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1.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18688, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364425

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hydrogels are interesting for use in the treatment of topical wounds due to their virtually zero toxicity, and capacity for extended release of pharmaceuticals. Silver sulfadiazine (SSDZ) is the drug of choice in the treatment of skin burns. The aim of the study was to determine cytotoxicity, antimicrobial activity and stability of a PVA hydrogel with integrated silver sulfadiazine. SSDZ-hydrogels were prepared using 10% (w/w) PVA (either 89% or 99% hydrolyzed) and 1% (w/w) silver sulfadiazine. Cellular viability was assessed via MTS assays, antimicrobial activity via disk-diffusion and accelerated stability tests were carried out with analysis at 0, 30, 60, 90 and 180 days of storage at 40 ± 2 °C and a relative humidity of 75 ± 5%. The parameters evaluated included organoleptic characteristics, moisture, swelling ability, mechanical strength, FTIR, XRD, TGA and DSC, and silver release patterns via XRD and potentiometry. Cell viability tests indicated some cytotoxicity, although within acceptable levels. After 90 days of storage, SSDZ hydrogel samples exhibited a brown coloration, probably due to the formation of Ag or Ag2O nanoparticles. The SSDZ-loaded hydrogels suffered visual and physical changes; however, these changes did not compromise its use as occlusive wound dressings or its antimicrobial properties.


Subject(s)
Silver Sulfadiazine/pharmacology , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Hydrogels/analysis , Skin/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/classification , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Reference Parameters/classification
2.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(2, cont.): e2404, jul-dez. 2021. tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1352309

ABSTRACT

O tomateiro é uma das hortaliças de maior importância econômica a nível mundial. No entanto, sua produção pode ser limitada por diversos fatores, sendo o manejo da água o principal fator limitante. Dessa forma, o uso de tecnologias que melhorem a eficiência no uso da água é de extrema importância, destacando-se entre estas o uso de hidrogel. Nesse sentido, objetivou-se nesse trabalho avaliar as taxas de crescimento e produção do tomateiro sob lâminas de irrigação e volumes de hidrogel. O experimento foi conduzido em esquema fatorial 3x4, em blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições, sendo os fatores: três volumes de hidrogel previamente hidratado (0, 50 e 100 ml por planta); e 4 lâminas de irrigação (40, 60, 80 e 100% da evapotranspiração da cultura). Foram avaliadas as taxas de crescimento absoluto e relativo da altura de planta e diâmetro do caule, massa média dos frutos e a produtividade por planta. Os resultados evidenciaram que a redução das lâminas de irrigação levou a redução linear das taxas de crescimento absolutas e relativas de altura e diâmetro. Perante essas mesmas condições, também houve redução da massa média dos frutos e da produtividade por planta. O uso de hidrogel não afetou nenhuma das características avaliadas, dessa forma, recomenda-se a sua não utilização nas condições desse estudo. Indica-se a utilização da lâmina de reposição de 100% da ETc.(AU)


Tomato is one of the most economically relevant vegetables worldwide. However, its production can be limited by several factors, with water management being the main limiting factor. Thus, the use of technologies that improve efficiency in the use of water are extremely important, with emphasis on the use of hydrogel. In this sense, the objective of this study was to evaluate the growth and production rates of tomato under irrigation depths and hydrogel volumes. The experiment was carried out in a 3x4 factorial scheme, in randomized blocks with four replications, with the following factors: three volumes of previously hydrated hydrogel (0, 50 and 100 ml per plant); and 4 irrigation depths (40, 60, 80 and 100% evapotranspiration of the crop). The absolute and relative growth rates of plant height and stem diameter, average fruit mass, and productivity per plant were evaluated. The results showed that the reduction of irrigation depths led to a linear reduction in absolute and relative growth rates in both height and diameter. Under these same conditions, there was also a reduction in the average fruit mass and productivity per plant. The use of hydrogel did not affect any of the evaluated characteristics; therefore, it is recommended not to use it under the conditions of this study. It is recommended to use the 100% ETc replacement blade.(AU)


El tomate es una de las hortalizas de mayor importancia económica a nivel mundial. Sin embargo, su producción puede verse limitada por varios factores, siendo la gestión del agua el principal factor limitante. Por ello, el uso de tecnologías que mejoren la eficiencia en el uso del agua es de suma importancia, con énfasis en el uso de hidrogel. En ese sentido, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las tasas de crecimiento y producción de tomate en láminas de riego y volúmenes de hidrogel. El experimento se realizó en un esquema factorial 3x4, en bloques al azar con cuatro repeticiones, siendo los factores: tres volúmenes de hidrogel previamente hidratado (0, 50 y 100 ml por planta); y 4 láminas de riego (40, 60, 80 y 100% evapotranspiración del cultivo). Se evaluaron las tasas de crecimiento absoluto y relativo de la altura de la planta y el diámetro del tallo, la masa promedio de frutos y la productividad por planta. Los resultados mostraron que la reducción de las láminas de riego condujo a una reducción lineal en las tasas de crecimiento absoluto y relativo en altura y diámetro. En estas mismas condiciones, también se redujo la masa media de frutos y de la productividad por planta. El uso de hidrogel no afectó ninguna de las características evaluadas, por lo que se recomienda no utilizarlo en las condiciones de ese estudio. Se recomienda utilizar la lámina de repuesto del 100% del ETc.(AU)


Subject(s)
Lycopersicon esculentum/growth & development , Hydrogels , Lamins/analysis , Agricultural Irrigation , Technology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888242

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a complex pathological process. Based on the encouraging results of preclinical experiments, some stem cell therapies have been translated into clinical practice. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have become one of the most important seed cells in the treatment of SCI due to their abundant sources, strong proliferation ability and low immunogenicity. However, the survival rate of MSCs transplanted to spinal cord injury is rather low, which hinders its further clinical application. In recent years, hydrogel materials have been widely used in tissue engineering because of their good biocompatibility and biodegradability. The treatment strategy of hydrogel combined with MSCs has made some progress in SCI repair. This review discusses the significance and the existing problems of MSCs in the repair of SCI. It also describes the research progress of hydrogel combined with MSCs in repairing SCI, and prospects its application in clinical research, aiming at providing reference and new ideas for future SCI treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydrogels , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888219

ABSTRACT

Polymeric hydrogels have been widely researched as drug delivery systems, wound dressings and tissue engineering scaffolds due to their unique properties such as good biocompatibility, shaping ability and similar properties to extracellular matrix. However, further development of conventional hydrogels for biomedical applications is still limited by their poor mechanical properties and self-healing properties. Currently, nanocomposite hydrogels with excellent properties and customized functions can be obtained by introducing nanoparticles into their network, and different types of nanoparticles, including carbon-based, polymer-based, inorganic-based and metal-based nanoparticle, are commonly used. Nanocomposite hydrogels incorporated with polymeric micelles can not only enhance the mechanical properties, self-healing properties and chemical properties of hydrogels, but also improve the


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Hydrogels , Micelles , Nanocomposites , Polymers
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2240-2255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887793

ABSTRACT

In recent years, peptide self-assembly has received much attention because of its ability to form regular and ordered structures with diverse functions. Self-assembled peptides can form aggregates with defined structures under specific conditions. They show different characteristics and advantages (e.g., good biocompatibility and high stability) compared with monomeric peptides, which form the basis for potential application in the fields of drug delivery, tissue engineering, and antiseptics. In this paper, the molecular mechanisms, types and influencing factors of forming self-assembled peptides were reviewed, followed by introducing the latest advances on fibrous peptide hydrogels and self-assembled antimicrobial peptides. Furthermore, the challenges and perspectives for peptide self-assembly technology were discussed.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Hydrogels , Peptides , Tissue Engineering
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922051

ABSTRACT

Four-dimensional (4D) printing is an emerging technology that combines science and engineering techniques. The term, "4D printing" was coined in 2013 and since then it has attracted a lot of interests due to its unique ability to have structural or functional transformations over time in response to external stimuli. The most important element of 4D printing is the responsive material. The recent progress research of hydrogels and related new technologies for 4D printing was summarized in the field of implanted medical devices at home and abroad in this paper. Then, it was pointed out the problems of responsive materials for 4D printing. Finally, it was prospected that the development of 4D printing technology in the field of implantable medical devices.


Subject(s)
Hydrogels , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3162-3178, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921414

ABSTRACT

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) not only serves as the material basis of biological inheritance, but also shows great potential in the development of novel biological materials due to its programmability, functional diversity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. DNA hydrogel is a three-dimensional mesh polymer material mainly formed by DNA. It has become one of the most interesting emerging functional polymer materials in recent years because of the perfect combination of the DNA biological properties that it retained and the mechanical properties of its own skeleton. At present, single- or multi-component DNA hydrogels developed based on various functional nucleic acid sequences or by combining different functional materials have been widely used in the field of biomedicine, molecular detection, and environmental protection. In this paper, the development of preparation methods and classification strategies of DNA hydrogels are summarized, and the applications of DNA hydrogels in drug delivery, biosensing and cell culture are also reviewed. Finally, the future development direction and potential challenges of DNA hydrogels are prospected.


Subject(s)
DNA/genetics , Drug Delivery Systems , Hydrogels , Polymers
8.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(2): 421-428, 01-03-2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146267

ABSTRACT

Seedling production is important to vegetable productions, however, irrigation planning for seedling production is usually inefficient due to the lack of information about water consumption by the seedlings, which decreases the quality of the seedlings. The objective of this work was to evaluate the use of hydrogel in the substrate and determine the appropriate irrigation management for the production of tomato seedlings (Solanum lycopersicom), using an automated irrigation system. The experiment was conducted in a protected environment at the Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil. Tomato seedlings were grown in polyethylene trays on substrates with, and without hydrogel. The seedlings were irrigated using an automated micro sprinkler system. Irrigation treatments were chosen considering different crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and reference evapotranspiration (ETo), and the use of timer. The height, root length, stem base diameter, root and shoot dry weights, seedlings were evaluated. The use of the hydrogel for the production of tomato seedlings resulted in seedlings with higher final heights, larger stem base diameter, greater shoot dry weight, larger crown area projection, and greater shoot relative growth rate.


A produção de mudas é um ponto crítico do sistema de produção de hortaliças. Devido a informações sobre o consumo de água pelas mudas, o planejamento da irrigação se torna ineficiente, fato que provoca perdas na qualidade das mudas. O objetivo do experimento foi testar o uso de hidrogel no substrato e determinar o manejo de irrigação adequado através de ferramentas de automatização do sistema de irrigação. O experimento foi conduzido em ambiente protegido na Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Foram produzidas mudas de tomate (Solanum lycopersicom) em bandejas de polietileno, preenchidas com substrato com e sem a presença de hidrogel. As mudas foram irrigadas com sistema de microaspersão, acionado a partir de um sistema automatizado. Os tratamentos de manejo de irrigação foram através da evapotranspiração da cultura (ETc), timer, 0.50 ETo e 1,00 ETo. Foram avaliados componentes de qualidade das mudas como altura, comprimento de raiz, diâmetro de colo, massa seca de raiz e parte aérea. O uso do hidrogel foi um diferencial para produção de mudas de tomate mais precoces, com maior altura final, maior diâmetro de colo, maior acúmulo de massa seca de parte aérea, maior área de projeção da copa e maior a taxa de crescimento relativo de parte aérea. Na presença do hidrogel o manejo 0.50 ETo favoreceu maiores plantas, com colo mais fino e menor massa seca de parte aérea.


Subject(s)
Lycopersicon esculentum , Hydrogels , Agricultural Irrigation
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(1): 12-22, Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089299

ABSTRACT

Abstract Medicinal plants, such as E. pyramidale, are alternatives against infections and assist in the healing process of wounds. We evaluated the effects of Hydrogel of E. pyramidale on the healing of cutaneous wounds in animal models by morphological, morphometric and histological analyses, and elucidated major components. The ethanolic extract of E. pyramidale shoots was submitted to phytochemical analysis. For cicatrizing activity assay, Wistar rats were used, and the groups evaluated were hydrogel containing ethanolic extract of E. pyramidale at 2% compared to control groups. The treatment periods were 3, 7 and 21 days, and macroscopic and microscopic analyses were performed. Data were submitted to Analysis of Variance (p <0.05). Phytochemistry and quantification evidenced that flavonoids are main constituents and that they were evidenced by thin layer chromatography (TLC), high efficiency (HPLC) and infrared (IR) methods. In TLC, using flavonoid patterns, we observed pinocembrin. The hydrogel containing ethanolic extract of E. pyramidale at 2% was effective in wound regression. E. pyramidale can be used for the treatment of second intention wounds, and the effective healing may be due to a high flavonoid content.


Resumo As plantas medicinais, como E. pyramidale, são uma alternativa para combater infecções e ajudar o processo de cicatrização de feridas. Avaliar os efeitos do hidrogel de E. pyramidale na cicatrização de feridas cutâneas em modelos animais através de análises morfológicas, morfométricas e histológicas, bem como para elucidar os principais componentes. O extrato etanólico das partes aéreas de E. pyramidale foi submetido a análise fitoquímica. Para o ensaio de atividade cicatrizante, foram utilizados ratos Wistar e os grupos avaliados foram o hidrogel com extrato etanólico de E. pyramidale 2% em comparação com os grupos controle. Os períodos de tratamento foram 3, 7 e 21 dias e as análises macroscópicas e microscópicas foram realizadas e os dados submetidos à Análise de Variância (p <0,05). A fitoquímica e a quantificação indicaram que os flavonóides são os constituintes principais e que mesmos foram evidenciados na cromatografia de camada delgada (CCD), de alta eficiência (HPLC) e por infravermelho (IV). Em CCD, empregando padrões de flavonoides, foi observado a pinocembrina. O hidrogel com extrato etanólico de E. pyramidale 2% foi eficaz na regressão da ferida. E. pyramidale pode ser usado no tratamento de feridas de segunda intenção e a cura efetiva pode ser devido ao alto teor de flavonoides.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Equisetum , Skin , Plant Extracts , Rats, Wistar , Hydrogels
10.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2020. 119 p. il., graf., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1224659

ABSTRACT

O objetivo neste estudo foi produzir hidrogel de quitosana (CH) com PCL e fitoterápicos para uso preventivo de úlcera de pressão. Os hidrogéis de CH foram produzidos com glicerofosfato (GP) e com xantana (X), associados ao PCL e foram caracterizados por estereomicroscopio, intumescimento, molhabilidade e MEV. Posteriormente foram submetidos ao teste de viabilidade (MTT) com fibroblastos HFF-1 e queratinócitos HaCat. O hidrogel que apresentou melhor resultado foi escolhido para continuar na pesquisa. Posteriormente, extratos de Pfaffia panculata K, Juglans regia L, Rosmarinus officinalis L, Zingiber officinale, Própolis e Hamamelis foram colocados em contato com cepas de Staphylococcus aureus (S.a) (ATCC 6538), Streptococcus pyogenes (S.p) (ATCC 19615), Staphylococcus epidermidis (S.e) (ATCC 12228), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P.a) (ATCC 15442), Escherichia coli (E.c) (ATCC 25922) e Klebsiella Pneumoniae (K.p) (ATCC 4352) na forma planctônica nos testes de CIM e CMM. Os dois melhores extratos fitoterápicos foram avaliados quanto ao sinergismo no teste checkerboard e posteriormente associados ao hidrogel anteriormente eleito. A seguir, o comportamento da HaCat e HFF-1 com os hidrogéis foi analisado por MTT, proteína total, ELISA, genotoxicidade e formação de biofilme monotípico com suspensões padronizadas (107 cel/mL) de S.a, S.e, S.p, P.a, E.c e K.p. Na caracterização e viabilidade o hidrogel CHX PCL apresentou os melhores resultados. Os extratos selecionados após CIM, CMM e checkerboard foram gengibre (G) e própolis (P). O extrato G se destacou na CIM com inibição de K. p e P. a. Os extratos de G e P demonstraram ação microbicida para K. p e P. a e somente o extrato P obteve ação microbicida para S. a na CMM. Houve ação aditiva dos extratos associados no checkerboard para S.p e ação aditiva e sinérgica para S. e. Os grupos de hidrogéis foram compostos por: quitosana xantana (CHX), CHX própolis (CHXP), CHX gengibre (CHXG) e CHX própolis e gengibre associados (CHXPG), todos associados ao PCL. Todos os hidrogéis demonstraram viabilidade celular acima de 70% do grupo controle, permitindo metabolismo celular observado na proteína total. Houve quantificação de IL-6 maior no grupo CHX nas duas linhagens de células enquanto a quantificação de IL-10 não exibiu diferença estatística entre os grupos. Todos os hidrogéis promoveram redução acentuada de biofilme de K.p e E.c. Os grupos CHX, CHXP e CHXG reduziram biofilme de S.e. O grupo CHXG reduziu biofilme de S.p. Para S.a e P.a o grupo CHXPG foi mais eficaz reduzindo biofilme. Concluímos que os hidrogéis apresentaram resultados satisfatórios e promissores, trazendo inovação por associação de biopolímeros e associação de extratos fitoterápicos pouco estudados. Os resultados positivos justificam a continuidade dos estudos com esse biomaterial(AU)


The aim of this study was to produce chitosan hydrogel (CH) with PCL and herbal medicines for preventive use of pressure ulcers. The CH hydrogels were produced with glycerophosphate (GP) and xanthan (X), associated with PCL and were characterized by stereomicroscope, swelling, wettability and SEM. Subsequently, they were submitted to a viability test (MTT) with HFF-1 fibroblasts and HaCat keratinocytes. The hydrogel that presented the best result was chosen to continue the research. Subsequently, extracts of Pfaffia panculata K, Juglans regia L, Rosmarinus officinalis L, Zingiber officinale, Propolis and Hamamelis were placed in contact with strains of Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) (ATCC 6538), Streptococcus pyogenes (Sp) (ATCC 19615), epidermidis (Se) (ATCC 12228), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) (ATCC 15442), Escherichia coli (Ec) (ATCC 25922) and Klebsiella Pneumoniae (Kp) (ATCC 4352) in planktonic form in CIM and CMM tests. The two best herbal extracts were evaluated for synergism in the checkerboard test and subsequently associated with the previously elected hydrogel. Next, the behavior of HaCat and HFF-1 with hydrogels was analyzed by MTT, total protein, ELISA, genotoxicity and monotypic biofilm formation with standardized suspensions (107 cel / mL) of Sa, Se, Sp, Pa, Ec and Kp In the characterization and viability the CHX PCL hydrogel presented the best results. The extracts selected after MIC, CMM and checkerboard were ginger (G) and propolis (P). The G extract stood out in the MIC with inhibition of K. p and P. a. The extracts of G and P showed microbicidal action for K. p and P. a and only the extract P obtained microbicidal action for S. a in CMM. There was an additive action of the associated extracts on the checkerboard for S.p and an additive and synergistic action for S. e. The hydrogel groups were composed of: xanthan chitosan (CHX), CHX propolis (CHXP), CHX ginger (CHXG) and CHX propolis and ginger associated (CHXPG), all associated with PCL. All hydrogels demonstrated cell viability above 70% of the control group, allowing cellular metabolism observed in the total protein. There was a greater quantification of IL-6 in the CHX group in the two cell lines while the quantification of IL-10 did not show statistical difference between the groups. All hydrogels promoted a marked reduction in the biofilm of K.p and E.c. The CHX, CHXP and CHXG groups reduced S.e biofilm. The CHXG group reduced S.p. For S.a and P.a, the CHXPG group was more effective in reducing biofilm. We conclude that the hydrogels presented satisfactory and promising results, bringing innovation through association of biopolymers and association of phytotherapic extracts little studied. The positive results justify the continuity of studies with this biomaterial(AU)


Subject(s)
Chitosan/therapeutic use , Keratinocytes/immunology , Biofilms , Hydrogels/administration & dosage , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Nanofibers/adverse effects , Fibroblasts/microbiology
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190690, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101255

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the effects of intro-oral injection of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on tooth extraction wound healing in hyperglycemic rats. Methodology 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the normal group (n=30) and DM group (n=30). Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by streptozotocin. After extracting the left first molar of all rats, each group was further divided into 3 subgroups (n=10 per subgroup), receiving the administration of intermittent PTH, continuous PTH and saline (control), respectively. The intermittent-PTH group received intra-oral injection of PTH three times per week for two weeks. A thermosensitive controlled-release hydrogel was synthesized for continuous-PTH administration. The serum chemistry was determined to evaluate the systemic condition. All animals were sacrificed after 14 days. Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) and histological analyses were used to evaluate the healing of extraction sockets. Results The level of serum glucose in the DM groups was significantly higher than that in the non-DM groups (p<0.05); the level of serum calcium was similar in all groups (p>0.05). Micro-CT analysis showed that the DM group had a significantly lower alveolar bone trabecular number (Tb.N) and higher trabecular separation (Tb.Sp) than the normal group (p<0.05). The histological analyses showed that no significant difference in the amount of new bone (hard tissue) formation was found between the PTH and non-PTH groups (p>0.05). Conclusions Bone formation in the extraction socket of the type 1 diabetic rats was reduced. PTH did not improve the healing of hard and soft tissues. The different PTH administration regimes (continuous vs. intermittent) had similar effect on tissue healing. These results demonstrated that the metabolic characteristics of the hyperglycemic rats produced a condition that was unable to respond to PTH treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Parathyroid Hormone/pharmacology , Tooth Extraction/methods , Wound Healing/drug effects , Tooth Socket/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Osteogenesis/radiation effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Blood Glucose/analysis , Random Allocation , Calcium/blood , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Hydrogels , Surgical Wound/drug therapy
12.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(6): 394-398, nov.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057916

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of two types of contact lenses made of two different types of silicone hydrogel material on ocular physiological parameters and tear function tests. Methods: The contact lenses with the appropriate diopters were supplied to the volunteering patients. The patients were evaluated before wearing the contact lenses (visit0:V0), at the first month(visit1:V1) and at the thirth month(visit2:V2) following their wear. At all visits a detailed biomicroscopic examination was done, ocular physiological variables were collected, the tear function tests were performed and the tear meniscus area (TMA) was visualized and measured with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Results: The results of Schirmer 1 test were 12.07 ± 1.51 [9-16] mm for the right eyes (samfilcon A group) and 12.09 ± 1.5 [9-16] mm for the left eyes (senofilcon A group) at V0. (p=0.950) At V2, the mean Schirmer 1 test results were 11.92±1.34 [9-15] mm in the samfilcon A group and 12.2±1.41 [9-16] mm in the senofilcon A group (p=0.239). The mean TMA dimensions in the AS-OCT images were 338.42±47.1 [241-401] microns in the samfilcon A group and 338.42±47.1 [241-401]microns in the senofilcon A group at V0. (p>0.05). At V2, the mean TMA dimensions were 337.2±45.53 [241-402] microns in thesamfilcon A group and 340.31±48.22 [240-411] microns in the senofilcon A group (p=0.728). Conclusions: Our study has demonstrated that contact lenses containing samfilcon A and senofilcon A silicone hydrogel material do not cause meaningful ocular surface problems.


Resumo Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos de dois tipos de lentes de contacto feitas de dois tipos diferentes de material de hidrogel de silicone nos parâmetros fisiológicos oculares e testes de função lacrimal. Métodos: As lentes de contacto com as dioptrias apropriadas foram fornecidas aos pacientes voluntários. Os pacientes foram avaliados antes do uso das lentes de contacto (visita0: V0), no primeiro mês (visita1: V1) e no terceiro mês (visita2: V2), após o uso destas. Em todas as visitas, foi realizado um exame biomicroscópico detalhado, as variáveis fisiológicas oculares foram recolhidas, os testes de função lacrimal foram realizados e a área do menisco lacrimal (TMA) foi visualizada e medida com tomografia de coerência óptica do segmento anterior (AS-OCT). Resultados: Os resultados do teste de Schirmer 1 foram 12,07 ± 1,51 [9-16] mm para os olhos direitos (grupo samfilcon A) e 12,09 ± 1,5 [9-16] mm para os olhos esquerdos (grupo senofilcon A) em V0. (p = 0,950) Em V2, os resultados médios do teste de Schirmer 1 foram 11,92 ± 1,34 [9-15] mm no grupo samfilcon A e 12,2 ± 1,41 [9-16] mm no grupo senofilcon A (p = 0,239). As dimensões médias do TMA nas imagens AS-OCT foram 338,42 ± 47,1 [241-401] mícrons no grupo samfilcon A e 338,42 ± 47,1 [241-401] mícrons no grupo senofilcon A em V0. (p> 0,05).> Em V2, as dimensões médias do TMA foram 337,2 ± 45,53 [241-402] mícrons no grupo samfilcon A e 340,31 ± 48,22 [240-411] mícrons no grupo senofilcon A (p = 0,728). Conclusões: O nosso estudo demonstrou que as lentes de contacto que contêm material de hidrogel de silicone de samfilcon A e senofilcon A não causam problemas significativos na superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Silicones/pharmacology , Tears/metabolism , Contact Lenses, Hydrophilic , Hydrogels/pharmacology , Ophthalmoscopy , Visual Acuity , Prospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Anterior Eye Segment/diagnostic imaging , Myopia/therapy
13.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2019. 81 p. il., graf., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1146884

ABSTRACT

Os probióticos são considerados uma alternativa potencial para o controle da candidose, no entanto, existe uma falta de produtos probióticos direcionados para a cavidade bucal. Neste estudo, desenvolvemos formulações probióticas usando gellan gum, um biopolímero natural usado como aditivo alimentar, e investigamos os efeitos dessas formulações em Candida albicans. Para isso, Lactobacillus paracasei 28.4, uma cepa recentemente isolada da cavidade bucal, foi incorporada em várias concentrações de gellan gum (1 a 0,6%). Todas as concentrações testadas foram capazes de incorporar as células de L. paracasei, mantendo a viabilidade bacteriana. As formulações probióticas permaneceram estáveis por 7 dias quando armazenadas à temperatura ambiente ou a 4°C. Entretanto, o armazenamento a longo prazo das formulações probióticas foi conseguido apenas quando L. paracasei 28.4 foi liofilizado. As formulações probióticas proporcionaram uma liberação de células de L. paracasei por 24 horas, o que foi suficiente para inibir o crescimento de C. albicans com efeitos dependentes das concentrações celulares incorporadas no gellan gum. As formulações probióticas também tiveram atividade inibitória contra os biofilmes de Candida, reduzindo o número de células de Candida (p<0,0001), diminuindo a biomassa total (p=0,0003) e prejudicando a formação de hifas (p=0,0002) em relação ao grupo controle não tratado. Contudo, a formulação probiótica de gellan gum a 1% proporcionou uma colonização oral de L. paracasei em camundongos com aproximadamente 6 log de UFC/mL após 10 dias. Essa formulação inibiu o crescimento de C. albicans (p<0,0001), impediu o desenvolvimento de lesões de candidose (p=0,0013) e suprimiu a inflamação (p = 0,0006) quando comparada aos camundongos não tratados. Estes resultados indicam que o gellan gum pode ser um biomaterial promissor como sistema transportador de probióticos para prevenir a candidose oral(AU)


Probiotics are considered a potential alternative for the control of candidiasis, however there is a lack of probiotic products targeted for the oral cavity. In this study, we developed probiotic formulations using gellan gum, a natural biopolymer used as a food-additive, and investigated the effects of this delivery method on Candida albicans. Lactobacillus paracasei 28.4, a strain recently isolated from the oral cavity, was incorporated in several concentrations of gellan gum (1 to 0.6%). All tested concentrations could incorporate L. paracasei cells while maintaining bacterial viability. Probiotic-gellan formulations were stable for 7 days when stored at room temperature or 4°C. Long-term storage of bacterial impregnated gellan gum could be achieved when L. paracasei 28.4 was lyophilized. The probiotic-gellan formulations provided a release of L. paracasei cells over 24 hours that was sufficient to inhibit the growth of C. albicans with effects dependent on the cell concentrations incorporated into gellan gum. The probiotic-gellan formulations also had inhibitory activity against Candida biofilms by reducing the number of Candida cells (p < 0.0001), decreasing the total biomass (p = 0.0003) and impairing hyphae formation (p = 0.0002) in relation to the control group, not treated. However, only probiotic formulation of gellan gum 1% provided an oral colonization of L. paracasei in mice with approximately 6 log of CFU/mL after 10 days. This formulation inhibited the C. albicans growth (p < 0.0001), prevented the development of candidiasis lesions (p = 0.0013), and suppressed the inflammation (p = 0.0006) when compared to the mice not treated. These results indicate that gellan gum is a promising biomaterial as a carrier system of probiotics to prevent oral candidiasis(AU)


Subject(s)
Lactobacillus paracasei/classification , Candida albicans/immunology , Hydrogels/administration & dosage
14.
HU rev ; 45(3): 295-303, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049331

ABSTRACT

ntrodução: Cuidar de feridas requer conhecimento específico, sendo fundamental que a equipe de enfermagem se mantenha atualizada para executar o curativo com qualidade e eficiência. Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil da formação e atualização dos enfermeiros assistenciais e avaliar o conhecimento sobre o tratamento de feridas em um hospital público de ensino da Zona da Mata Mineira. Material e Método: Estudo observacional, descritivo e quantitativo, realizado com 32 enfermeiros de unidades de internação. Os dados foram coletados de julho a outubro de 2017, por meio de questionário estruturado validado, com questões relativas a caracterização do entrevistado, local de trabalho, aspectos da formação, atualização e tempo de atuação. Seguido por perguntas sobre a prática clínica em feridas e sobre conhecimento específico no tratamento de feridas. Resultados: Do total de enfermeiros que participaram da pesquisa, 78% informaram se atualizar sobre os cuidados com feridas, 68,8% informaram que não existe ou não sabem da existência de protocolo de prevenção ou tratamento de feridas na instituição. O hidrogel foi a cobertura primária mais conhecida e utilizada pelos enfermeiros no tratamento de feridas. De acordo com o instrumento utilizado, o escore geral de conhecimento dos enfermeiros que participaram da pesquisa foi considerado bom. As características dos entrevistados quanto a gênero, idade, setor onde atua, local de formação e turno de trabalho não interferiram no desempenho dos entrevistados. Conclusão: O conhecimento geral dos entrevistados foi considerado bom. A forma de atualização mais frequente foi perguntar a outros profissionais da área sobre suas dúvidas, seguido de leitura de artigo científico, participação em congressos e busca de informações junto a indústria farmacêutica.


Introduction: Wound care requires specific knowledge; it is essential for the nursing staff's knowledge to be updated in order to apply an efficient dressing with quality and care. Objective: To describe the educational and training profile of assistant nurses and evaluate their wound care knowledge in a public teaching hospital in Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais. Material and Method: This is an observational, descriptive and quantitative study which involved 32 inpatient unit nurses. Data was collected from July to October in 2017, through a validated structured questionnaire with questions focusing on the interviewee's characteristics, such as place of work and aspects related to training, updating and length of work. It was followed by questions about clinical practice in wounds and specific knowledge of wound care. Results: Of the nurses who participated who participated in the survey, 78% reported updating on wound care, 68.8% reported that there is no or do not know of the existence of a wound prevention or treatment protocol in the institution. The hydrogel was the most well-known primary cover used by nurses in wound care for the best known wound care used by participants. According to the instrument used, the general knowledge score of the nurses who participated in the research was considered good. characteristic of participants regarding gender, age, sector where they work, place of training and work shift did not affect the performance of respondents. Conclusion: The general knowledge of the interviewees was considered good. The most frequent update was to ask other professionals about their questions, followed by reading a scientific article, attending conferences and seeking information from the pharmaceutical industry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds and Injuries/prevention & control , Knowledge , Hydrogels , Inpatient Care Units , Hospitals, Public , Inpatients , Nurses, Male , Nursing, Team , Wounds and Injuries/drug therapy
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765624

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective pilot study OBJECTIVES: The efficacy and safety of ‘PF-72’ for management of postoperative acute pain through a mixed ‘PF-72’ and 0.75% ropivacaine hydrochloride solution in patients with posterior spine surgery was evaluated as ‘0.75% ropivacaine’ and ‘untreated’ controls. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Postoperative acute pain is major surgical side effect that lead to the deterioration of the quality of life. Traditional pain control results in variable side effects, and multimodal pain management has been recommended as an alternative. Local anesthetics is a short-acting time lower than 12 hours. There is controversy about the efficiency and stability of thermoreactive hydrogel products as a drug delivery system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients scheduled for posterior spine surgery were enrolled by the inclusion criteria. In the treated group, PF-72 and ropivacaine mixture was injected to the surgical wound before closure. In control group 1, only 0.75% ropivacaine hydrochloride was injected. In the control group 2, the surgical site was without injection. Ten patients were randomly assigned to each group and standardized drugs for pain control were applied postoperatively and rescue regimens were applied when necessary. Postoperative pain score and the cumulative area under the curve (AUC) of pain score were compared. The percentage of subjects who were painless (pain score ≤ 3) was examined at each observation point. The first time of injection and the total dose of the rescue regimen were examined. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) were also evaluated. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in demographic data. The sum AUC of pain scores in the treated group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 and 2 at all observation times. The proportion of painless patients was significantly higher in the treated group than in the control group 2. There was no significant difference between the first administration time and the total usage of the rescue regimen, and the percentage of patients with PONV at all time points. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: PF-72 and ropivacaine mixture showed significant effects for pain management up to 72 hours postoperatively for the patients who underwent posterior spinal surgery without fatal complications.


Subject(s)
Acute Pain , Anesthetics, Local , Area Under Curve , Drug Delivery Systems , Humans , Hydrogels , Incidence , Pain Management , Pain, Postoperative , Pilot Projects , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Spine , Wounds and Injuries
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762742

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, dermal fillers need to be 25 µm or larger to reduce in vivo degradation by macrophages. However, the large size of fillers may cause side effects, including interruption of blood flow and nodule formation. Therefore, using rats, we tested a polycaprolactone copolymer hydrogel with nanoscale particles that could maintain a low in vivo degradation rate. METHODS: Thirty-six 6-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into group A (normal saline), group B (polycaprolactone microsphere filler), and group C (polycaprolactone copolymer nanosphere hydrogel). The corresponding materials were injected into the dermal layer of the scalp of the rats. At 4, 8, and 12 weeks after injection, blood biochemical and kidney and liver histological analyses were performed. Tissues were examined using hematoxylin-eosin staining to observe tissue infiltration of materials. Collagen formation in the dermal tissue of the scalp was observed with Masson trichrome staining and the collagen content was quantified using a soluble collagen assay kit. RESULTS: The histologic examination for organ infiltration showed no abnormal findings. All blood test results were within the normal ranges. The amount of collagen at 12 weeks increased by 1.22 mg/g in group C and by 0.6 mg/g in group B. CONCLUSIONS: The results reveal that the nanosphere complex near the injection site induced collagen formation. Regardless of the sphere size, aggregation of the copolymer prevented macrophage phagocytosis. The polycaprolactone copolymer nanosphere hydrogel was effective for more than 3 months when injected in the scalp dermal tissue of Sprague-Dawley rats and can be used safely.


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen , Dermal Fillers , Hematologic Tests , Hydrogels , Kidney , Liver , Macrophages , Microspheres , Nanospheres , Phagocytosis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reference Values , Scalp
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762733

ABSTRACT

The removal of fillers used for soft-tissue augmentation is an issue of concern, as the possible need for extensive surgery to remove fillers deters their use by many surgeons. Several studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of polyacrylamide hydrogel (Aquamid) gel, but to date no report has described its removal after 10 years. Here, we report a case of Aquamid removal. A 33-year-old woman, who had undergone forehead augmentation 12 years previously with an Aquamid injection, visited the department of plastic and reconstructive surgery of our medical center due to a severe forehead contour irregularity. Removal of 20 mL of excess gel was performed by direct incision and squeezing under local anesthesia. Our experience shows that Aquamid removal is possible, but should be performed with appropriate surgical precautions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, Local , Dermal Fillers , Female , Forehead , Humans , Hydrogels , Plastics , Surgeons
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762732

ABSTRACT

Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) was developed in the 1980s as an injectable filler for breast augmentation and tissue contour improvement, but its potential risk for oncogenesis and the frequent occurrence of chronic complications after injections led to the prohibition of its further use as an injectable material. Although breast augmentation with PAAG injections was mostly performed in China and Eastern Europe, the migration of patients and long-term complications of the procedure made it a global concern. Herein, we describe the case of a 49-year-old woman who immigrated to Korea after undergoing breast augmentation via PAAG injection in China, and complained of persistent mastodynia and retraction of both breasts. Surgical treatment was undertaken, along with removal of the PAAG and total capsulectomy of the fibrous capsule containing the gel through an inframammary fold incision. We share our experience of diagnosing and treating this case, and present a literature review.


Subject(s)
Breast , Carcinogenesis , China , Europe, Eastern , Female , Humans , Hydrogels , Korea , Mastodynia , Middle Aged , Pregnancy-Associated alpha 2-Macroglobulins
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to optimize the preparation of carboxymethyl chitosan/sodium alginate (CMCS/OSA) compound hydrogels. This study also aimed to investigate the applicability of the hydrogels in cartilage tissue engi-neering.@*METHODS@#Three groups of CMCS/OSA composite hydrogels with amino-to-aldehyde ratios of 2∶1, 1∶1 and 1∶2 were prepared. The microstructure, physical properties, and cell biocompatibility of the three groups of CMCS/OSA com-posite hydrogels were evaluated. Samples were subjected to scanning electron microscopy, rheological test, adhesion tension test, swelling rate test, and cell experiments to identify the CMCS/OSA composite hydrogel with the cross-linking degree that can meet the requirements for scaffolds in cartilage tissue engineering.@*RESULTS@#The experimental results showed that the CMCS/OSA hydrogel with a amine-to-aldhyde ratio of 1∶1 had good porosity, suitable gelling time, strong adhesive force, stable swelling rate, and good cellular biocompatibility.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CMCS/OSA compound hydrogel prepared with a 1∶1 ratio of amino and aldehyde groups has potential applications in cartilage tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Alginates , Cartilage , Chitosan , Hydrogels , Tissue Engineering
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 956-971, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771831

ABSTRACT

Silk-based biomaterials are featured with excellent mechanical properties, good biocompatibility and biodegradability, which contribute to their potential applications in biomedical field. The current recognition of silk protein materials in structure and function provides a basic theory for the transformation of silk protein into new types of biomaterials. In addition, exogenous sequences encoding new peptide or structural domain can be inserted into the maternal gene sequences encoding silk proteins through genetic engineering technology to synthesize novel silk-based biomaterials with unique functions. This review summarizes the current trend and development perspective of genetically engineered functional silk-based materials for biomedical applications.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Genetic Engineering , Hydrogels , Silk
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