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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 23-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365752

ABSTRACT

Abstract Supracondylar humeral fracture represents ~ 3 to 15% of all fractures in children. It is the fracture that most requires surgical treatment in the pediatric population. Advances in treatment and care have contributed to a reduction in the most dramatic complication: Volkmann ischemic contracture. Nevertheless, the risks inherent to the fracture remain. Absence of palpable pulse in type-III fractures is reported in up to 20% of the cases. Careful sensory, motor, and vascular evaluation of the affected limb is crucial in determining the urgency of treatment. Older children, male patients, floating elbow, and neurovascular injury are risk factors for compartment syndrome. Medial comminution can lead to varus malunion, even in apparently innocent cases. The recommended treatment of displaced fractures is closed reduction and percutaneous pinning. Technical errors in pin placement are the main cause of loss of reduction. There is enough evidence for the addition of a third lateral or medial Kirschner wire in unstable fractures (types III and IV). Medial comminution may lead to cubitus varus even in mild displaced fractures. Based on current concepts, a flowchart for the treatment of supracondylar humeral fracture in children is suggested by the authors.


Resumo A fratura supracondiliana do úmero representa cerca de 3 a 15% de todas as fraturas na criança, sendo a que mais requer tratamento cirúrgico na população pediátrica. Apesar de os avanços no tratamento e na assistência terem contribuído para uma redução drástica da complicação mais temida, a contratura isquêmica de Volkmann, os riscos inerentes à fratura permanecem. Ausência de pulso palpável em fraturas tipo III é reportada em até 20% dos casos. Uma cuidadosa avaliação sensitiva, motora e vascular do membro acometido é fundamental na determinação da urgência do tratamento. Crianças mais velhas, sexo masculino, cotovelo flutuante, e lesão neurovascular são fatores de risco para a síndrome de compartimento. A cominuição medial pode levar à consolidação em varo, mesmo nos casos aparentemente inocentes. O método de escolha para o tratamento da fratura desviada é a redução fechada e fixação percutânea. Os erros na fixação e posicionamento inadequado dos implantes são as principais causas de perda de redução. Já existem evidências suficientes para a utilização de um terceiro fio de Kirschner, lateral ou medial, nas fraturas instáveis (tipo III e IV). Baseado nos conceitos atuais, um fluxograma para o tratamento da fratura supracondiliana do úmero na criança é sugerido pelos autores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Elbow/injuries , Fracture Fixation , Humeral Fractures/classification , Humeral Fractures/complications , Humeral Fractures/therapy
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 175-179, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365750

ABSTRACT

Abstract A teenage male tennis player had chronic pain in his dominant arm during tennis practice. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested humerus diaphyseal stress injury. After 4 weeks, he became asymptomatic and resumed playing. However, pain recurred after 3 days. A new MRI revealed a diaphyseal undisplaced humerus fracture and significant bone marrow edema. The patient remained in rest for 4 weeks. After that, strengthening exercises were introduced and return to training was allowed after 12 weeks. Even if asymptomatic, we suggest that these patients should not return to play before 12 weeks, depending on the physical exam and imaging findings.


Resumo Um tenista adolescente tinha dor crônica no braço dominante durante os treinos de tênis. A ressonância magnética (RM) sugeriu lesão por estresse na diáfise do úmero. Depois de 4 semanas, ele se tornou assintomático e voltou a jogar. No entanto, houve recidiva da dor após 3 dias. A nova RM revelou fratura diafisária não desviada do úmero e edema significativo da medula óssea. O paciente ficou em repouso por 4 semanas. Depois disso, exercícios de fortalecimento foram introduzidos e o retorno aos treinamentos foi permitido após 12 semanas. Mesmo que assintomáticos, sugerimos que esses pacientes não voltem a jogar antes das 12 semanas, dependendo dos exames físicos e dos achados por imagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Fractures, Stress , Tennis/injuries , Humeral Fractures
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367136

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas articulares complejas del húmero distal suponen un gran desafío para el cirujano ortopédico. La complejidad de la anatomía, la presencia de múltiples fragmentos y la mala calidad ósea representan algunas de las principales dificultades para resolver. La relativa infrecuencia de estas fracturas atenta directamente contra el entrenamiento y la sistematización del procedimiento quirúrgico y, por consiguiente, tiene impacto sobre el resultado final y la tasa de complicaciones. El objetivo de esta comunicación es proporcionar herramientas al cirujano a través de la revisión de la bibliografía y la experiencia de los autores para disminuir las complicaciones y optimizar los resultados en el tratamiento de estas fracturas..Nivel de Evidencia: V


Complex articular fractures of the distal humerus represent a real challenge for orthopedic surgeons. The complexity of the anatomy, fracture patterns, the presence of multiple fragments, and low bone density in the elderly represent some difficulties to address. The relatively low frequency of these fractures directly undermines training and systematization of the surgical procedure and therefore has an impact on the final functional outcome and complication rate. The aim of this article is to provide practical tools to the novel surgeon, through the review of the literature and the author ́s experience, to reduce complications and optimize the treatment of these fractures. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Elbow Joint/injuries , Preoperative Period , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Fractures
4.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 25-32, jun. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284248

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: las fracturas de humero corresponden del 1% al 2% de todas las fracturas en todo el cuerpo. La fractura de la diáfisis plantea problemas radicalmente distintos de los derivados de una fractura epifisaria. El hueso esponjoso diafisario es compacto, cuya consolidación se produce a través de mecanismos que contribuyen a la formación de callo de origen a la vez perióstica y endóstica. La reducción de una fractura epifisaria requiere gran precisión, mientras que el tratamiento de una fractura diafisaria debe tratar de respetar la longitud y los ejes del hueso y evitar cualquier desviación rotacional. OBJETIVO: el objetivo de la investigación es determinar cuál es la vía de acceso en el enclavado endomedular de las fracturas diafisiarias que presente una mejor recuperación funcional y vuelta a los rangos de movimientos normales de la articulación comprometida en el acceso quirúrgico intraoperatorio. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio en 20 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, siendo un estudio de tipo transversal, descriptivo, observacional, no experimental. Que tiene como delimitación temporal marzo 2018 hasta diciembre de 2019.Se usó la escala DASH para realizar la valoración funcional post quirúrgica comparando los resultados de los pacientes tratados por el acceso anterógrado o retrogrado. RESULTADOS: comparando ambas técnicas en el postoperatorio una vez consolidada la fractura mediante la escala DASH, la encuestada realizada a los pacientes mostro mayor discapacidad en el grupo anterógrado con puntuación de 38, el grupo retrogrado presento una puntuación de 15,2. Significancia asintótica 0,350 > 0,005.


INTRODUCTION: humeral fractures correspond to 1% to 2% of all fractures in the body. Diaphysis fracture poses radically different problems from epiphyseal fracture. The diaphyseal cancellous bone is compact, the consolidation of which occurs through mechanisms that contribute to the formation of callus of both periosteal and endosteal origin. The reduction of an epiphyseal fracture requires great precision, while the treatment of a diaphyseal fracture should try to respect the length and axes of the bone and avoid any rotational deviation. The main objective of the research is to determine which is the access route in the endomedullary nailing of diaphyseal fractures that presents a better functional recovery and return to the normal ranges of movements of the compromised joint in intraoperative surgical access. METHODS: a study was conducted in 20 patients who met the inclusion criteria, being a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational, non-experimental study. The time limit was March 2018 to December 2019. The DASH scale was used to perform the post-surgical functional assessment comparing the results of patients treated by antegrade or retrograde access. RESULTS: comparing both techniques in the postoperative period, once the fracture was consolidated using the DASH scale, the survey applied to the patients showed greater disability in the antegrade group with a score of 38, the retrograde group presented a score of 15.2. Asymptotic significance 0.350> 0.005.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Period , Humerus , Diaphyses , Humeral Fractures
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 647-652, May-June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278370

ABSTRACT

The treatment of fractures from the thoracic limb in giant anteaters is extremely challenging. Unfamiliar and peculiar anatomical characteristics, robust musculature and the imminent need for an early return to limb function highlight such challenges. The objective of this report was to describe the successful use of anatomical osteosynthesis with a robust locking compression plate in a humeral fracture of an adult giant anteater. The patient was rescued on the highway after being run over and presented for treatment at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Surgical stabilization was performed using a craniomedial approach to the humerus, using a customized broad 3.5mm locking compression plate. The patient presented early limb support at 24 hours postoperatively. Radiographic monitoring was performed at 30, 60 and 90 days postoperatively, and bone healing was observed without any complications. It is concluded that the treatment of humerus fractures in giant anteaters requires robust fixation. The use of a reinforced locking compression plate system proved to be effective and adequate to the mechanical load that an adult individual of this species needs for early use of the thoracic limb and, at the same time, efficient in controlling interfragmentary movement, which allowed fracture consolidation.(AU)


O tratamento das fraturas do membro torácico dos tamanduás-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) é extremamente desafiador. Características anatômicas pouco familiares e peculiares, musculatura muito desenvolvida e necessidade iminente de retorno precoce à função do membro destacam tais desafios. Objetivou-se, neste relato, descrever a utilização com sucesso da osteossíntese anatômica com placa bloqueada robusta em fratura umeral de um tamanduá-bandeira. O paciente foi resgatado em rodovia após atropelamento e atendido no Hospital Veterinário Universitário. Após sedação e avaliação física completa, foi realizado exame radiográfico, o qual revelou fratura completa oblíqua curta em diáfise média de úmero esquerdo. A estabilização cirúrgica foi realizada por abordagem craniomedial ao úmero, utilizando-se placa bloqueada (LCP) do sistema 3,5mm customizada. O paciente apresentou apoio precoce do membro com 24 horas de pós-operatório. Realizou-se acompanhamento radiográfico aos 30, 60 e 90 dias, sendo observada união clínica sem quaisquer complicações. Conclui-se que o tratamento das fraturas do úmero em tamanduás-bandeira exige robustez na fixação. A utilização de sistema reforçado de placa bloqueada mostrou-se efetiva e adequada à carga mecânica de que um indivíduo adulto dessa espécie necessita para uso precoce do membro torácico e, ao mesmo tempo, eficiente no controle da movimentação interfragmentária, o qual permitiu consolidação da fratura.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Fracture Healing , Eutheria/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/veterinary , Bone Plates/veterinary , Animals, Wild/surgery
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 230-234, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aims to identify preoperative characteristics of the patient, of the injury, as well as of imaging, which would point towards a type IV fracture. The present study shall help the operating team to predict more accurately the type IV pattern preoperatively, leading to improved counselling of the caregivers, planning of surgery, as well as preparedness regarding open reduction, if such situation arises. Methods A retrospective study was conducted, including patients that met the following criteria: 1) age < 16 years old; 2) Gartland type-III and type-IV supracondylar fractures; and 3) with complete records. Demographic data like age, gender, laterality, mode of injury, hospital duration of the injury, history of previous attempts of closed reduction, open/closed fracture, distal neurovascular status, and radiographic data like angulation, translation, osseous apposition and fracture comminution were collected. Results Hospital duration of the injury and previous attempts of closed reduction were the factors that had a statistically significant difference among types III and IV fractures (p < 0.05). A diagnosis of type IV supracondylar fractures was significantly more likely in the presence of valgus angulation of the distal fragment ≥ 17º (odds ratio [OR] = 20.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.45-118.65). Flexion angulation ≥ 10º (OR = 5.32; 95% CI = 0.24-119.88) of the distal fragment predicted Gartland type IV with a sensitivity of 41% and a specificity of 100%. Conclusion The preoperative evaluation of suspected Gartland IV fractures can help the operating surgeon in predicting such injuries. Nonradiographic factors like increased hospital duration of the injury, attempts at previously closed reduction, and radiographic parameters like valgus and flexion angulation were more likely to be associated with type IV fractures. Level of evidence III.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estudo tem como objetivo identificar características pré-operatórias do paciente e da lesão, bem como da imagem que apontaria para uma fratura tipo IV. O presente estudo ajudará a equipe operacional a prever com mais precisão o padrão tipo IV pré-operatório, levando a um melhor aconselhamento dos cuidadores e planejamento da cirurgia, bem como a uma melhor preparação em relação à redução aberta, se tal situação surgir. Métodos Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado, incluindo pacientes que atendiam os seguintes critérios: 1) idade < 16 anos; 2) fraturas supracondilares Gartland tipos III e IV; e 3) com registros completos. Foram coletados dados demográficos como idade, gênero, lateralidade, modo de lesão, duração hospitalar de lesão, histórico de tentativas anteriores de redução fechada, fratura aberta/fechada, estado neurovascular distal e dados radiográficos como angulação, translação, aposição óssea e cominação de fratura. Resultados A duração hospitalar de lesões e as tentativas anteriores de redução fechada foram os fatores com diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as fraturas tipo III e IV (p < 0,05). O diagnóstico de fraturas supracondilares tipo IV foi significativamente mais provável na presença de angulação em valgo de fragmento distal ≥ 17º (odds ratio [OR] = 20,22; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95% = 3,45-118,65). A angulação de flexão ≥ 10º (OR = 5,32; IC95% = 0,24-119,88) do fragmento distal previram Gartland tipo IV com sensibilidade de 41% e especificidade de 100%. Conclusão A avaliação pré-operatória de suspeitas de fraturas de Gartland IV pode ajudar o cirurgião operacional a prever tais lesões. Fatores não radiográficos, como o aumento da duração da lesão hospitalar, tentativas de redução previamente fechada e parâmetros radiográficos como valgo e angulação de flexão foram mais propensos a estarem associados a fraturas tipo IV. Nível de evidência III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Retrospective Studies , Elbow Joint , Fractures, Bone , Closed Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation , Humeral Fractures
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical effects of intraoperative arthrography monitoring assisted closed reduction and internal fixation for intercondylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to July 2018, 18 children with intercondylar fracture of humerus were treated by operation, including 13 males and 5 females aged from 3 to 12 years old with an average age of (8.50±2.57) years old. According to Toniolo & Wilkinson classification, 8 children were typeⅠand 10 children were typeⅡ. During the operation, closed reduction and internal fixation were performed under the monitoring of intraoperative radiography, open reduction and internal fixation were performed in necessity. Mayo score of elbow joint was used to evaluate clinical effect at 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All children were underwent arthrography monitoring during operation, 5 children were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation for intraoperative arthrography found no fracture of articular cartilage, 11 children by closed reduction and internal fixation because of fracture of articular cartilage involving the joint space with displacement less than 2 mm, and 2 children by closed or open reduction and internal fixation for fracture of articular cartilage surface with displacement above 2 mm, which 1 child with smooth of joint surface was performed closed reduction and internal fixation, 1 child without smooth of joint surface and displacement above 2 mm was performed open reduction and internal fixation. All children were followed up from 8 to 26 months with an average of (20.28±4.40) months. All factures were healed from 6 to 9 weeks with an average of (7.33±0.77) weeks. Postoperative Mayo score of elbowjoint at 6 months was (89.44±11.36), and 12 patients got excellent results, 5 good and 1 poor. One patient occurred partial limitation of flexion or extension of elbow joint. No elbow deformity and other complications occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of intercondylar fracture of humerus in children under monitoring of intraoperative radiography could reduce opertaion injuries and complications, confirm the reduction effect of articular surface of cartilage in time and clearly, and promote recovery of elbow joint function.


Subject(s)
Arthrography , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided closed reduction and K-wires internal fixation in treating of Kilfoyle Ⅱand Ⅲ medial condylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 32 children with medial condylar fracture of humerus treated with closed reduction and internal fixation with K-wires under the guidance of ultrasound were retrospectively analyzed from January 2014 to August 2019, including 23 males and 9 females, age ranged from 3.2 to 12.8 years old with an average of (8.3±2.1) years old;According to classification of Kilfoyle, 12 patients classified to typeⅡ and 20 patients were type Ⅲ;5 patients combined with elbow dislocation;the time from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 5 days with an average of (3.1±1.3) days. Radiological evaluation of treatment results and complications were observed. At the final follow up, Mayo elbow performance score(MEPS) was used to evaluate elbow function. And humerus-ulna angle on the affect side and healthy side were measured and compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 26 months with an average of(19.3±5.5) months. All fractures were healed well, the healing time ranged from 4 to 6 weeks with an average of (4.5±0.5) weeks. No infection, vascular and nerve injury, bone nonunion, trochlear necrosis, cubitus varus or valgus deformity were occurred. According to Mayo scoring, all patients were assessed as excellent. There was no significant difference in angle of humerus-ulna between affectedside (9.5±3.6)° and healthy side (9.1±3.5)°, and no difference in MEPS scores between affected side(95.3±2.5) and healthy side(96.3±2.2)(@*CONCLUSION@#For Kilfoyle typeⅡand Ⅲ medial condylar fracture of humerus in children, closed reduction and internal fixation with K-wire under ultrasound guidance is a safe and effective method, and could promote in further.


Subject(s)
Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of cannulated screw and bone plate for the treatment of humeral fracture of greater tuberosity.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to January 2020, clinical trial literatures on the treatment of humeral tuberosity fractures with cannulated screw and bone plate were searched by PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, CNKI, CBM Database, VIP Database and other databases. Independent literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction were performed according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Revman5.2 software was used to perform Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#Totally 5 clinical randomized controlled trials and 12 cohort studies were selected, including 1 068 patientsin which 559 patients were treated by cannulated screw internal fixation and 509 patients treated by bone plate internal fixation. Meta analysis resluts showed that there were satistical differences in operation time[MD=-23.03, 95% CI(-29.69, -16.36), @*CONCLUSION@#Compared with bone plate, cannulated screw for the treatment of humeral fracture of greater tuberosity has advantages of shorter opertaion time, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, lower incidence rate of postopertaive infection, and more benefit for fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 390-397, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878069

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) was a standard treatment approach for fracture at distal humerus intercondylar, whereas the optimal way before ORIF remains inconclusive. We, therefore, performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of olecranon osteotomy vs. triceps-sparing approach for patients with distal humerus intercondylar fracture.@*METHODS@#The electronic searches were systematically performed in PubMed, EmBase, Cochrane library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure from initial inception till December 2019. The primary endpoint was the incidence of excellent/good elbow function, and the secondary endpoints included Mayo elbow performance score, duration of operation, blood loss, and complications.@*RESULTS@#Nine studies involving a total of 637 patients were selected for meta-analysis. There were no significant differences between olecranon osteotomy and triceps-sparing approach for the incidence of excellent/good elbow function (odds ratio [OR]: 1.37; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.69-2.75; P = 0.371), Mayo elbow performance score (weight mean difference [WMD]: 0.17; 95% CI: -2.56 to 2.89; P = 0.904), duration of operation (WMD: 4.04; 95% CI: -28.60 to 36.69; P = 0.808), blood loss (WMD: 33.61; 95% CI: -18.35 to 85.58; P = 0.205), and complications (OR: 1.93; 95% CI: 0.49-7.60; P = 0.349). Sensitivity analyses found olecranon osteotomy might be associated with higher incidence of excellent/good elbow function, longer duration of operation, greater blood loss, and higher incidence of complications as compared with triceps-sparing approach.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study found olecranon osteotomy did not yield additional benefit on the incidence of excellent/good elbow function, while the duration of operation, blood loss, and complications in patients treated with olecranon osteotomy might be inferior than triceps-sparing approach.


Subject(s)
Elbow Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Olecranon Process/surgery , Osteotomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1353663

ABSTRACT

La prise en charge d'une fracture de jambe est fonction de la classification de la lésion, du plateau technique et de l'expérience du chirurgien. Le but de notre travail est de déterminer les aspects thérapeutique et évolutif des fractures diaphysaires de la jambe prises en charge au Service de Traumatologie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona (CHU-JRA) Madagascar. Il s'agissait d'une étude descriptive de 74 patients hospitalisés dans le Service en 2017. Il y a une discrète prédominance des fractures ouvertes (52,7%) dont 41,01% étaient classés type II selon Gustilo Anderson. Les fractures concernaient les deux os dans 79,7%. Le traitement était orthopédique dans 74,7 % par un appareil plâtré cruro-pedieux précédé ou non d'une traction trans-calcanéenne. Parmi ceux qui ont été opérés, 47,4% ont bénéficié d'un enclouage centromédullaire type Kuntcher, 31,58% d'un fixateur externe et 21,02% d'une amputation transtibiale. L'évolution a été favorable dans 87,7%. Les complications étaient dominées par les infections (5,46%), lésions vasculo-nerveuses (4,09%) et les cals vicieux (1,36%). Le séjour hospitalier moyen étaient de 14 jours (1-86 jours). La prise en charge des fractures de jambe reste un challenge pour les chirurgiens dans les pays en voie de développement. L'optimisation de cette prise en charge passe par l'amélioration de l'accès aux soins et l'ajustement de la logistique hospitalière.


The management of a leg fracture depends on the classification of the lesion, the technical platform and the experience of the surgeon. The aim of our study is to determine the therapeutic and evolutive aspects of diaphyseal fractures of the leg treated at the Traumatology Department of the Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona University Hospital Center (CHU-JRA) Madagascar. This was a descriptive study of 74 patients hospitalized in the Department in 2017. There is a slight predominance of open fractures (52.7%) of which 41.01% were classified as type II according to Gustilo Anderson. Fractures involved both bones in 79.7%. Treatment was orthopedic in 74.7% with a cruro-pedial cast, preceded or not by trans-calcaneal traction. Of those who underwent surgery, 47.4% received a Kuntcher intramedullary nailing, 31.58% an external fixator and 21.02% a transtibial amputation. The evolution was favorable in 87.7%. Complications were dominated by infections (5.46%), vascular nerve damage (4.09%) and malunion (1.36%). The average hospital stay was 14 days (1-86 days). The management of leg fractures remains a challenge for surgeons in developing countries. Optimizing this care involves improving access to care and adjusting hospital logistics


Subject(s)
Orthopedics , Humeral Fractures , Leg Bones
12.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 568-574, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353962

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura diafisaria de húmero es frecuente y, en la actualidad, se privilegia el tratamiento quirúrgico. La consolidación en mala rotación puede causar un deterioro de la función y artrosis a largo plazo. Con las técnicas mínimamente invasivas, es difícil manejar la rotación intraoperatoria al no tener una visión directa de la reducción fracturaria. Objetivo: Describir criterios radiográficos para la reducción rotatoria en las fracturas diafisarias de húmero. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de radiografías de húmero comparando criterios radiográficos del húmero distal entre radiografías con rotación interna (sin retroversión proximal) y rotación externa (con retroversión fisiológica). Criterios estudiados: sobreproyección del epicóndilo lateral por sobre el capitellum >50%, esclerosis del borde inferior de la fosa olecraneana, esclerosis del borde lateral de la fosa olecraneana y asimetría de la fosa olecraneana. Resultados: El 97% de las 200 radiografías estudiadas cumplió con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Sobreproyección del epicóndilo por sobre el capitellum: 83,3% de los casos; esclerosis del borde inferior de la fosa olecraneana: 30%, esclerosis del borde lateral de la fosa olecraneana: 86,6% y asimetría: 80% de ellas. Todos los criterios con significancia estadística (p <0,001). Al analizar los tres signos positivos en conjunto, la sensibilidad fue del 70% y la especificidad, del 98%; valor predictivo positivo 95,5% y valor predictivo negativo 84,5%. Conclusiones: La rotación humeral correcta es difícil de reproducir en las cirugías mínimamente invasivas, en pacientes con una fractura diafisaria. Describimos cuatro criterios radiográficos que permiten inferir una correcta rotación humeral. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Humeral shaft fractures are frequent and surgical treatment is currently favored. Consolidation in malrotation is a complication that can lead to impaired function and long-term osteoarthritis. In minimally invasive techniques, it is difficult to manage intraoperative rotation as there is no direct view of the fracture reduction. Objective: To describe radiological criteria for rotational reduction in humeral shaft fractures. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of humerus radiographs comparing radiological criteria of the distal humerus between radiographs with internal rotation (without proximal retroversion) and radiographs with external rotation (with physiological retroversion). Criteria studied: Overprojection of the lateral epicondyle over the capitellum of more than 50%; sclerosis of the lower border of the olecranon fossa (OF); sclerosis of the lateral border of the OF and asymmetry of the OF. Results: 200 radiographs were studied; 97% met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Overprojection of the epicondyle over the capitellum was found in 83.3% of the cases. Sclerosis of the inferior border of the OF in 30%, sclerosis of the lateral border of the OF in 86.6%, and asymmetry of OF in 80%. All criteria with statistically significant (p<0.001). When analyzing the 3 positive signs, we found a sensitivity of 70% and a specificity of 98%. The positive predictive value was 95.5% and the negative predictive value was 84.5%. Conclusions: Correct humeral rotation is difficult to reproduce when performing minimally invasive surgeries in patients with a diaphyseal fracture. We describe 4 radiological criteria that allow inferring a correct humeral rotation. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Radiography , Diaphyses , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humeral Fractures/surgery
13.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 575-580, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353963

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la satisfacción con el uso del brace termoplástico y el resultado funcional del tratamiento conservador en pacientes con fracturas de la diáfisis del húmero. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes con fracturas de húmero cerradas, tratados con brace termoplástico hasta su consolidación y un seguimiento mínimo de 12 meses. Se registraron los siguientes datos: tipo de fractura y localización, mecanismo de lesión, miembro lesionado, tiempo de inmovilización con yeso y uso del brace, complicaciones y tiempo de consolidación. Se evaluaron el dolor mediante la escala analógica visual, la satisfacción con la escala de Likert, el balance articular con la escala de Constant y la funcionalidad según el puntaje QuickDASH. Resultados: Se incluyó a 17 pacientes (16 mujeres, 1 hombre; edad promedio 67 años). La inmovilización inicial con yeso fue de 13 días (rango 0-32). Los pacientes usaron el brace por 8.6 semanas (rango 3-16) hasta la consolidación radiográfica en la décima semana. El seguimiento promedio fue de 24 meses (rango 12-60) y el puntaje de dolor, de 0,5 (rango 1-3). El 59% estuvo muy satisfecho con los resultados y el 41%, satisfecho. El 59% logró una flexión del hombro >150°, el 47%, una abducción >150°, el 41%, una rotación interna con pulgar entre escápulas y el 47%, una rotación externa de 70°. El puntaje QuickDASH promedio fue de 9. Conclusiones: Los pacientes se mostraron muy satisfechos con el uso del brace termoplástico para el tratamiento incruento de las fracturas de húmero y los resultados funcionales fueron aceptables. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Purpose: To evaluate the satisfaction with the use of a thermoplastic brace and the functional outcomes in the conservative treatment of patients with humeral shaft fractures. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of patients with closed humerus fractures, treated with a thermoplastic brace until union and with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. We recorded the type and location of the fracture, mechanism of injury, injured limb, time of immobilization with plaster and use of brace, complications, and time of consolidation. The evaluation was performed using the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, the Likert scale for patient satisfaction, the Constant scale for joint balance, and the QuickDash score for functionality. Results: 17 patients were included (16 female, 1 male), with an average age of 67 years. The initial plaster immobilization lasted 13 days (range 0-32). The patients wore the brace for 8.6 weeks (range 3-16) until radiographic consolidation in the 10th week. The average follow-up was 24 months (range 12-60) and the pain score was 0.5 (range 1-3). 59% were very satisfied with the results and 41% were satisfied. 59% achieved a shoulder flexion >150°; 47%, an abduction >150°; 41%, an internal rotation with thumb between scapulae; and 47%, an external rotation of 70°. The average QuickDASH score was 9. Conclusion: The use of a thermoplastic brace in the conservative treatment of humerus fractures presented high patient satisfaction and acceptable functional outcomes for the affected limb.Keywords: Humerus; fractures; thermoplastic brace; conservative treatment. Level of Evidence:IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Braces , Treatment Outcome , Diaphyses , Humeral Fractures/therapy
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142104

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas del húmero distal corresponden al 2% de todas las fracturas. Son los pacientes más añosos, los que presentan mayor desafío terapéutico. Suelen presentarse con huesos osteoporóticos, lo que conlleva a producir fracturas con mayor conminución articular y metafisaria; así como también dificultar una fijación estable y rígida de las mismas, que permita una movilidad precoz. Estas características generan controversia a la hora de elegir el tratamiento adecuado. El objetivo de este estudio es revisar la bibliografía de la última década, acerca de cuál es la mejor opción terapéutica para las fracturas de húmero distal en pacientes añosos. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada a través de los buscadores electrónicos PubMed y Timbó en agosto 2019. La búsqueda llego a un total de 475 artículos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 24 según criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Discusión: La mayoría de los estudios analizados son estudios de serie de casos retrospectivos. En los trabajos revisados, existen fracturas tanto extra como intra-articulares. Se analizaron los resultados de los distintos tratamientos realizados según parámetros clínicos, scores funcionales y complicaciones. Conclusiones: El tratamiento conservador es una opción válida para aquellos pacientes en los que el terreno no permita una intervención quirúrgica. Para las fracturas tipo extra-articulares y parcialmente articulares, la reducción abierta y fijación interna es el tratamiento de elección. Para las fracturas articulares completas, no hay diferencias significativas en cuanto a scores utilizados entre la reducción abierta y fijación interna con la artroplastia de codo. Faltan estudios prospectivos que comparen ambos tratamientos.


Introduction: Distal humerus fractures account for 2% of all fractures. It is the elderly patients who present the greatest therapeutic challenge. Osteoporotic bones, more common in this population, lead to the production of fractures with greater joint and metaphyseal comminution. As a result, stable and rigid fixation becomes more difficult, hindering early mobility. These characteristics generate controversy when choosing the appropriate treatment. The aim of this study is to review the literature of the last decade regarding the best therapeutic option for distal humerus fractures in elderly patients. Methods: A systematized search was performed through the electronic search engines PubMed and Timbó in august 2019. The search reached a total of 475 articles, of which 24 were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Discussion: Most of the studies analyzed are retrospective case series studies. In the articles reviewed, there are both extra and intra-articular fractures. The results of the different treatments performed were analyzed according to clinical parameters, functional scores and complications. Conclusions: Conservative treatment is a valid option for those patients where the terrain does not allow surgical intervention. For extra-articular and partial-articular fractures, open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment of choice. For complete articular fractures, there are no significant differences in scores used between open reduction and internal fixation and elbow replacement. There is a lack of prospective studies comparing both treatments.


Introdução: Fraturas do úmero distal correspondem a 2% de todas as fraturas. São os pacientes mais idosos os que apresentam maior desafio terapêutico. Geralmente apresentam-se com ossos osteoporóticos, o que implica produzir fraturas com maior cominuição articular e metafisária; assim como também dificultar uma fixação estável e rígida das mesmas, que permita uma mobilidade precoce. Estas características geram controvérsia na escolha do tratamento adequado. O objetivo deste estudo é rever a bibliografia da última década, sobre qual é a melhor opção terapêutica para fraturas de úmero distal em pacientes idosos. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa sistematizada através dos buscadores eletrônicos Pubmed e Timbó em agosto 2019. A pesquisa chegou a um total de 475 artigos, dos quais 24 foram selecionados segundo critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Discussão: A maioria dos estudos analisados são estudos de série de casos retrospectivos. Nos trabalhos revisados, existem fraturas tanto extra como intra-articulares. Foram analisados os resultados dos diferentes tratamentos realizados segundo parâmetros clínicos, scores funcionais e complicações. Conclusões: O tratamento conservador é uma opção válida para os pacientes em que o terreno não permita uma intervenção cirúrgica. Para fraturas tipo extra-articulares e parcialmente articulares, a redução aberta e fixação interna é o tratamento de escolha. Para fracturas articulares completas, não há diferenças significativas em termos de scores utilizados entre a redução aberta e a fixação interna com artroplastia do cotovelo. Faltam estudos prospectivos que comparem os dois tratamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , External Fixators/adverse effects , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow/adverse effects , Conservative Treatment/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation/adverse effects , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Ilizarov Technique/adverse effects , Closed Fracture Reduction/adverse effects , Open Fracture Reduction/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(4): 2086-2093, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139298

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de un adolescente que sufrió fractura por estrés del húmero izquierdo, mientras lanzaba en un partido de béisbol. Las fracturas de húmero por estrés son infrecuentes. Generalmente ocurre en los atletas que practican deportes de lanzamiento, es más frecuente en los lanzadores de béisbol amateurs de poca experiencia. Esta lesión es debida a la tracción muscular incoordinada y fuerza de torsión cuando la pelota es lanzada, asociada a la fatiga física. Puede ocurrir a nivel de los tercios medio y superior del húmero, entre las inserciones del deltoides y el pectoral mayor, así como en el tercio distal. Es común la presencia de dolor poco antes de producirse la fractura. Se enfatizó en la importancia de tener presente la posibilidad de presentación de este tipo de fractura en los atletas que practican deportes de lanzamientos, así como tener presente además las complicaciones que puedan presentarse a partir de este tipo de lesión. Se analizaron los datos recogidos en la historia clínica del paciente. Es importante pensar en este tipo de lesión, pues en ocasiones el cuadro clínico no es evidente. Se señaló además la necesidad de realizar un estricto seguimiento del paciente ante la posibilidad de lesión del nervio radial (AU).


ABSTRACT The authors present the case of a teenager who suffered left humerus fracture due to stress while he was pitching a baseball game. Humerus fractures caused by stress are infrequent. They commonly occur in athletes practicing throwing sports, being more frequent in amateur baseball pitchers with little experience. This lesion is due to uncoordinated muscular traction and torsion strength when the ball is thrown, all associated to physical fatigue. It can happen at the level of the medial and upper third of the humerus, between the insertions of deltoids and pectoral major muscles, and also in the distal third. The presence of pain is common a little before the fracture happens. The authors emphasize in the importance of taking into account the possibility of this kind of fracture occurring in athletes practicing throwing sports, and also the complications appearing after this kind of lesion. Data collected from the patient?s clinical record were analyzed. It is important to think in this kind of lesion because sometimes clinical characteristics are not evident. It was also pointed out the necessity of performing a strict follow-up of the patient given the possibility of radial nerve lesion (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Athletic Injuries/diagnosis , Fractures, Stress/diagnosis , Humeral Fractures/diagnosis , Athletic Injuries/surgery , Athletic Injuries/complications , Athletic Injuries/rehabilitation , Fractures, Stress/surgery , Fractures, Stress/complications , Fractures, Stress/rehabilitation , Fatigue/complications , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/pathology
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 347-352, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138027

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate radiographically the postoperative results of patients with fracture of the proximal humerus in two parts of the surgical neck treated with threaded percutaneous fixation. Methods We evaluated the radiographic results of percutaneous fixation with threaded pins on the treatment of proximal humerus fractures in our service. Preoperative and postoperative images of 42 patients were evaluated, evaluating radiographs until 8 weeks postoperatively. We considered on evaluation the fracture deviation on preoperative images, the loss of reduction and no consolidation. Results Our consolidation rate was 90.4%, with loss of reduction in 16.6% of the cases and no consolidation rates in just 4 operated cases. We observed a predominance of a specific fracture pattern in the cases with loss of reduction. Conclusion The present study allows us to consider the percutaneous fixation technique with threaded pins as an alternative in our therapeutic arsenal for the proximal humerus fracture of the surgical neck. Contraindications are considered for low fracture trait on the metaphysis and with medial/lateral cortical impairment.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar radiograficamente os resultados pós-operatórios dos pacientes com fratura da extremidade proximal do úmero em duas partes do colo cirúrgico tratados com fixação percutânea com fios rosqueados. Métodos Avaliamos radiograficamente os resultados da fixação percutânea com fios rosqueados das fraturas da extremidade proximal do úmero realizadas em nosso serviço. Foram avaliadas as imagens pré- e pós-operatórias de 42 pacientes, avaliando-se radiografias com até 8 semanas de pós-operatório. Consideramos na avaliação o desvio da fratura pré-operatório, a perda da redução e a consolidação da fratura. Resultados O índice de consolidação nos casos avaliados foi de 90,4%, com perda da redução em 16,6% dos casos e não obtida a consolidação em apenas 4 casos. Foi observada uma predominância de determinado padrão de fratura nos casos que perderam a redução. Conclusão O estudo permitiu considerar a técnica de fixação percutânea com fios rosqueados uma alternativa no arsenal terapêutico da fratura da extremidade proximal do úmero do colo cirúrgico, com contraindicação para os traços de fratura baixos na metáfise e com acometimento da cortical medial/lateral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Therapeutics , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Fractures , Neck
17.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(2): 91-95, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345094

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las fracturas supracondíleas representan la causa más frecuente de las lesiones del codo pediátrico (64% de la población en niños menores de ocho años). Estas fracturas pueden presentar complicaciones como: A) complicaciones previas al tratamiento: 1) neurológicas, 2) vasculares y 3) síndrome compartimental. B) complicaciones posteriores al tratamiento: 1) precoces en los primeros días tras el tratamiento: pérdida de reducción, complicaciones neurológicas, vasculares, síndrome compartimental, infección de las agujas de Kirschner, 2) complicaciones tardías en el tratamiento: deformidad angular, pérdida de movilidad, miositis osificante, necrosis avascular de la tróclea, entre otros. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de las complicaciones en fracturas supracondíleas humerales en menores de ocho años. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y observacional de cohorte en pacientes menores de ocho años en el período de Marzo de 2014 a Febrero de 2018. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 277 pacientes con los siguientes porcentajes: 3.97% presentó lesiones de cúbito varo; 1.44%, lesiones neurológicas previas al tratamiento quirúrgico; 1.44%, complicaciones neurológicas precoces al tratamiento; 0.72%, infecciones de agujas de Kirschner; 0.72%, cúbito valgo y 0.36% con pérdida de la movilidad. Conclusiones: La complicación más frecuente de las fracturas supracondíleas de húmero en este estudio fue cúbito varo y complicaciones neurológicas previas al tratamiento.


Abstract: Introduction: Supracondylar fractures represent the most frequent cause of pediatric elbow injuries, at 64%, in children under eight years old. These fractures can present complications such as: A) Complications prior to treatment: 1) neurological, 2) vascular and 3) compartment syndrome. B) Complications after treatment: 1) early, in the first days after treatment: loss of reduction, neurological, vascular, compartment syndrome, infection of Kirschner wires. 2) Late complications in treatment: Angular deformity, loss of mobility, ossifying myositis, avascular necrosis of the trochlea, others. Objective: To determine the frequency of complications in humeral supracondylar fractures in less than eight years. Material and methods: A retrospective, observational cohort study was conducted in patients under 8 years of age during the period of March 2014 to February 2018. Results: 277 patients were obtained with the following percentages: cubitus varus 3.97%, neurological lesions prior to surgical treatment 1.44%, early neurological complications to treatment 1.44%, infections of Kirschner needles 0.72%, cubitus valgus 0.72%, loss of mobility 0.36%. Conclusions: The most common complication of humerus supracondylar fractures in this study was cubitus varus and neurological complications prior to treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/complications , Bone Wires , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the operative method and clinical effect of lateral mini plate and Kirschner wire in the treatment of distal humeral metaphysis junction fracture in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 21 cases of distal humeral diaphyseal metaphyseal junction fracture were analyzed retrospectively, including 12 males and 9 females, aged 2 to 10 years with an average age of 4.5 years, and the time from injury to operation was 6 hours to 7 days. The imaging data showed that the fracture line was located at the junction of the distal humerus and metaphysis. There were 10 oblique fractures, 8 transverse fractures and 3 comminuted fractures. The operation methods were open reduction, lateral mini plate and Kirschner wire assisted internal fixation, and the improved Flynn elbow joint scoring standard was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All the 21 children were followed up for 8 to 24 months, with an average of 13 months. The healing time was 6 to 8 weeks, with an average of 7.2 weeks. There were no complications such as fracture displacement, cubitus varus and ulnar nerve injury. According to the improved Flynn elbow joint scoring standard, 19 cases were excellent and 2 cases were good.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of distal humeral metaphyseal junction fracture in children is different from that of supracondylar fracture of humerus.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828237

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of dynamic locking screws and common screws in treating humeral shaft fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to October 2018, clinical data of 46 patients with humeral shaft fracture were retrospectively analyzed, which were divided into dynamic locking screw internal fixation group (treatment group) and ordinary screw internal fixation group (control group). In treatment group, there were 14 males and 10 females, aged from 20 to 61 years old with an average of (36.8±10.9) years old;22 patients in control group, there were 13 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 60 years old with an average of (35.9±12.8) years old. Length of incision, operation time, amount of bleeding, fracture healing time and complications were compared between two groups, Constant-Murley score of shoulder joint and Mayo score of elbow joint at 3 and 9 months after operation were compared to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#Forty six patients were followed up from 9 to 43 months with an average of (18.6±7.9) months. There were no statistical differences in length of incision, operation time, amount of bleeding between two groups (>0.05);fracture healing time in treatment group was (12.2±3.2) weeks, and (15.6±4.7) weeks in control group;there was difference between two groups (0.05);One patient occurred neural paralysis in treatment group;1 patient occurred delayedunion, 2 patients occurred bone nonunion and 1 patient occurred broken nail in control group;while there was no statistical difference between two groups in complication.@*CONCLUSION@#Both of dynamic locking screws and ordinary screws could effectively treat humeral shaft fractures. dynamic locking screws has an advantage in fracture healing time, and recovery of early shoulder and elbow function. However, the active time of this technology is not too long in China, further study on long-term efficacy of large samples is needed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , China , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures , Humerus , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical effect of closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation in treating Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#From May 2015 to October 2019, 72 children with Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus were treated by closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation, including 52 males and 20 females, aged from 3 to 10 years old with an average of (5.4±1.3) years old;39 patients classified to Gartland ⅢA and 33 patients classified to Gartland Ⅲ B. Operation time, fracture healing time, and functional exercise time were observed, Flynn elbow joint function score was used to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 2 to 6 months with an average of (3.5±1.4) months. Operation time was 25~90 (37.8±10.4) min, fracture healing time was 28~45(38.8±9.4) days, functional exercise time was 22~60(36.9±11.2) days. No cubitus varus, iatrogenic neurovascular injury, reduction loss, compartment syndrome, infection or other complications occurred. According to Flynn elbow joint function score, 60 patients got excellent results, 10 good and 2 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation in treating Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus in children has advantages of minimally invasive, stable fixation, shorter operation time, easy to remove internal fixation, and less complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male
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