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1.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 26: 75717, 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1551131

ABSTRACT

Introdução: mapear os estudos que mensuraram o potencial Hidrogeniônico (pH) da região vulvar no ciclo vital da mulher. Métodos: revisão de escopo conforme recomendações do Manual for Evidence Synthesis do Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), nas bases SCOPUS, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, PubMed, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine e Google Acadêmico em janeiro de 2022. Foram incluídos estudos publicados em português, espanhol, francês e inglês, sem limite temporal. Resultados: dos 954 documentos recuperados, 13 foram selecionados. Apurou- se que os estudos utilizaram diferentes procedimentos para as medições quanto aos equipamentos, ambiente e preparo das participantes. A média de idade apresentada pela população feminina estudada variou entre 31 e 43 anos. Os locais de medição vulvar foram os grandes e pequenos lábios, dobra interlabial e períneo. O menor valor do pH aferido foi 4,6 e o maior 6,3. Conclusões: constatou-se baixa produção de estudos acerca do pH vulvar e ênfase das pesquisas na população de mulheres adultas. A diversidade de procedimentos e locais de aferição encontrados não permite afirmações seguras sobre uma faixa de valor de pH da superfície da pele vulvar.


Introduction: to map the studies that measured the Potential of Hydrogen (pH) of the vulvar region in women's life cycle. Methods: scoping review according to recommendations from the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Manual for Evidence Synthesis in the SCOPUS, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, PubMed, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine and Google Scholar databases in January 2022. Studies published in Portuguese, Spanish, French, and English, without time limit, were included. Results: of the 954 documents retrieved, 13 were selected. Different measurement procedures in relation to equipment, environment and preparation of participants were used in the studies. The average age of the female population ranged between 31 and 43 years. The vulvar measurement sites were the labia majora and minora, interlabial sulci and perineum. The lowest pH value measured was 4.6 and the highest was 6.3. Conclusions: there was a low production of studies on vulvar pH and an emphasis of studies on the population of adult women. The diversity of procedures and measurement sites found does not allow for safe statements about a range of pH values on the surface of the vulvar skin.


Introducción: mapear los estudios que midieron el Potencial de Hidrógeno (pH) de la región vulvar en el ciclo vital de las mujeres. Métodos: revisión del alcance según las recomendaciones del Manual for Evidence Synthesis del Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), en las bases de datos SCOPUS, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, PubMed, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine y Google Scholar en enero de 2022. Se incluyeron estudios publicados. en portugués, español, francés e inglés, sin límite de tiempo. Resultados: de los 954 documentos recuperados, se seleccionaron 13. En los estudios se utilizaron diferentes procedimientos de medición en relación con el equipo, el entorno y la preparación de los participantes. La edad media de la población femenina osciló entre 31 y 43 años. Los sitios de medición vulvar fueron los labios mayores y menores, el pliegue interlabial y el perineo. El valor de pH más bajo medido fue 4,6 y el más alto fue 6,3. Conclusiones: hubo una baja producción de estudios sobre pH vulvar y un énfasis de estudios en población de mujeres adultas. La diversidad de procedimientos y sitios de medición encontrados no permite realizar afirmaciones seguras sobre un rango de valores de pH en la superficie de la piel vulvar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vulva , Women's Health , Skin Care , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 32620, 26 dez. 2023. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524464

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Sabe-se que a busca pela estética é algo cada vez mais crescente. Dentre os procedimentos mais procurados na odontologia estética, destaca-se o clareamento dental de consultório. Diante disso, ainda são poucos os estudos que avaliam os efeitos dos agentes clareadores de diferentes pHs na efetividade clareadora e na sensibilidade dentária.Objetivo:Avaliar a sensibilidade dentária e a eficácia clareadora de géis clareadores à base de peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% com diferentes pHs.Metodologia:Trata-se de um relato de três casos, descritivo e observacional, do tipo boca dividida (split-mouth) para cada estratégia clareadora (gel clareador com pH básico e gel clareador com pH ácido). Foram avaliados três pacientes de25, 26e 27anos de idade.Realizou-se registro de cor por meio da escala VITAClassical e avaliação da sensibilidade dentária pela escala visual analógica. Resultados:Todos os pacientes avaliados apresentaram cor A3 no registro de cor inicial e, após o clareamento dental,atingiram a cor A1. Todos relataram uma maior sensibilidade no hemiarco direito (local onde foi aplicada o gel clareador Whiteness HP que possui pH ácido. Dois pacientes relataram sensibilidade dentária no hemiarco esquerdo em que foi aplicado o gel clareador de pH básico. Conclusões:Observa-se a eficácia clínica dos géis clareadores de consultório à base de peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% na estabilidade de cor após o tratamento clareador, independente do seu pH. Ademais, nota-se que o gel clareador de pH básico promoveu menor sensibilidade pós-operatória (AU).


Introduction:It is known that the search for aesthetics is something increasingly growing. Among the most sought-after procedures in cosmetic dentistry, in-office tooth bleaching stands out. Therefore, there are still few studies that evaluate the effects of bleaching agents ofdifferent pHs on bleaching effectiveness and tooth sensitivity.Objective:To evaluate tooth sensitivity and bleaching efficacy of 35% hydrogen peroxide-based tooth bleaching gels with different pHs.Methodology:This is a report of three cases, descriptive and observational, of the split-mouth type for each bleaching strategy (bleaching gel with basic pH and bleaching gel with acidic pH). Three patients aged 25, 26 and 27 years were evaluated. Color registration was performed using the VITA Classical scale and tooth sensitivity was evaluated using the visual analogue scale.Results:All evaluated patients presented color A3 in the initial color registration and, after tooth bleaching, reached color A1. All reported greater sensitivity in the right hemi-arch (place where the Whiteness HP bleaching gel with an acid pH was applied. Two patients reported tooth sensitivity in the left hemi-arch where the basic pH bleaching gel was applied.Conclusions:The clinical efficacy of in-office tooth bleaching gels based on 35% hydrogen peroxide in terms of color stability after bleaching treatment is observed, regardless of its pH. In addition, it is noted that the basic pH bleaching gel promoted less postoperative sensitivity (AU).


Introducción: Se sabe que la búsqueda de la estética es algo cada vez más creciente. Entre los procedimientos más populares en odontología estética, se destaca el blanqueamiento dental en consultorio. Ante esto, aún existen pocos estudios que evalúen los efectos de agentes blanqueadores de diferentes pHs sobre la efectividad del blanqueamiento y la sensibilidad dental.Objetivo: Evaluar la sensibilidad dental y la eficacia blanqueadora de geles blanqueadores a base de peróxido de hidrógeno al 35 % con diferentes pH. Metodología: Este es un reporte de tres casos, descriptivo y observacional, del tipo boca partida para cada estrategia de blanqueamiento (gel blanqueador con pH básico y gel blanqueador con pH ácido). Se evaluaron tres pacientes de 25, 26 y 27 años. El registro de color se realizó con la escala clásica VITA y la sensibilidad dental se evaluó con la escala analógica visual.Resultados: Todos los pacientes evaluados presentaron color A3 en el registro de color inicial y, después del blanqueamiento dental, alcanzaron el color A1. Todos refirieron mayor sensibilidad en la hemiarcada derecha (lugar donde se aplicó el gel blanqueador de pH ácido Whiteness HP). Dos pacientes refirieron sensibilidad dental en la hemiarcadaizquierda donde se aplicó el gel blanqueador de pH básico.Conclusiones: Se observala eficacia clínica de los geles blanqueadores de consultorio a base de peróxido de hidrógeno al 35% en cuanto a la estabilidad del color tras el tratamiento blanqueador, independientemente de su pH. Además, se observa que el gel blanqueador de pH básico promovió una menor sensibilidad postoperatoria (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Color , Dentin Sensitivity/complications , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Hydrogen Peroxide , Treatment Outcome , Observational Study , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
3.
RFO UPF ; 27(1): 41-57, 08 ago. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509383

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar, in vitro, o potencial erosivo para o esmalte dentário de bebidas ácidas, comumente ingeridas pela população e encontradas com frequência no comércio da grande Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. Método: a mensuração do potencial erosivo das bebidas foi realizada através da detecção do potencial hidrogeniônico (pH) e acidez titulável (AT). A amostra foi composta por refrigerantes à base de cola, Coca-Cola® e Pepsi®; isotônicos Gatorade®-morango e maracujá e Powerade®-mix de frutas; Chás industrializados Natural Tea®-limão e Chá Matte Leão®-natural; energéticos Red Bull® e Monster Energy®; sucos naturais de Laranja Pera e de Limão Taiti; água saborizada H2OH!®-sabor limão; e água mineral, para o grupo controle. O pH foi aferido com pHmetro digital (Sensoglass SP1800) e para a AT foi utilizado o método padronizado pelo Instituto Adolfo Lutz, todos os ensaios foram realizados em triplicata. Para a análise estatística descritiva, foram empregados teste t e a ANOVA. Resultados: os menores valores de pH foram encontrados para a bebida Coca-Cola® e suco de limão com 2,3. Para AT, as amostras que apresentaram os maiores valores foram os sucos naturais, com 35,1 para o suco de limão e 13,5 para o suco de laranja. Todas as bebidas analisadas possuem potencial erosivo ao esmalte dental, por apresentarem valores de pH menores que 5,5. Quanto as mensurações de AT, os sucos naturais apresentaram os maiores valores. Conclusão: todas as bebidas do estudo foram consideradas iminentemente erosivas à estrutura dental.(AU)


Objetivo: o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar, in vitro, o potencial erosivo para o esmalte dentário de bebidas ácidas, comumente ingeridas pela população e encontradas com frequência no comércio da grande Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. Método: a mensuração do potencial erosivo das bebidas foi realizada através da detecção do potencial hidrogeniônico (pH) e acidez titulável (AT). A amostra foi composta por refrigerantes à base de cola, Coca-Cola® e Pepsi®; isotônicos Gatorade®-morango e maracujá e Powerade®-mix de frutas; Chás industrializados Natural Tea®-limão e Chá Matte Leão®-natural; energéticos Red Bull® e Monster Energy®; sucos naturais de Laranja Pera e de Limão Taiti; água saborizada H2OH!®-sabor limão; e água mineral, para o grupo controle. O pH foi aferido com pHmetro digital (Sensoglass SP1800) e para a AT foi utilizado o método padronizado pelo Instituto Adolfo Lutz, todos os ensaios foram realizados em triplicata. Para a análise estatística descritiva, foram empregados teste t e a ANOVA. Resultados: os menores valores de pH foram encontrados para a bebida Coca-Cola® e suco de limão com 2,3. Para AT, as amostras que apresentaram os maiores valores foram os sucos naturais, com 35,1 para o suco de limão e 13,5 para o suco de laranja. Todas as bebidas analisadas possuem potencial erosivo ao esmalte dental, por apresentarem valores de pH menores que 5,5. Quanto as mensurações de AT, os sucos naturais apresentaram os maiores valores. Conclusão: todas as bebidas do estudo foram consideradas iminentemente erosivas à estrutura dental.(AU)


Subject(s)
Sodium Hydroxide/analysis , Tooth Erosion/chemically induced , Beverages , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Enamel , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21328, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439548

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study entails the systematic development and validation of a stability-indicating RP-HPLC method for the analysis of sitagliptin and ertugliflozin in a fixed-dose combination. Analytical quality by design (AQbD) concepts were used to define critical method variables, employing Pareto risk assessment and a Placket-Burman screening design, preceded by a Box-Behnken design with response surface analysis to optimise critical method parameters such as % acetonitrile (X1), buffer pH (X2) and column oven temperature (X3). Multiple response optimisation (Derringer's desirability) of variables was accomplished by studying critical analytical attributes, such as resolution, retention time and theoretical plates. The title analytes were separated effectively on a PRONTOSIL C18 column at 37 °C using a mobile phase of acetonitrile:acetate buffer, pH 4.4 (36:64 percent v/v), pumped at a flow rate of 1 mL/min, and UV detection at 225 nm. Linearity was observed over a concentration range of 25-150 µg/mL and 3.75-22.5 µg/mL at retention times of 2.82 and 3.92 min for sitagliptin and ertugliflozin, respectively. The method obeyed all validation parameters of the ICH Q2(R1) guidelines. The proposed robust method allows the study of the selected drugs in pharmaceutical dosage forms as well as in drug stability studies under various stress conditions.


Subject(s)
Drawing , Sitagliptin Phosphate/analysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Total Quality Management/classification , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration/drug effects
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 44-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the preparation of decellularized small intestinal submucosa (dSIS) sponge scaffolds with chelated strontium (Sr) ions at different pH values, and to select the appropriate pH values for synthesizing Sr/dSIS scaffolds using the physicochemical properties and biocompatibility of the scaffolds as evaluation indexes.@*METHODS@#(1) Sr/dSIS scaffolds preparation and grouping: After mixing dSIS solution and strontium chloride solution in equal volumes, adjusting pH of the solution to 3, 5, 7, and 9 respectively, porous scaffolds were prepared by freeze-drying method after full reaction at 37℃, which were named Sr/dSIS-3, -5, -7, and -9 respectively, and the dSIS scaffolds were used as the control group. (2) Physicochemical property evaluation: The bulk morphology of the scaffolds was observed in each group, the microscopic morphology analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, and the porosity and pore size determined, the surface elements analyzed by energy spectroscopy, the structure of functional groups analyzed by infrared spectroscopy, the chelation rate determined by atomic spectrophotometry, the water absorption rate detected by using specific gravity method, and the compression strength evaluated by universal mechanical testing machine.(3) Biocompatibility evaluation: The cytotoxicity and proliferative effect to bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) of each group were evaluated by Calcein-AM/PI double staining method.@*RESULTS@#Scanning electron microscopy showed that the scaffolds of each group had an interconnected three-dimensional porous structure with no statistical difference in pore size and porosity. Energy spectrum analysis showed that strontium could be detected in Sr/dSIS-5, -7 and -9 groups, and strontium was uniformly distributed in the scaffolds. Functional group analysis further supported the formation of chelates in the Sr/dSIS-5, -7 and -9 groups. Chelation rate analysis showed that the Sr/dSIS-7 group had the highest strontium chelation rate, which was statistically different from the other groups (P < 0.05). The scaffolds in all the groups had good water absorption. The scaffolds in Sr/dSIS-5, -7 and -9 groups showed significantly improved mechanical properties compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The scaffolds in all the groups had good biocompatibility, and the Sr/dSIS-7 group showed the best proliferation of BMSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#When pH was 7, the Sr/dSIS scaffolds showed the highest strontium chelation rate and the best proliferation effect of BMSCs, which was the ideal pH value for the preparation of the Sr/dSIS scaffolds.


Subject(s)
Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials , Strontium/pharmacology , Ions , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Tissue Engineering/methods , Porosity
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243874, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285606

ABSTRACT

Abstract In recent days, cheapest alternative carbon source for fermentation purpose is desirable to minimize production cost. Xylanases have become attractive enzymes as their potential in bio-bleaching of pulp and paper industry. The objective of the present study was to identify the potential ability on the xylanase production by locally isolated Bacillus pumilus BS131 by using waste fiber sludge and wheat bran media under submerged fermentation. Culture growth conditions were optimized to obtain significant amount of xylanase. Maximum xylanase production was recorded after 72 hours of incubation at 30 °C and 7 pH with 4.0% substrate concentration. In the nutshell, the production of xylanase using inexpensive waste fiber sludge and wheat-bran as an alternative in place of expensive xylan substrate was more cost effective and environment friendly.


Resumo Nos últimos dias, a fonte alternativa de carbono mais barata para fins de fermentação é desejável para minimizar o custo de produção. As xilanases têm se tornado enzimas atraentes como seu potencial no biobranqueamento da indústria de papel e celulose. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a capacidade potencial na produção de xilanase por Bacillus pumilus BS131 isolado localmente usando lodo de fibra residual e farelo de trigo em meio de fermentação submersa. As condições de crescimento da cultura foram otimizadas para obter uma quantidade significativa de xilanase. A produção máxima de xilanase foi registrada após 72 horas de incubação a 30 °C e pH 7 com concentração de substrato de 4,0%. Resumindo, a produção de xilanase usando lodo de fibra residual de baixo custo e farelo de trigo como uma alternativa no lugar do substrato de xilano caro foi mais econômica e ecológica.


Subject(s)
Bacillus/metabolism , Bacillus pumilus/metabolism , Sewage , Temperature , Dietary Fiber , Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases/metabolism , Fermentation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1107-1118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970426

ABSTRACT

L-arabinose isomerase (L-AI) is the key enzyme that isomerizes D-galactose to D-tagatose. In this study, to improve the activity of L-arabinose isomerase on D-galactose and its conversion rate in biotransformation, an L-arabinose isomerase from Lactobacillus fermentum CGMCC2921 was recombinantly expressed and applied in biotransformation. Moreover, its substrate binding pocket was rationally designed to improve the affinity and catalytic activity on D-galactose. We show that the conversion of D-galactose by variant F279I was increased 1.4 times that of the wild-type enzyme. The Km and kcat values of the double mutant M185A/F279I obtained by superimposed mutation were 530.8 mmol/L and 19.9 s-1, respectively, and the catalytic efficiency was increased 8.2 times that of the wild type. When 400 g/L lactose was used as the substrate, the conversion rate of M185A/F279I reached a high level of 22.8%, which shows great application potential for the enzymatic production of tagatose from lactose.


Subject(s)
Galactose/metabolism , Limosilactobacillus fermentum/genetics , Lactose , Hexoses/metabolism , Aldose-Ketose Isomerases/genetics , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2108-2125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981193

ABSTRACT

γ-aminobutyric acid can be produced by a one-step enzymatic reaction catalyzed by glutamic acid decarboxylase. The reaction system is simple and environmentally friendly. However, the majority of GAD enzymes catalyze the reaction under acidic pH at a relatively narrow range. Thus, inorganic salts are usually needed to maintain the optimal catalytic environment, which adds additional components to the reaction system. In addition, the pH of solution will gradually rise along with the production of γ-aminobutyric acid, which is not conducive for GAD to function continuously. In this study, we cloned the glutamate decarboxylase LpGAD from a Lactobacillus plantarum capable of efficiently producing γ-aminobutyric acid, and rationally engineered the catalytic pH range of LpGAD based on surface charge. A triple point mutant LpGADS24R/D88R/Y309K was obtained from different combinations of 9 point mutations. The enzyme activity at pH 6.0 was 1.68 times of that of the wild type, suggesting the catalytic pH range of the mutant was widened, and the possible mechanism underpinning this increase was discussed through kinetic simulation. Furthermore, we overexpressed the Lpgad and LpgadS24R/D88R/Y309K genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum E01 and optimized the transformation conditions. An optimized whole cell transformation process was conducted under 40 ℃, cell mass (OD600) 20, 100 g/L l-glutamic acid substrate and 100 μmol/L pyridoxal 5-phosphate. The γ-aminobutyric acid titer of the recombinant strain reached 402.8 g/L in a fed-batch reaction carried out in a 5 L fermenter without adjusting pH, which was 1.63 times higher than that of the control. This study expanded the catalytic pH range of and increased the enzyme activity of LpGAD. The improved production efficiency of γ-aminobutyric acid may facilitate its large-scale production.


Subject(s)
Glutamate Decarboxylase/genetics , Lactobacillus plantarum/genetics , Catalysis , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Glutamic Acid
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-6, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523135

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare the pH values and calcium ion release of calcium hydroxide-based liner materials before and after light-curing. Material and Methods: The materials evaluated were: hydrox-cal white (HW), hydrox-cal dentin (HD), Biocal (BC) and UltraBlend Plus (UB). 120 samples of the liner materials were inserted into a PVC tube (n=15). The samples from HW+A, HD+A, BC+A and UB+A were subjected to photoactivation. The other groups HW+N, HD+N, BC+N and UB+N were only inserted in a glass tube with deionized water. The pH was measured 24 hours and 14 days after the inclusion of the samples with the aid of a pH meter. The calcium release was analyzed with the aid of an atomic absorption spectophotometer at 24h and 14 days. The results were submitted to the Shapiro-Wilk test, followed by ANOVA and Tukey test (p=0.05). Results: In 24h, the groups that were not light cured showed the highest pH values (p<0.05). In 14 days, BC+N and BC+A demonstrated the lowest pH values. The groups that were not light cured also showed higher calcium release values in 24h and 14 days (p<0.05). Conclusion: Photoactivation of calcium hydroxide-based liner materials negatively interferes with calcium ion release, as well as with pH.(AU)


Objetivo: Comparar os valores de pH e liberação de íons cálcio de materiais forradores à base de hidróxido de cálcio antes e depois da fotopolimerização. Material e métodos: Os materiais avaliados foram: Hidrox-cal branco (HW), Hidrox-cal dentina (HD), Biocal (BC) e UltraBlend Plus (UB). 120 amostras dos materiais de revestimento foram inseridas em um tubo de PVC (n=15). As amostras de HW +A, HD+A, BC+A e UB+A foram submetidas à fotoativação. Os demais grupos HW +N, HD+N, BC+N e UB+N foram inseridos apenas em um tubo de vidro com água deionizada. O pH foi medido 24 horas e 14 dias após a inclusão das amostras com o auxílio de um medidor de pH. A liberação de cálcio foi analisada com o auxílio de um espectrofotômetro de absorção atômica em 24h e 14 dias. Os resultados foram submetidos ao teste de Shapiro-Wilk, seguido de ANOVA e teste de Tukey (p=0,05). Resultados: Em 24h, os grupos não fotopolimerizados apresentaram os maiores valores de pH (p<0,05). Em 14 dias, BC+N e BC+A apresentaram os menores valores de pH. Os grupos não fotopolimerizados também apresentaram maiores valores de liberação de cálcio em 24h e 14 dias (p<0,05). Conclusão: A fotoativação de materiais de revestimento à base de hidróxido de cálcio interfere negativamente na liberação de íons cálcio e no pH (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Materials Testing , Dental Restoration, Permanent
10.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 3(59): 107-116, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390758

ABSTRACT

Nowadays there is an increase in the consumption of acidic drinks, especially the fermented ones. Its ingestion is closely associated with the demineralization of superficial dental tissues, which characterizes dental erosion. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pH of industrialized and natural drinks. The sample consisted of soft drinks, natural and artificial juices, fermented drinks, isotonic drinks and energy from different commercial brands acquired in the city of Niterói (RJ). The products were kept at room temperature (25oC) for 1 hour and were aliquoted 3 mL of each drink to a Becker to measure pH in a specific electrode coupled to a potentiometer. The readings were performed in triplicate. The mean pH ranged from 2.34 to 4.31, the most acidic drink was the refrigerant and the less acidic, the curd. It was found that all drinks analyzed had an acidic pH. Thus, potentially erosive dental structures.


Atualmente, há um aumento no consumo de bebidas ácidas, especialmente as fermentadas. Sua ingestão está intimamente associada à desmineralização dos tecidos dentários superficiais, o que caracteriza a erosão dentária. O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi avaliar o potencial erosivo de bebidas industrializadas e naturais. A amostra de conveniência foi constituída de refrigerantes, sucos naturais e artificiais, bebidas fermentadas, isotônicos e energéticos de diferentes marcas comerciais adquiridas no município de Niterói (RJ). Os produtos foram mantidos em temperatura ambiente (25oC) durante 1 hora e foram aliquotados 3 mL de cada bebida para um Becker para a mensuração de pH em eletrodo específico acoplado a um potenciômetro. As leituras foram realizadas em triplicata. Os valores médios de pH variaram de 2,34 a 4,31, sendo a bebida mais ácida um refrigerante e a menos ácida, a coalhada. Constatou-se que todas as bebidas analisadas apresentaram um pH ácido e abaixo do crítico para a dissolução do esmalte, sendo estas potencialmente erosivas das estruturas dentárias.


Subject(s)
Tooth Erosion , Beverages , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Dental Enamel
11.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(3): 1-16, sept. 2022. graf, tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518675

ABSTRACT

Cyperus esculentus L. (tiger nut) is a tuberous plant that promotes and protects reproductive functions, which are usually hampered in diabetics. The present study investigated the effect of Cyperus esculentus tuber extract (CETE) on testicular histology and sperm viability of alloxan-induced hyperglycaemic Wistar rats. Twenty-five adult male Wistar rats weighing 150-200g and grouped into five (n=5): Group 1, the control, administered tap water (20mL/kg), while groups 2-5 were administered a single intraperitoneal dose (120mg/kg b.w.) of alloxan, and each further received orally tap water (20mL/kg), CETE (100mg/kg), CETE (500 mg/kg) and metformin (500 mg/kg), respectively for 21 days. The animals were sacrificed, their sperm collected for analysis, while the testes were harvested, and processed for histology. Results showed significantly increased (p<0.05) blood glucose and testosterone, and significantly decreased (p<0.05) sperm pH, motility, count, morphology and density, as well as disruptions and hypertrophy of the spermatogenic and Sertoli cells of the hyperglycaemic group. There were significant (p<0.05) blood glucose decline, while the sperm parameters and testicular weight improved with normal testicular histology in the 100 mg/kg CETE, 500 mg/kg CETE, and metformin-treated groups compared to the control and hyperglycaemic group. Treatment with CETE showed blood glucose amelioration and improved sperm quality, as well as testicular damage attenuation.


Cyperus esculentus L. es una planta tuberosa que promueve y protege las funciones reproductivas, que generalmente se ven afectadas en los diabéticos. El presente estudio investigó el efecto del extracto de tubérculo de Cyperus esculentus (CETE) sobre la histología testicular y la viabilidad de los espermatozoides de ratas wistar con hiperglicemia inducida por alloxan. Veinticinco ratas Wistar macho adultas que pesaban 150-200 g y se agruparon en cinco (n = 5): el grupo 1, el control, administró agua del grifo (20ml / kg), mientras que los grupos 2-5 se les administró una dosis intraperitoneal única (120 mg / kg p.v.) de alloxan, y agua del grifo por vía oral (20ml/kg), CETE (100 mg/kg), CETE (500 mg/kg) y metformina (500 mg/kg), respectivamente durante 21 días. Los animales fueron sacrificados, su esperma recolectada para su análisis, mientras que los testículos fueron retirados y procesados para histología. Los resultados mostraron un aumento significativo (p<0,05) de la glucosa en sangre y la testosterona, y una disminución significativa (p<0,05) del pH, la motilidad, el recuento, la morfología y la densidad de los espermatozoides, así como interrupciones e hipertrofia de las células espermatogénicas y sertoli del grupo hiperglucémico. Hubo una disminución significativa (p<0,05) de la glucosa en sangre, mientras que los parámetros espermáticos y el peso testicular mejoraron con la histología testicular normal en los grupos de 100 mg / kg de CETE, 500 mg / kg de CETE y tratados con metformina en comparación con el grupo de control e hiperglucémico. El tratamiento con CETE mostró una mejora de la glucosa en sangre y una mejora de la calidad de los espermatozoides, así como atenuación del daño testicular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Testis/drug effects , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Cyperus/chemistry , Hyperglycemia/drug therapy , Organ Size , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Testosterone , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Body Weight , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Alloxan , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage , Metformin/administration & dosage
12.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(3): 323-342, mayo 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396881

ABSTRACT

Copaifera spp. essential oil (EOC) was extracted by hydrodistillation of Copaifera oleoresin (COR). The EOC was characterized by GC/MS and a novel EOC-loaded nanoemulsion was developed to enhance the EOC solubility and to evaluate its utility as antinflammatory. EOC contain 14 volatile compounds (including ß-caryophyllene: 51.52%) having a required HLB of 11. The Surfactant: EOC: Water ratio of 13:15:75 (%, w:w:w) produced the optimal formulation (particle size: 94.47 nm). The EOC-loaded nanoemulsion presented a pseudoplastic/thixotropic behavior with excellent shelf stability for 6 months. The anti-inflammatory effect of the nanoemulsion was more potent than that of the EOC, and statistically equal to diclofenac (50 mg/kg). The EOC-loaded nanoemulsion showed no oral acute toxicity (in mice) at 2000 mg/kg; hence, it is considered a nontoxic product. The development of the EOC-loaded nanoemulsion added value to both the COR and the EOC by providinga suitable formulation that could be used as an anti-inflammatory product.


El aceite esencial (EOC) fue extraído por hidrodestilación de oleoresina de Copaifera spp. El EOC fue caracterizado químicamente por GC/MS. Se formuló una nanoemulsión con EOC para mejorar la solubilidad del EOC y evaluar su utilidad como antiinflamatorio. El EOC contiene 14 compuestos volátiles (incluido el ß-cariofileno: 51,52%) con un HLB requerido de 11. La relación Tensioactivo: EOC: Agua de 13:15:75 (%, p:p:p) produjo la formulación óptima (tamaño de partícula: 94,47 nm).. La nanoemulsión cargada con EOC presentó un comportamiento pseudoplástico/tixotrópico con una excelente estabilidad en almacenamiento durante 6 meses. El efecto antiinflamatorio de la nanoemulsión fue más potente que el del EOC y estadísticamente igual al diclofenaco (50 mg/kg). La nanoemulsión cargada con COE no mostró toxicidad aguda oral (en ratones) a 2000 mg/kg; por lo tanto, se considera un producto no tóxico. El desarrollo de la nanoemulsión cargada con EOC agregó valor tanto al COR como al EOC al proporcionar una formulación adecuada que podría usarse como un producto antiinflamatorio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Fabaceae/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Rheology , Surface-Active Agents , Temperature , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Toxicity Tests, Acute , Emulsions/pharmacology , Nanoparticles , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes/analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
13.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 56(2): 149-159, abr. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1402952

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se pretendió desarrollar una fórmula artesanal, a base de lactosuero, como complemento alimenticio para niños preescolares. Se realizó una investigación descriptiva ejecutada en tres fases: 1. Ensayos preliminares para la determinación del esquema tecnológico; 2. Evaluación fisicoquímica para la caracterización del producto y determinación de macronutrientes y 3. Evaluación sensorial donde se midió el nivel de agrado del producto final. Los datos obtenidos de los análisis se tabularon en cuatro repeticiones y se analizaron a través de estadísticas descriptivas de tendencia central y en frecuencias expresadas en tablas y gráficos mediante el programa estadístico SPSS versión 20.0. Se obtuvo que en el análisis proximal del requesón deshidratado, éste aportó por cada 100 gramos de producto: 480,28 kcal, 46,5% de proteínas, 22,36% de grasas y 23,26% de hidratos de carbono. La formulación final de la bebida constó de 2,9 g de requesón deshidratado, 3,6 g de arroz previamente cocido y 1,8 g de azúcar diluidos por cada onza preparada. Se determinó que es una fórmula hipocalórica-hiperproteica e isoosmolar, con una viscosidad de 275cP, un pH de 5,1 y con 0,291% de ácido láctico. La fórmula artesanal a base de lactosuero fue de agrado para 41 niños que participaron en el análisis sensorial. Se recomienda su uso en niños que se encuentren en condición de vulnerabilidad nutricional.


Abstract The main objective of this research was to develop an artisan formula based on whey as food supplement directed to preschool children. It was a descriptive study carried out in three phases: 1. Preliminary tests, for the determination of the technological scheme; 2. Physical-chemical evaluation, for the characterisation of the product and determination of nutrients and, 3. Sensory evaluation: the level of satisfaction of the final product measured. The data obtained from the analysis were tabulated in four repetitions and analysed through descriptive statistics of central tendency and in frequencies expressed in tables and graphs using the statistical program SPSS version 20.0. As a result, for each 100 grams of dehydrated cottage cheese this malnuprovides: 480.28 kcal, 46.5% protein; 22.36% fat and 23.26% carbohydrates. The final formulation of the drink consisted of 2.9 g of dehydrated cottage cheese, 3.6 g of previously cooked rice and 1.8 g of diluted sugar for each prepared ounce. It was determined as a hypocaloric-hyperproteic and isomolar formula, with a viscosity of 275cP, a pH of 5.1 and with 0.291% lactic acid. The artisan formula based on whey was liked by 41 children who participated in the sensory analysis. As a conclusion, it can be recommended as food supplement in children with nutritional vulnerability conditions.


Resumo O objetivo principal desta pesquisa foi desenvolver uma fórmula artesanal à base de soro de leite como suplemento alimentar direcionado a crianças pré-escolares. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo em três fases: 1. Ensaios preliminares, para determinação do esquema tecnológico; 2. Avaliação físico-química, para caracterização do produto e determinação de macronutrientes e 3. Avaliação sensorial: mediu-se o grau de satisfação do produto final. Os dados obtidos das análises foram tabulados em quatro repetições e analisados por meio de estatísticas descritivas de tendência central e em frequências expressas em tabelas e gráficos utilizando o programa estatístico SPSS versão 20.0. Como resultado da análise proximal, para cada 100 gramas de requeijão desidratado fornece: 480,28 kcal, 46,5% de proteína; 22,36% de gordura e 23,26% de carboidratos. A formulação final da bebida consistiu em 2,9 g de requeijão desidratado, 3,6 g de arroz previamente cozido e 1,8 g de açúcar diluído para cada onça preparada. O resultado concluiu que é uma fórmula hipocalórica-hiperproteica e isoosmolar, com viscosidade de 275cP, pH de 5,1 e com 0,291% de ácido lático. A fórmula artesanal à base de soro de leite foi apreciada por 41 crianças que participaram da análise sensorial. É recomendado seu uso em crianças que se encontrem em condições de vulnerabilidade nutricional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Infant Formula , Whey , Personal Satisfaction , Research , Oryza , Carbohydrates , Proteins , Nutrients , Cheese , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Lactic Acid , Dietary Supplements , Diagnosis , Sugars , Fats , Poaceae , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20570, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403683

ABSTRACT

Abstract A stability indicating UPLC method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of fosnetupitant and palonosetron in bulk and in injection dosage form. This combination is used for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeated courses of highly emetogenic chemotherapy for cancer. The chromatographic analysis was performed on an HSS, RP C18 column (2.1 x 100 mm, 1.8 µm) with an isocratic mobile phase composed of 0.25 M potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate buffer (pH 6.5), pH adjusted with dilute sodium hydroxide:acetonitrile (55:45 v/v), at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min, and the eluents were monitored at an isosbestic point of 286 nm. The developed method was validated according to the ICH guidelines pertaining to specificity, precision, accuracy, linearity and robustness, and the stability indicating nature of the method was established by forced degradation studies. The retention times of fosnetupitant and palonosetron were observed at 1.390 and 2.404 min, respectively. The developed method proved to be accurate and precise. Linearity was established between 4.70 and 14.10 µg/mL for fosnetupitant and between 0.05 and 0.15 µg/mL for palonosetron. The LOD and LOQ were 0.115 and 0.385 µg/mL, respectively, for fosnetupitant, and 0.005 and 0.016 µg/mL, respectively, for palonosetron. Therefore, the proposed UPLC method was reliable, reproducible, precise and sensitive for the quantification of fosnetupitant and palonosetron.


Subject(s)
Validation Study , Palonosetron/agonists , Injections/adverse effects , Methods , Diagnosis , Dosage Forms , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Neoplasms/prevention & control
15.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20041, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403703

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to develop promising and innovative mucoadhesive gel systems containing dexamethasone-loaded nanoparticle to increase the effectiveness of treatment for oral precancerous lesions and to reduce side effects. In this respect, a dexamethasone-loaded nanoparticle formulation was prepared by using emulsification/solvent evaporation method. The nanoparticle has high zeta potential (-10.3±0.5 mV), low particle size (218.42±2.1), low polydispersity index (0.070±0.014) and high encapsulation efficiency (95.018±2.982%). To improve the mucosal retention time, the dexamethasone-loaded nanoparticle was dispersed in mucoadhesive gel using gellan gum. The developed gels offered appropriate pH value, high drug content, suitable mechanical and mucoadhesive performance and appropriate viscosity for mucosal administration. All formulations exhibited plastic flow and typical gel-type mechanical spectra after the determined frequency value. The developed formulations exhibited extended drug release as intended for these systems. Cytotoxicity was tested by MTT assay in human epithelioid carcinoma cell (HeLa) in vitro. The MTT assay showed that the blank formulations were non-toxic to cells. It was observed that the bioactivity of the free dexamethasone was potentiated by mucoadhesive gels containing dexamethasone-loaded nanoparticle in HeLa cells. Results from this study indicate that mucoadhesive gels are effective for the local treatment of precancerous lesions. Our findings showed that the developed formulations were worthy of further studies.


Subject(s)
Dexamethasone/agonists , Mouth Neoplasms/prevention & control , Administration, Buccal , Gels/adverse effects , Mouthwashes/analysis , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Carcinoma/classification , Nanoparticles/classification , Administration, Mucosal , Drug Liberation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
16.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20123, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403715

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, microemulsions containing etofenamate were prepared and evaluated as dermal delivery carriers. The developed microemulsions consist of oleic acid, Span 80, Tween 20, Cremophor EL, Transcutol and ethanol. The percentage of etofenamate loading in the microemulsions was 5% (w/w). The characterization of formulations included droplet size, zeta potential, pH, conductivity, PDI, refractive index and viscosity. Moreover, ex vivo penetration study was carried out using mice abdominal skin. The developed formulations were analyzed for their cytotoxicity via MTT assay and tested for their anti-inflammatory properties opposed to LPS-stimulated nitrite prοduction in RAW 264.7 cells. As ideal formulation, M2ETF, was chosen due to its greater permeation, lower penetration as well as higher anti-inflammatory


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis/pathology , Polysorbates , Refractometry/methods , Skin , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , RAW 264.7 Cells/classification , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
17.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e201875, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403725

ABSTRACT

Abstract Two polyurethane foam-based sorbents (PUF) were synthesized by imprinting and grafting techniques and examined for selective separation and preconcentration of caffeine (CAF) in some pharmaceutical products and in black tea. Molecularly imprinted PUF was synthesized based on hydrogen-bonding interactions between CAF and alizarin yellow G (AYG) and subsequent polymerization into PUF. The static experiments indicated optimum sorption conditions at pH=6.5 and 5.5 for imprinted PUF (AY-IPUF) and grafted PUF (AY-GPUF), respectively. In the online experiments, the suitable preconcentration time was found to be 40 and 20s for (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively, at a flow rate of 1.75 mL.min-1. Desorption of CAF has been affected by passing 500 µL of 0.05, 0.01 mol.L−1 HCl eluent onto (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively. The online methods have provided satisfactory enrichment factors of 8.4 and 10.5 for (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively. The time consumed for preconcentartion, elution and determination steps was 1.48 and 1.05 min, thus, the throughput was 42 and 57 h-1, for (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively. The developed sorbents were studied for the determination of CAF in pharmaceutical samples which will be helpful to minimize caffeinism. Finally, in silico bioactivity, ADMET and drug-likeness predictive computational studies of caffeine were also carried out


Subject(s)
Polyurethanes/adverse effects , Caffeine/adverse effects , Polymerization , Tea , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18946, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364411

ABSTRACT

Abstract To investigate structure-property relationship of polymer-based curcumin solid dispersion (SD), three acrylic polymers were used to formulate curcumin SD by solvent evaporation method. Curcumin Eudragit EPO SD (cur@EPO), curcumin Eudragit RS PO SD (cur@RSPO) and curcumin Eudragit RL PO SD (cur@RLPO) showed deep red, golden orange and reddish orange color, respectively. Cur@RSPO entrapped 15.42 wt% of curcumin followed by cur@RL PO and cur@EPO. FTIR spectra indicated that in cur@EPO, curcumin may transfer hydrogen to the dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate group and thus change its color to red. In contrast, curcumin may form hydrogen bonding with Eudragit RS PO and Eudragit RL. Curcumin exists in amorphous state in three SDs as proved by differential scanning calorimetry and X-Ray diffraction measurement. In vitro digestion presented that lower pH value in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) stimulates the curcumin release from cur@EPO while permeability influences the release profile in other two SDs. When in simulated intestinal fluid (SIF), first order release model governs the release behaviors of all three SDs which showed sustained release pattern. Our results are helpful to elucidate how structure of polymer may impact on the major properties of curcumin contained SD and will be promising to broaden its therapeutic applications.


Subject(s)
Polymers , Curcumin/analysis , Methods , Solvents/administration & dosage , X-Ray Diffraction/instrumentation , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning/methods , Evaporation/classification , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Color , Citrus sinensis/classification , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18984, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364429

ABSTRACT

Interferon-ß-1a (INF-ß-1a) has gained significant attention due to its emerging applications in the treatment of different human diseases. Therefore, many researchers have attempted to produce it in large quantities and also in a biologically active form using different expression systems. In the present study, we aimed to improve the expression level of INF-ß-1a by Pichia pastoris using optimization of culture conditions. The codon-optimized INF-ß- 1a gene was cloned into pPICZαA plasmid under the control of alcohol oxidase I (AOX1) promoter. The protein expression was induced using different concentrations of methanol at different pHs and temperatures. The biological activity of produced protein was evaluated by anti-proliferative assay. The ideal culture conditions for the expression of INF-ß-1a by P. pastoris were found to be induction with 2% methanol at pH 7.0 culture medium at 30 C which yielded a concentration of 15.5 mg/L INF-ß-1a in a shake flask. Our results indicate that differences in glycosylation pattern could result in different biological activities as INF- ß-1a produced by P. pastoris could significantly more reduce the cell viability of HepG-2 cells, a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, than a commercially available form of this protein produced by CHO


Subject(s)
Pichia/classification , Interferon-beta/agonists , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Process Optimization , Codon , Cells , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
20.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220006, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377173

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pharmaceutical pediatric formulations with low in pH and high in total titratable acidicity used frequently and over long periods of time, have the potential to produce erosive lesions in teeth. On the other hand, high concentration of sucrose, the nocturnal use and the lack of hygiene after its administration, are some factors that can contribute to the cariogenic potential of these formulations. Objective: To evaluate in vitro the cariogenic and erosive potential of medicines and liquid vitamins and mineral supplements for pediatric use. Material and method: Medicines (n=41) and liquid vitamins and mineral supplements (n=12) childish were selected and analyzed for their physicochemical properties, pH, total titratable acidity (TTA) and total soluble solids concentration (TSS/°Brix). The package inserts and labels were analyzed to identify the composition regarding the content of sugars and acidulants, in addition to the side effects related to salivary flow. Result: The pH analysis indicated that there was greater variation in the observed averages in the medication group. As for the TTA at pH 5.5, supplements and medicines groups showed significant variation between the means found (p<0.05). The TTA results at pH 7.0 showed that the highest mean found was in the class of antihistamines and the lowest in the class of drugs that contain the association of antitussives and antihistamines. The analyses TSS demonstrated that across all drug classes and supplements the amount of TSS varied significantly (p<0.05) in all classes of medicines and supplements. Conclusion: Most medicines and pediatric liquid vitamin and mineral supplements demonstrated significantly different behaviors within the group itself regarding the variables analyzed that constitute risk factors for the development of dental caries and erosion.


Introdução: Formulações farmacêuticas pediátricas com baixo pH e alta acidez titulável usadas com frequência e por longos períodos de tempo têm potencial para produzir lesões erosivas nos dentes. Por outro lado, alta concentração de sacarose, uso noturno e falta de higiene bucal após a administração são fatores que podem contribuir para o potencial cariogênico dessas formulações. Objetivo: Avaliar in vitro o potencial cariogênico e erosivo de medicamentos e suplementos vitamínicos e minerais líquidos de uso pediátrico. Material e método: Medicamentos (n=41) e suplementos vitamínicos e minerais (n=12) líquidos infantis foram selecionados e analisados quanto às suas propriedades físico-químicas, pH, acidez total titulável (ATT) e concentração de sólidos solúveis totais (SST/°Brix). Bulas e rótulos foram analisados para a identificação do conteúdo em açúcares e acidulantes, além dos efeitos colaterais relacionados ao fluxo salivar. Resultado: A análise do pH indicou que no grupo medicamentos houve maior variação nas médias observadas. Quanto à ATT em pH 5,5, os grupos medicamentos e suplementos apresentaram variação significativa entre as médias (p<0,05). Os resultados da ATT em pH 7,0 demonstraram que a maior média encontrada foi na classe dos anti-histamínicos e a menor na classe dos medicamentos que contém a associação de antitussígenos e anti-histamínicos. A análise de SST demonstrou que em todas as classes de medicamentos e nos suplementos a quantidade de SST variou significativamente (p<0,05). Conclusão: Os medicamentos e suplementos vitamínicos e minerais líquidos apresentaram comportamentos diferentes dentro do mesmo grupo quanto às variáveis analisadas, apresentando potencial cariogênico e erosivo em sua maioria.


Subject(s)
Sucrose , Tooth Erosion , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Child , Histamine Antagonists , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Oral Hygiene , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance
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