e a macrorregião oriental gerou maiores gastos para o estado, correspondendo a 91,70% do total de custos hospitalares. Conclui-se que na macro região oriental, o modo de distribuição dos casos de internações hospitalares por tuberculose pulmonar faz da macrorregião uma prioridade para as ações de controle e prevenção da patologia.


Resumen Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir los casos de internamientos hospitalarios y el impacto financiero por tuberculosis pulmonar en el estado de Bahía, Brasil entre el periodo 2012 y 2016. Es un estudio epidemiológico, descriptivo y transversal, utilizando los datos obtenidos en el Departamento de Informática del Sistema Único de Salud. Las variables recolectadas fueron: sexo, grupo de edad, valores de los servicios hospitalarios y raza, notificados en el período de 2012 y 2016. Los casos de internamientos hospitalarios han sido seleccionados de acuerdo con el capítulo I de la 10ª Clasificación Estadística Internacional de Enfermedades y Problemas de Salud, comprendiendo las categorías entre A15.0 y A15.3. Entre los resultados se obtuvo que en el período estudiado, se han registrado 5.593 casos de internamientos hospitalarios por tuberculosis pulmonar en el estado de Bahía, que corresponde a 0,14% del total de las hospitalizaciones. La mayor prevalencia ocurrió en la macro región Este (n=4.623), entre personas de sexo masculino (n=4.079), de grupo etario entre 40 y 49 años (n=1.361) y color/raza ignorada (n=5.176). La tuberculosis pulmonar ha generado en Bahía un impacto financiero superior a 7 millones de reales en el período estudiado y la macro región Este ha generado mayor gasto al estado, correspondiendo a 91,70% del total de los costos hospitalarios. Se concluye que en la macro región Este, el modo de distribución de los casos de internamientos hospitalarios por tuberculosis pulmonar convierte la macro región como prioritaria para las acciones de control y prevención de la patología.


Abstract The purpose of this study was to describe the cases of hospital admissions and the financial impact of pulmonary tuberculosis in the state of Bahia, Brazil between 2012 and 2016. It is an epidemiological, descriptive and cross-sectional study, using the data obtained in the Department of Information Technology of the Unified Health System. The variables collected were: sex, age group, values of hospital services and race, reported in the period of 2012 and 2016. The cases of hospital admissions have been selected in accordance with chapter I of the 10th International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Problems, including the categories between A15.0 and A15.3. Among the results, it was found that in the period studied, 5,593 cases of hospital admissions for pulmonary tuberculosis in the state of Bahia were registered, which corresponds to 0.14% of the total number of hospitalizations. The highest prevalence occurred in the Eastern macro region (n = 4,623), between male people (n = 4,079), between 40 and 49 years old (n = 1,361) and color / race ignored (n = 5,176). Pulmonary tuberculosis has generated a financial impact in Bahia of more than 7 million reales in the period studied and the Eastern macro region has generated greater spending to the state, corresponding to 91.70% of total hospital costs. It is concluded that in the Eastern macro region, the mode of distribution of cases of hospital admissions for pulmonary tuberculosis makes the macro region a priority for the actions of control and prevention of the pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tuberculosis/economics , Hospitalization/economics , Lung/drug effects , Brazil , Lung Diseases/epidemiology
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