Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 34
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921794

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the newly isolated tannins were sorted after a review of the literature concerning tannins in recent 10 years, and their research progress was summarized in terms of extraction, isolation, pharmacological activity and metabolism. Hydrolysable tannins and condensed tannins are the main structural types. Modern research shows that tannins have many pharmacological effects, such as bacteriostasis, antioxidation, antitumor, antivirus and blood glucose reduction, and have broad development prospects. They are usually extracted by water, ethanol and acetone and isolated and purified by macroporous resin and gel column chromatography. The packings commonly adopted for the column chromatography mainly included Sephadex LH-20, Diaion HP-20, MCI-gel CHP-20 and Toyopearl HW-40. Modern analytical techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(NMR), fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry(FAB-MS) and circular dichroism(CD) are generally used for the structural identification of tannins. Howe-ver, their isolation, purification and structural identification are still challenging. It is necessary to use a variety of high-throughput screening methods to explore their pharmacological activities and to explore the material basis responsible for their functions through experiments in vivo.


Subject(s)
China , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Proanthocyanidins , Tannins
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 1-7, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087465

ABSTRACT

Background: Biotechnological processes are part of modern industry as well as stricter environmental requirements. The need to reduce production costs and pollution demands for alternatives that involve the integral use of agro-industrial waste to produce bioactive compounds. The citrus industry generates large amounts of wastes due to the destruction of the fruits by microorganisms and insects together with the large amounts of orange waste generated during the production of juice and for sale fresh. The aim of this study was used orange wastes rich in polyphenolic compounds can be used as source carbon of Aspergillus fumigatus MUM 1603 to generate high added value compounds, for example, ellagic acid and other molecules of polyphenolic origin through submerged fermentation system. Results: The orange peel waste had a high concentration of polyphenols, 28% being condensed, 27% ellagitannins, 25% flavonoids and 20% gallotannins. The major polyphenolic compounds were catechin, EA and quercetin. The conditions, using an experimental design of central compounds, that allow the production of the maximum concentration of EA (18.68 mg/g) were found to be: temperature 30°C, inoculum 2 × 107 (spores/g) and orange peel polyphenols 6.2 (g/L). Conclusion: The submerged fermentation process is an effective methodology for the biotransformation of molecules present in orange waste to obtain high value-added as ellagic acid that can be used as powerful antioxidants, antibacterial and other applications.


Subject(s)
Waste Management , Citrus sinensis/chemistry , Ellagic Acid , Aspergillus fumigatus , Waste Products/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Biotechnology/methods , Hydrolyzable Tannins/analysis , Fermentation , Polyphenols/analysis , Phytochemicals
4.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2016. 41 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881491

ABSTRACT

As propriedades antimicrobianas da romã são atribuídas aos compostos fenólicos, mais especificamente aos taninos hidrolisáveis (THs) galotaninos (ácido gálico) e elagitaninos (ácido elágico), substâncias naturais de defesa da planta. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar os níveis de ácido elágico e fenóis totais, rendimento dos métodos de extração e o potencial inibitório sobre Candida albicans de extratos de partes da Punica granatum. Amostras em triplicata de cascas, sementes e folhas desidratadas, trituradas, pulverizadas, foram submetidas a dois métodos de extração: soxhlet tendo como solventes etanol e metanol e percolação tendo como solvente o etanol. Após a obtenção dos extratos, foram determinados os teores de ácido elágico por cromatografia liquida de alta eficiência e fenóis totais expressos em ácido gálico pelo método espectrofotométrico. A atividade antifúngica dos extratos foi avaliada pelo método de difusão em disco, seguindo-se as normas do National Committee for Clinical and Laboratory Standards (NCCLS document M2-A8, 2003a.). As maiores concentrações de fenóis totais e de ácido elágico foram encontradas nas folhas e na casca da romã. Verificou-se maior eficiência de rendimento por meio da percolação. Os resultados de difusão em disco revelaram maior sensibilidade da cepa de C. albicans aos extratos etanólicos da casca por ambos os métodos de extração. O método percolação alcoólica a 70% e 25ºC e a casca da romã apresentaram a maior eficiência de extração e de atividade anti-fúngica contra uma cepa clínica de C. albicans(AU)


The antimicrobial properties of pomegranate are attributed to the phenolic compounds, more specifically the hydrolyzable tannins (THs) galotaninos (gallic acid) and elagitaninos (ellagic acid), natural plant defense substances. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the levels of ellagic acid and total phenols, yield of the extraction methods and the inhibitory potential against Candida albicans of extracts from parts of Punica granatum. Samples of dried, peels, seeds and leaves were used in triplicates and the extracts were obtained by Soxhlet system and percolation using respectively ethanol, methanol and ethanol solvents. After obtaining the extracts, the ellagic acid contents were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and total phenols expressed in gallic acid by the spectrophotometric method. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the disc diffusion method, following the standards of the National Committee for Clinical and Laboratory Standards (NCCLS document M2-A8, 2003a.). The highest concentrations of THs were found in leaves and pomegranate peel. Greater yield efficiency was verified by percolation. The results of diffusion on disc revealed higher sensitivity of the C. albicans strain to the ethanolic extracts of peels by both methods of extraction, presenting inhibition halos of approximately 10 mm. The alcoholic percolation method at 70% and 25ºC and the pomegranate peel showed the highest extraction efficiency and antifungal activity against a clinical strain of C. albicans(AU)


Subject(s)
Candida albicans , Pomegranate , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Phenolic Compounds
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267153

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate antifungal compound from Paeonia suffruticosa, and to find the antifungal mechanisms by observing the ultrastructural modifications of yeasts in growth phase produced by 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (PGG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peony (Paeonia suffruticosa) root bark (PRB) was separated by solvent extraction and purified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method using analytical and preparative reversed phase C18 column on the basis of bio-assay method. In order to investigate the antifungal mechanism of PGG, Yeasts were submitted to different concentrations [3 × minimum inhibition concentration (MIC), 0.3 × MIC] for 1 h under constant stirring at 30 °C, and transmission electron microscopy was performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on the antifungal activity of PRB on Candida glabrata CBS138, the antifungal compound were isolated in ethyl acetate layer of PRB and identified as PGG by mass spectrometry, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses, with molecular weight of 940 and molecular formular as C41H32O26. Transmission electron microscopy showed that PGG degraded the cell wall envelope.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results suggest that PGG may be responsible for the antifungal activity of PRB by disrupting the structure of cell wall directly.</p>


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Candida , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Mass Spectrometry , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plant Bark , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32661

ABSTRACT

Several 19alpha-hydroxyursane-type triterpenoids and hydrolysable tannins have beneficial effects on human health. Rubus crataegifolius (Rosaceae) has the cleft simple leaf whereas R. parvifolius has pinnate compound leaves. This research was aimed to find the variation in the contents of the triterpenoids and tannins between the infected versus uninfected leaves of R. coreanus and R. parvifolius and between young versus mature leaves. Triterpenoids and tannins were quantitatively analyzed by HPLC. Six triterpenoids including tormentic acid, euscaphic acid, 23-hydroxytormentic acid, coreanoside F1, kaji-ichigoside F1 and niga-ichigoside F1 were used for standard compounds. Gallotannins and ellagitannins were quantitatively evaluated using the indicatives of methyl gallate and ellagic acid. The infected leaves of R. crataegifolius contained higher levels of triterpenoids and tannin than the uninfected leaves; however, lower quantity of total tannin was observed in the mature leaves than in the young leaves. Although the pinnate compound leaves of R. parvifolius exhibited similar tendency of those compositional variation with R. crataegifolius each other, its contents of triterpenoids do not considerably vary. Variation of the contents of triterpenoids and tannins were particularly distinct in R. crataegifolius by growth and infection.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ellagic Acid , Humans , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Rosaceae , Tannins
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246160

ABSTRACT

1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-D-glucose (PGG) is one of the main active compounds of Guizhi Fuling capsule. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) have high affinity toward template molecules synthesized by molecularly imprinted technology for its specific combined sites, which can overcome the shortcoming of traditional separation methods, such as complex operation, low efficiency, using large quantity of solvent and environmental pollution. In this paper, surface molecularly imprinted polymer (SMIP) was prepared by surface imprinting with PGG as the template molecule. Its adsorption capacity was measured by the scatchard equation. The separation of PGG from Guizhi Fuling capsule at preparatived scale was achieved with molecularly imprinted polymer as stationary phase and the purity was 90.2% by HPLC. This method can be used to prepare PGG from Guizhi Fuling capsule with large capacity and is easy to operate. It provides a new method for efficient separation and purification for other natural products.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Capsules , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Chemistry , Molecular Imprinting , Polymers , Chemistry
8.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 733-738, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209808

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Scalp seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic type of inflammatory dermatosis that is associated with sebum secretion and proliferation of Malassezia species. Ketoconazole or zinc-pyrithione shampoos are common treatments for scalp seborrheic dermatitis. However, shampoos comprising different compounds are required to provide patients with a wider range of treatment options. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate a new-formula shampoo that contains natural ingredients-including extract of Rosa centifolia petals and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)-that exert antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and sebum secretion inhibitory effects, and antifungal agents for the treatment of scalp seborrheic dermatitis. METHODS: Seventy-five patients were randomized into three treatment groups; new-formula shampoo, 2% ketoconazole shampoo, and 1% zinc- pyrithione shampoo. The clinical severity scores and sebum levels were assessed by the same dermatologists at baseline (week 0), and at 2 and 4 weeks after using the shampoo. User satisfaction and irritation were also assessed with the aid of a questionnaire. RESULTS: The efficacy of the new-formula shampoo was comparable to that of both the 1% zinc-pyrithione shampoo and the 2% ketoconazole shampoo. Furthermore, it was found to provide a more rapid response than the 1% zinc-pyrithione shampoo for mild erythema lesions and was associated with greater user satisfaction compared with the 2% ketoconazole shampoo. However, the new-formula shampoo did not exhibit the previously reported sebum inhibitory effect. CONCLUSION: Extract of R. centifolia petals or EGCG could be useful ingredients in the treatment of scalp seborrheic dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents , Dermatitis, Seborrheic , Erythema , Humans , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Ketoconazole , Malassezia , Rosa , Scalp , Sebum , Skin Diseases , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312470

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study antifungal activity of a new ellagitannin isolated from the plant residues of Euphorbia antisyphilitica (E. antisyphilitica) Zucc in the wax extraction process.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An extract was prepared from dehydrated and pulverized residues and fractionated by liquid chromatography on Amberilte XAD-16, until obtained an ellagitannin-rich ethanolic fraction which was treated by rotaevaporation to recover the ellagitannin as fine powder. An aqueous solution was prepared and treated through ionic exchange liquid chromatography (Q XL) and gel permeation chromatography (G 25). The ellagitannin-rich fraction was thermogravimetrically evaluated (TGA and DTA) to test the thermo-stability of ellagic acid (monomeric unit). Then ellagitannin powder was analyzed by infrared spectrospcopy to determinate the functional groups and, also mass spectroscopy was used to determine the molecular ion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The principal functional groups of ellagitannin were determined, the molecular weight was 860.7 g/mol; and an effective antifungal activity against phytopathogenic fungi was demonstrated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It can be concluded that the new ellagitannin (860.7 g/mol) isolated from E. antisyphilitica Zucc is an effective antifungal agent against Alternaria alternata, Fusarium oxyzporum, Colletotrichum gloeosporoides and Rhizoctnia solani.</p>


Subject(s)
Euphorbia , Chemistry , Fungicides, Industrial , Pharmacology , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Pharmacology , Mass Spectrometry , Mitosporic Fungi , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Spectrophotometry, Infrared
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 43(3): 1080-1083, July-Sept. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-656677

ABSTRACT

Use of natural tannin in the screening of tannase producing microbes is really promising. The present work describes about the possibility and integrity of the newly formulated method over the previously reported methods. Tannin isolated from Terminalia belerica Roxb. (Bahera) was used to differentiate between tanninolytic and nontanninolytic microbes. The method is simple, sensitive and superior for the rapid screening and isolation of tannase-producing microbes.


Subject(s)
Plant Structures/enzymology , Fermentation , Tanacetum parthenium/enzymology , Hydrolyzable Tannins/analysis , Hydrolyzable Tannins/isolation & purification , Enzyme Activation , Hydrolysis , Methods
11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 15(5): 4-4, Sept. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-657663

ABSTRACT

Background: Tannases are enzymes that may be used in different industrial sectors as, for example, food and pharmaceutical. They are obtained mainly from microorganisms, as filamentous fungi. However, the diversity of fungi stays poorly explored for tannase production. In this article, Aspergillus ochraceus is presented as a new source of tannase with interesting features for biotechnological applications. Results: Extracellular tannase production was induced when the fungus was cultured in Khanna medium with tannic acid as carbon source. The extracellular tannase was purified 9-fold with 2 percent recovery and a single band corresponding to 85 kDa was observed in SDS-PAGE. The native apparent molecular mass was estimated as 112 kDa. Optima of temperature and pH were 40ºC and 5.0, respectively. The enzyme was fully stable from 40ºC to 60ºC during 1 hr. The activity was enhanced by Mn2+ (33-39 percent) and NH4+ (15 percent). The purified tannase hydrolyzed tannic acid and methyl gallate with Km of 0.76 mM and 0.72 mM, respectively, and Vmax of 0.92 U/mg protein and 0.68 U/mg protein, respectively. The analysis of a partial sequence of the tannase encoding gene showed an open read frame of 567 bp and a sequence of 199 amino acids were predicted. TLC analysis revealed the presence of gallic acid as a tannic acid hydrolysis product. Conclusion: The extracellular tannase produced by A. ochraceus showed distinctive characteristics such as monomeric structure and activation by Mn2+, suggesting a new kind of fungal tannases with biotechnological potential. Further, it was the first time that a partial gene sequence for A. ochraceus tannase was described.


Subject(s)
Aspergillus ochraceus/enzymology , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/genetics , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/metabolism , Electrophoresis , Fermentation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Temperature
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358221

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to evaluate the effect of Galla chinensis compounds on the remineralization of two artificial root lesions morphous in vitro. Sixty bovine dentine blocks were divided into two groups and individually treated with two levels of demineralization solutions to form erosive and subsurface artificial carious lesions in vitro. Each group was then divided into three subgroups, each of which were treated with a remineralization solution (positive control), deionized water (negative control), or 4 000 mg⋅L(-1) aqueous solutions of Galla chinensis extract. The dentine blocks were then subjected to a pH-cycling regime for 7 days. During the first 4 days, the daily cycle included 21-h deal and 3-h demineralization applications. The dentine blocks were dealt with the entire day during the remaining 3 days. Two specimens from each of the treatment groups were selected and observed under a polarized light microscope. Data collected using a laser scanning confocal microscope were computerized and analyzed. Galla chinensis extract clearly enhanced the remineralization of both erosive lesion and subsurface lesion patterns in the specimens (P<0.05). The level of remineralization of the erosive lesion by Galla chinensis extract was lower than that of the subsurface lesion (P<0.05). In addition, the remineralization of the subsurface lesion by Galla chinensis extract was higher than that of the remineralization solution (P<0.05). No significant difference between the remineralization of erosive lesions by Galla chinensis extract and the remineralization solution was observed (P>0.05). So Galla chinensis extract has the potential to improve the remineralization of artificial root lesions under dynamic pH-cyclic conditions, indicating its potential use as a natural remineralization medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cariostatic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Cattle , Dentin , Pathology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Therapeutic Uses , Gallic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Therapeutic Uses , Microscopy, Confocal , Microscopy, Polarization , Polyphenols , Therapeutic Uses , Random Allocation , Root Caries , Drug Therapy , Tooth Remineralization
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358218

ABSTRACT

To determine the chemical composition of Galla chinensis extract (GCE) by several analysis techniques and to compare the efficacy of GCE and its main component(s) in inhibition of enamel demineralization, for the development of future anticaries agents, main organic composition of GCE was qualitatively determined by liquid chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometry (LC-TOF-MS) and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). Inorganic ions were tested by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy and F was especially measured by ion chromatography. Then, bovine enamel blocks were randomly divided into four treatment groups and were subjected to a pH-cycling regime for 12 times. Each cycle included 5-min applications with one of four treatments: 4 g⋅L(-1) GCE solution, 4 g⋅L(-1) gallic acid (GA) solution, 1 g⋅L(-1) NaF solution (positive control), deionized water (DDW, negative control), and then 60-min application in pH 5.0 acidic buffer and 5-min application in neutral buffer. Acidic buffers were retained for calcium analysis. The main organic composition of GCE were GA and its isomer, and, to a lesser extent, small molecule gallotannins. The content of GA in GCE was 71.3%±0.2% (w/w). Inorganic ions were present in various amounts, of which Ca was (136±2.82) µg⋅g(-1), and Zn was (6.8±0.1) µg⋅g(-1). No F was detected in GCE. In pH cycling, GA showed an effect similar to GCE in inhibiting enamel demineralization (P>0.05). GA was found to be the main effective, demineralization inhibiting component of GCE and could be a promising agent for the development of anticaries agents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Cariostatic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Cattle , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Dental Enamel , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Therapeutic Uses , Gallic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Mass Spectrometry , Polyphenols , Random Allocation , Tooth Demineralization
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233090

ABSTRACT

This study examined the ability of 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose (β-PGG) to induce the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the PC12 cells and its regulation in the PC12 cells. One week before treatment with the drug, nerve growth factor (NGF) was added to the cultures at a final concentration of 50 ng/mL to induce neuronal differentiation. After drug treatment, HO-1 gene transcription was analyzed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Expression of HO-1 and NF-E2-related factor2 (Nrf2) and activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and Akt were detected by Western blotting. The viability of the PC12 cells treated with different medicines was examined by MTT assay. The oxidative stress in the PC12 cells was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively by DCFH-DA. The results showed that β-PGG up-regulated HO-1 expression and this increased expression provided neuroprotection against MPP(+)-induced oxidative injury. Moreover, β-PGG induced Nrf2 nuclear translocation, which was found to be upstream of β-PGG-induced HO-1 expression, and the activation of ERK and Akt, a pathway that is involved in β-PGG-induced Nrf2 nuclear translocation, HO-1 expression and neuroprotection. In conclusion, β-PGG up-regulates HO-1 expression by stimulating Nrf2 nuclear translocation in an ERK- and Akt-dependent manner, and HO-1 expression by β-PGG may provide the PC12 cells with an acquired antioxidant defense capacity to survive the oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Death , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Genetics , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Pharmacology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Genetics , PC12 Cells , Piperidines , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Pyrazoles , Rats
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 42(1): 374-387, Jan.-Mar. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-571412

ABSTRACT

Tannin acyl hydrolase commonly known as tannase is an industrially important enzyme having a wide range of applications, so there is always a scope for novel tannase with better characteristics. A newly isolated tannase-yielding fungal strain identified as Penicillium atramentosum KM was used for tannase production under solid-state fermentation (SSF) using different agro residues like amla (Phyllanthus emblica), ber (Zyzyphus mauritiana), jamun (Syzygium cumini), Jamoa (Eugenia cuspidate) and keekar (Acacia nilotica) leaves. Among these substrates, maximal extracellular tannase production i.e. 170.75 U/gds and 165.56 U/gds was obtained with jamun and keekar leaves respectively at 28ºC after 96 h. A substrate to distilled water ratio of 1:2 (w/v) was found to be the best for tannase production. Supplementation of sodium nitrate (NaNO3) as nitrogen source had enhanced tannase production both in jamun and keekar leaves. Applications of the enzyme were studied in wine clarification and tea cream solubilization. It resulted in 38.05 percent reduction of tannic acid content in case of jamun wine, 43.59 percent reduction in case of grape wine and 74 percent reduction in the tea extract after 3 h at 35ºC.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Activation , Fermentation , Hydrolases/analysis , Penicillium/enzymology , Penicillium/isolation & purification , Hydrolyzable Tannins/analysis , Hydrolyzable Tannins/isolation & purification , Catalysis , Methods , Solubility , Methods
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251180

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a RP-HPLC method for the determination of four acids compounds including gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, corilagin and ellagic acid in Erodium Stephanianum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The RP-HPLC separation was performed on an Agilent TC-C18 analytical column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm). The mobile phase was methanol (A) -water containing 0.4% H3PO4 (B) with gradient elution mode at the flow rate of 0.8 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was set at 259 nm, and the column temperature was 30 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The liner ranges of gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, corilagin and ellagic acid were 0.059-2.360 g x L(-1) (r = 0.999 6), 0.017-0.672 g x L(-1) (r = 0.999 9), 0.351-14.040 g x L(-1) (r = 0.999 9), and 0.151-6.040 g x L(-1) (r = 0.999 8), respectively. The average recoveries (n = 3) were 99.45% (RSD 1.5%), 98.65% (RSD 1.7%), 100.3% (RSD 2.0%), and 98.90% (RSD 1.2%), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is simple and accurate with a good reproducibility and can be used for quality control of Erodium stephanianum.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Ellagic Acid , Gallic Acid , Geraniaceae , Chemistry , Glucosides , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Hydroxybenzoates
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333843

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. 1, 3, 4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-β-D-glucopyranose (BJA32515) is a new natural ellagitannin compound extracted from Balanophora Japonica MAKINO. The effect of BJA32515 on the expression of miRNAs in cancer cells has not yet been explored. Objective The present study was carried out to examine the changes in miRNA expression profiles in human HepG(2) hepatocarcinoma cells following BJA32515 exposure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The proliferation of BJA32515-exposed HepG(2) cells was assessed using a colorimetric assay (cell counting kit-8). The miRNA expression profile of the cancer cells was analyzed using a miRNA array and quantitative real-time PCR. Apoptosis was assessed by annexin V and propidium iodide staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BJA32515 inhibited the cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in HepG(2) cancer cells. The exposure to BJA32515 also caused alterations in the miRNA expression profile in the cells, with 33 miRNAs upregulated and 59 down-regulated. The up-regulation of let-7a and miR-29a and the down-regulation of miR-373 and miR-197 were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. CONCLSION: BJA32515-modifed miRNA expression may mediate the antiproliferative effect of this compound in HepG(2) cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Balanophoraceae , Chemistry , Caffeic Acids , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Pharmacology , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Polyphenols
18.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 13(1): 85-89, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-582766

ABSTRACT

Hydrolysable tannins, total phenols and flavonoids in Eugenia uniflora leaves were monthly analysed for one year. The results were correlated with climate conditions (rainfall, humidity, cloudiness and mean temperature) through chemometric methods. Principal component analysis revealed high levels of hydrolysable tannins in the rainy season, whereas flavonoids were mainly produced in the dry season. These facts suggest that climatic changes may be one of the factors affecting phenol levels in Eugenia uniflora.


Taninos hidrolisáveis, fenóis totais e flavonóides presentes em folhas de Eugenia uniflora foram quantificados mensalmente durante um ano. Os resultados foram correlacionados com as condições climáticas (pluviosidade, umidade, nebulosidade e temperatura média) através de métodos quimiométricos. Análise de componentes principais revelou a ocorrência de altos teores de taninos hidrolisáveis durante a estação de chuvas, enquanto os flavonóides foram produzidos principalmente na estação seca. Estes fatos sugerem que mudanças climáticas podem ser um dos fatores que afetam os níveis de fenóis em Eugenia uniflora.


Subject(s)
Eugenia/growth & development , Phenols/chemical synthesis , Seasons/adverse effects , Climate Change , Hydrolyzable Tannins
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355035

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory activities of caffeoyl glucopyranoses purified from Balanophora japonica Makino on HIV entry and their mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HIV-1 Env pseudovirus was used to evaluate the anti-HIV-1 activity of those compounds. ELISA and molecular docking were used to study the mechanism of the actions of the active compounds.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We used the HIV-1 Env pseudovirus to test the anti-HIV-1 activity of the six phenolic compounds (final concentration 25 microg/ml), and found that only 1,2,6-Tri-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (TCGP) and 1,3-Di-O-caffeoyl-4-O-galloyl-beta-D- glucopyranose (DCGGP) could effectively inhibit the entry of HIV-1 Env pseudovirus into the target cells in a dose-dependent manner, with IC(50) values of 5.5-/+0.2 and 5.3-/+0.1 microg/ml, respectively. These two compounds could also blocked the gp41 six-helix bundle formation. Molecular docking analysis suggested that they might bind to the hydrophobic cavity of the gp41 N-trimeric coiled-coil.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TCGP and DCGGP are potent HIV-1 entry inhibitors targeting gp41 and can serve as lead compounds for developing novel anti-HIV-1 microbicides for prevention of sexual HIV-1 transmission.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-HIV Agents , Pharmacology , Balanophoraceae , Chemistry , Cell Line , Gallic Acid , Pharmacology , Glucose , Pharmacology , HIV-1 , Humans , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270195

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the inhibitory effect of 1,2,6-Tri-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (TGGP) from Balanophora japonica Makino on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry into the host cells and explore the mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TGGP was purified from Balanophora japonica Makino by n-hexane and ethyl acetate extraction and column chromatography. The inhibitory activity of TGGP on HIV gp41 six-helix bundle formation was measured with ELISA, N-PAGE and SE-HPLC, and the inhibitory effect of TGGP on HIV envelope grlycoprotein-induced cell-cell fusion was detected using a non-infectious cell-based assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TGGP inhibited HIV gp41 six-helix bundle formation, with an IC50 of 1.37-/+0.19 microg/ml as determined by ELISA, and this activity was further confirmed by N-PAGE and SE-HPLC. TGGP at 25 microg/ml significantly inhibited syncytium formation between the effector (CHO-WT) and the target (MT-2) cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The HIV transmembrane subunit gp41 mediates the entry of HIV into the target cells. TGGP can inhibit HIV fusion and entry into the target cells by inhibiting the formation of gp41 six-helix bundles, suggesting the potential of TGGP as a microbicide to prevent sexual transmission of HIV.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-HIV Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Membrane , Metabolism , HIV Envelope Protein gp41 , Metabolism , HIV Fusion Inhibitors , Pharmacology , HIV-1 , Metabolism , Humans , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Pharmacology , Membrane Fusion
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL