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1.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 12: e2, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344115

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a aplicabilidade do Processo de Enfermagem em interface com as melhores práticas. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 146 enfermeiros(as), mediante questionário estruturado tipo survey, aplicado entre maio e setembro de 2019, analisado por estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: dos 146 enfermeiros(as), 115 (78,8%) realizavam o Processo de Enfermagem, sendo que 73 (50%) aplicavam as cinco etapas do Processo de Enfermagem. Destes 115, prevaleceram as etapas de coleta de dados 110 (95,7%) e implementação do cuidado 104 (90,4%). Houve associação significativa entre a aplicação das etapas do Processo de Enfermagem com o uso de sistemas de informação e escalas de avaliação. Algumas etapas do Processo foram associadas ao uso de Sistemas de Linguagem Padronizada e teorias de enfermagem. Conclusão: o Processo de Enfermagem configura-se como estratégia para consolidar as melhores práticas, fundamentando as ações em evidências científicas e nas necessidades do indivíduo mediante expertise clínica e qualificação dos registros.


Objective: to analyze the applicability of the Nursing Process in interface with best practices. Method: cross-sectional study, conducted with 146 nurses, using a structured survey questionnaire, applied between May and September 2019, analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: of the 146 nurses, 115 (78.8%) performed the Nursing Process, and 73 (50%) applied the five steps of the Nursing Process. Of these 115 prevailed the steps of data collection 110 (95.7%) and implementation of care 104 (90.4%). There was a significant association between the application of the steps of the Nursing Process using information systems and evaluation scales. Some steps of the Process were associated with the use of Standardized Language Systems and nursing theories. Conclusion: the Nursing Process is configured as a strategy to consolidate the best practices, basing the actions on scientific evidence and on the needs of the individual through clinical expertise and qualification of the records.


Objetivo: analizar la aplicabilidad del Proceso de Enfermería en interfaz con las mejores prácticas. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 146 enfermeros, utilizando un cuestionario de encuesta estructurada, aplicado entre mayo y septiembre de 2019, analizado por estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: de los 146 enfermeros, 115 (78,8%) realizaron el Proceso de Enfermería, y 73 (50%) aplicaron las cinco etapas del Proceso de Enfermería. De esos 115, prevalecieron las etapas de recolección de datos 110 (95,7%) y la implementación de la atención 104 (90,4%). Hubo asociación significativa entre la aplicación de las etapas del Proceso de Enfermería con el uso de sistemas de información y escalas de evaluación. Algunas etapas del Proceso fueron asociadas con el uso de sistemas estandarizados del lenguaje y teorías de enfermería. Conclusión: el Proceso de Enfermería se configura como una estrategia para consolidar las mejores prácticas, basando las acciones en la evidencia científica y en las necesidades del individuo a través de la experiencia clínica y la calificación de los registros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tertiary Healthcare , Nursing Records , Nursing , Practice Patterns, Nurses' , Nursing Process
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210088, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339881

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: compreender, por meio do brinquedo terapêutico dramático, o significado, para o irmão, de visitar a criança hospitalizada em terapia intensiva. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, modalidade fenomenológica, que utilizou o brinquedo terapêutico dramático para acessar às experiências dos irmãos. Foi realizada em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica do interior do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Participaram das sessões de brinquedo terapêutico 11 irmãos menores de 10 anos, as quais foram analisadas à luz da Teoria do Amadurecimento. Resultados: os irmãos, tendo um lugar para brincar, dramatizaram situações, anteriormente, vividas, de seu cotidiano e da visita à criança hospitalizada. Ao viver, criativamente, revelaram que brincar é fazer a integração das experiências do "eu", favorecendo o continuar a ser diante da situação vivida. Conclusões e implicações para a prática: o Brinquedo Terapêutico Dramático compreendido à luz de um referencial teórico possibilitou que o irmão significasse a visita como uma experiência de integração do "eu", revelando emoções, desejos e preferências do cotidiano. Nesse sentido, o cuidado ao irmão da criança hospitalizada define-se pela oferta do brincar livre, para que ele demonstre o sentimento de continuar a ser em suas interações com o mundo, no qual o contexto hospitalar tornou parte da realidade.


Resumen Objeto: Comprender por medio del juego terapéutico dramático el significado, para el hermano, de la visita al niño hospitalizado en Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica. Método: Investigación cualitativa, modalidad fenomenológica, que utilizó el juego terapéutico dramático para comprender la experiencia del hermano. Se realizó en Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica del interior del Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Participaron de las sesiones de juego terapéutico 11 hermanos con menos de 10 años, quienes fueron analizados a la luz de la Teoría de la Maduración. Resultados: Los hermanos, al tener un lugar para jugar, dramatizaron situaciones anteriormente vividas, de su cotidiano y de la visita al niño hospitalizado. Al vivir de forma creativa, revelaron que jugar es permitir la integración de las experiencias del "yo", lo que favorece el concepto de seguir siendo, ante la situación vivida. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica: El Juego Terapéutico Dramático comprendido a la luz de un referencial teórico hizo posible que el hermano entendiera la visita como una experiencia de integración del "yo", revelando emociones, deseos y preferencias cotidianas. En este sentido, el cuidado del hermano del niño hospitalizado se define por la oferta de juego libre, para que pueda demostrar su sentimiento de seguir siendo en sus interacciones con el mundo, en el que el contexto hospitalario se ha convertido en parte de la realidad.


Abstract Objective: to understand, by means of dramatic therapeutic play, the meaning, for the sibling, of visiting the child hospitalized in intensive care. Method: a qualitative research, phenomenological modality, which used the dramatic therapeutic play to access the siblings' experiences. It was carried out in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in the countryside of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Eleven siblings under ten years of age participated in the therapeutic play sessions, which were analyzed in the light of the Theory of Maturation. Results: the siblings, having a place to play, dramatized previously lived situations, from their daily life and from the visit to the hospitalized child. By living creatively, they revealed that playing is to integrate the experiences of the "I", favoring the continuity of being in the face of the situation lived. Conclusions and implications for practice: the Dramatic Therapeutic Play understood in the light of a theoretical framework allowed the sibling to mean the visit as an experience of integration of the "I", revealing emotions, desires and preferences of daily life. In this sense, the care for the brother of the hospitalized child is defined by the offer of free play, so that he demonstrates the feeling of continuing to be in his interactions with the world, in which the hospital context has become part of reality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Play and Playthings/psychology , Visitors to Patients/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Child, Hospitalized , Siblings/psychology , Sibling Relations , Child Health , Creativity , Qualitative Research
3.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210040, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339880

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar a percepção dos pais sobre as práticas de educação em saúde desenvolvidas pelos enfermeiros na Unidade Neonatal que facilitaram a aquisição de competências parentais para uma tomada de decisão fundamentada. Método estudo exploratório e descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa. Participaram 13 pais com filhos internados, pela primeira vez, em uma Unidade Neonatal portuguesa. Os dados foram colhidos entre fevereiro e agosto de 2020, por meio de grupos focais, processados no software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, através da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente e da Análise de Similitude. Resultados da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente, emergiram quatro classes: "Necessidades de informação", "Lacunas na informação", "Disponibilidade para informar"; "Práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde". Conclusão e implicações para a prática os pais consideraram como práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde a tecnologia digital aliada à disponibilidade dos enfermeiros para informar e explicar, bem como propiciar um ambiente empático e informal. Tal resultado pode subsidiar o desenvolvimento de intervenções de enfermagem de educação em saúde para pais na Unidade Neonatal, com recurso à tecnologia digital.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la percepción de los padres sobre las prácticas de educación en salud desarrolladas por enfermeras de la Unidad Neonatal que facilitaron la adquisición de habilidades parentales para la toma de decisiones informada. Método estudio exploratorio descriptivo, con abordaje cualitativo. Participaron 13 padres con hijos hospitalizados, por primera vez, en una Unidad Neonatal Portuguesa. Los datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y agosto de 2020, a través de grupos focales, procesados en el software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, a través de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente y el Análisis de Similitud. Resultados surgieron cuatro clases de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente: "Necesidades de información"; "Brechas de información"; "Disponibilidad para informar"; "Prácticas facilitadoras de la educación para la salud". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los padres consideraron prácticas facilitadoras para la educación en salud la tecnología digital combinada con la disponibilidad de enfermeras para informar y explicar, además de brindar un ambiente empático e informal. Este resultado puede apoyar el desarrollo de intervenciones de enfermería de educación para la salud para los padres en Unidad Neonatal, con el uso de tecnología digital.


Abstract Objective to analyze parents' perception of health education practices developed by nurses in a Neonatal Unit that facilitated the acquisition of parenting skills for an informed decision-making. Method this is an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study. We included 13 parents with children hospitalized for the first time in a Portuguese Neonatal Unit. Data were collected between February and August 2020, through focus groups, processed in the software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, through Descending Hierarchical Classification and Similitude Analysis. Results four classes emerged from the Descending Hierarchical Classification: "Information needs"; "Information gaps"; "Availability to inform"; "Facilitating health education practices". Conclusion and implications for practice parents considered digital technology combined with nurses' availability to inform and explain, as well as provide an empathetic and informal environment as facilitating practices for health education. These results can support health education nursing interventions for parents at the Neonatal Units using digital technology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Parents/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Health Education , Health Literacy , Nurses , Pamphlets , Communication , Decision Making , Qualitative Research , Digital Technology , Length of Stay , Nurse-Patient Relations , Nursing Care/psychology
4.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210207, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339879

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo refletir sobre o conceito de vulnerabilidade em saúde à luz dos pressupostos de educação e liberdade de Hannah Arendt. Método estudo teórico-reflexivo cujos resultados foram agrupados em duas categorias: Vulnerabilidade em saúde como condição humana e Educação e liberdade do sujeito em situação de vulnerabilidade. Resultados a vulnerabilidade deve ser reconhecida como traço da condição humana, pois suas dimensões envolvem o sujeito e suas condições de saúde, materiais, socioambientais, culturais e jurídicas. Ao considerar a vulnerabilidade na perspectiva política e conscientizadora, a educação emerge como ferramenta para sobrepujá-las, pois possibilita desenvolver as singularidades dos sujeitos, preparando-os para a responsabilidade com o mundo; propicia superar a alienação; concretiza o aprendizado político e a tomada de decisões. Tudo isso reunido é crucial para suplantar a condição de vulnerabilidade frente às desigualdades existentes no mundo e o respeito à liberdade dos sujeitos. Conclusão e implicações para a prática pensamentos arendtianos guardam relação com vulnerabilidade, pois a conscientização, por meio da educação, é indispensável ao aprimoramento do atual contexto social e político. A busca do ser humano pela liberdade e o encorajamento de suas ações oportunizam a evolução do sujeito no mundo.


Resumen Objetivo reflexionar sobre el concepto de vulnerabilidad en salud a la luz de los supuestos de educación y libertad de Hannah Arendt. Método estudio teórico-reflexivo cuyos resultados se agruparon en dos categorías: Vulnerabilidad en salud como condición humana y Educación y libertad del sujeto en situación de vulnerabilidad. Resultados la vulnerabilidad debe ser reconocida como un rasgo de la condición humana, ya que sus dimensiones involucran al sujeto y sus condiciones de salud, materiales, socioambientales, culturales y legales. Al considerar la vulnerabilidad desde una perspectiva política y de sensibilización, la educación surge como una herramienta para superarlas, ya que permite desarrollar las singularidades de los sujetos, preparándolos para la responsabilidad con el mundo; permite superar la alienación; materializa el aprendizaje político y la toma de decisiones. Todo esto en conjunto es fundamental para superar la condición de vulnerabilidad ante las desigualdades existentes en el mundo y el respeto a la libertad de los sujetos. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los pensamientos arendtianos están relacionados con la vulnerabilidad, ya que la conciencia, a través de la educación, es fundamental para mejorar el contexto social y político actual. La búsqueda por la libertad de los seres humanos y el estímulo de sus acciones brindan oportunidades para la evolución del sujeto en el mundo.


Abstract Objective reflect on the concept of health vulnerability in light of Hannah Arendt's assumptions on education and freedom. Method a theoretical-reflexive study whose results were grouped into two categories: Vulnerability in health as a human condition and Education and freedom of the subject in a vulnerable situation. Results vulnerability must be recognized as a feature of the human condition, because its dimensions involve the subject and their health, material, socio-environmental, cultural and legal conditions. When considering vulnerability from a political and awareness-raising perspective, education emerges as a tool to overcome it, for it makes it possible to develop the singularities of the subjects, preparing them for their responsibility to the world; it enables them to overcome alienation; it materializes political learning and decision making. All of this together is crucial to overcome the condition of vulnerability to the inequalities existing in the world and the respect for the subjects' freedom. Conclusion and implications for practice arendtian thoughts are related to vulnerability, since awareness, through education, is indispensable to the improvement of the current social and political context. The human being's search for freedom and the encouragement of their actions enable the evolution of the subject in the world.


Subject(s)
Humans , Philosophy , Education , Health Vulnerability , Freedom , Social Environment , Concept Formation
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210208, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1292780

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender a ausência de rituais fúnebres na pandemia de COVID-19 no processo de viver o luto das famílias brasileiras que perderam entes queridos por COVID-19. Método: pesquisa qualitativa documental realizada em três jornais disponibilizados online. Foram analisadas 67 reportagens, divididas em duas categorias; a primeira trata dos sofrimentos psicológicos derivados do isolamento social, como ansiedade, depressão, solidão e medo; e a segunda trata das diferentes manifestações do luto e o efeito psicológico das perdas em meio à pandemia. Resultado: a ritualização da morte é indissociável do processo de elaboração das perdas. A ausência de rituais fúnebres, aliada ao distanciamento social, repercute de forma desafiadora para a sociedade e para os profissionais da saúde mental. Estratégias não presenciais de demonstração de afeto e elaboração da perda podem amenizar o isolamento imposto pela pandemia. Conclusões e implicações para a prática: o processo de viver humano é repleto de ritos de passagem e a ritualística na morte-morrer se mostra necessária para a vivência da despedida, da certeza do distanciamento ocorrido entre entes e família. Implica em modos resolutivos de registro emocional, mental e mesmo físico da expressão pública de sofrimento do enlutado e do não esquecimento do Ser à morte. Impacta na prática assistencial para o acolhimento, orientação e elaboração das perdas para a manutenção de vida saudável das pessoas enlutadas, o que propõe argumentos teórico-reflexivos no cuidado em saúde mental e na guarida de pessoas enlutadas decorrentes da pandemia


Objective: to understand the absence of funeral rituals in the process of living the grief process of Brazilian families who lost loved ones by COVID-19. Method: this is a qualitative documental research carried out in three newspapers available online. Sixty-seven reports were analyzed, divided into two categories; the first deals with psychological suffering derived from social isolation, such as anxiety, depression, loneliness and fear; and the second deals with the different manifestations of grief and the psychological effect of losses amidst the pandemic. Result: the ritualization of death is inseparable from the process of elaboration of the losses. The absence of funeral rituals combined with social dictatorship can have a challenging impact on society and mental healthcare professionals. Non-presential strategies for showing affection and elaborating the loss can ease the isolation imposed by the pandemic. Conclusions and implications for practice: the human living process is full of rites of passage and death-dying rituals prove to be necessary for the experience of farewell, of the certainty of the distance between loved ones and family. It implies resolving modes of emotional, mental and even physical recording of the public expression of the griever's suffering and not forgetting the Being's to death. It impacts care practice for reception, guidance and elaboration of losses for the maintenance of a healthy life for grievers, which proposes theoretical-reflective arguments in mental healthcare and in the shelter of grievers resulting from the pandemic


Objetivo: comprender la ausencia de rituales funerarios en el proceso de dolor de las familias brasileñas que perdieron a sus seres queridos por COVID-19. Método: una investigación documental cualitativa realizada en tres periódicos disponibles en línea. Se analizaron 67 informes, divididos en dos categorías; el primero trata sobre el sufrimiento psicológico derivado del aislamiento social, como la ansiedad, la depresión, la soledad y el miedo; y el segundo trata de las diferentes manifestaciones del dolor y el efecto psicológico de las pérdidas en medio de la pandemia. Resultado: la ritualización de la muerte es inseparable del proceso de elaboración de las pérdidas. La ausencia de rituales funerarios combinada con la dictadura social puede tener un impacto desafiante en la sociedad y los profesionales de la salud mental. Las estrategias no presenciales para mostrar afecto y explicar la pérdida pueden aliviar el aislamiento impuesto por la pandemia. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica: el proceso del vivir humano está lleno de ritos de paso y los rituales de la muerte-morir resultan necesarios para la experiencia de la despedida, de la certeza de la distancia entre los seres queridos y la familia. Implica resolver modos de registro emocional, mental e incluso físico de la expresión pública del sufrimiento del doliente y del no olvido del Ser hasta la muerte. Incide en la práctica asistencial para la recepción, orientación y elaboración de las pérdidas para el mantenimiento de una vida sana de las personas en dolor, el cual propone argumentos teórico-reflexivos en la atención de la salud mental y en el refugio de personas en dolor producto de la pandemia


Subject(s)
Humans , Bereavement , Family/psychology , Death , Pandemics , Funeral Rites/psychology , COVID-19 , Qualitative Research , Physical Distancing
6.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210179, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1292850

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O estudo objetivou compreender as repercussões da pandemia da Covid-19 no cuidado de lactentes prematuros, na perspectiva de mães e profissionais de saúde. Método: Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas nos meses de junho e julho de 2020, por meio de ligação telefônica, com 14 mães e quatro profissionais de saúde do serviço de follow-up de uma maternidade pública da Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir da análise temática indutiva, os impactos da pandemia no cuidado ao lactente nascido prematuro, foram: sobrecarga e afastamento dos profissionais dos serviços de saúde, desativação temporária da unidade mãe canguru, descontinuidade da assistência ao prematuro, medo materno de expor a criança à Covid-19 e baixa condição socioeconômica. Foram elencadas estratégias de enfrentamento para o cuidado dos lactentes durante a pandemia, como: maior espaçamento das consultas, acompanhamento por meio telefônico e cumprimento das medidas de biossegurança. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: A pandemia exigi adaptações na assistência, tornando necessárias novas formas de cuidado a essas crianças, como exemplo, as consultas de acompanhamento remotas, a fim de garantir o seu direito à vida e saúde


Objective: The study aimed at understanding the repercussions of the Covid-19 pandemic in the care of premature infants, from the perspective of mothers and health professionals. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the months of June and July 2020, over the telephone, with 14 mothers and four health professionals from the follow-up service of a public maternity hospital in Paraíba, Brazil. Results: From the inductive thematic analysis, the impacts of the pandemic on the care of premature infants were as follows: overload and distancing of health service professionals, temporary deactivation of the Kangaroo mother unit, discontinuity of care for the premature infant, maternal fear of exposing the child to Covid-19 and low socioeconomic status. Coping strategies for the care of infants during the pandemic were listed, such as: greater spacing between consultations, phone follow-up and compliance with biosafety measures. Conclusion and implications for the practice: The pandemic required adaptations in care, which make new forms of care necessary for these children, such as remote follow-up consultations, in order to guarantee their right to life and health


Objetivo: El estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender las repercusiones de la pandemia de Covid-19 en la atención de bebés prematuros, desde la perspectiva de las madres y los profesionales de la salud. Método: Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas en los meses de junio y julio de 2020, por medio de llamadas telefónicas, a 14 madres y cuatro profesionales de la salud del servicio de seguimiento de una maternidad pública en Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir del análisis temático inductivo, los efectos de la pandemia en la atención de bebés prematuros fueron los siguientes: sobrecarga y distanciamiento de profesionales de los servicios de salud, inhabilitación temporal de la unidad Madre Canguro, discontinuidad de la atención al bebé prematuro, miedo materno a exponer al niño al Covid-19 y nivel socioeconómico bajo. Se enumeraron estrategias de afrontamiento para la atención infantil durante la pandemia, tales como: mayor intervalo entre consultas, seguimiento telefónico y cumplimiento de medidas de bioseguridad. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: La pandemia requirió adaptaciones en la atención, que hacen necesarias nuevas formas de atención para estos niños, como las consultas de monitoreo remoto, para garantizar su derecho a la vida y a la salud


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Adult , Middle Aged , Infant, Premature/growth & development , Health Personnel , Maternal-Child Health Services , COVID-19 , Infant Care , Mothers , Workload/psychology , Remote Consultation , Qualitative Research , Vaccination Coverage , Fear , Kangaroo-Mother Care Method , Hand Hygiene , Physical Distancing , COVID-19/prevention & control
7.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210234, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1342933

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a experiência de planejamento, execução e avaliação de um serviço de suporte ético-emocional para profissionais de enfermagem frente à pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiência no âmbito da Comissão de Suporte Ético-Emocional do Conselho Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desenvolvido entre os meses de abril e dezembro de 2020 e operacionalizado através de ligações telefônicas e mensagens via aplicativo de comunicação. Resultados: Foram atendidos 241 profissionais. Foram revelados e declarados sentimentos, emoções, vivências e problemas oriundos do cotidiano de trabalho da enfermagem diante do contexto pandêmico. Tais problemas reforçam a eminência, a urgência e o valor que o suporte teve para a vida, trabalho e saúde dos profissionais atendidos, configurando-se como uma estratégia de saúde e de intervenção indispensável à promoção, prevenção, segurança e proteção da saúde mental frente à pandemia. Os atendimentos culminaram na redução de sentimentos negativos; na percepção aumentada (identificação de potenciais ameaças e contextos de "gatilhos"); na valorização pessoal; no autoconhecimento e autocuidado. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática: O suporte fez-se inovador para área da saúde e da enfermagem ao constituir-se como uma estratégia multidisciplinar promotora, aconselhadora e facilitadora do cuidado em tempos de COVID-19. Encoraja-se a manutenção desta estratégia após a pandemia


Objective: To describe the experience of planning, implementing and evaluating an ethical-emotional support service for Nursing professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: An experience report in the scope of the Ethical-Emotional Support Commission of the Regional Council of Minas Gerais, Brazil, developed between April and December 2020 and operationalized through phone calls and messages via a communication application. Results: A total of 241 professionals were assisted. Feelings, emotions, experiences and problems arising from the daily Nursing work in the pandemic context were revealed and stated. Such problems reinforce the prominence, urgency and value that the support service had for the life, work and health of the professionals assisted, configuring itself as a health and intervention strategy, indispensable for mental health promotion, prevention, safety and protection in the face of the pandemic. The consultations culminated in the reduction of negative feelings; in increased perception (identification of potential threats and "trigger" contexts); in personal appreciation; and in self-knowledge and self-care. Final considerations and implications for the practice: The support service was innovative for the Health and Nursing areas by constituting a multidisciplinary strategy that promotes, counsels, and facilitates care in times of COVID-19. We encourage the maintenance of this strategy after the pandemic


Objetivo: Describir la experiencia de planificación, implementación y evaluación de un servicio de soporte ético-emocional para los profesionales de enfermería ante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiencia en el ámbito de la Comisión de Soporte Ético-Emocional del Consejo Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desarrollado entre los meses de abril y diciembre de 2020 y operacionalizado a través de enlaces telefónicos y mensajes vía la aplicación de comunicación. Resultados: Se atendió a 241 profesionales. Se revelaron y declararon los sentimientos, las emociones, las experiencias y los problemas derivados del trabajo diario de las enfermeras ante el contexto de la pandemia. Estos problemas refuerzan la eminencia, la urgencia y el valor que el soporte tiene para la vida, el trabajo y la salud de los profesionales atendidos, configurándose como una estrategia de salud y de intervención indispensable para la promoción, prevención, seguridad y protección de la salud mental frente a la pandemia. Las consultas culminaron en la reducción de los sentimientos negativos; en el aumento de la percepción (identificación de posibles amenazas y contextos "desencadenantes"); en la valoración personal; en el autoconocimiento y el autocuidado. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica: El soporte fue innovador en el ámbito de la salud y la enfermería como estrategia multidisciplinaria para promover, asesorar y facilitar la asistencia en tiempos de COVID-19. Se fomenta el mantenimiento de esta estrategia después de la pandemia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Remote Consultation , Ethics, Nursing , Telemental Health , COVID-19/psychology , Nurse Practitioners/psychology , Burnout, Professional , Occupational Health , Workload
8.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210250, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1343017

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender as percepções de profissionais da educação sobre as violências contra crianças e adolescentes em contexto de pandemia pela Covid-19. Método: pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa, ancorada no Paradigma Complexo, realizada com sete profissionais da educação entre setembro e outubro de 2020. A coleta de dados se deu por entrevistas semiestruturadas realizadas em plataforma virtual gratuita, sendo os dados analisados tematicamente. Resultados: emergiram dois temas finais "Violência e pandemia" e "(Não) percepção de possibilidades de atuação". A violência contra crianças e adolescentes é vislumbrada como fenômeno multidimensional pelos participantes. Pelas especificidades de maior ocorrência nas famílias, as alterações da vida impostas pela pandemia, em especial, o afastamento escolar, podem implicar no aumento de casos e maior dificuldade para identificação de violências contra essa população. Os impactos à saúde mental de crianças e adolescentes nesse período foi reforçado. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: apesar da compreensão de maior exposição às violências durante a pandemia, os profissionais não conseguiram propor estratégias para enfrentamento. Novos estudos sobre o tema com diferentes atores envolvidos, e articulação intersetorial para enfrentamento do fenômeno, são necessários


Objective: to understand the education professionals' perception about violence against children and adolescents in the COVID-19 pandemic context. Method: a research study with a qualitative approach, anchored in the Complex Paradigm, carried out with collection took place through semi-structured interviews carried out on a free virtual platform, and the data were thematically analyzed. Results: Two final themes emerged: "Violence and the pandemic" and "(Non)perception of action possibilities". Violence against children and adolescents is seen as a multidimensional phenomenon by the participants. Due to the specificities that occur more frequently in families, the life changes imposed by the pandemic, especially distancing from the school, can lead to an increase in the number of cases and to greater difficulty identifying violence against this population. The impacts on children's and adolescents' mental health during this period were reinforced. Conclusion and implications for the practice: despite the understanding of greater exposure to violence during the pandemic, the professionals were unable to propose coping strategies. New studies on the subject matter with different actors involved are needed, as well as intersectoral articulation to face the phenomenon


Objetivo: comprender las percepciones de los profesionales de la educación sobre la violencia contra niños y adolescentes en el contexto de pandemia por Covid-19. Método: investigación con enfoque cualitativo, anclada en el Paradigma Complejo, realizada con siete profesionales de la educación entre septiembre y octubre de 2020. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas realizadas en una plataforma virtual libre, y los datos fueron analizados temáticamente. Resultados: Surgieron dos temas finales "Violencia y pandemia" y "(No) percepción de posibilidades de actuación". La violencia contra niños y adolescentes es vista por los participantes como un fenómeno multidimensional. Debido a las especificidades que ocurren con mayor frecuencia en las familias, los cambios en la vida que impone la pandemia, especialmente el alejamiento de las escuelas, pueden conllevar un aumento de casos y una mayor dificultad para identificar la violencia contra esta población. Se reforzaron los impactos en la salud mental de niños y adolescentes durante este período. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: a pesar de comprender que se manifiesta una mayor exposición a la violencia durante la pandemia, los profesionales no pudieron proponer estrategias de afrontamiento. Se advierte la necesidad de contar con nuevos estudios sobre el tema, que incluyan a los diferentes actores involucrados, con articulación intersectorial para enfrentar el fenómeno


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Child Abuse , Child Welfare , School Teachers , COVID-19 , Social Support , Education, Distance , Notification , Qualitative Research , Family Relations , Internet Access , Physical Distancing
9.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210178, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339878

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo conhecer as percepções e perspectivas dos profissionais da saúde para o desenvolvimento da Prevenção Quaternária na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método Pesquisa Apreciativa, que aplicou as fases do "ciclo 4-D", na língua inglesa: discovery, dream, design e destiny. Este artigo analisa os resultados referentes à fase discovery (descoberta), de cujos dois encontros correspondentes participaram nove profissionais da Atenção Primária. Realizou-se análise de conteúdo, seguindo as etapas de pré-análise, exploração do material e tratamento dos dados. Resultados a Prevenção Quaternária representa uma potencialidade na inovação da atenção, com possibilidade de reduzir a medicalização social, que ocorre mediante a sobremedicalização, sobrediagnósticos e sobretratamentos. Como perspectivas, é apresentada a necessidade de conscientização da sociedade e dos profissionais sobre esses excessos e de (re) posicionamento da indústria, do mercado e da mídia sobre o significado de "estar saudável". Conclusão e implicações para prática é necessário atentar para a ética na prestação de cuidados quanto ao rastreio, diagnóstico e tratamento de doenças. A Prevenção Quaternária tem potencial para reverter um modelo hegemônico em relação ao cuidado de indivíduos e famílias ao fomentar a integralidade. A Enfermagem, como prestadora do cuidado, junto com a equipe multiprofissional, deve incorporar ações de Prevenção Quaternária em suas práticas.


Resumen Objetivo conocer las percepciones y perspectivas de los profesionales de la salud para el desarrollo de la Prevención Cuaternaria en Atención Primaria de Salud. Método Investigación Apreciativa, que aplicó las fases del "ciclo 4-D", en inglés: discovery, dream, design y destiny Este artículo analiza los resultados de la fase discovery (descubrimiento), en cuyos dos encuentros correspondientes participaron nueve profesionales de Atención Primaria. Se realizó análisis de contenido, siguiendo los pasos de pre-análisis, exploración de material y procesamiento de datos. Resultados la Prevención Cuaternaria representa un potencial en la innovación asistencial, con posibilidad de reducir la medicalización social, que se produce por sobremedicalización, sobrediagnóstico y sobretratamiento. Como perspectivas, se presenta la necesidad de concienciar a la sociedad y los profesionales sobre estos excesos y de (re) posicionar a la industria, el mercado y los medios de comunicación sobre el significado de "estar sano". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica es necesario prestar atención a la ética en la prestación de cuidados en cuanto al cribado, diagnóstico y tratamiento de enfermedades. La Prevención Cuaternaria tiene el potencial de revertir un modelo hegemónico en relación al cuidado de las personas y familias al promover la integralidad. La Enfermería, como proveedora de cuidados, junto con el equipo multidisciplinario, deben incorporar las acciones de Prevención Cuaternaria en sus prácticas.


Abstract Objective to know the perceptions and perspectives of health professionals for the development of Quaternary Prevention in Primary Health Care. Method an Appreciative Research, which applied the phases of the "4-D cycle": discovery, dream, design and destiny. This article analyzes the results referring to the discovery phase (discovery), in which nine professionals from Primary Care participated in two corresponding meetings. Content analysis was performed, following the steps of pre-analysis, material exploration and data treatment. Results the Quaternary Prevention represents a potentiality in care innovation, with the possibility of reducing social medicalization, which occurs through over-medicalization, over-diagnosis and overtreatment. As perspectives, it is presented the need for society and professionals to be aware of these excesses and the (re) positioning of the industry, market and media about the meaning of "being healthy". Conclusion and implications for the practice it is necessary to pay attention to ethics in care provision regarding screening, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Quaternary Prevention has potential to revert a hegemonic model in relation to the care of individuals and families by promoting integrality. Nursing, as a care provider, together with the multi-professional team, must incorporate Quaternary Prevention actions in its practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Health Personnel , Medicalization , Quaternary Prevention , Complementary Therapies , Marketing of Health Services , Health Education , Qualitative Research , Education, Continuing , Health Manager , Medical Overuse , Medical History Taking
10.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210038, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339877

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever, na perspectiva de enfermeiros e médicos, as facilidades e os entraves da referência em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento. Método estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento de um município de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Participaram sete enfermeiros e 23 médicos. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista individual semiestruturada e analisados mediante a técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados as facilidades envolveram: ter serviços de referência especializados; gravidade do paciente; atendimento em "vaga zero"; boa relação entre os profissionais dos serviços de urgência e a empatia. Dentre os entraves, estavam: contato difícil por telefone com os hospitais e a superlotação destes; dificuldade para conseguir transporte, sobretudo, para paciente com situação clínica estável e a falta de ambulância do município. Conclusão e implicações para a prática as facilidades da referência potencializam o atendimento às urgências, porém, os entraves, referentes à vaga hospitalar e ao transporte, podem comprometer a integralidade e a continuidade do cuidado, necessitando de melhorias na atenção à saúde em rede.


Resumen Objetivo describir, desde la perspectiva de enfermeros y médicos, las facilidades y barreras de referencia en una Unidad de Urgencias. Método estudio descriptivo, cualitativo, realizado en una Unidad de Urgencias de una ciudad de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Participaron siete enfermeros y 23 médicos. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas individuales semiestructuradas y analizados usando la técnica del Discurso Colectivo del Sujeto. Resultados las facilidades involucradas: contar con servicios de referencia especializados; gravedad del paciente; servicio en "vacante cero"; buena relación entre los profesionales de los servicios de urgencias y la empatía. Entre los obstáculos estaban: el difícil contacto telefónico con los hospitales y su hacinamiento; dificultad para conseguir transporte, especialmente para pacientes con situación clínica estable y falta de ambulancia en la ciudad. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica las facilidades de referencia mejoran la atención de emergencia, sin embargo, las barreras, relacionadas a la vacante hospitalaria y el transporte, pueden comprometer la integridad y continuidad de la atención, requiriendo mejoras en la atención en red.


Abstract Objective to describe, from the perspective of nurses and physicians, the eases and hindrances of referrals in an Emergency Care Unit. Method a descriptive, qualitative study, carried out in an Emergency Care Unit in a city of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Seven nurses and 23 physicians participated. Data was collected through individual semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the Discourse of the Collective Subject technique. Results the eases involved: having specialized reference services; patient severity; care in "zero vacancy"; good relationship among professionals of the emergency services and empathy. Among the hindrances were: difficult contact by telephone with hospitals and their overcrowding; difficulty in getting transport, especially for patients with stable clinical situation and the lack of ambulance from the municipality. Conclusion and implications for the practice the referral facilities potentiate the attendance to urgencies, however, the hindrances, referring to hospital vacancy and transport, can compromise the integrality and continuity of care, requiring improvements in network health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Emergency Medical Services , Health Services Research , Telephone , Beds , Ambulances , Patient Transfer , Health Personnel , Continuity of Patient Care , Qualitative Research , Empathy , Patient Safety , Patient Acuity , Integrality in Health , Interprofessional Relations
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210203, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339876

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar as características individuais, clínicas e os fatores associados à mortalidade de pacientes com COVID-19, em hospital público do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Métodos estudo seccional, retrospectivo, documental (n= 86), com pacientes adultos internados, de março a junho de 2020. Resultados a mortalidade foi de 12,8%, o grupo de maior risco foi de idosos com comorbidades, especialmente, cardiovasculares. A chance de óbito foi 58 vezes maior em idosos, comparada aos adultos, e oito vezes maior naqueles com comorbidades, comparadas aos hígidos. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou sintomatologia respiratória, febre e mialgia. Tratamento à base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes e antivirais, associado ao suporte ventilatório. As principais complicações foram hipóxia, insuficiência renal aguda e infecção secundária. Conclusão e implicações para a prática idosos com comorbidades cardiovasculares que necessitaram de cuidados intensivos apresentaram maior chance de óbito. Os resultados de um dos centros de referência na pandemia possibilitam discutir medidas epidemiológicas adotadas, com ênfase em conceitos restritivos nos primeiros meses.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar las características individuales, clínicas y los factores asociados a la mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19 en un hospital público del estado de Paraná. Métodos estudio transversal, retrospectivo, documental (n = 86), con pacientes adultos hospitalizados, de marzo a junio de 2020. Resultados la mortalidad fue del 12,8%, grupo de mayor riesgo para los ancianos con comorbilidades, especialmente enfermedades cardiovasculares. La probabilidad de muerte fue 58 veces mayor en los ancianos en comparación con los adultos y ocho veces mayor en aquellos con comorbilidades en comparación con los sanos. La mayoría de los pacientes presentaban síntomas respiratorios, fiebre y mialgia. Tratamiento a base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes y antivirales, asociado al soporte ventilatorio. Las principales complicaciones fueron hipoxia, insuficiencia renal aguda e infección secundaria. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los ancianos con comorbilidades cardiovasculares que requirieron cuidados intensivos tenían una mayor probabilidad de muerte. Los resultados de uno de los centros de referencia pandémica permiten discutir las medidas epidemiológicas adoptadas, con énfasis en conceptos restrictivos en los primeros meses.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the individual and clinical characteristics and the factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19, in a public hospital in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Methods a cross-sectional, retrospective, documentary study (n= 86), with adult inpatients, from March to June 2020. Results mortality was 12.8%, the highest risk group was the elderly with comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones. The chance of death was 58 times higher in the elderly compared to adults, and eight times higher in those with comorbidities compared to the healthy ones. Most patients presented with respiratory symptoms, fever, and myalgia. Treatment was based on antibiotics, anticoagulants and antivirals, associated with ventilatory support. The main complications were hypoxia, acute renal failure, and secondary infection. Conclusion and implications for practice elderly people with cardiovascular comorbidities who required intensive care had a higher chance of death. The results from one of the reference centers in the pandemic make it possible to discuss epidemiological measures adopted, with emphasis on restrictive concepts in the first months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Death , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , Respiration, Artificial , Cardiovascular Diseases , Comorbidity , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
12.
São Paulo; SMS; 14 ago. 2021.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1292019

Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , COVID-19
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211717, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254426

ABSTRACT

Aim: To derive and validate a short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in Spanish to measure oral health quality of life (OHRQoL) for subjects wearing fixed orthodontic appliances. Methods: Cross-sectional study (data for sensitivity to change analysis were collected longitudinally). The data of 400 subjects (27.34 years, SD 11.66 years, 231 women, and 169 men) were used to develop a short-form instrument, and the data of 126 other subjects (25.95 years, SD 12.39 years, 62 women, and 64 men) were used for its validation. The original OHIPs were translated into Spanish using an iterative forward-backward sequence. After face and content validity were evaluated by an expert committee, an exploratory factorial analysis (EFA) was used to derive the Spanish short-form instrument (OHIP-S14 Ortho). To validate the OHIP-S14 Ortho, validity (content validity assessed by EFA, construct validity assessed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), discriminative validity assessed by the Kruskal-Wallis test, and reliability (internal consistency assessed by Cronbach's α test-retest, and inter-observer reliability assessed by correlation coefficients) were evaluated. Sensitivity to change and usefulness of the scale were also evaluated. Results: The OHIP-S14 Ortho included only six of the items in Slade´s original OHIP-14 short-form. A two-factor structure with adequate discriminative validity was found. High internal consistency (α=0.912), excellent inter-observer (Lin's correlation=0.97±0.011; rho= 0.97), test-retest agreement (Lin's correlation=0.80±0.059) and adequate sensitivity to change were also found. Conclusions: The OHIP-S14 Ortho is a valid and reliable instrument to measure OHRQoL in Spanish-speaking patients with fixed orthodontic appliances


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontic Appliances , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213867, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254427

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to compare the microbiological potential and gustatory perception of essential oils (EO) mouthrinses containing and not containing alcohol. Methods: Twenty healthy adult volunteers rinsed with 10mL of the following test solutions: EO with alcohol, EO without alcohol, or a control solution (saline solution with mint essence). A washout period of at least seven days was adopted after a single-use protocol of the respective solution. All participants used all three tested substances. Antimicrobial potential was assessed by counting salivary total viable bacteria both before and after each rinse. Gustatory perception was evaluated using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Multiple comparisons were performed with the Wilcoxon test, using Bonferroni correction. Results: Both EO solutions presented a higher antimicrobial potential in comparison to the control solution (p<0.017). However, no significant difference in antimicrobial potential was observed between EO containing or not containing alcohol (p=0.218). VAS of EO with alcohol (median: 2.7) was similar to control solution (median: 1.6) (p=0.287). A better gustatory perception was observed of the EO without alcohol (median 7.6) when compared to the control solution (p<0.0001). When EO groups were compared, EO without alcohol also demonstrated a significantly better gustatory perception (p=0.001). Conclusion: Mouthrinse containing EO without alcohol presented a better taste perception when compared to the EO with alcohol, but no difference was observed in the antimicrobial potential of both EO solutions after a single rinse protocol


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bacteria , Oils, Volatile , Alcohols , Taste Perception , Mouthwashes
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219912, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254429

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluation of the reliability of 3D computed tomography (3D-CT) in the diagnosis of mandibular fractures. Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative and qualitative study was carried out, through the application of a questionnaire for 70 professionals in the area of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology. 3D-CT images of mandibular fractures were delivered to the interviewees along with a questionnaire. Participants answered about the number of traces, the region and the type of fracture. The correct diagnosis, that is, the expected answer, was based on the reports of a specialist in oral and maxillofacial radiology after viewing the images in the axial, sagittal and coronal sections. The resulting data from the interviewees was compared with the expected answer and then, the data was analyzed statistically. Results: In the sample 56.9% were between 22 and 30 years old, 52.8% were oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMF), 34.7% were residents in OMF surgery and 12.5% OMF radiologists. Each professional answered 15 questions (related to five patients) and 50.8% of the total of these was answered correctly. Specialists in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology correctly answered 53.9%. Interviewees with experience between 6 and 10 years correctly answered 58.2%. In identifying fracture traces, 46.1% of the questions were answered correctly. In terms of location, 5.6% of interviewees answered wrongly while 14.2% answered wrongly regarding classification. Conclusion: 3D computed tomography did not prove to be a reliable image for diagnosing mandibular fractures when used alone. This made necessary an association with axial, sagittal and coronal tomographic sections


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Surveys and Questionnaires , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mandibular Fractures
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211202, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254523

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence and predisposing factors for hypomineralization of second molars in children in primary dentition. Methods: A questionnaire was applied to parents to analyze predisposing factors and to assist in the diagnosis of hypomineralization in children between 2 and 6 years old, followed by an intraoral examination based on indices of non-fluorotic enamel defects in the primary dentition, according to the "Modified Index DDE" to determine demarcated opacity and HSPM presence / severity index to assess hypomineralization. Children from public and private schools were dived into two groups: if they presented HSPM-Group 1 (G1) and if they did not have HSPM-Control group (CG). Results: The most frequent predisposing factors associated with the child were Illness in the first year of life (X2= 6.49; p=0.01) and antibiotic use in the first year of life (X2= 41.82; p= 0.01). The factors associated with the mother were hypertension (X2= 9.36; p=0.01), infections during pregnancy (X2=14.80; p=0.01) and alcohol consumption during pregnancy (X2=97.33; p=0.01). There was a prevalence of 3.9% of HSPM in 14 children, with statistical difference regarding gender (X2 = 4.57; p <0.05), with boys presenting a higher frequency. In G1 hypomineralization was of the type with demarcated opacity, with more prevalent characteristics the yellowish spot, with moderate post-eruptive fracture and acceptable atypical restorations. All lesions were located in the labial region with 1/3 of extension. Conclusion: The prevalence of HSPM in children between 2 and 6 years old was 3.9%, with a predominance in males, with tooth 65 being the most affected. There was an association between HSPM and infection in the first year of life, as well as the use of antibiotics and sensitivity in the teeth affected by the lesion. There was an association between HSPM and hypertension, infection and mothers' alcohol use during pregnancy


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/epidemiology , Amelogenesis
17.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211654, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254524

ABSTRACT

Grade C periodontitis in youngers is characterized by a severe form of periodontitis, and IL10 rs6667202 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been described as an important feature in this disease etiology. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate, in vivo, the functionality of IL10 rs6667202 SNP on IL-10 gingival fluid levels. Methods: Thirty patients with Perio4C were selected, 15 with the IL10 AA genotype (rs6667202) and 15 with AC/CC genotypes. The gingival fluid was collected from two sites with probing depth ≥ 7 mm and bleeding on probing, and two healthy sites. The IL-10 concentration was determined by Luminex/MAGpix platform. Results: In deep pockets, the IL10 AA genotype presented a lower concentration of IL-10 when compared with AC or CC genotypes (p<0.05). In shallow pockets, no difference between groups was seen (p>0.05). Conclusion: IL10 rs6667202 SNP decreases the production of IL-10 in crevicular fluid, potentially affecting this disease progression


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aggressive Periodontitis , Interleukin-10 , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213400, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254527

ABSTRACT

Aim: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the oral hygiene habits, oral health conditions, and the perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance of youth and professional volleyball and soccer athletes. Methods: A total of 96 male athletes participated: 48 volleyball players (25 youth and 23 professional players); and 48 soccer players, of whom 22 were youth, and 26 were professional players. We analyzed the oral hygiene and oral health condition (daily toothbrush, flossing, mouthwash, dental plaque, orthodontic treatment, dental/facial trauma, temporomandibular dysfunction, malocclusion, and the athletes' perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance (yes or no)). Comparisons were made between the youth and professional athletes for each sport (volleyball and soccer). According to each variable, we applied the Chi-square, Fisher's Exact, and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: For soccer athletes, we found significant differences between youth and professionals for: flossing (p=0.014), orthodontic treatment (p=0.028), dental/facial trauma (p=0.041), and the athletes' perception about oral health and physical performance (p<0.001). Considering the category (youth and professional) regardless of the type of sport, we found significant differences for dental plaque (p=0.024) and dental/facial trauma (p=0.005). According to the sport (volleyball and soccer), independent of the category, we found significant differences for daily brushing, dental/facial trauma (p=0.005), and the athletes' perception about oral health and physical performance (p=0.006). Conclusion: We concluded that the surveyed athletes had good oral health and believed that oral health can influence sports performance


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Oral Hygiene , Sports , Oral Health , Athletic Performance
19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219022, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254545

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive dentistry is based on conservative techniques for the treatment of initial caries lesions, the so-called white spot lesions. One of the conservative maneuvers includes the use of enamel resin infiltrant: a low viscosity material that penetrates the enamel pores to stop lesion progression. Aim: Therefore, this case report aimed to describe the clinical case of a 28-year-old female patient under routine consultation, in which a radiographic examination showed the presence of two incipient caries lesions in the left upper premolars. Methods: The application of a resin infiltrating agent (Icon®, DMG ­ Hamburg, Germany) was chosen as treatment to stop caries lesions progression. Conclusion: The use of this conservative technique can be considered a promising approach for the prevention of dental tissue wear, and the resin infiltrant is considered an effective material


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Composite Resins , Dental Caries , Conservative Treatment
20.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e212755, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254632

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate restorative decisions made by dentists and to examine what demographic characteristics are associated with the decisions for managing approximal and occlusal lesions. Methods: A questionnaire was randomly sent to 900 Palestinian dentists. It noted the demographic details of the dentists and the years of experience. The questionnaire evaluated the respondents for their treatment decisions regarding approximal and occlusal carious lesions. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS statistics for windows. The associations between gender and years of experience of the respondents and their restorative decisions were assessed. Results: The response rate was 58.2%. For occlusal carious lesions, 93.9% of the respondents would postpone operative treatment until the lesion was in dentine (grade 3 to 5). For approximal lesions, intervention was deemed appropriate by 92.6% of the respondents when there was radiographic evidence of a carious lesion reaching the DEJ or deeper. Around 53% preferred to prepare approximal lesions according to the traditional principles of cavity preparation. For both approximal and occlusal lesions, the participants opted for resin composites. Statistically, there was a significant association between the restorative decisions with the years since graduation and gender. Conclusion: The study showed variations between the treatment decisions of Palestinian dentists. The subjects chose conservative treatment plans but still adhered to traditional learned practices especially when cavity preparation for approximal lesions was concerned. The years since graduation and gender played a significant role in the choice of treatment opted for. Resin composites seemed to be a popular choice for treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Population Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Composite Resins , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dental Caries , Dental Cavity Preparation
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