Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 32
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776894

ABSTRACT

Houttuynia cordata polysaccharide (HCP) is extracted from Houttuynia cordata, a key traditional Chinese medicine. The study was to investigate the effects of HCP on intestinal barrier and microbiota in H1N1 virus infected mice. Mice were infected with H1N1 virus and orally administrated HCP at a dosage of 40 mg(kg(d. H1N1 infection caused pulmonary and intestinal injury and gut microbiota imbalance. HCP significantly suppressed the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and decreased mucosubstances in goblet cells, but restored the level of zonula occludens-1 in intestine. HCP also reversed the composition change of intestinal microbiota caused by H1N1 infection, with significantly reduced relative abundances of Vibrio and Bacillus, the pathogenic bacterial genera. Furthermore, HCP rebalanced the gut microbiota and restored the intestinal homeostasis to some degree. The inhibition of inflammation was associated with the reduced level of Toll-like receptors and interleukin-1β in intestine, as well as the increased production of interleukin-10. Oral administration of HCP alleviated lung injury and intestinal dysfunction caused by H1N1 infection. HCP may gain systemic treatment by local acting on intestine and microbiota. This study proved the high-value application of HCP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Virulence , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Microbiology , Pathology , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Toll-Like Receptors , Metabolism , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein , Metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774603

ABSTRACT

Nine compounds were isolated from chloroform fraction of Houttuynia cordata,and the isolates were identified as follows:( S)-5,6,6 a,7-tetrahydro-2,10-dimethoxy-4 H-dibenzo [DE,G] quinoline-1,9-diol( 1),( +)-isoboldine β-N-oxide( 2),liriotulipiferine( 3),telitoxinone( 4),isoboldine( 5),(-)-clovane-2β,9α-diol( 6),benzoic acid( 7),acantrifoside E( 8),and dibutyl phthalate( 9). Among them,compound 1 was new,and compounds 2-9 were reported from this species for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chloroform , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774513

ABSTRACT

Antithrombus is one of the effective methods to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases. Based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine,the author's previous research and relevant literature,it was found that the alkaloids in Houttuynia cordata has potential antithrombotic effect. However,the pharmacological substance basis and antithrombotic mechanism of H. cordata have not been clarified. In this study,molecular docking was used for virtual screening of antithrombotic alkaloids from H. cordata. Seventy alkaloids selected from H. cordata were screened in the docking ligand data-base with teen thrombosis targets with known crystal structures as the receptors. In addition,the small-molecule approved or to be approved drugs of targets from Drug Bank database were set as a positive reference with minimum score(S value) of each target's approved or to be approved drugs as threshold. The Dock module in Molecular Operating Environment(Version 2016) software was applied to screen the potential active compounds which their scores(S value) were lower than the minimum score of reference. At last the mechanism of antithrombotic effect was preliminarily revealed by compared the main active sites of the test alkaloids with original ligands and references. This study provided some useful information to development of antithrombus drugs.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Fibrinolytic Agents , Pharmacology , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology
4.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 248-254, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760564

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we investigated whether quercitrin, quercetin and afzelin derived from Houttuynia cordata affect the production and gene expression of MUC5AC mucin from airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with quercitrin, quercetin or afzelin for 30 min and then stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF) or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) for 24 h. The MUC5AC mucin gene expression and production were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. The results were as follows: (1) Quercitrin, quercetin and afzelin inhibited EGF- and PMA-induced MUC5AC mucin production from NCI-H292 cells; (2) The three natural products also decreased EGF- and PMA-induced MUC5AC mucin gene expression in NCI-H292 cells. These results suggest that quercitrin, quercetin and afzelin showed the regulatory effect on the steps of gene expression and production of mucin, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epidermal Growth Factor , Epithelial Cells , Gene Expression , Houttuynia , Humans , Mucins , Quercetin
5.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(2): 480-488, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780842

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this paper is to identify and investigate an endophytic fungus (strain 28) that was isolated from Houttuynia cordata Thunb, a famous and widely-used Traditional Chinese Medicine. Based on morphological methods and a phylogenetic analysis of ITS sequences, this strain was identified as Chaetomium globosum. An antifungal activity bioassay demonstrated that the crude ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extracts of strain 28 had a wide antifungal spectrum and strong antimicrobial activity, particularly against Exserohilum turcicum (Pass.) Leonard et Suggs, Botrytis cinerea persoon and Botrytis cinerea Pers. ex Fr. Furthermore, the fermentation conditions, extraction method and the heat stability of antifungal substances from strain 28 were also studied. The results showed that optimal antifungal activity can be obtained with the following parameters: using potato dextrose broth (PDB) as the base culture medium, fermentation for 4–8 d (initial pH: 7.5), followed by extraction with EtOAc. The extract was stable at temperatures up to 80 °C. This is the first report on the isolation of endophytic C. globosum from H. cordata to identify potential alternative biocontrol agents that could provide new opportunities for practical applications involving H. cordata.


Subject(s)
Chaetomium/isolation & purification , Chaetomium/metabolism , Houttuynia/microbiology , Endophytes/metabolism , Antifungal Agents/metabolism , Phylogeny , Chaetomium/classification , Chaetomium/genetics , Endophytes/isolation & purification , Endophytes/classification , Endophytes/genetics , Fungi/growth & development , Fungi/drug effects , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246080

ABSTRACT

The relationship of nutrients and microorganisms in soils with polyphenols and total flavonoids of Houttuynia cordata were investigated by measuring nutrients, enzyme activity, pH, concentrations of microbe phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) in soils, and determining concentrations of polyphenols and total flavonoids of H. cordata. The research is aimed to understand characteristics of the planting soils and improve the quality of cultivated H. cordata. The soils at different sample sites varied greatly in nutrients, enzyme activity, pH, microbic PLFAs and polyphenols and all flavonoids. The content of total PLFAs in sample sites was following: bacteria > fungi > actinomyces > nematode. The content of bacteria PLFAs was 37.5%-65.0% at different sample sites. Activities of polyphenol oxidease, concentrations of available P and content of PLFAs of bacteria, actinomyces and total microorganisms in soils were significantly and positively related to the concentrations of polyphenols and total flavonoids of H. cordata, respectively (P < 0.05) . The Content of fungi PLFAs in soils was significantly and negatively related to concentrations of polyphenols and total flavonoids of H. cordata, respectively (P < 0.05). This study provides evidence that effectiveness of the soil nutrient, which may be improved due to transformation of soil microorganisms and enzymes to N and P in the soils, was beneficial to adaptation of H. cordata adapted to different soil conditions, and significantly affects metabolic accumulation of polyphenols and flavonoids of H. cordata.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Fatty Acids , Metabolism , Flavonoids , Metabolism , Fungi , Metabolism , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Metabolism , Microbiology , Phospholipids , Metabolism , Polyphenols , Metabolism , Soil , Chemistry , Soil Microbiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351303

ABSTRACT

Sodium houttuyfonate (SH) is a derivative of effective component of a Chinese material medica, Houttuynia cordata, which is applied in anti-infection of microorganism. But, the antimicrobial mechanisms of SH still remain unclear. Here, we firstly discovered that SH effectively inhibits the three types of virulence related motility of.Pseudomonas aeruginosa, i.e., swimming, twitching and swarming. The plate assay results showed that the inhibitory action of SH against swimming and twitching in 24 h and swarming in 48 h is dose-dependent; and bacteria nearly lost all of the motile activities under the concentration of 1 x minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (512 mg x L(-1) same as azithromycin positive group (1 x MIC, 16 mg x L(-1)). Furthermore, we found that the expression of structural gene flgB and pilG is down-regulated by SH, which implies that inhibitory mechanism of SH against motility of P. aeruginosa may be due to the inhibition of flagella and pili bioformation of P. aeruginosa by SR Therefore, our presented results firstly demonstrate that SH effectively inhibits the motility activities of P. aeruginosa, and suggest that SH could be a promising antipseudomonas agents in clinic.


Subject(s)
Alkanes , Pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Biofilms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fimbriae, Bacterial , Genetics , Metabolism , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Cell Biology , Genetics , Virulence , Sulfites , Pharmacology , Virulence
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51121

ABSTRACT

Skin is the outermost organ and acts as a barrier between the organism and environment. Skin protects the organism from environmental insults, such as chemicals, pathogens, and UV light. Much of the protective function of skin is dependent on the epidermis, a multi-layered epithelium that is composed of various cell types such as keratinocytes and melanocytes. Keratinocytes produce protective components through a sophisticated differentiation process. Disturbance of keratinocyte differentiation is related to several skin diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. In this study, we prepared extract of combined medicinal plants (ECMP) consisting of Taraxacum platycarpum H. Dahlstedt, Heartleaf Houttuynia, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer, and root bark of Ulmus davidiana. We demonstrated that ECMP enhanced keratinocyte differentiation and barrier functionality using an in vitro cell culture system and in vivo animal test. Treatment of cultured keratinocytes with ECMP resulted in induction of keratinocyte differentiation, as evidenced by increased differentiation markers such as involucrin, loricrin, and filaggrin. In line with these results, ECMP decreased proliferation of keratinocytes cultured in vitro. ECMP applied topically to tape-stripped mouse skins accelerated reduction of transepidermal water loss (TEWL), indicating fast recovery of barrier function. Immunohistochemistry showed that ECMP increased the filaggrin level in tape-stripped mouse skins. These results suggest that ECMP may be applicable for keratinocyte differentiation-related skin diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Differentiation , Cell Culture Techniques , Dermatitis, Atopic , Epidermis , Epithelium , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Houttuynia , Immunohistochemistry , Keratinocytes , Melanocytes , Mice , Plants, Medicinal , Psoriasis , Skin , Skin Diseases , Taraxacum , Ulmus , Ultraviolet Rays
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193046

ABSTRACT

Cognitive impairment is a result of dementia of diverse causes, such as cholinergic dysfunction and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (Saururaceae) has long been used as a traditional herbal medicine. It has biological activities including protective effects against amyloid beta (Abeta) toxicity, via regulation of calcium homeostasis, in rat hippocampal cells. To extend previous reports, we investigated the effects of water extracts of H. cordata herb (HCW) on tauopathies, also involving calcium influx. We then confirmed the effects of HCW in improving memory impairment and neuronal damage in mice with Abeta-induced neurotoxicity. We also investigated the effects of HCW against scopolamine-induced cholinergic dysfunction in mice. In primary neuronal cells, HCW inhibited the phosphorylation of tau by regulating p25/p35 expression in Abeta-induced neurotoxicity. In mice with Abeta-induced neurotoxicity, HCW improved cognitive impairment, as assessed with behavioral tasks, such as novel object recognition, Y-maze, and passive avoidance tasks. HCW also inhibited the degeneration of neurons in the CA3 region of the hippocampus in Abeta-induced neurotoxicity. Moreover, HCW, which had an IC50 value of 79.7 microg/ml for acetylcholinesterase inhibition, ameliorated scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment significantly in Y-maze and passive avoidance tasks. These results indicate that HCW improved cognitive impairment, due to cholinergic dysfunction, with inhibitory effects against tauopathies and cholinergic antagonists, suggesting that HCW may be an interesting candidate to investigate for the treatment of AD.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Animals , Calcium , Cholinergic Antagonists , Dementia , Herbal Medicine , Hippocampus , Homeostasis , Houttuynia , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Memory , Mice , Neurons , Phosphorylation , Rats , Tauopathies , Water
10.
Toxicological Research ; : 61-67, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118063

ABSTRACT

Development of a therapy providing protection from, or reversing gentamicin-sulfate (GS)-induced oxidative stress and nephrotoxicity would be of great clinical significance. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (HC) against gentamicin sulfate-induced renal damage in rats. Twenty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 equal groups as follows: group 1, control; group 2, GS 100 mg/kg/d, intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection; group 3, GS 100 mg/kg/d, i.p. + HC 500 mg/kg/d, oral; and group 4, GS 100 mg/kg/d i.p. + HC 1000 mg/kg/d, oral administration). Treatments were administered once daily for 12 d. After 12 d, biochemical and histopathological analyses were conducted to evaluate oxidative stress and renal nephrotoxicity. Serum levels of creatinine, malondialdehyde (MDA), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), together with renal levels of MDA, glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) were quantified to evaluate antioxidant activity. Animals treated with GS alone showed a significant increase in serum levels of creatinine, BUN, and MDA, with decreased renal levels of GSH, SOD, and CAT. Treatment of rats with HC showed significant improvement in renal function, presumably as a result of decreased biochemical indices and oxidative stress parameters associated with GS-induced nephrotoxicity. Histopathological examination of the rat kidneys confirmed these observations. Therefore, the novel natural antioxidant HC may protect against GS-induced nephrotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Catalase , Cats , Creatinine , Drug Combinations , Gentamicins , Glutathione , Glycerides , Houttuynia , Kidney , Malondialdehyde , Monoterpenes , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase
11.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 137-140, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98976

ABSTRACT

Anti-inflammatory effects of Houttuynia cordata supercritical extract (HSE) were investigated in rat carrageenan-air pouch model. Oral administration of HSE (50-200 mg/kg) suppressed carrageenan-induced exudation and albumin leakage, as well as inflammatory cell infiltration at a high dose (200 mg/kg). Intraperitoneal injection of dexamethasone (2 mg/kg) only decreased exudation and cell infiltration, while indomethacin (2 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced exudate volume and albumin content without influence on the cell number. HSE lowered tumor-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nitric oxide (NO), as well as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Dexamethasone only reduced TNF-alpha and NO, while indomethacin decreased PGE2. The results indicate that HSE exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting both TNF-alpha-NO and cyclooxygenase-2-PGE2 pathways.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Carrageenan , Cell Count , Dexamethasone , Dinoprostone , Exudates and Transudates , Houttuynia , Indomethacin , Inflammation , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Nitric Oxide , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338702

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish and optimize the preparation procedures of the anti-complementary polysaccharides from Houttuynia cordata.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Based on the yield and anti-complementary activity in vitro, the conditions of extraction and alcohol precipitating process were optimized by orthogonal tests. The optimal condition of deproteinization was determined according to the results of protein removed and polysaccharide maintained. The best decoloring method was also optimized by orthogonal experimental design.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The optimized preparation procedures were given as follows: extract the coarse powder 3 times with 50 times volume of water at 90 degrees C for 2 hours every time, combine the extracts and concentrate appropriately, equivalent to 0.12 g of H. cordata per milliliter. Add 4 times volume of 90% ethanol to the extract, allow to stand for 24 hours to precipitate totally, filter and the precipitate was successfully washed with anhydrous alcohol, acetone and anhydrous ether. Resolve the residue with water, add trichloroacetic acid (TCA) to a concentration of 20% to remove protein. Decoloration was at a concentration of 3% with activated carbon at pH 3.0, 50 degrees C for 50 min. The above procedures above were tested 3 times, resulting in the average yield of polysaccharides at 4.03% (RSD 0.96%), the average concentrations of polysaccharides and protein at 80.97% (RSD 1.5%) and 2.02% (RSD 2.3%), and average CH50 at 0.079 g x L-(-1) (RSD 3.6%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The established and optimized procedures are repeatable and reliable to prepare the anti-complementary polysaccharides with high quality and activity from H. cordata.</p>


Subject(s)
Complement Inactivating Agents , Pharmacology , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology
13.
Toxicological Research ; : 117-122, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227199

ABSTRACT

Flavonoids, which form a major component in Houttuynia cordata Thunb., display a wide range of pharmacological activities. The expression of plant flavonoids is partly regulated by fermentation. Therefore, we studied the effects of fermentation on H. cordata in order to identify the strains present during the fermentation process, and to determine whether fermented H. cordata could be used as a probiotic. Our results showed that all 6 of the bacterial strains isolated from fermented H. cordata (FHC) belonged to the genus Bacillus. As expected, fermenting H cordata also increased the flavonoid content as increases were observed in the levels of rutin, quercitrin, and quercetin. To test the effects of fermentation, we treated LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells with non-fermented H. cordata extracts (HCE) or FHC extracts (FHCE). Compared to the HCE-treated cells, the FHCE-treated cells showed increased viability. No cytotoxic effects were detected in the FHCE-treated groups in the 2 cell lines used in the study, namely, RAW264.7 and RBL-2H3. FHCE-treated HepG2 cells showed decreased growth, compared to HCE-treated HepG2 cells. These results indicate that the fermented H. cordata predominantly contained Bacillus strains. Furthermore, FHCE are able to prevent LPS-induced inflammatory effects and inhibit the growth of HepG2 cells.


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Cell Line , Fermentation , Flavonoids , Hep G2 Cells , Houttuynia , Plants , Probiotics , Quercetin , Rutin
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the once sampling quantitation of Houttuynia cordata through its DNA polymorphic bands that carried information entropy, from other form that the expression of traditional Chinese medicine polymorphism, genetic polymorphism, of traditional Chinese medicine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The technique of inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) was applied to analyze genetic polymorphism of H. cordata samples from the same GAP producing area, the DNA genetic bands were transformed its into the information entropy, and the minimum once sampling quantitation with the mathematical mode was measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>One hundred and thirty-four DNA bands were obtained by using 9 screened ISSR primers to amplify from 46 strains DNA samples of H. cordata from the same GAP, the information entropy was H=0.365 6-0.978 6, and RSD was 14.75%. The once sampling quantitation was W=11.22 kg (863 strains).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The "once minimum sampling quantitation" were calculated from the angle of the genetic polymorphism of H. cordata, and a great differences between this volume and the amount from the angle of fingerprint were found.</p>


Subject(s)
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis , DNA, Plant , Genetic Variation , Houttuynia , Genetics , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289404

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To research the effect of polysorbate 80 (Tween 80) on Yuxingcao injection and volatile oils from Houttuynia cordata.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>1H-NMR spectra of aldehydic and new matter in Yuxingcao injection, volatile oils of H. cordata, and solutions of Tween 80 and volatile oil of H. cordata are determined and compared from various angles of growing origin, storage temperature, and storage time.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Three aldehydic singlets in 1H-NMR spectra of every volatile oil from 4 aerial part of H. cordata were observed. These aldehydic peaks were basically disappeared and a new peak at delta 8.30 was found in 1H-NMR spectra of the volatile oil solutions in tween 80. Any obvious aldehydic peak in 1H-NMR spectra did not be observed in Yuxincao injection. A weak peak at 8 8.30 was found in 1H-NMR spectra in Yuxincao injection, and the peak high of delta 8.30 was remarked gone up when the injection was stored in 40 degrees C for 1 to 3 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tween 80 might cause the obvious reduce of aldehydic compounds contents and the production of a novel singal at delta 8.30 in 1H-NMR spectra when it was mixed with the volatile oil from the aerial part of H. cordata. The novel signal at delta 8.30 in 1H-NMR spectra existed in Yuxincao injection and was very small, but was increased remarkably when the Yuxincao injection was stored at 40 degrees C for 1 month at least.</p>


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Plant Oils , Chemistry , Polysorbates , Temperature
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251251

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish and experimental verification the mathematical model of the balance groups that is the steady-state of traditional Chinese medicine in extraction.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Using the entropy and genetic principles of statistics, and taking the coefficient of variation of GC fingerprint which is the naphtha of the Houttuynia cordata between strains in the same GAP place as a pivot to establish and verify the mathematical model was established of the balance groups that is the steady-state of traditional Chinese medicine in extraction.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A mathematical model that is suitable for the balance groups of the steady-state of traditional Chinese medicine and preparation in extraction, and the balance groups which is 29 683 strains (approximately 118.7 kg) were gained with the same origin of H. cordata as the model drug.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Under the GAP of quality control model, controlling the stability of the quality through further using the Hardy-Weinberg balance groups of the H. cordata between strains, the new theory and experiment foundation is established for the steady-state of traditional Chinese medicine in extraction and quality control.</p>


Subject(s)
Chemical Fractionation , Methods , Chromatography, Gas , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Genetics , Models, Statistical , Quality Control
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283254

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study on the differences of metabolites in the blood of rats after injection or oral administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba and of 2-undecanone in order to validate hypothesis of network compatability and to establish the theoretical foundation of elucidating metabolic mechanism for multiple constituents in Chinese Material.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was employed for qualitative determination of the metabolites in blood of rats by injection or oral administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba and of 2-undecanone, which were compared with the differences between binary two drugs as well as two administration.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There were 45 kinds of ingredients in volatile oil for original materials for Houttuyniae Herba, and 53, 69 kinds of metabolites were detected in blood of rats for oral administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba, and 2-undecanone, respectively, whereas 52, 42 kinds of metabolites were detected for injection administration. Although there were various constitutes, i. e. single versus multiple ingredients, administrated by various ways, i. e. oral versus injection, the metabolites were so similar with each manners, in which alpha-pinene and beta-myrcene occurred in two constitute forms and two administrations, while there were 18, 13 kinds of ingredients for oral or injection administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba, i. e. 34%, 25% of total ingredients, respectively, and 17, 15 kinds of ingredients, i. e. 24.6%, 35.7% for that of, 2-undecanone, respectively, on average of 29.8% that suggested one of third as co-metabolites.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are network compatibility existed in metabolism of the houttuynia volatile oil in rats, and similar metabolic pathways in accordance with original plant, among their ingredients no matter alone or multiple constitute forms and oral or injection administration.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Herb-Drug Interactions , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Injections, Intravenous , Ketones , Pharmacokinetics , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacokinetics , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261017

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the sensitization effect of polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 80 contained Houttuynia cordata Injection in different concentrations on Beagle.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Beagles, a kind of animal highly sensitive to sensitizing agents, were randomly divided into 18 groups, 3 in each group. They received respectively the intravenous infusion of polysorbate 80 made by different factories in different concentrations (0.25%, 0.10%, 0.05%), and Houttuynia cordata Injection containing polysorbate 80 in concentration of 0.25% or 0.30%, with the constant infusing speed of 5 mL/min and volume of 10 mL/kg. Changes of animals' condition were observed before infusion and in the 24 h after infusion, time of symptom appearance and disappearance was recorded, and the grade of response was determined. Moreover, blood samples of animals were collected before infusion and 10 min after ending infusion for measuring histamine content in plasma using ELISA. Then the sensitization effect was comprehensively estimated by combined consideration of the responding grade and histamine level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No typical symptom of anaphylactoid reaction and over 1-fold increase of histamine level was found in all groups that received intravenous infusion of polysorbate 80 or polysorbate 80 contained Houttuynia cordata Injection in different concentrations. Estimation showed that all test solutions didn't induce typical anaphylactoid reaction on Beagle.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Considering both the appearance of symptoms and the elevation of blood content of histamine could be taken as the criteria for comprehensive diagnosis of anaphylactoid reactions. The solubilization effect and safety (for foreclose anaphylactoid reaction) of polysorbate 80 could be ensured by controlling its quality and concentration below 0.25% or 0.30%.</p>


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Animals , Dogs , Houttuynia , Injections , Polysorbates
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260978

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze irrational clinical application of Houttuynia Injection (HI) and the risk of adverse event (AE) occurrence, thus providing references for after-sales reevaluation and rational clinical application of HI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Literatures concerning unreasonable application of HI were searched (terminated by June 2010) from PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Disc (CBMdisc), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Science and Technology Journal Full-text Database (VIP), and etc. for case report, cross-sectional study, and clinical control study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 342 papers with a total of 416 AE cases were retrieved. Of them, AE happened to 294 cases (including 290 children) of the 132 papers concerning contraindications, and 48 with allergic shock; AE happened to 57 cases in 9 papers reporting over-dose, and 6 with high risk combined medication. Sixteen irrational administration ways were reported in 195 papers. Of them, AE happened to 59 cases of seven administration ways (twenty cases by intracavitary injection, thirteen by aerosol inhalation, ten by rinse, eight by oral administration, one by enema, one by acupoint injection, and one by rectal administering). AE was not reported in the rest ten reports.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The risk of AE occurrence was increased by changing clinical administration ways of HI without authorization, over-dose medication, high risk combined medication, and application in people with contraindications.</p>


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Houttuynia , Humans , Injections
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328087

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To transform the antimicrobial peptide fusion gene of cecropin B and rabbit NP-1(CN) into Houttuynia cordata to improve its antimicrobic capability.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The fusion gene of CN designed and synthesized artificially was recombined with expression vector pBI121. The recombined vector was transformed to Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404, by which CN gene was transformed to the explants of H. cordata. The transgenic regeneration plantlets were selected by kanamycin and rapid screening PCR. The transgenic plants were identified by PCR-Southern of genomic DNA and RT-PCR. The disease resistances were detected by antibacterial zone trail of leaf extracts to E. coli K12 and infection by Rhizoctonia solani.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Gene of interesting CN was inserted into genomic DNA and expressed in transformed H, cordata, whose resistance to E. coli K12 and Rh. solani was stronger than that of the non-transformed control.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The fusion gene CN can improve antimicrobic capability of transformed H. cordata.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacology , C-Reactive Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Houttuynia , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Immunity, Innate , Insect Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacology , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Plant Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Plants, Genetically Modified , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Rabbits , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacology , Rhizoctonia , Physiology , Transformation, Genetic
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL