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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928213


The shortage of medical resources promotes medical treatment reform, and smart healthcare is a promising strategy to solve this problem. With the development of Internet, real-time health status is expected to be monitored at home by using flexible healthcare systems, which puts forward new demands on flexible substrates for sensors. Currently, the flexible substrates are mainly traditional petroleum-based polymers, which are not renewable. As a natural polymer, cellulose, owing to its wide range of sources, convenient processing, biodegradability and so on, is an ideal alternative. In this review, the application progress of nanocellulose in flexible sensors is summarized. The structure and the modification methods of cellulose and nanocellulose are introduced at first, and then the application of nanocellulose flexible sensors in real-time medical monitoring is summarized. Finally, the advantages and future challenges of nanocellulose in the field of flexible sensors are discussed.

Cellulose/chemistry , Hydrogels/chemistry , Polymers
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(1,supl): 745-755, May. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886671


ABSTRACT Enzymatically crossliked gelatin hydrogel was submitted to two different drying methods: air drying and freeze drying. The resulting polymeric tridimensional arrangement (compact or porous, respectively) led to different thermal and swelling properties. Significant differences (p < 0.05) on thermal and mechanical characteristics as well as swelling in non-enzymatic gastric and intestinal simulated fluids (37 ºC) were detected. Water absorption data in such media was modelled according to Higuchi, Korsmeyer-Peppas, and Peppas-Sahlin equations. Freeze dried hydrogel showed Fickian diffusion behavior while air dried hydrogels presented poor adjustment to Higuchi model suggesting the importance of the relaxation mechanism at the beginning of swelling process. It was possible to conclude that the same gelatin hydrogel may be suitable to different applications depending on the drying process used.

Water , Hydrogels/metabolism , Freeze Drying , Gelatin/metabolism , Time Factors , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Hydrogels/chemistry , Mechanical Phenomena , Gelatin/ultrastructure , Gelatin/chemistry
Rev. bras. ortop ; 52(1): 95-102, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844090


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: This experimental study aimed to evaluate the biological performance of poly (l-co-D, l-lactic acid)-co-trimetilene carbonate/poly (vinyl alcohol) (PLDLA-co TMC/PVA), hydrogel scaffolds, as an implant in the filling (and not in the repair) of osteochondral defects in New Zealand rabbits, assessing the influence of the material in tissue protection in vivo. METHODS: Twelve rabbits were divided into groups of nine and 16 weeks. In each animal, an osteochondral defect was created in both medial femoral condyles. In one knee, a hydrogel scaffold was implanted (pin group) and in the other, the defect was maintained (control group). A histological analysis of the material was performed after euthanasia. RESULTS: The condyles of the pin group showed no inflammatory reaction and were surrounded by a fibrous capsule. The control group presented higher bone growth in the areas of the defect, but with disorganized articular cartilage, evident fibrosis, bone exposure, atrophy, and proliferation of synovial membrane. CONCLUSION: The hydrogel pins are promising in filling osteochondral defects, generally do not cause inflammatory reactions, and are not effective in the repair of osteochondral defects.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Trabalho experimental para avaliar o desempenho biológico de arcabouços de hidrogel poli (L-co-D, L ácido lático)-co-trimetileno carbonato/poli (álcool vinílico) (PLDLA-co-TMC/PVA) como implante no preenchimento, e não no reparo, de defeito osteocondral em coelhos Nova Zelândia e verificar a influência do material na proteção tecidual in vivo. MÉTODOS: Foram usados 12 coelhos divididos em grupos de nove e 16 semanas. Em cada animal foi criado um defeito osteocondral em ambos os côndilos femorais mediais, em um foi implantado um arcabouço de hidrogel (grupo pino) e no outro foi mantido o defeito (grupo controle). Após o sacrifício dos animais, foi feita análise histológica do material. RESULTADOS: Os côndilos do grupo pino não evidenciaram reação inflamatória e estavam rodeados por cápsula fibrosa. Já no grupo controle, uma maior proliferação óssea foi observada nas áreas do defeito, porém com cartilagem articular desorganizada, fibrose evidente, atrofia com exposição óssea e proliferação de membrana sinovial. CONCLUSÃO: Os pinos de hidrogel são promissores na função de preenchimento de defeitos osteocondrais, não ocasionam, de modo geral, reação inflamatória e não são eficazes no reparo de defeitos osteocondrais.

Animals , Rabbits , Cartilage, Articular , Hydrogels/chemistry
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193132


BACKGROUND: Early laboratory detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is crucial for controlling tuberculosis. We developed a hydrogel mycobacterial culture method that retains the advantages of both solid and liquid methods in terms of speed, cost, and efficiency. METHODS: Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) suspensions and 200 acid-fast bacilli (AFB)-positive clinical specimens were inoculated in Middlebrook 7H9 liquid media (Becton-Dickinson and Company, USA) and mixed with 75 microL of 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc)-Phe-Phe-OH hydrogel stock solution in an Eppendorf tube just before culture incubation. The mixtures were cultured at 37degrees C for as long as 14 days to monitor culture status. RESULTS: The number of M. bovis BCG increased with time. For 200 AFB smear-positive specimens, 155 of 158 conventional culture-positive specimens and 4 culture-negative or contaminated specimens yielded positive cultures within 14 days. For 128 specimens positive with the liquid culture method, the time to positive culture using the hydrogel method (mean, 12.6 days; range, 7 to 14 days) was significantly shorter than that for conventional liquid culture (mean, 16.2 days; range, 6 to 31 days; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The hydrogel scaffold culture system is useful for timely, economical, and efficient detection of mycobacteria in clinical specimens.

Bacteriological Techniques/methods , Culture Media/chemistry , Early Diagnosis , Humans , Hydrogels/chemistry , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Tuberculosis/diagnosis
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 38(8): 1233-1238, Aug. 2005. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-405525


Pressure-driven and temperature-driven transitions of two thermoresponsive polymers, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM) and poly(N-vinylisobutyramide) (pNVIBA)), in both a soluble linear polymer form and a cross-linked hydro-gel form, were examined by a dynamic light-scattering method and direct microscopic observation, respectively. Their behavior was compared with that of protein systems. Changes in some characteristic parameters in the time-intensity correlation functions of dynamic light-scattering measurement of aqueous solutions of pNIPAM at various pressures and temperatures showed no essential differences during temperature and pressure scanning and, as a whole, the motions of polymers in aqueous solutions were similar in two types of transitions until chain shrinkage occurred. The gels (cross-linked polymer gels) prepared from the thermoresponsive polymers also showed similar volume transitions responding to the pressure and temperature increase. In temperature transitions, however, gels showed drastic volume shrinkage with loss of transparency, while pressure-induced transition showed a slow recovery of transparency while keeping the size, after first transient drastic volume shrinkage with loss of transparency. At a temperature slightly higher than the transition under atmospheric temperature, so-called reentry of the volume change and recovery of the transparency were observed during the pressure-increasing process, which implies much smaller aggregation or non-aggregated collapsed polymer chains in the gel at higher pressures, indicating a certain mechanistic difference of the dehydration processes induced by temperature and pressure.

Hydrogels/chemistry , Pressure , Protein Denaturation , Proteins/chemistry , Temperature , Acrylic Resins/metabolism , Light , Protein Folding , Scattering, Radiation