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1.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 29(106): 64-71, jul 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348867

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se estima que en Argentina son 129 mil las personas que poseen el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana, aunque un 20% de ellas lo desconoce. El 20% de 5800 nuevos casos por año en el país corresponden a CABA. No hay datos sobre la situación de pacientes que se atienden en hospitales públicos de CABA con respecto a objetivos de la OMS. Objetivo: Analizar esquemas antirretrovirales y situación virológica e inmunológica de las personas con VIH (PcVIH) en TAR que se asisten hospitales públicos de CABA. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo, bajo muestreo por conveniencia. Análisis de datos obtenidos del Sistema de Administración de Pacientes VIH (SVIH), activos a junio de 2018. Es dable aclarar que la primera parte se refiere a la fuente de información, y que sean activos a junio de 2018 se refiere a criterio de inclusión y periodo de análisis respectivamente. Variables analizadas: sexo, edad, distribución de TAR, CV y CD4 utilizando el programa SPSS 20. Resultados: 6878 PcVIH en TAR, 66,6% hombres. 79% con al menos 1 CV. De ellas, con CV indetectables (<40 copias) 62% (78% del total de PcVIH con CV). Datos de CD4 en 56% PcVIH: 65% con >500. En primera línea de TAR 88,3%: 42% IP potenciados, 45% INNTI, 13% INSTI. De CV indetectables (<40 copias), 92% en primera línea de TAR (significativo) y de las detectables, 80%. INNTI como tercera droga, significativo para CV indetectable (<40 copias). 45% de PcVIH en TAR sin CV y/o CD4. Discusión: La muestra representa la mitad de las PcV1 de CABA atendidas en el sistema público. Más de la mitad de la población estudiada se encuentra indetectable (<40 copias). INNTI siguen siendo las terceras drogas más utilizadas. Alto % de PcVIH en TAR sin CV y/o CD4. Insuficientes laboratorios (CV y CD4), baja disponibilidad de datos y lejanía del objetivo de OMS indican deficiencias del sistema de salud. Mejoras en acceso a TAR, a determinaciones de laboratorio, y en la calidad de los datos son necesarios.


Introduction: HIV infection is significant in Buenos Aires City. 20% of 5800 new cases/year in the country are from this region. There ́s no data about PLwHIV treated in public hospitals of Buenos Aires City about WHO objectivesObjetives: To know and analyze the situation PLwHIV treated in p ublic hospitals of Buenos Aires City about treatment, and virological and immunological responses.Methods: Descriptive and retrospective study. Data obtained from the Administration System of HIV Patients actives in June 2018. Variables analyzed: gender, age, ART distribution, VL and CD4 counts, with SPSS 20 ProgramResults: 6878 PLwHIV on ART, 66,6% male. 79% with at least 1 VL. Of them, 62% with undetectable VL (78% of all PLwHIV with VL). CD4 data in 56% PLwHIV: 65% >500: In 1st line of TAR 88,3%: 42% boosted IPs, 45% NNRTIs, 13% INIs. Of PLwHIV with undetectable VL, 92% in 1st line of ART (significant). NNRTIs significant for undetectable VL.Discussion:Our cohort represents 50% de los PLwHIV of Buenos Aires City. 62% currently with undetectable VL. NNRTIs still the more used 3rd antiretroviral. High % of PLwHIV on ART without VL and/or CD4 count. Not enough laboratory determinations (VLs and CD4 counts), low data ava ilability and remoteness of WHO ́s goals for 2020, show health system ́s weakness. Improvements in Access to ART and laboratory determinations and in the data availability andquality are necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , CD4 Antigens , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , HIV/immunology , Viral Load , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
2.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(1): e202, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248716

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un analisis de la tasa de cesáreas en dos maternidades públicas de referencia de Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas y Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell) utilizando la clasificación de Robson para compararlas entre sí, mediante un estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal en un periodo de 10 años y 10 meses (2009-2019). Se analizaron 85.526 nacimientos (7.685 (8,9%) en el Clínicas vs 77.841 (91.1%) Pereira Rossell). El porcentaje de cesáreas por año en el Clínicas fue 49,2% ± 5 vs 29,3% ± 3 en Pereira Rossell. Los grupos de Robson más prevalentes fueron 1, 5A y 10 en el Clínicas vs 3, 1 y 5A en Pereira Rossell. En ambos centros los grupos con mayor contribución relativa a la tasa global de cesáreas fueron: 5A, 10 y 1. Ambos centros presentan un aumento en la tasa de cesárea en la última década, pese a que se asisten poblaciones dispares entre cada uno de ellos. Se debe seguir buscando estrategias que ayuden a reducir la tasa de cesáreas principalmente en pacientes sin cesáreas anteriores o con una única cesárea previa, en caso de no presentan contraindicaciones para el parto vaginal.


An analysis of the caesarean section rate was carried out in two reference public maternity wards in Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas and Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell) using Robson's classification to compare them with each other, through an observational, descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study in a period 10 years and 10 months (2009-2019). 85,526 births were analyzed (7,685 (8.9%) in the Clinics vs 77,841 (91.1%) Pereira Rossell). The percentage of caesarean sections per year in the Clinics was 49.2% ± 5 vs 29.3% ± 3 in Pereira Rossell. The most prevalent Robson groups were 1, 5A and 10 in the Clinicas vs 3, 1 and 5A in Pereira Rossell. In both centers, the groups with the highest relative contribution to the overall rate of cesarean sections were: 5A, 10 and 1. Both centers show an increase in the rate of cesarean section in the last decade, despite the fact that different populations are attended between each of them. Strategies should continue to be sought to help reduce the rate of cesarean sections, mainly in patients without previous cesarean sections or with a single previous cesarean section, if they do not present contraindications for vaginal delivery.


Foi realizada análise da taxa de cesárea em duas maternidades públicas de referência do Uruguai (Hospital de Clínicas e Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell), utilizando a classificação de Robson para compará-las, por meio de estudo observacional, descritivo, retrospectivo e transversal. em um período de 10 anos e 10 meses (2009-2019). Foram analisados 85.526 partos (7.685 (8,9%) nas Clínicas vs 77.841 (91,1%) Pereira Rossell). A porcentagem de cesarianas por ano nas Clínicas foi de 49,2% ± 5 vs 29,3% ± 3 em Pereira Rossell. Os grupos de Robson mais prevalentes foram 1, 5A e 10 nas Clínicas vs 3, 1 e 5A em Pereira Rossell. Em ambos os centros, os grupos com maior contribuição relativa para a taxa global de cesárea foram: 5A, 10 e 1. Ambos os centros apresentam aumento da taxa de cesárea na última década, apesar de diferentes populações serem atendidas entre cada um deles. Estratégias devem continuar a ser buscadas para ajudar a reduzir a taxa de cesárea, principalmente em pacientes sem cesárea anterior ou com cesárea única, se não apresentarem contra-indicações para parto normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Maternity/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Uruguay/epidemiology , Cesarean Section/trends , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e19164, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350233

ABSTRACT

In Nigeria, drug financing by the public has been challenged by financial constraints through public fund due to a limited fund available to the government to meet all its demands. The objectives of this study were to determine the variability of the hospital patient prices of same drugs under the PublicPrivate Partnership (PPP) and in Private Retail Community Pharmacy (PRCP), and to investigate the perceived efficiency and effectiveness of the PPP by comparing it with the Drug Revolving Fund (DRF) model in drug supply financing. This study was conducted in Nigeria utilizing a mixed method. Mann-Whitney U test analysis was used to compare the median drug price of the two facilities. The majority (76.19%) of the drugs were sold at a cheaper rate in the hospital than what was obtained in the PRCP with no significance difference (p > 0.05). Dominant responses from the focused group discussions supported the PPP model. This study shows that the median patient price of the basket of matched pairs of same drugs in the hospital under the PPP and in the PRCP was identical. Overall, the participants were of the opinion that the PPP model was more efficient and effective than DRFin the financing drug supply


Subject(s)
Pharmacists/ethics , Drug Price , Public-Private Sector Partnerships , Financing, Government/organization & administration , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Patients , Pharmacies/organization & administration , Statistics, Nonparametric , Supply , Financial Management/classification , Government , Nigeria/ethnology
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(3): 203-210, jun. 2020. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125071

ABSTRACT

Social vulnerability has proved to be an independent risk factor for hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes. In some countries, patients who are in a vulnerable situation are assisted in the public health system which provides free medical care. This study compares the prevalence of hypoglycemia among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), in public versus private sector and its relationship with social vulnerability. This multicentric descriptive study included 600 patients with T2D from public and private care institutions of Argentina. Socioeconomic level (SEL) was evaluated through the Marketing Argentinean Association survey. Number of severe, documented symptomatic and asymptomatic hypoglycemias were registered. Among the patients included, 66% were assisted in the public sector. The 41% of patients (n = 246) registered at least 1 episode of any hypoglycemia event being more prevalent in the public sector compared to the private sector (50% vs. 22%). In the adjusted analysis it was observed a greater risk of hypoglycemia in public sector (OR 4, 95% CI 2.65-6.04) and in patients that did not have diabetological education (OR 2.28 95% CI 1.35-3.84). Similarly, unemployment (OR 5.04 95% CI 2.69-9.46), and marginal SEL (OR 60.79 95% CI 14.89-248.13) increased the risk of hypoglycemia. Several factors related to social vulnerability as unemployment, marginal SEL and poor sanitary education showed a significant increase in the hypoglycemia risk. Professionals working with people with diabetes must take into account these factors for a safe treatment of the disease.


La vulnerabilidad social ha demostrado ser un factor de riesgo independiente de hipoglucemia en pacientes con diabetes. Los pacientes que se encuentran en situación de vulnerabilidad social reciben asistencia en el sistema de salud pública que brinda atención médica gratuita. Este estudio compara la prevalencia de hipoglucemia en pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 en el sector público frente al privado y su relación con la vulnerabilidad social. Se realizó un estudio multicéntrico descriptivo que incluyó 600 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 de instituciones de atención pública y privada de Córdoba. El nivel socioeconómico se evaluó a través de la encuesta de la Asociación Argentina de Marketing que evalúa la dimensión social, educativa y económica para estratificar el nivel socioeconómico. Se registró el número de hipoglucemias graves, documentadas sintomáticas y asintomáticas. El 66% de los pacientes pertenecían al sector público. El 41% de los pacientes (n = 246) registró al menos 1 episodio de cualquier evento de hipoglucemia. En el análisis ajustado, se observó un mayor riesgo de hipoglucemia en el sector público (OR 4, 95% CI 2.65-6.04), en pacientes que no tenían educación diabetológica previa (OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.35-3.84), en desempleados (OR 5.04, 95% CI 2.69-9.46) y en aquellos con nivel socioeconómico marginal (OR 60.79 95% CI 14.89-248.13). Factores relacionados con la vulnerabilidad social como el desempleo, el nivel socioeconómico marginal y educación sanitaria deficiente mostraron un aumento en el riesgo de hipoglucemia. Los profesionales que trabajan con personas con diabetes deben tener en cuenta estos factores para un tratamiento seguro de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Hypoglycemia/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Public Sector , Private Sector , Vulnerable Populations/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes Complications/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Social Determinants of Health , Hypoglycemia/physiopathology
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 1-9, feb. 2020. ilus, graf, map, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125031

ABSTRACT

El Código Penal Argentino en su artículo 86 especifica las causales para las interrupciones legales del embarazo. En el Área Programática del Hospital Piñero de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires se estableció un protocolo para realizarlas. Desde la implementación no se ha evaluado. El objetivo fue describir las características de dichas intervenciones en 2017. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, como fuente de información se utilizó una planilla completada por los equipos luego de atender a las mujeres. Hubo 503 casos, la edad gestacional promedio de la primera consulta fue de 8.5 semanas. El 93.8% se resolvió en el primer nivel, el 94.5% de ellas en el primer trimestre de gestación. La causal salud integral fue la principalmente tenida en cuenta en los centros de salud, la causal violación lo fue en el hospital. El plazo de resolución de las interrupciones fue de 5.7 días en los centros de salud y de 1.3 días en hospital. La resolución fue medicamentosa en el 80.9% de los casos en los centros de salud. La tasa de complicaciones fue 8 cada 1000 interrupciones. La cobertura de método anticonceptivo posterior fue 16.7 cada 100 interrupciones. En cumplimiento del fallo F.A.L. (Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación), el acceso a las interrupciones legales del embarazo y la atención de las mujeres, implica un aumento en el acceso efectivo de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos y una disminución del número de las que se verán expuestas a prácticas inseguras que aumentan su riesgo de morbimortalidad en situación de embarazo.


The Argentine Penal Code in its article 86 specifies the grounds for the legal interruption of pregnancy. In the Programmatic Area of the Piñero Hospital, city of Buenos Aires, a protocol to perform them was established. Since the implementation it had not been evaluated. The objective was to describe the characteristics of these interventions in 2017. A descriptive study was conducted, as a source of information a form completed by the teams after care for the women was used. There were 503 cases, the average gestational age at the first consultation was 8.5 weeks; 93.8% were resolved in the first level, 94.5% of them in the first trimester of pregnancy. The causal integral health was the main one addressed in the health centers, while in the hospital it was rape. The resolution period for the interruptions was 5.7 days in the health centers and 1.3 days in the hospital. The resolution was with medications in 80.9% of the cases in the health centers. The complication rate was 8 per 1000 interruptions. The subsequent contraceptive method coverage was 16.7 per 100 interruptions. In compliance with the sentence F.A.L. (Supreme Court of Justice), access to legal interruptions of pregnancy and women's care implies an increase in effective access to sexual and reproductive rights and a decrease in the number of those who will be exposed to unsafe practices that increase the risk of morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Abortion, Legal/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age , Age Distribution
6.
Rev. chil. med. intensiv ; 35(3)2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292498

ABSTRACT

RELEVANCIA: La pandemia por COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-2019) se origina en diciembre de 2019. En Chile, a la fecha se han reportado 13.037 fallecidos con un enorme costo y esfuerzo asistencial, siendo limitada aun la evidencia en Chile acerca de esta enfermedad. OBJETIVOS: Describir el perfil clínico y ventilatorio de los pacientes con COVID-19 que requirieron manejo en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos en un Hospital Terciario de la Región Metropolitana. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo. Se extrajeron los datos de 64 pacientes ingresados entre el 24 de Marzo y el 15 de Mayo de 2020 en la UCI del Hospital Ramón Barros Luco Trudeau en el Sector Sur de la Región Metropolitana. Los resultados primarios en el estudio fueron Mortalidad en UCI, Mortalidad Intrahospitalaria y Mortalidad a 28 días. RESULTADOS: La mortalidad en UCI fue del 20%, existiendo una asociación entre Hipertensión Arterial y Enfermedad más Grave. La obesidad se asoció con mayores días UCI. En cuanto al soporte ventilatorio, 75% de los pacientes requirió apoyo con VMI al ingreso. Existe un perfil de mejor Compliance pulmonar y bajo potencial de reclutamiento durante la primera semana. Sin embargo, entre el 7mo. y 14vo día de enfermedad existe una rápida progresión hacia menor compliance pulmonar en cierto grupo de pacientes. CONCLUSIONES: Los casos más graves de COVID-19 se dan en pacientes de avanzada edad, hipertensos y obesos, con un aumento significativo en mortalidad cuando asociaron enfermedad renal crónica sobre todo en hemodiálisis. La progresión hacia deterioros severos de la elastancia pulmonar probablemente constituyen el signo ominoso de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/statistics & numerical data , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Oxygenation , Retrospective Studies , Age Distribution , APACHE , Organ Dysfunction Scores , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/mortality
7.
Medwave ; 20(5): e7939, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116666

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To describe the incidence of hip fracture in Chile during 2017, identify risk factors for in-hospital mortality, and estimate annual case fatality rate. METHOD: The study design was cross-sectional and analytical. We obtained the registries of all patients from the Chilean Ministry of Health who were treated for hip fracture between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2017. We used multivariate logistic regression to estimate the risk factors for in-hospital mortality. The annual case fatality rate was calculated using the probabilities obtained by estimating a logistic regression model in previous work. The estimated crude mortality rate per 100 000 persons was compared with that of cancer, as reported by the Ministry of Health. RESULTS: During 2017, 7421 hip fractures occurred, resulting in an incidence of 40 per 100 000 persons. Of these, 1574 (21.21%) cases did not undergo surgery. In-hospital mortality was found to be associated with no surgery (odds ratio 8.32, 6.20 to 11.17), and being treated in a public hospital (odds ratio 1.62, 1.00 to 2.68). The estimated annual case fatality rate was 0.30 (0.27 to 0.33), and the crude mortality rate per 100 000 persons was 10.78 (9.66 to 11.71). CONCLUSION: Hip fractures mainly affect the population over 60 years old and women. Chile has an excessively high rate of non-operated patients compared to international reports. There is a significant difference between care in a public hospital compared to private clinics in terms of volume, access to surgery, hospital stay, in-hospital mortality, and estimated case fatality rate.


OBJETIVOS: Describir la incidencia de fractura de cadera en Chile durante el año 2017, identificar factores de riesgo para mortalidad intrahospitalaria y estimar la letalidad anual. MÉTODO: Estudio transversal analítico. Se solicitó al Ministerio de Salud de Chile el registro de todos los pacientes en Chile que fueron hospitalizados por fractura de cadera entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 2017. Para estimar los factores de riesgo para mortalidad intrahospitalaria se estimó una regresión logística multivariada. La tasa de letalidad anual fue estimada usando las probabilidades obtenidas por estimación modelo de regresión logística de un trabajo previo. Se comparó la tasa cruda de mortalidad estimada por 100 000 habitantes con la de cáncer reportada por el Ministerio de Salud. RESULTADOS: Durante 2017 ocurrieron 7421 fracturas de cadera, obteniendo una incidencia de 40 por cada 100 000 habitantes. Un total de 1574 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 21,21%) pacientes no recibieron cirugía. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria se asocia a no cirugía (Odds ratio 8,32; intervalo de confianza 95%: 6,20 a 11,17) y a ser atendido en una institución pública (Odds ratio 1,62; intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,00 a 2,68). La tasa de letalidad al año estimada es de 0,30 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 0,27 a 0,33) y la tasa cruda de mortalidad por 100 000 habitantes es de 10,78 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 9,66 a 11,71). CONCLUSIÓN: La fractura de cadera afecta principalmente a población mayor de 60 años y mujeres. Chile presenta una alta tasa de pacientes no operados comparado con reportes internacionales. Existe una diferencia significativa entre atenderse en la red pública y privada, independiente de la previsión en términos de volumen, acceso a cirugía, estadía hospitalaria, mortalidad intrahospitalaria y tasa de letalidad estimada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hospital Mortality , Health Services Accessibility , Hip Fractures/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Registries , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Hip Fractures/mortality , Hip Fractures/therapy , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay
8.
Rev. chil. salud pública ; 24(1): 49-54, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121736

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la edad de la mujer al momento del diagnóstico de cáncer de mama, el estadio del mismo y los antecedentes familiares de cáncer de mama en las mujeres que consultaron en el ámbito público de la Ciudad de Córdoba durante el período 2004-2010. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El presente fue un estudio observacional efectuado en cuatro instituciones públicas, a partir del total de datos de los Servicios de Anatomía Patológica y Estadística registrados en las historias clínicas (n=1423). Se evaluó la tendencia de edad de diagnóstico con regresión lineal y el tipo histológico y grado del tumor según la edad de la mujer, con regresión de Poisson. RESULTADOS: En relación a la edad del diagnóstico, el 8,74% de las mujeres estudia-das eran menores a 40 años, lo cual representa una mayor proporción a los valores in-formados en la literatura mundial. En relación a la distribución por edad del total de pacientes con cáncer de mama, la mayor frecuencia fue en el grupo de 50 a 59 años. DISCUSIÓN: La proporción de mujeres mayores de 40 años detectadas en estadio tardío fue el 44,22%, siendo superior a los valores informados en los países desarrollados. La tendencia de edad de diagnóstico se incrementó en un 0,39 por año, y no hubo cambio en el tipo del estadio. En términos de antecedentes familiares, se detectó la presencia en el 15,95% de los casos, si bien es de destacar que la frecuencia de registro de estos antecedentes en las historias clínicas fue limitada


INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze the age at which women treated in public hospitals in the City of Córdoba, Argentina from 2004 to 2010 were diagnosed with breast cancer, their stage at diagnosis, and their family history of breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out in four public institutions, using the to-tal number of cases registered in medical records by the pathology and statistical services (n=1423). Trends in age at diagnosis over the study period was evaluated with linear regres-sion, and tumor stage and histology according to age was analyzed with Poisson regression. RESULTS: In terms of diagnostic age, 8.74% of the women studied were under 40 years of age, which represents a higher percentage of cases, in comparison with international literature. With regards to age distribution, the greatest number of cases was observed in the group be-tween 50 and 59 years of age. DISCUSSION: The proportion of women older than 40 years detected with late stage cancer was 44.22%, which is higher than the values reported in developed countries. The diagnostic age trend increased by 0.39 per year, and there was no change in the stage at diagnosis. Finally, 15.95% of the women had reported family history of breast cancer, although it is noteworthy that the frequency of recording family history in the medical charts was limited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Family , Linear Models , Age Factors , Age Distribution , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Medical History Taking , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018178, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057220

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the perception of physiotherapists in neonatal units regarding pain, the use of measurement scales and strategies that minimize pain. Methods: Interviews were conducted with physiotherapists in hospitals with neonatal units between 2013 and 2015 in Rio de Janeiro. The questions concerned the knowledge of the feeling of pain, from its recognition to its care or treatment. The description of the results was done by comparing public and private hospitals (Fisher''s Exact exact Testtest), considering p<0.05 as significant. Results: 27 hospitals were visited. All the professionals interviewed (n=27) stated that the newborns feel pain, with facial expression being the most cited and known sign for pain. 26% of physiotherapists believe that newborns experience pain at the same magnitude as adults. Among the scales, the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) was the most well known, but only 37% of the units had routine pain assessment protocols. IV cannulation and blood collection were the most mentioned procedures as a cause of pain and there was no difference between public and private hospitals. Conclusions: There is a gap in the knowledge about neonatal pain and how to evaluate it among the participating physiotherapists, with no systematization of care routines involving this assessment.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a percepção dos fisioterapeutas de unidades neonatais sobre a dor, a utilização de escalas de mensuração e estratégias que a minimizem. Métodos: Entrevistas foram realizadas com chefes ou rotinas de fisioterapia em hospitais com unidades neonatais entre 2013 e 2015, no Rio de Janeiro. As perguntas versaram sobre o conhecimento da sensação dolorosa, desde seu reconhecimento até seu cuidado ou tratamento. Foi realizada a descrição dos resultados, comparando-se os dados dos hospitais públicos com os privados (teste exato de Fisher), considerando-se p<0,05 como significante. Resultados: Vinte e sete hospitais foram visitados. Todos os profissionais entrevistados (n=27) afirmaram que os recém-nascidos sentem dor, sendo a expressão facial o sinal de dor mais conhecido. Do total de fisioterapeutas entrevistados, 26% acreditam que os neonatos sentem dor na mesma magnitude que o adulto. Entre as escalas, a Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) era a mais conhecida, e apenas 37% das unidades possuíam protocolos de avaliação da dor na rotina. As coletas e as punções foram os procedimentos mais mencionados como causa de dor, e não houve diferença entre os hospitais públicos e privados. Conclusões: Constatou-se uma lacuna no conhecimento sobre dor neonatal e como avaliá-la entre os fisioterapeutas participantes, com ausência de sistematização de rotinas assistenciais que envolvam essa aferição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pain/diagnosis , Perception/physiology , Pain Measurement/methods , Physical Therapists/psychology , Pain/etiology , Pain/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Premature/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/organization & administration , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/statistics & numerical data , Interviews as Topic/methods , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Knowledge , Facial Expression , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 260-269, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019392

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Having appropriate dietary habits is part of the recommendations after ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), however, the quality of intra-hospital nutritional counselling in the different health services has been minimally explored. Objective: To evaluate the quality of intra-hospital nutritional counselling among patients with STEMI in the public and private health systems in Sergipe. Methods: A cross-sectional, with data from the Via Crucis for the Treatment of Myocardial Infarction (VICTIM) Register, conducted from April to November of 2017, with individuals aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with STEMI, in one public health service hospital and three private hospitals. The occurrence and quality of nutritional counselling were analyzed based on current guidelines and the administration of questionnaires. A significance level of 0.05 was adopted. Results: A total of 188 patients were analyzed; 80.3% were from the public health service facility. Among the interviewees, 57.6% of the public health service, and 70.3% of the private hospital patients received intra-hospital nutritional counselling (p = 0.191). The documentation of this practice, in medical records, was lower in the public service (2.6% vs. 37.8%, p < 0.001). A predominance of restrictive orientations was found in the public and private sectors, mainly regarding salt and fat, 52.3% and 70.3% respectively (p = 0.064). Patients from the private service were more counselling to introduce of cardioprotective foods, mainly fruit, vegetable/legume consumption (48.6% vs. 13.2%, p < 0.001). Among those who received counselling, nutritional knowledge was higher in the private sector (68.2% vs. 26.3%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The intra-hospital nutritional counselling provided to patients with STEMI, in Sergipe, still presents poor quality in both services, especially in the public health system.


Resumo Fundamento: A adequação dos hábitos alimentares faz parte das recomendações pós-infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMcSST); contudo, tem sido pouco explorada a qualidade da orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar nos diferentes serviços de saúde. Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade da orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar entre pacientes com IAMcSST nas redes de saúde pública e privada em Sergipe. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com dados do Registro Via Crucis para o Tratamento do Infarto do Miocárdio (VICTIM), realizado de abril a novembro de 2017 com indivíduos com idade ≥ 18 anos, diagnosticados com IAMcSST em um hospital público e três privados. Analisaram-se a ocorrência de orientação nutricional e a sua qualidade com base nas diretrizes atuais e por meio de aplicação de questionários, sendo adotado nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Foram avaliados 188 voluntários, sendo 80,3% do serviço público. Dentre os entrevistados, 57,6% da rede pública e 70,3% da privada receberam orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar (p = 0,191). O registro dessa prática em prontuário foi menor no serviço público (2,6% versus 37,8%; p < 0,001). Verificou-se o predomínio das orientações restritivas, sobretudo de sal e gorduras, 52,3% e 70,3% no público e no privado, respectivamente (p = 0,064). Quanto à inserção de alimentos cardioprotetores, pacientes da rede privada foram mais beneficiados, principalmente quanto ao consumo de frutas e verduras/legumes (48,6% versus 13,2%, p < 0,001). Entre aqueles que receberam orientação, o conhecimento nutricional foi maior no sistema privado (68,2% versus 26,3%, p < 0,001). Conclusão: A orientação nutricional intra-hospitalar para o IAMcSST em Sergipe apresenta baixa qualidade em ambos os serviços de saúde, sobretudo no público.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Education/standards , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Counseling/standards , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diet therapy , Diet, Healthy/standards , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Nutrition Surveys , Health Education/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Counseling/methods , Self Report , Diet, Healthy/methods
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 168-172, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004329

ABSTRACT

Background: Postponement of motherhood is one of the most striking sociodemographic changes of modernity. Aim: To evaluate the age of primiparous women giving birth at a public hospital in Santiago, Chile. Material and Methods: Retrospective study, assessing the age and nationality of all women whose delivery occurred between 2009 and 2017 in a single hospital. Results: A total of 49,254 deliveries were registered: 43% were in primiparous women (73% Chilean and 27% foreign women). The proportion of foreign women increased from 12% in 2009 to more than 60% of total deliveries in 2017. Four percent of primiparous women were aged over 35 years of age and there was a steady increase in the age increase of primiparous women in the nine years of study. There was a higher proportion of normal-weight newborns among foreign women compared to their Chilean counterparts (86 and 81% respectively). Conclusions: In this sample of women attended at a public hospital, a steady increase in the age at first delivery was noted in a period of nine years. There was also a constant increase in the proportion of foreign women giving birth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Social Class , Birth Weight , Maternal Age , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Parity , Socioeconomic Factors , Ethnic Groups/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Emigrants and Immigrants/statistics & numerical data
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(2): 90-96, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003534

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The present study assessed epidemiological and obstetrical data from pregnant women with syphilis at the Hospital de Clínicas of the Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM, in the Portuguese acronym), describing this disease during pregnancy and its vertical transmission for future healthcare actions. Methods: Records from pregnant women who had been admitted to the Obstetrics Department of the Hospital de Clínicas of the UFTM and were diagnosed with syphilis between 2007 and 2016 were reviewed. A standardized form was used to collect epidemiological, obstetric data and outcomes of congenital infection. The present research has been authorized by the Ethics Committee of the institution. Results: There were 268 women diagnosed with syphilis, with an average age of 23.6 years old. The majority of the patients were from Uberaba. Inadequate prenatal care was observed in 37.9% of the pregnant women. Only 34.2% of the patients completed the treatment according to the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health of Brazil, and 19.8% of the partners of the patients underwent adequate syphilis treatment; 37 (13.8%) couples (patients and partners) underwent correct treatment. Regarding the obstetric outcomes, 4 (1.5%) patients had a miscarriage and 8 (3.4%) had fetal losses (from the fetal loss group, 7 had no adequate treatment); 61 (25.9%) patients had premature births - this prematurity has been significantly correlated to inadequate or incomplete treatment in 49 (27.9%) patients, compared with 12 (13.0%) patients with premature births and adequate treatment (p = 0.006). The average live newborn weight was 2,840 g; 25.3% had a birth weight < 2,500 g; 74.2% had congenital syphilis, a data with heavy correlation to inadequate or incomplete prenatal care, prematurity, and low birth weight. Conclusion: Public awareness policies on adequate prenatal care, intensification of serological screening, and early treatment of syphilis are needed, considering the rise of cases diagnosed during gestation and its potentially preventable deleterious consequences related to congenital transmission.


Resumo Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou dados epidemiológicos e obstétricos de gestantes com sífilis no Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), objetivando o conhecimento desta infecção no ciclo gravídico e a transmissão vertical para futuras ações em saúde pública. Métodos: Foram revisados registros de gestantes admitidas no Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia do Hospital de Clínicas da UFTM, diagnosticadas com sífilis entre 2007 e 2016. Para a coleta de dados, utilizou-se um formulário padronizado enfocando aspectos epidemiológicos, obstétricos e infecção congênita. A presente pesquisa foi autorizada pelo Comitê de Ética da instituição. Resultados: Obteve-se 268 gestantes diagnosticadas com sífilis, com idade media de 23,6 anos, sendo a maioria de Uberaba. A assistência pré-natal foi inadequada em 37,9% dos casos. O tratamento para sífilis, de acordo com as diretrizes do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil, foi realizado por 34,2% das gestantes e por 19,8% dos parceiros. Quanto aos desfechos obstétricos, observou-se que 4 (1,5%) pacientes evoluíram com abortamento e 8 (3,4%) com óbito fetal, das quais 7 não realizaram tratamento. Observou-se parto prematuro em 61 (25,9%) gestantes, e a prematuridade foi significativamente associada ao tratamento ausente/incompleto, com 49 (27,9%) casos, comparada a 12 (13,0%) casos nos quais o tratamento foi adequado (p = 0,006). Quanto aos recém-nascidos, o peso médio foi de 2.840 g, e 25,3% apresentaram peso < 2.500 g. Diagnosticou-se infecção congênita em 74,2%, dos casos, associada significativamente ao pré-natal inadequado, ao tratamento ausente/ incompleto, à prematuridade e ao baixo peso ao nascer. Conclusão: Políticas públicas de conscientização sobre pré-natal adequado, intensificação de rastreamento sorológico e tratamento precoce da sífilis são necessárias, haja vista a ascensão dos casos diagnosticados na gestação e suas consequências deletérias potencialmente evitáveis relacionadas à transmissão congênita.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Syphilis/epidemiology , Penicillin G Benzathine/administration & dosage , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/drug therapy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Prognosis , Syphilis, Congenital/drug therapy , Syphilis, Congenital/epidemiology , Ceftriaxone/administration & dosage , Brazil/epidemiology , Drug Administration Schedule , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
13.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.3): e19006.supl.3, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057823

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: O termo "código garbage" (CG) é usado para designar uma causa básica de óbito pouco útil para o setor de saúde, uma vez que não permite identificar adequadamente ações para prevenção e controle das doenças e agravos de saúde. Objetivo: avaliar os resultados da investigação de óbitos por CG em 17 municípios da região Norte no ano de 2017. Métodos: Estudo transversal sobre a investigação dos óbitos por CG em hospitais públicos de 17 municípios dos 7 estados da região Norte, como parte do projeto Dados para a Saúde do Ministério da Saúde (MS). Nesses hospitais foram revisadas as causas básicas de morte dos óbitos ocorridos em 2017 e aplicado o protocolo de investigação de CG do MS. Resultados: Em 2017, ocorreram 37.082 óbitos nos 17 municípios que participaram do estudo, destes, 29,3% (n = 10.878) eram CG total e, destes, 83,2% eram CG prioritários. Dentre os CG prioritários, 25,9% foram investigados e, destes, 79,1% mudaram a causa básica. Discussão: Observou-se uma grande variação entre os 17 municípios em relação à proporção de CG. Chama atenção que 13 municípios estudados reclassificaram a causa básica de morte em pelo menos 70% dos casos investigados para os CG prioritários. Conclusão: Apesar da melhoria ocorrida com redução na proporção de CG como causa básica de morte nos municípios analisados, ainda se faz necessário maior investimento em capacitação de profissionais e ampliação dos serviços que investigam os óbitos, de modo a permitir a sustentabilidade do projeto na região.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The term "garbage code" (GC) is used to designate an underlying cause of death that is not very useful for the health policy, since it does not adequately identify actions to prevent and control diseases and health problems. Objective: To evaluate the results of GC investigation on changing causes of death in 17 municipalities in the Brazilian Northern region in 2017. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on the results of the investigation of deaths with GC in selected hospitals in 17 cities in the seven states of the Northern region, as part of the Data for Health Initiative of the Ministry of Health (MH). In these hospitals, the underlying causes of deaths occurring in 2017 were reviewed, and the GC investigation protocol was applied to deaths with GC. Results: In 2017, 37,082 deaths occurred in the 17 municipalities studied, of which 29.3% (n = 10,878) were GC and 83.2% were priority GC. Among the priority GCs, 25.9% were investigated, of which 79.1% had a change in the underlying cause. Discussion: There is great variation among the 17 municipalities in relation to the proportion of GC. In 13 of the municipalities studied, the underlying cause of death was reclassified in at least 70% of the cases investigated for the priority GC. Conclusion: Despite the improvement in reducing the proportion of underlying causes of death with GC in this study, there is still a need for greater investment in training professionals and increasing services to carry out death investigations, in order to ensure the sustainability of the project in the region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Information Systems/standards , Cause of Death , Brazil/epidemiology , Residence Characteristics , Death Certificates , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cities/epidemiology , Data Accuracy , Geography , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
14.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 40(3): 306-308, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039089

ABSTRACT

Objective: Involuntary hospitalization for acute psychiatry cases can be acceptable when there is potential harm. However, there are few reasons for a patient committed on these grounds to stay in an institution for a long period. The objective of the present study was to identify the profile and costs of compulsory hospitalizations over 20 days in a public psychiatric hospital in the coastal region of the state of São Paulo. Methods: Retrospective data were collected from the medical records of 1,064 patients admitted between July 2013 and June 2016 from an intensive mental healthcare unit in Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Results: Records were found of 527 patients who had been hospitalized for at least 21 days during the study period. Long-term hospitalization related to judicial mandates represented 5.9% of the total sample. These patients stayed in the hospital for an average period of 142 days, while patients hospitalized for any other reason stayed an average period of 35 days (p < 0.001). The cost of a long-term court-ordered hospitalization averaged US$ 21,311 per patient. Conclusion: Judicial mandate has been an important reason for the long-term hospitalization of chronic psychiatric patients in Santos, Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hospitalization/economics , Hospitals, Psychiatric/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Mental Disorders/economics , Patient Admission , Psychotic Disorders/economics , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Mental Disorders/therapy
15.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(3): 327-332, jul.-set. 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-977973

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a atuação odontológica em unidades de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Estudo observacional de enquete, por meio do envio de questionários via plataforma on-line de colaboração de pesquisa em terapia intensiva no Brasil (AMIBnet). A pesquisa foi realizada de junho a outubro de 2017. Os questionários, envolvendo 26 questões fechadas sobre os hospitais e a atuação odontológica nas unidades de terapia intensiva foram enviados para 4.569 profissionais de diversas especialidades atuantes nas unidades. Resultados: Obtivemos 203 questionários respondidos, resultando em uma taxa de resposta de 4,44%. A maior parte das respostas teve origem em unidades de terapia intensiva na Região Sudeste do país (46,8%). Hospitais públicos (37,9%) e privados (36,4%) tiveram participação semelhante nos resultados. Dos respondentes, 55% apontaram que um serviço de Odontologia à beira de leito estava presente, sendo prestado de maneiras diversas. Conclusão: Presença de Serviço de Odontologia e de treinamentos e protocolos de prestação de serviço em saúde bucal estiveram correlacionados. Os métodos de cuidados orais variaram sobremaneira entre as em unidades de terapia intensiva pesquisadas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the practice of dentistry in intensive care units. Methods: An observational survey study was conducted in which questionnaires were sent via the online platform for collaboration in intensive care research in Brazil (AMIBnet). The study was carried out from June to October 2017. The questionnaires, which contained 26 closed questions about hospitals and dentistry practices in the intensive care units, were sent to 4,569 professionals from different specialties practicing in the units. Results: In total, 203 questionnaires were returned, resulting in a response rate of 4.44%. Most of the responses were from intensive care units in the Southeast region of the country (46.8%). Public hospitals (37.9%) and private hospitals (36.4%) had similar participation rates. Of the respondents, 55% indicated that a bedside dentistry service was present, and they were provided in different ways. Conclusion: The presence of dentistry services and oral health service delivery training and protocols were correlated. The oral care methods varied greatly among the intensive care units surveyed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Care/organization & administration , Critical Care/organization & administration , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Intensive Care Units , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hospitals, Private/organization & administration , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public/organization & administration , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(3): 158-162, jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954971

ABSTRACT

A nivel mundial, los accidentes de tránsito aportan aproximadamente 1.25 millones de muertes anuales; es una de las principales causas de muerte en personas jóvenes y la primera entre los 15 y 29 años de edad. La tasa de accidentes aumentó en la última década, posiblemente debido al incremento del parque automotor y del uso de motocicletas. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo descriptivo sobre los casos atendidos en el Hospital Carlos G. Durand, Buenos Aires (CABA), Argentina, desde enero de 2013 hasta diciembre de 2015, con el objetivo de representar el costo médico que estos generan en nuestro Hospital. De un total de 4368 pacientes atendidos en guardia, a causa de accidentes de tránsito, el 67% (2926 pacientes) fue provocado por motocicletas, de estos, el 18% requirió internación. Hubo predominio de varones y de lesiones en miembros inferiores. Las internaciones variaron entre 5 y 150 días, con 2.1 cirugías promedio por paciente. El gasto total del tratamiento fue de 16 767 037$, lo que en 2014 representaban unos 17 936 US$ por paciente. Estos resultados reflejan parcialmente el costo de dichos accidentes, ya que no se tiene en cuenta otros parámetros como la caída de días laborales; es por esto que se debe generar conciencia y crear políticas de prevención y educación vial más rigurosas, necesarias para poder evitar los accidentes que incrementan el gasto en afecciones evitables.


Traffic accidents cause 1.25 million deaths per year worldwide, being one of the leading causes of death in young people, and the first cause between the ages of 15 - 29. There has been an increase in accidents in the last 10 years, one of the reasons for this is the increase in the sales of motorcycles and its use. We present a retrospective study about the patients who received attention at Carlos G. Durand Hospital, (CABA, Buenos Aires , Argentina) from January 2013 to December of 2015, with the intention of showing the medical and economic impact this accidents cause. Of a total of 4368 incoming patients assisted, due to traffic accidents, 67% (2926) were the result of motorcycle crashes; 18% of them required hospitalization. Males, and lower limbs lesions were predominant. Hospitalizations varied between 5 and 150 days, with 2.1 average surgeries per patient. The total cost was 16 767 037$, and in 2014 it represented 17 936 US$ per patient. These results show only partially the impact these accidents produce, because there are factors (like missing working days) that were unaccounted for. This is why it is necessary to generate awareness and develop more rigorous road safety and prevention policies, necessary to avoid accidents that increase spending on preventable conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Motorcycles , Accidents, Traffic/economics , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, Public/economics , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
17.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(1): 18-22, feb. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894541

ABSTRACT

El número de publicaciones en la literatura científica provenientes de una institución es indicador de su producción científica. La producción científica de los hospitales del Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires (GCBA) ha sido valorada previamente, pero sin discriminar cuánto de dicha producción correspondía a otras instituciones académicas asentadas en ellos (Universidad de Buenos Aires, UBA, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, CONICET). Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar las publicaciones incluidas en PubMed que corresponden a hospitales del GCBA, describir sus principales características, y discriminar la contribución de otras instituciones académicas (UBA y CONICET). Es un estudio transversal por búsqueda en PubMed incorporando el nombre de los 34 hospitales del GCBA, UBA y CONICET. Se identificaron 2727 publicaciones de hospitales del GCBA (4.6% de las publicaciones de Argentina); 73.9% en inglés, 78.9% referidas a humanos, 37.2% de los últimos 5 años; 6.4% con alto nivel de evidencia (ensayos clínicos y metaanálisis), 28.4% incluían niños. En comparación con el total nacional, las publicaciones del GCBA incluyen menos trabajos en inglés, más investigaciones en humanos, más ensayos clínicos y más investigación en niños. De las publicaciones correspondientes a hospitales del GCBA, el 90.4% no compartían la afiliación con el CONICET ni con la UBA. Concluyendo, los hospitales del GCBA aportaron 4.6% del total de publicaciones de Argentina en PubMed; el 90% no es compartida con UBA ni CONICET. Las publicaciones de instituciones del GCBA incluyen más ensayos clínicos e investigación en niños.


The number of publications in the scientific literature coming from an institution is an indicator of its scientific production. The scientific production of the hospitals of the Government of the City of Buenos Aires (GCBA) has been evaluated previously, but without discriminating how much of that production corresponded to other academic institutions settled there (University of Buenos Aires, UBA, National Council of Scientific Research and Techniques, CONICET). Our objective was to evaluate the publications included in PubMed that correspond to hospitals of the GCBA, describe their main characteristics, and discriminate the contribution of other academic institutions (UBA and CONICET). It is a cross-sectional study based on a PubMed search, using the name of each of the 34 GCBA hospitals, CONICET and UBA in the "affiliation" field. In total, 2727 publications from GCBA hospitals were identified (4.6% of Argentine publications); 73.9% in English, 78.9% in relation to humans, 37.2% in the last 5 years; 6.4% with high level of evidence (clinical trials and meta-analysis), and 28.4% including children. Compared to the national total, the GCBA publications include fewer works in English, more research in humans, more clinical trials and more research in children. Of the publications corresponding to hospitals of the GCBA, 90.4% did not share the affiliation with CONICET or with UBA.In conclusion, the GCBA hospitals generated 4.6% of the total Argentine publications in PubMed; and 90% of these was not shared with UBA or CONICET. Publications from GCBA institutions include more clinical trials and research in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bibliometrics , Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , PubMed/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 69, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-962267

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate factors associated with hospital death in older inpatients for specific diseases of the circulatory system in the Brazilian Unified Health System considering the risk-adjusted hospital mortality as an indicator of effectiveness. METHODS The data were extracted from the Brazilian Hospital Information System. A total of 385,784 hospitalizations of older were selected for hypertensive diseases, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, and stroke in the Brazilian Southeast region between 2011 and 2012. Age, sex, emergency admission, principal diagnosis, and two comorbidity indexes were included in the logistic regression for the risk adjustment of hospital death. The analyses were developed at two levels: hospitalization and hospital. RESULTS A greater chance of death was observed with increasing age, emergency hospitalizations, stroke, presence of comorbidities, especially pneumonia and weight loss, hospitalizations for clinical care, and use of intensive care units. The risk-adjusted hospital mortality rate was 11.1% in for-profit private hospitals, 12.3% in non-profit private hospitals, and 14.4% in public hospitals, but there was great variability among the hospitals. The hospital standardized mortality ratio (ratio between observed and predicted deaths) ranged from 103.3% in non-profit private hospitals to 118.2% in for-profit private hospitals. CONCLUSIONS Although the information source has its shortcomings, the ability for discrimination of the risk adjustment model was reasonable. The variability in the risk-adjusted hospital mortality was great and comparatively higher in for-profit private hospitals. Despite the limits, the results favor the use of the risk-adjusted hospital mortality in the monitoring of the quality of hospital care provided to the older adult.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar fatores associados ao óbito hospitalar em idosos internados por doenças do aparelho circulatório específicas no Sistema Único de Saúde, considerando a mortalidade hospitalar ajustada como indicador de efetividade. MÉTODOS As informações foram extraídas do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares. Foram selecionadas 385.784 internações de idosos por doenças hipertensivas, doença isquêmica do coração, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva e doenças cerebrovasculares, na região Sudeste entre 2011 e 2012. Idade, sexo, admissão de emergência, diagnóstico principal e dois índices de comorbidade foram incluídos na regressão logística para o ajuste do risco de óbito. As análises foram desenvolvidas em dois níveis: internação e hospital. RESULTADOS Observou-se maior chance de morrer nas idades mais avançadas, nas internações de urgência, por doenças cerebrovasculares, com registro de comorbidade, especialmente pneumonia e perda de peso, nas internações para cuidado clínico e com uso de unidades de terapia intensiva. A taxa de mortalidade hospitalar ajustada foi 11,1% nos hospitais privados, 12,3% nos filantrópicos e 14,4% nos públicos, mas houve grande variabilidade entre hospitais. A razão de mortalidade hospitalar ajustada (razão entre óbitos observados e preditos) variou entre 103,3% nos hospitais filantrópicos e 118,2% nos hospitais privados. CONCLUSÕES Embora haja insuficiências na fonte de informação, a capacidade de discriminação do modelo de ajuste de risco mostrou-se razoável. A variabilidade na mortalidade hospitalar ajustada foi ampla e comparativamente maior nos hospitais privados. Apesar dos limites, os resultados favorecem o uso da mortalidade hospitalar ajustada por risco no monitoramento da qualidade do cuidado hospitalar prestado ao idoso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Quality of Health Care , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cause of Death , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Risk Adjustment , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(4): eAO4322, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975105

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the characteristics of the work environment that enable the professional practice of nurses in private and public organizations. Methods A quantitative, exploratory, cross-section study, carried out in four health organizations - one public and three private, with 188 registered nurses. Participants answered the Brazilian version of the Nursing Work Index − Revised, which aims to evaluate the presence of characteristics that favor the development of nursing activities through 15 items distributed into three subscales: autonomy, control over the practice setting and relationships with physicians. The measurement scale used is Likert, and lower scores represent better evaluation of the environment, i.e. , more favorable characteristics are present to assist the development of nursing activities. Results The means of the responses of participants of private hospitals were smaller in all subscales of the instrument, as compared to those from public hospitals. Conclusion The environment of private hospitals showed more favorable characteristics to the professional practice of registered nurses than the public hospital environment.


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar as características do ambiente de trabalho que favorecem a prática profissional do enfermeiro em instituições privadas e pública. Métodos Estudo quantitativo, exploratório, transversal, realizado em quatro instituições de saúde, sendo uma pública e três privadas, com 188 enfermeiros. Os participantes responderam a versão brasileira do Nursing Work Index − Revised , que tem por objetivo avaliar a presença de características que favorecem o desenvolvimento das atividades do enfermeiro por meio de 15 itens distribuídos em três subescalas: autonomia, controle sobre o ambiente de trabalho e relações entre médicos. A escala de medida utilizada é do tipo Likert e menores pontuações representam melhor avaliação do ambiente, ou seja, mais características favoráveis estão presentes para auxiliar o desenvolvimento das atividades da enfermagem. Resultados As médias das respostas dos participantes dos hospitais privados foram menores em todas as subescalas do instrumento, quando comparadas às do hospital público. Conclusão Os ambientes dos hospitais privados demonstraram possuir mais características favoráveis à prática profissional do enfermeiro do que o ambiente do hospital público.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Workload/statistics & numerical data , Workplace/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Staff, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(6): e00156416, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-952405

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O objetivo do estudo foi identificar aglomerados de nascimentos segundo o tipo de hospital (SUS e não SUS) e a existência de diferenciais quanto a características socioeconômicas, materno-infantis e de acesso, medidos pela distância entre as residências maternas e os hospitais onde se deram os partos. Os nascimentos ocorridos de mães residentes no Município de São Paulo, Brasil, em 2010 foram georreferenciados e alocados nas 310 áreas de ponderação do censo demográfico, além de classificados segundo hospital de nascimento (SUS e não SUS). Foram identificados aglomerados espaciais por meio da técnica de varredura espacial para dependência espacial dos nascimentos SUS e não SUS, com a formação de dez aglomerados SUS e sete não SUS. Os nascimentos em hospitais não SUS formaram aglomerados situados na área central, onde há menor proporção de domicílios de baixa renda. Os aglomerados de nascidos vivos SUS localizaram-se nas bordas da cidade, onde são mais frequentes domicílios em aglomerados subnormais. Os aglomerados tanto SUS como não SUS não são homogêneos entre si, visto que há diferenças em relação a idade das mães, escolaridade, número de consultas de pré-natal e recém-nascidos muito prematuros. A distância média teórica percorrida pelas mães até o hospital foi 51,8% menor nos aglomerados SUS (5,1km) que nos não SUS (9,8km). A formação de aglomerados de nascimentos mostrou diferenciais das características maternas, gestação, parto e recém-nascidos, além de ter apresentado distribuição espacial radial-concêntrica, refletindo os diferenciais socioeconômicos existentes na cidade. A menor distância nos nascimentos SUS indica a regionalização da assistência ao parto no Município de São Paulo.


Abstract: This study aimed to identify birth clusters according to type of hospital (SUS vs. non-SUS) and the existence of differences in socioeconomic, maternal, neonatal, and healthcare access characteristics, measured by the distance between the mothers' homes and the hospitals where they gave birth. Births to mothers residing in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2010 were georeferenced and allocated in 310 weighting areas from the population census, in addition to classifying them according to hospital of birth (SUS vs. non-SUS). Spatial clusters were identified through the spatial sweep technique for spatial dependence of SUS and non-SUS births, leading to the formation of ten SUS clusters and seven non-SUS clusters. Births in non-SUS hospitals formed clusters in the city's central area, with a lower proportion of low-income households. The SUS birth clusters were located on the outskirts of the city, where there are more households in subnormal clusters. Both SUS and non-SUS clusters were not internally homogeneous, showing differences in maternal age, schooling, and number of prenatal visits and very premature newborns. The theoretical mean distance traveled by mothers to the hospital was 51.8% lower in the SUS clusters (5.1km) than in the non-SUS clusters (9.8km). The formation of birth clusters showed differences in maternal, pregnancy, childbirth, and neonatal characteristics, in addition to displaying a radial-concentric spatial distribution, reflecting the city's prevailing socioeconomic differences. The shorter distance in SUS births indicates regionalization of childbirth care in the city of São Paulo.


Resumen: El objetivo del estudio fue identificar aglomerados de nacimientos, según el tipo de hospital (SUS y no SUS), y la existencia de diferenciales en cuanto a características socioeconómicas, materno-infantiles y de acceso, calculados por la distancia entre las residencias maternas y los hospitales donde se produjeron los partos. Los nacimientos que se produjeron con madres residentes en el municipio de São Paulo, Brasil, en 2010 fueron georreferenciados y asignados a las 310 áreas de ponderación del censo demográfico, además de clasificados según el hospital de nacimiento (SUS y no SUS). Se identificaron aglomerados espaciales mediante la técnica de barrido espacial para la dependencia espacial de los nacimientos SUS y no SUS, formando diez aglomerados SUS y siete no SUS. Los nacimientos en hospitales no SUS constituyeron aglomerados, situados en el área central, donde existe una menor proporción de domicilios de baja renta. Los aglomerados de nacidos vivos SUS estaban ubicados en el extrarradio de la ciudad, donde son más frecuentes domicilios en aglomerados por debajo de los estándares normales. Los aglomerados tanto SUS, como no SUS, no son homogéneos entre sí, debido a que existen diferencias referentes a la edad de las madres, escolaridad, número de consultas prenatales y recién nacidos muy prematuros. La distancia media teórica recorrida por las madres hasta el hospital fue un 51,8% menor en los aglomerados SUS (5,1km) que en los no SUS (9,8km). La formación de aglomerados de nacimientos mostró diferenciales en las características maternas, gestación, parto y recién nacidos, además de haber presentado distribución espacial radial-concéntrica, reflejando los diferenciales socioeconómicos existentes en la ciudad. La menor distancia en los nacimientos SUS indica la regionalización de la asistencia al parto en el municipio de São Paulo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Live Birth/epidemiology , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Apgar Score , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Maternal Age , Cities , Geographic Information Systems , Health Status Disparities , Spatial Analysis , National Health Programs/statistics & numerical data
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