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1.
Niger. J. Dent. Res. (Online) ; 7(1): 45-52, 2022.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1354687

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to evaluate the level of patients' compliance with recall / follow-up visits attending the dental Centre of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH).Methods: This study adopted a descriptive retrospective study of case notes retrieved from the medical records department of the dental Centre, University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The period under study covers 2019 to 2021. The data was collected by means of 1232 questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages. Results: The result showed that the participants in the age bracket of 18-40 years of age (277) complied better to recall visit in comparison with the study age distributions which are 41-65 years (218) and age above 65 years (188). As per the influence of gender on compliance of patients with post-extraction recall visits, it was observed that the male participants (288) responded better to the recall visits compared to the female participants (251). The Relationship between distance away from the hospital and compliance of patients with post-extraction recall visits was also evaluated, and it was observed that the patients closer to the hospital within 5km (442) complied better to recall revisit in comparison to the participants who were within 10km (224) from the hospital as well as the participants that were 10km & above (17). Finally, the influence of interval between procedure and recall visit was also evaluated, and the result revealed that the participants that were given 7 days of recall revisit (663) complied better compared with the participants who were given 14days duration for recall revisit (478). Conclusion: The data from this study highlighted the possible need for a paradigm shift in patient-doctor interphase especially as it concerns recall visits. Compliance to recall appointment by the patients depends largely on age, gender, distance from hospital and interval between procedures and is mainly responsible for the noncompliance of patients to recall visit


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction , Dental Care , Patient Compliance , Continuity of Patient Care , Hospitals, Teaching
2.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1359570

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as percepções dos profissionais da saúde sobre a presença do acompanhante no processo do nascimento. Método: estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado em um hospital escola, com 29 profissionais da saúde. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de entrevistas, entre maio a julho de 2018, sendo analisadas com abordagem baseada no Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados: após análise emergiram quatro Ideias Centrais: experiências positivas e a participação do acompanhante, o ambiente desconhecido gera sentimento de insegurança no acompanhante, a presença do acompanhante causa desconforto na equipe de saúde e o profissional barra o acompanhante pela presunção de que ele irá atrapalhar. Conclusão: as percepções dos profissionais se mostraram conflitantes, sendo que alguns percebem a importância e os benefícios do acompanhante no nascimento, e outros apontaram que ele atrapalha a equipe de saúde, pela ansiedade e estresse, prejudicando a equipe de saúde e interferindo de maneira negativa


Objective: to describe the perceptions of health professionals about the presence of a companion in the birth process. Method: a descriptive, qualitative study, carried out in a teaching hospital, with 29 health professionals. Data collection was carried out through interviews, between May and July 2018, being analyzed using an approach based on the Collective Subject Discourse. Results:after analysis, four Central Ideas emerged: positive experiences and the companion's participation, the unknown environment generates feelings of insecurity in the companion, the presence of the companion causes discomfort in the health team and the professional stops the companion due to the presumption that it will hinder. Conclusion: the perceptions of the professionals were conflicting, with some perceiving the importance and benefits of the companion at birth, and others pointed out that it disturbs the health team, due to anxiety and stress, harming the health team and interfering in a negative way


Objetivo: describir las percepciones de los profesionales de la salud sobre la presencia de un acompañante en el proceso del parto. Método: estudio descriptivo, cualitativo, realizado en un hospital universitario, con 29 profesionales de la salud. La recolección de datos se realizó a través de entrevistas, entre mayo y julio de 2018, siendo analizadas con un enfoque basado en el Discurso Colectivo del Sujeto. Resultados: luego del análisis surgieron cuatro Ideas Centrales: experiencias positivas y la participación del acompañante, el entorno desconocido genera sentimientos de inseguridad en el acompañante, la presencia del acompañante provoca malestar en el equipo de salud y el profesional detiene al acompañante por presunción de que dificultará. Conclusión: las percepciones de los profesionales fueron conflictivas, algunos percibieron la importancia y los beneficios del acompañante al nacer, y otros señalaron que perturba al equipo de salud, por ansiedad y estrés, perjudicando al equipo de salud e interfiriendo de manera negativa


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patient Care Team/trends , Humanizing Delivery , Medical Chaperones/trends , Hospital-Patient Relations , Qualitative Research , Hospitals, Teaching
3.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210047, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365229

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the patients' management pattern for restorative treatment procedures at the Restorative Dentistry Clinic at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH). Material and Methods: A descriptive and retrospective study design was employed to determine patients' management patterns for the restorative treatment procedures at the Restorative Dentistry Clinic at LASUTH. Treatment records of patients who attended the Restorative Clinic at the Lagos State University Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria, from 2011 to 2014 were reviewed; the effective treatments during the period under review were recorded as treatment procedures and were recorded as operative, endodontic, fixed prosthodontics, and removable procedures. Results: A total of 14,437 (75%) operative; 1,353 (7.0%) endodontic; and 559 (2.9%) fixed prosthodontics and 2,852 (14.9%) removable prosthodontic procedures were carried out during the period under review. This study showed that operative procedures were the most performed restorative procedures, whereas removable prosthodontics and endodontic procedures ranked second and third, respectively, to operative procedures. Fixed prosthodontics procedures were the least performed restorative procedures. Conclusion: This study showed that more efforts were being expended by dentists on operative services compared to endodontic, removable, and fixed prosthodontics services combined. Comprehensive studies, embracing all disciplines of dentistry, should be carried out to determine the level of demand and clinical relevance of procedures in clinical dental practice and hence to set specific and general objectives of dental education for the populace. Access to dental health Insurance services should also be increased in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Costs and Cost Analysis , Dentistry, Operative , Regenerative Endodontics , Nigeria , Root Canal Therapy , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Denture, Partial, Removable , Electronic Health Records , Hospitals, Teaching
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0011, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360921

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study set out to examine the impact of surgical treatment of senile cataract on visual acuity and quality of life in patients operated in a public teaching hospital. Methods: Prospective study including patients aged over 60 years with clinical indications for cataract surgery treated at a medical residency service. The National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 was applied. Corrected distance visual acuity was measured before and after cataract surgery. Correlations between National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 scores and corrected distance visual acuity were investigated. Surgeons in charge, and surgical complications were also reported. Results: A total of 69 patients (89 eyes) were enrolled in this study. Patients were submitted to unilateral (52) or bilateral (17) surgery. Mean patient age was 70.8 ± 7.3 (52 to 95) years. Mean preoperative and postoperative National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 scores were 77.4 ± 15.3 (25.7 to 98.2) and 89.7 ± 14.0 (28.2 to 100) respectively. The larger differences in National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 subscale scores were associated with general vision (from 34.4 to 48.6). Mean preoperative and postoperative corrected distance visual acuity were 0.7 ± 0.39 (0.3 to 1.3) LogMAR and 0.24 ± 0.19 (0.1 to 1.0) LogMAR respectively. Comparative analysis of preoperative and postoperative findings revealed significant (p<0.001) improvements in quality of life and corrected distance visual acuity. Most surgeries (70%, 74 eyes) were performed by surgeons in training. Comparative analysis between patients submitted to unilateral and bilateral surgery revealed significantly (p=0.016) larger visual acuity gains in patients requiring surgery in both eyes. However, questionnaire scores did not differ significantly (p=2.48). Complications were observed in 13 eyes (14.6%), posterior capsule tear being the most common. Even in these cases, total National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 scores and corrected distance visual acuity increased significantly (p<0.001). Conclusion: Cataract surgery performed in teaching hospital settings improved patient quality of life and visual acuity. Therefore, public health agencies should ensure access to cataract surgery.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da cirurgia de catarata na acuidade visual e na qualidade de vida em adultos submetidos à cirurgia de catarata em hospital público de ensino. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, que incluiu pacientes acima de 60 anos com indicação clínica para cirurgia de catarata em um serviço de residência médica. O National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 foi aplicado, e a acuidade visual corrigida à distância foi avaliada antes e após a cirurgia de catarata. Foram realizadas correlações entre o escore do National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 e a acuidade visual. Cirurgiões e complicações cirúrgicas também foram descritos. Resultados: Foram incluídos neste estudo 89 olhos de 69 pacientes, em um total de 52 cirurgias unilaterais e 17 bilaterais. A idade média foi de 70,8±7,3 anos (52 a 95), e a pontuação média do National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 antes da cirurgia foi 77,4±15,3 (25,7 a 98,2) e, depois, de 89,7±14,03 (28,2 a 100). A maior diferença entre os subdomínios do National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 foi a visão geral (34,4 a 48,6). A acuidade visual corrigida à distância média antes do procedimento foi de 0,70±0,39 (0,3 a 1,3) LogMAR e, depois, foi de 0,24±0,19 (0,1 a 1,0) LogMAR. Comparando os resultados antes e após a cirurgia de catarata, houve melhora significativa na qualidade de vida (p<0,001) e na acuidade visual (p<0,001). Dentre as cirurgias, 70% (74 olhos) foram realizadas por cirurgiões em treinamento. A análise comparativa entre os grupos de pacientes de cirurgias unilaterais e bilaterais apresentou um ganho na acuidade visual maior no grupo que operou ambos os olhos, com significância estatística (p=0,016). No entanto, o aumento na pontuação do questionário, observado em ambos os grupos, não representou diferença estatisticamente significante (p=٢,٤٨٩). Complicações foram observadas em ١٣ olhos (١٤,٦٪), sendo a ruptura de cápsula posterior a mais frequente. Mesmo esses pacientes obtiveram aumento no escore total do National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (p<0,001) e na acuidade visual corrigida à distância (p<0,001). Conclusão: A cirurgia de catarata realizada em ambiente hospitalar de ensino proporciona melhora na qualidade de vida e na acuidade visual, sendo fundamental que os órgãos de saúde pública garantam o acesso da população a esse procedimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Cataract Extraction , Visual Acuity , Phacoemulsification , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hospitals, Public , Hospitals, Teaching
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(11): 5691-5700, nov. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350454

ABSTRACT

Resumo O Programa de Reestruturação dos Hospitais de Ensino (HE) foi implantado como uma das estratégias para enfrentar a crise do setor. Pretendia introduzir novos modos de financiamento, de gestão e articulação destes hospitais com a rede de saúde. O artigo apresenta resultados de estudo qualitativo, de caso múltiplo, envolvendo quatro HE contratualizados em 2004. Foram entrevistados, em 2010, 32 dirigentes hospitalares, gestores do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e dos ministérios envolvidos. Utilizando como referencial teórico elementos da micropolítica das organizações de saúde, revisitou-se o banco de dados como objetivo analisar as mudanças decorrentes dessa política governamental no cotidiano dos HE, procurando caracterizar o posicionamento e protagonismo dos diferentes atores institucionais e as dificuldades na sua implementação. A despeito da melhoria das condições financeiras, as mudanças observadas nos HE foram restritas. Analisar a política de contratualização permite compreender como um projeto consistente e idealizado pode reproduzir o comportamento conservador que caracteriza a gestão pública.


Abstract The Teaching Hospital Restructuring Program was introduced as a strategy to fight the crisis in this sector. It brings to new funding, management and relationship standards between teaching hospitals and health system. This study presents the results obtained from a multiple case study involving four teaching hospitals whose contracts were executed in 2004. In 2010, a number of 32 interviews were conducted with both hospital and SUS managers, in addition to managers connected with the Federal Government Departments involved in the contracting system. By using elements from the micropolicy of health organizations as theoretical reference, the database was revisited with the goal of analyzing possible changes derived from such governmental policy applied in the daily life of teaching hospitals, in an attempt to explain the position taken by the diverse institutional actors as well as the main role played by the managers and the difficulties encountered in its introduction. Despite the improvements in the financial situation, the changes observed in teaching hospitals were not significant. An analysis of the contracting policy leads to an understanding of how a consistent and idealized project can reproduce the usual conservative behavior found in public management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Delivery of Health Care , Contracts , Policy , Government Programs , Health Policy , Hospitals, Teaching
6.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 21(3): 1127-1143, set.-dez. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1359119

ABSTRACT

As clínicas-escola de Psicologia vêm ocupando um lugar de centralidade nas regiões onde estão inseridas, pois acabam por dar suporte aos casos de "saúde mental" das redes de assistência social, educacional e, sobretudo, da saúde. Nesse sentido, nosso objetivo foi analisar os encaminhamentos da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) do município de Sobral-CE ao serviço-escola de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC). O estudo foi qualitativo e documental, uma vez que 293 prontuários, oriundos da APS, foram a fonte de pesquisa. Os dados foram analisados por meio da Análise de Discurso Crítica e a reflexão tomou como referência saber quem eram os profissionais que encaminhavam, o que "diziam" ao encaminhar e quais as sugestões de tratamentos consideravam mais adequadas. Constatamos que os psicólogos são os profissionais que mais encaminham ao serviço. Nos encaminhamentos feitos pelos médicos, percebemos a dificuldade de lidar e mesmo reconhecer o que não é palpável, com o que é "só psicológico". Por fim, consideramos que o que não pode ocorrer na atenção básica em saúde é a própria Psicologia, no entanto, as grandes filas de espera e os encaminhamentos massivos às clínicas-escola de Psicologia deflagrem o reconhecimento da importância da clínica, do atendimento individual. (AU)


The Psychology school clinics have a central importance in the regions where they are placed, because of the mental health support they give to cases from social assistance, educational and mainly health systems. Thus, our aim was to analyze the city of Sobral's Primary Health Care (PHC) referrals to the Psychology service of the Federal University of Ceará (UFC). This study was a qualitative and documentary research, using 293 medical records from PHC as source. The data were analyzed by means of the Critical Speech Analysis (CSA) and the reflection highlights to identify which professionals were referring, what "they said" when referring and what suggestions of treatments they considered more appropriate to the case. We found that psychologists are the professionals who most refer to the service. In the referrals made by the doctors, we realized the difficulty of medicine in dealing with and even recognize what is not touchable, what is "only psychological". Finally, we consider that what can not occur in the PHC is Psychology itself, however, the large waiting lines and the massive referrals to the school clinics of Psychology trigger the recognition of the importance of the clinic and of the individual care. (AU)


Las clínicas-escuela de Psicología vienen ocupando un lugar de centralidad en las regiones donde están insertadas, pues acaban por dar soporte a los casos de "salud mental" de las redes de asistencia social, educativa y, sobre todo, de la salud. En ese sentido, nuestro objetivo fue analizar las derivaciones de la Atención Primaria a la Salud (APS) del municipio Sobral-Ce. El estudio tuvo un enfoque cualitativo y documental, ya que 293 prontuarios, venidos de la APS, fueron la fuente de investigación. Los datos fueron analizados por medio del Análisis de Discurso Crítico y la reflexión tomó como referencia saber quién eran los profesionales que derivaban, lo que "decían" al derivar y cuáles las sugerencias de tratamientos consideraban más adecuadas. Constatamos que los psicólogos son los profesionales que más derivan al servicio. En los encaminamientos hechos por los médicos, percibimos la dificultad de tratar e incluso reconocer lo que no es palpable, con lo que es "solo psicológico". Por ultimo, consideramos que lo que no puede ocurrir en la APS es la Psicología misma, pero, las grandes colas de espera y los encaminamientos masivos a las clínicas-escuela de Psicología deflagran el reconocimiento de la importancia de la clínica, de la atención individual. (AU)


Subject(s)
Psychology , Mental Health , Primary Health Care , Universities , Health Systems , Hospitals, Teaching
7.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(2): 91-98, 30-06-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283841

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o clima de segurança do paciente no centro cirúrgico de um hospital público de ensino, sob a ótica da equipe multidisciplinar. Método: Estudo transversal, descritivo, desenvolvido no centro cirúrgico de um hospital universitário do Paraná, Brasil. Aplicou-se a versão brasileira validada do Safety Attitudes Questionnaire/ Operating Room Version a uma amostra de 36 trabalhadores multidisciplinares. Na análise estatística descritiva, os escores acima de 75 pontos foram considerados positivos. Resultados: A média da percepção do clima de segurança multiprofissional foi de 61,8±38,8 pontos. Apenas o Fator 8, Satisfação no trabalho (82,6±23,4), e o Fator 12, Cirurgião como coordenador da equipe (77,1±27,2), alcançaram escores positivos no estudo. O pior domínio avaliado foi "percepção de estresse" (34,2±34,1). A categoria "enfermeiro assistencial" foi a que melhor avaliou o clima de segurança do paciente, mesmo sem atingir o ponto de corte. Conclusão: O clima de segurança do paciente no centro cirúrgico obteve avaliação negativa pela equipe multidisciplinar, o que indica a necessidade de revisão de processos para possível maior segurança no cuidado


Objective: To assess the patient safety climate in the surgical center of a public teaching hospital, from the perspective of the multidisciplinary team. Method: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study developed in the surgical center of a teaching hospital located in the state of Paraná, Brazil. The Brazilian and validated version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire/Operating Room Version was applied to a sample of 36 multidisciplinary professionals. In the descriptive statistical analysis, scores higher than 75 points were considered positive. Results: The average perception of the multidisciplinary safety climate was 61.8±38.8 points. Only Factor 8 ­ Job satisfaction (82.6±23.4) and Factor 12 ­ Surgeon as team leader (77.1±27.2) achieved positive scores in the study. The worst domain evaluated was "Stress recognition" (34.2±34.1). The category "nursing assistants" was the one that best evaluated the patient's safety climate, even without reaching the cutoff point. Conclusion: Patient safety climate in the surgical center was negatively assessed by the multidisciplinary team, which indicates the need for reviewing processes to achieve greater safety in care.


Objetivo: Evaluar el clima de seguridad del paciente en el Centro Quirúrgico de un hospital público docente, desde la perspectiva del equipo multidisciplinario. Método: Estudio descriptivo transversal, desarrollado en el Centro Quirúrgico de un hospital universitario de Paraná, Brasil. Se aplicó la versión brasileña validada del Safety Attitudes Questionnaire / Operating Room Version a una muestra de 36 trabajadores multidisciplinarios. En el análisis estadístico descriptivo, los puntajes superiores a 75 puntos fueron considerados positivos. Resultados: La percepción media del clima de seguridad multiprofesional fue de 61,8±38,8 puntos. Solo el Factor 8- Satisfacción laboral (82,6±23,4) y el Factor 12- Cirujano como coordinador del equipo (77,1±27,2) obtuvieron puntuaciones positivas en el estudio. El peor dominio evaluado fue la "Percepción de estrés" (34,2±34,1). La categoría "Enfermero asistencial" fue la que mejor evaluó el clima de seguridad del paciente, incluso sin alcanzar el punto de corte. Conclusión: El clima de seguridad del paciente en el Centro Quirúrgico fue evaluado negativamente por el equipo multidisciplinario, lo que indica la necesidad de revisar los procesos para una posible mayor seguridad en la atención.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Nursing , Surgicenters , Patient Safety , Operating Rooms , Patients , Hospitals, Teaching
8.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 42(2): 135-144, jun./dez. 2021. Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292825

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the quality of life of patients with chronic renal failure during hemodialysis and differences in relation to sex. Material and Method: a descriptive, quantitative study, developed in the Renal Replacement Therapy sector of a teaching hospital, consisting of 78 patients. Inclusion criteria: patients over 18 years of age undergoing hemodialysis. Patients with cognitive impairment were excluded. Data collection took place between june and july 2018, through a questionnaire with questions about socio-demographic aspects and clinical characterization of the study participants. The other instrument was aimed at quality of life, using the WHOQOL-bref. The data were organized in Excel® 2016 (Microsoft®). Study approved by the Research Ethics Committee involving human beings. Results: 51.3% were female and 48.7% were male, 96.2% had no employment. The average of the WHOQOL-bref domains was verified, and it was found that physical, psychological, social relations and the environment obtained an average of around 3.2 to 3.6, classifying the average quality of life. Conclusion: the study identified an average quality of life in patients undergoing renal replacement therapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Renal Insufficiency , Hospitals, Teaching , Patients
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): 317-324, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292029

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los trabajadores de la salud se encuentran sometidos a una gran tensión en el desarrollo de sus actividades, lo que genera alta frecuencia de estrés, desgaste laboral e impacto psicopatológico. La pandemia de COVID-19 podría provocar un incremento de estas entidades en los médicos. El objetivo fue describir la frecuencia de estrés, síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout), ansiedad y depresión durante la pandemia, y analizar las asociaciones con distintas variables independientes. Métodos. Estudio observacional, transversal, realizado dos meses después del inicio de la cuarentena en Argentina. Se encuestó a médicos de especialidades clínicas, quirúrgicas, solo de emergencias, y a aquellos sin contacto directo con pacientes, mediante un cuestionario sociodemográfico y tres inventarios autoadministrados: Health Professions Stress Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory y la Escala de ansiedad y depresión hospitalaria. Resultados. La prevalencia de estrés fue del 93,7 % (IC95 %: 90,33-96,2), burnout 73,5 % (IC95 %: 68,2-78,4), ansiedad 44 % (IC95 %: 38,4-49,8) y depresión 21,9 % (IC95 %: 17,3-26,9). No se observó asociación entre la frecuencia y el tipo de especialidad realizada. La frecuencia de burnout, ansiedad y depresión fue significativamente mayor en los médicos residentes y en aquellos que trabajan en emergencias. Conclusiones. Los médicos residentes y quienes trabajan en emergencias en turnos de 24 horas mostraron porcentajes significativamente más altos de burnout, ansiedad y depresión, en comparación con médicos de planta y con aquellos en posiciones de liderazgo. Estos hallazgos pueden estar asociados con una mayor carga de trabajo y una menor experiencia. Es mandatorio tomar medidas preventivas y terapéuticas para preservar a quienes hacen frente a esta pandemia.


Introduction. Health care workers experience a tremendous strain while performing their activities, very frequently leading to stress, burnout syndrome, and psychopathological impact. The COVID-19 pandemic may cause physicians to suffer these effects even to a greater extent. Our objective was to describe the frequency of stress, burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression during the pandemic, and analyze the associations with different independent outcome measures. Methods. Observational, cross-sectional study conducted 2 months after the lockdown was established in Argentina. Clinical specialists, surgeons, emergency physicians, and those with no direct contact with patients were surveyed using a sociodemographic questionnaire and 3 self-administered inventories: Health Professions Stress Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results. The prevalence of stress was 93.7 % (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 90.33-96.2), burnout syndrome 73.5 % (95 % CI: 68.2-78.4), anxiety 44 % (95 % CI: 38.4-49.8), and depression 21.9 % (95 % CI: 17.3-26.9). No association was observed between the frequency and medical specialty. The frequency of burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression was significantly higher among residents and physicians working in the emergency department. Conclusions. Residents and emergency physicians working 24-hour shifts showed significantly higher percentages of burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression compared to staff and head physicians. These findings may be associated with a higher workload and less experience. It is compulsory to take preventive and therapeutic measures to protect those in the pandemic front line.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , Burnout, Psychological , SARS-CoV-2 , Hospitals, Teaching
10.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(276): 5632-5641, maio.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1224642

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar os cuidados de enfermagem com o protetor ocular em recém-nascidos. Método: Estudo investigatório descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado em hospital-escola, localizado na cidade de Fortaleza-Ceará, Brasil, janeiro a fevereiro de 2016. Participaram do estudo 15 enfermeiras que prestavam cuidados a recém-nascidos em fototerapia, na Unidade de Cuidados Intermediários e Terapia Intensiva. A coleta dos dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista não estruturada. Resultados: O protetor ocular é utilizado na prevenção de lesão na retina de recém-nascidos, sendo que existem riscos na utilização desse artefato e, para evitar danos, são realizados cuidados essenciais direcionados aos recém-nascidos sob fototerapia. Conclusão: Os cuidados que as enfermeiras prestam aos recém-nascidos são realizados de forma sistematizada, aliando humanização e tecnologia.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate nursing care with eye protection for newborns. Method: Descriptive investigative study, with a qualitative approach, carried out in a teaching hospital, located in the city of Fortaleza-Ceará, Brazil, January to February 2016. The study included 15 nurses who cared for newborns undergoing phototherapy, at the Intermediate Care and Intensive Care. Data collection took place through unstructured interviews. Results: The eye protector is used to prevent injury to the retina of newborns, and there are risks in the use of this artifact and, to avoid damage, essential care directed to newborns under phototherapy is performed. Conclusion: The care that nurses provide to newborns is carried out in a systematic way, combining humanization and technology.(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar los cuidados de enfermería con protección ocular para recién nacidos. Método: Estudio descriptivo de investigación, con abordaje cualitativo, realizado en un hospital universitario, ubicado en la ciudad de Fortaleza-Ceará, Brasil, de enero a febrero de 2016. Participaron del estudio 15 enfermeras que asistieron a recién nacidos en fototerapia, en el Intermedio. Cuidados y cuidados intensivos. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante entrevistas no estructuradas. Resultados: El protector ocular se utiliza para prevenir daños en la retina del recién nacido, existen riesgos en el uso de este artefacto y, para evitar daños, se realizan cuidados esenciales dirigidos al recién nacido sometido a fototerapia. Conclusión: La atención que brindan las enfermeras al recién nacido se realiza de manera sistemática, combinando humanización y tecnología.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Phototherapy , Neonatal Nursing , Eye Protective Devices , Nursing Care , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Eye Injuries/prevention & control , Data Collection , Hospitals, Teaching
11.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021222, 09 fev. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349375

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This article discusses the path of healthcare associated infections (HAI) indicators in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a public teaching hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, after certain change in its nursing staff: pair of nursing caregivers. The model of a pair of caregivers consists in assigning one nurse and one nursing technician for every three patients. The indicators analyzed were infection related to central venous catheters (CVCs), the risk of HAI, turnover, and absenteeism. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to understand the impact of the restructuring of the nursing staff in Human Resources and on the rate of infection in the ICU. METHODS: As for methods, it is a qualitative and descriptive research carried out as a case study. RESULTS: The results have shown that the risk of HAIs significantly increased after the change in staffing, but the density of vascular access infection associated with CVCs was drastically reduced. The results of turnover of nursing technics decreased and the turnover of nurses increased while the absenteeism of the nursing team decreased after the change. The interviews revealed that there was a gain at the care due to the change. CONCLUSION: As a conclusion, the results of the study have shown that the proposed nursing model caused a care gain, once the interviews exposed that and indicator directly related to nursing team care (infection associated with CVCs) decreased.


INTRODUÇÃO: Esse artigo discute a evolução do indicador de infecção relacionada à assistência à saúde (IRAS) em uma Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo (UTI) em um hospital-escola público de Belo Horizonte, Brasil, após alteração na equipe de enfermagem: par de cuidadores. Esse modelo de par de cuidadores consistiu em determinar um enfermeiro e um técnico em enfermagem para cada três pacientes. Os indicadores analisados foram infecções de corrente sanguínea associadas ao Cateter Venoso Central (CVC), risco de IRAS, turnover e absenteísmo. OBJETIVO: Compreender o impacto da reestruturação do time de enfermagem na área de Recursos Humanos e a taxa de infecção na UTI. MÉTODOS: Como métodos, é uma pesquisa qualitativa e descritiva, obtida por meio do estudo de caso. RESULTADOS: Os resultados apontaram que o risco das IRAS aumentou significativamente após a mudança da equipe de enfermagem, mas a densidade do indicador de infecções de corrente sanguínea associadas ao CVC reduziu drasticamente. Os resultados de turnover entre os técnicos de enfermagem caiu e dos enfermeiros aumentou, enquanto o absenteísmo da equipe de enfermagem reduziu. As entrevistas revelaram que houve um ganho na qualidade do cuidado relacionado à mudança. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que os resultados demonstraram um ganho assistencial obtido pela mudança na equipe de enfermagem, uma vez que isso foi relevado nas entrevistas e houve redução nos resultados do indicador diretamente relacionado ao trabalho do enfermeiro (infecções associadas ao CVC)


Subject(s)
Humans , Personnel Management , Infection Control , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Hospital Administrators , Intensive Care Units , Nursing, Team , Personnel Turnover , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Cross Infection , Absenteeism , Hospitals, Teaching
13.
Babcock Univ. Med. J ; 4(1): 38-44, 2021.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1291867

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus infection became a global pandemic in March 2020. The number of hospitalized cases in Nigeria and Ogun State has been on a steady increase with a concomitant rise in Mortality. This necessitates a coordinated and a more systemic approach in the management of this deadly disease.As a result of the potential effects of the disease on the socio-economic development of Ogun State, the state government granted Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilishan-Remo the permission to diagnose, admit and manage cases in line with Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC)/World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. This led to the establishment of a molecular laboratory and a COVID-19 task force to oversee the treatment of confirmed cases of COVID-19 disease.This protocol is developed to serve as a template for the diagnosis, admission, treatment of cases of COVID-19 diseases presenting for care in the hospital and to prevent the spread of the disease among healthcare workers within the hospital environment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Clinical Protocols , COVID-19 , Inpatients , Hospitals, Teaching , Nigeria
14.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 22(4): 498-503, 2021.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1342265

ABSTRACT

Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been highly associated with carbapenem resistance in which carbapenemases has been suggested to be a major contributory factor. Hence the objective of this study was to phenotypically detect KPC-type carbapenemase, metallo-ß-lactamase and OXA-48 carbapenemase production in clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Nigeria Methodology: One hundred and seventy-one P. aeruginosa isolates consecutively recovered from clinical specimens of patients with infections at the Medical Microbiology and Parasitology laboratory of the hospital were identified using MicrobactTM 24E kit. Preliminary screening for carbapenem resistance was determined by the disc diffusion method on Mueller-Hinton agar using single discs of meropenem and imipenem. Phenotypic detection of carbapenemase production among carbapenem-resistant isolates was performed by the combination disc test of meropenem-phenylboronic acid (MRPBO) and meropenem-dipicolinic acid (MRPDP) as recommended by EUCAST 2013 guideline. Results: Out of the 171 P. aeruginosa isolates, 35 (20.5%) were carbapenem non-susceptible (resistant) while carbapenemase production was detected in 27 (77.1%) of these carbapenem resistant isolates, and no enzyme was detected in 8 (22.9%). Of the 27 carbapenemase producing isolates, 22 (81.5%) produced MBL, 1 (3.7%) produced KPC, while 4 (14.8%) produced both KPC and MBL enzymes. Conclusion: This study revealed that carbapenem resistance among P. aeruginosa clinical isolates in our institution is gradually increasing. The mechanism for this rise is associated with carbapenemases, with MBL being the major carbapenemase involved. There is the need to ensure strict compliance with the LUTH infection control guidelines in order to check the rising incidence of infection caused by carbapenem resistant P. aeruginosa


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Hospitals, Teaching , Infections , Nigeria
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#In this article, we aim to share our experience in the hospital reorganization made to conduct the SARS-CoV-2 vaccination campaign, based on the principles of flexibility and adaptability.@*STUDY DESIGN@#A descriptive study.@*METHODS@#The data concerning the organization of the vaccination campaign were taken from the operative protocol developed by the hospital dedicated task force, composed by experts in hygiene, public health, occupational medicine, pharmacists, nurses, hospital quality, and disaster managers. Data about the numbers of vaccine administered daily were collected by the Innovation and Development Operative Unit database.@*RESULTS@#Vaccinations against COVID-19 started across the EU on the 27th of December 2020. The first phase of the vaccination campaign carried out in our hospital was directed to healthcare workers immunization including medical residents, social care operators, administrative staff and technicians, students of medicine, and health professions trainees. The second phase was enlarged to the coverage of extremely fragile subjects. Thanks to the massive employment of healthcare workers and the establishment of dynamic pathways, it was possible to achieve short turnaround times and a large number of doses administered daily, with peaks of 870 vaccines per day. From the 27th of December up to the 14th of March a total of 26,341 doses of Pfizer have been administered. 13,584 were first doses and 12,757 were second doses. From the 4th to the 14th of March, 296 first doses of Moderna were dispensed. It was necessary to implement adequate spaces and areas adopting anti-contagion safety measures: waiting area for subjects to be vaccinated, working rooms for the dilution of the vaccine and the storage of the material, vaccination rooms, post-vaccination observation areas, room for observation, and treatment of any adverse reactions, with an emergency cart available in each working area.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The teaching hospital of Pisa faced the beginning of the immunization campaign readjusting its spaces, planning an adequate hospital vaccination area and providing an organization plan to ensure the achievement of the targets of the campaign. This represented a challenge due to limited vaccine doses supplied and the multisectoral teams of professionals to coordinate in the shortest time and the safest way possible. The organizational model adopted proved to be adequate and therefore exploited also for the second phase aimed to extremely fragile subjects.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , Hospitals, Teaching/organization & administration , Humans , Immunization Programs/organization & administration , Italy/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Regional disparities in the working conditions of medical doctors have not been fully assessed in Japan. We aimed to clarify these differences in hospital characteristics: doctors' workload, wages, and popularity among medical students by city population sizes.@*METHODS@#We targeted 423 teaching hospitals certified by the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine and assessed the working conditions of physicians specializing in internal medicine. We calculated their workload (the annual number of discharged patients per physician) and retrieved data on junior residents' monthly wages from the Resinavi Book which is popular among medical students in Japan to know the teaching hospital's information and each hospital's website. Furthermore, we explored the interim matching rate of each hospital as its popularity among medical students. Next, we classified cities in which all hospitals were located into eight groups based on their population size and compared the characteristics of these hospitals using a one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#The average workload was 110.3, while the average workload in hospitals located in most populated cities (≥ 2,000,000) was 88.4 (p < 0.05). The average monthly wage was 351,199 Japanese yen, while that in most populated cities was 305,635.1 Japanese yen. The average popularity (matching rate) was 101.9%, and the rate in most populated areas was 142.7%, which was significantly higher than in other areas.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hospitals in most populated areas had significantly lower workloads and wages; however, they were more popular among medical students than those in other areas. This study was the first to quantify the regional disparities in physicians' working conditions in Japan, and such disparities need to be corrected.


Subject(s)
Cities/statistics & numerical data , Geography , Hospitals, Teaching/statistics & numerical data , Japan , Physicians/statistics & numerical data , Population Density , Salaries and Fringe Benefits/statistics & numerical data , Students, Medical/psychology , Workload/statistics & numerical data
18.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(3): 224-231, 20210000. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343185

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A dor lombar representa um problema de saúde pública na população em idade economicamente ativa em todo o mundo, incluindo trabalhadores de lavanderia hospitalar. Neste artigo é avaliada a prevalência de dor lombar em trabalhadores de lavanderia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre e sua associação com dados sociodemográficos, clínicos, ocupacionais e prática de exercícios físicos. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal do qual participaram 99 funcionários da lavanderia do Hospital. Foi utilizado instrumento de pesquisa composto por um questionário com questões sociodemográficas, clínicas e ocupacionais dos trabalhadores. Os dados obtidos foram processados pelo Teste Qui-Quadrado de Pearson e pela regressão de Poisson com variâncias robustas. Resultados: A prevalência de dor lombar encontrada foi de 68,69% (IC 95% 59,4%;78,0%). Entre os participantes, 12,1% relataram afastamento do trabalho pela Previdência Social devido a dor lombar. Na análise multivariada, ser trabalhador do setor costura foi associado a maior risco de apresentar dor lombar, enquanto que ter duplo emprego e tempo de serviço na função não estiveram significativamente associados. Conclusões: A dor lombar foi uma queixa prevalente em trabalhadores da lavanderia hospitalar, especialmente no setor costura. Ter duplo emprego ou maior tempo de trabalho na função não se mostraram fatores associados à prevalência de dor lombar na população estudada. Sugere-se a adoção de estratégias de prevenção e controle da dor lombar e a realização de mais estudos no tema, a fim de aprofundar os fatores associados e estabelecer medidas preventivas eficazes. (AU)


Introduction: Low back pain represents a public health problem in the working-age population worldwide, including hospital laundry workers. This article evaluates the prevalence of low back pain in laundry workers at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and its association with sociodemographic, clinical, and occupational data and physical exercises. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 99 laundry workers at the Hospital. We applied a research instrument consisting of a questionnaire with sociodemographic, clinical, and occupational questions. We used Pearson's chi-square test and Poisson regression with robust variance for data analysis. Results: The prevalence of low back pain was 68.69% (95% confidence interval, 59.4%- 78.0%). Among the participants, 12.1% reported previous sick leave due to low back pain. In the multivariate analysis, being a sewing worker was associated with a higher risk of developing low back pain, whereas keeping two jobs and length of service were not significantly associated with low back pain. Conclusions: Low back pain was a prevalent complaint among hospital laundry workers, especially in the sewing sector. Keeping two jobs and longer length of service were not associated with low back pain prevalence in the study population. We suggest that strategies to prevent and control low back pain should be adopted and that further studies on the topic should be conducted to better understand the associated factors and to establish effective preventive measures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Laundry Service, Hospital , Occupational Health , Hospitals, Teaching
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e219706, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340417

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo geral compreender experiências de escuta clínica nas modalidades de triagem e plantão psicológico entre estudantes lotados em um serviço-escola de Pernambuco. Os objetivos específicos foram descrever sentidos dessas experiências, investigar como eles percebiam a formação recebida para ofertarem esses serviços, como também identificar dificuldades enfrentadas nos processos e estratégias utilizadas para dirimi-las. Utilizou-se o método da hermenêutica colaborativa, e 18 colaboradores, subdivididos em quatro grupos de discussão, responderam a uma entrevista aberta com pergunta disparadora. Os resultados foram analisados em uma perspectiva fenomenológica, revelando que os estudantes enfrentavam dificuldades como desarticulação entre teoria e prática, manejo do tempo, angústia e insegurança inicial, além de falta de suporte estrutural recebido pelo serviço-escola para ofertar tais serviços. No entanto era possível a eles desenvolver a escuta, deixando-a fluir na condução dos processos em direção às demandas dos clientes. Diante de estratégias como capacitação ofertada pelo serviço-escola, suporte emocional recebido pelas equipes de supervisão e seus próprios processos pessoais, conseguiam enfrentar as dificuldades encontradas durante a formação, sentindo-se, apesar de tudo, valorizados e reconhecidos pelo serviço prestado. Concluiu-se, principalmente, a importância de inserir estudantes em serviços-escola em práticas anteriormente ao estágio obrigatório e em diversas modalidades de porta de entrada, desde que tais estratégias estejam integradas ao projeto pedagógico do curso, cabendo à instituição oferecer uma formação que, efetivamente, articule teoria e prática nas experiências cotidianas do estudante no processo de vivenciar e aprimorar sua escuta clínica ao tornar-se psicólogo.(AU)


Abstract This research aims to understand experiences of clinical listening in the modalities of screening and psychological support among students at a school clinic in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. With that, the study sought to describe the feelings arising from these experiences, investigating how students perceived the adequacy of the academic education to offer these services and identifying hardships faced in the processes, as well as strategies adopted for solving them. Using the collaborative hermeneutics method, 18 collaborators were subdivided into four discussion groups and submitted to an open interview with a triggering question. The results wereanalyzedin a phenomenologicalperspective, revealing that students experienced difficulties regarding disarticulation between theory and practice, time management, anguish, insecurity, and lack of structural support received from the school to offer such services. Despite these factors, the students managed to develop clinical listening skills, letting it flow according to patients' demands. The training offered by the school service, the emotional support received by supervisory teams, and their own personal processes enabled students to face the problems encountered during their formation, feeling valued and recognized for the service provided. The results denote the importance of promoting practices of clinical listening among students at school clinics before they attend the mandatory internship, provided that such strategies are integrated to the pedagogical project. Thus, the institution must offer a formation that effectively integrate theory and practice, improving students' process of clinical listening.(AU)


Resumen Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo general comprender experiencias de escucha clínica en las modalidades de clasificación y turno psicológico entre estudiantes de un servicio escolar en Pernambuco. Los objetivos específicos fueron desde exponer el sentido de estas experiencias, investigar cómo percibían la formación para ofrecer esos servicios, así como identificar las dificultades encontradas y estrategias para solucionarlas. Utilizándose el método de la hermenéutica colaborativa y 18 colaboradores, subdivididos en cuatro grupos de discusión, contestaron a una entrevista abierta con una pregunta desencadenante. Se analizaron los resultados de una perspectiva fenomenológica, revelando que enfrentaron dificultades como desarticulación entre teoría y práctica, manejo del tiempo, angustia e inseguridad inicial, además de la falta de soporte estructural recibido por la escuela. Sin embargo, les fue posible desarrollar la escucha, dejándola fluir en los procesos clínicos según la demanda del cliente. Se utilizó estrategias como capacitación ofrecida por la escuela, soporte emocional por la supervisión y sus procesos personales propios, lograron enfrentar las dificultades encontradas durante la formación; sintiéndose, a pesar de todo, valorados y reconocidos por el servicio realizado. Se concluyó, principalmente, en la importancia de añadir a los estudiantes en los servicios escolares con prácticas anteriores a las obligatorias y en varias modalidades de integración, siempre que esas estrategias se incorporen en el proyecto pedagógico del curso, correspondiendo a la institución ofrecer una formación que articule efectivamente la teoría y práctica en las experiencias diarias del alumno en el proceso de experimentar y mejorar su escucha clínica al convertirse en psicólogo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Practice, Psychological , Psychology , Research , Triage , Medical Care , After-Hours Care , Anxiety , Primary Health Care , Students , Time , Training Support , Time Management , Emotions , Psychosocial Intervention , Hospitals, Teaching
20.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE002515, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349843

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes que evoluíram para óbito, caracterizar essas mortes segundo variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas e analisar a relação entre a causa básica e a causa imediata do óbito em um hospital de ensino. Métodos Estudo quantitativo, transversal retrospectivo, com componentes descritivos, utilizando como principal fonte de dados os atestados de óbitos do Sistema de Informações do Sistema Único de Saúde e das declarações de óbitos ocorridos em 2016 da instituição pesquisada. Resultados Dos 634 óbitos, a maioria dos pacientes era do sexo masculino (56,9%), sendo 70% de afrodescendentes, observou-se que quase metade (48,8%) tinha 65 anos ou mais de idade, acometeu 50,7% dos homens acima dos 66 anos e 53,8% das mulheres com menos de 66 anos. As principais causas imediatas de morte foram associadas às neoplasias (45,4%) e às doenças infecciosas e parasitárias (28,9%). Quanto as declarações de óbitos, existe uma subnotificação nas causas consequenciais 2 e 3, de 12,6% e 49,9%, respectivamente. Conclusão A ocorrência de doenças infecciosas e parasitárias, os sinais/sintomas e exames clínicos/laboratoriais alterados, exerceram impacto importante como causa imediata dos óbitos analisados. Destaca-se que os óbitos por neoplasias se mantiveram constantes em todas as categorias (causa imediata, causa consequencial 2, causa consequência 3, causa básica).


Resumen Objetivo Identificar el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes que fallecieron, caracterizar esas muertes de acuerdo con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas y analizar la relación entre la causa básica y la causa directa del fallecimiento en un hospital universitario. Métodos Estudio cuantitativo, transversal retrospectivo, con componentes descriptivos, utilizando como principal fuente de datos los certificados de defunción del Sistema de Información del Sistema Único de Salud y las declaraciones de las defunciones ocurridas en 2016 en la institución estudiada. Resultados De los 634 fallecimientos, la mayoría de los pacientes era de sexo masculino (56,9 %), el 70 % era afrodescendiente. Se observó que casi la mitad (48,8 %) tenía 65 años o más, el 50,7 % de los hombres tenía más de 66 años y el 53,8 % de las mujeres, menos de 66 años. Las principales causas directas de muerte se asociaron con neoplasias (45,4 %) y enfermedades infecciosas y parasitarias (28,9 %). Respecto a las declaraciones de defunción, existe una subnotificación en la causa antecedente 2 del 12,6 % y en la 3 del 49,9 %. Conclusión Los casos de enfermedades infecciosas y parasitarias, los signos/síntomas y estudios clínicos/de laboratorio alterados ejercieron un importante impacto como causa directa de los fallecimientos analizados. Se observa que los fallecimientos por neoplasias se mantuvieron constantes en todas las categorías (causa directa, causa antecedente 2, causa antecedente 3, causa básica).


Abstract Objectives To identify the epidemiological profile of patients who died, to characterize these deaths according to sociodemographic and clinical variables and to analyze the relation between the underlying cause and immediate cause of death in a teaching hospital. Methods Quantitative cross-sectional study, with descriptive components, using as the main source of data the death certificates of the Information System of the Brazilian Unified Health System and the death declarations that occurred in 2016 in the institution studied. Results Of the 634 deaths, most of the patients were male (56.9%), being 70% Afro-descendants; it was observed that almost half (48.8%) were 65 years of age or older; it affected 50.7% of men over 66 years and 53.8% of women under 66 years. The main immediate causes of death were associated with neoplasms (45.4%) and infectious and parasitic diseases (28.9%). Regarding death declarations, there is an underreporting in consequential causes 2 and 3, of 12.6% and 49.9%, respectively. Conclusion The occurrence of infectious and parasitic diseases, the signs/symptoms and altered clinical/laboratory tests had an important impact as immediate cause of the analyzed deaths. It is noteworthy that deaths from neoplasms remained constant in all categories (immediate cause, consequential cause 2, consequential cause 3, and underlying cause).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cause of Death , Hospital Mortality , Hospitals, Teaching , Brazil , Information Systems , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
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