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1.
Rev inf cient ; 100(5): 1-7, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1348802

ABSTRACT

Se presentó un caso de enfermedad trofoblástica tipo mola invasiva. El diagnóstico se sospechó con la ecografía del primer marcador genético, se realizaron dos legrados terapéuticos, el segundo de ellos, sugirió el diagnóstico de mola invasiva. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico (histerectomía total) con previa administración de quimioterapia con metotrexato sistémico. La biopsia confirmó el diagnóstico de mola invasiva. La mola invasiva es una de las formas de presentación de la enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional, es una condición infrecuente, en que la proliferación de células del trofoblasto y sincitiotrofoblasto penetran o incluso perforan la pared uterina, producen destrucción local pudiendo invadir el tejido parametrial y los vasos sanguíneos viajando dentro de estos, aunque no se han reportado verdaderas siembras metastásicas en otros órganos. La evolución clínica se realizó en consulta externa. Transcurrido dos años la evolución es satisfactoria, el tratamiento efectivo y bien tolerado por la paciente(AU).


A case of trophoblastic disease, of the invasive mole type was presented. The diagnosis was first suspected with the ultrasound of the first genetic marker. Two therapeutic curettages were performed, the second of which suggested the diagnosis of invasive mole. Surgical treatment (total hysterectomy) was performed with prior administration of chemotherapy with systemic methotrexate. The biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of invasive mole. Invasive mole is one of the forms of presentation of gestational trophoblastic disease. It is a rare condition in which the proliferation of trophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast cells penetrate or even perforate the uterine wall, produce local damage and can invade the parametrial tissue and blood vessels, traveling within these. True metastatic seeding in other organs has not been reported. The clinical evolution was carried out in an outpatient clinic. After two years the evolution is satisfactory, the treatment effective and well tolerated by the patient(AU).


Foi apresentado um caso de doença trofoblástica invasiva por mola. O diagnóstico foi suspeitado com a ultrassonografia do primeiro marcador genético, foram realizadas duas curetagens terapêuticas, sendo que a segunda sugeriu o diagnóstico de mola invasiva. O tratamento cirúrgico (histerectomia total) foi realizado com administração prévia de quimioterapia com metotrexato sistêmico. A biópsia confirmou o diagnóstico de mola invasiva. A mola invasiva é uma das formas de apresentação da doença trofoblástica gestacional, é uma condição infrequente, em que a proliferação de células trofoblásticas e sincitiotrofoblásticas penetram ou mesmo perfuram a parede uterina, produzem destruição local e podem invadir o tecido parametrial e vasos sanguíneos dos vasos. viajando dentro deles, embora verdadeira semeadura metastática em outros órgãos não tenha sido relatada. A evolução clínica foi realizada em ambulatório. Depois de dois anos, o a evolução é satisfatória, o tratamento é eficaz e bem tolerado pelo paciente(AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Hydatidiform Mole/surgery , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnosis , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/pathology , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Hysterectomy
2.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(1): 14-16, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146466

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional (ETG) es una complicación del embarazo poco común. Corresponde a un espectro de lesiones proliferativas del tejido trofoblástico: Mola Hidatiforme (MH) en sus formas parcial y completa, Coriocarcinoma, Tumor Trofoblástico y Tumor Trofoblástico Epiteloide. Los distintos tipos de ETG presentan en común la hipersecreción de gonadotrofina coriónica humana (hCG). La hCG es una hormona glicoproteica con una estructura muy similar a la TSH, por lo cual puede estimular la función tiroidea en condiciones fisiológicas y en algunas condiciones patológicas. La ETG puede cursar con hipertiroidismo, el cual puede variar en intensidad, desde una presentación asintomática con alteración leve de hormonas tiroideas a un cuadro de hipertiroidismo manifiesto. Se presentan 3 casos clínicos de pacientes con ETG, específicamente MH que evolucionaron con tirotoxicosis transitoria. Los casos presentaron un cuadro leve de hipertiroidismo con pocos síntomas asociados. La taquicardia fue el único síntoma en la mayoría de los casos. En todas las pacientes las hormonas tiroideas se normalizaron después del tratamiento de la ETG. Conclusión: Se debe tener presente la posibilidad de hipertiroidismo en toda paciente con ETG. Un alto nivel de sospecha permitirá identificar a aquellas pacientes que cursen con hipertiroidismo, permitiendo así un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno.


Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a rare complication of pregnancy. GTD includes a group of proliferative lesions of trophoblastic tissue: partial and complete hydatidiform mole, choriocarcinoma, epithelioid trophoblastic tumor, and placental site trophoblastic tumor. The different types of GTD have in common the hypersecretion of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). HCG is a glycoprotein hormone with a similar structure to TSH. In physiological and pathological conditions hCG can stimulate thyroid function. GTD can present with hyperthyroidism, which can vary in intensity, from an asymptomatic presentation with mild alteration of thyroid hormones to a manifest hyperthyroidism. We present 3 clinical cases of patients with GTD thyrotoxicosis. All cases presented mild hyperthyroidism. Tachycardia was the only symptom in most cases. In all patients thyroid hormones return to normal after treatment of GTD. Conclusion: In patients with GTD the possibility of hyperthyroidism should be kept in mind. A high level of suspicion will allow to identifying patients with hyperthyroidism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/complications , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnosis , Hyperthyroidism/etiology , Propranolol/therapeutic use , Tachycardia , Thyrotoxicosis/etiology , Hydatidiform Mole , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy
3.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 71(3): 286-296, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144391

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: reportar un caso de mola parcial con feto vivo y realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre las complicaciones maternas y fetales asociadas a esta condición. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el reporte de un caso de mola parcial y feto vivo de 33 semanas, complicado por restricción de crecimiento intrauterino, oligoamnios y preeclampsia severa. Después de seguimiento del recién nacido a un año reportamos un resultado satisfactorio materno-fetal. Se realiza una búsqueda de la literatura en Medline vía PubMed, Lilacs, OVID, Uptodate y Google Scholar, con los siguientes términos MESH: "hiditadiform mole", "partial mole", "live fetus", "coexisting live fetus". Se seleccionaron estudios de series de caso y reportes de caso de gestantes con coexistencia de mola parcial y feto vivo al momento del diagnóstico, y se extrajo información sobre el pronóstico materno-fetal. Resultados: se identificaron inicialmente 129 títulos relacionados, de los cuales 29 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, 4 artículos fueron excluidos por no obtener acceso al texto completo. Se analizaron 31 casos reportados, 9 casos terminaron en aborto, 8 terminaron en óbito o muerte perinatal y 14 (45 %) casos terminaron con un recién nacido vivo. La complicación materna más frecuente fue preeclampsia, en 6 (19,35 %) casos. Conclusión: la coexistencia de mola parcial con feto vivo presenta un riesgo alto de resultado perinatal adverso y preeclampsia. Se requiere más información sobre esta rara condición para determinar de mejor manera posibles intervenciones en los casos de fetos euploides y dar una adecuada asesoría en la práctica clínica, por lo que es importante el reporte de estos casos para tener suficiente evidencia sobre el comportamiento natural de la enfermedad.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report the case of a partial molar pregnancy with live fetus and conduct a review of the literature regarding maternal and fetal complications associated to this condition. Materials and methods: Case report of a partial mole with a 33 weeks live fetus complicated by intrauterine growth restriction, oligohydramnios and severe preeclampsia. We report satisfactory maternal and neonatal outcomes and 1-year follow-up. A search was conducted in the Medline via Pubmed, Lilacs, Ovid, Uptodate and Google Scholar databases using the following MESH terms: hiditadiform mole, partial mole, live fetus, coexisting live fetus. Case series and case reports of pregnant women with coexisting partial mole and live fetus at the time of diagnosis were selected and information regarding maternal and fetal prognosis was extracted Results: Initially, 129 related titles were identified. Of these, 29 met the inclusion criteria, and 4 articles were excluded due to failed access to the full text. Overall, 31 reported cases were included; 9 ended in miscarriage, 8 in fetal demise or perinatal death, and 14 (45 %) resulted in a live neonate. The most frequent maternal complication was preeclampsia in 6 (19.35 %) cases. Conclusion: The coexistence of a partial mole with a live fetus poses a high risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and preeclampsia. The volume of information regarding this rare condition must be increased in order to better determine potential interventions in cases of euploid fetuses and to provide adequate counseling in clinical practice. Therefore, reporting these cases is important to build sufficient evidence about the natural course of this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Hydatidiform Mole , Fetus , Pre-Eclampsia , Fetal Growth Retardation
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 133-138, jun 17, 2020. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358916

ABSTRACT

Introdução: perdas gestacionais esporádicas são comuns e estima-se que aproximadamente 30 a 50% de todas as concepções não terminem em um recém-nascido vivo. Patologia materna ou alteração genética de natureza cromossômica, em um dos progenitores, são fatores de risco favoráveis a esses acontecimentos. Outras situações que podem estar relacionadas às alterações cromossômicas são a infertilidade e a ocorrência de mola hidatiforme (neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional), caracterizada por interferência na formação e desenvolvimento do embrião. Embora haja um consenso sobre o caráter multifatorial das perdas gestacionais, incluindo componentes anatômicos, imunológicos, endócrinos, genéticos e ambientais, ainda assim, a causalidade pode permanecer desconhecida. Objetivos: analisar e quantificar achados de dificuldades reprodutivas relacionados a presença de alterações cromossômicas encontrados no serviço de genética realizado pelo programa Genética & Sociedade, do Instituto de Biologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia. Metodologia: estudo descritivo e analítico, realizado por meio de consulta a fichas de anamneses, preenchidas durante o atendimento de casais, que buscaram o serviço de genética comunitária para aconselhamento genético no período de vinte anos. Resultados: entre os 73 casais selecionados para estudo, 59 (80,8%) relataram abortos recorrentes, 9 (12,3%) tinham histórico de mola hidatiforme e 5 (6,8%) apresentaram infertilidade. Entre as alterações foram verificadas translocações, inversões, além de polimorfismos de regiões heterocromáticas. Conclusões: o presente estudo confirma a importância das alterações cromossômicas na etiologia das dificuldades reprodutivas, justificando a busca pelo aconselhamento genético. Em termos de saúde pública, traz contribuições para o entendimento das condições genéticas da comunidade beneficiada pelo programa Genética & Sociedade.


Introduction: sporadic gestational losses are common, it's estimated that approximately 30 to 50% of all conceptions don't end in a newborn alive. Maternal pathology or genetic alterations of chromosomal nature in one of the progenitors are risk factors favorable to these events. Other situations that may be related to chromosomal alterations are infertility and the occurrence of hydatidiform mole (gestational trophoblastic neoplasia), characterized by interference in the formation and development of the embryo. Although there is a consensus about the multifactorial nature of gestational losses, including anatomical, immunological, endocrine, genetic and environmental components, however, the causality may remain unknown. Objectives: analyze and quantify the findings of reproductive difficulties related to the presence of chromosomal alterations found in the genetics service performed by the Genética&Sociedade program of the Biology Institute of the Federal University of Bahia. Methodology: a descriptive and analytical study, carried out by consultation of anamnesis records, made during the care of couples, who sought the community genetic service for genetic counseling in the period of twenty years. Results: among the 73 couples selected, 59 (80.8%) reported recurrent abortions, 9 (12.3%) had a history of hydatidiform mole and 5 (6.8%) had infertility. Among all the alterations, were found translocations, inversions, and polymorphisms of heterochromatic regions. Conclusions: this study confirms the importance of chromosomal alterations in the etiology of reproductive difficulties, justifying the search for genetic counseling. In terms of public health, it contributes to the understanding of the genetic conditions in the community benefited by the Genética&Sociedade program.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hydatidiform Mole , Abortion, Spontaneous , Chromosome Aberrations , Infertility , Analytical Methods , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(5): 240-247, May 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137829

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the effect of high-dose vitamin A (HD Vit-A) use during postmolar follow-up of patients with low and plateauing (L&P) serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, from the moment serum hCG plateaued (P-hCG) to the first normal serum hCG value (< 5IU/L). Methods The present retrospective series case study compared two nonconcurrent cohorts of patients. Control group (CG): 34 patients with L&P serum hCG levels who underwent expectant management for 6 months after uterine evacuation, from 1992 to 2010; study group (SG): 32 patients in similar conditions who received 200,000 IU of Vit-A daily, from the identification of a P-hCG level to the first normal hCG value or the diagnosis of progression to gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN), from 2011 to 2017. The present study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the institution where it was conducted. Results In both groups, the prevalence of persistent L&P serum hCG levels was < 5%. In the SG, hCG levels at plateau were higher (CG = 85.5 versus SG = 195 IU/L; p = 0.028), the rate of postmolar GTN was lower (CG = 29.4% versus SG = 6.3%, p = 0.034) and follow-up was shorter (CG = 14 versus SG = 10 months, p < 0.001). During GTN follow-up, there were no differences in GTN staging or treatment aggressiveness in both groups. High-dose Vit-A use did not have any relevant toxic effect. There were no GTN relapses or deaths. Conclusion The limited use of HD Vit-A seems to have a safe and significant effect on the treatment of postmolar patients with L&P serum hCG levels and may decrease the development of postmolar GTN in this population.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar o efeito de alta dose de vitamina A (VitA) no seguimento pósmolar de pacientes com gonadotrofina coriônica humana (hCG) sérica apresentando valoresbaixoseem platô(L&P). Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de série de casos comparando duas coortes não simultâneas. Grupo controle (CG): 34 pacientes com títulos de hCG sérico L&P submetidos a manejo expectante por 6 meses após o esvaziamento uterino, de 1992 a 2010; Grupo de Estudo (SG): de 2011 a 2017, 32 pacientes em condições semelhantes de hCG receberam Vit-A na dose de 200.000 IU por dia, do momento da identificação dohCG em platôate o primeirohCG normaloudiagnóstico de progressão para neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional (NTG). O presente estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética da Instituição na qual foi desenvolvido. Resultados Em ambososgrupos, aprevalência de hCGL&P foi < 5%. No SG, os níveis de hCGemplatô forammaiores (CG = 85.5 versus SG = 195 IU/L; p = 0,028), e foram significantemente menores tanto a prevalência de NTG pós-molar (CG = 29.4% versus SG = 6.3%, p = 0,034) como o tempo de seguimento (CG = 14 versus SG = 10 meses, p < 0.001). Na evolução para NTG não houve diferença no estadiamento da Interna tional Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO, na sigla em inglês) ou na agressividade do tratamento. Com altas doses de Vit-A não houve qualquer efeito tóxico relevante. Não houve casos de recidiva de NTG ou de óbito. Conclusão O uso limitado de altas doses de Vit-A parace ser seguro e apresenta efeitos significativos na evolução de pacientes em controle pós-molar com títulos de hCG sérico L&P, e pode diminuir o desenvolvimento de NTG pós-molar nessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/blood , Vitamin A/therapeutic use , Hydatidiform Mole/blood , Chorionic Gonadotropin/blood , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/prevention & control , Middle Aged
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876607

ABSTRACT

@#Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia is a group of tumors which includes invasive mole, choriocarcinoma, placental site trophoblastic tumor and epithelioid trophoblastic tumor, all of which develop after a recognized pregnancy. Choriocarcinoma is a highly invasive and metastatic neoplasm which arises in women of reproductive age. Local spread is reported at 15% while distant metastasis at 4%. Of the 4% of cases having distant metastasis, 60% goes to the lungs, 30% to the vagina, and 10% to other sites. Less than 5% of patients with metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasia have involvement of the gastrointestinal tract. This is the case of a 47-year-old multigravid patient who came in with an enlarging abdomen 8 years after she had a hydatidiform mole. Work-ups were done which revealed metastases to the colon, liver and lungs. The plan of management was to give multiple agent chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Hydatidiform Mole , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease , Choriocarcinoma
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876606

ABSTRACT

@#The co-existence of a hydatidiform mole with a living fetus during the third trimester is extremely rare. The optimal management of such a case is controversial especially when medical and obstetric complications set in before term. The aim of management is towards avoidance of complications and planning the delivery at the most appropriate time to ensure good maternal and fetal outcome. We report the case of a 27-year-old Gravida 2 Para 1, who was diagnosed with a complete mole with co-existing live fetus at around 12 weeks age of gestation. She was referred to our institution at 31 weeks and 1 day age of gestation due to vaginal bleeding for which an emergency cesarean section was done. She delivered a live baby boy weighing 1.5 kg, with Apgar Score of 4,6,6. Chemoprophylaxis was administered and her serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin was monitored post-partum.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Hydatidiform Mole
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876592

ABSTRACT

@#Background: Administration of chemotherapy to prevent postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia was first implemented in the 1960’s. However, its use has remained controversial. Objectives: This study aimed to describe the effect of chemoprophylaxis in preventing progression of hydatidiform mole to gestational trophoblastic neoplasia among patients managed in a tertiary hospital in Davao City from 2011 to 2015. Materials & Method: This retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated 123 cases of hydatidiform mole who were managed at a tertiary hospital in Davao City from the years 2011 to 2015. The patients’ charts were retrieved to get the clinicodemographic profile, progression to gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, and occurrence of adverse effects secondary to chemoprophylaxis. Patients with rising or plateauing beta human chorionic gonadotropin titer were identified within the 3-year period from molar evacuation. Collected data were analyzed using frequency and percentage distribution. Results: The mean age of the patients was 30.5 years, 24% of whom were noted in women more than 40 years of age. The average age of gestation on admission was 14.89 weeks. All patients had a histopathologic diagnosis of complete mole and at least one risk factor for developing postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. Patients did not experience any significant side effect to chemoprophylaxis. None of the patients developed gestational trophoblastic neoplasia within the 3-year period of monitoring. Conclusion: The administration of chemoprophylaxis to patients diagnosed with hydatidiform mole may be effective against the development of postmolar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease , Hydatidiform Mole , Neoplasms , Chemoprevention
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876556

ABSTRACT

@#Background: The clinical presentation of patients with hydatidiform mole have changed in recent years due to earlier diagnosis as a result of widespread use of ultrasonography and availability of assays for human chorionic gonadotrophin. Objective: To determine the clinicopathologic profile of patients diagnosed with hydatidiform mole at the Philippine General Hospital from January 2013 to August 2018. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included all patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis of hydatidiform mole managed at the Philippine General Hospital from January 2013 to August 2018. Medical records of patients were retrieved. All abstracted variables were analyzed retrospectively. The level of significance for all sets of analysis was set at p-value < 0.05 using two-tailed comparisons. Results: From January 2013 to August 2018, a total of 435 patients diagnosed with hydatidiform mole were managed at the Philippine General Hospital with a prevalence rate of 15.7/1,000 pregnancies. Diagnosis was made in the first trimester in 52% of patients. A quarter of the patients had pre-evacuation B-hCG levels of more than 1 million mIU/mL. Vaginal bleeding was the most frequent presenting symptom but only 59% of the patients had anemia requiring blood transfusion. Majority (90.57%) had a histopathologic diagnosis of complete hydatidiform mole. Conclusion: The prevalence and clinicopathologic profile of patients with hydatidiform mole in the Philippine General Hospital have remained largely unchanged.


Subject(s)
Hydatidiform Mole , Pregnancy , Female , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
10.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 14(1): 30-34, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123592

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional (ETG) constituye un conjunto heterogéneo de afecciones malignas y benignas derivados de la proliferación anormal del trofoblasto o de las células germinales de ambos sexos. La ETG tiene una incidencia variable a lo largo del mundo. A nivel nacional, no se han realizado estudios de caracterización epidemiológica de esta población y, frecuentemente, los datos manejados están basados en estudios extranjeros. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de las pacientes diagnosticadas con embarazo molar en el período transcurrido entre el año 2012 y 2019, en el hospital Clínico Herminda Martin de Chillán. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional transversal de serie temporal, se consideró el número total de fichas clínicas del Hospital Clínico Herminda Martin de Chillán durante los años 2012 al 2019, con diagnóstico confirmado de Embarazo Molar. Los datos se registraron en la hoja de recolección de datos elaborada, realizándose los análisis estadísticos pertinentes. Resultados: Se analizaron 44 pacientes, la edad promedio de presentación fue de 30.96 años. Los principales síntomas de consulta fueron metrorragia 52.27% (n=23) y dolor abdominal 20.45% (n=9). El principal tratamiento efectuado fue aspiración y legrado en un 77,27% (n=34). El 4.54% (n=2) presentó recurrencia, presentando un segundo episodio de embarazo molar. Conclusiones: El embarazo molar es una patología poco frecuente, pero es un diagnóstico diferencial a tener en cuenta, sobre todo cuando nos enfrentamos a mujeres en edad fértil que consultan por metrorragia o dolor abdominal.


Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTS) is a heterogeneous group of malignant and benign conditions derived from abnormal proliferation of the trophoblast or germ cells of both sexes. GTS has a variable incidence throughout the world. Nationally, no epidemiological characterization studies have been carried out for this population and, frequently, the data handled is based on foreign studies. Objective: To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients diagnosed with molar pregnancy between the period between 2012 and 2019 at the Hospital Clinico Herminda Martin of Chillan. Materials and methods: Retrospective observational descriptive cross-sectional study, considering the pregnancies registered at the Hospital Clinico Herminda Martin of Chillan during the years 2012 to 2019, with a confirmed diagnosis of Molar Pregnancy, as sample of study. The data were recorded on the prepared data collection sheet, performing the relevant statistical analyzes. Results: 44 patients were analyzed, the average age of presentation was 30.96 years. The main symptoms of consultation were metrorrhagia 52.27% (n = 23) and abdominal pain 20.45% (n = 9). The main treatment was aspiration and curettage in 77.27% (n = 34). 4.54% (n = 2) presented recurrence, presenting a second episode of molar pregnancy. Conclusions: Molar pregnancy is a rare pathology, but it is a differential diagnosis to take into account, especially when we are faced with women of childbearing age who consult due to bleeding or abdominal pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease , Hydatidiform Mole/epidemiology , Abdominal Pain , Chile/epidemiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Observational Study , Metrorrhagia
11.
Clinics ; 75: e1724, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the potential relationship between oxidative stress, dietary intake, and serum levels of antioxidants in patients with a complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) compared with controls. METHODS: This was an observational cross-sectional study conducted in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A total of 140 women were enrolled in this study and divided into four groups: 43 patients with CHM, 33 women who had had an abortion, 32 healthy pregnant women, and 32 healthy non-pregnant women. All participants underwent blood sampling, assessment using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, and anthropometric measurement. Blood samples were collected after overnight fasting (10-12 h). Vitamin levels (A, C, and E) were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography, and gamma-glutamyl transferase levels were assessed using an automated quantitative analysis system (Dimension®, Siemens). RESULTS: Although all groups showed sufficient serum vitamin A and E levels, the participants had inadequate dietary intake of these vitamins. Conversely, all groups had an insufficient serum level of vitamin C, despite adequate intake. The gamma-glutamyl transferase values did not differ significantly among the groups. However, elevated serum levels of this enzyme were observed in several patients. CONCLUSIONS: All groups exhibited high levels of oxidative stress, as evaluated by gamma-glutamyl transferase levels, and had inadequate intake of antioxidant vitamins. Therefore, the high exposure to oxidative stress found in our study, even in healthy pregnant and non-pregnant women, may increase the incidence of CHM in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Hydatidiform Mole , Uterine Neoplasms , Vitamin A , Vitamins , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Oxidative Stress , Antioxidants
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(5): 293-295, jun 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1024573

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Mole hydatiforme is the most common type of gestational trophoblast disease (GTI) and the aim of this study, is evaluation the frequency of changes in thyroid function test in mole hydatidiform patients. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 63 patients with mole hydatidiform who reffering to gynecolgy ward of Ali ibn Abitaleb Hospital in Zahedan from April 2016 to March 2017, were studied. Information such as age, gravidity and laboratory findings inclluding thyroid function test (TFT) and the presence or absence of clinical sympltoms were recorded in the information forms and analyzed by SPSS software. Results: In this study, 63 patients with mole hydatidiform were studied. The mean age of the patients was 26.6 ± 7.7 years. The most common clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism in patients with mole hydatidorme was tachycardia (39.7%). There was no relationschip between age and gravidity with the hyperthyroid simptoms and thyroid function test. Conclusion: Overall, the results of this study showed ttat 67% of patients with mole hydatidiform hay reduced TSH and more than 50% of cases hay increased free T3 and T4. There was no relationship between maternal age and gravidity with changes in thyroid functional test (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Thyroid Function Tests/trends , Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Maternal Age , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnosis
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(3): 278-283, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020957

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gestational trophoblastic diseases (GTDs) are treatable rare tumors with wide distribution. The estimated incidence of GTDs varies dramatically between different regions globally. In early pregnancy, there may be high human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) concentrations, normal or slightly increased free T4 (fT4) and subnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), causing hyperthyroidism ranging from subclinical to severe. Beta-HCG causes thyrotoxicosis through thyroid stimulation in patients with trophoblastic tumors. OBJECTIVE: To assess thyroid function among patients diagnosed with complete or partial hydatidiform mole, within the GTD spectrum. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study based on patients' medical records at Van University Hospital, Van, Turkey. METHODS: 50 patients monitored due to diagnoses of hydatidiform mole were included and were examined regarding thyroid function. Thyroid gland size and volume were measured using thyroid ultrasonography. Beta-HCG, TSH, fT4, free T3 (fT3), total T4 (TT4), total T3 (TT3), anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), anti-thyroglobulin (anti-TG) and thyroglobulin levels were measured. RESULTS: Among these patients, 15 (30%) were diagnosed with complete hydatidiform mole and 35 (70%) with partial hydatidiform mole, according to pathology results. Those with complete hydatidiform mole were older (P = 0.003), with higher number of pregnancies (P = 0.032), lower TSH level (P = 0.011) and higher fT4 and TT4 levels (P = 0.04; P = 0.028), compared with partial hydatidiform mole patients. CONCLUSION: In hydatidiform mole patients, thyroid disease severity increases with age, parity, beta-HCG level and mole size. However, prospective multicenter studies on this topic are needed, with larger numbers of patients and closer monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Thyroid Gland/physiopathology , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/physiopathology , Uterine Neoplasms/physiopathology , Hydatidiform Mole/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741749

ABSTRACT

Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is a rare disease with complications that can be life-threatening. An ovarian vein thrombus in a gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is an extremely rare condition that has not been previously reported in the literature. We report the case of a 23-year-old woman who presented with symptoms of amenorrhea for 15 weeks and 6 days along with intermittent lower abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with a hydatidiform mole, and a metastatic workup was scheduled. Abdominal computed tomography showed a right ovarian vein thrombus. She received methotrexate chemotherapy combined with oral anticoagulants. Complete radiological remission was obtained. During the 12-month follow-up period, no disease progression or recurrence was noted. Early recognition and detection of the condition are of the utmost importance. The differential diagnosis of OVT must be considered when there is unexplained abdominal pain, fever, and leukocytosis during the diagnosis and treatment of GTN. A high level of suspicion is required for prompt diagnosis of OVT.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Amenorrhea , Anticoagulants , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Female , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease , Humans , Hydatidiform Mole , Leukocytosis , Methotrexate , Pregnancy , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Thrombosis , Veins , Venous Thrombosis , Young Adult
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(2): 136-141, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013823

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La coexistencia de una mola completa y un feto vivo es una condición infrecuente que puede evolucionar con múltiples complicaciones tanto maternas como fetales; entre ellas aborto, preeclampsia, hipertiroidismo, metrorragia, parto pretérmino y enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional persistente. No existe consenso internacional respecto al manejo de esta condición, aun conociéndose el mal pronóstico para el feto y los elevados riesgos maternos asociados. El siguiente es un reporte de un caso clínico de embarazo gemelar con feto vivo y mola completa, diagnosticado a las 12+1 semanas. Luego de realizar consejería, y en contexto de la legislación chilena en el año 2015, se decide continuar con el embarazo. La paciente es monitorizada en policlínico de alto riesgo obstétrico con controles seriados de b-HCG, ecografía fetal y RNM pélvica. Desde las 13 semanas presenta hipertensión arterial que se maneja con antihipertensivos orales; posteriormente, a las 20+2 semanas, desarrolla un cuadro de preeclampsia severa por lo que, en conjunto con la paciente, se decide realizar histerectomía en bloque. Dada la persistencia de valores de b-HCG elevados a las 12 semanas post interrupción del embarazo, se decide tratamiento con metotrexato. El caso fue analizado en Comité de Ginecología Oncológica donde se decidió seguimiento con b-HCG, lográndose la negativización a las 38 semanas post metotrexato. Se confirmaron valores negativos de b-HCG por 6 meses, tras lo cual fue dada de alta.


ABSTRACT The coexistence of a complete mole and an alive fetus is a rare condition that can evolve with multiple complications both maternal and fetal; among them abortion, preeclampsia, hyperthyroidism, uterine bleeding, preterm labor and persistent gestational trophoblastic disease. There is no international consensus regarding the management of this condition, despite the poor prognosis for the fetus and the associated high maternal risks. The following is a report of a clinical case of twin pregnancy with live fetus and complete mole, diagnosed at 12+1 weeks. After counseling, and in the context of Chilean legislation in 2015, it is decided to continue with pregnancy. The patient is monitored in a high-risk pregnancy outpatient clinic with follow ups b-HCG, fetal ultrasound and pelvic MRI. From 13 weeks, the patient presents high blood pressure that is managed with oral antihypertensives; and later, with 20+2 weeks, developed severe preeclampsia which is why, in conjunction with patient, it was decided to perform a block hysterectomy. Given the persistence of elevated b-HCG values at 12 weeks post-termination of pregnancy, treatment with methotrexate was decided. The case was analyzed in the local Committee of Oncological Gynecology, in which it was decided to follow the b-HCG curve, achieving negative values at 38 weeks post-methotrexate. Negative values of b-HCG were confirmed for 6 months, after which it was discharged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hydatidiform Mole/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy, Twin , Pre-Eclampsia , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Abortion, Induced , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease , Hysterectomy
18.
Non-conventional in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1278006

ABSTRACT

Introduction: décrire les aspects épidémio-cliniques et échographiques des môles hydatiformes (MH) à Abidjan. Méthodes: étude transversale de 6 ans (janvier 2011 à décembre 2016) réalisée au CHU de Yopougon au Service de Radiologie. Elle a consisté en la description du profil épidémio-clinique et échographique des patientes porteuses de MH. Les examens échographiques ont été réalisés par voie mixte (endovaginale et sus pubienne) en modes B et Doppler Couleur par des radiologues seniors. Une étude anatomo-pathologique du contenu utérin a été effectuée.Résultats: vingt-cinq cas de MH ont été diagnostiquées sur 12,190 échographies obstétricales réalisées soit 0,2% d'incidence radiologique. L'âge moyen des patientes était de 33,4 ans avec des extrêmes de 22 et 50 ans. Il n'y avait pas de classe d'âge dominante. La notion de masse abdominale 36% et de métrorragies 28% étaient les signes cliniques prédominants qui accompagnaient l'aménorrhée (100%). Sur le plan échographique, l'utérus était hypertrophique dans 100% des cas, homogène dans 96% et myomateux dans 4% des cas. La MH avait une épaisseur moyenne de 42,7mm. Son aspect était décrit comme vésiculaire dans 68%, en nid d'abeille dans 16%, multikystique dans 12% et en tempête de neige dans 4%. Les MH étaient classées partielles dans 4% des cas, complètes dans 92% des cas et invasives dans 4% des cas. Les ovaires étaient hypertrophiques dans 44% des cas avec une notion de macrofollicules dans 32% et des kystes dans 8% des cas. Le diagnostic échographique de MH a été confirmée à l'anatomopathologie dans 100% des cas.Conclusion: les MH demeurent rares à Abidjan et sont dominées par la forme complète. La notion de survenue à des âges extrêmes n'a pas été retrouvée


Subject(s)
Cote d'Ivoire , Hydatidiform Mole/diagnosis , Hydatidiform Mole/epidemiology , Hydatidiform Mole/radiotherapy , Ultrasonography
19.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 24(2): 136-138, jul.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-985685

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 23 años de edad, previamente sana, G1P0A1, con cuadro clínico de hemorragia uterina anormal, a quien se le realizó ecografía transvaginal que reportó embarazo molar, sin embargo tras realizar la medición sérica de B-HCG, fue de 0.00 mUI/ml, por lo que requirió realización de legrado y biopsia para establecer diagnóstico histológico. El resultado evidenció hiperplasia simple, con complejo focal y sin atipia. Se destaca la importancia de la comunicación de este caso, debido a que a esta edad, la presentación de esta patología es infrecuente. Se hace una revisión de los artículos publicados en los últimos 10 años en las bases de datos Medline vía PubMed, y en LILACS en español, inglés y francés. Se tuvo como referencia además textos clásicos. La hiperplasia endometrial simple en pacientes menores de 30 años es poco frecuente, se debe tener en cuenta la presencia de atipias en la histología pues de ser positivo, es mayor el riesgo de transformación maligna.


Abstract A case of a 23-year-old patient, previously healthy, G1P0A1, with clinical symptoms of abnormal uterine bleeding. The patient was underwent transvaginal ultrasound that reported molar pregnancy, however after making the measurement of serum B-HCG was 0.00 mIU/ml. It was necessary curettage and biopsy to establish histological diagnosis. The result showed simple hyperplasia endometrial with focal complex without atypia. The importance of communication in this case, because at this age, the presentation of this disease is uncommon. The literature published in English, Spanish and French during the last 10 years in the Medline database were reviewed via Pubmed and LILACS. Besides, classical texts was referenced in this article. Simple endometrial hyperplasia in patients under 30 years old is rare. It should be taken into account the presence of atypia on histology, because the risk is greater of malignant transformation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Hydatidiform Mole , Ultrasonography , Endometrial Hyperplasia , Focal Infection , Pathology , Uterine Hemorrhage , Biopsy , MEDLINE , Curettage , PubMed , LILACS , Histology
20.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 47(4)oct.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-985547

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades reumáticas pertenecen a un grupo que provocan manifestaciones clínicas en varios sistemas de órganos de la anatomía humana. Las complicaciones ginecobstétricas no son las que con mayor frecuencia se presentan. La enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional agrupa un conjunto de lesiones benignas como la mola hidatiforme y la neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional. Este trabajo se propone presentar un caso con los elementos clínicos e imagenológicos que permiten llegar al diagnóstico de una mola hidatiforme. Se trata de una paciente de 48 años de edad, con diagnóstico de lupus eritematoso sistémico, que acude con manifestaciones clínicas que permitieron llegar al diagnóstico de enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional con mola hidatiforme completa. Las enfermedades reumáticas, en especial el lupus eritematoso sistémico, provocan complicaciones ginecobstétricas. La enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional con mola hidatiforme completa, a pesar de ser una rara entidad, afecta considerablemente el bienestar biopsicosocial de las pacientes y disminuye su percepción de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud(AU)


Rheumatic diseases fit in a group that cause clinical manifestations in various organ systems of the human anatomy. Gyneco-obstetric complications are those that occur less frequently. Gestational trophoblastic disease groups together benign lesions such as hydatidiform mole and gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. This paper intends to present a case with the clinical and imaging elements that allow the diagnosis of hydatidiform mole. We present a 48-year-old female patient with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus, who presents with clinical manifestations that led to the diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease with complete hydatidiform mole. Rheumatic diseases, especially systemic lupus erythematosus, cause gyneco-obstetric complications. Although being a rare entity, the gestational trophoblastic disease with complete hydatidiform mole greatly affects the biopsychosocial wellbeing of patients and decreases their perception of health-related quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Middle Aged , Hydatidiform Mole/diagnostic imaging , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/complications , Hysterectomy, Vaginal/methods , Rheumatic Diseases/therapy
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