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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252735, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355873

ABSTRACT

Abstract Growth of plants is severely reduced due to water stress by affecting photosynthesis including photosystem II (PSII) activity and electron transport. This study emphasised on comparative and priority targeted changes in PSII activity due to progressive drought in seven populations of Panicum antidotale (P. antidotale) collected from Cholistan Desert and non-Cholistan regions. Tillers of equal growth of seven populations of P. antidotale grown in plastic pots filled with soil were subjected progressive drought by withholding water irrigation for three weeks. Progressive drought reduced the soil moisture content, leaf relative water content, photosynthetic pigments and fresh and dry biomass of shoots in all seven populations. Populations from Dingarh Fort, Dingarh Grassland and Haiderwali had higher growth than those of other populations. Cholistani populations especially in Dingarh Grassland and Haiderwali had greater ability of osmotic adjustment as reflected by osmotic potential and greater accumulation of total soluble proteins. Maximum H2O2 under water stress was observed in populations from Muzaffargarh and Khanewal but these were intermediate in MDA content. Under water stress, populations from Muzaffargarh and Dingarh Fort had greater K+ accumulation in their leaves. During progressive drought, non-Cholistani populations showed complete leaf rolling after 23 days of drought, and these populations could not withstand with more water stress condition while Cholistani populations tolerated more water stress condition for 31 days. Moreover, progressive drought caused PSII damages after 19 days and it became severe after 23 days in non-Cholistani populations of P. antidotale than in Cholistani populations.


Resumo O crescimento das plantas é severamente reduzido devido ao estresse hídrico, afetando a fotossíntese, incluindo a atividade do fotossistema II (PSII) e o transporte de elétrons. Este estudo enfatizou as mudanças comparativas e prioritárias na atividade do PSII devido à seca progressiva em sete populações de Panicum antidotale (P. antidotale) coletadas no Deserto do Cholistão e regiões fora do Cholistão. Perfilhos de igual crescimento de sete populações de P. antidotale cultivadas em vasos de plástico cheios de solo foram submetidos à seca progressiva, retendo a irrigação com água por três semanas. A seca progressiva reduziu o teor de umidade do solo, teor de água relativo nas folhas, pigmentos fotossintéticos e biomassa fresca e seca dos brotos em todas as sete populações. Populações de Dingarh Fort, Dingarh Grassland e Haiderwali tiveram maior crescimento do que as de outras populações. As populações de Cholistani, especialmente em Dingarh Grassland e Haiderwali, apresentaram maior capacidade de ajuste osmótico, refletido pelo potencial osmótico e maior acúmulo de proteínas solúveis totais. H2O2 máximo sob estresse hídrico foi observado em populações de Muzaffargarh e Khanewal, mas estas foram intermediárias no conteúdo de MDA. Sob estresse hídrico, as populações de Muzaffargarh e Dingarh Fort tiveram maior acúmulo de K+ em suas folhas. Durante a seca progressiva, as populações não cholistanesas mostraram rolagem completa das folhas após 23 dias de seca, e essas populações não conseguiram suportar mais condições de estresse hídrico, enquanto as populações cholistani toleraram mais condições de estresse hídrico por 31 dias. Além disso, a seca progressiva causou danos ao PSII após 19 dias e tornou-se severa após 23 dias em populações não cholistanesas de P. antidotale do que em populações cholistanesas.


Subject(s)
Panicum , Photosynthesis , Plant Leaves , Desiccation , Droughts , Hydrogen Peroxide
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245206, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339387

ABSTRACT

Abstract A huge amount of rice cultivation and consumption occur in Asia particularly in Pakistan and China. However, multiple abiotic stresses especially high and low-temperature proved to be a substantial threat for rice production ultimately risks for food security. To overcome various types of abiotic stress; seed priming is among the effective approaches to improve the rice seed germination and growth vigor. Therefore, the present study was planned to evaluate physiological and biochemical modifications in Chinese and Pakistani rice varieties by Qiangdi 863 biological assistant growth apparatus nano treated water (NTW), Osmopriming Calcium chloride (CaCl2), redox priming hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hormonal priming by Salicylic acid (SA) under temperature stress conditions. The experiment was performed with completely randomize design conditions. Five rice varieties, nomenclature as Zhongzoa 39, (Chinese rice variety) KSK 133, KS 282, Super basmati and PK 1121 aromatic (Pakistani rice variety) were sown under low temperature (LT) (17ºC), optimal temperature (OT) 27ºC and high temperature (HT) 37ºC conditions. The present study indicated that nanopriming were the most effective treatments increased Germination Energy Percentage (GEP) (96.1, 100, 100%), Speed of Germination (SG) (27.2, 35.45, 37.1), Final Germination Percentage (FGP) (98.2, 99.1, 99.4%), Seedling Dry Weight Biomass (DWB) (0.1, 0.137, 0.14g), Total Chlorophyll Content (0.502, 13.74, 15.21), antioxidant enzymes Superoxide Dismutase (SOD)(3145, 2559, 3345 µg-1FWh-1), Catalase (CAT) (300, 366, 3243 µg-1FWh-1) and decreased Malondialdehyde (MDA) (6.5, 12.2, 6.5 µmol g-1 FW) for Zhongzao 39 and KSK 133 rice varieties under low (LT+NTW), optimal temperature (OP+NTW) and high temperature (HT+NTW) stress., Therefore, nano-priming is recommended to cope with the high and low-temperature stress conditions along with improved productivity of rice.


Resumo Cultivo e consumo de arroz ocorrem em grandes quantidades na Ásia, particularmente no Paquistão e na China. No entanto, vários estresses abióticos, especialmente de alta e baixa temperatura, provaram ser uma ameaça considerável para a produção de arroz, em última análise, riscos para a segurança alimentar. Para superar vários tipos de estresse abiótico, o priming de sementes está entre as abordagens eficazes que melhoram a germinação e o vigor de crescimento das sementes de arroz. Portanto, o presente estudo foi planejado para avaliar as modificações fisiológicas e bioquímicas em variedades de arroz chinês e paquistanês por Qiangdi 863, aparelho assistente biológico de crescimento com água nanotratada (NTW), Osmopriming cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2), peróxido de hidrogênio redox (H2O2) e priming hormonal por ácido salicílico (SA) em condições de estresse de temperatura. O experimento foi realizado em condições de delineamento inteiramente ao acaso. Cinco variedades de arroz, nomenclaturas como Zhongzoa 39 (variedade de arroz chinês), KSK 133, KS 282, Super basmati e PK 1121 aromático (variedade de arroz do Paquistão) foram semeadas sob baixa temperatura (LT) (17 ºC), temperatura ótima (OT) 27 ºC e condições de alta temperatura (HT) 37 ºC. O presente estudo indicou que nanocondicionamento foi o tratamento mais eficaz: aumento da porcentagem de energia de germinação (GEP) (96,1%, 100%, 100%), velocidade de germinação (SG) (27,2, 35,45, 37,1), porcentagem de germinação final (FGP) (98,2%, 99,1%, 99,4%), biomassa de peso seco de mudas (DWB) (0,1 g, 0,137 g, 0,14 g), conteúdo total de clorofila (0,502, 13,74, 15,21), enzimas antioxidantes superóxido dismutase (SOD) (3145, 2559, 3345 µg-1FWh- 1), catalase (CAT) (300, 366, 3243 µg-1FWh-1) e malondialdeído diminuído (MDA) (6,5, 12,2, 6,5 µmol g-1 FW) para as variedades de arroz Zhongzao 39 e KSK 133 sob baixo (LT + NTW), temperatura ótima (OP + NTW) e estresse de alta temperatura (HT + NTW). Portanto, o nanopriming é recomendado para lidar com as condições de estresse de alta e baixa temperatura, juntamente com a produtividade aprimorada do arroz.


Subject(s)
Oryza , Seeds , Stress, Physiological , Temperature , Germination , Seedlings , Hydrogen Peroxide
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 00264, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339364

ABSTRACT

Abstract Allium cepa L. is a commonly consumed vegetable that belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family and contains nutrients and antioxidants in ample amounts. In spite of the valuable food applications of onion bulb, its peel and outer fleshy layers are generally regarded as waste and exploration of their nutritional and therapeutic potential is still in progress with a very slow progression rate. The present study was designed with the purpose of doing a comparative analysis of the antioxidant potential of two parts of Allium cepa, i.g., bulb (edible part) and outer fleshy layers and dry peels (inedible part). Moreover, the inhibitory effect of the onion bulb and peel extracts on rat intestinal α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase of porcine was also evaluated. The antioxidant potential of onion peel and bulb extracts were evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl- 1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP), 2,2'-azino-bis- 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging assay, H2O2 radical scavenging activity and Fe2+ chelating activity. Total flavonoids and phenolic content of ethanolic extract of onion peel were significantly greater as compared to that of onion bulb. Ethanolic extract of onion peel also presented better antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activity as compared to the ethanolic extract of bulb, while the aqueous extract of bulb presented weakest antioxidative potential. Onion peel extract's α-glucosidase inhibition potential was also correlated with their phenolic and flavonoid contents. The current findings presented onion peel as a possible source of antioxidative agents and phenolic compounds that might be beneficial against development of various common chronic diseases that might have an association with oxidative stress. Besides, outer dry layers and fleshy peels of onion exhibited higher phenolic content and antioxidant activities, compared to the inner bulb. The information obtained by the present study can be useful in promoting the use of vegetable parts other than the edible mesocarp for several future food applications, rather than these being wasted.


Resumo Allium cepa pertence à família Liliaceae e é rica em nutrientes e antioxidantes. Apesar das expressivas aplicações alimentares do bulbo da cebola, sua casca e outras camadas externas são geralmente consideradas resíduos, e seu potencial nutricional e terapêutico ainda é pouco explorado. O presente estudo foi delineado com o objetivo de investigar comparativamente o potencial antioxidante de duas partes de Allium cepa, por exemplo o bulbo (parte comestível) e camadas externas e cascas secas (parte não comestível). Além disso, o efeito inibitório dos extratos do bulbo de cebola e casca sobre a α-glucosidase intestinal de ratos e α-amilase pancreática suína também foi avaliado. O potencial antioxidante dos extratos da casca de cebola e bulbo foi avaliado utilizando-se 2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), método de poder antioxidante de redução do ferro (FRAP), método 2,2'-azino-bis-3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-ácido sulfônico (ABTS) de eliminação de radicais, atividade de eliminação de radicais H2O2 e atividade quelante do Fe2+. Os flavonoides totais e os teores fenólicos do extrato de etanol da casca de cebola foram significativamente maiores quando comparados ao do bulbo. O extrato de etanol da casca de cebola também apresentou melhor atividade antioxidante e eliminação de radicais livres quando comparado ao extrato de etanol do bulbo, enquanto o extrato aquoso de bulbo apresentou menor potencial antioxidante. O potencial de inibição da α-glicosidase dos extratos de casca de cebola correlacionou-se com seus teores fenólicos e de flavonoides. Os resultados encontrados identificaram que a casca de cebola é uma possível fonte de agentes antioxidantes e compostos fenólicos que podem ser benéficos contra o desenvolvimento de várias doenças crônicas que estão associadas ao estresse oxidativo. Além disso, as camadas externas secas e as cascas da cebola exibiram maior conteúdo fenólico e atividades antioxidantes, em comparação com o bulbo interno. As informações obtidas pelo presente estudo podem promover o uso de outras partes vegetais além do mesocarpo comestível para futuras aplicações em alimentos, ao invés de serem desperdiçadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Onions , Antioxidants , Swine , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , alpha-Glucosidases , Hydrogen Peroxide
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-8, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354734

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study compared the effect of whitening mouthrinses (WM) on the color change of stained resin composites (RC). Material and Methods: Cylindrical specimens (6mm-diameter and 1mm-thickness) were prepared with the following RC (n=60/group): Filtek Z350XT (Z350- methacrylate-based), Admira Fusion (AD- ormocer-based), TPH3 (TPH- methacrylate-based), and Beautifil II (BII- giomer/methacrylate-based). The initial color was assessed with reflectance spectrophotometer using CIE L*a*b* system. The specimens were immersed in staining broth during 14 days, submitted to color evaluation (ΔE1) and randomly allocated in 4 subgroups (n=15), according to WM adopted: Listerine Whitening (LW-2% hydrogen peroxide), Plax Whitening (PW-1.5% hydrogen peroxide), Bromelain/papain (BP-experimental solution), and Deionized water (DW-negative control). The whitening cycle consisted of RC immersion in WM for 1 min and in artificial saliva for 30 min, simulating 12 weeks, and final color assessment was performed (ΔE2). Color change data were analysed by ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=5%). Results: After staining, TPH showed the lowest ΔE1 values and Z350 showed the highest color change (p=0.001). The whitening effect promoted by LW was significantly higher than color alteration obtained with PW (ΔE2), and BII showed the highest color change values (ΔE2) after whitening cycle. Conclusion: LW exhibited the greatest whitening potential on stained RC, mainly with the Giomer (Beautifill II) and the Ormocer-based (Admira Fusion) materials. Bromelain/papain solution showed no whitening effect on stained RC. (AU)


Objetivo: O presente estudo comparou o efeito de enxaguatórios clareadores (EC) na alteração de cor de resinas compostas (RC) previamente manchadas. Material e Métodos: Espécimes cilíndricos (6mm de diâmetro e 1mm de espessura) foram preparados com as seguintes RC (n=60/grupo): Filtek Z350XT (Z350- metacrilato), Admira Fusion (AD- ormocer), TPH3 (TPH- metacrilato), e Beautifil II (BII- giomer/metacrilato). A cor inicial foi mensurada com espectrofotômetro de reflectância utilizando o sistema CIE L*a*b*. Os espécimes foram imersos em um caldo de manchamento durante 14 dias, submetidos a avaliação de cor (ΔE1) e alocados aleatoriamente em 4 subgrupos (n=15), de acordo com EC adotado: Listerine Whitening (LW-peróxido de hidrogênio a 2%), Plax Whitening (PW- peróxido de hidrogênio a 1,5%), Bromelina/papaína (BP-solução experimental), e Água deionizada (AD- controle negativo). O ciclo clareador consistiu na imersão da RC no EC por 1 min e na saliva artificial por 30 min, simulando 12 semanas, e a cor final foi mensurada (ΔE2). Os dados de alteração de cor foram analisados pelos testes ANOVA e Tukey (α=5%). Resultados: Após o manchamento, TPH apresentou o menor valor de ΔE1 e Z350 apresentou a maior alteração de cor (p=0,001). O efeito clareador promovido pelo LW foi significativamente maior que o obtido com o PW (ΔE2) e BII teve a maior alteração de cor (ΔE2) após o ciclo clareador. Conclusão: LW exibiu maior potencial clareador nas RC manchadas. BII apresentou maior alteração de cor em resposta à ação clareadora de ambos enxaguatórios à base de peróxido de hidrogênio testados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Organically Modified Ceramics , Hydrogen Peroxide
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e247035, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249265

ABSTRACT

Abstract The cockle Cerastoderma edule was exposed to four concentrations (5, 10, 20 and 70 μg L-1) of carbamazepine (CBZ). This anticonvulsant was found to alter the mussel behavior of by reducing its clearance rate (CR). Analysis of CBZ accumulation in tissues of C. edule was carried out using HPLC-UV after 48 or 96 hours of exposure. In addition, an overproduction of H2O2 by the bivalves was detected following exposure to CBZ but nitrite levels remained unchanged. Moreover, superoxide dismutase and catalase activities showed a significant increase in relation to their contact with CBZ. The activity of the biotransformation enzyme gluthatione-S-transferase did not change during exposure. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels indicating cellular damage, increased when bivalves were exposed to 20 and 70 μg l-1 of carbamazepine for 96 h CBZ. The results also indicate that acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) was inhibited in all CBZ concentrations during the 48 h exposure period. However, during the 96 h exposure period, AChE was only inhibited at the highest concentration. Further studies are needed now for more exploration of the toxicity of CBZ since it could be bioaccumulable throughout the food web and may affect non-target organisms.


Resumo O berbigão Cerastoderma edule foi exposto a quatro concentrações (5, 10, 20 e 70 μg L-1) de carbamazepina (CBZ). Este anticonvulsivante alterou o comportamento do mexilhão, reduzindo sua taxa de depuração (CR). A análise do acúmulo de CBZ nos tecidos de C. edule foi realizada por HPLC-UV após 48 ou 96 horas de exposição. Além disso, uma superprodução de H2O2 pelos bivalves foi detectada após a exposição à CBZ, mas os níveis de nitrito permaneceram inalterados. Além disso, as atividades de superóxido dismutase e catalase apresentaram aumento significativo em relação ao contato com CBZ. A atividade da enzima de biotransformação glutationa-S-transferase não se alterou durante a exposição. Os níveis de malondialdeído (MDA), indicando dano celular, aumentaram quando os bivalves foram expostos a 20 e 70 μg l-1 de carbamazepina por 96 h CBZ. Os resultados também indicam que a atividade da acetilcolinesterase (AChE) foi inibida em todas as concentrações de CBZ durante o período de exposição de 48 horas. No entanto, durante o período de exposição de 96 horas, a AChE foi inibida apenas na concentração mais alta. Mais estudos são necessários agora para uma maior exploração da toxicidade da CBZ, uma vez que pode ser bioacumulável em toda a cadeia alimentar e pode afetar organismos não alvo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity , Bivalvia , Cardiidae , Carbamazepine/toxicity , Hydrogen Peroxide
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e243189, 2022. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278508

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effects of Calcium (Ca+2) on virulence and some parameters should be analyzed in this study. Pseudomonas aeruginosa Gram (-) and Bacillus cereus Gram (+) were used. Both bacteria are soil bacteria. In this study; the effect of Ca+2 on protease, amylase, LasB elastolytic assay, H2O2, pyorubin and biofilm on metabolites of these bacteria were investigated during 24 hour time. In this study, the effect of Ca+2 on the production of some secondary metabolites on P. aeruginosa and B. cereus was investigated and presented for the first time by us.


Resumo Os efeitos do cálcio (Ca+2) na virulência e alguns parâmetros devem ser analisados neste estudo. Pseudomonas aeruginosa Gram (-) e Bacillus cereus Gram (+) foram usados. Ambas as bactérias são bactérias do solo. Neste estudo, o efeito do Ca+2 sobre a protease, amilase, ensaio elastolítico LasB, H2O2, piorubina e biofilme nos metabólitos dessas bactérias foram investigados durante 24 horas. Neste estudo, o efeito do Ca+2 na produção de alguns metabólitos secundários em P. aeruginosa e B. cereus foi investigado e apresentado pela primeira vez por nós.


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas , Bacillus cereus , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Calcium , Hydrogen Peroxide
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 684-691, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153408

ABSTRACT

Abstract Plants adjust their shoot growth to acclimate to changing environmental factors, such as to enhanced Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. However, people have ignored that plant roots can also respond to UV-B light. Here, we find the morphology curled wheat roots under UV-B radiation, that we call, "bending roots." The curly region is the transition zone of the root after observed at the cellular level. After exposed to enhanced UV-B radiation for 2 d (10.08 KJ/m2/d), cell size decreased and actin filaments gathered in wheat roots. We also find that H2O2 production increased and that content of the indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) increased remarkably. The pharmacological experiment revealed that actin filaments gathered and polymerized into bundles in the wheat root cells after irrigated H2O2 and IAA. These results indicated that actin filaments changed their distribution and formed the "bending root," which was related to H2O2 production and increase in IAA. Overall, actin filaments in wheat root cells could be a subcellular target of UV-B radiation, and its disruption determines root morphology.


Resumo As plantas ajustam o crescimento da parte aérea para se adaptarem a fatores ambientais variáveis, como o aumento da radiação ultravioleta B (UVB). No entanto, as pessoas ignoram que as raízes das plantas também podem responder à luz UVB. Neste estudo, verificamos a morfologia das raízes enroladas de trigo sob radiação UVB, o que chamamos de "raízes dobradas". A região encaracolada é a zona de transição da raiz no nível celular. Depois de exposição à radiação UVB aprimorada por 2 dias (10,08 KJ/m2/d), o tamanho das células diminuiu, e os filamentos de actina se reuniram. Também constatamos que a produção de H2O2 aumentou e que o conteúdo do ácido indol-3-acético (IAA) aumentou notavelmente. O experimento farmacológico revelou que os filamentos de actina se reuniram e polimerizaram em feixes nas células da raiz de trigo após irrigação com H2O2 e IAA. Esses resultados indicam que os filamentos de actina alteraram sua distribuição e formaram a "raiz dobrada", relacionada à produção de H2O2 e ao aumento do IAA. No geral, os filamentos de actina nas células da raiz de trigo podem ser um alvo subcelular da radiação UVB, e sua interrupção determina a morfologia da raiz.


Subject(s)
Triticum , Hydrogen Peroxide , Ultraviolet Rays , Actin Cytoskeleton , Plant Roots
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 19-30, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345519

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study investigated the bleaching effectiveness and the physicochemical effects on enamel of violet light and ozone, associate or not to hydrogen peroxide, compared to 35%-hydrogen peroxide. Enamel-dentin blocks from human molars were randomly allocated to receive one of the following bleaching protocols (n=15): (HP) 35%-hydrogen peroxide, (VL) violet light, (OZ) ozone, the association between hydrogen peroxide with ozone (OZ+HP) or violet light (VL+HP). All protocols were performed in two sessions with a 48h interval. Color (spectrophotometer) and mineral composition (Raman spectroscopy) were measured before and after the bleaching. Color changes were calculated by ΔEab, ΔE00, and whitening index (WI). The surface roughness was measured with an atomic force microscope. Data were analyzed by One-way or Two-way repeated measure ANOVA followed by the Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The lowest color change values (either measured by WI, ΔEab, or ΔE00) were observed for VL and OZ used with no HP. Violet light associate with HP was unable to improve the color changes observed for the peroxide alone, in combination with OZ and HP, the highest color changes were verified. Regardless of bleaching protocol, the bleached enamel presented higher contents of PO4 and CO3 -2 than those observed at baseline. All bleaching protocols resulted in similar enamel surface roughness. Both the VL and the OZ caused reduced effects on the enamel color change when used alone. The ozone therapy improved the bleaching effect in the group that received the association of HP.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito clareador e físico-químico no esmalte de luz violeta e ozônio, associado ou não ao peróxido de hidrogênio, comparado a 35% de peróxido de hidrogênio. Blocos de esmalte-dentina de molares humanos foram alocados aleatoriamente para receber um dos seguintes protocolos de clareamento (n = 15): (HP) peróxido de hidrogênio a 35%, (VL) luz violeta, (OZ) ozônio, a associação entre peróxido de hidrogênio com ozônio (HP+OZ) ou luz violeta (HP+VL). Todos os protocolos foram realizados em duas sessões, com intervalo de 48 horas entre eles. A cor (espectrofotômetro) e a composição mineral (espectroscopia Raman) do dente foram medidas antes e após os procedimentos de clareamento. As alterações de cor foram calculadas por ΔEab e ΔE00, e o índice de brancura foram calculados. A rugosidade da superfície das amostras clareadas foi medida por microscópio de força atômica. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA One way ou ANOVA two way de medidas repetidas seguida pelo teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os menores valores de alterações de cor (medidos por WI, ΔEab ou ΔE00) foram observados para VL e OZ usados na ausência de HP. VL associada ao HP não foi capaz de melhorar as alterações de cor observadas com o uso do HP, mas a combinação de OZ e HP produz as maiores alterações de cor. Independentemente do protocolo de clareamento, o esmalte clareado apresentou maiores teores de PO4 e CO3 -2 do que os observados inicialmente. Não foi observada diferença significativa entre os protocolos de clareamento testados em relação à rugosidade da superfície do esmalte. É possível concluir que a VL ou o OZ tiveram efeitos reduzidos na mudança de cor do esmalte quando usados sozinhos. A terapia com OZ melhorou o efeito clareador do HP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ozone , Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Color , Dental Enamel , Hydrogen Peroxide
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 105-115, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345503

ABSTRACT

Abstract This clinical trial evaluated the effect of the coadministration of ibuprofen/caffeine on bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity (TS). A triple-blind, parallel-design, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 84 patients who received ibuprofen/caffeine or placebo capsules. The drugs were administered for 48 hours, starting 1 hour before the in-office bleaching. Two bleaching sessions were performed with 35% hydrogen peroxide gel with 1-week interval. TS was recorded up to 48 hours after dental bleaching with a 0-10 visual analogic scale (VAS) and a 5-point numeric rating scale (NRS). The color was evaluated with VITA Classical and VITA Bleachedguide scales (ΔSGU) and VITA Easyshade spectrophotometer (ΔE*ab and ΔE00). The absolute risk of TS in both groups was evaluated using Fischer's exact test. Comparisons of the TS intensity (NRS and VAS data) were performed by using the Mann-Whitney test and a two-way repeated measures ANOVA, respectively. The color alteration between the groups was compared with the Student's t test. The significance level was 5%. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for the absolute risk of TS (p = 1.00) or for the intensity of TS (p > 0.05). A bleaching of approximately 7 shade guide units was observed on the Vita Classical and Vita Bleachedguide scales, with no statistical difference between the groups. It was concluded that coadministration of ibuprofen and caffeine did not reduce the absolute risk or intensity of TS and did not interfere with the efficacy of dental bleaching.


Resumo Este ensaio clínico avaliou o efeito da coadministração de ibuprofeno/cafeína na sensibilidade dental decorrente de clareamento (SD). Um estudo clínico randomizado, paralelo, triplo-cego, foi realizado em 84 pacientes que receberam cápsulas de ibuprofeno/cafeína ou placebo. Os fármacos foram administrados por 48 horas, começando 1 hora antes do clareamento em consultório. Duas sessões de clareamento foram realizadas com gel de peróxido de hidrogênio 35% com intervalo de 1 semana. A SD foi registrada até 48 horas após o clareamento dental com uma escala visual analógica (VAS) de 0-10 e uma escala de classificação numérica (NRS) de 5 pontos. A cor foi avaliada com as escalas Vita Classical e Vita Bleachedguide (ΔSGU) e com o espectrômetro Vita Easyshade (ΔE*ab e ΔE00). O risco absoluto de SD em ambos os grupos foi avaliado por meio do teste exato de Fischer. As comparações da intensidade da SD (NRS e VAS) foram realizadas utilizando-se o teste Mann-Whitney e uma ANOVA de dois fatores com medidas repetidas, respectivamente. A alteração de cor entre os grupos foi comparada com a o teste t de Student. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos para o risco absoluto de SD (p = 1,00) ou para a intensidade de SD (p > 0,05). Observou-se clareamento de aproximadamente 7 unidades nas escalas Vita Classical e Vita Bleachedguide, sem diferença estatística entre os grupos. Concluiu-se que a coadministração de ibuprofeno e cafeína não reduziu o risco absoluto ou intensidade da SD e não interferiu na eficácia do clareamento dental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Bleaching , Caffeine/therapeutic use , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Dentin Sensitivity/chemically induced , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Hydrogen Peroxide
10.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(2): 96-99, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1357912

ABSTRACT

Las quemaduras químicas en cuero cabelludo, que se producen en lugares públicos como salones de belleza o peluquerías causadas por mezclas de sustancias activas como persulfatos y peróxido de hidrógeno, secundarias a la decoloración de cabellos, producen graves secuelas de alopecias en pacientes jóvenes. Se trata de un caso clínico, de quemadura química, espesor completo, extensa, en cuero cabelludo. Productos utilizados en forma cotidiana en salones de belleza, peluquerías o domicilios, que tiene estrecha relación con el daño. Resolución del caso con colgajos locales, con tiempos de internación y quirúrgicos cortos, en tiempos de COVID. Enfoque de la falta de control de sustancias usadas en peluquerías, pocos casos publicados y secuelas psicosociales importantes, con pronta mejoría de calidad de vida y reinserción social


Chemical burns in scalp after hair bleaching are produced in public places such as hairdressing salons and are caused by the combination of active agents like persulfate and hydrogen peroxide. The burns leave severe sequels of alopecia in young patients. This is about a clinical case of a chemical burn in the sculp which is full thickness and has a great large. Products used on a daily basis in hairdressing salons or in the domiciles have a close connection with the hurt. In times of COVID the case was resolved with local flaps, and short period of hospitalization and surgical. Focus on the lack of control in the usage of substances made by hairdressing salons, the existence of few published cases and the main psychosocial sequels, a speedy recovery in the quality of life and social reintegration


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Quality Control , Scalp/anatomy & histology , Scalp/injuries , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Burns, Chemical/therapy , Tissue Expansion , Skin Transplantation/rehabilitation , Permissible Limits/prevention & control , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity
11.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e058, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254597

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar el pH de cuatro marcas de geles aclaradores a base de peróxido de hidrógeno de altas concentraciones (30%-35%) Whiteness HP Maxx (HPM), Lase Peroxide (LP), Whiteness HP Automixx (HPA)y Dash (DA), a través del tiempo de aplicación clínica (inicio, 15', 30' y 45'). Materiales y métodos: El estudio fue experimental in vitro. Se evaluaron 40 muestras (dientes bovinos) divididos en 4 grupos, uno para cada marca comercial de gel. Se preparó cada gel de acuerdo con las instrucciones del fabricante y se colocó una cantidad necesaria en la superficie vestibular; posteriormente, se registró el pH del gel con un pHmetro digital al inicio, 15, 30 y 45 minutos. Los datos se analizaron con las pruebas Anova, Friedman y Wilcoxon. Resultados: Hubo una tendencia a la disminución del pH desde el tiempo inicial de aplicación hasta el tiempo final, con excepción del grupo de la marca DA, el cual mostró que los valores del pH fueron aumentando a través del tiempo. En la marca HPM, existe una diferencia significativa entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación del gel y el resto de tiempos. En la marca LP, a partir de los 15' de aplicación, sí hay diferencia significativa entre los tiempos. En cuanto a la marca HPA, existieron diferencias significativas entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación y los demás tiempos. Finalmente, con la marca DA se encontró únicamente una diferencia significativa entre el tiempo inicial de aplicación y el tiempo final. Conclusiones: El pH de los geles aclaradores disminuyó a través del tiempo de aplicación clínica en todas las marcas estudiadas, con excepción de la marca Dash 30%, la cual mostró un aumento. (AU)


Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the pH of four bleaching agents based on high concentration hydrogen peroxide (30-35%) Whiteness HP Maxx (HPM), Lase Peroxide (LP), Whiteness HP Automixx (HPA) and Dash (DA) in different clinical periods (baseline, 15', 30' and 45'). Materials and methods: 40 specimens (bovine teeth) were divided into 4 groups; one group for each bleaching agent. Each bleaching agent was prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions and was applied on the vestibular surface. The pH of the bleaching agent was measured with a digital pH meter at baseline, 15, 30 and 45 minutes. ANOVA, Friedman and Wilcoxon tests were applied. Results: The pH values showed a trend to decreasing from the initial time of application to the final time, except for the DA group, which showed increasing pH values over time. The HPM group showed significant differences between baseline and the remaining periods. The LP group LP showed significant difference between 15' and the other periods. The HPA group showed significant differences between baseline and the remaining periods. Finally, the DA group, showed a significant difference between baseline and 45'. Conclusions: The pH values of 3 of the bleaching agents decreased over time, with the exception of Dash which increased in the different time periods. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrogen Peroxide , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Experimental
12.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250339

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La discromía dental es una afectación estética, de causa multifactorial, caracterizada por el cambio de coloración de uno o varios dientes. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la terapia láser como fuente de luz y calor en pacientes con discromías dentales. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental, de intervención terapéutica, en 24 pacientes con discromías dentales atendidos en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial DocenteMártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, desde julio de 2017 hasta julio de 2018. Los integrantes del estudio se asignaron de forma aleatoria a 2 grupos de tratamiento:a los pares (grupo de estudio) se les aplicó láser combinado con la técnica convencional de peróxido de hidrógeno;a los impares (grupo control), tratamiento convencional solamente.Se utilizaron las frecuencias absoluta y relativa como medidas de resumen, así como la prueba de X 2 de homogeneidad para la validación estadística, con un nivel de significación de 0,05. Resultados: Para los pacientes del grupo de estudio, la segunda y tercera sesiones fueron más efectivas. Al culminar el tratamiento, ambos resultaron efectivos, pero los que recibieron láser evolucionaron más rápidamente que los tratados solo con peróxido de hidrógeno. Conclusiones: El uso de la terapia láser y peróxido de hidrógeno fue efectivo en pacientes con discromías dentales y demostró que no provoca efectos adversos en los dientes tratados.


Introduction: The dental dischromya is an esthetic disorder, of multifactorial cause, characterized by the change of coloration of one or several teeth. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of laser therapy as a source of light and heat in patients with dental dischromya. Method: A quasi-experiment, of therapeutic intervention study, was carried out in 24 patients with dental dischromya assisted in Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic in Santiago de Cuba, from July, 2017 to March, 2018. The members of the study were assigned at random with 2 treatment groups: a study group (pairs) to whom laser combined with the conventional technique of peroxide of hydrogen was applied; to odd number patients (control group), conventional treatment only. The absolute and relative frequencies were used as summary measures, as well as the chi-square test of homogeneity for the statistical validation, with a level of significance of 0.05. Results: For the patients of the study group, the second and third sessions were more effective. When culminating the treatment, both were effective, but those that received laser evolved more quickly than those treated with peroxide of hydrogen. Conclusions: The use of the laser therapy and peroxide of hydrogen was effective in patients with dental dischromya and it was demonstrated that doesn't cause adverse effects in the treated teeth.


Subject(s)
Tooth Discoloration/therapy , Laser Therapy , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use
13.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(1): 88-98, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289168

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el efecto antibacteriano del peróxido de hidrógeno (H2O2) al 6 % comparado con hipoclorito de sodio (NaClO) al 1 % y al 2 %, sobre cepillos dentales inoculados con Streptococcus mutans ATCC® 25175™. Materiales y métodos: estudio experimental in vitro, transversal y comparativo. Se utilizaron 60 cepillos dentales, divididos en 4 grupos de 15 cepillos cada uno. El número de muestra lo determinó la fórmula de comparación de medias, después de realizar un estudio piloto, y se seleccionaron por muestreo aleatorio simple. Se aplicaron las pruebas de normalidad de Shapiro-Wilk, y para la prueba de hipótesis, la U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: el H2O2 al 6 % presentó una media de crecimiento de 2 * 109 UFC/mL, lo que indica que su efectividad es mayor comparada con el NaClO al 1 %>, que presentó una media de crecimiento de 4 * 109 UFC/mL, y esta es menor al NaClO al 2 %, que tuvo 0 UFC /mL de Streptococcus mutans (p = 0,004). Conclusión: el H2O2 al 6 % y el NaClO al 1 % y al 2 % evidenciaron efectividad antibacteriana, aun cuando fue el NaClO al 2 % el más efectivo.


Abstract Objective: To assess the antibacterial effect of 6% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) compared with 1% and 2% sodium hypochlorite, on toothbrushes inoculated with Streptococcus mutans ATCC® 25175™. Materials and methods: The study design was an experimental in vitro, cross-sectional prospective and comparative study. Sixty toothbrushes were used, which were divided into four groups of 15 brushes. After conducting a pilot study, the sample number was determined by the means comparison formula and these were selected by simple random sampling. These brushes were inoculated with strains of S. mutans ATCC® 25175™. The disinfectants included H2O2 at 6% and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) at 1% and 2%. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to assess normality and the Mann-Whitney U test was applied for the hypothesis test. Results: The 6% H2O2 showed an average growth of 2 * 109 CFU/mL, which indicates that its effectiveness is greater compared to the 1% NaClO that showed a growth average of 4 * 109 CFU/mL which is less than the 2% NaClO that presented 0 CFU/mL of S. mutans (p = 0.004). Conclusion: Between 6% H2O2 and 1% and 2% NaClO, specifically antibacterial detection, 2% NaClO was concluded as being the most effective.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o efeito antibacteriano do peróxido de hidrogênio 6% em comparação ao hipoclorito de sódio 1% e 2%, em escovas de dente inoculadas com Streptococcus mutans ATCC® 25175™. Materiais e métodos: estudo experimental in vitro, transversal e comparativo. Foram utilizadas 60 escovas de dente, as quais foram divididas em 4 grupos de 15 escovas cada um. O número amostral foi determinado pela fórmula de comparação de médias, após realização de um estudo piloto, sendo selecionado por meio de amostragem aleatória simples. As escovas foram inoculadas com cepas de Streptococcus mutans ATCC® 25175™. Os desinfetantes utilizados foram peróxido de hidrogênio (H202) 6% em comparação ao hipo-clorito de sódio (NaClO) 1% e 2%. Aplicou-se a prova de normalidade de Shapiro-Wilk e como teste de hipótese utilizou-se o U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: o H202 6% apresentou uma média de crescimento de 2*109 UFC/mL, indicando uma efetividade maior em comparação com o NaClO 1% que apresentou uma média de crescimento de 4*109 UFC/mL, que por sua vez foi menos efetivo que o NaClO 2% que apresentou uma contagem de 0 UFC/mL de Streptococcus mutans (p=0,004). Conclusão: o H2O2 6% e o NaClO 1% e 2%, apresentaram efetividade antibacteriana, sendo que o NaClO 2% foi totalmente efetivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium Hypochlorite , Streptococcus mutans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Disinfection
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200511, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143152

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of the association between external and internal tooth bleaching on color changes in dentin and enamel, individually or recombined, previously stained with triple antibiotic paste (TAP). Methodology Forty enamel-dentin specimens from bovine incisors were separated into ten blocks according to similarity in their whiteness index (WID). Three specimens within each block were stained by dentin exposure to TAP, and the remaining specimen was used as control to estimate color changes. Specimens were sectioned to separate tissues, and dentin and enamel colors were measured individually and after being recombined. Alterations in color (CIEDE2000 - ΔE00) and translucency parameter (TP) resulting from staining were estimated by color difference between stained and control specimens. The contribution of each tissue to the color change (CTCC) was also calculated. Non-sectioned stained specimens were bleached by applying sodium perborate on dentin, associated or not with 35% hydrogen peroxide on enamel. Color changes caused by bleaching procedures were estimated and data were analyzed using the paired t-test or Two-way repeated measures ANOVA. Results TAP caused more pronounced changes in dentin, but enamel color was also affected. Both protocols presented a similar ΔE00, and dentin showed the greater color change. After exposure to TAP, we observed a reduction in WID; WID values were the same for bleached and control specimens regardless of protocol. We found no significant effect of substrate and bleaching technique on TP. Enamel played a more critical role in color changes caused by either staining or bleaching procedures. Conclusion Enamel color played a greater role on tooth color changes than dentin. External and internal bleaching association did not improve bleaching effect on specimens stained with TAP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Color , Dental Enamel , Dentin , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Tooth Bleaching , In Vitro Techniques , Hydrogen Peroxide
16.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200117, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285553

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effects of three chemical pretreatments of biomass sorghum (BS): dilute alkaline (PTA1 and PTA2), dilute acid (PTB1 and PTB2) and alkaline hydrogen peroxide (PTC1 and PTC2) in the enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production. Among the six investigated conditions, the pretreatment with 7.36% H2O2 (PTC2) was the most efficient in the lignin removal and preservation of the polysaccharide fraction. After the enzymatic hydrolysis, increases in the glucose and xylose concentrations were observed in the pretreated BS hydrolysates, mainly in PTB1 and PTC1. All the hydrolysates obtained low concentrations of inhibitors. In the alcoholic fermentations with Pichia stiptis, the greatest ethanol yield was obtained in PTB1 hydrolysate (3.84 g L-1), corresponding to 16.15% of yield. The highest ethanol yield in PTB1 hydrolysate can be justified by the maximum concentration of xylose obtained in this hydrolysate, demonstrating the potential of P. stiptis in the fermentation of pentose to ethanol. The results indicated that biomass sorghum is an alternative lignocellulose source with potential for the production of second generation ethanol, opening up prospects for additional studies.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Ethanol , Chemical Phenomena , Hydrogen Peroxide , Metals, Alkali
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11207, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285643

ABSTRACT

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in neuropathic pain, a complicated condition after nerve tissue lesion. Vitamin D appears to improve symptoms of pain and exhibits antioxidant properties. We investigated the effects of oral administration of vitamin D3, the active form of vitamin D, on nociception, the sciatic functional index (SFI), and spinal cord pro-oxidant and antioxidant markers in rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve, a model of neuropathic pain. Vitamin D3 (500 IU/kg per day) attenuated the CCI-induced decrease in mechanical withdrawal threshold and thermal withdrawal latency (indicators of antinociception) and SFI. The vitamin prevented increased lipid hydroperoxide levels in injured sciatic nerve without change to total antioxidant capacity (TAC). Vitamin D3 prevented increased lipid hydroperoxide, superoxide anion generation (SAG), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels in the spinal cord, which were found in rats without treatment at 7 and 28 days post-CCI. A significant negative correlation was found between mechanical threshold and SAG and between mechanical threshold and H2O2 at day 7. Vitamin D3 also prevented decreased spinal cord total thiols content. There was an increase in TAC in the spinal cord of vitamin-treated CCI rats, compared to CCI rats without treatment only at 28 days. No significant changes were found in body weight and blood parameters of hepatic and renal function. These findings demonstrated, for first time, that vitamin D modulated pro-oxidant and antioxidant markers in the spinal cord. Since antinociception occurred in parallel with oxidative changes in the spinal cord, the oxidative changes may have contributed to vitamin D-induced antinociception.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Antioxidants , Sciatic Nerve , Spinal Cord , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Wistar , Nociception , Hydrogen Peroxide , Hyperalgesia/drug therapy
18.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21210002, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278453

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, the effects of Ellagic acid (EA) on protein expression in yeasts and cellular development were investigated. Four groups were formed. Groups: 1) Control group; yeast only cultivated group; 2) Ellagic Acid (EA) group: EA (10%) given group; 3) Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) Group: The group given H2O2 (15 mM); 4) EA + H2O2 group: EA (10%) + H2O2 (15 mM) group. After sterilization, EA (10%) and H2O2 (15 mM) were added to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) cultures and the cultures were grown at 30 °C for 1 hour, 3 hours, 5 hours and 24 hours (overnight). S. cerevisiae cell growth, lipid peroxidation MDA (malondialdehyde) analysis and GSH (glutathione) level were analyzed by spectrophotometer. Total protein changes were determined by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis and measured by the Bradford method. According to the obtained results, compared with the H2O2 group, cell development (1, 3, 5 and 24 hours), GSH level and total protein synthesis (24 hours) were increased with EA, while MDA level (24 hours) decreased. These results show that EA reduces oxidative damage, increases cell growth and it has a protective effect to promote protein synthesis in S. cerevisiae culture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Ellagic Acid , Hydrogen Peroxide
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e066, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249366

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study developed experimental gels containing titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) combined with commercial 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP), and evaluated bleaching efficacy and pH of the gels, and mineral content and morphology of enamel submitted to these treatments. In phase-1, different stock gels mixed with TiF4 were combined with HP. In phase-2, the selected gels were tested on enamel/dentin specimens (n=8): HP; HP and Natrosol+TiF4 (HPnT); HP and Natrosol+Chemygel+TiF4 (HPncT); HP and Aristoflex+TiF4 (HPaT). Bleaching was performed in four sessions (3x15min-application/session). Color (CIEL*a*b*) and whiteness index (WID) were measured after each session, whereas whiteness index differences (ΔWID), color alteration (CIELab-ΔE, CIEDE2000-ΔE00), enamel morphology and pH, at end of bleaching therapy. The change in Knoop microhardness (ΔKHN) was compared before and after bleaching. Data were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni (CIEL*, a*, b*), one-way ANOVA and Tukey (ΔWID, ΔE, ΔE00), and LSD (ΔKHN) tests (α=5%). SEM and pH measurements were submitted to descriptive analysis. No differences were observed in lightness (L*) or WID among the groups (p > 0.05), but HP exhibited lower b* values (p<0.05), higher ΔWID than HPnT, and the highest ΔE among the groups (p < 0.05). No differences in ΔE00 were observed between HP and HPncT (p > 0.05), and HPncT showed higher ΔKHN than HP (p < 0.05). HP presented pH values closer to neutral (6.9), whereas experimental agents showed acidic pH values (2.3-3.9). No morphological changes were observed in HP or HPncT groups. HPncT was able to bleach the enamel and maintain enamel microhardness and surface integrity, even at low pH.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Bleaching Agents , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Titanium , Fluorides , Hydrogen Peroxide
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e11073, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249327

ABSTRACT

The study evaluated the effect of the supernatant of placental explants from preeclamptic (PE) and normotensive (NT) pregnant women after tissue treatment with or without vitamin D (VD) on oxidative stress and nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Placental explants were prepared from eight NT and eight PE women, and supernatants were obtained after incubation with or without hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and/or VD. HUVEC were cultured for 24 h with supernatants, and the following parameters were analyzed in HUVEC cultures: NO, nitrate (NO3-), and nitrite (NO2-) levels, lipid peroxidation, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Results showed that the production of NO3-, NO2-, malondialdehyde (MDA), and ROS were significantly higher in HUVEC treated with explant supernatant from PE compared to NT pregnant women, while the supernatant of PE explants treated with VD led to a decrease in these parameters. A significantly high production of NO was detected in HUVEC cultured with control supernatant of NT group, and in cultures treated with supernatant of PE explants treated with VD. Taken together, these results demonstrated that cultures of placental explants from PE women with VD treatment generated a supernatant that decreased oxidative stress and increased the bioavailability of NO in endothelial cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , Vitamin D/metabolism , Biological Availability , Cells, Cultured , Oxidative Stress , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Hydrogen Peroxide
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