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1.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190219, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040615

ABSTRACT

Human bocaviruses (HBoV) are mainly associated with respiratory and gastroenteric infections. These viruses belong to the family Parvoviridae, genus Bocaparvovirus and are classified in four subtypes (HBoV1-4). Recombination and point mutation have been described as basis of parvovirus evolution. In this study three viral sequences were obtained from positives HBoV sewage samples collected in two Uruguayan cities and were characterised by different methods as recombinant strains. This recombination event was localised in the 5' end of VP1 gene and the parental strains belonged to subtypes 3 and 4. These three Uruguayan strains are identical at the nucleotide sequences in the analysed genome region of the virus. As far as we known, this study represents the first detection of HBoV recombinants strains in the Americas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genome, Viral , Parvoviridae Infections/virology , Human bocavirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Uruguay , Base Sequence , Human bocavirus/isolation & purification , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1226-1235, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a newly identified pathogen that can cause upper and lower respiratory infections usually in children; however, its clinical characteristics and significance in respiratory infections in adults have not been well known. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical features of respiratory HBoV infection and to describe the CT findings of HBoV pneumonia in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 185 adult patients diagnosed with HBoV infection at a tertiary referral center between January 2010 and December 2017 were retrospectively evaluated with respect to the clinical characteristics of HBoV infection and its risk factors for pneumonia. Chest CT findings for 34 patients with HBoV pneumonia without co-infection were analyzed and compared between immunocompetent (n = 18) and immunocompromised (n = 16) patients. RESULTS: HBoV infections were predominantly noted between February and June. Among the 185 patients with HBoV infection, 119 (64.3%) had community-acquired infections and 110 (59.5%) had pneumonia. In multivariable analysis, older age (odds ratio [OR], 1.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00–1.04; p = 0.045) and nosocomial infection (OR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.05–4.10; p = 0.037) were associated with HBoV pneumonia. The main CT findings were bilateral consolidation (70.6%) and/or ground-glass opacities (64.7%); centrilobular nodules (14.7%) were found less frequently. The pattern of CT findings were not significantly different between immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients (all, p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: HBoV infection can be a potential respiratory tract infection in adults. The most frequent CT findings of HBoV pneumonia were bilateral consolidation and/or ground-glass opacities.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Coinfection , Community-Acquired Infections , Cross Infection , Human bocavirus , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Pneumonia , Respiratory Tract Infections , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tertiary Care Centers , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1126-1134, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771815

ABSTRACT

Human bocavirus 1 (HBoV1) non-structural protein NS1 is a multifunctional protein important for virus replication and induction of apoptosis in host cell. To better understand the function of the NS1 protein, it is urgent to address reducing the toxicity of NS1 to host cells. In the present study, we established a stable cell line that regulates expression of NS1 of HBoV1. The recombinant lentivirus plasmid containing a regulatable promoter fused with ns1 gene was constructed and transfected into HEK 293T cells using transfection reagent. The HEK 293T cell lines stably expressing NS1-100 and NS1-70 proteins were established by screening resistant cells with puromycin and inducing NS1 expression with doxycycline. The expression of NS1 protein was determined by fluorescent labeling protein and Western blotting. HBoV1 promoter was transfected into stably expressing NS1 cell line and its trans-transcriptional activity was analyzed. The results showed that NS1 protein was expressed stably in the established cell lines and had a strong activation activity on the HBoV1 promoter driving luciferase gene. Taken together, this study provides a solid basis for further research on the function of NS1 and the pathogenesis of human bocavirus.


Subject(s)
Human bocavirus , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Transcriptional Activation , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Virus Replication
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787493

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of fine dust concentrations in the air on the incidence of viral respiratory infections in the Republic of Korea.METHODS: A time series analysis using R statistics was performed to determine the relationship between weekly concentrations of fine dust in the air and the incidences of acute respiratory tract infections caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus (HAdV), rhinovirus (HRV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human coronavirus (HCoV), human bocavirus (HBoV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), and influenza virus (IFV), from the beginning of 2016 to the end of 2017. Correlations between various meteorological factors and the amount of fine dust were analyzed using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. To analyze the relationship between viral infections and fine dust, a quasi-poisson analysis was performed.RESULTS: The incidence of the HAdV was proportional to fine dust and air temperature. The IFV was proportional to fine dust and relative humidity and was inversely proportional to temperature. The HMPV was proportional to fine dust, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The HCoV was proportional to micro dust, relative humidity, and inversely proportional to temperature. Both the HBoV and HPIV were directly proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The RSV was inversely proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed. A lag effect was observed for the influenza virus, in that its incidence increased 2–3 weeks later on the cumulative lag model.CONCLUSION: As the weekly average concentration of fine dust increases, the incidence of HAdV, HMPV, HCoV, HBoV, HPIV, and influenza increase.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Air Pollution , Coronavirus , Dust , Human bocavirus , Humans , Humidity , Incidence , Influenza, Human , Metapneumovirus , Meteorological Concepts , Orthomyxoviridae , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Particulate Matter , Republic of Korea , Respiration Disorders , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Rhinovirus , Wind
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(1): 30-38, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-RS | ID: biblio-897050

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION Infections caused by respiratory viruses are important problems worldwide, especially in children. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a respiratory pathogen and causes severe infections with nonspecific symptoms. This study reports the hMPV occurrence and dissemination in southern Brazil and compares the frequency of occurrence of this virus and the human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) in the epidemiological weeks in a three-year period (2009-2011). METHODS: In total, 545 nasopharyngeal (NP) specimens from individuals with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) who were negative for other seven respiratory viruses were analyzed for the presence of hMPV. Human metapneumovirus was detected by direct immunofluorescence and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: hMPV was detected in 109 patients from the main geographic regions of the southernmost state of Brazil, presenting similar overall prevalence in males (46.8%) and females (53.2%). Among children who were less than six years old, hMPV was detected in 99 samples of all age groups, with a higher frequency in infants who were less than one year old (45.7%) compared to all other age groups until six years. hMPV and hRSV infection occurred in almost the same epidemiological weeks (EWs) of each year, with peaks of incidence between EW 31/37 and EW 26/38 for the years 2009 and 2011, respectively. hMPV was further detected in several cases of SARS and it was the only virus detected in three deaths. CONCLUSIONS These findings indicate that hMPV is in circulation in southern Brazil and highlight the importance of diagnosing hMPV for influenza-like illness in the population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Respiratory Tract Infections/transmission , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/virology , Metapneumovirus/pathogenicity , Epidemiological Monitoring , Adenoviruses, Human , Pneumovirinae/classification , Paramyxoviridae Infections/virology , Coronavirus , Enterovirus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Influenza, Human , Human bocavirus
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739504

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the severity of disease in children with acute bronchiolitis according to the type of infected virus. METHODS: From November 2007 to May 2015, 768 patients under 2 years of age who underwent real time-polymerase chain reaction of nasopharyngeal aspirates admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital for acute bronchiolitis were enrolled. Severe bronchiolitis was defined as presence of one or more kinds among tachypnea, chest retraction, needs of O2 inhalation or ventilator care. RESULTS: The severity of bronchiolitis was increased with shorter fever duration (P < 0.001) and previous wheezing episodes (P = 0.005). In the case of single infection, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) A only increased the severity of acute bronchiolitis (P = 0.012). However, the severity of illness decreased when RSV A coinfected with adenovirus (P = 0.034), human rhinovirus (P = 0.038), or human coronavirus NL63 (P = 0.042). On the other hand, when human rhinovirus was coinfected with enterovirus (P = 0.013) or parainfluenza 3 (P = 0.019), the severity was increased. When human metapneumovirus coinfected with human bocavirus, the severity was increased (P = 0.038). CONCLUSION: Acute bronchiolitis was associated with increased severity only when RSV A infected solely, but several viruses increased or decreased the severity when coinfection occurred. Therefore, it may be helpful in predicting the course of the acute bronchiolitis according to the affected virus.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Bronchiolitis , Child , Coinfection , Coronavirus NL63, Human , Enterovirus , Fever , Hand , Human bocavirus , Humans , Infant , Inhalation , Metapneumovirus , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Pediatrics , Respiratory Sounds , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Rhinovirus , Tachypnea , Thorax , Ventilators, Mechanical
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718761

ABSTRACT

Respiratory infections, which are caused by airborne pathogens, are the most common disease of all ages worldwide. This study was conducted to characterize the airborne respiratory pathogens in the public facilities in Busan, South Korea. A total of 260 public facilities were investigated in 2017, 52 seasonal indoor air from 2 hospitals and 208 indoor air samples from 208 randomly selected daycare centers. Among respiratory pathogen, 8 viral pathogens including human adenovirus (HAdV), human bocavirus (HBoV), human rhinovirus (HRV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human coronavirus (HCoV) and influenza virus (IFV), and 3 bacterial pathogens including Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Bordetella pertussis, and Chlamydophila pneumoniae, were investigated by multiplex real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Pathogens were detected in 9 cases (3.4%). Among 9 positive samples, 6 (2.3%) cases were positive for HBoV and 3 (1.2%) cases were positive for IFV. All the positive cases were detected in daycare centers. Additionally, the concentration of HBoV was determined. In HBoV-positive samples, the cycle threshold (Ct) values of HBoV were 29.73~36.84, which are corresponding to the viral concentration of 4.91 × 10⁰ ~ 9.57 × 10² copies/ml. Serotype distribution of isolated HBoV was analyzed by sequencing of VP1/VP2 gene. All of the HBoV isolates were identified as HBoV type 1 with a high similarity among the isolates (>97%). No bacterial pathogen was identified in indoor air samples. Although virus concentration was not high in public facilities (daycare center), the presence of respiratory viral pathogens has been identified. Effective ventilation and air purification strategies are needed to reduce the indoor concentration of respiratory pathogens. A long-term and ongoing surveillance plan for respiratory pathogen management should be established.


Subject(s)
Adenoviruses, Human , Bordetella pertussis , Chlamydial Pneumonia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae , Coronavirus , Human bocavirus , Humans , Korea , Metapneumovirus , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Orthomyxoviridae , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Public Facilities , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Respiratory Tract Infections , Reverse Transcription , Rhinovirus , Seasons , Serogroup , Ventilation
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Newly identified human rhinovirus C (HRV-C) and human bocavirus (HBoV) cannot propagate in vitro in traditional cell culture models; thus obtaining knowledge about these viruses and developing related vaccines are difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a novel platform for the propagation of these types of viruses.@*METHODS@#A platform for culturing human airway epithelia in a three-dimensional (3D) pattern using Matrigel as scaffold was developed. The features of 3D culture were identified by immunochemical staining and transmission electron microscopy. Nucleic acid levels of HRV-C and HBoV in 3D cells at designated time points were quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Levels of cytokines, whose secretion was induced by the viruses, were measured by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Properties of bronchial-like tissues, such as the expression of biomarkers CK5, ZO-1, and PCK, and the development of cilium-like protuberances indicative of the human respiration tract, were observed in 3D-cultured human airway epithelial (HAE) cultures, but not in monolayer-cultured cells. Nucleic acid levels of HRV-C and HBoV and levels of virus-induced cytokines were also measured using the 3D culture system.@*CONCLUSION@#Our data provide a preliminary indication that the 3D culture model of primary epithelia using a Matrigel scaffold in vitro can be used to propagate HRV-C and HBoV.


Subject(s)
Collagen , Drug Combinations , Enterovirus , Enterovirus Infections , Virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Virology , Human bocavirus , Humans , Laminin , Parvoviridae Infections , Virology , Primary Cell Culture , Methods , Proteoglycans , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiratory Mucosa , Virology , Virus Cultivation
9.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(4): 472-476, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Human Bocavirus (HBoV) has been identified from feces and respiratory samples from cases of both acute gastroenteritis and respiratory illness as well as in asymptomatic individuals. The aim of this study was to detect and characterize HBoV from fecal samples collected from hospitalized children aged less than five years old with no symptoms of respiratory tract infection (RTI) or acute gastroenteritis (AGE). The study involved 119 children and one fecal sample was collected from each participant between 2014 and 2015. HBoV was detected using Nested-PCR, and the viral type identified by genomic sequencing. HBoV-4 was identified from one sample obtained from a hospitalized child with soft tissue tumor of the submandibular region. This is the first report of HBoV-4 identification in Brazil, but we consider that this type may be circulating in the country similar to the other types and new investigations are necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Parvoviridae Infections/virology , Human bocavirus/isolation & purification , Gastroenteritis/virology , Respiratory Tract Infections/complications , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/complications , Brazil/epidemiology , Mandibular Neoplasms/complications , Acute Disease , Parvoviridae Infections/complications , Parvoviridae Infections/epidemiology , Human bocavirus/classification , Gastroenteritis/complications , Gastroenteritis/epidemiology
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114709

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: It is well known that respiratory viral infection has epidemiological characteristics, including season. This study aimed to investigate the patterns of the prevalence of common respiratory viruses during a period of 10 years with regard to age, sex, and season in Korean children. METHODS: From June 2006 to November 2016, we obtained 11,798 specimens from patients aged less than 18 years who were admitted with lower respiratory infections. Ten respiratory viruses were detected using multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Of 11,798 specimens, at least 1 virus was detected in 4,845 (41.1%). Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV, 18.9%) was the most common virus detected, followed by human rhinovirus (HRV, 14.8%), adenovirus (9.5%), and human bocavirus (HBoV, 7.4%). The detection rate of HRV was higher in male subjects (male 60.0% vs. female 40.0%, P=0.004), but the other viruses had no significant differences with regard to sex. The subjects who were positive for RSV test were youngest (median, 10.5 months; interquartile range, 3.0–25.0 months), followed by human coronavirus (median, 13.0 months), HRV (median, 14 months), and parainfluenza (median, 14 months). HBoV was most commonly detected in spring (29.3%), enterovirus in summer (25.8%), HRV in fall (22.6%), and RSV in October and winter (22.6%). CONCLUSION: We found that the prevalence of respiratory viruses in Korean children during a period of 10 years was associated with age, sex, and season when the infection occurred. Further nationwide data is warranted to infer clinical implication of our results.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Child , Coronavirus , Enterovirus , Female , Human bocavirus , Humans , Male , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Prevalence , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Rhinovirus , Seasons
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351351

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of human bocavirus (HBoV) in children with acute lower respiratory tract infection and to explore the relationship between the viral load of HBoV and the clinical characteristics of acute lower respiratory tract infection in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1 554 nasopharyngeal aspirates from children who were hospitalized due to acute lower respiratory tract infection between March 2011 and March 2014 were collected. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect 12 RNA and 2 DNA viruses, adenovirus (ADV) and HBoV, and to measure the viral load of HBoV in HBoV-positive children. A comprehensive analysis was performed with reference to clinical symptoms and indicators.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 1 554 specimens, 1 212 (77.99%) were positive for viruses, and 275 (17.70%) were HBoV-positive. In HBoV-positive cases, 94.9% were aged <3 years, and there were more males than females. In the 275 HBoV-positive cases, 45 (16.36%) had single infection, and 230 (83.64%) had mixed infection. There was no significant difference in viral load between children with single infection and mixed infection (P>0.05). The patients with fever had a significantly higher viral load than those without fever (P<0.05). The children with wheezing had a significantly higher viral load than those without wheezing (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in viral load between children with mild, moderate, and severe acute lower respiratory tract infection (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HBoV is one of the important pathogens of acute lower respiratory tract infection in children. Children with a higher viral load of HBoV are more likely to experience symptoms such as fever and wheezing. However, the severity of disease and mixed infection are not significantly related to viral load.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Human bocavirus , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Respiratory Tract Infections , Virology , Viral Load
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210001

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Croup, a common childhood respiratory illness with various severities, has many unanswered questions. Laryngotracheobronchopneumonitis (LTBP) is a disease entity considered to be an extension of croup to the lower respiratory tract. The object of this study was to compare epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and viral etiologic spectrum between croup and LTBP. METHODS: Patients hospitalized with croup at Gachon University Gil Hospital from January 2010 to April 2016 were recruited. LTBP was defined as pneumonia confirmed on radiographs of patients with croup. Clinical findings and demographic data were reviewed of patients whose nasopharyngeal swabs were done for viral analysis. RESULTS: A total of 371 patients with only croup and 63 patients with LTBP were included. Croup was found to be significantly associated with parainfluenza virus type 1 (P=0.006). LTBP was related to parainfluenza virus type 3, respiratory syncytial virus, and human bocavirus (P=0.001, P=0.030, and P=0.019, respectively). The duration of fever was longer in patients with LTBP than in those with croup (3.87±1.85 days vs. 2.86±1.80 days, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Specific etiologic viruses might be associated with the progression from croup to LTBP. Pronged fever is also associated with progression from croup to LTBP.


Subject(s)
Child , Croup , Epidemiology , Fever , Human bocavirus , Humans , Parainfluenza Virus 1, Human , Parainfluenza Virus 3, Human , Pneumonia , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory System
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 76(3): 135-138, June 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841560

ABSTRACT

La infección respiratoria aguda (IRA) es la patología más frecuente a lo largo de la vida de una persona y es la causa más común de morbi-motalidad en menores de 5 años. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la frecuencia de bocavirus (BoV) en pacientes menores de 5 años con diagnóstico presuntivo de IRA en una ciudad capital del norte argentino (Resistencia, Chaco). Se analizaron aspirados nasofaríngeos correspondientes a 488 niños durante el año 2014. Los mismos fueron testeados por PCR en tiempo real hallándose BoV en 36 casos (7.4%), de los cuales 26 (72.2%) fueron infantes de 6-18 meses de vida. La mayor concentración de positivos se registró en el período junio-septiembre con un total de 28 pacientes (77.8%). Los casos positivos para BoV se observaron como infección única en el 50% de los mismos y el resto como infecciones concomitantes con otros microorganismos. No conocemos que haya otro estudio de epidemiología molecular de BoV en el norte argentino y destacamos la importancia de investigar los nuevos virus capaces de generar infección respiratoria aguda, y difundir el conocimiento de su circulación en la comunidad.


Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is the most frequent pathology along human life, being the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of bocavirus (BoV) in infants under 5 years with symptoms of ARI from north Argentina (Chaco province). The study was performed on nasopharyngeal aspirates from 488 patients, in the period of January-December 2014. The samples were tested by real time PCR and 36 positive BoV cases (7.4%) were detected. The period with the highest detection rate was June-September with 28 cases (77.8%), of which 26 (72.2%) were infants between 6-18 moths of life. In half of BoV positive cases this virus was detected as single infection of the upper respiratory tract, and in the remaining 50%, as concomitant infection with other microorganisms. To our knowledge, this would be the first study on molecular epidemiology of BoV in northern Argentina. We emphasize the importance of investigating these new viruses capable of generating acute respiratory disease and also to disseminate awareness on their circulation within the community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Parvoviridae Infections/epidemiology , Parvoviridae Infections/virology , Human bocavirus/isolation & purification , Argentina/epidemiology , Nasopharynx/virology , Acute Disease , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 33(2): 135-140, abr. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784863

ABSTRACT

Background: A large proportion of acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) remain without etiologic diagnosis, reason why new pathogens are investigated continuously. Human bocavirus (HBoV) was discovered in 2005, as a new member of Parvoviridae family and proposed to cause ARTI. Aim: To know the prevalence of HBoV among pediatric populations hospitalized for ARTI in two provinces of Argentina: Santa Fe and Tucuman; and to describe epidemiological and clinical aspects associated to its detection. Materials and Methods: We studied nasopharyn-geal aspirates of patients younger than 5 years old that were hospitalized during 2013 due ARTI. HBoV DNA was assayed using PCR described by Allander et al. Traditional virnses were studied by immunofluorescence. Personal, clinical and epidemiological data were collected in a standardized form. Results: The HBoV was detected in 7% of the samples and was prevalent in spring and summer and in children younger of 2 years old. Other respiratory viruses were detected in 22% of HBoV positive samples. Discussion: We detected HBoV in these two provinces of Argentina. Further studies should be performed to determine if it’s a recent infection or prolonged viral shedding.


Introducción: Un alto porcentaje de las infecciones respiratorias agudas (IRA) permanece sin diagnostico etiológico, por lo cual se investigan nuevos patógenos continuamente. Bocavirus humano (HBoV) fue descubierto en 2005, como un nuevo miembro de la familia Parvoviridae y propuesto como causante de IRA. Objetivos: Investigar la prevalencia de HBoV en niños bajo 5 años de edad, hospitalizados por IRA en dos provincias de Argentina: Santa Fe y Tucumán y describir aspectos epidemiológicos y clínicos asociados a su detección. Materiales y Métodos: Se estudiaron retrospectivamente los aspirados nasofaríngeos (ANF) de pacientes bajo 5 años de edad, con diagnóstico de IRA, hospitalizados durante el año 2013. La presencia de HBoV se detectó mediante la RPC de punto final descripta por Allander y cols. Los virus tradicionales se estudiaron mediante inmunofluorescencia. Datos personales, clínicos y epidemiológicos se recolectaron en una planilla estandarizada. Resultados: HBoV fue detectado en 7% de las muestras con prevalencia en primavera y verano; y principalmente en pacientes bajo 2 años de edad. Se registró co-detecciones en 22% de los casos. Discusión: Hemos detectado HBoV en estas dos provincias de Argentina; estudios posteriores deberán efectuarse para determinar si se trata de una infección reciente o una excreción prolongada del virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Parvoviridae Infections/epidemiology , Human bocavirus/isolation & purification , Argentina/epidemiology , Seasons , Time Factors , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Community-Acquired Infections , Age Distribution , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051594

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is the most frequent pathology along human life, being the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years old. The aim of this study was to determine the circulation of HBoV in infants under 5 years old with symptoms of ARI from north Argentina (Chaco province). Were analyzed 882 nasopharyngeal aspirates obtained during the years 2014 and 2015. The samples were tested by real time PCR and the overal frequency of HBoV was 7.6%. The period with the major detection report was June-September with 77.6% of all positive cases. It is interesting that 98.5% of all cases were in infants aged 0 to 2 years of life. HBoV positive cases were given as single infection in 46.3% of patients and the remaining 53.7% as concomitant infections with other viruses. The evaluation of two full years calendar of molecular epidemiological study in northern Argentina of HBoV, reflects more accurately the current situation and could lead to re-formulate strategies for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disease. We intend to highlight the importance of investigate this new virus capable of produce an acute respiratory disease by providing information about it to the community.


A infecção respiratória aguda (IRA) é a mais frequente ao longo da vida de uma patologia individual e é a causa mais comum de mortalidade/morbidade em crianças com menos de 5 anos. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o movimento do Bocavírus Humano (HBoV) em crianças menores de 5 anos com um diagnóstico presuntivo de IRA numa capital estadual do norte da Argentina (Resistencia, Chaco). Foram analizados 882 aspirados nasofaríngeos, obtidos durante os anos 2014 e 2015. As pessoas foram testeadas por PCR em tempo real, onde se encontrou uma frequência de HBoV do 7,6% (67/882), dando a maior concentração de casos positivos no período de junho a setembro (77,6%). Curiosamente, 98,5% dos casos foram em crianças de 0 a 2 anos de vida. Os casos positívos de HBoV foram dados como única infecção em 46,3% dos pacientes e os restantes 53,7% como infecções concomitantes com outros vírus. A avaliação de dois anos, calendário completo de estudo de epidemiologia molecular HBoV no norte da Argentina, reflete com mais precisão a realidade, e pode reformular as estratégias para o diagnóstico, tratamento e prognóstico da patología. Temos a intenção de destacar a importância de se investigar o novo vírus capaz de gerar doença respiratória aguda, fornecendo informações dele para a comunidade


La infección respiratoria aguda (IRA) es la patología más frecuente a lo largo de la vida de una persona y es la causa más común de morbi-motalidad en niños menores de 5 años. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la circulación del Bocavirus Humano (HBoV) en niños menores de 5 años con diagnóstico presuntivo de IRA en una ciudad capital del norte argentino (Resistencia, Chaco). Ruiz Díaz, Natalia; y Col. Rev. Fac. Med. UNNE XXXVI: 3, 5-12, 2016 Se analizaron 882 aspirados nasofaríngeos obtenidos durante los años 2014 y 2015. Los mismos fueron testeados por PCR en tiempo real encontrándose una frecuencia de HBoV de 7.6% (67/882), dándose la mayor concentración de casos positivos en el período junio-septiembre (77,6%) y es interesante destacar que el 98,5% del total de casos se registraron en infantes entre 0 a 2 año de vida. Los casos positivos para HBoV se dieron como infección única en el 46.3% de los pacientes y el 53.7% restante como infecciones concomitantes con otros virus. La evaluación de dos años -calendarios completos- de estudio epidemiológico molecular de HBoV en el norte argentino, refleja de manera más fiel la realidad ya que permite reformular las estrategias en cuanto al diagnóstico, el tratamiento y el pronóstico de esta patología. Pretendemos destacar la importancia de investigar los nuevos virus capaces de generar patología respiratoria aguda brindando información sobre el mismo a la comunidad


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Respiratory Tract Diseases/pathology , Respiratory Tract Infections/diagnosis , Child, Preschool , Parvoviridae Infections/diagnosis , Human bocavirus/pathogenicity
16.
Medical Principles and Practice. 2015; 24 (4): 382-387
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-175089

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of human coronavirus [HCoV]-NL63, human metapneumovirus [hMPV], human bocavirus [Boca], human polyomavirus KI [KIV] and human polyomavirus WU [WUV] in respiratory tract infections [RTI] in Kuwait


Materials and Methods: Respiratory samples from 735 hospitalized patients with RTI from September 2010 to April 2013 were evaluated for the presence of HCoV-NL63, hMPV, Boca, KIV and WUV using molecular assays, polymerase chain reaction [PCR] and reverse-transcription PCR


Results: Of the 735 patients, 285 [38.8%] were diagnosed with viral RTI. The distribution of respiratory viruses was hMPV: 15 [5.3%], Boca: 14 [4.9%], WUV: 10 [3.5%] and KIV: 4 [1.4%]. HCoV-NL63 was not detected in any of the samples


Conclusions: These newly discovered viruses were associated with the development of RTI in Kuwait. The rapid identification of these viral infections could aid in the control of nosocomial transmission, reduce the use of antibiotics and improve treatment and management strategies


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Infant , Human bocavirus , Coronavirus NL63, Human , Coronavirus Infections , Metapneumovirus , Polyomavirus , Polyomavirus Infections , Polymerase Chain Reaction
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56779

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the clinical characteristics of respiratory viruses that were frequently found in children during spring/summer, namely, human bocavirus (hBoV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV), parainfluenza virus (PIV), and human rhinovirus (hRV). METHODS: This study enrolled patients with acute lower respiratory infection in whom respiratory virus reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was performed between March 2013 and August of 2013. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records to collect the patients' data. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients were enrolled and divided into 5 categories: hBoV in 19 patients (19.8%), hMPV in 18 patients (18.8%), PIV in 16 patients (16.7%), hRV in 20 patients (20.8%), and negative result in 23 patients (24.0%). The mean age of the patients was 8.2+/-5.9 months (median, 7.5 months; range, 1-24 months), and the male-to-female ratio was 1.1:1. The most common diagnoses were acute bronchiolitis (62.5%) and pneumonia (30.2%). Compared to other patients, those with hBoV were older (12.3+/-4.9 months, P=0.001) and more frequently diagnosed with acute bronchiolitis (P=0.005). In addition, they showed higher incidences of tachypnea and rales (P=0.039 and P=0.035, respectively), and were more frequently treated with oxygen and systemic steroids (P=0.044 and P=0.001, respectively) than the other patients. CONCLUSION: We compared respiratory viruses in children during spring/summer and found that hBoV may have more severe clinical manifestations than other viruses.


Subject(s)
Bronchiolitis , Child , Diagnosis , Human bocavirus , Humans , Humans , Incidence , Medical Records , Metapneumovirus , Oxygen , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Pneumonia , Respiratory Sounds , Retrospective Studies , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rhinovirus , Steroids , Tachypnea
18.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 42-45, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280297

ABSTRACT

We studied the epidemiological characteristics of human bocavirus 4 (HBoV4) in children with a- cute gastroenteritis in Lanzhou (China). A total of 331 stool specimens were collected from children aged < 5 years with acute diarrhea at the First Hospital of Lanzhou University between July 2012 and June 2013. Specimens of HBoV were identified by nested polymerase chain reaction assays. Compared with related sequences in GenBank, the HBoV-positive strain isolated in the present study was,quite surprisingly, a rare genotype named HBoV4. This strain was a typical HBoV4,with high levels of nucleotide and amino acid homology to the Thailand strain, JQ267789 (98.9% and 98.7%, respectively), and the USA strain, GQ506568 (97.6% and 97.4%, respectively). This is the first report of HBoV4 as the causative agent for acute gastroenteritis in pediatric patients in China. This strain is one of two genotypes of HBoV that are currently circulating.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , China , Feces , Virology , Female , Gastroenteritis , Virology , Human bocavirus , Classification , Genetics , Humans , Infant , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Parvoviridae Infections , Virology , Phylogeny
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(6): 716-721, 09/09/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723990

ABSTRACT

Viruses are the major contributors to the morbidity and mortality of upper and lower acute respiratory infections (ARIs) for all age groups. The aim of this study was to determine the frequencies for a large range of respiratory viruses using a sensitive molecular detection technique in specimens from outpatients of all ages with ARIs. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were obtained from 162 individuals between August 2007-August 2009. Twenty-three pathogenic respiratory agents, 18 respiratory viruses and five bacteria were investigated using multiplex real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIF). Through IIF, 33 (20.4%) specimens with respiratory virus were recognised, with influenza virus representing over half of the positive samples. Through a multiplex real-time RT-PCR assay, 88 (54.3%) positive samples were detected; the most prevalent respiratory viral pathogens were influenza, human rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Six cases of viral co-detection were observed, mainly involving RSV. The use of multiplex real-time RT-PCR increased the viral detection by 33.9% and revealed a larger number of respiratory viruses implicated in ARI cases, including the most recently described respiratory viruses [human bocavirus, human metapneumovirus, influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 virus, human coronavirus (HCoV) NL63 and HCoV HKU1].


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Human bocavirus/isolation & purification , Influenza A virus/isolation & purification , Influenza B virus/isolation & purification , Paramyxoviridae/isolation & purification , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Acute Disease , Age Distribution , Coronavirus/isolation & purification , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Nasopharynx/virology , Outpatients , Prevalence , Picornaviridae/isolation & purification , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 250-254, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62392

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed at elucidating potential temporal associations between the occurrence of Kawasaki disease (KD) and various viral infections. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We obtained monthly patterns of KD from the seventh nationwide survey and viral detection data from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 2009 to 2011 and evaluated temporal correlations between them for each month. The respiratory viruses detected using a multiplex real-time-polymerase chain reaction kit were influenza virus (A/H1N1, A/H3N2, A/H5N1, and B), adenovirus, parainfluenza virus (type 1, 2, 3), respiratory syncytial virus (type A, B), human rhinovirus, human coronavirus (OC43/229E, NL63), human bocavirus, and enterovirus. RESULTS: We obtained data from a total of 13031 patients who were treated for acute KD from 87 hospitals with pediatric residence programs. During this survey, KD showed highest overall incidence in summer and winter seasons and lowest incidence in February and October. We received viral detection data for a total of 14267 patients. Viral detection was highest during winter and spring seasons. The most commonly detected virus was human rhinovirus (32.6%), followed by influenza virus (26.8%). The monthly incidence of KD showed significant correlation with the monthly overall viral detection (p=0.022, r=0.382). In particular, human bocavirus and enterovirus have significant correlations with monthly patterns of KD occurrence (p=0.032 and p=0.007, respectively) and influenza virus correlated with KD occurrence with borderline significance (p=0.063). CONCLUSION: The temporal association between monthly occurrence of KD and viral detection suggests the etiologic importance of precedent infection in the development of KD.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Coronavirus , Enterovirus , Human bocavirus , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Orthomyxoviridae , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Rhinovirus , Seasons
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