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1.
Rev. ADM ; 80(4): 197-203, jul.-ago. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526224

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en todo paciente hospitalizado con absceso odontogénico cervicofacial se busca resolución pronta del absceso, pero es necesario conocer cuáles son los factores que favorecen la resolución en hospitalizaciones cortas (1-3 días). Objetivo: determinar factores clínico-epidemiológicos de pacientes con abscesos odontogénicos para identificar factores que correlacionan con hospitalización corta. Material y métodos: estudio transversal, retrospectivo, observacional y analítico de 100 pacientes con abscesos odontogénicos en un Hospital General de Zona del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social de los años 2012-2013. Variables de estudio: días de hospitalización, sexo, edad, comorbilidades, conteo leucocitario, trismus, diente causal, región afectada y tratamientos realizados. Tamaño de muestra obtenido con fórmula para estudios observaciones con manejo de prevalencias para poblaciones infinitas, se empleó χ2 para identificar factores que correlacionan con hospitalización corta. Resultados: mujeres 56%, rango de edad 12-89 años y de hospitalización de 1-23 días; con comorbilidades 56%, leucocitosis 39% y trismus 21%. La caries causó 64% de abscesos, molares inferiores 70% y región submandibular afectada 73%. Variables estadísticamente significativas; conteo leucocitario, diente causal y región afectada. Conclusión: factores correlacionados con hospitalización corta: conteo leucocitario menor a 10,500 leucocitos, que el molar inferior no sea el diente causal y que la región submandibular no esté afectada (AU)


Introduction: prompt resolution of the abscess is sought in all patients hospitalized with cervicofacial odontogenic abscess, but which factors favor this resolution in short hospitalizations (1-3 days). Objective: determine clinical-epidemiological factors of patients with odontogenic abscesses to identify factors that correlate with short hospitalization. Material and methods: crosssectional, retrospective, observational and analytical study of 100 patients with odontogenic abscesses in a General Hospital of the Zone of the Mexican Social Security Institute from 2012-2013. Study variables; days of hospitalization, sex, age, comorbidities, leukocyte count, trismus, causative tooth, affected region and treatments performed. Sample size obtained with the formula for observational studies with prevalence management for infinite populations, χ2 was used to identify factors that correlate with short hospitalization. Results: women 56%, age range 12-89 years and hospitalization of 1-23 days, with comorbidities 56%, leukocytosis 39% and trismus 21%. Caries caused 64% of abscesses, lower molars 70% and affected submandibular region 73%. Statistically significant variables; leukocyte count, causative tooth and affected region. Conclusion: factors correlated with short hospitalization; leukocyte count less than 10,500 leukocytes, that the lower molar is not the causal tooth and that the submandibular region is not affected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial , Comorbidity , Focal Infection, Dental/complications , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age and Sex Distribution , Hospitalization , Hospitals, General/statistics & numerical data
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(3): e202202639, jun. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1435895

ABSTRACT

La dermatitis atópica (DA) es una enfermedad inflamatoria de la piel de alta prevalencia en pediatría, de acuerdo a estudios internacionales. Existe escasa información sobre las características epidemiológicas en la población pediátrica Argentina. El objetivo fue describir la prevalencia y características clínicas de la DA en una población de niños argentinos atendidos en el servicio de pediatría de un hospital general. Estudio observacional, de corte transversal. Se incluyeron 500 pacientes al azar, media de edad de 10 años (DE 5), el 50 % (250) de sexo femenino, de los cuales 24 presentaron DA. La prevalencia global fue del 5 % (IC95 % 3-7) y 3/24 fueron formas graves. La comorbilidad atópica más frecuente fue asma. La DA es una enfermedad con una prevalencia en nuestra población similar a la de otros países. Nuestro estudio aporta nuevos datos acerca de las características epidemiológicas de la dermatitis atópica en nuestra región


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease highly prevalent in pediatrics as per international studies. There is scarce information on the epidemiological characteristics of AD in the Argentine pediatric population. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence and clinical characteristics of AD in a population of Argentine children seen at the Department of Pediatrics of a general hospital. Observational, cross-sectional study. Five hundred patients were randomly included; their mean age was 10 years (SD: 5); 50% (250) were female. A total of 24 had AD. The overall prevalence was 5% (95% confidence interval: 3­7) and 3/24 were severe forms. The most frequent atopic comorbidity was asthma. The prevalence of AD in our population is similar to that of other countries. Our study provides new data on the epidemiological characteristics of AD in our region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, General
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202202567, feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1412472

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tamaño del recién nacido se asocia a condiciones intrauterinas. El potencial genético se expresa más tarde; la canalización del crecimiento se describe clásicamente hasta los 24 meses. Objetivo. Describir la canalización del crecimiento entre los 2 y los 5 años en niños aparentemente sanos con talla baja a los 2 años. Población y métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva. Se incluyeron niños seguidos en un hospital universitario de comunidad entre 2003 y 2019, con puntaje Z de talla menor a -2 DE para edad y sexo a los 2 años. Se excluyeron los nacidos prematuros, con bajo peso y con enfermedades crónicas. Se evaluó la trayectoria de crecimiento. Se definió canalización como la adquisición de talla normal para la población general. Resultados. Se incluyeron 64 niños, de los cuales 37 (58 %) presentaron canalización del crecimiento a los 5 años (20 a los 3 años, 8 a los 4 años, y 9 a los 5 años). La velocidad de crecimiento a los 3 y a los 5 años fue significativamente mayor en los que canalizaron en comparación con los que no lo hicieron; hubo una tendencia similar a los 4 años. De los 27 niños con talla baja a los 5 años, 25 tuvieron al menos un registro de velocidad de crecimiento anual menor al percentil 25. Conclusiones. La mayoría de los niños aparentemente sanos con baja talla a los 2 años alcanzan una talla normal a los 5 años. La velocidad de crecimiento anual permite detectar a los niños con riesgo de no canalizar.


Introduction. Newborn size is associated with intrauterine conditions. Genetic potential is expressed later; the canalization of growth is typically described up to 24 months of age. Objective. To describe the canalization of growth between 2 and 5 years of age in apparently healthy children with short stature at age 2 years. Population and methods. Retrospective, cohort study. Children seen at a community teaching hospital between 2003 and 2019, who had a Z-score for height below -2 SDs for age and sex at age 2 years were included. Infants born preterm, with a low birth weight, and chronic conditions were excluded. Growth patterns were assessed. Canalization was defined as reaching a normal stature for the general population. Results. Sixty-four children were included; 37 (58%) showed canalization of growth at 5 years old (20 at 3 years, 8 at 4 years, and 9 at 5 years). The growth rate at 3 and 5 years of age was significantly higher among those who showed canalization compared to those who did not; a similar trend was observed at 4 years of age. Among 27 children with short stature at 5 years of age, 25 had at least 1 annual growth velocity below the 25th centile. Conclusions. Most apparently healthy children with short stature at 2 years old reached a normal stature at 5 years old. The annual growth velocity allows to detect children at risk of not showing canalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/complications , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Fever , Hospitals, General
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202102364, feb. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413264

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Kawasaki (EK) es la principal causa de cardiopatía adquirida en menores de cinco años. Nuestro objetivo fue conocer las características clínicas, el compromiso coronario y la evolución de pacientes atendidos en nuestra institución. Se revisó una serie de casos desde 2001 hasta 2018. Se incluyeron 63 pacientes, 58 % varones; la mediana de edad fue 2,6 años. La mediana de días de fiebre al diagnóstico fue 5,5 días. El 33 % presentó la forma incompleta y se detectó compromiso coronario en el 20 %. El 60 % de los pacientes con afectación coronaria presentaron EK incompleta versus el 28 % de presentación incompleta en los pacientes sin compromiso coronario (p 0,06). No se observaron diferencias en datos de laboratorio entre los grupos según el compromiso coronario. En conclusión, 33 % presentó EK incompleta y el 20 %, afectación coronaria. Hubo una tendencia de mayor riesgo para daño coronario en la forma incompleta.


Kawasaki disease (KD) is considered the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children younger than 5 years. Our objective was to know the clinical characteristics, coronary involvement, and course of patients seen at our facility. A case series from 2001 to 2018 was reviewed. Sixty-three patients were included; their median age was 2.6 years; 58% were males. The median duration of fever at the time of diagnosis was 5.5 days. The incomplete form was observed in 33% and coronary involvement, in 20%. Among patients with coronary involvement, 60% had incomplete KD versus 28% among those without coronary involvement (p: 0.06). No differences were observed between groups in laboratory data based on coronary involvement. To conclude, 33% had incomplete KD and 20%, coronary involvement. There was a trend to a higher risk for coronary artery damage in the incomplete form of KD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/complications , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Fever , Hospitals, General
5.
Singapore medical journal ; : 313-318, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984216

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#There has been a global decrease in operative vaginal deliveries, with a marked shift towards the vacuum extractor. However, little is known about the trends in operative vaginal delivery in Singapore.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted on all operative vaginal deliveries performed from 2012 to 2017 at Singapore General Hospital (SGH). Maternal outcomes in terms of postpartum haemorrhage and obstetric anal sphincter injuries were compared between forceps- and vacuum-assisted deliveries. Neonatal outcomes in terms of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission and clinically significant neonatal events were compared. The instrument preference of obstetricians was analysed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 906 consecutive operative vaginal deliveries were included in the study, comprising 461 forceps- and 445 vacuum-assisted deliveries. The rate of operative vaginal delivery was maintained at approximately 10% from 2012 to 2017. Neonatal cephalohematomas were more common after vacuum-assisted deliveries. Other maternal and neonatal outcomes did not differ significantly between the two groups. Clinically significant neonatal events were mostly due to shoulder dystocia, whereas all cases of NICU admissions were not directly related to the mode of delivery. Obstetricians' choice of instrument appeared to reflect personal preference and was not affected by the year of graduation.@*CONCLUSION@#The rates of neonatal and maternal morbidity were low at SGH. Overall instrument use of forceps and vacuum was balanced, and proficiency in both was demonstrated by all operators. Operative vaginal delivery remains an essential skill in facilitating safe vaginal delivery, which should be maintained to keep Caesarean section rates in check.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies , Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Hospitals, General , Obstetrical Forceps/adverse effects , Delivery, Obstetric
6.
The Filipino Family Physician ; : 77-85, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980693

ABSTRACT

Background@#Baguio General Hospital and Medical Center (BGHMC) and Benguet General Hospital (BeGH) started COVID-19 vaccination among its employees in March 2021. Although there was an observed substantial increase in vaccine acceptance, a better understanding on the factors associated with hesitancy toward COVID-19 vaccine is necessary to further strengthen efforts and focus on the caveats regarding vaccine acceptance.@*Objective@#The study aimed to determine the factors influencing COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among healthcare workers (HCW) in two general hospitals in Benguet.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was conducted among HCW in BGHMC and BeGH for 1 month. Total enumeration sampling was used which included 222 participants but only 85 responded. A modified questionnaire was used to describe the factors influencing COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Categorical variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Pearson’s Chisquare test was used to observe the association between clinicodemographic factors and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among the HCW in BGHMC and BeGH.@*Results@#The results showed that young, female, non-clinical workers with direct contact with COVID-19 patients, previous COVID-19 infection, and without comorbidities were more likely to be hesitant. The study identified various internal, external, and vaccination-specific factors that influenced vaccine hesitancy, such as concerns about adverse effects, their impending risk in contracting COVID-19 at workplace, and thoughts about yearly booster dose. These findings suggest that vaccine hesitancy among healthcare workers in the Philippines is complex and influenced by a range of factors.@*Conclusion@#The study can be used to develop targeted interventions to address concerns about vaccine hesitancy and improve vaccine uptake among healthcare workers. The development of an equitable approach such as an effective and inclusive vaccine policy that does not feel mandatory for this population will foster trust in the healthcare system.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , Vaccination Hesitancy , Health Personnel , Hospitals, General
7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 139-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate humanistic practice ability of nurses in a general hospital in Hunan Province and analyze the factors affecting their practices to provide evidence for interventions to improve humanistic practice ability of the nurses.@*METHODS@#A total of 1196 nurses were surveyed using a self-designed questionnaire and a nurse humanistic practice ability assessment scale questionnaire for assessment of their abilities for humanistic care practice, psychological adjustment, interpersonal communication, self-management, ethics and legal practice. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed for analysis of the factors affecting the practice abilities of the nurses.@*RESULTS@#The total score of humanistic practice ability of the 1196 nurses was 105.69±16.45 (the full score of the scale was 130), and the scores of humanistic care practice ability, psychological adjustment ability, interpersonal communication ability, self-management ability, ethics and legal practice ability were 40.95±6.46, 16.41±2.66, 16.41±2.66, 11.32±2.05 and 12.43±2.00, respectively. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis showed that gender (P=0.033), age (P < 0.001), department (P=0.015), working years (P < 0.001), professional title (P < 0.001), first academic degree (P < 0.001), highest academic degree (P < 0.001), family location (P=0.010), marital status (P=0.023), number of patients to care for (P=0.022), number of children (P=0.001), previous humanities related training (P < 0.001), training times (P < 0.001), and care received from family members (P < 0.001) and colleagues (P < 0.001) were all the factors affecting humanistic practice ability of the nurses. Among these factors, age, working in department of obstetrics and gynecology and emergency department, professional title, humanities training, and care from family and colleagues explained 20.7% of the variance.@*CONCLUSION@#The humanistic practice ability of nurses in this general hospital is above the average level, but their self-management ability needs to be improved. Intervention measures should be implemented to improve the nurses' humanistic practice ability including more attentions to the key groups and departments, strengthening the training of humanistic practice ability, and improving the promotion assessment system.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Hospitals, General , Emergency Service, Hospital , Multivariate Analysis , Research Design
8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 408-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986040

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the status of turnover intention and its influencing factors of hemato-oncology nurses. Methods: From September to November 2021, the convenience sampling method was used to select 382 hemato-oncology nurses from 8 tertiary grade A general hospitals in Shandong Province. The general information questionnaire, the Chinese Nurses' Work Stressor Scale, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire and the Turnover Intention Questionnaire were used to investigate the general situation, occupational stress, psychological capital and turnover intention of the objects. The correlations between the turnover intention, occupational stress and psychological capital of the objects were analyze by Pearson correlation. And the multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of turnover intention. A structural equation model was used to analyze the effect path of occupational stress and psychological capital on turnover intention. Results: The total turnover intention score of hemato-oncology nurses was (14.25±4.03), with the average item score of (2.38±0.67). The occupational stress score of hemato-oncology nurses was (71.57±14.43), and the psychological capital score was (91.96±15.29). The results of correlation analysis showed that the turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses was positively correlated with occupational stress, and was negatively correlated with psychological capital (r=0.599, -0.489, P<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that married (β=-0.141), psychological capital (β=-0.156) and occupational stress (β=0.493) were the influencing factors of turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses (P<0.05). The path analysis of structural equation model showed that the direct effect of occupational stress on turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses was 0.522, and the intermediary effect of psychological capital on turnover intention was 0.143 (95%CI: 0.013-0.312, P<0.05), accounting for 21.5% of the total effect. Conclusion: The turnover intention of hemato-oncology nurses is at a high level, hospital and administrators should focus on the psychological state of unmarried nurses. By improving the psychological capital of nurses, to reduce occupational stress and turnover intention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intention , Nursing Staff, Hospital/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Stress , Hospitals, General , Personnel Turnover , Surveys and Questionnaires , Nurses , Job Satisfaction
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 852-858, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982356

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#With the increase in aging population in China, elderly Crohn's disease (CD) patients need to receive more attention. This study aims to explore the clinical characteristics and disease process of elderly onset CD (EOCD) patients in a single center.@*METHODS@#From January 2002 to January 2022, a total of 221 patients with CD from the Seventh Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital were enrolled. According to the Montreal CD classification standard, the patients were further divided into 4 groups: an EOCD group (≥60 years old, n=25), a middle age onset CD (MOCD) group (40-59 years old, n=46), a young onset CD (YOCD) group (17-40 years old, n=131), and a childhood onset CD (COCD) group (6-16 years old, n=19). We compared the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis among them.@*RESULTS@#Females were predominant in the EOCD group (15/25, 60%). The number of people without smoking in the EOCD group (80%) was lower than that in COCD group (100%), higher than that in the YOCD group (70.2%) and the MOCD group (69.6%) (all P<0.05). Patients with perianal diseases at diagnosis were rare in the EOCD group (0%), lower than that in the COCD group (21.1%) and the YOVD group (19.8%) (all P<0.05). Stenosis was the most common disease behavior in the EOCD group (63.0%), significantly higher than that in the COCD group (15.8%), the YOCD group (36.6%) and the MOCD group (43.5%) (all P<0.05). The EOCD group was easier to be misdiagnosed as tumor (24%), higher than that in the COCD group (0%), the YOCD group (6.9%) and the MOCD group (19.6%) (all P<0.05). The EOCD group was prone to comorbidities (52%), and 20% of them were complicated with multiple comorbidities (P<0.05). During the follow-up, the all-cause mortality of EOCD was 12%, and the CD-related mortality was 8%, which was significantly higher than the other groups (all P<0.05). The use of immunosuppressants in the EOCD group (4.8%) was lower than that in the COCD group (12.8%), the YOCD group (16.8%) and the MOCD group (16.1%), but there was no statistical significance among the 4 groups (P=0.467). In addition, there was no significant difference in the rate of intestinal resection among the 4 groups (P=0.062).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In EOCD patients, females were predominant, smoking was less common, and they were prone to comorbidity. At the initial stage of diagnosis, it is easy to be misdiagnosed as tumor, and the disease behavior mainly showed stricture type, less complicated with perianal diseases. During the follow-up, all-cause mortality and CD-related mortality of EOCD patients were significantly higher than those of the non-elderly onset CD patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Middle Aged , Humans , Aged , Child , Adult , Adolescent , Young Adult , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Prognosis , Constriction, Pathologic , Aging , Hospitals, General
10.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 30(4): 825-836, out.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423051

ABSTRACT

Resumo Considerando que a demanda de ampliação de serviços de cuidados paliativos nos hospitais gerais do Brasil torna necessário enfrentar obstáculos e estabelecer estratégias para viabilizar a implantação desses serviços no sistema de saúde, buscou-se identificar o processo de implantação e a efetivação de serviços de cuidados paliativos em hospitais gerais do país. Mediante revisão integrativa da literatura, que consistiu na análise de quatro artigos, foram identificadas as seguintes etapas para implantação e efetivação de serviços de cuidados paliativos: elaboração de protocolo, cuidado humanizado, multidisciplinariedade e educação. Além disso, detectaram-se os desafios a seguir: ausência de treinamento e educação em cuidados paliativos, dificuldade de consenso sobre práticas paliativas, comunicação, oferta de fármacos e apoio dos governos. Considera-se que o estabelecimento de políticas públicas é essencial para garantir a implantação dos cuidados paliativos em hospitais.


Abstract Since expanding palliative care services within general hospitals in Brazil involves confronting obstacles and establishing strategies to enable their implementation in the health system, this study sought to identify the process around establishing and implementing palliative care services in Brazilian general hospitals. An integrative literature review of four articles identified the following steps for establishing and implementing palliative care services: protocol development, humanized care, multidisciplinarity, and education. As for the obstacles, the analysis highlighted the lack of training and education in palliative care, difficulty in reaching consensus on palliative practices, communication, drug supply, and government support. In conclusion, public policy development is essential to guarantee the implementation of palliative care in hospitals.


Resumen Teniendo en cuenta que la demanda de servicios de cuidados paliativos en los hospitales generales de Brasil requiere el enfrentamiento de obstáculos y el establecimiento de estrategias para viabilizar la implementación de estos servicios en el sistema de salud, se plantea identificar el proceso de implantación y la efectividad de los servicios de cuidados paliativos en hospitales generales del país. Desde una revisión integradora de la literatura, que consistió en el análisis de cuatro artículos, se identificaron las siguientes etapas para la implantación y efectividad de los servicios de cuidados paliativos: Elaboración de protocolos, cuidado humanizado, multidisciplinariedad y educación. Además, se constataron como desafíos la falta de formación y educación en cuidados paliativos, la dificultad para llegar a consensos sobre prácticas paliativas, la comunicación, el suministro de medicamentos y el apoyo gubernamental. Es fundamental establecer políticas públicas para garantizar la implantación de los cuidados paliativos en los hospitales.


Subject(s)
Palliative Care , Public Policy , Hospitals, General
11.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(4): 433-443, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423706

ABSTRACT

La pandemia por el nuevo coronavirus COVID- 19 ha tenido impacto en la salud mental del personal médico y de enfermería en todo el mundo. Objetivo: identificar la frecuencia de síntomas depresivos, ansiosos e insomnio y los factores posiblemente relacionados con estos desenlaces en el personal sanitario de un hospital de Suramérica durante el primer pico de la pandemia. Materiales y métodos: se aplicaron las escalas PHQ-9 para depresión, GAD- 7 para ansiedad, ISI - 7 para insomnio en 876 trabajadores de la salud del Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe en la ciudad de Medellín. Resultados: de los 876 participantes (29,2% médicos, 21.2% profesionales de enfermería y 49,5% auxiliares de enfermería), 357 (40.8%) presentaron síntomas depresivos, 300 (34.2%) síntomas ansiosos y 317 (36.2%) insomnio. Se observaron síntomas de depresión, ansiedad e insomnio, con mayor frecuencia en quienes no tenían las necesidades básicas satisfechas y en quienes se sentían estigmatizados por ser personal de salud. Además, la depresión se presentó con más frecuencia en mujeres, la ansiedad en menores de 44 años y el insomnio en personas separadas. Conclusiones: la frecuencia de problemas de salud mental en el personal de salud es considerable. Estos hallazgos demuestran la necesidad de atención en la salud mental de los profesionales médicos y de enfermería durante la pandemia por COVID-19 y la búsqueda de estrategias para mitigar el riesgo en esta población.


Background: pandemic due to novel coronavirus COVID-19 has impacted on the mental health of health care workers all around the world. Material and Methods: this is a cross sectional study in which questionnaires PHQ-9 for depression, GAD-7 for anxiety, ISI-7 for insomnia were virtually and self administered by 876 health care workers laboring in hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe in Medellin city. Results: from 876 participants (29.2% physicians, 21.2% nurses and 49.5% technical nurses), 357 (40.8%) developed depressive symptoms, 300 (34.2%) anxious symptoms and 317 (36.2%) insomnia. Symptoms of depression, anxiety and insomnia were more frequently found in those who did not have basic needs satisfied and in those who felt stigmatized due to being health personal. Besides, depressive symptoms were more frequent in women, anxious symptoms in people younger than 44 years old and insomnia in divorced people. Conclusions: the frequency of mental health problems in health care workers is significant, these findings bring to light the needs for mental health attention in nurses and doctors during COVID-19 pandemic and the research of strategies to mitigate the risk on this population. Feeling stigmatized and not having basic needs satisfied were associated with symptoms of anxiety, depression and insomnia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Health Personnel/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Colombia , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , Hospitals, General , Nursing Staff, Hospital/psychology
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(6): 398-404, dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1397712

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Es clave para la atención óptima de la salud la continuidad del cuidado al pasar de pediatría a la medicina del adulto. Objetivo. Describir la experiencia del proceso de transición de pacientes adolescentes conenfermedades crónicas desde la atención enpediatría a la atención de adultos en un hospital general. Población y métodos. Estudio de cortetransversal de pacientes entre 16 y 24 años con antecedente de trasplante hepático, trasplante renal, enfermedades endocrinas, metabólicas, reumatológicas y mielomeningocele atendidos en un hospital general universitario de tercer nivel entre 2015 y 2019, durante el proceso de transición. Se evaluaron el proceso de atención y el éxito de la transición. Se utilizó el cuestionario de evaluación de preparación para la transición (Transition Readiness Assessment QuestionnaireTRAQ, por su sigla en inglés). Resultados. Se incluyeron 372 pacientes. Las especialidades de atención más frecuentesfueron clínica de mielomeningocele, equipo de trasplante renal y de trasplante hepático. El 37 % participó del proceso de transición. La media de seguimiento por pediatría hasta el inicio de la transición fue de 9 años. La media de edad de comienzo de la transición fue 19 años y la media de edad de finalización, 21 años. La estrategia de transición más frecuente fue clínica conjunta en el 96 %. La mediana del TRAQ ordinal fue de 4; de estos, el 32 % ya había consultado a adultos. El 32,7 % cumplió con una transición exitosa. Conclusiones. La continuidad del cuidadodurante la transición es un proceso que llevó casi dos años y en más de un tercio de los pacientes se realizó en forma exitosa.


Introduction. The continuity of care from pediatrics to adult medicine is key to optimal health care. Objective. To describe the experience of the transition process of adolescent patients with chronic diseases from pediatric to adult care in a general hospital. Population and methods. Cross-sectional study of patients aged 16­24 years with a history of liver transplantation, kidney transplantation, endocrine, metabolic, rheumatic diseases, and myelomeningocele seen at a tertiary care teaching general hospital between 2015 and 2019 during the transition process. The process of health care and transition success were assessed. The Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) was used. Results. A total of 372 patients were included. The myelomeningocele clinic, the kidney transplant and the liver transplant teams were the most common specialties. Thirty-seven percent of participants were involved in the transition process. The mean duration of follow-up by pediatrics until transition initiation was 9 years. The mean age at the beginning of transition was 19 years, and the mean age at the end, 21 years. The joint clinic transition strategy was the most frequent, used in 96% of cases. The median value of the ordinal TRAQ was 4; of these, 32% had already seen adult care physicians. A successful transition was achieved by 32.7%. Conclusions. The continuity of care during transition is a process that took almost 2 years; more than one third of the patients had a successful transition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Chronic Disease/therapy , Patient Satisfaction , Transition to Adult Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hospitals, General
13.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 16(1): 1-15, 15/07/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1395227

ABSTRACT

A política de saúde mental brasileira aponta o hospital geral como parte integrante da rede de serviços substitutivos ao hospital psiquiátrico. É preconizado que os serviços substitutivos levem em consideração o acolhimento, o vínculo e a integralidade na prestação do cuidado. O objetivo deste artigo constitui-se em analisar as práticas assistenciais as pessoas com transtornos mentais em uma emergência de um hospital geral e os seus efeitos para integralidade do cuidado. Materiais e métodos: Pesquisa descritiva de abordagem qualitativa. O cenário foi o serviço de emergência de um hospital geral, localizado na zona oeste do município do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e observação participante. Resultados: O espaço físico da emergência pouco favorecia o desenvolvimento de uma atenção acolhedora, resolutiva e humanizada. As práticas assistenciais eram predominantemente pautadas pelo modo asilar. Noções de acolhimento, vínculo e integralidade faziam parte do discurso mas ainda não se materializam nas práticas assistenciais. Discussão: O estigma atribuído à doença mental constituiu-se empecilho à adoção de práticas acolhedoras. Conclusão: A fim de possibilitar que hospital geral adote práticas integrais e que se constitua como parte da rede de serviços substitutivos em saúde mental é necessário investir em novos arranjos institucionais que coloquem o usuário no centro dos modos de produção de atos de saúde; investir na dimensão cuidadora da qualificação dos profissionais de saúde.


The current Brazilian mental health policy points to the general hospital as an integral part of the network of substitutive services to the psychiatric hospital. It is recommended that substitute services take into account, among other premises, the user embracement, bonding and integrality in the provision of care.The purpose of this article is to analyze the care practices of people with mental disorders in a general hospital emergency and their effects for integral care.Materials and methods: Descriptive research of qualitative approach. The scenario of the study was the emergency service of a general hospital, located in the western part of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. Data were obtained through a semi-structured interview and participant observation.Results: The physical space of the emergency did not favor the development of a warm, resolutive and humanized attention. The care practices were predominantly based on the asylum mode. Notions the user embracement, bond and integrality were part of the discourse, but they did not materialize in the assistance practices. Discussion: The stigma attributed to mental illness was perceived as hindering the adoption the user embracement practices. Conclusion: In order to make it possible for a general hospital to adopt comprehensive and to be part of the network of substitutive services in mental health, it is necessary to invest in new institution arrangements that place the user at the center of the modes of production of health acts.


Subject(s)
Hospitals, General , Mental Health , Integrality in Health
14.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(2): 148-155, jun. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388429

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo observacional, de corte transversal, con el objetivo de identificar la asociación del consumo de psicofármacos y el aumento del riesgo de padecer apnea obstructiva del sueño (A.O.S.), en pacientes internados y bajo tratamiento con psicofármacos en Hospital General (Hospital Pasteur, Montevideo, Uruguay) durante julio-septiembre de 2019. Se aplicó el cuestionario STOP BANG, hallándose riesgo elevado de A.O.S en el 59,4% de la muestra, del cual 75,6% corresponde al sexo masculino y el 24,4% corresponde al sexo femenino. El riesgo elevado para A.O.S fue: 54,3% para pacientes en tratamiento con un solo psicofármaco y 71,4% con dos. El grupo de antipsicóticos fue el que se asoció con mayor frecuencia al riesgo elevado de A.O.S.


SUMMARY A cross-sectional study was conducted with the objective of identifying the link between psychotropic medications and an increased risk of suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients under treatment with psychotropic medication who were hospitalized in General Hospital (Hospital Pasteur, Montevideo, Uruguay) during the July-September 2019 period. The STOP BANG questionnaire was applied, elevated risk of OSA was found in 59.4% of the sample, of which 75.6% were male, while 24.4% were female. The elevated risk of OSA was: 54.4% for patients under treatment with a single psychotropic medication and 71.4% for patients under treatment with two psychotropic medications. Antipsychotics were the most frequently group of psychotropic drugs linked to an elevated OSA risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Psychotropic Drugs/adverse effects , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/epidemiology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/chemically induced , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Assessment , Hospitalization , Hospitals, General , Inpatients
15.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 386-396, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392665

ABSTRACT

El Ecuador mantiene una alta tasa de mortalidad derivada de las infecciones de heridas quirúrgicas, las post cesárea son las que se presentan comúnmente, donde las bacterias cada vez evolucionan mecanismos de resistencia a los antibióticos. Objetivo: analizar los factores que intervienen en la aparición de infección en herida quirúrgica. Materiales y Métodos: investigación tipo inductivo-deductiva al analizar variables cuantitativas; y la aplicación del razonamiento, con el que se obtuvieron generalizaciones del tema en estudio Resultados: Sexo el 35 % Mujeres y el 65% Varones, el 25 % tienen edad de 15 a 40 años, el 45 % tienen de 41 a 60 años, y el 30 % tienen de 61 años y más. Con respecto al nivel de educación, 50 % no tiene educación, 25% primaria, 15% secundaria y 10% superior, según la residencia el 75% vive en zona rural y 25 % en zona urbana. La mayoría de los procedimientos quirúrgicos involucrados en la complicación de infecciones de la herida fueron de emergencia en un 93,3%; mientras que las que se presentaron en electivas respondieron al 6,7%. Se observó que el 80% de las cirugías realizadas son clasificadas como cirugías limpias contaminadas, y un 20% cirugías contaminadas. Las mismas que tiene un alto riesgo de infectarse el SQ. Conclusiones: A pesar de que las acciones preventivas de preparación de piel y asepsia ­ antisepsia previa al acto quirúrgico se cumplen, las infecciones de la herida quirúrgica se siguen dando en una parte de pacientes intervenidos en el Hospital General Milagro(AU)


Ecuador maintains a high mortality rate derived from surgical wound infections, post-cesarean sections are the ones that commonly occur, where bacteria increasingly evolve mechanisms of resistance to antibiotics. Objective: to analyze the factors that intervene in the appearance of infection in surgical wounds. Materials and Methods: inductive-deductive type research when analyzing quantitative variables; and the application of reasoning, with which generalizations of the subject under study were obtained Results: Sex 35% Women and 65% Men, 25% are between 15 and 40 years old, 45% are between 41 and 60 years old, and 30% are 61 and older. Regarding the level of education, 50% have no education, 25% primary, 15% secondary and 10% higher, according to residence, 75% live in rural areas and 25% in urban areas. Most of the surgical procedures involved in the complication of wound infections were emergency in 93.3%; while those who attended electives responded to 6.7%. It was observed that 80% of the surgeries performed are classified as clean contaminated surgeries, and 20% contaminated surgeries. The same ones that have a high risk of becoming infected with SQ. Conclusions: Although the preventive actions of skin preparation and asepsis - antisepsis prior to the surgical act are fulfilled, infections of the surgical wound continue to occur in a part of patients operated on at the Hospital General Milagro(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Infection , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound , Patients , Asepsis , Mortality , Hospitals, General , Anti-Bacterial Agents
16.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 54(1): 2-12, jun 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1516068

ABSTRACT

A finales del 2019 una noticia empezó a circular en el mundo sobre un virus denominado SARS-CoV-2 que inició en Wuhan, China. Meses más tarde, marzo 2020, se presenta como una pandemia con el nombre de COVID-19, e inicia un problema de salud mundial inédito en el siglo XXI. Se plantearon medidas de protección, y el desarrollo de una vacuna para su control. Se emprende la investigación de varias vacunas, surgiendo la Sputnik V elaborada en el laboratorio ruso Gamaleya. Se ha especulado sobre sus efectos secundarios y eficacia, sin tener una referencia real. Dado que al Hospital Central de San Cristóbal llegó esta vacuna, se decidió realizar un estudio con el objetivo de: describir al personal vacunado; identificar los ESAVI (eventos supuestamente atribuibles a vacunación o inmunización), y conocer la incidencia de COVID-19 en los vacunados. Se planteó un estudio con diseño observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo. La población de 1.114 sujetos, personal de salud del Hospital Central de San Cristóbal vacunado con dos dosis de Sputnik V. La muestra de 355 sujetos encuestados por Google docs, reportando 32% masculinos, 68% femeninos; 30% menores de 30 años, 38,8% de 30-49 años y 31,1% de 50 años y más. Los ESAVI se reportaron fiebre en 4,9%, cefalea en 4,6%, malestar general en 2%, y dolor en el sitio de la vacuna 59,6%. La incidencia de COVID-19 fue de 10,7%, y hubo 0,6% de hospitalizados. Se concluye que las dos dosis de la vacuna Sputnik V ha sido efectiva en la prevención del COVID-19 en el personal vacunado(AU)


At the end of 2019, news began to circulate in the world about a virus called SARS-CoV-2 that began in Wuhan, China. Months later, March 2020, it appearedas a pandemic with the name of COVID-19, and began an unprecedented global health problem in the 21st century. Protection measures were proposed, and the development of a vaccine for its control. The investigation of several vaccines is undertaken, emerging the Sputnik V elaborated in the Russian laboratory Gamaleya. There has been speculation about its side effects and efficacy, without having a real reference. Given that, this vaccine arrived at the Central Hospital of San Cristóbal, a study was carried out with the objective of: Describing the vaccinated personnel; Identify the ESAVI, and know the incidence of COVID-19 in the vaccinated population. A study with an observational, descriptive, longitudinal and prospective design was proposed. The population of 1,114 subjects, health personnel from the Central Hospital of San Cristóbal vaccinated with two doses of Sputnik V. The sample of 355 subjects surveyed by Google docs, reporting 32% male, 68% female; 30% under 30 years old, 38.8% between 30-49 years old and 31.1% 50 years old and over. ESAVIs reported fever in 4.9%, headache in 4.6%, malaise in 2%, and pain at the site of the vaccine in 59.6%. The incidence of COVID-19 was 10.7%, and there were 0.6% hospitalized. It is concluded that the two doses of the Sputnik V vaccine have been effective in preventing COVID-19 in vaccinated personnel(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Hospitals, General
17.
Espaç. saúde (Online) ; 23: 1-13, abr.2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392969

ABSTRACT

Os índices de suicídio cresceram significativamente, tornando-se um grave problema de saúde pública. O risco de suicídio em pacientes hospitalizados é maior do que na população geral e, portanto, faz-se necessário, uma ferramenta capaz de identificá-lo. Assim, objetivou-se realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre os instrumentos utilizados para avaliar o risco de suicídio em pacientes internados em hospital geral. Os dados foram coletados nas bases de dados PubMed, Psycinfo, Pepsic e Scielo, utilizando-se os descritores: "risk of suicide"; "general hospital"; "suicide scale", com tempo de publicação limitado aos últimos dez anos (2011-2021). Um total de 581 estudos foram encontrados. Após critérios de elegibilidade, 16 artigos foram selecionados e analisados. Os resultados apontaram que os estudos utilizaram como principais instrumentos a entrevista, em conjunto com outras escalas. Concluiu-se que é fundamental utilizar instrumentos específicos para avaliar os principais fatores e classificar o risco de suicídio no contexto hospitalar.


Suicide rates grew significantly, becoming a serious public health problem. The risk of suicide in hospitalized patients is higher than in the general population and, therefore, a tool capable of identifying it is required. This study aimed to review the literature on the instruments used to assess the risk of suicide in patients admitted to a general hospital. Data were collected from PubMed, Psycinfo, Pepsic and Scielo databases using the descriptors: "risk of suicide"; "general hospital"; "suicide scale", with publication time limited to the last ten years (2011-2021). A total of 581 studies were found. After eligibility criteria, 16 articles were selected and analyzed. The studies used, as main instruments, the interview with other scales. We conclude that it is essential to use specific instruments to assess the main factors and classify the risk of suicide in the hospital settings


Las tasas de suicidio han crecido significativamente, convirtiéndose en un grave problema de salud pública. El riesgo de suicidio en pacientes hospitalizados es mayor que en la población general y, por lo tanto, es necesaria una herramienta capaz de identificarlo. Así, el objetivo fue revisar la literatura sobre los instrumentos utilizados para evaluarla en pacientes ingresados en un hospital general. Los datos fueron recolectados de las bases de datos PubMed, Psycinfo, Pepsic y Scielo utilizando los descriptores: "riesgo de suicidio"; "hospital general"; "escala de suicidio", con tiempo de publicación limitado a los últimos diez años (2011-2021). Se encontraron un total de 581 estudios. Después de los criterios de elegibilidad, 16 artículos fueron seleccionados y analizados. Los estudios utilizaron la entrevista como principal instrumento, además de otras escalas. Se concluyó que es fundamental utilizar instrumentos específicos para evaluar los principales factores y clasificar el riesgo de suicidio en el contexto hospitalario.


Subject(s)
Suicide , Mental Health , Hospitals, General
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(4): 415-423, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409820

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic increased the incidence of neuropsychiatric diseases. Proactive models of consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP-p) could play a key role in the prevention and management of these diseases in a general hospital. AIM: To develop a protocol for implementing screening tools for neuropsychiatric symptoms in routine clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Elements of the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model were used to modify the Neuropsychiatric Surveillance protocol implemented at a clinical hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic by members of the hospital's CLP team. RESULTS: A flowchart for active follow-up of neuropsychiatric symptoms during hospitalization is presented, with sequential management and referral flows, accompanied by suggestions for pre-discharge evaluation to define continuity of care actions. The COSMOS tool is also presented, designed for the detection of risk factors and actions for the prevention of neuropsychiatric diseases in general hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: The neuropsychiatric surveillance protocol facilitates early and timely interventions and establishes criteria for the continuity of post-discharge care. These changes could improve the quality of care in general hospitals and reduce the gap between mental and physical health.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Hospitals, General , Patient Discharge , Referral and Consultation , Aftercare , Pandemics/prevention & control
19.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(1): 24-31, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365064

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Investigar a relação entre a realização de testes para detectar COVID-19 e indícios de sofrimento psíquico, estresse e burnout entre profissionais de saúde da linha de frente da pandemia em um hospital geral. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo de abordagem mista usando SRQ-20, PSS, OBI e entrevistas em profundidade em série de três entrevistas em 2020. RESULTADOS: Prevalências preocupantes de escores elevados de SRQ20, Burnout e Estresse Percebido ocorreram nas três entrevistas, e o registro de testes realizados foi crescente no período estudado, mas não houve associação entre desfechos e realização de testes para detectar COVID-19. Os temores de contrair a doença e de ser transmissor do vírus apareceram como os principais estressores para profissionais de saúde, mantidos apesar da realização de testes. CONCLUSÃO: Nesse grupo, testes realizados não se mostraram suficientes para modificar os efeitos psicossociais da atividade em linha de frente sobre profissionais de saúde.


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the performance of tests to detect COVID-19 and signs of psychological distress, perceived stress and burnout among health professionals on the frontline of the pandemic in a general hospital. METHODS: Prospective mixed-approach study using SRQ-20, PSS, OBI and in-depth interviews in a series of 3 interviews throughout 2020. RESULTS: Worrying prevalences of high scores of SRQ20, Burnout and Perceived Stress occurred on the three interviews and the number of tests performed increased during the study period, but there was no association between outcomes and testing to detect COVID- 19. Fear of contracting the disease or being a transmitter of the virus appeared as the main stressors for health professionals, maintained despite testing. CONCLUSION: In this group, tests performed were not sufficient to modify the psychosocial effects of the front line activity on health professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Fear/psychology , Pandemics , COVID-19/transmission , Prevalence , Interviews as Topic , Prospective Studies , Psychological Distress , COVID-19 Testing , Hospitals, General
20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 127-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mediating effect of job burnout of nursing staff in clinical departments on occupational stress and anxiety, and to provide scientific basis for the formulation of intervention measures to relieve anxiety. Methods: From November 2020 to January 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the basic situation, occupational stress, job burnout and anxiety of 653 nursing staff in a third class A general hospital in Hebei Province. Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between occupational stress, job burnout and anxiety, stepwise regression and mediating effect model were used to verify the mediating effect of job burnout on the relationship between occupational stress and anxiety. Results: 551 valid questionnaires were collected with effective recovery of 84.38%. The incidence of high occupational stress was 68.06% (375/551) , the incidence of job burnout was 63.70% (351/551) [high, moderate and moderate were 11.07% (61/551) and 52.63% (290/551) respectively], and the incidence of anxiety was 55.72% (307/551) [mild, moderate and severe were 38.11% (210/551) , 8.53% (47/551) and 9.08% (50/551) respectively]. Occupational stress was positively correlated with job burnout and anxiety (r=0.545, 0.479) , and job burnout was positively correlated with anxiety (r=0.542, P<0.05) . The mediating effect analysis showed that occupational stress had a statistically significant effect on anxiety (c=0.509, P<0.001) , and the mediating effect of job burnout on the relationship between occupational stress and anxiety accounted for 44.99% of the total effect. Conclusion: The anxiety level of the nursing staff in this third-class A general hospital was relatively high. Job burnout has a mediating effect between occupational stress and anxiety, and anxiety of nursing staff can be alleviated by reducing occupational stress or job burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, General , Job Satisfaction , Nursing Staff , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
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