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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(11): 5851-5860, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350457

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é identificar fatores associados à continuidade da amamentação por 12 meses ou mais em mulheres trabalhadoras. Estudo transversal realizado por meio de entrevista com 251 trabalhadoras de um hospital, com filhos biológicos entre 12 e 36 meses de idade, não gemelares e sem doença que afetasse a amamentação, e amamentando quando do seu retorno ao trabalho. Para a associação entre a continuidade da amamentação e as variáveis de exposição utilizou-se a regressão multivariável de Poisson. Apenas uma variável relacionada ao local de trabalho da mulher mostrou associação significativa com o desfecho. Trabalhar durante o dia aumentou em 37% a prevalência da amamentação por 12 meses ou mais. Os fatores não relacionados ao trabalho da mulher que mostraram associação positiva com o desfecho: mãe sem curso superior, experiência de amamentação superior a 12 meses; criança não receber outro leite quando a mãe retornou ao trabalho e não ter usado chupeta. Por outro lado, maior idade da mãe, maior idade gestacional, apoio do cuidador da criança e apoio profissional na amamentação associaram-se negativamente ao desfecho. Fatores não relacionados diretamente ao trabalho materno tiveram maior participação na continuidade da amamentação por 12 meses ou mais.


Abstract This article aims to identify factors associated with breastfeeding continuation for at least 12 months among working mothers in a hospital in the south of Brazil. We conducted a cross-sectional study, interviewing 251 women who breastfed after returning to work. Eligibility criteria included non-twin biological children aged between 12 and 36 months and the absence of an illness (mother and/or child) that could affect breastfeeding. The association between breastfeeding continuation and the exposure variables was tested using Poisson multivariate regression. Only one work-related variable showed a significant association with the outcome. Working only during the day increased the prevalence of BF continuation for at least 12 months by 37%. The following non-work-related factors showed a positive association with the outcome: mothers without a college degree; mothers with at least 12 months' prior breastfeeding experience; child not given milks other than breast milk when the mother returned to work, and not using a pacifier. The following variables showed a negative association with the outcome: older maternal age; older gestational age; mother receiving support from the child's caregiver; and mother receiving professional breastfeeding support. Non-work-related factors had a greater influence on breastfeeding continuation for at least 12 months among working mothers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Breast Feeding , Mothers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pacifiers , Hospitals, General
2.
SMAD, Rev. eletrônica saúde mental alcool drog ; 17(3): 7-17, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1347824

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: descrever o perfil de usuários de substâncias psicoativas, seu desfecho e complicações clínicas. MÉTODO: estudo transversal com 67 pacientes em um hospital geral filantrópico acreditado. Análise descritiva exploratória a partir dos dados obtidos com os instrumentos Addicttion Severity Index - 6 e Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. RESULTADOS: houve predominância do sexo masculino em 83,5% das causas de admissão, 32,8% estavam relacionadas ao sistema musculoesquelético, e 43,3% dos pacientes desconheciam comorbidades prévias. Prevalência de 73,7% do uso abusivo de álcool, 44,8% tiveram pontuação superior a 27 pontos, indicando necessidade de encaminhamento para especialidade psiquiátrica. CONCLUSÃO: carecem esforços no sentido de aprimorar e amadurecer processos para garantir a qualidade do serviço e segurança do paciente em envolvimento com substâncias psicoativas em hospital geral filantrópico.


OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of users of psychoactive substances, their outcomes and clinical complications. METHOD: a cross-sectional study with 67 patients in an accredited philanthropic general hospital. Exploratory descriptive analysis based on data obtained with the addiction severity index - 6 and the Alcohol Smoking Substance and Involvement Screening Test. RESULTS: there was predominance of males in 83.5% of the causes of admission, 32.8% were related to the musculoskeletal system, and 43.3% of the patients were unaware of previous comorbidities. Prevalence of 73.7% of alcohol abuse, 44.8% scored higher than 27 points, indicating the need for referral to the psychiatric specialty. CONCLUSION: efforts are needed to improve and mature processes to ensure the quality of service and patient safety in involvement with psychoactive substances in a philanthropic general hospital.


OBJETIVO: este estudio presenta el perfil de los usuarios de sustancias psicoactivas, el resultado, las complicaciones clínicas y el contexto familiar. MÉTODO: estudio transversal en un hospital general filantrópico acreditado con 67 pacientes. Un análisis exploratorio descriptivo basado en los datos obtenidos con los instrumentos Addicttion Severity Index - 6 y Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. RESULTADOS: hubo un predominio del sexo masculino en el 83,5% de las causas de admisión, el 32.8% fueron relacionados con el sistema muscular esquelético, y el 43,3% de los pacientes desconocían las comorbilidades anteriores. Prevalencia del 73,7% del abuso de alcohol, el 44,8% obtuvo más de 27 puntos, lo que indica la necesidad de derivación a la especialidad psiquiátrica. CONCLUSIÓN: el contexto familiar es también un factor que contribuye a la vulnerabilidad del individuo. Por lo tanto, se advierte la necesidad de realizar esfuerzos para mejorar y madurar los procesos para garantizar la calidad del servicio y la seguridad del paciente en el contexto de la atención de salud mental en un hospital general.


Subject(s)
Humans , Illicit Drugs , Mental Health , Alcoholism , Hospitals, General
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 224-229, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280889

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicitis constituye la principal causa de abdomen agudo quirúrgico en pediatría. Durante la pandemia por COVID-19, se replantearon las estrategias de manejo ydisminuyeron las consultas en las guardias, lo que podría asociarse a diagnósticos tardíos y complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el impacto de la pandemia en los niños con apendicitis aguda. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivocomparativo de pacientes pediátricos conapendicitis aguda durante los cinco meses del confinamiento por COVID-19 versus los meses equivalentes del año previo. Se analizaron la incidencia, la clínica, el estadio, el abordajequirúrgico y las complicaciones. Resultados. Los casos totales de apendicitisse redujeron un 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 en 2020). El tiempo medio hasta la consulta fue de 24 horas en ambos períodos (p = 0,989). La incidencia de peritonitis fue del 44 % (n = 22) versus el 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0,22) en 2019. No se evidenció diferencia en los estadios deenfermedad de acuerdo con lo informado en los partes quirúrgicos. En 2019, todas las cirugías se realizaron por vía laparoscópica; en 2020, solo un42 % (n = 21). La incidencia de complicaciones fue del 6 %, contra 7,5 % en el período previo (p = 0,75). Un paciente fue COVID-19 positivo. Conclusión. A pesar de la reducción en el númerode casos de apendicitis, no se evidenció una demora en la consulta en nuestra población. El mayor impacto se asoció a la readecuación del manejo, evitando el abordaje laparoscópico para reducir la diseminación del virus.


Introduction. Appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical acute abdomen in pediatrics. During the COVID-19 pandemic, management strategies were reassessed and the number of visits to the emergency department dropped down, which may be associated with delayed diagnoses and complications. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the pandemic on children with acute appendicitis. Methods. Analytical, retrospective, comparative study of pediatric patients with acute appendicitis in the 5 months of COVID-19 lockdown versus the same period in the previous year. Incidence, clinical data, stage, surgical approach, and complications were analyzed. Results. The total number of appendicitis cases went down by 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 in 2020). The mean time to consultation was 24 hours in both periods (p = 0.989). The incidence of peritonitis was 44 % (n = 22) versus 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0.22) in 2019. No differences were  observed in terms of appendicitis stage based on surgery reports. In 2019, all surgeries were laparoscopic; while in 2020, only 42 % (n = 21). The incidence of complications was 6 % versus 7.5 % in the previous period (p = 0.75). One patient was COVID-19 positive. Conclusion. Although in our population the number of appendicitis cases dropped down, consultation was not delayed. The greater impact was associated with the reformulation of management strategies, in which the laparoscopic approach is avoided to reduce virus transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy/trends , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Delayed Diagnosis/trends , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Appendectomy/methods , Argentina/epidemiology , Acute Disease , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/trends , Pandemics/prevention & control , Tertiary Care Centers , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, General
4.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3211, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289629

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento inicial de la cervicalgia por degeneración de los discos intervertebrales es conservador, pero en caso de fallo la discectomía es la opción quirúrgica habitual, sustituyendo el disco por un injerto óseo u otra estructura que cumpla total o parcialmente las funciones del primero. El Servicio de Neurocirugía del Hospital General Camilo Cienfuegos de Cuba ha diseñado un nuevo modelo de prótesis de disco intervertebral cervical para tratar esta enfermedad. Objetivo: Evaluar el desempeño mecánico de la prótesis diseñada a través del método de los elementos finitos bajo las cargas habituales de la columna cervical. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental mediante la simulación numérica, según el método de los elementos finitos, sometiendo la prótesis a las cargas axiales recomendadas por las normas ASTM F2423-11e ISO 18192-1.2011 mediante el software Free CAD 0.18. Resultados: Los mayores esfuerzos soportados por la prótesis en la posición neutral, flexión anterior y flexión lateral fueron de 28.79 MPa, 52.29 MPa y 55.59 MPa respectivamente. La prótesis no sufrió ninguna fractura al no sobrepasar los valores anteriores al límite elástico del material que la constituye. La mayor deformación descrita fue de 1 m. Conclusiones: La mayor concentración de esfuerzos en la prótesis se ubicó en el punto de contacto de la cavidad prismática de la pieza superior al hacer contacto con el prisma de la pieza inferior. El dispositivo diseñado no sufrió ninguna deformación significativa ni se fracturó ante las cargas aplicadas(AU)


Introduction: The initial treatment of cervicalgia due to degeneration of the intervertebral discs is conservative, but in case of failure, discectomy is the usual surgical option, replacing the disc with a bone graft or another structure that fully or partially fulfills the functions of the former. The Neurosurgery Service of the Camilo Cienfuegos General Hospital in Cuba has designed a new cervical intervertebral disc prosthesis model to treat this disease. Objective: To evaluate the mechanical performance of the prosthesis designed through the finite element method under the usual loads of the cervical spine. Material and Methods: An experimental study was carried out using numerical simulation according to the finite element method, subjecting the prosthesis to the axial loads recommended by ASTM F2423-11e ISO 18192-1.2011 standards using Free CAD 0.18 software. Results: The greatest efforts supported by the prosthesis in the neutral position, anterior flexion and lateral flexion were 28.79 MPa, 52.29 MPa and 55.59 MPa, respectively. The prosthesis did not suffer any fracture as it did not exceed the values ​prior to the elastic limit of the material that constitutes it. The greatest deformation described was 1 956;m. Conclusions: The highest concentration of efforts in the prosthesis was located at the point of contact of the prismatic cavity of the upper part when making contact with the prism of the lower part. The designed device did not undergo any significant deformation or fracture at the applied loads(AU)


Subject(s)
Software , Bone Transplantation , Hospitals, General
5.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(4): 281-289, 01/07/2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358424

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la Chlamydia trachomatis es la principal causa de infecciones bacterianas de transmisión sexual a nivel mundial. Se estima que cada año se producen 131 millones de casos. Cursa de manera asintomática, pero la infección ascendente en mujeres puede conducir a la enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica, embarazo ectópico e infertilidad. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de C. trachomatis en mujeres de población abierta que acuden al Hospital General de Zona No. 29. Material y métodos: se realizó la identificación de C. trachomatis por pruebas de PCR a 200 muestras de exudado vaginal y se determinó su genotipo. Paralelamente, se realizó el diagnóstico microbiológico de rutina. Resultados: la prevalencia de C. trachomatis fue del 8.5% (17/200) con una concomitancia significativa de p = 0.006 con Gardnerella vaginalis (riesgo relativo de 2.871, IC95%: 1.574-5.236). Asimismo, se identificó C. trachomatis en cinco muestras como el único agente etiológico. Dieciséis cepas de C. trachomatis pertenecieron al genotipo F. Una cepa identificada de C. trachomatis presentó motivos genéticos similares a la variante mexicana reportada en 2019. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de C. trachomatis en la población estudiada nos indica la necesidad de implementar técnicas de diagnóstico para esta bacteria. El uso de la PCR permite realizar una determinación genotípica rápida, que explicaría el comportamiento epidemiológico de la C. trachomatis y representaría una mejora significativa de la calidad de vida de la paciente.


Background: Chlamydia trachomatis is the main cause of sexually transmitted bacterial infections worldwide. An estimated of 131 million cases occur each year. It is asymptomatic, but ascending infection in women can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Objective: To determine the prevalence of C. trachomatis in open population women who attend the Hospital General de Zona No. 29. Material and methods: Identification of C. trachomatis was carried out by PCR testing of 200 vaginal exudate samples and its genotype was determined. In parallel, a routine microbiological diagnosis was carried out. Results: The prevalence of C. trachomatis was 8.5% (17/200) with a significant concomitance of p = 0.006 with Gardnerella vaginalis (relative risk of 2.871, 95%CI: 1.574- 5.236). Likewise, C. trachomatis was identified in 5 samples as the only etiological agent. Sixteen strains of C. trachomatis belong to genotype F. An identified strain of C. trachomatis presented genetic motifs similar to the Mexican variant repor- ted in 2019. Conclusions: The prevalence of C. trachomatis in the studied population indicates the need to implement diagnostic techniques for this bacterium. The use of PCR allows a rapid genotypic determination that would explain the epidemiological behavior of C. trachomatis and would represent a sig- nificant improvement in the quality of life of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Bacterial Infections , Women , Chlamydia trachomatis , Gardnerella vaginalis , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Hospitals, General , Mexico
7.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(1): 111-117, jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255229

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o desenvolvimento do processo de enfermagem nas dimensões psíquicas e emocionais dos pacientes em um hospital geral. Metodologia: pesquisa exploratória de abordagem qualitativa com participação de nove enfermeiros de um hospital de Curitiba, Paraná, em 2018. Os dados foram coletados por entrevista semiestruturada e submetidos à Análise de Conteúdo. Utilizou-se como matriz analítica as fases do Processo de Enfermagem descritas na Resolução 358/2009 do Conselho Federal de Enfermagem. Resultados: os participantes descreveram a observação, percepção, busca ativa em prontuários, comunicação como estratégias para a coleta de dados de enfermagem; demonstraram dificuldades em utilizar os diagnósticos de enfermagem, planejar e implementar cuidados específicos na dimensão psicossocial. Foram enfatizados os cuidados colaborativos junto à equipe multiprofissional. Afirmaram que algumas avaliações de enfermagem foram prejudicadas devido ao tempo reduzido de permanência dos pacientes nos serviços. Conclusões: o desenvolvimento do Processo de Enfermagem com foco nas dimensões psíquicas e emocionais em hospital geral é um desafio para a Enfermagem. As instituições de saúde devem investir em educação permanente a fim de capacitar a equipe de enfermagem para o cuidado de qualidade. (AU)


Objective: to describe the development of the nursing process in the psychic and emotional dimensions of patients in a general hospital. Methodology: exploratory and qualitative research with the participation of nine nurses from a hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, in 2018. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and submitted to Content Analysis. The phases of the Nursing Process described in Resolution 358/2009 of the Federal Nursing Council were used as an analytical matrix. Results: the participants described the observation, perception, active search in medical records, communication as strategies for collecting nursing data; demonstrated difficulties in using nursing diagnoses, planning and implementing specific care in the psychosocial dimension. Collaborative care with the multiprofessional team was emphasized. They stated that some nursing evaluations were impaired due to the reduced time spent by patients in the services. Conclusions: the development of the nursing process with a focus on the psychological and emotional dimensions in a general hospital is a challenge for nursing. Health institutions should invest in permanent education to train the nursing staff for quality care. (AU)


Objetivo: describir el desarrollo del proceso de enfermería en las dimensiones psíquicas y emocionales de los pacientes en un hospital general. Metodología: investigación exploratoria con un enfoque cualitativo con la participación de nueve enfermeras de un hospital en Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil, en 2018. Los datos se recopilaron a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas y se sometieron a Análisis de Contenido. Las fases del Proceso de Enfermería descritas en la Resolución 358/2009 del Consejo Federal de Enfermería se utilizaron como una matriz analítica. Resultados: los participantes describieron la observación, la percepción, la búsqueda activa en los registros médicos, la comunicación como estrategias para recopilar datos de enfermería; demostró dificultades en el uso de diagnósticos de enfermería, planificación e implementación de cuidados específicos en la dimensión psicosocial. Se enfatizó la atención colaborativa con el equipo multiprofesional. Afirmaron que algunas evaluaciones de enfermería se vieron perjudicadas debido al tiempo reducido que los pacientes pasaron en los servicios. Conclusiones: el desarrollo del proceso de enfermería con un enfoque en las dimensiones psicológicas y emocionales en un hospital general es un desafío para la enfermería. Las instituciones de salud deben invertir en educación permanente para capacitar al personal de enfermería para una atención de calidad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing , Professional Practice , Hospitals, General , Nursing Process
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(4): 1275-1288, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285909

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo objetivou analisar a inserção dos hospitais gerais nas Redes de Atenção à Saúde e os fatores condicionantes de seu modo de participação nas mesmas. Realizou-se um "scoping review", com a seleção de 14 artigos publicados de janeiro de 2011 a junho de 2018. Com o mapeamento dos resultados constituiu-se as categorias de análise: Hospital, regionalização e economia de escala, Fragilidade de organização da rede e hospitais como primeira escolha, e Hospital e evidências de (des)integração da Redes de Atenção à Saúde. Os dados mostraram fatores que condicionam a maneira como os Hospitais atuam nas RAS, tendo destaque a inadequada distribuição destes serviços e de seus níveis de escala nos territórios; um número considerável de Hospitais de Pequeno Porte; as fragilidades da organização dos serviços em rede, com pouca articulação entre os pontos de atenção; e a hegemonia do modelo biomédico. Concluiu-se que a melhor inserção dos hospitais gerais nas redes dependerá do enfrentamento de desafios relacionados ao planejamento e implementação de ações nos diversos componentes da rede, disponibilização regional de serviços de saúde, aprimoramento dos mecanismos regulatórios e de comunicação entre os serviços.


Abstract The scope of this study was to analyze the inclusion of general hospitals in Healthcare Networks and the factors that determine their participation in these networks. A "scoping review" was conducted with the selection of 14 articles published between January 2011 and June 2018. From the mapping of the results the categories of analysis were constituted: Hospital, regionalization and economy of scale; Fragility of network organization and hospital as first choice; and Hospital and evidence of (dis) integration of the Healthcare Networks. The data revealed factors that determine the performance of the hospitals in the networks, highlighting the inadequate distribution of these services and their levels of scale in the territories; a considerable number of small-scale hospitals; the weaknesses of the organization of networked services, with little integration between the healthcare outlets; and the hegemony of the biomedical model. The conclusion drawn is that the optimal inclusion of general hospitals in Healthcare Networks will depend on the resolution of challenges related to the planning and implementation of actions in the various components of Healthcare Networks, regional availability of health services, improvement of regulatory mechanisms and of communication between the services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Delivery of Health Care , Hospitals, General , Communication
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the changes and characteristics of pediatric outpatient visits in a general hospital before and after the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic.@*METHODS@#Based on the registration data of pediatric outpatient visits in the information system (HIS)of Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, from January 1 2018 to December 31 2020, aged 0 to 16 years, we analyzed the changes of outpatient visits before and after the epidemic, focusing on respiratory infection including influenza. The relationship between the outpatient visits and age and quarterly distribution were also studied.@*RESULTS@#(1) Respiratory infection accounted for the majority of outpatient visits in 2018 and 2019 (60.6% and 60.5%, respectively). Non-respiratory infection accounted for the main proportion of outpatient visits in 2020, while respiratory infection accounted for only 47.4%. Annual respiratory infection visits, respiratory infectious diseases visits especially influenza visits all decreased significantly in 2020 compared with that in 2018 and 2019 (@*CONCLUSION@#The respiratory infection and influenza visits have decreased significantly in our pediatric outpatient department after the COVID-19 epidemic, which is considered closely related to the lifestyle and personal protection after the epidemic. It is recommended that health education on respiratory infection and influenza prevention should be strengthened, especially in winter and spring, to promote the development of good respiratory and hand hygiene habits.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Child , Hospitals, General , Humans , Infant , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Outpatients , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921551

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of high-risk maternal patients and evaluate the multidisciplinary medical care system we established correspondingly. Method We collected and analyzed the medical records of high-risk maternal patients who received medical care from January 1,2017 to December 31,2020 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Results Ninety-eight high-risk maternal patients were included in this study,and 84.7%(83/98)of them were combined with different severe systemic diseases.Under the multidisciplinary medical care system,91 patients showed improved conditions and were discharged,and the other 7 cases had poor prognosis. Conclusions General tertiary hospitals in Beijing are receiving maternal patients with more high-risk complications.Considering the high risk and diverse diseases of maternal patients admitted to our hospital,we established a medical care system composed of a multidisciplinary panel of experts for high-risk maternal patients to improve the medical care and prognosis of the patients with high efficiency.


Subject(s)
Hospitalization , Hospitals, General , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879945

ABSTRACT

To develop a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in fever clinic and isolation ward of the general hospital and to assess its application. Based on the relevant prevention and control plans and technical guidelines for COVID-19,Delphi method was used to identity items for evaluation,and a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in the fever clinic and isolation ward was developed in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital. The checklists included 8 dimensions and 32 items for fever clinic,7 dimensions and 27 items for the isolation ward. The appointed inspectors conducted daily quality control for each shift with this checklist. The expert authority coefficient was 0.88,the mean of the importance of each index in the quality control table was not less than 4.8,and the coefficient of variation was not more than 0.07. During the entire February 2020,8 problems were found and rectified on-the-spot with the application of the checklist. Quality inspection rate was 100% in both isolation wards and fever clinic. The compliance rate and accuracy rate of hand hygiene were 100%; the correct rate of wearing and removing protective equipment increased from 96% to 100%. During the same period,a total of 1915 patients were admitted to the fever clinic,including 191 suspected patients (all were isolated in the hospital,3 were confirmed). There were no medical staff infected with COVID-19,no cross infection of patients and their families in the hospital. A quality control checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 has been developed and applied in the isolation wards and fever clinic,which plays an important role in preventing nosocomial infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Checklist , Fever , Hospitals, General , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e53494, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339644

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever os cuidados prestados por fisioterapeutas às pessoas internadas em leitos psiquiátricos de um hospital geral, bem como a capacitação desses profissionais para oferecerem esses cuidados. Método: pesquisa descritivo-exploratória, de abordagem qualitativa, realizada com seis fisioterapeutas que atuam em um hospital universitário. De agosto a setembro de 2017, realizou-se a coleta dos dados utilizando a entrevista semiestruturada. Após a transcrição, os dados foram analisados por meio da Análise de Conteúdo Temática de Bardin. Resultados: emergiram como categorias: "Os cuidados oferecidos pelo fisioterapeuta para as pessoas em leitos psiquiátricos de um hospital geral" e "(Des) preparo do fisioterapeuta para o cuidado com o indivíduo hospitalizado com transtorno mental". Evidenciou-se que os profissionais manifestam a necessidade do olhar biopsicossocial, mas priorizam apenas o fortalecimento e o alongamento muscular na prestação de cuidados. Verificou-se, também, que a ausência de acesso a conteúdo que aborde a Psiquiatria durante a graduação pode justificar o despreparo para uma assistência integral. Conclusão: o cuidado centrado na cinesioterapia e o despreparo dos profissionais participantes do estudo para a assistência em psiquiatria parecem resultar da insuficiência de conhecimentos centrados na reabilitação psicossocial


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir los cuidados prestados por fisioterapeutas a las personas internadas en lechos psiquiátricos de un hospital general, así como la capacitación de estos profesionales para ofrecer esos cuidados. Método: nvestigación descriptivo-exploratoria, de abordaje cualitativo, realizada con seis fisioterapeutas que actúan en un hospital universitario. De agosto a septiembre de 2017, se realizó la recolección de los datos utilizando la entrevista semiestructurada. Tras la transcripción, los datos fueron analizados por medio del Análisis de Contenido Temático de Bardin. Resultados: surgieron como categorías: "Los cuidados ofrecidos por el fisioterapeuta para las personas en lechos psiquiátricos de un hospital general" y "Falta de preparación o no del fisioterapeuta para el cuidado al individuo hospitalizado con trastorno mental". Se evidenció que los profesionales manifiestan la necesidad de una evaluación biopsicosocial, pero priorizan apenas el fortalecimiento y el estiramiento muscular en la prestación de cuidados. Se verificó, también, que la ausencia de acceso a contenido que trate sobre la Psiquiatría durante el pregrado puede justificar la falta de preparación para una atención integral. Conclusión: el cuidado centrado en la quinesioterapia y la falta de preparación de los profesionales participantes del estudio para la atención en psiquiatría parecen resultar de la carencia de conocimientos centrados en la rehabilitación psicosocial.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the care provided by physiotherapists to people admitted to psychiatric beds in a general hospital, as well as the training of these professionals to offer this care. Method: descriptive-exploratory research, with a qualitative approach, conducted with six physiotherapists who work in a university hospital. From August to September 2017, data were collected using the semi-structured interview. After transcription, the data were analyzed using Bardin's Thematic Content Analysis. Results: the following categories were raised: "The care offered by the physiotherapist to people in psychiatric beds in a general hospital" and "(Un) preparation of the physiotherapist to care for the hospitalized individual with mental disorder". We found that professionals manifest the need for a biopsychosocial look, but prioritize only muscle strengthening and stretching in the provision of care. We also found that the lack of access to contents that address Psychiatry during the undergraduate degree may justify the lack of preparation for integral care. Conclusion: the care centered on kinesiotherapy and the unpreparedness of the professionals participating in the study for assistance in psychiatry seem to result from the shortage of knowledge centered on psychosocial rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Empathy , Professional Training , Physical Therapists , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Hospitalization , Hospitals, General , Psychiatry , Mental Health , Physical Therapy Modalities , Health Promotion , Mental Disorders
14.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e53197, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339626

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: identificar a percepção dos familiares sobre assistência e organização da unidade de internação psiquiátrica em um hospital geral. Método: Pesquisa descritiva exploratória, com abordagem qualitativa, realizada em um hospital geral no interior do Oeste Paulista, junto a 13 familiares de pessoas com transtorno mental. O instrumento de coleta de dados foi um roteiro de entrevista semiestruturado e a análise ocorreu mediante ao referencial metodológico da análise temática de conteúdo proposta por Bardin. Resultados: A partir da análise dos discursos, emergiram duas categorias: a) "Relevância da ambiência e equipe multidisciplinar no tratamento de pessoas com transtornos mentais", destacando o ambiente físico, o tratamento ministrado pela equipe multidisciplinar e o contato e participação dos familiares durante a internação; e b) "Fragilidades da dinâmica assistencial como suporte nas relações interpessoais", na qual foram evidenciados os aspectos apontados como ainda frágeis na assistência. Considerações Finais: A percepção familiar foi predominantemente positiva em relação ao serviço oferecido e, mesmo com as fragilidades apontadas, estes sentem-se satisfeitos com o ambiente hospitalar no que tange ao trabalho realizado pela equipe multidisciplinar e o cuidado inclusivo da família na terapêutica.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar la percepción de los parientes sobre la atención y la organización de la unidad de hospitalización psiquiátrica en un hospital general. Método: Investigación exploratoria descriptiva, con enfoque cualitativo, efectuada en un hospital general del interior del Oeste de São Paulo, abarcando 13 parientes de personas con trastornos mentales. El instrumento de recolección de datos fue un guion de entrevista semiestructurado y el análisis se llevó a cabo utilizando el marco metodológico del análisis de contenido temático propuesto por Bardin. Resultados: Del análisis de los discursos, surgieron dos categorías: a) "Relevancia del ambiente y equipo multidisciplinario en el tratamiento de personas con trastornos mentales", subrayando el entorno físico, el trato brindado por el equipo multidisciplinario y el contacto y la participación de los parientes durante la hospitalización; yb) "Debilidades en la dinámica de atención como apoyo en las relaciones interpersonales", donde se resaltaron los aspectos señalados como aún débiles en la atención. Consideraciones finales: La percepción familiar fue predominantemente positiva con relación al servicio ofrecido e, incluso con las debilidades señaladas, los parientes sienten satisfechos con el entorno hospitalario en cuanto al trabajo desarrollado por el equipo multidisciplinario y la atención inclusiva de la familia en la terapia.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the perception family members about the care and organization of the psychiatric hospitalization unit in a general hospital. Method: Descriptive and exploratory research, with a qualitative approach, conducted in a general hospital in western São Paulo, including 13 relatives of people with mental disorders. The data collection instrument was a semi-structured interview script and the analysis took place using the methodological framework of the thematic content analysis proposed by Bardin. Results: From the analysis of the speeches, two categories were raised: a) "Relevance of environment and multidisciplinary team in the treatment of people with mental disorders", highlighting the physical environment, the treatment given by the multidisciplinary team and the contact and participation of family members during hospitalization; and b) "Weaknesses in care dynamics as a support in interpersonal relationships", where the aspects pointed out as still fragile in health care were highlighted. Final Considerations: The relatives' perception was predominantly positive in relation to the service offered and, even with the weaknesses pointed out, they feel satisfied with the hospital environment regarding the work performed by the multidisciplinary team and the inclusive care of the family in the therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Family , Hospitalization , Hospitals, General , Patient Care Team , Psychiatry , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Beds , Mental Health , Occupational Therapy , Credentialing , Empathy , Hospitals , Mental Disorders
15.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1460-1466, jan.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341938

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: conhecer a percepção dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre os cuidados de saúde mental no hospital geral. Metodologia: estudo quantitativo, transversal do tipo survey, desenvolvido em unidades de internação de hospital geral de Curitiba, Paraná, em 2016. Participaram 177 profissionais de enfermagem. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um instrumento estruturado com 15 afirmativas em uma escala de Likert e analisados por estatística descritiva. Resultados: os participantes concordaram sobre a existência de pacientes com transtornos mentais ou comportamentais no hospital geral, afirmaram que apesar de cuidar desses pacientes necessitam de maior conhecimento e habilidade em saúde mental. Consideraram importante a implantação das unidades psiquiátricas no hospital geral e a consultoria de enfermeiros especialistas em saúde mental, para apoio no atendimento aos pacientes. Conclusão: há necessidade de qualificação dos profissionais de enfermagem aos cuidados em saúde mental. A consultoria de enfermagem em saúde mental pode auxiliar na melhoria desses cuidados


Objective: to know the perception of nursing professionals about mental health care in the general hospital. Method: quantitative, cross-sectional survey, developed in inpatient units of a general hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, in 2016. Participated 177 nursing professionals. Data were collected using a structured instrument with 15 statements on a Likert scale and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: the participants agreed on the existence of patients with mental or behavioral disorders in the general hospital, affirming that despite caring for these patients, they need more knowledge and skill in mental health. They considered the implantation of psychiatric units in the general hospital and the consultation of nurses specialized in mental health to be important to support patient care. Conclusion: there is a need for qualification of nursing professionals in mental health care. The mental health nursing consultation can help improve this care


Objetivo: conocer la percepción de los profesionales de enfermería sobre la atención de la salud mental en el hospital general. Método: estudio cuantitativo, transversal, de tipo encuesta, desarrollada en unidades de hospitalización de un hospital general en Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil, en 2016. Participaron 177 profesionales de enfermería. Los datos fueron recolectados usando un instrumento estructurado con 15 declaraciones en una escala Likert y analizados usando estadísticas descriptivas. Resultados: los participantes acordaron la existencia de pacientes con trastornos mentales o conductuales en el hospital general, afirmando que a pesar de cuidar a estos pacientes, necesitan un mayor conocimiento y habilidad en salud mental. Consideraron que la implantación de unidades psiquiátricas en el hospital general y la consulta de enfermeras especializadas en salud mental son importantes para apoyar la atención al paciente. Conclusión: es necesario calificar los profesionales de enfermería en la atención de la salud mental. La consultoría de enfermería de salud mental puede ayudar a mejorar esta atención


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mental Health/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, General , Nursing, Team/statistics & numerical data , Perception , Nurse Practitioners/statistics & numerical data
16.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 27-33, jan.-dez. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1145900

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar os usuários cardiopatas que acessam a Unidade de Dor Torácica (UDT) de um hospital geral no norte do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: Estudo transversal, descritivo, de abordagem quantitativa, que foi realizado na UDT do Hospital da Cidade de Passo Fundo, abordando pacientes com suspeita ou com diagnóstico médico de Doença Cardiovascular (DCV). Resultados: Coleta dos dados realizada com 112 pacientes. Houve o predomínio de idosos, homens com baixas condições socioeconômicas e alta incidência de diagnóstico de Síndrome Coronariana Aguda (SCA) sendo que a dor torácica esteve presente em grande parte dos pacientes. Conclusões: Conhecer a população que acessou a UDT possibilitou reflexões acerca da temática, bem como a importância do referido serviço, no qual serve como porta de entrada para pacientes em condições agudas e crônicas de DCV


Objective: To characterize the cardiac patients who access the Thoracic Pain Unit (UDT) of a general hospital in the north of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study was carried out at the UDT of the Hospital of the City of Passo Fundo, addressing patients with suspicion or medical diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Results: Data collection with 112 patients.There was a predominance of elderly, men with low socioeconomic conditions and a high incidence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and chest pain was present in most patients. Conclusions: Knowing the population that accessed the UDT made possible reflections on the subject, as well as the importance of this service, which serves as a gateway for patients in acute and chronic conditions of CVD


Objetivo: Caracterizar a los usuarios cardiopatas que accede a la Unidad de Dolor Torácica (UDT) de un hospital general en el norte del Estado de Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: estudio transversal, descriptivo, de abordaje cuantitativo, que fue realizado en la UDT del Hospital de la Ciudad de Passo Fundo, abordando pacientes con sospechosos o con diagnóstico médico de Enfermedad Cardiovascular (ECV). Resultados: Recolección de los datos realizada con 112 pacientes.Hubo el predominio de ancianos, hombres con bajas condiciones socioeconómicas y alta incidencia de diagnóstico de Síndrome Coronaria Aguda (SCA), siendo que el dolor torácico estuvo presente en gran parte de los pacientes. Conclusiones: Conocer la población que accedió a la UDT posibilitó reflexiones acerca de la temática, así como la importancia de dicho servicio, en el cual sirve como puerta de entrada para pacientes en condiciones agudas y crónicas de ECV


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chest Pain/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Heart Diseases/epidemiology , Incidence , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Hospitals, General
17.
Rev. Bras. Psicoter. (Online) ; 22(3): 45-53, 20200000.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1349373

ABSTRACT

In this paper we summarize some experiences with Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnosis (OPD-2) in the colombian context, and put into perspective other possibilities for its implementation grounded on our teaching and clinical practice. Given OPD-2 develops as a modular system for diagnosis and treatment planning, it has been used in different areas of both clinical practice and empirical research. Based on this, we have chosen different application scenarios to illustrate OPD-2'susefulness, focusing on different axes or modules of the instrument, reharding Colombia's interculturality, clinical work at the general hospital, teaching and practice integration, and OPD-2's contributions to dynamic psychology. The possibilities of OPD-2 related to each application area are discussed and gathered into a final conclusion.(AU)


Subject(s)
Psychology , Research , Teaching , Therapeutics , Empirical Research , Diagnosis , Hospitals, General , Colombia , Mentoring
18.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(6): 101-107, dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1222977

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer a percepção dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre os pacientes com comportamento suicida e verificar o cuidado prestado pela equipe a esses pacientes. Métodos: Pesquisa exploratória de abordagem qualitativa com participação de 10 enfermeiras, 17 técnicos de enfermagem e 03 auxiliares de enfermagem de um hospital geral de Curitiba, Paraná, em 2019. Os dados foram coletados por entrevista semiestruturada e submetidos à Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: Os participantes não se sentem aptos para avaliação e para o cuidado dos pacientes com comportamento suicida. Os profissionais referiram experimentar sentimentos de medo, tensão, nervosismo, impotência e culpa diante da pessoa com potencialidade suicida. Verificouse a dificuldade de implementarem estratégias de intervenção diante do comportamento suicida, em que os cuidados se restringem à vigilância constante do paciente. Evidenciou-se a necessidade da qualificação dos profissionais de enfermagem do hospital geral para o cuidado dos pacientes com comportamento suicida por meio da educação continuada. Conclusão: Há dificuldades dos profissionais de enfermagem de hospital geral em desenvolver cuidados nas dimensões psicossociais dos pacientes com comportamento suicida. (AU)


Objective: To know the perception of nursing professionals about patients with suicidal behavior and to verify the care provided by the team to these patients. Methods: Exploratory research with a qualitative approach with the participation of ten nurses, seventeen nursing technicians and three nursing assistants from a general hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, in 2019. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and submitted to Content Analysis. Results: The participants do not feel able to evaluate and treat patients with suicidal behavior. The professionals reported experiencing feelings of fear, tension, nervousness, powerlessness, and guilt in the face of the person with suicidal potential. There was a difficulty in implementing intervention strategies in the face of suicidal behavior, where care is restricted to constant constants of the patient. The need to qualify nursing professionals at the general hospital for the treatment of patients with suicidal behavior through continuing education was evident. Conclusion: There are difficulties for nursing professionals in a general hospital to develop care in the psychosocial dimensions of patients with suicidal behavior. (AU)


Objetivo: Conocer la percepción de los profesionales de enfermería sobre los pacientes con comportamiento suicida y verificar los cuidados que el equipo desarrolla a estos pacientes. Métodos: Investigación exploratoria con un enfoque cualitativo con la participación de 10 enfermeras, 17 técnicos de enfermería y 03 auxiliares de enfermería de un hospital general en Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil, en 2019. Los datos fueron colectados a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas y fueron analizados por Analisis de Contenido. Resultados: Los participantes no se sienten capaces de evaluar y tratar a pacientes con comportamiento suicida. Los profesionales informaron haber experimentado sentimientos de miedo, tensión, nerviosismo, impotencia y culpa delante la persona con potencial suicida. Hubo una dificultad en la implementación de estrategias de intervención ante el comportamiento suicida, donde la atención se limita a vigilancia constantes del paciente. La necesidad de calificar a profesionales de enfermería en el hospital general para el tratamiento de pacientes con conducta suicida a través de la educación continua era evidente. Conclusión: Existen dificultades para que los professionales de enfermeira en un hospital general desarrollen la atención en las dimensiones psicosociales de pacientes con conducta suicida. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing , Suicide, Attempted , Mental Health , Hospitals, General , Nurse Practitioners
19.
Buenos Aires; s.n; dic. 2020. 15 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1353746

ABSTRACT

En Marzo de 2020, ante el aislamiento social obligatorio decretado por la pandemia por Covid-19, el equipo de residentes de Psicopedagogía con sede en el Hospital General de Agudos Carlos Durand, de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires se repreguntó sobre su actividad y la manera de prestar acciones de atención y formación en el hospital. Se describen las tareas de capacitación realizadas, y la modalidad en que se continuó con el tratamiento psicopedagógico de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Teaching/psychology , Hospital Care/methods , Hospital Care/trends , Pandemics , Virtual Reality , COVID-19 , Hospitals, General/methods , Internship and Residency/trends , Occupational Groups
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