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1.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 25-32, jun. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284248

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: las fracturas de humero corresponden del 1% al 2% de todas las fracturas en todo el cuerpo. La fractura de la diáfisis plantea problemas radicalmente distintos de los derivados de una fractura epifisaria. El hueso esponjoso diafisario es compacto, cuya consolidación se produce a través de mecanismos que contribuyen a la formación de callo de origen a la vez perióstica y endóstica. La reducción de una fractura epifisaria requiere gran precisión, mientras que el tratamiento de una fractura diafisaria debe tratar de respetar la longitud y los ejes del hueso y evitar cualquier desviación rotacional. OBJETIVO: el objetivo de la investigación es determinar cuál es la vía de acceso en el enclavado endomedular de las fracturas diafisiarias que presente una mejor recuperación funcional y vuelta a los rangos de movimientos normales de la articulación comprometida en el acceso quirúrgico intraoperatorio. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio en 20 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, siendo un estudio de tipo transversal, descriptivo, observacional, no experimental. Que tiene como delimitación temporal marzo 2018 hasta diciembre de 2019.Se usó la escala DASH para realizar la valoración funcional post quirúrgica comparando los resultados de los pacientes tratados por el acceso anterógrado o retrogrado. RESULTADOS: comparando ambas técnicas en el postoperatorio una vez consolidada la fractura mediante la escala DASH, la encuestada realizada a los pacientes mostro mayor discapacidad en el grupo anterógrado con puntuación de 38, el grupo retrogrado presento una puntuación de 15,2. Significancia asintótica 0,350 > 0,005.


INTRODUCTION: humeral fractures correspond to 1% to 2% of all fractures in the body. Diaphysis fracture poses radically different problems from epiphyseal fracture. The diaphyseal cancellous bone is compact, the consolidation of which occurs through mechanisms that contribute to the formation of callus of both periosteal and endosteal origin. The reduction of an epiphyseal fracture requires great precision, while the treatment of a diaphyseal fracture should try to respect the length and axes of the bone and avoid any rotational deviation. The main objective of the research is to determine which is the access route in the endomedullary nailing of diaphyseal fractures that presents a better functional recovery and return to the normal ranges of movements of the compromised joint in intraoperative surgical access. METHODS: a study was conducted in 20 patients who met the inclusion criteria, being a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational, non-experimental study. The time limit was March 2018 to December 2019. The DASH scale was used to perform the post-surgical functional assessment comparing the results of patients treated by antegrade or retrograde access. RESULTS: comparing both techniques in the postoperative period, once the fracture was consolidated using the DASH scale, the survey applied to the patients showed greater disability in the antegrade group with a score of 38, the retrograde group presented a score of 15.2. Asymptotic significance 0.350> 0.005.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Period , Humerus , Diaphyses , Humeral Fractures
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 103-106, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287248

ABSTRACT

Resumen La incidencia de Tb osteoarticular es mucho menor que la pulmonar, representando 1-2% de los casos de Tuberculosis (Tb) y el 10% de los casos de Tb extrapulmonar, por lo que usualmente no es considerada para el diagnóstico diferencial de pacientes con enfermedad articular. Su diagnóstico es difícil y se basa en hallazgos clínicos, radiológicos, bacteriológicos e histológicos. Las lesiones extrapulmonares son paucibacilares y las muestras, en la mayoría de los casos, difíciles de obtener, por lo que el diagnóstico a menudo es simplemente presuntivo. La tuberculosis articular en etapas tempranas, presenta manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas inespecíficas. Esto puede facilitar la progresión de la enfermedad local, generando lesiones osteoarticulares graves y, finalmente, la destrucción articular. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 60 años, intervenida quirúrgicamente por presentar manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas compatibles con una ruptura del manguito rotador, y cuya evolución tórpida posoperatoria, llevó al diagnóstico bacteriológico de tuberculosis de húmero proximal.


Abstract The incidence of osteoarticular TB is much lower than that of the lung, representing 1-2% of TB cases and 10% of extrapulmonary TB cases, so it is often not considered for the differential diagnosis of patients with joint disease. Its diagnosis is difficult and is based on clinical, radiological, bacteriological and histological findings. Extrapulmonary lesions are paucibacillary and specimens, in most cases, difficult to obtain, so the diagnosis is often simply presumptive. Joint tuberculosis in early stages presents nonspecific clinical and imaging manifestations. This can lead to the progression of the local disease, generating severe osteoarticular lesions and, finally, joint destruction. We present the case of a 60-year-old patient who underwent surgery due to clinical and imaging manifestations compatible with a rotator cuff tear, and whose torpid postoperative evolution led to the bacteriological diagnosis of proximal humerus tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis , Humerus , Diagnostic Imaging , Rotator Cuff
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided closed reduction and K-wires internal fixation in treating of Kilfoyle Ⅱand Ⅲ medial condylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 32 children with medial condylar fracture of humerus treated with closed reduction and internal fixation with K-wires under the guidance of ultrasound were retrospectively analyzed from January 2014 to August 2019, including 23 males and 9 females, age ranged from 3.2 to 12.8 years old with an average of (8.3±2.1) years old;According to classification of Kilfoyle, 12 patients classified to typeⅡ and 20 patients were type Ⅲ;5 patients combined with elbow dislocation;the time from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 5 days with an average of (3.1±1.3) days. Radiological evaluation of treatment results and complications were observed. At the final follow up, Mayo elbow performance score(MEPS) was used to evaluate elbow function. And humerus-ulna angle on the affect side and healthy side were measured and compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 26 months with an average of(19.3±5.5) months. All fractures were healed well, the healing time ranged from 4 to 6 weeks with an average of (4.5±0.5) weeks. No infection, vascular and nerve injury, bone nonunion, trochlear necrosis, cubitus varus or valgus deformity were occurred. According to Mayo scoring, all patients were assessed as excellent. There was no significant difference in angle of humerus-ulna between affectedside (9.5±3.6)° and healthy side (9.1±3.5)°, and no difference in MEPS scores between affected side(95.3±2.5) and healthy side(96.3±2.2)(@*CONCLUSION@#For Kilfoyle typeⅡand Ⅲ medial condylar fracture of humerus in children, closed reduction and internal fixation with K-wire under ultrasound guidance is a safe and effective method, and could promote in further.


Subject(s)
Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of cannulated screw and bone plate for the treatment of humeral fracture of greater tuberosity.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to January 2020, clinical trial literatures on the treatment of humeral tuberosity fractures with cannulated screw and bone plate were searched by PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, CNKI, CBM Database, VIP Database and other databases. Independent literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction were performed according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Revman5.2 software was used to perform Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#Totally 5 clinical randomized controlled trials and 12 cohort studies were selected, including 1 068 patientsin which 559 patients were treated by cannulated screw internal fixation and 509 patients treated by bone plate internal fixation. Meta analysis resluts showed that there were satistical differences in operation time[MD=-23.03, 95% CI(-29.69, -16.36), @*CONCLUSION@#Compared with bone plate, cannulated screw for the treatment of humeral fracture of greater tuberosity has advantages of shorter opertaion time, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, lower incidence rate of postopertaive infection, and more benefit for fracture healing.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical effects of intraoperative arthrography monitoring assisted closed reduction and internal fixation for intercondylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to July 2018, 18 children with intercondylar fracture of humerus were treated by operation, including 13 males and 5 females aged from 3 to 12 years old with an average age of (8.50±2.57) years old. According to Toniolo & Wilkinson classification, 8 children were typeⅠand 10 children were typeⅡ. During the operation, closed reduction and internal fixation were performed under the monitoring of intraoperative radiography, open reduction and internal fixation were performed in necessity. Mayo score of elbow joint was used to evaluate clinical effect at 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All children were underwent arthrography monitoring during operation, 5 children were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation for intraoperative arthrography found no fracture of articular cartilage, 11 children by closed reduction and internal fixation because of fracture of articular cartilage involving the joint space with displacement less than 2 mm, and 2 children by closed or open reduction and internal fixation for fracture of articular cartilage surface with displacement above 2 mm, which 1 child with smooth of joint surface was performed closed reduction and internal fixation, 1 child without smooth of joint surface and displacement above 2 mm was performed open reduction and internal fixation. All children were followed up from 8 to 26 months with an average of (20.28±4.40) months. All factures were healed from 6 to 9 weeks with an average of (7.33±0.77) weeks. Postoperative Mayo score of elbowjoint at 6 months was (89.44±11.36), and 12 patients got excellent results, 5 good and 1 poor. One patient occurred partial limitation of flexion or extension of elbow joint. No elbow deformity and other complications occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of intercondylar fracture of humerus in children under monitoring of intraoperative radiography could reduce opertaion injuries and complications, confirm the reduction effect of articular surface of cartilage in time and clearly, and promote recovery of elbow joint function.


Subject(s)
Arthrography , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To quantitatively study the biomechanical parameters of Bachuorounian manipulation in the treatment of humeral epicondylitis, and discuss the effects of individual characteristics on the biomechanical parameters were discussed.@*METHODS@#From July 2019 to February 2020, 40 patients with external humeral epicondylitis were selected, including 18 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 20 to 50 years old, with an average of (34.37±8.41) years old;and the course of disease ranged from 1 to 11 months, with a mean of (6.05±2.71) months. The biomechanical parameters of the elbow joint of the affected side were measured by using the biomechanical sensor. At thesame time, the individual characteristic parameters of patients were collected to analyze the influence of different individual characteristics of patients on biomechanical parameters.@*RESULTS@#The results of mechanical analysis in each stage of the bachuorounian manipulation were as follows:the rolling back rotation force was (31.17±2.99) N;the buckling bending drawing force was (44.99±2.38) N;the rolling pre rotation force was (31.03±2.75) N;and stretching drawing force was (48.75±2.09) N. The correlation analysis between the parameters showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the buckling bending drawing force and the stretching drawing force parameters, and a significant positive correlation between the rolling force back-rotation force and the rolling pre-rotation force parameters. The multivariate linear regression analysis on the parameters of influencing factors and manipulative biomechanics showed that there was a significant correlation between body weight and rolling back-rotation force, significant correlation between elbow tenderness and the buckling bending drawing force, and significant correlation between disease duration and the stretching drawing force.@*CONCLUSION@#The bachuorounian manipulation of humeral epicondylitis has a certain range of operating force. Manipulation of each stage has a correlation and systematic. The patient's weight, elbow tenderness and disease course are important factors affecting the bachuorounian manipulation.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Elbow , Elbow Joint , Female , Humans , Humerus , Infant , Male , Tennis Elbow
7.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 290-293, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886401

ABSTRACT

@#OBJECTIVE: It is common to get lost during a comminuted proximal humerus surgery, and the pectoralis major insertion is always a constant. Therefore, this study aimed to do a cadaveric study on the Filipino population to assess the distance from the pectoralis major tendon to the top of the humeral head (PMT) as a reference during proximal humerus surgery. METHODS: This study dissected the shoulders of cadavers. The distance from the pectoralis major tendon insertion to the top of the humeral head (PMT) was measured using a caliper. This PMT distance was also correlated to the cadaver's height and sex. RESULTS: This study dissected 110 shoulders (55 cadavers | 24 females, 31 males). The median PMT was 5.40 cm for males and 4.90 cm for females, with a combined value of 5.40 cm overall. There was a direct and moderate correlation between the PMT with overall height. Height and PMT of both the left and right shoulder were significantly longer among males compared to females. The study showed that for every centimeter increase in the height of males, there was a corresponding 0.02 cm increase in the PMT, adding the constant factor of 1.83. A corresponding 0.04 cm increase in the PMT for females added the constant factor of -0.81. CONCLUSION; The pectoralis major tendon insertion is a consistent landmark that can accurately restore humeral length when reconstructing complex proximal humerus fractures where landmarks are otherwise lost because of comminution.


Subject(s)
Pectoralis Muscles , Humerus , Tendons , Fractures, Bone
8.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 290-293, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886400

ABSTRACT

@#OBJECTIVE: It is common to get lost during a comminuted proximal humerus surgery, and the pectoralis major insertion is always a constant. Therefore, this study aimed to do a cadaveric study on the Filipino population to assess the distance from the pectoralis major tendon to the top of the humeral head (PMT) as a reference during proximal humerus surgery. METHODS: This study dissected the shoulders of cadavers. The distance from the pectoralis major tendon insertion to the top of the humeral head (PMT) was measured using a caliper. This PMT distance was also correlated to the cadaver's height and sex. RESULTS: This study dissected 110 shoulders (55 cadavers | 24 females, 31 males). The median PMT was 5.40 cm for males and 4.90 cm for females, with a combined value of 5.40 cm overall. There was a direct and moderate correlation between the PMT with overall height. Height and PMT of both the left and right shoulder were significantly longer among males compared to females. The study showed that for every centimeter increase in the height of males, there was a corresponding 0.02 cm increase in the PMT, adding the constant factor of 1.83. A corresponding 0.04 cm increase in the PMT for females added the constant factor of -0.81. CONCLUSION; The pectoralis major tendon insertion is a consistent landmark that can accurately restore humeral length when reconstructing complex proximal humerus fractures where landmarks are otherwise lost because of comminution.


Subject(s)
Pectoralis Muscles , Humerus , Tendons , Fractures, Bone
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 390-397, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878069

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) was a standard treatment approach for fracture at distal humerus intercondylar, whereas the optimal way before ORIF remains inconclusive. We, therefore, performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of olecranon osteotomy vs. triceps-sparing approach for patients with distal humerus intercondylar fracture.@*METHODS@#The electronic searches were systematically performed in PubMed, EmBase, Cochrane library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure from initial inception till December 2019. The primary endpoint was the incidence of excellent/good elbow function, and the secondary endpoints included Mayo elbow performance score, duration of operation, blood loss, and complications.@*RESULTS@#Nine studies involving a total of 637 patients were selected for meta-analysis. There were no significant differences between olecranon osteotomy and triceps-sparing approach for the incidence of excellent/good elbow function (odds ratio [OR]: 1.37; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.69-2.75; P = 0.371), Mayo elbow performance score (weight mean difference [WMD]: 0.17; 95% CI: -2.56 to 2.89; P = 0.904), duration of operation (WMD: 4.04; 95% CI: -28.60 to 36.69; P = 0.808), blood loss (WMD: 33.61; 95% CI: -18.35 to 85.58; P = 0.205), and complications (OR: 1.93; 95% CI: 0.49-7.60; P = 0.349). Sensitivity analyses found olecranon osteotomy might be associated with higher incidence of excellent/good elbow function, longer duration of operation, greater blood loss, and higher incidence of complications as compared with triceps-sparing approach.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study found olecranon osteotomy did not yield additional benefit on the incidence of excellent/good elbow function, while the duration of operation, blood loss, and complications in patients treated with olecranon osteotomy might be inferior than triceps-sparing approach.


Subject(s)
Elbow Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Olecranon Process/surgery , Osteotomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 748-754, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156199

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the functional results of patients with complex proximal humerus fracture submitted to total shoulder reverse arthroplasty with and without tuberosity healing. The secondary goal was to know the tuberosity healing rate after reverse shoulder arthroplasty with our surgical technique. Methods A retrospective, cohort type study, with a prospective database collection. In total, 28 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria: age ≥ 65 years, reverse shoulder arthroplasty for complex proximal humerus fracture (type-3 or -4, according to Neer), and a minimum of 24 months of follow-up. At six months of follow-up, all of the patients were evaluated radiographically for tuberosity, and then they were divided into 2 groups: those with healed tuberosities and those with non-healed tuberosities. A clinical evaluation using the Constant score, active range of motion and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) at the last follow-up was also performed. Results Tuberosity healing occurred in 21 patients (76.3%). There were statistically significant differences in the Constant scoring system (p < 0.001), forward elevation (p = 0.020), internal rotation (p = 0.001) and external rotation (p = 0.003) when comparing the group of healed tuberosities with the group of non-healed tuberosities. No differences were found regarding the VAS score. Conclusion Tuberosity healing results in an improvement of the functional outcomes of patients submitted to reverse shoulder arthroplasty as a treatment for complex proximal humeral fractures in the elderly.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados funcionais entre pacientes com fratura complexa do úmero proximal submetidos a artroplastia reversa com tubérculos consolidados e tubérculos não consolidados. O objetivo secundário foi determinar a taxa de consolidação dos tubérculos com este tipo de prótese. Métodos Estudo de tipo coorte, retrospectivo, com coleta prospectiva de dados. No total, 28 pacientes cumpriram os critérios de inclusão: idade superior a 65 anos, prótese reversa do ombro por fratura complexa do úmero proximal (3 ou 4 partes, segundo Neer), e tempo de seguimento mínimo de 24 meses. Aos seis meses, todos os pacientes foram avaliados radiograficamente quanto à consolidação dos tubérculos e divididos em dois grupos: grupo com tubérculos consolidados e grupo com tubérculos não consolidados. A avaliação funcional realizou-se segundo o sistema de pontuação de Constant, da amplitude de movimento ativo, e da Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) à data da última consulta. Registaram-se todas as complicações. Resultados A consolidação dos tubérculos ocorreu em 21 pacientes (76,3%). Verificou-se diferenças estatisticamente significativas no sistema de pontuação de Constant (p < 0.001), elevação anterior (p = 0.020), rotação interna (p = 0.001) e externa (p = 0.003), quando se comparou o grupo dos tubérculos consolidados com o grupo dos tubérculos não consolidados. Não houve diferenças significativas na EVA entre os 2 grupos. Conclusão A consolidação dos tubérculos traduz uma melhoria dos resultados funcionais em pacientes submetidos a artroplastia reversa do ombro como tratamento de fraturas complexas do úmero proximal em idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Radius , Shoulder Fractures , Range of Motion, Articular , Extravehicular Activity , Amplitude , Fractures, Bone , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Humerus , Movement
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1350-1355, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134447

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Long limb bones and fragmentary portions, such as the humerus, are commonly used and examined in forensic and archaeological investigations. This study aimed to estimate the maximum length of the humerus from the measurements of its segments' lengths in our population. The right and left humeri of 100 dry bones from unknown sexes were included in the study. A total of 28 different segments were obtained from 8 different anatomical landmarks named H0, H1, H2, H3, H4, H5, H6, and H7. The length of each segment was compared with the maximum length of the humerus (MHL). An independent t-test, Pearson's correlation, and linear and multiple regression analyses were performed and statistical significance was assigned to p values <0.05. The differences in the measurements of the right and left humeri were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). All of the humerus segments indicated a high correlation when compared with the maximum humerus length (p < 0.05). The H2-3 segment showed a weak correlation with MHL r = 0.173 (p > 0.05). This study demonstrated that the linear and multiple regression equations can be used to estimate the humerus length from its segments' lengths.


RESUMEN: Los huesos largos de los miembros y las porciones fragmentarias, como el húmero, se usan y examinan comúnmente en investigaciones forenses y arqueológicas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo estimar la longitud máxima del húmero a partir de las mediciones de las longitudes de sus segmentos. Fueron evaluados 100 húmeros secos, derechos e izquierdos, pertenecientes a individuos adultos, de sexo desconocido. Se obtuvieron 28 segmentos distintos de 8 puntos de referencia anatómicos diferentes, denominados H0, H1, H2, H3, H4, H5, H6 y H7. La longitud de cada segmento se comparó con la longitud máxima del húmero (MHL). Se realizó una prueba t independiente, la correlación de Pearson y análisis de regresión lineal y múltiple y se asignó significación estadística a valores de p <0,05. Las diferencias en las medidas del húmero derecho e izquierdo no fueron estadísticamente significativas (p> 0,05). Todos los segmentos del húmero indicaron una alta correlación en comparación con la longitud máxima del húmero (p <0,05). El segmento H2-3 mostró una correlación débil con MHL r = 0,173 (p> 0,05).Este estudio demostró que las ecuaciones de regresión lineal y múltiple se pueden usar para estimar la longitud del húmero a partir de las longitudes de sus segmentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Humerus/anatomy & histology , Linear Models
12.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 133-138, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125550

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados funcionales y radiográficos de pacientes tratados con prótesis reversa por fracturas complejas. El objetivo secundario fue determinar la relación entre rangos de movilidad y puntaje ASES con la evolución radiográfica del troquíter. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron 16 pacientes >65 años, tratados con prótesis reversa y reinserción del troquíter, entre 2013 y 2017, operados antes de las 4 semanas del trauma y con un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Se consignaron el puntaje ASES y el rango de movilidad activa. En las radiografías, se evaluaron la posición y la consolidación del troquíter, y se registraron las complicaciones y su tratamiento. Resultados: La media de la edad fue 74.5 años (RIC 66-78.5), 11 (69%) eran mujeres. Once fracturas (69%) eran a 4 fragmentos y 5, luxofracturas a 4 fragmentos. La media entre el trauma y la cirugía fue 9.4 días y el seguimiento, 29.5 meses. En 9 casos (56%), el troquíter presentó consolidación. Rotación interna: 5 pacientes alcanzaron la región glútea con el pulgar; 4, la vértebra T12; 4, la vértebra L3; 3, la T7. Las medianas de rotación externa y flexión anterior fueron 30° (RIC 17,5-40) y 100° (RIC 87,5-160). El puntaje ASES promedio fue 78,3 (RIC 63,3-87,4). No hubo una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la evolución del troquíter y la flexión anterior y el puntaje (p = 0,24 y 0,52, respectivamente). Conclusión: La prótesis reversa en fracturas agudas con reinserción de las tuberosidades puede llevar a buenos resultados funcionales. No se encontró relación entre la consolidación del troquíter y el puntaje ASES. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To report functional and radiologic outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients with complex proximal humeral fractures. A second objective was to assess the relation between the greater tuberosity healing and the range of motion (ROM) and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score. Materials and Methods: Sixteen patients treated between 2013 and 2017, older than 65 years old, operated before 4 weeks after the trauma, and with a minimum of 2-year follow-up were included. ASES scores and active ROMs were recorded. Greater tuberosity and the prosthesis position and healing were radiologically evaluated, and the complications and treatment were recorded. Results: The median age was of 74.5 years (IQR 66-78.5), 11 patients were females (69%). According to Neer classification, 11 cases were four-part fractures and 5 were four-part fracture-dislocations. The average time between trauma and surgery was 9.4 days, and the average follow-up was of 29.5 months. The greater tuberosity was healed in 9 cases (56%). Internal rotation: 5 patients (31.25%) were able to reach up with their thumbs to gluteal level, 4 (25%) to T12, 3 (18.75%) to T7, and 4 (25%) to L3. The medians for external rotation and forward flexion were 30° (IQR 17.5°-40°) and 100° (IQR 87.5°-160°). The average ASES score was of 78.3 (IQR 63.3-87.4). There was no significant statistical relation between greater tuberosity healing and forward flexion or ASES score (P=0.24 and P=0.52, respectively). Conclusion: The use of reverse prostheses for complex fractures with greater tuberosity reattachment could lead to good functional outcomes, low complication rates and reoperations. There was no significant statistical relation between ASES score and greater tuberosity healing or failure to heal. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Humerus/injuries
13.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 2317/04/2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097534

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi comparar a variação da espessura muscular (EM) ao longo do peitoral maior (PM) após três séries de 8 a 12 repetições máximas de supino reto. A amostra foi composta por 12 homens treinados. O comportamento da EM foi avaliado pré e imediatamente após a realização do exercício através de ultrassonografias, em três sítios do feixe esternal do PM: medial (próximo ao esterno), central e lateral (próximo ao úmero). Como resultado, o sítio medial apresentou variação relativa da EM de 14,78%, o central de 11,83% e o lateral de 10,04%, com diferença significativa apenas entre o sítio medial quando comparado ao lateral (p=0,036). Tal efeito pode estar relacionado a maior ativação do trecho medial do PM durante o supino reto ou pela específica morfologia do PM.


The aim of this study was to compare the variation of muscle thickness (MT) over the pectoralis major muscle (PM) after 3 sets of 8 to 12 repetitions of bench press. The sample was consisted of 12 trained men. Ultrasound images were acquired, to analyze the MT behavior, at three sites of the PM's sternal head: medial, central and lateral. The medial site had a MT relative variation of 14.78%, the central one of 11.83% and the lateral one of 10.04%, with a statistical difference observed only between the medial site when compared to the lateral site (p = 0.036); The possible cause of these effects might be related to a possible greater activation of the medial site during the bench press or due to PM's morphology. We conclude that the PM shows heterogeneous MT acute variation.


El objetivo del estudio fue comparar la variación de la espesura muscular (EM) a lo largo del pectoral mayor (PM) después de tres series de 8 a 12 repeticiones de press de banca. El comportamiento de la EM fue evaluado pre e inmediatamente después de la realización del ejercicio con ultrasonografías, en tres sitios de la cabeza esternal del PM: medial (cerca del esternón), central y lateral (cerca del húmero). Como resultado, el sitio medial presentó 14,78% de variación relativa de la EM, el central 11,83% y el lateral 10,04%, con diferencia significativa apenas entre el sitio medial cuando comparado al lateral (p = 0,036) . Este efecto puede estar relacionado con la mayor activación del sitio medial del PM durante el press de banca o por la morfología del PM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pectoralis Muscles , Exercise , Sternum , Behavior , Humerus , Men
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879374

ABSTRACT

Proximal humerus fracture is one of the common shoulder fractures. With the increase in incidence, the proportion of surgical intervention is increasing. This paper explores the traditional and new treatment methods for proximal humerus fracture. Locking plate technology is the most commonly used method in the clinic, but its complication rate of intra-articular screw penetration and reoperation is too high.Fibular strut allografts can provide adequate support, but it is a significant trauma surgery and has a high incidence of potential disruption to necessary vascular.Arthroplasty is one of the treatments for complex proximal humerus fractures, but it has a long learning curve and high cost.In recent years, the proximal humerus cage's intervention model has emerged, which has the inherent advantagesof a three dimensional structure, which can provide adequate load bearing support for the humeral head and provide flexible screw placement Angle. The cage offers a new technical option to reduce postoperative complications and improve patients' rehabilitation safety. A comprehensive grasp of the treatments of proximal humerus fracture and rational choice of intervention measures will benefit patients.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Head , Humerus , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcome of tibiotalocalcaneal fusion using cannulated screw and humeral proximal locking plate inverted fixation through a lateral transfibular approach.@*METHODS@#From June 2015 to December 2018, 15 patients underwent a tibiotalocalcaneal fusion operation using cannulated screw and inverted proximal humerus locking plate through a transfibular approach. There were 10 males and 5 females with the age ranging from 45 to 72 (58.9±6.1) years, and the course of disease ranged from 2 to 35 (11.9±7.9)years. Preoperative diagnosis included 8 cases of post traumatic arthritis, 2 cases of Charcot arthritis, 2 cases of Charcot-Marie -Tooth (CMT), 1 case of ankle tuberculosis, 1 case of talar necrosis, and 1 case of pigmented villonnodular synovitis. Among them, 8 patients were combined with simple varus deformity, 4 patients with simple valgus deformity, 2 patients with equinovarus deformity, 1 patient with equinovarus deformity, 2 patients with adduction and internal rotation of middle and forefoot. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot score and the visual analogue scale (VAS) score were used to evaluate the clinical outcome at the last follow up.@*RESULTS@#One lost follow up and remaining fourteen patients were followed up. The follow up time ranged from 10 to 25(16.6±4.3) months. All the 15 patients had primary healing. Fusion time ranged from 15 to 24 (16.8 ± 2.4) weeks after operation. One patient with diabetes experienced delayed union and was successfully treated with secondary bone grafting combined with Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injection. The AOFAS score increased from 38.7±3.3 to 84.5±2.6 (@*CONCLUSION@#Tibiotalocalcaneal fusion used cannulated screw and humeral proximal locking plate inverted fixation through a lateral transfibular approach has the advantages of relatively simple technique, high fusion rate, especially for patients with posterior foot deformity, which has satisfactory short term effects.


Subject(s)
Ankle Joint , Arthrodesis , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Female , Humans , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the operative method and clinical effect of lateral mini plate and Kirschner wire in the treatment of distal humeral metaphysis junction fracture in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 21 cases of distal humeral diaphyseal metaphyseal junction fracture were analyzed retrospectively, including 12 males and 9 females, aged 2 to 10 years with an average age of 4.5 years, and the time from injury to operation was 6 hours to 7 days. The imaging data showed that the fracture line was located at the junction of the distal humerus and metaphysis. There were 10 oblique fractures, 8 transverse fractures and 3 comminuted fractures. The operation methods were open reduction, lateral mini plate and Kirschner wire assisted internal fixation, and the improved Flynn elbow joint scoring standard was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All the 21 children were followed up for 8 to 24 months, with an average of 13 months. The healing time was 6 to 8 weeks, with an average of 7.2 weeks. There were no complications such as fracture displacement, cubitus varus and ulnar nerve injury. According to the improved Flynn elbow joint scoring standard, 19 cases were excellent and 2 cases were good.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of distal humeral metaphyseal junction fracture in children is different from that of supracondylar fracture of humerus.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828237

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of dynamic locking screws and common screws in treating humeral shaft fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to October 2018, clinical data of 46 patients with humeral shaft fracture were retrospectively analyzed, which were divided into dynamic locking screw internal fixation group (treatment group) and ordinary screw internal fixation group (control group). In treatment group, there were 14 males and 10 females, aged from 20 to 61 years old with an average of (36.8±10.9) years old;22 patients in control group, there were 13 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 60 years old with an average of (35.9±12.8) years old. Length of incision, operation time, amount of bleeding, fracture healing time and complications were compared between two groups, Constant-Murley score of shoulder joint and Mayo score of elbow joint at 3 and 9 months after operation were compared to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#Forty six patients were followed up from 9 to 43 months with an average of (18.6±7.9) months. There were no statistical differences in length of incision, operation time, amount of bleeding between two groups (>0.05);fracture healing time in treatment group was (12.2±3.2) weeks, and (15.6±4.7) weeks in control group;there was difference between two groups (0.05);One patient occurred neural paralysis in treatment group;1 patient occurred delayedunion, 2 patients occurred bone nonunion and 1 patient occurred broken nail in control group;while there was no statistical difference between two groups in complication.@*CONCLUSION@#Both of dynamic locking screws and ordinary screws could effectively treat humeral shaft fractures. dynamic locking screws has an advantage in fracture healing time, and recovery of early shoulder and elbow function. However, the active time of this technology is not too long in China, further study on long-term efficacy of large samples is needed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , China , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures , Humerus , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical effect of closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation in treating Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#From May 2015 to October 2019, 72 children with Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus were treated by closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation, including 52 males and 20 females, aged from 3 to 10 years old with an average of (5.4±1.3) years old;39 patients classified to Gartland ⅢA and 33 patients classified to Gartland Ⅲ B. Operation time, fracture healing time, and functional exercise time were observed, Flynn elbow joint function score was used to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 2 to 6 months with an average of (3.5±1.4) months. Operation time was 25~90 (37.8±10.4) min, fracture healing time was 28~45(38.8±9.4) days, functional exercise time was 22~60(36.9±11.2) days. No cubitus varus, iatrogenic neurovascular injury, reduction loss, compartment syndrome, infection or other complications occurred. According to Flynn elbow joint function score, 60 patients got excellent results, 10 good and 2 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation in treating Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus in children has advantages of minimally invasive, stable fixation, shorter operation time, easy to remove internal fixation, and less complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a new mechanical model of distal humerus in children with epiphysial cartilage, stimulate supracondylar humerus fracture and perform three dimensional finite elements, and study effect of pins numbers, pin tract, outlet height and pin configurations on stability of fixation.@*METHODS@#Three dimensional computed tomography (CT) data of 6-year-old boy with distal humerus was downloaded from picture archiving and communications systems software (PACS), the data of picture was imported into Simpleware and SolidWorks 2016 software to establish distal humerus fracture in children contained ossific nucleus of the capitellum (ONC) and distal cartilage. Normal extense supracondylar humerus fracture model was established to stimulate configurations of crossed and lateral pinning fixation, 30 N was added on the direction of flexion extension and varus valgus, while 50 N was added on the direction of internal and external turning. Stability was analyzed by displacement degree of distal fracture.@*RESULTS@#Among 2-pin configurations, 2-crossed pins were more stable against rotation forces which could resist rotation stress over 2 585 Nmm/ °, while low position through ONC of 2-divergent lateral pins were more stable, which could resist stress of 45 N /mm and 190 N /mm during the test of resistant strains and varus-valgus stress. The third pins was added into the more stable lateral 2-pins, the stability in all directions were increased obviously, and 3 crossed pins is the most stable, stress of flexion-extension, varus-valgus and internal-external turning were 198 N /mm, 395 N /mm and 6 251 Nmm/ °.@*CONCLUSION@#Two-divergent lateral pins could provide enough stability for supracondylar humerus fracture in children. In two-crossed pins, the upper border of MDJ could provide the best stability. Three-crossed pins could offer the best stability against both translation and rotation forces.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Wires , Child , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humerus , Male
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of ultrasound guided reduction and exploration of ulnar nerve position and percutaneous crossed pin fixation for the treatment of displaced supracondylar fracture of the humerus in children.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 45 patients with displaced supracondylar fracture of humerus from December 2017 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, including 26 boys and 19 girls, ranging in age from 1 year and 3 months to 11 years and 4 months, with an average of 7.6 years old;44 cases of crashing injury, 1 case of falling injury;29 cases on the left side, 16 cases on the right side;12 patients classified to Gartland typeⅡand 33 patients classified to Gartlandtype Ⅲ. The operation was performed from 4 h to 7 d after injury, with an average of 2.5 d. There were no neurological and vascular injuries occurred in the children. Ultrasound was used to guide the fracture reduction of the child, and the cross-needle was fixed. In the medial needle insertion, the ulnar nerve position was detected by ultrasound to avoid damage to the ulnar nerve. The ulnar nerve state was observed during operation. The clinical function evaluation criteria of Flynn was used at the latest follow-up. The evaluation criteria was used to evaluate the functional and aesthetic characteristics of the elbow joints of the children, and to observe the complications such as ulnar nerve injury after operation.@*RESULTS@#Ultrasound was used to detect the fracture from the medial side of the elbow, the lateral aspect of the elbow and the sagittal plane of the elbow. The position of the ulnar nerve could be clearly explored to avoid ulnar nerve injury when the needle was inserted inside. All children were followed up, and the duration ranged from 6 to 12 months, with an average of 9 months. None of the patients had a loss of repositioning and the fractures healed. The healing time ranged from 4 to 6 weeks, with an average of 5 weeks. At the latest follow-up, according to Flynn's evaluation criteria:compared with the healthy side, 41 patients with flexion and extension limitation were 0° to 5°, clinically evaluated as excellent;3 patients with flexion and extension limitation were 6° to 10°, clinically evaluated as good;1 patient with flexion and extension limitation was 11° to 15°, clinically evaluated as acceptable. Compared with the healthy side, 40 patients lost 0° to 5°of the angle, and 5 patients lost 6° to 10°of the angle. There were no complications such as ulnar nerve injury and cubitus varus.@*CONCLUSION@#Although ultrasound-guided treatment of displaced supracondylar fracture of the humerus in children has higher requirements for the operator at present, because of its advantages of clear development, portability, effectiveness and no impact on health, it could clearly explorethe fracture situation during the operation, guide the reduction of the fracture, and accurately show the position of the ulnar nerve, effectively improve the safety of the medial puncture, so as to minimize the complications The occurrence of the disease. Therefore, the treatment of displaced supracondylar fracture of humerus with ultrasound-guided manual reduction and percutaneous cross needle fixation is effective and worthy of further promotion.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional
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